Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 12 Mayıs 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 12 Mayıs 1837 Page 2
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concurred in It The net wns done, vii li mit tlii' assent of Congress, undngninst the well known opinion of Congress. Tlint net nllrred the law of I lie land, or purport . ml to niter it, ngainst Hit! well known will of the law-making power. Pur one, I cmiless, I fcc no nntliorily wlinlcvcrin the constitution, or in nny law. for this treasury order. Those who have undertaken to nmiiitnin it, have placed it on grounds, not only different, liul inconis tent nnd contradictory. The reason which one give.0, another rejects ; one confute?, what another argues. With one it is the joint resolution of IfilG, which pave the authority; with another it is the law of 1B20, with a third it is the gcncrnl super intending power of the president ; and this Inst argument, since it resolves itself into mere power, without slopping to point out the sources of thai power, is not only the Miortcst, but in truth the most just, ,11c is the most sensible, ns well as the most can did, in my opinion, who places this treasury order on the ground of the pleas ure of the executive and s!op3 there. 1 record the joint resolution of 18IG ns man datory ; ns prescribing a legal rule; ns put tinir this subject, in which all have so deep nn interest, beyond the caprice, or the ar bitrary pleasure, or the discretion of the Secretary of the treasury. I believe there is not the slightest lognl authority, cither in that officer, or in tho President to malic a distinction, nnd to say that paper may be rprnivml fWr lnltc nl tlin cutlnm home, but that gold nnd silver only shall bo received nttbc loud olhces. And now lor t lie se ouel. At the commencement of the last see?ion br you know gentlemen, a resolution was brought forward in the benato lor nnnull ing and abrogatinc this order, by Air. Ew ing, n gentleman of much intelligence, of Bounil principles, ol vigorous and energetic character, whose loss Irom t lie service ol the country 1 regnrd as a public misfortune Tho Whig members nil supported this res olution, and nil the members, I believe with tho exception of some five or six, were verv anxious m sntno wnv to gel rid of the treasury order. 15ul Mr. Ewing's rcsolu.. lion was too direct. It was deemed a poin tod nnd ungracious ottnek on executive policv. Therefore it must be softened, modified, nualtlicd, mntlc to sound less harsh to the cars of men in power, and to assume n plausible, polished, inoffensive character. It was accordingly put into the plastic hands of friends of the executive to bo moulded nnd fashioned, so Hint it might have the effect of ridding the coun try of the obnoxious order, and yet not tip near to question executive infallibility. All this did not nnswer. Tho late president is tint n man to be satisfied with soft words; and he saw in the measure, even a? it pass- ml the two houses, a substantia! repeal of I he order. He is a man ol boldness nnd decision ; nnd he respects boldness nnd de cision in others. If you are his friend he expects no flinching ; nnd if you arc his adversary, ho respects you none. the less for carrying your opposition to the full limits of honornblc warfare. Gentlemen, I most sincerely regret the course of the President, in regnrd to thisj bill, nnd certainly most hiehly disapprove! it. But I do not suffer the mortification of having attempted to di-guise nnd garnish it in order to make it acceptable, and of si ill finding it thrown back in my face. All that wns obtnincd by this ingenious, diplo matic, and over-courteous mode of enacting n low, was n response from the President nnd the attorney General, that the. bill in question was obscure, ill penned, and not easy to be understood. The bill, there fore, was neither approved nor negatived. If it had been approved, the treasury order would have been annulled, though in a tlumsy and objectionable manner. Ifneg ntived, nnd returned to Congress, no doubt it would been passed by two thirds of both houses, nnd in that way become n law, nnd abrogated the order. But it was not approved, it was not returned ; it wa3 re tnincd. It hnd passed the Senate in season; it had been sent to the Mouse in season; but there it was suffered to lie so long without being called up, that it was com pletely in the power of the President, when it finally passed that body; sinco'ho is not obliged to return bills, which he docs not approve, if not presented to him ten days before the end of the session. The bill was lost therefore, and the treasury order re mains in force. Here, again the rcprcscn tatives of tho people, in both houses of Congress, by majorities almost unpreceden ted, endonvored to abolish this obnoxious order. On hardly any subject indeed, has opinion been so unnuiinuus, cither in or out of Congress, Yet tho order remain?. And now gentlemen, I nk you. nnd 1 shall ask oil men who have not voluntnrily surrendered nil power nnd nil right of thinking for themselves, whether Iroin to the present moment, the executive nu- Ihorily has nut ofieclunlly superseded the power of Cungrcss, thwarted tho will of tho representatives or the people, and even of the people themselves, and taken the wholo subject of the currency into its own grasp ? In 1032, Congress desired to con. tinue tho Bank of the United States, nnd n majority of the people desired it nlso; but the President opposed it, und his will pre vailed. In 1G33, Congress refused to re move tho depositee; the President resolved upon it, however, and his will prevailed. Congress lias never been willing to make a bank, founded on the money nnd credit of the government, and administered, of course, by executivo hands; but this was the President's object, and ho ultaincd it, in a great measure, by llie Treasury selec tion of dcpositc banks. In this particular, therefore, to a great extent his will pro vailed,' In 11)30, Congress refused to con fine tho receipts for public lands, to gold and silver ; but tho President willed it, and his will prevailed. In UI37, both lions, os of CongicsB, by more than two.lhirds, passed a bill for restoring the former state o things by annulling the treasury order ; but the President willed notwithstanding, that tho order should remain in force, uud liis will ngain prevailed. I repeal tho question, therefore, and I would put it earnestly to every intelligent man, to every lover of our cotiBtitutionnl liberty arc wo under tho dominion of the law? or has the effectual government of tho country, at least in all that regards llio greatest intercut of the currency, been in n ingle hand ? Gentlemen, I liavo dono with the narrow live of events nnd measures. I hove done wiih the history of these successive Btcps, in th progress of Executive power, Inwiud a complete control over the revenue anil the currency, Tlio result is now all before us. These pretended reforms, these extraordinary ox orciscs of power from nn extraordinary zeal for tho good of the People, what have they brought us to ( In 1029, the currency was declared to be ncitnnr sound nor unilorm; n proposition, in my judgement altogether nt variance with the thu fact, because I do not believe (hero ever was a country, of cqunl extent, in which paper formed any part of the eir dilation, that possessed n currency si sound, so uniform, so convenient, nnd so perfect in nil respects, ns the currency of this country, nt tho moment of tho delivery of that message in 1029, But how is it now ? Whore tins tho im. provemcnt brought it ? What has reform done? What has Ihn great cry for hard money accomplished? Is the currency uniform now? Is money in New Orleans now n good, or nearly so, as money in New York? Aro exchunges at par, or only at the same low rates ns in 1029 nnd other years? Every one here, knows that all the benefits of this experiment aro but injury and oppression ; all tins reform but aggravated distress. And as to the soundness, of tho currency how docs that stnnd ? Am the causes of hIoihi less now than in 1029? Is there less honk paper in circulation? Is there less fear of a general catnstrophc ? Is properly more secure, or industry more certain of its reward? Wo nil know, gentlemen, that during nil this pretended warfare ngninst all banks, banks have vastly increased. Millions upon millions of bank paper have been added to Hid circulation. Every where, nnd no where so much ns whore tho pros ent administration, and its measures, have been most zealously supported, flanks have multiplied under state authority, sincoMho decree was niadetlmt the Bank of the.Uni ted Slates should be suffered to expire,' . hook at Mississippi, Missouri, Louisiana, Virgiriin.afi.d other Slates. Do we not see thai banking capital nnd paper arc enor mously increasing? The opposition to banks, therefore, so much professed, whether it bo real, or whether it be but protended, has not restrained cither their number or their issues of paper. Both have vastly increased. And now n word or two, gentlemen, up on this hanWnonoy scheme, nnd tho delu sions, to'which it I ns given birth. Gen tlemen, this is a subject of delicacy, nnd one which it is difficult to treat with suffi cient caution, in -a. popular nnd occasioned nddrcss like liiis. I projess to be a bullion isl, in the usual nnd accepted sense of that word. 1 am for a solid specie basis for our circulation, nnd for specie as a part of the circulation, so far as it inny bo practicable and convenient. 1 am lor giving no vnluc to paper, merely ns paper. I abhor paper : that is to say, irredeemable paper, paper that mav not be convertible into "old or silver at the will of the holder. But while I hold to nil this. I believe also that nn ex clusive gold nnd silver circulation U nn lit tcr impossibility in the present, stale of this country, and of iho world. We shall none ol us ever sec it; and it is credulity nnd folly, in my opinion, to act under any such hope or expectation. The Stales will make banks, and these will i'suu paper; and tho longer the government of the Uni ted States nejrleots its duty in rejard to measures for regulating the currency, the greater will bo the amount of bank- paper, overspreading the country. Of this Ijjii tcrtnin not a parliclaof doubt. while 1 thus hold to the absolute and indispensable necessity of gold and silver, as the foundation of our circulation, I yet think nothing more absurd and preposter ous, t linn unnatural and strained efforts to import specie. There is but so much spe cie in the world, nnd its amount cannot he greatly or suddenly increased. Indeed, there arc reasons for supposing that its amount has recently diminished, by the quantity used in manufactures, and by the diminished products of tho mines. The ex. isting amount of specie, however, mutt support the paper circulations, nnd the systems of thu currency, not of tho United Stales only, but of other nations also. One of its great uses is to pass from country to : country, for the purpose of settling occa sional balances in commercial transactions. It always finds its way, naturally nnd easily, to places, where it is needed for these iwes. But to lake extraordinary pains to bring it, where the course of trade does not bring it, where thu stale of debt and credit does not lequiro it to bo, nnd then to endeavor, by other regulations, trensury orders, accn. mutations at the mint, nnd nijior coutri vances, there to retain it, is a course of policy, bordering, as it appears to me, on political iusnuily. It is boasted that wo have seventy-five or eighty millions of specie now in the country. Hut what more senseless, what more absurd than this boast, if there is n balance against us abroad, of which pay ment is desired, sooner I ban remittances of our own products nro likely to make that payment ? What moro misernblo than to boast of having that, which is not ours, which belongs to others, and which the convenience of others, nnd our own con venience, nlsn, require that they should possess? If Boston were in debt (o New York, would ii bo wiso in Boston, instead of paying its debt, to contrite nil possiblo means of obtaining specio from the Now York Banks, nnd hoarding it nt home? And yet this, ns I think, would be precisely ns sensible ns the course which the gov. ernment of the United States nt present pursues. We have, without all doubt, n great amount of specie in ihn country, but it does noi nnswur its accustomed end, it docs not perform its proper duty. It neither goes abroad to settle balances ogainst us, and thereby quiet those who have demands upon us; nor is it so disposed of at homo, as to sustain the circulation, to the extent which the circumstances of the limes require. A great part of it is in the western bunks, in the land offices, on tho roads through the wilderness, on the pnsssngca over the lakes, from tho land offices to tho tlcpncite banks, and from the dcpositc bnnks back to the hind offices. Another potliun i.A in tho hands of tho buyers nnd sellers of spo cio; of men in the West who boII land of fice money to the now settlors fur n high premium. Another portion, ngain, is kept in privato hands, to bo used when cir cnmslnnces shall tempt to the purchase of In nil j. And, gentlemen, I am inclined to think, so loud ha been the cry nbout hard money, nnd so sweeping tho denunciation of all paper, that private holding, or hoard ing, prevails to somo extent, in different parts of the country. Thoc eighty mil lions of specie, therefore, really do us lit llcnood. Wo nro weaker in "our circuln (ion; 1 havo no doubt our credit is feebler, money is scarcer with us. nt this moment, than if twenty millions ol tins specio were shipped to Europe, nnd general confidence thereby rostored. Gentlemen, I will not sny that some do grco of pressure might not have come up on us, if the treasury order had not been issued. I will not say, that there has not been ovcr.lrndmg, and over production, nnd n too great expansion of bank circuln tion. This may nil ho so, and the laM mentioned evil it was ensy to foresee wns likely to happen, when the United States discontinued their own diiik. liut what I do say is.'that acting upon the state of tilings ns ii aciuuny esisiuu, nnu is now no. lually existing, tho treasury order has been and now is, productive of great distress. It nets upon n stntc of things which gives extraordinary force to its stroke, and ex traordinary point in its sting. It arrests specio when the free use and circulation of specie are. most important; it cripples the hanks nl n moment when tho banks more than ever, need nil their means. It makes the merchant unable to remit, when remit -tancc is necessary for credit, and for the general adjustment of commercial bal ances. I inn not now discussing the gen. oral question, whether prices must come down, and adjust themselves anew, to the amount of bullion existing in Europe nnd America. I am dealing only with I ho measures of our own government, on the subject of I he currency, nnd I insist that these measures have been most unlorlnnate, nnd most ruinous on the ordinary means of our circulation at home, nnd on our ability of remittance abroad. Their effects, tor, by deranging and mis- placing the specie, which is in the coun try, are most disaitrous on doncstic ex changes. Let lii iit who has lent, nn car to oil those prnmiscaof a mure uniforiA cur rency, sec how he can now sell his draft on New Orleans, or Mobile. Let the nor thern manufacturers and mechanics, those who have sold ihc products of their labor to tiic South, nnd heretofore realized the prices, with little loss ol exchange, lot Ihcm try present facilities. Letlhcni see what reform ol the currency has done for t hem. Lot them inquire, whether in this respect, Iheir condition is better or worse than it was five or six years ago. ijcntieinen, I Inld tins disturbance of the measure of value, and the means of payment, and exchange, this doraiiiiomonl. anil, if I may so say, this violation of the currency, to be one of tho most unpardona ble of political faults. Ho who tampers with ihc currency, robs 'labor of i( brenil, He ponders, indeed, to greedy capital, which is keen sighted, nnd may shift for itself; but lie beggars labor, which is lion est, unsuspecting, nnd too busy with the psresent to calculate on the future. The prosperity of the working clas-cs, lives, moves, has its being in e-tnblished credit, and n steady medium of payment. Al! sudden changes destroy it. Honest indus- anges ocsiroyn. iiouosi intius- try never comes in lor any part ol the spoils tho currency of a country is disordered. Did wild schemes nnd projects ever bent fit the industrious? Did irredeemable bank paper over enrich tho laborious? Did vio lent fluctuations ever do good lo him, who depends on his daily labor for his daily bread? Certainly never. All these thing's may gratify godliness for sudden gain, or c rusMues o. .aring speeu.nuon ; out Ihoy can bring nothing but uiiiry nnd dis I tress to i he homes of patient industry and honest labor. W.ho tire they that profit by the present state of things? They aro not the many, but the few. They arc speculators, bro kers, dealers in money, nnd lenders of mo ney, nt exorbitant interest. Small capita lists arc crushed, nud their means, being dispersed, ns usual, in various parts of the country, and this miserable policy having destroyed exchange, they havo no longer either money or credit. And all classes of labor partake nnd mud partake in the same cnlniiiity. And whal consolation for nil this is it thnt the public Innds aac paid for in specie? Thnt whatever embarrassment and distress pervade the country, the wes tern wilderness is thickly sprinkled over with eagles and dollnrs? That gold goes weekly from Milwaukio anil Chicago to Delroit, and back again from Detroit to Milwaukio and Chicago, nnd perforins simi. lar feats of egress nnd regress in many instances in the western stales? It is re" markablo enough, that with all this sacri fice of general convenience, with all this sky rend ing clamor for government pay ments in specie, government, nfter nil, never gets n dollar. So far as I know, thu United Slates have not now a single specie dollar in t lib world. If they have, where is it ? Tln gold nnd silver collected nt iho land offices is sent to the dcpositc banks, it is there placed lo the credit of (ho government, and thereby becomes Ihc properly of the bank. Tho whole reve nues of tho government, therefore, after all, consirt in mcro bank credits; that very sort of security which ihc friends of the administration have so much denounced. Remember, Gentlemen, in llie midst of this deafening din against nil Banks, that if it shall create such a panic, or such nlarm, ns shnll shut up the Banks, it will shut up thu Treasury of iho United States also. Gentlemen, I would not. willingly bo a prophet of ill. I mnst devoutly wish lo sec u bctlcr state of things; aud i believe Iho repeal of the treasury order would tend very much to bring nboul thnt better stale of things. And I am of opinion, gentlemen, that 1 1 1 o order will he repealed. I think it must bo repealed. I think iho'East, West North and South will demand its repeal. Hut, gentleman, I feel it my duly to pay, that if I should be disappointed in this ex peelntion, I sou no immediate relief to thu distresses of the community. greatly fear, even, that the worst is' not yet. I look for severer distresses; for extreme difficulties in exchongo ; for for greater in conveniences in remittance, and for a Elid don fall in prices. Our condition is not one lo ho tampered with, nnd the repeal of (he treasury order being soinetliinr which rmv. eminent can do, ond which will do good, the public voice u right in demanding that repeal. It is true, if repealed now, the rcuoi will coino late Nevertheless its re peal or abrogation is a thing to he insisted on, nnu pursued till it elm 1 1 be accomplished. i ma u.ui;iuivc control over the currcn cy, this power of discriminating, by Ircasu ry oruer, between one man' debt nnd nnoiiicr tnan'u debt, is n thing not to be endured m a Tree country ; and it should bo tho constant, persisting demand of all iruo v intra -rescind the illegal treasury order, restore tho rule of (ho law. place all branches of (ho revenue on same grounds, as (o the moans of payment, make men's rights, equal nnd leave the gov eminent of the country where the consti tion leaves it. in the hands of the repre sentatives of the people in congress." This point should never bo fiurromlcrcd, or compromised. Whatever is established, let it bo equal, nnd let it be lognl. Let. men know, to day, what money mav be re. quired of them to morrow. Lot the rule bo open nnd public, on the norms of the statute hook, not a secret, in the executive brenst. Gentlemen, in the session which has now just closed, I have done my utmost to cf. met n direct and Immediate repenl of the Treasury order. I have voted for n bill, nnticinatinrr ihn payment of the French and Neanoln nn in domnifications, by nn advance from (he Treasury. I havo voted with rrrcot satisfaction for the restoration of dulics on goods destroy cd in the great conflagration in this city. 1 hnvc voted for n dcpositc, with the slates, of the surplus which may bo in the in me ciui oi mo year, aii these measures have failed, nnd it is for you, nnd our fellow-citizens throughout the country, to decide whether the public in forest would or would not, have been pro moled by their success. But I find, gentlemen, that I nm com milting nn unpardonable trespass on your mouigeui pancnce. J will pureiio these remarks no father. And vet I cannot ner- suade myself lo take leave of you. without reminding you, with tho utmost deference and respect, of tho important part ns-igncd to you in the political concerns of vour country, and the great influence of "vour opinions, your example, nnd your cllorls, upon the general prosperity and happiness. Whigs of New York ! Patriotic citizens of this great metropolis ! Lovers of con. sthutional liberty, bound by interest nnd affection to the institutions of your country, Americans in heart and in nricinlel You nrc ready. I am sure, to fulfil nil the duties imposed upon you by your situation, and demanded of you by your country. You haven central position; your cily is the point from which intelligence emnnnl and Eprcnd.1 in nil directions, over the whole laud. Every hour carries reports of your sentiments and opinions to tho Union. You cannot escape tho responsibility which circumstances linvo thrown upon ynu. You musl live and net, on a broad and couspicu. ons theatre, cither for good or for evil, to your country. You cannot shrink nwnv from public duties; you cannot obscure yourselves, nor bury vour talent. In the common welfare, in the common prosperity ... .... ,.,imllll, ,, , hnvc! n slnbUf 0rUlJQ (0 ,)c ca', J You have nn interest in the preservation of ine union, o: mo uonsliluiinn, and of the true principles of the government, which no man can estimate. You act for your selves, nnd for the generations that are to come after you; and those who, ages hence shall bear your names, nnd partake vour blood, will "fuel in their political and social condition, the consequences of thu manner j which you discharge your political du .,.,, 1 1 lies. laving fulfilled then, on your part nnd on mine, though feebly nnd imperfectly on mine, the offices of kindness nnd mutual regard, required by this occasion, tliall wo not use it lo a higher and nobler purpose? oiiun wo uoi oy mis iricnuiy ineeiing, re-1 trosh our patriotism, rekindle our love of Constitutional liberty, nud strengthen our resolution of nnbho duty. Shall wu not, in nil honesty nnd sincerity, with pure nnd disinterested lovo of Country, ns Ameri cana, looking back to ihc renown ol' our ancestors, nnd looking forward to the inter ests of our posterity, here, to night, pladgo our mutual faith, lo hold on, to the last, 'to our professed principles, to the doctrines of true liberty, und lo the Constitution of iho Country, let who will prove true, or wiio will prove rcerennt? Whigs of New York! I meet you in advance, and give you my pledge, for my own performance of these duties, without qualification nud without reserve. Whether in public life or in pri vate life, in tho Capitol or at home, I mean never to desert them. I mean never to forget thai I havo a counlry, to which I nm bound by a thousand tics; and tho stone which is lo lie on the ground that shall cover mo, shall not hear tho name of a son ungrateful to his native laud. VIRGINIA ELECTIONS. Wo havo now conclusivo evidence of the election of a Whig lo Congress in the Norfolk district. The Norfolk Beacon of Saturday stales that Mollory has nbout lily majority in the whole district. Here is a gain. Tho Richmond Whig inform? us that the returns from King William (a strong Van Huren cnunty) aro such ns lo jtistifv tho bulicflhat Hunter (Whig) (has sue ceded for Congress in (ho distrct hore loforo roprescntcd by John Roane, Van Huron. Wo arc confident of success in this district. From thu Northern Neck district rep resented in Iho last Congress by John Tnlinferro, n sound Whig, wo havo no ad ditionnl information. Wo shall bo surprised if Mr Tnlinferro is defeated, nfter the large gain in his fj,Vor in Stafford county. Tho National Inlelig-oncor nniiqnnccs tho reoleclion of Mr Wise in tho Acco mac district by nn increased majority, nnd ofChnrlcs F. Mercer in tho London dis Irict. William S. Morgan (V. B. ) is rcolcctcd in the Wheeling district without much on position. ' In tho Winchester district, James 'M. Mason (V. B.) is believed to havo eucccou ed. In J effereon county, the vole stood for Smith (Whig) 301 Mason (V. B.l uu i, There has been nn animated contest Iho Auguta district between Edward JackMin(Wliig) and Hubert Craig, the late van Huron member. Wo can hardly in dnlgo the hope Ifiat Mr Jackson has sue cocded, but wo shall not believe that Mr oraig is elected until the returns are pret ty decisive of the fact. So fur therefore- the intelligence is not unfavorable Tho Whigs have certainly reelected Messrs Wise, Mercer nnd Rob orison, and have substituted a Wh for a Vonito in Norfolk district. There is nl. so good reason to believe that Whigs have gained a member in Mr Roane's district and that Mr Taliaferro has been reelected. On t he night of iho Clh inst., a mosl terrific storm occurred near Jamestown, Guilford county, N. C. The troct of the wind wns not morethon two hundred yards wide, but extended several miles north nnd Foulli. It was very destructive to fences nnd cl itnneys, but the most disas trous effects were experienced in Ihc over throw of house's. Tho following extract of n letter gives an astonishing evidence of Providential interference nnd prescrva 'ion of a family of children : "It is supposed to have been a kind of whirlwind, but unlike the wind the Prophcl Elijah speaks of. God was in this storm. Not a life or limb was injured. Burke's house was levelled to tho caith. Mrs. Ilnrko was holding tha window, nnd felt the house goins; she let jo the window shutter, nnd leaped through on llie outside nnd thus her life was saved all the chil-J dren within, the youngest in (he cradle, nnd the wholu house in a ma-s of ruins. She commenced, with the aid of the neighbors, to search for her unwenned child; it could not bo found. After some length of time, she hoard a faint smother- cd cry, nnd, rushing toward it, found in the middle of the street, her babe, with the cradle (nrned bottom upward over it, which nan completely saved it from Ihc fiillm;: mass of timber?, brick, anil stone. I called next morning to pre Ibis little Mo--cs, and I fell as Moses did before the burning bush I as jfl ought to slip off my shoes, for I was standing on holy ground God was in this storm." 'Mlrolhor Richard's parlor fell over .Tunius's bed ; he was frightened almost to death, but not a hair of hiss head perished." Mr.N without cop.ns. A Foot Race was rrccn'ly run in Iho neighborhood of Harper's Ferry, Virginia, remarkable huh for the performance of the winner, and a gross fraud practised by him upon n credu lous citizon nam"d Lang. The competi tors were Jfm flmoinhn. n Vermnnti'r. 55 years old, nnd J, Pearlier, jr., a Vir ginian, aged 25. The distance to be run was G miles! nn the (ow-paih of a canal. While the thing was in agitation, Pcachcr persuaded n neighbor named Lang to bel on Ilowington, under the assurance that he., meant to losn i he race Lang was fool and rojruo ennnrjli to make such hot- to I Ii o amount of 000, a1! wnh r ' "" "i". ""'i ii"'" runcnor won mi! nice; periorming llie ilislauc within 12 hours his oiitngonist brcakiii down in I he -Kith mile. I.nti:iu:-tino to womamcim). A cor respondent of the New York Evening Post writing from Chicago, III, mis, div-cnbes very feelingly tho demand for young, hand j some, and interesting helpmates in those regions where the "lords of the creation" are fur more numerous than samples of wominkind." A trip to the West (-ays the Boston Mercantile Journal) is wo-th thinking of by our New England damsels in those hard limes, when marriage bids fair to be a ceremony wli'rh, although of len talked of, will seldom be performed. The followin nn interesting cxtrnct from the Idler : "Interesting women arc in demand hero for such the market is a sureone. I under stand, when the sloamlxiats. r.rrive from I'llfidlo mill Detroit. ll..ll ne.irlvr nil l,iwi. ness is suspended ; and crowds of desolate, rich young bachelors flock to tho pier, and stand roaily to catch the girls as t hey land. Whether ihoy use the la.-so, nn nccoiii pltshiiient which some of them have ac quired in catching ponies on the Rocky mountains, or whether t hoy take them by iho force ofsmiles, I am "not informed; hiving just arrived, I cannot speak from observation ; but I believe the result to bo a pretty universal surrender." What ins it cost? After' staling some of iho results of missions, in nn ad dress before tho missionary socicly, Iho spt alter said "All this is done ; nnd, Mr. President, wlinl hns it cost ? Co-t. sir ! I am ashnmed to say what it' cost. Four dollars apiece wo pay for our bill of intoxication; two dollars for :hn benefit of good government but our bill for missionary opornlions, including tho support of Bible, Tract, and Education, Domestic nnd Foreign Mission ary Societies. i, nn nn nvnrage, one cent ! ! For the ruin of our country, four dollars for the tclvalion of the world, one cent ! MunnEit. -The bnddy of a dcod man was found nt Amsterdam, floating down Big Black river. The marks on his body indicated foul murder. He had been shot in the thigh, and cut on tho head, When found, hit hands were lied behind him with n silk handkerchief. Body wai so much decayed, that ii was dirlicu'lt to give it o closu examination, Ho appeared to bo a man of middle age, five feet eight or nine inches high, with black hair and heavy board, and had on chillies of domestic man ufacture. Alb. Daily. A distressing case of deliberate suicide occurred last week at Nashua. Mrs. liar riot Stevens, u young married woman of only S!5, with four children, ami who had oyer lived ha pi ly with her husband, on re tiring requested him to call her early, and after nu undisturbed night's rest, and and whlic in perfect health, roso from her bed early, and shortly after was found ex- tended on llie fl uir dend, her bend Fiispcn ded by n cdrd which passed around her neck nnd wn-t nttach"d lo tho bed posl. Ib. iMi'oitTANcn or Punctuation. A Capo Cod paper, Fpenkiiig of Iho bounly given by our State for llie encouragement or raising wheat, haq "two dollnrs fiir every 20 limbols, nud fur every bushel over nnd ribnve, thirty six cents." Tho comma should ho placed nfter (he word thirty, making it read six cents for all above thirty bushels. Accident. On Hie 20lh tilt. Mr. liar rhon Honcrort ofC.ilai', was considerably injured in blasting near tho slate house. Mr. B. was engaged contrary to order-, in drilling oul a charged rock, when Iho charge exploded, severely burning him, but fortunately breaking no bones.---Watch. nf"ndo'nn'tl'lnpirlby the name of Williams, of Barnard, on Saturday last while in the breaking some (wigs from n willow, which hung over a small elren.r fell into tho wntnr and dr..,n.i ., ' ' girl wns wild her nt :ho lime. mnd, im . mediate search, hut slm iv ne tint Cuin.) ... til Ihc next morning. The girl was oboe: 10 years of nge Womhlncfc J)Tr.i nirir Joseph Turner of Wind innately killed on Saturday night last jrJ ... .. u.i.i, ,.y me upsetting of n worr won n cookintr slovn in ii. ti, ,..rr... pitched from the wagon, nnd was dead be Inrc ho could ,0 extricated. Thnm ,nm nnc. or two other persons in comnnnv with mm, out t0 not undcrstannd as they were injured Jo. I nr. IIkn I ntKvns aro so annoying in New Jersey, thnt large traps DroFCt J catch tlmm. The follow innr not im' in lli them? '"'"d'os the fnlc of one of P tt i'-y, - rW 0VGm?' 'incp, at Mr. John 1 , "l " r'msi, at Wchawl cn, im'srcd in call and lake will not keep much longer. away- P H I D A V M O fl a J N a, M A V 12. Read Mr Websfo-s speech, by all moans. U gives n plain unvarnished history of il,L aggravating causes of our present 'embir-ras-menls. Wo might fill our columns with sicken ing details ofjjie general embarrassment r the country, and then probably give our readers but n faint idea of ihc actual con dition of things in N. York nntl all the commercial cities. The failures last Sat urday were moro numerous than any pre vious daj. nnd a general bankruptcy is now con-idcred as the inevitable result. Nor p this distress by any rnrnno coi fined to the cities. Already hnvo n largo numbnr of manufacturers is iho country nc'ua'K c.;i,..i .,.! .,.! ..., ...HIT.-. ro mauing arrangements in sn-pend rpora'ion oon n-i Dossil)''. This will throw nn immense number of persons out .,f employment unless, pcr. chance, they feel disposed to Imrrn for Jackson nnd leave Iho agriculturist, for a limo nt least, without a market for his products. Probably no slate in the Union Is better prepared to meet fuch n crisis than Vermont, but we must nevertheless severely suffer; nnd the next six months will teach the people of Ihis stale more and better than we can write, nbout iho glorioui "experiments" of our tinkering, tampering, reckless rulers. Jhp rnmmillrp appointed by dm Alrrrliants lo visit ii.Iiiiioi,,,,, r,. llio p poso (if cilliiiS ,ll ihu I i runl 'nt to nfT'.i.l iclicfin our Mifl'n inj rommcire, sue iciiiiikmI. We le.ini ill n iIip fullou in;- U ihc te.-iilt ; in ii'ply in llio I,r uuiiI.I ip llie t-peciu, anil hr- would pull LoiiBi-ess tr.jpilipi-, in wmle. In llipin in offlrt saw no ip.wnii m , eiilier. J ,PK:,I( , naniB V'."1 p 10 ,cn ii'i unp.iM, lip F.ii.r ho would rmifitli . !,,.,, Inl u.r;n , (Il0 (;t,,.,or ....., n:ii nu pioml pled-cd lo follow in iho '""ifirps of liN pi-cdiTr-- J'liu ;ihuo is the fu "s,""cei -Lour, and Enq. IU I hn New York Committee of Mer chants have had whal mighl have been an ticipated!! bootless journey to Washing, ton. It is only to he regretted that they were induced lo place themselves in a posi- lion to have insult added to aggression. Van Huron, who owes the Presidency fo Jackson, stands publicly pledged to "carry out" the U-urpor's 'measures." He daro not violate his pledge, if ho would. Ono of the measures which Van Huron la pledged to ' carry nut" is to give tho peo ple "a belter currency" to accomplish which Jackson's doctrine is "that all uho do business on borrowed capital ought (a break." In facilitating this general bank, ruptcy.a Treasury Order wns issued which withdrew the gold and silver from circula tion. Those, therefore, who were doing business on borrowed capital are breaking, nil over (he Union, by hundreds and by thousands. By refusing to repeal that Order, even after throe fourths of the Members of Congress voted in favor of its repeal, Jackson's successor is carrying out his mcosnrc8 with a vengeance. Tho oppressor triumphs now, but tho Pcoplo'i day of Vengeance is at hand ! The jury in While's case, being unable, to ngree, wcro discharged, and report says that he will bo permitted to go at liberty. This dolivernncc, is attributed nn all hands lo the influence his handsome wife has ex ercised upon Iho jury. She has been con stantly nt his side, cheering nnd sustaining himliterally fulfilling her marriage vow lo abide by him, as well in adversity as prosperity.

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