Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, May 4, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated May 4, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD liIZETTE. Bedford, TBay 1. I G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor- RKNUMJIAT MX OF KNOW NOTIUXUISX* —Mr. Win. D. Doll, of Frederick, Md. having joined the Know Nothings, and found out what the concern is made of, now renounces and denounces it as a thing ol evil. — He says, in a communication to the Citizen : "I attended, I think, but four meetings, certainly not more than six, which were amply sufficient to convince me that no man of true patriotism and liber al feelings could remain among them without sacri ficing his honor, and compromising his freedom ol will and opinion. Instead of meeting with the patri otic, the intelligent, and the liberal, with a lew ex ceptions, I met with the bigot, the intolerant, the proscriptionist, the superanuated, and broken down leaders of the old Whig Party, and the disappointed office-seeking Democrat. Its main body being m-n of that creed, the re-idue, those who had once acted with the Democratic party. I saw that its aim was to break down the party of which 1 had been a niern b**r Irofii wiy youth, and under whose wis**, repubti can, and generous policy my Country had grown rich, great and poweifnl, and 1 determined to eschew it as a thing ol evil—evil in its origin and evil in its pursuits. I'nder Democratic rule 1 had always been iree to act, think and speak for myself. 1 had never been controlled by caucuses or cliques. 1 voted as 1 pleased, and no one ever dared to question the pro priety of my conduct ; but there 1 was bound in will nnd purpose, to do as those in authoity might dictate, under pain of the dreadful di-pieasure of those who seek power, place and profit l.y the organization, and who give direction to it. I regard it as a foul esg, hatched alter a protracted and elahorate incuba tion in the old Whig nest, and who-e chick strongly resembles in form and feature, the Craven Inn/, au rirut FreirrtditM, and advise alt tny Democratic M low-citizens *o give no heed to its outward and speci ous professions of "Amcnem/nm," for these aie a farce, a moefery aaU n lie, and To avoid it as thej would the viper, whose presence is contagion, whose sting is death. UOVEiUENTS OF THE DEMOCRACY. It is cheering to observe how actively ami energetically the Democratic party is moving in the different States against the combined isms and factions of the day. In every quaiter the boldest ground is taken against the know-noth ings. Every democratic convention repudiates all connexion with the men and the ideas of the secret partv, while the press and the candidates of the democracy, not to speak ol the thousands of able intellects which the crisis lias brought into the field, and are pouring their irresistable arguments into the ranks ol the united opposi tion. While intolerance and bigotry address their appeals to the passions and the prejudices of men—while political persecution invokes the envy arid fanaticism of weak and narrow minds—the advocates of the Democratic creed employ the highest and noblest attributes ol human intellect in their intercourse with the American people. It cannot be that such a contest will he of long duration. Rut let us jKiint out a few of the more striking movements of the democratic party of the I. nion on the various questions of the day. NORTH CAROLINA. Holden's able Raleigh Standard speaks of a great Democratic meeting in W uke county, in that State, as follows : "Great enthusiasm prevailed, and a determi nation was evinced to adhere strictly to the 1 ime-honourect principles ami nf the party. The resolutions are clear, emptiat- . ic and lull of the spirit of that glorious den.oc- j ,acy under whose banner we have so o ten , marched in this gallant county to battle am. to i victory : and the delegates ap|K>wted will, we j are sure, carry with them to the convention j and act out, the sentiments and objects set torn, on the occasion. V wi,;, r j ->lr Horace F. Tucker, formerly a Win:., , came forward in the meeting, took jus stand against the new secret association, and announ ced that he should hereafter act with theuemo cratic partv. Mr. Tucker was a Henry Clay J Whi" ' lie belonged to that party wmn under its oreat leader, it met and discussed pmdic questions in the open day and in the eye o iWht- but, with other manly and patriotic uhigs , in" this State and Virginia, he refuses to cope rate with this substitute for U, whose mem- , hers shun the light and propose to govern the country in secret and by plans laid in the s i hours of the night. He deserves cre.ot lor lm course: and we trust that others, who think, and leel as he does, will follow his example. Among the resolutions adopted were the fol lowing : "1. Resolved, That we hereby reaffirm our devotion to the principle of demncracv, as i - lustrated and earned out by Je.mrson, Ja< *son, ami Folk : and that, in our opinion, the only hope of the continued Union of these ., and the prosperity and glory of the country, is lobe found in a faithful adherence to Uiese That we are uncompromising ly opposed to all secret political associations: that we regard them as repugnant to the-pint of the constitution, unworthy of men to be free, and dangerous to the public liberty that we stand, as our forefathers in the cays < Washington and Jefferson stood by the princi ple of toleration and justice: that while we are not the advocates of any one religious sect, and while we insist now, as we have always done, upon a strict enforcement of the naturalization laws, vet we will never join in persecutor men because their religious principles differ from our own, nor will we deny to adop ed cit izens the rights to which they are entitled un der the constitution and the laws that we re gard the Know-nothing organization as oh.- lashioned Hartford convention and whig <rerv in disguise, and as abolitionism , as the Elections have shown it to be, in the non-siave holding States. . '•3. Resolved , That we approve the proposi tion to hold a convention in this district to nom inate a candidate foi Congress *. that the nomi nee should be a sound, true, and reliable demo crat . and that our delegates are hereby instruct ed io vote fc>r no man vvho is not ot this stamp. "4 Resolved, That our confidence in the administration of Franklin Pierce is unaba ted: that we thank him for his nianly and patriotic course in relation to the Nebraska i ill, the tugitive slave law, and > ther inea -ures, bv which he has prov.-d himself the friend of the Constitutional rights ot North Carolina . and that we pledge to him ur uni ted sunt >rt io such action as may be neces sary on the part of his administration to com pel' the government of Spain to make lull atone ment to the country for the wrongs inflicted on American citizens and for the insults oliered to the American flag. Resolved, That we warn our brother de uvocrats of the msiduou- rharacter and opera- I tions of tlx* Know-nothing organization, which, as we believe, lias its headquarters hero in the city of Raleigh ; that we proclaim to them our firm conviction that this midnight organization is aiming to overthrow the' democratic pany, and to establish in its place the reign of federal ism? and of secret, irresponsible cabals combin ed ; and that it becomes every man who loves his country and would see its affairs discussed, decided upon, and carried forward in an open, manly, and honest way, to lake ground at once —whatever may have" been or may be his polit ical partv opinions—against this new, dark-lan tern organization—against this aggregation ot bigotry, intolerance, persecution, injustice, of spoilsmen, office-seekers with nit principles, and of depiaved, spavined, and worn-out party hacks." From the Pittsburg Gazette. The Legislature. It is not long since the Harrisburg Herald, the Know-Nothing organ there, intimated to the members of the legislature that they had better go home ; they were doing too much nns chiefthere to warrant them in staying. So lar as the majority of them are concerned, they are more in danger from an outraged constituency at home than they are at Harrisburg ; and so they make it a point to stay there as the safest p| a c,— for themselves. Is not the I reasury there ? The Harrisburg Item, another K. N. organ, is also severely exercised about the graceless crew. It wants to get rid of them. Hear how it agonizes : "The fact is. legislation has fallen into bad bands. A set of political scoundrels took ad vantage of the late revolution in political senti ment, and, where they did not honestly succeed, fraud was resorted to in order to accomplish the object. The legislation of this session, its blaring absurdites and villainy, to make use ot the mildest teims, will be execrated by every honest man in the Commonwealth. The honor of tile State is bartered and sold by a secret con clave, as if they hail no masters, nor in any way responsible to public opinion, banks are chartered amid boisterous merriment, and for eign railroad capitalists are the 'lions' who are worshiped at the shrine of Mammon. When will Moses descend from the mount and cast down the golden calf A correspondent of the Chambersburg Whiff, which was also one of them, not long since, thus daguerreotypes the Solons chosen by the pure party which was to reform our politics so ama zingly : " This is one of the legislatures—it emphati cally is! In many respects it is without pre cedent. and but for the fortunate constitutional limitation, would probably be without end of; years. In the Senate there is some little care taken in legislation, but in the House there is neither political discipline, ordinaty industiy or average honest v. It strikes an unsophistK ut( d citizen like your correspondent, as would a loose j aggregation of jackasses, with a horse thrown j in here and there to break the monotony ol the j braying. It would be quite an institution in j some wooden country, lor it can out-log-roll iny style of log rolling ever before conceived >f. It passes new counties with a perfect yell all by about the same vote, unless rnoie are isleep,"absent, or—oh ! I'll never mention it ban usual. It passes new banks as fast as they ..... 11 -1 .... .Stliar r or rtnt (it re<Tlli:ir i"if- i j er increase the capital of as many as g.V a -electable wink on the subject, and would run h-owh re-cbarters for all the banks between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia against time, on a, waaer of fried oysters against sumthm to ta*e. We object, somewhat, to the sweeping reci lal here made, for strange to relate! two new rountv bills were defeated on Wednesday— There was probably nothing in them. When we reflect that this legislature was chosen bv an entirely new party-a party which derived its eclat and its power by harp- upon the story that '-the were so~corru|jt I"—hopelessly given over to repro bacv, and which flaunted huge promises to the public eye that it would reform all these things, —would choose men fresh from the people, honest men, free from the taint of demagogue- ; ism—when, we say, we call these things o re membrance, arid ponder over the tact that the le gislature chosen bv this new party as its embodi ment has hail everything its own way, what a commentary is afforded in the fact that Mis legislature,"this honest legislature, fresh from the people, and blooming with virgin purity, has turned out the most corrupt, shameless and worthless legislature ever assembled in the State Its base vetialitv is a matter of notoriety, SO much so that even it's party Iriends denounce it as "the essence of corruption; and besides beino- mercenary beyond all example, it has ended by being Ridiculous, a butt tor jeer and mockery, and the laughing stock of the whole Commonwealth. If these things be done in the gieen tree, what may we expect when it comes to bear truit in its season ? IMttXISIIED TRUTH. Ninon" the true friends of out Republic is Philip Johnson of Northampton. In bis speech delivered ill the house of Representatives on the 23d of March last, he eloquently snowstha. the principles and practices ol the know-Noth ing are in direct opposition to the principles upon which our government is bassed He shows that instead of upholding that -'all men are created equal," they make birth and blood the test of citizenship, while they indirectly a>- sail the sacred doctrine that "ail men have a n*ht to worship Cod according to the dictates of their own consciences." Nor is heat a "mealv-mouthcd" in his mode of exposing the corruption, treachery and hypocrisy of Ihe organization. Undeterred by their acknowledg ed power, and undismayed by their secret and insidious mode of attack, he discloses their .e in such a style as must have made Mor ris ot Philadelphia, and his compeer in guilt, Dave Smith, ot the negro-voting law notoriety, wince, unless they possess more than an ordina ry amount of the brazen-faced impudence char | acteristic of the members ol the order. t>* argument about paupers and convicts, so indu* i tnouslv u>ed by the Cayennes, is a!a ird am answered fully and fairly. He snows that tm Democratic party are ready and wtlung to pre • vent the importation of paupers and criminals, i • bv a pauiier is meant "one who has become ; charge upon public charity, and y a one who has been convicted of a crime, bin: be is willing to exclude; but tie asserts that < stalwart, hearty man or woman, though they I be 1-juded upon our short s witlu ut a dohar ir i their pockets, are not paupers." Instead o 1 draining its r sources they may increase ant multiply its wealth. Tltis position he enforces by argument and by an illustrious example, with a quotation of which we will conclude this article. It will he noticed that the person re ferred to below was one whom the Know Noth ings would have regarded with titter detestation. He was a foreigner—a pauper, and—oh summit of iniquity '—an Irishman, lint we hasten to the extract. "In the borough of Enston reposes the ashes of George Taylor, one of the immortal signers of the Declaration of independence, an Irish man by birth, who, to secure a passage to this countrv, entered into voluntary slavery. He shipped under the law as it was at that time, ami when he landed in America, he was sold at j Auction into servitude to pay lor his passage. , His purchaser was the owner of the Durham j mines and furnace, in the upper part of Mucks countv. He served ciiit his time, and perform ed such service as ins employer directed, and was afterwards hired to work by the day. He arose step by step in the estimation of his fellow citizens, filling such offices and places as were entrusted to him, until he become one of the Justices of the Court : and at last having dis charged all his pufdic duties with fidelity, he was chosen a representative in the Continental Congress, and affixed his name to that instiu ment of writing which is doomed to live as long as (lie English language remains. Ihe people of Easton cherish his memory as one of the sages of the Revolution : and the old stone house in which he lived is still pointed out to the stranger as a relic of the past, woilhy of note and recol lection/' We thank Mr. Johnson for his eloquent de fence of the. principles of our forefathers, and his equally eloquent denunciations of Know- Nolhingism: and we trust that his friends in Northampton will remember one who has been tine to his faith in the hour of adversity. A PATRIOTIC WHIG. Jn a letter declaring his inability to address the Democratic Association of Richmond during the present canvass, Thomas J. Michie, Esq., ;>) Stanton, one of the foremost men in \ irginia, uses tiie following powerful language : "Nothing 1 assure wouhi iint* rnt* more pleasure than t< address the intelligent peopb of Richmond on the int-*r 3 stitig questions ol tin present canvas? —to tell them how blighting t. the free spirit of our country the secret mystery rif know-nothingism must prove : how demoraf izing it will be to our children, the hithert* high-minded, open-hearted, boi<l youths ot \ ir gitiia, to lie educated in the sneaking arts of s. crecy and espionage: to he taught by their lath' era to sjiv out all the political actions ol thei: fellow-men, and yet to keep their own action and 'objects,' in reference tomalteis which tie cessarily concern all, a profound secret; to pub lish platforms o (pretended pi inriples, suited h everv latitude and every taste, tor the purpos of gaining proselytes, while they fee! the tie Trailing consciousness that they are prohibited 5y horrible oaths, from ever revealing their rea objects and principlesoutside ol their order, am while a disgusted world is forced to conclod other that their platforms are filled with fals orofessions, intended to mislead, or that thus ,vho publish them are perjured. "Has any party a right to political secrets ii private associations men may conceal mat ers which concern themselves alone. But |K>J tics, relating necessarily to the affairs or vv& luct of a government, in which every cittzin ed in withholding, from a portion of onrY.tS en*, information on a subject wlucn vital!; ■oncerns every one of them ? In a small P a. leiship, if a portion of the partners were ( ■onceal from the rest their designs in reierenc o the social lunds, their associates, soexcludei would be justified in forming a coneHs.on of r.i lonest v, and a court of justice would tnterfen [,, the* ordinary intercourse of hie, an hone i,an of ordinary humanity, possessed ot a seer which concerns his neighUm s interests tee -,ouul hv a high mora! obligation to disclose 0 him who it interests. Yet hereis a politic partv intermeddling in the dark with the aflu 'jfgovernment which involve your and my hi liberty, and property, and those ot ourchiidre ind of millions of others, and vet they cool refuse to let us know what their objects are u lil we shall be informed hv such results a, th may hereafter produce. By their nun show, 1 hey are enemies of popular .government: lor such a government the whole community p. lU "BuUhey show their enmity in various otl forms Thev practically deny the capacity the people to" govern, and therefore estahl aristocratic councils, with a great consolidat and controlling head, located, most t.tlv, sor where near 'the Five Points,' in the city of York Power with them, instead ot being v< ed in the people and emanating from therm vested in these aristocratic council. Ihe I orv of our government requires an appeal i aristocracy to the pople. Know-.Nothmg reverses that theory, by providing in all c an appeal from the people to the aristocracy -If,he people had capacity for self-gov, ment, this self-styled American (query : aboi r.a!?) partv deny their honesty: therefore, t are never trusted except under oath. An train while the spirit of our institutions req, ; v ,rv citizen to exercise his own best judgr in voting lor all officers of government, wonderful invention of Yankeedom requires p, bind himself by solemn oaths not toe*e his own judgment at all, hut to give his vo the majority of a caucus, itself subservient t< mandate of a superior caucus, may order. I are startling novelties to the American ear. know-nothing ism, bold in this respect atom all others skulking, denying its name, oen its association, refusing to make known Hi 'ects, hiding in dark caverns with hats am! ■ denounces all as anti-American who uil: adopt its dogmas! 1 should like to discuss diss- ct the monster, not only uwl"r th" pr ,n' head, but manv others, and especial! federalism 1 should like to show the per,, Richmond, and the whole south, the cm device of the know-nothing nominee for g nor, instilled into him, nodou' t, by the masters under whom he learned his 'A me lsm 'hv which tie asks the people of V I to deprive themselves of all ground of resi hereafter to the northern plan of ir.terv. in our domestic affairs, hv intervening in sadea 'ainst Catholics and foreigners, not h< she is'suffering any inconvenience from herself, but in order to rid her sister sta the nuisance. _ "But I console myself under rr v inanti obey your call by the reflection that, if I it w'ouldonly contribute the feeble light candle to that glorious sun which hassbo which continues to shine among you, a' lighten you till the day of election. W EJotiglrs.aoda host of the. .have p.Uf yo ,| ia „ I ran Ml. B<", as I have been a whig,! onlv sav Tor me to my old whig friends that I have looked carefully under the cloak of know iinllungism, have lifted with a daring hand the veil that covered the face of the Prophet Sam, and satisfied mvself well that it is not whiggery as I had always understood it, and as I knew it was understood and professed by thousands ol | on. fit and patriotic men,but monsin/m horren dm, informi , ingens, ati lumen redem/dum.— Yes: as blind as a bat, and as dark as Erebus. Let them beware of it, 3s they love their lives and high reputation. History informs us of many secret political parties, but not of one, t iat I remember, which has not been damned by inpartia! posterity. This party has much, be sides its secrecy, to give it an earlier and deeper (ondemnation than that which has fallen to the lot of its predecessors. If the democratic party thonld follow its lend, what a hell upon earth ■heir underground fight would make : yet it ,could plead example, and the responsibility would be Sam's. "With high regard, THOMAS J. MICH IE. It is refreshing, in these days of political de linquency, to see such a man as Thomas J. Mirhie thus loldly and fearlessly avowing his [hostility to the secret order of know-nothing* ; and when it is remembered that, for several years Mr. Michie has been one of the most talented ind efficient leaders of the lute whig party in Virginia, we feel that we have just cause to congratulate the country. From the Chambersburg Repository. Open Political Action. Mn. EOl TOP. :—Do you see vomier little cloud? It is no bigger than the end of your {thumb. Listen ! what a low muttering thunder. Did'st hear its whispered echoes ? They are the preludes to a gathering storm. The rock of Truth has been struck, and a copious shower of manv voices are the responsive echoes which must sooner or later lal! with gladdening prolu sion upon thine ear. Mint what, Mr. Writer, are you driving at?" Why, sir, at your late article upon the Ameri can Party. Thai article is not only replete with , good sound sense, wise ami prophetic conclusion. , iiut it marks the true and fearless advocate ol , an open and liberal policy,—just such an one as ,every true hearted, order-loving citizen should advocate, under the intolerant, narrow-minded, .embarrassing circumstances, that .now surround (.and da; ken honest opinion, and individual .choice of political action and party. Co on, in the good work, and it you are \ve| .enough acquainted with the ropes to know .when von are treading upon forbidden ground ? shrink not from its quagmires and hogs,— wadt .straight through them boldly and fearlessly.— bigotry and demagogueism their choice ,either to damn or to listen. A great work lie: the honest and faithful American jour .nalist. Truth, genuine truth, must be coinec into thought, and that thought brought home t( | the ear and the heart of every misguided nativ< | who has sworn away, not only his manhood f but his constitutional right to scan, analize, ac jCept, or repudiate every shade of political noli i cv and laith, come from w hat quarter they may The upright, intelligent American citizen, act • ing upon the broad and liberal ha-is of the feder ,al constitution, and calmly and reflecting!} I watching tile ebbing and flow ing of polilica ties, knows liis dutv. He needs 110 1 xtra-judi cal oath to keep him in the path ot nationa - rnj'e. JJe has trodden it from boyhood, am ,0/ his hoine—the stae and the stripes kindl . the tires of patriotic devotion and float with hi , thoughts upon the breeze of national glory.— , * Americanized —lie treads the soil of hi: f lativify, proudly conscious that his lot has heei Jjfast in a land pre-eminently above all others if .llie liberal and enlightened bu m of its govern t pent. \\ by, then, ask him to swear an allege a cause ever near and dear to his heart ; s -the cause of his country. Why degrade hiu !}• an oath-hound policy he dares not to ques all 0 " I Under the old regulations and ties, eve ,y rrnn, however strongly prejudice! in favoi J I'ij party and its measures, still felt that ht ~fas tcting from choice and voting as his nwr fJndiTstaniling diiecttd. No oath-lbrmed chair him to the car of designing aspirants ami {paw and il they "counted his voice" in theii .jharres for ollice, they reckoned not upon the jpfiui'tjce ot a conscience shrinking from a vio jfltioi ol unreasonable obligations and penalties, • forfeititres of freedom and manhood. Give, 1 ben. to the American party an oath-bound-or ;ani:ation and platform,and the narrow-minded, prejudice, toin-foolery and ghostisun if tlnse who now control its councils will very 0011 be lost in a pure and healthful reaction, a- Hce honorable and national.— Chum. Reposito y and Whig. , A Correspondent of the Clftimbersburg lejosi/ory and Whitj uses the following lan ,Uagi* in relation to the anti-license law, which .crtrays its true character : '•ln this interesting and dignified way has the itiuse see-sawed through three months and a •al ', without passing a single general bill ot ot ■ excepting the license law ; and this is a erfect lac-simile ol its worthy parent—a come • y •'I streaked and striped errors—a bungling designed to break down landlords Thi build up drunkards, by allowing no poor fvil to comiTience on less than a quart." .ALL RIGHT IN MICHIGAN ;— An extract of a tier from Michigan, dated 17th instant, says: "Our township elections through the State are st over, and they indicate a far better state of ings than we could anticipate. Thev exhibit *e most decisive triumph on the part of the de ocracy. The State is redeemed, regenerated, We knew that the unnatural rion and the dangerous anti-republican doc 4ies to which our temporary defeat was owing Uld not last long, and the second thought on Id come. It has come, and JJichigun stands set. >1 F INDIANA TOWNSHIP ELECTION— IIad Show J the, Know-jYothings. —From a friend resid g in the district, we yesterday received a let •Jcontaining the result of the special election <fd in Indiana township,on the 2l)th u!t., foi st ice ol the Peace. The election was render necessary on account ol there being a lie te between the candidates at the regular spring ntesl. Jt will be abserved that tin- Know fthings made a poor show—their candidate wing received but one vote ! Indiana deser- Jthe highest praise for its noble devotion to •mocratic principles. Below is the result:— JUnTICE Of THE PEACE. ward McCorkle, Dem. nominee, ITS votes. McCaslin, K. N. candidate, I " S. Hart, Democrat, k " itteriiig, 3 " Tyranny of fhe Sccrcf order. We have exposed Ihe deep-laid conspiracy against the rights of th people. We ha ve con tended that freemen, after being inveigled into the Secret Lodges, surrender tiieir consciences and judgments into the power of irresponsible and scheming managers an<l are hound by hor rid oaths to c arrv out the behests of the midnight council. We have before us a case in point. When the Senatorial election was pending in Massachusetts, some of the Know-nothings gave signs of opposition to Wilson, the nominee of the majority : w hereupon, the H'orcr&fer Jour nal, the leading Know-Nothing paper in the State, made the following statement as to the obligation of Know-Nothingism : '•lf bv honorable means, Wilson's nomination can be reconsidered, it is fair to do it—more than that, it would he policy for the party to do it, hut until that is done, every member ot the party that votes against him, violates his obliga tion, belies his pledges: yes, perjnr-s his soul, and he is not a man of honor. His personal enemies know what they are guilty ot in voting against him, when a majority declare for him." Here is a full confession of the workings of the diabolical machinery. Unless a member disregard his conscience and follows the com mand of "a majority," he is denounced a< per juring his soul, and, as such, published through the Lodges of the Union. The voice of consci ence is stifled and suppressed by the oath which members are required to take, pledging the mi nority to vote in all cases according to tiie de cision ofa majority. The penalty of a refusal thus to vote is the branding the offending person in all the lodges of the Union, as a liar, a scoun drel, and a perjured villain, in the eyes of God and man. Uv the exercise ot this desjxdic reg ulation, they rely ti|ion ruling the minority,and forcing them to subserve their miserable purpo ses. Kvery man is oath-bound to vote accor ding to the instructions of the lodges, however his conscience and judgment may disapprove and condemn the action as violative ol right, as dangerous to the community, as treasonable to the Constitution and to the Union. Is such an order necessary in a free country, when the pol icy of the laws is to make each man tree, not to enslave the conscience by oaths?— Philade lphia Jligus. KNOW-NOTHI.NU PIIUM KII'TIUN. —Tin* Evans villi* Enquirer savs: "We are told, on good authoriiv, that G. 11. Todd, the defeated candi date ti>r City Clerk, yesterday discharged hi.; washerwoman, a Mrs. FiawCy, who has done his washing for s itne time past, giving as a rea son that he would not employ an Irish woman or foreigner of any kind." Todd adopts tin* principle that "Americans must wash Americans." DEFEAT OF THE Kxinv-Normnus IN HA'RT vot:D. —The Democratic party here nominated a Vnion ticket against tiie Know* Nothings, which was supported by the anti-Know Nothing Whigj in our city to-day. T his ticket is elect ed with the exception ol the old clerk, Henry Francis, w ho succeeds on personal consideration alone, by about one hundred votes. The Union tick't cariied four ol the six Alderman and thirteen of the twenty four Cotinciimen, mak ing nineteen anti-Know - "Nothing* to eleven Know Nothings in the joint Council. Tin- Know Nothing.- have been routed in this city on a full vote. Some months ago we were induced— partly by philanthropic and partly, perhaps, by curious motives—to attach ourselves to a so-eal- ' • *•' Tlm <wnsih|e lirin ciplesol the older w ere such as we could sym pathize with most heartily : and it did not even occur to us that these ostensible principles were to be classed among the "goodly outs-ides" that "falsehood hath." We were not long in learn ing, however, that "confu-ion to Popery" was only a bait to catch the unsuspecting . and that the council of which we had become a part was nothing more nor less than a political hot-bed, from which were produced all sorts of schemes and machinations, conducing to the advance ment ol individuals and cliques, instead of en hancing the general good. We, therefore, with drew.— Buffalo Express, (\Viii<r.) I IIK HORRORS OF WAR — A FEARFUL TRA GEDY.—TIio London Times lays before its rea ders the particulars of a horrible atiair, which recently occurred near the Dutch settlement of Transvaal, at the Cape of ( ood Hope, and which can only he paralleled in atrocitv among the a chievments of modern times, bv the exploit of Marchal St. Atnaud in Algiers, when he smok ed and burned to death thousands ol his barbarian opponents who had sought refuge in a deep and spacious cave; "In the case at the Cape nl Good Hope, the Cadre Indians had murdered, in October last, ; under circumstances ol great barbarity, ten or twelve men and women of the Dutch settle ment. Immediately General Pretorious raised an army of'soo men, and, accompanied by Com mander General Potgietter, proceeded on an ex pedition to revenge the blood of the victims.— After an absence of several weeks, they reached some remarkable subteraman caverns, half a mile in length, and from three to five hundred feet in width, where the Caffers had entrenched themselves. Fpon his arrival at This spot, Gen i era I Preterious attempted to blast the rocks a hove the caverns, and thereby crush the savages , beneath the ruins. Ihe peculiar character of ; the stone however render this scheme impracti ! cable, and he then stationed his men around j the mouths of the caves, and built up w alls in front of them. Altera few days nianv of the women and children were driven bv hunger \ and thirst from their hiding places, and were j allowed to escape: but every man who came forth was shot dead by their rifles. On the 17th j ot November, at the close of a siege of three 1 weeks, the besiegers, seeing no signs of lite,en- I lereri the caverns, and the silence within, to gether, with the horrible odor arising from the ! dead, told how effectually their object had been j accomplished. More than nine hundred Caffers ; had been shot down at the mouths of the caverns, j and a much greater number had perished bv i slow degrees, suffering all the horrors of starva- j tion in the gloomy recesses within." HEROISM REWARDED. —A little druinnier-bov ' in the British army, who was in thickest of the j fight at Inkerman, combatting the foe, and, as a j relaxation, carrying water to the wounded, has been presented by Prince Albert with £o.— I Napoleon would have taken such a lad and cul tivated his soldier-like qualities, till he made a Marsha! of him. France has skillful and dar- ! ing Generals. England has only biave sol- ! diers. "When a person writes to another for infor mation on business, a postage stamp should b>- enclosed it it is important to receive a reply." So writes a suggestive and sensible correspon dent of tlu? New York Commercial. Terrible Suffering of a Shipwrecked Ire*, We have already announced the low 0 f (h. ship William Lay ton, ('apt. Tucker, on t|,„ passage from New York to Antwerp, and the drowning of three of the crew. They encoun tered a terrible gale on the 20th of February and on the 22d became a complete wreck 1 Lashed to her floating and helpless hull, the captain and the remainder of the crew pass, ,j six days and night* without a single drop of water, and without a mouthful to eat, ing a single rat, that was found swimming aliout the wreck, and which was fortunately caught and shared among the sufferers. Th"„ captain lias published a thrilling account of their miraculous escape from death, from which we take the following : The first day passed at our lashings, and we were weak with hunger. The second dav and the gnawing* of hunger made all other >utfW ings insignticant in comparison. The third day, and our thirst and hunger together held us in toitures but little short of the pains ofhelf itself. Death at this time would have been a relief. In the meantime the hatches of the ship had Liust open and the cargo was floating around us, but none ol the provisions within our reach. The know ledge that onr ship's hold was full ol provisions, and we wire starving, and unable to reach it, only added to our sufferings. Still to aggravate our pains, the potash in the ship was dissolving, and making a ley that was eat ing into onr flesh. Having no water, we each took a piece of cold lead into our months, and chew ing this kept our mouths moist, and was found to he agn at relief. At this period ofour sufferings, a rat was seen swimming ah-out, and coming near enough to one of the sailors, it un* captured. Never did a hunter secure his game with greater satisfaction than did the seaman secure this drowning rat. The rat was shared among the company : and never was a rnor ceau received with a hettter relish. All that w* had in addition to this raft, wi> the boots and shots upon our , which w>re mostly used up at flu* time of our rescue. On the third day of our suffering—on the 25thof fVbrnarv a vessel hove insight and ue were all elated with the prospects ol relief. In this, however, we were again disappointed. This vessel, the name of which I do not now letreri her, came within hailing distance cfus,a.*!i! speaking the captain I asked bin. to semi mj boat. The reply was, he could do nothing for lis: and leaving ustoour late, we were compel led to s**e this vessel sail from us. On the fifth ami sixth days some of the crew said thev did riot feel so much the want cf lood as they did on third day. This was the feeling of most, if not all of us. The fourth and filiii night passed, and no assistance came. The fifth day came, and with it succor— on this day we were hailed by the barque Sylph, Cap*. Hallux, from Guadeloupe, bound to St. Peter-, Newfoundland. This vessel spike us, ami learning our sit oat ion, promised to lay hy till Ife storm abated. It still blew a gaie, and the sea was very heavy. This promise revived us. During the night of the fifth day of oiu suf ferings—the 27th of February—the Sylph drif ted away from us and next morning was out ol sight. J cannot describe our feelings when'he next morning daw ned up, and again showed 4- luiihinu wit bin nur vision but the tempestuous ocean. Capt. He!lox, however, upon ascertain ing on the morning of the 28th that he had I us, crowded on all the sail his barque could carry and commenced the search for us. He was successful and found us after a few hour search, and at 10o'clock on the morning of"the 28lli we were taken from our lashing and taken 011 board the Sylph. When relieved none of us were aide to stand, although all of is still retained our senses. One of the crew, when taken from his prison of ropes, lost his t >>•->. which dropped from him, as lie was lilted horn the ship. The Potash Lye had eaten the feet tt the sufferer to this etl'ect. A Total Wreck. On the first ol January, lSft-f, a gentleman doing business in .New York, was worth with what he had invested in business, a hniidrui and ten thousand dollars. At the sametiinelie was blessed with an intelligent and lovely wit*, beautiful and promising children. The tir.-t misfortune was the transfer of merchandise to the amount of eighteen thousand dollars Ina California dealer, !<>r which not one cent was ever received. The next were two successive robberies hy means of which twenty-five thou sand dollars were lost. Soon alter this the un fortunate made an investment in real estate to a large amount. The next crow ning misfortune was a trip with his family to Europe. 1 hey embarked on their* return, on board the steam ship Arctic, and all shared her luckless fair In settling up his affairs, his real estate was under the hammer at a sacrifice of thousands nt dollars, making the aggregate loss to his proper ty during the year, one hundred and eighteen thousand dollars, eight thousand moie than In.' assets.—.V. Y. Courier. BAGGAGE FOR THE OTHER WORI.D.—THE : following incident occurred within sight olonr ! office a few days ago. Two children, a girl"' | seven years, and a bov of five, were playing |; ' the story above tiiat in which their mother was j sitting with a friend. Suddenly the quick ear jot tlie mother caught the sound ot little leet hurrying to the stairway, and then the voice oi the little hoy almost inaudible through tenor, calling her to come. "Come quick, DnuuM}, s in i/ie Trunk Hastening to the spot, she asked eagerly, "Where's the key?" 'T' l Daughty's got it, Daughty's got it," said t' :t " little fellow, and he danced wildly about the room, and threw his hands in agony ' A ,; ii surely there was cause for his wild fright.— The little girl had taken the key in her band, for fear her brother would lock her n,an(!p ;l " ced herself in this large trunk, and now the !i'- was closed, the spring lock made it last, s':i there was no key ! Springing to the sptakn pipe, tlie mother called to a servant, in a VolC '' that told lor itself of urgency, to bring the axe, and then seizing a poker from tlie stove she en deavored to open a crack to afibrd the child air. and succeeded in opening a very narrow one ■ then throwing up the window, they drew ' trunk to it. in a few moments —but moment' are long in such a time of peril—the axe wa> brought, and by breaking in the trunk they 1 erated the little captive from her close prt' n house. Stripes of deep color ran down her fat and neck, and perspiration, hi gFrat drops, sto upon her forehead, but she was rescunl injured r —_V<n rark . Idrrrfixer.

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