Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 8, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 8, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE G L O 11 Y OF CjE S A U HUT THE WEI.FAltE O F K O M E . BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, JUNE 8, 1838. VOU XI No. 572 ATTACK OP THE BOA CONSTRICTOR. DV MI13. ANN 8. Stephens. A cloud of gorgooiis light flashed over ino sKy, spread upward nnd nuruad, and, for a inoinont, the rich colors of tin Eastern sunrise pictured t lititndol ves upon the lion zon liko an arch of fretted jrold and pow dorcd gems, broken and irmgular now Btnnding out in abutments of fiery light or sinking back to tlio depth of the sky in caves of crimson, purple and pale violet, tflon flinging up turrets of amber and soft rose color to the zenith and at last molting away in a sea of shoot gold as the sun rose from behind the groon trees of Hindustan.' It wa3 the hour of worship; the dawn hnd scarcely broken over the Ganges when the snowy Icinple9 and picturesque mosques which stood bedded in the foliage, and crowded the rocks which bIioI over the stream with their drapery of creeping vines, were flung open. Prom every casement and fairy lattice were lavished forth show era of lotus blossoms, with glossy green leaves and buds full of odor, t ho Urahmins' tribute to the holy waters, till the rivor, from shore to shore, seemed bursting into blossom beneath tho warm sunshine. While the crested waves were trooping forward liko crowds of bright winged spirits sporting and rejoicing together among the blossoms thus lavished upon them, a budgcro or state barge, followed by a train ol baggnge boats, shot out from tho shadow of a grove of banian trees, and with its silken penants streaming to tho morning air made its way up tho stream. It was a princely sight that long, slender boat as it flashed out into tho broad sun shine its gilded prow curving gracefully nn frnm llio tv.itnr in form of a noacock with burnished wins, jewelled crest and neck of scaly gold tho sides swelling gently out at the bows and sloping away to tho elern, till they met in two gilded horns of exquisite workmanship, the small er ends twisted together and forming the extreme point of the boat. 1 He rose col orcd mouth curved gently outward from which a hoard of fruit, colored and carved to a perfect somblanco of nature, seemed bursliii" awav over the foaming waters as elic cut her path gracefully through them, leaving a long wreath of foam, curling and ihng in her track. In the broadest part of the deck stood a small pavilion, its dome paved with mother of pearl and studded with precious stones; its pillars of fluted ivory half hidden by a rich drapery of orange and azure si' k, fringed and festoon cd to the fretwork of the dome, with ropes of heavy silk, twisted and tassellcd with Bilvcr. Within tho pavilion, on a carpet glow ing with rich dies of Persia, half sat, half reclined, an elderly native, robed in all the eplendor of on oriental prince, with his eyes half closed and apparently dropping into a quiet slumber. The mouth piece of liis hooka lay idly between his thin lips, its jewelled longt lis glittered against his silken vest and burst awuy coil alter coil, liko a eorpent writhing in a bed of flowers, till it ended in a bowl of burning opal stone, from which a wreath of perfumed smoke stole languidly upward and floated among the azure drapery like clouds moving in the dcplhsof a8ummorsky. Directly opposite, on a pile of orange colored cushions, lay a fo male, young and beautiful as a huuri. Her robe ol India muslin, starred and spotted with gold, was open in front, betraying a neck of perfect beauty and but half conceal ing the graceful outline of her person; her bright hair was banded back from her forehead, with a string of orient pearls and fell over the silken cushions in a multi tude of Ions black braid, so long as almost to rcoch her feet whilo she retained her reciirnnrr position, olio liau the lull large eye of her fiery clime, long cut and full of urigtuness, out snaueu wiwi uuavy, suxen lashes, which lent them a languishing and almost sleepy softness, A smile was con tinuallv melting ovor her full, rod lips, and the whole expression of her face was one of mingled softness and energy. Uehinu her cushion stood a youth of slender, active form with a high, finely moulded forehead, nnd eyes kindling with t ho fire uf a proud but restrained spirit. Yd, though his port was almost renal, and his bearing princely ho was in the humble costume of a Hindoo slave. The hand which should have been familiar wilh tho tab re hilt, was occupied in waving a fan of gorgeous feathers above the reclining princess. Occasionally, when tho fair girl would close her eyes as if lulled to sleep by tho musical dipping of the oars, he would fix those cxprossivo eyes upon her as the devo tec dwells upon tho form of his idol. The bold menial had dared to look upon the loveliest maiden and the loftiest princess in all Hindostan, with eyes of lovo. And she; tho brightest star of her father' court, tho affianced bride of a prince proud and as wealthy as her own haughty eiro, had she forgotten her lofty caste to lavish her regard on tho person of a slave ? Thoso who had looked upon the expression r Ik... ..r. nnln9in l.nnnntl, I,',. psssionato gaze, as tho starry blossoms open to tho sunbeams, might have read an answer which spoke much for the warm hearted woman, but littlo for the dignity of regal birth. Tho old Rajah, as he reclined, apparent ly half asleep, marked the mingled glances ottho youiniui pair, and a wicKcd, cralty expression stolo over his faco ; a light gleamed out from his half open eyes, which told how dark and subtle woro his secret thoughts, ho lay like a serpont nursing its venom far a Euddcn spring. Tho dav was becoming sultry, and the train of boats made its way slowly up the SheJciuy side of tho stream. The oarsmen bent wearily over ihmr oars, for tho atmos phore, which slumbered about them, had become opprcssivo, with iho porfumo which roso in clouds from the oleander thickets. nnd tho thousand budding vines that flung t their garlands over the water, and chained the tree top into ono sea of blossoming vegetation. A short distance up, the high bank curved inward, and a little cove Iny glittering in the sunlight, hedged in by a sloping hill which was covered with rich herbage and crowned by n thick grove, heavy with ripo bananas and other Eastorn fruits. On tho lower swnll of tho bank, two lofty palm trees shot up into tho air, branching out at the top, in a cloud ofthick green foliage, impervious almost, to the ho! sunshine, which fell broadly on that side of tho river. The old Rijah fixed li id eyes on the lately palm, as.tho boat gradually neared them; while he gazed, tho glittering branch os which had hitherto remained motion less began to tremble and wave to and fro. The leaves shivered ; a low rustling sound was Heard, as it a current of wind had sud denly burst over thorn and then tho head and half the body of a huge eorpent shot up tram the mass of leaves, swayed itself back and forth in tho sunshine for a mo men', and then darted back with the same rustling found into his huge nest of leaves. The old Rajah's eyes kindled witlfa subtle fire; and he commanded his attendants to enter a baggage boat and proceed to tho banana grove for a supply of trosh fruit. "Moir the boat in tho inlet beneath thoj two palnn, and let Jaje remain with her," no commanded Dointing to the handsome slave, who stood behind his daughter. The slave made his salam, and was about to step into the boat, when the princess called to him ; " 1 hau shall not remain idle, she said wilh a smile "let thy task bo to gather some of those lilies which spring up from Iho bed of white sand, just within tho covo. and scatter them over my cushions should 1 be asleep when the boat returns, their perfume will bring me pleasant dreams." The slavo bent his turbnncd head and sprang into tho boat. The princess half rose irom Her cushion nnd waichcd Hie parly as they drew towards the shore. The slave, Taje, moored the boat and brought an armml of the beautiful white lilies she had desired, and laid them carefully in the prow, where he seated himself to wait for Ins companions. Her eyes were fixed with kind of dreamy abslractuess on the cove, when she saw the top3 of the palm trees in commotion ; tho heavy leaves began to shiver again and the slender branches crashed as with the forco of a hurricane. As she looked, that huge serpent began to coil itself like the stem of a great vine, downward, around tho palm; his neck glistening, Ins head thrust out a little from the trunk nnd his hungry eyes fixed on the slave who had droppod asleep in tho boat. he princes? sprung to her feet with u cry of horror, then stood motionless, and white as death ; her fingers locked and her pale lips moving, but speechless. She was slri ving to cry out, but her voice was choked in her throat. She saw the monster thrust his head far out from the trunk of the palm, and then the horrid glitter of his back as he unfolded coil after coil, and flung half his length into the boat, gleamed before her distended eyes, witti a cry, tnal rung over the water like the shriek of a maniac, ho fell upon the deck and with her face buried in her hand lay quivering in every limb like a dying creature. "Peace! ' thundered the old Riiah, lift ing her form from the deck and flinging it on the cushions, "Peace, ingrate! What is the dog of a slave to iheo? look up and witness his just punishment !" As if noth. ing could appease his thirst for vengeance, ho toro the hands from the shuddering creatures' face, and again half lifting lie from the pile of cushions forced hur to look upon the appalling scene. The serpent Had coiled itself around its victim, while yat ono part of its huge length was twisted about the palms. She azed with a dizzy brain on the mottled folds as they writhed glistening and swel ling eagorly around their struggling vie Um. She saw tho glossy neck flung up ward with a curve that brougtit the head with its fierce gloating eyes, and its forked tongue quivering like a fiery arrow from tlio open taws, over the crouching slave. low smothered cry of mortal agony arose from the boat, then a shout and a rush of men from the grove. Sho 6aw the glcum ol their hatchets nnd pikes as they fell up on tho monster, she saw the horrid fold that begirt her lover relax, and then with faint gasp tell back in her father's arms sick and entirely senseless. " Dog !" cried the fierce old man, seizing the rescued slavo as he ascended the side of the barge pale and Haggard as a corpse, vet bearing the lilies which his mistress had ordered in his arm3 "Dog ! crocadile !! Thou hast escaped the serpent, but who shall save thee Irom me vengcanco of a disgraced lather?' 1 Ho old man's cimeter flashed upward as ho spoke. The slave drew his fine form proudly to its Height and fixed his stern, calm eyes full on tho old Raiah's "Rash old man," nc said, "what would you o me f truo l navo won the lovo ol your daughter, but it you sock vengcanco for the wrong, claim it not of I oie, the slavo but of tho prince Arungzeuc, Her affianced husband, for, by the holy stream which hears us. I am that man ! The Raiah's eve quailed bnnoatn that slorn L'lauco nnd the cimeter fell to the oecK w in a in "um ouu.iu. juuiu calmly put away the hand which the fiorcc old man had fixed on his arm, aim vumug i sealed parchment from tho folds of his tur bon gave it to htm. Tlio injau wok ii with u shotting hand glanced at uio sir, nature and then opened his arms to receive his son-in-law. i ho youth loaned lor moment on his bosom and then they went iulo tho pavilion together. When tho princoss nwoko from hur swoon, her father wus sitting on his carpel smoking his hooks as quietly as if nothing had happened. The scent of freshly gathered lilies hung about her cushions, and hor rescued lover was i bonding over her, "Oh I liava had a tor. riblo dream" sho said, passing hor slender hand over her cyc., "n but you arc very pale, was it real?" She started up nnd looked toward the cove. Tho two palm trees stood towering in tho sunshine, the bark here nud thoro lorn from thoir trunks, and tho thick branches brokou and dangling in tho air. liko rent banners streaming over a battle field, tho heavy grass was tram pled and soiled with blood, and a huge boa-constrictor lay stretched upon the white eand mutilated and dead. From tlio Cultivator. THE NEW HUSBANDRY. IV. ALTERNATION OF CROP J. Alternation of crops is nn essential requisite in good farming, and fomi3 a part of it wherever it is considered to have arrived at nny degree of parfoction. It is Jhis which gave to Flemish husbandry o pro-cminonou ovor that ol every other country, long boforc the now system had obtained a footing in Great Britain. It is this which has principally converted the enmity of Norfolk, and other districts in England, from the poorest nnd least pro ductive, into the most wealthy and popu lous portions 01 mat country, it is this alternating system which has contributed, in a great measure, to the astonishing recent improvements in the agriculture ol Scotland; nnd it is this which constitutes the pioneer marks of improved husbandry in our own land. In Iho preceding sections, wo have sug gested the importance and the modes of making our lands rich, and dry, and ol subjecting lliein to good tillage. Let us now inquire under what method of man gement Ihcy arc likely to make us the largest returns, without diminishing their intrinsic value. It is palpable to every observing farmer, that the old mode of permanently dividing our grounds into meadow, plough and pas luro lands is n most wretched system of exhaustion, both to the land and its occu pant. Iho tillage ground deteriorates, with the scanty manuring it gets, till it ceases to make n return for the expense of culture, or till it is thrown into old fields or commons. The meadow grasses run out, mosses and weeds come in, tho soil becomes loo compact and impervious for the ready admission of the great agents of vegetable decomposition and nutrition, nnd the free extension of tho roots of the finer grasses: and, as nil is carried off, and little or nothing brought back, the soil is annually becoming poorer and less profitable. The pasture is the only portion of such a farm that is improving; and even in this bushes, brambles and noxious wood arc too often lonnitted to choke and destroy the better hcrhigc. Il is equally apparent, that we cannot take two or more arable crops, of tho same kind, from a. field, in succos-Mvo sea sons without u manifest filling ofl' in the product. The reason for this may be found in nn immutable law of nature, which has prnviueu tor cacu species ot plants a spe cific loon, suited to its organization and wants. I hus some soils will not grow wheat, or other farm crops, although abounding in the common elements of fertility, and although they will make profitable return in other farm crops. in concqucnco of their being deficient in the specific food required for iho perfection of the wheat, or other particular species of crop. One lamily, or species of plants, requires a different food from that which another family, or species, requires; and it seems to bo another law of nature, that what i3 not essential to ono family, or species, shall be left in the soil, or returned to it through the excretory organs of the rowing crop. Of course, the specific food lor any class, or species, continues to accu mulate in the soil, the general fertility being kept up, till the return again to this field of this particular crop. Thus it is supposed to require ten or a dozen years for the specific lood ot tlax, to accumulate sufficiently for a second crop, aficr ono has been taken Irom a held. Ivon the specific food of clover becomes exhausted by a loo frequent repetition of il in the same field : it being found necessary, in Norlolk hus bandry, to substitute for it in overy other course of crops, other grass seeds, so thai this may not bo repeated oltcnerthan once in eight years. There arc exceptions to tho rules of practice which these laws inculcate Some soils seem natural to wheat, others to oats, or gross; and sue. cessive crops of these aro taken without apparent diniuiiilion of product. Yet it us better to rcgulaie our practice by general laws, than by casual exceptions. In the cases noted as exceptions, there is proba bly so great an accumulation of the specific lood ol the particular crop, that it has not been exhausted, though it evidently must hovo been diminished. It is in accordance with the natural laws wo have noticod, that the grasses in our meadows change ; that the timbor trees of the forest alternate- new species springing up as tho old ones decay, or are cut down : and it is in accor danco with these laws that the alternation of crops has been adopted in all good farm ing. To simplify nnd render the subject more plain, iho generality of tillage crops have been grouped into two classes, differing essentially in their character, culture, nud exhausting influence upon the soil. These two classes tuo denominated culmiferous crops, and leguminous crops. Tho first so named from culm, iho Malic or stem of grains or grasses, usually jointed and hoi low, and supporting tho leaves and fruelifi cation. Our intention hero is not to em brace the grnssos. Culmiforous crops are termed robbers, or exhausters ol the soil This class includes wheat, barley, oats rye, Indian corn, tobacco, cotton, &c These are particularly exhausting during the process ol maturing their seeds. tcul green, or when in blossom, they are far less so. Leguminous crops, literally, aro peas, beans, and other ptilrc; but here tho class is intended to cmbraco all which aro considered ns ameliorating or enriching crops, as potatoes, turnips, carrots, beets, cabbages and clover. These latlor aro not only less exhausting than tho culmif orous class, as most of them do not mature their seeds, and all, on account of their broad system of leaves, draw more or less nourishment from the atmosphere, but they improve the condition of the soil, by divid ing and loosening it, with their tnp and bulbous roots. For theso reasons Ihey aro called ameliorating or enriching crops ; and as ihey generally receive manure, and drill culture, thoy aro peculiarly adapted to enrich and fit the soil for the culmiferous class. Good husbandry enjoins, that culmiferous and leguminous crops should altcrnato, or follow each other in succession, except when grass is made to intervene; and it matters little which crop3 are solcctcd from the two classes. The good judgment of the farmer may hero bo exercised to determine which arc likely to bo to him the most advantageous. It may be proper to nolo two exceptions to this rule: Indian corn may, tinder certain contingencies, be made to prcccdo or follow another grain crop to advantage, and oats may sometimes lie profitably eown, as a fallow crop, to supersede a naked fallow, preparatory to a crop of wheat or rye. Some soils, it is true, nrc more favorable to one kind ol crop than another ; as for instance, calca reous clays and strong loams are belter adapted to wheat, than siltcious gravels and sands; while the latlor are better filtcd to carry Indian corn, turnips and clover, than clays. In other respects, such as the exhaustion of the ground, it is a matter of littlo interest with the farmer, what crops of each class are chosen to alternate with each other. Farm slock seems necessarily to be em braced in the system of" altcrnato husbandry. Cattle convert the bulky products of tho farm, into meats, butter, cheese, &c. These concentrated producls arc carried to market at comparatively trifling expense. Cattle also furnish labor, and manufacture into manure the straw, stalks, and other oflal and litter of the farm, necessary to keep up its fertility ; for without manure, the soil will grow poor, and its products annually diminish. Manures, wo repeat, are the main souico of fertility to our soils, and the substantial food of our crops. Our supply ol these will depend on the amount of slock we feed upon the farm ; and the amount of stock we can keep profitably, will again depend upon the fcriilily of the soil, and tho consequent abundance of its products. So that grain and grass husbandry, anil cattle husbandry, are reciprocally and highly beneficial to each other. It is maintained, by practical men, that grounds under good tillage, will yield as much cattle food, in roots, straw, &.c. as the samo grounds would yield in grass, thus leaving die grain as extra profit. Tho subject of clover, which we have classed with ameliorating crops, merits a further and distinct notice. We find that clover was cultivated at an early period by the l' lemings, and constituted an important item in their excellent system of husbandry. lis introduction into Britain is of compar atively modern date. Forty vears ago its colture may be said to have commenced in the United States; but its progress was slow till within the last few years; and even now, large portions of our country ore practically ignorant of its improving and enriching qualities. Its bench's have been great wherever it has been introduced, accompanied with tho use of gypsum ; and the two combined have hitherto been the principal basis of good husbandry. But their benefits arc capahlo of being far more widely extended. We consider the uso of clover for cattle food, great as it is, but of secondary importance to the farmer its most profitable use being to feed crops and ameliorate tho soil. No green crop is so serviceable for the latter purpo ses ; and we arc satisfied from experience, that the practice of habitually sowing it wilh small grains, for these purposes, whore it is not intended to stock with grass seeds, is nil excellent ono. on all grounds ndaptcd to its growth. Upon this subject we quote as follows from Chaptal : 'Artificial grass lands constituting a part of the alternating system, and in con tradistinction to natural and permanent grass lands ought now to ho considered ns forming the basis of agriculture. These furnish fodder, the fodder supports cattle, and the cattle furnish manure, labor, and all the means necessary to a thorough bys- tern of cultivation." From llio Rurlinglon Senlinel, of Monday. IMPORTANT NEWS. Destruction of the Unman Steamer " Sm Robert Peel," in American waters, near French Creek. Tho Montreal papers of Friday bring tho start lin;; and unexpected intelligence of tlio destruc tion of a British Steamboat near French Crook, in tho State of Now York. Wo givo tho account as contained in a letter to tho Moutrcul Cou. rier, promising that it gives only the British ac count of tho outrage, and that possibly when tho full particulars aro known, soma extenuating circumstances may set it in a less odious light than it now hears. It is ono of the most sliamo. ful transactions that it has ovor fallen to our lot torocird; and wo doubt not tho perpetrators of it will bo brought to condign punialiniont. Gran ting all to bo true as stated in tho letter, tho con. duct of tho doprodators in permitting all on board to go on slioro with thoir effects, contrasts fa. vornbly with that of McNab's ruffians nt Schlos son If thoir cxamnlo had boon imitated, not one would have escaped shooting, much lc33 any of them allowed to tnko their effects off the boat with (hem. Wo shall wait with nnxiotv for further information. On board the Steamboat Oneida, I Wednesday, 30tli Mav. 1830. To the editor of the Morning Courier. but, Expecting to bo in Montreal us soon us nny other who lias heard of the burning of the steamboat Sir Robert Peel, I shall give you a few of the particulars, winch may tic relied on as facts &. not ru mors, ns I liavo my information from sev eral eye witnesses. About 2 o clock this morninsr the steam boat Sir Robert Peel stopped at a land ing on Walls' Island, about seven miles below French Creek, belonging to, and soparatod from the main land of the U. states, by a channel not more then twen ty rods wide ; immediately on her stop ping, a man who had charge of the wood on the wharf, stepped on board, and sta ted that a number of very susnicious looking characters were near, and lie thought they bad mischief in view, and would therefore advise the Captain to start immediately. I lie Captain paid no attention to this toport, and proceeded with bis business; in about ten minutes afterwards, between 30 and 10 men camo out of the bush, at a time when most of the hands were on shore getting wood. The gang all dress ed and painted, cither as Indians or Ne groes, rushed on board, some armed with guns and fixed bayonets, somo with pis tols and swords, and others with an im plement resembling a lance or spear on a red painted pole about 0 feet long ; they immediately ordered the Captain on shore, placed a guard on the gangway to prevent the men on shore from returning ; and six of them took possession of the Engine itoom. At tins time great alarm was created among the ladies, in consequence of the ruffians dashing thoir bayonets and lances through the cabin windows, and breaking open tho various doors. At first, those gentlemen who attempted to get out of the cabin on deck, woro push ed back, cither by a slight push of the bayonet, or by a strong one with the butt of the guns. The next order was for all the passengers and bands to be put on shore, they at the same time shouted if they would go on shore quietly no one would be hurt. As all the passengers were in bed at the time, many of them rushed to the deck nearly naked, and were not allowed to return for either their clothes or trunks, but rudely pushed on shore if they did not walou" at once. They were only three cases in which they allowed those who came on the deck to re turn for their clothes, but those who brought their clothes or trunks on deck were allowed to take them away, Sev eral of the ladies were driven on shore in their night dicsscs, and the Ladies' Maid told me they wero not even allowed to tako their jewellery. One man who refused to leave tho boat, was wounded in the arm by a bayonet. When all who could be found ware driven on shore, the pirates cut tlio boat out, and let hor float down about fifty rods, whero they let go the anchor, and after remaining on board about half an hour, probably pillaging all that was va luable and portable, they set her on firo in several places and abandoned her. Unfortunately the mate and pilot, Rode rick M'Swain, hail gone to sleep just as the boat made the wharf, and did not awnko till the flames burst into his room ; ! he rushed across the deck through the blaze, leaped into tlio water and swam ashoro. Poor fellow, he is now lying in ono of the berths of this cabin, on bis way to his home in Prcscott, with his face, hands and feet very badly burned, It is exciting to look on this victim ot these lawless brigands. The purser got across by some means to Gnnanoqiie, and travelled by land ex press to Kingston, with tho news of her capturo, which created a great sensation, and an order was immediately issucii to the several steamboats in tho poit not to leave till farther orders. Iho Oneida liortlv ttfter camo up, with the passengers of the Sir Robert reel, anil Drought tno farther news of the boat boing burned. On hearing this news, many along tho wharves became higJily nxcitod, and were much inclined not to wait for the action of the Government in the matter. A tho Kingston had orders not to move; left hor and proceeded downward on the Oneida, and on arriving at French Creek, learned the pleasing intelligence that tho authorities wero making every exertion to arrest tho perpetrators of this unprovoked outrage they had already taken three, and were in pursuit aftor tlio rest. The name of ono of tho prisoners i3 Leo, stonemason, and when nrrcsted ho had with him a lady's silk cane, a book of gold loaf, a considerable quantity of cot ners, somo silverspoons, and a cap, which a gentleman in French Crock said ho would swear bolongcd to ono of the hands of the Sir Robert : tho other two aro brothers namod Warner. An nvnrnns linil lip.mi sent oil' for tho I had full view of tho remains of tho Sir Kobcrt tin wo passed down ; sho must have upset when tho fire reached near the water, as the cngino had fallen outward, partly into tho water, and paitly on ono side of the hull, tho oilier sido and keel raised out of tho water, the shaft ulmost perpendicular, nnd tho skeleton of ono wheel out of the water, neatly in a hori zontal position. The fire was then smouldering near the keel. I would hero remark that thero wero several very respcctablo Americans in tho Uneida us fellow-passcngois, and they all without exception expressed their abhor rence of tho outrage, and cxprusscd thcin opinion that the Government under tho circumstances was bound first to indem nify the siifi'crcrs by the destruction of tho boat, and afterwards to bring the perpe trators to justice itself, or deliver them over to be tried by the British Laws. AtFiench Creek a large number assem bled round us, and many of the most respcctablo expressed their determina tion to use every exertion possible, to get the whole gang arrested. I believe between the passengers and the crew of the Sir Hubert many of tho villains, although disguised, can bo identified ; among them, Bill Johnson, Frcy, Phillips, and Wells, tho latter three Upper Canada refugees, tho former a notoriously bad character and chief of the gang from French Creek. Mrs. Dr. Sampson, I understand, has sworn positively to one of the gang anil ono of the hands who came down with us will swear that Bill Johnson put a bayonet to his breast. The boat was built in Brockvillc, Upper Canada, in 1S37, and at the time of tho fire was valued at 1 1,000, owned 1-4 by William Bacon, Esquire.of Ogdensburgh, Slate of New York, the remainder by James Jones, D. B. Ford, and Harrey, Esquires, of Upper Canada. The Courier, usually so tamo and ini sipid, waxes very warlike on this affair. This unauthorised act of a mob is consid ered a much more heinous act than tho destruction of tho Caroline, and the 7iur- dcr of all on board, by the exjn'css orders of the Governor of Upper Canada. In commenting on tho outrage, that paper says : " It is not our wish to minister to pop ular excitement. We have given orery proof of the opposite disposition. Wo indulge in no exaggeration. We woulu give the American authorities and people the benefit of every doubt and excuse that can bo suggested in their behalf. Tho reported loss of lives, firing of salutes, &c. wc do not repeat or credit. Wo ad mit i&t possibly the gang, in this one in stance, may have been Canadian refugees, and not Americans; that from the time &. place chosen for the piracy, it is no won der tho authorities were not at hand to prevent it. Wo will even allow them the merit of having since done their best to arrest tho pirates. Still there is more that must be dono by them ; or the pros pect of poace between the two countries is not worth a month's purchase. " Thero must bo this proof, givon, of the sincerity of their official declarations, which wo hear in such abundance, the jmnishmcnt of the offenders. It will not do, to play off a second act of tho Cote and Nelson humbug. Juries, both Grand ' and Pcttv, must be honest. Van Rensse- l.u'.u and Mackenzie must be dealt with according to justice, and not according to such law as the Vermont Grand Jury wero allowed to deal forth to their fellow- knaves. The pirates who have destioyeu the Sir Robert Peel, must meot their de serts, ns a warning to thoir fellows that thero is a government in the States, and that that government knows tho meaning of the word honcsly. And last and least, tho full value of the vessel destroyed must be made good by the country in whose waters, and by the aid of whoso citizens, directly or indirectly given, tho piracy was committed." An express reached Albany on Thurs day afternoon, bringing despatches for Governor Mnrcy from tho District Attor ney at Watertown. Governor M. left Albany immediately after tho airival of the express in the evening cars for,Utica, and thenco, by relays of horses, to Water town. Tlio Argus mentions that tho despatch es to Gov. M. contain somo further particulars. Wc add a few extracts ;-r- "I liavo this moment learned that enpt. Armstrong had command of tho Robert Pccl.ngainst whom, it is said, the refugees hud auold giudge. Ho resided in this vil lage during tho last winlcr.aiul was charg ed with being a spy upon their operations. I mention tins circimwlanco as authoriz ing iho boliof that this net has proceeded from tho Patriots, Jr Refugees, on this shin "i flk "Tho niescnt impression is, tnat wo United Slates Attorney at Watcitowi.,1 bj m Uj(J f;ontiflr witllouUlJ

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