Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, May 25, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated May 25, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD GAZETTE. | Bedford, llay 1 *.., G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor. IRRELIGIOUS NOTICE.—The Lutheran Church ol'Bwllord having undergone a repair-I ing w ill be re-opened on next Sabbath, 27th inst. ; —services commencing at 104 o'clock, A. M. trr-Capt. JOHN ALAIP has entered into Partnership, in the Mercantile Business, with j Mr. E. FISHER, of this Borough. The new ! Firm ate about to open a fresh assortment of | superior New Goods, to which they invite the attentioTT&f the public. Aid lo the Governor. RN7"T. A. BOYD, Esq., (the Deputy Attorney Hen era 10l Bedford County,) has been appointed Aid-de- Camp to His Excellency, Gov. POLLOCK, with the rank ot Lieutenant Colonel. Mr. Bovu is both ta lented and "good looting,' and will rank with the, best selections (lie Governor bus yet made in this Department of Government. FAREWELL SERMON. CC7~Rev. T. K. DAVIS will preach his farewell Ser- | mon in the Presbyterian Church on next Sabbath i morning, at the usual hour ; and, as it is altogether possible that this is the last sermon he will ever preach to this people, (whom lie may never meet again, until he meets them at the Judgment Bar.) ■we presume our citizens generally will feel anxious lo hear him, and they are cordially and respectfully invited to attend. We were in error last week in stating that Mr. DAVIS had a Church in California waiting to receive him. He goes out as a Ali**ionai~y in the full -ense of the word, not knowing where he may settle, or' what the labor and deprivation he may have to suf fer. He leaves a pleasant and comfortable home, and all the endearments of former associations, to launch upon a field of labor, the trials ot which are yet to he realized. Virginia Floclton! The Virginia Election for Governor and other State ' oliicers, takes place to-day (Thursday.) The KNOW j NOTHINGS claim to be able to carry the State by forty thousand majority—and, as they piofess to he j exclusively devoted to the cause of SLAV ERY in | that Commonwealth, and as the people of Virginia have not yet been made to fre.l the viptr-stmg ol this | monster in disguise, as Pennsylvania ha-, the Demo- j cracy of Virginia may temporarily fall before its pes- i tilential breath. fouling Back. i GT-From reliable information tn our posses-ion, we have reason to believe that nearly all the Demo crats in Bedford County who joiueil the Know Noth ings last fall will soon again take their places in the Democratic Line, as in days of old. They were grossly dereicrd, and, like honorable men, are willing ' to admit the fact. The best of men may err, but { one of pure moials will never adhere to erior alter he discovers the tact. The reaction has commenced in earnest, and it affords us pleasure to find some of our i old and substantial friends, who left us last fall, cor dially and cheerfully returning to the Democratic fold, satisfied that no other party is competent to j manage the atFairs of this country. The Democratic . Party will rejoice to meet all such men on a common j platform. Hundreds of Fanners, too, wbo have al ways heretofore acted with the \\ higs, believing that to he The great conservative party of the Country, unwilling to be sold to a mid-night conspiracy like sheep in shambles, will also enrol themselves under the Banner of Democracy —and hence the Democratic thirty will soon become stronger, purer, and more steadfast in support ot its principles than it has ever been. LETTER OF REV. JOHN A. COLLINS. CJ-tt'e shall re-publish, in the next Gazette, the able, eloquent, and unanswerable Letter of Rev. JOHN A. COLLINS, which appeared in the columns ol this journal about a year since, on the subject of minis ter* of the Gospel descending from their sacred calling to dabble in Legislative controversies. In that Let ter the Rev. gentleman predicted exactly what has come to pass already ; and, although it was exten sively copied throughout the Union at the time it first appeared, we believe it will be read with far greater interest >iou- than it was then, as the public mind is calm ar.d competent to judge correctly. We re-publish this Letter the more readily, as there is fiotr but one opinion in this entire community as to the ability and high christian character of the w Titer. Religious Freedom. Will not the following noble sentiments of WEB STER rise lar above the miserable, narrow, and bigo ted policy of modern advocatesof religious inloleiance and persecution? Ilow can the old admirers ol eagle like WEBSTER thrust him aside and iistcn to the wretched croakingso* the"night i.nen of Jesuitism," the present Know Nothing Secret party We find the following in the Norfolk Argus : It seems to be the American destiny, the mission which has been entrusted to us here on this shore of the Atlantic, the great conception and the great duty to which ue are born, to show that all sects, and all denominations, proles-ing reveience for the authority of the author of our being, and belief in bis revelations, may be safely tolerated without prej udice, either to our religion or our liberties. We are Protestants, generally speaking; but you al! know that there presides at the head of ttie Su preme Judicature ol the United States, a Roman Catholic ; and no man, 1 suppose, through the whole United States, imagines that the judicature is less safe; lhat Ihe administration of public justice is less respectable or less spcure, becau-e the Chief Justice of the United States has been, and is, a firm adherent of that religion. And so it is with every department of society among us. In both houses of Congress, in all public offices, we proceed on the idea that a man's religions belief is a matter above human law ; that 11 is a question to lie settled between him and his .Maker, because tie is responsible to none but his Maker tor adopting or rejecting revealed trulh. And here is the great distinction which is some times overlooked, and which 1 am afraid is now too often overlooked in New England, the glorious inher itance of the sons of Pilgrims. Men, for thpir religious sentiments, are accountable to God, and God only. DANIEL WEBSTER. THE MARKETS. The Flour market has undergone no chaugp.— There is but little export demand, and the only sale reported is 300 barrels good brands at Sll per barrel. There is a fair inquiry for the supply ol the retailers and bakers at $10,75a1l for mixed and good brands, and sll 12 ia 11 20 lor extra. The receipts and stocks continue small, arid there are but few sellers at our lowest quotations. Rye Flour and Corn Meal are held firtnly. Sales of 100 barrels of the former at $7 25, and 300 barrels of the latter at $0 per barrel. Grain—Wheat is scarce and there is very little coming in. Sales of 1900 bushel* red mostly at $2,03 per bushel; we quote white at $2 68. Rye is scarce —ISOO bushels sold at $1.55. Corn is in fair request, but supplies arrive verv slow ly—sales of 10,000 bush els yellow, at $1 12, afloat, and a small lot in stoie at sl.lO. Oats are steady—sales of 1500 bnshels Penn sylvania at 67 cents afloat, istid 70S bushels in store at 70 ccuts per bushel. From the Pennsylvania)*, May 19 The Foreign Hews! The Boltic arrived at New York yesterday, with one week's later intelligence from the seat of war. The French have assailed the Flagstafi' Battery in force, and had sprung three miles under it, hut it withstood the shock. The Russians then opened a tierce cannonade along the whole line, which killed six French officers and three hundred men. The Russians are now actively engaged in constructing works Noitb and South of the town. There are now in the vicinity of SebaHopol over one hundred thousand Russians. On the 16tb, two Russian ves sels were destroyed by lire. Thus far no general attack has been made by the fleet on the sea ports. We also glean from our advices, that the King ol Prussia is reported ill, and that Lord JOHN HI SSKI.I. has returned to London. Oil the 28th ot April, the F.mperor NAPOLEON narrowly escaped assassination at the hands of the Italians. The attempted assassin was arrested. From the information received through the most reliable quarters, there is little doubt that the condition ot the Allies is far uiote critical than that ot the Ku-siuris. It is rumored, that a separate Treaty has been signed between Turkey and Russia, which is to form a part of the European treaty. Ihe first division of the Anstrain army has received or ders to march, but where, or for what purpose, is not stated, —probably to more securely hold that (•ortioti which she intends to appropriate to her own use. The greatest activity prevails at St. Petersburg, anil the new Czar devotes all his lime to military preparations. France has ordered another levy ot twenty thousand men for the Crimea. NAPOLEON made a speech to the Senate after his escape Horn assassination, in which he holds the language of fatalism. He would make a good Mahometan, and perhaps in this matter, he desires to imitate bis Uncle. He says : "there are existences which are decrees ot Providence. As long as I shall riot have fulfilled my mission, I run no danger." Fifty thousand Rus sian reinforcements have arrived at Sebastopol.— The Russian pea>antry in Ibe Ukraine are reported to be in insurrection, but as these are Cossacks, there is probably no truth in Ttie rumor. The Turks at Balakiava had also been reinforced with six thou sand men. The Vienna despatches allege that a decree will soon appear, calling out eighty thousand men. This must be an additional force, and as Ibe treasury is bankrupt, it is also a fiction. Poor Tur key is now pretty well roasted, and will soo be in a condition to be devoured. From the Harrisburg Union. FANATICISM RUNNING RIOT Petitions were circula!ing ill New York for signa tures praying the Legislature of that State to pass laws against the use of tobacco and strong tea. The vegetarians, too. contemplated petitioning the Legis lature lor a law against the further use ot meat. In the present age it is impo.-sihle to tell what ex tremes may not be reached by legislation. Indeed, we are sometimes inclined to think our whole govern ment is but one great insane asylum, where the keep ers are as crazy as the inmates. When Connecticut passed her stringent laws rela tative to a more strict observance of the Sabbath, she committed an act which done more to destroy a rev erence for that day than anything else. \\ hen Mas sachusetts enacted laws for the punishment of witch craft, and brought to the stake hundreds of innocent per.-nns under pretence that they were practising it, she assumed that to exist which had no existence ; and the consequence was, a revulsion in public opin ion, which consigned the aiders and abettors 111 this persecution to eternal infamy. And so it has been and will be, until by a strong and powerful combina tion the really good in community set their face a gainst the fanaticism of the present age. Religion is made a mockery—Christianity is turned into a business transaction, and the socialities of lite em bittered by the cool and deliberate hypocrisy of men who have clothed themselves in the "livery °* hea ven to serve the devil in." The people of the United States talk as fluently a bout the progiess of trie present age as a school hoy talks about his les-on; hu it is a truth, the times clearly indicate, that we are but retrograding and going back to the dark ages, v\ hen fanaticism arid superstition "run riot', in the world. And who is to blame in all this work? Let any man go to trie temples dedicated to the worship of the living God, and see there the pulpit turned into the political ros trum; and he who should preach the Gospel lecturing on |>olitics —see the legislator basely catering to the fanatical notions of a set of fools, and passing laws both iniquitous and unjust—go to the courts and see the judges who should administer the laws in truth and justice, wheedling, twisting and turning to meet this or that popular clamor, and then tell us who is to blame ! The time has come when all this must cease,and the sanctimonious whining of the hypociite be as |uiwerless in influencing public opinion, as the assumed whine of the beggar is in procuring a penny. We know some men who have made their BEANS in this humiliating transaction. Let therr. make the most of it. When they another chance the peo ple will he a bigger set of tools than we take them to be. From the Harrisburg Union. Fanaticism The Legislature of Maine, at its last session, gave an instance of the extent to which fanaticism can and will be carried when demagogues obtain power.— Not content with passing a prohibitory liquor law, and trumpeting forth To the world it< benign work ings, they took a few steps more, and by a supple mental act, make it an indictable offence for anv man, woman or cbild to carry a flask or demijohn containing "liquor, or lor any drayman, carter or com mon carrier to dray, cart or carry any demijohn, bar rel, half-barrel, cask, cxc., containing liquor, in any part of the State of Maine. This is fanaticism, and it proves what we have often said, that when laws are enacted in opposition to sound public morals, to gratify the fanatics of the present day, no man can tell to what extent they will not be carried. Maine passed her prohibitory liquor law, and the temperance organs hailed it as a great means to puri fy the public morals. The assertion, that notwith standing the law, a much driinkeness exi-ted in that State as ever, was denied, and branded as a wicked and odious lie, and temperance men took especial pains to impress the public mind with tins belief.— Last week we published the statement that during the last year, with the "Maine Law" in operation, four hundred ca-es of drunkenness were considered disposed of in Portland, Maine, lv the Mayor of that small city. This statement was endorsed by tbe temperance organs of that State, simply because it wa- a tact riot subject to denial, and could at all times he proven by the records. Now, if so many cases existed in one small city, how many existed in the whole State? Every day's experience proves that instead ot such laws operating as beneficial to com munity, they are the reverse. Force will not do, and especially so in a countiy like ours. Moral sua sion is the ontv law to effect reforms in community. We have frequently said that we are as much op posed To intemperance as any one can be, and will go as far as the farthest in correcting the evil. Rut we are opposed to the enactment of laws which emanate from the bosom of fanaticism, and are calculated to do more harm than good. Let preachers of tbe Gos pel exercise moral suasion—let them stand up in the pulpit as men robed in the beauties of religion, and draw the members of their congregations from the perpetration of evil, by that power which emanates alone from on high—let officers whose duty it is to carry out the provisions of the law, do it in a bold and determined manner—let the moral reformer show to the world by example the fruits of his system, and we may expect to see the day when hypocrisy and deceit will give place to truth and honor. This is our doctrine, and we feel confident it is the only true and legitimate remedy for the evil- complained of. PRAISEWORTHY.— We accidentally omitterl to re port the fact in our last issue, that Gen. Jacob L. Gross, one of the members of the Legislature from this county, has paid into the County Treasury lor county purposes, the sum of over SIOO, beins; the difference between the $o()0 which he received from the State Treasurer, and the per diern allowance which he would have been entitled to previous lo the advent of this Know-Not bin;; Reform. Adminis tration.— Lancaster Intellipencrr. LADIES FASHIONS.—The Elk Advocate says: Those who cannot get the May No. in time, tnav thank us for telling them how they can be in fashion. Get what you please lor your sum mer dress; something not too heavy would be preferable—linsey woolsey, for instance. Make it to suit yourself, only have a flounce on every spot whete you can make one stick. Flounces are all the ratje with the Paris ladies, and why should the Elk county ladies be behind their French cousins ? Later Irom California! •WRIVJIL OF THE XORTUERX LIGHT —5300,000, LV GOLD. NEW YOKE. May 16. 't he .Northern Light has arrived Iromisan Juun, with California dates to the 2-ltli ult. She brings .101 passengers and §278,000 in trea sure, principally consigned as follows: Wells, Fargo & Co., $68,000 David Hoadley. 00,000 Drexel & Co., Philada., 51,000 Ro-s & Falconer, 21,300 N'ewhouse Spats, 16,000 Wm. Seligrnan It Co.. 16,000 Owing to the general distrust entertained of the Banking Hou-e, the pa-sengers have a Urge amount of-pecie in their own hands. The Purser of the N. L. reports that no further fighting had occurred in the interior of Nicaragua.— The government party had retreated from Leon, find ing the armv of Mono-100 strong and were fortifying themselves in Grenada. [This conflicts with our New Orleans despatches. J The papers furnish scarcely a single feature of new* additional to that telegraphed Irom New Or leans. The Nicaragua expedition under Walker was to have left San Francisco about the time the steamer sailed. It consisted of from 73 to 100 inen, including Acalles, Kewen.Capt. Hornsby and other well known individuals. The brig Vesta had been rhnrfered to convey them down as emigrants. The steamer Cortes arrived up at San Francisco on the 22d ult. Mauganillo, a new Mexican port, is hereafter lo be tlie coaling depot, \c., ol the Nicaragua steamers in their passages to and from San Francisco. The recently discovered gold mines in Sand Hill arid Yuba counties, are reported as yielding an aver age of §3O tor each man. It is said the planting of wheat and other sereal grains in the agricultural districts of the State will be much larger than any previous year, and this too with California flour at §6 per. bbl. Vigorous eliorts are being made outside of the Leg islature to get up another trial to elect a I . S. Sena tor, but the chances are very slim of its proving suc cessful. According to the Delta, in an article in re lation to the election, it is contended that under a strict construction ol the law, that Senator Gwirui is without doubt entitled to bis seat in the Seriate. A clause in the Constitution declares that a plurality ol votes given in any election shall constitute a choice where it is not otherwise directed in the Constitution. Mr. Gwinn having received a plurality of seven votes over Mr. Kdwards on the first ballot in the Joint Convention of the two llou-es. it is contended that he was constitutionally elected. Two hundred and sixty-lour ejectment suits have been commenced in San Francisco, ill view ol the ex piration of the statute of limitations. Opinion of an Honest Whiff. Lancaster Examiner , well known as one of the leading organs of the old IV/iiy parly of Pennsylvania, comments upon the appoint menlx of Gov. Pollock in the following plain and forcible manner. Let all honest men read it carefully : From the Lancaster Fxarr.iner. Tut: GOVERNOR'S APPOINTMENTS. —The se lection of Mr. Henry Davis as Leather inspec tor, completes the Slate appointments of the present executive. W'e have no knowledge of Mr. Davis's claims or qualifications, but an ex posure contained in the Daily News ol last Sat urday, is not calculated to impress one very highly in his favor. It is perhaps as difficult a task as could be undertaken, to seieit a store out of the hun dred.* of applicants for the offices in the gift ol the Governor, at each change of ari administra tion. More or Jess dissatisfaction will always exist, with or without sufficient cause. VVe are compelled to sav, however, in all candor, that Governor Pollock has been singularly itp fortunae in his selections to what are consider ed the lucrative stations. The successful ap- plicants—so far as we know them—are the hangers on of party ; camp followers, who ho ver on the outskirts of army, not for bat tle but for booty ; who plunder the dead and butcher the wounded ; desert the unpiosperous ami betray the daring. The men who have summered and wintered with the Whig party never sneaking off' in adversity, to return only when a prospect of plunder invited them —have not been fajvored to the extent we had hoped for. Their exclusion indicates the adop tion of aw rong principle in the distribution ol patronage —the neglect of old and tried friends in the hope of making new ones—and acting on a had principle, in the long run, always proves to b* bad policy. VVe ptopose to make a brief examination into the merits oi the prominent appointments. The selection for hark Inspector is Wm. D. Laker, of Philadelphia, a practicing lawyer, who couldn't have told ground hark from saw dust if [lis appointment had depended on that much knowledge of matters pertaining to the office. He is an inveterate office hunter, hav ing been out lor some office at every election that has been held in Philadelphia lor the last ten years. Last year he ran twice—in June lor city Attorney, and in October for Prothono lary. As it is not often that office comes in the way o| tanners while lawyers alw ays have iheir "platters right side up," when any crumbs of patronage are about to fall—this one would seem to belong of right to the trade, and there are members who doubtless would have heeu glad to receive it. The Whiskey Inspector is Doctor John 11. Seltzer, ot Perks countv— another interloping professional man running away with an office which would seem Iv to belong to a distiller. The doctor figured at a k. n. State Convention, last August, at which he boasted that he spcuied the appoint ment of k. n's. on the committee appointed to receive Gov. Rigler, on his contemplated visit to Reading. It was arrranged that when the Governor arrived, he would (all into the hands of men smiling friendship to his face, but sworn in secret to destroy him—Joah-like inquiring "art thou in health, my brother ?" while their daggars were at his back. To have picked the Governor's pocket would not have been a more venial offence, tried in a court of honor, if not in law. The man who could boast of sucli double, distilled meanness, would better grace a penitentiary cell, than a lucrative office.— The excuse advanced by the doctor's friends is, that he is only two degrees better than an idiot, and is not to be held accountable to the ordi nary standard by which honorable men are gov erned. Tile flour Inspector is Stephen Miller, of the Harfishutg Telegraph. Mr. Miller had twice been elected protlionotary of Dauphin county, and had a year of office unexpired when he was appointed to this station. He was evidently born under a lucky star, as it falls to the lot of few to have two lucrative office? at the same time. He boasts in his that he nomina ted Gov. Pollock for President at 10 o'clock on the night of the election. The next morning he announced himself a candidate liir flour In spector ! Not in vain has he learned To crook the pipgnant hinges of the knee. That thrill may follow (awning. The Telegraph is a one-idea paper, and for a year past, has had a sort of mffni-a-potu insanity upon the subject of Catholics and foreigners : j all sham, ol course, lor the editor has been com- 1 pelted to admit that he voted for James Camp bell, for the Supreme Court—and we have al ways understood that he voted for Gov. Bigler ! at the same election. It is the central organ of the k. IJ'S., and very properly so. The Old Patriot, lieu. Cass. VVe publish helow, the eloquent, wise, pa triotic and Christian letter of the distinguished statesman whose name heads this article. Such a letter is worthy of such a man. Men like CA>-, CI.AY, CALIIOUN, WEBSTER, and those still greater names, JACKSON, JEFFERSON, and the immortal WASHINGTON, could never sympathize, much less he associated with so tool a thing as Know-Nothing intolerance and falsehood. The class of men to which CASS belongs, ranks with the proudest list of the world rulers to he found in all history. The genius, fame and virtue of such ineri will never be found tarnished by contact with the leprosy of bigoted fanaticism and religions persecution.— The iniquitous sinks of Know- Nothing bigotry and oppression are fitting places only f>r cast ofi filth-rate politicians of desperate fortunes, and the ignorant herd of fanatics who are ruled by designing men through appeals to their ani mal excitability and uncultivated instinct.— Democrats of '4B, and honest men of all parties, and of no party, listen to the calm voice of an aged patriot : DETROIT, March 15, 1 Soft DEAR SH: : —lt is now more than two years since I have attended a public festival, and the same afflicting circumstances which led me to adopt this course, yet operate to render me in disposed to change it. While, therefore, I thank you and those associated with you, for the invitation to attend the celebration of St. Pat rick's day on the 17th, I beg leave to he excused for declining its acceptance. Hut, though 1 shall not he with you on that interesting occasion, yet I can realize and ap preciate tlie feeling with which you will assem ble to recall the glories of the land of your birth or descent, in this land of your hopes and vour homes: and to do honor to the meinorv of the Apostle of Christianity, who first carried the tiospel of Jesus to the Pagan inhabitants of Ireland. Obeying the injunction of the Scrip tures, he "added knowledge to virtue," though in these latter <iavs we are called ii|>on to glory in ignorance, and to found our claims to con fidence upon know nothing. Vour illustrious missionary belonged to the great Order of know somethings—to that class of it indeed which knows a great deal, and he deserves the grati tude of mankind for imparting what lie knew to others, instead of endeavoring to "darken counsel by words without know ledge." Honor therefore to one of the benefactors of the human race, and let us render it tin* more freely now, when local and sectarian prejudices are striv ing to create a distinction among us, as unjust as they are unconstitutional. But we have nothing eventually to f>-ar from error or op pression, while, as Mr. Jeflerson well "rea son is left free to combat it." That freedom is a portion of our heritage and it will triumph over this delusion as it has triumphed over many a one heretofore, and will triumph over many a one hereafter: those who have participated in it will awaken to the conviction that the worth of an American citizen does not depend upon the place of his birth, nor his claim to confi dence upon his religious faith, and upon the mode in which he worships that (>od, who is equally the God of the Catholic and of the Pro testant— who guided and protected our father in the davs of their troubles and trials and will we humbly hope, guide and protect us and nut children whenever troubles and tiials shall be set our National palh. There is no danger, if we only appreciate the blessings we enjoy in a spirit of mutual conciliation and forbearance, and with thankfulness to Him who gave them, and may 'ake them awav. I am dear sir, with great regard. Trulv Your®, LEWIS CASS. Col. W. O'CALLACHAN, President. Important to County Treasurers. The following sections of the appropriation hills are of considerable importance, and should generally be known : Sec. 7-1. That it sh3ll he the duty of each city and county treasurer, and other officers having charge of moneys belonging to the com monwealth, in any county where there is a depository for the public moneys, on the first Monday of June next, and at the close of each month thereafter, to pay over to the State treas urer, or to deposit at such place as the said offi cer may designate, the entire amount of collec tions for the preceding month : and he shall also make out and transmit to the Stale treasurer a statement showing the aggregate of the'amount of money so received and paid and the amount received each day : Provided, That this section shall not be construed to repeal any law now in force requiring anv of said officers to pay over the amounts received by them at shorter inter vals. SEC. 75. That in case any city or county treas urer, or other public officers of this common wealth charged with the collection, safe keep ing, transfer or disbursement of public money, who has given, or hereafter shall give, bonds with security for faithfully paving over or ac counting for such public money in any manner prescribed bv any existing law, and such treas ury or public officer as aforesaid, or any of his sureties respectively, shall become insolvent, or in failing circumstances, or any such sureties shall die or abscond, it shall and may he lawful in any such case to require new bonds with new security, to be approved of in like manner as the original bond and sureties are now by law required to he given and approved : Provided, however. That such new bonds and sureties shall he given only at the instance and request of the State treasurer, or the commissioners of any city or county wherein such public officer coi leets, keeps, transfers or disburses such public moneys as al'oresasd. A SIGHT IN THE IIARBOR OF CHICAGO. The following glowing sketch of the present and future glories of Chicago is taken from the Times of that city : "On Sunday morning, the fitli insf., between seven and eight o'clock, we passed down Mich igan avenue from Lake street. Outside the piers, and scattered over the broad surface of the lake, we counted nearly sixty vessels leav ing or approaching the city. The sigh! was a grand one. The morning was calm and pleas ant : the sun shone brightly, and the broad waves glistening with its glorious rays. Down the lake, up tlie lake, across the lake, in every di rection that the eye was turned, appeared the snowy canvas of the commerical navy of Chi cago— a navy more powerful in all that enriches a people, in extending the power and glory and institutions of our country, than all the armed fleets that have belched forth fire and destruction in war and strife. Here was hut a small portion of that commerical, peaceful, and most powerful navy. Wherever the American commerce goes there go wealth and a Knowledge of the bless ings and happiness of a free, self-governed peo ple. The sight of this fleet before our city was a cheering one. it not only spoke of great and extensive trade, but spoke in unmistakable lan guage that Chicago was that lamed sj<ot of earth in which canals, railroads, steamboats, and sails, (brined a grand and central depot: each bring ing to and bearing away the product of a region blessed by Providence with a fruitful soil, cul tivated by a free and happy people." Great Excitement. WE are indebted to passengers on the Missouri liver packets down, last evening, liir the billow ing account of a homicide at Leaven worth City, which has created THE most intense excitement in and around that town. It seems that there was a meeting of squatters and citizens of the town and neighborhood generally, in Leaven worth City, on Monday last, got together tor the purpose of making a public demonstration of opinion with regard to the claims of the squatters, the election, the slavery agitation, and other prominent questions agitated in tfiat section. There was a large attendance of both pro-slavery and anti-slavery men, and the mee ting was characterized by uproarioiisuess, bick ering, contusion and ebullitions of animosity between the two factions. A question, among others, was put to vote by the Chairman, and the vote being close, a divis ion was called by ordering the ayes to one side of the house and the noes to the other. Malcolm Clark, a prominent politician of the pro-slavery faction, and a large owner of or a squatter on land in and about the town, cried out, "We have the majority to which a lawyer named McCrea, a leader of theFresoil faction, answer ed, "It'sa lie whereupon Clark advanced upon him and struck him with a club, which would have fallen him had he not been prevented by staggering against the wall. As soon as be recovered from the stun, McCrea drew a revol ver and shot Clark, killing him instantly. McCrea then lied, hotly pursued by a number of Clark's friends, who tired several shots at him, none of which, however, took effect. He ran to the river, and sought shelter behind the bank, which was abiupt and high, whence his friends took him in tln-ir projection, removed him to the fort, two mm s distant, and delivered him to the military authorities, w ho locked him up m the guard-house. Croat excitement ensued. Threats of mob violence and lynch law w ere circulated, hut no unlawful demonstrations made. A petition was gotten up by the triob, and signed bv three or four hundred names, requesting the officers in command at tbe fort to give up the prisoner, promising to give hiin the benefit of an impartial tnal by jury. The petition was not acced-d to, and Ihe prisoner was still confined in the guard-house at the time our informants left. A handbill was printed anil circulated all over the country, up and down the river, call ing upon all pro-slavery men, all true friends ot Ihe South, and of slavery in Kansas, to meet on Thursday at I,e veil worth City, to lake into consideration the aspect of affairs, and to adopt measures of pioceeding iu the present crisis.— The handbill is signed by 15. F. Stringfellow and John W. Kelly, editors of the Squatters Sovereign, J. Marion Alexander, and a number of others.— St. Louis Intelligencer .May 5. Beautiful illustration of Life. Bishop Heber, upon departing for India, said in his farewell sermon : "Life bears us on like the stream of a mighty river. Our boat at first glides down the narrow channel—through the playful murmuring of the little brook, anil the winding of its glossy bor ders. The trees shed their blossoms over our young heads , the flowers of the brink seem to offer themselves to our young hands; we are happy in hope, and we giasp eagerly at the beauties around iis : hut the stream hurries on, and still our hands are empty. Our course in \outh and manhood is along a widei, deeper flood, amid objects more striking and magnifi cent. VVe are animated by the moving picture of enjoyment and industry passing ns ; we are excited hv some short-lived disappointment.— The stream bears its on, and our joys and our grief are alike left behind us. We may be ship-wrecked, but we cannot be delayed— whether rough or smooth, the river hastens to wards its home, till the roar of the ocean is in our ears, and the tossing of the waves is be neath our feet, and the land lessens from our eyes, and the floods are lifted up around us, and we lake our leave of earth and its inhabitants, until of our fuither voyage there is no witness save the Infinite and Eternal!" "I DID AS THE REST DID " This fame, yielding spirit—this doing "as the rest did"—has ruined thousands. A young man is invited by vicious compan ions, to visit the tavern, or the gambling room, or haunts of licentiousness. He becomes dissi pated, spends his time, loses bis credit, squan ders his property, and at last sinks into an un timely grave. What ruined him 1 Simply "do ing as the rest did." A father has a family ot sons. He is wealthy. Other children in the same situation of life are indulged in this thing and that. He indulges his own in the same way. They grow up idlers and fops. The lather wonders why his chil dren do not succeed better. He has spent so much money on their education: has given them great advantages ; hut, alas! they are only a source of vexation and trouble. Poor man, he is just paying the penalty of "doing as the rest did." This poor mother strives haid to bring up her daughters genteelly. They learn what others do, to paint, to sing, to play, to dance, and sev eral other useful matters. In time, they mar ry ; their husbands are unable to support their extravagance, and they are soon reduced to poverty and wretchedness. The good woman is astonished, "Truly," says she, "I did as the rest did." The sinner, following the example of others, puts off'repentance, and neglects to prepare for death. He passes along through life, till, un awares, death strikes the fatal blow. He has no time left now to prepare, and he goes down fo destruction, because he was so foofoh as to "do as the rest did." X A Know KSCZRI: OK rur BAKCR P AMLL ¥ FRO* DROWNING.—The Baker Vocalists, WT„|„ crossing the Wisconsin Kiver in a ferry boat J Merrimac, on their way to this place, NARROW|" V escaped from losing three of iI., R company bv drowning viz Mr. J. C. Baker, his wile ana Mr. Ceorge K. Baker. It appears 1 hat after they had got a short dis tance from shore, into a very swift current w here the water is from 17 to 20 feet deep, one of the, r wheel horses took fright, rushed forward and crowded the leading span over the front end of the boat, at the same time precipitating M r . (• E. Baker into the current. He being a swimmer, after great exertion, reached a sna some distance below, whence, alter a rest nf about ten minutes, be with ditlicultv succeeded in swimming ashore. Mrs. J. C. Baker, who was getting out of th carriage when the h ( ,rse took fright, w as VIOLENT IV thrown over the side of the boat bv th? wheel and was rapidly drifting down streain, when her husband saw a portion of her shawl floating ON the surface of the water, and not sei-in her ON board immediately plunged in, seized the shawl and began the work of saving the lives of HIMSELF and wife. He, much impeded by a HEAVY ovei coat, drew Mrs. Baker along, all the while UNDER water, with one hand and sw am with the other some distance, when know ing that she must SOON breathe or perish, he caught hold of her arm and raised her above the water a moment, but was compelled to let her again sink, while he EXE,TED his last exhausting strength to reach the shore which he accomplished with the last eftbrt nt his faint energies. With GREAT difficulty the horses were saved by the other members of the troupe, and we are happy to state that the com pany sustained the loss neither of life nor prop erty. No blame is attached to the ferry MEN who behaved nobly and rendered invaluable aid. A FACT cor: FARMERS. —Dr. R. I. Baldwin has recently made public the result for several eyars' investigation and experiment upon ma nures, and various wavs of fertilizing the soil. He slates that the best and speediest way tt> fertilize any soil, is to cover it with stiaw, bush es, or any raw material, so as to completely shade it. The surface of the earth thus brim? made very cool, dark, damp and close, soon nnder-goea a chemical process like putrilaction. REMOVAL OF JUDGE LORLNG. "The removal of Judge Loring bv the Know- Nothings of Massachusetts is the last achievement of the party which now implores the people of the South for their -vveet voices. The Boston Courier, a Whig paper of influence, says this act "* the first effective stroke at the inJepeiiUeiire of the jniiieiary of Massa chusetts." But w hat of its effect upon the constitu tion of the United States? Who will heal the wound indicted by this formal act of infamy upon teat VCR. eiated instrument / What faith can hereafter be repo-ed in the fidelity of Massachusetts 1o that bond ami guarantee of federal Union t In all ber pjst his tory, from tbe day that abolitionism toiled to oblit erate ihe memory ol her revolutionary serviees. she has not been able To go down into such a depth ol dishonor as this. For obeying his oath of office, -he strikes down a pure and upright judge—an oath re sulting from a constitutional obligation—an oath which he could not break without staining his soul with perjury. And the fanatical wi exult in his overthrow rejoice with double exultation because they have tho> been able to slab their own judiciary and to wound the national constitution at one and the same time." AS A K it I Kl> : In Pittsburg, on the 10th inst., bv the Rev. Thomas K. Davis, of Bedford, Mr. ROBERT S. DAVIS and Miss CLARA F. FULTON, bull of Pittsburg. In Schellshurg, on Thursday evening, I7th ult. by John Smith, Esq. Mr. Henry M. Keller, formerly of Bedford, uow of the city of Balti more, to Miss Elizabeth 8., daughter of Mr. Jo seph Krigor, ot the Borough of Schellshurg. On the loth inst. hv Rev. Mr. Heyden, M r . John Dullard to Miss Margaret Slunkard, all of .Napier. DIED: In this Borough, on las! Sabbath morning, of croup, WILLIAM H. WATSON, son of BENJAMIN W. and SARAH CARRRTSON, aged 6 years, I month, and 16 days. Thus has passed awav another smart and interesting child, the idol ol its parents, and a favorite with all who knew it. "'The rose that from its parent Mem By Death thus rudely riven, Now shines in glory's diadem: A brighter flower in Heaven. Fair was its morn—and bright its noon— And sweet its closing even ; But fairer, brighter it will bloom In its own native Heaven. That voice now hushed in death—that smile- On earth no more is given To cheer our hearts—our cares beguile— They swell the joys in Heaven. Dear loved and lost one—none can know How sore our hearts are riven— O may the hope thus lost below Spring up anew in Heaven." Estate of Thomas Keeffe, dee'd. LETTERS of Administration on the Estate nl Thomas Keeffe, late of the Borough of Bedford, deceased, having been granted to the undersig"* ed by the Register of Bedford County—notice is hereby given to all persons knowing them selves to he indebted to said Estate, that they will he required to make immediate payment, and those having claims to present them prop perl y authenticated for settlement. G. H. SPANG, Administrator. May 2b, 1855. Private Sale of Valuable Property. The subscriber will sell, at private sale, liis valuable property, situate in Boydstown, about halfa mile west of the Borough of Bedford, cn the turnpike road, consisting of two Dwelling Houses, a Black-smith and Wagon maker Shop, and all necessary outbuildings. There are t' lots and a half of ground attached, on which are a number of fine fruit trees. This proper l ) is every way desirable, and purchasers would do well to examine it. JACOB SEMLER- May 25. 1855. IMPORTANT NOTICE. From and after the Ist day of July next, ff notes and accounts due Hie Estate oi James; • Gibson, deceased, w ill be left in the hands el l Justice of the Peace for collection. Save Cost* S. H. TATE May 25, 1855. Adm r.

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