Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 4, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 4, 1842 Page 2
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mm ipibibi VJEUMONTJjEOlSLATUBE. , SATunrny, Oct. 22, 1S42. oi'XA Vl.. The Governor transmuted to tho Sen itu tnu llcnort of ihi nmiinniiM im pointed by the Governor, pursuant to Legislative nit- uioniy.. i up report was rend, when Mr. VMon mov rit that It llU aid Oil thctahln. mill 'Kill rnnioa nr.lnr..,l to be printed. ' Mr. Camp snggrsted tlio piopriety of .. .im iiuiiiui.- . ,ur. iniiiiiniinui preierreu its puu icaltoii 111 nil ihe papers in tlio slate, Gratuitous, or by small cooipennli,in. Mr. Tuwnslcy picferted its publication m punplilct foint, say 10 or 1300. Mr Hilton sutigcMcd COO. Mr. Spr.U'uri look nn entirely dill, rent view, I10 li'scd the report, but thought 200 copici enough to lie, printed. .Mr Ihrtlett pud 200 would not supply the UviMature, when .Mr Si.rm-ue consented to 300. Mr Starr spoke in favor of 500'or m- i'LJX?" nn ""P"""!' rcjtnrt. Mr Townslcy moved 000 copies, supported by Mr Camp, when Mr Uu libel I tnovnUhal the motion to print belaid on the bible, The chair siij-cesto.l tint it was not in order ta lay nn unaritttn inolion upon the table. Messrs. A. Allen, nnd Smallcy spoko in favor of publishing tho report 111 the newspapers, and 300 copies fur the L.'ijis .ilure. 1 he motion to hy upon the (able was withdrawn, ami the question taken upon rmsinir 300 ..Ji1.,.0,!ln IP00' allJ K'Kitivcd, and 300ordered. nOUSh.U;ilt Introduced-lU .Mr Van Sicklin, to pay H;.men l.nne, ami by Mr Hobbins, to pay K0y.1l I; lint i lutlt referred to Committee 01 Claims. Hy .Mr Pond, to preserve mukrat, hy .Mr Wiggins, respectm? bounty mi silk j bulh referred to Oeneral cviiinittce. Ily .Mr Woodbridso. to ninend act of 1310 relating to Hanks j referied In committee on I. tills-. Hy Mr llolden, in n lition in Win jo-ki Turnpike Co.) referred to committee on Iloads. Ily Mr I'-rry, altering boundary iine between Salisbury ao.l I.-ceisterj referred to General cominitlee. Ily Mr I' imt, to incourago agricultures referied to com nultee on Agriculture. Ily .Mr Cus'iman, to pay Asa Gams prefer rod to comiiuttie on Chun. Toe (i.ivetnor cjnnnunienfist ilm mnn.i i.ttt nn the niihtia, from tho committee list y-ir appointed on tint suleVl, which was referred to eominitlec on Military alUirs, and 300 copiis ordered to bo printed. On motion of .Mr I'ctlibono. ordered that when the iijuso sojourn 11 ie (0 -Holiday morning. SKNATP. ?.72s-Ucnorlerl hi- Mmiii?0.! 'm miltce on Claims, to pay I ehcus r.dgcrtnn tho sum of vim, hi inn ruin, ami ntier remarks liy .Messrs Hriggs, Huhbell and Cutts, ordered to bo engrossed nn I read 11 third time. Hy Mr Dutlon, in nddilmn to cuap. 4 101 iv, .1., relating to ailiiiinisirntms and exec, utorsi lwi,-o reaij anil relerrril to Judicialy commit tee. 'lo pay thctjwn of Alh.irgh the sum mention. Si-10' t'P-,1" inquired 111 repelling invasion in 1311, rcportclby Mr Cull, with proposed amend limit. After a statement of facts in the ease by Mr ( utts and bv Mr Howies, thuamcudmcnt, rcduein" sum to 73,''i3, was .adopted, nnd the lull, on mo tion of Mr Tmvnsley, Ltd on the table. Extending the jurisdiction or jistici's reported by Mr A. Allen, without amcndmvnt. Its 'pn.n;je was imposed at roe length in an mlen-sting nnd spirited 1), hate, by Messrs Uriels, Starr, llarllelt, Smallcy, Duitoii, and nilluiL'liam, supported by Me.-srs A. Allen nnd lownsiey. .Mr .Spragiiu would prenr unlimited in rjiJictiou. The advocates of the bill took the "round I'm tho present law subtretrd ernlonra In nn .in. reisoinblo nnd vexations delay in the collection of uiPir uii5, ami inai opposition to tho hill came from pntleui'in of the law, whose lees might be eflectril bym passage. Those who opposed its passage did ei op ill lhpnsiiinpiioii that the Mntutelaw upon the s ibj.'cl had become sutbil nnd well understood i thai the alteration contemplated by the bill would unset tlfl the laws that to extend the jurisdiction to S300, wdiere the debtor side of the account does not exeeed that sum, would to the moral of the comrnuii'ty, in so extensively increasing thr number ond amount ofcies in which parties are permitted to be wiln-sses in their own In half; that instead nfles senna the fees of the profession, it would increase litis itinn, augment the amount of fee, nnd delay, in stead ofexpiihtini, the collection of debts. On inu or Mr Kitnn, the bill was laid upon the table. IlOUSf:. Jlcporls llyroniiuittee of Claims, bills topav Win. Coils 1, 50, and to credit Slnnchcster $53,13 j ordered to 3d rcidins. Atjainst bills to pay Tewis S. Massure, Truman Hardy, ltoyal Klint, nmi b'lenczcr . Ilabcjcli, and they were dismi.l. Ry select committee, lull annexini; Johnson's Island to St Albans, and it was ordered to a third readme Hy Oeneral committee, lull constitiitin; Samuel S. Sniith the heir at lnv of Harvey Holduii ; ordeied to 3d reading. Ily committee on Wavs nnd Means, re questina 10 be dicliarsedfrom sun'lry lesolutions re quesling ihem to revise the listing liw ; agreed to. Ily committee of Claims, nyaiusi pctiiion of Henry II. Robinson, and he had leave to withdraw. Also the facts in the casu or Kdward G. Ilabcock, and the report was laid on ihe table. Tcf:dy, Oct. 23. SKNA'1 13.-W-ny Mr Hubbell, for the bene fit ofl.aura 15. .Mooie, and others; twienread anj or dered to be cusrossel. Ily .Mr Kield, 10 pav Simeon Hunt ; twice nad and referred to eotnmittee on Mili laty ntl'iirs. Ily Mr. Kalon, to pay R. W. llabcocl. ; twice read and referied 10 commilti 0 on Claims. Ily Mr Dutlon, ro'atimj to the assignment of property to wiJows; twice read nnd referred lo Judiciary com mittee. Ily Mr Kield, in alteration of thcacl relating to the grand list; twice read and referral to select committee on tint subject. Hy .Mr ICiion, relating to Hanks; twice read nnd referred to committee on Ilanks. by .Mr Katon, constituting a Hoard of Kdu cation for the superusion of common schools, to con sist ol iho Governor nnd four fcuch olhtr persons, as tlio Lfji-lnturc may appoint ; twice read and laid up on the table, and oidered to be printed. Relating to fees ol auditors, Ac , ealhd up by .Mrllutlfi; after arij;n imsuietsslul propoitions'to amend, on mo tion of .MHlnirgs the bill wns indefinitely postponed. IIt)Usn. Ilc&olntions, Kroni the select commit tee declaring that .Mr S to well of Cauibndge, last year elected c.immiss.oncr of deal, dumb, tc, was inelig ible, being a i,i-itnrister. .Mr Canfield moved to dis miss the leulutton, remarking that the committee lud eiionetiusly mtcipreted Ihe eonstitunon, nnd that there was in fact no impropriety in .Mr S. holding this office, 08 it was neither executive, judicial, nor yet an oppom merit in the legHiture. Mr Harring ton nsked n delay for a time; hr understood tho Mi preni') Court had recently passed upon this question, end their ru.iorls would soon be before the House. Hij imprrssion was that the former practice of this House, 111 011 sling postmaster fiom their teats, was wrong. The minion to dismiss was withdrawn, and ihe 'es ilution laid 111 the table. The Senate came in, nud ihe joint assembly post poned the el'.clion of officers of the Jilatc l'ns'on for cn week. The following appointments were made; I I'm. U'tslvn, Reporter of Decisions of the Su premo Court. W stou 131, 0 P. Thompson 103, A. I.. Drown 1. Cttlrin Jcitett, of St. Juhnsbury, 1 Comm'rsof O'icer I'. Chandler, Woodstock, deaf, dumb, llaocfi L) M 'juUbridfc, Vergeuucs, J vVc. Tile ballots weio as follows: Jewett 13?, Jona. I). lira lley 112-Chandler 131, Caieb II. Hnrrington 103 -Woodbrtdgo 123, Levi II. Vilas 105, scattering 5.) U'n. V. Ilurn'iam, .Sergeant. nl-nrins. Murnhun 127, R. R. Riker 03, Seth Kimball 13, Mutui Djvi3 G, scattering 1. Tho Senate retired, nnd tha House rcsnmeJ con sideration of tho petition or Harry lluigliam. Tho motion of .Mr Howuian wasfuither sjslaiued hv Mes srs Bowman, llarlon, Hillings, Robbins and Henry, opposed by Messrs Woodluidge, Winslow, and Trd ey, an! carried ayes 113, noes 70. IIOU.-E. 7'ie Kssc.r Hank. .Mr Rice moved lo ree'onsider the vote of yestenl ly, ordering ihe print ing of the lemrton this I! ink. .Mr l'reiuiss said he doubted the correctness of soiuonf the positions of rie report, particularly in relerenco 10 the halety Kuud, w hich, hebeheved, was holden for ihe redemp. liin of the bills oi nny safely fund bank, whether it failed by fraud of the Dueelors or otherwise. On motion of .Mr I'ctubone, the report was referred to a select CJiuuiitlee of three. JlrpartiUy Military committee, bill repealing military act of .ov. II, 1SU, with an amendment that this act ta'.e efl'jct on the Cth Nov. next. Tho obiect is lo arrest the collection ot fines for non-nl- tendauc3 at the September trainings, the collections lor June trainings Having cost the stale about Sl.UDO more than Ihe amount 01 fines collected. Amend menl adoptid, and the bill ordered to third reading. Against bill to repeul 2d section of the act above re pealed, nnd ii was laid 011 ths.table. Hy select com mitter, a bill to permit Charles Miller, o'f Si. Armand, I.. (.'., to hold real estate : opposed by Messrs Vilas n I flft lllinni. .Ml 1-i.n.itllitltnnnl rrr...t..ilu o.ul .Mrnl.J on the 2d reading. Ily committee on Mifitsry Alfairs, bill to pav Win. W. White and Hcnrv Wadsworth 877,50, and it was made the order for to-morrow morning. Ily sHccl committee, bill to restore Moses arner to Ins legal privileges , ordered to a ii read iug. Hctotutiont By Mr Colton, ilia: imprisonmcntfor deLt is wron; and raising n committeo of three on the subject 1 rejected, (tuft tilcnlio.) Ily Ml Stalk, raisingnn innuirv whether Victory in Kssex county ia a legally organied town, sons to be entitled to be represented; rejected. The resolution directing the committee of Ways and Means to report amendments 10 tne listing law, isurcmen expedient, was taKen up, amended so as to riniiire the committee lo make up the list to ncrform this duly, and passed. Hv Mr. Shatter, ex;ie-ing tho sympathies of tho people of Vermont 1:1 liiecauteoi nnrrty 111 i'oianii, ana nuinit. ting Major Tochtnan to tlio floor of the House 10 morrow cvenitir. After a few mnnrks and exnlana lions by Mcssia Sbafter, l'eck, llarton, Cmhtuan and relliuonc, tne first resolution was made the or dcr for to-morrow eve. 7 o'clock, and the second was adopted unanimously. WtDNESnAY. Oct. 2G. SENATE. 7rioiiioii Ily Mr Camp, providing for the appointment of Joint Committees of both houffs. Mr Camp accompanied the presentation of the le.-oimion with remarks, showing its nupor tances passed. Ily Mr Uitller, rtnursling our Sen. stors and members of Con. 'ress lo use ihnr influence to refund to Gen. Jackson Ihe lino inflicted upon him bvJudsetlall. Mr llarllelt moved that the resolu tion bo laid upon tho table, when Mr Hiigss moved its indefini'e postponement. The taller motion taking precedence, it was supported, in a brief de' Mes srs Briggs, I'lumli, Stirr, Cults, and A. Allen, opposed by Messrs aineney, uiiii'ignain, ano iiarucii. mr UatUr deiaiudeJ the yeas and ny, and lbs risolu- lion was indefiitely postponed, yeas 15, nays IS, the PresKlcnt giving tho caning ote in the affirmative. i in. ue-iiuiu uu una icsoiuiinn wasnoioi a very ex citing character. Those wlio opposed its adoption in remarks, did so on the ground that in Judgment, it was not n legitimate subject of Stato legislation, and (.uos.uii (juuu uuimi ui nopcu 10 result iron! agua ting lllU SllblCCt. Its inilAflnlln nnatninnmnnl ni. posed on the ground that thesubject was entitled toa i-.iwiii 1 euiisioerauon. anu should not he uncere moniously and indefinitely postponed) that many believed the fine illegally and unjustly imposed) and that tlio 1 amount, as an act of simple justice, ought to be refunded. Mutual notices passed bctiveen the two houses, nnd the Senate proceeded to ballot for a Senator in Congress from this State, to fill ihouncxpircd term of Judge Pieiitiss. The ballots were for lion. Samuel C. Crnfm, 1G Hon. Win. U. Ilrsdley, 11 ;hcn Hon. Samuel C. CnArrs was declared elec ted on the nart of lhn Senate. HOUSE. lisstx Hank. The vote of yesterday afternoon was reconsidered, and the punting was uihu 111 iieie'u. JUcction Of f7. .ST. .?!) nlnr. Tlmtimir rxt fntt tin. ingarnveil, the election of U. S. Senator, to supply Iho remainder of tho term of Mr Prentiss, was pro ceeded to, nnd resulted in the choice of Hon. Sam iT.e, C. Crafts. Tho vole in the House was as follows 1 Crafts 117, Win. C. Ilradley93, James Hell B, Titus llilli.iina.,.i 1 II L-.,ll... 1 ' " ! -J".M1 l-UIIUIIl 1. Ittpurlt. Ily Judiciarv com mil Ire. nonlnat bill In prevent illegal voting at freemen's meeting a mo tion lo dismiss, was opposed by Messrs Van Sicklin, Slnlter, supported by Messrs llnvis ofN., I'cck. Vi las and CailfieTd and carried bill in addition to chap. 13 R. S. and it was ordered to a third rcndingi ngainst bill rOLMilatini? nssiiMiments. nnrl it un ills. misses! ngainst further legislation on foreclosure of moriiraces: noainsltii re aiinir in inun rlnba rm ndniintsler oatli, in case of county certificates, nlso lo take acknowledgement of deeds,) and it was dis missed! nminst bills or divorce nnd il was ilinmiis. ed; against petition of Elijah R. Green for divorce and tin-petition was read and laid on the tablet bill m addition to act of last year to repeal part of chapter 00 II. S., (providing for payment of fox certifiicitcs issucu ociwcen .ov. j, ib4i,and Jan. 1, 1812) oppo sed by Me-srs Stark, Cushman, supported by Mes srs Rice. lias. Peck. Tuvlnr nnd Wnnlnoi- nJ dereil to a third reading. 1 he Governor this morning informed the House that Julius Converse Esq. had declined the office of States Attorney for Windsor Co. , 2 o'clock, P. M. HOUSE. Reports Judiciary committee, bill rela tive to lreemcn's mcctiiiL'S (ailiourneil rncciiiirr frnin day lo day and no ballotlings commence after 8 p. m.) whieh was ordered Ion third reading ; bill in ad dition to chap. 29 R. S., (relating to appeals to coun ty court in trustee cases,) and it was ordered lo n 3d reading. Hy committee of claims, Senate bill to pay I.ebbeiis Eduerlon 8307 11. nnd il ivnn,l itv judiciary committee, that it is inexpedient to extend uu.- jiiusuii-uuii oi jubilees oi me p'nec. iiir liaKer colled up the bill lo pay Wm. W. White and Horace Wndsworlh S77 50. money bv them naid in rnnse. quence of enrollment of a quaker in militia. The person was enrolled, refused lo do duty, wns fined and imprisoned, and (hen prosecuted the mili'ary of- neer lor misu imprisonment, ana recovered damages, lie was not generally known as a q laker, but proved that lie was one nevertheless. Laid on the ladle. The Senate came in, and the following appoint ments wcru made: ORLEANS COUNTY. Janus Stebb,,ns,A8s,slan,Jus,iccs Geo. Wurlhington, jr., Irasburgh, Sheriff. Joel R. Daggett, High Bailiff. Geo. Nye, Judge of Probate. Jesse Cooper. State'sAttorncy. ORANGE COUNTr, Jui ob Kent, jr., Sheriff. Elijah l'arr. Statu's Attorney. Uriel Hosford, High Hailifl', John Colby. Jud"o of Prohate for the DistricI nf Randolph. J. W. D. Parker. Judiro of Probate for the District of Bradford. Thomas Jones, II. E. G. McLaughlin, Amos S. Ulake, jail commissioners. IIK.N . Ii lil'Ufl COUiNTV. Gorilon B. Southworth, ) ..;,., , flcnj. h Olin, j Assistant Justices. John V. D. S. McEowon. Bennington, Sheriff. Aaron Demo, High BaihtT. Harmon Canfield, Slate's Attorney. O. C. Merrill. Judaic of Probate for the District of Bennington. Li onard Sargeant, Judge of Probate for the Dis trict of Manchester. O. C. Merrill, John Hick, Henry Robinson, com missioners for the jail at Bennington. John C. Hobeits, Anron Baker. Win. M. Snerrv. commissioners at Manchester. GRAND ISLE COUNTY. Joseph M. Molt. Assistant Justice. Gary Whitney, Norlh Heto, Sheriff. Tho County Convention of Grand Isle disarrreee. when Senator Sowles nominated Joseph M. Molt, lor Judire, and Mr Ladd nominated H. II. Reynolds. Molt 1 IG, Reynolds . Kor Sheriff, the votes were lormntncy lib, vwn. urown 7b, scattering 4. WEDNESDAY, 0 1-2 O Clut'K, 1. M. HOUSE. The House nroceeded to ihe snecial or. i der, be ng the lollowing : iicsoina, inai tins Assembly, as the representa-1 tives of a free and independent State, ennnnt hut i feel a deep interest in tho establishment nnd main-1 lainanceoi iree and lilicral principles or government 1 throughout the world. And while a proper legard to the character of our own government and people, for I thepieservalion ol quiet, both ninonc ourselves, nnd r in all regularly constituted government, would induce us not to encourage lord tie resistance and revolu-. lion, in any but extreme cases, we do consider that each c.iseuf that class must depend mainly upon its I own peculiar circumstances. We therefore have, and do esteem the case of Po land as one of thai peculiar inlere-t to all the friends I ol liberty, as to justify this declaration of our semi-1 mi nis in regnid to it. In addition to the fa-t, that this free republic is en- I joying iha blessings of civil and religious freedom, ns I in some sense t ie price ol l ie ton nnd -aenfiee am blood of some of the noble nnd chivalrous sons of that ill-latcd land, among whom wearc proud lo recollect Kosciusro and l'ulaki ; no one can trace the history of the wrongs, and sullerings, nnd oppressions of that unhappy country, in hcr struggle for liberty, and nui ii'ei mai u isonc in wmcn every iree government has n deep interest. The relations for a long time sub isting between Poland and Russia are, "so to speak, but the personification of arbitrary power and heartless tyranny, on the one hand, and sober, de termined, intelligent, chitairous and agonizing strug gle forl.beit) on the other- Wo therefore, o on the behalf and in the nm of itin inhabitants of the State nf Vermont, do say to all tiie world, mat wo nope and trust in Divine Providence. 1 lint Poland will continue her aspirations and her struggles for liberty, till the autocrat ol the Russians ! shall know nnd ficl, that it is the unalterable decree of tho Ruler uf the Universe that the nrincinlenf frpn.lnni once deulopcdiii the hearts of a people, can never be I extinguished by any course of oppression, however severe, or long cuuunueu. I Major Tochman of Poland was admitted tn ihe dour pursuant to a resolution of the House, and sus tained the rcsulutionin an deeply interesting and elo quent speech. Mr Canfield moved to lay tlio rcsolu t'on on tho table, expressing doubts of tfm rtrnnrim V of unking litis a subject of legislation: opposed by Messrs Harrington, Pettibene and Davis ol'N.. and withdrawn, and the resolution was unanimously .Mr Harrington moved n resolution of rlinnln tn .Major Toclinian, which was also unanimously adop- leu. f After the adiournmcnt. a mectinn of membrrsnnd citizens, from various parts of thesiato wnsorganized Hon. Samuel C. Crafts of theU S. Senntoin the chair, and E. V. Merrill, Esq., Clerk of the House, secretary, when the above re-olution w as modified so as to become a resolution of the meeting, and unani mously adopted. 1 iidbsdav, Oct. 27. SE.N'ATE.-7iii-nv Mr Smollev. lavinua lax of two cents on the dollar on the county of Chitten den. Mr Sinalley moved its reference to s select coinmiticonl three. Mr French niove-d its reference to a joint committee, embracing tho members and Senators from Chittenden county. Referred in n e. lect committee or three. Mr Butler, of the seU-ct committee on tho subicet, reported the bill, without amendment, abolishing capital punishment and sub stituting confinement to bard labor for life; laid upon the table on motion of Mr Starr, and made the order of the dav for Saturday morning next. uuusf.. iteporlt liy committee or claims, bill to pa) Ilynnn Lane, supported by Messrs VanSiik len and llailcy of E., opposed by Messrs SkitT, Petti bone, Shafter and Peck, and dismissed. Pttitiont lleferred-Q! thetown of Burlington, by Its overreer of the poor, (for remuneration fur expen ses on account of two illegitimate children, born in Ihe stale prison) to committee on Slate Prison. Of Allrei rage, Win. Skinner, bewail h'ullam, Jos. A. Dennison and others, to members of Windsor county. SENATE. Satusdat, Oct. 29. 7Jif. From the house, in addition to chap. 18 of the 11. S. reported by Mr Briggs, of the commit tee on the judiciary, and lairl on tho table, on motion of Mr Hubbell in addition loan act to repeal part or chap.BOor the II. .Statutes, reported by Mr. Bart leit, or the committee on finance, opposed by Mr Townsley, supported by Mesrs. Dillingham, Dut ton. Hart ett. read a3d tutm nml nnail rlniin in the Bank or Newbury, reported by Mr Starr, ol the coiiiiimie. on uaims, witnout nmendnient, opposed by Messrs Townslcv. Eaton. Ilnilir A Allan .n.l Hatch, s ipporied by Mr llarllelt, and its passage i., ' -"tjm .i laying iax on ins county of Chittenden, reported bv the select commiflf. in fivorof its passatrr, laid on the table and made the order tor Wednesday next, on motion of Mr Smal Icy. Menace, from Ihe Governor, transmitting t)i.r port or the commissioners to visit the University of Vermont, and the proceedings of a military conven nn. .. r .I . . nmi. ucirjui i wi in cuioiiiissioiiers wu reaa, ana laid upon the table, and 300 copies ordersd printed Iiur tne umm ui uwiii iiuusrs. Ittfart. By Mr A. AJliu, oo its rssoluiion rsls- tjmr to the expenses growing out of the troubles on ' "ie.n2VnhIn hoindiry.orihis States that the sum tAVt .V- 1. ru,u ur ims oiaic. II0USK. Sihriei. The Houso resumed consid eration or the bill reducing salaries or sundry slate officers, and judges or the supremo court-title, in amendment ol chap. 107 of IL S. Salary of Judges of aupreme court, 41,200) pay of Secretary to Gover nor, Assistant Secretaries of Senate nnd House, nnd I'.ngrosstng Clerk, 12 per day during Iho session, anil 10 cents per mile travel salary of Treasurer, 8400. Mr Rice moved to strike out the clause reducing the salary or Treasurer t adopted, Mr Harrington mnv ed to amend by abolishing the office of Assistant Clerk, end raising tho salary of Clerk, 8100, he. to employ his own assistants, nnd for time lo prepare this amendment, the I ill was laid on tho table. , Ileporh-liy Judiciary committee, against the bill in alteration of chap. 69 R. S. t selectmen nlono to approbate retailers of spiritous liquors for liccnsc. Thts bill gavo riso to considerable discussion. 1 1 wns urged that the bill would enable the selectmen to re fuse, license to improper persons, nnd that it would render the different parts of the license laws more consistent. On tho other hand it wns objected that legislation could not advance the temperance cause that tho selectmen nlonn ought not to have the pow er given by thebill, nnd finally that this very experi ment had been onco tried and railed. Tho bill was supported by Messrs. Van Sicklen nnd Woodbridge, opposed by Messrs. Hilling, Cobb of S., Vilas, Sprague, Keith, Stark, and Haiiev, of E., ond dismis- fc,4 yy ? s.e'y "Irons vote liy select committee, bill districting the State, nnd it was made the order for Tuesday morning. This is the bill introduced by Mr Hcbard. The Governor communicated the proceedings of the late State Military Convention, which were read. Mr Hiee moved to refer them lo the Military commit tec. Mr Canfie d thought that n portion of tliepro ccedtngs reflected somewhat upon tho legislature, nnd he moved to lay tho doc uncut upon the table. Aflcr soino remarks and explanations by Messrs. Ilakcr, Rice, Canfield, and (Justinian, the motion to lay was agreed to. SHNATE. Oct, 31. Dills, Abolishing capital punishment, taken up, when Mr Uutlcr went into the merits of tin) question, and in favor of tlio hill, and addressed tho Senate at some length, lie took the ground that the scriptures are opposed to cani. tal punishment; that, having no right to take our own lives, wo have no right, as individuals or as governments, to take the liven of others; that even admitting we have the right, there was no necessity of exercisinsr it the safety of the community could be secured with less expense, by cotilinement for life, than by pub lic execution ; tnat it was the certainly, not the severity of punishment, which ensured tlio safety and promoted the morals of the community. If evidence ot tins was was to bo found in the histories of those governments where capital punishment had long been abolished. Another serious objection to capital punishment was found in the painful fact that the innocent frequently sufTered, while the guilty escaped. In illus tration of the position' Mr D. introduced a num ber of atTectiii2 cases in different narts of nnr country, and the case of the Bourns in our own state. Mr btarr, ono of the committee who re ported the hill, being opposed to ils provisions replied to the arguments of Mr U., taking the ground that the author of human life had the right, and had conferred the authority and im posed the duty upon human government to take life for tho commission of murder, alluding to and quoling scripture in illustration of this position : that not only the divine authority commanded it, hut the safely of the communi ty, and tlio preservation of human life, required it. Mr Ilriggs followed Mr Starr, in a few per tinont remarks upon tlio magnitude and bo. lemnily of the subject in debate. lie did not assent to the position taken by Mr B that the opponents of the bill were to furnish the ap'u. ments lor not passing it. The duty devolved upon the friends of the hill to show the reasons fur so great an innovation unon the system n! criminal jurisprudence from the earliest ages to the present time. He feared that the abolish ment of capital punishment would retnnvn mm of the greatest restraints upon tho commission of murder ; besides, if wo had not the right to inflict capital punishment, it might ho question, ed whether we had the right to deprive tho of. fender ol liberty, and consign him to imprison ment, thus taking his life by pioco-nicals. Af ter further remarks by Mr '., the bill was laid upon the table. Hill relating to chap. 2!) H. S.: vole rejecting bill reconsidered, and the bill re." committed. HOUSE Reports. A bill relative to elec tions, requiring roll of voters for State officers, it was ordered to a third ret ding after discuss ion by Messrs. Vilas, Peck, Sprague, Rice, Karnes and Cobb of S. Ily committee on the state prison, ngainst petition of overseer of the of the town of Burlington, when Mr Van Sick len moved to reenmmit it, which was agreed to. By general committee, against bill in relation to victualling houses, and it was referred to the judiciary committee. HOUSE. ltentlutions. By Mr Vilas, rola tivcto remission of fine upon Gen. Jackson by Judge Hall, which was made the order for Wednesday morning. By Mr Ciimmings, as to expediency of a school tax of 10 cents on the dollar in lieu of !) cents. Capital Punishment. Mr I'ctlibono called up the bill to abolish capital punishment, and its passage was supported by .Messrs. Baker, 1'ettibonc, Cobb of S., D,ivis of N., Stark, liar ton and Bobbins, opposed by Messrs. Canfield, Niles and Nuycs, and dismissed, ayes 111, noes 01. Tunsiur Nov. 1, HOUSE Mr. Canfield called up the bill to divide the state into congressional districts, and at the call of Air. Vilas explained that the com mittee did not agree to this or any other hill, but reported this for the action of tho House. This bill forms the districts as follows ; 1st, Windham. Bennington and Rutland. 2d, Wind sor and Orange. Ud, Addison, Chittenden, Frank lin, and Grand Isle. 4th Washington, Caledo nia, Essex, Orleans and Lamoille. Mr. Wardner moved to lay tho bill on the ta ble : negatived. Mr. Utce moved to amend, so that Windham and Windsor fchnuld constitute Hid first district. Alter explanations by Messrs. Vilas, Canfield and Kice as to the principles of tho division whether by natural boundaries, or by county lines, &.c. the amendment was rejected. Mr, Vilas moved to amend so as to form the 2d, district of Windham and Windsor counties instead of Windsor and Orange ; supported by MessrB. Vilas and petlibonc, opposed by Mr, Wardner and rejected, ayes S7, noes 120. Mr. Gove moved to amend so as to form the 3d district of Franklin, Chittenden, Lamoille, Orleans and Grand Isle, instead of Addison, Chittenden, Franklin and Grand Isle: suppor ted by Mr. Baker, and rejected, 119 to 92. Mr. Govo moved to strike out Orleans and Lamoille from tho fourth district and adding Or ange. Mr. Davis of N. hoped the amendment would be withdrawn, as ho presumed from the votes given, that the whole question had already been arranged before brought into tho House, and could not be altered. Amendment rejected 131 to 80. 1 Mr. Vilas expressed the samo intimation as that of Mr. Davis of N. as a reason for think, ingthat nothing could arrest tho bill, which, he thought, was a fitting commentary on tho Gov ernor's compliments to tho wings justice. Mr Van Sicklen said this bill was a fair. hon. orablo and just division of the state, both aH to location of districts and the division of political power. Ho would cheerfully abide tho decision oi i lie people. Mr. Vilas responded, complaininr? that tho business connexions of counties wero not regar ded, and that the natural boundaries by the mountains wero not adopted. Mr. Canfield said tho centliiman from Choi. sea had himself, by his votes on tho amendments, gone in favor of disregardim: these verv busi. nous connexions and natural boundaries of which ho complained. Ho said Ihe friends of this bill had looked at justice ; thoy would have most outrageously disregarded justico had thev given the minority in the state one half of the delegation in Congress; and as a commentary upon the complaints against tho justice of the Whigs, ho referred to the gerrymandering acts of tho locofoco parlies in Ohio and New Vork. As to the intimation that this question had been decided elsewhere, ho doubted not it was true as to both parties : the votes of the minority here showed that they had como in here with opinions already settled on this bill. Mr I'cttibone thought the bill introduced in to the Senate at the opening of tho Senate, by Ur Camp, was really the honest bill. Mr Baker thought that one member wm giv-J Ctl tn llln nirtv. tint na a maltnp nf tifalt.A tint of necessity : tho majority could not help It. wiicr somo uumorous remains ny air Davis of N. who thought tho gentlemen on all sides were pretty nearly right, and that for any wrong there could bo an appeal to the people tho discussion was continued by Messrs. Noyos, Vilas, Keith, Van Sicklen nnd Shafter, when Mr Harrington moved to mako tho bill tho order for to-morrow aftemocn : ticrratived. Mr Vi- las moved to adjourn, ayes 81, noes 103. The bill was then ordered to a third reading, 117, to 80. BENTON'S GOLD TURNED TO BRITISH It AOS! Benton's promisee! gold lias turned lo Brit ish rugs, nnd is in truth floating tin tho Mis sissippi! The Pittsburgh American' notices that X1U and .20 notes of tho Bank ofEii!?- land have nlreudy appeared in the hands of tne brokers and merchants of that c the following paragraph shows that the Brit ish nigs liavo got as high up tho Mississippi as Alton, Illinois. What next from the Let ter currency wheel t Notes of Hie Bank of England of the denom ination of 5, are in circulation atnung us, and pass as current as the "yellow boys" of Tom Benton liimsalf. Tin. fimt u.n ...... il.-i i.,.i been taken was in the hands of a red mouthed Liocoloco merchant in this city. Thisvcry gen. tinman ban linnn nruinrv nut .mnt..t l. r 1 1 i . l b ufciuiioi. iiiu puiioy or a United Stales Bank, and thoovil influence it exerted upon the country, upon tho ground that il introduced among us foreign capital, ami that the nobility uf England wero stockholders in tho institution. Now this very consistent mer chant is the first man In nnr prinmum:... n . ceive and put in circulation tho bills, not of a national institution of our own, but ono owned and controlled by Europeans, who possess the power to flood our country with millions of ils paper, without affording the American people the slightest facility in case of its failure, to pro cure tho least security. And yet he hoastingly says that he will take all he can get, whiloat tho same time, he would prevent tho establish ment of a far more solvent institution of our own among us. This is pure, unadulterated, and unalloyed Locofocoism! Who can doubt its consistency ! FRIDAV MORNING, 4, 1812. THE DISTRICTING BILL. A Bill has passod the House of Represen tatives dividing the Slato in Connressinnnl Districts. By this Bill the first District will Uu composed of the counties of Windham, Bennington, and Rutland, the second of Windsor and Orange, tho third of Addison, Chittonden, Franklin, and Grand Isle, and tho fourth comprises the counties of Wash ington, Caledonia, Orleans, Essex, and La moille. This strikes us as being a very fair and equitable division of the State. Other modes were proposed, but did not meet with general favor, and wo presumo tlio Senate will concur in the Bill as it passed tlio House. Even the Loco Focos are compelled to ad mit that the Bill is a just one, so far as the politics of the Stato is concerned fur if the Whigs wcru disposed to Gerrymander, a di vision could undoubtedly be made, which would enable them lo carry all the four dis tricts. But as they wished to treat tho claims of tho minority with moderation and justice, thoy Imvo divided tho Stato in sucli a man ner as will enable tho Loco Focos to elect ono of tho four Representatives by a major ity ranging from fifteen hundred to two thou sand. The first three districts will undoubt- i-illy be Whig, and they could not well be mado otherwise. The division is a verv natural one, county lines being in all cases adhered to, and the counties themselves br ing conterminous. The Bill passed the Hoitsf, on Wednesday moraine: last, bv a vote of 123 ayes, to 92 nays a very decis ive majority. GOVERNOR PAINE AND TIIE LO COIOCOS. The Loco Foco papers in this Slato seem to be very much distressed because Gov. Paine did not write a Loco Foco message this year. These exceedingly modest and reasonable gentlemen seemed to expect this much, at least, of his excellency. On pre cisely what ground they founded this ex ceedingly moderate expectation wo are till able to imagine. It may be that being so sadly disappointedjin not having elected the "Farmer of Lamoille," they thought Gov ernor P. might compromise tho matter, so far at least as to send to the General Assem bly a Locofoco message. This would have been somo consolation for the defeat of tho "Cambridge Democrat," and would un doubtedly liavo been quite satisfactory to tho Loco papers. As it is, however, their sen sitive nerves are shocked at the unexampled fact, that a Whig Governor should write a Whig message. They seem to bo particu larly grieved at that part of it which relates to ithodo Island. They consider this moro outrageously Whig than any other portion and wo aro inclined to agree with them in opinion. But in the midst of this general grumbling of the Loco Focos, it is some con solation to find such paragraphs as tho fol lowing which wo copy from that staunch Whig paper the Boston Atlas : (lor. l'jinc's .Mistage.Vfc have read wilhun mingled iho able, manly nnd truly demo cratic uie-stagu of ihe Governor of Vermont to tho Legislature ot that Stale. Ilis worthy of a son of inu uri'en .Mountains, uur only regret is tint wo must content ourselves with a single exlractwhich relates to the Ithodo Island insurrection. It is iust. fearlessly Hue and most excellent. We ask for lithe dcliticrate, calm and impartial consideration of our reaucrs. One Locofoco' s Opinionwf Anolhtr.-W mot) II. Read, member of Congress from tho Susquehanna District, thus speaks of Van Buron : "With resptct to Mr. Van Ilurcn, I cannot Bpeak witli any certainty. He wns said lo be a '.Vortlicrn mnti with S jutbern nrincinles.' which if it bo ntTirincd of him in respect to this principle of self-prutcclion, is equivalent to saying that ho was nn American with llritish feelings, I do not affirm tins of him, for I do not know) but a bare suspicion of tho fact bad no small uiiarein tun him overthrow in 1B1U. " Mr. Read is a very bitter Locofoco, and goes to the death for Buchanan's claims to tho Presidency. He rejects Calhoun anil tan Buret) with equal contempt, as unwor thy of tho confidence of the Democracy of the North. tt?A good nrticlo on School house Im prisonmcnt will bo found on our last page, which wo commend to the special attention of parouti, guardians, and (eacben. ANOTHER FALSEHOOD NAILED. Tho last Sentinel t. characteristic hon esty and regard for truth, says that tho Hon. John Quinov Adams, (he venerable patri arch of Quincy, had expressed thu opinion that tho cowardly ronttgado, Thomas W, Dorr, was tlio legal and righlful Covcrnor of Rhodu Island. Tho following letter from this venerable statesman, which wo copy from the last Providence Journal, tells a very different story. Wo shall see whether the Sentinel will have tho fairness, or oven the common lioncstv to retract its f.iUn nml calumnious chargo against Mn. Adams. If tne cx-rrcsielcnt Had not been retained as nUornoy for his old personal and political friend, with whoso rece;i politics ho has no sympathy, ho would undoubtedly have ex pressed himself in much less guarded terms. ... , Ucis-cv, 20th Oct., 1812. Hon. JOSEN! L. TlUlNOllAST, J'rocitlcncc, 12. I. Mr DcAn Sin: I answer without a moment of hesitation the inquires in your letter of the 18th inst. I have not volunteered my services to defend tho persons charged with offences ngainst your worthy nnd honored Slnte. At tho request or Mr Dutco J. 1 earcc, an old personal nnd political friend, but with whoso recent politics 1 liavo no sympathy, I hmo engaged to net ns bis counsel to defend him on his trial lor treason, if be should bo brought lo trial, ns I most fervently hope nnd pray he niav not. I h ive not engaged, nor been requested to tleien.l any other person, nor Mr l'earco himself, for nny olhcr od'cuco than upon an indictment for Treason. I luld this from the moment that ho made application to mo In be my duty ; nnd I heipo and intend to disch irgo it faithlully. lint it is no pleasant duty to ine, ami if yon can prevail upon your Governor to direct a with drnunl ol tho prosecution, or proclaim nn amnesty, to include Mr. I'carce, you Mill render me a service for which I shall be ever grateful to you. - ..... ........ i-.,iii.-bc-i iti ujiiiiuii lavurnoio lo toe proceedings of iho suffrage party, nor against tho proceedings of the Charter Government. " 1 should ritniCI tO 111. rrrt.o itin nnnnccll.. ..r ..j . - v . ...... .. uu. .i.i.oi.j' ui eume'dllllg any pirt of them. Will you not nid mo in the ear- ..vo. ..wim ....,- vAuiiuiaie-u iiooi mis ourucn, anu from the anguish of witnessing tho trial of a Rhode- mi iibuuuii iitinisi nn eiHiniry i 1 am, ever faithfully, your fru nd, JOHN UU1.NCV ADAMS. TO BANKRUPTS. It will bo noticed that a resolution has pas sed the House of Representatives instruct ing our Senators to vote for tho repeal of the Bankrupt Law, nnd it is not improbable tiiat it may bo expunged from tho Statute book at tho coming session of Congress. We therefore advise all who have any in tention of availing themselves of ils provis ions, to loso no timo about it. We have two reasons for ofiuring this advice. 1. We want thu advertising. 2. We regard the law as just, humane, and in sirict accordance with that essential principle of republicanism which forbids man to regard the person of his fellow being its properly, or, through his misfortunes, to ac quire a perpetual, and irredeemable mort gage upon his future exertions. Our sympathies refuse to flow at the bid ding of him who demands his pound of flesh ; ' and wo would have the law say, practically, lo all, "trust your man on the strength of Ins means, and his moral worth ; not upon the probabilities of being enabled to extort from tho future hard earnings of his wilo and chil dren, ;or tho contributions of friends, tiio amount of a debt created perhaps for cock tails, juwsharps, and city lots in Etttopid." We are nominally a sufferer, to the amount of some hundreds by tho operation of tlio bankrupt l.nv ; Imt wo tiro hound to say, ill nil sincrrily, we hnvu lost nothing tlint we regarded as valuable before. Indeed the schedule is increased in value. Many of the individuals arc yet young, enterprising, and possessed of business talents, and with the lessons of practical experience thus dearly bought, their future success cannot he doubt ful. If some of these, (as doubtless many will) should ultimately dischargo in good faith all their old liabilities, il will, at all events, bo so much gained. But if otherwise the satisfaction of welcoming sonic of our old friends to tho paths of business, nud their families to the hope at least, of competence, will more than compensate to us for the sac rifice of erasing a few musty claims from our catalogue of bad debts. Entertaing these views, we cannot but ad vise all who really need its aid, (and those only,) to act promptly ; for we are mortified to perceive u growing disposition on the part of the Whigs to surrender this wholesome measure a sacrifice to locofoco clamor a clamor raised against it not on account of ils provisions, but simply because it is a Whig measure. Gov. Pi.vNf.v. All who listened to the discourse of this gentleman on Sabbath eve ning, and lo his lecturo on Tuesday eve ning, were richly entertained, and were put in possession of such a knowledge of thu condition and wants of Africa, as they could gain from no other source. Mr. Piuiicy did up his work in tho best order, and with fresh materials, which lie had gathered by residence and extensive ttavcls in Africa. In view of his statements, the truth of which wo cannot doubt, wo do not sco how an intelligent and candid man can be opposed to tho Colonization Society, whilo that society confines itself to ils legiti mate object, of transporting lo Al'tica only those colored persons who wish to go. DEATH OP GEN. FLETCHER. DT Wo regret to learn that Gen. Isaac FLETCiirn died at his residence in Lyndon, on tho 10th inst. His age was 57. Gen, V. had sufTered severely at times from bodily infirtni tics for tho last six or eight years, and for the last six months his friends had expected to hear of his death almost daily. .Mr. F. had enjoyed no small share of popular favor. For years ho was a representative in tlio State Legislature, and several times was elected Speaker of tho House, and discharged tho du ties of this station with ability. He also rep. resented tho 5th District of Vermont in tho Congress of tho U. S., for two successive Congresses. Whilo in tho primo of life and in tho vigor of his intollerf, Gen. F. was a llu cut and persuasive public speaker, and enjoyed an oMonsivo practico as a lawyer. lltlloics 1'aUs (lazcttc. Death of Sir John Caldwell, Sir John died very suddenly last week at the Tru inout House, Uostou. Ho was supposed to bo in perfect health till within nn hour of his death. The Funeral rites were performed by tho Rl. Rev. tho Lord Bishop of New foundland and Burmuda. Sir John rendered his name notorious ns an embezzler of public monies while Receiv er Geutral of Canada. From Uu Voice if Freedom. To Titn Editor or Tin: Votcuor Fitr.uio.M : Your paper of thu Glh inst. contains an nrliclo from tlio Emancipator on tho subject of tho Vermont election, in which tho Etli lor, in undertaking to account for llto dimin ished liberty vole, compared willi dial ofiho last year, is pleased to consider my influence as having been very efficient in producing tho result. Ho refers to my "Connecticut letter" as showing "how zealously I am wil ling to work to turn tho whole current of ab olition iuflucnco to tho support of tho Whig party," and copies nn article from tho Lib erty Standard, gravely setting forth "iho dan ger of allowing political purttzans to become counsellors in regard to the cause of liberty," and holding up my course as "a warning to abolitionists," and so forth. Tho Editors of the Emancipator and Standard give mo too much credit for there suit, which they so much deplore. I was at Washington from tho 1st of December last, until within less than a week previous to our election, during the uholo of which time, 1 do not recollect that I corresponded with a singlu tibolitionist in this Slato on tho sub ject of the election ; nor am I able to learn that my "Connecticut letter" has ever been published by moro than ono newspaper in tho Stato and thai, not an "abolition" paper. The Editors of whom I speak should give the credit of this result to tho good sense of tho abolitionists of Vermont, nnd not to me. The great mass of our abolitionists think that every just purpose of nbolilion may ho bet ter accomplished withoul.than with, a distinct political organization. They think, indeed, that so far as political action is concerned, that action may bo rendered more safe and effectual, by incorporating abolition, as lar as practicable, into all the parties, and infus ing its spirit as occas'on may require, into their movements and measures, than bv a separate organization, which shall mako the abolition of slavery exclusively the object, and leave unregarded, and undecided at the Ballot Box, many great and important ques tions which must be acted on long before slavery can be abolished. The abolitionists of this State aro mostly "whigs" in principle, and do not see how they can discharge their duty as freemen, without voting to sustain Whig principles, in opposition to the monstrous combination of Tylerism and Locofocoism which is strug gling to rule and ruin the country. They have, moreover, watched the course of the two great parlies, and found that tin- Whig parly has manifested a disposition decidedly more favorably to thu great object of aboli tion, than tho opposite parly. They have seen evidence of this in all the votes on the several gag resolutions in Congress. They have seen il in the voles on the questions growing out of tho attacks of slavery then!, upon its distinguished opponents, Mn. Ad ams and Mn. Giuuings. They have seen it, to a considerable extent, in all the move ments in tho Legislatures of thu free states, touching the subject uf slavery. it is true, they liavo not seen, nor do they yet spo, in thu Whigs nil they tlesito to see, in this respect; but they have seen, and do sco much to commend, and much to inspire the hope that thu spirit of abolition will be more and yet mote, diffused among them, and it will come, gradually, to exert a more efficient influence upon their political action. And they hope ilint the tfiect of this will bo, as it has, indeed, been, to some extent, to "provoke to jealousy" the oppo site party, and lead tliuse who belong lo it, to seo thu propriety, and duly, of uniting, on all proper occasions, wild tho Whigs in bear ing testimony ngainst slavery in sustaining tho right of petition, and in adopting the measures which ihe petitions, both to the stale and national legislatures, touching the subject of slavery, have prayed for. They believe that if abolitionists will liavo the patience and pcrsoverunco which the good cause in which they aro nngaged de mands, they will, ere long, see in both the other parties a decided advance towards the point of doing all that can properly bo done, in opposition to slavery. And they hope to see, in duo time, the witoi.r, nouth, what ever may bo ils division upon other matters' coming to bo of ono heart and one soul upon the great point of maintaining ils rights and interests, in opposition to tho slave power which has so long ruled the country. They believe that this result will bo moro speedi ly accomplished without that separate organ ization which, disregarding every thing else but slavery, arrays itself in hostility to every other parly, and in hostility peculiarly bitter against all abolitionists whodonot pronounce its Shibboleth, and wear ils livery. In tho spirit, ami tone, and temper, which strongly characterise the proceedings of that parly, and especially in its "breathings out of threatenings and slaughter" against thoso abolitionists who will not wield its weapons and wear ils uniform, they sou anything but an omen for good to tho cause of abolition, unless good can bo hoped from tho strong feelings of repugnance and alienation, which hitter denunciation, will producu in the bo soms of those whoso co-operation must be finally obtained, in order to carry forward, to any practical result, tho great moucment against slavery. These, as I understand the matter, are somo of the reasons which have induced thu abolitionists of Vermont to refrain from sup porting tho third party ticket at the late elec tion. I might add others, but I forbear, us 1 did not sit down fur thu purpose of going fully into tho subject my main purpose be ing to ask you to publish my "Connecticut letter" (a copy of which I herewith send you) that your readers may sro thu "head and front of my offending," apd possess the means of judging whether I deserve tho de nunciations which it has brought upon me. It was written when I was in very bad health, and presents but a summary and imperfect view of my sentiments upon tho third party question. A word upon another subject. The F.d- itor of tho Liberty Stnntlurd charges me, la I 'I'0 nrliclo you have copied, with having vo ted fur "Me gag" al the extra session of last year. In your lomarks upon it you say . "A3 10 M""' Slado'g course on the gag roso I lution, ho can sneak fi.i- l,nc..lf ' A. it.:. seems lo ho an inviti.tloti to mo lo speak, I accepnt, and say that I voted for no gag resolution, in lltuseiiso in which that is usually understood, nnd in which the Edi tor of the Liberty Standard evidently inten ded to liavo it understood in his article. The resolution referred to, was to this effect (I have not tho resolution at hand, and cannot, therefore, give its words) that, inas much as the Extra Session had been called for special purposes connected with tho fi. nancial condition of thu country, il was not expedient to consume the timo in receiving and considering petitions upon other sub jects excepting petitions on the subject of a bankrupt law. Tho resolution did not singlo out abolition petitions, but embraced all petitions except those of tho description abovo referred to ; and this, not from any disregard of the light of petition, but simply from a desire to confino the Extra Session to tho urgent business for which it had been called ; so that it might bo done, and the Session closed, as speedily as possible leaving thu ordinary business of legislation, and the question of slavery among other things to bo considered tit the regular ses sion which was to follow. The wholo mat ter was very appropriately treated as a court of justice would' dispose of its business at a special session, held for tho purpose of try ing a particular cause. I have never claimed, and do not now claim, nnr do I uiideistand any body to claim that abolilion petitions shall bo treated with any moro favor than other petitions. In tho resolution fur which 1 voted, they wer treated just like other petitions, excepting those connected with the special business of the Extra Session, and, for obvious reasons, the. bankrupt question. Whatever than this can any reasonable abolitionist want? No thing, it seems to me. And jell am charg ed, in the name of. abolition, with having voted for "the gag .'" I havu "answered for myself." Let my fellow citizens judge between mo and my accusers. Yours in the cause of Liberty and Truth, WILLIAM SLADE. Middlcbttry, Oct. 12, 1S42. , T-otii We Xac-tl.irtn (Con.) Palladium, Mjrch id, .MR. SI.ADIVS I.r.TTT.R. Just ns our refill ir edition of to-da's pnper was worked i ll, the following litter from ibc Hon. Win. stnite, member oi l oiijjriss fiom Vermont, wns put into our hands by Amos Tuivnshcnil, Use, who is well known as one of the most influential abolition ists in this country, nnd who is m no sense a political 'p.ulizan. We publish I113 comimmicnlion and iht letter of Mr. Shnle, without comment, for the bene fit of those to whom they may nffjrd the most inter est. , New, March Ifi, 1S-12. ' Messrs. Hditors In common with many of my Anli-Wlavery Inenrh, I been somewhat at a loss ns to the course wliu-b, ns n freeman, 1 ought to pur- I sue al Ihe npprnarluni; i lect ion. I lino nu-n)s been nierso lo inriliinff the nlioirion f ofsl.nery n poliucal que-tion, nlilione'li il muM in a great measure be rontif tiu w ith the pid'uteM condi tion nf nnr iiiioiuy. Yrtnsit tins tnen urned with pre-.u tcmnty I y ninny whom 1 bmhly esteem for thru consistent opinions on the subject of slairry, I fi It desirousof the optuiun of a man who has always been so true and rons.sti-nt an Abolitionist 'ns Wtl Inrn .Slade', i embr of (.oiU're.-i from Vermont. His rep'y to my intrrrnunorv I communicate for publication if you .Vil di-po-ed to publish it for the the benefit of others situated like myself. Very respectfully jours, I Amos Tow.ssiiENr, Jr. U'ls'iinclon. Marrli 21, IBJ2. I Arto Towssnsn, .In. Ksu Hear Sir Vonr letter of the 17tli inst., Ins lu en received. Ill health has prevented a seasonable rep y ; and I am now able to answer but briefly nnd iinpr-rlVclly, the question which you have piopounded to me. I You ask whether m my opinion, "ihe best in tercut of our wholo country, including ihe interests of the enslaved labor nl the south as well as that of 1 Iho free laborer at the North, wjll bo promoted, nt the present juncture-of our national affjirs, by run time a third party ticket at theelections now taking place." 1 If I felt at liberty to ileclino an answer to this ques- tion, I should certainly do it at the present moment; uui i eoieri.-iui looiuucu rcspet'ltor you, nnu too ae cididnn aversion lo n concealment of my views up on any subject, to pernmit. 1 bnve heretofore expressed, nnd still entertain the. opinion, that the cause oi emancipation would be bet ter promoted by throwing! rhe1 weight of abo inon in fluence, aa far ns possible, into ail il.e parties that di vide the counlrv. ratl er than ronlli mm. bv nnorpnn- I izition entirely independent, to gather a party, based I exclusively upon tho around ol the abolition of slave ry. I have Ion1,' been placed in n condition which has i led mo to feel deeply the importance of other interests I than those immediately connected with the question i of slavery. I cannot meilook these interests, deeply 1 as I nbhornnd detestslaery, and firmly ns 1 am re I solved to oppose it, and to labor to ihe end of my lift fur im destruction. An independent abolition parly will nltnosi of necessity, overlook lbem, except ai tbeynre involved in ilie question of slavery. They ! nre interest s of present, pressing important. Action upon them cannot bo postponed. Though the aboli , tion of slavery would undoubtedly remove one of lb ' Croat and leadum causes ol the financial evils which now press upon the country, yet tt is evident that lepislaton must reach and remedy these evils long beforo slavery can be abolished, or there- will be a de struction of confidence, a dernnccmenl of currency, nnd n proslialion of industry, which must involve tho IS'oith nnd South, the Tast and iho West aboli tionists, slaveholders nnd all, m one common tuin. Tor one I cannot act either as a representative of the people, or n a freemm at the ballot box, without an immediate respect In these srent questions. I mus endeavor, in some way, while I nui laboring to advance tho cause ofnbn ition, to act, at tho same lime, wi b n view to their speedy nnd just settlement. How I shall do this will ofli n be n matter of consul rrablo ilillirulty lo determine. Hut that difficulty doesnot absolve me from tho obligation, ns a repre sentative of the people, and ns one of the people, and as as one of the people to endeavor to pcilorm tho complex duty. Imperially do I feel restrained from disregarding this duly, in reference lo tho prcat pending question of a J'rotutice Tariff', mu-iiuieh ns that question involves so directly tlio question between the labor of freemen nnd the labor of slaves. Slavery looks with jealousy at the prosperity which tho universal untiring industry of the North civrs il over the unproductiveness of slave labor, and the idleness, dissipation and extravagance which are inseparable tfrom a state of slavery. Il seeks to concent ihe irtiecauseof Southern poverty, by main taining that tho duties paid under a tariff for protec tion aro mainly drawn, directly or indirectly, from tho South. It calls protection to free labor 'orpret non," nnd on this ground has nullified ihelswsof the United States, and forced a "compromise" which unless arrested in its prnrress, will prostrate the in dustry of the North and West, and down, t far ns any thins ran dr2 down the industry and cnterpriso of freemen to n level with itself. Its hos tility lo free labor is as deep nnd relenllsss as it hostility to freedom. Sure'y nbohlionista are the last who to durec.itd such a question as that of proterlion of fnolal'orj and yet it seems tome they will practically dNrcsnril it if they insist, under all circumstances, "H occasions, upon run nine third party lie kit without respect to it. lilt arb inoro importance to this view of thesub ject, from tlio fact that, cmerally, so far as my knmleli;oexiends,'ho?o who nre Induced to support third partv tickets nre Ibnse vvluj liavo been, nnd still are, in prinri le, favorable lo the interest of protec tion, nnd tn the other interests of tho counlrv which aro sought tn bo secured nnd maintained by those who are ilcnntiiinnteit Whios. The effect, then fore, of a third pnrly orcnnization, is to pive an immedi nto ndinntayo to tho opponents of these, interests, which Us members penernlly would, but for their independent orsnnira ion, aid to promote. Il scemi to mo much belter, in tho present state of things, that Ibey thould select fiom the existing rjartics men who tiro in iho main, sound u'n their view s on the subiect of slavery, and say lo thoso partiee. We will support these men; and we submit it to you to say whether, to secure our support, you will pretest

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