Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 12, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 12, 1838 Page 2
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m ur i & stj&w P K I I) A V M O H N I N n , JANUARY, 12. Nr.UTJUUTv. -Tlx; President lino sent n "iprcinl iiio-fage lo Congress, n tit! issued n Proclamation to the people, touching the events transpiring tin (ho northern frontier, both of which will he found in mint her col umn. Orn. Scott, we also Irnrn, has been ordered onto the frontier, with instruction? to cull on Gov. Marcy lor cucli force os he mny rrquiro to maintain n strict notional neutrality. There con ho no doubt of the intention of this government to maintain in good fnith its treaty stipulations with Great B'iloin. while nl tho Fntno time the citizens of this nation will maintain their "reserved right" of thinking, speaking, nnd acting, as to litem shall cccm lawful and just. fCrHis F.xcelloncy, Gov Marey, accompa nied by Geo. Winfiold Scolt, and suit'), of the U.S. Army, left lowo in tho six o'clock cars last evening, on their way lo the Canada fronlicr.--Alb. Adv. Jan. 10. Urrr.n Canada. Nothing of moment has yet occtired on the frontier. Our date? ore from Navy Island the 3d, nnd Niagara tho 4ih, nt which time no attack had been made. Gov. Head's forco nl Chippnwn is said lo bo three thousand men, including some Indians. He was waiting tho arri val of the regular troops from Montreal to attack the Island, unless it should be evac noted, os wc have little doubt it is, befoic this. Tho Buffalo Journal of the 3d r-oys Some half dozen shots wore fired from Navy Island last evening, at one of the scows belonging lo the royalists. This morning the rumor is, that a largo detach ment of McNab's force arc marching up tho river, destined probably fur the schoon ers which are now arming a few miles above Chippewa. Three of these, vessels are American properly, belonging to mar .Chants of Onvcgo, N. Y. Being wintered on tho Canada side of Lake Erie, afforded an opportunity to tiie royalist to press them into the service. Troops continued lo arrive in Buffalo. The artillery companies from erery part of General Randall's Brigade had come in. They ore said to make a good military ap pearance ; much better than could bo ex pected, after so many years of apathy and neglect, with which the people have treat ed mili'cry afiVirs. Twenty. seven wagons loaded with troops besides many on horse back, arrived on Wednesday evening. Tho "Daily Star, eays, ihe Commissary General, Marshall, and District Attorney, have been some time at Schlossor, and thai vicinity, on business connected with their several offices. A demand lias been made on Gen. Van Rensselaer, by Gen. Arcu larius, for the delivery up of the ordnance nnd nrms belonging to the stale. This demand boing declined, il is the intention pf Gen. Arcu'.arius to prevent, if possible, ,?ny further passage of tho arms or ord nance, belonging to the state, lo the Island. Aficsthip. he will nrocccd lo demand of tho Canadian Authorities, permission to take Ihem in their territory, so thai, if by nny c.rcustoncc. they should fall into the Imndsot llio-Critieh, they will nut bo lost to the state." TWr.Ai.o. Jan. 5. Tho royalists commen ced n tremendous fire upon tho island from tho main shore, atono o'clock, this afternoon They linvo sixteen picors of artillery and scve ral mortars, all of which arc in the nwM ac i'wr. nne.ralion. Tho forco is about 4000 inili Via, 200 regulars, and 250 Indians the latter mostly arrived lasl night in canoen from above Willi these, and iho nuni-tance of Ilio steam l,nni Tlinmco. nnd their schooners lying at Black Creek, two intics above. Iho Inland, it is exported they will allacKJlio patriots innigiu A crirtt InssolTifn will ensue, as iho Iho pat riots aro well prepared, and tho island itself is almost imprognuMe. l.lio patriot lorec fiboul a 1000 lo 19.00. and n more determined ret of men. for cood or evil, were piobalily never crinnrrL'ated. Thov have about twenty pieces of artillery, andaro well supplied with Finall arms anu outer munitions oi wui. Wc gather very little, additional inf'i motion in regard to tbo Scblnsscr nff.ti Our last, wcek'a account, howovcr, is fully confirmed. Gov. Head, it is reported denies ony sanction to the proceeding, anil ipsavows all participation in the act. M. Blinchoiir. ol Ilighgate, being Montreal the other day, wos orrcfted, ot irttiin-iinn nf an offended sprier of royality, and committed to jail, whore he remained some twenty finirs hours. The fncti however coming to the knowledge of Rir John Colburn, he immediately ordered Mr. S. released, and tho loyal pimp com miltrd in his steady Good. M'Kknzie wos orrcslcd at Buffalo lo week on charge of raising an armed force f... iU Invminn nf n eniinUV Willi wllidl ,,,, VI.K " we are al peace. He was however admit led lo bail, in 1000, and has Hticc return rd to Navy Island, His business ol Buffa lo was to provide nn asylum for his wife who bos hilhcrto been with him on the Island. The sympathy of our fellow citizens for .i. .fr..rlnrf nat riots of Canada, it will IIIU o",,-. I , . i II i ho seen, survives the events which called U forth? and rcMing.os il does upon one of the beat principled in human nolurp, it is impns. Bible that itibBll ever bo cxtingunhcd..- We might fill our column daily with ac counts of meetings, and other public de monstration!! in mime instances rathnr healed to ho sure, but i'l t he main tern pernio, ond honorable lo Iho hearts ol lliosn concerned. Wo rejoice that it is soi more especially as wo see in il tho evidence af a dulertninalinn on the part of the people to entertain and express opinions fur ihem selves in definnce of the influences exerted to nioti'd and direct public scr.timcut to meet the views nf individual. Oj'Wo refer the reader to our first page for the proceedings of a public meeting nl ohnson, on the lth insl. and induing this justice requires us to pay, that so much os relates to onrsclf is fun titled in error. Nothing of tho kind has tronspired, and wc arc wholly unaware nf any such intention on the part of the individual alluded to. West ford Proceeding?, next week. INTERESTING FROM ENGLAND. Parliament met on iho loth November, and tin tho lOih tho Honorable James Aborcrombie was rc-electrd Speaker, with out opposilion. Tho remainder of the cck wes consumed in swearing in the members. On Monday, Iho 20th, the lUCCn III pci son opened tliu bumiIuii, by the usual declaration exacted from British Soverigns ngainfct tho Roman Catholic Religion, and with a Fpccch which we give below. The ppecch is even moro vague nd indefinite than such speeches generally are, and in tnc debate wincli loiiowcu on the address in reply, it was admitted by ministers that il was purposely mode so, to obtoin on unanimous vote in its favor. The address to tho crown in the House of Lords wos moved by the Duke of Sussex, and passed unanimously, the Dulco of Wellington os Icador of the Conservative party, expressing on the occasion, senti ments to the Suverign. In the Commons, tho address to the Queen on her speech wos moved by Lord Lvcsnn and cordially cccdcd lo by Sir Robert Peel on behalf of tho Conservatives, but tbo Radical Ro- lormers moved an amendment, on the ground mat tnc speech contained no edge that tho government would carry out any further reforms), such as the vote by ballot, the repeal of the Septcnial act, tho abolition of tho law of primogeniture, nnd so forth. Tho amendments were however, only supported by 20 votes gainst 509. There is much of interest in these debates, but our limits forbid us making exlrocts from them. We confine ourselves, therefore, U staling that Lord John Russell, on behalf of the ministers expressed himself opposed to any further organic changes, a declaration which had caused much excitement among the Rndi cals, who nt a mooting of their parly had notwithstanding determined lo take no'- measure in consequence, until Iho result of the division on Iho vote by ballot, Inch was to take place on the 15th. Feb ruary, was unnwn. Wo copy what has taken place in par liomcnt in regard to Canada. A report wo prevalent in L nidon thai L'ird Goss Fiinn wotliu uc rccancu nun oir. juiiii Coi.non.NU appointed in his fctcad, CANADA. Ilou.-n or Commons. Nov. 20. Mr. Leader, (Radical) gave notice thai ho should lako an early opportunity ol cnllinrj the nitiMiiinti nfilio IJou-o to the condilioo of the province of L'iwer Canada. Lord Leveson. IM iiiislerinl) I ho next su JJ''Cl H which it was proper no Minimi direct, or miner inviii; me m icni nm in iho Holme, wus I lie rnnilition ; he fine it una one In uhich I'.irlhiiucnl would iiirn ila mofe. .niini..i! ininrn me i""" ' ""' " j uuiitd cnicr upon it ir. n siiii il ol eoni-iliat ion :iin coidiiiliiy, nnd lloil that good .understanding ho - lueen i lin moihri' eoiiiitiv nnd colony whidi had hiiliei lo f n h ippilv prevailed would in I he time be . happily piefeivc.l lo llie nitv.ininge ol li'itli. ill r, II UinR l rt'in-niy .m . r ....... v""'1 iho lion. moer or the lion, seconder of iho iiddie.'s would hnc fh.ulowcd out in one way, uern It ever to family, die views which .M inbtn.i had l.ikrn mid iniendcdlo liikeoflhe Mine ol Canada. He could h wc whhrd thai one or llio oilier of ihoso lion, gentlemen had told tho liotuo whether means of eoneilialiun, nnd what means of conciliation, ucicio he adopted to teconcile iho Canadians lo the government of this country. When llio opines eic and tjianical icfolutions of Ian Fehsion weie proposed lo llie house, they w eie defended by the m.l.le lord on i lie "lotind that lliev would, il pas.-cd unanimously, icnifv the Canadians into obedience lo them. We told'tho nohl.i lot il and his fi lends in iI.jI uni'inn he was deluding llhn'clf nnd die country nml what hud been ihe i Cfiilt ! Why the nuhto'loid had eNcitcd in that country almost ihestnnihrd of ichelhon (laiigliler) anil Hail con verted many well affected into disaffected eolo nisls. He (,Mr Hume) fhould, ihcrcfoie, have liked In hear something iiboul the niensuic which tiovernment held out as measures of conciliation for the Canadian. UidJutiN ItusSKLt., (Minister, Before he sal down, he would f a) one word ns lo Canada. His lion, fiicnd llio member for Kilkenny had io. Biellcd lhat no intimation had brcn undo lo the House of the course which wns intended lo be pursued with re.'pcel in Canada. Tho houto weie nwaro of the great impni lance of that question, mid thai it ritpiiicd grave and FCiinus consilient, lion. It would not, ihcrcfoie, he fair, lo hiing it on by a sidewind on such un occasion as ihe pro rem. COMMONS, Dec.. Mr. Leader wished lo put n question lo ihn noble lord (J. Iliiaicll;. Hcwhhedlo know if wiihin I he lasl six mouths any incicnso of troops had in ken place in Lower Canada. He wished nUo lo know if Lou! llosfoid had mndu nny application for nddilionul troops, nnd, if so, what the enme ol that npliealion wan. I le wished to know if there had been any increase hi ilieainouiil nf deecilious ii iiioiisl the Iliitifh Hoops in Lower Canada iviili in thai peiiml J nnd, lastly ; win n llio lut ill intended lo bring foiwnul his ineniuio regaidiog Lower Can nda. I.,,,, I Jnhn Itiwscl was afraid his answers would hardlv prove satisfactory to the lion, member. With" respecl in the first question, namely, whether troops had within the last six .niowus, uecn ten rem New Brunswick lo Lower Cnnnd, lie emttd answer lliiit n regiment Imd been sent from New l!rtniMvi(l to 1 nvver Camilla, which Lord Gntford had been niithnriaed lo call dir. With icspect lo ihe question of whellirr llirie (hire wns any im plication for an Increased fnire In lie font to l.nw er Ciinada, lie mint til piescnt decline mitwi-ring il. Willi leaped In the dcscMion of soldiers belonging to hrr Miijcrly's Iionp in llmt eonnlry, lin win not ii of liny li:iviii! taken nlnec, nlllimigli lie lirlleieil 1 lie iilmnsl pains Ind been laken by so ililioiis perrons in that colony In Induce (hem lo do so telieeio fiom llio opposition) Willi le.'pect lo the List tpicclinii, nj to I he time ulicn nny nieiiMiie would bo In ought forward hy the government, his only answer whs, that upon iluil Mihjeel In eotild not slate nny positive deter ininalion of the gnici nmpnl. 11c could slate whnl llio piCMCiil opinion of government was tint it was li.ilile In bo viii'icd by llio informnlion uliich was lo he resehed from t'nnada, Wlinlcer thoy mighl feel hound in justice In do, her MnjcslyV govern, inent were deeply pemiadrd thai il was their duly In puppoit in Cnnnd.i the eause nf thnpo who were ell nlfcetn.l to the erowntif this country much cheering from the opposition. FROM WASIHNGTON. Tho following Messago was received from tho President of the United Slates. To the Senate and House of Represents lives of the United States! Recent cxporinnco on tho Southern boundary of the United Slates, and tho events now daily occurring on our North ern frontier, have obtintlatitly shown that the existing laws arc insufficient to guard against liostilo invasion from the United Statcsof tbo tcritory of friendly and neigh boring nations. 'I'lio lows in furcc provido sufficient penalties for the punishment of such of fences, aficr they hove been committed, ond provided Ihcjiarlics can ho found ; but the Executive is powcrloss in many cases to prevent the commission of ihem, even when in possession of amplo evidence of an intention on tho part of evil disposed persons to violate our laws. Your attention is called (o this defect in our legislation, It is apparent that the Executive oiiulit in bo clothed with adequate power effectually to restrain all persons within our jurisdiction from the commission of acts of this character. They tend to disturb the pcaco of (ho country, ond inevitably involve tbo Gov emment in perplexing controversies with foroign powers. I recommend a careful revision of all the laws now in force, and such additional enactments as may be ne cessary to vest in tho Executive full pow cr lo prevent injuries being inflicted upon neighboring nations by the unauthorized and unlawful acts of citizens of the United Siatco, or of other persons who maybe within our jurisdiction and subject to our control. In illustration of theso views, and to show tho necessity of early action on the part of Con2res, I submit herewith a copy of a letter received from the Marshal of the Northern District of New York, who hod been directed to repair to the front ior, end toko oil authorized measures lo secure tho faithful rxoriilinn nf existing laws. M. VAN BUREN. Washington, Jan. 5. 1033. A PROCLAMATION. Whereas, information having boon re ceived of dangerous excitement on tho northern frontier of iho Uniicd consequence of iho civil war begun in Canada, and instructions having been giv en lo the United Rtntes officers on lhat frontier, nnd applications having been made lo Iho Governor or tho adjoining Slate tn prevent ony unlawful interlerancc on the part nf our cilizns in llio contest un fortunately commenced in llio British Provinces": additional information has just been received, that, notwithstanding the nrnclamatinns nf the Governors nf the S ates nf Now York nnd Vermont, exhor ting their citizens lo refrain from anv un Inwful within iho territory of Iho United Slates; nnd. notwithstanding llii presence nf the civil nflicers nl Iho United States, who, by mv directions, have visited Ihu scenes of c ninintiiui with Iho view of impressing the citizens with n proper senee of their dnlv. Iho excitement, instead of being appeased, is every day increasing in degree that arm's nnd munitions of war and o'lmr suntdies, hnvn been procured bv Ihe insurgents in the United States that o miltiery force, consisting, in port at least of citizens of the United Stales, had been i nol unlly organized, had congregated at Navy Island, and were still in arms under command of a ciliz-n of Iho united 'l ' States, ond that they wero constantly ro 1 ceiving accession' and aid Now. therefore, to the end that tho au thority of the law? may bo maintained, and ihn fnith nl treaties obcivcr. I, MAR TIN VAN BUREN. do mo't earnestly exhort all citizens of Ihn U. Slates who have thus violated their duties, to return peaceably to I'icir homes; and I hereby warn them, lhat nny persons who shall enmprnmit tho neutrality of his Govern meni by interfering in on unlawful mannnr with the affairs of the neighboring British Provinces, will render themselves liable lo nrrest anil nunishmont under iho laws of tho United Slates, which will bo rigidly enforced ; ond, olso, that they will receive no aid or counlenatico from their uovcrn mcnt into whatever difficulties they may na inrowii oy ma vioiaiiou in iiiu n tbnir country, and of Iho territory of o neighboring and friendly natbn. Given under my bond at the city of Washington, tho fifth day of January, A. D, 1030, ond tho sixtv-second year of the Independence oftho United S'oles. M. VAN BUREN. By the President, John FonsvTH, Secretary of State, Wasinoton, Jan 5. A mepsago was received from tho Prosi. dent of ihe United Slates, staling that oc currences which in tho two last years had happened upon the southwestern boundary, ond which wero now daily happening tin Iho northern frontier, furnished omplo proof that the existing lows are noi suiticient In restrain citizens of tho United Slates from interfering with tho concerns of neighbor ing Stales, levying war upon them, and re. commending a revision and improvement of the laws upon this subject. Snhj lined lo the message, was a lettor from tho marshal of tho Northern District of Now York, giving on occnunt of occur rences at and near Navy Island, Cloy of Kentucky said, that he was glad lo sec this message from the President. Nothing could bo moro discreditable lo the country, than that the government should be at pcaco and tho citizons at the some tunc should bo nt war. Ho did not ex press, it wns not prnper ot this time to ex press, nny opinion os to tho causo of tho Conodions, but however good Iho cotiso might be, until tho constituted authorities took a part in the contest, private citizens ought not to be nllowcd to do en. Ho hop. cd, however, that both sides of tho question would bo looked toj and while tho doings at Navy Island wero Inquired into, it would also bo inquired whether or not llio British government had not violated our territory, anu marched troops, without our leave, through our bounds, a matter as well worthy of examination ond consideration. os ony proceedings of our own citizens against Canada. Calhoun said ho had watched with great onxicly, tho progress of things on the Can. ada frontier. Ho thought our neutrality ought to bo moslBtriclly enforced. A war with Great Britain, ho should deprecate as the greatest possible calamity. Ho would go for any laws necessary to restrain our citizens on tho Northern Frontier. Norvcll of Michigan, said he agreed in what had been said bv the two Senators, but ho thought it a pity the government hod not teen tit to move in this mailer somewhat earlier, and in tho enso of the Southwestern Frontier. Davis of Massachusetts said, he agreed perfectly with Ine Senator from Michigan, that it was a great pity the government had not moved in this matter at an earlier pe riod. In the caso of Iho invasion of Texas, tho most open aid and assistance was given lo the invaders, who consisted almost ex clusively of American citizens. They were encouraged ond cheered on by almost tho whole population of an extensive seclion of the country j yet at lhat time tho govern ment did not discover ony of those defects in the laws which havu since becomo so npparont, Ho deprccalcd as much as the Senator from South Carolina, a war with Great Bntian; but it would nol redound lo the credit of this government to have it supposed lhat its course was dictated by- fear ; and that it was willing lo counten ance transactions with respect to a weak nation which it did not dare to permit, when a strong nation was the object, Davis also dwell at some length upon the north-eastern boundary question, which he llionkcd the'Scnator from Kentucky for having brought to the nuliccof the Senate. If the fact wos that the British, had laid out roods through the disputed territory, marched troops through il. held it, and ex erciscd a jurisdiction over it. they had all they wanted; and it was full timet to in quire whether our rights to that territory wero to-be insisted upon, or wholly relin quished. The message was referred lo the com mittee of Foreign Relations. In the Hous-E.tlie some executive message respecting the Canadian frontier, was re ceived as in the Senate, and was referred to I he committee on Foreign Affairs. Ftlmoro of New York moved a resolu tion ofenquiry, to tho President, whether the neutrality of the country had been vio. latcd upon the Canadian frontier, cither by our own citizens or by the Canadians, and what steps had been taken in consequence. This resolution was objected to, and was withdrawn fur tho present. COMMUSICATIO N. Canada has become a charmed word, exciting feelings which baffle all inquiry, and leading to actions extraordinary and indiscreet. These feelings and these actions are fast bringing on a crWis, when all must come lo a defiinilc conclusion as lo tho course to be pursued. Wc cannot much longer amuse ourselves with the furce-of public meetings got up tu sanction infiamaiory resolutions or tu ensnare the people lo the support of party leaders. Public opinion when great, ly excited will nol spend ilsclf in unmean ing resolves, but necessarily leads to action, and as the direct tendency of that action is to produce a stale of hostility between us nnd Great Britain, the consequences of which may endure when wo arc in the grave, wo ought to come to a solemn pause and consider well what wc arc doing. We arc standing, as it were, on the crater's edge and duty and prndenco unite in their demands af caution and firmness. The history of llio world docs not record a case of moro extraordinary conduct than we ore now exhibiting. Without a complaint against Great Bntnin wo are precipitating this nation into a war with bar, and for what, for tho abstract right of dictating os to the form of a provincial government, and all this in contradiciion of a solemn treaty and tho laws of the Union. The long list of coses whore sland recorded tho arts of perfidy on ihe part of nations is to be increased by us. But lest the principles I may advance should by any, bo feared as dangerous, I warn my readers thai my nnmo appears to llio condemned memorial. It will thercforo bo seen thai I write as a proscribed man, but I ask no brawlers' leave to address myself to all who love their country and desire to guard its honor from pollution. A plain statement of llio case is this Canada is claimed to be a component part of tbo British empire, transferred to lhat Kingdom by a treaty with Franco. The form of government established therein is almost atic imt7eof that of Great Britain. One branch of the Legislature, as in Eng land, is elective and is wholly in the inter est of tho disaffected. The laws enacted, bear cnuallv unon all classes, conditions and persons. Courts aro established and laws ore administered cnuallv lo all. The blessings of civil liberty aro enjoyed by all, and none aro put beyond tho pale of protection. It will probably bo admitted that no instance of bad faith had occurred on the part of tho English Government that thev have in all their measures con sullod tho best interests of tho colonincs ; erected public works of great value, and expended millions for their protection, while the nrovince has been more free from laxo3 ond public burthens than any stato in this Union. Under Ihcso circumstances a rebellion has broken out, and a contest is raging between Iho established Govorhment on the one side, and the disaffected on the other and tho question for w to determine is whether it is our duty, our interest, or our right to intcrfere. It may bo doubtful whether a cose can oyer occur, when Iho administration of o Government though ever so oppressive, will justify surrounding nations to iiitcrferfi in that Government. No ono presumes to Intcrmedillo with tho government of Iho Sublimo Porte, ond yet no one doubts ns lo the oppression of tho people. But admit that coses may arisa justifying such interference, il can only bo in extreme cases, and no man pretends that any of those cases havo occurred. Conndo bears tho some relation to the English Govetnmcnl that Louisiana does to ours, being transferred in tho same manner and by tho Eamo power. Their form of government may justly bo called) free, for it is on ndmitted fact that next to1 our own tho British Government is llio freest in tho world. No sensible man will contend that the Canadians aro on oppres sed people, tho contest is cither a strifo as to the form of their Government, or a manifestation of implacable hatred between them and all who speak a different lan guage. If the one, our interference would be unlawful; if the other, il would be murderous. None will contend that duly demands our interference. Thero aro tanalics in liberty as well as in religion. and they may consider that duty calls on litem in consecrate their bodies lo the reformation of the worlds abuse, but thov arc harmless creatures whose example will havu small influence upon Iho thoughtful and sober minded. As citizens, our duty is to our own government and the greatest benefit we can confer upon tho world is to render that government a perfect example of high ond honorable bearing. The argument is equally conclusive on the Ecore of interest. Our intercourse with Canada has been more extensive and inti mate than with many of the states of the Union. Our commercial connections with ihem havo been greater than with all the stoles, excepting New York, r.nd these connexions have bocu almost exclusively with tho government party. But we should also take into consideration our connexion with England, and this opens to view a vast field of relations, varied, important ond interesting to us and to the world. Great Britain and America have a common origin, speak the some language, and are the two freest nations in the world. Both arc laboring lo advance the interests of man, to enlarge the boundaries of know ledge and to send the lights of religion to the dark corners of Hie earth. They should be natural allies, and so far as in terest is o subject of enquiry, the argu mcnt is conclusive, wc have every thing to gain by neutrality and much to lose by breach of it. I am aware that with exclusive Patriots questions of in'crest will be considered as low ond groveliog. Their sublimated no lions of liberty lead them lo regard the peace of the nation os of small moment when opposed to the dcor right of prostra. ting all gov is against their pure theories Il will hardly bo expected that they will bestow much thought upon the momentous question of Iho right m interfere, ond I shall not givo myself Ihe trouble to dWcuss tho matter for their benefit; but I call on the peaceful, lbs. quiet, the lovers ol order and of law, tu consider well tins important subject In considering this subject, wo havo nothing to do with the (inquiry how far individuals may leave the country of their birth and identify themselves in a foreign quarrel. They must bo left to determine as lo the morality of the transaction. Tho?c cases have occurred end covered the actors wilh glory, as in the case oi Lafayette But it is not every quarrel that ofl'crs a fit occasion, ami in a mere rebellion it is never allowable. Tho rebellion of Shaves ; the vvhii-key insurrection in Pennsylvania; the powder plot in hnglantl, and thousands ol ethers arc cases of resistance to tho gov eminent whore Ihe world by common con scut would award to every inlermeddler llio glory of a halter. The individual by joining in a foreign quarrel assumes a hostile character and is to be treated as such. Colonel Miller in Greece could claim no privilege American citizen. The original character for the lime being, is merged in that of the new relation. It was on this ground that the French government attempted to pre vent the departure of Lafayette, and it was effected by stealth. I he question for ui to determine is of a national character and wc aro to determine how far we have the right as a nation, of giving aid lo the disnftuctcd. The duties of governments towards each other can admit of no controversy. Every people have the right of establishing their own lurui ol government. J ins is admit ted by every writer on the laws of nations When Russia and the other powers inter fcred in the government nf Poland, lliey incurred Ihu censure of the civilized world. The revolution in Cromwell's time was viewed with great distrust, out nunc felt authorized lo interfere S again in the vaiiuus reVlllU!lonsirillHiruult;l Pranuc all trembled, but stood aloof. We have no greater right to interfere in the govern mcnt of other nations than they in ours and a league like that of the holy alliance to extinguish the spirit of liberty here would bo condemned by tho world a well as by us All resistance lo conslitu'cd authority is cither rebellion or revolution. It may not bo easy clearly lo define the limits of the two, but still there is a clear difference between them, as well as in the rights growing oul of ihem. In a case of rebel lion merely, no one cvor contended for the right of taking part wilh tho disafiectcd. It is onlv when tho resistance assumes the form of revolution that this right can be claimed. A revolt in the city of Cunstsn tinoplo would bo visited with decapitation and iIiuul'Ii llio measure of punishment might bo outrageous, no interference would , . . ...I .1... II... ..I- I.V UQ lOICraiCll, Dill, wilt' li iiiu uuy ui tiypi raises Iho standard, assistance might be afforded. The diltorenco consists in the fact thai tho rovolters have assumed a form of "ovcrnmeni, and when they have acqui rod a forco sufficient tor the ordinary pur poses of government, ntsi& may bo grinicu Thue, in tho cf.jc of the Uniicd States, France gave ui assistance So in the caia of the South American governments, and In the caso of Texas. This can only happen when by tho ac knowledgement, the party Is admitted into the family of civilized nations. But whon the struggle for mastery is between the people of tho same section of country, at in Ihe cases before mentioned of Cromwoll, the revolutions in Franco, or that now raging in Spain, no assistance can be given to the disaffected without a breach of the laws of nations. If the disaffected obtain the mastery and become a government de fitcto, they maybe recognized as bucIi and acquire tho rights of a government. In stances havo occurrod of aid to the regular government, as that of Prussia to France, during the French revolution, and of tho combined powers at the battle of Water loo, but no instance of aid to (he revolicn is recollected, ond it is believed none can be found. The reason obviously is, that a principle of this kind would luoscn the foundation of all authority ; would lead lo the destruc tion ol all govercment. There can be but one government over the some pcoplo at the same time ; hence, until the disaffected obtain the mastery, no treaty could be made with them. The cases whore assistance has been given to the rcvoltcrs is confined to those whore the contest is between tho different portions oftho government, When thercforo the people of a section of country as in the cases before mentioned of the United Slates, Texas &c. have established a regular government thor may bo recognized as independent nations, and others in their discretion may make treaties wilh them. But these principles have no application to the contest in Cana. da. The resistance is loo feeble to merit the distinction of a revolution ; it is a pitiful rebellion. At the firing of the first gun, the leaders abandoned their adherent nd seeking safety in a disgraceful flight, have come among us to give examples of' patriot daring under the protection of our laws. Disguise in this matter is useless. The continuance of this contest rests with If wc stand aloof it dies still born. If wo nurse the bantling il may acquire a momentary strength, but will bo crushed in the end. And why take such a step?' there is madness in the thought. It cannot benefit Canada, ihe injury to ourselves ia sure. Wc pollute the name of liberty by this meretricious interference, and bring disgrace upon tho American character which ages cannot wash out. The demonstrations of sympathy which have been exhibited ore credible to Ameri cans as lovers of liberty, and if restrained' within proper limits may advance its cause, but if allowed to burst forth into furious, enmity against all other forms of govern ment will only defeat its object and bring a. stain upon the nation, We may extend our sympathies to every oppressed people, but must not make war upon their govern ment except (or injuries we have sustained. Against Great Britain we have no cause of complaint. Time has been when wc have met them in the battle fild, and if unre dressed injuries should ever demand it, we meet Ihem again, and thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just. But the clarion s voice has given place lo Ihe notes of peace and we are now friends. A sol- cmn treaty binds the two nations in terms nf amity and mutual benefit, and laws havo been enacted for the purpose ot preiciving lhat peace. Have the terms of that treaty and the laws been observed In shame and in sorrow we answer no. Our feelings have obtained vent in more enduring forms. than sympathy, they have become cnibod. led in preparations for war. We cannot deceive others ; it is useless to endeavor lo deceive ourselves. Arms, ammunition, munitions of war have been openly furnish ed. To say nothing of what has been done in this stale, the encampment at Navy LU and is American in its character, com manded by an American, with American cannon and American soldiers. It matters not that it lies a few rods beyond our jurisdictional hue, its character is the same as il il were ui (he streets or Buffalo, and could not live a day without American support. If theso things arc right, let ihe govern ment avow them and give cbaraclcr to those oct6 which our citizens 410. now per- funning. But if wrong, let It,. 5h. be put far away by iho action 01 tt.e gov. eminent, and let ihcso misguided men bo taught I hat tho natiun'f peace, and tho nation's honor must bo preserved, U would bo an insult to say that the govern ment have nol the power lo command the observance of its treaties and laws. They have the power, and having it aro bound to exercise it. If this power is put forth in good faith, and with llio honest intention of maintaining peace, all will bo well. If otherwise, the consequences are nol doubt, ful. Greal Britain will attempt lo main tain the integrity of the province. The record of our acts will bo exhibited, and satisfaction demanded, and if not given, the harbors of Boston and Now York will be laid under contribution before the first day of June. Am u -repro.l dir such an event where is our efficient force ? Our armies, are in the marshes of Florida in the unsuc cessful chaso of a few naked Indians and where is our navy? Echo answers . where ! I have thus, fellows citizens, expressed my views somewhat frcoly. They are ut tcrcd because I think them true, and de manded by the occasion. I claim to be a republican, and am willing lo stand or fall by tho purity of my views and inten tions. I court llio consideration of intelli gent men, but protest against the decision, of noisy meetings. If Hie facts I have sta-. ted aro incorrect, the error can be easily pointed out ; if tho argument is unsound, let it be answered by something better than, obloquy. In common with others I claim, tho right of offering my views, and whilo threats shall nol keep mo back from the expression of an honest opinion, no cring ing sycophancy, nor love ufpopulary shall lead mo to retract. If future events show that I hove been alarmed without cauio let mo ba set down as an alarmist, but if otherwise, let there bo no moro threats of personal abusoi at least lot ua dio a natural death, and the press no more bo disgraced by its open countenance of the gallutcs anu the i66. rV 11.

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