Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 20, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 20, 1844 Page 1
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V ni i 1 iti i t 11 din s iii 11 nr r r WOT THE GLORY Or C J23 S A II BUT TUB W H L T A R E OT ROME tranryr,yf.wM'W-.l?trMgaw aTEi-tnng7HiacgEajiis; BY II. JJ. STACY. J II II L I N G T 0 N , V E II M 0 N T, F It I D A Y, S E P T EMU E II M, l Mi. VOL. XVIJI..No. NEW STORE. TIIM -ul-cri1 er would inform hi Iricud- nnl the public that I10 ha jnt cpened a tiloro on Iho comer of Ch'iicli niul street-, opposite Iho old Hank, whore hi! will nil Omul n cheap a- llicyc-an bo liuiiulil cNcwhere? embracing a small stock ol DRY UUODS, aivl a General nnrtiiii-iit of FAMILY OROn-'lllf?-. Plc.iie oa'l and look leloro l.utiiii i-l-cwlierc. KLOOIf ami SALT, by llie barrel, or in lo qnnn titf. 1 -lull mil be undersold by inv ncidibors. Jmif 7,'ll. 1 X. W. HARK' NOTICE.. aMin subscriber has remotcd Ins Office nvcr . Strongs & Co's store, norlb of the Court House D. A SMILLKY. tlurlington, Sept. 5, 1814. 14 tf Si:i:D KYK, for sale by II. W. CATI.1N. 4th Sept., 1814. 14 FKENCII AND ENGLISH DRUGS. IHEMICALs, ES. OIL", ANATOMICAL rnCPAIlATIONS of i:r.nv description, ixuruMcny, nniipur.s. r.oT. JOHNSON MOORE $ TAYLOR, An. 2U Libcrty-sf., New York IMPOllTKIlfi of the above article', which they u on band, and con-iantlt' rccciv-msr by every packet from their Hou-es in Pari--, an 1 London. The fpialiiy of llie-e article they will gurnnttv, a they are all manufactured bylbe liM I'licmisN in F.-inipe, 4i lid they o ler them for alo at the very lowest rate. 14 in 2. NE IV FIRM. Till! sub-cribcr have formed a Copartnership under the firm of C. F. Slauifor.1 & Co., at the tore formerly occupied by Lovely iV Seymotr, t here they will be al lo to show in a few day- a very larso norlnicnt of Staple anil Fancy Dry (iroccne-, Paper Hanjriii:;-, Crockery, Olaware, A;e. tie., ihat will be worthy the inspection of the pnrcha-ins comma mty. C, F. STANIFOIID. W. F. SIIATTFCK. Sept. 2, 1011. II MAGAZINES FOR SEPTEM BER. The l.a.llrs National .Has;a.Iiie, 2 engraving and plate of I'aiions. Price l'J elf. G WHYS LADY'S iToOIC, 2 -npcrh Line En irravin?9, Fa-luons Wedding Dre-se-, and original Music. Price 25 els. COLnilllAV LAI'YAN'D tlF.NTI.F.UAVS JUajiizinc, 'I'lirce -upcrb I'lL-raving- and Original Jlu-ie. Irf"i 25 els. f! KAMA .IIS .MAliAZINF.. Three .-plcndid l.n-gr.ivim;-, and 10 Uiijinal paper-. Price 2." ei. ii ' iiv a. r.i'vy.uiDS. Till: LAI)li;y WOIIK.TAHLK HOOKj In-truc lions in plain and t.incy ?sec Heworl., Knibroidery Kuittins and I'rolcliel, with n'lincroii- Janiaviugf. Alu-liu hindms Rilt. Price 30 ct-. H My A. FDWARDS. HAKlTltS lllumiii j'e I llil le, Nit. 7. Pr. 2.) ct. IvcndalU Jm.K-011, No. 5. I'r. 23 els. .Martin C'huzzleu'it, No. 7 and la-t. I'r. G cts. The Spoon, No. and last, Pr. 23 e's. 11 llv A. KDWAIiDS. " N KW FALL AND WTXTER GOODS. 1 & II. II. DOOLITTI.r. hate, ju-t returned L . from New Yolk, and uie now uccivinu a haiiiK ine assortment m new and denial le yotiiN of the law jle, Mii'i'd to the reason, wliich niii-l be mI I. Tlii sett ho tvaut '-heap yio U will do well to give ii a rail Sen. 4 'J i 18)1. lJuC JJ V It. II. liUOUTTLLulcrluri-aletcry cheap, .s'dlc an I t'oiiou warp Alpaecas, L'nictla-, Cashmere-, Uoumelia-, Seuiendnans, and .Mous. de L'tnie-, iii-t received from New York. Sep!. 4'b IP II. 14 NHW GOOIK S3I, POPK ha- piM teci'iveil a new Mipplv of Kood- for the fall tradj j anionij his iirrorniient in ay 1 e fuun I Ca-hmcre I) lxo-.-e, Chii-aus, Luncttn-, plain liy'il. Aloaci'as, pr lit- kc. &M. Al-o, Iti.-li Wol ten civet and other 'e-tmit, for sale very cheap for cas-h. II irlin.'to'i, Sept.n 1911. H MILK I'ANS. TOZ. liirllian .Milk pan-, (or -ale I f 10 Se,. ii 1811. II 6.03 AS LYMAM IM'OIiUS the Ladie-ot liurliiiv'ton and viciniiy, that .11. O.-thcini ha? left with him on alo- lor cash hi- entire as-orliucnt of rich and .-nleudid C.i-h- merc Shawl-, audit lare and hctTi'liil as-ortinent of oitlc Stiawl, anions which are three elesant l'!ae,c Silk Shawl of Mir.erior ii'iahty, which will Le sold for Tea Doll-r- each. The above are o'erelat reduced price--. Iliirlington, .SlrongV Hiiiklj ngw, Sept. 0 1S1I. 1 1 . EV UOOD.S. Flection' over and now to bii-mc- preparalorv to the coinini .lariciiltural Fair to I e held the 2.ith SSep teml er, those wishin: "rood- may le -upplied from the new stock- pisl receive I. eoirpri-ini ctery variety suited to tin' Fall trade, and cheap for ca-h at Sept. j 23 II. II HOWARD'S. A it a it t; ciiavci: in tiij: uknthi: of tiiu villagf. "OH Mile, the two Hoie and It nlcj-aullv i-itua- .Mr. William We-tou, i:-qr.-. The House new, with an excel lent u i II nf wnti.r nil llin i.ri.m. ises. For terms inquire of the suli-cnl it on the preini-es. JAJIES -MARTIN. Burlinirton, An?. 23, '44. 3tf IAUWFLl.'d Men's Pump- and Skin liooi 1 ee-, Ladie-' HUekand Col'd Half (iaiiers. Walk ing Shoes, Kid Slip.-, and IJii-kni-. Ju-t ree'd bv II. W. CATLIN. July 31, 1811. 8 PLASTER. A C Tons of Nova Scotia Plaster, just rcceived.and HiVJ notvsrindinjj at the Plaster Mill at Winooski Falls, and for sale by June 12, 1314. FOLLF.T, MRADLFY& Co. GAMI 1'AII) I'Olt V4)OI,. BY the URLINGTON MILL COMPANY at their Factory. Also Wool received to manufac ture into ROAD CLOTH on the same tciius as heretofore by .Messrs. Koelofsos & Ratiidun. SIDNEY HARLOW, Agenr, For liurhngton .Mill Co. June 10, 13 II. tf2 25 Boxes Soap. 15 do candle-. 13 do common and 1 pearl' Starch. 14 do ' Bonus' and other brands Tobacco. 1 bbl. LonllarJ's niaecoboy snull. 15 i-a-U- saleratus. 40 bags Java and Rio eoffiv, f-picc and pepper. 100 malts ca-ia, nutmeg.-, ginger, alum, mlt tii'trc, tig, mustard, prepared eoeoa, tie. Aug. Ii. 1811. HI STRONOS & CO. lollies Baskets. L Alton mill beautiful Willow Clothes Baskets, al-o a fetf round covered Fruit or Market Rac ket" aUo Straw I!al;el.-, and Carpet llag, lor ladies. 13 IIR1NSMAII) & t)ROTHF,US. Metal Pitchers and Bowls. WF. would call ihu nttention of economical hoii-e-keepers to some new Metal enamelled Wa-h UowIn Pitchers, and Chamber.-, which will not break. (13) 11UINSMA1D & IIROTHF.RS. C. HAYNES HAS ju-t received a few c hoice pattern of French and American lnicr II-iiiKings, of Ihu latest btyles,for sale at his Paint Shop on Col Jigs Mreet. Unrlington, June 19,1811. ? at-t,Yii DOZKN TWIST COMUS, liJVjy i00 do Side do 75 do Coarse and Fine do 200 do Ivory do 75 Gross Woo-J Pocket do For salj by VILAS LOOM1S & Co. Autr. 22. 1811. 1? IMMEDIATE RELIEF! II(OM Diarrhtea. Dysentery, Summer Complaint, &e. 4c, (wlneli arr fominon at ibis (imo of the season) may 1! had by tho use of Jiiyiie'. CarHiiiia. HVe m 1'r.t.K & brhAK'S. Otr,!!, 18U. 0 i THIi KIN 13 KUNTUCliY GHNTI,Ii!MAN.j They've sung of F.nglish Rcnllcmcfi, Who lived in olden times, When titles, land, and coats of arms Hid multitudes of crimes. My theme shall be a gentleman, The Farmer of tho West, A man of intellect and soul, With a kind heart in his breast. The fino Kentucky gentleman, Whoso heart is in bis hand Tho rare Kentucky gentleman, The noblest in the land. Tho minstrels of long hy-gono days, Whene'er they tuned their lyres, Were sure to sing of warlike, deeds, Young heroes and their sires: I sing in praise of him ttho stood Erect in Senate hall, Ann J tho proudest of the land, The proudest ol them all The fino Kentucky gentleman, &c. He spoke I and wouls camo forth of fire! His country, right or wrong, Was just a much bis idol made, As love tho poet's song 1 His giant intellect subdued Tho malice of his foes, And when they strove to drag liim down, The higher still ho rose The lino Kentucky gentleman, f.c. The Xorth, the South, theEasi, the West, This gentleman beheld, While beauty cheered him with her smiles, Tho breast of manhood sttcll'd His honesty and principles Had nobly stood the test, And every patriot's bosom glowed For the good rflau of the West The find Kentucky gentleman, &c. The frost of ago fell on his I row, And care bcut dottu his form, Hut still his tnightly voice was heard Amid the angry storm : The master-spirit quailed, when ho Stood up his country's friend, For such a monarch oak as bo Tho tempests could not bend The fine Kentucky gentleman, &c. And now, retired from noise and strife, Ho calmly tills the soil, And by his peaceful fire-side, Ilids sneet con tin tint lit smile Hut there's a murmur in the laud, A glow in every breast Tho people will their highest gift To tho Farmer of the West The fine Kentucky gentleman, &c. II O M 13. There is potrclliinp; in tho word home, that wakes the kindliest feelings of the heart. It in not merely friends and kindred that render that place to dear, but the very hills and rocks and rivulets throtf a charm around the place of one's nativity. It is r.o wonder that the loftiest harps have been tuned to s'iiil' of liotno, ' sttcct home.' The rose bloomed in the garden tt here one has wandered in early jear., a thoughtless child, careless in innocence, is lovely in its bloom, and lovelier in its decay. No songs are sweet like those tve l.canl among the boughs that shade a parent's dwelling, when the morn ing or the evening hour found us gay as the birds that warbled over us. No waters are bright like the clear silver ttreatns that wind among the flutter-decked knolls where tn child hood itc have often strayed to pluck thy t inlet, or the lilly, or to ttvino a garland for tome lotcd school-niato. Vo may wander away, and tiiin glo in tho ' world's fierce strife,' and form now associations ana friendships, and fancy wo hate almost forgotten tho land of our birth ; but at some evening hour, as wo listen perchance to tho autumn winds, tho remembrance of other days comes otcr Iho soul, and fancy hears us back to childhood's scenes, and we roam again the old familiar haunts, and press the hands of companions long since cold in tho grave and listen to voices tve bhall hear on earth no more. It is then a feeling of melancholy steals over us, which, like Ossian's music, is pleasant, though mournful to the sou!. 7'ho Swiss General who loads his army into a foreign land, must not sttfl'or the sweet airs of Switzerland to bo sung in the hearing of his soldiers ; for at the thrilling sound thoy would leave tho camp, and lly away to their own green hills. Tho Afri can torn from his wiliutv-braidcd hut, and borne away to tho land of charters and of chains, weeps as ho thinks of homo, and sighs and pines for tho cocoa land boyond tho waters of tho sea. Years may have prsscd over him, and strifes and toil may have crushed his spirits all his kindred may havo found grates upon the corals of the ocean ; yet tveru lie free, how soon would ho seek tho shores and bkies of his boyhood dreams. Tho New England mariner amid the icebergs of tho northern beas, or breathing the spicy gales of tho ever-green Isles, or coast, ing along tho shore of tho Pacific, though the hand of timo may havo blanched his raven locks, and care have ploughed deep furrows on his brow, and his heart havo been chilled by tho storms of ocean, till tho fountains of his love had almost ceased to gush with tho heavenly current yet, upon some summer's evening, as ho looks out upon tho sun sinking behind the western wave, ho will think of home, and his heart will yearn for the loved of other days, and his tears flow like the summer rain, llutv dues tho heart of the wanderer, after long years of absence, beat, and his eyes fill, as ho catches a glimpse of tho hills of his nativity ; and when ho has pressed tho lip of a mother or a sister, ho-v soon docs lie hasten to seo if the garden, and tho orjhard, and the stream, look as in days gono by 1 Wo may find climes as beautiful, and skies as bright, and friends as dovoted j hut that will not usurp the place of Home. Thcro is ono epot whoro none will sigh for homo. Tho llotvera that blossom there will novcrfado ; tho crystal waters that wind along those verdant vales will novcr cease to send up their heavenly music ; tho clusters hanging from trees overshadowing its banks will ho im mortal clustors ; and tho friends that meet, will meet forevor. A person out West met with an amusing rebuff a short timo sinco. Walking up to a quiet old gentle man in the midst of a crown, ho held out his hand and remarked' with a smile, "My dear sir, 1 cannot call your name, but I am suro wo have been together somewhere.1' '' I'crhapu wo have," said the old gen tleman, "for I havo been in somo very bad company ill my djy j" From tho Knickerbocker for August. a rAsMAar. rim.M a Lcnr.Mi np ntc SUBJUGATION OF SPAIN. Ill- WAStHNdTO.V IltVINO. Aftnr tlio capture of Meridn, ns recorded in llie lust chapter, Mu,a lien Norier gnvo a grand banquet tn his captains niul distinguish ed warriors in that magnificent city. At this martial feast were many Arab cavaliers who had been pr.'sent at various battles; ami they vied with each other in icncounting the daring enterprises in which they had been engaged, unci tho splendid triumphs they had witnessed. While I hoy talked with nrclor nnd exultation, Abtlalasis, tho son ofAIuza, ulono kept silence, and sat with a dejected countenance. Al length, when there was a pause, ho turned lo his father, and addressed litm with modest eaincslness. AIy lord and f.illter,' said ho 'I hltisli to hoar your warri ors recount tho toils and dangers thoy have passed, while I havo dotiu nothing to entitle me to their companionship. When 1 return to Egypt, and present myself before the caliph, ho will ask mo of my services in Spain; what battle I havo gained; what town or castle 1 havo taken. How shall I tinswer him 1 If yon love me, then, as your son, give mi! u command ; i nt r ust In mo an enterprise; and let me acquire :i namewor thy to bo mentioned among men.' The eyes of Mu.a kindled with joy at finding Abtliilasis thus amliitiuiis of lenotvn in arms. 'Allah be praised !' exclaimed ho ; 'tho heart o( my son is in thn right place. It is becoming in youth to liii.k upward mid be aspiring. Thy desire, Ahrlal.isis, shall ho gratified.' An oppoitnnity at that veiy time presen ted itsell, to prove the prowess anil iliscietinn of the youth. During the vigo of ileiiil,i, me lairisiinu troops uni n nan taicen relume at Heja had leiiifoiced themselves from I'e nafior, anil, suddenly returning, had present ed themselves befoie the gales of tho iiy of Seville. Cettain of tho Christians inhabi tants threw open the gales and admitti d them. Tho troops rushed lo tho alcazar, took it by surprise, and put many cifthu Moslem garrison to the sword, iho residue made their escape anil lied to tliu Aiab camp beforo Meridn, leaving Seville in tho hands of the Christians. The veteran Mn.-i, now that thn soigo of Merida was at :tn end, was meditating the recapture and piiukhmeiit of Seville at the very lime when Abdulasis addressed him. 'Heboid, my son,' exclaimed ho, 'an enter prise worthy of thy ambition ! Take with the all the troops tlioit hast brought from Af rica ; reduce the city of Seville ngain to sub . i -.I . . i i i . . jection, and plant thy standard upon its alcazar. Hut slop not there: cany thy con quering sword into the southern parts of Spain: thou ttilt find there aa harvest of glory yet to bo reaped.' Abdalasis lost no lime in departing upon this enterprise. lie took with him Count Julian, Magued el lltiuii, and thu liishup Oppas, that he might benefit by their know ledge of the county. When he came in sight of (lie fair city of Seville, seated like a queen in the midst of ils golden plain, willi the Gatidalquiver flowing beneath its walls, he gazed upon it with tho admiration of a lover, and lamented in his soul that he had lo visit it as an avenger. His troops, however, re garded it with wrathful eyes, thinking only of its rebellion and of tho m issacre of their countrymen in thu alcazar. The principal people of tho city had taken no part in this gallant hut fruitless insurrec tion ; and now, tthen they beheld the army of Abdalasis oucamped upon thu banks of the Guadalqtiiver, would lain have gone forth to iiiakii explanations, and intercedo for niercy. Tlit! populace, however, foibado any ono to leave the city, and barring the gales, prepar ed to defend themselves to the last. Tho placo was unacted tvilh resistless fu ry. Tho gates tveru soon burst open; thu Moslems rushed in, panting for revenge. Thoy confined not their slaughter to thu sol diery in the alcazar, but roamed through! every street, confounding thu innocent with 1 1 io guilty in one bloody mass icre; and it was with the utmost difficulty that Alidalasis could at length succeed in staying their san guinary career. The son of Muz i proved himself as mild 111 conquest ns lie bad beun intrepid m as sault. 1 he moderation and buuignily of his withstanding a long siege, hut hu is desirous conduct soothed the terrors of tho vanquished of sparing tbo lives of bis soldiers. Promise and his wisu precautions restored tranquility . j thai ihu inhabitants shall bu al liberly lo de Having made proper regulations for tho pro-1 part tiumulesled with their property, and tection of the inhabitants, ho left a strong ' the city will bo delivered up lo vou lo-iuor- frnrrlenn in flin i, tn iirairmi, ...... f.. ....... I . ! ....,. i I '. . ; " ....-. M.....,n uiij immu insurrection, and then departed on the fur liter prosecution ol bis enterprise. Whorovor ho wont his arms tvero victori ous; and his victories tvero always charac terized by tho same magnanimity. At length i. i .i... r. i-.i.... i.- im mimu on ihu cuiiiiues ui in n uu.imiiiu rai , wiin mu exception, nutvever, ol (lie region comprising lofty and precipitous ' governor ami his retinue, which was granted, mountains and rich and delicious plains, aftur-1 ul" f consideration for his dignity. The wards known by ihu name of tho kingdom of articles of capitulation tvero then drawn out ; Murcia. All this patt of tho country j ""J when Abdalasis had affixed his nanio and defended by tbo veteran Theodumis, who, ' seal, Tlieudomir took tho pen and wrolu bis by skilful management, bad saved a remnant ' signature. 'Heboid in mo,' said be, 'ihu of his forces after the defeat on tho banks of' governor of the city !' tho Gnudolclo. I Abdalasis was pleased with tho courage Tliuodoinir was a staunch warrior, but a of the commander of tho place in thus Ven tvtiry and prudent man. Ho bad oxperien-1 till ing personally into bis power, and enter cod the folly of opposing thu Arabs in open ' 1 ""ed the veteran with still greater honor. field, where their cavalry and armor gave When Tlieodomir returned to tho city, ho ilium such superiority ; on their approach, matin known the capitulation, and charged ihorcfoiu hu assembled all his peuplo c.ipa- 'ho inhabitants to park up their cllects during bio of boating arms, and took possession uf'ho night, and bo ready to sally forth in the tlio dills utul mountain passes. lloro.' . said he, 'a simple goatherd, who can hurl down rocks mid stones, is as good ns a war rior armed in proof.' In this way hu chock ed and harrassod Iho Moslem army in all its movements ; showering down missiles upon It from overhanging precipices, and waylay ing it in narrow and rugged defiles, where a few raw troops could mako stand against u host. Tlieodomir was in a fair way to bafllu his foes and oblige ilium to withdraw from his territories ; unfortunately, however, tho wary veteran had two sons villi him, young men of hot and lioady valor, who considered nil this prudonco of their father as savoring of cowardice, and who wcro anxious lo try I heir prowess in tho upon field. What olorv.' said they, Ms to bo gained by destroying an enemy in this wny, from the covert of rocks and thickets V You talk liko young men,' replied tho vet eran, 'Glory is a prizu one may fiyht for abroad, but safety is the object when iho en emy is at tho door.' Ono day, howuver, tho young men suc ceeded in drawing down their father into the plain. -Abditlasts immediately seized on iho opportunity, and threw himself between the Goths and their mountain fastnesses. The odomir saw too lain tin; danger into which he was betrayed. ' can our raw troops do,' said ho, 'against these squadrons of horse that inoVe liko castles ? Let us make a rap id retreat to Orihuela, and defend ourselves from behind its walls.' rather said Iho eldest son, 'it is now too Into to retreat ; remain hern with thn reserve, while my brother and I advance. Fear noth ing; am I not your son, and would I not dio lo defend you V 'In truth,' replied the veteran, 'I have my doubts whether you are my sun. Hut if I remain here, and you should till be killed, where then would bo my protection t dome,' added he, turning to the second son, 'I trust that Ihou tirt virtually my son ; let us hasten lo retreat beforo it is too late.' 'Father,' replied llie youngest, 'I have; not a doubl that I am honestly mid thoioiiLdily your son, and as such I honor you ; but I owe duty likewise to my mother ; and ttlien I sallied to the tvarsho gave me her blessing as long as 1 should act tvilh valor, bill her curse slioidd I prove craven ami lly tho field. Fear nothing, father; I will defend ton ttliilo living, and even afler you are dead. You shall novcr fail of an honorable sopul cliie .iiiidh.' your kindled.' 'A pi.'-lileiic; mi von butll,' cited Tlieodn- inn-, 'lor a brace of mi-hegutteii madmen! I What care I, think e, ttheie ye lav inv body ttlien i am Head I Unu clay's existence in a hovel is ttorth an ago of intet inent m a niaiblu sepulchre. Conic, my fiionds,' said he, turning to his principal i-ataliets, 'let us leave those lio'.-liuatled striplings, and make our retreat; if tve lurry any longer the ene my tt ill ho upon us.' Upon this, the cavaliers and proud hidul rjoes chew tip scornfully and tossed their heads : " What do you see in us," said they " that you think tte will show our backs to the enemy? Forivaid! was ever the good old Gothic watchword, and with that tve will live and the V While lime was lost in these disputes, the Moslem army kept advancing; until retreat it as no longer piaclicable. The battle, was tumultuous and bloody. Theiidoniir fouglil liku a lion, hut it was all in vain ; ho saw his two sons cut down, and tho greater part of their rash companions, while his raw moun tain troops lied in u!l directions. Seeing theie was no longer any hope, he sui.oi! iho bridle of a favorite page who was near him, and who was about spun ing for the mountains, ''ait not fioui me,' said he, ' but do thou at least attend to my counsel, my sun , and of n truth I believu thou ait my sun, for thou art llie ofispiing of one of my handmaids who was kind unto me.' And indeed thu youth marvellously lesembled him. Turning then the reins of his own steed, (.nil giving him the spur, bo lle.l atiriin from the field, follovted by the page: nor .did he slop until ho had anived within llie walls of Uliebuela. Ordering the gales to ho barred and bolt ed, hu prepared to receivu the enemy. There tveru but few men in thu city cap'iblo of bearing aims, most of thu vonth having fall en tn the field. Ho caused the women, tliuiefore, to clothe themselves in male attire, to put on hats and helmets, to take long reeds in their hands instead of lances, mid lo cross their hair upon their chins in .semblance ol beards. Willi these troops he lined the walls and towers. It was about tho hour of twilight lint Ab dalasis approached with his army, but he paused when hu saw the walls so numerously garrisoned. Then Tbeoduinir look a ll ig til truro in his hand, and put a herald's tabard on the. pige, and they t-o sallied forth to capittd He, and wetu graciously received by Abdalasis, I come,' said I heodoniir, 'on Iho behalf of (he commander of this city, to treat for terms worthy of your magnanimity and of his llguily. ou seo that the citv is canuh e of inn nun mug tviuioui a mow ; olliertvisu tve ire prepared lo fight until not a m in be left. Abdalasis was well pleased to gel so pow erful a placo upon such easy terms, but stip ulated that the garrison should lay down their-arms. To this Tlieodomir ruadilv as- J.. I i. .i .. -,. . morning. At tho dawn of day, tlio gates wcro thrown open, und Abdalasis looked lo see a groat force issuing forth ; but to his surprise, beheld merely Tlieodomir and his page in battered armor, followed by a multitude of old men, women and children, Abdalasis wailed until iho whole had cotuo forth; then turning to Thuodomir, 'Where,' cried ho, 'aro tbo soldiers whom I saw last ovening, lining tho walls und towers V 'Soldiers havo I none,' replied tho vete ran. 'As to my garrison, behold it beforo you. With thoso women did I man my walls; and this, my page, is my herald, guard and retinuo.' Upon this, tho Hislion Onnas and Count Julian oxclaimod that tho capitulation was a baso fraud, and ought not to bo complied with-: but Abdalasis relished tho stratagem1 of the old soldier, and ordered that (hu stip ulations (if tho treaty should bu faithfully performed. Nay, so high sin opinion did he conceive oflhu subtilo wisdom of ibis com mander, thai ho permitted lilm to remain in authority over iho surrounding country, on his acknowledging allegiance and engaging to pay tribute to llie caliph ; and all that pari of Spain, comprising tho beautiful provinces of Murcia and Valencia, was long after known by iho Arabic name of ils defender, and is still recorded in Arabian chronicles as 'The land of Tadmir.' Having succeeded in subduing this rich and fruitful region, and having gained great renown for bis generosity, as well as valor, Abdalasis returned with the chief part of his army to the city of Seville. When Muz i lien Nozier had sent his son Abdalasis to subdue Seville, he departed for Toledo, to call Taric to account for his dis obedience lo his orders ; fur amidst sill his own successes, the prosperous career commander preyed upon his mind. What can rontent thu jealous and ambitions heart ? As Muza passed through the land, towns and chics submitted to him without resistanco ; ho was lost in wonder at thu riches of the country, and ihu nuhlo monuments of an with whiili it was adorned: and when bo beheld tho bridges constructed in ancient times by the Iluiuulis, they seemed to htm the work, nut of men, but of genii. Yel sill these admirable objects only made him re pine the more, that lie had not the exclusive glory of invading and subduing the land: mid exasperated him the more against Tar ic, fur having apparently endeavored to mo iiopolizo llie conquest. Taric huaid of his approach, and csiinn fortli to meet him sit Talavera, accompanied by many of the most distinguished compan ions of his victories, snid with si train of hor ses sinil mules lulen with spoils, with which ho Irusled to propitiate the favor nf his com mander. Their meeting took placo on the hanks oflhu rapid river Tielar, which rises in the i ntsiiiis of Plucenci.i, and throws itself into ihoTagus. Mu. i. in former (lavs. vtbilo T.iiic hid acted as his subordinate and tndufaligublo officer, bad cherished and considered him as a second self ; bill now that ho had started up to bo si rival, hu could not conceal his jealousy. When thu vete ran camo into his presence, hu regarded him fur a moment willi a stern and indignant as pect. " Why hast thou disobeyed my or , (lei si' said be. ' I commanded thee to await my arrival with reinforcements, but thou hast rashly oveiriin the country, endanger ing the luss of our tirmies and the ruin of uur cause.' ' I have acted,1 replied Tin ic, ' in such manner as I thought would best serve the cause of Islam ; and in so doing I thought to fulfil the wishes of Mu. i. Whatever 'I have done lias been sis vour servant. He boid your share, as commander-in-chief, of tlio spoils winch I have collected.' So say ing, he produced an immense treasure in sil ver 1 gold, and costly slufls, and precious stones, snid spread it before Muza. Tho anger of the Arab commander was still more kindled sit this sight of ibis booty, fur it proved how splendid had been thu vic tories of Taric; but ho restrained his wrath for the prosunl, and they proceeded together In moody silence to Toledo. When hu en tered this royal city, however, and ascended to tho ancient palace of the Gothic kings, and reflected that all ibis had been a scene of liiuniph to bis rival, he could no longer repress his indignation, lie demanded of Tsiric a strict account ol sill tho riches he iiad g.illieied in Spain, uven nf 'ho presents he bad reserved fur tbo caliph ; and, sibovu all, ho made him yield up his favorite trophy, llie tahsinanie table of Solomon. When all this done, bu again upbraided him bit icily with his disobedience! of orders, sind with thu rashness of bis conduct. ' What blind cniifidencoin fortune bast thuu shown,1 siid ho, 'overrunning such a country, and ass tiling such putvciful cities withjhy scanty force! What madness, to venture every thing upon a desper Ho chance, tthen ihou kuewest I was coming tvilh a forcu to make llin victory ecuru I All thy success has been owing to mure luck, not to judgment or generalship.' Ho then bestowed high pr.iises upon the other chieftains for their services in the cause of Islam ; but thoy answered not a word, and their countenances tvero gloomy and discontented, for lliey fell the injustice dune to their favorite leader. As to Tar ic, though his eye burned liko ' fire, he kepi his passion within bounds. ' 1 havo done tho best I could to servo God and the caliph,' said he, emphatically ; ' my con science acquits me, and I trust my sovereign will do the same.' ' Perhaps bo nay,' replied Mnzi, bitterly ; Inn In die me. hi lime, I cannot confide bis intniests lo a dosporado, who is heedless of orders and throws every thing at hazard. Such si general is unworthy to bo entrusted tvilh the ftto of armies.' So saying, ho divested Taric of his com mand, and gave it In Magned tho regenado. Thu gaunt Taric still maintained sin air of stem composure. His only words were, ' The caliph will do mo justice1 Muz i was so transported tvilh passion at this laconic defiance, that hu ordered him to bo thrown i'lto prisun, ami even threatened his life. Upon Ibis Magued el Riimi, though ho had risen by tho disgrace of Taric, had iho generosity lo speak out warmly in his favor. ' Consider,' said he to Muza, ' what may bo tho consequences of this severity. Taric has many friends in tho army ; iii; actions, too, havo beun signal and illustrious, and en titlo him to thu highest honors and rewards, instead of disgrace and imprisonment.1 Tho anger of Muza, howover, was not lo bo appeased ; and ho trusted to justify his measures by despatching missives to the ca liph, complaining of thu insubordination of Taric, and his rash and headlong conduct. Tho result proved iho wisdom of tho caution givon by Magued. In the courso of a liltlo wlulo, Muza received a humiliating teller irom. ""l". otaemg lum to restore l a ic lp the command of tbo soldiers whom he had so gloriously conducied ;' and uot to l ender useless ' one of the best swords in Is lam 1' It is thus tho envious man brings humilia tion ttiid reproach upon himself, in endeav oring to degrade a meritorious rival. When tlio tidings came or tho justice rendered by tho caliph to the merits of tho veteran, lliete was general joy throughout thu army ; ami Muza read, in tho smiling countenances of every one around him, a seveio censure on his conduct. Ho concealed, however, bis deep humiliation, anil affected to obey the orders of his sovereign with great alacrity ; j no leteaseu l arte liom prison, leasleu him sit his own table, and then publicly icplaced him at the head of his troops. "The army received ils favorite veteran ttith shouts of joy, and celebrated ttith rejoicings thu recon ciliation of tho commanders : but the shunts of iho soldiery tteru abbot i out lo tho ears of Muza. The dissensions, which for a lime had dis Iracted the conquering siriny. being appeas ed, and the Arabian generals being appar ently once more reconciled, Muza, sis commander-in-chief, proceeded to complete tho enterprises by subjugating ihu not them parts of Spain. 1 ho s inie expeditious mode of conquest thai had been sagaciously adopted by Tsiric, was still puisiied. Tho troops weiti lightly sinned, snid freed from eveiy snpeilluons incumbrance. Each horseman, beside his sinus, carried a small sack of pro visions, si copper vessel in which lo cook them, and a skin which served him fur sur coat and for bed. The infantry earned nolh- sqadron was allowed a rimitod number of. ""I""w c)w. "r:"'i5w,1 i'is " stimpter mules and attendants: barelvenotml.,"1 ''"";"". " lo, bis wi imr nil I ii ir urine 1 ..nii.m..i .... to catry llioir necessary baggage and sup plies: nothing was permitted that could needlessly dimmish tlio number of fiir iting men, delay their rapid movements, or con sume their provisions. Strict orders were again isMtcd, prohibiting, on pain of death, j sill plunder excepting the camp of an enemy, I or cities given up to pillage. I Fill1. !1 1-1 It I r- HOW Inril.- tlwil lltme of march. That under Taric departed to- ward llie northeast ; beating up the country 1 ,. ' , I""" "" " toward the source of the Tagns, Iraversing ' "lls lerwnli perfected. In 1801. wliilo Ihu chain of Iberian or Arrsigo.iian mom.-I 19 u'i,s Svs,'ln? "',,lh lll5llfrll-1l,1 M- Hallow, tains, and pun. ing down into the plains and '!" ",('.t '" 1 "!s cl,;,"clor ' vallets watered bv llie Ehro. It was won- ,"cr'c'"1 uiinistcr, who explained to him tin. derfu'l lo see, in soViefn spare oftime, such 1 '"'I101'1"" ', of navigating boats a vast and difficult country penetrated and ! s1",;""-. Mr- t lt'" Iiad sdieady concetv subdued; and llie invading atn.v. liko an I . l)ro.lucl as eatly as 103, as appears lnundatiitg flood, pouring its stieauis into tire uiosl remote lecesses. While Taric was thus sweeping tho coun Iry to the northeast, Muz i departed in tin op posite direction, yet proposing lo meet him, and lo join iheir Ibi ces in the norlb. Rend ing jus course westttardly. he tie a circuit behind thu mountains, sind then advancing into tho open country, displayed his banners before Salamanca, which surrendered with out resistance. From thence ho continued on lowsiid Astorga, receiving the terrified submission oftlie laud; then turning up the valley of Dmiio, hu ascended the courso of that famous river towaid the cast : crossed the Sierra do Monctyo, and, arriving on the T banks of iho, inarched down alon" its t.,u.a ui 1 1 1 v i-.ui u, iiiiiiiiii:u iiotvu along lis slream until he app.oached the strong city of I Saragosv,, tho citadel of sill that part of, Spain. In this placo had taken .efie'e many I Spain. In this placo had taken refuge many ofthe most valiant of llie Gothic warriors ; Iho remnants of armies, and fugitives from conquered cities. It was ono ol tho last lying points oi mo tatiu. tvnnii Muza ar rived, Taric. had already been forsoinu timo beforo the place, laying close siege : iho in habitants were pressed by famine, and bid suffered great losses in repeated combats; but theru was a spirit and obstinacy in their resistance surpassing any thing that bad yel been witnessed by tho invaders. Mi..-. ....... m.a- .1 ..r .. .. :,. -..... ...j.. luui, lUIIIIII'IIIM ui inc.- SU'li , and ordered a general assault tit ihu wall. I ho Moslems planted their scaling ladders, and mounted with llieir accustomed intrepid ity, but weri! vigorously resisted ; nor could all llieir efforts obtain them si fooling upon the biillleineuts. While they were thus sis sailing iho wall, Count Julian ordered a heap of combustibles lo bu placed against ono of the gales, and set on fire. The inhabitants attempted in vain from tho buthican to ex tinguish ihe flames. They burnt so fiercely that in a little while the gain fell from tbo binges. Count Julian galloped into tho city mounted upon a powerful charger, himself and his sleed covered by mail. Ho fol lowed by ihreo hundred of his partisans, and supported by Magued, the regonado, with si troop of horse. The iuhibilaiils disputed every street and public square ; they nude barriers of dead bodies, lighting behind these ramparts of slaughtered countrymen. Every window and roof was filled with combatants": the very women and children joined in ihu desperate, fight, throwing down stones and missiles of all kinds, and scalding water, upon th'J dtto my. Thu balllo raged until llie hourof vespers, when tho principal inhabitants held a pailey and capitulated foi a surrender. Muzi had been incensed at their obstinate resistance, which had cost the lives of so many of bis soldiers; ho knew also that in iho city were collected tho riches of many of iho towns of Spain. Ho demanded, therefore, beside the usual terms, si heavy sum to bo paid clown by iho citizens, called iho contribution of blood ; as by this they redeemed themselves from tbo edgo of the sword. Tim people tvero obliged lo comply. They collected all tho jewels of thuir richest families, and nil tlio of llieir temples, sind laid ihem al tho feet of Muza ; and placed in his power many uf their noblest youlhs as bosta gos. A strong garrisun was ihen appointed ; and thus the fierce city of was subdued to tho yoke of tho conqueror. Tho Arab generals pursued (heir con quests even to thu loot of the Pyrenees; Taric then descended along tbo courso ofthe Ebro, und continued along the Mediterancan coast; subduing iho famous city of Valen cia, with its rich and beautiful domains, and carrying the success of bis iirms even to Denii. r Muza undertook willi his host a wider rango of conquest. Ho overcame the cities 1 0f Uarcelona Gerona, and others that lay ,ho skirls ofthe eastern mountains : then crossing into tho land ofthe Franks, ho caps lured iho city of Narhonno ; in u temple in vthich hu found seven equestiian images ol sliver, which lie brought oil' as trophies of I its victory. Returning into Spain, ho scouted its northern regions silong Gallacias and tlio, passed triumphantly through Lusi t si n in, and arrived once more in Andalusia, covered with laurels and enriched ttith im mense spoils. Thus was completed thu sub jugation of unhappy Spain I l'OHERT FULTON. Robert Fulton, a celebrated tugineer whoso mi in u is connected with steanibo navigation, was born in the town of Lit Hiiluin, in tlio stale of Pennsylvania, ' 17(35. Ilis genius disclosed itself at an e ly peiiod. He was attracled to the shops mechanics ; smil sit the sige of seventeen painted landscapes and portraits in Philaih pliia. Thus he was enabled in part tn pin -chase a small farm for his widowed moliii r. At tho sign of 21ho by llie ndvice of hn friends repaired to London, to place himsel under the guidance of Mr. West, the paint er, snid by him ttas kindly received, and admitted us an inmate of his house for several years. Prosecuting his business as a painter, he spent two years in I Devonshire, where hu became acquainted I will, (he duke of Hi idgetvater and with loid Stanhope, well known fur bis attachment to the mechanic arts. In 1703 he engaged in tho project of improving inland navigation, and in 1704 obtained patents fur a double inclined plane, sind fur machines fur spinning flax and making topes. The subject of ca- itletition, and work oit canals I ... i.i .-i. ...i i.. i.:. c.,! r. .... as 1 1 u in isu en. in ins pi uii'SMim ui ci ii en gineer ho was greatly benefitted by his skill j in drawing and painting, lie Weill to Paris , in 170G, and being received into the family I of Joel Harlow, he there spent seven years, t studying chemistry, physics and malhemat- ics, and acquiring a know ledge of the French Italian and German languages. In Dec. I " '"."'"s . J ""f. 1707, he made his first experiment on sub- mlmnu "' ,lle ''' "'"." it , out by his letter to lord Stanhope. Ho now on- gaged anutv in the affiir, and at the common expense of himself and Mr. Livingston built a boat on the Seine in 1S03, and .successfully navigated the river. The principles of the steam engine hu did not invent ; be claimed only thu application ef that machine to tvsi ter wheels for propelling vessels. In ISOOj hu returned lo Aiuuiica ; and hu and Mr. Livingston built, in 1S07, tho fust boat, thu Clermont, 130 feet in length which navigated the Hudson sit the rate of live miles an hum-. Nothing could exceed the surprise and ad miration of all who witnessed tho experiment. 'Fill, Itlindc nf till. mncl I n ..rfw!i 1 1.. it.? i.-nn. W" moments. Uoloro the boat 7"' m ulu 1,10 l,ri,?r-'ss ol a quarter of a mile, c!ia , ,7 , . ll,u gr'-alest utibel.etvr initst hayo been Y'rl'. 1 he .nan who, while be looke l''P'-'''ve machine, his star ueeu con ked on I ". u' . j , msstars mat ' "u " "V. ., " 1,1 lm"!uy ! V"'"lulu sulll-'"1,:s' c" ",-u" " expression of bis feature sis tho boat moved from the wharf and gained bur speed, sind his compla cent expression gi. -ideally softened into onu ofthe wonder. The jeers of tiie ignoralil, who 1 1 .id neither sense nor feeling enough to suppress thuir contemptuous ridicule and rudo jokes, were silenced lor si moment by a vulgar astonishment, which deputed them of the power of utterance, till the triumph of I genius extorted Irom the incredulous niulti- , . I,, ill, , 1 "Iitcli crowd, d tho shores, shouts iind sicckimmalioiis ul congratulation and ap plause. In Feb. 1800, ho took out his (list pitent. In IS 10, he published his Torpedo war. In 1811, and 1S1:2, he built two steam ferry boats for crossing tho Hudson, he con trived also very ingenious fiouliug docks fo.' the reception of these boats. In 1813, he obtained si patent for si siihmsliiuu battery Conceiving the plan of a steainman of war tho government, in March 181-1, uppropri ted S330,000 for constructing it, mid appm oil him the engineer. In about four ni.tii sbu was launched with llie n-iinn of Fu! iho first ; but before this frigsile was fur etli Fulton had paid too debt nf nature. I died lheS-llh of February, 1815, aged fi years, an early exit fur one who bad done much for his countiy, and indeed for tl world. His fame wsis so extensive, that In death was sincerely mourned, by the whole of the great American family, for "he was con sidered as national property; and much, very much, was still expected of one in tho full t tgor of mind and body. was brought on suddenly ; being si violent in fl.imalion ofthe chest, produced from a cold, Ciiught by exposure during ay inclement sea son, while in thu disclnrgo of Ills public du ties. Mr. Fulton had not only attracled the ga.o of iho wdrld, but had secured many friends, who loved him for his vinues; and admired him fur his talents. Ho was tall and graceful ; sind without hauteur or niTectalion ; ho was colloquial sind tifiectionale, and at limes spoku with eloquence and majesty. Avarice never had fur si moment tho slightest control over him ; and if ho over seemed anxious for wealth, il was lo lavish il in schemes of improvement for tho benefit of mankind. His sharp dark eye never flashed with envy und hatred, but beamed with be nignity on all around him. His enmities, amidst all his trials, soon passed awsiy, but his friendships were imperishable. The splendid plates, dono under his euro and at his expense, to be found in iho quarto edition ofthe Columbian, are proofs of his fiiend ship to Harlow ; and that wo possess somo of West's paintings in this country, is moro owing to Ins friendship, and respect for Ids' old master, than to llie liberality of any oilier individual, in ibis country. "Tho United States should provide for his children, and erect a monument to his fame. A.v Emitv Jaii.. Tho Grand Jury iii Winnebago County, III. in a recent address to thu Court, stated that ihu jail of thai coun ty is without a prisoner, and has had but onu since Jauuaiy .isl

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