Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 4, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 4, 1842 Page 2
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AM warn gjftigae Dinner To'Mn. Dickens at Nr.w Youk. TIio dinner to which Mr. Dickons was invited in Now York, was had on Friday. Wash ington Imng presided, assisted by Judge Belts, Mossrs. Ducr, Ilnnc, Vcrplauck, J. A. King and Ogden. Tho dinner was of course appropriately furnished with nil tho delicacies suited to such a festival. A blessing was asked by Rev. Mr. Bellows, of tho Unitarian Church. After tho cloth was removed, the President rose and nd- dressed the company as follows-: "I never regretted more llian t do at this moment tny want otitic habit of public speaking. For 1 feel that I could now with to git c way to the current of my thoughts and feelings; and yet I am a poor hor-e-man, and inns: bo careful how I get into the sadd'e or 1 shall bo thrown from my seat. And yei, on further consideration, I do not sco much cati'o to re gret this inability of mine to interest you in this wayi tor I foel that thcio will be no want of champions ready lo take mv places I sen -o many nf ihem eiround mo nt this' moment, firmly scaled in their addles, and who find it difficult lu trign in their steeds, un'il tho ic given them to start. So, therefore. 1 leave the field, and with a few prelimina ry remarks 1 wi I dispose of my pari of the subject. II confess I never ruse ' nder deeper or more pleasur able) excitement, orwiili moro feelings of pride as im author, than when I loi It around upon .this assembly of my townsmen, met to greet tho arrival of an au thor anion? ihem. I never was moro proudly con ecious of the intellectual characler of my cotntry men than in witiess'tig this hurstaof enthusiasm, , which hns been echoed from cily to eitv, to welcome a mere literary visiter lo our land, (Cheers.) And this, too, nt a limn of great public dishes", when erery in in J, more or lc, is corroded by care, and the most prosperous among us doubts ihe f ndniion of liis prosperity. Gentlemen, th s enthusiasm is of the right kind. It speaks well for llie people it speaks well fur our nation Wo have been accusal ofheini sordid and metcenary and too much given tin lo the pursuit of our mere world'y inieresls. Hut in ihe present instance, ourcnlhuiasm has given the he to the r barge and Ins pontancniisly nri en in one wida s:nc of homaTe paid lo intellect. (Cheers.) Oenllemen, it is impossible for me to proceed g;n tlcmcn, I'll give vou a toat CiiAitL.cs DtcKRNr, the literary guest of the nation." When the applause with which this senti ment was received had subsided, Mr. Dickens rose and spoko substantially as follows : much part and parcel ol the Cntskill Mountains as any frco or crag that they boast 7 Hut these aro topics familiar from mybovhond, and which I am ant to pursuct and lest 1 should be tempt ed now to talk lo.a long about them 1 will in conclu sion give you n sentimentmost appropriate, 1 am sine, in tho nresencoofsuch writers as llryant, Hal leek, and but I suppose I must not mention tho Ladies here: "Tlu Literature ofAmerleai Showrll knows how lo d honor to tier own l.ileraturoand to thai of other lands, when she chooses Washington Invisoforhcr representative in tho Country of Cervantes." Many other good things wnro said and aro reported in several of tho Now York papers, but wo have not room to copy them. OistTtXMtnr: tl don'l know limy to thank you I really don't know how. Ton would naturally suppose thai my former cxpciicn o wo.ild have given me lhi Eowcr, and thai tho ififliciiliic" in my way would ave been diminished j hut 1 assure you the (art is exactly the rovcr'C. and I have conmletclt- baulked the ancient proverb that "a rolling aonc gathers no moss." and inmv progress lo this eitv I have en aled .such a wci? lit of obligations and acknowledgements I have picked i'p such an enormous mass of fics'i moent every point, and was o struck with the brilliant ic-ncs of Monlay nighl, thai 1 thiiigttl rould never by nnv possi ilily grow any bigger. Allow mo again : I have made, continually newec cnniulalioiis to such an extent thnt'l cm .-compelled to stand still, and can roll no moro ! Gentlemen, wo lenrn from the nutrmrit'e-, that when dry stones, or balls or rolls of thread, sti pped of their own accord as I do not it pics.aged some Creat catastrophe near at hand. The precedent hold (rood in this case. When I have remembered the short lime I have before mo to spend in this land of mighty interests, and the poor opportunity I can at be9t have of acquiring a knowledge of, and forming an acquaintance with it, I have felt it almost a duty to decline the honors yon so generously heap upon me and pass more quietly among vou." For Argus himself, though he had but ono mouth for his hun !rcd eyes, would have found the reception of a public en tertainment once a week too much for his pre' lest aclivitv. and us I would lo'c no scran of the rich in struction and the delightful knowledge which meet in" on every hand, and already 1 have g'eaned a great deal from vour hospitals and common jails, I have resolved to uko up my siatl'and go my way rejoicing, and for the futuro to shako hards wiih Amciicanni at parties but at home; an I, therefore, gentlemen, I ay to night, with a full heart and an honest purpose and gr.iicfd fcelinn lhat I boar, and -hall ever bear, a d"cp ee'isj of your kind, your afTeclinnntn and yo ir noble greeting which it is utterly impossible to convey in words. Ft'o iii-npcan sky without, nnd no cheerful home or well warmed room within shall ever shut o it this land from my vision. I shall often hear ynui wmds of welcome in mv quiet room, and ofienest when mo t quiet ; nnd shall see your fires in tho blazing fire. Iflsliould live to grow old, the a cnes of this and oilier evening- will hine as brisht- ly to my dull eyes fifty years bene-ns now anil ihe nonors vnu nesiow rpon me snail no well rememiieieil and paid 1 ac'- in tny untiring lovo and honest endeav ors for ihe good of mv race. ,'GenlIemrn, one other word willi reference to this firrpereon singular, and then I shall cloc. I came here in an open, honest and confiding spirit, if ever man did, and because. I felt a deep sympathy in your land-, had I felt otherwise, I should have'he'pt nwar. Aa 1 came here, and here, without ihe lonM ad mixture of one-huu Iredih part of one cram of bisc alloy, without one feeling of unworhy reference lo It in anv repect, I claim, in reference lo the past, for the last time, my right, in reason, in truth nnd in justice, lo appioach, as I have done on two former occas ons, a quesiion nf literary interest. I claim that justice be done ; nnd 1 pn f r ibis claim as one v, ho has a right to speak nnd be heard. I hnvj only to add that I shall ' e as true to von as veu have been to me. 1 recognise in your enthn'iasiie approval of ihe creatures of my fa'icv, your enlighiened car for the happim ss nf the many, vmir tender rc-'nrd for the afflicted, your sympithy for the downcast, vour p'ans for correcting and improving the bad, nnd for encour aging the good i and In advance these creat objects. shall be. to the end nf mv 1'fc. mv earnest enihainr to the extent of my hum1 le nhililv. Having said llius much with reference lo nit self, I shall hn'o the pleasure of sajing a few wotds witli reference to anmcbody else. There is in this cily a gentleman, who, at there reption of one of mv hooks I well remember it was tho Old Curiosity Shop wrote to me in Cngland a letter so generous, so a Teciionate and si manly, thai if I had written the book under every circum stance of d sappoinlment, of discnnraremrnt and difficulty, instead eif the rev rse, 1 should hate found in the receipt eif that letter my best nnd mi Ft happy reward. 1 answered him, nhd be answered mc. and so we kepi shaking hands, aulographicallv, as if no ocean rolled botween us; I came h.'re to this eitv eager to see him. a"d (laving bis hand upon Irvine's shoulder.) litre he tils'. I need not tell vou how happy and dc'ighteii I am lo sec him hi're to night in this capacity. Washington Irving! Why, ge-nllemen, I don't go Bp f Kirs to bed two nighu out of the seven as a erv rrediiahle wnne s near at hand ran 'cslify I aav I do not go lo bed two night out nf the seven without inkinn Wnhin"ton living under invnrni; and when I don'l take him, I In' e hi? own brother. O tver'iiith. Washington Irving ! w hv, e f whom roil he vess I thinking the oilier (hv "hen I came up by the Hog's lljek, llie Frving Pan, Hell iate, ond nil these places'; Whv, when not l ng ago I viiied Shakspeare's hiiih place, and went lenesth the roof where be fir't taw the light, whose name but his was po nted out to me t pnu ihp wall I Washington Irving Diediicli Knickerbocker lie offrev Cravon why, where can you go lint thev havo not been there befuro? Is 'there an r.neliFh farm is there nn nn"li'i stream, on English cilv. or an Kng'ish enuntrv seal where thev have not lieen? Is there no nraeenr'ilge Hall in existence I IIa9 it no ancient shades i r quiet streets 7 In hv gnno times, when Irvng left that Hall, he left sitiini? in nn old oak chair, in a small parlor of the Boar's Head, a little man with a rod nose and nn oil skin hat. When I camo away, be was silting tlf-re slill ! not a man like him, hut 'lie same man with the nne of immortal redness, nnd ibehatofnn tindvio? glaz Crayon, while there, was nn term9 of intimacy with a certain radical fellow, whouseil to po nhnut wiih a hat full of newspapers, wohi'ly nut at elbows, and with a coat of great antionilv. Why, penilemen, I I now lhat man Tibbies tho ldrr, and be has not changed a hsirj and when I came away he rharged me to give his beet respects to Washington Irving I Leaving the town and rustic lifeof London, forget, ting this man if we can, miring etit nf mind the Country rhnrehvard and the Uroken Heart, lei u cross the water aeain and ak who has as oeialed himself mnstc'nselv with llie I'alian peasantry and tne tianiins nt tne ryrenees ncn llie traveller en ters his Utile chamber beyond the Alps I stoning io ihe ilim echoes of the long passages and f-nacious cor tv'ors damp, and gloomy, nnd cold as he hears ihe ternpet beating with fury against his window, nnd gales at t'm curtains, dsrk. ami heavy, and coverrd with mould.and when all gh(Mii..tnrie-s that ever were told come np before me nvd all his thick coming . fancim. whom does he think of 1 Washington Irving. Go farther still go to tho Moorish fountains, spark ling full in the moonlight so a mono tho ritra and tho villase gossip, living still ns In the days fold, nnd who b travelled among ihem btaotc you, and peepled the Atlninbra and made e eMiient its ahvtowsl Who awakes there n voice from every Vdl and in erery cavern, and hida legends which foren tnries have slept a dreamless sleep, or watched nn. riakintlv, atort up and pass before you in all ihc'j' fe and e)ory. But lesvinc this again, who embarked with Colum u-ion his eallant ship traversed with him the nsr nni imvoiv orpsn-tesrieii upon ino lanii nnu planted there the Hag nf Spain hut tins same man now sitting bymysido? Ant) being here nt home again, who la a mora fit companion for mnncv elurgers, yvl what pen but Ha has mada Rip Van Winkle ahyinf at rvin-ptn on that thundering aftcnoao-ae "City of Mr.xtco, Jan. 10, 181'J. On the evening of the lath instant I arrived in tin city, having- made the journey from New Orleans'in twelve daye, including two days spout in Vera Cruz. The most interesting information lhat I can give von is of coiii so relative to the prisoners of llio faiita Fe expedition, anil tlio object of tny journey, which 1 shall furnish you as briefly u possible, in my coinmiin.oaiinii irnm era iruz I mentioned that ninety of the prinoncis reached this place on thn iXSthof December last, which was tho case ; but no others have since arrived, The remainder, however, ono hundred and ciglt-ty-fho in nuniber, arc on llirir march to the ci ty, and will probably bo in about the 121th of iii" month. Annuo; this number, I hive reas on to believe, ore Mr. Kendall atid.Wr Falconer each of them having written to the respective minister of their gniuriitneut (.Messrs. Kills and l'.ickonham) to lint efi'ec.t. The American minister allowed mo to pcrus-o Mr. Kendall's letter, which was elatrd at Chihuahua, on tho UTtli of October. In his communication ho gives a full account of his connection with thn expedition, the manner of Ins capture, and his treatment by tho Governor nf Santa IV. When the expedition had arrived in the ncishbnrhawl nfSanta IV, Mr Kendall disconnected liimsolf with it, and proceeded, in company with Mr Van Ness, Colons! .Navarro, Major Howard and Cap tain Lott i", on iiis way to Santa 1V, intending to leave as boon as possible for New Orlcinr, by the way of this city and "Vera Cruz. The object of tlie other four persons was to purchase provisions and return to Colonel Crook's parly, which was some distance in advance of the por tion nf tho expedition under cotnmmd of Major McLood. On their arrival, or in fact befote they reached Santa Fe, tho party of live men named above were seized, tied, and about to bo shot ; and tlioy would tuof-t certainly hive pcribhed, had nnt'Captair.'I.cwisspcikcn in .Spanish to their ciitnr, and given an explanation, of the party's intentions. Mr. Kendall produced to the Gov. ernor his passports from tm; Mexican consulate at Now Orleans, but it ehVctcd nothing in his behalf. I no tiovoruor told linn that it was a good passport, but having entered tho republic of Mexico throujh Texas, nnd with an armed forcp, the document was of no avail. It was torn to pieces in tli2 face of Kendall, and he was coin; p'led to eiubtnit. 1 hue visited thoso of the prhnnoM who are hfre as often ns thr -o time, and r.m happy to say they do no; n.fTe.- from ill usage so much as I feared they would Inve do'ie. They aro con fined in the ro.ivcnlof S-mliago, situated, in the northern suburbs of tl.o city. H'fien they ar rived nearly all of thnm were destitute of shirts, shtcs and ha's : ntul the little clothing1 that was of the moancbt I in I. They were, however, in good health. Tl. o r filiation at lirt excited tl.o syinjnth cs of the f-riirncr here, and a pub scription of about S700 wassoon raised for them They .irn now all comfortably e l id, though they have" nothing lo spare. olnne! Cool: and the other offices are trealed rather hctler than th rest. When they arrived here they wore all pljced in iron', and in this condition .Santa An na had them marched into the ci y, and pira led in front nf his palace. The chains ol tho nfijeers have t-ince be-on taken oil", but thn eithors are compelled to work everyday in manaclos. The oCl.icrsUn not labor, and aro allowed to read and walk about the convent at their pleasure. Am msi thi so tin'orliinate pri-oncrs thero are thiee or fours ck. Voung Combs, in pa t.cuhir is very unwell. Hp looke, ;uile carp.worn, and is very deaf. Great exertions have been mail" lo have him removed from confinement, and Mr, B lis has mule a forms! elenr u I 'or Ijis release ;- is unnoticed by those who the r over him. There is no elnulit in the muni ol anyone here that tho balance of the prisoners will arrive in a suffering condition, from the length ol tune they have been on their route, the whole of which they havo had to make on font. Something, however, will he doun to a leviatu their rendi tion, and leulor Ihem partially comfortable. No one pretends, to know what disposition Santa Anna will make of his captives ; but it is generally thought that ha will not willingly re. lo.if-o them for some time to coma partictilailv thus of thorn win are idantitiml wnh Tjxas. There is a general feeling in lavnrnf tlio unfor. tunale men, not only among the foreigners, but among many of the .Mexicans thein-ehes. 1 h greatest cnumicx the pr'.mners havo are those most powerful fanla Anna and Toruvl, the Mmisler of War. While thev are npfr.wd to the liberation of tin; prisoners, tho poor follows have little to hope for. Po.-siblv the rele ise ol Dr. rakoirer, Mr. Kendall and Mr. Combs may ho effected before that of tho others, and I hope that this may be the cai-e in the course ol a lew weoks. lien the remainder ol tho prisoners shall liavn arrived, i bane lo doubt a sluing eft". nrt will be made to have these three men ct liberty, and I shall urge our Minister to every possible measure to eflect that purpose. The iTrfiicli .Mm s'er at tins place ap.ieurJ tleeplv interts'ed lur the prisoners, and preunispB to do all in Ins power to co-opctate with .Mr lillii anil Mr. I'a kenlinn in any step thuy miy u!:o in the mailer. I could give you but very little political intel ligence were I to unilerlaKo it; in the Iirst place, Irom the f.tct that there is but little to coniinu nicate, and, in the second place, theio is no tor tainty that any thing vnu hear in Mexico, about anything butiuoro particularly goveriiinouul atlairs is true. 1 liave not Lnthereil mysel about tho business of these people, nor do I in tend to. I do assure you I am anxious t cxc'tiic li business of my mils on, an ' lea c h country as soon as pessiti!u. i have louiiil sov oi al Irien.l.s here who have shown ino cverv ne ressnrv kindness and attention, and who shal not be toon forgotten. I shall avail myself of every opportunity t( keep you informed of my inoleuients and tin success l meet with ; anil l bincerely hope n great w Inle may not pass before you see ine in company with ouriong absent friend. Vours, e'-.?. I,. as expedient at ,tlio present time, and moved that it bo laid on tho table. Mr. Calhoun con. ctirrcd in the propriety of tho motion, and It was laid on tho table by a voto of Jt to 10. Air. Denton's bill for the aineiithnont nf the bankrupt law 'vas made the order of tho day for Friday. Mr. Clay's resolution on tho voto power was u-, and 'r. Woodbury addressed the Senato against it at length. Mr. Calhoun ox pressed his elosiro to express hi? views on the Fiihjort, but as it was late, on his motion tho Senate adjourned. In tho llouso nf Representative, Mr. Bar nard, by leave, offered an amendment to the Exchequer Dill, which was laid on the table and ordereii to bo printed. Tho following llcfolutions were offjrod and adopted, viz: I)y Mr. Hubbard, calling on tho Secretary of tho Treasury for information relative to tlio to bacco trade, by Mr. Everett, instructing tho Committee on the Jildicary to inqu'ro into tho expediency of publishing a sterooytped edition of the laws of the U.S. ; by Mr. Filhnoro, from Vic Committee of Ways and Means, inquiring of the l'rcsaleut whether any complaint has Icon made by any foreign Government, its minister or agent, in relation to the Revenue Ac' nf IS'Il, as infringing any treaty stipulations between ihe United Stales and foreign Governments'; by M. lhirnell, directing tho Secretary of ihb Ni.vy to furnish to the House a statement of the vessels built by tho United States since 1820, when and where built, at what cost, etc. also, directing tho Postmaster General to in form the House whether any, and what I;gisla. tivo measures, aro noccsary to enable that Do partn.o it to nnko necessary arrangon.onts for liansmiss'nn of foroign letiors through foreign I'ost Offices; by Mr, Cooper of I'enit., rescin ding thn joint resolution for tho removal of tho I,aw Library of Congress. Inn resolution reported by the Retrench ment Committee to reduce Ihe number of Clerks nf tho House from lti ti 10 was ngiin taken up and furth'T debated by Mr. Gorelon, Mr, Sal tonstall, and Mr. Pickens. The lull for the construction of a war steamer was received from tlio Senate, and on motion of Mr. M illory, who said the Naval Committee had instructed him to report a similar bill, was twice read, and without the regular commit ment, was referred to the Committee of the Whole on tho Union. A communication was received from the Seciolaiy of Stale, in answer to a resolution of tho House relative In correspondence between this Government and Great Ilritian, and this Government and tho Executive of New York in relation to tho Colonial History of New York. Tho General Appropriation Hill was again ta- ken up in Committee of the Whole (Mr. llriggs in the Wiair,) and several sections were parsed over willi but little debate. The committee then rose, and the House atl jo'jrneiL Tiicnsnw, Feb. C). The ordinary businrf" of the two Houses was ses- pcntln Ion Tlmrsdav and h'ridav, in consequence of toe oeceaseoi the lion. Lew s il lams, 't he event was anuouneidin each House on Thursday. Mr. Graham nnd Mr. CI ly in 'he -cnale, and Mr.'Knvncr and .ilr. Ailaais in ibe II use, spake in high eulogy of lbs deceased. Too usual ordeiswiro nassed. in token i f respect lo bis memory, and fir attending Ins funeral and on Friday the funeral ceremonies took place, attended by tlio members nnd oilier official personages. Mr. Moirow, ol Tennessee, the oldest member of the House, ngcel il yeais. ilieil on Thursday, ol the same disease a3 that of Mr. Williams died. destinies ; these honorable gentleman indulged in extravagant gesticulations anil unresiraincu bodily anil mental exertions, in presenting to Iheir auditors what 1 Alas 1 lie said ho wait ed long and found not nt last I In llie sermon thcrowcro several beautiful and lofty ih'ghtHnl oloouenco ; while the soft nnd harmonious modulations of his well-disciplined voice ron- Icred thu whole discoursu nerfectly enchanting. Seldom havo wo witnessed any ono listened to Willi moro profound attention. Among insois. tincuished auditors we noticed tho Hon. HnNnv Clay, who was seated along Bido tlio venerable Judgo Thompson, of the Supremo Court. Hi-hop WAfoit. of the Motho-list Episcopal Ch'trr.h, is in this city, and preached to-day in the Chapel. T. M. COMPARAT1VK TAIII.K, Shoicing llie money value if Ihe agricultural in dustry of the seicral Statcsofthc Union. In the September No. of Hunt's Merchant's Magazine is a table, furnished for publication in that journal by the Secretary of Stale, show ing tho amount, in quant.ty, of tho agricultural products ot tho union. This table noes not, however, include Kentucky, North Carolina, Michigan, Wisconsin, or Florida. Kontucky and Middle Florida had not sent in their re turns, nnd tho aggregate from tho Southern States had not been made up. ith the aid of this table wc have mane an estimate of tho money value of the several pro. duels, and have placed the result side bv side with the population nf the States respectively, to show the yield per head in round numbers : Value. Population. Pr head. Maino. S3 1,720,000 .001,701 800 N. Hampshire i-),70.l,0()0 MS 1,571 00 Vermont 4:),'--7,tH)l" 'J'Jl,m3 MS Massachusetts 23,fc09, 100 757,090 S3 Rhode Island :i,745,000 10S,9:!0 31 Connecticut 2v,0 15,(K)0 40'),01ti 74 Now York 2.'W,b()0,(K)() !,42:j,0'.H 03 New Jersey 35,011,000 373,303 05 Pennsylvania 130,210,000 1,72 1.013 70 Delaware U.tK!7,lHHI 7B,l)3; 7B Maryland 43,810,200 409,232 03 Virginia 102,177,000 1,239,707 82 S. Carolina 49,117,700 591,393 82 Georgia 03,330,000 091,392 85 Ohio 81,507,000 1,510,407 55 Tennessee 73,130,000 629,940 89 Louisiana 37,70ii,000 352,000 100 Alabama 42,370,000 000,750 71 Alississippi 41,773,000 375,001 111 M ssouri 22,300,100 333,702 53 Indiana 47,859,000 035,900 CO Illinois 25,20I,5(M) 470,182 74 Arkansas 10,53(1,000 07.574 109 Iowa 2,277,000 43,035 03 Dist. of Cohim. 352.000 43,712 7 It will bo seen by the foregoing that only four States produce more S100 to each iiead of the population, namely, Vermont, Mis sissippi, Askausas, and Louisiana. Of these Vermont takes tho lead, and must certainly be considered tho must enterprising, industrious, and Ihnty agr. cultural blato in the Union. Mas-achtisetts is lowest in the scale, but that State is engaged extensively in commerce anil ni unilaciure5. The Stales most devoted to planting and farming, or whoso products aro chiefly agricul tural, aro mostly the "southern and Wcs tern. In -r.KAar: VWdncs 1 iy, Feb. The Piesident i let lieforc ihe hnale a staleurnt liom the Treasury Departtnrn', showing thn ollii-ial emoluments anil expenditures of tbeolliecrs enmlove I in the collection of the customs for the voir 1S11. He a so presented nclltlon from eilro-ns of New York, tiravinn for eointncn ill reel procily between this and foreign ii.ill.ins. Mr. Wright presented a peiition from merchants ntul trailers ol llie city ol Xciv l or;,, m relation lo a re-ii'ijn-i mem ut ine iiiiiu. .ui. Jlani'iiin. rom t no eninm' leo on .xavai fairs, repotted a bill nuthnri7ing the construction cf a war steamer for hnibor defem e. The bill a the Secretary of the iSavy to enter into a contract with II. L. Stevens for 'he con struction of ibe vessel, whit h is to be shot and shell pioof, and built piincipilly of in n, the whole cost, ine ii'lin ' the hull, hope's, ci n'n , ar name it, &. and in all respee s eonipli trd for service, not to ex- eei t ie average cost of th war learners JIh-.iii i, or Ihn Mi?i-sippi j and S'50,000 is appropriate! to carry the law into t ll'.ct I In; h II was t'i"n rca I a seenn i tune, an.i nruereo who engrossed for a third reading ; nnl it was nt a ub crnvnt put of the diy read a third time an I passed. Tllfi STEAMCOtT CAnOIINH. Tho following resnhitbit, submittal by Mr. Allen on Mon la', was taken up for eonsuleraii ti, vi.: Resa ved. That the President nf the united Mates be requested lo inform the Senate, if in his opinion, it may oe none wunou oeiriiiiene io ine pun ic uneiei, whit proceedings, ifnnj', have t iken place between FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH, 4 1 S 12. TARIFF MEETING. Pursuant to ittsl ructions from a meeting lioldcn at tho Amer ican Hotel on llio 2'J(1 day o( Febdrary A. D. I Sl'2, the sub scribiM's, appointed a coinuiittco for that purpose, invite t lie friends ()f DOMESTIC INDt'STUY, ill 11. H and the iicirlioot'ini count to?, to meet at the Court Mouse in Bur liugton, on Friday the 11th ol March instant, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose ol expressing the sentiments of the tins nn 1 tne nruisii ejinernmeni reiauve 10 ine inai-i , , i- it . .1 1 . tend ihe ram ine, aid tho arrest and demand of, 1'COplC OI Vermont, Oil tllC (ItltV .,ici jCO'1 , s.n 1 e 1 lie 11 1 ic en 11 is lasi coin mum .1 1 1011 on 1 , - , . . . en v. eni"iu 111 ruitmui! io tin of ihe interests of tlu this subnet, and 10 lay before the benate a copy of ihe coire'spundenco which mav, stihstquenlly to thai dale, have passed between these liovcrninenls " "iuu"ii relative 10 Ine same matter-. . . . .. ,...... ... !!. Mr. Rives il. milled the nrnnrclv of adopting llns ivwuuv 1.11, i-i.a.wi.uiiii uiu ruu ri solution, 'ihe rrosiilent, ill his annual inessn:, adve-rlee! to ihis Mihkct. nnd said that the corre'pon- lence between the Ho CSovertiments would, al a fu ture day of the session, be sul inilte'd to the conside ration of Congress. Itesi 'es, an aL'cnl bad been M'tit to tins country from (Jrcat llritaiu with a view to bring about n f iendly termination of the t'ifiV'iiltie.s now enisling! mil ho tbonuht, under this stale of tlnnirs t'ia it was d e 10 the Mvccutive dep irlineut, which is coarsen wi n mis suujeei, noi in iiesi 1111 n solution: nnd he suuL'csted to tho Senator from Ohia, wbeiher, under our particular telntinits wnh treat intaiii. it was proper lo persevere 111 this ca 1 al the pre enl lime. Mr. siiggesie.1 to his fin-ul Ircm uiuolonp- Tory member from New England, with only one exception, voted teith the Southern anti-Tariff Slaveholders in favor nf Mr. Jthctt's motion and against the principle nj protection. The Tory members from new York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and every other free Stale in the Union, excepting Pennsylvania, rated with equal unanimity, on the same side of the question. On tho other hand, tho Northern Whigs arrayed themselves unanimously on tho opposite sido in solid phalanx, shoulder to shoulder and shield to shield. The result was that RhclCs motion was defuntcd hy 11 very small major ity. When tho voto was announced, tho Washington Glnlie, tlio Richmond Entpiircr, tho New York Evening Post nnd tho Albany Argus, all leading Tory papers, howled forth their lamentations in most plaintive tones, denounced 1I10 Northern Whigs in tliinioasiircd terms, and lauded to tho skies tlio "Northern Democracy" for thu zeal unci unanimity willi which they canto to tho rescue of tho " Southern Chivnlrv." And pray what was tho hingungo of tho Tory press of this State when this vote was prod. limed and theso facts spread hnforo the People Did they rchiiko thoso Tory Re presentatives from the North who had thus proved recreant to tho interests of their con stituents? Was there any thing of reproof,or remonstrance, or oven of admonition in tho columns of the Republican, or tho Sentinel, or the North Star, or tho Pat riot, or tlio Spirit of tlio Ago 1 Not a word, not a whisper, not a hrealh of disap probation or complaint. The Tory press was muzzled, its voice was mute or clam orous only to denounce the friends of a pro tective Tariff us enemies and traitors to their country. On what evidence then, docs tho Republican base the claim of tlio Tories in this State, to ho regarded ns friends of a protective Tariff? Is it on the fact that they aro devoting nil their power, and their acknowledged talents to sustain a party, which, in every movement it has made, has manifested tlio most deadly hostility to the protective system, or is it on tlio fact that Rhclt and Pickens nnd Cal houn control tho parly, witli such convenient drill snrgennts a Wright and Woodbury nnil Uherlon for their loving allies? If the Republican expects to gain much credit for sincerity in its professions of friendship for the protective system it must abandon such political guides as theso nnd enlist under different colors Perhaps, however, the Republican will found tho claim of its political brethren to he regarded as Tariff men upon the follow ing extract from tho Spirit of tlio Ago, the most frank nnd zealous Tory paper in tho Stale. A CAM. SI'CONDKD. Wo call UDon Ihe. Northern Laborers, unan the farmers nnd working men of men of every class and of all parties, ta mirk cetl ic'io they are mid to iroit party they belong who thus dare to vote against This e-x raet has allusion 10 the vote on the Tariff quesiion. vve secon I Ihe call most liearhlv. It is a little strange that tho farmers will not un derstand this matter. Suppose, lo make tho subject plain, they sell their wool diis year fur forty cent" per pound and buy their broadcloln lor one do lar a yard. The manufacturers get up a tariff of protection an forcun broa (cloths, not to protect themselves hut the farmers! neit year he sells his wool for s.xty CIS. per pound, and buys his broadcloth for one elollar and twenty els per yard; what Ins he m ule hy the opera lion f how has he been protected ? The farmer sup posed that Ac was lo be iicnefilled bv ibis protection which en iblcd hull lo obinm an nddttonal twenty cents a pound on his won. Where is that twenlv cents 1 In the pockets of tho manulactiiier for whose especial beneht the protect on was irotup. 1 lie tann er need not ihink lhat his broadcloth will not incre.ise in price, nnd lhat he will save his twenty cents, clear. What did the manufacturer wnnt of his protection 11 .t wa not to increase the price of his manufaiiliiresand mab'e bun to make more on his capital itives cd I If lie knew tne protcnon w'ouio noi increase the value of his capital and the price of his manufactures do Miionose he won .as e tor it f w': to havo refreshed tho memory of our Jh' publican neighhor with extracts from tho Patriot and Nortlt Star of a character nnd tendency similar to (hose wu havo copied from tho Sentinel and Age. But ns wo have already extended onr urticlo to nn ulniost unreadable length, wo must defer theso extracts to another occasion. Meantime, wo cannot refrain from offering n gcntlo ad monition to onr St. A, coadjutor for such wo feel hound to regard him if ho he truly a friend to Protection. Wo exhort him to keep cool nnd not usn hard words towards his new allies. Don't neenso vour Whip- follow soldiers in tho Tariff war of "false hood'' nnd " slander" any more. It may hurt tho cause, nnd besides it is unbecoming in so young a convert. 'IKCIION OI' AMERICAN l.AIlOIt GKOIK.K P. MARSH .ioii.v re. p(vikim)v 1IAURY BU ADIiliY S Committee. CONGRESS. In the Senate, on Wednesday I'eb. ill. a statement was communicated fiom the Treas. ury Department, of the official emolument, and expenditures nf ihe officers employed hi the collcct.oti of the Customs the last vear. Mr. Woodbury, from tho Committee on Fi nance, to which was relerred the roinmunica tionuftho President of tho United States, with rcretenco to tho mode of compensating Ameri can ministers and diplomatic agents abroad, re- poricua tun living itio value ol the pound ster. ling at 81 il, in the payment of their sola. r;ec Mr. Mnngutit, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, repotted a bill authorizing the construc tion of a war steamer for harbor elofence, which was read. It authorizes the building of such stcatnor by contract with R. I. Stevens, to bo built principally of iron to bo shot and shell proof and not to exceed the atrragc cmt of thu steamer .Missouri anil .Mississippi ! and appro. priates ?-ixj,tou lor tne purpose. Tho bill was ordered to bo engrossed for a third reading, and was suuseemontly read alluru time and passed. Mr. Alln offered a resolution that tho Sen ato should tit with open doors: when in l'.xccu- ll session, except when engaged on treat ies. Tho resolution offl-md on Monday by Mr. Al len, calling on the President for a copy of any correspondence which may ivo taken place, sinco tho last rommuniratien on the subject of the steamer Caroline and the arrest of Mcl.cod was takf n mi Mr Riven objected to the call nend to Ibe resolution an ioniiirv into llie laels crow logout ol 'he llroe'ev I enll nr. An Aincrican vc-s I, il nnneare-il. b f l O.swceo lor O jdenburi'. wnh a piece of nriil'rry on board fra vnlimtoc company nt that place hut sbo was boarded bv Itntish soldurs. who forcibly sciml the ratnnn. This bi-eame a subject nf j controversy between llio two iioveriinienis, anna i: .rrespr,!! lenee was enrrie ..n, which, u maue putiiic wool I be found lo be the most cx'rnurdtnarv corres- louilence that ver took lace. Colonel Worth, of the Army, went over and made a I'ninand for thr cannon, b t his conduct was reprobattd by ihe Ca. nadian Otv-nnment ; an 1 ihe corn spoinh n ewould show thai ho was 'o'd lhat if the Americans would no'' preserve neutrality, tho Uritish soldiers would come within our tetri orv and do it for them. Mr. Allen said that the mixing up of ihe two sub 'cotswonl! produce confu ion. lie watf, however, qui e anxious that the matler suggested bv theSen ilor from Missouti should be laid before tho Senate, and he would vote, for a ro o'utiou caleadaicd to tfli-ct 1I11I result ; lint he desired that the vole of the Senate diould he til.en on his resolulsm nail now stood. Mr. Itivi s made a fuillur reply, and moved to lay it on the tal K Mr. t'nlhoiin said lhat as it appeared lo be the im prrFMonof lbose who reprisente'd I lie I'liciitue upon the subject, that tho resolution was calculate I to cm barras the pending nego aation, he should feel him self compelled to vote against it, or nt oil events, to vote that it bo laid upon Ibe table. The quesiion was then taken, nnd decided in the affirmative veas 21, nays 13. In the House of Itepre sen'alives, the proceedings wcrecheftv on the s bject of rctiencliuien!, but without results IN RRV. J. N. MAFFITT SUNDAY WASHINGTON. Wasuinoton Cm-, Sunday Kve.Feb.20, 1812. Tho Hall of tho House of Rcurescntntitps was crowded al an early hour this morning to hear the Chaplain of tho House, llie Itev. John N. MArrtTT. His text was, ''It is good to ho zealously atlbctcd always in a jrond thins."" It appeared, troin the ilii-course, that certain very zealous lolKs hail lotinil occasion, in llio manner and style of Mr. Maflitl's iireacliintr, to indulge in inuir iiaimuai censnriousncss anil (TonKing by finding fault with his zeal nml earnestness. TIiih had reached the ears of tho prearher, and taking advpntaere of his text and subject, he contrasted, analyzed and illustrated true anil falso zeal, and tlio way lio give it to his defa iners right and left was a caution. He then al luded to tho displays of zealous patriotism in that very Hall, mado hy statesman, (he begged pardon for using the term ho .heant politi cians,) who, after having v iciferatcd, liarran- gued, unit labored hour arter hour, as if the ve ry existence of the nation ilepended on their efi'orts, at last concluded withi-nothing. lie was blamed for using his hand in gesture ; lic;e lumorablo gentleman used not only their hands, but their houldcrn too, and threw their whole bodies in violent contortions. Hi was blamed for being in earnest while presenting to hit heirers truths bearing upon jh'r eti'rnal OyLet ovory good citizen who wishes well for his State nnd his Country attend tho Tui ifl Convention to he lioldcn at this pi. ico next Friday. Wo hope a voire may ho sent forth from that meeting that will con vince Southern Slaveholders and Northern Dough F.icos, that the rights of Fitix L.nou- t:tis wihsC he rt'sported. THE TARIFF' AND THE TORIES. The St. Alhnns Republican of last week appeared to he quite wrathy becatiso tho liig presses of this state charged the Torii-s with being hostile to a protective Tariff. Tho Republican indignantly pronounces the charge to ho false, unfounded, and calumni ous, and intimates that the Whigs aro a pack of graceless rebels for littering such nn atrocious libel upon its Tory brethren. Hut let us look into this matter it little. There is no occasion for anger or ill-nature. Let us keep cool. Let us investigate this ques tion calmly nnd dispassionately, und see where is the mistake. What nro tho facts of the case? Immediately after tho com mencement nf the present session of Con gress a motion was made hy Mr. Jihett, a violent anti-1 arm Slaveholder from South Carolina, to refer that portion of the Presi dent's Message, in which thu Tariff was discussed, to tho committe of Wavi and Means, on tlio ground that, in re-adjusting tho Tariff, revenue alone should be regarded. Tho Northern Whigs opposed tlio motion witli great earnestness aim unanimity, con tending llint the portion of tho Message in question, should he referred to the coinuiittco on Manufactures. The debate on the motion of llhett was long, warm nnd animated, nnd, involving as it did tlio principle of protection, railed out tho lending members of the House! from nil sections of the country. In the progress of thn discussion llhett nnd those who sided with him denounced thn protec tive system ns oppressive and unconstitu tional nnd proposed to abolish entirely tho committee on Manufactures. This motion to refer was regarded on all hands ns a test question between tho friends and enemies of ii Tariff. Whnt as the the result ? Kerry f VOU slipJjtUeJjt'elcl J II ine pi.u(iie oi ins . nun 1 1 y a ,ju io m'c such a siaie I Wo observe the arrival in the Port of New Vork, of immense importations nf Forcicn Goods. They are tho products of pauper labor in Hug- land and as tho duty upon them is next to noth ing, they arc thrown into our market, and sold for .vhaicvor they will briny;. Tho consequen ces of this system aro injurious to us for sever al reasons. The chief, however, is tho temp. tation held out to our people toco in debt, and the drain which it makes Upon the specie in the country. There are people now, as there were in tho nays ol or. r ranklin, who lino to "liny harsams." They see a cheap article, and, al. though, thev have no use for it they are temp ted by the cheapness to buy a bargain which rarely fails to prove a bad bargain. This run ning in debt lor loreign articles, loads to the ex portation of specie, and the consequent convul sion of our momentary system. It is our settled conviction, that there is no remedy lor this evil whilst ringlish arc admitted tree ol duty. We will, until men s natures aro cliano-cel, an nually contract an immense foreign debt, which can only he liquidated by shipment ol specie, Hits is one ol the evils under which we are now sufTering This is the main cause of tho flunc tuations and convulsions in our currency which weakens the banking institutions and keeps them in a state of suspension. If they open their vaults, whilst this system prevails, their specie will be speeehly abstracted to pay l,ng lish dohts, or "buy bargains" in English Goods The root of the evil must be eradicated, bv re moving the temptation and tho means of con tract, ng toreign debts. Until this is elone, we have no guarantee, that our condition will be improved. We know tint those who rec.oni mend that measures he adopted lo relieve us Irom I' liirlish thraldom, aro called the "'Si'ili Party," but the preposterous absurdity nf such a charge, and tho perverted Ionic by which it is maintained, are dally bccninintr manifest lo the in'ellxonce of the ci untrv. For our part, we arc content to bear all the odium implied in the reproachful designation of "l.nzlish I'artu incurred bv supporting: American interests and American independence at the expense of tho grasping ambition, and pauper labor ol Junglaiul THE AGE ANSWERED. The argument of tho Spirit of the Age against a protective Tariff is conclusively answered hy tho following communication from a Westlnrd I armor. u intended to reply to the Ago ourselves this week, hut are happy to find tho work done to our hand and done in a nut shell ton, in the following letter from Westford. Tlio Farmers tin dorstand this matter much letter ill. ill til newspapers. Wo shall offer a few word more, ull tlio Sllbjoct soon. Westford 2.jth. Fob. 12 12. Mr. Editor : - I noticed an article in tlio Sentinel of tho 18:1). instant under tho head of "acai.i. sr.coN'ur.t)" taken from the Tory Spirit of the Agj pi inted at Woodstock in which 1 find the following. It is a little stiange lhat the farmers will not un derstand tb. s mallet. Suppose, to make the subject plain, they sell their woo! this year lor foity rents per pound nnd buv their hroa.Ielolh for one dollai a yarel. The manufactures ret up a tariffof protection on foreign broa.lel.iths, not to protect tbcmtlves ut the tanners; well, next year the I inner ells Ins wool for sixty cents -ier p'rjud, and buys bis broa J cl th for one dollar nnd twenty els per yard; what ha he made by the operation! how has he been protected 7 Is it possildo that Eastman and Winslow are -so stnpid thai they can not see what the 'arf.icrs would nin hy a revision of llie Tar iff und an increase of protective duties ? I ill state the two cases, and 1 h ive no doubt le Farmers of this state will perreivo llie .lin which would accrue to them if Eastman f the Ago and Wir.ilow of the Sentinel can lot. I am a Farmer nnd rai.'n yearly 300 pounds of wool, which, nt 10 cts. per pound only, fetches me S200.00, I buy five yards of broad cloth per vear at one dollar pur vard. 55,00 I'.DUCATIONAt, CONVENTION. ' A stnto convention nf the frimts nf education was eld nt Middlebury, on the 13th and l lth of Jan uary, bv winch Iho various interests of Education wcie tanon iinuer consideration, ond inquiries intl tulcdinlocxislinRdeficisondtlio means of their re moval. Thn time allotted heim, iiii.impi.Mi to Accom plish the objects ptoposcd.tho convention adjourned tb mott at I'urlington on tho last Tuesday in Kcburary 1314. According to adjournment tho Convention met in lliirlinetou on Tuesday thu 23d. nf Keb. His Kieel. Icnoy, Governor fame was called to the chair, Geo. II. snaw was appoinieu oocrctary anu joun k., ijon verse, assistant Secretary. 1 hooiijccl oi the uonvennon wassiatcu uy rrcsi. tent VI,rv ler. f'lmirinfio nf tlu tut iness Committee. who also sitbtniltn I the order l.f blisioess for the mCCt ing. On motion of tho Itev. Mr. Peck, ofl'oultncy, I: was Hesolved. That all cenllemen nresen', or who shall bo present, feeling tin interest in the subject of educa tion, are respectfu ly requested to participate in thedo. inns ol HiislJotivctition. Th Convention wa addressed hy Prof. Oco. W. Hcncd ci in relation to the legislation of this stale on the subject of education. I'rnr. Il.oieiliet said that in Vermont there had been butlilllo legislation on the subject ! that tho Legisla ture hail ch irtorcu several uulleges nnn.Acancuucs, but had assumed no responsibd ty except in relaton to common schools and thai oven for these, there was nothing in the statute Hook to load us to sup nose ihnt tho l.i'L'islatuie intended to hnvo any oilier carethan merely to prescribe the mode of organizing scnool Ulalticis nno provide, in pari, uiiius ior bujj; por ing the school,- lhat whether the schools lived or died, or whether ino districts were lniiniui or noi in the expenditure of the public nnney, was a niatt'r in respect to which the Legislature look no responsi- unity, iiir.n. rroci cneu tu snow uy reicrence io incis lit lt'lhe. interests of prunniy education were sufllring very seriously for tlio wsnt of some sy'teni of stato supervision i thai the principle on which the public ui'.ncv is now Irawn.ooera cs, too ofien, as a beiunly on inactivity nnd is tv t, (as it ought to be) n stimulus to inilticc reopie io cei incirciiuureo inio ine scnooi, that if ah ittdrea scholars on whom money is drawn fortv not unfrcnuen Iv tret the whole benefit He also adduced facts sliowingthnt llio power of taxation un der the present law (Sec. 18.) may be so used as to s'mt out tlieciuiiirenoi tne very poor irom ourscnoow altogether. Mr. li. commented upon tliol'oiicy ot the Lcirslatnrcin borrowingnnd appropriating the School fund, and nlso unon the manner ol di nosing of that portion of tho IJ. S. deposit, which fell to this Stale. Rev. Mr.I'eck of Ponltney then delivered nn address explaining the sys eni of common schools in tho stoto ol ,v v. Sir. Peck said that in N. York the Colleges, Ac ademies and common Schoo's, were all parts of one groat an I harmonious system under the supervision ejf a lioord of 21 Ilegeots. They have a school fund, amounting toabi ut S 1,500 000, the proceeds of which are di tnbulcd o the schools nccon ing to the num ber of s holar-from 5 to li years of ago. Tho bsl lance of the rcqusite s nn to sustain ihem is assessed upon thn scholar a", orihoz lo lo Ihe attendance ot each. F.ach District in order to receive its pi rtion of My balance is $195,00 Now if the Tariff should bo raised, as the Sentinel and Aic tint the case, mv 500 pounds of wool, ut CO cts. per pound, would fetch S'JOO.OO And my 5 yards of broad cloth at SI, 20 is SG.00 state of things here, let them protect and pamper the grasping .uanulai Hirer a lew years, raise up an im itiene population dependant upon him fi.r their daily bread, and they shall see il in all. its beaut'es. Spirit of the Age. This article was copied into tho Sentinel a short time since, nnd wo know not how many other Tory papers and we nro some what surprized that our neighbor of tho Re publican should havo overlooked so conclu sive an argument to support its assertion that tho Tory party in this State are friends of a Tariff. As it seems to have escaped his at tention, however, we hope ho will give it the benefit of an insertion in his columns that tlio readers of his paper in Franklin County may the Tories on tlio other side of tho mountain think of ihe protective sstem. And while his hand isin ho may as well re publish tlio following "beautiful extract" which wo cut from n l.ito numherof the Rttr lington Sentinel as it affords additional ev idence of the truth of his assertion thai llie Tories are Tariff" men. My balance would ho S294.00 Now can not any simpleton see tint I havo cot S99, moro for my wool when I pay Sl, 20 per yard for my cloth than when I paid only SI, 00; und further, while tho ninnuf.ic lurer has gamed only 20 per cont on his goods I havo gained 50 per cent on the rise of my wool. In so plain a case, tho Tories can't "humbug" us by tho cry of coqwratiMis monopolies and aristocracy. A WESTFORD FARMER. P. S, Pnon r ami loss account. 50 per cent gain on nij Wool is $100,00 20 per com piid on my broad Cloth to manufacturers is $1,00 Balance in my f.tvor. S 99,00 VVTieriwo began this article wc intended fXThe Tories of tho Granito Stato nre making a most hideous caterwauling. The Hill party has fallen afoul of tho Iluhb.ird party and they nro kicking, cuffing nnd scratching each other with most hearty good will and without the slightest compunction Each parly howls most lustily nt tho savngo onslaught of tho other, and thero really np pears to ho n prottv prospect of a regular in surrcction. It is an interesting stpiublo and the result will bo looked upon with about ns much solicitude us tlio spectator felt in tho stl-to between the polecat nnd buzzard Mr Upshur has replied lo Mr. Ilotts deny ing that he was ever an unqualified disunion- ist nnd nllciiipting to ptovc it, Mr. Ilotts has published a very pungent rejoinder re affirming tho chargo nnd criticising with I seventy the Secretary's testimony the nuhlie mnncv muU have ma nlained n school laag'it by nn inspeztod.tea her, at last for llie term of lltre'e monins. l.noioniy uc lows n eiueu m.u iihcrn' naironaonnon nil her schools: Il alo assumes a rcsp nisi de supcrvis on over ibemt the Legislature not onlv proviucs ine new", oui inkcs ineiu .n" .1 . ' 1 r I I .,.',,.. , r.ll.t.. -nr.!!.. mat tnese minis re i.auuiuuv oou pnnn.,1,17 In order to this, a ecncral supr.intcnd.ant 01 scno' ls is ap pomtcil wno uevotes nis wioue nine, mcwuw e.l hv ail assistant supreintendant in each county, makin" CO in nil. These assistant arepaid a salary ofR"00ea"h, so that tho slate pays ycatly ihe sum fSJOOOO to in. reolliictsol cvarninail .n onu inspec tion. Hy these miters, ureuiy or inoireiciy, an icaeii crs are examined. Ily them also all ihniL's else arc done tending 10 the well 1, ingot the scnoois. a piriicu ar ri'port is made U the urreiniendont f lh Condition ol every s hoot 111 the slate. These icports ire 'onibiiied into a cuneral re nun which is printed and laid upon the table of every legislator and upon thai ot evry or executive uuicce ui uu pw... InN. V. ihe academies are the nurseries for train ing teachers and nre patronized I y the state with ml reference 10 llns end. Mt. 1. went at lengih into thi details of the IS. 1. Thd convention now adjourned till 2 o'clock P. St. t theopen.ngof lie; meeting in the afternoon, the con vention was addresser! in an inlcreting and able man ner by Mr. Calvin Pease of Muntpelier, "upon the prevailing system of Academical education It would be dilliciill to do justice 10 ihe address of Mr. Peise, bv attempting nil aualvsis. We hope ;hc eautng points, at leas', may be i;nen to tlio Public throi'gr. the Press. Prrsde'iu Wheeler next addressed the convention upant'ie -vsl-'m of Education in Mas. Mr. Wbeeltr said, lhat the systems of Education 111 V 1 ngland ami "Vow "orl nrininnltil in Musi lhat it WOS thtr 9 wu mini look for the germ and prmct le of Ihejn nil. The system if Mass did not s ling from the feclioc of ignorance; it was commenced by mrn of the widest education, whose nimds had be-en disciplined in the best institutions nf the oil world ; by men, such ns never existed in the commencement of nny other union, 'they were men who united llie high est lea ning with Ibe I'.eiy nn I 7-al or martyrs. Ill about fifteen ye irsnfter landing at Plvmoith, tlicsi in 'ii set 1'ioiit lo lining a university, i ncy also in stituted Primary .schools. The education of the ytu a was one of the firM subject-that engaged 'be atten tion of llie Legislature. As early as 1612, a law was enaete I requiring 'he select-men of every town "not to sjller so li iisrnarianisnim nny latmiy, ns mat me pare'iitsand masters sho Id not eneleaeor to teach, by themselves- and others, their ehielrcn and servants to re id thcr.ugh-h tongue and to know the caritnl laws" The penally for every iueh neglect was twenty shil lings. Previous lo 1TC3 the schools ef Massachusetts we're siisiaun d by towns acting m their municipal capacity. The pre sen elitnct sjslem under stale patronage, bean ah nit 1753. since which emc it has been so per fected, that ihe primary schoo s of Mass, now iho best schools in the state. They are supported by money derived lsi from the income of school fundj, 2nd fr. m direct taxation. The slate has a fund of about 3100 OCO. ari,n fom ihe -nlccf lai ds in Maine and from mon- y due 'nmi ibe united "slates fur mil- ilarv s -rvices n el Irom other sources, the income of this fund is d.stributed in such a way as to induce he I'eopie to nave uu-ir cniioren in tne school i.acn t wti is idso requited to tnirr SI, 2) lor e ach individual residing in ihe town, between -1 nnd 16 vears ofsje. If nnv town rait s a less su n it forfeitslls portion of the public fund. The amount aeiuallv raised y each town, veatlv, by tax, is about S 2,C0 lotach scholar, instead ofSl,2.". Tho'stn'e has also assuror d a strict supervision or-e- the schools. The Legislature app. inl a secretary of I. lucali in, who co leels ami uiiiu-rsaiormniion in respect lo schools, and who ytnrly lays btfote ilia Legi latnrei report, showing minutely the condit.on of evetv school m the comtnonwealih. Three sell mis have been e-iabhshed in Mass. fur theprepaintion of Teaelitis s oecfor Ft-innlrs. and two fir both si'Xe-s. Mr. W. stated o In r f icts illustrative ofthe Mass. system and ts operation, which ihe Sec retaries have not room to present at h ngth. Mr. Peek intro lured a etics ol Iteso ulions Which liesup oiled bv reniatks, these were laid on '.ho tablo for further cons'.di rnlton. Professor Twining of Middlebury was then listened n i-i an a 'dress nn llie meaneof exciting intcrist and a. linn on be subject of education, among the people, Prof. Twiningin n very for. ible manner, set forth ihe fact Hint the people unccrvniuccuucniioii aim mc noi willin" In so 'il I lhat time, property nnd effort lhat area requsite. That fiels and light must be diffused until thepuhlln min i shall be brought to r fleet that to secure wise and cinci- nt legislation in bihalfofrur s liools, we must apply to the people, who are tho source of power. Mr. 't w ining, nl the close of his ad dress, offered a series of resolutions which were laid on the tablo for consideration. On Wednesday even ng Dr. I ronard Marsi deliv ered an a.ldre"-s on llio subject of Phvsical Hducation, which was listened lo with great inttrcst j at the close of which on motion ........ Itcsohcd unanimously that Or. Marsh I e requesters to publish the address delivered by him lefwc the Contention. Adjourned to meet nt!) o cloctt, to morrcw morn- ng. Thursday morning, Convention mcMccording to mil "iirnoient. Hesolut on-were oflercet by t harlcs Adams i'sq and hy Hon M L. Uemiclt, which wero laid on the table for discussion. Itev. Mr. Peck proceeded to address ine conven tion on ihesuhj.'ciof a system of education for Ver mont, and submitted the outhuf s of a Plan, whieh was laid on ihe table. Itev Zenas Ithss, ol Jerico.aefelrfsseel Ihe conven tion in relation to n system oi i.oucniion, im wue.ii he ha f bestowed some attention, Inn hsd not yet io far matured, as to be able to submit it in detail. Theii'sotutionssulimilteet hy .atessis. .itams and Peck, were now taken up and supporlcd by these eenttemrn respeelivc'y, when, on motion of Prof. t. W. I!enedict,it was veinn inai n eomnirite or file bo appointed 'o whom all re-clutionB now on the tab'e shall be referred, nnd lhat said comni lire he re q'testnl io prepare or diet st a series of resolutions for adoption bv the Cnntcnioin. Messrs Geo. tV Uenediet, Peck. F.aiibanks, Twining nnd Adams were appoint ed 'aid commillee. Adioiirncif lill 3 o'clock P. M. Thursday afternoon The conven lion met according to adjournment. The i nminuire ia-i iiniiin; rcpoiteel ine pillowing re-oIM-lionp.whicli we re discussed n. unnninu usly aelcpted. I, Iteso'veil, That tha action of the people of Ver mont from ibe railiest history of the stale lo lha "resent lime, on the subject of education, ttbe'her lhat action be contemplali d in reference to cither tcgislmitenr iuditidual conduct, showsbur things. 1. That there has nrevai'rel al all times an unwa vering cont iction in iheir minds lhat the promotion of useful knowledge among Ihe ciiir.ens of tho slate isnll fsrcniinl to the preservation of their individual, eitil and political liberties. 2. That in conformity to such n standard ol nee t. lence as they cither lefislalitely or individually hs ilt enicd from lime lo lime the Inchest, there has been n strong desire to hung ll c means of attaining to tlnsslundard within llereaihof every inhabitant of Ihe slate, anas easy and equal terms ns possible. 3. That for the accomplishment cf this object ihrre has ever been ti readiness to raise money by direct tax 'it to app-etrate means from other sources

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