V R ID A Y M O K N I N U, J U N B 3. PEOPIsB'S TI0K2T. FOR TRKSIDEKT WM. II. HARRISON. FOR VICE PRGMUEMT FRANCIS GRANGER. ron OOVKRKOR SZ31AS B. JBNISON. r.ir.ur. GOVERNOR DAVID M. CAMP, of Derby. County Convention. A Convention of the friend: of Harrison and Granger wil be holdun at the Hotel of John A. Willev in WILL1STON on TUESDAY tho Mth day ot Juno nist., at ten o clock A M. for the purpose of making nomination of candidates for Senators. rite approaching election being Iho first one under the amended constitution, it is al important there should be a ful representation from each town The freemen of Chittenden County are therefore respect fully urged to take immediate stops for the appointment of delegates to represent their wishes in said Convention. f achievement seem sufficient to ontltlo hem to (Miifiilnnco anil admiration ; as if lio esauntiul quality in the character oftlie Chief Magistrate of a Republic was me courage to assume responsibility, aim mo operations of the Executive Government tfrttn Knt n anrrrssinn nf eauo tie mitrl. Ul . . . . . ' . .l reeled against tho real or imaginary cviis wliich it may bo thought necessary m crusn. Whatever may uo tho pretexts mr menu movements, or however great their tempo rary advantages, I hoy are in direct opposi tion to Iho fundamental principle! of our Government! and, if persisted in, muai ei feet its entire subversion. In arbitrary governments it is a matter of little moment by whom, or in what man- ner, a desirable end may lie accouipiisuuu. Hut in Republics the attainment nf no nb ject, however important, win jusmy u uu- parluru irom legal prescriptions, aim mum particularly tho substitution of one agent for another. Tho principal safeguard ol liberty in our systems of government is to be found in tho distribution of their powers; and it was the great object of their Cramers to preserve thut distribution by a clarifica tion, nl the agents who were to compose the Governments, and by the csiatiiisiiineiii of well defined boundaries to tho powers of the several departments. In theory, as well as in its practical operations, our Gen eral Government presented, fur many years after it came Irom the hands of ilH framers. tho anpearanco of a stately, well trimmed vessel; its proportions in perfect symmetry and its ballast well adjusted. How pros porously il has sailed along the tido of time, mid how strong have bcun the hopes that it was to conlinuo for ages, thus prosper ously to pursue its course, tho pride of its happy owners, and the wonder and example of an admiring world, nopd not now be told. I!ut how different the spectacle shu now presents. Her ballast, loosened and shifted unci accumulated in a single point, has destroyed her equilibrium, and threat- her destruction, such is our tiovcrn- go no farther. With the people rested the cunsnraliiti which could make and uninako i build up and deitroy. at pleasure. Quid-! ed by tho rules and precepts bequeathed to tbcin bv tho framert of the Constitution. tho Government would bo eafo in their hands; while its ultimata destruction will bo rendered certain by a practical substitu tion of principles and maxims looking only to party aggrandizement anu party oomiunuuii. And hero is the true source of existing evils. The" remedy will bo found whin the people shall break tho trammels of party, and take the management of their own affairs Into their own hands, convinced that in the support of party leaders thoy do not always support their own interests; that profession of patriotism may cloak the most grasping selfishness: and that under the mask of Do. mocracy may bo perpetrated all that is ouious ana oppressive in virisiuurniiy Monarchv. It is related of the celebrated Madam Roland, that as she was passing to May 19, 183G. POSTPONEMENT. It having been suggested by several of our friends that, as it muy be quite inconvenient for many oj those who would otherwise attend the County Convention, to have their farming business on Monday next, it would be best to post pone the same to another day ; and coinciding with these sus- gestio?is,we now give notice that the said Convention will bc holden on TUESDAY the 14th INST, al the same place and time of day ; anil we hope that every town in the County will be repi'csenled by it least three Delegates. Tho County Committee. June 2, 1836. THE FRIENDS OF AND GRANGER IN BURLINGTON. ARE REQUESTED TO MEET AT HOWARDS HOTEL ON TUESDAY EVENING NEXT, AT SEVEN O' CLOCK. P. J)., TO MAKE CHOICE OF DELEGATES TO ATTEND THE COUNTY CONVENTION, AT WIL LISTON, TO BE HOLDEN ON THE HTH INSTANT. By order nf the Tiwi Commitltc. June 2, 1836. t-v . i-i .. i ens usr uesirou. ion. UAVID V RENCII, i OOMKIM nient. at this moment. If it is a practical StON E. HOWARD, Com- , Republic, what, it may be asked, consti TVT . t I :u ' tulcs a Monarchy .' A distinguished his- nvuuti UUVtSI.V, J ',., llf ,,. !n,tc.nt,v..1V3"Thoobvi. 'ous definition of a monarchy seems to be 'that of a Btate in which a single person, by 'whatever name he may be distinguished, is entrusted with the execution of the Liws, 'the management of the Revenue, and the 'command of the Army. But unless public 'liberty is protected by intrepid and vigilant 'guardinns, the authority of so formidable 'a Magistrate will soon degenerate into 'despotism." Which of the three powers here laid down as constituting Monarchy, hi the opinion of Mr. Gibbon, is not to oe found among those now exercised by tho President of tho Unitod States . The first and third are obvio.isly his, by the grant of tho Constitution. The second is practical ly hi-", by the possession andcontroul which tic no. v exercises in regard to the entire revenue uf the country. Tho power of using it nt Ii'h pleasure, coupled with the administration of the Law, and the com mand of the Army, constitutes a mass of power evidently not contemplated in the Constitution, and highly dangerous to tho liberties ofthe country. The wise and pa triotic men who framed the Constitution never intended that the character of the Government should depend upon the incli nations nf its Chief Magistrate : that it should be Republican or Monarchical at his pleasure. II Mr Gibbon's definition is fnrrort. .mi! it it were lint lllfl intontinn nf HARRISON. i10 ffamers of the Constitution to create a COUNTY CONVENTION-AOAIN. We call tho attention of our friends to this important meeting. It will bo seen it is thought expedient to postpone it until TUESDAY the 14th inst. Wo hope the friends of Harrison and Granger will be active and united in their efforts to advance their cause. Again we repeat, do not neg lect this subject. Harrison's and urangbr s bolters, in answer to letters informing thoin of their nomination by the Montpolier Convention will bo read with interest. LETTER OP GEN. HARRISON. North Bknd, April 25, 1830. Dear Sin : IF I... ... sour tetter or i.,c 1st ullimo Hid not reach Cincinnati until towards Iho close of tne month, and at the time of my absence. Upon my arrival, it wasdclivercd to me.but amidst so many pressing engagements astD preciuuo tno possibility of an immedritu re ply. 1 he resolutions adopted by tho meet ng ol the Antimasomc Members of the Legislature of Vermont, nn tho I9ih of Oc tobcr last, and rcadopted by Iho Convert lion which assembled at Montpclicr February, were also received. I have carefully perused these resolutions and have no hesitancy in avowm? mv cn tire accordance with tho sentiments which (hey contain. I think it proper also to sn that, in Mr Slado's sixth letter to Mr Hal lott, and in the Stato Journal published aionipener on tho utn nt March last, my opinions upon masonry (as expressed u neveral letters to my friends of tho Antima ,onic parly of Pennsylvania in tho course oi me last summer,) are correctly stated Recurring tu Iho resolutions I thin there is none of them more appropriate tha that in which is quoted tho iust rebuko o the "Father of his Country," to that most mifchiovous and destructive principle, which would sanction usurpations ol power by th luncuonanes oi a ilepubiic, under the ata pretence of redressing exiiting evils ; and it is among the most striking of tho exist ing evidences of our departure from tho true faith strenuously maintained by ou ancestors, that unauthorised assumptions power aro to extensively regarded, either with indifference, or approbation, Il seems indeed, hardly necessary that they should claim the merit nf securing any manifest public benefit Tho daring and hardihood Monnchy in disguise, after conferring on the Presidency tho hrtt and third ol the owers cumncr-tted by that author, it must avo been their intention tu preserve I lie Republican character nl the Government by placing the second (the management of the revenue) entirely in other hands. Out the expedient woulif be useless, H the Pres ident, in virtue of a prerogative supposed to attach to him as the Chief Executive Magistrate, or under the power expressly iven tu see that the laws arc executed, could exercise entire control over tho offi cers to whom the cut-tody and disburse ment of the revenue were given by law In this indirect way his power over the public purse would be as complete as if it were committed to him by the express terms t the Uonstitution ; and he would be thus constituted, as much as in the former mode, that "formidable magistrate," whom, in the opinion of Mr Gibbon, it would require the greatest intrepidity and vigilance, cn the part ol the menus ot liberty to prevent from becoming a despot. It u not a little remarkable that the now- r claimed for the President over the civil officers of the Government is greater than lie military laws allow him over tho ufti cers of the army. The Article of War prescribing the measure ot obcdienco ot subnrdinalos to superiors limits it to such orders as aro legal ; whereas the pretension set up fur the Presidential power, is unlim ited obedience If the objectionable assumptions of pow er by the Executive are sought to bo jus tified upon the ground that they arc neces sary to remedy existing evils, or secure gfeat public bonchts, the appropriate an swer is to bo found in the sentiments of Gen. Washington, quoted in the Resolu tions ofyour Convention. "The habits of thinking in a free country," says the pre eminent patriot and statesman, "should in spire caution in those entrusted with its administration, to confine themselves with in their respective constitutional spheres. 1 ho spirit ot encroachment tends to con solidato tho powers of all tho departments in one. and thus create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism. Any change by usurpation lor the avowed pur pose ol remedying evils, though In one instance it may bo iho instrument of good, i3 tho customary weapon by which frco governments are destroyed." The sentiments hero expressed woro not peculiar to General Washington. They were common to tho patriots of Virginia, throughout the Revolutionary War. And never were they more steadfastly maintain ed than in the most gloomy period of that eventful contest. Tho pages of the lament ed Wirt inform us that the dagger of n modern Brutus had been prepared ready to bo uicd, if tho times had givon birth to a modern Crcui. And from other historians of that State wc learn that one of the best, mist magnanimous and disinterested of her son, the chief of her Executive, scarce-1 ly escaped impeachment for the exercise nt an ntitlmriiy, upon his own responsibil ity, which had been entrusted to himself and others. The circumstances developed in tha investigation wero such as to bring conviction to every mind that if ever an Executivo Magistrals was authorized to assume tesponsibilily, that was the case. The Dower to act in it had been given to the Govsrnor and Council. The exigency was pressing. There was no possibility of assembling the Council; and ho acted upon his own authority. When it is considered how much this act contributed to tltonlori ous results of the capture of the army of Uornwallls, It may excito surprise that an investigation of the subject by the Legisla ture should have been thought necessary. And particularly too, when it was publicly known that tho Governor had personally suffered mure by his own act than any other individual. Dot in the eves nf llin nntrinta nfthnso llnv. nn lisurnnltnn nfnnwnr itndnr the scaffold under tho orders of Robespierre whatever circumstances it might havo taken on seeing the emblems ol liberty by which place, by whatever apparent necessity justi- she was surrounded, she exclaimed, "Oh f! pit. rrnnirpil n itnlihnmtn invp.inrni in nn liberty, how rnanv crimes aro perpetrated the part ol tho immediate Representatives m my name- a similar oposirup.ic iihBiii of the dcooIc. The result was rlurinus to be mado to our modern Democracy, upon rnnnhlinnn firmnnta nnil iiirliuiiln.il virlnn a reference to the many acts of gross II11US Tho laws wero vindicated and the patriot tice and of Aristocratic oppression which Govornor elevated in the opinion of his havo beon committed by Us prolessed vota fnllnw nitizftna. Hut this iiirf nnt omUCu ries. whilo the dcodIq are induced to acoui mind nn ieniitivn nnil mnirnnnimmia nq Hint CSCe in them Upon the prcleilCO of their nf rVolinn. I'n olir,iu I lin? Inct nf nnwnr tin rl HGCOsit V to COIltrol the DrOlld ArislOCrOCy, no oDeratlonuoon his mind, he resisned the and the insatiablo avarice ot Monopolists Government and avowed his determination' who aim at tho appropriation to themselves never to accaot another office. of all the sources of Wealth in the commu I consider myself fortunate to bavo per-1 oy sonally known in my youth, all the distin- We niiuht continue the apostrophe with guished actors in those scenes; to have a reference not only to the wounds which listened to tha elevated sentiments, and have been inflicted on tho constitution in Durelv renublican maxims which fell from tho name of Democracy, but to the numcr their lips, and bv which their conduct was us monopolies which have been created always governed. How refreshing it is to by those who have been loudest in denuu look back upon a period so proligc of emi- ciations of them. As a substitute fur an nent statesmen who well understood, and institution located in a corner of Ohio, and invariably practised upon tho pure princi- whose vitality was to terminate in less than tiles of Democracy ! And how painful il two years, another has beoD chartered of a is to contrast them with the heretical dog- peculiar character, with an extent ol term mas of the present day. The Demicracy and influence far greater. There is a con nt'tlii nnrlml nl' which lam sDcakin?. and stant effort to induce tho people to yield which was professed and acted on by tlio their assent to measures which they do not Hcnrvn'ttm Nelson?, tho Blands. the Lees, annrove. under the false nrctenco that they the Wythes, tho Nicholases, tho Careys, aru necessessary to effect soma acknnwl tho Masons, the Carringtons, the Braxton?, edged good, or to avoid some deprecated and the Tylers of Virginia, wa? composed evil. There is indeed scarcely a question ofunchangoablo principle1; the hretot which presented to them that is not in some meas ivas the acknowledgment of tho sova- urc disguised by a mingling of totally ex reiirntv of the dbopIc, and the object of all traneous matter, or decked in colors suited thu rost, the preservation and perpetuation to the excited party feelings and prejudices of that sovereignty in their hands. Of the which it is the special caro of the loaders latter, that which was considered the most to foster. But I have full confidence that important was, that Democracy could only this slate of tliinirs cannot long continue be preserved by a rigid adherenco o its own Tho people are too intelligent to be forever principles. It admitted ol no aid Itora those bound in tho trammels ol parly tactics. of tho opposite systems of Government. Once freed from them, limy will calmly Under no pretence, no prospect it tempo- and deliberately investigate for themelves ; rary advantage, wero the principles ot and then all will be right. Much ol the Aristocracy and Monarchy to be .received party violence which lias been manifested as allies, "it" it had been supposed that fjr a few years past, is, I think, attribu purely Democratic Republican Government tablo to tho different constitution of tho was not equal to its own preservation, parties from what was formerly known in the cases in which arbitrary principles this country. It a striking fact, that parly were to be introduced would liayo been contests which have a clear and intelligible particularly provided for. And it would relation to tho principles of government, have been far better that it should have are usually much i less embittered than those been so, than to suffer them to be assumed, which havo respect merely to the elevation at will, by thuso to whom tho administra- and support of men. The contests carried 'lion of affairs was entrusted; as fir belter) on for aires between the Patrician and Pie as any defined regulated system qf action bion parties in Rome, seldom produced is preferable tn the exercise of unlimited any commotion injurious lo the stale. But discretion. For when has it happened that in the late ages, when Ihe parties were the power to assume has not been followed arranged under the banners of individuals, i a , . ...i i... . .h.i. ti - i:..... i uy um assuuipiiuii f .mu wiiuii uua uiu i an mt imrce passiuu wuie uiuibicu iii uiuir vindication and establishment ofwl.icl. they I les was horribly mangled tin other untouch- and untnaKo "o largely uuiiuiuuiou. , WiTh great consideration and respect, I am. air, Your humble servant, W. H. HARRISON. C. L. Knapp, Eq., Of the Anlimatonxc State Committee oj I'trmoni. LETTER FROM MR. GRANGER. WllHiNOTOH, March 31, 1836. Sir : Your letter informing me that the Stato 'Convention reconlly assembled at Montocher. had placed mo in nomination for tho office of Vico President, was receiv ed a few days since. Uratilying as have been mo similar ex pressions of nublic confidence manifested towards me bv other States, there has been ! t i ..t. rni:n no ono which lias excueu u iiuuuci icciiug of gratitude than Ihe testimonial emanating . ... .. f ,1 !t irom mat nortion oi my teiiow citizens whom you represent. During the various political conflic'a which have agitated the nation, they have been found true lo thoso principles which so early distinguished the hardy sons of tho Green Mountains, and which have always placed them among the most efficient supporters of the Supremacy of the Laws and uflhe Constitution of our Country. Freemen who so well under stand notonlv the theory, but tho practical benefits of our republican institutions, need not to be reminded ot tho means by wnicn alone such institutians can be preserved and wo have ample assurance in the past that tho Citizens of Vermont, are always mnrcsscd with tho important political truth that vigilance is not only tho prico, but the guarantee of freedom. Willi my highest esteem, be pleased to accept my thanks for tho manner of your communication. Your obedient servant, F. GRANGER. C. L. Knapp, Esq. 1 . ...I .1... ...I...l r.. .....a k.hnlilina Cd WIIIIO llie WHUie lunu n waiiwiuiifg this scene, they were fired on by about 500 Indian?, as was supposed, irom a uammocK bout 30 yards distant. A genural action ensued which continued for an hour Iho Indians retreating only after they had seven rounds of grapo shot. On the hammock being charged by tho Infantry, the savogea took to flight. Several dead Indians were found on the field of battle, and numerous traces' where they had dragged off tho wounded. Tlio loss of the whites was 3 killed and 22 wounded they behaved with great gallantry on tho occasion. Col. Lindsay having been confined from sickness. the command devolved on Col. Chisholm, of tho Ala. Volunteers and Lt. Col. Foster of the regular army. Tho troops returned to fort iirooks, on the 28lh ult. and the Volunteers have since been disbanded, and are waiting the first opportunity to return to their homes. Gkn. Harrison. The Van Burcu pres ses, as in the case of Gon. Jackson stigma,, tize Gen. Harrison as on ignorant old man. General Armstrong, a bitter enemy of Gen. Harrison, docs not in his recent work countenance such an opinion, but whether willingly or not, makes out Gen. Harrison tu bo a shrewd, well informed and rather cunning than heavy or dull. The son of the Governor of Virginia himself one nf the signers of the Declaration of American Independence, could not have been without education ; and a classical education, and forty years ol successful public services, do not indicate either ignoruncc or s'upidily TEXAS. Annexed will be found (lie particulars of ihs lata victorious bailie by Gen. Iloutton, and Ilia partic ulars in relation lo ilie capture of Santa Anna's person. As to what Ire.ilmsnt tlis royal prisoner lias received, the latest nccouim differ materia Ity. One account repreicnts dim to be on board an arm ed vessel in Gnlveoon Bay, closely guarded an other, and which purports lo be the hlesl, sari lie lias been beheaded, his officers kept as hostages that immediately afier the battle ofilie 21n, Gea, Houston crossed the flrasus, nl lacked and roulej the other division of the Mexican army whh great slaughter. Yet wc think the latter account is incorrect. PARTICULARS OF THE CAPTURE OF SANTA ANNA. During the night of tho 20th till, after the skirmish between tho Mexicans ami Tcxian forces. Gen. Houston made a move mcnt wiin ouumen and all his ortillery.and at day break met the Mexican force 11 or iuu s:rong, also m movement, gained a position within rifle distance of tho army before ihey were awarowof his presence. Two discharges of small arm3 and canrion loaded with musket balls, settled the affair. Tho Mexican eoldisrs then throw down their arms, most of them without fitin" '. arid begged fur quarter, 600 or 700 killed. The officers broke and endeavored lo es cape. Tho mounted riflemen however, soon overtook all but one, who distanced the rest, him they ran fifteen miles, when his horse bogged down in the prairio near the Brasos timber; ho then mado for the timber on foot. His pursuers, in the eager ness of tho chase, dashed into thnsnmo lm and continued the pursuit on foot, fullowirn the trail of ihe fugitive, which was veiy sumcr bceu satisfied with les3 than the whole that is attainable .' If bul one Miracle of this kind is to be found in our own histo ry, and nn other in tho lapse of ages, the exception proves the otherwise universali ty of the rule. When another such niira- clo shall occur, we may expect an equal contest. Our own history seems to war rant thij distinction. Whatever might hay been the case with some individuals, I am satisfied that between tho body of Republic cans and that ol Federalists, there were no feelings of bitterness. Unfortunately, however, as I think, for change in tho other propensities of tho t,a two asl Presidencies, tho parties have human mind. The miser shall cease tn tacl, tl0jr designations as "tho friends" crave addition to his hoarded treasures, 0r tho "oDnoncnts of tho Administration." and in tho language of tho elder Adams, Rach contains a nortion oftho old Federal "tho lover become content with tho first D.riv . each claims to bo Democratic Re- smilos of his mistress." nublican. and each, in its turn, has been The present aspect of affairs cannot, it o,nr,.e,i with violations nf thn Rnnstitutinn. seems to me, be contemplated without deep an( J wasteful expenditure of ihe public and painful solicitudo. If the evils com plained ot were confined to mere mai ao ministration, the constitutional remedy might be applied, and the evils cured. But thev lio deeper. The tendency of the administration is to divert the minds of the pconlo (in whose action, upon the theory of our constitution, rests the heal money. iNow 1 have no bcliet in the no cessity of an Executive party in Iho Nation al Legislature, oither for any public advan tage to be derived from it, or for Ihe ease, convenience, or honor of the executive in cumbent. The opinion of its necessity must have been derived from an improper assimilation of our Government to that of ing principle for political disorder) from Great Britain. There it is necessary ; for a consideration of the true merits of without a majority in the King's favor in questions involving the public welfare, to Parliament, to vote the supplies for hit that of tho mere bearings they may have Army and his Navy, neither could be kept upon the interests of party. The peoplo p. anj (,e throne would fall with them, were wont, in tho earliest days of tho Re- Qm -, the United States, the Army and public, to make their appropriation or dis- Navv belontr to the People, and the Presi- appropriation of public measures dopend tip- dent has no greater interest in them than on full pnd deliberate investigationsof their Bny other citizen. Should ho be of opinion merits. Now how large a portion of our that thev ouirht to bo increased, he will popular assemblies arc brought together, to recommend it ; bul if the other co-ordinate condemn or applaud upon mere tarty branches of tho government, to whom is principles, and, under their influence, tot committed the enactment of the laws, do adopt measures which havo bccnelsowherel not agree with him, why should he be ag- determined on by party leaders, it is tnus grieved at their refusal .' So with other that a supremo regard to;mWy triumphs is recommendations the increase of the rev- made to take tho place ot enlarged, eniignt- nnue. the erection of fortifications and other cned and liberal views of the public wol measures of preparation for war. To re- fare. By means, artfully conceived, and commend is his duty; it is theirs to judge AMERICAN HOTEL. We call (lie atlemion of thu public lo an aiitcr liiement in this paper, of Air. Ira Siiattuck, of "The 'American," who Ins recently fitted up thai splendid Eitabliihment in a manner which does credit to himself, while at llio same lima com mands Iho liberal patronage of u generous public. Our giiuil withes for his success attend dim. TE3IPERA.NCE MEETING. Wo arc requested tn inform tho' inhabitants of this town, and others who are disposed lo attend, that a Temperance Meeting will he holJeii nl iho iMethodist Chapel, on SUNDY EVENING NEXT. An address will ba deli, ere-J bv some member of die Society. FLORIDA WAR. from accounts received, we think our Imli.in war ;s growing more and more serious. It is certain many of the most formidable Indian tribes arc re solved upon resistance. It seems Gen. Scott is vet nt Si. Augustine, sick of a feter ; but has written an official letter to the war department, in wliich lie complains of the eowardite of the inhabitants he sa)s : "ft is evi dent ihat no General, even with extcmive means, can cure a disease in the public mind, so general and fo degrading, without some litlle effort on the part of llie people iliemseltes. Tims the planters in the recent case nenrTallaliasse, who fled without knowing whether ihey ran from squaws or warriors, ought first to bate ascertained I lie material fact. If ihey had turned upon the enemy, tiiey would have found tho case within the easy compass of any three or four resolute masters, and half at many overseers. This was ihe simple and manly course. That adopted was to fly, to spread the panic and to throw execiaiions upon the General who has tho misfortune lo command a handful of brate troops iu the midst of such a population." Gen. Scott says he intends, as soon as his health will permit, to stale ihe cauits of his unsuccessful operations against the Indians, and " the first teas the late period at which he teat ordered to Florida." Gibbon's Decline and Fall uf the Roman Uin pne, vigorously prosecuted, it is attempted to raise the popular feeling to a state of such feverish excitement, as to induce the adop lion of the anti-republican opinion, that the safety and happinessof the country can be best secured by committing its affairs to the uncontrolled management of thu leaders of a dominant party, and sanctioning all their suggestions and measures without ex amination. Now whatever may bo tho tal ents and patriotism with which Ihe leaders of tho party maybe distinguished, such un limited conhdence is in direct hostility to the fundamental principles of our Govern ment, it has never existed to such an ex tent at any previous period of our history ; nor has it prevailed in any other Uovern tnonl, without proving fatal to public lib crty. Our ancestors, who loft us the invaluable legacy of tho present Constitution, per fectly understood the sourco of the dissolu lion of all former republics, and endeavored to guard against the danger by embodying, in Iho structure of iho Government, Iho great conservative principle, that public measures should bo brought in constant review before tho people. Ilut they could of the expediency of his recommendations and if they disagree, their common masters, the people, must determine between them. As it regards tho incroase of officers and of perquisites, for the purpose of enabling the President lo reward partisans, I can perceive no necessity for it; and if tho views I have taken ol the subject be correct, he will have no legitimate occasion for (hem. lie will always hnd friends enough in either house ot (Jongrois lo give a lair explana lion of his views ; and for the rest he must look for consolation for any trifling mortifi cation he may experience from having them opposod, to iho approbation ol the people. As the Representatives of tho Anti masonic Convention nf Vermont, I beg lo offer their Committee, through you, my grateful acknowledgements for the distin guished honor they have conferred upon me, by selecting mo as thoir candidate for Iho Presidency. The pure Republican sen timents which they profess, and have pro mulgated in their resolutions, at once en lightened and liberal, enlianco the gratifi cation which I feel on this occasion and afford the most indubitable proof that Ihe present inhabitants of (ho (i recti Mountain Stale hold la at to iho faith nf their nnccs LATE FROM FLORIDA. Battle of Clonclo Lasatht Indians brought to a General Fight Defeated and Routed. Now that Generals Scott and Gaines havo, with the greater part of their troops, retired from Florida, after a most unprofit able and disastrous campaign, without ever bringing the enemy lo a fair fight, there has it appears at last, been a well contested ac tion a few miles from Tampa. Tho schoon er Hudson, from Tampa Bay, arrived at Savannah, furnishes the following partic ulars of tho lato severe action near that place. The troops engaged were iho Retrimenl of Alabama Volunteers and eight Compa nies ol tho 4th Kcgimcnt u. S. Infantry, and one Company oftho 2d Regiment U. S. Artillery, with one field piece, consisting in all of about 750 men. This force was sent from fort Brooks to fort Alabama, for the purpose of destroying the latter fort, and bringing off the sick, wounded, and provis ions. They left fort Brooke on the 26th ult. and reached fort Alabama on the follow ing day. After securing tho provisions and stores, a quantity of powder was placed in tho magazine, that it would explode on the opening of iho door. This done, tho troops commenced thoir return; and when about a mile and a half distant from tho fort, hoard a loud report, proceeding no doubt, from tho explosion oi'lltc magazine. Proceeding about ten timet limner, they found the dead bodies nf two nf their inon, who had been plain owing to the recent rains, until thev reached the timber, where it was lost. The pursuers then spread themselves ond searched Ihe woods for a long time in vain, when it occurred to.Arnold Hunter that tha chase might, like a hard pressed bear, havo taken a iree. The tree tops were then ex amined, when lu! ihe game was discovered snugly ensennsed in the forks of a largo live oak. Tho captors did not know who the prisoner was until they reached tho camp, when I he Mexican soldiers cxclaimod "El General, El General, Sinta Anna." The folloiviug Idler was written by a Texan ottlcor, (o a friend in Natchitoches; Sir I havo but a moment to give vou su account of our victory. Our spies haru taken a courier and officer on tho l9lh,who informed us that Ger. Santa Anna ond his orrny were across Hie Sap Jacinto, al Hits point, wo immediately look up our line of march and reached that placo in the morn ing oftlie 20th ; tho day was passed in re cunnoitering the enemy. Some few shot during the time having been exchanced between the artillery without much effect on either tido. On tho morning of tho 21t, tho enemy commenced manajuvrcing, and we expected to be attacked in our camp, as they had received a reinforcement of 500 men, which mado them 1200 strong ; but they settled down and continued throw ing up a breast work, that thov commencsd at Ihe first news of our approach. Wo commenced the attack upon them at half past 5 P. M. by a hot fire from our artille ry, consisting ol" two ordinary 4 pounders. Tho enemy relumed our fire with a lon brass 9 pounder. Our first fire having carried away their pnwtlerbnx caused their loud shouting to cease. We marched up within 175 yards, limbered our pieces and gave them the grape and canister.while our brave riflemen poured in their deadly fire. In fifteen minutes the enemy were flying in every direction, and were hotly pursued by us. They left 500 of their slain behind them. Never was there a victory mor complete. Gen. Cos was taken and killed by a pi6tol ball from ono of our men, who instantly recognized him. Gen. Sanla An na was taken next day about ten miles from the placo of action, by ono of our spies, who on being brought forward, immediately requested in see Gen. Houston. I happen ed to be passing at iho time he was con veyed to Gen. Houston, who wos layingon a bed in his tent, having "been wounded in the early part of the action in the ancle by a musket ball; but remained on his horse until it terminated and heard ihpm MV. "We surrender into your hands Gen. San- la Anna. Governor ot the republic of Mex ico." He was ordered to call in his aides, who wero nearly all taken, amongst whom was Almontie. There was then proposi. lions mado of wliich you will have the de. tails by express. tors to those glorious principles, to the jmnsinj tho previous day ong of these bod Naval Academy. The committee on naval affairs in Congress, have reported in favor of a naval academy for Ihe education ul youth for this service. Several small ves sels are to be connected wilh the institution, for the purpose of giving the pupils practi. cat lessons in navigation. The army has its West Point, and a sim liar institution for the navy is certainly re quired as a matter of justice, leaving out ol consideration the fact that on our commorca and naval power, chiefly depend the wealth and defence of the country. The wonder is that such an academy has not long since been fuunded. DIED. In thiitown on the 21it ult. Capl, Thaddivi luTILB, aged 78.