Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 14, 1840, Page 4

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 14, 1840 Page 4
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He touched liis harp, ami nations heard, entranced." From the Ladies' Companion. A MOTHER'S TEACHING. DV MRS. I. 11. GlGOUnKKV. Thoboy sat listening to tlio words Tltat'from his mother fell, rare lessons wrapped in tender tones, Like music's softest swell. And oft he maikcd her musing brow, With holy silence bricht, And blest its placid smile, and deemed That anuels loved the sight. Hut when that mother laid her down, To rest in mouldering clay, Tho world's temptations o'er him roll'd, And 6cpt his faith nway. Like bird that scorns the fowler's snaro He trilled with bis fate, Pm got to seek the Spirit's aid, Or for his teachings wuit. Yet onco as in his midnight watch, The lonely deck bo paced, With the sail, solemn stars above, And round, old Ocean's waist. Methongbt nr.rt warning voice, who long 'Nealli the cold pods had slept Spoke forth from every rushing wave, That on resistless swept. Mrlhoucht a tear drop, like her own, Pell from a gathering cloud, That round the benuly of tho moon Had wreathed its silver shroud. Mcthoujiht, the searching eye of God Plained in bis secret soul, And down the proud man bow'd with tears To own its strong control. The Sayioi'a lowly yoke he took, His flinty heart was riven. And so the seed his mother sow'd, Wrought forth rich fiuit for Heaven. THE WIDOW'S CHARGE. At her daughter's bridal. bv fins. Bicocnsr.Vi Deal gently, thou, whose band has won The young bird from the nest away, Where careless 'nealh the vernal sun Shu gaily caroll'd day by day The haunt is lone, tho heart must grieve, From whence her timid wing doth soar, Thw pensive list, at bush of eve, Vet hear her gushing song no more. Deal gently with her, thou art dear, Hcyond what cslal lips have told, And like a lamb, from fountain clear. She turns, cniiiidinu to the. fold She round thy sweet domestic bower The wreaths of changeless love bhall twine, aicn ior inv siep ai vesper liour, And blend licr holiest prayer with thine. Deal jgently, thou, when faraway, '."Mid stranger scenes her foot shall rove, Nor let thv tender care? decay, Tim soul of woman lives in lovr: Anil should'st thou., wondering mark a tear Uiieoneioiis from bur eyelid break, Bo pitiful, and soothe the fear, Tint man's strong heart can ne'er partake. A mother yieldsher gem to thee, On thy true breast to sparkle rare She places 'nealh thy household tree The idol of her fondest carej And by thy trust to ho forgiven, When judgment wakes in terror wild, By nil thy trcasur'd hopes of heaven, Deal gently with tho widow's child. The following song, supposed to have been written by tho Hon. John Holmes, was read at the Maine State Convention. HARRISON SONG. Ti'ne " Yankee Doodle." It rather seems, that humbug schemes Can never nioie cajole, us ; There's such a run for Harrison, That nothing can control us. The western world the flags unfurled, No faction can divide her ; And all tho rest will oign the test " Log Cabin and Hurd Cider." When our frontiers wero drenched in tears, Their cabins sacked and gory, He strurk the blow, chastised the foe, And conquered pcaco with glory. Then join the throng and swell the song, Extend the circlu wider j And lot us on for Hariison, " Log cabin and Hard Cider." When British bands and savage clans Unitedly assailed us, Our Harrison was then the one. Whoso courage never failed us. Through all the west, he stood the test, And all his foes confounded, And held his posts against the hosts By whom ho was surroundid. Though at tho Thames, Romo other names Came in to grace the story He laid the plan, and led the van To victory and glory. Then crowd the throng and spread the song, And spread bis glory wider, And join the song for Harrison, " Log Cabin, and Hard Cider." Let Grundy sneer, and Benton jeer ; The day of retribution, Wc firmly trust will be for us A day of restitution. And let Calhoun change every moon, And every such backslider ; We'll go asonu for Harrison, "Log Cabin and Hard Cider." No golden schemes, nor Benton dreams, No Swartwouts to hcmilo us j Nor any Price or other vice, To purchase or defile us. With Harrison, our country's one, No treachery can divide her; The thing is dono with Harrison, "Log Cabin and Hard Cider." Come farmers all, attend tho call, 'TiH working like a charmer, Hitch on the team ami start for him, Por he's i brother farmer. His cabin's fit and snug and neat, And full and free bis larder ; And though hU cider maybe hard, The times are vastly harder. With social joys, wives, girls and boys, Our cabins mid our eider, We'll shout as nuo for Harrison, And spread his glory wider. Tho south and west will stand the test, In spito of every spoiler, And we 'II engngo to seal the pledge, Por Harrison and Tyler. AN ELOQUENT PASSAGE. Tho New York Knickerbocker gives tho fol lowing as an extract of a sermon delivered somo time since by Edward Erving -that brilliant but transient light, who " foil like a meteor from the bosom of splendor into tho gravo of thick night liko an eagle smitten down in the too near approach of tho sun." Tho correspondent who furnished it, hoard the discourso delivored at Irving's chapel, when ho was in tho zonitl of his glory and declared that tho appearance and manner of tho speaker would never fade from his memory his largo flashing eye that seemed to burn in Ins noblo front tho black flowing hair that swept his broad shoulders, and by contrast, lit up Ids palo features with the ghaBtly hue of death hie long arm and atenu ated hand, employed in actiun, graceful yet on ergetic, as to have tho appearance of throwing his worda and the burning thoughts they em looieu, m:o ine Ttry ncaiere. Let thoco who doubt God'a providonco and power, peruse the annexed extract. Ita connexion boa not been preserved ; but it will be, we think, numciently coinylote, "Take a handful of diut and ashes, and there behold thiMuaterMl out of which tho Lord I Sod fashioned man this living form of man sol quick anil pregnant with all sensual and spiritu al feelings. And if you would know the kind ness which your father hath put, forth in the works of his hands, look to tho tribes, from the worm to the lion, all mado of as good material?, in size, strength, flectness and durability surpas. sing man. But whero is thoir counsel 1 Where is their knowledge 1 whero is thoir religion 1 which of thorn-has any fellowship with God, or reasonable intercourse with one another 1 Tho other creatures arc but the outward endowments of man's BCnWffl, to clothct to feed, to lay the lusty shoulder to his hurdon,to carry htm about,to watch over him in his Bleep, and to minister in every way to his entertainment. " And what is tho earth whereon you tread, and which spreads its flowery carpet beneath your feet 1 And what arc it various fruits, with their varieties to sustain, to rofresh and to cher ish human life the corn, the wine and tho oil I And what the recurring seasons of divided time tho budding spring, tho flowery summer, tho joyful vintage, tho lusty harvest, and the homely, well provided winter. And what the cheerful outgoing of morn and dewy eve, and balmy sleep and blessed action 1 what arc they all, but the swcetcradlc and blessed condition into which our father hath brought us, his children ! Is there nothing fatherly in this in the costly preparation and gladsome welcoming of our com ing ; and the motherly bosom of plentiful affee tion and food stored for us and the faithful dwelling planes to which wc were horn ! Is it nothing that the heavens drop down fatness up on us, and that the rivers of God's bounty wa. tor all tho gardens where we dwell, rather than that wc should have griped the rock for our bed, or found our birthplace in the oozy channels of tho deep ! "Lotus praise our heavenly father, that he hath made us with more understanding than tho beasts of the field, with more wisdom than the fowls of the heaven ; that bo both made us a little lower than tho angelp, and crowned uf with glory and honor, and made us to have do- minion over the works of his hands, and put all things under our foot ; all sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field, and the fowls of the air and the fish of the sea. ' Ixird, what is man that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man that thou visitest him !' Txok upon the treat mcnt you have received from the hand of your Creator, and say if it docs not speak him more than fatherly in his love and carefulness ? Our bread hath been provided ; our water hath been sure, wc have been protected from summer's smiting heat, and from winters blasting cold. Tiic damps of night have not settled upon our raiment nor hath the pestilence which wastotl at noon-day blown its iicatlly blast across our path. J he Lord bath been the length of our days, and his strength bath surrounded us witl lovely children, to stand in our room when wo are gone; and ho hath given us a house and a habitation among men: and hath found us in tho ight of men more favors than wo have deserv ed. Hath he not hid your faults from the know! edge of men! Hath he not been vcrv tender of our reputation, which by turn of his provi- donee he could have blasted! Hath he not re strained the wrath of our enemies! No sword ath come up ngaitisttis; no famine hath pinch- otir borders; no plague nor pestilence, nor blast- ng winds have bitten us; no weapons fromed a unst our liberties have ever prospered ! An. other year hath told out its months and seasons, but each day hath brought our necessary meals nd luxurious entertainments, and each ni"ht ath bro't its refreshments of dewy sleep; each ihbath its rest and blessed ministry of salva tion. 1 he heavens have dropped down fatnosi on our tabernacles. Very pleasant ate our Iwelling places, and the places whero our linci have fallen, he vcrv good. j.ui .t man nave an mo woria can give nun, he is still miscarhle. if ho has a rrovolin". un lettered, undevout mind. Let him have his gar- Icns, his fields, his woods his lawns, for gran lour, plenty, ornament and gratification, while at the same time, God is not in all his thoughts ; and let another have neither field nor garden et him only look at Nature with an enlightened lind a mind which can sec and adore the C're- itor in his work's consider them as demonstra tions of his power, his wisdom, his goodness and is truth ; this man is greater, as well as happi- or, in his poverty, than tho other in his riches. The one is but little higher than a beast ; the other but little lower than an angel. Jones. ON BEING IN DEBT. To be out of debt is accounted a part of inpptness. JJcbts Daunt the iniiul : a con- orsatton about justtco troubles it, the sight of debtor nils it with contusion; even the inctuary is not a place of refuge. Tho bor- ower is the servant of the lender. A life at another man's table is not to be accounted a It is mean to flatter the rich. It is hu miliating to be tlio object of pity. To be tho slave of unattainable- desires, is to bo des picable and wretched. Independence), so ssential to the virtues, and pleasures of a man, independence can only be maintained iy setting bounds to your desires, and owing no man any thing. A habit of boundless ex pense undermines and destroys the virtues in mind where thev seemed to dwell. It be comes difficult and at last impossible to pay punctually. When a man of sensibility thinks of tlm low rate at which his word must henceforth pass, ho is little in his own eyes, but dillicul- tes prompt linn to wrong his creditors with out a blush. How desolate and woful does the mind now appear, now that tho fence of rum is broken down, t nonds Inn is never dissolved. He folt it onco : ho now insinuates himself by means of sentiments and professions which wero onco sincere. Ho seizes tho moment ot unsuspected affection, to ensnare tlx. menus ol his youth, borrowing monoy wind they must heruaitor answer for. At this rate ho sells tho virtuous pleasures nf lnvinrr nml being loved. He swallows up tho provisions I aged parents, nud tho portions of sisters .niu nrotnrcn. t ho loss o truth is fo owed by tho loss ot humanity. His calls nro still importunate, ho proceeds to walk nnd walks on precipices. Ingenuity, which in a better cause might have illustrated his name, is ex erted to evade the law, to deceive the world, to cover poverty with tho appcaranco of woalth to sow unobserved tho seeds of fraud, Vr. Chalmers. The following spocimcn of thu tautology of words in the English languago, given by a correspondent ot the Salem Kegistcr, is pret ty fair. If you wish lo write "rite11 right, you must write it "rito" and not write "wright," nor "right," nor "wnto" and yet you must write "rite" right. Again, if you write it "right" oruwrito," or "wright," and do not write it "rito," you do not write "rite" right -So then you must write ''rite" right, and 1 yet you ihiim not iili"nte" "right." TIIC TWO-BEDDED ROOM. AN ENOLtSIt STonY. The Rovi Mr W., the minister of tlio par ssh in which Captain Arnold had fixed his csidenco, was one of those whom tho pen ot Cowpor has inimitably portrayed: "Behold tho picture I It is liko like what 7 The things which mount the rostrum with a skip, And then skip down again i pronounce, a text, Cry them, mid reading what they novcr wrote, Just fifteen minutes, htiddlo up tneir work, And with a well bred whisper closo the scene I" Ilis horses and his hounds shared more than his parishioners or his family enjoyed. Ho had been transferred lrom tho academic purlieus of Oxford, where lio acquired more of the fashionnblo accomplishments of tho day, sporting and intrigue, than of classic lore or sound theology, to tho valuable living ho now held by tho gift of a titled relative. His lucrative benefice, together with his hereditary patrimony, and a" handsome for tuno which ho had received with his wife, afforded him ample means to follow tho pre vailing dispositions of his mind to unite in the inspiring "Halloo, by day, "over niotni tains and through dales," and to join, in the evening, tho merry group. His manners, however, wore in the liighest order gentle- manly towards strangers, and until intimacy toro away thu mask, they woro the most im posing front ; whilo to the poor of his par ish ho endeared himself, if not by pastoral visits and spiritual counsel, by liberally sup plying, whenever requested, their temporal necessity. An affair of importance, of a parochial nature, called for the presence of tho min ister and his military friend at a distance. Tho clergyman very politely requested tho captain would favor him with his company in Ins carriage, to which invitation he with something liko violence lo his own feelings gave consent. Tho morning of tho day on which the journey was to be commenced, broke forth with more than usual loveliness. 1 he vein cle drove up tho smoothly traveled pathway, and two leaders took their seats on diflerent sides of tho carriage. As tho shades of evening were gathering fast around, they reached a small town, at which they were under the necessity of re- ninmingtoi'thc night. Iho coachman drove to the principal inn, whero they alighted. Itctrcslimcnt having been turnished, and cheerfully consumed by the sharp nppcthed guests, tho landlord was summoned by the vociferation of noisy bell, and informed of the intention of his visitorsto become his ten ants for tho night. Making a low bow, he assured them with assumed sincerity how much lie lelt liimsell honored by their com pany, and how gratified ho should be in scrv ing them to the extent of his ability. He re gretted however, to inform them that his inn did not afford them any other unengaged ac commodation than a two bedded room. "A tiro bedded room!" thundered out "the portly rector ; and declared he would not bo ac commodated in that way. The inn-keeper stood trembling beloro the guest, more alarmed at the prospect of losing two sucl valuable customers, than at tho sudden par oxysm ot rage into winch Mr W had fallen. Capt. Arnold noticed his trcpida tion, and feeling for his friend, mildly dosir ed the inn-keeper to withdraw, and in a tone and manner perfectly easy, observed as lol lows: "Mr W. do not disturb yourself on this subject ; I have frequently, in the cam paigns in winch 1 have been engaged, been obliged to bo thankful for worse accommoda tion than this inn will aflord. A blanket and pillow in this arm chair will servo my purpose where have no doubt of sleeping soundly until the morning; you can, there fore, occupy the two bedded room yourself, and all difficulty on this head will bo imme diately removed. This was language and conduct, for which Mr W was not quite prepared, and at first felt half ashamed of his own expression but presently recovering himself, "No Cap tain, I am not to bo beaten after that fashion. We will share the room between us." This was soon agreed on, and the rejoiced land lord speedily furnished them with a guide. who conducted them to their chamber. The minister soon disrobed himself, not withstanding Ins powerful objection to a two bedded room. 1 lie Captain was not, how ever, quite so expeditious, for a difficulty nan now presented itself to Ins mind. His invariable habit, before he sought " Nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep." was to read a chapter in the Old or New Tcs iiiient, and by solemn prayer commend him self and family to Him "whoso eyes never slumber or sleep. lodo so now, would expose him to a charge of pharisaism from lur reverend friend, and not to do so would bo to wound his own conscience. The con lliet was short ho determined to attend to priority, and leave the result to the judge of principle, ne accordingly urew lrom his pocket his constant companion, a New-Tes tanient, and sitting down, read a chapter from one of tho Gospels, after which ho bowed his knees before the Omnipotent Dc- ly, supplicated with fervor Ins blessings, ac knowledged his kindness reviewed the nier cies ho had received, and then retired to rest. On drawing aside the curtain in the mom nig, which surrounded Ins bed, ho was stir irised to find that Mr W had already eft the room. By referring to his watch, he found it was yet early. Ho dressed hastily, aim aner poriorniing ins morning devotions, cscended to the parlor, in which he sunned on tho past evening. On entering, he was struck at beholding the reverend gentleman warning uacKwar.i anu lorward with agitated action, while his countennnco bore evident expression of rcsllenoss and irritation. dipt. Arnold courteously wished him good morning," and if ho had not slept well? "Slept !" vociferated his companion "wlio could sloop while you wero making ti uiss wnii rcauing ami praying all night r He ngaiu paced tho room with increasing ag itation, while his friend expressed his sincere regret it lio had disturbed linn, accoinnan ied with an assurance that ho was not aware that his voico had arisen to a whisper. Such indeed was tho fact, but without regarding Iho apology offered, or without answering it, ho rejoined: "I pray as well as you, without inaKiug an tins auo about it. and that is sufli- ciont." Tho Captain perceived that to outer into discussion on tho point at issue for tho prcsont would produce no beneficial effects. and thcreforo softening down his offence as much as possiblo, ami boaring with christian tempor tlio wratli of Ins follow, ho resolved to watch n lavorable opportunity at somo pc nod to an vert to tlio subject. Thoy returned lrom their second day'; journey ,whon Captain Arnold, who had been for sometime gazing upon and pitying his companion, felt considerably ntitatnd bv tlm thought of losing the favorable, and perhaps only opportunity ho might ovor have of spoaKing closely to Inm on tho subject of re ligion. Ho accordingly commenced, and for somo timo appeared lo bo heard with mhl in. difference; when suddenly Mr W. turned half around, as it indignant at tho kindness dis played towards Inm. I lie hopes of Iho Cap tain appeared nil blighted. To pursue his conversation further ho conceived would be in vain, when ho perceived his friend place Ills elbow upon his bund, tears which were thought to bo concealed flowed silently down. This caught thu attcntivo gazo of the noxi ous soldier. Transporting emotions flowed through his soul. Ho hailed tho noiseless stream as a harbinger of coming joy. Ho did not, however, appear to observo the tears which ieu , out leu tncin 10 worn nicir own effects, not doubting that his prayer and ex ertions had been rendered instrumental in af fecting tho mind of his clerical traveler. They reached the inn at which they had slept thu last night but one boforo : when on entering tho parlor tho first question asked of c landlord by Jlr. W . was, "is your to bedded room vacant 1" On being ans wered in tho affirmative, ho turned to tho Cnptnin, mid with an affectionate smile, in quired, "will you object Captain Arnold, to sleep in tho two bedded room 1" "Not in the least, my dear sir," replies his friend. "In deed, if it is nccording with your wishes, shall most certainly prefer it. No turthcr explanation took place, out al ter supper they retired, as on tho previous evening, when on being left alone, the cler gyman placed his hand on tho Captain's shoulder, and said in a tone ol tlio most sub dued character, "Captain, you know how to pray for yourself, will you pray tor me ( -isioiiisiiinuiii anu joy wiiigicu mun cuuna, ind United their influence so powerfully, as nearly to overcome the pious Captain. Ho was unable at lisst to articulate a sound. Having somewhat recovered himself, lie fTectionalelv pressed the hand of Mr. W , at the same time congratulating him on the change which had been wrought on his mind, and kneeling together, ho wrestled with God for him in all the eloquence of heartfelt sensibility and with all tho irresistibility of vigorous faith. I he convulsive emotions on tho penitent, were seen and audible. They retired, each to his bed, not to sleep, No ! the desire of W for information was as tonishing. A light surpassing the brightness of mid day sun, had shed its luminous ray across Ins mind, "iell me, Captain, about this new birth, or explain what it means." Never was a teacher more successful or more happy to instruct, never was a pupil more anxious to learn, than tho Captain and his friend. The things which had been taught and listened to as a task, now appeared to be remembered and understood. A peculiar aptitude to comprehend tho things of God possessed the mind ot the convert. Thev reached homo the following night, when the first question asked by Mr W , of his servant was, "is Mrs W well? how arc the children V The servant stood half confounded, gazing at his master with open eyes and mouth, doubting if he were not sud denly deranged. Had he inquired how Dido, Seraph, Splash, Fortune, or some other of his dogs, or horses were, no astonishment would have been excited, but to ask after his wife and children was past comprehension. It was what had never been heard of before. At length ho stammered out "Mistress is I believe well; I have not heard of an accident befalling her, Sir." He passed tho servant before ho had con cluded his speech, and with tho Captain en tered the drawing room. There sat his too much neglected wife surrounded by three or four blooming children. With a hall lrantic eagerness he embraced each in turn, drop ping a tear on their rosy checks as he kissed them, and then turning to his wife; "My dear wo shall have family prayer to night." Mrs W , turning upon mm with her af fectionate pleadingcyc, mildly replied, "Oh, Mr W , do not let us add hypocrisy to all other sins." '-No, my dear, rejoined the now sincerely kind Mr W , " am, I trust no hypocrite. J will read a portion from the sacred volume, and," continued he turning to Captain Arnold "my friend hero will pray with us. In a few words an explanation was given to his thankful wife, and the bell was rung. A servant entered : "John," said his master, "go to the study and bring mo tho Bible." "The Bible, sir, repeated John, doubting if Ins ears had not deceived him. "Ah, John, you may well ask if I mean the Bible, replied Mr W , "yes go and bring mo that too long neglected book." The servant disappeared, and while he was gono for the Bible, the bell was again rung for the other servants. I hey came with some degree of misgiving into his presence, endeavoring to call to mind what they had done, and expecting a severe reprimand, which was not unusual with nun. 1 licy were, however, additionally surprised when ho kindly desired them each to takenscat, while he read with peculiar emphasis and solemni ty, a portion from the Word of God. The Captain prayed, and tho evening closed in a way that none had ever witnessed in that dwelling before. Friday came, and on tho following Sab bath Mr W , would have as usual, to meet his flock in tho Church. He entered his study ; turned over a heap of sermons, one by one, exclaiming to himself as ho threw aside his former exhibitions, "that will not do. that is not proper, that is wretched. Is this the trash with which l have been so long in the habit of feeding tlio souls of my people, or rather starving them with tho shadow of life ? I will however, no longer insult God, and ruin the people of my charge." Perplexed and confounded, ho determined to offer an apology to his people on the fol lowing babbaih, lor not having a sermon lor them, on tho ground of his recent journey and so dismiss them. Tho day arrived, and ho entered tho desk in tho morning, and in an impressivo tone, never boforo heard from him, read tho service. There was some thing even about his appearance and manner, so perfectly new and strango to tho peoplo, that thoy gaped with wondcr,scarcely believ ing the ovidencoof iheir senses. He ascend ed the pulpit and commenced by stating his regret that ho had not time to preparo n dis course agreeably lo his present views of truth. In undisguised simplicity he informed them of a recent change, the means, its nature and its effect ; and declared that ho had been among them as a wolf in sheep's clothing, but that ho now determined, by the blessing of God, to bo a true minister of the grospcl which ho bolievcd ; walking in and out boforo llioin in uprightness nnu feeding them with know ledge nud with tho bread of life. Thus ho continued, for half an hour or moro, preaching Christ to the peoplo without taking a text, or being nwaro that ho was performing tho work which ho pledged him self hereafter to accomplish. Overpowered at last by his feelings, he hurst into toars, and descended from tho pulpit, was mot by his weeping frionds, who hanging upon his arm, or surrounding his person, accompanied him into tho vcslry. His church was soon filled with such as worshipped God in spirit and in (ruth ; and ho still lubors, it is believed, with growing pleasuro and increasing success in his Mastor's vineyard, blessing tho time when he first met Iho pious Cnptain Arnold, or slept in a two nminr.ii iioom Prom tho Now York Star. POPULATION OF THE U, STATES. Tho progressive increase of tho popula tion of tho United States may surprise one who has not carefully examined tho tables. Tho regularity of tho increase affords the moans ot determining with great accuracy what is to bo the amount of population nt any future period. Tho partial chocks, arising from war, pestilence, or unfavorable seasons, seem scarcely to exercise nn influence upon tho result, when we divido off timo by epochs often years. Tho official returns present the following: In tho U.S. in 1700 - 1800 - 1810 - 1820 1830 - 3,929,328 5,309,758 7,239,903 9.638.1CG 12,838,070 Upon calculation, it appear that at each epoch one-third is to be added to tho popula tion of the epoch immediately preceding. Following out the table, tho following results nro presented : In 1840 - 1850 - 18G0 - 1870 - 1880 - 1890 - 17,114,893 22,819,857 30.42G.476 40,568,031 54,091,508 72,022,010 and, at the closo of tho present century, the United Mates will contain over ninety six million people. Tho accuracy of the abovo will receive an additional proof in tho census to bo taken during the present year. Hefcring to tho public health, we find that from 1790 to 1800, there was great loss of lite lrom the small pox and from the yellow fever, along tho Atlantic coast; from 1800 to 1810, the ravages of these diseases were diminished,but typhus fover,amountuig almost to pestilence, prevailed to a very great ex tent? Between 1810 and 1820, the country lor nearly thrco years was engaged in war ; several seasons were unusually cold and uu productive. From 1820 to 1830, the loss of lite from diseases among children was great : since 1830, the Asiatic cholera has passed over tho land. Yet upon thu whole, causes like these scarcely disturb tho regularity, In the different States, tho increase of population has by no means been uniform In the New England Stales and the Soutl Atlantic, it has not exceeded seventeen per cent. Ior each ten years. Whereas, in the States comprised within tho great Mississip pi valley, tho increase has been vastly more rapid, exceeding one hundred per cent. Tins dillcrenco has arisen principally from cmi gration from the Eastern to the Western States, producing the double operation of subtraction on the one sido and addition on tho other, with this further effect that the additions have been to States of small popu lations, thereby rapidly adding to tho per centagc. The increase of population per square mile in cw England, nowithstuiiding the numbers that remove, is more rapid than in the Western States. The following results may be anticipated in the returns succeeding the census of 1840. First, that the States east of the Mississippi having, with some exceptions, enlarged their population so as to approximate to the At lantic States in numbers to tho square mile, they will become the great fountains for peopling the territory farther west. Second, that inasmuch us the amount of labor and fruitfulsoil in the West, devoted to agricul ture, will cause an over supply of product, the means of profitable employment in manu facturing and other business, it will afford in ducements to the people in the Atlantic States to remain at home. Third, the price of land in the early settled Western States, has ap proximated so nearly to that of the States on the Atlantic, that agricultural labor, although upon a poorer soil, but nearer to market, will be better paid in the latter than in tho former. In conclusion, it will be found that the rela tive increase of population will be more nearly equalized. In the old States, tho quantity of land cultivated by each family will be less; but (here will be great improvement in the mode of tillage and use. It may be supposed that the increase of population for tlio next filty years, cannot be in the ratio abovo stated. The astonishing result presented is no doubt calculated to produce incredulity, but it is difficult to avoid tho argument. To speak in round figures, there are one million square miles of land in the twenty six States, independent of the territories. Baron Humboldt estimates the land within the limits of the U. States capable of sustaining a population of nt least two hundred to the squaro mile exhibiting a capacity for two hundred millions of people within the States now organized. England and Ireland each contain about two hundred and fifty to the square mile; France about ono hundred and fifty ; Germany, including the large and small States, about tho same. At the rate of one-third the population of England, tho capacity of tho twenty six States would bo over eighty millions; at one half, ono hundred an twenty-five millions. Thorn is less waste land in tho United States, in proportion, than either England or France. Under thoso circumstances, what check can be presented to the incrcaso above stated I Thero can be no deficiency in food or tlio means for subsistence. A British statesman would consider his own country depopulated, if its inhabitants were reduced to the highest point ot the estimate per square mile herein suggested for tho United States. In observing upon the incrcaso of popula tion, it may be noted, that in all civilized na tions tho increase is more rapid in towns than in the agricultural districts. Within one hundred years Loudon did not contain one tenth of tho population of England ; it now probably contains ono seventh ; yet, in tho meantime, Liverpool, Manchester and Bir mingham, have grown up to ho large cities. The growth in Paris and Lyons is more rapid than in the country parts of Franco. Tho reason is obvious ; in dense populations the wasto of raw material is much less ; and the work of tho nrtizan bears a largo propor tion to tho total of labor. To return nearer home. The Stato of New York, upon tho whole, sinco tho organi zation of the government, has, and for the next thirty years proably will, present tho most astonishing results. In 1790 it con tained 3 10,120 people; inI830, 1,918,008, having increased nonrly sixfold in forty years. By rcferenco to tho tables it appears that the increase is nearly uniform in each successive Ion years, being nt tho rato of forty per cent upon tho preceding census; at which rate it will contain at tho prcsont census 2,G80,000. h is to ho observed that this State, as tho groat outlet of tho northwestern section of tho United btatcs, must, independent of its own internal power, necessarily advance in population as that section dovelopcs its re sources. It is fair, therefore, to prcsumo that notwithstanding its prcsont numbers, it will kcon pace at least with tho whole coun try for thirty years, at which rato Iho follow ing table is presented : In 18-10 - - - 2,500,000 1R50 - - - 3,400,000 1800 - - - 4,500,000 1 M7H : nnn nnn ARISTOCRACY. Wo do not know about the person, but in regard to principle tho truth is expressed be low with energy and point : Casimir PEMF.n, on being called an " aristocrat," and ono of the privileged clas ses, replied, " My only aristocracy is tho superiority which industry, frugality, perse verance, anu intelligence win always assure to every man in a frco stato of society. I belong only to those privileged classes which you may all belong to in your turn. They are not privileges created lor us, but created by us. Our wcultli is our own ; wo have made it. Our case is our own ; wc have rained it by the sweat ofourbrow.or by the abor of our minds. Our position in society is not conferred upon us, but purchased by ourselves witliourownintcllect,application, zeal, patience and industry. If you remain inferior to us, it is because you have not the intellect or tho industry, the zeal or tho sobri ety, tho patience or tho application, neces sary to your advancement. This is not our fault, but your own. You wish to become rich, as somo men do to be come wise ; but thero is no royal road to wealth any moro than there is to knowledge. You sigh for tho easo and repose of wealth, but you aio not willing to do that which is necessary to procure them. The husband man who will not till his ground shall reap nothing but thistles and briers. You think the commodities in human society are useless and misdirected if youdo not becomo wealthy and powcrlul by the changes ; but what right have you to expect, you idlers and drones in the hive, that you shall always be fed on the honey and sweets of life ? What right have you, who do nothing for yourselves, your families, your communities, your arrondissc- mcnts, departments, your country or your kind, to imagine that you will be selected by them for their favor, their confidence, and their reward I I am not an aristocrat in that sense of tho term in which it may be applied in absolute governments or under imperial rule ; but if, by an aristocrat, you mean a man who has earned his promotion by his labor, his honors by his toils, and his wealth by his industry oh, then, indeed, I am un aristocrat and plcaso God, I may always remain so. The distinctions in human society displease you because you have not the talent or tho indus try to amend your own position. You are too idle to labor, and too proud to beg, but 1 will endeavor to take care thai you shall not rob me. I throw back, then, with indigmi' tion and resentment, the charge which is made I belong to the middle classes of society. have been selected by my fellow-citizens, and by my king, as one of their representatives, and by the blessing of God, I will represent them." EARNESTNESS IN PREACHING The energy of Rowland Hill's manner at times, and the power of his voice, are said to have been almost overwhelming. It is related of him, that once at Wotton, whilo preaching, he was carried away by the im pctuous rush of his feelings, and raising him sell to lus lull stature, he exclaimed, "Be cause I am in earnest, men call me an en thusiast; mine uro tho words of truth and and soberness. When I fust came into tlii part of tho country, I was walking on yon der hill; 1 saw a gravel-pit fall in, and bury three human beings alive. I lifted tin niv voice for help, so loud that I was heard in the town below, at a distance of a mile: help came, and rescued two of the poor sufferers. io one called me an enthusiast then: and when I see eternal destruction ready to fall upon poor sinners, and about to entomb them irrecoverably in an eternal mass of wo, and call aloud on them to escape, shall I be called an enthusiast now? No, sinner, I am not an enthusiast in so doing ; call on thee aloud to fly for refuge to tho hope set before thee in the Gospel of Christ Jesus." ExTR.vonniN.vnv Discovr.nv of as An cient PniNTiNo Pnnss in India. When Warren Hastings was Governor General of India, he observed that in the district of Be nares, a little below tho surface of the earth was to bo found a stratum of a kind of fibrous wooden substance, of various thicknesses, in horizontal layers. Major Roebuck, inform ed of this, went out to a spot where an ex cavation had been made, displaying this sin gular phenomonon. In digging somewhat deeper for further research, they laid open a vault, which on examination proved to be of some size, and to thoir astonishment, they found a kind of printing press, set un in the vault, and on it movable types, placed as if ready lor printing-. Lvery enquiry was set on foot to ascertain the probable period at which such an instrument could have been placed there, for it was evidently not of mod ern origin, and from all the Major could col lect, it appeared probable that tho place had remained in the stato in which it was found for at least 1000 years. We believe, the worthy Major on his return to England, presented ono of the learned associations with a memoir containing many curious spec ulations on the subject, Paper wo know to have been niaufactured in the East many centuries beforo we had any knowledge of it; and we have many reasons to think that tho Chinese have been acquainted with the mode of priting they now employ many centuries bofore Faust invented it in Europe. It cer tainly does no credit to tho inventive genius of tho Romans, to know that they approach ed so near as to engrave in a style not to bo equalled in tho present age, on goms and stones, and of course the taking of impres sions from them, that thoy should still have remained ignorant of the art which has be stowed so many blessings on mankind. The Boiieu. This worm makes less show of business than tho canker worm or tho cat erpillar, but he does his business effectually where ho undertakes. Deacon Leland, of ahcrburno, says ho finds tho borer in his nur sery, in those places only where ho has neg lected to destroy tho sward. Mr. Oliver Barrel, of Bolton, tells us that ho found no borers in his quince trees until ho had placed chip-dung about their roots ; and ascribes thoir introduction to this cause. Wo think this probable. For many years wo havo avoided putting chip-dung about tho roots of our tress. It is ofton full of worms, and should be thrown into tho hog-pen boforo it is put into any field. Farmer's Companion. Mammoth Skeletons. Mr. Koch has just returned from n 3 months tour up tho Missouri, procuring Mammoth bones and other curiosities for his Museum in this city. Ho brought with him 20 boxes nf Mammoth bonos exclusively. We have not seen Mr. K. himself, but wo understand that ho has brought with him two perfect skulotons, one of which is the largest ercr found, either in wholoor in part. Il it laid to bo 18 feet high; tho circumference of the thigh bono of which is 42 inches. Thoy wero found about 100 miles from Boonvillc, on a stream called Shoal Creek. St. Louis Hep, Observation is an old man's memory. OBSERVATIONS ON THE WKATHKH. Mists. A white mist in tho evening over a meadow or a river, will bo drawn up by tlm sun next morning and the day will bo bright. Fivo or six fogs successively drawn up, portend rain. Where thero nro high lulls, and tho mist which hangs over the low ands draws towards the hills in the morning nud rolls up to thu top, it will bo fair; but if I.. Vl l ., 1 .1 i:iu hum nuiigs upon Hie urns, nnu ui.igs u long the woods, there will bo rain. Clouds. Against much ram, the clouds grow bigger antl increase very fast, especi ally boforo thunder. When tho clouds aro formed like fleeces but dense in tho middle, bright towards tho edge with tho sky bright, they arc signs of a frost, with hail, snow or rain. If clouds breed high in tho air, in their trains, liko locks of wool, thoy portend wind nnd probably rain. When a general cloud- mess covers the sky, and small black frag ments of clouds fly underneath, they nro sure signs of rain, and probably it will be lasting. Two currents of clouds always ported rain, anu in summer inuiiuer. Dew. If the dew lies plentifully on the crass after a fair day, it is the sign of another. If not and there is no wind, rain must fol low. A red evening portends fine weather; but if spread too far upwards from tlio hori zon in tho evening, and especially morning, it forctcls wind or rain, or both. When tho sky in rainy weather is tinged with sea green, iiiu rum win increase; n uccp uiue it will 1)0 showery. Heavenly Bodies. A haziness in the air which fades the sun's light, and makes tho orb appear whitish or ill defined; or at night if the moon and stars grow dim, and a ring encircles the former, rain will follow. If tho sun's rays appear like Moses's horn, if white at setting, or shorn of his rays, or goes down inio a uaiiK oi ciouus in tno horizon, bad weather is oxpected. If tho moon looks pale and dim, wo expect rain; if red, wind; and if of her natural color, with a clear sky, fair weather. If tho moon is rainy through out, it will clear at the change, and perhaps the rain return a few days after. If fair throughout, and ram at the change, thu fair weather will probably return on the fourth or fifth day. If tho setting sun appears yel low or gold color, and particularly if accom panied wilh purple streaks, the following day will be fine. Wind. If the wind veers about, much rain is pretty sure. If in changing it fol lows the course of the sun, it brings fair weather; the contrary, foul. Whistling or howling of the wind, is a sure sign of rain. Meteous. The Aurora Borcahs, after warm days, is generally succeeded by cooler air. Shooting stars arc supposed to indicate wind. Animals. Before rain, swallows fly low dogs grow sleepy and cat grass; waterfowls dive much; fish will not bite; flies arc moro troublesome; toads crawl about: moles, ants, bees, and many insects arc very busy; birds fly low for insects: swine, sheep and cattlu are uneasy, and even the human body. Where thero has been no particular storm about the time of the spring equinox (March 21,) if a storm ariso from the east on or be fore that day, or if a storm from any part of the compass arise near a week after the equinox, then, in either of these cases, tho succeeding summer is generally dry, four times in five. But if a storm arise from the S. W. or W. S. V., on or just before tho equinox, then the summer is generally wet five times in six. Shooter's Annual.' Extreme Delicacy. The disposition to be agonizingly delicate, is well ridiculed in the following: "Is there any thing tho matter?'' "There is, sir," was the host's reply. "Have 1 given any oflencel" "You have, sir." "Really I am ignorant of it." "Such language won't suit hero, sir." "My dear sir, what language?" "Wc wore talking of soup." "We were." "You mentioned ox tail," 'I did." "That's it, that's il, sir; that sent the In dies blushing out of tlm room that highly improper language, which 1 never heai'd at any board before; and should not have ex pected from you." "Why, sir, 1 but called it by its proper name. You asked a question and I replied. I am, however, sorry that it has given of fence, but I really do not know how I could have avoid. d it." "Then, sir, I advise you when you have an occasion another time to speak of that particular soup, do not call it ox-tail." "What shall I call it?" "Fly disposer "Thank you, sir: I think I shall remem ber the 'fly dispersed soup." Love. If women do snarl up a feller's heart strings, they keep him out of other scrapes any body what knwws will tell you that. A man that is in love a lectle is not always running into rum-holes and other such places. Ho don't go a gambling, and isn't sneakin' round nights. Sam Slick Franklin on Dr. Franklin says in one of his letters: You need not be concerned in writing to mo about your bad spelling; it is generally the best, as conform ing to the sound of the letters. To give you an instance, a gentleman received a letter, in which wero theso word;.: "Not finding Brown nt horn, I delivered your mesag to his yf." The gentleman called his wife to help him read it. Between them they picked out all but tho yf, which thoy could not under stand. The lady proposed calling her cham ber maid, "because Betty" says sho "has the best knack of reading and spelling of any ono 1 know." Betty camo and was sur prised that neither of them could tell what yf was. "Why," says she, "yf spells wifo whnt else can it spell?" And indeed, it is a much better as well as shorter method than double you ife, which, in reality spells double icifcy. THE BURNING MOUNTAIN. This coal mine, which wo have frequently noticed, and which look firo about eighteen months since, crntinues burning with renew ed force. Thcroaro now three distinct cra ters, varying in diameter from thirty to sev onty fivo feet, and cieh nt a depth of front 15 to 25 foot below tho surface Tho heat from tho craters is extremely intense, from which issue immense volumes of smoke, anil tho smell of sulphur is any thing but agreea ble. Tho rumbling noiso would imiko a visitor think of earthquakes, nnd his examin ation would consequently bo mado with a very careful step. The vegetation for u great distanco round has been completely destroyed ; nnd its scared appearance gives a desolate, and add to tho terrific character of the work of destruction. We cannot con jecture when tho firo will Mop, or how it may bo quenched by the management of the proprietors ; but it is an extraordinary phe nomenon, and as such is well worth a visit

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