Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 13, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 13, 1846 Page 2
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onus ipibss im;atii of silt, i' llasants. The Imrrilitc liffUir at Uirhninnd, of w Inch wo enoke in our list. In- ir.r,.,;..,i.t r.i,ii.. r... ol'I'C parlies'. Mr Pleasants died of Ins wounds on Friday morning. The Waslihijrtnii cnrroa pondenVif the Baltimore Patriot gives the ful. luwing accoui; of lliu combat: , The quarrel had ffnln. rill in ihnir nPWn.nfra In iuch in extent Ihat .Mr. l'lras..'ils thought himself . niini upvn in unng me inauir lu crisis, lie there kresenia request to Mr. Ilitchi.-, to meet him at i sprcified placo and hour across the river 'mm Hieh. nuiid, with stdo arms. .Mr Undue sent wortiWn Mat nc.-.iuld not consent to seiilu the in that way. Air Pleasants then ..m I. ,n, nr,l .1,.. it,. Mr Ritchie then prepared lnni elf with a revolver or six bnircl., two duelling and a horseman's the time named rcl'a'rtlJ lu tll: t,l,lcu designated, nt i JV. I'ca'1nta arrived, wiih two (or four there ia a iloult about tin ) common pistols and a Bword cine. A friend of Mr. Pirasiuls approached Mr. Kitcliic, and said to him that ho thought the difficulty might he settlul if the latter would do one tiling nc knowlcdgc that he helloed Mr Pleasants to bo a bravo man. Mr Ititchio replied that onro he could have doiio tin j but now, Mr. Pleasants having call ed him there, ho could not ma! c such an acknowl edgement. Soon arter this Mr. Pleaants appeared, approach r Ititchio. cutis.deratilyin advance of the two mends who hil ncc.impinird him to die spot. As he approached at a rapid pace, Mr llitrln- rued su. res sivily his mo dielhn pistols, realms e.ieh on his led arm drswn mi in an anlc fir that rurpose. lie then pit-iiiM In-revolver m.d fuel iiihtr four or five ofiis lnrrel. Aller he Ind filed fust upon Mr. llr'asants, the latttr drew and firrd thrici; without cltect.all the lime ruslunj up tu Mr limine, and when iiciren iugli ho sirmk I.m with his swoid lane, when the-ciblnrd MVwnir and Mr. Uilthie drink u ihe l.h.liuir sp'-ar mill Im -hnrl swurd-iu lining w hie,, he received the in tho corner of Ins nioulli; uonnrd a s'yht g:ih .Mr I'liismn then fell, havini; rrnivnl fln wn..n,l. ons bill r.i.,f.l ncioss tho hack i.fhi" Irli hand, . .ii ! ... ,r mi iiu nuiscm- an.i teiuiens Iculing to the fiiinrrs aiiuiher unused il.rnn..l. il.n itn.l..- u.irl of hi lefl arm, h-ilf ay up from the elbow to the shoulder. Another entered the left biessi, and ranecd round nn 'er the arm. A fourth enured the left mom and proved mortal. The fifth wound was in me rijiu tiiigii-cither by n boll or thrust from the short sword. Solnsrndcd ihoearihly career of the gifted, tho iiig..-uiiiiiu;..,iuet:encrou, wnoic soulcil John Hamp den P.'eis.nits I His Inn to the eoinmuniiv in wind. he moved, to tho edilnml fraternity of which he was ever a sparkling, hrillnnt, and to tho uiuusanos i. ins cicr-iicni'iitou and instructed reader-, will l.e most deeply fell, as his sanguinary extt will bo sadly inoiiriird. for many jears ho has been one of iho most vigorous, original and brilliant po litical writer in the eountry. Ito was n man if strong impulses, and, in Iho excitement of Iho mo mcnt, soiiieliiius eonimuted editorial errors, or did tns opponents itij i lice. I!ut tint man lived not who w.euu more reiiuy or amply alone for indiscretions vi injuries oi mi nature, From the Richinrnd Whig, Jlirch 3. Fl'seb l or tub hie John tl.tvrnnN- Pleasants. Tho solemn ceremonv of ronsiiritng to the tomb the mortal remains of this eminent man, took place on Sunday lat. .11 hall past ten o clock, the body wa removed from In- Uic resideuie, on Governor trect, to the United Presbyterian Church, of which the Ilcv. Mr Sides is nas'or. The day was cold, gloomy and inclement, and the whole aspect of nature in consonance with tho sad feehnes inspired bv the melancholy occasion. Hut notwithstanding thcforbiddingstateoflhc weather, the church was soon crowded l.yan immense multitude, who fi lad to ovcrllnvin-s everv accessible nlaee in the galleries, as well as the pews and ni-le-of the lower llior, while hundreds wcrereluctantly forced lo retire, oeing unauio to ouiain udmiit.nice. ieer was there in lid-city, a moro marked and decided ruanifesMtioii. not of mere sympathy, occasioned by the horrible character of the late appalling calamity, but of deep and intense feeling, swilling in every breast, and fli-lenitigin en rye) c. At eleven o'chvli, llie si U'liin services were com menced wilh all introductory prayer, mid tho reading of a chapter from the hook of .lob, l.y the. Roy. Mr. Sliles. This was suceeeJed by a iiyiiiu, and a most feeling and fervent aj Iress lo llu Throne uf Cliace by Jtev. J. ll.Jetezcr. The llev. Mr. rfnles then proceeded to preach the Funeral senium, announcing as his text a portion of Hit 39th verso of the 21 1 ell iplcr ol St. MattliLW ; "Thou shill love thy neiahle.ras thv-elf." The Ilev. pentleinan depicted in striking eiilots tho odious charactci and miserable r. suits of self love i its har dening influence upon Iho human heart, its active gency in producing strilu and bloo Ished among in dividuals and among nations, and in eradicating from tho bosom tint charry which " hopelh all things and endurelh all lluncs-" The prolific source of all these eiils, the preach.i declared, wool I bo re moied by obedience to the d ny enj lined in the lext. and lo the pre. ions injiiic ion. the first and great commandment. "Thou shalt love Iho Lord thy Ojd with nil thy heart, and willi all thy soul, and with all thv strength." The speaker next commented upon the Anti-Christian s lint in which political discussions aru general ly conducted, as well by the pros as by public speak ers from ihe rosirum, and in llie halls uf legislalion He deprecated in strong terms the evil oonsequenccs of Ihat want of forbearance and charily which allows no merit in a political opponent. Upon the code of honor, so called, tho ltcv. gentle man commented with much severity. Tho melan choly scene before linn, enforced Ins censure. lie de clared the community in which we live, particent crinxiilit in the late tragical occurrence. He remark ed thai it was not Ins duty to allude to Iho particulars of that mournful tran-action, but there were mitigat ing circumstances for the parlies concerned, of which he might nnlio mention. They were born and rear ed, he said, in a community which tolerated, il it did not encourag." a ream to arms, an 1 all the members of that community were, consoiuenily, more or less to blame. When Ihe speaker Cinio to the special application of his remarks, the fountains of all hearts sccnitd open ed, lie observed thai it was not his businrss lodes, cant upon the personal q lalnies and i haracler of the dec-ased. These were known at home, and through out Virginia ond the nation, llu I it had been the speak er's prinleae to Iwwnli him in his last moments, and be w-'s able to say that he died in a full belief of Ihe Chnsli-.n Jleliaion. At lli:a period nt the discourse, the ppeakcr ifericte I, in tho mo-i touching terms, the final inlervew lelween the veueiable mother ond the dying sou. s the approached his bedside, his head being lurned th J olhT way, he nskel ifhoknew hoiT Fixing hiieye' upon 'cr, learning with affection, lie exehuned, with great oinnlioii, "Oh yes! 7i Uenr motlur m'mrn J hare u''ifjy rw ltd and loved." The . speaker adverted lo lilt, r.lie' .atrirded by his dcelara. lion, wh'teli Hie in uher rieeneJ as a preeeun legacy of filial alhiiiiu and ileiote lues, lie nettepokeof the I'ireclMii jven by Ihe il eene'l I" his sister, lo lake a testaineat from his irnu' nod place it un ler Ins head in liHri(Tin. lie ilesrnbed his all'-eliiniie farewell in I is miuly lilt o s in, wljn h id b.eii watch inir by his side, and whom ho enj lined wit.'i In ilyuie brenh, lo be llirojjliiat life, "virl'i-.u-, honesi and true." rv'erer have we vritnesied a ;iioio general outbreak of deep fe. Imz, and never was (here n subject li'lu soiled to awaken the keeueti t.cnsi!.ihtics uf the heart, nn I .iroii-o llu most eriaas art I siutary rctliction of tl.o inind. The sermon being e. ncludid, nn appropriate pray er was olerul up by Ilev. Mr .Mago.ui, and tho ben ediction pronounced by Kev 31 r Stdrs. Tho corpse wa- then i'inue)ej to its !at telling place, altended by an immense cone huso of ejlUen. wn.i regsrded nut the inrlemen -y of the vvenihtr, in their desire to pour nut ili-ir s mp nines at the tomb Notwithstanding (ho spn lid abilinos ol the deeeas.-t his prominent positu n, his exieueive, we may almost say, national fame no one could have predicted how dtep a hold he had upon the aHeetpns of the people, how largely he shaie.l the K.pecl, iheadin.raiion.ihc love of the community, in which his brilliant course had been run, an 1 his morlal career was closed. Consulting x Doctoh nr TELCGnAnt. We do not remomlior tn Ihvo heard of a paiisut con. ultinr a physician hy Tclcgrnph before yester. day. Karly in tho forenoon yestetday, a pnntle. man stepped into the Telegraph uflice at lluiraln and desired to have Duclor Stevens, who resided and in this village, called into the of flee here, an ho wished tu have a conversation with him. Mr. II lughtnn immediately called in the Doctor. 'I'lie eiitl.!inen nt Iltiflalo said liif wife was ill, and desired that Dr. S. should pre scribe for her. The Dr. did not exactly feel his patient's pulse, nrlook at her tongue, .as is usu ally the way with physician, but obtained a full and accurate statement of her syiiiptons, condi. linn Sic, and immediately niada Ilia proper pre scriptions. It is to bu piesuuicd the patient is iloiiii' well, as the Doctor was tn have teen con. suited again in the afternoon, did not the pre- H'riptu.ns made in thn morning have the desired I'flect. Mtnrkporl UjMJ tjour, Albert J. Tirrell as arraigiied hefnrotlieSU' nreine Judicial Cuurl, lu II.mIihi nn .U.nidsy last nn tHO capital indiclinentK, one rliiring hi in u llli the murder "I .iiru ilicklurd, aud tlioolli er wilh selling flro In tho hnuso ill which she I ved at Iho tune. To both these Indictments l.o plead not guilly, Tho fourth Tuesday in March, was si t apart U Ins trial. Messrs. Oiojte and A. Atrrlll Counsel for the defence. I ooNoness. 'I'liunsuar, March r. The proceedings of tlic Senate were of more than usual interest nn Thursday. Air Haywood cnncluded his speech nn the '0;egnn qiieatlnn, which has tint yet been published, in full, tho reports having been withheld at Ins rnqutst. A brief sketch of it will he found in the loiter of our correspondent in another column, and the general drift of it may he seen frntn the remarks it elicited from other Senators. The following report of the scene that ensued is from tho Na- lional liilelligencer : Mr llannegan rose and addressed the Senate : I... ..i.ia.i .. . . ' uu. vieiuuu me uoor at inc request nl- Mr Calhoun, who desired to cnviect an erro- nrvuuh iiiipiossiini h'ihcii might be conveyed by the remarks of the Senator front North Carolina, in respect to the protocol which had honn Rnn. ken of. If the Senators would turn to it they would find that it contained simplv a declaration on tho part of tho Ilritisli Minister, stating the reasons why he did not feel authorized to go on witli tho negotiations; and that he had applied to his Government for further instructions; whether those instructions were received or not, ho could not say ; he presumed, however, that they had been received. Viio United States never assented to the proposition that any part of Oregon belonged to Great Britain. Our ne gotiators had always claimed the whole. In Ilia own letter to the Drilish negotiator he had claim, rd on the part of this government tho whole valley of the Columbia river. Ho was not aware that it had over been acknowledged that the litlo was not in us. t Mr Hannegan promised not lo detain the Senate very long, llefore proceeding to make a few rrinirks in reply tnsonio part uf what he considered as the most extraordinary speech he hid ever heard in hi life, ho begged t,, ask the Sotiatur from North Carotin f (.Mr Haywood) one question, vthirh, for creator accuracy, he had reduced to writing. Wo did not get a copy of the question; hut it was in substance this: whether he had the authority of the President of the United States, direct or indirect, for declar. ing here that it was his wish to torininato the existing controversy wilh Great Britain by com promising on tho parallel of 49 ! Mr Haywood replied that he had already said that which, for fear of mistake, he had previous ly written, and which he should print. For the President to authorise any Senator to make such a declaration as that ttated by tlic Senator Irom Indiana was riot to bo expected, and would be out of character. Mr Allen said ho should construe the reply of the Senator from North Carolina into a neg alive, unless forbidden by tho Senator himself to do so. Mr Haywood. I have alieady endeavored to prove my friend from Ohio a bad hand at con Etruction. A laugh. Mr Allen. Thou I shall adopt the other con struction, and consider lliu answer in the affir mative; and I demand I demand it .is a public right that he shall answer the intcrragatory put to him. If he does not answer, I am hero ready to deny that lie has expressed tho views of the President. Mr Hay wood'H answer was but nartiallv hoard. but he was understood to say that his constitu ents had not 6cnt him there to answer questions put to him by any man ; but, in regard to the inquiries of the Senator from Ohio, if lie (Mr H.) occupied the position vv hich that Senator did, and was driven lo tho necessity of asking ques tions hero about the opinions of (he President, be should quit. Much laughter.! Mr Westcott here called Mr Haywood lo order, if he was about to Btato anything as from the President. Mr Haywood. Tiie Senator need not be alarmed. Increased merriment in some parts of the chamber. No Senator had a right to mike demands pf him on the II. .or of the Senate, Blld he should nubmit In no such demands. Nevertheless, he might consent, if properly re quested, to reply to any reasonable inquiry, either in the house or nut of it. He had often dono things in that way out of doors, that he considered rather humiliating, for the 6ake of peace and good fellowship ; hut ho recognised in no man a right to demand answers from in'm in his place in ihe Senate. Mr Allen said ho had not demanded an an swer as a private or personal right, hut as a pub lie riaht. When a Senator assumed to speak for the President, it was a public right possessed by every Senator to demand Ins authority for doing so. The avowal here made by the Scn itor from North Carolina was, that he was the exponent of the views of the President of the United States on a great national question. The gentleman had assumed this; and Mr A. now again asked whether he was in poescsion of any authority from the President for saying what lie had' Mr Vestcott called Mr Allen to order. It was not in order lo inquire here what were the President's personal opinions or purposes. Mr Allen said Ihat ho had not a6ked what the opinions of the President were. Mr Haywood said that ho was not at all ex cited, lie would, however, lake leave lo ob. serve that ho did not seo any thing liko a cato. cliism in the rules of order. He had not assum ed to speak by authority of the President. Mr Allen. Then the Senator takes back his whole speech. Mr Haywood. I am glad to seo that the speech takes. Much laughter. Mr Allen, (much excited :) With the Bri tish ! Much excitement and conversation here (as, indeed, throughout this entire sceno) prevented tho Reporter from hearing all that Mr Allen said Mr Hannegan wished the Sena'e tn notice lint though the Senator from North Carolina had written Ins speech, he had not printed it, su that other Senators might have it to refer to in reply. It was nut to be found in any of the pa pers. Mr Haywood. I desired Ihat, for foar of mis lakes ; and it seems I was right ; for one of the papers, in ils brief account of my remarks this morning, has said of my speech that it was a speech in favor of arbitration. Mr Hannegan said it was quite immaterial whether the Sunalor front North Carolina gave a directanswer to Mr II. 's inquiry or not. Tho Senator had said that there was no meaning in language, no truth in man, if thu President had a.ywliro rominitled himself to the line of 04 10'. Mr II. would say, lu turn, that there was neither meaning in lauguago nor truth in man if ho had not to committed linn-elf, and that in language strong as that of tho holy book itself. Uuforn the Baltimore Convention met he stood already committed lo Iho whole of OrPL'oti up to 5f 40' before all Ihe world. Mr II. would go bark to Hie year 1311, and call tho Senator s attention to Mr Poll; s reply to a comuiiitco of tin citizens of Cincinnati. Their inquiries re ferred tn tho annexation of Texas ; but, in re- plying, Mr Polk volunteered opinions in regard toOrcunn also : and this while ho was before tho nation as a candidate for tho sett bo now occupies. In reply to a question as to tho date of tho toller. Mr H. said ;t was the 'M April, 1014. Mr II. here quoted i,he letter. Hero Mr Polk expressed lliu opinion Jhat the Union ought nev er to have been "disuien. bored" by the separa tion of Texas. Did tho spicrh o'f the Senator from Norlh Carolina sustain i.he principle of this declaration! Mr II, would leayo it to the world to say. Ho further quoted the letter wlioro it declar. cd wo ought tn assert and hold our rigM of do minion over the wholo territory of the iHupub. lie. Who defined the limilBof Oregon ; Did noi the President himself I Mr II. here quot ed the following passage from tho President' message : "Tho extraordinary and wholly in admissible demands of Iho British Government, and the rejection of the proposition made in da. ferenre alone to what had been diuo by my predecessors, and tho implied obligation which their acts seemed to impose, afford satisfactory Rviucuro mat no compromise vvtncii ino united Stalos ought to accept can be effected. With conviction, Iho proposition of compromise V"ch. haJ b.ecn 'l,aJ? "l rejected was, by my 1 "ircelion, subsequently withdrawn, and our title ! 'ha whole Oregon territory assorted, and, as ' bolieicd, maintained by irrefragable fads and arguments." What did this language mean! The offer of 49 1 What compromise could ho make short of the Russian line of5l 40' ! Did he not asort our tltlo to be clear and indispu. table to tho country between 4!) and f)4 40' ! Besides, Mr II. hold the language of the Secre tary of Stato to bo virtually the language of the President ; and had not Mr Buchanan claimed tho whole territory up to 51 40' J He had. Mr It. here read from the closing part Mr Bu chanan's last letter to Mr Pakenham. Mr B. here declared that it was still tho opinion of the President that our titlo as tho best in tho world to the whole territory. Did not tho Secretary hero speak for Iho Pre'i'Vio.'.'. Jnl i:,d not tho President see this uoitumcnt before it was sent! And did not tho President adopt Ihe language as his own, and plant himself upon 5la 40' I It was his own doctrine his own position ; ho planted himself on 54 40', and nothing short of that line. ilr II. well remembored that Jlfr Polk had not been his own first choice, nor that of the Senator from North Carolina. Neither of thorn had preferred him for the office of Chief .Magis trate. They bolh preferred another; but ho was happy to seo that ,1r Polk had won his way so fast in the regard of tho Senator as to induce him to volunteer his defence against the attacks of men who never made any. Dut Mr II. would here say that if the Presi dent had betrayed the standard of tho Baltimore Convention to ils enemies he would not do as tho Senator from North Carolina had threatened to do, turn his bark upon the President, (for he rather supposed tho President would care but little if they both turned their backs upon him,) but lie would denounce him as recreant to Ins own avowed principles recreant to iho weighty trust confided to his hands recreant to"lhe eenerous confidence of tho American people. Mr H. would not on that account abandon 7iis principles, nor abate one jot or tittle of tho de mand ho sot up to Ihe whole of Oregon. He would speak of those who did in the language of truth and fearlessness. Tho Senator from North Ctrolina had under taken to give to tho Senate lh(' language of the resolution of the Baltimore Convention on the subject of Oregon: ho undcrstonl him as pro fessing to read it as it stood : if tlal was what he professed, what lie did was ur.worthy of a Senator. Mr Haywood said that, in reply to thi, ho would road to the Senator a part of Mr. L'ccso'a speech; and ho quoted a passage from that speech. Mr. Hannegan, resuming, said there was a great difference between this, as evnlaine.l l.u Iho Sonator, and the resolution as adopted at uaiiunoro. lie wouiu read the resolution as it was. Mr H. hero read it as follows : "Rttotttd, Thai our title to the wholo of the terri tory of Oregon is clear and iinnuestionable- it.mnn portion of Ihe same ought to be ceded to Kngland or anv other t'n wee nnil ilia. 1 1m .n n,.,...:. - - "-v. , ...... ...... n,v (c-u.iunt!..i i.i wrp- gon and the ro-annexalton of Texas, at Iho earliest practicable period, areereal Amenenn meiai.rB ,. hi-i. tin- Convention recommends lo Ihe cordial support of the Democracy of the Union." This committed the Democratic party lo the whole of Oregon, every foot of it. Let anv Son. ator riso in his place, and tell in whit qoarter of ino union mo names oi rcxas and Oregon had not down, side by side, upon tho Democratic ban- riors. Wherever Mr H had been, it was so Toxas and Oregon, Oregon and Texas, always went together. Did tho Senator from North Carolina flatter himself that ho could win tho applause of the Democratic party, and blind their eyes, a3 he seemed lo think he had tickled their cars, while he withheld from them the substance of what they were contending fori If ho Jid, he was greatly mistaken. Texas and Oregon were twin measures, and they dwelt together in every American heart. With all who had gone for Texas, and (as ho was told) in Texas itself, the two names lloa'cd together on all the Democrat, ic banners. And now, when "Texas" was ad milled, when they had stretched forth their hands and seized on one of the two and secured tho prize, did they mean to turn about and say we meant by "Oregon" just so much of it as wo should afterwards choose to ;ivo you ! They little knew the people of iho West if they dream od that thoy were going to be trampled upon in that way. Let gentlemen look at their own recorded voice in favor of taking up the Oregon bill at the close of the last session, and then lot thorn look at the languajo of that bill, and see if it did not propose to lake possession of Oregon up to Til" 40', after giving unqualified notice to Great Britain that the convention must cease. At that time we still held Texas in our bauds ; and this was a test question ; and every man in tho Sen ate voted for it save the Senator who sat there (understood to refer to Mr. McDufiic,) and the peerless Huger. And that most excellent Sen ator (Hugor) had afterward told him tint he had voted in ihe negative because it was sug. gestcd to him that unless he did so the civil and diplomatic bill would fail which was then pond, ing; but on further conversation and considera tion he wished to move a reconsideration of the vote, but his friends would not consent that it should bo done. In tho llouso of Kepresonta tives but four out of fifty Southern Democrats had voted against the bill. These were the rea sons given to him why ho shnuld not distrust tho South on the question of Oregon ; Iho results were now manifesting themselves ; and lot the speech just concluded by the Senator from North Carolina show whether or not ho was justified in hi distrust. The Senator put language in the President's mouth which Mr. II. would here undertake to deny : not that ho appeared here as tho chanipi. on of the President he claimed no such posi tion. He only defended tho right : and person ally, he would prefer doing it in behalf of the humblest man in tho country than of the great est. Hut ho would hero deny for the President what tho Senior from North Carolina imputed to him. If the statement of the Senator was true, and tho President meant what Ihe Senator understood him to mean, then he was an infa mous man. The gentleman from Nurlli Caro lina had told the Senate that, in tho message, thcro wore, hero and there, in various parts of il, "sticking in, parenthetically, to gratify tho ultraiems of the country," but' which he never meant to carry out. The meaning of this could only be Ihat the President, in theso "(tickings in," employed false and hollow words to hiilo Ins real motives and purposes. What was this but deliberately and willfully deceiving Iho country. If this was true it must soon conic to light ; and then what must be his fate but disgrace ! The story of his infamy would be circulated fromono end of tho land lo the oilier, and his perfidious course would sink him in an infamy so profound, in a damnation so deep, that the hand of resur rection could never reach liiin. A traitor to his country so superlatively base need In pe for nei ther forgiveness from God nor mercy from man. Mr. II. cared not if the Senator from North Car. olina was charged with missives from tho Pres ident ; or whether (as he Bhould suspect from tho dogmatical stylo Mr. H. sometimes display, ed here) he made these assortiona "on his own responsibility," Mr. Mangtim hero called Mr. II to order. Mr'Haiiiiegan immediately apologised, sayin" thai, if ho had used language that was disrcs" poctful to Iho Senate, it had not been his intcu. tion. Ho would not knowingly forget for a mo ment Iho respect duo tn the body and what ho owed to hiuuolf. Ho would endeavor to rcl) in the spirit w hich the Senator from North Car olina so repeatedly professed, declaring thai ho meant nothing personal whilo ho used tho plain est language. The Senator had told them that tho country had been agitated from end lo tho other for the sake of "putting small man into largo offi ces." Mr. II. had seen such thing bef ire to day. ''Small men in large offices I" And Ihe country agitated for an end like this I Mr. II. hau sren small men in large offices. Thero was an ola' proverb which said that men who lived in glass houses should not throvy stones; it was truo tu llio letter. Mr. H. might turn on tho Senator and' reply that ho had far rather be a small man seeking a high office than ho a supplo subservient tool, bending before tho footstool of power, and considering it honor enough to run from the back stairs of the palace on errand to win the favor of a great man. Mr II. would bo the last to show to Kurrpe such a spectacle as Iho relinquishment of (II Oregon north uf 4U, and the acceptance uf a fine commercial treaty with the bonus of free trado. T rce trade, Mr II, said, ho dearly loved, but it never should be bought by him with llio territory of his country. It was outrages in any and in a Western Democrat it would be treason, moral I reason of tho deepest dye. To surrender any pirtof the soil of an cinjire destined to stand through all time, wastrosnn. lie did not speak far other parts of the Union ; but for Ins own ho could sieak ; and tins was its sentiment. Tree trade with tir suytjndcr uf Vancouver's Island and tho hvC&i,.. -Xitka (and bo it remembered v,ViTerod lo make this a free port tM unde'rsYobd its value to well) what did it amount In? Who did not know that the opening of her ports was forced from the British Government by tho frantic cries of starving mil lions! And that tho haughty aristocracy were compelled to submit to il to save their lives from the avenging knife of tho assasin,and lliotr pal aces from tho torch J Hut tin was told we must put Oregon and tho Tariff together ; that tho U est was to have a market, a vast market, for their bread stuffs and pork and beef. Was she t Truo it is (said Mr H.) wo in llio West are born in the wood", but there are some among us who know a little, and amongst other things, know that, long before our supplies could reach tlic Ilritisli market, tho granaries of the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean would have been poured into it to overflowing. In conclusion, for he would not longer detajn tho Senate, ho could only say of Ihe whole tone and meaning of tho spee'eh of the Senator from North Carolina, that, if it snnkn I tin l.inonaire and breathed the feelings of James K, Polk, he nau uttered words of falsehood and spoken willi the tongue of a serpent. Mr. Allen rose to speak : but On motion of Mr Evans, ihe Senate adjourned. In the Howe, a motion was made in recon sider the vote by which tho claim of Mr Hunk, of New Jersey, to his seat was sustained, but af tor a long lime consumed in motions and cross motions, it was withdrawn, and Mr. Runk's seat can no loncor bu contested. The river and haf. bor hill was taken up in committee and farther debated, but no action was taken upon it. Somo account of the debate will bo found in the letter above relerrcd to. Tho Senate did not sit on Friday. On Friday. Iho House voted to nav Jtfr Far. Ice, who contested Mr Hunk's seat. Ins nav and mileage as a member of Congress up lo March 4th. An attempt to obtain the same allowance for Mr Bolts, for tho lime he wis engaged in the ,'st Congress in contesting the seat of Mr speaker Davis was made, but unsuccessfully. The House took up the private calender, after voting that when it adjourned it would adiourn uvurim .iiouuay 10-uayj ;tucirt. FKttiSJSvfxG, MARCH, 13, 1S1G. AFFAIRS AT WASHINGTON. Washington, March G, 1 94G. The scene vvhi. h occurred in Ihe Senate, yesterday among iho rival factions of the lirilUh Tory I'art'j, will I e long remembered by those who witnessed Us violence and excitement. It proves, what ihe Vhi Press have always asscrlcd, ihat there is no bond of patriotic principle, or even common poliiieal senti nient, among it, leaders. They band together for personal and selfish purposes : and continue in bar mony, each supporting the piebald policy of the other until tncir interests clash upon somo eicat occasion, or important question, like that of Oreson. Then, ,they turn upon each other with the fierceness of par uzan strut-, and expo-c tho true motives by which they are respectively influenced, as when "rojucs fall out, honest men get their due." The immediate cause of this amusing and edifying lory seene originated in Mr. Haywood's speech up on ihe various resolutions and amendments in rela tion to Oregon, which he had besun the dav Drcvious, He had undertaken, with labored minuteness and care, to prows that iKd President wes in no way committed to assert an cxclusivo title in the United states to ol 40' t and that ihe honor of the country was pledged, not only by Ihe acts ol previous admin istrations, but by a proposition made by Mr. I'olk himself, lo a compromise upon Ihe-I9ih parallel) tha, be; ond that degree, the territory in fact was not Ore gon, and ihe President was only bound to support the national riehts in Oregon, He showed ihat treat pains had been taken lo misrepresent the views of the Executive, in order to fasten upon 'he admini-tration tho policy of "small men, jvho were striving fur large places," and who were ready to jeopardize the peace and inlcrtsls of the country to subscrvo their own ambition. For his own part, Mr. Haywood declared that, if tlic President did not meet an overture, if il should be made, to terminate this controversy upon the basis of the 49th degree, he would regard him as having tampered Willi the Aonor of the nalion, and would turn his back upon him, as having belra) el Itie trust wlncn ne was bound by every considera tion of duty end good faith, to fulfil, Some of his re marks, though delivered in proper language, were pointedly severe upon Allen, Hannegan. Iirecsc, and Iho Wcslcrn War faction, whom he arraigned for bringing bou; ihe present distracted stale of affairs. merely to occTlnr,Jll! personal schemes, lo the enure disregard,, of the country. He was listened towiih great attention throughout the two days and eleva ted himself lo a rank in tho Senaie which he never before occupied, by the manliness of his conduct, and the ability and investigation which he brought to bear upon the subject. After an explanation from Jlr. Calhoun, Mr. Ilonnegan, with much passion in his manner, rose, and enquired of Mr. Haywood, wheth er he had tho authority of the President, direct or in direct, for declaring his wish lo compromise the diffi culties wilh Great Ilritain on ll.oJ.9th parallel; to which Mr. Haywood gave no satisfactory reply. Du ring this cross-examination, Ihe Huckeye Roarer seemed swelling wiih anger and malice and, as soon as ho could get the floor, demanded, in a stentorian voice, and wilh the coarse-t brutality ol style, that tho Senator from North Carolina should answer the question categorically. Ho aid he did not require the reply for his personal satisfaction, but for Ihe country To which Mr. Haywood, rejoined that he had not been sent there lo answer any man a questions, and he would not be catechised) but if he were chairman of the Committee of Foreign Affairs, he would be aOismed in Ihe presence of the country, to put such an interrogatory to a private Senator. If the Presi dent would repose no moro confidence in him, than Ihe senator from Ohio exhibited, he would quit Ins office. Aficr a running firo of this character, Mr. Hannegan again addressed the Senalc. In subsiance ho said that, if ihe President abandoned ono inch of Ihe claim lo 54 40, and compromised short of that line, he would sink to an infamy so deep and degra ding, that even the trump of the resurrection morn ing would not wake him i Ihat he would prove him self a traitor lo his counliy, so base that he could not expect the mercy of man, or the forgiveness of Gi d. Allen afterwards otleuipttd to speak, but the Senate adjourned. This is a most beautiful di-play of Pern, ocratic,' alais Jlntitlt Tory harmony. On one side, we bt hold Jlr. Haywood, speaking for eleven South ern Loeofoen Senators, and perhaps a few straggling Nor r i i.'e' i. le" lo the eonnlrv, upon ihe autotity of Ihe President, that there was ' no .in in in language, no tt titlt in man, if Mr, VA Wooif any lehert committed to .11 40 una' Ihat he voutd sacrifice the honor and integrity if the country, fhe did nolcompromite the controversy upon the basis of the Wth parallel.' On the other hanil t t-iiohl the chairman of ihe Committee of s'aVjtfX A'fftirs, the official exponmt of ihe Foreign polf.y dTflie administration, upon the outhorily of the same President, publicly denying the statement of the Senator from North Carolina, and asserting it to be false, in every part and Mr. Han negan a prominent and zealous iaacofoco, declaring that "Mr. Poll;, in language as strong as that of the holy llotk itself, stood committed before all the leorU for the uhole of Oregon, up to El 40." Now, which of ihcso "Democratic" British Tory Doctors is lo be believed 1 Two men who positively contradict each other, cinnol both tell tho truth al the same lime. Wilh which one does the iesponi bihty of falsehood rest, most venerable editor of ihe " Union 1 " Vou are a poet, a philosopher and a "Jeffcrsonian Republican." to boon threfnr.r,r.i lend us a thread lo e-capo fiom this labyrinth of doubti iho onus rest upon tho shoulders oi nir. jamca k. roin.who has played falsely to "hi, uj pieuging nimseir lo eaclif There, in my opinion, is lo bo found tha key to all this mystifica tion) for " His Excellency, " in striving lo preserve the favor of the two factions, unconditionally com milled the Government, ihrnnnb All.n i ). ,.t,. ground of 51 40 and, through Haywood, lo the 49lh uegrce. i ioiu me country, not long ago, that tho Executive was tampering wiih this momentous ques tion, and nlavinc the nnrt i.f nil ihin.. m -Il .n the truth of that prediction is now nrn.-d. I.v tho witnesses of his own hnlineholrt mnA ,tn..i.u. dealing is precnted in a light, which, in whatever aspect it bo viewed, is disgraceful lo ono filling the the chair of the Chief Magistracy. ...w ,....,, ijiiuun inai iur. usywooc made ihe speech in question, after Ihe fullest consultation with the Executive, w ho had become alarmed at the posture to which his folly and bombast had reduced the issue and that he was influenced lo this course by the advices from Jlr. McLane, which Indicated the favt approach of a crisis. I hove no doubt that instructions were communicated to Mr. Mel.nn l. theoambria, directing him lo submit to the Kail of Aocrueen, tlic conditions upon which Ihis Govern mcnt would agree to compromise, in the hope of cli cuing a preposition on that foundation which, if made, Ihe hxecutivc designs to throw upon the Sen ate, to avoid incurring the responsibility himself. i nis Demonstration was therefore, made lo pave the way in rrood season, and in nntra tt. n.tnA nr .i.. m - . ' .r . iory party lor an accommodation, on terms consid' orauiy snori oi me original demand. In contemplating the Litter divisions and distroc lions that now are evervwhem innkon. ;n crel concern: in viewing ths nnnrnrlilnr aummn-n. of ils dissolution; in regarding the elements and causes oi uiscoru much food for reflection.and many le-sons of wisdom, are afforded to nnr Wliin l.rnttiron inroughout tho Union. He see Ihe President of this untisn lory parly pledging his faith to two antago nist and irreconcileable intcreais, and both charging him with betraying his honor. We see the Cabinet split upon the Oreiron nuestlnn -nnnn tha Ta-in..n. on internal improvements ind upon the Finances. We eee the Senate cut in twain nun faeilnn nni.n. ding for wor, and the other for peace. We see the legislature oi rvow York, with Tory majorities in both branches, assailinir eneh mKa- ;,!. a :na:A. tivnessjvirulenco and violence unparalleled in the Halls oi Legislation. ve see in Pennsylvania, public pro clamations, meetings and addresses, dennnnemn anw modification of the Whia Tariff of 1RI2. ihn.ial, ft, voted for the 'Free Trade candidate, through the ireacnery ana Iraua or the hane letter. In every niarter, we see them fighting; and battling with caih other, ho'ding up their own inramy and corruption. What then is the policy ond the duly of the Whig parly 1 Kece i ibm and csIted. Strive to 'tree the country, when an opportunity offers by a division of uiepowLriiii majiriues m uiin?rcss. Kcepout of the conflict. Let I hern calumniate, quarrel, denounce, fight nnil condemn each other as they will do. but have no lot or part in the affray. Neither look tn the r ..'tit nor the Iclt. Make no compromises) for I.oco-f.n.oi-111 is contaminating and ireacherous in ils touch. u win encat lotn intnu and foe. Go straight for ward : speak little, and rote nlumnlv fnr ti!,! .;,.; pies, for protection lo Amiricon Industry j for the distrilution of the proceeds of the public lands j for a nigu loneu anu patriotic administration of the For eign policy j against tho Sub-Treasury j against a laiuooiaiiuiiigiinny, anaiirinsn free Trade; and the uay oi jusnce win yet come. Whigs or the csiok be Ttti-n and nasi! Bide vorn timp.I It was a most audacious piece of effrontery, to seo Allen catechising Haywood, who. him.elr. ni.. . few weeks ago, had peremptorily refused any sort of -y rvv,.u. .... (ii upuunoeu Dy .nr. wan gum and .Mr.Clayton.and which llongcd legitimate- Itr In tha m.... l...r. . L . c .. . . ..... u.-iuic me oenaie. no was served right, by Haywood, in the contempt which he so ef fectually admini-lcrcd. Cor. Ilatl. Alia, Wo giyo a more full account of llio debate aDovo alluded (o, in another column, and it will bo read with interest, as there is a ray of nopo gloaming through it THE RICHMOND DUEL. We copy in another column some further particulars of tins tragic affair. It is certain ly one of tho most brutal, revolting transac tions that lias ever occurred in this country and should not bo allowed to pass by unro- buked. "We talk of the barbarity of the Spanish bull-fights (says a cotomporary) we sliutiiler al the state of civilization which in Spain will call men and women tosellier to witness a fierce and deadly encounter be tween numb beasts. I his seems to us a verv natural revolting and horror, at a sancuinarv custom. And yet the duel shews a stale of society not one uhil moro horrible to a civil ized community, and not one whit less bar barous that) this. Theru we have iho snec taclo of two men, brethren in the great human l.imily, armed to the leeth. and firirtn- half dozen pistol shots at each oilier, but failing m the ultempl at butchery by that means, ad- vancing toward caclt olherwith unabated fe rocity, and uonl on backing and mam-Imp each other into eternity, wilh. sword canes and bow in knives. Can human, nay, can beaslly ferocity bo found out of Christendom. to overmatch this? And litis is in obedience to tho code of honor. This is iho wnv nf mo required by a law bloodier than was ever wriiion by earthly tyrant, oriavago monster. iieauionism shows us nothing worse. Fu. ncral piles, ond Juceernauts. and honk, in the back, and the murder of children by pa- rents, nave no atrocity in them which sur passes these exhibitions in a civilized rl,M. tianized country, by men of honor. CENTRAL ROAD. The contractors aro pressing n wilh this enterprise. The agents from the Northfield section were down a fn ,1.,.,. since, picking up all surplus hands in Ihis region, anu aro still, we believe, in want of mure, we iioliceU a number of H. ..t. contractors in town veslerdav. nn.l i note of preparation, everywhere, indicates Hint with iu oiienino snrinir t,ii ... - "I a. -..ail ttl-Sa a lively demonstration of dm "gl, alcai.. I" .nne. i,rssrs. ,r0lvI1 & AIij anj gr,.ssl,,K W,,i,h Iho work on this sec.ion, '" "or'y R"v in n half ,j0 .inilenfjj.adiiig. Judging fr0Ill wlal la, h.'.'ii alre..dy accomplished, we infer ihat (he oUucles on this end of the lino aro by no I ,u luriiuuuuio u, ,., peOp0 ,ave supposed. RUTLAND ROUTE. Wo are pleated lo learn Hut this stock is now taken, to an extont to warrant putting Iho road under contract this spring. The Directors are now engagod at Bellows Falls in arranging a connection with the Cheshire road, and will proceed as rapidly as possible lo locate Iho o itire line. Judge Follett left town on Wednesday morning, for this purpose. Tho approaching season will be a brisk one. 100 DAYS OF SLEIGHING. Wo givo it up. Tho past winter boars llio palm. Tuesday last completed tlio cycle of one hundred days of continuous, unbroken good sleighing. We havo had neither too much nor too little snow ; tho weather has been neither too hot nor too cold ; and dur- .1 .1 I t ... tug mo wuoio poriou, nicro nas occn out one weok-day when justico to man or beast ro- qured thorn to house up. At picsent the now is gradually wearing away with the sun, and we may reasonably anticipalo an early spring. COUNTY TEMPtiltANCE CONVEN TION. In pursuance of notice, the friends of Tern- peranco of Chittenden County mot in conven tion at the town hall in Durlington on Wed nesday, the 11th Inst., for the purpose of organ. izing a County I cmpcranco Society. Tho meeting was called lo order by N. Lovely and, on motion of Charles Adams, Est., Judge Brownson, of Richmond, was appointed chair man, and C. F. Davey, of Burhngtnn, Secretary- On motion of Judgo Wilson, of Hineeburgh, and at the invitation of the President, Rev. Mr. Chase, of I'lattsburgh, introduced the further proceedings of the meeting by prayer. E. A. Slansbury, Esq., rose and submitted a motion, but, at the suggestion of Mr. Adams, withdrew il, and proceeded, at the request of Mr. Adams and others, to give somo account of tho late Stato Convention, and alluded, also, to facts connected with tho last election of Com missioners for this County, and the subsequent granting of licenses. Mr. Adams then movod " that it is expedient to form a County Temperance Society, to bo denominated ' The Chittenden County Total Abstinence Society,' " accompanying tho motion with some remarks. The discussion was con tinued by Messrs. Wilson, of Hinesburgh, Woodward, Wcstford ; Burritt, Shelburne j Slansbury, Backus, Lovely, Davcv and llcrrirk, Burlington; Farrar, Fairfax; Chase, Pitts burgh, and Nash of Colchester. The motion passed. On motion of Mr. Slansbury, a committee of five was appointed by tho President to nomi nate ofiicers for the County Society. The committee was composed as follows : Charles Adams, Eq., Burlington, Rev. Jlr. Woodward, Wcstford, ltcv. Mr. Sampson, Richmond, Jlr. Sanford, Wilhhton, and Mr. Burrctt ol Shel burii. During- tho brief consultation of tho Com. mittec of nomination, Judge Wilson further ad dressid tho meeting. Tho nominating committee reported tho fol lowing list of officers for tho Chittenden Coun ty Total Abstinences iciety, which report was, on motion, unanimously adopted. Prcsidont, Hon. TRUMAN CHITTENDEN, Willistnn. Vice Presidents, Wm. R. Vilas, E-q., Burlington, Hon. Francis Wilson, Hinesburgh, Hon. John Allen, Westford, E. H. Wheeler, Esq., Charlotte, Rev. J. Dougherty, Milton. E. A. Stansblt.v, Eq., Bjrlingion, Secretary. Executive Committee, Charles Adams, Eq, Burlington, Hun. Eli Brownson, Richmond, Truman Galusha, Jericho, II. Barstovv, Esq., Shelburne, C. Farrand, Es-q, Colchester. On motion of Mr. Adams it was ordered that tho ex. com. be authorized to frame a constitu tion and adopt such other measures as in their judgment may bo e.podient for the further ef ficient organization of the County Society. On motion of Mr. Adams, it was ordered that the President of lie County Society be reques. tod to call the firnt meeting of the society at his discretion, by publication in the two Burlington papers. On motion of Mr. Lively, it was ordered that the proceedings of thin meeting be presented by tho secretary to the respective proprietors of the uurlington I1 rce Press,' and the ' Burlington Sentinel it Democrat,' for publication. After a few remarks from Rev. Mr, Sampson, on inoiion, ihe Convention adjourned. ELI BltOWNSON, President. C. F. Davev, Secretary. M K CII.VNICS 1,111 It A It V. A Catalogue was published a vcar m nim ..! limes. This includtd the boolis which were poured inlo Ihe Library, at cur "Donation parly" last win ter, in such a Hood, as to make it utterly impossible lo ascertain from whom a great many volumes came, and. conscoucnilt. , , , vHtu iV uuhc 10 ""SWM'U' liiama wan who Rave. The follow. ne books have since bren added lo the Library which nnw nsimlvA.a Elf. ...I liu Purchase. TVarrnliL- TT c rt tr. - w Alluring repeal" tion, 5 larBc vols., Good's Hook of .Nature, Voyages and Discoveries, Life of Marion, Lyclls Travels in N A., Memoirs of Dr. Marsh, Macauley's Miscellany, CooDer'a Sea Talc t. Z ,.na ni.i m. . Campaign m Husi.a, Christian Instruclor Instructed. ., ; . :,." "ome, uiiio uanals, aciiic, aucpatu, SIO appro 1 tu pun-iiaseoi some work on Arcluiec ture, not yet procured. Donations. fVmn L. ,f. C. ? r.,. 0....1 . .. ., ouiiicrn i.itciiry Mataannar W.....n 4.I ' , . 1 ,, Hem .iiecnanics. Mian Allen, George St. George, Wjve, ol Lngland Maid of Honor, David Dumps, I)r. nohtn.The White Slave, The Foster Brother, The Lady of Milan, On, nibus, of Modern Komancc. From G. a. Voice to the Jews, fd enm s Progress, Milton, M'f'injal, Cecelia Howard, wiving uuiKjiasi.a, I'rom If. UomisL'orey', Life of Washington. C. frooirici.-Introduclion lo Carpentry. Gcol ogicalltrporl. '. Thayer. Triumph of Time. A Lady of .V. .'.-London edition of Burns, S vols., and Slwkspcrc, 8 vols. I'rqf. Chancy, IJcnrv's Chemistry. Hon. ! l. ljrA.-l'uMic Documents. K, Huntington. Ciibbells Cottage Lconomy. .4nenymout.-I.ay on the Law of Patents, Light on Ma.oiirv, S.U.iiun'a T..ur. The Book Committee have made what ihey deem a fair apprisal of the books- putting those purchased, at cost. According to which, the library, apparatus! A.C., belonging to the Institute is now woilli J300. Were the adt intages of as-ociation ever more slrik inE ly illustrated 1 or can a more conclusive argument be urged upon tho great majority of mechanics of the town who are not members, than the success of the ...mute 1 The us. of near 300 dollar, worth of books, .. ofTercd, not for 18 dollars, p ,nn h" simple inteiest, but for one dclUrt The jury in the case of Wyatt, dieted for ll-BHtng to death . convict In the Auburn N.V ) veX't.'""0" V ben Unab, 10 "Si" Effect of Bkandv.-TIic. Bridfolon (N. J.) Chronicle of tho 'Jlth say, s "We understand t . . w-"' j its iinuersiauu young man died at Milvple. on Thnrsday last. Iron, the effect, of drinking twenty glasses of braudy, without loaving the b.r." Communication, Mr. Stacv. I have noticed that the farmer's Club of Burlington of which I have no doubt you tr. momber havo had for the subject uf iLoir discm,, "Shade Trees." I have looked in vain for a report Jf their proceedings but hope some elTn ient meu,,,,, are in progress to cmlllish our naked iun speaking of fruits, in your last pipcr.'you think the introduction of new varieties a very suitable hut,r,e for the "small fry." Belonging to this tlai,, 1 admit it j and while we attend lo this appropriate pirt (for us,) I trust the larger "fry" Ihe real Vh,t, ,,d Dolphins will do full justico to forest and Shads Trees, and that ihey may not'bc offended should one of Ihe "small try" make some suggestions. Msyit not ho a very dcs.rablo object to introduce new varielies ol shade as well as fruit trees t The buck walnut can easily be obtained, would grow well m our climate, and is in every respect one of the grand est in the whole catalogue of American forest trees, for lawns and streets. Its growth, with proper caro, is rapid, and its leaves very large and abundant mak ing a shade almost impervious toourhotsummer sun The Kentucky colfce tree is one admirably adapted' to thickly inhabited streets. Ils appearance is unique, and nothing can exceed Iho beauty of its heavy foliage consisting of doubly compounded leaves some two feet long. The Adautus, or Tree of Heaven, common ly called Ihe celestial tree, first introduced from China Is well worthy of trial. If it will endure our wmure it will be very valuable as its growth for a few year is very rapid. No one who has had occasion to walk through Chestnut street, in Philadelphia, on a hot day in July cr August can fail of remarkine the rows cf this beautiful tree in front of Indcpcndance Hall, wilh their pinnated leaves, three or four feet long, wholly excluding the sun, Il can be obtained from nurseriee on the river ILidson. Among foreign Evergreens, the Cedar of Lebanon deserves a place in every col lection. On lis native mountains it is said never to have recovered from the havoc made by King Solo mon's forty score thousand hewers, and we can read ily believe it by supposing one half of ihcm lo have been Yankee back-woodsmen. However seed can be imported from Kngland, and easily propogated here, or it can be obtained from nurseries on the river Hud son. Other hardy varieties of Cedar have been intro duced into England and Scotland, end more recently into this country, from the high mountains of Asia which might add beauty and variety lo our collection. Among our native trees, some of our most raluab'e for ornament seem to be entirely neglected. Whilst the rock maple ond elm, one requiring a gravelly loam and Ihe other an alluvial soil 10 flourish, are eagerly sought arter the whilo mcple and black oak equally beautiful in appearance, and as rapid in growth, and which'graw spontaneously on our sandy soils, where the rock maplo and elm ore never found, ore entirely nejleclel. .No tree in our forests is as Leautiful in tho spring as the white or scarlet maple. It is cov ered with gay tufts of red blosomslong before any other leaves or blossoms appear, unless il be a few catkins (called by children "pussevs") on willows, succeeded by n full and delicate foliage. Il is greatly superior to the rock maple for shaJe or ornament. The black cak, with largo leave,full and dark foliage .ind wide spreading branches, has strong claims for attention where large spreading trees arc desirable. Probably another square mile cannot be found in New England so checkered with every variety of soil and so admirably adapted for cultivating succcs-fully so great a variety of Korest, Shade and Ornamental trees, as can be found in the village of Burlinarton, and should your Club lake suggestions kindly they may hear from me ngrain on other varieties of forest and shade trees, on transplanting and on the claim of qiarlcre of the town to their attention. O. P. Q, Canada Frontieii. moutiLn The accession of a militurv novernor in (Can ada has called forlli expressions of regret ia various quarters, anu wo lear tins union of the civil and militarv nnvurnnmnl nf thai province will produce serious results, The- last iMagara Ulironiclo narrates several at tempts to got up a frontier agitation. Colo npd Kerby, collector of the customs al Fort Erie, lias been fired upon in the vicinity of his residence. Two persons havo been heivj to ball, on the American as well as the Ca nadian side, to take their Iriol for .tllpmnlirue to destroy llio steam fVrrv-boat which plies oeiwecn rori crio anil lilack Hock. It ap pears 1l1.1t no less than five attempts iave been made lo duMroy this vessel two by boring holes through the bottom, and thre by niacins large, quantities of gunpowder ir the firewood. Rlfctrical I'lir.NouENi. An account ofhu iiian electricity was given in a number of Silf. nnn's Journal sometime ago, which might, if carried out, lead to some important conclus cms in respect to human phenomena heretofore ur explained. The subject became so electric thl spirits were drawn from and even spontaneously is.-ued from the ends of her finsers. During this time an intense aurora borcilis showed itself. These plicnoineni continued several months, the -parks being readily given out whenever the 1 dy approached any conductor of electricity. She cou'd toucn nothing metallic, without emittinrr spark, which was an annnyinr- cir cumstance to her. These appearances 'were proportionablv heightened when the air wa warm and the lady was in good spirits. Dunne cold weather, and when sho was in a melancho. ly mood, these phenomena were suspended. When sitting at a slovc with her feet upon the mcta edge, the sparks were drawn out at in. tervals of a few seconds from three to six sparks per minute The lady was about thittr years of age, of sedentary habits, and rather sickly, bho had suffered from rheumatic and neuralgic affections about two years prior to this I he Habits and Fkaks of as K.MpEr.OR 1 he Italian accounts of Ihe visit of tho Emperor AieAofosto their country, are not very favoublo to tho impression made by him. Among other statements we find this of hie everhaiinting apprehension of assassination : J tie htnperor sleeps upon a leather matins stuffed with hay, with, big dog and a pair of pistols beside him. The fear of a violent death seems to bo always present to him end it i only by preserving the strictest incognito that he is able to lake the solitary walk, for which no has so much taste. In Palermo thn !...... nr i.r r.. c, 1- 1 . ...Ku .M ma gaiety was con fided to one of the superior agents of the police, who was nnLiir,,l ,,,, i. ... ., r .. ' , ., ., -"";,'.i luauraci ine notice 01 trie r.ninomr. aa I... f..n .t 1 . u .uiiuvvcu nun irom street 10 street, whereupon the Autocrat rushing upon the unknown, ... t....j ... 1 ...7 ' jou, what do you want J" I am agent of tho police, exposing at the saire time his uniform under a cloak, "and am nr.! watch over your safety." o0 lt, ,., j , .. rejoined tho Imperial wanderer. "I can protect nivself Iinnrp tv Mil l . . rifled ar-nnt .J.,. ' .'T" . .y01i ' .'he ,e'T n,,W.;Zr ,IU" 10 eocy an tmperia f"m "e wh like Nichola7. of a mien and muscular force to make such words terri- I) It r i' n 1 i 1. r .. n J Iij i.'I H h )" "ived a good lot of small quantityr " M wU1 ,c" ty ,hc lot or itSIG. N. LOVELY. - . L HAY, Ql- the besl quality fof sale in lots lo suit pnrehas V,"' ,APl'y L. & O. K I'OLLKTT. .March 1 '. Corner of .Main and Water Si's. NO Tl C E. THIS is to certify ihat I have given, mr son THOMAS III! time, anil rnlinn.i.ah all .fai. and will pay no debts of his coniraetini after this data I'll. Ill -11. .nr.. - ...... 1 ... . I tVl. Charlotte, March 9ih, 1BU. LADIE lift. ' Won alA t.V Ihn ai.hartKa .1 11.. s -y ,, ' . -.'-i .iuihi r aus, A ."I,"01,'! 'i"11"' Samples may ba "fn bjr c'"'n8 " Mr' ' ""fr !"ih-W I March U, 1810. ' 1 ' i,f '

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