: -- ...... ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA. Tim steamer Calcitonin arrived at Hos (on on the 23th ult. She left Liverpool on Ilia 4tli instaul, and lias been delayed by bead winds mid lioavy winds. After sho nad been to sou sixteen days, sbc bad only insula about lulftlio voyage, Sho encounterod very se vere weather, and oven in the channel, iho gale was so furious, that Capt. Lott was tin ablu to land bis pilot, and ho consequently brought him to Boston. Tho Caledonia brought $310,22" in specie. But lilllu news is brought by this arrival. Tho Inst dates by packet were to the loth December, and in the intervening timo but little of interest lias occurred. No intelligence) had been received of the everland mail from India and China. Parliament is summoned to meet on thu teroud of February. Sir Robert Peel, it is vxptictrd, will introduce a salutary and v, lioln sulu nlter.ilion of tho restriction by which trade M f tiered. With characteristic cau tion, ha It, is cat cful!y abstained from divulg ing h biiit of his pirpusc or his plans. Tho opening of the session is most anxiously T.'ai'.cd. Although business has greatly, improved, y:l, generally, there is a great want of ron fnleiiru, arising fiom tho continued failures conuocted wiih tho com trade. Corns; or.dtnee cthe Ureuing Pest. 1.0ND-W, Jan. 3 H!3. The r.P't, at prrfcnl, is nut of a very tvt"i,,li' chir telrr. There i-c fit uy ol rumors, and surmise., and cu'iJer.l ar.nounri! mi ills !s lo wh.il is to be done, I u no a-uner arc th pV.l.ihid i i o.u tet of .,u:irii- s, Ilia i lli.y g'W nsj Id a pletitif il eru.i cf contra-ei..-l j-is ,.t t.ieri! of the orjiosile tarty. Ti:c only II -igctr.'j.'n is ihit nidi: i c.'r,',iiii is known as lo lij i,i tfter'c xii'iit.o.i ptthapo U: i-.ci ijt know Ltinsell .Sinn siv. that Its v.nl t iwh th, corn law, so.oc tin: lie v.-.ll tvt. The prub ihi'ity is, that lu . lu I .'I liy ulrciliintancs. Vi.e country cn-iV-ii-n v.'i.l try u ovjr-rulo li.tn on cr.-1 or! and t' o .i t-e.ri ' v.v league nrq prcniiing to mcr.r,sc ''t'.in p oa.i. j f. ,n w.'.liuu:," ns ill1 fusion approaches. ihiya ; .tpi.;.:,' a ;r-..iJ g-.lh ! ir.p at Aland, ester t-iwi 1 th.-- (!')! of January, (n n rut of climax to this, vcrr' n ctni"; vvhrh hive been held in the lead I tiv.ti ih-j-.i'i.vjt the ci.'ipuv,) when tho state o, I. ijvi Il .1" vv !! bo 0'ivi and f.it.ira np- '.i..3 i t-r ti.ii";! ''on. I'l.l.-micnt ise-ipoi'tcl to tyen c'rly i.i I'lbrimy, so that two or three more vec' s w .1! br u us in'.j tl: cents o of a li-j'tls. h-i Majesty Kill luva l.Lle lo do with the "I'oyal pcech " tins 3-s.r.nn, owitrj tin "interesting situ- uan." Her Jlmi'iei", in nj jtit.ia to nianu.'aei'.mns it si ns.ial, .11 !rnr ne'ir il I' a.l from t!io "oj cirl;." Kvryb..! iti i:nc34 at three fjtitlhs of it, s far ttftance ''i.iii: atulainni on t!i3 ronclu?ion of the I) ) mihry q ittuin, tlnnhi for ihn v iciai ies in Chl'ii ai'il A'i'yhiiutJtan i linpus of n speedy rc;ival of tradet ciultnui! 1 llienlly tiu'iianees frn'ii foreign poweis, and th" like; the rannitnna portion 13 tho Hii.z ; an I will be tho p.th of t!u miner. Three Itmijjs aie cjrlntn il w.ll be abuse.!, praiao-J, anJfjr tJttcn. The llirtninfliani Oenferfn'C, or sclf-eli etci! "Com f.lcte Sutli-.i'u " I'ariiintrnt, lias tut lie.! nut a r'.uml In.I.ire. T.ii! Stnrceitis, v.dio on.nat"d the cotifer-eni-c, were coinplitely beimn lij tho U'Cnnnerilo rhiitif f, the number on a elusion, buna I0J to 91. .Lisrph .Stiircc tin 1 Ins followi is ritired, lLavuiR I'us t:in T aimii in p js"F&.on ot the fk'Ul. I)isi.nton was Iho order i f the il-ij , and the while nf the proce-Jiu?1! were w'.thmii foue or ili.'ti ty. The inmicdi ite inor nl of!'".t ol i.i 3 is tu w.aUi n the Libera! party, llioivh it may proliably fin n.lh"n it in the lur.u run, us the evtr-ma'tiTpd Murpnt.'s ul, 1 v ilrgrt"'?, cniiio lne lo the main bo ly. The Chnitiil3 now Natid moio dcidc'ii'y aloof than cm r. Tluy form the jiolitioal an ipi'ui.3 to tap t.itra iot:i3. Pief dsnl Tyler's tiirsfitehaboccasionci! route i!ts opp. liniment li"re t,s legards the pul'jcct of "repudia tion." Pciple ihmk lie onglit to lia'.c spoken out, and fttongly d"-nuun;'e1 tb.c doctrine, instead of woii'to inc nl riot beina able to raise another loan Whether j iv.ly or unpislly, the people of lairope will not wp rti;ind'niJ,r.l -I.-Uls from tbu United Stntt"'. Tliero Ins beui an ther t're it lirr in Liverpool, nnd bout 70,000 worth of property dislroji.l. An awful cafslrnp'.e lin taken place in Oalway. Tho Cat'i .ho Chapil m lb it pl-'J was, as t-.ual, erowJcd to mi'i on Chii-tm i" day, when an alarm was fpread that lbs KiKeiicj v.cro giiu; nway. A rnrb inrl: tilaee. nn I. m '.aneliolv to relate, between thirtv and forty priii wiro tiampled tod.'aili, or lilt their I'm-? by throw-ins th"inelvei fmm iho win dows. Thinlr.r'm was alto'ellier i:rmiiU!es. Ad,!a'.de Kcmbk th- "!-,st of tin Kcmblej" ha'. Ink. n h-r f trawcll o! I'lafiMi'. i'i ;ho character .n whirl nun made her apnea ranee .Vormn. -n able critic reinaiki'it; on ihe i vent, nlwrus " A wide field was open fir Ihe exerlion of !ier snlrnde.l powers in Kni'li"1! mnic, in which the mislit have jtathcred fmsli hualsi but she has been content to wear iho lad.-il elnplcts of ti.jr Italian mnlf, instead of einula tinn tho i. sample of her di.Miur-iishi'd cinntrvwojiirn of by i.-.ne mux!. I 'or Knl'i!iopiri, A.Itlai b- ICein bbi ha? dono ri itliiriir. Tolnrit has been as tlionh it In J had no exiitenei. W : ay this more in fur row than ia mt'rr, th null it U:nso'ir retrjt at thg rre'nature ir nnieation of her oarrcr." A Mis St.il U Novel ii ! oj iva:,' o it in in Kni'tnh vcrr.nu r.f f.-i nzzn I.v'ra. :ihei biitlily s-poki n of. Mrs. .VI fro! Sir. iv has pliyid Arl ixirxts, in the opera oflliat name. She sa'ijr tleli.'blliilh-, Inn Ills impression is, tht Ames's opfia Ins hail iis day. The fjr'ijn news that is iho conMncnlWl news, is nut of in i"h nt mi Mit. Tiia Darcelnna afiiir was racili put (!i.n by L'partcm. as every bodv but a few rreneli inrinnfrs, expee'edand prnphecieil. l'."c-e-'.ition fill iwed in llm Spinnh f.ishion, and much b'.o-id was shc.l The 'rem h Consul enivlui ted him flf as fivoiiMii? tlii iuur.'enl, and was afterwards prcsri'cd !v his sen jn with tho b srinn of honor, fro'n w V 'ti k l.'mit.vl polit.ciins infjr tho piriH l.ni'on 'if Lo.iis I'hl'io in the di'tu'ln lees, ltuwa aid Turltev Yiv Iml some " d'.douiaiic " ildTcrencrs, and it si.d that tho firmer intends onrc mom to oil ivtir to 'mi d.nvn th f'irei'ins. for wlii"h rur pis' tl is alfi-ui-d bH- Ins imrrhas'il five l'.riuh'-li '.oitii.fri"'ii1'. in ardir to erui'-eiu theltl-uk "v'l Pru'i-m i1 di Uinir and ednemnj her tjeiu le. CViiet thoducoveter of tho Snndwirl, lslandi (the most il luslrioui nnvajntor of the lixhleentli century) perish ed on their shoie by the hands of llieir ssynKe barba rian inhabitants, Ilia a subject of cheering contemplation to the fiiends of limnm improvement nnd virtue, llint, by tlio mild nnd senile influence of Christian cliarity, dis pensed by hutnblo missionaries of ihe gopcl, unarm cd wild secularpowcr, wilhin Iho last qunttlr of n cen ury, (he people of llus croup ofislnnds hnvo been converted Jroin tholowest (Tebnsctncnt of idolatry to Ilia blessiiins of iho Christian gospel nniled under 'one balanced Liovetlilnent ) rallied to the fold of civ ilization by a m titlen language and constitution, pro vi lincseciuily for Ihe tujhts of persons, properly nnd timid, and invested wilh nil iho tlcmcnts of rijrtil nnd power which can entitle them to bo acknowledged by their brethren of the human nice ns a separate nn ' ,n depenjent community. .To the cniisunilintinii of llieir acknowledgment, the people of the North Amer ican Union arc urged by an interest of their own, deeper than that ol nny other portion of the inhabit nnlsof theeirth bv n virtual right of conquest, not over Iho freedom of their blether man by 1 ho brutal nrm of physical power but out the mind and heart by Ihe celrf ml pinoply of the gospel of peace nnd loe. Nor is the new opening tofriendly, social, and com mercial intercourso with thu people of tho Chinese Umpire lessatispu ioits to the hopes of ihoplnlnntlilo pbt, and lo the anticipations of the philosophical well wisher to the iiromessivu improvement of the condi tion of itnnkiriil upon earth. Tlie immense extern of limtury, nnd nlinojt numberless multitudes of men dwellinuupon it, to which this new ncctss Ins been obtained, confer mien it tin imnoitnnoe far tranccend- 1112 thai uf ihe asscsioti to ihcnsspinlity of nations of a n ,v solnary isianus, scarcely perceptible on mo laro of ihu Pacific ocean: but rish't and wroni! nro depen dent, nut tiputi thcexlcni cits.irfncc over which they spaa J, nr upon the numbers of litmnn beings over whom they may rule, bul upon principles of eternal jiMtice, trauscendint! the lioiipds of f-pico nnd time, suriouiul'ii't tho plnbe, and biudiii!,' ui'on Ihe con si leiicc of eicry h vini: soul np-m itsiace. The lecess lo the lieatt of the Chinese I'inpirc liris a's been oblnned by coniptisi, but of far more (pus t'nn&bli- nioinlity, nnd in the achievement of which we hue taken no pnl. Its aspect in ihe eye of jus tice is yet lo ln'te'li'il by i s renilis. The wir ilcrlar elbyUieat llritam ag'iml China bid origimted in the refusal of the Chines.' 1,'ovcrninent to receive min isteisol pi'ic npp unted hi tho Hritish soveieipn. and by I lie njueiion airlexpulfiou, with insult and indijj n.ty, of Lord Nnpi'-r, n cnmuiionncr and pleuipoten liny co r.ppoinled. A cones of siuulir outrages, for yiars, np.oi ollu'r l!rilili diplomauc ollicer", follow ed by t!i2 eelzarr and (lis ruction, upon the compulsive delivery, n! several hhip loads of opium, iho property ol llntish subj.'cls, dually tiudb-d the war, wliicd Ins i, ry cxtcnrnvely, but crroueou-ly, been atinbiiled lo this hs! incut: nl alone. The I iwfulobjei t of ihe war, on the part of Great t'ritain, was to compel tho im prrialilespotio treat, as the sovereign of a great em pire, with the sovereign of nnothsr cmpiiu not less powerful, ol the intercourse, couitncrciil and political, between their two mighty nations, upon terms of pi'ife-l equalily and re-ciprocitv. Tho conllirl was, in root nnd t'lbsiance, for equal lihls of independent nations, against the insolent and absurd assumption oftlespi'tic supicmicy. On this point, tho committee forUnr to impress any opinion. It is undetetood that one of the stipulalians of iho Irpitv cf peaee tecently concluded has seemed lo the Dntish (loi ernment the right of ironing hereafter with lhat of Chun, by accredit! d coinnu-'Moners plnipo tentiirv, upon terms of pc ifecl cquility and rei iproci ty. Hut as Great Uiitrun was not bound, nnd pcr Inps, in -tticinrss, had not thu tijht, to slipulilo f r the came princijilu in I uhalf of other nations, it will mlurally lollow that, nsa compact, it v. id be obligato ry only uiion the partirs ; and tho Chinee monarch miy continue tnchiui superiortiy and yassilnga in the intercourse of cttcr foreipn nations with his domin ions, a- he Ins done hitherto. Hut, the spi II bung once broken, the lienor, Interest and pride of the I'uiperor will all beprompted le con cede, in peaee and nnuly. to olhcr nations, tho same equality of access to bis Government which has been extorted from him by HrUih nnns. The intercourse af tlv se United Slates with the Celestial Empire Ins hitherto been exclusively commercial; and they hae submiited to hold it upon thesime turns in which nil the other maritime nations of Christendom have, until tine recent coplbet, tamely acquiesced. Consuls, to r.side at Canton, hav been appointed, from liui'' lo time, from tho penodof our independent existence j b.it they have never been pi rmitled lo enter the g ites of Canton, nor received or acknowledged in any other capacity than ns oulsido barbarians vassals to the Supreme Lord of the Flowery Land. The lutmilia ling forms in wlin.li the concession of superiority has been c.tr.ctid, is signally cxoinp'ified in thu following extract from the Idler of the Consul cf the United Stiles to tha lato Secietary of Stale, Mr. I''orsyth. After rep irlin,' an rdirl w hich ho had recently reciiv cd from the imp-rial commissioner and Ihe governor of Canton, and his respectful answer ton, ho siys: "Tho reply, of which I now send yon a copy, was re turned by this officer, (the kwang-chow-foo,) request ing that I would ndd an expression of gratitude for all fivors bestowed on mo by tho Great Ihnperor, nnd likewise n hopo for the cbn'inuance ofthe Celestial dymsty's trade with my in lion, placing ihs Celestial dynisty about an inch higher on the paper than my nation, thereby admiring llieir supi'riority." Mr. Snow very properly declined to comply with tins demand j but the fict of this being made proves how tenaciously the Chinese officers then adhered to their pretension, nnd to what minuteness of nieta for malities it was extended. The Comni'ltee on foreign Affiirr, believing the present moment auspicious for placing, by mutual consent, the future rcla'ions of intercourse between the United SntM and tin r.mnire of China upon a foolin"of national equah'v and reciprocity, propose n appropriation of 810,0C0, to enable the I'rr-idcnl to accomplish that object, without deeming it nieessn ty to designate the specific renk or chiracler of the agcnls vvhom h" imv emp'oy for that purpose, or more cp rially to limit the amount of contingent ex penses which may occur in the piocess of its accom plishment. ntOM WASHINGTON. January ill. House Mr. Roo.-cvclt sub. milted a resolution, calling upon tho Secretary of the Treasury, to furnith the Uotttc with a statement of the amount of rcotmo received at the port of New York tinder the now Tariff, as shown by the returns of tho quarter just terminate!. Mr.Craston, of II. F., presented the roohitinns nf Ins state legiI,ttur! tu favor of reJutie!iiij Gen Jackson's fine. Mr. Aihm-i from the committee on Foreign relations', presented two In Is in relation to our intercourse with China and the Sandwich IslamU They were ordered to 1)3 printed, and were referred to the committee of the whole, The lull refunding Gen. Jackson''! fine com ing up .lir. Holts finished trio speech lie com moored upon that subject a day or two h'iucc. lie, ot course, onnofcil the hill. Ihomonnn; , , ' - .1 i. .. I ., I e Austrn, with her 'J1C01 003 of iiiha'i'ci"'s. makes no I hour hiving expited, tlie bill for the lehof of the mare 11 oo-j.in ihe world ' lhan in .nglis'i or aiiit- '(.tersburir Uailriuid Unmpany came up. am: al'er debate was rolerreu lo the committee: of lean orovin 'in' town t and tho other continental ph c". Ill y I'art'Uil.A.r , icuiiin mneli a nuil. Eery ih.i"-',. f ict. is nt present it a still l-s till, for lu fperndj but bustling times, nt lei't in T.ng land, a-e t Imd. O. 1'. CI. fonmcrclal Intercourse Willi China and the Sainhtlch Is!a:ut. Tho fillowinj is a copy of the Report made on Tuesday by Mr. Aimis, from tho Committee on Foreign Isolations, Itnrnionis- in", in ils spirit, as far as wo have observed, with the ppneral opinion ol tho nre?s, and of commercial men, on thu subject to which it relates- National Int. The Cimmiltco on Foreign AfTurs. ta whom wis M'erred tho m'sjiu'C of i!ie I'rei,lrnt f.f tho United Ktates of De-f mbi r 39. concerning the present condition of iho relatu ns, commercial nnd political, of the Unite 1 States Willi th- Sandwich I-lnnds end with thu Clu'.lise 1'nipire. i id recommend, ug to the oaeidernt.on of Coihtcss the U.xpedien-y, if adopting measures for cultivatiugand improving those relations rtsrectfully rcpoin i pat, conriirnn, ! in the views of tho President, as Tnr-tsadin the mcaaiifc. with rcgird to the inter e-.nrso with lhos teiiiotu regions, suiud lo Ihe best interests of the United States, nnd adapted to the pro. mofion nfbenevolence nnd pood-will betwrcn breih. ... rih human family, separated heretofore not on ly by ercogrnplucat (blanccs to tlie iittno?t ends of the ....i, hr livinsiiiutionsin bi.thcxlre-nits, of barba rism and of civibn' u, nliennting from ono anniher .1.. c inlii s . man. children of one common rarent, nnd born for iniilual ass sinncc in the purpose Lr..nn,,,;,,ir ilm hnoniiie".s of ll thev riporl for the rnnsideration ol theliou-J two lull enable the Frraidenl ! carry into i met ihe purposes set forth in 'hf race friendly, siehl, and commercial interennrse and ihe rrriprncation nf good offices with all in. linns, was proclaimed ns tho fundamental policy of Ihis Union, from ihe day nnd in Iho instrument w ith which Ihe North American people, till Hum I.nghfh ..I, I'm.nniril nmonu the now ers lof Iho nrtb thai m pirate and equit siation lo which ihn laws of Nature and nfNatutn's Clod, entitle Ibeni." Al lhat time more man one-nan ion b'luiii o m me- i,.,,,,,,,,,,, rl'obn wnshctnietically sealed up agninsl ihcm, and inaeecssible. 10 lliem. A series nfevonta. nil ( innnal - ., l,nm-r.cenl Providence, b I wonderfully ..!-.., i. m,l Mininptv nntneonisiieal in llieir original chtrncter, have unlocked or burst open the gates of countries runciiici.-om iim s'' 7 , esnlinenlgnr America, in xncceiiirni own--j ,V,n eiiniinenlial islands of Au6trnlnsn. At that lime the Kandwieh Islands were vel undis .".Jk. . ncenf ciVil red man. snd China, from .criin to ocean, had Biirrciindnl herself, from ncca f".,;.l h a wall, within which her population, eounting by hu'ndreJs of million, were, rent up in .oll.n.rirationandae..liia,on from all the rcsl of r.anind. Within one year from llieJr nen tnc nailed 6ta'fv wsra .tut cknowifiSKi 11 a naiion Wnv'3 and ,1eans. (iirret I) his, of Ky. brought in a bill for the rediirliiin of ibo iiumher of ollicers 111 the New York ('iinnm House to .'MO, which ho ihousht was as tnanv as the itiuiinislicil business nf the port required. A motion to lay the bill on the table was negatived by a large vote, and it was referred to the committee ol the whole. The consideration of a reputation frnm the Ways and .1eans Committee, advised to the plan of tho Incentive for an F.u'lie(uer, wa then aiinounccd to be in order ; tlie immcdiati question beitiif on the motion to strike nut ihe word "not," and .wr. Outlunj; took the Hour in continuation of Ins remarks of yestordiy. jvlr. Custunj .pent eouio time 111 attemntinc tn show tho imperative necessity which existed lor the adoption 01 nnino (.ystem nt keepitiL' am disbursein;: the public money. Ho said the act of liS'J was a loose and conora! law, Ihrowinr few securities about the public treasnry, other iiuiienu miuuFiy unu i.iiuiiuiiiess 01 ineL'tiarui ans employed 111 and by the Treasury Denart tnnnt. He said a wciuhty responsibihlv rested upon the I'rcb.dcnt, of which he only aal.'ed tube relieved. After .Ifr. Cuehin;;'s Iiour had expired, Mr llarnanl oiiiained tlie lloor and the House ad journcd. In the Senate iho bill Riving Mr. It. Wilde, tho privilege of i.oldui"; works bv cony riylit, w Inch lie may wish to publish first abroad, was passed ayes j, noes 1,'). I lie bill lor the occupation of Orcrron was do. biteil for the rest of the day by .Mr. Woodbitrv n,l Mlbur Ifr V.,r,.ll.n.... t I I tial to try Captain Mackenzie, la believed to bu untrue. Jan, 23. In the Senato to-day, petitions woro nresontcd in favor of Iho Exchequer by Mr. rallmadj;o, of W. Cost Johnson's plan of relief to tho Slates (from Ohio) by Mr. Crittenden, against the repeal of the Bankrupt Law by Mr. llurh.inati, etc. After somn privato business the Oregon bill camo up and was discussed with much vigor and pungency by Mr. McDtiflic. Ho considered it tho part of wisdom and pro dunco, before engaging in any enterprise, to consider well tlioappropriato litno for its com tnoiirotnont, tho means for effecting it, and the ultimate cost and ultimate benefit likely to be the result. It seemed to him that tho greatest error of Senators in urging this bill w.n a lack of attention to those important considerations, lie tegarded our title to this territory as un questionable, but that tho present was not only the most unfavorable time for asserting it, but that the country was not of sufficient importance to justify tho neccsaary expense. It was tin prudiictito and very remote, and there was no possibility of its ever becotninir connected with the Slates of our Union. Ho heartily rejoiced in tho ratilic.it ion of the late treaty, and eulo gized tho authors of il: and thought tint now, when the two Nations were congratulating themselves and each other over its constimatioii, was the most unnatural and unpropitious lime for cuinmeric ing warlike measures upon a sub. ject of such comparative insignificance, nnd even now a matter of pending negotiation. Ho was listened to by a crowded audience, whose rapt attention testified that although physically infirm he retains his wonted elo quuiro and powers of intellect. The quos'lum was on motion of Mr. Linn put over till to-morrow, and after some unimpor tant business, tho .S'onalc adjourned. In the House, Mr. Wisu fi'ui) the Select Committee nf last session on (lie public print ing, reported a bill to establish a Government office for printing, binding, and foro her purpo ses. Referred to the Committee nf the Whole, when .1r. W. asked that it ha undo the special order for some day near at band. This was not done, hinvcver. Mr G. Divis moved to go into Committee of the IUI10I0 on the Union to take up his bill for the reduction of iho expenses of the New. York Custom-llnuso.but the motion was not received, not being in order. Tho special order, Mr. Fillmore's ani-Ex-chequer resolution, (from the Committee of I Fays and Means) came up. Air Hirnard made a forcible speech of an hour against the Exchequer scheme, cxatnin inif its details and pronouncing it even mine objectionable than tho Sub Treasury itself. Ho urged upon thu House tho duty, alter disposing of this negative proposition, of some affirmative action at this session, and said if Mr. Gushing did not move tho consideration of the Exche quer in committee of tho U'liole, ho himself should, not with a view of favoring it, but as a means of bringing forward as an amendment a proposition which he intended tn ofi'or and for wh ch he invoked the respectful consideration of the louse. Mr H'liithrop urged upon the House the imperative duty and necessity of passing some measure to bring the public monejs under the Legislative control. His first choice was a U. S. Hank ; but ho would support many of the provisions uf the Exchequer, if no other plan were presented ; and if compelled to a vote on this resolution, should vole against it, choosing to remain freo lo act on anv measure which was presented, on ils own merits. Ho referred to tho attacks on Air. Webster, many of which ho considered unreasonable. Ho did not ap pear as the defender of Mr Webster ; ho disap proved 01 many ol the sentunuuls of Ins 1 anouil nan speech, nnn regretted tncir delivery; but whether he could fairly bo arraigned for incon sistency on tho subject of the Exchequer or any other subject, he had yet to tee tho evi dence. Mr. W's loading argument, in the speeches from which Mr. Marshall had quoted, against the Sub Treasury, was the abandonment uy it ol the great duty ol the Gnvcrniuent to regulate tho Exchanges and Currency ; and although, in some other points, inconsistencies might appear, there was none between this doc trine and the Exchequer provisions, or his Fa tieuil Hill speech, etc. etc. .1r Marshall further eulogized Air M obster s mighty intellect and talents, but argued that this Exchequer scheme was tiothini' tnoro or less than a Government Ihnk, and as such it as r.nrnlnl.ited by Mr W's former speeches, to the djctnnes of which ho (Mr. M.) now held. He devoted considerable time to 'defin ing his position,' assorting, as usual, much in dependence, and implying sumo enmity to Mr. uiay, ccc. cic. Jau, "ii. In the llorsn or I'rrnrsr.NTA- Tivns, to-day, tho Cominilteo ordered some time since, (and ils appointment deferred on account ofthe .nability ol tho Spe iker In select members disposed to consider tho miller with favor) on W. cost Johnson s plan lor the relief of the States, (by the issue and distribution of SCOO,. 000,0'JO Government stock) was appointed, to consist ol thu tallowing members: .Messrs. wm Cost Johnson, (Chairman,; Gentiiv, A hams, Cascv of II!., Cnornr. of l'a., M.misiiall of Kv Mokkis of Oui", IIuwakd, and Cravens of la. Mr. U.NDF.nxvoot), from tl.o S-'Iect Committee on the improvement of steamboat navigation, to- purled amendments to the bill now under con sideratioii eif tho Committee of the Whole. Mr. Kenntdv of Md., from tho Committee on Commerce, re orted a bill "making provision" for tho warehnusoing of imported goods.' He stated lh.it the bill met Ihe unanimous concur rence ol the members of thu Committee, although this was not the case with souio of Ihe argu ments of tho accompanying icport. Amotion to print 0,000 extra copies ofthe report, which i understood to be 0110 of much ability, lies over. Mr. Wish presented several memorials from ISull'ilo and other parls ol Erie County in favor ol the Exchequer. The oiil E.xchenucr resolution frnm the Com- milieu of Ways anil .Means was taken up at the instance ol .Mr. 1' illmoui:, who e.xprc.-.-ed the hopo that the question would be taken to-day. Mr. rr.Nr.Lirrn'. made a sensible speech in op- poition to the Exchequer scheme. .Mr. ist; replied to .Mr. .Mirsholl, in defence of Mr. cbstcr from Mr. M's. charge of incon- istency, in having long and uniformly directed his mighty powers of intellect and argument in opposition lo a Government Ihnk, and then when in power, ot recommending the very thing which he had thus condemned. Ho attempted to prove that the Exchequer was not a Govern ment Hank that ,t partook no more of the qual ities of such a bank than the Treasury itself, or than the present system of Government financial operations under the control of the Trcisuicr of the United Slates, according to the law of Ufa'.), etc. Mr. Anirr.TON, (the author with Mr. Pick, ens of the minority rcpnrt in favor of tho .S'ub, Treasury,) occupied his hour in an exhibition nf the beauties ut that system, so signally iciiu 1.-...., t... .1 1 :.. ie.ii ait uiaicu uy uiu iieiiiiiv 111 ioju, Sir. riiorriT advocated tho adoption of the r.xclicqiicr scheme. Without aclion tho House adjourned. lnSnNATr, Hon. AitTllim P. Haoiiv of Ala bama made his first appearance for the session. t'elitinns lor and against tho repeal of the llankrtilil Law, for the Exchequer, etc.. were presented. A variety o: privato business was disposed of, ny auversu reports, ludelimlo postponement etc. Mr. IUyaiui, from the Committee on Naval Afl.urs reported a bill to amend the Act rcorgan izmg thu fsavy Department The consideration of the Orer-on hill was re sumcd, and Mr. Linn, (llw introducer, as will 00 recollected, o tho bill,) at some length advo calcd its passage, and replied to various argu inentsofcentleinen preccedimr Intn. Ho nfnrr. ed to the delays of CongrcsB irom time to litno in action on tins sunjoct j to the lact that througl tbu enrioachments of Great Britain by her Hud son's Hay Company and in other ways tho annti al value of our fur trudn thcro bad diminished since 18-0 from four or five hundred thousand dollars to Iho comparatively insignificant amount of fico or thrtt thoutand, to various evidunce of tho country nnd urged the policy of cncotir-1 aging settlements by gran's uf land, protection, &c. Ho denounced tho course of Great Hritain In reference to the Mcl.eod case, the question of tho search of vessels, and oilier questions, considering her pacific dispositions subordinate to her eclfiiihucss and tapacity, and arguing thence that we should nut hesitnto in boldly asserting nnd maintaining our rights, &.c. etc. Thu .Senate adjourned. Jan. 27. Senate. Two remonstrances ngniiist tho repeal of the Bankrupt Law were presented from Michigan, by Air Por ter, and ono by Mr Wright. Oregon Jiill. Air lien ion addressed thu Semite nt some length in opposition to the Kill. Ho contended that tho advantages claimed could not be realized without n vio lation of the treaty of 1818. I la conceived lint tho Hill wits in all respects nn infringe ment of tho rights granted under tho treaty. It interfered with tho stipulations, mid ho was therefore opposed lo it. It pledged hind in tho territory upon thu faith of tho United Slates, 11 grant in fee-simplo us long lis the grass should grow or the waters flow. Air II. 11 in (Iti much of his speech npply to tho charge that thorn had been tin antecedent violation of tho lieaty of 1818, by tho net of 1821 of the Hrilisli Parliament. I In object ed to this justification of an offence by us, because of an ofi'enco by another party. Thu piinfiples of justico would not admit of so narrow 11 construction as this. Tho act of 1821, fur iho exercise of ciitninal jurisdiction, ho did not conceive was us much nn interference ns had been nssci led. Jurisdiction was derived from person as well ns from place. Air II. said that Gicat Hritain claimed Dorpetual allegiance over her subjects eve ry where, beyond bur borders ns well as in them, and in this view of Ihu case jurisdic tion was innucent nnd justifiable. Besides, the samu jurisdiction was open to us, to ex ercise over our people sotlled in tbu territo ry. The civil jurisdiction was subject to the same innocent jurisdiction, lie conceived. It was 11 0 1 a jurisdiction set up to try the tillo of land or in land, but a jurisdiction limited to thu temporary possession of tho land occupied. The subjects ofGroat Brit ain were entitled to certain occupant rights, between the hunting and in times given to rest. If a contest arose in tho moan time be tween two British subjects, there might bu a jurisdiction over the difficulty. Air Linn stated a caso of difficulty. There was now a contest going on in tho territory of the following character. A subject of Air Everett moved that tho motiun tu re consider bo laid on the table. Whirh inolioli prevailing by n vote almost of acclamation, l7ie motion to recomidcr teas laid on the tabic. And the House then adjourned. ST. PAUL'S CLOCK. a writer in inn foreign Quarterly tliuids fX7Alit. WniisTint and Alit. WiNTimor, In a speech which lie delivered in tin IIouso of Representatives, on Wednesday of out of office, whenever they have been in last week, Mn. WiNTimor of Boston spoko thoy havo squandered the most abundant re in tho following terms of AIr. Wkiistcr: sources, nnd plunged tho nation in n debt of He honed ho should bo tiardonod for saying a millions. Willi professions of democracy ev- lovv worus ... rein inn in tnc autnor 01 mo ox- or , , r , , , ,, , r.IlPMllnl- ,1)V,W. lln fllrl nnf clnml mm .a lt,n O 1 J defender of tho Secretary of State. That man Ion,i ovni bearing aristocrats that ever cursed was one of bis most distinguished constituents ; tho country with thoirswny. Professing un Ko'0 limited confidence in the virtue and intel.i- When ho saw so much unmerited reproach cast gonco of tho rnopt.n, within ono short month upon him, ho felt that it would bo doing injus- tho Tories of Vermont have refused to allow tiro 10 inoso w no nseinb ed in ration Ila to ,i , . , hear him. .lid ho mum i,mB e.-i,., , , JiL lllt!l" ' chooso county officers, or decide up anything on the subject. Ho was not one ol nn amendments to their own constitution. those who listened to tho F.ineuil Ha I speech Wo might contiuuo this list of inconsistent of the becretarv of State. Ho regretted that , , , i - , , ,. found regard for the right of suffiage, they huvn done all in llieir power to dhfranchitc n most respectable rlasi of intelligent young men, the strdunts of our academies and col leges. Aflcetinu unbounded liberality, thev . . . ",T! P-"-''"''"' r'",,,n ' '"le weil" , ... ai iiiu eiu is unu r.vi.i un' umt on inu ouisilo ia tc .1 . ..I.... -...t . -. . '..).. ii.. o.. i. . . .. ..... ." it,"' ncribes Iho machinery of Ibis great London Clock: are the blindest and most ititolleratit staves of party bigotry nnd prejudice. Loud mouthed preachers of frugality nnd economy such a speech was then and them made. Ho cies till the reader should sicken at the dis- hssenled entirely from tinny parts of it for g'isting exhibition of bypocricv and decep- instanco: tho charge, lhat the Whigof Massa lion. But wo forbear. Wo cannot close chusettF, by declaring a final separation from , - ., i i, .,. ,.,i .. ...... i . . ' . 1 S lirtlCIe. I OWf.'Ver.Wllllltl t nie'inrr nltnrnnrn the l'resident, bad committed themselves to an ' ' " indi--criinate warlaro againt all bis measures, 10 "" Prlll wo "'L'1 Illal nllr own gallant ho thotti'lit, was not at all warranted by facts, Slate has never listened to the oilv, smooth Iho ido.i, to", that no peruliar party element I, i r....t ..r .i. ....i ri .. .,,.. I:., ,, . r.t . -ft- i 11 e 1 . ltm:iii;L: .owe skulls ill lie: ae:u ie' .1, I i: entered tn'ii the piesago of the tarm bill of last . . , . , session, because somo twetitv or lliirtv Whins foot prints ol tho political marauders have loiind themselves so situated as to ho obliged to never been marked unon tbu hinh iibices r.f Vdtp a,r:ii,icl. ivln'n unmn Inn nr n il..rrn r,f iho . . . . opposite parly voted for it, was altogether i.b uul "n"- "aroarmn co- stinl. Nor bad the charge that the convention hurts have never occupied the fastnesses, or of the Whigs of Massachusetts had transcended descended tho soil of our rungetl mountains, their authority, bv considering snbjncts not us. n t t c. . i " i lia 111 such conventions, anv Inundation. Hut ...... r. u..u. ....i,. that tho intorroiratory " M'horo shall 1 co!" in nable as Gibraller to the fiercest assaults of stoadof being abplicnhle to his relation to Ihe the Vandals. While every other Stale has mm everoiijiyed in more eminent degree than 1,cen ovcrnu. by them, while tho adamantine thu Secretary of S'.ate, was dictated bv a mere walls of M.vssaciiusi:tts and Khttucicv and lust of office a mere truckling to place and Connecticut have been scaled, or inidcr- powcr was as gross as it was unfounded In- , : .. , , , deed, the very next sentence of the speech for m,n(;ll at llnlei. cumoxt nh.no lias been bade any such consi ruction. Ho referred to the always true, " always faithful " sentence whore the Secretary declared that he Unmoved, unshaken, iinscdiiced, unlcrrificd, i - , i ,1 siMwoev. imii (jo v.uiiiu say iiidi, in mi -ui. Great Britain had Settled upon a spot of n'ohster's discissions of Ihn stlh.treasnrv. Ins land which be afterwards abandoned. After j lading argument against it was, that it was an twelve years nn American took possession abandonment of the duty of the Government to of this hind, and after it was occupied some regulate the exchanges and currencies of the lime by him, tho first occupant relumed and country. All his other objections woro subor claimed possession. What tribunal was to 'mMa l0,ll"s'- Indeed, it was the burden of all d.wbh. nnn n rnsn lib,. (I.i. ? I lllS 'l'CcheS ; and llO Mr. W.) Would re.ll Ilk, wa, and always should be, a .Massachusetts Whig. In relation to Iho subject before tho House, ho would declare that ho was not unwilling to admit that there was something in the argument ofthe gentleman fro n Kentucky,Mr. Marshall, who contended that there was an inconsistency lioln'nin lt,n wnnnf-lin nf Mr ll'nltator nn1 t!w report on the subject eif the exchequer. He notable exploits of this doughty hero in llie should not attempt to explain away that inenn- iltn election in Georcia. Whole acres of : ., Tl... i. ,.i n it. , w sisiooe-y. line tie v.oiuei say eiiiii, in nil -mi. "Her loyally she's kept, her love, her zeal, " Xor numbers, nor example with her wroncht "Toswervofrotn truth, or change her constant course. Though male." ftTGr.NntiAL Apatiiv. Tho Washing ton Globe discourses most eloquently of tin ti v i 'iv ii n- i jronu witiiim tv ii-r. ,,, n,. ,in. uto luiid on tne extctior dials ia iiht feet, and ths wehihl of fid. sevcniyfivc pont.de the length of tha hour linnds is live feet li'e inches, and the weight for ty-ioi.r ponnos eacii too niameter ot ttie mais ia eigh teen f ft ten inchest and the lcnelh of the hour tiir. urea two feel two nnd n halfincl.es, " I he fino toned be II. which strike, is clear v dis tinguished from every other bell in Ihe metropolis, and has been ihs'iiictly heard ot Iho distance of twenty miles. Il is about ten feet in dinneif r, nnd is aid to vveinl. four nnd a half tons. 1 his bell is toll-d on ths death of nny member of the royal family, of tho lord mayor, umiop 01 i.onuon, or oean ot mo cotnearai. " 1 ho vvnola exnense of Innldini' the cathedra was nhoutn million and n half pounds sterling In ther United S'lnlca currency, nbaul six nnd two-lhiioTffraU- lions 01 doiiais." i .... ,,l.il.-l,,,, u i I (411 IIIIVIV.111. II I IU3U jlilV I ) A IIIUJ IIIIIU liblbll (.Wll which mijfht be undo hero and at home. fridav .MoiiNixri, rr.nRU.uv3, 1913. Air Berrien staled that tho difficulty was to bo settled not by tho subjects, but by tho power whoso subjects they were. Air Berrien reminded the Senate that the Kxecntivo Department now had charge of j consistency, ho might reply, in tho language Ihe neoocialions. I hoy were understood to bu in progress, and at such a moment it was that a bill like this was introduced. Air Archer said he had a few words to say upon the bill, and moved that it be post poned until Monday. Mr Wright presented two memorials from Warren and Chautauqtto Counties, New York, against thu repeal of tho Bankrupt Law. The Senato then adjourned until Monday. House. On motion of Mr Kussell, of Ohio, a resolution was adopted to change the daily meeting of tho IIouso to eleven, after Alouday week. Unvcrnmcnt Stock. Air Johnson, of Ala rylatul, presented a memorial from one thousand citizens of Baltimore, of all par lies, praying Congiess In isstio two hundred millions of Government Slock, to ho divid ed among tho Slates nnd Territories ac cording to their respective populations. Mr J. also presented one of a similar import, signed by a hundred merchants from the samu city. Also, the proceedings of a meet ing lield'in Ohio County, Virginia, on ihe same subject. The Exchequer. Tho resolution of this majority of tho Commitlco of Ways nnd Moans, was announced as ihe order of thu dav. Mr Fillmore replied to the remarks of "oniloincn who had preceded linn, and in defence! uf tbu report of the majority. Ik said that, odious its tho Sub Treasury was, il could nut compare with ihu hdra-head-ed monster, ihe Kxchequer, in thu .shape of a Government IJanU, iiiul it was sucli tn. institution in every thing bul the name. But tho Committee of Ways and Moans, it was said, had neglected their dnt in not recom mending something definite, to secure ihe siifi'-keeniiiL' of llm public nionevs. Did " hard handed democrats," according to Air. Blair, were mown down at a single sweep of his sturdy " cheese toaster." The old Gen oral is a real turn coat. Hu has been fight ing against tho Whigs for ihe last two yeais, and, while ho was against us, tho Locos in sisted be was 1 no groat shakes.' Thoy then ridiculed the prowess of this valiant chieftain, and considered him a ' pusila.iiniotis old coon.' But since ho has taken up arms igainst tho Loco Focos, thev think him the trary to myself, but never contrary to the re most p0t0. commander that has flourished ' . . . . . . . ... . cnifn ilwi life nf A it'ininmnnti Hlin (Z Inlwt tie had no idea that Mr. ebster would thank ""J" " -" " him for what he hid said here to-day, although accounts for the defeat of its party in Geor ho might say amen to some of his remarks ; yet j a VL,ry tlaturiil way. Ho says tho Lo be had folt it to be a duty to tho-e whom he rep- , . ,, " , , , resented to say what ho had said-spurning co vote has fallen ofT several thousands, since alike misrepresentations and misconstructions the last election, while the Whig vole has increased in about the same ratio. And this singular result has been brought about by tho miraculous exploits of General Apathy I' that ihore was no inconsistency between that view of tho sub-treasury and Mr. Webster's views in relation to tho exchequer. Although he disapproved of his position, yet he thought, when the Socrctary ol blato was accused ot in- ol THE EXCHEQUER. The question of the adoption of tho plan submiited to Congress by the Executive, for the establishment of a National Exchequer, seems to havo been definitely settled, so far as the action of tho present Congress is con cerned, by tho proceedings ofthe House of Representatives on Friday last. The ques tion was taken directly, on the resolve re ported by Mr. FiM.Monn, in behalf of tho Committee of Ways and Means, which is in the following words : Ilcsohcd. Thai iho r'm of an nxchenucr nreen!l to Hoit .ress by thu .Scere'tary of the Treasury, n I tha last S s-iou of Congress, entitled "A Hill amendatorr of tho several Acts establishing the Treasury Depart inu'in, ouiu not io uc auopteu. Upon this resolution the question was ta ken by Yeas and Nays, which resulted in tho follow ing vote : Ye vs. .Messrs. Ad im,Allcn,LindnirV. Andrews, Sherlock J. Andrews, Arnold, Arringlon, Atherton, Aycn-rg, tlibcoek, Itaker, llarnanl, liicson, Iiullaek, llirdseye, Black, lllair, lioardmnn. Holts, Brewster, Briggs, lirockvvay, Bronson, Asron V. Brown, Mil ton Brown, Charles llro'vn, Jer, oiah Brown, Burks, Burni ll, Win. Butler, U'lllhm O. Hutler, Calho in, Thomas J. Campbell, Cnrtitheis, Carv, Tiey. Chap mm, Chid". Chiilcmlcn, John C. Clar, htaley N. Clarko, CiiHord, Clinton, Coks, Colq'tii, I'Mnston, Cravens, Cross, Daniel, Girretl Divis, Richard D. Davis, Diwson, Dean, Deberry, Doan, Doig, l"'at niati, John Ilwards, John C. I'dwords, nyhert, Ev erett, fern, t'osscndi n, Fillmore, John G. Floyd, Kormncc, A. Laurence, Foster, Gales, !errv, Gen try, Gilm r, Willi un O. Goode, iJoidon, Graham, Granger. Green, Gusline, Gvvin, Mill. Harris, Hays, Hopkins, Hnurk, Houston, Ho iru, llubard, Hun ter, Hunt, Chiries J. fngcrsoll, J ir' h It. Ingersoll, James Irv in, James, Cave Johnson John W. "Jones, KeMin, John P. Kcnnedv, K nc, t.ine. Lewis, Linn, Liillefield. Lowell, Abraham McCleilan, Robert Mc Clclhn, MeKay. McLennan, MrKe-on, Mallory, .Marchan l, A. Marshall, Samson M ison, John T. Mason, Mntluot, Mnthews, Matloeks, Maxwell, May mrd, Medid, Meriwether, -Miller, Mitchell, Moore, Morgan, Morrow, New hard, Oliver, Otborne, Owa ley, I'annenter, I'artirdge, Payne, I'earre, Pendleton, Piekens, Powell, Ramsev, Benjanun Randall, Ran dolph, Read, Reding, Reynolds, Rht'tt, Ridgway, RigL'S, Rodney, Rogers, Ilooevclt, W. Russell, 3. M. Russell. Saltonstall, 5-aunders, Sewall, Shepperd, Shu Ids, Slade, Truman S'no.h, Snyder, Spripg. S'anly, riteenroil, Stokcly, Stration, Alexander, II. H. Stnirt, John T. .Smart. .S'umtnrrs, Sumter, Swe ney, Tnlnferro, John II. Thompson, Richard V. Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Toland, Tomlinson, Triplett, Trotti, Trumbull, Turnev, Underwood. Van Ilnren, Wallace, W ,d, Warren, Washington, Wellcr, Westbrook, Kdwn-d D. White, Joseph L. Whits, Christopher II. William", Joseph L. Williams, Wood, Vorke, Augustus Young, John Young 133. Vavs Messrs. Barton, Borden, Bowne. Green W. Caldwell, Cowcn, Cashing, Thomas F. Foster, Pat rick G Goode, Hilsied, Hudson, Willnm W. Irwin, Wm. Cost Johnson, Isaac D. Jones. Morris, Renchar, Tillinghast, Thomas W. Williams, Wtnthrop 18. LOCO FOCO CONSISTENCY. While tho election in Massachusetts was yet undecided and the Loco Focos were fear' fill of thu success of Governor Davis, thoy chinned that the Whins in ihe LcgUlnturc were bound to vote for Morton on the (.'round lhat he had received a larger popular vote than either of the other candidates. This f7Our contemporary of the Watchman is in error. Vermont was not" forced in to his columns by any act of ours. Query : Did'nt our neighbor commit nn assault and battery on one of his correspondent's rules in "dragging beforu tho public " the contents of a " private " letter 1 We shan't declaic war upon him, however, if ho did. The NEW HAMPSHIRE. Whig State Commitlco of New- was urged wilh great earnestness in all tho Hampshire have called a Slate Convention papers ofthe party, and those Whigs who in- at Concord, on Thursday, the second day of sisled upon voting for Governor Davis were February, to nominate a candidate for Gov- denounced by every epithet which Loco Fo- umor, Col. Cillrv having declined the nom co ingenuity could invent. It was urged that ination. The call for the convention closes Morton, having received tho highest vole, with the following spirit stirring appeal, was entitled to an elcctiun as a matter of which wo hope may bo heeded.- i m it I in ivnc i in nnivxrsol pre-nf 1 in nar- WIIIGS! The harness condition of oca own t". ' , , , ?..... State, lo siy nothing; of Xationa! Politics, demands ty from ono end of the Old Hay Suite to the ..our undivided, serious efforts- llunlened bu the other. And, though the Whigs havo a ma- unvhohomt legislation, and pround doicn bj joi ity in iho IIouso of Representatives, Mor- lshcd tynfilcc-lwldingandot'iie-stiUmc! Ilarjncs, and . ... :. . .1 .. c - :.. ie;en b'l the drucs and 'nevtat nostrums of no- lull is ai-m u, iiiu oi-iiiiiu III ueeiiii.niai; ..nil .... . -., . ,,.,.,,, ,.. , , (ornate e of Rut it will hnsetinzhtr busintssand cnttrpristba.ijhd,huntcd,and driven Jiom nc ale ; tier manuj,ictorics cioseu ; iter irorhsuops sueni ; tier lnecnann-s line ; ntr GOV. PAINE. Wo copy the following from a late num ber of the Providence Journal. "The manly course which Gov. Pains took in his message, in relation lo tho recent insurrection in Rhode Is!- nd, was so different from that of some Ex ecutives upon whom the friends of Law and Order had equil claims, tint it was particularly appreciated here. Tho members of the General Assembly called upon him at his lodsings yesterday, nnd a number of gentleman tendered him a public dinner, as a mark of respect to him and the noble Slate of which he is ths worthy Chiff-Migistrate. Tli? Iimiird time which h '" ' ' .11 , . , w..d him to in.- fi pr Jlllr of ho;"ital;,,. ari rroj flfcingt. Gov i:' iued the Iut.iii'-; Han on Tuesday evening, in company with Gov, King. He left tha city for Vermont last evening." Pbovidence, Jan. 25, 1 543. in : In behalf of the citizens of Providence', deair- ous of expressing to you their lush respect for jour IM'i.tlcmen futget thai, although the pa it of i 200 voteSwhile thoy received a much heavier this claim ofthe Loco Focos. recollected that the Whig Senators in Wor coster countv failed of llieir election by about lW"-' h": "'V Poi8 "broad; the value . , nfhrr real estate diminished ; her laborers starring ; ihe Sub Tieasiiry rrluing to the reception vote than anv of iho oilier candidal.''. Un- And others. Mr. Woodbury't remarks w ore In-?. ical and convincing. Hu was decidedly in fav-7,r of tho bill. Mr. Woodbury said ho had remarked that, all who opposed the bill bcL'an and ended with ,1,.. daring their firm bohcl, in the clearnexa and sufficiency of our tillo in tho Oregon Territory, nnd vnt ribincls lo the 'rrntit nf tnmlo ......... 1.. this bill, because Great Hritain would taku nf. fence at it. They first asserted our claims to suvcreign jurisdiction lo bo indisputable, and then proceeded to argue that we must not take any measures to culorco our undoubted rights, because that power may rcsibt them, if not in her own behalf, an the guardian of tho claims of other parties of hpaui and trance. This ap pern to him very feeble reasoning, and hardly woriuy 01 an muurie-.i!! .-uiuiur. Tho Sonnle will bo addressed to. morrow, by nr. McDufhV. in opposition to tho hill. Thu ruinoroflhaappoiimentiifa Court Mar. of the grrnt produclivenesf, furlilily m, viluo of suecie, the Heceivers General, anil tin construction of safes, etc., was repealed, llieiu was a portion of it, tbu most impor tant, Mill standing 1 Ho meant tho sections which Hindu il felony in any officer lo use thu public treasure; but llm whigs when they repealed tho worthless features of ihe act, look care to defino what should be thu evidence of such malfeasance. Mr FillmoK! stated that tho law of 'SO unacted lhat iho Treasurer, under the diiec tion of tho President, should Irivo contiol over iho deposit of tho money, and the res olution of 1810 .pecilK'd in what lunds the public dues should bu received, viz : I icas- tiry notes, gold and silver, or tnc notes 01 specit-pa)ing banks. So it would bo per ceived lh.it ino Exchequer scheme proposed lo do nothing mure, and yet tho Committee were blamed for not piosenting something more. Uul the Exchequer was tar niuro obiectionable, and was a Governmet Hank, - . , . .. i ... . i ... . is lie ueiore ouserveu, in every tiling out in name. Alter quoting nom a speecn 01 iiir Cashing, delivered in 1SJ, in which a Gov- rnnicnt Bank was clearly defined, and which definition was precisely applicable to tho scheme now beforu them, ho took his seat. The resolution of tho majority, declaring that the Plan ought not to be adopted, was acrecd to, yeas 1U;1, nays lb. .. i, . i ..... . X1 r litirnoii movou a reconsiuoraiion 01 uic vole, and made a speech declaring that he wished something to bo done lor tho relict of tho country ; nnd in closing, withdrew his motion to reconsider. Mr C. J. Ingersoll renewed tho motion to reconsider; and hu did it, ns ho said, with a view of seizing tho present opportunity to offer a few words to tho House, suggested by this plan of nn Exchequer board, as recommended, nnd, ns ho thought, somewhat overprcssed, by the Executive for tho action of Congress. Mr 1. then wont on to ox press his views on tlie subject ofthe Exche quer, Mr Pope, who gavo a brief explanation of how l.u should Invo volod it present, viz against both tho roport of the chairman and that ol tho minority moved by Mr Atherton and expressed Ins faith in a Bank ofthe Uni led Stntci, m the best remtdy for all our illi while her people ato tie'd to piv an unscrupulous uni ni'v in her I.nctstvicnn for ni-llii'vino a Act or I 'ooar.s, md nrJncTi.sa Tes T.ti'c-AxnI)oi.nas which of rutin sli mid Iiivh mine into the I icasnry on or com. so to the nrsccc and coimus immediately, dci-isnclu. and enutuallu. Inovv is tiic tim roa action: ii.ir niiponanis ate tltviucel. 1 lie lu'iur noninii ofthe em-it t.'icnfnco Parlv aresecei' - ' om i ney cannnt.aiKi win ner, to he given at such lime as may suit jour earliest character, wc request your acceptance of a public din- convenience. With the lushest consideration, we tire vour obedi- dent servants, A. C. GltP.ENK, JAS. Ii. A.M llUi Y, SA.MUKLAMES. His Cx'y Cit AttLEs Paixe, City Hotel. Pbovidence, City Hotel, Jan. 23, 15-13. Gentlemen: Your polite note inviting? me, in be half of the citizens of Providence, to a public dinner is very gratefully received. .My time in your very hospitable city is limited, and I re-urel thitlamobhzed to decline meeting the friends of law and order upon such an occasion, (hit, vvhtla I dee-hnolhe invitation, I must be permitted toexpresi my sense of the compliment which is intended for tho .Stale over which I preside, and for the principles w Inch she maintains. 1 am, gentlemen, with high respect, your nb't ser vant, C11AIILE3 PAINE. Messrs. A. C. C.'acENB, J.vs G. As'tuoxv, Samcel AMDS. tier ihesu circumstances it is made the dnlv ol tlio l(!'jil,itun in loiul ballot, vviiero tin; Locos havo :i small majority, to fill thu va c.iucics in thu Senate. Jt)ic mark the con- the ranks of the Destructives. ,-;. r.......h....n. 'r..,;,. n:.i not un with thorn uiiiy mi, .,iii.,i,,,io ii", are too tntrii'lic, am thru vulo for iho Senators havino the Iml-Ii- adnst al ihe precipi.-e before them I and ready at j , . anxious lo shake oil tha intolerant depotism of a est veto in mo popular eieciion i ny no party, which Unow-s no motivo ofcovcrnnient hut an r -...j r... ir. . unholu lore ofvoie er. wry man uj uiuh vuuu jm uic ? ; Convention! Come uhile minority Senators, and thus gave the lie to hop beam upon yon-nnH mnv He, who rules ihe J .1.. .:., ,.fn..inD UIVFTIIP TTP 1' . f IUt.3llll,lii.l liaiiuii! c.iii. iiui eji.tiui men own prujcsswiis. We Imvo scloctcf! tins specimen ot boco FAMILY JARS. i ... . . i : coco uypt.cr.i.y lor eou.meut, uri.im.u u Th) llnion am ,r,onvofthe Ohio branch is the worst, but llm latest. Never sincn the , , , Fncn familv is in nrrat danoer l.rst existence ol parlies navo inn practices o. of ,ei dislurhed. A quarrel about Banks focos. I'rofessinr' thu utmost rt'card for freedom of opinion, thoy woro the first to in troduco tho revolutionary guillotine, nnd proscribe every man who dared to oppose them. Professing the utmost anxiety for the purity of elections, thoy have been guilty of such outrageous frauds at the ballot box, that thoy never havo oven attempted lo ex cuso them. (In proof of this, wo would re sent on a m.Mion to llotanv llayas soon as theirrre- nir.Y aim; a cuksk Much is required at the hands of OR ETEQNAL DtlrEAT awaits ler our rcauers to tlio laci mat cigniy con- .,, am feirful ,he nresem ,effilnture will phy the victs were released from tho penitentiary on with us. Uyinston and ,lfc.Vuu ought to be ,, , , . , sent on n viisston io itoia the evening proceeding the last charter elec- dentials tan be made out. Hon in New York city, and their votes taken, "" .tun in cveru instance, lor the Loco Foco candi- vs." dates.) Declaring themselves to bo tho on- It may bo proper lo remark that tho indi- eniics of Hanks, they havo chartered thou- viduals thus consigned to "Botany Bay" are sands of worthless institutions, which, liko the two prominent Loco Foco loaders in the housos built upon tho sand, have been swept Legislature of Ohio, away by tho first healings of tho storm. Proclaiming their belief in tho doctrine of in- ftJEdwin Croswell, editor of tho Albany structions, thoy have uniformly und always Argus, has been appointed Slato printer by refused lo oboy them. Pretending to bo tho tho Legislature of Now York. Thurlow cxclusivo friends of tlio poor, they aro the Wood, ofthe Evening Journal was nominated most boisterous advocates of liritish tutor- by tho Whigs, but declined, nnd tho Whigs csts, (a one sided fruo trade), nnd aro doing then supported Iloraco Grooly, tho ablo and all in their power to bring tho pauper labor enterprising editor of the Tribune. Bryant of Kuropo into competition with tho industry of tlie Evening Post was Croiwell'i Loco of American mochanici. Professing s pro- competitor in caucus Tun HisTimv .n DciuTusorCoNGness. Messrs. Gales tfc Seuton, Editors of tho Nation. il Intelligencer, propose to publish the The old republicans nfth.it pattv History and Debates of Congress from 17S9 id too f.ir-irhird. Thev standi ,,,,. u , .... i-e before them I and ready mill to 161. o take pleasure in making this announcement lo our readers, for the double purpnso of informing them of the intended publication, which mtit bo ono of great in terest a -id value, and of furthering the enter prise of Messrs. Gales &. Seaton, to whom we, in common with the editorial corps ofthe Union, are under many obligations. We hope to seo thu work prosper, and we over- rale the public mind if it will not well repay The following are the terms of tho publication : Lrprcss. I. The Mstory of Congress will comprise an eia;t an Hrticacounl of the proceeding! of both Hous of .".inare'ss on all public oueMwns, with an impirlnl st..t-nienl of the Debates thereon, of which nuthtntie np rts can be found or obtained, 11 It will he published on a Pnr.eois type, in an O'Mvo form, corresponding in rae with that of the simple volume, (o( the Tirsl Congress,) already pnb- 111. The period officii Concress will make ft npnn. rat voluuip, wiili a distinct index, if it bo possible to c. prise the aVbatrsnnd proceedings of a wholeCen g s in a sinale volume; bin, if not, then each (on r. s to I o divided into volumes, comprising not If sa tha i from seven to eichi hundred pages each, with an .r.det running throuch the whole. IV, The work will be delivered by Congresses, ai il sSould be completed, bound in law bindmra al fif ..rts yet volume; payment foruhich will be ex- pccieu at me completion ol each dclncry. nny set of politicians been so utterly ut war L ()m.pn ou . ,Ba(,HHi wllirh t0 ,abor ad ,. )0lso of j ll lliiiii t n Tn e e i ii e fie llliicn iV 1 1 1 it I ncn 1 . . . . . . I ' ' """ "" hhreatens to set the opposito tactions t.tirly by tho ears. Wo cannot gues at iho merits ofthe question in dispute, fur the inllimma tory appeals of the contending parlies aro only explicit in acusing each oiherof "treach ery," "corruption," fcc. Tho subjoined extract from u letter written by a Loco Foco member ofthe Legislature to thu Eaton Reg ister, may serve as an indication of thu tem per in which the contest is carried on MR. WEBSTER AND MR. CASS. Extract of a privato letter from Waihing ton City. It is reported here, in political circles, that a very sharp correspondence took place be tween Mr. Wr.nsTr.rt and Gov. Cass, during tho visit of the latter to this city. Tho sub ject was tho Quintuplo Treaty, and i'16 Pra' vision of tho Washington Treaty rc''cr enco to tho maintenance of a squadron on tho Coast of Africa. It is said G Cass took occasion, in tho course of one nu letters, to refer, in a veiy person"'""' ve" ir...;..n viv. In ihn rnnrsn n! " n tsb during tho last war. DfV ' '