Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, January 25, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated January 25, 1861 Page 2
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BEDFORD GAZETTE; -BElirOiit), £a.- FRIDAY ::::: JAY. 25, iMil- B. F. Meyers, Editor and Proprietor Bedford Classical Institute. The Second Session of the Scond School yeer of this Institution, will open on Monday, Feb'y. dth, 1861. No Pupils will be received for Jess than two quarters, or one Session. JOHN LYON, Bedford, Jan. 18. 18G0. Principal. Who are responsible ? We do not care to discuss, from a political stand-point, the troubles in which the country is at present involved. We would fain meet our friends and neighbors without distinction oi party, and labor with them harmoniously (or the peaceful and speedy settlement of all mat ters pertaining to the existing condition of na tional ailairs. But the leaders of the so-called "Republican" party, have determined to make the doctrine of coercion a party test ; they have resolved to maintain their party platform at ev ery hazard, disregarding even that of civil war. These fac's compel us, as a Democratic editor, to speak out in regard to the positions which po litical parties maintained on the question of the union, before disunion became a fixed and cer tain fact. We need but appeal to impartial history, to show that the Democratic party has always been the Union party of the country. It was alwavs, and is now, in'favor of maintaining the Union, but not as Republicanism proposes, not by force of arms, not by (he establishment, as it were, of a military despotism, but by the faithfui observance of the Constitution, the only bond of Union, the only tie that binds the sis ter states together. "The Constitution and the Union," ha 9 always been the batlle-crv of De mocracy. Democratic Statesmen North and South, made the Constitution a common rally ing-point, and so long as the people rallied with them, all was well. Hut in an| evil hour j the people of the North were seduced from the ; simple political religion of the Constitution.— j False gods were erected for their worship, and like the foolish Israelites of old, they fdi down in shameful idolatry before the golden calf of Exeter Hall Abolitionism. The Constitution was violated and set at naught by a majority of the Northern slates. The Federal laws were nullified by solemn enactments of the State le gislatures. The Constitutional rights of the people ot the South were trampled tinder foot, and insult upon insult added to the injury thus j inflicted upon our Southern brethren. All ! this was done and is now justified by the men; who founded, built up, ar.d are at present stiug- i gling to maintain, the organization ol the'sec- ! tional Republican party. This party, as is well [known, was founded • upon the dogma ot "no more slave States."— j Nurtured and fed with the rich pabulum of "bleeding Kansas," it grew rapidly in numbers i and influence, the whole free-soil and anti-sla very element ofthe old Whig, as well as of the Democratic party, gravitating at (once toward! an organization so congenial. The natural and | inevitable result was that the once .fraternal North and South were brought into direct . -■• ' _ .. ii tmivr. in spite ot the warnings ot the wisest'statesmen of the Repub lic, in spite of the adjurations of Washington and the framers of the Constitution, in spite, of interest, reason, common sense, and patriotism, and risking the very price of liberty itself, a majority ot the people of the North were in duced to give their aid in bringing about this sectional conflict. We appeal to th* intelli gence of the reader, is this not true ? Oh ! that we could acquit them of the blame ! Oh ! that they might be able to make the extenua ting plea, "we did \t in ignorance of the con sequences !" But they can make no such ex cuse. They were warned—warned a thou sand times. Upon (heir heads must be the consequences. Upon the "Republican" partv must rest the awful responsibility. The historian shall write of them, as an answer to every defence they may attempt, l Ye kntiv your duty, but ye did it not Mr. Lincoln opposed to Conciliation. The New York Tribune, of the 17th inst., publishes an editorial so marked as to be con spicuous,in which it states "authoritatively,that President LINCOLN is not in favor of making concessions to the slave power, either preten ded concession", or real concessions." Upon this the editor of that mo iel "Republican" sheet, exclaims, ".Vo Compromise', (hen ! J\'o delu sive and deluding concessions!" Thus Mr. LINCOLN, from his high position, sounds the key note of a coeicive aruf warlike policy to be ta ken up and repeated by his "Kepubiican" loi lowers. Can we expect anything but a bloody termination of the present troubles, should Mr. Lincoln persist in refusing just and honorable concessions to the South I Can we expect peace from the South, when the President elec ted by the North, proclaims <var ? It is impos sible. Either Mr.[Lincoln must concede to the Southern people their Constitutional rights, and in so doing abandon and repudiate the ultiaism of the Chicago Platform, or there is an end to all hope for peace between the sections, an er.d to every vestige of the sovereignty ot the Gov ernment, an end to every bond that binds the Umdn together, and the fair fabric of our once glorious republic, dissolves into chaos and our boasted liberty disappears in the long night of a bloody and barbarous anarchy. Will Mr. Lin coln dare to persist I [LF"We have received a report of the pro ceedings of the Cumberland [Valley Lyceum, which we will publish with pleasure in our Dexf. They are unavoidably crowded out this week. The Crittenden Amendments In the U, S. Senate. A vote was tifcen one *fay* last week, in the U. S. Senate, on the proposition of Senator Crittenden to extend the Missouri Compromise line to California. The vote resulted in the defeat of the pioposition, evry Republican Senator voting against it. On motion of Gen. Cameron, the Senate agreed to re-consider the question, every Democrat votingpn favor of re considering, whilst every Republican voted against it, excepting Gen. Cameron and Mr." Dixon, of Connecticut. This shows who are in favor of the Union and who are its enemies. Local and Miscellaneous. . .. .Mr. .Nathan McMullen, formerly of this place, but for the last seven years a citizen ol California, returned to his old home in Bedford, on Monday evening last. Mr. McMullen was a soldier in the war with Mexico, and during his entire service bote himself as became a brave man and a true American citizen. His arrival here was appropriately made an occa sion of the liveliest congratulation. His old friends and acquaintance rushed forward to meet him—the fife and drum sounded forth their notes of welcome—and amid the shouts and cheers of the assembled crowd, he was borne to the home of his boy-iiood. As in a triumphal pro cession, troops of fiiends escorted him from one public place to another. First Col. Hafer's was visited. Here the fife and drum once more gave out their maitial tones, a song appropriate to the occasion was sung by some of the boys, and short speeches v. ere made by Col. J. W. Tate and B. F. Meyers. The crowd then pro ceeded to Munshower's f to investigate the oys ter question. Here the speaking talent of our borough seemed to have concentrated itself for the time being, attracted, doubtless, by that seductive nondescript, the gaping bivalve of the Eastern Shore. At this place crowd was entertained by speeches from Messrs. Gaither, S. H. Tate, Shannon, J. P. Reed, Over, and o thers. The rejoicing was kept up until a late hour, but "ye editor" being verv regular in bis habits, went home bef ire the jollification ended, and, therefore, "this deponent further saith not." ....The lecture delivered by the Rev. Tnornas Heyden, be/ore the Temperance organ ization, of this place,on Monday evening last, was of a high order of merit, sustaining fully the reputation of the venerable lecturer as a sound thinker and an eloquent orator. We hear it highly spoken of by all who had the pleasure of hearing it. . .. .IMPORTANT IF TRUE !—ALARMING RU MOR !—lt is reported that the Southern Sece ders are preparing to capture the Sun, lo [pre vent his going North. In that event t we shall have Winter here all Summer. We occasionally receive communica- j tions without any known real name attached to them, with the request to insprt them in our columns. This we cannot do. We have late ly received several marriage notices from some unknown sourcp, which we decline publishing, because we have no guaranty that they are j genuine. | . ..i n re,„ u . i; 30 j Mrs. Elizabeth Mc j Dowel!, who died in Pittsburg, in Oct ,*18:19, were brought to this place on Friday of last week, and interred in the Presbyterian curving | ground, by the side of her husband, the late Charles McDowell, Esq. i ... .Our thanks are due to Messrs. Aslicom j Shrock, and Sellers, of the House, and Messrs. j Crawford and Wharton, of the Senate, for pub ' lie documents. ... .A. G. Currin was inaugurated Gover : nor of this State on the 15th inst. His Iriaugu | ral Address is moderate in its tone. VVe shall endeavour to give a synopsis of it next week. A FEW WORDS FROM A BELL M IN. B. F. ME VERS Esi). In your j issue of the JSth inst., occurs the following paragraph : "What has become of John Bell in this crisis 7 Perhaps our friend, Dr. Compher, might tell us, though it seems to us that the Doctor is about as mute just now. as Mr. Bell." I am honoured in having my humble name mentioned in connection, in anv way, with that of a patriot and statesman, like :the Hon. John Bell. He has, however, written a con servative, statesman-like letter, worthy of his name and fame—but in vain. One of his humblest followers, I may well be "mute," when the vcce ot the leader is unheard, or at least, unheeded. I have, also. been "mute," i because 1 did not wish fo attract public atten tion, and because I believed that argument was useless—holding that the Republicans, like Ephraim, "are joined to their idols," ebonv, or other, and that, "whom the gods wish to de stroy, they first make mad." My fronds, before the Election, had warned the people, with a prescience little short of ohrophecy, of the things which have come to pass. In my circumscribed sphere, and to the extent of my time and of my humble abilities I endeavored to remove the delusions und-r which, I believed, they laboured, and entreat ed them to pause before it wa; too late. But the madness of the hour prevailed—the events predicted have happened ; and it only re mains for us "to 'bnJe the storm." I would, however, enjoin my i Republican friends in the words of Cardinal VVolsey, wrung from him by his bitter remorse : " ' '•Cromwell ! 1 charge thee, fling awayj ambition ; By that sin fell the angels ; how pan man then, The imsge of his maker, hope to win by it 7 Let all the endt thou aim' st at be thy country's, Fhy GotVt and Truth's," , Had 1 but served my (iod with half the zeal * I served my king, he would not in mine age Have felt me naked to mine enemies." Better to servo (he cause of our country, (bar. that of fanaticism and(sectio.ialism, whose' triumph ends iri revolution and anarchy. I mav resume this subject hereafter." ' J. COMPHER. For the Bedford Gazette. THE "LIVE" VS- THE "DEAD" MR. EDITOR : In the perusal of (he "Ga zette" of the lSlh of January, we notice an ar ticle entitled '-Dead Tenchtm coming to Life. ' We can but rav that we are glad to hear the teachers of "Liberty" say that they are taking steps in the proper direction. We find how ever, serious objections to the latter part of the article and iiere lake occasion to reply to it.— The author seems to agree with us in our trans actions and sentiments at tiie late "Teachers' Institute," yet seems to sneer at the idea of our being called "lioc teachers and why ? Mere ly because we are pleased to go to the trouble and expense ol getting up an institute lor the purpose of mutual improvement and for further ing the interests of the county iu an education al point of view. The author seems to be very confident that "Liberty will make her mark among the first in the County," it '.he qualities of the teachers are to be judged by the condition of the schools. He i 3 certainly very sanguine, but we are a fraid it is not from the fact that their schools are so much better than in all other parts of the county, but trom his own misconceived idea of the proper advancement and condition of com mon schools. The single tact ot their absenting themselves from the institute is sufficient to prove that they are not laboring so much for the improvement of the common schools, nor for the educational interests of the county, as they ate for the small pittance of the "almighty dollar" which they receive. No teacher who has the welfare of the county and ol his profes sion at heart, will be afraid of losing a few days and spending a few dollars lor promoting the educational interests of said county. It is tlie desire to have teaching recognized as a profession, anriit is certainly worthy of such a title, but so long as teachers will persist in re maining in comparative ignorance, so long will teaching and "hack-driving" stand on the same level. It is this very circumstance of teachers' laboiing wholly for their own pecuniary inter ests that keeps the common schools in their now famishing condition. We perfectly agree with the County Superintendent in holding the in stitute where he did, inasmuch as it is the nr.ost eligible place. The idea of removing our insti tute to the extreme eastern end of the county for the purpose of gratifying the whims of a few teachers, who appear to have as their main ob ject "twenty dollars a month," is, to say the least ol it, really absurd. The late Teachers' Institute was beneficial to all who felt interest enough in the cause of popular education to attend ; and we have no doubt but that it would have been beneficial to our co-laboreis ot "Liberty" had they been wil ling to substitute, for the time bping, their own good, and the good of the county MI an educa tional sense, for a less noble end. Respectfully, KAPPA. FROM WASHINGTON. WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.—The hope in the wisdom of the leading men of the nation is 10.,t. The dark cloud is now broken, and the storm has burst upon us in all its fury, and the good eld ship of State is now drifting before the storm a dismantled and miserable wreck. Our hope now is in Providence alone, who only is able to sav to the mountain waves, "Peace! be still." The withdrawal of the Senators from Flori day, Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi, to-day, was most impressive. The galleries were crow ded, and an almost perfect prevailed during the farewell speeches of the seceding Senators. o -T, MaiWj'.v.a tj.iuftTseiy during his address tendering his resignation. As Mr. Clay of Alabama spoke, the Senators ail listened most attentively. He was so exci ted and nervous, that he could hardly hold in his hand the paper from which he read. On the conclusion of the speeches there was great confusion in the Senate. Several Repub licans bid the withdrawing Senators stood bye. They then took their hats and portfolios and walked out. An immense crowd gathered a round thetn in one corner of the chamber as they wnt out. .Mr. Hunter, of Virginia, has resigned HIP post as Chairman ot the Committee on Finance in the Senate, which he has occupied for six teen years. His reason is that the political complexion of the majority will soon be chanc ed. " ° FROM CHARLESTON. Governor Pickens, sent yesterday, a supply of fresh provisions to Major Anderson, with his compliments. The Major, however, refused to receive it, but returned thanks for the court esy, and stated that hp would decline to receive anything until he knew what course the Gov ernment at Washington intended to order. A salute of live guns was fired on Saturday for tiie seceding States. The secession of Geor gia has had a happy effect, but there has been no demonstration on account of if. The Blusterers Snubbed- Alluding to the valorous threats of the coer cion section of the black-republican party, the Albany livening Jovmut, whose editor mav be supposed to know them well, quietly re minds them of their fondness for words rather than blows : "The cheapest and the thinnest kind of pa triotism is thai which costs nothing. So, too with that species of courage which, out of dan ger, vapors and swaggers. Of the army of ab olitionists who have lor so many years been teaching war and rapine, (on paper,) not one of them ever faced their enemy. When heroic John Brown, acting upon the principles so ma ny professed, lay in prison awaking execution, w hat abolitionists went to his rescue ?" The braggaits who discourse most eloquently in favor of coercion will keep their precious bodies out of sight should bullets begin to fly. the United States forts and arsenals in Louisiana were seized bv the forces of that State last Saturday. The was no opposition exce;t at Baton Rogue, where Major Haskins in command of two companies of soldiers re fused at first to surrender. Six companies of Mate troops were displayed, and after a confer ence between the Major Jand the Governor the former gave up the arsenal. RETIREMENT OF SOUTHERN SENATORS Sen ators Davis and Brown, of Mississippi; Yuiee and Mai lory, of Florida ; Clay and Fitzpat rick, of Alabama; Toombs and Iverson, of Georgia ; Hammond and Chestnut, of South Carolina, have retired from the Senate of the United States. '•The Star of the West." A NARRATIVE OS' HER VOYAGE ANL) THE ATTACK UPON IJER. I he "Star of the West" has returned to New York, and landed fier men at Governor's Island. The messenger sent by Major Anderson has ar rived in Washington, and the cabinet has had the subject under consultation. As this event will doubtless exercise a mark ed influence on the future of this country, and may be the first blow in a bloody fratricidal war, we give below a full descrijtion of the voyage of the "Star ol the West," the attack upon her,, Sic., written by a reportei of the New Yoik Express who was on board tbe ves sel. Alter detailing the embarkation of the troops in strict secrecy from Governor's Island, New \ irk, no man among tliem knowing two hours before where he was going, and recounting the incidents of the voyage to Charleston, which weie wilhout special interest, the reporter thus proceeds when the vessel hasariivcd off Char leston : I have never seen a finer morning than the one which dawned upon us. Th • sky was clear, and the moon, a faint crescenCof .silver, had just arisen, and the low coast looked like a dense forest of evergreen. The spires of Char leston became visible in the approaching day light, and on the walls ol Sumter we descried the American flag floating in the breeze. Now —about six and a half o'clock—we see the light-house ; and now, too, we discover that the mysterious light just mentioned was that of a steamer at our right. Now tbe situation of the channel is ascertained, and we are under weigh ; and now the steamer at our right is burning re<<! and blue lights ; and now she sends up rockets. There is no mistaking her move ments ; she is giving the alarm signal to Fort Moultrie. On we go ; the soldiers are below with loa ded muskets, and the officers are ready to giva the word if there is anything to do. Now it is broad daylight, and we are making directly in to the guns ot Fort Mouhrie, whose black walls were distinctly visible. The steamer at our right is burning a signal light aft, and is making all possible headway up jibe harbor.— Now we discover a red Palmetto flag at our left on Morris Island, a little village called Cumming's Point, and apparent!} little more than a mile from Fori Suinter. "Is it possible that these fellows have got a battery off here?" asks one. "No," answers another, "There is no battery there.'' But there is. It is now a quarter past seven, and we are about two miles from Forts Sum ter and Moultrie, which are equi-distant from us, and, suddenly, whiz-z-z comes a richochet shot from Morris Island. It plunges into the water and skips along, but falls short of our steamer. The line was lorward of our bow, and was, ol course, an invitation to stop. But we are not ready to accept the proffered hospitality, and the Captain pays no attention to it, except to run up the stars and stripes at the misthead the garrison flag mentioned before. A moment of anxious suspense, and bang ! goes a heavy cannon jlrom the same masked battery. The shot short of us a hundred yards or more, and bflnds clean over our vessel alt, nearly on a line with the head of a sailor, but luckily, a little above it. On we go, and whiz-z-z again goes tl e smaller gun first fired, and a richochet shot skips along the water and falls short of us. "Booh !'' exclaims the Captain ; "you must give us bigger guns than that boys, or you cao- I oot hurt us." ! On tve go without heeding the complements ;of our Charleston friends. Another moment i and bang ! again goes the heavy gun. The ball now strikes our ship in the fore chains, about two feet above the water. A seaman was hol ding the lead to take the soundings,|and the ball fortunately, was too far spent 'ogo through the side of (lie vessel, although it left an honorable scar. The bath ry continues to play upon nS and a huge ball comes clean over us near the vvhpeihouse. We are not yet within range of the guns of Fort Moultrie, and vonder is a cut ter in low of a steamboat, preparing to open fire upon us. A moment longer and we shall be in range of these three batteries. The gun ners on Morris Island are growing confident; if they get the right range they will send a shot through our siue, scattering death and destruc tion. Moultrie, directly in front, will briu" her heavy guns to bear, and will drive their deadly missiles into our bow, while the cutter will op"n on our right. "Helm out of port !" shouts the captain and the Star of the VVest is turned about without any trreat lo3s of time, as you may well imagine. We turn without accident and stearn away, with the stars and stripes still floating, and the battery still playing upon us byway of a part ing salute. As we steam"away, the steamer near Moultrie, paving the hostile cutter in tow, steams away into Swash channel, evidently with the intention of cutting o'l our retreat; but she soon abandons the chase and we sail out, without a man killed or wounded, with our stores unharmed, and proceed unmolested, prob ably on our homeward journey. .'Vo one on board displayed any symptoms of fear. Captain M'Gowan and the pilot, Mr. Brewer, were probably especial marks for the Morris Island battery, since a good shot through the wheel house would have been most disas trous. The soldiers, although two-thirds of them were recruits, appeared to be quite indif ferent to the music, while the officers agreed that it was scandalous that thev could not fi.-ht back. Ihe military men on board highly compli mented the South Carolinians on their shootin® in this first attempt.— I'liey say it was well done —that all wnich was needed was a little bet ter range, which they probably could have ob tained in a few minutes. Their line was per fect ; and the opinion is expressed that some one had charge of the guns who understood his business. "It was very good spoit for them," remarked one of our officers, to shoot at us and there was nothing to trouble them. They had it all their own way. But when Uncle Sam gets a man-of-war in the channel, throw ing shells into that sand-hill, they will learn ! the difference." Two guns were employed; the smaller, it is believed, a twelve and the larger a thirty two pounder. This| however, is only conjecture. Whatever their size, they were well manned. They were fired rapidly and with a will. One of the officers hazarded a joke soon after we left the Charleston harbor. "The people of Charleston," he remarked, "pride themselves upon their hospitality ; but it exceeds my ex pectation. They gave us several BALLS before we landed." It is believed that if the South V Carolinians had not made such a mistake, we would have partaken of their hospitality, what ever it may be, as prisoners. If the battery on Morris Island bad waited ten minutes lougei we would have been completely at their inercv. It wasociy necessary foi them to wait until we were within ran-!" of the guns of Fort Moul trie, and escape would have been impossible.— So that, had it not been lor this new and unex pected battery on Morris Island, and its pre mature filing, we should inevitably have fallen into the hands of the enemyj it we had escaped shooting and drowning. We crossed the Charleston bar, outward bound, about nine o'clock. There was then a consultation as to our future movements. The impossibility of entering the haibor, and land ing at Fort Suinter, was sufficiently apparent. We had no instructions except to go to Fort Sumter, and it was decided that the only thing to be done was to put back to New York as soon as possible. We made Sandy Hook tins (Saturday) morn ing about daybreak. Tons we concluded a sea voyage of nearly a week's duration; and al though the Star of the West failed to fulfil the mission on which she was despatched, every one who was oil board feels that everything was done that could have been done. From the Valley Spirit, Chamber-bur; Pa. THE POVERTY OF THE SOUTH. The poverty and insignificance of the South is a iruiiful theme lor 'politicians.— They veiy confidently predict that if she goes out ol the Union she must starve. This is t;.e cry of politicians by which they try to deceive the people, but the business men of the North know better. They know the wealth ol the South, and they know, too its importance to the well-being of the North, sol hence their great effort to save vie Union and keep lip a reciprocal trade between the North and the South. The business men know and feel all this ; but the politicians are too busv in "grind ing their axes" to look after the workmen that are out of employment and their starving fam ilies. The South can live and get along flour ishingly without the North—but not so the North without the South. If the Union is once dissolved and no trade kept up between the North and the South, then indeed is the North in danger ol starvation. Her manufac tories must stop, and all she depends on for her wealth and prosperity must go to wreck and ruin. We are otii v req ured to make a slight examination ol the statistics of the country to be convinced of these tacts by the figures. It we take up the volume of stalistics ol the < United States we will find that Pennsylvania has a population of 2,311,789 to provide lor, and that the total value ol her exports amounts to but $*,14.8,251. South Carolina has a pop ulation of 283,583, and the total value of her exports yearly amounts to the snug sum of $15,316,573, exceeding that of Peunsylvania sll ,L 68,337, and a population of 2,028,203 less to feed. These figures clearly indicate the quarter in which the danger ol starvation ex ists. Pennsylvania has an areaol 4-7,000 square miles of territory, while that ot South Car | olina amounts to out 25,000. The improved j land of Pennsylvania is estimated at 8,628,619 I acres and that of South Carolina is set down, at 4,672,651. Now South Carolina, with one, halt less of improved land than Pennsylvania, produces 300,901 bales of Cotton of 300 pounds each, 159,9-30,613 pounds of rice, 671 hogs heads of sugar, 15,904 gallons of molasses 20,925 tons of hay, 4,573,968 bushels of po tatoes, 1,026,900 bushels of beans, 487,233 ' pounds of wool, 74,285 pounds of tobacco, 43,- 1 799 bushels of rye, 2,322,154, bushels of oats, ! 16,271,854 bushels of corn, 1,066,277 bu.-hela 1 of wheat, wt.ile her live is valued at $-15,- !04G,0t5, and that ot slaughtered animals 31 | $3,502,637. The value ot her home-made i manufactures exceed* that of Pennsylvania to ! the amount of $160,393, Sooth Carolina being i put down at $909,525 and Pennsylvania at ' but-$749.132. In the State ot South Carolina there are\S Colleges.2ob Academies, 724 Public , Schools aad 46 Political, Religious and Scienti ; (ie periodicals with their 55,715 readers. We need have no apprehensions that a people dis j playing so mucti intelligence and industry are j going to starve, the predictions of Northern j politicians to the contrary notwithstanding I We might extend our comparison between the North and the South generally, and the fig ures would clearly tstablis! the facts that the latter excels the former in everything that cap | add to tlie happiness and prosperity ot a peopi • ! We wiif for tiie present, however, only take the State of Georgia, as she is likely to be the next to go out of the Union, and undertake to show that she is not only (he equal ot Pennsyl vania in her Constitutional rights which theK publican party deny, but also in ail the ele ments of wealth and greatness.® Pennsylvania has an area of 47,00 square miles of tenllory, with "a soil generally good, and much of it is ot very superior quality." Georgia has 58,000, in which is included the salt-marshes which ex j tend from the ocean, along the whole coast, for I a distance into the interior of ten or twelve I miles. Pack ot these marshes commence the [ Pine-barrens, which reach from 60 to 90 miles from the coast. Beyond this again is the coun try ot sand-hills, 30 or 40 miles wide. It is only what is called the Upper Country, where !fie soil is strong and fertile, that is generally cultivated. Georgia has but 6,378,479 acres of improved land. Pennsylvania has 8,628,619. Now Georgia, with 2,250,130 acres less of im proved land than Pennsylvania, raises 500,000 bales of cotton which will buy the wheat crop of Pennsylvania. Georgia produces 30,080,099 bushels of Corn —Pennsylvania but 19,835,U4. Georgia raises 7,213.807 bushels of Potatoes Pennsylvania but 6,032,904 ; Georgia, 1,142- 01! bushels of Beans— Pennsylvania but 231; Georgia raises 2,168,617 Hogs—Penn sylvania but 1,040,366. Georgia also raises 1,0-88,534 bushels of V\ heat, 53.750 bushels of Rye, 3,820,44 bushels of Oafs, and 423,921- pounds ol Tobacco. In addition'to this, Geor 2ia produces, which Pennsylvania does not, 38,950,691 pounds of Rice, 206,150 gallons of Molasses, 1,642 hhds. of Sugar of 1.000 pounds each. In her other Agricultural products, which it is not necessary here to specify, Geor gia lalls but little behind Pennsylvania in any, while in most of them she is her equal. In the progrc ss ol population—we lake the white pop ulation only from 1820 to 1850, —while Penn sylvania little more than doubles her popula tion, Georgia nearly trebles hers. If we take the town of Harrisburg, the capital of our State, and compare it wth Augusta, Georgia, we will find that each place in 1840 nad a pop ulation ot 6,000. Harrisbuig has increased but 1,350 according to ihe Census of 1850. South Carolina has 15,684 and Georgia 40,000 white inhabitants who can neither read or write. This certainly looks bad ; tot then Pennsylva nia, with all her boasted lacilities for education f I beats Ihem both—she hat her 66 goo n * j over f>! vears of who are i\ ~ person l fiv ti r> , n 10 ary m the same hH ; i South Carol,na a.,d itT P 7' 1 | >oast thai they e* C ef he r i„ , pr f 0 " (ler - Sc.enl.fic Journal*. South "ami £?7 ° he ! r ■ ; ent.fic ,>eriofficals with "2,000 S u|c,iw and ' i Oeoreia 4 with 10,000, while P , has but 1 with a circulation of only 7'fton"'* • Sj. much bv way of a comparison V/ZIZ DEMOCRATIC HON MTWfiT I " lie Democratic citizens of Bedford county flm i . a others opposed to the uncompromising, coe'rciv* ( ami war-producing policy of the '-Republican" n.r ty m regard to the present National difficulties ar requested to assemble in MASS MEET! Nio ' at the COURT HOUSE, in Bedford, on ' MoXDAV EVENING, FEBRUARY ||||, > 1 at 7?, oclock. LKT ALL COME who Etitin the doctrine nt • President BUCHANAN that this Un.on c.n ' he cemented by the blood of its citizens h e d in ' civi! war!" J ,n | CUT ALL COME who stand by Senator DOOr . LAs, when he nobly rings out the cry, u[ j eny right to make war n order to rega.u possess on of a ; State, in order to em" • the law... lam for peac , .I to save the Union. -VAli IS DrSUA'IO.W, C er , tain and inevitable, final, and rreprcssible ' LET ALL COME, who believe w;rn Senator' 1 CRII TKNDEN, that "unless something io concession, we will be a separated i ! pie and especially, . I LEI'ALL COME who are in favor of t: adon- I tion of the Crittenden Amendments or a " similar I peaceful mode of settling the alarming ' m which our country is at present involved. G. H. SPANG, Chairman Dem. Co. Com Jan. 25th, 3861. Thk Great Female Medicine.— The functional irregularities peculiar to the weaker sex, are inva riably corrected without pain or inconvenience by i the use of Judson's Mountain Herb Pills. Tbey are the safest and surest medicine for all the diseases incidental to lemaies of all ages, and more especial ly so in this climate. Ladies who wish to enjoy health should always have these Pills. No one who ever uses them once will allow herself to be without them. 'They re move all obstructions, purify the blood and give •o the skin that beautiful, clear and healthful look so great! y admired in a beautiful and healthy wo man. At certain periods these Pills are an indis pensable companion. From one to four should he take n each day, until relief is obtained. A few do ses occasionally, will keep the system so healthy,, and the blood so pure, that diseases cannot enter the body. Judson's Mountain Herb Pills ar& sold by all Medicine Dealers. —.IIA Klt lED On the 12th of December, by John Smith, 1 Esq., Mr. Jacob H. Kmsey, to Miss Mary L. fisher, both of Schellsburg borough. On the evening; of the 31 st ult., by the Rev. Sam'l. Yiugling, Mr. Josiah M. Oephart, to Miss Kate E. Waltman, both of Bedford. At the Friend's Cove parsonage, on the 15th | inst., by the Rev. C. F. Hoffmeier, Mr. Wil liam Dielil, to Miss Catherine England, daugh ter of Mr. Peter England, both of Friend's cove. -D I E D WS \A"\ \VS VVS wawt WN VWX VVO . MCODEMUS.—A"ear Pattonsville, Morri son's Cove, on the morning of January the 1 lth r Sarah Margaret, youngest daughter of Samuel a:;d Lydia iNicodemus, aged 13 vears, 4 months, and 19 days. She retired to her bed in hereusual health, and was found to be a corpse the next morn ing. ''What is your life ?" LIC SALE OF . VALUABLE REAL ESTATE. The undersigned will offer at public sale, on the premises on Friday, 15th March, next, his propertv at the " 1 urn,' one mile below Bed ord, containing about one hundred a<res This property 13 well and favorably located—l 3 good land, with 60 acres un der good fence, and has a water-power on it that is not surpassed by any in the county. It is at a point where a grist mill would command the custom of a large part of Snake Spring Vaiiey, Friend's Cove, the "Dutch Corner, and Bedford and vicinitv. It lies on both sides of the turnpixe, where the Riilroad, when made, must run within a few rods of the mill' seat. The undersigned feels bound to seil, und a bargain can be had. Terms : One third in hand, und the balance in three payments, without interest. For particulars address Cessna & Shannon, Bedford, . a., or W.M. CHENOWETH, Jan. 25, 1861. Bedford, Pa. fX EIPiS A.ND EXPENDITURES t Of I he ( and Bedford Turnpike roaa Compa ny to r the rear ending Jan. 7tb, I SOI. b>R- CR. lo balance at last I By amount ot expen set'mt, $3,.-385.84. | ses, $4,080.73j Receipts, 4,951.10. | Dividends paid since last settlement, 1,276.12£ S. Barnbart's judg ment and costs 942.68 Managers' pay 350.00 Sec'y. and Treasu rer, 100,00 Bal. in Treasury, 1,687.70 $8,337.24 Unpaid dividend, $2,133.0" VV. H. McDO. ;- r T Jan. 25, 1661. Tre'-eurer. .Michael Wheeling 1 In Common Pieas of B. vs - ? ford county, No. 14, Nor \Term, 4859. Subpoena on L;bel for Divorce. The undersigned appointed Commissioner to take testimony and report facts fcc., in this case, will attend to the duties of his up! pointment, at his office in the Borough of Bedford, on I eb'y. sth, 1801, at which time a'l wishing can attend. R.D.BARCLAY, Jan. Jo, 1861. Commissioner. AUDITOR'S NOTICE. The undersigned ap pointed Auditor to make distribution of the money arising from the sale ofthe real estate fof JllO. G. Liark,|wi!i attend totbeduties of his appointment, on Wednesday, Feb'y., 6, IS6I, at bis Office in the Borough of Bedford, at which time all desirin* can attend. 3 R. D. BARCLAY, Jan. 25, 1860. Auditor. px ECUTOITS NOTICE. Letters testemenlary upon the estate of James Hinton, of Napier tp., dee'd., having been granted the undersigned, notice is hereby given to tl ose indebted to tne estate to make irrrn diate payment, and those having claim* will present them for payment. SHADRACH HINTO", of Napier fp., J. C. ELY, of Schellsburg, Ev'ors. Jan. 25, 1961. .

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