Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 22, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 22, 1837 Page 2
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(EOltflVCOS. HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES. The (MIA I II Riiiiouuced 1 1n following C out lemon as having In."'!! nppniniod tiium ben df llii! respective Standing Commit tees, pursuant to tin; order ol Ihn House, VIZ ! Of Ways anil .lVin?. Messrs. Caniliro leng. McK'in. Owens, Sergeant, limner, Joins, ol Virginia, Fletcher, of Massachu. n'i'-. AtliiTton, and Rhult. Ol' Clnimi Messrs. Whit I Irsov, of Ohio, Grennell. Chambers, Darlington, Graham. Russell, Citinplinll, of Tennessee, (Hurls, nnil Carter, of Maim'. On Commerce. Messrs. Smith. Phillip., .1'jliii-mii, of Lonisonin, Ciislunan. Do Grnfl', lire, Tolaiitl, Curtis, nnd Mason, of Virginia. On the. Puhlir Lands. Messr?. Boon, Williams, of N. Cnrolum, Lincoln. Casey, Cli'inmnn, I Iarritnn, Anderson, Duncan, mill 'I'urncy. On the Post Office- Messrs. Connor, I'riMos, Hall. Cleveland, Hopkins, lluhloy. Cnllioun, of Koiitiiclsy, Palmer, and Wor thtngton. Of lllcd'wns. M.vsrs. Buchanan. Grif fin, Hawkins, Kilgnre, Maury, Towns, Brnnson, Pcnnybaclsor. and Hastings. On the Dhlrivt of Columbia. Messrs. TJouldin. A. II. Shoppord. Jenifer. Dawson, Cilloy, Prentiss, IJ.'iriU'. C. H. Williams, of -Tennessee, ami Hunter, of Oliio. On the Judiciary. Messrs. Thomas, Robertson, Touccv. Martin, Corwin, By nnm, Garland, of Virginia, Ileffinan, nnd Poller. On Revolutionary Claims. Mopsrs. Muhlenberg, Craig, Um.ierwood, Taliafer ro, Elmore, Poster, Parmenter, Harper, of Ohio, and Bird-all. Oi Public Expenditure: Messrs.'' Ha ley, Ogle, .Alexander, Til us, Stratton, Rumsuy, Fletcher, of Vermont, Crockett, and Patterson. Oi Private Land Claims. Messrs. May, Garland, of Louisiana, Calhoun, of Mossa chusoctts, Harlni), Bruyn, Mallory, Beatty, ilar'nlci), and Lradbetter. On .Manufactures. Messrs. Adams, Webster, Whittlesey, of Connecticut, llol-ny, Slade, Biddle, Tillinghast, Vail, and Naylnr. On Agriculture. Nvtsrs. Debcrry, Lo rran, Phelps, Weeks, Spencer, Noyes, Duvic. Randolph, ami Mitchell. On Indian Affairs. Messrs. 15 o 1 1 , Evc relt, Iliiynes. Chancy, Mnnignmery, Par Iser, Campbell, of Sonih Carolina, Murray, of Kentucky, and S. V. Morris, of Penn sylvania. On. Military Affairs. Maws. McKay, Coles. Glascock, Thomson, Ghnlson. Mil ler, Piive, Kemble, and McClellan, of Tenner re. On the Militia -Messrs. Glascock, Wagner, Carter of Tonne-see. I Jolt, Ham. mond. Pratt, Hunter, Halstcad, and Allen ol Ohio. On JVitvtl Affairs. Messrs. Ingham, Milhgan, Iteed, Wise, Grantland, Moore. Uichard-nii, Paynter, ami Williams of N. Hamp-liire. On Foreign Affair. Messrs. Howard. Hainor. Cusliiiijr. Jackson, Drom'goolc, Bencher, Pope, Claiborup. and Fairfield. On the Territories Messrs. Patton, Polls, Pickens, Pierce. Borden, Graves, Davec, Jones of N. York, and Farrmglon. On Revolutionary Pensions. Messrs, Morgan. Khngnnsmilh. Bond, Frv. Johnson of Virginia. Sibley, Ewmg, Gray, and Lonmi- of Ohio. Oi Invalid Petitions Messrs. Taylor, William ol Kentucky. Allen of Vermont. McClellan of Now York, Pvtnken, Stew art. Herod, Riley, and Stanley. On Roids and Canals, Messrs. Mercer, Evans, MrKeniian, Soyd'-r, White of Ken tncky, Filmore of New York, Johnson of Maryland. Bicknell, While of Indiana. On Reiisat and Unfinished JUisincss. Messrs Mason, of Ohm, Noble, South gate, Henry, and Peck. On Accounts. Messrs. Johnson of Va., Grant, McClurc, Shepard of N. Carolina, and Johnson of Maryland. On Expenditures of the Department of State. Messrs. Mori is of Pennsylvania, Jack-on of New York, Sheplor," Yorke, and Andrews. On Ecpcndilures r.f the Department of lite Treasury. Me-srs. Allen of Vermont. Shelter. Aycrigg. Grav. and Holscy. On Erptndilurcs if the War Deptrl. twnt. Messrs. Clownev, Vauderveer, Ilo't. Morn of Ohio, and Marvin. On Jleciidilurcs of the J"tvy Depart, mer.t.- Messrs. Brodhead. Maxwell, Goode, K I wards, n nil Grahr.m of Indiana. On Expenditures of Ihe Post Office Dc pirtment. Mes-rs. Clnlds, Dennis, Hawes, Gallop, and Plumcr. On Espcntl'turcs of the Public Build ings. Messrs. Sawyer, Cranston, Menc. fee, Dunn, and Itldgway. Washington. Sept. 1 ih. has been very much a ques tion, whether we should havo a short hps. siun or a long one; that is, whether the prespnt would have to be an pxtra session, or whether it would bo continued so as to run into, and form part of, the regular scs non. The question was put to rest to-dav. ii both Houses. In tho Senate, Hubbard (.flered certain patulous, which, on the the motion of Buchanan, wero laid upon Ihe table, without tioing referred lo any com initlec, w,th the understanding, that cxclu sively to questions connected with the cur rency and the finances. In Ihn House; alter tho nomination of the standing committees, nnd the passage o lSnlilln'rt resolution, with Robertson amendment calling upon the Secretary of the I reasury to exnlain why he offered to pay members ol (JongrpHs in specie, in pref'ert nco to other creditors, and lo state l ho amount of specie received by the gov eminent siuco liui first of May, and what had been done with it: and also tho pas sago of n resolution offered by Mr. Bull, calling upon the Secretary oftho Treasury for an exact nnd particular statement til' Ihe existing ineaiw and liabilities of the treasury, and an nrcount of what appro priatiniM already made may ho dispensed witli, in whole or in part, the House wont into commit tea of I ho whole, on the Presi (lenl'ti message. That part of it respect ing matlors of finance, was referred to the comniUlpe of ways and uipans. nnd thai part of it respecting a bankrupt law, to the committee- on the Judiciary. I ho committee then Mso. The i report of the secretary of the Treasury was referred to the committee of ways and means, and the Mouse proceeded to consider a resolution offered by '. O. .. Smith, "that at tho present e?stou, no other subjepls should lie considered, exempt tlioso embraced in the President's Message." In Ihe course of the debate, Smith said, that iT his reso lulion were not adopted, Ihe House would bo presently involved in n great variety ol angry discussions, which would unfit, it for the calm and dispassionate examination of Ihe important matters which had called I hem together. Abolition, the Texas question, and other like subjects, would be introduced, which would generate only anger, uproar nnd confusion. Hell said that he was nut exactly pre pared to vote upon this resolution, until he could learn from the chairman of the com mittee, of ways and means, whether it was his iutetuinn'in tho measures to be pro posed by Ins committee to confine himself to tbo recommendations of tho message. If so, the business of the session might be dispatched in a very short time. If other mca-urcs were to bo brought lorwaru, tney might lead to protracted discussions, and the session might be prolonged. Cain brclcng answered somewhat evasively. He seemed, however, to admit, at. lenst, so far as he was concerned, Ihe committee would not travel out of the message: and he challenged the opposition lo bring for ward their autaoiiist scheme which .he said could be nothing else bnt'n National Bank and to try wlncn of those plans the people would best relish. Dell replied that for himself he had no antagonist scheme to propose. As to the matter of a National Bank, he had avowed the opinion pieviotisto his election, and he now repeated it. that a National Bank could not afford any innoediatu relief. Such an institution ho judged essential to tbo regulation of the currency, but it? operation could not be felt in less than two or lit rcu years. spoke very impressively, and was listened to with the most attentive silence He said it was absurd for the chairman of the committee of wavs and means to call upon the opposition for a plan. The oppo fit ion could do nothing. It was the liu-iuusi of ihe inniuni v to offer a plan; the responsi bilily belonged to them, auJ ihey need not hope to shirk nut of it. The chairman wished to diinini.-h the odium of his plan, by inducing Ihe opposition to bring forward u scheme, which might be represented as still more odious. The opposition would do no such thing. The responsibility rest ed on the majority, and there the opposition intended it should rest. . Cashing said, that if tho( committee of wnyti iiou iiiiiins niii'iiuuj.1 to propose no other moans excptcMiosc recommended by the I'rosiiient, Congress might as well dis. perse, and go home to-morrow. Those measures perhaps might answer well enough for relief of the treasury; but they offered no relief to the suffering people. As to I ho snblreasury system, it was no sort of coiisequcnco whether Congress acted upon it or not. It already existed in fact; and the government woold con tinue it, and arrange it to suit themselves whether Congress acted or not. It would be vi' i ill that, as i'. was with the pet bank system, a system which was carried into complete effect by the Executive, tuid which Congress was only called upon to ratify. VAniNfiTo., Sept. 12. Mr. Adams introduced a resolution merely calling for the inhumation in tho hands of the Executive as to any corres poodence between the government of Ihe United States and the government of Tex as. on the subject of the admission of the latter into the Union. It is veiy unusual that there is anv debate on a resolution merely calling for information; but the practice of Congress was departed from, in this respect, to-dav. A warm debate arose in which ihe North and tho South were warmly pitted against each other. Mr Ad ams said there were a great many, a great body of the people, who were so opposed to the admission of J Vxas, that they would prn'or n separation of the Union. Mr Pickens construed this into a declaration that the North would prefer to separaie the Union, hot he was corrected by Mr Ad.iin? .wr. V iclsens called on all within and with out the House to take notice of thy goage, and of the quarter from which it came, ne icoiseo upon II as language pregnant with tearful unnortanco, and regretted to hear it from that quarter. The motion ol Mr. I'etrilsen, ol Penn-ylvania was. as you will sou by the papers, ucga lived by a vote of more than two to one the House refusing to lay the subject on the table. Mr. Wright is gradually dis closing the plan of relief devised by the ad iniiiitlration. We had three more bills to dy, and tbo remainder oftho scheme is lo be brought forward to morrow. The bill to authorize the issue of Treas ury notes, contains eleven sections. It en. acts thai Treasury notes to Ilia amount of nine millions shall be issued; that they shall not be of a less dennmiiial'on I bun one hundred dollars ; and I hat they shall bo re deemable nt the end of one year, bearing an interest of six per centum. Receivers are to lake them for revenue, nnd they are to be paid at par lo Ihc public creditor, il he shall chontn lo receivo lliem. Another bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to extend the time for Ihe payment of the ntiiMnnding duly bonds for a further turiu of six months from I lie 1st of October next, provided the security shall be entirely satisfactory. The last bill is p. bill to ndjust the remaining nlanm in tho depnsilo bunks, It authorizes the gradu al wilhdrnwal of tho depositee, and when any bank cannot or will nut refund the de posited on demand, suit is lo he commenced against such banks, unless they give sufli eient security to repay thonmouiit due, in three instalments, ono nl 00 days, one nl five,-and one at eight months, with interet-l on tho samo. All three bills wero rend and ordered to a second reading. Mr Wright subsequently slated that he would bo able to make a final report to-morrow. WAHIINfiTON Sepl. 13. Mr. Wright from llio couiinilteo on fi nance, reported three bills, ono providing that merchandize on which the duties have not been paid, may bo warehoused for n period not longer than three years. A second, imonsinit on certain officers, addi tional duties as depositories of the public funds. And a Ibird. to revoke tho clnr. tors of such banks of the District ol Co- iimbia as refuse to rcsumo specio pay ments. Phese bills having been read by tbuir ti tles, and ordered to a second reading, the bull o postpone the October instalment ot the surplus revenue was taken up. Mr. Riven, allude lo the reports winch had been made by the comuiilleo of fi nance. &. expressed bis surprise that tho committee had not repo-led. in conformi ty with tbo suggestions ol the message, a measure on another subject. He expec ted the committee would bring forth "n bill to designate the funds in winch the iiublic revenue shall be received." That subject was strongly dwelt upon by the President. It was one of most moment ous importance j and he thought the com mittee ought to havo presented its views on that question, nnd brought forward a bill in correspondence with them. Mr. IVrishl said the Committee of n nance had had very full communication with the Secretary of the Treasury, nnd espe cially respecting tho subject alluded toby Mr. Rives, and ho was direcieu uy me comnnleo to soy that ihey have reported all the bills they intended to report ; Willi reirard to.lbe subtect spoken of by Mr. Rives, the designanon of tbo furfijs receivable for the public revenue, tfio s.nd. Ihey have concluded that they will adow tbot'law on the subject, now existing, to remain as it stands. w Mr. Rives said ho expected the com mittee to report. He now understood mat thcr.e was no report to bo made on the subject ; and though he was most anxious for protnpJaction, yet as there wasancs. scntial 'stud mutual dependance between all the bills reported, he wished lo exam ine them all before he could give Ins vote on the bill made the special ooler for this day, (that relative to the Octtipr instal ment, and therefore he moved, in order to give time for consideration, that when the Senate adjourn, it adjourn till Mon day .Mr. J"ilcs opposed tbo motion to put off the discussion, and earnestly urged the necessity for immediate action. Mr. Wright said lie was niiiy anxious to meet tho wiihes oftho Senate in re gard to tho time when, &. at what rate these measures should be propertied with, and cheerfully left the motion of Mr. Rives to the decision of the body. Mr. Rives said that the members from N. York and Connecticut, Mr Wright and Mr, Nilos, ought to recollect, the sit uation of some members) wero different in regard to that question, from theirs. His constituents expected Congress to do pome thing for the relief of the people ; and ho had not been able to see any tiling having that tendency in the bills reported by the committee. Mr. Calhoun said ho had been looking for a remedy. The remedy present will fail. There is a mere choice ot evils, Ho declared the only suggestions in the message which could give character lo tho reported bills, were left untouched, and ho look this ocasion to say lhat all the measures of tho committee amounted ex actly to nothing. Mr. Webster referred to his expressed intention to interpose no obstacle . to Ihe progress of the measure. He would there fore give them, by bis vote ascarlv an op pnrtunily as they wished to procred with their plans. He, Mr. W. declared that the measure respecting the October instal menl, was. in Ins opinion, wholly inefli cient : but he was ready to huveil disposed of promptly. Let it and all tho other measures be tried promptly before the wisdom of Congress. Wa-iiimiton, Sept. 14 This has been u day ol talking and a dav of doing in the Senate. You will seo by the newspapers which will reach you by this mail, that tho bill to postpiue (he transfer of tho fourth instalment of the surplus revenue, has been ordered to be engrossed, by a vole of 27 lo lli; and II will probahlv be sent to stir up the latent Ikes of the other IIoiiso tomorrow. Mr. Webster spoke for about an hour in oppo sit kiii to tho bill. He considered the law of last year di-tribining the surplus rove nuo among the Slates, as partaking of the nature of a contract, under which the Stales, or many of them, had lormed scheme, iuve.-led fiuuK engaged loans, and made rapid inarches towards prospcri ly. Many of these plans would be unset tied by ihe post poiiomeut of this transfer --and what benefit did this bill confer on the Treasury ? It did nut put a dollar there. No aid would be rendered to the Treasury by this act, without the collate ral assi-tanco of I ho Treasury nolo--, and by the lull authorizing the issue of Treas ury notes, 1 he Secretary could put. money in tbu Treasury, whether the postponement bill passed or not. Mr. Web-ter exnre.-icil his gratitude to the committee nn Finance, that they had mil so far complied with Ihe recommendation of the President and Secretary, as to authorize tho issue of Treasury notes, not redeemable at any fixed period, and hearing no interest a sort of old continental currency, such ns Ihe ghost of the old confederation might hivo suggested. After ho had concluded, Mr. Wright rose, and referred to the act of l!!lf) lo show that nt that time Treasury notes without interest wero authorized to bo issued. After Mr. Wright had read tins section, Mr. Buchanan got up, oud said Mr. Webslor was very ingenious in extricating himself from a difficulty when he got into one, which was not often the ease, and then laughed at Ihc idea lhat he conjured up. that Mr. Webster was in one now, nnd in tho grip of the champion of the administration, rom whom ho could nut escape. Mr. Wub-ter said he wis glad to give gentlemen a chance lo increase their amount of enjoyment. The Senator from Pennsylvania seemed lo triumph very much over Ins (Mr, W's.) supposed dilli roily; and ho was sorry lhat he should havo lo put a little ('heel; on the gentle man's pleasure. The Senator from New York had read ono section winch soiled his purpose, of tho act of 1015, and I, said Mr. W., will rcud another, which suits mi ii o. The Senator from New York relies on his section to fcliow Hint Trcusury notes, bearing no interest, were issued by authority oftho law of 1(1 Mi. The second section of that act gives authority to every one who oau muster to the amount ol one hundred dollars of those Treasury notes, to fund them ihu next day, and to receive nn interest of seven per centum. Mr. Buchanan insisted that this did not extri cate Mr. Webster, and Mr. Wright endor sed that opinion. Mr Niles seems to be rising to the dignity of n champion. He has downed his helmet, seized his lance nnd his shield, and opposed himself to Mr. Rives. I admire tbu good lastc and aspi ring emulation of Mr. -Niles. Ho will strip to none of your groundlings in debate not ho. Ho' deems himself a fit match only for such men as Clay, Webster, Cat lioutt and Rives. Ho won't waste his en ergies on the small fry of politicians. His nratory assumes loftier flights he won't stretch his wing but for n noble quarry No matter how he enmes out of the con test : nbout such minor matters let meaner minds fret themselves. His great glory is to get well into a conflict; ho care not n iot whether well or ill comes from it. The Senate did business rapidly to-day. The postpoucment bill will go lo tho House to morrow, and in ten days that body will, perhaps, have acted on all the measures winch are deemed indispensable to be ta. ken up nnd passed during tbo present ses sion. The sub, Treasury scheme, which rwas reported to day,. will boa favorite topic r... r,A..,:.,,...,ixs..:....- -iv 4t Wasiiigton FruoAr, Sept. 15 On the Bill reported by Mr. Wright, from the Finance Committee, to author. ise nn issue of Treasury Note--. Mr. Wright moved to fill up tho lust blank in the bill with the word "ten,' thereby making tho amount of notes to be issued ten millions of dollars. Mr. W. said that it had not been posi bio for the committee to know the amount of the notes necessary until action had been had on the bill to postpone the fourth, instalment to the Stntcs, which bill having now passed the SonatV, ho was able to fill up (he blank. Ho had on interview on tho subject with, theSeretary of llio Treas ury, and he hod learnt from that olhcer I hat, on the supposition no more extension would bo granted than was proposed by by tho bill for extending tbu duly bonds, ho had thought that the sum ol eiglil mill ions would bo sufficient. This was, how ever, on. the supposition that the bank of the United States would pay in Uctober tho instalment then duo to the govern ment. But it was understood by tbu Sec. retary and tho committee lhat this would not bo done, that bank having bought up Treasury drafis issued in July for the payment of the third instalment then duo Irom the bank. This being llio case, Hie Socreiary would require that the blank be filled up with iniio million live hundred thousand dollars: and therefore on this calculation, the committee had instiuctcd him (Mr. W.) lo move for ten millions Mr. Clay ot Kentucky, was very dosirous of obtaining more full information relating to one point, and that was.Jtbat as a bill had now pa-'sed the Senate for arresting the payment oftho fourth instalment to the States, and since the fund intended for the Uao of the Slates was now to bo applied to llio ihc of Government, if it was intended to employ the. funds in the banks before being reduced in some way or other to a specio basis'whoiber Government intend, ed by laws passed, or to be passed such, fur example, as. a bankrupt law to force the conversion ol the funds now in llio banks into the Treasury, there lo lie with, out being used ? His inquiry was not, ho thought, useless, smco il must bo evident lhat the amount of the blank must depend upon the availability of the funds in the banks. Mr. Wright said it had been ascertained and so slated in Ihe Secretary's Report, lhat all the money in tbu banks subject to draft on tho 2!flli of Aug. last amounted to only eight million ono hundred and sixty thousand dollars. Out of that sum tho expenses for Ihc month of Sepfmhor were to be taken, which would leave the sum reduced In about two millions nnd half by the 1st ofOciober. But, if tho outstand. injj drafts should como in on tbu Trea-ti. ry, (many of them being protesied) m that , case the available amount would still be diminished, and Ihe Treasury won d be in want of means. Thero wero therefore no ready means without the assistance of Congress. In all the Atlantic coasts, the money in ihu banks had for tho most part been withdrawn, only a small sum subject to draft being with them, say less than a million, ami creditors were not willing to receive the drafts upon tho South-weitcrn banks, where now almost all the funds in deposilo Willi banks were placed. Such being the case, nnd such tho a mount of unavailable money, llio object of issuing Treasury notes was to anticipate the liuids in deposilo with the banks until Congress should say how those funds wero lobe made available. The Committee on Finance had reported a lull giving lo those banks intervals of two, five, and eight mouths in which to pay the sums due, di viding the balance in their hands into three instalments Again, tho extension gran led already, and proposed still lo ho granted, on bonds, would diminish Ihe means of the Treasury ; from all which considerations, tho isuo of these notes was rendered necessary lo meet the current ex punses. Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, professed him. self greatly obliged by the valuable infer mation communicated by llio honorable Senator (Mr. Wright.) but ho still felttliat tho inquiry winch ho had wished to make was not yet answered. IIo meant to in quire it these funds were lo bo left idle? Mr. Wright, in reply, said they would not be used as bulk notes unless the law should authorize t Item so to bo used. Mr. Clny. Tlieu it comes to this; wo have passed a bill to tike funds out of the hands of those who would havo been glad to use them, to put them into the hands of others who refuse to acknowldge and innlso u-o of them. Trie Stales would havo been ghnl to receive tins mutiny in the shape of bank notes, oud wo have taken it irfcm them. Again: Government refuses to call them funds in that shape, and to govern ment wo have now made them over by llio hill just passed! And as Government' though it receives tlioso funds and provents their being paid to tho States, will not ack nowledge them as funds, thero is a deficien cy existing, and this deficiency is lo be sup plied by issuing Treasury nnlus, in order that Government may be able to get olong That is to say. Government will not receive, the paper of the country, nnd is about to crculo a paper of its own which tho country is expected 1 1 receive And thus, all the promises which havo been made to us of tho flowing of gold and silver all over the country. those promifos of a better cur rency, result, in tbo issue often millions of paper currency ! Wasiiisoton, Sept. 10. Tho Senate then took up the bill author, izing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue Treasury notes, when Mr. Calhoun said, that with regard to one point in tbo- bill tho payment of in terest on tho Treasury notes which the Senator from Massachusetts eo much ap proved, was lo his (Mr. C.'s) mind just as objectionable. Nor was ho satisfied with the bill, for he really could not makeup his mind as to any one scheme for raising the necessary means, until il should bo per fectly understood as to what was to bo dotio in reference to the great point of separating the government Irqm tho banks. It appeared to mm that all'Ulie measure; tobe passej jupon 6Hh't .to converge to Unit point, irtlicrojva3 any intention to inane it, nutans among me rest, ns uie Irlw now stood, the Secretary of the Treasury would be compelled to receive tbo notes of all specie paying banks: and if thero should be a resumption of specie payments, all thcnotes of" all tho banks would bo received. If Congress, should adjourn without coim)fgg to. ths conclusion of separating the govcrp'tnciU from the banks, the resultant" piiss.igjj this nnd the other measures, 'would'be' collect I he money in Sub-Treasury t bills and bank notes. ' - ' , ' If it was,,int.cndcd to rcstoro tho 'con ncction with t life banks, or even if it was not. the intention, this bill ought to be different from what it wns.y In fact, in neither alternative could 1io well agree with the provisions of. life bill. Being in this dilemma, he should feel Inmselt com pclled to move nn niiiiindmcnt to it, for the sooner a decision was had on that impor tant point Ihe better. To rrovc .whether it was the design of the Senate to innko a separatmn-or not, woold depend upon the course adapted here. If a separation was to be made, now was tho acceptable time. And, it the opportunity was not now em braced, perhaps it never would be Uu der this impression, it wa3 his wish (for this was n subject which required some little reflection.) that the further consider ation of the bill should be postponed till Monday, by which time he would bo ena bled to prepare the proposition. Upon the question of separation between the banks anil ihu Government, his opinion had long been made up. He firmly belie ved that the real alternative was a separa lion or a Bank of llio United S'ateH. He had so declared himself in 1834. He bad never seen any reason to change that nptu ion. On the contrary, the realizing of all the anticipations he' hnd then mentioned, had happened. The catastrophe had come upon the Union, and now was the nine to net. In Ins own view of the subject, this project of separation was one of the great est measures that ever was or ever could be presented lo llio country. It was one lo th; cuuntry, duo to ourselves, due to posterity, lhat gentlemen on nil sides should meet this crisis openly, boldly, di rectlystate their plans, nnd come out with their views. Mo thought there ap peared to be a backwardness on this sub iect. Although painful as the task was, ho would himself be prepared to go into the subject on Monday, and would then ask some questions in regard to it. He then moved to postpone ihu further consid oration of the bill till Monday. Mr. Wright said that he was not dispo sed to deny to the honourable Senator any opportunity of presenting his opinions, nor was he at all unwilling to net upon any proposition cniis-islcut wnh the bnsin bnforo ihe Senate. II i iIr. W j! own opinion, however, was for il wa-" h ter of deep deliberation in tho committee that proposition ought not certainly to be connected with this bill. Whatever should be determined, whatever should govern the action of Congress on thai sub ject, the Treasury must have the means to go on. He knew that the question propo sed by the Senator from South Carolina was one upon which n great diversity of opinion existed in this body and the o'her and it was tho purpose of the Committee so to disconnect tho measures lhat one should not retard tho other. Ho (Mr W.) knew thai thero pxisfc'd the most picssiug necessity for this bill, because tbo 1 reasn ry found it almost impossible to meet the demands of the public creditors. He therefore hoped that Congress would enme to a speedy determination ns to the mens ures before lliem. With every disposition to receive the propositions of the honorn bio Senator, ho fell himself bound lo, hope that tho Seualo would not consent In post pone the bill, or to connect il with any Other measure. Mr. Calhoun said it was impnssiblo to say how tho Treasury could bo relieved until he knew what were the means to be adopted. If tho measure wero now upon him, he would bo compelled to vote against it. Ho felt a duo and proper sensibility for the Treasury, but at tho aino tune thero was something duo lo tho sympathy of the people, when tho country is in so much distress. Mr. C. then asked for the yeas and nays. Mr, Benton said that as one connected as he had been with the dopnsUe bill, ho nould not agree lo vote for any postpone moot of the bill which might have the effect of connecting. aiy uther proposition with it. , Mr. Walk r hoped the motion for post poiiemenl would prevail; it was reasonable bethought lo allow ihn gentleman from South Carolina that short period of timo to prepare his amendment, and give his views on ihe provisions oftho bill He confessed, he, fur mi, was anxious to hear these views; and ho believed tbu country geuer ally par ouk of that feeling. Mr. King of Alabama, said (hat no gen tleman could be more willing to extend to the Senator an opportunity of presenting his views, than ho was ; but the importance of immediate action on this hill was apparent' from what, had fallen from the Scnatnr of New York. If the gentleman conceived it was necessary so to amend tho bill as to change its present features, he hoped ho would seethe necissity of doing so at once. He regretted that ho was reluctantly com. pclled lo vote against the postponement. Mr Calhoun said, that if it wero the in tention of tho Senate, or rather of tho ad ministration, to restore gradually tho con nection between the Government and the banks, then, in his opinion, instead ol Issu ing Treasary notes, Congress ought to make a provisional loan. Wo had ample means, but not available nt once, for they were locked up, nnd could nut be hud. In stead of issuing Treasury notes and crea ting ii new debt, nnd fudding these notes, vou ought to make notes payable on the State banks, nnd, os the means come in, pay off these notes. And if it wero intend, ed lo carry out the views continued in tbu message, thero never could be a more fa vorablo time than the present. Let him tell gentlemen who sustain tho administra tion, that they must como out boldly, fear lessly, and show their hands at once; though he had not proposed this measure with that view, but merely to put the bill in such a shape n wculd carry on his prop. niition ; and he therefore hoped he might bo indulged in Ins reasonablo request of postponement until Monday the 'pressing 'demands on the Treasury, wore triilmg, uhject. Mr. Niles remarked-, that ns the gpnlle- man from South Carolina, wished to bring before the Sonato his proposition, and a3.'!t "ftiust como before us and before the coun ry sooner or later, the sooner r. tOnme tho better; and he would vote in accordance with tho wishes of the gcntlctnan.' After two oV three word fr Wright inHcyp!anntion, . from Mr. The question ws' taken uin postponing tho further consideration"-) he bill, and il wus decided in the affirmative yeas 21), nays 1", as follows : Yeas Messrs. Bayard, Blick. Brown, Calhoun, Clay of Kentucky, Clayton. Cnl tenden, Grundy. Rent, kmy nf Georgia, Knight, Linn, McKean. Nrc-hola-. Niles. Preston, Roane, Robbins, Robmson. Urtg- glos, Sevier, Smith of Connecticut., Soutlft aril, Strange, Walker, Wall, White,, ami Young 2U. rsav -Messrs. Allen, Benton, Rurlianm, Clay of Alabama, Fulton, Mohlnrd, King of Alabama. Lyon, Morris, Norvell, Pierce, South of Indiana, Swift, Tallundge, Tip ton. Webster, Williams and Wright 1 i. 1 he House of Representatives did tint sit on Saturday. Clm;lon the Aeronaut. Mr. Clayton ascend ed with his balloon, at Alleiistowu, nctir Pitts, burg, at,5 o'clock on tho afternopn,olvutf..3lf i-...i. .i :.,.! a i : i. .:." at Johnstown, iJSO miles from his place of start- . o do nol learn that lie has ucon heard sinco. A correspondent nf the I'lllshurg Gazette says, that he was in tho midst of tin; black storm which visited and covered u uith darknes, between G and 7 o'clock. arid was distinctly seen lising above it, whilst the tl.i-h-ci of lightning were iilayini' around him" A writer in the New Vork C'Uiripr siu'im thai the paved streets of lhat city emb-ar-i an extent of two hundred and tilt v mi'es. A soldier in an Irish corps observed to his dapper comrade that a corpora! was ' i be drummed out of the regiment. "By mv laith, I hone it is the corporal that i o troublesome in our company." "Pray, what's his n .me?" inquired the soldier. "Why. Corporal Puni-diiuent, to be sore," replied Sav ami S un Mr. B. did you sav, or did you not say, what I said yoij said? be caue C. saul yon said vmi never did snv what I said vou said. Now, it von did sav that you did noi say whaV-l said yon oaul then what did you say ? A good storv is told of ono of the mem bars of the Maine Senate, Arriving in Augusta, ho weni to the Arsenal, Riid claimed his seat. He was told he niu-t sign his name fust on the book of ihu oMobh-hinont. He chnplied, and found sub-eqnenily .that he, had enlisted in the army for sqven years ! Cliinose Mulberry Trees. Till subscribers have for sa'o 15000 Trees, (if the Morn Mnlticaulis Those wishing to purchase will do well to npplv soon, and direct their letters to F. A. Porter & Co. SAM'L. W. PORTKIl, Fiinn. A PORT Hit, CH A3. E. P OUTER. Springfield Ft.. Sepl 5. 1037. Stoves, Groceries &c. AT ihn new Slore, between Messrs J. W. Weaver's and liathrop Si Potwins, Nos. 1, 'J,3 and -1 Prophecy, Jtotary and improved Rotary, various sizet, Oval Boiler, 'fop Ovno, Box, Canada Box, various sizes and beau tiful patterns, Dumb Stoves, Szg. A select assortment of Slovo Pipe, 'fin, Zinc, Stove and Hollow Ware, Axes, a superior article, Nails, Glass, Flour and a general assott- mont of Groceries, Shoes, Boots and various other articles for salu at a small advance on wholesale prices. SEWALL KENNY. yinooskf, Sppt. 1837. Cinfi-15 Mary Wilcox's Estate. WE llio snbscri'jo.-s having been appointed by llio Honorable tho probata Court for tbo district nf Chittenden Commissioners lo rccoivo axamino and adjust tho claims and demand of all porsons agaiii6t Ihu Estate of MaryWileox, lalo of H'eslford, in said dlstiict deceased, Represented insnlvont, and also all claims and demands exhibited in offset there to, nod six months from the day of date hern, of buing nllowod for thai purpose by said Court do thcieforo hereby givo notico that wo will attend lo tbo business of our appoint ment at tho dwelling of Allen Slnno, in Wcslford in said District on tbo fust Mondays: of October and February next, at 10 o'clock A. M.oti each of said days, Dated this Gth day of September A.D. 1037. ISAAC CHASE, c JOHN MOUSE, j Lorori'; I7UA)UR horn Now Wheat, just rcceiv . cd and for sale by HICKOK & CATLIN.

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