Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 6, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 6, 1844 Page 2
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WJm IPIBIESS "UNION OF TI1K Wilms, FOR Villi S,VKH OP TUB UNION." Never wiistlicrti n lime when lli! gilbiM nnil patriotic sent iinciu might tilth more foiro Im adopted by tin; VVTiijr p niv, unci llnver, wo believe, ivaq there a t i 1 1 1 f v Ju-ti it was nun it warmly clwi itlicil. Tim Whigs lire not llin iiipii in In' tlrtnitiyed nt .1 defeat anil iillliiniili ilii'v lire temporarily over thrown, by a jrtsi ulir system nl' franll and falsehood, nnil urn mourning nl t !t calamity wliirli Ins twHi Ili'ii tin- country ; set ill when he linn'-shall come fur their further action upon tlin in.'iixiiri's pursued liy government, J (.' tney u ill in- tiiiinil willillii'ir arituir 1111, realty nnil obedient to tlio r nil of duly. They an1 for a season depressed grieved at the de feat of n grout statesman, who was, and U, nnd will lie llie eloquent rli.itnpiiili of tlii'ir policy tint still more grieved at tin; blow which Ins lii-t 11 sliicken prosperity. Hot, when the new iiilniinistrn tion shall have made itself felt upon the ptib lic intrri'sts when tin- people shall find that its policy is nt war with their highest honor nnil success, tiioy will he ready to come hack n rr.i 1 1 1 10 wholesome counsels, nnil to sustain the. system which experience will tench them it conducive, to the glory nnd strength of the nation. Wo will not imitate the otimple of our opponents, who, afier their tleleul in 1SI0, leproiiehed tin! sovereign peoplo with the bitterest nhiise, tic citing them of rinling and drunkenness, and bestowing upon them the vilest epithets. That is n Kind of warfare which ih" Lncn locos aliine l.nmv how to fol low. Wlnt we do say, is the people have hren swindled cheated out of the election by the most stupendous system of filsehoirl which wis ever practised upon fieeitien. Liliels hive heen manufactured upon llie V Inj; candidate, hy; fiand has heen perpetrated unsparingly and iinhlushiiigly upon tin: ignorant portions of llie people, the real principles nf Lncotoco ism have heen concealed, and its candidate heen held no liefore the jvoplo ns n tolerable good protective 71H11I. They who practised lint fraud upon the popular credulity, have iniich to answer for, In the indignation of that people, when thev shall ho aroused fmni the delusion into which they h ive fallen, on that subject. The real truth of tbr. matter will soon be brought to light. The depres sion which is sure to come npnn the business interests of llin country will lead the people to inquire afier Its causes. They will be found in the want of cnnfilence in the na tion il adininilr ition, the apprehension of a destruriion of the I'rotenivo policy, quar rels with other poweis, the aversion nguinsl paying llin debt nf a foreign Stale, and the strong sentiment in the public mind against the maintenance of tin; institution nf shivery, tint worst of human corses that curse which is perpetuated in this nation, 1o the latest times, if Texas, in its piesent condi tion. In; annexed to our territory. These things will shako the conlidencn of the peo ple in their Government. And thev " ill re turn to lb it s stem of ineasnies under which, nlone, this natiiin can (1 itiiish, and go on to lusting creatness nnd renown. .Meantime, let tlo Whigs maintain their excellent and efficient orgu'iir.itinn. Let them stand f ist in their well-defined princi pies. The name nf Whig is n good name, nnd honored on the. lirightnsl p ie; of our country's histniv. Their principles are cooi principles, and thev will vet he (irinlv estab' lis'iied on a found ilion which faction nnd utooaiiii.jiji'uii milium u i;i uu o .v 01 Let them go 011, in a clear and firm ennfi deiicc in the reclitudi! of lber principle. Form no entangling al li.inces with projects which stand upon a narrow basis. Willi our banners still flouting, and our courage still III 'li. let us bo in readiness 10 meet the our mv on another field, and thus meeting him to Gain a glorious victory. " Union of the Whigs fur the sake of the Union." Conn Courar.t. nnrrisii ouriiAC.cs. A correspondence lias recently been publish oil, between Mr. I'lvcYolt, our Minister hi Kng land, nnd tlm Government of 'Great Hrilnin, hi rnlaliim to alleged nnrrnarlinicnts upon our righls by Her Majesty's cruisers. Six instances arc cited by our Minister, in which tiicsp outrages have orrurrcil. 'I'lio first is m thn case nf the American vessel, the "John A. llabh" which was hoarded by Lieut. Matron of tier Miij"sty'fl armed vessel llie "Water Witch." on the'27 h of March, 1810, tlm crew mustered, and one of tho soini'.'n named Peter Hutchinson, taken awav anil received its 11 'vol unteer on bond of tlm Water Witch. The cir cumta'iri!, from the rorreiitiilcnrn, snom to have been these: on the 5 h of April, 1312, l.'oul. .Matron, of llin Water Witch, being nt 1111 'a, on 1 hi: Coast of Africa, a territory not nniler tin; jurisdiction of Greal Britain, reccivci Idler signed IVler Hiilchinsnn, saving that he anil two other nnglishmcn, whom he named, wore on hmrtl the "John A. tlobb," anil that they hail been cruelly treated hy tlio master; thev tlierntorc unplornil Ins assistance. Ii'out. Matsnn immediately cut 1111 tioard the "John A. Hnlil'," with all armed nirtv. teok novessinn nf Ihc vessel, ordered the crew to he summoned, and heard Iho complaints of Hiitc.hinsnn and the others, who alleged thai they were not legally liminil to go to the cor st of Africa, liieut. .Mat- son then dennndcil the ship's papers, which were produced. Alter inspecting them, lie an tinutirrd that iho other two complainants were nlisteil n pirt nf the croiv, and if they had i"en itl-trcateil, must apply to the American 'onsul for redress on their return to KioJ.inei n; but tint Hutchinson was at liberty to lcar the vessel at any time he saw fit, and that if he chose to onlcr lis boit ho couul do so. He prnin spil to come alongside soon after, which jie did, and Hutchinson went away with him, and was speedily enlisted as a vuluntcor on board the Waler Witch. Mr. Uvorctt culls the attention of Lord Aher- den to these facts, in a letter dated Sept. 19, IbPJ, I.011I Ahordeen replies nniler utn ol July .1, 1" Id siibmiltitifj a statement Iroai lent. Alatson, in which, while llie tacts as Mled above are admitted, he urjre thai Hutch. iiimiii was en linard the Jolin A. IJulili " without nwi narcuvnl tehalcier," lint he lia'l been ill used anil loll 01 ins own accord. lie turtiier snys, lliat lie uelievcs the entry 01 ms name upon the list of tlio crew was made by the cup tun nf the vessel, afier he (Mats-tin) had visited llie ship, for Iho purpose nt deceiving him into t'10 belief that Hutchinson was one el the rcw, and characterizes tlio transaction as a buiwIiii'T iittcmiit at i 1 1 1 1 j 1 1 k 1 1 . On the strt.MiGih of these misrepresentations Lord Aher Icon declines to dis.ivmv the act ol l.iuut. .Mat on. Mr. Rverclt, in reply, under dale of Adjust 111, IS 1!3, enters into an extended and minute ox inn of Iho facts, denrinjf in very em- pintle, lerms tlie riglit of Hor Miijesty's olHcers to visit Aiuoncan vessels in time of lieare, nowitiG 1 lie 11 1 to be such, "for any cause what- tner, nut especially denouncing J.ieul. .Mat. son for boarding the vessel, inustertnir Iho cicw and taking complete possession by an armed I'irce, as he did on Ibis occasion. Ills despatch is long and able, stating very fully the circuin. stances of the transaction, and exposing very ilearly the misrepresentations of Lieut. Mat sen. The case is not vet closed. The corres pondence concerning the other cases has not yet been published. ;V. Y. Courier. TARIFF OR NO TARIFF. WUl Mr. Polk belrav his Friends in Venn-1 syhonin ! The Suiibnry American, a " Demn cratlc" paper, thus cypresses Itself mi the posi tion of Mr. Polk in relation to the Tariff " Mr. Polk is a man ef IiIgIi character nnd spotless integrity. Hn, theinfore, cannot, and wn think will not basely h"lray those who have placed their confidence in him. lie will rccnl. 'net that without Pennriylvatiia he coulil never have been elected. That the nconlii nft'enn- svivania are almost unanimous in favor nf a tar iff, affording protection to their manufactories. That it was with a firm belief that ho would foster those Interests, as they had been assured by himself and his friends, that they cave him their support. To betray them now would bo worse than Arnold's treason. These wo know tn bo tlii? feelings of almost tlio entire Democ racy of the Slate, and wo might say nf tlio whole Stale. Tlie foiir counties of Northum berland, Columbia, Sclmvlkill and Luzerne, Gave him n majority of 4,031, These rcunties possess almost boundless wealth in their coal and Iron, and are, therefore, tlocoly Interested in the tariff. They have given this largo vote under Iho most positive assurance that their Great interests would he protected, and nttdtcoe he to tlie man who should attempt to betray them." I'his is indeed an important question to tlio people nf Pennsylvania. They begin to inquire whether Mr. Polk can betray them. Would it not bo a more pertinent inquiry whether they are not already betrayed, nnd wbcllipr they have not given their votes under false repre sentations from their leaders! This inquiry will, in a short time, be fully answcied. Daily Aac. FRIDAY MORNING, DKC. G, 13U. COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. TICKETS. Tn favor of Licenses. HI'.MIY WIIITVKV. sAMitni. Fi.r.rciiKrt, DAMIEIj II. ONION. Against Licenses. r.rotti.n 11. jh w. thijman c iiittrnden, TltUMAN fJAl.USIIA. "Will the iarifM IS 12 bo altered!" "Will tlio duties nn lureu'ii products lie reduced ! questions which areiuw asked at every corner. UV hope not. Wo tin not doubt Mr. Polk's eniire subserviency to the principle ol free trade, as it is tlenoniitnled that is, hi hostility of protection ; and we tlo not doubt tin resolution of Mr. Calhoun, .Mr. Rhelt, Mr Cheves, and others to fo'ce this quei-tititi on Mr. I'., as seon as .1 coiiGre-s shall no .vsem tiled under bun, which prebiblv will not be lofS linn 11 voir. I! it wo are bound In behove that th'ise L'icnfoi'0 members of Congress the in d lie and eastern Slates, who have been elected under the assurance to the people thai .iir. mm was a imiter larill man than Mr. l.l.iv, will hud it necessary to keep smue decency ol nppciranru towards their constituents, and vole Gainst a repeal nl the present tanfi law ; but will they be sirong enough to resist the mm dates of Mr. Calhoun, the corruption of iho F.x rcntive. and their own des'ro lor .1 ol tlislinctitiu. winch is inatlo lo lollo'v anv pecu bar betrayal of the puiiilu's interest ! We fear not. Wo hear of some people .titling their trust in Whig members and Son iters from the South. Ily what right is this tlnii"! No people more habitually regard the roi'cc of the people, than do the politicians of tlio South. And how have Pennsylvania and New Vork given their veto ! Can the miserable results n our own Slate fail to disgust the southern Senators! Can it be without died upon those hn haves-tool by our interests, at ihc oxpenso nf their own popu. larity! And this vow nt Hip tar it" question leads ns to think of of the annexation ol Texas. Tl.n people of our Sialo miy my they were deceived by their leaders relative In the rontitnents of Mr. Polk, touching protection, but there was neither deception nor doubt in reganl 1 1 I c.xas ; as if those who most loudly denounci Iho instilii ion tn bo perpetuated by uniiexalinn, allowed the election ol a man nvtmcdlv lor that measure, they cannot complain if Hideo Sena tors, who are nut opposed to those institution?, refuse to oppose the dreaded meaciire. Wo will no! di spair.ovcn in the-contemplation nf suah a state of things. Il tlio Whigs land by their measures, they ni'iy s ivo tlio country, 1 hough they h.ivo lost u brightest nrntinent To Iho Wliigs must tlio pontile of the northern and middle Slates now look to save them Irom the evils which a majority of these people have rendered imminent ; and. after contending against the means of ruin u Inch, in an evil hour, woo proposed after contending against them, and Kiiflering, iho Whigs must not sit down and let the nation sufler thti consequences of its own folly; they must comu to the rescue, and 1 hough they could not make their pirly triumphant, they must stand by their country. And l ever tl'tl that country mnro need Iho ap plication i'f Whig principle, and Iho constant watchfulness and faithful service of Whs men. The torrent that could not bo averted, must be kenl within fomo channel ; ami when parly pride and keen disappointment .suggest that, as the nstion has joined hersnlf to the idols of Lo. cofocolsm, sho shou'd bo let alone, then may The Siamese Tw:n- " Von may bo aware lb it snmo years since, the Siamese twins. Chang and Mug, retired from the public gaze, and settled down in this county (Wilkes) as f.iruicis. 1011 will also recollect that during last year it whs published in some ol tbo noun papers that they had married two sisters. This notice was trealctl as a hoax liv some 01 inn journals, and 1 incline to think that public opin ion settled tint the twins were slill living in single blessedness. To my surprise I find that llie snppo-ed hoax is a literal lact; and those distinguished characters arc married men. Mrs. b'. and Mrs. 13. are well known to many of my personal acquaintances, and arc said to be very amiable ai d industrious. I3ich of the la dies lias presuii cd her ' loid' with an heir, in the ooreutiuf d lino, fat, bouncing daugh ter!" It is said tint Chang and I3ng, with their wives and children, contemplate making a tour iliroiigh the Union in a yearor Iwn. Tlio twins enjoy excellent I10.1I1I1 arc very lively, talka tive, and app irontly happy ; and will tloubtlo-s prove mtiio interesting and attractive in their -erotul lour than they did in their first over the civilized world. Having families In provide for, as prudent husbands and fathers, they may think Hit ir bachelor forums insufficient for all tbo lit lie ('lungs and I3ng of which they now have ! lie promise." .V. C. Spartan. Fr.nM Texas. New Orleans papers contain laicr date? Irom Texas. The Clarksville (Tex. as) Northern Slaie'.ird of October 10th con tains a paragraph from another Texan paper, in which it is said lint President Houston has re. reived annlbor Communication from Santa Anna which is said tn be of a picifie character. It is further slated that the contemplated invasion 01 Texas hv Mnxicn is abandoned, and it is. settled that llnglanil and France have offered to obtain an ackiitnv ledgmeiit of Texan independence, ni erudition lint Mexico shall hive Iho right to renew the war whenever Texas offers herself lo the United Stales. It is further ruinnrod that President Houston intends to convoke an extra session of Congress. It is not at all unlikely that the rumored negotiation betw een Texas and France and England is founded in truth. THE CABINET. The formation of Mr. Polk's Cabinet is exciting a pnnd deiil of interest nnd specn hilinn, on account of tlio clue it is expected to give to tlm intended policy of his admin islralinn. The belter opinion seems to be that llie red rose of South Carolina will hi triumphant in the new government. Tin ngency of Calhnu11is.n1 in flooring Hit. Viir Buren to make way for something else, hy means of which I'olk was compromised upon does nut admit of any doubt, and therefore il is that the nullificrs arc oracularly giving out the probable composition of the Polknt Cabinet. It seems Mr. Calhoun is to re main, notwithstanding iho industrious cir culation of a enntrnry opinion hy the northern limb, and so all tlm fine superstructures built upon tlio substratum of Andrew Stevenson's premiership arc destined to melt away. Then il is authoritatively announced that the New York representative in tlie Cabinet it is to bo none other or greater than tlio gentle man of the patched trowscrs, in tlio Treas ury Department. Mr. Saunders of North Carolina, Mr. Calhoun's superintendent of the Baltimore Convention, il is said, is to take (he General Post Office, and give an opportunity for (he unfortunate Mr. Wicklifie logo home, to Kentucky. Mr. John Y. Mason of Virginia, who is now in tbo Navy Depaitment, is said lo he likely to remain whom hn is, unless he goes to Eii'dand in place of Mr. Everett. The rest of Mr John Tyler's advisers it is shrewd ly hinted, will have the royal permission to follow Ilcnshaw and Porter into retirement Hubert J. Walker of Mississippi who has heen the Polk central Committee during thu Canvass, will either have u place in the Cabi net or go abroad. it is fm tlier said most positively that Mr. Tyler's appointments of Collectors ifcc. in New York and elsewhere, will ho revised and corrected by Polk. They certainly need it. They were for the most part con ceived in corruption nnd brought fortli in Tim-low Weed is about to retire from ihc chair cdi lorul of ihc Albany Kvcning Journal. Correspondence of the Tribune Washington Nov. 28, 1844. Tlio Southern Members, who are not proverbial for nclivily in locomotion, nre manifesting nn unusual degreo nf speed in their arrival nt iho Capital, nnd, hy some strange accident, they nil continue In gel lo cated at tlio Hotel whrro their Delphic Ora cle, John C. Calhnun, holds forth for the coming season. This'tiniicctislomed energy and zeal, taken in connection with facts al ready developed in oilier quarters, goes to show that iho South is determined to pre occupy the ground ns it did nt tlie Baltimore Convention ; nnd regarding, very properly, llie late victory ns their triumph, caucuses hatn already been held nnd arrangements are being niado to move 'the Southern policy upon Congress nt llin earliest moment, so ns to forrshadinv and fasten the measures of Polk's Administration, in advance of trouble somo influences being brought to hear upon the President elect by Now York or Penn sylvania. Rely upon it, n most thorough and satisfactory understanding exists between the Froe Trade leaders and Mr. Potk, nnd that the only difficulty which ever stood seri ously in iho way was removed by the visit of Hon. F. W. Pickens, nf South Carolina, to the Hermitage somo two months ngn, who got not only every pledge as to tbo virtual recommendation of a repeal of tlio present Tariff, bii'.nffticied llin best possible reronril- i 1 1 ion between thu General and .Mr Calhtimi. Strong affection has grown out nf their an cient 'hate, and tlm " Old Hero" is now a warmer supporter of the Nullifier, whom he threatened, ,nn a memorable occasion, to "hang as high as Heaven," than he former ly was nf iho " Lilllt! Magician," who, hy the way, in consequence nf llie best and most honest act of his life, has sunk himself irre trievably with him who was first his patron and then his President-maker. On the oth er hand the Nullifiurs have signed off all memory of the Forco Bill, so lliat Iho way is lear lo a must advantageous union willi both the Linn nnd the Jackal. Mr. Calhoun will irmain Secretary of State and hive the management of Polk's Government for his own elevation j if not fur the full term, it least for two years, so as to give the tone and secure the patronage. Ifburocs retire during Polk's administra tion, which I much question, he will be suc ceeded hy one of his own kind, nnd who will bo but the iiiitnmaton of his wishes ; perhaps by Senator Walker, who in the mean time may be permitted lo enjoy the pleasant fruits of the English Mission, so ns to stir up a difficulty with Great Britain and raise a war mania for the next canvass, jlark wbetlier the next four months do not realize these predictions ! After the general result of the Election was fully ascertained here, there was almost an universal expression of Loco-Fuco opin ion, in favor of Silas Wright as the next nominee of the parly. Since the arrival of the Southern members, the sentiment is almost reversed, and censure, not praise, is llie language applied to tlio 1 Regency' of which Mr. Wright and Mr. Van Buren aro regarded ns llin 1 head and front.' Tlio Calhoun clique contend, that their princi pies, Annexation and Frco Trade, wero stronger than the opposition made by the disaffected and disappointed of their Nor lliern allies, and as 11 proof ol it, they in stance the disparity between tlio Gubernalo rial and Presidential votes in New-York and argue, lliat notwithstanding tlie barefaced hostility nf the whole forco of Mr. Van Burcn's peculiar hody-puard they wero ablo to carry tbo State. And further, tlwy pro claim at the corners of tbo streets that Mr. Wright nnd his friends must explain away this unpleasant stale of things before ho or they can hereafter receive tlio cordial coun tenance of thu South or their co-operation during iho succeeding reign. All this is WHAT MR. POLK IS ELECTED FOR. Gen. Hamilton, in n letter addressed lo J. J. 0, Soulhntl, Esq. before tbo election, and published in the Nashvillo Union, in speaking of tlio 'South, says : " She 'means In elect Polk, if she can, and obtain, thrnuch lis instrumentality, nn ronthl clinnoe in the PHOMISF.I) WHI POMt'Y OF Till? GOVF.ttN-MF.NT-- n rrdrcst of theevils of which sho complains, nnd n reversal of the iiiiiust and unconstitutional man date that nomort Start Statet are to be admittedin- to this union, hy a prompt, plenary and unrestricted annexnlion nf Texas." Tlio Nnslivillu Union probably would not have published this letter, if the sentiments expressed in it had not been believed to bo those of Mr. Polk. A " distinguished citizen of South Caro lina," nnd one of those polilicans who think that the Union can be preserved only by tbo prevalence of tlio doctrines of iho Carolina School, in n letter nddrossed to tlio editor of the Richmond Enquirer, informs him that the hearts of tlio South Carolinians "are filled willi gratitude nt our triumph, because wo believe sincerely that it would secure the permanent peace nnd independence of tlie country, and preserve iho Union upon the principles of the Constitution Mr. Clay's success would have endangered htilh." By "the principles," ns thu people of Charleston understood them. This distinguished citizen further informs Mr. Ritchie, and .1r. Ritchie imparts the information to the public, that he has taken occasion t sift the character of Mr Polk, mil that ho is quite satisfied with the result. The following is his statement : 1 have ben with Mr. Pulk Ibis summer, nnd ttc went over nil the croiinds fully and freely. 1 know linn well he is apparently n mild nnd retirina man; hut tin sound pnlincnl principles, there is nnIrmer or truer itinn 111 nun union; ne is oinroiejn master 01 lilt) whole field before him, nnd I uncerelv believe, be is an honesl man. Hi? tlllTicullii'S will hcereit; but truth, JidcWynn&firmnns will carry him ihrmish I nnd by these, he will be able to imprtu himself up on the inililution of the country, and become a bless- nig to uic union. The writer of this letter goes on to state the course which must bo pursued "to secure finally the fruits of lliat victory." Ho says thai President Polk PR0CF.F.DINOS OF TUB TEMPERANCE CONVENTION. Tho opponents nf Licenses for tlio sale of intoxicating drinks, met pursuant In previ ous notice, at tlm 'Eagle Hall, in Willislon, on Thursday, Nov. 23, 1844, when Hon. Lyman BunaKsswas elected President, and EtiwAnn A. Stansdury, Secretary. Prayer hy tho Rev. Mr. Bingham. On motion ol Win. Weston, Esq., n com mittee of three from each town represented, was appointed to nominato County Commis sioners. Tlie following gentlemen were appointed : Uurlington Wm. Weston, Wm. H. Vilas, John flerrick. Williaton Henry Miller, William II. French, A. D. Murray. Jericho Truman Onhisha, Z. Uliss, L P IJlodgctl. Underbill Joseph Wolls. F.3ex t.orin Tyler L N Williams, II J Moscly. lliclimond Saul Hishop. Ilineslmmb N Mile", l)r Goodyear, F Wilson. Milton-'. C Wood, N liurncll.'W A Uurnett. Colchester Jos. Colver. Mr. Stanshury introduced tho following resolutions: Ilesotted, That in Ihc opinion of this Convention, it is a fact not to ho control cried, that the lisp nf in toxicntine drinks as a bevcrnce is the prolific; source of misery to the human race, and lliat it presents not a single real advantage to counterbalance i'9 unqiica tiiinablunnd incalculable cvi's. flesolccd, Thnt it is Ihc plain duly of every 11011110" ilicsnnninions. In labor without cens nu in a'l hnniiralile means lo eradicate, entirely the use of nn i tram in iinoxicnins uruiKs, except lor medicinal and mechanical purposes rctorcd. Tlinl wo rejoice nt tlio tlccision nl me euislniure of ibis Stn'e. eoni'' the nennle nt hrae n cnntfollinir voice in tlL'tcriuuuiig thu cunlui'ianco or abolition of the Irnflic, nnd rcanrtlinu llie license law ns rjivinir to the County Commissioners the disere- n.i.i lo wiiniiulil ns well nsto eraut licenses, we nnil it as the bovv nf nrumisp In the moral heavens, indi- idling lliat the deltise which has desrrnved so tnnnv ol our race, snail cca-e hcnceloilli from Us worn ol lesiilaiion. ttesohett. That I his convention is in favor of llie election of Counlv Commissioners, who nrenlcdccl to w ithhold every license for the rile of intoxicating tirinus, except lor llie purposes of the ineuvai anil niccimnic nrts. "Ousht In announce his Drincinles ilisthcthi and clearlit in his inaueural. nnd this will iuinieili.iletv savc luin much trouble and confusion. Il will be due to bis honesty nnd cbnraeler. ihni he should announce iiiuiscii in lavor nl a strict Uerenue i urt, mrineii upon the principles of the Compromise Act nf 193). I Ins will lorin a rallying point, nnd I lie public, mind w ill set lie down upon isninethiii!' dr Unite immediately. Then in relation tn Texas, he onul.t to re-nnno incc llie Innioiis i dcclnratmn made hy Mr. Monroe, when President, in reference to llie interference of (eiverninems wilh those nations who had won their independence upon the American continent. From these extracts it may bo inferred what are tho fruits of victory, which those who know Mr. Polk expect to gather from bis election, and which tho Abolitionists have been helping to throw into their lap.. Again tiio same writer says: "I hope nnd trust Mr. Polk will announce in bis Inaueural. ibal he is fur n strict rertnue Tariff, nnd resting upon llie principles nf the Compromise ilct'tf iojj. 11 is inrj in nun it l tine lo tne c-i inirv inu there will he nn peace without it. I fa I deeply upon this point, as I hnve ris'.ed mncb to nllny the excite ment in ibis Sinn, nnd pledced mvsell upon i. I be lieve my vi it to Tenne-src did much In satisfy our people. i.nrne iew York is prepared lor such I position, also, and desires it." Thu editor of thu Enquirer, in his com ments on this letter, remarks as follows : "We trusi that Mi. Pol': will come nut, with the spirit of n freemnn, and llie l'oldnps of a mm, nnd take the ground nt once, nn which hp"i"ans to con duct Ins ndininislra'ion. Iexns will ncqaire new confidence in hiii measures. The whob! c neitrv, ", will understand his views in regud to the Tariff. The netofMS is out of the oueoinn. Tno Compromise Act nf '33 lias been proclaimed by Mr. t'lav himself to be suilicient to give adequate protection lo domestic manuiaciurcs." infamy, and the action of Poht, elected as he is for the purpose, will certainly be prefer able to tho imbecile nnd shameless rotten- aimed so ns lo supplant thu Northern aspi rants and (o break down the weight of (heir claims and pretensions. It is si fact worthy ness of a pitiful wretch, wiio, dropping by of memory too, lliat Silas Wright was de A Wonn in Sr.AsnN. An elderly gen tleman, willi a straight coat and broad brim med beaver, passing along Main slrcet, a few days since, stepped upon some peach parings, winch a young dandy nl ono of our dry goods stores had just thrown down near w here Im was standing. I ho passenger was off his guard, but contrived to escape a fall liv exchanging it for a severe wrencli of iho lower limbs. Ho said nothing lo tlm author of his mischances, but stepping into the store, accosted its owner : " Friend, can thcu lend me a hioom t Tlie broom was promptly tendered, and the Quaker applies it lo tho parings willi snmn diligence, as well as difficultv, from their adherence tn thu pavement in their mashed state, greatly to tlm amusement of the bystanders, nnd tho annoyaiico of the clerk. Under these circumstances, tho fol lowing dialogue took place. Clerh. What is that for ? Quaker, To get ibesu parings into-tlio Utitler. C. Lei them alone ; they do you no harm. Q. That's a mistake, friend ; I have hurl mvself in going down tlio street, and I may acain on my return. Ilesdes, somebody else may coi n fall over ihoni. C. That would be nono of your busi ness. Q. That is annthci niistako of thine, friend. Somo neighbor of mine may be badlv hurt, and I may have to contributo to his relief, perhaps to'liis snppoit. Il is both mv business and (bine. C. You may mnko it your business if von chouse, but it is none ol mine. accident into tlie possession of power, per verted it wilfully to his own sliamo and tho national disgrace. It is said Polk will not go into tho pre scriptive operation very extensively ; but though this may be his present intention, he will find when he comes to deal with the dis ciples of his "spoils" Secretary of tho Treas ury, he will he forced lo set the guillotine in motion in order to sllenco tho " Northern Democracy." Mr. President Polk will learn a good many things by getting acquainted with the northern iiidoniitublus in his new station. nnunced hy name at the great Democratic rally in Chirleston before tlio Election for his vote on tho Tariff of 1842. Straws show which way tlm wind blows. Is THIS A CliniSTIAN CoUNTItvl TIlO Charleston, S. C, Courier contains a enr respondence between a number of Jews and Governor Hammond nf that State in refer. once to the proclamation of the hitler, ap pointing a day of Thanksgiving, Tlio for mer complain that he calls upon the people to offer up their devotions lo God tho Cre ator, and his son Jesus Christ, the Redeemer of the world," and they say that thoy are excluded, as members of Jewish persuasion fro it joining with others in celebrating the dav. Gov. Hammond writes a pretty smart an swer, of which iho following aro extracts, Unhappily for myself, I am not a professor nt religion, nor am I specially attached, by cdti. cation or habit, to any particular denomination. nor uo 1 leel mysoll lobe a tit and proper tlelen dant of the Christian faith. Hut I must say, that up tn this time, I have always thought it a settled matter, that I lived in a Christian land ! and lh?t I Was the temporary Chief magistrate of a Christian people. Tlu.t in such a country and amoiiL' such a people, I should be publicly called loan account, reprimanded, and required to make amends for ackuowleil jmg Jusus Chrift as the redeemer ol the world, I would not have UAHUOADS. Tlio Conrord U ill. Iload this ilav dnr.lareil dividend of 7 per rent., fur Iho last sijr. months, mauuig Vi per cent or the year HM. Trans. Vur JiaU.Iioad.Al a mooting of the citi zens of this county, Interested in the roritcm pjated rail. road through tins county to lt 'llotvii Falls, Vl., Hon.'ll.'Cuoko was annnmted lo ito through the whole line, and endeavnr to obtain the consent of the owners of the land. Un derstanding that bo would ho ready to report, meeting was called of the Grantees nf the road on Thursday last. After hearing Mr. Cooke'n report and remarks therenn, the Grantees deci. ded unanimously, that tho existing charier could noi ire inane avananio mr me onjoct, and there fore they must decline accepting it. Wn understand petitions will bo presented for a new charter, or for such amendments to the act of last session, as shall substantially conform to nu provisions oi outer existing cuariers in tno slate, to he presented for tho consideration of the Legislature at their approaching session in Novo mbo r. A "cene Sentinel. A meeting has been called to organize tho Massachusetts and Vermont rail. road. from Filchbiirg to Brattlcboro', tho sum made requi site by the charter having, professedly, been subscribed. If a straight road through New. Hampshire cannot bo made, by our Legislative folly, we can only say we wish success to any road to Itutlaud lb. crmnnt and Massachusetts Rail Road. At the adjourned meeting nf the stockholders yes. tnnlay, the following gentlemen were chosen Director: Nallnn Hice, of Cambridge, At vah Crocker of Fitchburgh, Jacob Forster of Cliarlestowu, II. Tnninans. J. J. Low, and II. W. Fuller of lJ .ston, G. C. Hall, J It. Fllake, (,'alvm Townsley and J. Goodhue of Drattte boro', Joseph Davis of Tcmpletnn, Thomas l.jmb or llontun, Isiac Livermore of Cambridge. Boston Courier, Nov. 23. Adjourned to dinner. Tho committee appointed to nominate candidates for County Commissioners, re ported tlio names of Gr.oRnt: B. Sti.vw, uurlineton, CiiiTTENDn.v, Willislon, Tr.UMAN Gai.usiia, Jericho, and they were unanimously nominated. Mr. Weston moved that n County Com mittee hn appointed to tflTry out llie meas ures of the convention, utid secure the elec tion of tlie Commissioners nominated this dav. Motion agreed to. John Herrick, Lyman Burgess, William Weston, were appointed County Committee. Mr. Weston introduced the following resolution, which was adopted. lietohed, Thil the several towns in tho County becarne lly invited to take iinintdialc measures for a thorough organization to arouse iho people to the vast importance ol me qncsucii involved in tne elec tion of County Commissioners. Mr. Stanshury moved that the County Commissioners hold office for one year and until others are appointid, with power to call conventions as necessity may require. Car ried. Mr. Stanshury offered the following reso lutions, which, with those offered by him in thu forenoon, were unanimously adopted. fjesolred. Thai in presenting lbe names of George It. sli iw, Trumnn Chittenden nnd Truman It.ilnslia. for County Commissioners, this Convention pledges itself to the freemen of Clulteiulen Cmiiuy, thai ihey nre good men and true, nnd will il cleeiH unfl.nclring ly ndhere lo I he principles ahuve srl forth. Ilesotted, Thai we nk loi them nl the hands ol the s iber nnd reflecting Irceineu of ibis cnuniy, a tri umphant elecunii to tlie office for which lbey are nominated, to the end that tiny imy dry op the foun tains of death, and put the seal nf legal coiiiieinnalion upon iho practice ol growiny ricdi by the weakness and folly of mankind. O.t mntion of Mr. Weston, Rcsoltcd, That the several newspapers in the C. unity be respectfully requested to publish lbe pro ceedings ol tins uonventiun. On motion, adjourned. LYMAN BURGESS, Pres't E. A. STANsnunv, Sec'y. The American Frigate Chesapeake A correspondent of the London 7'imes sends to that paper tho fol'owing interesting paragraph concerning the remains of the old frijalo Chesa peake : "The old well remembered American frigate Chesapeake, which, between 30 and 40 years ago, wdion under the command of Oninmodoro Lawrence, was captured hy C.ipt. Brook, who commanded His Majesty's frigate the Shannon, ilu rinn the American war, has been broken up for many years past, and at the present time forms a constituent portion of the timber which was used in tho erection of a flour null, situated upon a stream w Inch runs near the town of Dot Icy, in Hampshire. A few days since the work men, whilst engaged in repairing the mill, hid occasion to remove some of tho gable rafters, which formed a part ol the old Chesapeake, and found the wood to be as sound and as fresh as it was on the day when she was first launched. heveral curiously disposed persons have pur chased sundry pieces of this noted vessel, with a view of h iving the wood turned into snuff, boxes and other fjney articles of turnery." Melancho v Accident. We learn by a gentleman from Siowartstown, that two men named Joseph and Jeremiah James, left their homes in Canaan, Vt., on the -1th inst., for the purpose of examining sable traps tlicy had previously set up ton or twelve miles in the wilderne.-s. The day they left home was pleasant and warm, the second day was uncom fortable, and the third snow fell tn tho depth of two feet, damp and heavy, loatling down tlio trees', accompanied with a" heavy gale of winclsj ot returning in due tune, anxieties were en tertained that ill luck had attended them ; ac. cnrdinglv search ws made for them, hut with lilt les cllect until tho 13th lust., when thry wero both found dead, probably on account of cold and hunger. I ho youngest, ngcu about 20, was found first, lying with his face upon ihc snow, or down, ward. From llie position in which he was found it is suppised tint ho fell while travellinir and died without a struggle. Jcrnmiah, aged about thirty, was found about a half a mile from his brother, who from appearances had anticipated his fate, giien up all hopes nf reaching his family, nnniMing of a wife and three small children, and nude such signs as were within bis power, which might lead to the discovery of his remains ; this Im did by breaking the top's of hushes near where II s body was found. The places where they'cnrainped the first and second nights were fnund, where, from ap pe trances, thoy had a lire; tho third night's camping ground has also beim found, but it is thought they wore unable to obtain a fire, and consequently died. .V. II. Statesman. Hamilton Collugi:. The number of students in this institution is 126. THE NEXT UNITED STATED SENATE. Tne election of a Whig Legislature in Delaware (unless something unexpectedly turns up in llin Virginia(lepislaliirc, in which j there is a nnuiinul Whig majority of two,) i secures to tho Whig parly n majority of two in llin next Bonato ol me united states, anu gives them tho power of counteracting any unwise measures, should any be proposed by thu Cxec.itivo branch of Iho next administra tion. The political character of the Senato will stand as follows : Whigs Maine 1, Vermont 2, Massachusetts 2. Khoilo Island 2, Connecticut 1, Now Jersey 2, Delaware 2, Maryland 2, Virginia 2, North Csmliiia 1, Georgia 1, Lmisiana2, lennesseo 2, Kentucky 2, Ohio 1, Indiana 1, Michigan 1 -27. Locos Maine I, New Hampshire 2, Con necticut 1, New York 2, Pennsylvania 2, North Carolina 1, South Carolina 2, uoorgia 1, Ala bama 2, Arknnsas 2, Ohio 1, Indiana 1, Michi gan 1, Missouri 2, Mississippi 2, Illinois 223, The Season. The lino boats on the Lake laid up early last week, and tho Saranac is believed possible, if it hud not ronio to piss. .i- .i.. ci... ...tit n. .-il If i't complaisance to the Israelites anil now ie uo... ...... .... - . m 0XC,u,,BiI p AB. continue her trips to St. Albans, ami Iho in- jsl mi ,it a9 :s,v rP,t- iMt of the Creator . tirinediulQ ports, till driven off hv the rigors be omitted als", am the Mahometan or Mormon of mid-winter. Wo have a slight sprinkling of snow enough to furnish an apology for getting out tho sleighs ; and ihat's all. But there is a reasonable probability of more, soon. Coneress convened on Monday, and wn shall piiblUh Cap!. Tyler's valedictory mes sago in our next. Ltlllo interest is manifes ted in litis document, and its character can be readily nnlicinated. Il will bo an homily upon immediate annexation exultation over Chiy.s defeat and, like ihu Indian's ihird and last wish, " a litllo more" Texas ! O. I inn not sum nflhat. Ilprotiloget natrintistn whisper in the nar nf every Whig, ilnr, nrin liefore ihv dnnr. it will net an ill . .... . ... .i ... ,.. .i , .,. . .. . that It is out rouniry inai is in uanger, aim ine sentiment of Decutur cnu'ti never ho tnoro plicable, " Our country, right or wrong." S. Oaz. 0 name, and thy emptnyer will lose custom, "iV' and llieo perhaps ihy place. Thee should 1 ., ,.' .1 consider oeiier in muni's. This raised a ceneial laugh on llin clerk, f who wilhdrnw; nnil when tho old Friend Piiiik. Up lo tho Sotli lilt. 12,000 hngs returned Iho broom toils plaio and wont on bid been slaughtered in Cincinnati. Price his wv, he. probably h'ft a whotcsonio les I'moii S:2,7." lo 3,00. sun behind him. Cincin. Arfr. Kentucky Election. Tlio Frankfort Yeoman has official returns from 9o coun ties. Threo Counties remain to bo heard from, viz : Cumberland, Edmonson, and Letcher, which in August gave Owsley 799, and Butler 599. In tho 95 Counties offi chilly reported, the voto in August and No vember was as follows: B9.F81 Chy C0,5 61,457 folli 51,113 Dmiel Richardson, nf Sutton's River, Nov. 20th. lull' d a leu wcitfhing CIO pounds atlcr living dress eil. Said Ho" wns lint seventeen months old. Heat thj.who can II tails uaz. Just givo us elbow-room. Col. Thomas, of this town, slaughtered, on tins 28lh tilt- n pig eleven months and two days old, which weiched. when dressed 153.i lbs ! There's n Roland for your Oliver, Mr. Richardson Mint iillinm tilimi'il lie tiii.rted. t If the Israelites refused to open their syna gogues I had uo complaint to mike no ponahy to exact. Had thev stopped nt that, such a innifestalion of their disapproval of my procla mation would have been the inure severely felt hv me, hecausn of its dignity and its consonance with Into religious feelings as I apprehend them. But if,. inheriting the saino scorn for Je sus Christ which instigated their ancestors to crucify him, thev woual have felt themselves degraded and disgraced in obeying my cxhnrta tiou to worship their "Creator," because I had also rcccommcndcd the adoration of his "Sou the Redeemer;" still I would not have hesita ted to appoint for them, had it been requested a special day for thanksgiving according to their own creed. This, however, was not, I imagine what iho Israelites desired. They wished to he inclutletl in tlio same invitation lo public ucvo tion with the Christians. And to make that in vitation acceptable to i hem. I must strike out the comer stone nf llie Christian creed, and reduce the whtilo to entire conformity with that of Iho Israelites ; I, must exhort a Christian peoplo to worship alter the manner of tho Jews." MEXICO. A correspondent of the New York Com mcrcial Advertiser at Washington gives the following reports of the purport of tlie official communications, from Mexico. We do not conceive lliat any conftdenco is to be placed in the report respecting titn Texas trealy. " Despatches from Mexico, said to be very impor tant, hive jusi been received hy the Government. Arcnrdinr; m report, ihouah nothing in relation to tlie treaty bad been definitely arrantjed. il wtis pretty clearly understood that llie modifications made hy Ihc United States Senslo would heaareed It). .All lbe current reports as to the unsettled an I criiic.i! siaiont Mexican nfiiirs nre said to lie continued by 'Irs patches Tne Government of Mexico s involved in serious difficulties n revolution thre Hens Iheni, nnd will in all probability bo followelhy prolracttd anar chy and disaster." " Local rotation in office Us folly and effect." Such is the heading of thn leading rlicle in the last Pittsburgh Republican the drift of which is, to demonstrate tlio folly f changing old and well-tired public ser vants ! This is getting to be a popular idea, in certain quarters, since, tho election, nnd we shall exnect to sen a full restoration of iho Bourbons, under Polk. "Long experi- nee." will bo a test qualification. Fourth DisTnicT. Fur member of Con gress iho vote on thn second trial stands, for Dillingham 5,532, Chandler 5,112, Putnam 845 ; a filling off, compared with tho first trial, in Dillingham's vole, nf 1,0-15, ill Chandler's 5S4, in Putnam's 523. Two gcnliemcn, says the New-York Ex press, by tho nanio of Leonard and Gale with ex-M. C. Francis O. J. Smith aro said Nr.iv.Ynnn: IJ. S. Sexitiirs; Wo learn fmn, tlm Journal of Commerce, that t0 purclwied tho privilege from Pro Gov. Douck, of New-York. has appointed J '-"" Morso of "MUliing the electric Owsley Cutler Own'ey'snoj. U- C'sj'snnj. Ex-Gov. Marry and tlie lion. Mi. Savago, l.ilo Chief Justice, as United Stales' Sena tors, to fill tho vacancies created hy tho resignations of Messrs. Wright nnd Tall niadgo. Tho Journal says that it is under stood that neither of tint gentlemen thus appoinled will bo candidates for election by tho Legislature tty Silas Wright, lbe Governor elect nf New York, has tendered to Gov. Bouck iho resignation of his seat in tho United Stales Senate. telegraph between that city nnd Doston ; iho wires to he carried through Westchester county and along tho Connecticut shore passing through Harlford, New-Haven Springfield, nnd Worcester, to tho capital of Massachusetts. The expense per mile, from New-York to Doston, is estimated at S300; allowing tho distance to bo 230 miles, llm cost will bo $09,000. Tennessuc. We havo the official rc turns from the whole Slate and Clay majority is 113. FIRE. Tho large Jfaclunc Shop at Winooski city, owned hy Jr Edwards, and occupied by ilessrs J. N. Sc II. P. Dowey, Patent Fence manufacturers, Mr Chase, Sash man ufacturer, and others, was destroyed by fire last evening. Loss, probably C or $8,000. A large saw mill standing near took fire, but was saved by the prompt aid of tlie firemen and citizens, and especially of the Boxer Engine Company from this village, whose promptness on the occasion won new 4 Uu rids' for our efficient fire department, Mainrisicfi, in this villase, Nov. 26, by Rev J. K Converts, Mr Km nci s Hvkon to Mrs. Marv M. Stcssins. I n ibis village, on the ISlh ult., Mr. Ciiarlii C. Parker, to .Mus. Elizabeth Flsmino. At Rendine, Ohio, on the 14lh inst., Mr. J. W. S. IlnowNE, ol I'cllevue House, Cincinnati, to Miss So. san T. Taylor. Gov. Jones' County O. K ! A gratify- inrrcsult.TUo counly of Wilson, tho res idence of tho gallant Gov. Jones of Tennes see, gave sixteen hundred majority for IlAn- nv op the Weht! A gain of 240 since iho last voto! What a noble compliment to Gov. Jones who has ballled so buldly and manfully for tho great Champion of Ameri can Liberty. Whitehall, Nov. 29. Tho steamboat Whitehall, Capl. Lathrop, left this port Wednesday afternoon, tor tho last tinio this season. Tho canal is also closed tlio last boat came in nn Wednesday evening. Tho new steamer, "Francis Saltus,' in this place, could not bo put in running order in season to make a trip this fall, ns was expected. Chron. ID) 2 c2j In Providence, R. I., Oct. 23, Johm McVst, sped 27, formerly of Iloslnn, and a native of St. Johns, IV. U. Montreal papers please copy. In Jew York, Nov. 19ih, at the Union Theologicsl Scminnry, Mr. Jons II. Moncr, of Andover, Vl., sfter a short illness, otjtd 23 years. In Swanton, on the 17th ut., Hon. James Fiik, ogtd 63 years. Few men in Vermont have occupied so miny snd so Inch political stations as ibis gentleman, he hav ing; been member and Senator in Conprns. Judge of tha Supreme Court nnd C- lbcior of Cusiums. Judys Kisk wns a democrat of the Jifii rioninn school, snd to (he Inst a I'eiiiocrntic Wilis, and an ardent admi rer of Henry Clay. We have been lolcl, we know not whether upon good authorily, lliat Jeflerton once of fered llie I'osl Master Generalship to Jud; bisk.. 17. II'aMman. NOTICE. JThe Uev. II. Parker, liaptist Minister, will preach in the Court House neil Sabbath. I ON HAHKET, Monday, Not. 18. At Market 750 Beef Cattle, 275 Stores, 1600 Sheep, nnd 075 Swine. Prices Iteif Cattle A small advance was effected generally on as beef. We quote exira 4,75s 5; first qiialiiy SJ.23 .50t second quality $30 a tX 7i I lliird quality 2,75 a 3,25. Sheen Sales from SI 25 tn S2. Swine KSSw io needle. 3c for sow. 4c. for I sr Two selected lots very small Shoau 31 s ie retail, liom 3 lo 4Jc. nOSTON MAHKET...Nor. 6. Wot I. Kor fleece and pulled there has been an in creased deinnnd, snd nf Unli eVfcriptions s!e hivs been made nf ritine 100,000 lbs. si prices below ids 18 l" mr I" t ,';;, U bo li, H si erperls. qnolslt-.n.. The sales of forcien have my business. Law business is tlio last that llrfn , few hu3rfd bales, wiihoin much vaiistion on Locofocoism destroys. In about two years, we , frmfr prices. The market for fleece snd pulled elo lawvers will begin to rcsp s rich harirst, uvsctiled, and prices nre in s great mesiurs Steuben Courier. ' nominal. Just So. Wo hoard a lawyer remark, the other day, in relation to tho recent election "that he hated to bn so whipped out, as wo have been bv tbo Lncofocos, lint," said he, " it is tl,o best I'hlngtbat rnultl have been done for

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