Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 16, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 16, 1845 Page 2
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From t lie llosion Jutitnnl. PETER THE GREAT; OR THE AUtltKNCIt t.M THE MAIN Tor. The following, its tho writer nf it quietly . eWrvex, lus "never tiei-ti mi-onli'il in tlio naval annals of Urcat llituln." Vu commend it to the next histurUn. In common with almost every traveller who visits Amsterdam, I have seen the villago of Saardam, mid the htmiblc workshop, and l,kr-iiiif-lioudc of "I'elcr tlio Great," which are still nhllltHfl mil IV!, h m,llifndlqll.ilia i.f ..-l.l.. -....I nt. ujlatinn by tho worthy and hospitable inhabi. Hot. H'lt the village Ib not now as flouncl)' ine as it was in the days nf the Czar. Moll-uid, which at that Unto was equal to any nation as a maritime power, haa wololly degenerated in Ihia respect. England, France, Spain, Russia, well as our own cnuutrv, are greatly her su periors, and Sanrilaui has declined 111 population and the enterprise of tlio inhabitants, in propur. lion js llull.uiil has declined as a naval power. Hut still an interest is attached to the place, which makes it an important object in the eyes nf traveller):, and there without being n 'uielan. chnlyJaqucs,' one could sit and moralize fori hours. But to my eMrv, Peter, while wnrkini as a carpenter or blachnniilli at Siardam, did not en. deavor to preserve his. incognito. It was soon know to every court in Europe that the Cur of Russia was resiling in Holland; and although the different European innnarcbs were at that time unable to appreciate his character. man. ifes'cj by Ills voluntary labors, and sa:rifiics of pomp anil personal cmilnrts, they rcsei1ed him as the powerful and energetic head of a mighty empire, aitd tnoM of the European mon arch sent to him, with much display and cere, ninoiiy, ainh-f pailors rendering him tlicir respects, and invitii g him to visit their respective cntirts. William ol England, however, was dilatory in thus evincing his respect for the C?.r, tniicii to the dissatistaction ol the Hii'sian i.iooarcli, who was particularly desirous of being on the most friendly terms With the English King. At length, after waiting impatiently for several mouths, he learned with much gratification that King William was about to send ilireo ambas sadors, selected from among the most distin guished nnhlemcii, and attended by a brilliant cortege, to do honor to Peter if Russia. The Czar, with a spirit of eccentricity which he not (infrequently exhibited, resolved to teach these envoys a lesson wliich they would not soon lor. get, ami punish them in a whimsical manner for their tardiness. When the ambassadors reached Amsterdam, they were astonished to learn that I'eler was at Saardatn, busily engaged in building a ship, which was nearly finished, and that ho would be delighted to see them at that place. The Bit. glisli iinbleinen, who expected to be received at Amsterdam with the pump and ceremony cor responding to the character of t heir mission, were not a little embarrassed by this informa tion, but set ofT, po--t haste, for S.iatdam, to rind the carpenter monarch, and sent an aiant cour rier, with despatches, announcing their inten tions. They reached Saardam at the appointed hour, but to their great surprised were inform ed that the Czar was then on board his ship, where he awaited their arrival, and was imjia.' tient to give them an audicnre. They were al. ; so informed that a boat was in waiting at the ship yard to put them alongside. The English dignitaries hardly knew what to think of lhi affair. There were no precedents by which to frame their lino of conduct. The) were desirous, for mmy r asons, to have an in terview w ith the Cz ir, 'and were great sticklers' for etiquette, yet afior a hurried consultation, they determined to ll itter the whims of the bar. ' bariau monarch, and visit linn on board bis ship. A couple of hurley Dutchmen, in a large audi clumsy boat, pulled oft" the ambassadors, and : portion of their suite. They were received at the gangway, by a man dressed in the costume of a sailor, who in a rough manner welcomed them on board. Wondering at their singular reception, but supposing it a specimen of Rus sian manners, they inquired lor the Czar, and their consternation was actually ludicrous when Ahe tailor, with "Jfnpwimr ""in. pnint-d to. the maintop, and assured the grave and stately re presentatives of Albion, that was alolt, w hire he expected the pleasure of receiv ing tho ambassadors of his friend and brother, me jvtng 01 lingiand '. The ambassadors were stupefied at this ar rangement and gazed at each other with de. pairing looks, when told that the hall of audi. encoofthe Russian monarch was the main-top of a sloop of war! They could not conceal their perplexity, anu muccd entertained sot ic suspi. cions that (hey were the victims of a Wx but when they were assured that the was ac. tually in the main-top, and wished and expected them to climb the rigging and introduce them selves to his presence, their hearts failed, their limbs trembled, and they hardly knew what course to adopt. 'What!' said the proud and venerable Eirl of Tewksbury, "does the Czar of Russia expect me to climb up those rope-ladders, and play the part of a Inrlequin at this period of my life ! To ascend tint crow's nest, in such a way, would not only bo highly undignified in a per on of my rank, but actually imp-nsible ! ' No, said Sir Nicholas Granger, with a spice nf indignation is well as sorrow in his toil", 'this a most unreasonable exaction on the part nf the Czir. For my part,' continued the knight, taking a survey ol bis pnrtlv proportions, and then glancing at the shrouds,"' I should as foon think of flying, as of going aloft to the main top by means of the rigging. No if I get there, they must hoist mo up by pulleys.' Upon farther inquiry, ihvy satisfied them selves that they must visit the bear in his den, elevated as it was, or return to England n ithuut accomplishing tho object of their mission. They hesitated a few moments, uncertain which horn of the dilemma to seize but Lord Goner, the youngest of the parly, who had once been as far as Constantinople in a ship of war, and who therefore boasted of his nautical experience, suggested !hat there was nothing so verv alarm ing or dangerous in the Czar's request that it was neither a frolic nor a hoax but a mark of respect to a great maritime government, to re ceive her envoys in a noble ship; and that if they should refuse his invitation to go aloft and hold a personal interview, after having proceed ed thus far, the Czar would conslrueit into an insult, take umbrage, and a war between the two powers of England and Russia must be the inevitable result. Wiese arguments hid duo weight, and the other ambassaders, with sour looks and an mi. gracious grunt, at length signified their reluc tant assent to the arrangement, and prepared to 'go up the rigging' a feat which 11 some, what awkward and difficult oven to a young and active landsman, and was truly appalling to those venerable and heavily. moulded noblemen. It was an act of devotion In their country and their King, nf which we can hardly find a par. allel in the pages of history. They heroically mounted the gunwale, Lord Goyver leading the way j and they were also assisted by the rough personage who received tl.c in at the gangway, and who subsequently proved to bo the celebrated Lo Fort, one of the 'most faithful and able among the councillors and friends of the Russian monarch. They got upon the ratlins, and slowly ascen. ded, panting for breath and pausing in their career, every few moments. They were gazed at with admiration by tho crew and officers on the deck of the ship, who could hardly help Ahccring them in their arduous undertaking and after a rather unreasonable time, they reached, breathless with fatigue, tho cat harp ings, lforr. clinging convulsively to the I'm. lock shrouds, they lurried awhilo to recover breath, and consult upon what was next to be clone. To climb the futtnek shrouds, and pas oVcr the rim, outside, they with one voico doci. ded was Impossible when Lord Gower with a triumphant shout pointed out the lubber's hole, of which ho.Jud -often -heard,- and tho pen is reluctant to record it these proud represcnla. lives of a great kingdom of a power which alined to become sovereign of the seas, were actually so lust to shame and a sense of true dignity, ns to crawl into the mnin fiw through ll.e, nXr. J...- I MM.:. I. ... I ?, ? Hint, , ma never necn recor ded in lliu naval annals of Great Ilritain. I'ctcr was quietly seated on an arm-chest as one following another, the ambassadors entered liis prccucc, actually creeping on .their hands and knees I lie received them with much grace and dignity with a grave demeanor, as if nothing extraordinary had taken place and by the iilllibllity nf bis manners and the charms of his coiKors.rtion Jic soon made tlieni forget '.he perplexities vliich they had so recently ex perienced, and the d.icrjcrs through which they had pascj1. Aflcr passing half atf Imur Very pleasantly In the top, tlio meeting, at the suggestion of t'clor, was adjourned to the cabin and Hie" descent Ironi the bad eiuincnre,' which they had at tained with sn much lull and peril, was accom plished under the direction nf tho Czar himself, with much less difficulty than they had antici pated. ITEMS. Atlantic Steam Kavioatin. The N. Y. henate have pased, with certain amendment as to tho nutters of form, the Assembly bill in corporating a company for the purpose nf estab lishing lilies nf steamships between New Y irk and Liverpool, and New York and Havre. The capital of this vo.rpany is 83,(K)0.0CO- It la in tended lo build seven s'hips, of two thousand ton burden, to form two separate semi-monthly lines tn England and the Continent. It is expected that it will require twelve months to build the heavy engines for these vessels, and six months more In put them in Hie hulls, and finish the snips lor sen. ',very thing is to be manufaclii. red in tills country j and most of the capitalists, encaged in the enterprise, belong to New York. I he ships are cxpecltd locust some SHOO.OOO each. A SUmmotii Lead ''cave. From tho W Louis Republican, we learn that the proprietors of tho leail cave, in Jefferson County, Aid, gave about 32o,(XJ0 for it. The cave is 75 leet in length; the ceiling is lead mineral, and several hundred thousand pounds of mineral are in sight. Under disadvantageous circumstance, ten hands have raised 3o0 to 400,000 pounds of mineral 111 the last three months. One furnace lias been erected and another is in progress. Tho ap pearance indicates abundance ol mineral in ev ery direction. Every d iy continues to develope the great mineral wealth of .Missouri. The Swallow. The wreck of the Snallow was raised again on Wednesday morning; she was floated away some distance, for the purpose of grounding her 011 the flats, below Alhcns.but the chains parted again and she sank deeper than ever. The trial of Burnett, ihe Pilot of the Swallow, has been put ofT until tho Julv term of the U. S. Circuit Court. Mr. Morris late Mayor of Now York, whoso frequent visits at the While House drew tpon him the name of "Morris Multicaulis." has re ceived the appointment of Postmaster of N. Y. 53rThc Bowery Tliralrp. in ipV Vnrlf. wn, Intnllc consumed on Pnaay evening about dusk, 'ilia fire origiomul 10 the rarpcnlcr shop, spread from thence iu uie eu nouse nunc iea 10 the iocalrr, and finally to the Theatre, of winch noihin., bm ilmhl columns of Ihe portico remiin-. The flnmrs sprend with such rapidity that was sived-tlie actors evi-n losinc their wardro'jer. This is the fourth lime willun seven years, that ibentres on ibis silo have heen burned.-If. S- O'aulte, .l.iy 3. The Wh igs of the Second Congrcssininl Dis irict of Aaljpa, hnic nominated the Hon. Hen ry W. Hiinare, lor Congress. The district is at present represented by .1r. Reiser. C. J. Ingersoll, it is paid, has in the press a history of the late war, from lBlv! to 1313, with all its principal events and prominent actors, and the causes which originated it a work no doubt authentic and desirable. The bonks for the subscription of stock in the Cheshire Railroad have been closed, (lie amount needed having been obtained in the few weeks which have elapsed since the books were open, ed. A meeting nf the stockholders has been notified, for tlio choice of Directors, on the 13th ins!., and preparations are beini' made lo com mence the work with spirit tho present summer. New Yoiik ano Nr. v Haven Railroad The bill nhnnirtJyi ?U,v VoV awl No-' Haven Railroad Company to extend their Road from the Connecticut line lo the Harlem Rail road, was lost in the New York Assembly, on .Monday the totes being, 77 for, and 13 against the bill. A reconsideration was immediately moved. Two. thirds (60) of the whole number (123) of members, whether present or ab-ent, are necessary to the passage of such bills. 7'hirly-five members were absent, when the question was taken. Louisville Convention. The Louisville Journal, of the 1st inst., says, "ll.e Methodist Convention commences its session, in lluscity, today. A large number nf delegates are here, and we judge, from our knowledge of a portion of them, that they will constitute a highly en lightened body. May a spirit uf fervent patriot, iiin and of pure and undefilcd religion guide then) in their important deliberation." FIRES. Fire in Boston. Yestcrdiy afternoon, soon after half past two o'clock and iust before Ihe time lor the second bell for divine service, the carpenter's shop of Mr. George Nowell, at the front of South Cedar slreel, near the receiving basin nf the Mill Dam Corporation, took fire, and the wind being fresh fruin the Westward, it speedily communicated to tho adjoining build tugs in that street and the foot of l'ledmont St.. and was not arrested until unwards nf twentv. live dwelling houses, chiefly of wood, were de. slroycd. Some of the furniture of the occupants was removed several times, and 601110 burnt in its last place ol deposit. Tho loss will not nrobablv fall shnrt nf a.m.. 000, and tlio amount of insurance is probably not over 810,000 or 812,000 Bom. Adv. Gheai Fire at Portsmouth. N. II V received, last evening, an Extra from tho olTire of the Portsmouth Mercury, conveying lo us the melancholy intelligence of a very serious con. fligration in that town. The fire occurred ves- lerday morning and it is said that not less than 8120,000 worth of property was destroyed. At Saccaraita, Me. Tlio Satinet Factnrv in Saccarapps, Me., occupied bv Samuel T. Thomas, iv as destroyed by (ire, 011 Friday after, noon, the 2d iust. The building was owned by J. & N. Warren and Joseph Walker, and esti. mated to lie wartli !10tl0 no insurance. Mr. Thomas lost his stock and machinery no in. surance. The machine chop of Mr. E. Gammon was in the same building, which was also de stroyed. Total loss 815,000. At Gorham, Me The Store in Gorliatn village, Me. occupied by Mr. John Jones, and owned by S. Loog'ellow, of Portland, was en. tirely cuiisuined on Tuesday night, the 29th till., with all its contents uf West India and other goods. Mr Jones was fully insured. A Mutual Insuranco Cn office was in the chamber of the building. The iron safe, containing their books, etc., foil through, and was hooked out from the burning pile below, wilhuut injury to its con. tents, save a partial discoloring of tho paper. At Loukville, Kv. On Saturday a little after noon, the extensive foundery and machine shop, on Ninth street, near Water, w as totally destroyed by fire. It belonged In our respected and oiitcrprisiug fellow citizen, Mr John Curry, and was not insured. We have heard the loss variously estimated and from 820,000 to 8G0, 000. Journal rf Monday, 23A ull. At Mansfield, Ohio The Miami if halt Rrir, at Perrysburgb, Ohio, states that at Mans field, the stable of Mr John Wiler'a hotel, and soma other outhouses occupied as granaries, storage rooms. &c. were destroyed by fire on Monday night, the Mill ull, Tho loss of pro. perly is estimated at from six to eight thousand dollars. At Springfield, Ohio. On Wednesday, Ihe 23d ult. the largo stable belonging to Neil, Monro Sl Co.. were struck by I ig Inning, and consumed, Fivo horsus were consumed two of Ihehv belonging to Col.- Wcrdcn, the others to Neil Moore & Co- I nr. Suutiikrn Methodist Conven tion. The Convention of representatives of tlio iMuihodist Church in tlio Southern Stales, in session nt Louisville, Itns decided to mitknan official publicitiion of its proceed ings in tho Louisville Journiit On tlio sec ond tiny Disliop S011I0 untiounced lltnt nfter caicfiil consideration, lie has resolved to ac cept tlio invention 10 preside over tlio Con vention. In regard to lite object of tho as sembly, he sold.- " Long as I liavo presided In Ihe cniinclls of the rliurch, I have seldom, if ever, fell as I feel now. The occasion is one nf deep interest and snlcmnily. Tho results of the doings of Ihe convention will be all important, to all tho in terests concerned, whether nu consider them in reference lo Ihe World at large, tlio political union of these United States, or the Church of tho living God. You should therefore act with the utmost moderation and deliberation. It is known to all who are acqua'nti-d with our aflliirs, that I have entertained and announced the opin ion, ever since last May, that the action of the General Conference, tin that occasion, would ultimately sever Ihe Church. "This opinion was not formed hastily, but was the result of a careful analysis of that ac, lion, and the connection between causes and ef fects. In this opinion I was not and am not alone, and nothing that has occurred since has altered my opinion. I deeply regret I lie present disastrous condition of tlio Church, and have labored, as much as in me lioth, lo confine the evil within as narrow bounds as possible. I have urged the brethren in the South lo keep close to, and carry out strictly, the plan of sepa ration a peaceable and amicable separation : as made and provided by the General Cojifcr-, once, sols In leave the way open for a free and friendly intercourse between all the branches of the great Wcsleyan family." "And I beg this Convention to keep stricllv iviiliin the plan of separation. I rejoiced In find the Southern Conferences firm and ardent in their devotion to Methodism, as delivered to us by our fathers, i move not out of the record of the dicipline, and am not to be moved from its firm foundatinns. You are hero 111 the simo spirit, lie ye steadfast, iinmovr.hle. Your pre sent rnnveiition and future course grow out of ihe peculiarities nf your condition, and in view of these peculiarities you will act as sound dis cretion w arrauts. His remarks wore received with tumultu ous applause. A debate ensued upon vari ous preliminary mailers, after which (lie fol lowing resolution was ndojited: Resolved, That a committee of two members from each annual conference, represented in this convention, be appointed, whose duty it shall be to take into consideration the propriety and necessity of a Southern organization, an. -cording lo the plan of separation, adopted by the late general conference, together with the acts of the several annual conferences, and re port the best method of securing the contempla ted object in the appointment ol this convention Tho Committee was nppointed, nnduftcr tho adoption of the following resolution, and snmo unimportant proceedings, lliu Conven tion iidiourtied : Resolved, That a committee of one member 1 from each delegation bo appointed to prepare a plan to bo rccouiinended to the several annual conferences represented in this convention, for the management and support of missions con nected wild said conferences, and the said com. nntteo be instructed to report within the next eight days. mrlihfttfl'iw FRIDAY .MORNING, MAY1C.1SI5 GRIEVOUS. A rumor has been current for a day or two, founded on information from the soulli "ward, wlnVli is excTujciaTing to lite ancient dynasty in this region, 1 nil productive of cor responding felicity to ihe youthful indotnila bits. It is no less than that the Vermont patron saint, who lias been for a while la king charge of another parish, is set adrift to find a sanctuary here he can, and thai Jon athan I. Coddinglon, Ex-Postmaster of New York, takes his place. This ol ilself, taken a lone, would nflord but slight ground for the grief nnd delight above alluded in, were it not a fact generally found to bo true, that ulilimigli when a snake is killed, his tail survives him, llie tail is obliged lo follow suit " when the sun goes down." This it is that gives iis chief poignancy of sorrow and jny lo Ihu dispensation. That lime-honored fai7, wilh its thirty. two rattles! Who will not miss it when its music is hushed I If this rumor turns out lo bo a hoax, we shall expect to hear gun-firing on one side and suicide on lite other, and pice versa if it prove true. Tlio agony of expectation has uecn tinier enough while tho vilo adm inis trillion lasted, but lo" bo kept in cxpenso," usitio tiamsel said to her tardy suitor, when a Simon pure " democratic" administration has the reins, is " most tolerable and not to be endured." If this story proves well-founded, it wit' bo a confirmation of tho belief wo entertain ed when Van Ness was first appoinled, dial his appointment would be regarded by (he tuw iork democracy as anything but com plimentary, and would be remedied as soon as it could bo reached, without regard 10 ihe mere capacity of lite incumbent for tho exe cution of the office. It was a practical hint to die Now York folks that, with all their democracy, all their candidates, and ull their noise, they could not turn out a man so fit for Collector of their own port, as a reject ed and repudiated advonturer from another StlJtC. Of coursoj our personal interest in this mailer doos not need a great many figures lo compute it, but wo thought it host to give publicity to the rumor, fearing dial tho am phibious condition of tho Sentinel & Demo crat might prevent it from Hoicing the hearts of u great portion of its readers with the welcome intelligence. Wo aro ufraid, after all, that the subject of a removal hero will bo brought under the slaluto ol limitations, in which case, even if die ofiiro shni'ld bo decided lo be real es tate, requiring fifteen years to perfect title by possession, tho Statute would have run twice upon the claim of die present propri etor. From Mexico. Tho steam schooner Au gusta arrived al Now Orleans en the 27lh ult., from Matamoras. Tho Captain reports that he was informed by a Mexicau officer that 400 men were ordered lo ihe mouth of the river al that place and 300 men 10 tlio Brassos, to afford protection to the inhabi. Hints, in case ofemergepcy. There was no othci news. CONNECTICUT, Tlio Legislature of Connecticut met at Hartford on Wudncsdiiy. Hon. V. W. Boardman (Whig) of N. II., whs chosen Speaker, having 87 vote, nnd C. II. Boards ley (Loco) 54 ilinro being lfJscattering. In tho Scnvte, Hon. A. N. Skinner was chosen President aio tent. The Girveioofijcjjvrrcd Ms Speech to both houses lrsJftu!fiernoon. lie stoics thai on tlio 31st of March lust there was h tint. aiKo of $25,300 in tho treasury, nnd tlio permanent fntid, of which ll.e income Is ap plied to the ordinary expenses of the gov ernments, amounts to 8400,400. Tho erection of new buildings for ihe In ann, is recommended. The expenditures of tho Slato Prison du ring lire year wero 810,932 ; earnings of Ihe ptisoners 819,284. Tho judicial expenses of tho State havo risen from 812,441 in 1820, to $31,776 In 1845. Tlio number of militia men enrolled is 49,991. Tho Education fund amounts to $2,051, 424, and during the past year $117,730 wero distributed among 1658 school districts. The Governor recommends tho provision of more cflerliiul means to collect debts, sttg- gesung nun me tendency nl legislation seems lo bo towards laxila of Morahr in the fulfil- ment.of contracts. j live luriiris said toliavo been fully vindtca ted by experience, and the duly of every State lo remain faithful to tho Union is for cibly urged. The case of Ihe treatment of Mr. Hoar, by the authorities of South Caro lina, is referred to, as are also the frauds in elections, Hnd ihe necessity of amending the laws of naturalization. Willi regard lo tho annexation of Texas, tlio Governor says it is not yet consummated, and ho " recommends lo the General Assembly to guard against any inference which their silenco til this lime, might seem lo justify, that a measure soon founded in principle, so dangerous as n pre cedent and so dcstruclivo in its tendency to the pence nnd prosperity of tho country and tho objects of our Union, can ever receive the sanction of the people of Connecticut.' HtlODE Island Legislature. It nn- pears from the olTtcial count of the voles for Mijaibors of Geess-in Uhudo Island"; (hat Hon. Henry Y. Cranston is re-elected by 4,967 voles, all other candidates having re ceived 69. Hon. Lemuel H. Arnold" was chosen by 3,213 voles, against Elisha It. Potter, who had 3,030. There were also 76 scattering voles. A bill of Amnesty, directing that no fur ther prosecutions bo commenced under iho lale law in relation to offences against the 1 sovereign power of the Suite, that ihe Al- torney General be directed to enter a nolle pioscqui upon all indictments now ponding j for such offences, and (hat the three persons ' now imprisoned on sentences under the said j law, viz. Thomas W. Dorr, Benjamin ftj, I Bcsvvortli, nnd Wihnarlh Heath, be liberated i from confinement, was offered in tho Senate I on Tuesday. It was expected that it would come up for consideration on Thursday, but j From Texas. The stentnsl.iv Npjr YorhJ .'. f.Tv.,,V,.m fciltjipdinterJ,-ana' the lias brcTngli? lo New Orleans Galveston pa opinion prevalent al Newport at tho last dale pers to the 26lli ult. They aro almost en- was, that the hill would be postponed to the next session, a majority of both Houses being opposed. It was supposed that tho session would close on Frid-iy hist. Retrenchment and Reform. Wo have already alluded lo the new rule set nn hv Mr. Vice President Dallas, whereby some Thir- 'y Thousand Dollars havo been construed out of ihe Treasury of, he United States i,o Ihe pocket, ofSenalor, and in virtue of which Daniel S. Dickinson of thi, State, is report - ed 10 have received Fice Hundred Dollars e Tor an imaginary journey performed from Birmingham lo Washington between tnid-i night and morning on the 4.1. of M-irch. I, now seem, .hut Mr. D.illa, does not stand alone it. hi, " glory." The l,s. Loco Foco House of Hfflltad tilKMi-islieil fur a cW97ilemia tn l nm mrin. 1 ovintlmir nnrb.l. .1 .1. . f .... ... V - - -. M.USI- - , (saw - j v- inu u 1 1 ic 1 People. Under die general provision of the law authorizing each branch of Congress to supply ilself with the necessary Stationery, Books, &c. tho last House of Representa tives voted (o give each member 21 Volumes of Gales & Scnton's State Paper, 30 lo 30 volumes of iho Register of Dobates, 12 vol umei of the Extra Globe, Peter Force's American Archives, and 1 varioly of smaller articles, amounting in all to about Six Hun dred Dollars to each Member! Of course out of 242 Members there were a good many who did not care a sixpence for these works, and wern ready lo sell them lo Iho highest bidder. Accordingly, il 1, said that one " speculator," 11I0110 bought up about seventy of these) shares, or "Member's lickots," as Ihey aro called, for two hundred dollars apiece. We think lliojthoje affair a most discreditable job, though eminently charac teristic of Loco Focoism, and strikingly il lustralive of tlio sincerity of its profession, about " Retrenchment and Reform." Alb. Eve. Jour. Henry Clav, Jr., a son of die great Har ry, has been nominated for Congress in (he Louisville district, Ky. Mr. Clay is about 36 years of age. He was graduated at (lie West Point Military Academy, at or near tho head of his class. Leaving West Point, ho became a lawyer. Of late years he has devoted himself to agriculture. Ho married Miss Pralhcr, of Louisvillo, a daughter of one of ihe pioneers of Kentucky, and a lady of great beauty and largo fortune. Tho name of Clay is justly dearlo the American people. They will rejoice lo hoar of the election lo Congress of tho favorite son of Old Harry of the West. Ohio. Tho CukfnwstrrOaxetto remarks that a railroad enthusiasm has soiled upon llto poople of northern Ohio, and hails it as a good sign. Tho stock necessary to coin plulo tho road from Cincinnati lo Sandusky, has been taken, and it )i thought thai the contracts fpr.the unfinished portions will be given out bv the first of Juno. LETTISH FHOM AIR. CLAY. Tho following loiter from Mr. Cla-, in answer to tho Address of tho Central Clay Committee 0r tho city of New York, was reatl last night at the Howard House before the Cominllteo and a large number of ciii- zens who had assembled for the purpose of Hearing ii. 11 was received by us at an hour too late In permit of any comment ; but it speaks so well for ilself, that comment ap pears needless. aV. Y. Cour.and F.nj. Ashland, 25lh April, 1845. dtjcTLEMtm The Hon. Willis Green delivered to me lew days ago nl this place the sddreia which you did me the honor to make the 4ib March last, enrolled on parchment, and enclosed in a silver case manufactured by Mr. Wm. Adams for Ihe occa-ion. .lllcu 'Jf',h ? mollon of grateful sensibility, which it would be vain lo attempt to dsscribe. Waiv lag all consideration of Ihe causes and consequences or tho recent Presidential Election, of which it treats, as a past and irrevocable event, on which I have nei ther inclination, nor would it perhaps be filtinir for me to expatiate, I lake pleasure in expressing my profound and grateful sense ol the presi, persevirine and efficient labors of the Central Committee of the raty of New York during the canvass which preceded the election. And 1 must express also tho high anil astmg obligations which I feel to the Committee, and lo the Whigs of New York, for the attachment and generous confidence towards me, displayed at the commencement and throughout tho whole progress or Hie campaign, and now manileatcd in terms of fervid and touching cloquenco in the address before me. The patrioiism which animated them in the contest could never have been doubled, but this document presented after our defeat, bears conclusive evidence Doth or their patriotism and disinttrestedniss. Mv situation 13 peculiar. I havolMi-n. in r Ptcd discomfiture, the object ofhonors ana of com- 1 . , ..... uviv.l Ul IIUIIUI1 , " " " IITIS "fl'iy rennereo only to Ihoje who ore sue- bo poliey of a prdlec- rTj . VKtoIlou In the steal enterprises ormnn , "V., , , nondj to say nothing of other dcmon!trniions. Ihe leuers, uie adclrt-sse aud communications which I have received since the election from every quarter, rrotn collective bodies and individuals, and from both sexes, conveying sentiments and reclines of the warmest regard and strongest friendship, and deplor ing the issue of the election, would fill 0 large volume v. e.i 1"ite as much if not more affecicd hv inem than I washy any disappointment or personal interest of mv own in the event of tho contest. Among them, gciulcmcn, your kind address will be ever cherished l.y me with Ihomostgralilicd feelings, and in (be dnrsble form in which von have hnd ihe goodness lo transmit It lo me, it will be preserved ns a prccions memorial, on which my remotest descend ants may gaic, as I hnve perused it, vvilhproud satis I'cUon. I ,m, gentlemen, With high respect, Your faithful friend, II CLAY. Mefs. J. R. Wood, Denj. Drake, and other's. Mimtarv AIovements. Tho Washing ton Union, slates that Col. Kearney, with several troops of his regiment of dragoons, nd in pursuance of standing orders from die general chief of 1842, will set out from Fort Leavenworth (on tho Alissouri) sometime in this month, to make an cxlensivo tour of tlio prairies beyond. The samo paper adds : "Ho is lo visit numerous tribes of Indians, lo counsel llicm lo respect our fur traders and Oiegon emigrants, to maintain peace among themselves, and to impress all with Iho friendship, die vigilance, and the power of tho United Stales. If his horses should he able lo maintain themselves on pasturago alone, ho may go as fur as Fort Lilranir. (a trader's work) 111 the South Pass 01 ," liocy Mountains, The expedition w'" ma " w'do sweep, advancing by one foul ani '"turning by another. Two other comPa"'M of die same regiment (die first Jra"00s,) are about to make a tour with s'"'"''"' objects along tho .Mississippi, and ''JS1' "P lllc St Peter's river, which has its n,ml1'1 near 'ho Great Falls, (St. Anthony) a,so re,ur,l',,g u' n different route." lirely filled with discussions of annexation J Frequent meetings of tho friends of die mea- ' sure are held, and judging from tho public demonstrations of this sort, there would seem lo be little opposition lo il. But the Civil . ,iln' wl"ci' " "PP0"-'". thai the friends j "I,sCa"ldi"Vg,dP,endcnCU ar bo11' ,Ulmer" 1 ""i"'' j"C'-V?",i . , , , . , , , " ' "' A,fll ST1'' wl, ,as g"" ,0.L"!i",d ""Charge, opposed .0 1 inncxon : 'lu ,s 10 in ft. T' f "' Gc"' ,,ous,on s "P1"""1 not , known. ,r, ... , . " ",e au,l,ori,-v ' Mi,J" Do"cI',!0" 1,!n,"'I!. eonliadleu the ' TT " "" received h '") LxCCU"V,e of Te"fc ... .... ... ...v . s.i nn3 iriiiubiiiru u auuri 1 . I , . . "",0 5,"ce. Bnu scnl auw UalVanCStOll with five hundred bales of cotton on board. Tho hull is 140 feet long and 20 feel broad, and can carry eight hundred bales cotton. Business in Galveston i, very brisk, and large warehouses, fair dwellings and whiio cottages, aro said to bo rising up liko crea tions of some talc of romance. Tho New Orleans papers, nnd especially die Picayune, are in exslacic, at tho whirl wind of enthusiasm which sweep, over Tex as, in favor of Annexation. Still the Pica yune discovers indications of hostility to the measure on die part of the Government, and notices that the day for the meeting nf Con gress, Junn 16th, 1, reinolo enough to allow Mr. Smith to return from England with the liail cllorts of the British Government. It states also that M. Saligny, the French Minister in Texas, ha, been heard to say lITJt President Jones would never sanction a bill of annexation, should such a one be pas sed by Congress ; but that he would veto it Still, il apprehends that all these acts will bo utterly futile, before such demonstrations of popular feeling us have recently beeu witnessed in 1 cxas. The American Review.-Wc have baro ly had lime lo glance over Ihe pages of Ihe May number of ibis sterling periodical. It is embellished with an admirable portrait of John tjuincy Adams, and among the con tents is a seiies of Thicr's History of Napo loon ; a clever paper entitled "thoughts on books" ; a notice of the "Vestiges of Crea lion" (a work which continues to excite 1 good deal of sensation in the literary world) and oilier articles of morit. V. Harrington is the agent for die Review. Connecticut. The Legislature of Con necticut was organized on Wednesday of last week by the choice of Hon. W. W. Board, man as Speaker of Ihe House. At 12 o' clock, the Governor, Roger S. Baldwin, having been escorted lo tho State House, met the two Houses in Convention, and de livered h speech. It gives an interesting re view of .he iifidiii of ihu Slato. ,;7M 'a.- o now Orleans Uul- C- I ... . .. . . -- -" mea ui papers ironi ju- maica 10 lliu I'Jlh nil., containing later intel ligence concerning the affairs of Hayli. Gen. Hcrnrd, in hi, expedition lo regain his pow er in tlio island, sailed from Kingston on die 29th of March, in n schooner for Iho port of ot. 1 nomas, but returned without effoctiniT a landing, lo Port Antonio, (Jamaica). The loiiowing is ins own account of iho induce ment, which led him to tho enterprise, and of his progress in il : After an auibpniln tWInf-nitm In u,t.!At. eeiicslly and loyally expressed the fears, the uffer- mccsiiiies 01 ine naynan Itepublic, Uen. Hcrnrd, the elder, is recalled from exile by Ihe VOlCe Of the Hflvlinn n-nnl. T .!.:. UI ', this decision, he lett Kingston on the 29ih Msrch, in s schooner which cleared for Si. Thomas t but liav inz arrived on the coast of Hayli, ofT the port of L, Anse d Havnault, General Hcrnrd took on board a pilot, who apprised him that nothing had been pre pared for his reception. He feared that in effecting a landing there, Haylian blood would Row, which Tie desired to avoid, as being contrary to his views and his political principles) he prefettcd, under such cir cumstances lo withdraw. Hveryihinp, moreover, being now opposed to Iho prolonging of hisvovnge, Hint Is to f ay, calms and cuirents retaining him'thrce days on the coast of Hayti-hia horses dying Tor want or food, and his stock of provisions and vvoier Iting exhausted, he made snl for Port Antonio, whence, ancr havin;; landed his horses, chanced his crew, and provisioned his vessel, he saikd for St. I hunias. It i, slated by the Jamaica nancr, that Gen. II. discharged his foreign crew, and look in at Port Antonio, for his second voy age, a crew of Jamaicaian, to naignte hi, schooner. It also slated thal H.'M. frig ate Spartan sailed on the 11th inst. lo took after him, wild the intention as was beliuved, of making a prize of Ins vessel for an aliened non-compliance-with tho navieadon laws in shipping his crew, and also for having cm- uavKta a ntimucr 01 lire arm, invoiced as hardware. Ho look in a lot or nnwrlpr af Port Royal, and cleared out at Rio de la Hatch Letters hnd been received in Jamaica, an- nouncing mat nm-r tlio 1st 0f J.,u. i,- -r t . . Majcsty's Government would withdraw die grant of .3,000 per annum, which had been hitherto allowed for the education of tho la boring classes in Jamaica. Tho sum of .500 is lo be ullun ct1 until July, 1847, when the'grnnt will altogether cease. C7" Tho Newnik Advertiser mention, a case of very extraordinary conduct on the part of our American Consul at the Isle of trance. Ir. A. M'Kensic. of Newark. went on a whaling voyage in Ihe ship Thule i. wa, refused nn die ground tha, ho was rln! a hand on board the Ilecla I Ho proceeded to St. Helena, where, notwithstanding all possible kindness on the part of ll.e An.eri - can consul, he died on the 22d of Junuarv I ... This treatment on the part of our consul seems most unfeeling and unjustifiable. now miicn the personal character onlm in cumbent of thu office at that station may have contributed to il, we aru not aware, as we 00 not know even Ins nauii; : but wo cannot believe hut that he would havo been fully sustained by our government, in ox tending to this dying American, on a distant anu trienilluss shore, any mil lie might need. Wm wo 'ivyiro.n J.';ft. !iii?li& v.;rt.i -tikiHi ti. our American consulnto system, and of the precise instructions by which nor Consuls auiunu ihu .1 1 iiiuiiu v .riit'rru in um; uis- charge of their duties'. And while wo can- not believo dint, in such a case as that men tinned above, n violation of the letter of in- clrnrlinna in ltnli.i'r nf -i ciiffitt-in man, would have bee,, accounted w, ong,we uu iiui uiiuiii iii.ii rooic.ii ri'iorm 111 llie mode of filling and discharging the consular nTir,. i ,l..n.i.n.l...l I.., Iw... I 1 ......... ,,. ,,d9,9 ..uu Ihe honor of llie country. A wide discretion slnuld bo allowed to t i ii i uui 1.U1ISHI3 .mi u. in, in .in iii-ii, ers iii reunion to tlio reliel ami protection ol American cit izens; and Hi order to iiinko such discretion safe, none but men of character and. sound judgment should bo appointed to fill the of- lice. Jour, ana fcriy. Later fkoji Texas. The steamship New York arrived here yesterday morning from Gal veston, whence she sailed on the L'd h in-tant The people of Texas are determined upon An, nexation. Through their public iiiocIiiil's and the press, tncy express themselves with an en thiisiasin which cannot, we arc persuaded, be borne down. I'ublic meetings were held all over the coun try, so far as heard from, to lake the question mm constoeraiion. In reijard to the difference supposed to have occurred between Mnjor Donclson and Presi dent Jones, a most satisfactory explanation is given in the iNatwiui Kegisicr, published at Washington. I lie I'rcfiuent was ill at the lime of Ihe Charge's arrival, but this did not pre vent the presentation or the latter. The l'res ideut was then only hesitating between appeal ing directly lo the people or calling Congress tngether, upon Ihn latter of which courses he finally determined. Tho intelligence previously given by us of the imiian nitncuiiics on me iMieces ami other like incidents, is fully confirmed. X. O. Pica yunr, April 30. Tits IluttNT NisTniCT. The Pittsburgh Ga zette of Monday last gives the following grati. fying picture of the revival of llie strong energies of business, and the displacement of the ruins of Ihe lato conflagration. "On a strnli through the Hnrnt District, on Saturday afternoon, we counted tvvenly-nino houses, either under roor, or up one or two sto ries, built since the fire. Home of them are very handsome buildings. We did not try lo count the number nf those tho foundations of which are only commenced. They cannot be less than between uno and two hundred. Con sidering that it is only a little over three weeks since the fire, it cannot be denied that very con siderable energy and expedition have been man. ifestcd. Such is the great labor of removing the rubbish, that in many of Ihe larger buildings and warehouses it is not removed yet, although men have been steadily at work since the heat has subsided. Two or three months will alter the appearance of our principal streets entirely. Wait Patiently. We aro constantly re celviti" letters and communications (one of which'vve publish from Ihe leading mem. bers of the untcrrified 'Young Democracy, in re. lation lo our political enemies remaining in of. (ice. Wo say lo our friends wait ; wait ta. tientlt: James K. Polk was nominated and elected by Ihe Young Democracy, of the United Slates he knows Iheir wishes ; he is well ac quainted with Iheir seal and indomitable ener gy ; their principles are his ; we sajr again wait all will be well ; the world was not mtde in a day. U. S. Jour. There was no choice for Momber of Con gress in iho 9th district of Massachusetts on Monday. The vote is small. This is No Meal Williams' district. nt ianiiicKel, lint being sick was lelt al tho I'aicis DeefCalile-Last week's prices were hard Fegce Islands in January, 1844. Growing y siust.nneJ. Eitra 85.75 861 first quality 5.50 ) worse, he started home in die llecla, which I ttiS stopped al llc Islu of France, where lie ap- Hiecp-Salca from 81,50 10 3j a few fine Weth- lllif'fl In tlin Pnnsttil for nmrl!,:,,., . ra Bl$3. (Joon IW-The Washington corre.pon. tueiij i 1110 rnnaueipnia ledger relates the fol lowing anecdote : A letter was received this morning bv Mr. Ellsworth, commissioner of tho patent office, from Mr. Buchanan, Secretary of State, request ins hi in lo furnish him with a list of the officers under hun, their place nf birth, age, the length of time they had been in the department, amount of salary, &c. Mr. Keller, long and favorably known as one of the examiners, was first called. Where wero you born, sirl Answered. How long have you been in this office J Since 1821, sir. What Is your age, sir 1 Answered. What is your salary 1 81000 per annum. Did you vole latt fallt I did not, sir, as I was not entitled to a vote, being a resident of tho district. Are those all the questions you have tn ask 1 Ves, sir, as ynu have mado a memorandum of my answers, please to add, that rf I had boen entitled to a vole, I would have voted lor Henry Clay, of Kentucky. I am, and always have been, and hopo that I may alvvars remain, a Whig. Walpole, wo learn, has taken 60,000 of Iho Cheshire Railroad stock Bellows Falls 41,000. Tho Locks and Canal Company, owned in England, will probably take 20, 000 or 25,000 more -Jaffroy abont 30,000 Troy and Filiwilliam about 25,000 Keens over 164,000 Charleston 25,000. There are several subscriptions in Nelson, Sullivap, Roxbiiry, Gilstim, Chesterfield, Sic. The sum of S500.000 itaving been taken in Bos ton, Iho books we understand, were closed on Monday. Kecne Sent. The death of David W. Dickinson, late mem ber of Congress from Tennessee, is announced in the lennesscc papers. C?"Your Advertisements next week. GENERAL SINGING CONVENTIOV AT stmvE 1 eJ nd" u b. KSJPf ITh,.r.H.;:th-9R Thursda y, the 28,h and 29.h of JI,y insL Arrange- II DC made fur till, pnlaii.inm.Hi r :. inent wi! from abroad. Prof. Lowell Mason, of Boston, hss given positive assurance, to be present on ihe occa sion. Other teachers of Music, who enjoy a well earned reputation in lhat science, will also attend the convention. A general invitation ishereby exlended toall in the Stale who would be interested in su.-h a mcetinr, to "ind- ... C,IAS- FUIAMt for Com. Stone, May 2d, 1815. COMMERCIAL. 1IRICIITON MARKET, May 5, 18. "iVnrfL660 BcCL9",e 15 P"'" of Wotkintr ten. ljnn ShPn nnrl Ofi) ins rt ,n . . ' um!'W Shcfp' "nd 2025 Swine- 123 Beef Ca,,le I rowswoVo,, ieffiV-B0 5580 f ofds "um 4 10 5- Al retail from 5 to 6c. I Kr vJrt , 1 "V MllM''h st. t,n.i,..i .'Z .IrV 'east, lVU I TVi-lvi, t,l,n,l,,l ...I,, r: I r. .. .m i S ii .7. . "'""ijuu, unc sin were sold at 81 32 a 81.33. 4 inn The Teas sold lo-day were undesirable, so lhat al thoush ihe prices are low, ihey indicate no change in oeneseo flour n. steady al 81,73 per bbl. Soma prime Western via New Orleans sold at 31621. Old Piime Pork 80.44 a 0,50. imi much doine. I.iird sells in a small way ol 7 3-8 a 8 l-2c. J ,c"r5 f IWihern Cum sold at 43c measure s C00 bush, live al Cole in the slip; 1S00 bu.h. prime l.ene-ee W heat at $1,03 per bush. 0n are worth 31 ct Sales nl Cotton COO bales, market a tntlu iaier. 91 jet cent, prein. Uthapni f !i""'n' -The?a' of cotton are but E00 Southern KdWK .ivi. hu.c wen smu ui ci u Jour. Com, . vrIf nTMmr ,.,' e Al market, 1,029 UeefCalile (750 from ihe South), 100 Cows and SOO Sheep. bices nen Lame Ihe market continues er , .TSdvS olders have failed lo obtain PS ol last week. We rpwnui fjuoianoii viz: S3 to 6,50, according to quality. i """ii- ' . "l"5.0.'".1 VI,IVP.4-" i. cleared at 818 a 23 ,0 tu, winch is a slight advance on last week's quo- taiions. ' ,,Sol!efp -"' Sl.75 a 3,50 to 4,50. Lambs I oi.-j to J ij. Ml old. llay I.asi sales at 56 a 62 1-2 cents. In this village, on the 12th inst., by Kev. II. J. Parker, Mr. Houea U. Dbevv, of this town, to Miss LonixDV Uoav, of Washington, Vt. In Dudley, N. II., April 21, Rev. James D. nrri.i, of this place, to Anna, daunhler of U.-v. Dr. Bates. E Q dlj In this town, on Tuee lay the 13lh insr., of con sumption, Mrs. Hlizabeth A., wife of Prof, llt.isr Ciianet, in the 36ih year of her are. In Shelburne, on the 8th inst., Mrs. Hannah Rn sell, formerly widow of Dan Payn, aged 78. Prin ters in Conn, and Ohio please copy. In Hssex, on the 4th inst., after an illness of only a few hours, Mr. James Gates, seed 53. In this death, his family have sustained an irrepar able loss; the community have been called to part wnh one of tier moat vanish! riiivpna ihn PhnM-k of Christ with a beloved and valuable member. Co. MISS. MARKHAM, XtlXLlUVER. HASjii-t returned from New York with new fashion for Bonnets and Cnps. AIo, Arfifi rill Flower-, Silks, Kil.bon-. Mourning Collars, ficelle-, Pins, Ac, whk-h willhrold cheap. Tii-can-tnil Straw cleaned and repaired. Shop over -Me-r. Cole ci Rob.'n-on's More. College St. May 15, 1815. 4 M Thz BoBS 3 EfiBgngf!2 Painting, Carriago Making, &c. SI'AULDINC it RUJSELI CONTINUE the Painting business in all its vari ous branches, and solicit a mniini,nM r.r it.. public patronsae. Wc have also commenced CARUIAGK MAKING, and are prepared to make to order any kind of Car-" nages or Sleighs that may be wanted, in a first rats manner, and cheap for cosh. Repairing done on hort notice. All kinds of Drodiieo i.bnn .rk.... for work Call and see for yourselves. SIlOD on Shelhnrn Rr nn.l.- 1. Am..u Hotel. " Burlington, May, l&fi. SOmS i. o. srAVLDixo, i. h. scats! I. SLATES, very nice, various sixes, Slate pencils, ( while,) ituuii. inn, steel 1'ens, Toy Books, of all descriptions, Conversation Cards, Visiting and Priming Cards, from S lo 75 els per pack, for rale by BO STEVENS WOODS POCKKT Bibles, f rest vsrieiv, Quarto Bibles, from 1,50 to f 7,00, Testaments, all sizes and prices, lor sale by 50 S. WOODS. Hymn Books, "WATTS and Select, Methodist Hymns, Tha1 Pralniisi, for sale by j J-it.v r..s vtyuus.

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