Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 22 Şubat 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 22 Şubat 1839 Page 2
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nlatlon. An Immediate nbolition of slavery in them, ns these iiliriiMiiiuiiimnijif propose, would c followed by n desperate slriigglu for inimcdialc nsconilnncy ni ine wck nice over mo wiwo imx, or rather It would lin fol Inn by Inpliinttiiiroup collisions between tlic two races, which would break out lulu n civil war llint would end in lliu extermination nr subjugation of llie otw rnre or llm oilier. In surli tin iih"riintivr. who mm hesilale't Is it nnl boilM- fur bulb puttie llm existing stale of tiling-' should ho picserved, iimlend of expo rting lliem to llie ImirililR plrifon mid contests which would inevitably ntlend mi Iniuiedinln iibnlilion 1 This is our true ground of defence I'ur tlic continued existence of slavery in our country. It is tlml which our revolutionary nnrestors n'sitinrd. 1 1 Ik which, in my opinion, forms our justification in iW eyes of nil Christendom. A third impediment In imnietlinic iibnlilion is to Im found in lite ImtneiHi- iiuiount nfcnuiliil which is Invested in slnvn properly. Tito totul number of sIiivrs in l lie United Stales, nrrcrdiitz to llin List enumeration of the population, was. a lillle upwards of two millions. Assuming their mcrc.iso at ratio, w Inch it probably is, of five per rent, per annum, their niesenl number W'otild bo tin co mil lions. The overage vnliie of slaves ul lliis time is idalcd bv ii-isoin well Informed to bn ns high ns five hundred dollars each. To bo errlaiulv williiu tho mark, let os suppose that it is only S400. The total value, then, by that rstimnio. uf t he. tlovo properly in ilia United States is 1.200,000,000 of doling. Tliis properly is diffused throughout all classes and condi tions of society. It is owned by widows nnd orphans, by Iho aged nnd infirm, ns well as the snood anil vigorous. It is the subject of mortgages, dieda of tru-t. and family settlements. H has been made the liasis of numerous debts contracted upon its faith, nnd is thu polo reliance, in many instances, of creditors within and without the slave Staten, for the payment of the debts duo to t'ocin. And now it is rashly proposed, by n single fiat of legislation, to nnnihilntc this inimetifo nmount of property! To annihilate it without indemnity nnu without compensation to its owners! Doc any considerate man bnlicvo it to be possi ftilo to effect such an object without convul sion revolution and bloodshed? I know that there is a visionary dogma which holds that negro slnvrs cannot be the subject of properly. I shall not dwell long with this speculative abstraction. That is property which the law declares to he properly Two hundred years of legislntioo have sanctioned and snnctifird negro slaves ns property. Under nil the forms of government which havo existed upon this continent during that long space of lime under the Rritish Government under the Colonial Government under nil tho State Constitutions and Governments and under the Federal Government itself they havo been deliberately and solemnly recognized as the legitimate subjects of properly. To the wild speculations of the orists and innovators stands opposed the tact, that in an uninterrupted period of two hundred years duration, under every form of human legislation, nnd by all the departments of human government. Afri can negro slaves have been held ond respected, have descended nrd been trans, ferred, as lawful nnd indisputable nroportv. They were treated as property in the very British example which is so triumphantly appealed to as worthy of our imitaiion. Although the West India planters had no voice in the united Parliament of the Brit, ish Isles, an irrestible sense of justice ex torted from that Legislature the grant of twenty millions or pounds sterling to com pensate the colonists for their loss of prop erty. If, therefore, these tiltra-nbolitionists are seriously determined to pursue their scheme of immediate abolition, they should at once set about raising a fund of twclvo hundred millions of dollars, to indemnify the owners of'slnvc properly. And the taxes to raise that enormous amount can only bn justly nsscssed upon themselves or upon the free Stales, if they can perstiadcthem to assent to such an assessment; for it would be a mockery of all justice and an outrage against all equity to levy any portion of the tax upon the slave Slates to pay for their unquestioned property. If the considerations to which I have already ndverted arc not sufficient to dis. euadc the abolitionists from further perse verance in their designs, tho interest of the very cause which they profess to espouse ought to check their career. Instead of advancing, by their efforts, that cause, they have thrown back for half n century the prospect of any species of emancipation of the African race, gradual or imtnediaic in any of Iho States. They havo done more ; they have increased the rigors of legislation against slaves in most, il not all. of the slave Slates. Forty years ago tho question was ngitnted in the Stnte of Ken tucky of a gradual emancipation of the slaves within its limits. By gradual cmao cipation, I mean that slow hut safo and cautious liberation of t-lnves which was first adopted in Pennsylvania nt iho instance of Dr. Franklin, in I lie year 1780, and, ac cording to which, the generation in being wero to remain in slavery, but all their off epring born niter n specified day were to be free nt the age of twenty eight, and, in the mean time, were to receive preparatory in ttruclion to qualify them fur Iho enjoyment of freedom. Thnt was the species ol cmoncipation which, at the epoch to which I allude, was discussed in Kcnlucky. No one was rash enough to propose or think of immediate abolition, No one was rash enough to think of throwing loose upon tho community, ignorant and unprepared, the untutored slaves ol'tlie Slate. Many tho't, and I amongst them, that as each of tho clave States had a right exclusively to judge for itself in respect to the institution of do. rnestic slavery, the proportion of slaves com pared with the white population in that State, at that time, was to iuconsidernblu that a system of gradua I emancipation might linvc been safely adopted without any haz ard to tho security and interests nf llm Commonwealth. And I still think that the question of such emancipation in the farming Stntcs is one whoso solution de pends upon the relative numbers of the two laces in nnv given Smio. If I Jind been n citizen of iho Slate of Penii6.vJvania, when Franklin's plan was adopted, I should havo voted for it, because, by no possibility could the black race ever acquire the ascendancy in that State. But if I had been then, or were now, a citizen of any of the planting Stales tho Southern or Southwestern Stales I should havo opposed, and would continue to oppose, nny echcnio whatever of emancipation, gradual or immediate, because of tho danger of an ultimate as cendancy of llit black face, or ol a civil cnnlcft which might tcrminoto in the ex. unction oi oiio. race or mo oi nor. The proposition in Kentucky for a grad ual emancipation did not prevail; but. it was sustained by n largo mid respectable titiuttrily. Thai inniorily had increased, ami wast increasing, unlil tho nlinlitionivs coinntcncctl their operations. Thu eft'icl bus been to dissipate nil prospects whaicv cr, for tint present, of ntiy rchoino nC grail tin I or other emancipation. Tho Vonplo of that Stale havo become (dwelled mid olnrmcd by those abolition movements, anil tho number whn would now favor n system even nf grnduol emr-.ncipruinn, i probably less .than it was in the years 179(1 '0. A't the session oft'.to Legislature tin Id in 11137 and '311 the oa' test ion of calling n convention was submitted lo the ennsidorntinn of tho People by n law passed in conformity with tho Corntijiition of the Stale. Many mo tives existed for the passage of Iho law, anil ntionr; them that of emancipation hud Its inflncncc. When tho question was passed upon by t he People nt their lout on' itial election, only about one fourth of the whole voters of the Stale supported n call of a convention. Tho appprehensinn of llm danger of abolition was tr.c leading con snlnration mnoogstthe People for opposing the call. But for that, but for tho ngitn- lion of the question o? nbolition in Slates whoso population IkkI no rirht. in the opin ion of the Peoplo of Kcnlucky. to interfere in the matter, tho vote for a convention would havo been much larger," if it had not been curried. I flt myself constrained to take immediate, bold, and decided ground against it. Prior to the agitation ol this subject of nb'.iiitiun, there was a progressive meliora tion in the condition of slaves throughout all the slave Slotes. In somi of thi'tii, schools of instruction were opened by hu mane and religious persons. Those nro nil now checked ; and a spirit of insubordination having shown itself in some localities, traceable, it is believed, to nbolition move' uieois and exertions, the legislative author ity has found it expedient to infuso fresh vigor into tho police, and laws winch reg ulato the conduct nf tho slaves. And now, Mr. President, if it were pns sihlc to overcome tho insurmountable ol) slnclc which lie in the way of immediate abolition, let us briefly contcmp'alo sumo nt I lie consequences which would inevita bly ensue. Ono of these has been occn sionally alluded to in the progress of these remarks. It is the struggle winch would instantaneously arise between tho two races in most of the Southern nnd South western Stntcs. And whnt n dreadful struggle would it not be? Embittered by all the recollections of the past, by the unconquerable prejudices which would prevail between the two races, and stimu lated by all Iho hopes and fears nf tho fu ture, it would be a coolest in which the ex termination of the blacks, or their ascen dancy ovrjr the whiles, would Uo tho solo alternative. Prior to the conclusion, or during the progress of such a contest, vast numbers, probably, of the black rnco would migrate into iho free Stales; nnd what effect would such a migration havo upon tho laboring classes in those States! Now the distribution of labor in tho Uni ted Slates is geographieol ; the free labor, era occupying one side oT the line, and tho slave laborers the other; each class pursu ing its own avocations almost altogether unmixed with tho other. But, on the supposition of immediate abolition, the black class, migrating into the free States, would enter into competition with the white class, diminishing tho wages of their labor, and augmenting the hardships of their condi (ion. This is not all. The abolitionists strenu nusly oppose all separation of tho two rnc's. I confess to you, sir, that I have seen with regret, grief, and astonishment, their reso lute opposition to the project of coloniza tion. No scheme was ever presented to the acceptance of man, which, wliolhor it he entirely practicable or not, is character ized by more unmixed humanity nnd benev olence than Hint of traiir-porling, with their own consent, the free people of color in the United Sntcs to tho loud nf their ancestors. It has the powerful recommendation that whatever il does is good j and if it (fleets nothing, it inflicts no ono evil or mischief upon any portion of our society. Tlinrn is no necessary hostility between the objects of colonization and abolition. Colonization denls only with iho free man of color, anil Hint with Ins own free voluntary consent It has nothing to do with slavery. It dis lurhs no man's property, seeks to impair no power in the slave States, nor to nltribtnc any to tho General Government. All its action and all its ways and means are vol uiiiary, depending upon tho blosf-inrr of Providence which hitherto has graciously smiled upon il. And yet, beneficent nnd hormless as colonization is, no portion o" ino I'cnpio oi tne uniicii states denounces it with so much porscvering zeal nnd such unmixed bitterness ns do tho abolitionists They put themselves in direct opposition to any separation whatever between the two races. They would keep them forever bent up together williiu tho same limi's, perpetuating their a minorities, and constant ly endangering tho peace of the community. I hey proclaim, indeed, Hint color is until ing; that tho organic and characteristic difloronces between Iho two races ought to bo entirely overlooked mid diregared And, elevating themselves to n sublime but imprnolicahlo philosophy, they would tench us to eradicate all tho repugnances of our nature, nnd to lake to our bosoms ond our boards the black man ns wo do tho white on the same footing of entml social condi tion. Do they not perceivo that in thus confounding all the distinctions which God himself has mado ; they arraign the wisdom and gnodnsss of Providence itself? It has been I J is divine pleasure to inako the black inun black nnd the whito man white, mid to distinguish lliem by other repulsive con slilulionnl differences. It is not necctsnrv for mo lo maintain, nor shall I endeavor to prove, that it wns any part of His divine intention that il.e onu rnco should hu held in perpetual bondage- by the other but this I will say, Hint thoso whom lie huscro' nled different, and has declared, by their physical structure und color, oiinht to be kepi nssiiniler, should not bo brought to gelher by nny process whatever of uuiialu. ral nmalguiuntion. Bui if tho dangers nf Iho civil conlcsl which I havo supposed could bo avoided, Ecpoiatiou nr amalgamation is the only peaceful alternative, if it were possible to cfiijclunto the project of nbolition. The abolitionists oppose nil colonization, and it irresistibly follows, whatever they may protest or declare, that they aro in favor ol amalgamation. And who aro to bring about this amnlgntnntinn ? I hnvo henrd of none of these ultra abolitionists furnishing in their own families nr persons cxnmples nfintcrmnrringc. Who Is to begin it ? Is it their purpose not only lo create a pinch ing competition between black labor nnd white labor, but do they intend also to con taminatu the industries nnd laborious classes of society nt the North by n revolt ing admixture of tho blank element? It is frequently rssked, Whnt is to become ofthu African race among us? Arc they forever to remain in bondage? That ques tion was asked more than half a century ngo. It has been answered by fifty yenrs of posterity but little chequered from this causa. Il will bo repeated filly or n bun. drcd years hence. The truoansworis, that tho satno Providence who has hitherto guided and governed us, and avcrlctl nil Sertoli evils from the existing relation between tho two race-', will guido and gov ern our posterity. Sufficient In the day is tho evil' thereof. Wo havo hitherto, with that blessing, taken care of ourselves. Posterity will find tho mean" of its own preservation nnd prosperity. It is only in tho most direful event which can befal this People that this great interest, und all other of our greatest interests, would bo put in jcopnrdy, Although in particular districts the black population is gnitiing upon the white, it only constitutes "tie-fifth of tho whole population of the United Stoles. And, taking the aggregates of the two ra ces, the European is constantly, though slowly, gaining upon the African portion. This fact is demon?! rated by tlic periodical returns of nor inn Let us cease, then, to indulge in gloomy forebodings about the impenetrable future. But, if we may attempt to lift tho roil, and contem plate what lies beyond it, I, too, have von lured on n speculative theory, with which I will not now trotiblo joti, but which has been piibhi-hcd lo Iho world. According to that, in the progress of tioic, some nnu hundred nnd fifty or two hundred years hence, but few vestiges of tho black race will remain among on posterity. lIr. President, at the period of the for. motion of our Constitution, nnd afterwards, our patriotic ancestors apprehended dnnger to the Union from Uo causes. One was, tho Alleghnnv Miunlains, dividing the waters which flow into the Atlantic Ocean from those which found their outlet in thy Gulf of Mexico. They seemed to present n natural separation. That danger has vanished before the noblo achievements of the spirit of internal improvement and tho immortal genius of Fulton. And now, nowhere is found a more loyal attachment to the Union than among those very Wes tern people, who, it wns apprehended, would be the first to burst its tie.. The other cause, domestic slavery, Imp pity thesalo remaining cause which is likely to disturb our harmony, continues to exist. It was this which created the greatest obstacle and the most nnxious solicitude in tho deliberations of tho Convention that adopted the general Constitution. And it i3 tins subject that has ever been regarded with the deepest anxiety by all who ore sincerely desirous ofthe permanency of our Union. Tlic Father of bis Country, in his last affecting and solemn appeal to his fellow citizens, deprecated, as a most ca lamitous event, tho geographical divisions winch il might produce. The Convention wisely left to the several Slates the power over tho institution of slavery, ai o power not necessary to the plan of union which it deviled, nnd as ono with which tho Geuer nl Government could not be invested without plninttng the seeds of cettaio den i ruction. There let il remain undisturbed by any unhallowed hand. Sir, I arn not in t lie habit of speaking ligli'ly of the poa-ibihty of dissolving this hnppy Union. The Senate knows that I hnvn deprecated allusions, on ordinary oc casioiH, lo Hint direful event. The coun try will testify that, if there be any tiling in tho history of my publio career worthy of recollection, it is the truth nnd sincerity of my n relent devotion In its lasiing pre servation. But wo should bo fnlso in our allegiance lo il, if wo did not discriminate between ilie imaginary and real dangers by which it may be assailed, Abolition should no longer he regarded as an iinnginnry danger. The abolitionists, lot me suppose, succeed in their present aim of uniting the of the free States as one mnn, ngaiust tho inhabitants of the Slave States. Union on tho one side will beget Union on tho other. And iho process of reciprocal consolidation will be nttendcil with all the violent prejudices, cmbiltorred pnssions nnu impiicaulc animosities winch ever degrodetl or deformed human ntture. A virtual dissolution ofthe Union .vill have taken place, whilst tho forms of its exis tence remain. The most valuab!' eletuont of union, mutual kindness, the feelings of sympathy, the fraternal bonds, which now happily unito us, will have been extin guished forever. One section will stand in menacing and hostile array against iho olhnr. Tho collision of opinion will be quickly followed by the clush of nrms. I will not attempt to describe scenes which now happily ho concealed from our view. Abolitionists themselves would shrink back in dismay ami horror at the contemplation ol desolated fields, conflagrated cities, mur dcred inhabitants, and the overthrow of Iho fairest fabric of human government that cvor rose to aniniato the hopes of civiled man. Nor should ihcso nbolition ifts flatter themselves thnt, if they enn succeed in their object of uniting tho peo plo of tho free Slates, I hey will enter the contest with a numericnl superiority that must ensure victory. A II history and experi ence proves the hazard &, uncertain' v ol war. And wo nrcaduinnisheil by Holy Writ that tho raco is not to the swift nor the battle to the strong. IJm if tliey were lo conquer, whom would they conquer? A foreign foe one who had inf tilled our ling, invaded our shores, and laid our coun try waste? No, sir; no, sir. It would hu a conquest without laurels, without glory a s-clf, a suicidal conquest a coir quest of brothors over brothers, achieved by one nver nnolhor portion of tho descend' autR cf common ancestors, who, nobly pledging their lives, their fortunes, anil their eacrcd honor, had fought and bled, side by side, in many a hard battle on laud nnd ocean, severed our country from the British Crown, and established our nation al independence. Tho inhabitants nf tho slnvo slnlcs nro sometimes nccusctl by their Northern brethren with displaying ton much rash ness and 8oiiMihilily to tho opcrutioiH anil proceedings of nbolitionistfl. But, before Ihoycnn be rightly judged, there should bo n reversal nf conditions. Lot mo sup pose that tho pooplo of tho slavo stales were lo form societies, stihsidizo presses, make largn pecuniary contribution, send lorih numerous missonaries throughout nil their own borders, and outer into machina tions to burn iho beautiful capitals, de stroy tho produclivc manufactories, and sink in the ocean the gallant ships uf the Northern Slates. Would these incendiary proceedings be regarded as neighborly and friendly, and consistent with thu fraternal sentiments which should ever bo cherished by one portion nf the Union towards anoth er? Would they excito no emotion? Occasion no manifestation ofdissntisfnctinn. nor lend to any nclsof retaliatory violence? out Iho supposed caso falls for short of the actual one in a most essential circum. stance. In no centingenev could these capitals, monufnclories nnd ships rise in rebellion nnd massacre inhabitants of the Northern Slates. I am, Mr. President, no friend of sla very. Tho Searcher of all Hearts knows that every pulsation of nilno beats high nnd strong in tho cause ol civil liberty. Whenever it is safe nnd practicable, I de sire to sco every portion of the human family in the enjoyment of it. But I prefer lite liberty of my own country to that of any other people; ond tho liberty of my own rncc to that of any other race. Tho liberty of tho descendants of Africa in tho United Sates, is incompnttiblo with the safety ond liberty ofthe European descen dants. There slavery forms an exception al! oxceptiou resulting from a stern and in cxnrablo nccesitylo the general liberty in tho United States. Wo did not origin ate, nor aro we responsible for this ncccs. sity. Their liberty, if il were possible, could only bo established by violating the incontestable powers of the States, nnd ttihverling the Union. And beneath the ruins ofthe Union would be buried, sooner or Inter, the liberty of both races. But if ono dork spot exists oo our political horizon, is it not obscured by tho bright and effulgent and cheering light that beams all around us? Was ever n People before so blessed ob we arc, iftrtto to ourselves? Did ever any other nation contain within its bosom so many elements of prosperity, of greatness, and of glory? Our only real danger lies ahead, conspicuoos, elevated, and visible. ,It was cjparly discerned at tlic commencement, nnd distinctly seen throughout our whole career. Shall wo wantonly run upon it, and destroy oil the glorious anticipations of tho high destiny that awaits us? I beseech the abolitionists themselves solemnly to pause in their f.uad and fatal courBc. Amidst the infinite varf ely of objects of humnnity and benevolence which invito tho employment of their ener gies, let them select some one more harm less, thai does not threaten to dr-lngo our country in blood. I call upon that small portion of the clergy, which has lent itself to theso wild ond ruinous schemes not to forget Iho holy nature ot tho Divine mission oft lie Founder of our Religion, nnd lo prof it by his peaceful examples. I entreat that portion of my country women who have given their countenance to abolition, to remember that they are most loved and honored when moving in their own appro priate nnd deliglillul sphere; and to reflect thnt the ink wlur.h issbed in subscibing with I heir fair bands nbolition petitions may prove but Iho prelude lo the eheddiug of tho blood nf their brethren. I adjure all tho inhabiianis of the free States to rebuke and diicountenace, by their opinion and their example, measures which must mevit nb'y lend to the most calamitous cotise. qtieuees. And let. us nil. os countrymen, ns friends, nnd as brothers cherish in unfading memory tho motto which boroonr ancestors triumphantly through the trials of i he Revi-lution, ns, if adhered to. it. will conduct I heir posterity through nil that may, in the dispensations of Providence, be reserved for them. LATE FROM ENGLAND. Our Int c storm seems to have been far exceeded in severity and extent of disn-ter hv one which swept over the Wort of England on the Gib of January. No les than 13 columns of the Liverpool Mail aro filled with details of its ravages. In I Inn town t ho damage wns so general thnt not ono street entirely escaped. Great numbers of chimnics were blown down, crushing the houses in their fall roof were carried nway garden walls prostra ted, &c and in some instances entire bouses were reduced to heaps of ruin, Several lives were lost, hut in a very extra ordinary number of cases, persons who were buried by tho fall of bricks and ruins, were subsequently extricated alive, and for the most pint little injured. The disa.-iers among the shipping were terrible. No less than three of the New York packets were lost, the Oxford, Si, Andrew nnd Pennsylvania, The Oxford went on shoto in Hooilo Bay on iho night of the Gth, with oil her masts standing. Tho next morning tho passengers, 12 in number, with tho captain nnd erf w, landed in safety, with their luggage. The masts tell in the course of the night. Near to tho enmo spot, the steamer Red wing, n tender for the mail, went ashore So violent was the huiricanc, that although the Redwing had throe anchors out, and her full power of stenm on, one of the cables snapped and the other. two anchors dragged, the vessel going bodily on shore, till at last the captain was obliged to slip his cobles, to avoid running into tho Oxford, Tho wind then drove the vessel on her beam ends, and being unable to gel her Iii-nil lo windward, she went on shoro side way. The St. Andrew struck on tho Burbo Sands. The possongirs worn tnken off hy a steam vessel, the Victoria. High enco. munis aro paid, in I he Live rpool pnpers,' to tho cool nnd steady conduct of Caplnin Thompson. Tho ship wns a total wreck. 1 ho ship Lockwoods, with n great num ber of passengers on board, went upon Iho North Bank, her fore and main masts fall. ing in the shock, She was boarded by thcS Bamo steam vessol, the Victoria, which look off thirty-three passengers ond about seventeen of the crow. Forty or fifty per. sons wore believed lo have perished on noarti ino Jjockwooiis, Tho packet ship Pennsylvania wont on tho same North Bunk, about a qmrter nf a mile eastward ofthe Lockwoods, where her hull was nearly covered bv the sea The captain, crew and 'passengers wore seen in the rigging on Tucsdayr Iho Uth. Un thnt evening the Victnrla steamer put oil' In their assistance, nnd was within Mgln nf them the next morning, but could render I hem no aid, The sufferers were eoen to the rigging, and their cries could be heard. Ono of the passengers, Mr. Thompson of New York, had been seen by Captain Nye, of tho Independence, nt Lcasowo. He reported that himself and three other passengers and 5 seamen left tho ship in one of tho boats, which was swamped, and the other night wero drowned. Mr. Thompson ascribed his own safety lo a life preserver which ho had on. It was reported on tho 10th that 20 per. sons hnd been rescued frntn the Pcnnsylva nia 44 from the Lockwoods and 23 from the St. Andrew. The acenunts from tho interior arc quite as Irighiful us those from the sea-coast. At Manchester the violence of tho storm was terrific. In the surrounding country tho destruction of trees was immense. In ooe park alone 150 wero prnstiatcd, and 170 more very much injured by the bus of largo limbs nnd brnnches. At ulnclsburii no less than eleven factories had their cbimnies levelled, doing great damage in their fall. The storm extended to Ireland, commit ting great ravages in Dublin and other places. Tho Rev. Mr. Stephens, who has made himself so notorious of Into by Iih violent ond infhmtnatory harangues nt tho torch light meetings, had been arrested ; but a successor, more violent even than ho, hnd sprung up in the person of a Mr. George Juhen Harvey, who seems particularly nnxious ic gain tho crown of political nnr lyrdom. At a meeting of the radicals nt Carlisle, he inaito a speech overflowing with sound and fury, and interlarded w'th such flowers of rhetoric as these. "There shall bn universal suffrage or universal misery'" ''The working class shall be happy or I hero shall bo war to tho knifo" &c. &c. lie also alluded to the arrest of Stephens, adding "When he is tried, he will be acquitted by his own conscience, by you. and by the rest of bis countrymen who ure not leagued against him; but if ho be found guilty by n jury of shopocrats, nnd if one hair of bis head is injured, I toll the shopneracy of Carlisle, and of England, that England shall blaze from end to end." Enthusiastic cheering, and cries of "That's right that's Iho wny to settle 'om.") The olficinl Gazette announces the np pointment of Jnrnos Stunrl Esq. chief jus t ico of Lower Canada Michael O'Sulhvan E-q chief juiae of Montreal and An ,'lrew Stuart E-q. attorney general of L Canada. These are confirmations of ap pointments modo by Lord Durham. The report of Mrs. Maclean's dealh, on tho const of Africa, is, wo regret to say, confirmed. The Edinburgh Chamber of Commorce has resolved, by a vote of 1G lo 3, to pell lion for iho repeal of the corn laws. A portion of the Londoners were thrown into n state of considerable alarm, Jan Gib. by the escape of a royal tiger from Hie menagerie nt Litueliouse. He was seen leisurely marching down the Commercial roaii, in the dusk of the evening, the pedestrians of course giying him plenty ot room for hi- parade, until he a large dog, upon which he laid violent paw.-, without ceremony. Finally, perceiving a gale open, be walked into the yard, with the body of the dog, which he proceeded to devour, nnd while so engaged was seen red, with no little difficulty. Lord Durham wns invited to n public dinner by the Town Council of Hull, nnd requested to name the day. In his answer to thu Hon. George Crnokmnu, mayor of Hull, published in the Hull Rockingham, be declares his inuhihty to do so before the meeting of Parliament, for the reason that bo wns closely engnged in preparing a report on thesintc of the North Americi.n colonics, including n full representation of tliccnuses, pn-l and present, of their un happy condition, and the suggestion uf a plan forlheir futuro government. Thu Eirl of Norbury was nssassiunted nt bis residence. Dnrrow Abbey, county of Tipperary, on I be 4Mi of January. Ho was walking about his grounds, very early in tho morning, with his steward, pointing out some trees winch he meanl lo have cut down, when a shot was fired at him from the oilier side of a hedge, which caused his deatlt in n few hours. Six slugs were found to havo pierced his side nnd breast, the largest passing through diis lungs. The steward saw the murderer run away. Various causes are suggested for I he perpetration of this atrocious cringe. One account savs that the assassin was probably instigated Ly jealousy, on account of an intrigue in which Lord Norbury had. been engaged wnli Ins wife; others affirm that I he motive was revenge, sntno refractory tenants of Ins lordship having bepn ejected. The lory pnpers maim n in that tho murder was committed under the orders of nban. diem, From the Sunday Observer. Wo understand that tho Radicals nf London are engaged in dividing tho me tropolis into districts, for Iho purpose of gutting up a simultaneous and active and political agitation in all parts of it. One or morn nf their most popular orntors nre to be appointed to agitolo in each ofthe dis tricts untill the day appointed fur present inp the people's charter fo Parliament shall arrive, ond then il is intended that tho 70 or fiO delegates to assemble in London from the radical associations from all parts ofthe country, shall bo followed down to iho houses of Parliament by one of tho great est assemblages of the working classes ever known in London. The radicals con fidently colculoto that Iho "demonstration" they will bo able to make on this occasion will make deop out) permanent impression on both branches of ilia legislature, respect ing the union which existsamong the lower classes, and their determination trt obtain what they conceive- to bo their rights From a Liverpool paper of January 5. Wo havo slated in anothor paragraph that Mr Roebuck arrived hero onSlurday, with a judgo's nrdor to. too tho prisoners from Cana. da, nonfilled in the Borough Gaol. Tho ro sult of his virit( and Iho success of his exor llons in tltoir favour, may be inferred from the fact that twelve of tho prisoners aro to leave Liverpool on Tuesday Iho rail way, for tho purposo of having tested in Iho Courl of Queen's Bench Iho validity of thoir sentence of transportation. Tho writs of Itabras corpus under which they aro brought up, havo been issued upon tho affidavits of Messrs llnnio and Roebuck, that Iho twclvo prisoners alluded lo havo been sent to this country under sentenco of transportation without trial. Tho nucslion oftho ImrnMv nP tho proceedings will, of course, excito much uiiurrsi, nnu an opinion prevails mat llioy will bo acquitted. Their names are, Finloy Malcolm, John G, Parker, Paul Bedford, Leonard Watson, Lynus Wilson Miller, Iro' Anderson, John Grunt, Robert Walker, Rin. dall Wyon, William Itoynolds, James Brown,. William Alvcs- MURDER OF TAScTlE. A person who was present at the coro ncr'a inquest, has furnished the Quebec Gazolto with the following statoment. Onlheafiernoon of Tliursd.iy, the 31st ult jouiii ui..n the m.u.ners iin,l npfnrnee of n sent Ilm.iiiu. stopped lo lofresh himself mid hor.e a, ItourlM.d'sTuv,.,,,, Ulvicre Ouelle, boUl fivo or six in I If s fmm ICini.niiru.k-. il- .i 1 . hnrsK nod mi American hili.iunnercd sloii-lil Bllo .c. ."" ' - rinrrn lour und live o'clock and arrived nt Wood's lavcrn, Kiiinot.riiska, whf-re l put op his horse Hnd oidercd dinner; made'somo inipiines h ioiii the residents, talked erv liulr ii-.ii inn nt? linn . Imi ..r.o,i ,' 1 Al six o clock, while cum,', ordered hi Imrje lo Im Ii.ii tiPA.PfL lint PVIU01...I 1,1. e. ceeding lo bl. And.e. On iho landlady hintiu? iho mm iiUL"nrtcinatninrr Im ...... i i 1 r i t . 11 'ate d,iik, nnil he ought be I cqiifiniled willi iheroadi. .... , .......... 1U , , ,V01, fi(d , : -"o" --" "' ki nn iniiiVKlu- nllo rlww bun liiclie' house. On mi. ,-,,.. ni, ;t m,. a,.i.:ii.. -i-.-i. . . " "l1" '". i 7 "...".- n:uiB online road With IIMOtllpr lini'rinll. llml-p n. tin. I .......... .l , . .' , r ,' . "r,;j"eu "'in as an old iirqiMintnnre : nficr finking hands and ex- from buret, unit h,ivo hroiilu you new of V0Ur wifcinid childmi ; el into my ciiriole nnd I will Icll OU." All. Tll.rllP nlllli:irl.-,l I .1.. . i i . r . ' llle nvo rods off together in tlic dueciion in which ilia body of Tnche win iifienv.nd.i found. The ejmo ",! S '" ."!"""" " "owa ine cove on the ice lietuero mucin Our n and Knn.n .1, qiifMtrd hy n perron drivmii n horso nnd sleigh to """ V 'V "B"-m lost the I Kiel; : hp n nrr-ipd ii i in .ml , i . .. . j , , . """" si-uing into or oen walking along side of iho sleigh, nnd mado M in neinie urn noise, aijoiii nine 0r leu o cluck ihep.uoe man wilh llir snine criiip,ne ar rived al Uourlurd'a tavern, ulicnpe he had Jep'.irl ed about five hours before ; lie lefuspd loenicr but demanded n glafs of brandy und water warm which wag handed him through the window, but which he left minuted. Abotii midnight he arrived at (.harlaud' tavern, p.irMi of Si. Ann, demanded irtie could gel a IipiI und hi horce attended. Ho wu icronlzed as i lie gentleman who paus ed IlljOOt Ipn o'clock ill ll.n f'nronnn., ..: ' . ,- , V, --"" suing lowara Komnura-ka. On entering ihe houe he first neked im w.iier, nno on uii.irinml liringin" n lum- hipi'. lit! .4. lilt lw, w.lilln.1 : ........i: ... , . .. , ......... ,u u,-. i3 sleigh, which was bloody, f. . n having been put ..... .. ...... ..,, cll: Rlmi , U lUIII IIOII OMCPIVpd lil no...... .....I I . . much mined wilh hluod ; he accompanied him will, light und found ihesleig , " anil i:mipa rmpiei i.-iil. I, l, ....I . . i. 1 qiuiiiny in ihe hulloin of I lie sleigh : ihe belU, '"'"e s "M'K m Hie Torcnoon, were under iiip m:u. ' k .,. ..t. . , , i".. -un .iiier seeing nig horse put up, entered llm house liiingin' with him Ihe rope coveicd wilh blood and which he himself wa.-licd ; before reliiiiu Im endeavored (0 leuiove ihe inon prominent Mains of blood from his doilies and . .lung ihe mghi. wn l.enr.l by and us wife. en?!)np. n . ir. .-.,n,. ....- . daylight in He moining, ,e nsfined Charland lo ,rc .K i,,u,... iioni ine sieigli, a, departed iiiioiu seven ii Vim L- urn mm ...,i; ' noon he dined at I.'Mei. He had u baiin ,1'rai.r. in n pi n nte room ami after lining to conreal it left it bloody. He slepi ihes.iiiipcic.iing in Si I'nllier where he burnt bis sio-h, ,,npr .i' deo.ii litre n( iho iniinlnier r.n,.. r -I. I '.. ., . - , s me laner m.'iii wind lo Kaioinir.itku. thai a hum, mo- hoisn and rlei'li of ;i ccrlaiu ilcfCiiiiiinn I. -..I .i Ins huusi! in die fin moon leiuine.l at 'mid night covoed will, blood nnd under niicuuisiances which gieinly excited hi- Mi.-picion. On iho nriivnlol ihi iiilbtioalion o! Kainoui iiskn, the party was al once i ceiigui..,! IU 8.e ,vil, ' .J 1 l.l-l Hill l.ll mill!, .......I - - set on foul for that gentleman, but until Sundav morning without success; when a man Mli ,ij8. coveicd blood on llm ice, il led, nfier considerable renin, in mu illMil.lurv Ol 1110 Dudj-, I,,,,,,,,) j ,,e mow collecied by slakes fei up f.,r the fi.iin. 0r porpoises. Iiifoim.iliou having reached Quebec p.nlyon Tuesday nioi ning, the same evening ihe Coiouer, Mr. Charles Panel, pioceeded lo Knmour arka.iiii.lbyn.ivellingall oiglil, was enabled to hold ihe inquest on tVednerd-iv. Hv medical evi dence h;i4p.l on exaoiinaiioo ofthe body, ii nppears lliiinir.Ta-rhe lecoiied two p.,(I e10la Ihe heuil, and ,eveu coiilii-ions the first shoe had been fiied in fioni of his par, and j'ti-t under llie edge of hi cap thai ilo t-hoi had tiaverse.) le face, peiielraiing ihe bruin i S p.isaoe iM a second i-liol had been fiied fn.m behind whirl, haj iiii.eised i he hiiiin, and which liatiii" fractured exien-ivelvlm skull, had lodged in ihe forehead. I'liiil -Mr. I .I4i he had received llie contusious-on the head by soiim blunt ins neiil, piobably the bun. end of ihe pistol, which blows had been given wilh such loice a to lacerate ihe scalp, nnd in two in siunceshud indented llie skull; and from die appenranre of iho contusions, ihern wn reason to believe ihey weio inflicted when Mr. Tasche. was iie.uly if not quite dead. Hates, Tim MuannnEn, was executed in Ibis town on the tlth inst, at about 3 o'clock, l M. Ho displayed much firmness at tho placo of execution ; ho became to ail appear anco, penitent for the crime ho had commit ted ; tho night previous ho made full confes. shin of tho murder of his brother's wife, as well as tho perpetration of other crimes of less enormity, but which would havo consign, ed him lo tho walls of a Stalo Prison. A largo concourse of peoplo assembled at an early hour lo witness thu execution, variously csti. mated al from U to 20,000 souls j he was at tended lo tho gallows by several clergymen, and tho religious exercises wero conducted with great solemnity. Tho pooplo woro gen erally orderly. Tho military, deserved much praib'o for tho prompt performance of their duty. God grant thai Itenningtnn may never bo tho sccno of another execution. Denning' ton Gastlle. MuLBEnntEs. The great auction salo of Morus Multicaulis trees, on Saturday last, was attended by such an immense con course of purchasers, that tho largo room of Mr. Wm. II. Franklin, tho auctioneer, could not contain ilium. The trees wero remarkably fine, and had just arrived from Mobile. They appeared to bo of two yeara growth, although it was stated they wore but one year old. Tho prices ranged from $4 eoch Ireo for tho largest size, down to gl 75 for the smallest trees, which was tha leaBt price that any woa sold for, JV. Y, Star.

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