Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 10, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 10, 1843 Page 2
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mam giBiBaa mi. youngs c.vnu. The following it tlio curd of the Hon. Au gustus Young to which wo referred last week: TO THE PUIIMC. Having prepare! a work f.r publication, which, in "V ilimition, may beof somo importance In science in astna of us departments, and winch it is ruv pur- fate to publish as soon ns circuiiuliticcs will i.dinit, hive tlinH'lit il not inappropriate to ailvcrtise or sug gest my purposes to Ilia world, and therein to inti mate the naltiro of some of the loading topics of which I Ime treated. I PM'P.oso as the title-page to mv humble work the MihiK-inif, Vi7.. Italia in Unity, or Unity of Purpose i eing an, inquiry into the philosophy of numbers in ra spect to (heir adaptation to geometric nuantiics and their adnieajuir.meiit, and to the investigation of the laws of nature, and cspocially those which opcrato in controlling the motions imd in piod.icitig tlio conse quent phenomena in the plunctarv world) to which is appended such theoretical suggestions slid hypothetic eorrelaiitea as antilogy might seem to deduce fiom a train ol demonstrated fact- or propositions. Thswork will eoninienco with a treatise upon the tpt iarature of the circle; thus disregarding, other wilt thin wi,h sivoraign scorn ami contempt, all such low ridicule of the attempts to solvo that important rnbletn as maybe fomdin such wottesaaMonluclo'a llixory of Mathematics and lloes's Cyclopa'dia. In reference to the quadrature of the rirclc I can Bat hut ip,irehond tint I have treated thosuliect in a mannsr somewhat different from tho methods hcrc MUre pursued, as it is quite certain tint 1 have arriv al at i very ddfrrent result, and that, too, by tho va rious mthivj which I have applied for ascertaining tha raii i between the diameter and circtimfeienccj sal whether the remit which I hivit arrived at, and Ins method or methods adopted for obtaining such re sult, amounts to actual demonstration of tho long ivtshi for prMtm, I shall most cheerfully submit to th judgment. I have never supposed, nor have I proceeded upon ths principle, that a solution of the quadrature could wU bo the ris dt of a single or abstract demonstra te, not proceeded by an inquiry into the laws and ronomyof number of their applications to the ad meisurmcnt of geometric figures, by reason of, or in snaequence of. their ratios, powers, and roots, pre paratory to their peculiar applicability to tho adinea-surem-nt of the cuelo also i whereby tho remold as well as the approximate sup tcndinir towards the re It sought, were as well niarl.od or defined by an Inductive course and mode of reasoning as plain to be triceJ, an 1 as obvious in their progress and conclu ilsa, as thjie which lead to any demonstration what-aver. In all my researches in reference to the quadrature the principle y in viow "the and although fir many years, I have been satisfied as to the result of my researches in reference to this one proposition or pro' lesn, as some published hints will show, yet I have been unwilling to present the same to the world unconnected and unsupported by correlative matter of equal importance to science ofthntofthe quadra ture itself. I am aware that it has been imagined by many, and even by tho learned, that a tjmon(ni(fon of tho quadrature could servo but little purpose otherwise than to gratify the curiosity of mathematicians, inas much as tho methods by approximation now cxlant ire supposed to give a tlegne of accuracy sufficient ferall practical purposes; hut 1 cannot see why tho a:nt? mode of rtasjiiing would not have equally ap plied to a dcir.onMiation of tho -17th problem of Eu clid, tho demoiislratlon of which settled an infinity of questions which otherwise must constantly arise without an arbiter to settle them. So it must be in esse of the i-irclo that figuro in geometry, of all oth rs the most useful, who o arcs are the measures of all angles, as logarithm am the measures of all ratios; a demonstration of the ratios of the measures of which, Iinh-i tatingly will dovel'ips ntie principles in respect to the law, the philosophy, tho economy of numbers, in the-ir perfect applicability to the laws of nature and their development, and to tho eternal fit ness of things. in sit my researches in rcrerenre to the 1 hays always endiavoredlo act upon tli ef nire legislation, by keeping cona'nnily i old law, the mischief, and the remedy j" ai If it were certain that the present method of arriv ing at the measures of the circle was based on cor net principles, the approximation would necessarily be sufficiently exact for all practical purposes; but if the principles upon which they proceed aro not.notm la bo correct, surely it must reuuirc demonstration uot only to detect tho error in principle, but also the amount of error in fact ; and that the error, both in principle and in fact, is great, I do not hesitate to de clare; and I have yet to learn that the molhods pro posed by Lord Hrounder and Mr. Wallis, which have bsencs'e.-ined, perhaps, the best, havoany tendency whatever m dfvcloping the true quadrature of the circle, or that the method ia in anvwise based upon th principle of the deflection of a planet from a ton-g-rnt to its orbit. And I do not hesitato to declare that by such pro fess they do not mako their circle a round one, but that it is longer than it is broad; that they do not thereby obtain the true ratio between tho diameter and the circumlercrce; and what is a remarkable fsct, as any one will discover, they have not been able by euch process to revolve over the horns of the octants, (if I may so hpcal.;) they have made no pro tress towards a just or tru result after passing the circumscribed octagon of the i-irclo. Again : tho form, or rather measures, of the circle now exiant do not comport or agree with that famous law of Kepler, that great chronometer of tho Uni verse, which has not only stood the test of observa tion from bis time to the Dresent. but has been tho base of all astronomical calculation, and which, long era this, should not onlv have squared or quadrated the circle, but should have discovered to mankind the law of -gravity, or the laws of force and motion, and IIkkI'V have sated astronomcis from a continu al exploislioii for equations depending upon f ictitious circumstances, in order to bring facts and observed phenomena to correspond or square with what has been promulgated ns llu-geneinl law of gravity. AsKuiniug boldness from hating thus veniured to V.reak through scholastic I nrs and bolts which have long been accumulating, with a view to a personal examination of the premise, I conceived the enter jilio of attacking thcoracle itself, and of laying open end bringing to lichtils inmost recesses, with n view to ascertain whether those sounds, rewionsive with hoars murmurs, so often repeated, (and ol which I had lonL'bten suspicious.) were human or divine. Whether they were such in which ave were bound to place implicit faith, or only such n leaie mankind ta liberty to search fjr truth wherever it may be round. I therefore deny the eorrrtneB of the Newtonian iiionry ui grainy jib iiiiiuijuva imu upiiiiin tioua; whether upon bis broad hypothesis of the in nnte iravitv i,f mailer or tho law bv which it is hov rned. n. bv him given or promulgated to the svoild. Nor do I purpose in this cose to reckon without hit host, or to stun short of the most conclusive de monstrations, not only of the errors committed by Sir Isaac Newton, the manner in which hta error oc rurrcd. ai what nart of his calculations it did occur, but also to demonstrate and promulgate the late of gravity as it does esist ; ia which case the consequent theory in respect to universal gravity follows almost ei course, and consequently the "a proot,' wlucn Mr, Vince in his system of universal astronomy says that hir Isaac Newton gavo Dr. I i alley in res reel to the law of cravitv. is no nroof at all. I will demonstrate that the law of grnvity, as given by Newton, is wholly incompatible with the famous law of Kepler which I have 6UL'geatcd. which dic tates that the squares of the periods of Ihe'planets are ai lie cubes oj meir mean utsiances jrom me run, and that if ono'bo true the other cannot. I will de monstrate the fact, that if twice tha motion of a planet requires quadruple the force to retain t in its orbit, (a fact generally a seen led to, and which cannot be truo if Kenler'a law is not true,) tho Newtonian Iheoiy of gravity is not true-, and 1 propose to show thai ineaoopnonoi arw iiewtomon tnt-ury oi giavr Iv hasieduced almost theavholc science of astrono tar to that of exploring for enuations whereby to re- Sancilo the eternal truths of nature, based upon im mutable laws, wit i human error. In addition to actual demonstration. I propose to present, as auxiliary thereto, the whole phenomena of Nnturp. an far as f.iets have been ascertained, aa corroborative or presumtive evidence, in which the presumption will be found loo violent to bo resisted, I shall refer to what is termed by astronomers the dliTertnt dentitiei of the nlanels. us ascertained by the force exercised by a pbinel upon its saielli'C to the theory of the tides, which basso taxed the inge nuity of Newton. I'ernoulli. La Place, and others, the erminlini' for which is vet aa unsatisfactory to one who will examine the various methods of accounting ss any theory jcxlant in Ilia days of Arietolle must bflvt! hen to Aristotle himself. I will refer to the motion of the moon'a apoeeo. hich, to reconcile wiih tho Newtonian theory of iraity, so much peri;.'exca tne great, .-uicui.uiaij niaihtniniii-inns. riairsnt and luiler, insomuch that N they both, more ihan half a ctit"ry after the law of gravity was promulgated by JS'evvton, protested gninat lis cnrrrcmpsa.iB uui ncciiuuiitt: i"";" inint furl nf nlo-nomenon. which must of necessity depend upon (lie law of gravity, until Clpiratit, by onr ui' ilia atranii'St devieea conceivable, brought himself to consent to tho correctness of the law as laid down by Newton; and Killer, upon the authori- ... r ril. !'... -.. I. l.:, , t ni.nt.l Y UI WlUlinill, in IIU IIUIBl.-tl uiuni,Pf.iiiil,u also to tha correctness of the Newtonian theory. I will also refer (though not ss violent presump tion) to Dr. Bradley's theory of tho progressive mo tionnf light in timet an hypothesis connected with, or based upon, observed facts and phenomena in a way and manner that Is obiolulely ludicrous) for had Or. Drsdley, or those who succeeded him, been sartfvl to examine lie premises, they would hava tl.icovercd that the facts and observed phenomena proved I'irectlr the levrrse of the hypothesis' by tlism deduced from the facts. Hut 1 will not enlarge it being my design In this article brieHv to suectst mv rnrnose of pirMishinn a .work which I now havn ready far Ilia press, together- Willi my convictions mat tne science oi astronomy 'In nartietilar la based uoon two creot and fundament 1st errors ; aim mat tne commit, tne aruiunia at. tstnpts- and t Iruflcs to rrconulo truth with rror can well diseoer or describe its beauty, itsharmony. or comeliness; and henco one object which I have,' in addition toor in connexion with that of promul gating the truth, ia to bring it more within tho capaci liosof mankind in general behoving that truth (ovn scientific truth) may be so far simplified aa to be brought more within tho capacities and understand ing of both the learned and unlearned Ihan much of it is at present; and were I to bo sent in search of truth, I should as soon look for it at the bottom of a well aa in those hypothetical and bewildered regions of fancy to which t tua'ikind are so often directed when in search of it. AUGUSTAS VOUNO. WjisniMotoN, Feb 20. I'llKSIDUNT'S MESSAGE. To Me lloutt of llrprctin'.atiztt : In compliance with tho resolution of the House of Representatives of the '.'3d instant, requesting mo to comtimnic.itetolho Houso "whatever correspondence or communication may have been received from the llriiish Government respecting tho President's con struction of tho lata British Trcaly concluded at Washington, as it concerns an alleged right to visit American vessels," I herewith transmit a report made to nie by the Secretary of State, I havo also thought proper to communicate copies of Lord Abcrdecn'sVet ter of the 20lh December, 1811, to Mr. Everett; Mr. Everett's letter of the 23d December, in reply thereto: and extracts from several letters of Mr. Everett and the Secretary of State. I cannot forego the expression of my regret at the apparent purport of a part of Lord Aberdeen s dispatch to Air. Vox. I had cherished tho hopo that all possi bility of misunderstanding ns to the truo construction of the eighth article of the Treaty lately concluded be tween (ireat Britain and tho United States, was pre cluded by tho plain and well-weighed language in which it is expressed. The desiro of both Govern ments is to put an end as speedily aa possible to the slave trade; and that desire, I need scarcely add, is as strongly and as sincerely felt by tho United Slates as it can bo by Great Britain. Yet it must not bo for gotten that the trade, though now universally repro bated, was, up to a late period, prosecuted by all who chose to engage in it; and there were unfortunately but very few Christian powers whose subjects were not permitted, and even t-ncournged, to aharo in the profits of what was regarded as a porfectly legitimate comineice. It originated at a period long before the United Statos became independent, and was carried on with in our borders in opposition to the moat earnest ro moustranccs and expostulations of somoof the colo nics in which it was mosi actively prosecuted. Its character, thus fixed by common, constant and gen eral practice, could only bo changed by tho positivo assent of eSch and every nation, expressed either in the form of municipal law, or conventional arrange ment. Tho United States led the way in efforts to suppress il. They claimed no right to dictnte to oth ers, bill they resolved, without waiting for the co-operation of other powers, to prohibit it to their own cit izens, and to visit its perpetration by them with con dign punishment. 1 may aafclyaffirm that it never occurred to this Government that any new maritimo right accrued to it from the position it had thus as sumed in relation to the slava trade. If, before our laws for its suppression, the flag of every nation misht traverso the ocean unquestioned by our cruisers, this freedom was not, in our opinion, in theleast abridged by our municipal legislation. Any other doctrine, it is plain, would subject to on arbitrary and ever vary ing system of maritimo police, adopted at will by the great Naval Power for the time being, the trade of the world in any places, or in any articles, which such power might see fit to prohibit to its own subjects or citizens. A principle of this kind could scarcely bo acknowl edge, without subjecting commerce to tho risk of con stant and harrnsing vexations. Tho attempt to justi fy such a prclcnsiun from the right to visit and detain ships upon trasonable suspicion of piracy, would de servedly he exposed to universal condemnation, since it would be an attempt to convert an established rule ol maritime law, incorporated ns a principle into the international code by the consent of nil nations, into a rule and nrinc'mle ndnnted bv n smelc nation, and enforced only by its assumed authority. To seize and detain n ship, upon suspicion of piracy, with probable cause and in good faith, afford no just ground either for complaint on ihe part nf the nation w hose flag she bears, or claim of indemnity em the part of the owner. the universal law r-nncttons, and the common good requires, the existence of such a rule. The right under circums'ances, not only to vi-itnnd detain, but in ee'iircii n snip is a puneci ngiti, aim involves neitu er responsibility nor indemnity. But with this single exception, no nation has, in time of peace, nny author ity to detain the ships of another upon the high seas, on any pretext whatever, beyond the limits of territo rial jurisdiction. And such, I nm happy to find, is substantially the doctrine of Great Britain herself, in her most recent ollictal declarations, and even in those now communicated to the House. These declara tions may well lead us to doubt whether the apparent difTcrcnco between the two Governments is not rather one of definition than ol principal. Not only is tits right of search, properly so called, disclaimed by Great Britain, but even that of mere visit and innuirv is asserted with qualifications inconsistent with the idea ot pcrleet right. In the despatch of Lord Aberdeen to Mr. Everett, of ihe20th December, 1S11, as also in that just re ceived by the British Minister in this country, made to Mr. Fox, his Lordship tleclsrcd that if, in spite of all the precaution which hall be urged to prevent such occurrences, an American, ship.ny reason of any vis it of detention by a British cruiser, "should suffer loss and injury, it would be followed by prompt and ample remuneration." And in order to make more manifest her intentions in this respect, Lord Aberdeen, in the despatch of the 20th December, makes known to .Mr. Kvercti tne nature oi tne instructions given to tno British cruisers. These are such as, if faithfully ob served, would enable the Government to approximate tho standard of a fair indemnity. That Government has, in several cases, fulfilled her promises in this par ticular, liv making nucnuate reparation lor aamape done to our commerce. It is obvious to remark, that n right which is only to be exercised under such re striciiont and precautions, and risk, in case of on assignable damage, to be followed by Ihe consequen ces ofn Irespasa, can scarcely bo considered any thing more than a privilege asked lor, ana either con ceded or withheld on the usual principles of interna tinnal comity. The mineiulos laid down in Lord Aberdeen's des nntehes. ami the assurance of indemnity therein held out, although the utmost reliance was placed on tho steamboat, in passing Martinique, Guadaloupa and Monlscrrat, saw a cloud of dust covering those is lands, Wo fear we shall bear of great destruction of lives and property in these and all tha other Wind ward Islands," "St. Joiims, P. R. Feb. 15, 1843. " Our fears arc too mournfully realized. Wo re ceived yesterday, after I had closed my letter,, advices from tha Windward. The effects of the earthquake was most disastrous. Tho town of Point Pttrt, in Guadeloupe, is entirely destroyed, and ten thousand ncrsons aro renorted to havo been killad and hntiad beneath the falling ruins. Tho loss of property is, of : i i : i i :' ' v.. luumi, 1 1 1 1 1 1:1 str, uuu mis iiivuivuu in ruin many wealthy planters. At Antigua there has also been a great loss of property, though but few lives were lost. Tho mills and sugar works are all more or less injur ed, and lbs greater part of the crop will bs lost. Nev is, Monlscrrat, Barbadocs, dec. are all said lo have suffered, but lo what extent is not yet known." It wilt bo recollected that a severe shock was felt in tho valley of the Mississippi, and through lo Charles Ion, on ihe 4th of January last, and another shock on the 16 of February was. also fell. It may be that we shall hear of further disasters from theso shocks. and by offering amendments which they did not expect would be adopted, for tho sole purpose nf preventing & final vote being taken on the bill in season for its being acnt to tlio House. They havo in this been thu far luccessful and unless the rules of the Senate shall be suspended for that purpose, the passage of this important measure to this community will be defeated by tho opposition of tho democratic minority, facticlously availing itself of tho rules nf the Senate, which do not afford the means of checking debate, lo defeat tho will of tho majority. There were no nominations of importance sent in to-day. It is Understood that the Grot) trnment is very much porploxcd by the position in which tho resignation of Mr Forward has placed it. Mr Spencer is unwilling to hazard tho riskue of rejection by the Senate (should his name bo -presented to that body to fill the vacant secretaryship of tho Treasury, and he I'uiiiiidbiuuaiy ruiusus toco-operate, hi una par ticular, in perfecting the bargain by which Porter was to come into tho War Department. Tho 11 constitutional fact" finds it much more difficult to consumato its corrupt bargains than it naa anticipated. Mr WickliRc, son of the Postmaster General, was this evening married to Miss Dawson, daughter of Mr Dawson member of the House from Liousiana. Wednesday March 1. 1843. I have not much of interest to communicate to-day. A large number of private bills passed, in the Senate, with little opposition. Tho bill to extend the charter of the Bank of the Dis trict of Columbia was carried yeas 28, nays 17. A petition from that eccentric lady, Mrs Ann Royal, or centlo Ann. as her friends call her, for a pension, on the ground that she is ifoou laitu ol tne iiriusu uovmuiiciit, wuiu nut rcitnr- ded by the Executive as a sufficient security against the abuses which Lord Aberdeen admitted might arise in even the most cautious and moderate exercise of Iheir new maritime police. And tlierelore, in my incssageat the opening of the last session, I set forth t in iit-u-a enter tatnenuv tne r.xccuuveuu tins suiicct, and substantially affirmed both our inclination and ability to enforce our own laws, protect our nag from nhuap. nmi aroun ourselves oia t our uui ea anu oou- gationa on the high aeas. Jn view of these assertions the Treaty oi wasniniuon wns nenuuaieu: anu upon consultation with the British negotiator as to the quantum of force necessary to bo employed in order to attain theso objects, the result to which tho moat deliberate estimate leu was emooaicu in tne cigiiiu ar tieln nf thfl I rent v. Such were my views at the time of negotiating that treaty, and such, in my opinion, is ita plain and fair internretalion. I rrirardcd the eighth article as re moving all posaiHo pretext, on the ground of mere necessity, to visit and detain our ship upon the Afri can cojst. because of any alleged abuse of our flag by slave-traders of other nationa. Wahad taken upon nnruii if.eburden of Dreventincr any such abuso, by stipulating to furnisli an armed lorce regarneu oy both the high contracting parties aa sufficient to ac ..,,ni:l, ihot h;.,-t. Denvine. as wo did and do. all color of right to exercise nny such general police over the flaga of independent nation, wo uui noi oo mand of Great Britain any formal renunciation of her ivxihuui Ktill la Und-wo the least idea of vield- I .(.! I ' . I. (i Wn J-hnntft lllg any mmg: untaeivcs m linn vv.. -y make a practical settlement of tho question. This wo owed o what we had already tlono upon this sub ject. Tho honor or the country calieu lor ii ine non- or oi its nagoemaniieu mat ii euouiu nut ui ucu uy others to cover on iniquitous traffic. This uovcrnment, I am very sura, lias uotn tne in clination and the ability to do this; and. if need be, rt will not content itself with a fleet of eighty guns tint sooner than any foreign government ahall exer- else tne province oi executing lis taws, anu tunning its obligations, the highest ot which is to protect na Hag aliieclrom abuse or insult, it would, l elouui not, put in rrquiMhon for that purpose its whole naval power. Thopurpo-eol line Government ia faithfully to lulhl the Treaty on its part j nnu it will not permit itself to doul t that Great Britain wilt comply with it on hers. In this way peace will be best preserved, and tha most amicable relations maintained between the two commits. JOHN TYLKR. WjieniNOTOH, February 27, 1843. FROM WASHINGTON. Saturday, Feb. 25. Final Repeal of the Bankrupt Law. The work of destruction, commenced with so much fury and prosecuted with so much zeal although its consumption has been for a short titno delayed is at length complete, and that salutary measure, of relief on tho ono hand, and of security on the other tho Bankrupt Law is repealed (so far as the action of Con gress is concerned) the Senate to day having passed tho bill from the House for the repeal, excepting, however cases where application has been made tho passage of tho bill. In Senate after the adoption of Mr Benton's resolution calling on tho President for copies of tho despatch from Mr Everett of tbn nd instant : of I ho desnatch nf ixird AWripon nf me wiuow oi a uevoiuttonaav oliiccr. was re Dec. 1841 to our secretary of State, and tho jeeted, the dear croature not giving evidence answer thereto ; and some other unimportant enougn to mane cicar tno taei. ene win cas- business, tho billtorcDcal the Bankrunt Law ticate the Senators for this want of trallantrv, 4 I IPI IT I 1 1 . :-.! r catno up I inn uuubc uui iiittHintr upurutinaeions xor Mr Walker's amendment doclarincr banks carrying into effect the Treaty of Washington, uoon a failure to redeem their notes in anncio. was reported from the Committee on Foreicn iveisiiuna. it win oe consiuereei to-morrow. Bills granting pensions, and affording relief, an immense number, were then passed, and the Senate adjourned. In tho House, on motion of Mr Barnard, it was resolved that the Secretary of War cause the Topographical Bureau to report a plan for a new chamber in the Capitol, better suited for tho meeting and transaction of business by the House of Representatives, than the present mil. A communication from the President, enclos- ine tho corrcsDondcnco with foreinn Govern ments and States in regard to the operations nf the J aritr, was laid on the table, and Ihe papers ordered to be printed. The amendment of the senate to tho bill malting appropriations for executing certain In dian treaties were concurred in. The navv bill was then taken up, and after a lengthy discussion, was passed, with trifling amendments. The amendments of the Senate to tho Navy Pension bill, striking out certain appropriations, were non-concurred in, and a rclercnco com tnilteo was appointed. Mr. Barnum made an ineffectual attempt to get the House to make an appropriation for the improvement of the navigation of the Hudson, at the overslaugh near Albany. J tie report that Mr f orward had withdrawn his resignation of tho office of Secretary of the Treasury, is not true. He is no longer Secre tary, his resignation having taken cftect yester day. The chief clerk, McClintock Voung,Usq., performs the duties, under acting appointment from the President, but Mr Forward's successor will probably bo nominated to the Senate to morrow. Madame Rumor is busy here about Cabinet changes, but the present incumbents know best what will take place in and about the public offices after the 4th, and being selfish men, they keep their knowledge to themselves. Be patient you will Know all in good time Thursday, March, 2. The proceedings of both Houses of Congress on Thursday, being the last day but ono of its existence, present a large amount of import ant business. The Senate, by a vote of ShJ to 10. suspended the rule whereby the transims sion of bills from one Houso to another is pro hibited on the day ot llteir passage, lor the pur pose of expediting business. The bill to carry into erteci tno treaty oi Washington was taken up an amendment to limit tho entire appropriation so as to cut off tho payment to Maine and Massachusetts, was lost by a large majority and the bill finally pas sed as it came from the House. The Senate, in the evening session, considered the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation Bill, and passed it to a third reading. At half past 11 P. M. it went into Executive session, winch continued until the next morning, through the whole of the night. In the House, Mr Winthrop, from the Com mitteo on Commerce, called up tho resolution in reference to the imprisonment of colored seamen, which, on motion of Mr Cave John son, Ixrco, was laid on the tablo by a vote of HO to O'J. The subjects of the Banks of tho District was brought up by Mr Powell of Virginia. A motion to lay the subject upon the table failed by a vote of 72 to 89, and it passed to a second reading, but the morning hour expired in the midst, oi tne aiscussion on its tniru rejumg. MrW. Cost Johnson submitted a report from the Select Committee on the issue of two hun dred millions of stock. Mr Adams, a member of the same Committee, offered as a substitute the following resolutions Ketolvtd, That the repudiation oy any oiaio bankrupt, and subjecting them except those in which the States have proprietorship, to tho operation of this act, after remarks from Messrs. Crittenden, Smith of Ct. and Allen was rejec tedYeas 18, Nays 24. The substituted! amendment of the Judiciary Committee, to repeal only the voluntary pro visions of the act, making the discharge de pend upon the assent of a majority of the cred itors, Sec. was rejected Yeas 16, Nays 30. The' bill as it camo from the House being now before them amendments were offered as follows : By Mr Benton, to make tho repeal absolute j rejected alter debate. By Mr Berrien, to allow the selection of as. signces by the creditors ; rejected Yeas 14 ; Nays 35. By Mr Conrad, fixing tho 4th of April next for the time of the taking effect of tho repeal; rejected Yeas 13 ; Nays 3'J. By Mr Tallmadgc, to allow to each judgo on tho final decision of each case in bankruptcy one dollar ; rejected Yeas 14 ; Nays 34. Also, to postpone the subject until the first Monday in December next ; rejected Yeas 14 ; Nays 34. No amendments having been adopted, the question was taken on the hill as it camo from the House, (repealing the law, but providing for tho prosecution to completion of cases where applications aro pending,) and carried Yeas 32 ; Nays 13, ns follows : Yeas Messrs. Allen, Archer, Bagby, Bay. ard, Buchannan, Calhoun, Crafts, Crittenden, Ctithbert, Dayton, Fulton, Graham, Huntington, King, l.inn, AlcUuIhe, Mclloberts, Merrick, More he ad, Phelps, Hives, Sevier, Sprague, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, Wright and oung 32. Nays Messrs. Barrow, Bates, Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Evans, Kerr, Miller, Porter, Smith of Ia., Tallmadge, White and Wood bridge 13. Thus the bill finally passed, and awaits only the signature of tho President to become a aw. The Senate adjourned. In the House, after a consummation of about three hours in discussion calls of yeas and nays Sic, a joint resolution was adnpteul, authorizing the Secretary of the treasury to pay certain claims awarded by tho Commissioners under the Cherokee treaty of 1835 and 183G ; provi ded sucn sums snail not exceed-in amount one hundred thousand dollars. The civil and diplomatic appropriation bill was then taken up in Committee, Mr C. J. In- gcrsoll repeated his amendment of last session, to reduce the appropriation for defraying the expenses of the Judiciary one hundred thousand dollars adopted, alter brief discussion. Monday, rob. Mr Toland made a motion which did not prevail, that the select Committee in tho case of the removal of Jonathan Roberts, have leave to sit during the session of the House. Tho House went into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and resumed tho consideration of the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation mil. On motion of Mr Adam, three thousand dol lars was appropriated as a salary for the Com. missioncr to the Sandwich Islands. On motion of MrJ. R. Ingcrsoll, ftvo bun dred dollars was allowed for a Consul to Bey- root. Various other amendments wcro adopted and the Committee rose and reported the bill to the Uouso. A Message was received from the President, communicating in compliance with a resolution of the House, a report from tho Secretary of for full detail of them this week. Tho Sen ate was occupied some lime on the Pension bill which was finally passed. The Senate then went into Executive session, and adjourned, t'n die, at 4 o'clock Saturday morning after having rejected the nomination of IViie as minister to France, and Cushing as secretary of the Treasury, the former by a voto of 24 to 12, the latter by 27 to 10. In tho Houso a great amount of business was transacted of which wo shall give a detailed account next week. Tho houso adjourned sine die at six o'clock Saturday morning. We cut the follow ing from the National Intelligencer of Satur day. The Session of Congress was prolonged last night to an hour later than that at which this paper was ntccssarily put to press. So that we aro utterly unable to furnish a List of the Acts to which tho Session has given rise, or to state whether certain of tho ponding acts of interest have or have not become laws. It is certain, however, that before this paper reaches any of our readers, the 7'wonty-seventh Congress will have ceased to exist. We may presume, also, that the Civil Appropriation Act, and all tho Annual Appropriation Acts, have received the signature of the President, and become laws." FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, 1843. HARD CIDER. Tho rosult of the election for town offi cers, in this town Inst Monday, will probably satisfy tho Loco Focos that this pleasant be verago was not entirely " used up " in the campaign of 1840. A fow demijohns of tho real Tippjccanoe brand were uncorked on that occasion, and it foamed and sparkled most beautifully. Wo understand the Lo cos thought it was rather tour, but the gene ral opinion among our friends is that ago had only added to its flavor. " The same Old Coon " also made his appearance last Mon day. Ho was first seen, about ten o'clock in tho morning, snugly perched on the "Break Water? and ho was neither "treed" nor terrified by the eloquent speech with which his presenco was greeted. But, meta phor aside, the result of tho election was quite satisfactory. The Whigs carried tho Mode rator, Town Clerk, the entire board of Se lectmen, Treasurer, and, in short, almost ev ery officer whose election was contested. The meeting was more fully attended than any other of tho kind within our recollec tion, the highest voto being nearly five hun dred. ' CONGRESS, THE LAST DAY. Tho Twenty-seventh Congress adjourned at a late hour on Saturday morning. The Bill, which was passed last week, repealing tho Bankrupt act, was signed by the Presi dent on Friday, tho last day of the session. Tho nomination oi Henry A, Wise, as Min ister to France, was rejected by the Senate, by a vote of 24 to 12. Tho Senate also re fused to confirm tho nomination of Caleb Cushing, as Secretary of tho Treasury, 27 to 19. Tho names of these two gentlemen, for these respective offices, wcro sent to tho Senate, wo understand, threo several times by Mr. Tyler, and they were threo times re jected ! Theso proceedings created great excitement at Washington. John C. Spen cer was then nominated as Secretary of the Treasury, and Edward Everett as Minister to China. After considerable debate, both wcro confirmed. It is said with confidence that Mr. Webster is to" take Mr. Everett's place as minister to England. There are also several other rumors in regard to ap pointments and removals, but none of them can bo relied on. Tho above jacts must satisfy our readers this week. RETRENCHMENT. In a sneech recently delivered in the Houso of Rrcprcscntativcs, the Hon. Dan iel D. BanNAnn of Albany, N. Y. stated the fact, that, " exclusive oj the public debt, the appropriations for this year would not z eeri eighteen, and might not, be more than seventeen and a half millions of dollars ; while during Mr. Van Burcn's administra tion, THF.Y AVERAGED THIRTY SEVEN MIL LIONS op dollars per annum ! They wcro now, less than one half what they were un der Mr. Van Buren." Thus it will bo seen that the Whigs havo more than fulfilled all tho promises of re trenchment made by them, despite tho hos tility they havo been forced to encounter. Our Loco Foco contemporaries "will pleaio copy." Loco Foco Morality. At a late Morton Festival given by the Loco Focos in Barn stable county, Massachusetts, tho following toast was given. It was intended to refer to tho able Whig representative in tho Legisla ture from tho town of Dennis. In noticing it the Boston Atlas remarks that tho only wonder they have to express is, that even a collection of Loco Focos did not riso in a body and kick tho unfeeling scoundrel who uttered it heels overhead out of the room. By H. Bowman. TWe ofel Coon of Dennis Let his days bo fow, and Id another take his office! lo' his children bo fatherless, and hia wife a widow j let his children bo continually vagabonds and beggara ; let thorn seek their bread out of their desolate places. We havo not, heretofore, noticed the toast given by Marcus Morton at tho late Loco Foco celebration in Fanouil Hall. It orig inally appeared in the Bay State Democrat, a leading Loco paper published at Boston, and may therefore be relied upon as correct. It is a precious specimen of the delicate de portment of Governor Morton towards a co ordinate branch of the Government. Here it is : ' The llouse qf Representatives Though afflicted with 'King's Kvil,' il is now under a course of treat ment which will aoon restore it to health." The toast refers to tho Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Hon. Dan iel P. Kino. Truly the people of the Old Bay State must be proud of a Governor so distinguished for courtesy and refinement of feeling. TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE. Destruction of the town of Point I'ctrclnCau dnloupr Ten thousand Uvea lost. The following is from a Baltimore corres pondent of the Boston Atlas : BAUtMoar, Starch 3, 1643. We have accounta from the Weil India lelands of a nioitdiaattruuscarthrpiakcinthe Windward Ialanda. it occurred on llieOili of February, IheSarnttday that Uav sarrltd what i calUJ the icicm-mf aatrononiy I ihrjr ejnnol be worked. In Nvi the 1 K ekiha if J t.gU Ul fin, ' ii .'on , foiki! lo l-ff.ll i't n ixil Its lath hi thaahock was fell in this city and Washington, and furthar South. Tho same shock was felt by the U. S. brio Decatur, in lat. 20 18, N. long. CI EO, and by tha bur quo Inca, now in this port, in lat 17 30, long. 60. The following extracta of letters, rece'ied by the brig Franret Jane, which arrived it this port yesterday from St. Johns, Porlo Kico, contain all the informa tion we have yel received. H There was severs shock of an earthquake felt in this ialand on the sin mat., dui ora no uiinaga. mm i. Tlmmna we havenccounla thai il waa ac me, and laited over two minutes people fled from their honasa, and the greatett consternation prevailed, KorlunaUly, however, no damage was done lo prop erly. From Augusta, we have accounts, at second hand, that all (lie houies were thrown downi soma lives lost, and the windnnlls o inucli injured that in Htvismt nouats are re- w. ar.d I l.o Statn. and correspondence with Tird Abardpan. &c. in relation to tho alleged riehtof Great ot tnis union oi any aouno lorcignere, cuinmc. Britain to visit American vessels. ted by authority of the Legislature of said d ita aittinn in t State, is a violation of tho Constitution of the ten o'clock, and sat twelve hours continuously, United States, in the first paragraph of the tenth the whole time being consumed in the factious section of the first article, which provides that opposition of the minority to tho passage of a no tstate snail pass any law impairing ure uuu bill authorizing a contract to be made with uatiou of contracts. Gales & Scaton for the publication of the de-1 Resolved, That if any State of this Union bates of Congress from 1789 to 1634. the shall, bv or in 'conscauenco of such repudiation, whole to be composed in twelve volumes ; involve herself in war with any foreign Power, and with Blair & Rives for the publication of I the Congress of the United Statos has no pow tho debates from 1637 to 1844, to be corupris. 1 or to involve them, or any other of the States eel in seven volumes uongress to tako one thousand copies of each volume, at five dol lars per copy. Benton, Wrieht and Allen led off in a debate against time in which they were followed by Calhoun, Woodbury, and the rest of the locos, each one proposing some amend ment with the avowed object of killing time and exhaustinc the powers of endurance of tho majorily. In this they were successful, and at ten o'clock at night Mr Crittenden after mak ing some severe remarks upon the democracy of the minority, which exemplified itsnlf in this determination to control the majority, moved that the Scnato go into Executive Session, which was carrieef. Tho onlv importan.'. nomination submitted to day was that of Mr IVise to be Minister to Franc. Tuesday, Feb. 28, The House was occupied the whole of this day in porlectingand passing the various appro priation bills and some private bills not occa sioning debate. When the bill making appropriations to carry out the treaty nf Washington was under con sideration, Mr AfcKeon detained Ihe House an hour in opposition to tho bill and in in attack upon tho treaty. He was replied to very fully r.nd ably by Mr Cushing who most satiafactori ly demonstrated tho constitutional obligation that Congress was under to make the appropri ation required by tho treaty. Those who have access at the White House. are of opinion that the President may retain the Bankrupt Bill, and in that way prevent its bo coming a law. Notwithstanding the verv ten oua objections that in most cases eiist against this course, 1 have no doubt but that as it re gards this measure, the country would fully sustaid Mr Tyler if he should thus defeat the vasriltating aud injurious legislation of Con-gresr, The Locofoen Senators re-enacted to-day the disgraceful scenes of yesterday, Theblll to of this Union, or the people thereof, in such war. Resolved, That, in the event oi sucn a war, th Sum involving herself therein will cease thereby to be a state of this Unton, and will have no right or claim to aid in her defence from the United States, or any one or them. The House refused to order them to be prin ted, and finally the whole subject was laid on the table. Mr Toland. from tho Select Committee on Arbitrary Removals, submitted a report on the subject. The House refused to recede irom us disa greement with tho Senate on the Naval Ap propriation Bill, in relation to the Brooklyn docks yeas 7o, naysw. The senate bill lor tho reduction oi postage. next came up. Mr Briggs moved a long amendment, in three different sections, which be advocated at some length, and which were opposed by Hopkins, of Virginia. 1 ho qucs tion was taken separately upon tbe several sec tioiiB. The first section was odopted. it is as follows : " That, after the first day of July next, on all letters not weighing more than ono quarter of an ounce avoirdupois, or any distance not ex ceeding fifty miles, five cents ; on all such let ters for any distance over nity miles, ton cents ; on all letters weighing more than one quarter and not over one lialf ounce, double the above rates, and tho same rates of postage for every additional quarter of an ounce weight on all let ters woighing more than half an ounce ; and all drop-letters placed in the post offico in eve ry town or city for delivery within tho said town or city, shall bo charged with five cents. The other sections, which abolished the franking privilege, and provided that letters, &c to members of Congress should be paid out of tho contingent fund of the House, wore lost. The House reiusea, oy a voto oi ut to auo, to lav ilm hill on the table, and it was finally pass ed. Nothing else of importance waa done by The New Hampshire Loco Foccs aro ma king a most hideous caterwauling about theso days. We havo no disposition to in tcrfcro in their family quarrels, but as our readers may wish to see what tho different factions say of each other, we cut from Hill's Putriot the following complimentary notice of Hubbard, tho regular Loco candidate for Governor. "The same old Hartford Contention Federalist is again forced upon ua who declared when the patri otic l'ierce waa nominated lor uotcrnor, mat ne "would let the dd old bear know that he could not ct a role tn Chcshier county and who was then and and clove with the then ultra federalist, and now ultra radical, Samuel Cushman, who said he,it Ao;- ed to uod tne bones oj every soldier vho entitled xnlo the army would oieacn on tne ianadianfrontter. And Barton s Patriot, the organ of the Hubbard party, thus sketches the character of Hill. "He returns the vile, purchased tool of John Tyler and Daniel Webster. For filthy lucre he has parted with evarv veataae of demociacv. of honor, of self- ......I .nil ronaTil tn miltll nnininn ITrt i liirirl tA carry on a warcfare against the democratic party of I has over occupied." our atate. ne wories lor pay. reu ia tne rowaru ui treachery to friends and fealty to enemies." This is certainly an interesting squabble, and both parties seern to be in a very amia ble frame of mind. The portraits thoy pre sent of each other, tho' not very flattering perhaps, aro undoubtedly faithfuland correct. The extra-territorial ticket has one advantage over any that has been nominated the candidatco run well. If Parmenter and " tho venerable Dillinaham" wero added to it, it could bo said to ba composed of ncu iiie-ii. I'roviuencc journal The severity of this sarcasm can hardly be understood abroad without referenco to tho context. Several of tho most prominent of the suffrage or Dorr candidates in Rhode Island are heroes who blustered abominably before there was any danger but run away at the very first flash of gun powder, even though it was but a mere priming of one of Dorr's guns that wouldn't go off, which first frightened the gallant creatures. As to the " tried " men, it is only necessary to say that it alludes to certain judicial experience that the two worthies mentioned, have had on tho criminal docket. One of them, has not only been tried but convicted in Massachusetts either of forgery or stealing leather ; wo for get, at this moment, which. 7 Wma victorv in New Orleans. William Freret, the Whig candidate was elected Mayor of the city of New Orleans, on tho 20ili tilt, by a majority of threo hun dred and fifteen, as follows: Freret, Whig, I2S9 Genois, Loco, 974 315 of this result the Bulletin speaks as follows : "the result may be regarded as a very great triumph. Tho actual majority is about fif teen per cent of the whole vote, and it was achieved under the most adverse ciicumstan- ccs. Tho excitement growing out of the closing of the Commercial Bank not only kept great numbers from the polls, but the opponents of Mr. Freret were not slow to take advantage of the occurrence, and en deavor to connect his name and tho Whig cause with the fallen institution. The new branch, too, of the Loco Foco party, the "friends of tho Administration," wont into the contest with great zeal, and east tho whole weight of Government influence against the Whigs. Notwithstanding these odds, how ever, wo have tho satisfaction to announce a Whig triumph ; and wo believe it to bo tho forerunner of a series of successes, calculated to develop the full strength of the party, and place it in the most commanding position it DIPLOMATIC SALERIES. Blackwood's Miigaztnt!, the groat organ of the Tories in Scolljnd, has in u late number somssensiblo remarks on the enormous sala ries paid by the British Government to lls fa reign ministry, in the courso of which tha example) of our Government is very respect fully referred to. This pcViodicul lim gene rally boon among the bitterest and most scornful deriders of our country, her char acter, influence, republican institutions, and every thing which pertains to us as a nation. The languago employed in tho annexed par agraph, and tho respectful tone of reference to our example mark a decisive cltitngo'of sentiment in that quarter. As llio opinions put forth in such publications arc sometimes market commodities, using price-current phrase, " wo quoto " as follows : ."A man who receives 11,000 a yesr to show hos pitality, and exhibit stale, ought todo both i butthers is another and much more important point for the na tion to consider. Why should 11,000a year be given to an ambassador at Vienna, or any other court of the earth 1 , Or what is the actual result but to furn ish, in nino instances out often, a splendid sinucure to Bomo man of powerful interest, without any or but slight referenco to hia faculties! Or is there any nt ceasity for endowing an embassy with an enormous A. income or this order, to provide dinners and balls, and a central spot for tho crowd of loungers who visit their residences or to do actual mischief by alluring ' these absentees from their own country? we see no possible reason why tho whole ambassadorial eatab lishment might not be cut down to salaries of 1,5001 a year. Thus, men of business would be employed in stead of tho relatives of our Cabinets. Dinner-givinr would not bo an essential of diplomacy j the ambas sador s house would not bo a centre for all the ram b crs and triflers who preferred a silly and lavish life abroad to doing their duty at home s and a sum of much moro than 100,000f a year would bo saved to the country. Jonathan acts tho only rational part on tha subject. Ho givea his ambassador a sum on which private gentleman can live no more. He has not thealightest sense of giving superb feasts, furnishing huse pa aces, supplying all the rambling Jonathans with balls and suppers, or astonishing John Hull by tho tinsel of his appointments. Vet he is at least as well served as others. His man is a man ef business ; hn embassy is no showy sinecure ; his ambassador ia no showy Mnecunsl. The office is an understood slcp to distinction at home, and the man who exhi! its ability here, is sure of eminence on his return. Yfa have not found that tho American diplomacy is con signed to mean hands, or inefficient, or despised in any country." tt?"Wo have been indebted to Mr. Vir gil of Jacob's Express for papers in advance of tho mail several times of lute. Mr. V. al most always comes in a day or two ahead of Uncle Sam, and he is entitled to great cred it for his promptness and perseverance d? Survivors op Washington. The following interesting notice of tho distinguish ed survivors of President Washington's ad ministration is from tho Philadilpliia United States Gazette. . Although none of the early associate of Washing ton s iriivc, a very lew venerable men, his cotcmpo raries in the legislative and diplomatic departments during the later period of his ailministration.still lin ger among ua. Of tho Senators of that tune the aur vivors ate Albert Gallatin, elected in 1703 ; James Ross, his immediate successor, in 1704, and in the same year Kensey Johns, tho present cncral lo Chan cellor of the State of Delaware, father of the Assistant Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Eng land, yet live1, enjoying tho respect and veneration of their fellow citizens; the first of horn, it is hoped, to regret his opposition to the measures of Washington, which so peculiarly marked Mr. Gallatin's legisla Itve career. Of tho Representatives oneonly surtires besides Mr. Gallatin, whose teat i.t tho Senate hav ing been vacated for want of tho constitutional quali fication of nine years citizenship, was elected in 1795. The surviving Representatives arc Albert Gallatin and Gen. Andrew Jackson, the latter of whom waa in 1796-7 tho sole Representative of the Stato ofTennes ace. Of the two surviving ministers and diplomatist agents at foreign courts, during Washington's admin istration, our venerable fellow-citizen, William Short, Esq , is the oldest, having been with Mr. C'armichael appointed on a special cnibapsy to Sjmin in 1792 and on tne vain or .nay, 17U4, minister resident t that court. But John Quincy Adams, although appointed 30th May, I79i, twothya oOe-Mr Sh ,rr a n min ister of I'm s.iui" raa. ,01 o . Lurlam., naa rub sequent!)' in 1793 raised by Wash-nLm to il'--arleof Minister Plenipotontiiry iu , ,. nun 0f Portu'al. Mr. Adams isbelieved to bo tho only public man now living who can justly boost of having enjoyed the eon lidence of Washington. THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON On Monday, tho 27th ult., tho Speaker laid beforo the Houso of Representatives a message from tbe President of the United States, which will bo found in another part of our paper. This messago ia a response lo a resolution of tho House, relative to the construction of that part of tho late Treaty which bears upon tho right of visitation. It will be seen that President Tyler's under standing of the matter differs essentially from that of Sir Robert Peel. It strikes us, how ever, that there is a marked difference be tween the right of visitation and tho right of search. How could a piratical vessel, sail ing under the American or British flag, ever be detected, if tho right of visitation is to bo denied 1 True, tho party visiting has no right to go beyond an examination of tho ship's papers. If he proceeds further, he does it at his peril (t? South Carolina. The recent eleC' tion for members of Congress in this stato hat resulted in the choice of the following named gentlemen from the several districts. They are all Calhoun Loco Focos, tVr.i Conrrrnional District J. A. Black. Second Congressional Diatlict R. V. Simpson. Third Congreasional District J. A. Woodward. extend tho charter of the Hanks of the District. th0 House prior, to its adjournment, of Columbia being under consideration, Ben. Fripat. March 3. ton, Allen, Tappan, Walker, and Wright ob- The proceeding today have been of a very started its pusge by spths agimt time miacellainous charattcr. We hue not room The Prospect in Connecticut. The Hartford courant speaks after this wise of the canvass which is now going on in the land of stead v habits. " Our information re ceived from other counties, is in the highest degree encouraging. We begin to think that the Times is right in saying 'a desper ate effort is to be made by the Whigs.' It certainly looks like it. Meanwhile, friends in Hartford Counly, waKo up I It will not do for us to sleep while) the residue of the Stato is wido awake. The Locofoco leaders have hard work to excite their followers to action. Great complaint is made by tho better portion of tho party with regard to tho effect of Locofoco measures, and they can not bo convinced that Whig principles aro the causo of our troubles, when Whig plans of relief are not adopted. They aro dissat isfied with what their learders propose and will not bo excited by the fierce appeals or the piteous moanings of the office holders of tho Times." (t7Pr.Rspict;ous. Tho Democratic Re view, for February, contains an article, from Mr. Bronson, on tho " Community System, in which tho following paragraph occurs " Man's nature is tripls I he is trinity in unitv. at once inumaiuiy,, out uiaimcur, activity, intelligence, aenBiDiiiiy or u ucuucu nriinuut reterence 10 Kino that is phenomenally, instead of onlologically, ac tion cognition sentiment, in their diversity and in dissolubls unity." Now that's as " clear at mud," that is, as Squeers would say, mi. j , . i n:. ;.. 1 A w.wsM I ' AUtru Ullfiicasiunai """-" ,,' I la.,,,- C-u.-a. rnL r - i m w , Fourth Congreasional District jonn liampsaii, "."' - . ,Mru-""u, u mmun naa Fifth Congressional Dialrict-A Burt. elected Hon. John airfield, Governor of the Stale, lo c-:..l -.? n;.i.ii v ilntmoa bo Senator in Concreaain nlaes of Mr. Wdliama. II Seventh Congressional District 11. B. Rhett. received all thy votes in lbs Senate, and 112 in the Messrs Black. Simpsota, Wocujwaid, and Bntl, si - -"! wm. sr. r Mssndao had B voles, aa A SENSIBLE SPEECH. At the great Whig Convention which was holden at Richmond, Virginia, on tho 22d of February, to nominate a candidate for President of the United States, Benjamin Watkins Leigh, who presided on the occa sion, made a speech of which tho following is tho concluding paragraph. It is so unu sual to find so much liberality in a S out hem man that wo copy tho extract with much pleasure : I shall mention another subject of general, dear) and exciting interest, which calls for mutual conces sion j which must be settled, and can only bo settled by a spirit of fair and mutual compromise the tariff of duties on imported goods. In iis very nature, it involves conflicting interests j and unhappily, in our country, these conflicting opinions and feefinpa on u.w ...... ujr ;irusriiinicai UOIItldS. irvu iiiuai ui niy icnow-ciiizeiis oi tno southern Agri cultural States, I am, what was called an anti-larifl" man, tho not what may, perhaps, le not so called, since according to some opinions, those only are re- gutut-u ajaiiii-iarin men, who Hunk it proper to raise revenue for the aupport of Government by direct tax ation, rather than raise the whole, if thewholacsn be conveniently raised, as doubtless it ran, from ill customs. I am opposed to the raising of more reve nue iroin tne customs, man what is really wanted ...v "uvtiiiuieiii upon an economical system of expenditure : monious, niggardly system of expenditure, stinting ..... me arj aim uiei civil list, leaving ihe for tifications tO OO tO ruin, and (!is.-mnnmnn ,1, ...K- w 1 r "IB l'UUlltai creditor of j romp; payment : and I am opposed to tne imposition ot eludes on foreign goods for the mere purpose of protection to home industry, .md especi ally domestic manufactures, without regard to revs nue. Now, if the representatives of that portion of the country which is chiefly engaged in manufactures, only ask that in raising the necessary revenue for the auppurt ot uuvernmeni, ine tanll shall ba adjusted on a system of discriminating (not prohibitory) duties which will afford incidental protection to their manui factures (and this, as far as I can collect from the dt bates in Congress, is all they do asle,) I think ws ought cheerfully to concedo thus much to them Is ifuu reasuu, in respect 10 our own interests why we should insist on a horizontal tariff-to use ...v ..(, ii.iruuui.-eu in i-ongress, wh ch secmsmore fruitful of good metaphor than ofanyother good thine-a system of ad aalorem dutiea on all or most of the imported articles, those which are now dutiable and those that are free, in iirrfrn. system of discriminating duties on a part of those ar ticles which come into competition wiih our own pro diictionsi Supposing tho tame amount of reunite. bt that what it may, is tn be raicd from the rintomi whatever system of duties shall b adopted, I rraHy cannot seo now any greater burden is likely to heim- posm on us oi tno houtn ny tne system ofdisnimina ling dutica which will afford incidental hrotection to homo production Ihan will probably result from a honzjnta! tariff. According to my information tha acgrcgate value of imported articles, free of dut'v ia (or waa before the present latin" was enacted) nea'rl J equal to Ihe aggregate valuo of the dutiable articles! il so .in per cent, nu valorem on all, won), yield about lite same amount ofrctenue, as an atcrage of 40 per ?"Sl.ta2T",M'ns d,u,i.". on.1"'"'' The consumn. ....... Ul ...u nee mm oi ine autiable art c es. inuaL I suppose, bo nearly uniform throughout the Un ed States-as great in the manufacturing s,.7. ... thcotheis. . . -'wivtmiiiir oiniea ua ,n If. under the avstpm nr.i:.: . , A., I am to pay 40 per cenTn the cloTK aim mining on ine sine gown my wire weara I shall contribute about the anme amount towards "he revenue, aa if I were required hy a horiiontal t.rilT i pay 20 per cent, on the cloth and 20 percent on Ihe '. . know very well, that no general rcaaonine of nor am I, on this occasion, siud oua of accuracy. TtTne.r;1 ,h0.uls occurred to my mind-lhst rnh.hM-he -Pnnc.ple of , homonta1. iy. tern, or t.,n f?',.cr'm'ntn? dutiea, ahall prevail in theregu lat on or the tariff, each and every part or the country will have to contribute aa large, or nearly aa large, an amount towards the support of Oovernmcnt, under the one system aa the other. And this general thought is thrown out for consideration. Il' it be correct, or approximate to correctness, farfrnm preferring topav my contribution under a hori7ontal tariff1, which will relieve me from no pari of my burden and confer in eidental benefit on no portion of my frllow-mixens, rather than pay it under the syatem of disrriminatiag dBher, vthich wM 'f noihiuj lo my bwdn, and

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