Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, July 6, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated July 6, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD liAZETTE. ncritimL JuiSt I *!"$. G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor- Q2?"VVe invite the especial attention of our leaders to a Letter from Hon. DANIEL BLOCHi.K which will be tumid on the fir-t page. He is one of the standard and radical Democrats ol Maryland, and his name is familiar to many of the citizens of Bedford County, especially those of Londonderry, t umber land Valley, Colerain, and Southampton. His senti ments are as manly and eloquent us they are true and convincing. All honor to such men. Z:Z The "Essay on Woman," by T. R. V ICSRO\ , Esq., to which we alluded last week, will be found on tbe first page. It is a beautiful production, and will be read with interest. f. ' JAMES B.SANSO.M, Esq., Editor of the Ful ton- Democrat, (and family.) have been spending a few days with their friends in Bedford. Mr.S. gives a good account of the Democracy of "Fulton," and has no doubt they w ill poll an increased majority at the next flection. Kuow-Notheug; Befi' ln ! C7"A few days since Ree-on, Democi elect ed Probate Judge of Berrien county, Michigan, by two hundred majority over the know-Nothing candi date, a man who, for years, was led and cfothed at ftie crib of tbe Democratic jrarty! Many -m iingfatelu! office seeker w ill soon find themselves in the same position. CCT'IvNOW NOTHINCISM continues on the wane. At an election m Norfolk, A a. on Monday la-t, week, for municipal officers, the democratic camli .ate lot Mayor was elected by OS majority, zG the State e lection, but a few weeks ago, i'lourney beat ■ a iiout 100. At the recent municipal election in San Francisco, California, the Democrats carried the .Mayor, and elected half the council and other olfi cer>. At tlie *U*ct on tin* K. s earriet. .very thing. Tbe Placer Times of June says For the information of our friends at the eu-t, we will state that the result is regarded l.cie. under .... In circumstances, as one of the greatest democratic vic tories ever achieved irt California. THE FIRS'!" RESPONSE TO THE PHILADEL PHIA KNOW-NOTHING PLATFORM ' —Kt.ow- Nothingism has met with a terrible rebuke in the city of its biitb. and in a city, too, winch has hither to been regarded as The Gilnaljer of the order, ill IS.)'! the Know-Nothings carried the city of New Or leans by a majority ot about two thou-and, ami at that time illu-trated, at the polls, the humanity of j Their principles and the pairiol.sio ol theii a-pi;itions by murdering three or four citizens who ha. t.. misfortune of being native- of Ireland. In iSol the*, again swept the city by a majority nearly, if not quite, as large as the preceding year. At the elec tion for Chief Justice o! Louisiana, which w;i- held on Monday last, the state of the poll in New Oilcan was as follows : Elgee. anti-know-nothing .Kilo .Merrick, know-nothing IK-07 Anti-know-nothing majority 1.17S An Anti-know-nothing majority of clrwti hum/ml urn/ ttccuty-rizht, and an anti-know-nothing gnu since the last ejection of over t/nrr-thoi .•,/; This is a fitting response to thepietform of pi ine-plesjust con cocted by the second ilartford convention. A Kit 11 Cy7=*The public have been put in possession of the important fact that the Know Nothings of Bedford County held a delegate convention in this place, in "Temperance Hall," one day week be'.ore iast, at which the following extraordinary resolutions wen adopted : Resolved, That the subject of Temperance did not enter into, and was not contemplated in, the elec tion la-t fall; and that, being more a mora! than po litical question, it ought not to enter into politics ai all, but should be left to the legally expressed will of the people—untrammelled by any other consideration whatever. Resolved, That the Legislators who passed the Liquor Law at the late session of the Pennsylvania Legislature, "took tlie responsibility,"!_aiul should themselves bear it: and that t ie American organiza tion never intended, and does not intend, to range it self" on either side of this question, as a party. Cool, decidedly. Now, "that the subject of Tem perance" was the prominent element "in the election last fall," is well known to every man, woman and child in the county—and, although the people, by a decisive vote, declared against a Prohibitory Law, a Know Nothing Legislature passed such a Bill, in its most odious form, and a Know Nothing Governor ap proved it—and now the people are officially notified that the Know Nothing organization doe-"not intend to range itself on either side" ol fins question I I ni ls a capital way ol meeting a subject which has a lotised ttie indignation of the tax-payers from the centre to the circumference of the commonwealth —and exhibits a species of DODGING well worthy the party from which it emanates. '1 he voters, however, will have something to say tonchmgthe matter, and, with their verdict, we #huil rest satisfi ed. The names of the delegates to this Convention were not appended to these resolutions, not even those of the chairman arid secretary, thus evading the usual forms, although it is alleged that their meeting was public. True, they give the HONO RABLE Fr. Jordan a broad, bint, but the "organiza tion" will find them-elves as strongly condemned as he i-. When this "American organization*' becomes public, the people will see that'SAME OLD COON,' and nothing else; headed by such wiry office-hunting An'imasonic Whig Politicians as A. 11. BUNN, ot hcliellsburg. K7-THE RIGHT COURSE.—Jacob L. Gioss of Lancaster, appeared befoiea late deracrrialic (.oti vention with credentials as a delegate. Mr. Gross was elected last year to the Legislature on the K. N. Ticket. He had previously been a Democrat, and still claimed to be one after his election, promi sing many of his party friends that he would always be found supporting the caucus nominees of the De mocracy'. Mr. Gross forgot a!! this alter he arrived at Rarrisburg, and voted with, and for the Know Nothings on all questions. He had strength enough in his own township to be sent to the t onvention to select delegates to; the -tthol Jul.y State Convention. Upon the presentation, however,of his credentials, it was unanimously adopted that a Know Nothing could not take his seat in a democratic convention, arid they accordingly ousted .Mr. Jacob L. Gross, late K. N. member of the State Legislature. The greatest good that this new order has accomplished U to make the democratic party tnon- lesoiute and less disposed to consult expediency. When its members find a man on their ticket, or in their meetings, false to the party, they cast him out with a boldness that does them infinite credit. Long ago, it we had throw n off a host of false friends, instead of giving them office, the party would at this day have been ntv iticible. Hoclors Differ! It is well known that the question (LIQUOR LAW) entered largely into the contest in lbol.— Cliumberiburg Repository ami I! tug. Resolved, That the subject of 'JT'i' j>e ra iur did not enter into, and was not contemplated in the elec tion last fall.— Late Know-Nothing Resolution fenn el in Bedford. The New York Herald says : "We never belonged to the know-nothings. We have taken the know-nothings into onr training school lor a few months to teach them their places ; but if' they do not show a little more docility and attention to our instructions we shall turn them out, and let them shift lor themselves. We v. ill have nothing to do with anv political animals who are not sensible, do vile, useful, practical, and full of grit.'* THE LID TOR Ll\l! (i!)l. POLLOCfc'S POSITION ! K7*riw ('liambfrshnrg ftrpasitarif titt'l Ifcon tends that Gov. PjDLI.OCk "should not be hold re sponsible for the imper lections of the new License Law," berau-e, in approving that measure, he only carneii out a pledge he had given the people to sanc tion any law enacted by their Representatives in ac cordance with the popular will I Now, we would ask, did the "popular will" declare in favor of a measure like this, or any thing approaching it ? On the oth er hand, was not the question of a Prohibitory Liquor Law submitted to the freemen of the Common wealth, and did they not, by a fair and decided majority, proclaim themselves opposed to AM PRO HIBITORY LAW, thus instructing their Represen tatives in language so plain as to admit ol no mis understanding and yet, in the very lace o! this in struction, placed upon'record in the proper Depart ment at Harrisburg, a Know Nothing Legislature parsed a Prohibitory Law which is a burlesque upon common sense and common decency, and an outrage upon every feature of the Constitution ot the land; and Gov. POLLOCK approved and signed it with the full knowledge that he was trampling beneath bis feet the legally expressed will of the people, l!, un der those circumstances, Gov. Pollock is "not to he held responsible for the imperfections ' of the anti- License Law, titan the office of Governor is the sheer est humbug in the world, and is the mere automaton of any corrupt and designing set of men who may happen tox-ontrol the Stale Legislature. Heretofore, the great conservative power of the Commonwealth rested with the People's CHIEb MAGISTRATE, an officer sworn to see that tio laws are passed inconsistent with the t'ONSilll. 1 ION arid the WILL OK THE PEOPLE—and now, lor ; the first time in the hi-tory of the "Old Keystone," j we are told "ZD/ Authority ," that the Executive l)e- j partment considers itself bound to carry out the will of THE LEGISLATURE, no matter how revolting j their act, simply becau-e its members are the lirpre- j xeuiuiv* of the People, if formef Governors had j pursued this disgraceful policy, Ruin, Misery, ami J Bondage would have been the portion ol the yeoman- j ry of Pennsylvania! The candidate for Governor j who will give a pledge 1o approve any hill the Le- ; gisiatnre may choose to pass, is more fit to he inves- • ted with a straight-jacket than Executive honors. What! a GOVERNOR not responsible for the pas- j saga of infaitious and imperfect Laws, whilst invest- ; ed with Constitutional power To prevent them from j going into existeiWe ! Whoever heretofore heard of ; -uch monstrous doctrine as this > But (iov. Pollock contends that this Liquor Law i comes " WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE CON-: STITLJTION," whilst nearly every Law Judge in the State has pronounced it a bundle of contradic tions and nonsense, meaning any thing and nothing; and no two of them have construed its provisions i alike. V.'e say, let it be REPEALED —not leaving , a line or word of it from '-Re it enacted, ' down to and including the Governor's signature, an issue we j are prepared to discuss hoth in the Gazette and on the stump, without dodging or equivocation —and, in making this declaration, we fee! warranted in avert ing that our temperance principles are as sound as j tho-e of any other man upon the face of the Giobe. j 'i'he difference between us and FANATICS on this subject is, that they want to force every man to fol- . low their peculiar notions, whilst we concede the . right to every responsible human being to think and ; act lor himself as to what he shall eat and what he shall drink. Sometimes vou find the most rabid , Temperance Lecturers tbe veriest slaves to 10BAI - CO—denouncing rum with a long toby or a handful! of rotten weed in their mouths, emitting a stench quiie as offensive, and decidedly more filthy than the fumes emanating from the swallowing of Whiskey. If people, generally, would mend their own ways in stead of setting themselves up as dictators for the iest of mankind, the morals of the world would soon improve. "Let him that is without sin throw the fust stone." After the people decided against a Prohibitory Law, the Legislature liatJ no ru nt to pass such a 1' H, nor the Governor to sign it, until the "popular will " hail again been consulted. "If we mistake not," says the Repository ami Whig, the " lied ford GazrtU was the paper that vouched for Gov. BiGLEU, on the authority ola celebrated minister, being as good a Temperance man as Gov. Pollock, and willing aUo to sign any restrictive law that the Legislature might pass—just what Gov. POLLOCK, prorr.ised, and what he has performed. Will The Gazette explain?" Now, the Gaarite not only vouched for Gov. Big ler being "as good" a Temperance man as Gov. Pol lock, bat a far hr.tln one. Did any man ever see or hear of Gov. I'igler using intoxicating liquors as a beverage—and has not hi Lie exhibited the character of a 'Vc-mprratiee man in the fullest sen>e ol the term? Can this much be said of Mr. Pollock? The ''celebrated Minister"'* allulled to, (Rev. JOHN CHAMBERS.) made no such declaration as that at tributed to him by the Whig. He defended Gov. Rigler as a sincere friend of Temperance, and .-aid he felt warranted in declaring That he would sign any CONSTITUTIONAL J.iquor Law framed in accor dance with the WILL OF THE PEOPLE as ex pressed through the ballot-box. The Rev. gentle mad (one ol the ablest advocates of Temperance in he Nation,) deprecated the idea of passing any tem leiiince Law against the voice of the people. Gov. Uigler never pledged himself "to sign any restrictive law that the Legislature might pass." He distinctly proclaimed to the world that he would give no pledge on this subject in advance of the ac tion of the Legislature—that he would consider i! a gross violation of his oath of office to do so—that be would be governed in his conduct by the character of the act presented lor his signature. He did not perpetrate the enormity of saying he would sign auv restrictive bill the Legislature would pass —and we venture to assert that his VE TO of the anti-License JUG law of last session would have been one of the clearest and ablest papers that ever emanated from his pen. In passing this law, says the Fastou Argus, the Legislature committed an outrage on the rights and interests of the citizens ol Pennsylvania, which they alone have the power to resent. If their voice was not to be respected, what ifse was there in taking a vote 7 If it had been pie-determined to disregard the will of the majority! what necessity was there for the expenditure of a large amount of money in having a vote taken on the question? But some de ny that it is a prohibitory Law. This may be true, in general terms, so far as the details ol the law are concerned, but it is nevertheless a law ol the same character, and one that may be regarded as infinitely more objectionable than a prohibitory bill. It is more obnoxious, more unequal, and more unjust in its operations than any prohibitory bill that could have been passed. Let us examine a few of its pro visions : In the first place it is uutqual. It compels Tavern Keepers in Bedford and certain other counties to pay the amount required lor a whole "year's License whilst at allows them to reap the benefits of the Li cense but for five mouths. The Tavern Keepers of BKDFOlil) COUNTY have ail been compelled to pay their usual license, with th" privilege to -e'l ou ly until tiw iii 1 of October, win! t m Franklin n.>>fh- | ty they pay th* same amount with pftiwiniW to sell for a year. i* tlin right - is it HONEST '/ In the seVoiut place, it iriJl injure tin- value of all Tavern Properties!. There are humlreils, and per haps thousands of Motels ill the State that are actually necessary to accommodate the travelling public.— The Proprietors of these houses have erected large and iu many instances expensive building* for this j express purpose. Many of t hem have been leased 011 a term of years, at high rents, and have been expen sively lifted up. The mere profits ol their table w.ll not support them at present prices. One of two things riin-t he done, father raise tlicir prices or have their rents reduced. And this will affect every man who is obliged to travel. When one ol our citi zens re-iding in the country is called to Bedlord as witness or a jury man, receiving 621 cts. or SI a day tor his pay, he w ill he obliged to pay, perhaps, SI 2.) ; or SI , r 0 for his hoard. Tavern keepers cannot en- : tertain people at the prices they are now charging.— They must raise or give up business. 11 Liquors should be sold any where, well regulated Taverns is the place. Whilst this anti-License law will bring about the results designated, it will also greatly de crease the Revenue of the State, and promote DRUNKENNESS to an alarming extent ! The HONORABLE Fr. Jordan is entitled to tKe HONOR ot carrying this Bill through the Senate a 'gninst the positive INSTRUCTION of his ents—and James Pollock is entitled to the honor ot attaching to it his approving signature as Governor j of "he Commonwealth. In Massachusetts the Know Nothings have imposed a heavy line and long impri sonment !i|Miii any man who dares to make CIDER or CURRANT WINE! Could fanaticism go further than this I KKI.EVHIIS IMtiLERANTE. One of the unal tricks resorted to by the members . of the Know-Nothing order, is to deny that proscnp- i tion for religiou- faith is a part of their principles.— They indeed confers that a few of the ultra leaders ; of the organization may act upon such a basis, but at i the same time they most solemnly asseverate that no such rule of conduct is laid down in the order it- j self. The action or the Philadelphia National Conn- j cil, however, shows that Religions intolerance is a primary doctrine of the order ; the exclusion of t fie : Louisiana delegation from the same body demon- ] strates that actual hostility to Roman Catholics is still one of the fundamental principles of Know-No thinsism. One fact should not he forgotten, that the order in Louisana has never arrayed itself in host 11 - ■ ity to any religious denomination. It is based upon the obi Native American pa 1 ty, with the secret prin ciples attached. Some ol its most prominent and ac- i tive members are Catholics; and one of their dele gates to the National Council, Mr. Gayarre, widely ! known as the author of the "History of Louisana," is among the number. The committee on credentials : objected to receiving the Louisiana delegation on ac count of their toleration of the Catholic faith, al though the delegation gave the strongest possible as surances that 'although they would not join in the I proscription of any class of men on account of their religious sentiments, they did not reroicnize. the au thority of the Pope, or of any other spiritual function- \ ary. to interfere in any v'ty, or to any extent icith the performance of the ir cm/ tlnln s. '1 hese assurances, however, were not considered satisfactory ; and the i qne -1 ion of their admission was elaborately argued! in Convention. The great body of the members ; from the Southern States sustained tlie Loui-iana del- ! egation, and urged the necessity of maintaining the ; principles of religious freedom to their fullest ex tent. Mr. Rayner, of North Carolina, the only prominent Southern member who took the opposition groitfflf, insisted that opposition to Catholicism, as inconsis tent with the Republican institutions, was the very corner-stone of the Know-Nothing movement : and that any proceeding which should ignore or be incon sistent with this position, would be fatal to the Or der. In this he was sustained by a decided rftajority of the rnernhers from the Northern States. It was suggested, hot not formally proposed, that as Mr. Gayarre was the only Catholic its the delegation, the other members might he permitted to take their seats —with the understanding that they would not at tempt to change the ritual of the Order on this sub ject. But they unanimously refused t<j come into the Convention on any terms which should exclude their colleague in consequence of hi> religious opin ions. The result was, that the Louisiana delegation was exeluded." When the report of this open attack upon religious toleration reached New Orleans, it was looked upon as scarcely possible. The New Orleans Bulletin, a staunch Know-Nothing organ, on the receipt of the telegraph report . aid "that some excitement was cre ated in this city, by the circulation of a report of the exclusion of the Catholic delegation." It add-, "that the report must be a fabrication, for we cannot be lieve that a National Convention, composed of able, enlightened and patriotic men, would no completely stultify itself hopelessly, heyoud the. power of redemp tion, a* to male mere religious opinions a test of polit ical fellowship. It cannot bp, and we shall ntterlv refuse to place the least credit in the rumor till we hnvp the most unquestionable evidence of the fact."' But the report was not a fabrication. It soon passed into reality—a rpality verified by a nparlv two-third vote of the Convention. And yet, when the charge is made that religious intolerance is one of the prin cipal features of the Know-Nothing cru-ade, it is in dignantly denied. The action of the Grain) Council, however, settles the question definitely, and hereaf ter when men are told that it is not the intention of Know-Nothing organizations to legislate upon the question of religions belief, the answer will be, why then did the Grant! Council make a national issue iip on the religious belief of its members? If this is not to be followed by further and more stringent action, the incipient steps would not have been taken. The men who would deliberately exclude delegates from a convention for no other reason .than a difference in leligious faith, are prepared to legislate upon the same matter when once they have the pover to effect that end. What fruits will follow such a course are thus elo quently and truthfully pictured by the able and pious Judge Lon-istreet, President of the Mississippi Uni versity. In his word-, it is a "ino-t desperate and dangerous agitation—churches rending asunder—pas tors and flocks at variance—Christians losing all con fidence in each other—saints and sinners in close em brace—preachers of the same church getting but half congregations and half support—one looking on ap provingly, while another is abused—teachers totter ing—their pupils in midnight cliques—fiiendship sev ering—rage taking the place of love—father against son—brother against brother. These things now are, and they pro!cairn, triirnpet-tongued, what is coming, if the monster be not crushed at once. And all for what ? In honest truth, to get in the outs, anil get out the ins. This is the object of the Order. Well, it must take its course till reason resumes her seat." Philadelphia Argus. NOT IN THE BIU.S.—We are informer! that Gov. Johnson introduced a feature into the de hale at Springfield not put down in the pro gramme. lie stated that there were many in rmcent ami well-meaningpeople in fit* country who belie veil that there was still a Whig parly, and that it was not yet defunct in Tennessee ; hut that there might he no 1 itistake, and that none might deceive themselves with the idea that in voting for Col. Centry they were voting as Whigs, for a representative of Whig priori- j pies, he would call upon his competitor to slate whether the Whig party was in the land ot liv ing or not, and he would give way to let him answer. There being no chance for a dodge, Col. Gentry was compelled to come to his feet, and in reply stated that the Whig party was dead ; that he knew of no such party in Tennes see, and (hat he was not its candidate, and did not claim to be. The incident produced quite a sensation, and many old Whigs scowled as | though they did pot apptove of the summary mode in which Col. Centry consigned their ; party to oblivion and erected its tomb-stone. — j Cltuksville (Tenn.) Jrjf'ersonitin. LETTER Hi CM REV. A. P. EO.XGSTREET ON KNOW N0TI11M;-1S3I! We find in the last number of the .X'nshviile Vnion and J.lmerictm , a letter on this absorbing question, from this distinguished native Ceorgi an, now President of the University of Mississip pi pi. The name of Augustus 15. Longstreei is endeared t>> the people of Ceorgia by many ties in t?;e history of the 'past. It is a name which we were taught to revere in early youth as synonomous with all that was hold and (earless in tbe character of the advocate, with a!! that was parental and dignified in the sage instructor, ami with all that was pure ami honest and up right in the minister of the Gospel. ihe old men of Georgia have been accustomed to love him as a hiotherithe young men, scattered ! throughout the State, who, from hi> lips, have heard the lessons of wisdom, continue to rewie him as a father. There is no man in Georgia who i will dare stand up and s.iv that A. 15. '■ speaks from impure motives. The indignant frowns of an honest people would t aralyze the j sacrilegious effort. Judge Longs!re t has been i forced from his retirement to come out and speak | upon this question ; btit having come out, he has 1 met the issue with that boldness and honesty which characterizes the man. He speaks to the pe.ople in lite voice of warning wisdom, and t•*i Is them to beware of an organization, which must i lead to religions intolerance and persecution. The circumstances which led to tlm publica tion of this letter arose trorn an attack made up on the Judge by the .' !■':)! ji.'e ii liable, (Hid lifl- Qi/irer, charging him with pr> achuig Anti- Know-Nothing doctrines. After alluding to the editors of that paper, who have assailed him as the head ol the Missis sippi University, he proceeds to condemn the order in tlie terms to he found in the extracts below. [,et ev-ry Georgian lead them care fully and ponder over them well, whether he be Know-Nothing or Anti-Know-Noliiing ; "In July last 1 had just heard of a new organ ization in the country—secret in its movements, i and going under the name of Know-Nothings. Its principles, I understood to he, opp >sition to Catholics and foreigners, to he planned in the i dark, strengthened by oa!hs and manifested a' the ballot-box. It filled rne with alarm. "1 saw in it'the elements of rapid expansion and awful explosion. 1 exhibited them to the 1 class-that graduated that month, and forwarned them to have nothing to do with it. Had I 1 been inspired, I cquhl hardly have foreshadowed • its history more accurately than I did. Oi my ! prediction nothing remains to ho fulfilled but the outpouring of more blood. My forecast in relation to it ought to insure respect fur my judgment, in and about Oxford at Last ; hut it is that verv forecast which is raising a buzz of discontent against rue in this vicinity now.— This is the sin which brought out against me the recondite presses which I have named above. It is called l dtthUin(r in politics hut its true name is / npalatable Truth ." i his is toe sin for which I am soon, perchance, to :.-e sacrificed. They that stoned the prophets of old are yet alive, and whv should I expect a better fate than theirs 1. Well, I do not know {hat a betu r use could be made of my old carcass, than the nfter ing of* it upon the altar ot this jjt,ie : ic<nx ! aal. j An incense would arise Irons it that would do i more to purify the Church and tiie Stale from this modern abomination, than anything which ; can emanate from my poor frost-covered brain, j "The public has now the sum Ma! of my political sins, public and private. 1 shall speak I at large of the new order, in an appeal to my I Church at some future day, if I mav he allowed to do so. Tam committed against it, and shall j oppose it forever—not in the class-room, but everywhere else—not as a partisan, lut as a Christian. This the patrons ot tlie ! niversity should know. For all the honors and einolu j rnents of earth I could riot be induced to assume j a position of neufrnli/i/ in regard to i". It all experience he not a falsehood, and a!! history a fable, it will throw this country into ceaseless j convulsions, if*it be nut crushed, and that speed ily. "Tn mv view every man who has n scruple's influence should rise against it—now—immedi ately, ere it be .forever 100 late. Indeed, it allows no neutrality. With all its professed Americanism, it assumes an absolute dictator ship. It will allow no man to question its purity or its policy. It gathei? within its pale, men of dignity, talent and piety, preachers and teachers, and with them, the most depiaved, abandoned, desperate, God-defying sinners upon the earth : hinds them bv oaths iti the bonds of fellowship and sets them all at work in politica and nothing hut politics. I find a christian brother anions them I read to hint Fl Cor. vi. 14 and on, and I implore hi:n to come out from sncli connections: and it addresses nie in tones of despotic authority this wise: 'Sir, my name is Politics —von as a Clergymen sliould have nothing to do with Politics /' 'Right,' cries piv brother, 'old man vou will ruin yourself if you meddle with politics!' I say to him, 'your oaths are airainst the laws of Cod and your Church." "Sir," Tt responds, "do you thus de nounce the pious of my order—have you no respect for the Church or your place '?' I de nounce the sinners of the band anif the Saints reprove me. I reprove the Saints and the sin ners denounce me. The Saint shields the sinner, and the sinner, the Saint. If such a combina tion is not enough to make the Church and State hoth shudder, I know not what would. "On me the new Order bears with intolerable pressure. It rises before me like the ghost of Banquo, at my every step in the pathway of duty. "/ am a preacher. Tf I preach upon the sanc tity of oaths, it regards itself insulted, and attacks me accordingly. If I preach to chris tians to come out from the wicked, it insults me for assailing Know-Nothings. II I preach that the love of Christ is not bounded by State lines, it charges me with attacking the article of its creed against foreigners. itt m <i teacher : IT J ti*ar!i thai unlawful pro mises are not binding, I shall be chaiged wit!) justifying the exposure of Know-Nothing se crets. il l set the lesson to my pupils wherein J. K. Say savs that every accession of a man to a countrv is an accession of treasure, lamto he published to the world as indoctrinating mv pupils in ant i-Kno\v-Nothing politics. As I am ever to he sored bv this young mad bull, I had as well take it by the horns at once. Let the order keep its hands off me, the Church, and the Constitution, and I will never disturb it." "A word to the good people of Mississippi and I have done. Yon have a Cniv. rsity of which vou may justly feel proud. For har mony and kindly feeling among the Faculty, for good order, good morals, gentlemanly de meanor, study and progiess among the students, and tor ardent attachment between preceptors and pupils, vou may fearlessly challenge a comparison with any other kindred institution in the world. For its age, it lias not its equal in point of patronage and rank in the United States. In these respects, it stands at the head of 103 out of 1 IS Colleges in the t nited Stab s : and of those above it, a large majority are over forty years older than itself, and three over one hundred \ ears older. And this rank it has attained through more adverse fortunes than probably ever beset an institution before, h ear not thai it will ever he n school of politics.— Yonr sons graduate in politics before they come to the I 'Diversity. It is now in its palmiest davs, and this yon see is one of the objects of Knuvv-\othing van dalism. It ha-, already, I fear, thrown a fire brand into it - peaceful halls. 1 appeal to yon to come to the rescue. Rise up as one nan against it, when it invades tin- sanctuary of literature, inst-ad of requiring vnnr Professors to kneel in its presence. lam sure there are vet more Hum ten Christians in and about the State who hove not ;/cl bom a I the hr.-cr to limit. I call them to its help! Honest yeomanry, and farmers of the iand, who always mean right : ami. when not deceived, will al ways do right, come to its succor. Honest, well-meaning Know-Nothings v\ ho in n thought less moment have hern drawn into the Order, come out of it, and rally to the support of your University. I regret having been constrained to an attitude which mnv, perchance, injure the University for a tiiri"-. hut he the fault on the head i.f Know-Nothings, nut mine. Look at theii fruits already scattered through the land, and stirelv vou will approve of my opposition to it. If you do tint, your children will. "I'y their frui's shall ve know them. ' What aie they ? Most (it sperafe and dangerous agitation —Churches rending asunder—pastors and (lucks at variance—Christians losing all confidence in each other—Saints and Sinners in close embrace Preachers of the some church getting hut half congregations and half stippnrt —'me looking on approvingly, while another is abused— Teachers tottering—their pupils in midnight cliques—friendship severing rage taking the place of love—father against son—hrotiier a gainst brother. These tilings now are : and they proclaim, trumpet-tongue, what is coming, if the monster he not crushed at once. And all for what ? In honest truth, to get in the outs and get out the ins. This is the true ob ject of the order. Well, it must lake its course till reason resumes her seal. "Nalions, !imen, run trad n! times, and nthin<r but time and blood-letting ran curi' them. Still, while I!HT" is hop-, a!! good men should strive to relieve Ih"m. Mv course is taken— carefully. thoughtfully taken. Tam no Catholic. Put Methodism and Rornanism on the field of (air argument, and T will stake mv ail upon the issue; but T am not such a coward as in flop the (odd of honorable warfare for sav age ambush fighting, or stir!) a tool as to believe that a man's religion is to he reformed hy har rassing his person. Nor am T quite so blind as not to see, that when the work of crushing churches is begun in the country, it is not go ing to stop with the overthrow of one. Al! Protestantism almost -A ill he against me—two thirds of mv own church (I judge) will he a gairist ir.e—the trustees will be alarmed for the interests of the college—mv colleagues of the faciijlv will he uneasv—mv best friends will lie pained ; but I have an abiding confidence that nothing will he lost hy my course in the '•nd. Tt will he madness in men to withdraw their sons from the able teaching of my col leagues, for my fault—to attack the college to injure me ; hut the se are dnvs of madness, and this is the wav which obnoxious Professors are commonly attacked, lie it so. 1 have done n v dotv, and T leave the consequence with (<n;|: and here sign it v name to what I deern the best legacv that 7 could.leave to my chil dren: a record proof that neither place, nor policy, nor temporal interest, nor friendship, nor church, nor theatening storms from every quarter, could move their father for an instant from principle, or awe hint into silence when the cause of Cod and his country required him to speak. "ArocsTrs H. LONOSTUEET." Another Distinguished S;n!heri M'liig on Know-Xolhingism. Loi.tsiVii.Li:, June 1, IS:">3. To the Editors of Hie Louisville Times : GINTLCMEN :—Many friends, irrespective of party, knowing my views to be op|>o.sed to lite organization and policy of'the Know-Nothings, have warmly urged me to become a candidate for re-election to Congress from this district. [ have stated that I would consider the proposi tion and give them an answer by the first of June. After reflection upon the subject, I do not think T ant the appropriate person to make canvas, and therefore decline the invitation. The old Whig party by which I was elected is disbanded. A new organization, pro poses to introduce questions of religious belief as criterion# for office, and to repeal the naturaliza tion laws under which we have lived from the beginning of our government, with the single exception of the federal interregnum under Adams, when they were extended to fourteen years, lias arrayed itself in the field of politics. In addition, we find that the new party main tains an ominous silence in relation to the rights of the Southern States, which should fill every patriotic heart with fear. I have-ever been and yet am inflexibly opposed to such principles. The regularly nominated Democratic ticket is the only opponent in the lirJd against this new party. It is clear that it cannot achieve success,unless, as in Virginia, by the aid of hon est and fearless southern Whigs, who will not be absorbed in secret fraternities, and who de sire no umbignous alliance with Northern Know Nothings. Their aid has given the first check to this new party and annihilated its prestige of victory. Bui, with these facts before us, it can not.he concealed,. (hat the main body of the op pojjenfs of the Know-Nothings is cofr.poserl <| Democrats. It is natural they should desire their candidate not only to he the representa tive of their set timents npon these topics, in op position to the know-.Not kings, hut also to coin cide with them u|)on the genera! polirv of the Democratic party and to yield acquiescence u|e on the issues of the past. Ido not mean to say that this would be required as the terms of *uj' M port, but I have heard it suggested as requisite to concentrate the full energy of opposition Indeed, it has been intimated that an acquies cence in the policy of the Democratic adminis tration might be necessary to give force ami co herence to the movement. Standing in the at titude I occupy, I could-only consent to make the race as an independent candidate, free from all pledges whatever. Fun these reasons I am convinced that, in or der to achieve success and combine the party ~ it i> better for the Democracy to select a candi date from their own ranks, and entrust to iuui the advocacy of the cause. For my own part, my belief is decided that the Kuow.Notliiin/ movement is as transient as its growth has been sudden. As between the Democracy and itself my choice is quickly made, but I Icel that I best consult mv own dignity, and relieve my se If from all suspicions of unworthy motives, ifj at the same time, that I fiankly avow mv de. termination to support the principles of the par ty, I decline its honors. All that I ask, is the privilege to sustain by my vote, tile wise great, and hoblv liheiai principles upon which I know the Republic is founded, and by the faithful observance of which 1 am profoundly conscious the social repose and political pros perity of the nation can alone be secured. Permit me to let urn my heartfelt thanks to those friends, both Whigs and Democrats, who have so generally offered logive me their waun support. I remain, with r -pert, W. PRESTON. Late*! Viar Yew*. 5,000 KILLED AM) H(HADED. NEW YOJ:K, June £B.—The STEAMER Baltic arrived at one o'clock this morning. She brings telegraphic details of the capture of fvlamelon and White Works, after sanguinary fighting, ft, )00 being killed and wounded. The French took 62 guns and 500 prisoners; and their new position enables them to shell the shipping in Sevastopol harltor. Simultaneously the En glish stormed artd took tin* Riflemen's works in the quarries, but lost 500 killed and wounded; since then the firing has been slack. The fleets have achieved new successes in the .• a ol Azo/T, and have burned stores at Tngnwnov, Maripol, and Cenitsck. and an expedition is fitting out against Perekop. We liave nothing from Scheindya or the Bal tic. Breads!ttfis. influenced by the fine weather, are-null : Wheat, 3 to 4-d lower; Flour, Is to 2s: Corn, (id to Is. Holders do not evince a willingness to sell at these rates. VIENNA, Friday, noon.—Cen. La mora the younger died of cholera at Balaklava. A shameful occurrence took place. The Russians fired upon a boat bearing a flag of truce: *2l sailors and '{officers were killed. Private letters from Kerlsch give a (earful account of the slitherings of the Russian army as well from wounds as from sickness. The Russians are said to have obtained enm mnmration with the Crimea, independent ol the road from Perekop, by constructing a bridge a croes- Suvergi. The British ship Shemecoek was foundered and lost at sea. She f-.aci a cargo of copper val ued at §200,000. LATENT BY Tri.EcnAPfT.—Dantzic, June 15. —The Vulture has arrived with despatches.— She left the fleet on tlie 1 Ith, and anchored oIF Cronstad on the (ith. The Russians tired on a h.>at b a- ing a flag of truce, and 16 English sai lors were killed. On the Bth the Magicianne fired for an hour with gr* at effect on a hodv of horse, the artille ry suffering but little damage. ow. 14th.—The Emperor of Austria ar rived yesterday. The Crimea correspondence down to the 4th. stales that the weather is excessively hot. Al! accounts agree that there is a vast amount id disease and despondency in the garrison at Sev astopol. The English funds to-day have shown less ' ttovnncv. Tlie discount houses gave notice "I a reduction of rates on call loans. Advices front the I nited States are looked for to stimulate the prevailing tendency towards confidence in manufactures. INPT.CENZA This is a very common disease at tins season of the year, ami frequently leads to deep-.-eat p<! roughs, anil oftentimes Consumption. 1 o tho-e who may be throublecl in that way, we advise to read the following notire, and act according!}'• From the Pittsburg Morning Post, Oct. 'JS, 1 SAO. IM-'I.VKNZA. — One of the best Medicines for the cure of Influenza, That ran be found in the country,!- Dr. Key.-er's Pectoral Svrnp. We have tried it.and take tireat pleasure in bearing testimony to its elfiea ry. 'l'here is no humbug about it. At tins season oi the year, when one-halt our citizens are sneezins and coughing, it should be known that a lew spoons ful of this medicine will, in half a day, work a per fect cure. Reader, if you have a cold take our a<;- viee, and huv a bottle of Dr. Keyser's Syrup- It may be had a; Rtipp Jc Osier's, of this place, and Colvin and Robinson. Schellsburg. K7-SYPHIUS, SCROFULA AND DISKASF.U BLOOD.—For these terrific disea-es, Caiter s Span ish Mixture i the only specific. The proprietors have in their possession over ene hundred certificates of the most extraordinary currs effected bv it. We re Ie r to the cert.ficate of Richard Adams, I 3 ' l fliah Sheriff of Richmond, Va., F-dwin Burton, com missioner of the Revenue lor Richmond ; (-rn-:•*.. Welch of the Mammoth Cirrus; Dr. Hiti'ov. '! Washington City : Mr. Wm. A. Matthew-, and < • Luck, Ksq., of Richmond. Va., .Mr. 1 ■ Hoyden. Lv chaiisie Hotel, Va.; and a host ol other#, who V seen cases of the worst description cureil hy t of'" 1 * Spanish Mixture. They all certify that it is erpate-t purifier of the blood known. See advertisement. VYe have frequently heard the celebrated ueruwr Hitters sold by Pr. C. M. Jackson, 18® Arch stree . Philadelphia, spoken ol in term.- of the ecu meditation, arid we honest|y believe that it is one ." the best medicines advertised for the complaint which it is recommended. They are pleasant to taste, and con be taken under any circumstances •> the mo.-t delicate stomach. The press far and wit'- have united in commending this invaluable rem' I ' > for dyspep-ia, debility, tvc., and such ate the liea.t - effects ol this panacea, that we hope it may be in'" •lured to every family where Dyspepsia ha-, crls likely to have a victim. See advertisement. ftotice: All persons indebted to the estate of POMNH k COOK, late of the Borouirb of Bedford, deceased, ro requested to make immediate payment —and t bavins claims against said estate will presen- us properly authenticated for settlement. AN DIMS SAC PH. MARY COOK, L':rrut rtx. July 6, 18~>f>,

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