Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 20, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 20, 1846 Page 2
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t 1 Xs said of Corniim urn! Solium, of Ocoreo Voit. o' t rri v .in ii . Jimm-a. or .via-sarnu- Bills, mid of several uihi-rs ilnl iniifht be nnmrd. The lat named individual, Col. Jao,ucs, is not only a successful votary of scieniirtc hus'nndry in every re spect but in the raihtjt of slock ho haa done what n.i other man ln vrt succeeded in nccuiiipliihinR. lie Ins pro lucc.l from the native eutllo of the coon try, 11 IiimiI which ho Mils ' Ureim Pots," remarks bin tit the richnc s of Ihcir milk, nnH abundant yield ol butter, lie Ins raised in tny of Ibis breed, which hivo not m'lcn over 12 quarts of milk daily, mid yet undo '20 lbs. hnler per week I the cream beiiu found In yi-i'd 80 per rent, of ' nllrr, ond ri o,n:rc but from live-'io ten iiumiles to churn II. This is nn ex ample tliiubly villi il le In I .inner-, in ecniTal. because. sa.'i! ioiihli d with n i j-reiter expenss linn in iv be nH'onle I i v every itMivr or dairym in in the land. Ill III.) ri,t!ll 11 u-iiitl. nverir firour klhlWS til P crciier profit aci-ruina fiom thennptovrd btenUof s'liTp, than from llio lean mid e nrse. woolen animals imiiiiien luuu I mi 013 our in iiini.iins. i ins ni- meii nliiiiiil.i.,11 v ninii'd hv nir neiii hboM in Addison co.. Jewell, llim-lnm, Sinl ird, Itieh, Wrisjht, Slukm-v. nnd oilier! ho have btcn enabled us uniiy of us know, lo realize inoic clcir u nn ironi uieir i-aiuar Merinos which lliey si ll for 10 lo 20 dollars per head thin wo can nblim from ilinnt inds of the co nnion breeds, valued nl one dollar and njrilf. Tospeik however iifseiouiifi 1 systems ul'till.ii:' ns b'iiii! in ire reiiinnerimi!! ihin the old iiutlind.I inis-hl refer lo in inv exiiiiples ainonir mil eonniryini n. t ini.'ht refer to llo Dutch firmer" of I'cnnsvlvunia, vvliosi Inrns are of brick nnd stone nnd of such port ly duneiston-, lint Ihu h inse-. of the proprietors, tlicinselves, are not in Ic compired with lliescpila ccs of their cillle. Thes-iarc the men who cultivate thoro tii'ily, who reirnlar rolations of clops, who mike fortnnis out nf l.irminj. I miiihl refer to the late.ltidi-o llnel, of the Ou'livatnr, who reclaimed n firm Irom the diilmn- suid, to llie richc-l t-arden tnott'd, by a proper mixture of -oils nnd (ertilizirs; which firm is now one of Ihc mo t prodiielive pieers ofl.mlinlhe F.mpire Stale. I might refer to the f minus I) Hi boss enmity, where science is better nn dcrs'ood nnd practiced, nnd its elieots more plainly miuif -stcd, than in any other district in New Vorl. I mit-ht spe-il; of the communities of Shaker ai Kn field, and IVevv l,ebiuoii t who stand nruona ihc very first ef our scientific hiis'nnilnien. To coinenmier homo than nil this, I nii.-ht spe.i' of I wo certain fir iners, win nny be taken n- specimens of the dill'tr out systems, throu-'hoitt our own Mute. One of these carrying on Ins hundreds of icres on the old plan, does little besides rbnrin his expenses; the other cultivates 2o on scientific niincmles. and clears a hinds. line income. The first raises 100 bushels of corn on five acres, the second on one and n half. The first cnntimiallv coinntiins ol the unprofitable ness of f iriiiiiiir, and wonders ni Ihe inferiority of his crops t, ibe second ha ccnerally the hc-l crop in nil his neiahlinrhoo I. The first refuses to increase his knowlediie by read ins, nnd is unwilling to tike pari in any improvement; the sicond is fir-tin every who'esomo measure, nnd fir-t in scientific knowl edee. Uut it is useless to quote more individual in-tanccs to prove the ereat advantages lo be bes'owed upon our laricullure, hv llio adoption nf scientific methods of cultivation. I appeal lo every man'- own experi ence, to sj't'e the point. Does not every farmer know Ihe increased pro luel ol his hnd when enrich c I ; the b -in-lits of p'.istirj Ibe a Ivantai-es of good pi twinz mid flns tilth? eieh mm ask hiinelf w hat wis ihe sire of Ins land, what his mode of id- Im'e, whoi lie in ivlii'-c I bis be-t crops, nnd h" w ill finditowtn? not to clnnee, or the influence of ihc moon, ' nl to tuiiitma, nnd belter cultivation than ihuiI. Whit km I of cittle have bronchi ihe most minemm Ins pocket 1 Were lliey I'm lenntdry, nnd hird lo-kcepj or those winch fattened eidy, and r-ive Ibe most milk and butter in proportion lo Ihcir cost? An I if i!ood ' iilturennd iood cillle have been profitable on n sunll scale, why mav they not be cquilly so upon a liri;e 1 Kane tfoo I crop be profit able, why is not n system nfffood crops ihe most 1 If:. I.. IT. ! J imjiiiiiim ii u uu ins iniercsi in nivc one coon an imal, why is it not ihe more his inie e't to rnve nil Ins nnimils -jood I And why is no: thai system of nusoinurv ine nei, wiiicti yields mnnmnliy Uetlcr c-oas? Why is not lint breed of caflo the besl, which i'lvar'.nbly consume but In lie nnd repay much 1 In oilier words, wbv is not cieniiiic nr-rieiilinrc. 'biokfiirminr,' niorebencficnl to ihe f.irmer,tlian the oto inn unproiitibie sys-cni cointnonly in u-se. Hut many wll answer, that exneri-nce is llieonlv means bv whichia farmer can learn, no I therefore boo'.s and pipers, ind nil other exturinl niils. nrc of no use to Him whatever. Hut stirepr this nraumcnl will not bear the test of examination. Tho ficl that agriculture i a Dlriclly practical rcicnre, i no prior uni mere miy not no n incory connecied Willi it. Ana mo incory in tins case, his ueen established M Ihe practice, r.xncrienco di-envers to us that nf mitt ts relating to the tillajc of the soil, nrc govcrn ed by fixed I iws j because the cfiecls hcinv alwnvs tho same, ihe causes must be ihe same I kcwise. An I Ihe knowledge of ihcso causes, derived from tlicir if fects, is whit cousiitutcs tho theory of agrieulturnl science. And it is plain that thuugh men may nh servo theefljcts.fiir ecnerntion nflerqenernti-m, with out improvement, ycl when they obtain a knowledge of the causes they have nowcr over I lie whole, nn I are able to direct their cllurls with fir more certainly and skill than when groping blindfold in the dark. The mero practitioner is n it were, deprived of sight; and feeling his vvaynloug, nny in leed somttimr strike upon the right track i but be is sure nf 'en I id tires to one case of success ; whereas I y a knowledge of the causes, bv a thorough a -quiiniance with the theory, he receives ns it were eyes, by whose aid his path is incotnpnrably inoro easily pursued, bis step m ire correctly guided. He obtains the command of the founlatn. from whence he may change or slop, pjrify or pollute, the wh ile course of the slnntn. He fctands on the top of the mouuluui, from whence he tmy behold nn extensive nnd varied prospect, where as if slim up in n valley, his vision wou'd be co.ifined to one narrow and gloomy limit. lljt though it wool I b absurd to ic down cich firmer UtltU oirn cxpernn -e, as the only guide to knowledge. It this experience be thai of o, and our objector vvill be a sen uiifie mm. Tor as 1 have said, this t'teiyriig dcriccl from the oilier words from experienej not ihit indeed of one man or of iwo, but lint of all. an i! the more tru-t worthy nn republiein principles fir ims determiiiel by the tmjirity of eas?. the objector then carry out his ru'e, ilnl cxpciiencii isto be llic teacher, but let it bo the experience of all This is a point which should be clearly uudersto'id. ItnoU farming nothing more nor tea tk-m thestuili of other men' e.ticn ence. Hut now we come to another obj-ction. Farmers will le! us, ihal there arc no Iwo firms, no Iwo soil-, no two mn nhko an I iheitforo one man's experi ence is of no use to ms ftllii.v. Hut griming th it no two cases nre exactly parallel; is il lo be supposed that 2 3Js of the human r.ieeare to be enrraeed in one branch of business; that soils throughout the bind correspond in the in liu with others in like silualion-; thai the same general Iws govern tho whole profes sion, nil all relate 1 toil; anl yet so in ich ililL-renep ixists, as to render the experience no use lo his lirethrenl Surely no man on rilled ion can maintain such nn opinion ns this! Here (hen is the difference leiween the two sys terns, which may be considered as lying nt their IC' B.iccttvo foundilions. The old-school farmer is un willing to use the experience or any other man; the BCieniiticlsrmer miKcs uscot the uutlicniicnted cxpe rienceof everybody. The hrsl, true to his system. mini learn every thing for himself, and consequently with his limited i pportuuitv. becomes nn old man. without hiving nnstlivelv ns nineli knowledge, ns might have been obtained from one yeni's -tudy of other men's experience. Of course improvement 6c- yond his know edge, is out of ihe q icsiion ; and ol what consequence is improvement according lo Ins knowledge? Kven whwre such improvement bus cone on tor several ccnernlions ench supposing itself oeuer man ins ia-i, we inay onen nnu as much ig norance, and ils companion, narrowness of mind, as under any circumstances whatever. For when men know nothing ofthc experlcnceofoihcrsnl a distance nun nnrt tnemseivcs equal to their immediate neigh bors, what U more natural than to sunnnei thai tin i know ns m ich as nnv bndvt nnd lo resent ns if it weronn injiry 1 lie attempts nf others to convince them of their error, and improve ihr ir condition? ISul by ihe new system, a ynung mm properly idmaied, hiving bis besd snned with the experience of mlu is. may begin ihe world far belter qinbfied lo till the a id with success, than Ins ol Lai hool neighbors, iho' oldenuwh to he hi. grandfather. Hi. mind isevei on Ibetileit fur every new imprnvi incut, every new experiment. His whole system of management, ni ihe outset insthulical nno exact, bei omes iimie nnd inore so, as the nrl advances; mini m process of num. his land Ins become enriched, his eiieiim. lan ces improved, his mind n cultivated and efficient nr. can fir doing good; while all around him .xbibiis eomfotl, thrift, nnd an advanced stale nf cultivation And to urn r a eoui'iinsoi, heivvcen ihe iwo in other respects, who cm doubt which wo dd nnko Iho most enltmlened pilnoi, iho most aclive citizen, the most inieiinieot lion 'irt-iiiuio couipmion. ihe miii respec table member of comniuiiiiv? An 1 wWtM. .... i.t i... the most likely to eterate the charncter ntld Btnmlmr. of Iho American ngricohiirist.a work eleeichere advan cing so vigorously at lite pn sent cay 7 And to what ts lilts advancement owing) Twen Jvfive years ngo. the nericiilluml class in ibe ITnoml Bines, was exclusively devoicd lo Iho old systems; all the prejudices that have been mentioned existed in full vigor; nor did any on desire or think nfnny imprnsreni'-nt whatever. Hut in 1-tlS ibe nreaiesi men ia I'm country nro firniers; tho first scholars proiiu oi s ne uonor ol nuilrc-siug nsse ones; ine mosi weatiny nml literary funnies not nsns'iicri to own relations engaged in tilling the soil Now whal hs pniiluced Ibis revolution 7 Is it tin old method of farming? Imnossihlet for tl,i r..t...t the world fur centuries ccfore this period, and ibere never was any change whatever. What then is ill It is me application m mat inigmy instrument of good Ihe human mind, la agriculture. The hind the great lever ny wnien use min may move a million! liy svhicli we earn Iho respect and deference ofourfel. low ment bv which all improvement, invendon nn.l energslic action are originaled and directed for our benefit baa been applied, and nnDlie.l ueee.arnllir. to tho tillage nf the aoil. This is ihe whole crrt ol Ihe change, t no improvement of (he soil, and that df the mind, have become rnnsiant companion; and since by their union, si much haa'alreadv been icenni pli.hed, by the strengthening uf that union, we may II.iii-j iui itiun k,c uri irviiiis, 1 have tiiuicnduvoedtoshow that these elentifn bo systems of ngticultiirc, nre the most profitable, anJ havo the griatest tendency lo exult and dignify, iho pursuit of husbandry. My limits hive not allowed of my giving but n bare iden of w hat lhee ayslcins nre, to du more than this, vvi uld require nnny lectures, or miner many volumes, nut i nave oniv soupuv io draw attention towatds a subject of vast impor tanco to farmers ns n class, nnd lo lliemsilvcs ns in dividuals. It would ben matter of no small regret, if, while that class nre willing to give their attention and support to evcty thing in the world, which docs not iinmcihitcty concern them, lliey sbo.dd bo asleep, oyo dead, on llic subject of advancement in their own profession. It cannot Minly be believed, Ilnl Ihcy wpl piv three times ns miiiii tor tnc pttvi lege of rciiliui llio idle linsh nf Iho day, as they inn be induced to'cxpend on those important pubhcnlioti w!u Ii have fin lluir i lijecl the direct promotion of their own , be t iiitcrc-l. Thai lliesc lliinss hive I ecu mi cm not beilcnicl, I ill il is to be hoped lint tho pist Inildleirncc of our li'isbnidmcn to improvement vvdl not bo Ibe index of their luiure course; fir to ex peel, this would n fleet lillln honor upon them-elus, Itll'c credit upon their prolcssion I nud llicrcloto il i" In be hoped, that in due lime we shall tec the great body of I lint tiiol ioiioriaiU c'as., following .calous. ly in the path which leads to the h'ghest point of uj rieultarnl prosperity. (The remainder of lips address was delivered in Bur lington only.) We will ilctnin von ibis evening widi tin consider ntinn of but one topic more, nnd tint is, tho spccnl interest which nn nscniblagc like the present should feel, in relation tuihe various branches nf ngriculiurnl improvement. Il is n fact well worthy ur remark, lint most of Iho iinnrovcinenls whiili have been sug pested in husbandry, were origin ilcd, not by farmers, but bv individual, w ho have been brought up lo other professions. And as a gcncrnl thing, w-c find that phyiciins, lawyers, nnd ministers) merchants nnd rimers mechanics nnu nianuincinrcrs- wncn incy eg'u tu lnkn nn interest in the sul iecl.nrc much more leady to contribute to its advancement, than Ihcy who l'pcinl l in i licit in t il y upon it to- incir support. Tins may be accounted lor bv n vnriety of reasons. First, becnuse these classes of the community rend more extensively ; 2 II y, be-nuse they open to on smnll por lion of Ihe soil, which biing immcdinicly around their dwelling, require the besl and most tasteful manage ment, in onier to coinune ornament with use; nnu 3lly, becnuse their position inclines them to retlecl mure nn the impoitancc and value of ngriculinral im provement, than those who make it their business to cultivate t lie soil, because these Inst ore too often dis posed to thuik chicly of ils hardships nnd lis toils. Much, therefore, devolve- upon the citizens of n large town in furthering tins object iliroiighout its immedi ate neighborhood. Hut while llnirexcriionsnrc need ed for Ihc encouragement ol pvcry department of agri culture, thers is one of these departments, winch com- menus itscll especially to their practical attention, v.z: 'rnamental cndening: and now here can a spot be found more favorablo for Ibis, than our own. Nature has indeed bestowed on Hurlinston the choic est ol her irifls. She has given us n good soil, pure vvnter ana a healthy atmosphere. She his placed us in a situation, which commands die best commercial advantages, within n circuit nf 200 miles. She has stretched before us that beautiful akc anima'ed with ils white sails, nnd dolled Willi its verdant islets. She has sitrro uuled us with nil ibe loveliest varieties of scenery, in meadow and mo-int.un. precipice and phtn, lindnnd water. The famed splendor of ihe Ilalnn sunsets exceed not thcbciutv of ours. Strnnsers p uise in n Imire sc. n-ry so rmcly equaled; while to the resident of taste, Ihc treat is one of evervnring, vet never-enduig ikhghi. Hut the most valuable pro ducts of Nature ore tnlcndid lo fuini"h materials for the iulcllcci nnd the hind of mnn. The metal in the ore nny be indeed gold, but it requires human nit lo render il bcamiful or ueful. The rough diamond may judeed be the jwol so hijhly prized, but it shows not its purity, or brilliancy, nil polished nnd scl by human skill. And ihc beiutv of Hurbii2ton will not be com plete, until llic hand of man has finished what Nature his to gloriously begun. II now we would inquire Ihe means whereby we arc lo nccoiniiltsli so drs.rable nn end. Ihe nnswer would first remind us of the labors of our fathers wbrn they adorned our streets with those once flourishing, but unf irlunntc' locusts, whose dry skeletons nre now rattling about our cars. Wc must apply ourselves to thc renewal of n work nl present so sadly destroyed by insects nnd blight, and restore ns far aa practicable, mat (leiignuui nnu reltesiiingsnatieot winch wc nave been so suddenly deprived. As a 1 us is n truth perceiv ed by nit, and ol importance loevcry individual in the comuiumly, it may not he amiss lo state n few general rules fur plaining trees, taken from the best authorities on nrl-oncullure, and confirmed by universal experi ence. And 1st, Alt trees should be taken from soils si'mi t ir to those in v'lieh they arc to be planted. We can not expel lliatu tree grown in a stifl'clnv, or among the waters of a vvauip, will 11 iurih equally well in a dry sandv soil. For such soils are dttiercnlly consti tuted, cacti is adapted to ils own peculiar products, nnd of course I lie nniive in the one, will not succeed ns wi II in I lie other. 21ly. They should not br taken from a thicket when intended to itand alone. Nature accoinniodatts all her pro luets lo iln-ir situation. If a tree be accustom ed to the shelter nnd support of a forest, its roots will lie found proportionally weak, and ils s(eni long and feeble, so that ifwe remove it to a spot exposed to the w nd, ils roots will he found insufficient lo tu.iportit, while ils bark, accustomed lo ibe shade, will not en dure the heal of the sun. Hut one which his grown in nn open field, exposed lo ihc storm nnd heal, will be found much stronger, supported by larger roots, nu I beHer able to sustain itself. This therefore is llio tree, vvhrh will succeed the bct, when moved to an insoti'o I silin'ion. 3ilv. VViev should be severetii vrnned. There is a strong prejudice in ihemindsol many, against culling oll'lhc branches of a tree. They seem toconsidtr the branches in ibe li-.-hl of roo's, and we oficti see these last nlmot tnttrcly destroyed, while the former nrc left in nil 1 heir glorv. Hut'suMy this is n glory of short riiirntion. ' We cannot fted an ox through a wren's quill." Tho whole of llio roots hnvo been no more thin sufficient support for the tree in its natural slate, how uureaso liable then is it, to try In furcconc quirter of the original power to perf irm ihe task of mo wtio'ei for it is not possuue to remove a lice with the whole of its roots, because (heir fibrous pari, which performs the work of nourishment, ol'icn ex lends even in --mall trees to a disiince of many feet in a, I ilirc-tions. rtnce, therelore, vvc ennool in trans planting proportion iho root to llie branches, our only nliirtimve is plainly lo suit Ihc branches to tho root, and ibis should be done so ell'-ctunlly, thai iflhere be any error, it may be on the safe side, since ihe prepon derance will then hem favorof the producing interests, insieid of the consuming; and Ihat slate of tliings so necessary for prospernv in ihe regulation ol political economy, will be found lo conduce no less to success in ihe operations of Ihe vegetable wor'd likewic. tthly, I hcy should not be moved icltlle the sap is in circulation. ollilv. They should not be set deeper in the ground thin they icerc in a state of nature. Gthly, Care should be taken to pulverise ihe enrlh and pack it closely abmil the roots in plaining. They should be occasionally watered during llic first season; and some pains taken lo enrich Ibe sod about them, when llteyaie firmly rooled. 7ihly All Irecs set in a row, thould be of the same kind, the same -ize, the aamo height, nnd llio same distance apart. It is nut in accord incc with the prin ciples of good tasle, lo have diHerent varieties set in the Biiiie avenue, while on the conliarv, we should not plant too itnnv of the same kind, when scattered without order upon a lawn or park. Artists have dc cided that when placed in i-luiuns. the most beautiful effect is produced by the conlrnst of different kinds of lohage; Ihedebcaie Inch with ihe tlaik spruce; the grncc'ul elm, with the sturdy oak; llie solid cedar, with iho lighter maple. This is the method ndnpicd by the landscape gardeners of Kuropo, and produces a variety, of the tidiest and most pleasing character. And while on this subject it has occurred In me that in confining our plantations lo maples and elms, wc are committing an error which wo may hereafter h'uterly repent. When our fathers planted nothing hut locusts, lliey foresiw no borer, to deprive us at a blow of all llie trees we have; and ihey who now set out but one or tw-o variclie, foresee no disaster which nny befall Mem, when grown up lo beauty and use fulnvas And since we know not but that Ihcsc may share llie ate of their predecessors, would il not be wise for us lo guaiit against such calamities in future, bv nlanlini; a crealer variety 7 Our forests abound in beautiful trees, why can we not select a numl er of Hicm; for tinning our streets I ini nass-woou or linden is a favorite wilh many, especially on account ol'ihearomalic odor nf ils blossoms. The mountain asli, llio willow, the black-bireli, llie chestnut, and linrsp.(,ii'ii nre fh'-itile for ibis nurnosc. And es pecially Hint mosi licautnul and most ncgicciea ciass of trees, Ihe erergreens, nrc preferable lo nil rubers on nccointof the qia'ny from which they ilctivelhiir mine. I lie peculiar utinciiity aueiioiug ioe ii-mion of ihcse trees has been the c line ol numerou failures, and prcveulcd many from attempting what wns to unlikely to succeed ; but irpainsuc laKcn to movciiicm only in the ir Inter, lliey may I e transplanted wilh as much certainly of success as any deciduous tree. No evergreen of ri-tiiectal.lp size, will grow if set rsit in ine spring or lull, or il i lie roois nnve nccn suipiieu m eanh nl nnv lime during ihe process; but a trench annum no nog around litem laiein mo iaii,so mat ine succeeding rtnsl, binding a mass ol earth light nnoui the roots, will mnke b easv 10 move a miss of soil will-out ditiiirbing the roots. They may thus, at llie approach of snow be moved on sleds lo their new sit uation ; but lliey ought not lo pruned unless it be ill winter, or laiein llic fall, and then with great care nnd moiermion. Ihe experience or many has proved ibis lo be a auie method ol transplanting evergreens; and noilung would improve the beauty of our village in a grca'cr urgree, man Hie telling oui oi large piau laiinnsnfihse trees in every part of ill since the rich ness of ihcir foliage, contrasted with ihcsnowju win. ter, and llio tighter shades ef deciduous trees in sum mer. always nroduees a nteasinff effect. The culture nf vines loo, is a branch of this business which is worthy of attention. Thebght(and wBrm oil of our cardens, at well as Iho protection afforded ny our buildings, surely give us a great advantage tor tho cultivation nf Ihe grape, in many of its varieties. Il has been ascertained that the wild grape of our for esls it capable or improvement to an extent which renders itn belter fruit than our nnpuried Isabellas; why ihen cannot some of our enie rprizing gardeners, lake ils eullurs in hand. It hat been calculated mat 10.000 hiiahelt of er apes alone con! J be raised within ihe prrcintls of our ullsge; why then could not Ihis be made a matter of profit at well aa of taste 1 Our oil is likewise well adtp'ed to hops. Why should we not rtise at least enough of Ibis important article for home consumption 1 Hut it has been suggested by-tnnny, lhat too much vegetation in a village iainjuiious lo health, on account nl lit encouraging dampness in the atmoiphcre. And doubtless injury may be produced by too much of any thing. At present, however, Ihe danger is not of ex cess, but or deficiency. Tu a ccrlain extent il is well known lhat ti t chemical efieci of vegetation upon Ihe air, is tuch as lo improve it for Ihe purposes of respi ration, in iiicnigueii ocgree ; lor leaves ausorli con tiniially ainniontacal and carboni: acid gates, which are abundantly generated in large towns, nnd exceed ingly ((deletions to nuininl life, while they throw o(T in return large quantities nt oxygm, winch is the vital nan ol the atmosphere, I his is the reason or that peculiar freshness in llicair, perceived on approaching a wood; and Ibis chemical action of the leaves nf trees, ns well as the rclrcshtng i-oolnessof their shade in the suttrv afternoons of summer, would exert a powerful influence In improving rather than injuring, the health of our inhabitants To the ladies nf llurltngton lliisisa matter of more interest, limn any olher connecied wilh Ihe cultivation of the ground, for the beautiful and ornnmcnlal are peculiarly the denartmenl of those who mav bo con sidered as the representatives of those qualities. And vye need not fenr lo compare i lie results of ibtir exer lions in the department of tnstc. with similar nroduc Hons in nny other place nflhesimcpopulntton. this is abundantly testified by the tlovvcry windows, the beautiful shrubbery, Iho tnslclul garden grounds, so frequently mot with nround our dwellings. Nor need wo hesitate to say that Ihcir influence, without donrs, a well as within, has been in great measure the agent in bringing about whatever other embellishment in the way of ornamental gardening's lo be found in our village. It is to bo tinped, therefore, that Ihev will encourage, with their characteristic energy, al the kindred departments of agricultural and horlicul titral improvement, and thus extend their own love of Hie u-eliit nnu llic tieauliltii, into every pnn ni puniii as well ns private interest. Thus -hall llurhngion toon beenmens distinguished for its artificial, aa for its nal preeminence; nud its visitors will tic not less nllrnclcd by ils refined taste, than thoy nro charmed with its p-clurcsque nnd rominlic scenery. In conclusion why cannot our long nnd now nlmost naked streets be converted into beautiful nnd frngrnnt avenues of trees; our noble evergreens brought frnm their mounmin wilds, and placed where lluir rich loliigc may find eyes lo sec, nnd laslcs to admire it 7 Why cannot sonic of the living spring, so abundant on our hill, bo compelled to throw up a column nf pure ii nd refreshing water, in the place of those naked notes or pine and hickory, which without I eauty in them selves, now sianu ns monuments ol our otvisions, rather than of that higher nnd nnlilcr patriotism, fiund in connection wiih a cultivated tasle7 Why cannot the rest nf lhat little park ho securely fenced, sur rounded by an evergreen hedge, cultivated and en riched, and tilled with such shrubbery as shall con vert it ftoin its prc'ent neglected slate, to n cool and invi'ing relreit, from the dust and bustle of ils neigh borhood 7 These arc projects which cannot but inter est the feelings of all who love the town nf their resi dence. And though the expenee and unprofitableness of works or taste may be objections lo earning them nnu execution, ii cunuoi oe oenicii, inai mere i more means applied by our citizens to the uc or one worse than unprofitable southern plant, than w ould suffice lo cover many limes the expense of planting our whole village with northern shade trees an I shrub bery. And if the sinieatnount were to be devoted for a few season lo the promotion of Ibis latter object, as is now spent upon lint filthy weed, the investment, ifl nm not greatly mistaken, would be found much more productive of true gratification and health, nnd would render our town in due time, nn earthly para dise. I trust, tidies and gentlemen, tint ihc eirncslnes with wdiich I hive endeavored to advocate these mat ters, will nol be tliouizht unrcisonablo or nnbeenm. ing. It is my deep conviction that ihev deserve the best attention of the community, nnd of every indi-1 ....i..i i..i : .:.i l-. ie il ' i I vidual belonging lo it. F. r if improvement and cm belbshment arc lo bo enrried on, they mini be carried on by individual effort! and il is only ihe aggregate of individual efTort nt last, which constitutes the pros perity or tho whole. I therefore prny nil that nre hern present, to take this mailer into serious consideration, confident that if they follow out their own sober con clusions with energy nnd ucnl, they will nol only contribute their share to Ihc benefit nf the country nt large, but also sccuro to themselves and their families in the end, an ample recompense. CONGRESS. Wednesday, March 11, Tho House met at 11 o'clock this morning, pursuant to the ad journment of yesterday, and presented a mea gre show of members. An attempt was made to order a call nf the House, but it failed. An effort to proceed to Iho order-i of tho day, boini tho reception of the reports from committees, met wiih a like fato ; and without a quorum tho House went into Committee of tho Whole on tho state of ihc Union. Hirer and Ifarlmr Hill. Mr. Smith of Indi ana, was called to tho chair, ami the debate up on the merits ofthc River and Harbor bill was resumed. Mr (.entry, of 'Tcnn , addressed the House for an hour, principally in reply to Mr Rhctt, of S. C, and sonic other members who have taken extreme ground against the constitutionality of Internal Improvements by the General (lovern meiit. Mr Gentry entered but lightly into the merits nf the bill but drew an amusing sketch of the Democracy of the House tlretchcd upon the Procrustean bed of their ill-measured and discordant principles. The Tariff ard the anti TanfT men the Internal Improvement and tho anti-Internal Improvement men, if they were to act with that degree of harmony that was asked for them, would have to endure such a stretch ing as the world never saw. Mr Geo. W. Joiicf, of Tenn., followed in a lengthy exposition of the Constitution, in which sacred instrument he said, nothing could be found to cau-o him to vote for tb-i bill or for any of the amendments that had been proposed. He might be called straight laced, but he was for const ruing the Constitution i7rrny,4nd there was lint one tingle provision in the whole bill that was sanctioned by it. He had read the Constitution, and llie word " national " was not in it but even if it were it would not authorize the passage of the bill before the House. lie then went on at sonic length to show that Ihc contemplated improvements were not na tinnal, and if made, should be made by the sev. eral states interested. He said in conclusion, that if one single measure, which he consider ed a test measure, should receive the entire democratic vote of this House, he, for one, would be most agreeably disappointed. Mr Cobb, of (Jeo, followed in opposition to the bill, and against a laliliulinarian construc tion of the constitution. .I7r Yancey, of Alaba ma, spoko upon the same side. Mr Root, of O., delciidcd llio bin. Friday, March 13. Tho Senate did not sit to. day. llie solcct committee ol investigation nn the harges of the Washington "Times " met to. day, and was organized, and aa I understand, is sued some citations. I presume that the whole subject of ihc trans fer and sale of tho paper to the 5140 men vvill be embraced in tho investigation; and that the members of Congress who established the "limes will appear in broad relief. Their objects have already been disclosed by the course of Iho paper. It is lo clamor down all the old leaders of both parties, and set up, as Mr. Haywood said, 'umil men lor big omrctv The House met at eleven o'clock, and I may almost say was in secret session Ihc whole day not that they closed the doorn.but lhat no one entered tlieni scarcely, except a very few of the members. Tho silting had Ihe appearance, at all events of a private party. i Towards the close of the sitting, Mr. Doum. lass, of HI., obtained the floor and in Iho course of his speech, said lhat the Democratic party was pledged on tho subject of internal improve ment, as well as to maintain our right to the whole of Oregon. Mr. .Seidell asked him if he intended "to say that Mr. l'olk was subject to any reproach from tho Democratic parly for having offered the compromise on -ID. Mr Douglass, though ho made a long speech in reply, showing how the Democratic parly and Ihe President were pledged not to yield an inch South of T1 40, did not satisfactorily answer tho question. He evaded it taying that Mr. Polk found a certain protocol in which it was agreed thai the question should bo tho Kuhject of compromise, nnd ho was bound by that else he would have pronounced tho oiler ol the 4'Jlh parallel trca aonable. Hut Mr. Douglass went on lo say that ihe ofier having been rejccled, the President would no longer have any excuse for accenting or offering such compromise. Mr D. said lhat whatever was the fate of the Oregon question, it should not influence his tutu on Ihu tariff and internal improvements. STATU OP VKItMONT. A PROCLAMATION. MV TUB OOVKUNOR. Tho prinffinir nf the vear is especially suited tn remind tie nf our drjpenilencp, and brin; us into the altitude nf humility befnrn (toil.. We have been siisiainnil by Him Ihroiijjli the sever ities of an.ii In; r winter, and brniioltt tn tho open inp nf tho season, em w hose frintfiilncaa wc are tn depend for our futiirn subsistence-. The earth Willi its power of production, is 1 1 is. The tun shines, ami Ihe rain descends, by Ins ordinance. He npo'ielh hut hand, and we aro tilled with mod: lie liulct Ii bis face and wc arc troubled: ne mucin away yr bream, and we return to dust. -V That we may the mnrn deeply feol Ihe force of these truths, anil enter upon the labors of the year, Willi a peniicnt, humble, coiilidinj, nnd grateful spirit, I do ri'coinmond that FRIDAY, tho TEN I'll DAY OF Al'ltll.uexi, beobsorv cd aa a day of F.islini; Humiliation, nnd Prayer throughout this Slate ; and that llie people thereof do attend, on that day, to those observ ances which may, according- to the approval of their own consciences in the sight or liod, ren der it such a fast aa llo hath chosen, and make it an acceptable day to tho Lord. Let us, in deep humility, confess our individ ual sins, the sins of this community, and the sins of this Natiun, Before God ; and that we may ilo it the more acceptably, let us open the vol umc that rcveab His will, read it with a teach- abb spirit ami mark tho broad extent of its holy and just demands upon human obedience. With tins pure and perfect standard before us llie cift of which demands our utice.tsiiii' -jratitudp-lct us earnesily enquire why it exerts fii little practical itillucncc upon uur lives, why the objects or sense so absorb our aftjctions and cntnti) mil our cncrirics, u liile those of faith so ro il so tMiicend int in importance, and w enduring in their relations to our liiglicst L'r.i.d, make so feeble and transient an impression on us. Let those who prnfesss and call themselves Christians, make this an occasion for consider ing the deep and solemn import of the Christian profession, what it becomes them to do, in or dcr to be truly the followers of Christ, wheth cr any service but that of the whole heart can be acceptable to Him : and whether lhat docs not involve a inslencss of purpose, a self deni al, and a spirit of consecration, far above the standard at which they practically aim. Let our prayers ascend to Heaven for the Church universal that it may everywhere come up to tins higher standard, and thus become tru ly the llclit ol tho worldthe faithful Roprcsen live of Christ upon earth en-raginp; in his scr vice in the spirit of entire consecration, and il lustrating and recommending the religion He taught, by the well doing which can alone put to silence the ignorance of foolish men. us pray for the whole world, with hearts which go down into Ihc depths nf human mise ry, and that arc ready to labor, and to suffer, as well as pray, for the good of man. Let us bear nn our hearts, with peculiar af fection and solicitude the interests of this Corn- tnonvveallh. Let us pray for the blessing ol ll .. . i,. rr.-. ... .1 i :. .Ti Heaven on the efforts lo devclor e its mineral. agricultural, intellectual and moral resources, especially invoking the Divine blessinu on tiie efforts to clevato the standard of education among us, and give to our children tho mental and moral training which shall tit them for the duties and responsibilities of citizens of a Chris, tian Republic. Let us pray fervently for this Nation that wise and understanding hearts may be given to i's rulers '.hat they may be just men, ruling in the fear of God ; and that both Rulers and Peo pie miy habitually recognize the government of God tu the affairs of men, and be impressed with the truth, that neither great wealth, nor extend ed national doimin, nor formidable means nf de fence, nor all combined, can so exalt and pro tect a nation, as R'ghtoousness and the epirit of Peace ; and lint however high may be our ap parent prosperity, the day of adversity will sure ly come, if wc do not listen to the voice of God, and oboy His will for that it will forever re tin in true, lhat tho nation and kingdom tint will not serve Him, shall be utterly wasted ami shall perish. And finally, let us pray that God would inspire the Rulers and People of Ihis nation, and the Rulers and People of every nation, with the charity of the Gospel the spirit that overcom eth evil with good, to the cud that wars may utterly cease, and that the mighty energies that have so long been perverted to Ihe purpose of I human butchery, may be employed in cultivat ing the arts ot peace in teaching men lo love one another, and in sending the gm-pel, with its rrdetning inlliicnces and abounding blessings to every abode of man. Given under my hand at MidJluburv this four. leenth day of March, in Iho year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fnty six, and of the Independence of tho United Slates the seven, tijth. WILLIAM SLADE. By llio Governor, Geo. II, Ukaman, Secretary. Rail Roahs andtiic Brahman. Our read ers are aware that the Pope has prohibited Kail Roads in the Stales of Italy subject to his pow er, and may i-ce in this (cr iiiw dhec omncs) the liberal policy of ihc Romish Church, and the hopeless struggle in which she is engaged, that of binding down the energies of the world Wc have been both amused and interested, in looking over a file of recent India newspapers, to sec that the liraliinans of Calcutta have been troubled also with the progress of Steam. It is proposccd loconstruct a Rail Road from Calcut ta to Benares, and the question for the many headed Hindu Pope, the Brahman Cacte. to de cide, was whether pilgrims might make Ihcir journey to the religious Capitol of India in the cars, or should bo required lo make it in the old fashioned methods. The Durma Shabba, not having the power ol the. sword lo prevent the construction of the road, or else influenced by ninro enlarged news linn prevail at Romo wise ly concluded pi'onms may go bv s'cnm, provided certain mailers of a ceremonial kind, relating chiully to food on llic way, be duly ropected.. This decision, it was thought, would consider ably increase the price oUliares in the proposed Rail Road ; but it is not for Chrwtains to recon cile it with IheSliaslras, any more than tn mike Iho Pope's Bull agree with the dictates of com mon some. I'reshyierian. Great Heat. Advices have been received from the expedition of Capt. Stuart, in New Holland. He left Port Adelaide a year and a half ago to proceed Northward, and had advan ced about five hundred miles, lo longitude 141, 30 east, and latitude SU,4u south, i J is descrip tion of the heat, at the highest northern point, is positively fearful. He says: "I found the thermometer, which was fixed in the shade of a large tree four feet from the ground, stationary at lfjO degrees of Fahrenheit at half past two P. M.-. and, in the direct rays of llinsun, it rose to 157 degrees. It had on a"former occasion, stood al 132 degrees in tho shade, and 103 deg. in the sun 1" A Monet Making Servant. The manu mission of a slave lias lately taken place in Ala bama, who, ns is stated, had earned Jor Ins mas ter, John Godwin, Ksq, a properly of some seventy. five or eighty thousand dollars, and for whoso puichase the sum of $10,000 had been ottered and refused. The man was celebrated fur his ingenuity as a mechanic, and had been engaged in llie construction of many valuable bridges in the vicinity of Russell county, Ala bama. The Legislature of Iho State havo pas. eed a bill for hit emancipation, at the desiro of his master, who freed Into Irom regard to bis faithfulness and integrity. Major Thomas Stockton, governor of the Stale of Delaware, died suddenly on Monday at New. castle, while sitting in the office of the clerk of Iho Orphans' Court, conversing on business. He was elected in tho gubernatorial chair in Ihe fall of 1644, and would, had ha survived have continued in office unliUan., 1849. .WaiorStock. ton was a distinguished officer of Ihc last war. Interfstino KxrERiMENT. Placo several email pieres of camphor in a bason of pure cold water, and wilh a red. hot wire igoilo them aa Ihey float. The lumps will shoot about the sur face in various direct ionr, performing many an tics, and exhibiting a lively dance of fire-balls. PLEASURES OF WESTERN LIFE. Wo aro indented to the corresnnndent of llio Helfnit Journal, writing from Wisconsin, fur llio iinnt'xed picture of Iho aerucablo sen sations of "fever nnd agtiu." A person troubled with it will get up in llio morning and fuel ns well as ho ever did, and perhaps in an hour after, in llio holiest days of summer, will begin lo grow cold, his skin will assunio a yellowish palo color, mixed witti blue, his blood will settle under his fin ger nails, like that of a dying person, nnd in ten minutes ho will Ircmblo nnd shako so llli cold that if his boots do not fit him particu larly well, be very apt lo shako out of llicio. Should he Iry to warm himself by tho firo he finds that tho more wood there is piled on, tho colder ho crows. He finally becomes sick at llic stomach, and is obligod lo go lo bed, where ho is as it were, surrounded with ice for about an hour. Then tliu chills grad ually leave him, tho trembling ceases and warmth by degrees pervades tho body. But instead of stopping when the limbs havo as sumed their natural animal heal, it continues to increase until the blood almost boils in tho veins ; the brain throbs as if it would burst ; tho sick headache comes on ; tho pulse is rapid and irregular, and the eyes roll so in tho head lhat you would think the person couldn't livit half nn hour. But he is far from being nt the point of death. The fever con tinues about half an hour, and then leaves him n good dual weakened, hut ns well ns ev er. I have known persons whom, lo look nt, you would have said, had thny nppcared so in New England, to be in n fit of Severn sick ness and would nol leave their beds for months, if ever, in half an hour aflrr get up nml go to a bull, nnd n "Sucker" (Illinois) ball nt lhat, where one who cannot from 3 o'clock 1. M., until the next morning al breakfast, is considered no body at all FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH, 20, 1816. UKLGON AND THi: BALTIMORE CONVENTION. In the coumo of the debate in llie House of Representatives, on Friday last, on Ihu Harbor bill, nn incidental discussion arose between several members, on the ques tion whether llio claim to the whole of Ore gon is to be regarded at a party question, on the authority of llie resolution of tho Balti more Contention. Mr. Douglass declared that ho considered llie Democratic party sol emnly pledged, by the unanimous resolution of the Baltimoro Convention, lo stand by 54 degrees 40 minutes, and never to vield one inch. i i .. , , , .. in reply 10 a question whether ho consid- , ered Mr. Polk as having violated that nlednc of the Baliimoro Convention, by tho offer of the 49th degree, Mr. Douglass said, that when Mr. Polk camo into office, he found tho government committed by a previous offer lo divide by ihe parallel of -19. That negotiation was now ended, nnd ho, Mr. D., would regard it a treasonable! proposition lo renew iho ulfer of settlement by that line. The Oregon question has always troubled the Locofocos m ire than il has llie Whigs; and since tho Whigs havo concluded tolet llio Locofocos manage it in their own way, leaving tho responsibility where it belongs, anu not tendering their counsel to an Execu livo who gives them no share of his confi dence, iho embarrassments which thicken around the dominant party havo grown more and moro perplexing. The equivocal posi tion of the President, and the shifting ground which ho occupied had already alarmed llic war party in tho Senate, when .Mr. Hay wood's speech completed llio measure of their apprehension. Tho provoking manner in which llio Senator from North Carolina followed up the subject the next day, and the importtirbable coolness wiih which ho met tho impetuosity of Ilanncgan, and tho frothiness of Allan, raised those belligerent gentlemen lo the highest pitch of excitement. Evident ly, things aro assuming a most interesting altitude. Mr. Polk is in a quandary, Mr. Allen is in a rage, and Mr. Calhoun is fdjt getting into a crisis. The speech of Mr. Ilanncgan was one of llio most savage attacks that ever was made, in the Senate, upon a President by n politi cal friend, i Mr. Ilanncgan said that if the President entertained the sentiments attrib utcd to him by Mr. Haywood, (and of this there does nol appear to be much doubt,) he was an "infamous man," and would "sink in an infamy so profound, a damnation so deep, that the hand nf resurrection could never reach him," ho would be a traitor so "su- perlulively haso that he need hope for ncilh er forgiveness from God nor mercy from man." All this, if Mr. Polk consents lo ac cept the boundary of tho 49lh parallel. Whether he consents to it or not, it is very plain that ho is equally entitled to the do nunciation of Mr. Hannegan ; for he certain ly has mado that offer, since he agreed to llie resolution of the Baltimore Convention, and sinco he declared lhat our title to Oregon was clear and unquestionable. It is said lhat Mr. Hannegan and Mr. Allen waited upon tho President immediately after iho scene in the Senate, and camo away just as wise as Ihey went. Mr. Calhoun had previously held an interview with him, and received such declarations as gave him the highest satisfaction. The Union endeavors, with a ludicrous gravity, to inierposo between the rival factions and to compose the difficulties which threaten war to tho knife among the harmonious democracy. The venerable or ganist exhorts them not to quarrel in tho face of the wings, who stand ready to lake every advantage ol a disruption in Ihe ranks of the faithful, and assures them that ihc President remains steadfast lo his expressed opinions; and as he has expressed opinions upon both sides, this certainly ought to be satisfactory. The Union declares lo tho filly-four forty men thai the President will maintain the righls of llo country at every hazard, nnd assures ine lorlv-nino men that ho remains' sincerely desirous of an amicable seiiK-ment of Ihe question j and, again and again exhorts , , . , i j ii.iioiis both side, to harmony and peace. The truth is, the democrat have got moro of Polk (linn llipy bargained for. They wcro very much pleased at tho nicety with which liu balanced himself on bolli sides of tho larifT question, talking frco Imdu to. Sottlh Caroli na, and high tariff (o Pennsylvania ; but lliey ro by no menns gratified wilh a similar dex terity upon the Oregon question. Thoy arc indignant that tho game which they taught him, and which he played with such distin guished success nguinst llio Whigs, should now bo attempted towards themselves ; and they are surprised that a man whoso duplici ty thoy have commended in one instance, should aliow anv lack of candor in another. If, however, iho position of tho democratic party is ludicrous, that of the President is contemptible. Ilo stands forth with Iwo sets of opinions upon a matter of tho highest na tional importance, and allows himself lo be authoritatively quoted on both sides by Sen ators in their places. No one knows what his real opinions nre, and, what is wotse, every one has reason to fear that he has no real opinions, but is loaving to accidont tho highest inlcrests of the country. TIIE FRESHET. We aro happy to learn that, comparative ly, little damage has been sustained in this neighborhood by iho late lh,iw. None of the mills on Onion River have suffered mate rially, and vvu hear of hut little rlamar-c to roads or bridges. Tho Woului I'utlory, at tho Fulls, was crowded upon a lilllu by the masses of floating ice, and has had to sus pend its operations a few days, in conse quence of back water ; but tho interruption is not serious. From other sections of the country, wo have disastrous accounts. Tho Hudson and Mcrrimac have been swollen beyond prece dent, and great losses have been sustained in the towns and villages upon their banks. At Albany the water roso lo the level ofthc first floor of the Eagle Tavern ! nnd large quantities of merchandise has been injured in tho second stories of the stores near the river. Tim town of Haverhill, Mass., has sustained great damage in buildings nnd property, and it would seem almost miracu lous that no mure lives were lost. One man saved bis children, who were nuieily asleep, onlyhy wading throuzh walcrup to his waist,, then lakinij them lo a chamber, llicnce ihrough n indjvv-,nnd so upon tho roof ofnnndj .inine huildint esctipcd. Some fimilic I cen driven from their parlors without having time lo take a sinule article of furniture. The firm or Montgomery & Co. is sml to have 20 000 worth or shoes and leather now under ynter. In miny places on tlice sireet men arc at this niomcnt piddling rrom door lo door in bonts. or on pieces or nc, Irving In secure lloalmr; preperly or ' iconics irom uic inn ms Hood. Unc mm '"ihe Iat stagisor consumption is in cue or afore- sniu nouses, loo Mr gone to be moved nvvay. He has been removed, however to an upper room, where he Mill probably before morning embirk on his last lonz voyage. The water still rises, iboimh it is no a- Innh er by two fict ihan in the great flood ol 1-3 IS. Two of our principal business Hreeis, for nearly hilfn mie, are lilera'ly piled up with huge masses of lit uuu uiu riunsni uuitaing. HOPKINS' LECTURES. At our particular request, Mr. Hopkins has furnished us with the manuscript of his two lectures on the subject of agricultural im provement, and wo present the first one in ... - .1 . I . -l.i a uui luiiiiiius io-uiy. i nesn lectures were prepared and delivered by Mr. II. in the sev eral towns of the county in furtherance of the interests uf the Agricultural Society; and wi- aro happy to know that Ihey have uNered most wholesome influence. The public are indebted lo Mr. Hopkins for tho interest ho has taken in this subject, and llie good zeal Willi which he has prosecuted his labors. We shall hear from him hereafter. And hero wc may a's well nolo it, perhaps as, a singular fact, that Mr. II. has left "his plough in the lurrow, to prosecute a course eif culleoiute studies, with iho intention of ar;ain returning to his favorite pursuit ! Yes, the idea is se riously onterlaincd in this nineteenth centu ry, that a education is by no means incompatible with habits of indusliv, and the manly exeiciso of those physical powers which tins noblest of avocations calls in requi smon : ".iy tallies : meet it is I note It down," that knowledge is deemed aervicea- bio to him who cultivates the soil. Most HoRninLE MuuDEr.. Wo learn from the Albany Journal, that tho house of Mr Van Ness, a farmer, and supervisor of the town nf Heming, Owasco lake, four miles from Auburn was entered on Thursday night, about half past O ..S.ln.l. I... I ., . ' n villi.-, o) Dunn- ouu iii ine utsguiaa ol a negro, and Mr Van Ness, his wife and child, were stabbed by the villain, and are dead. His moth and hired man were also slabbed, but are still iivn.-r. Mrs. Van Ness ran nhmii ntvty rods, when her bowels gushed mf, ai,J !,o le. dead. The child, about two years old, was lorn open from its shoulder entirely across its abdo. men. Tho hired man succeeded in keeping him offwith the broomstick, and saved his own life and that of Mr. Van Ness's mother-in-law, but ho is badly wounded. The villain who commilt. ed the above horrible murders, made his escape by taking one of Van NessV horses and riding him nearly to Auburn, where the horse foil down. The murderer his been arrested, and is now in Auburn jail. His name is Freemsn. How tiiet do love tiie Poor !---Every body knows that Ihe democracy have constantly harp, ed upon this one awful feature in the present Tariff ; that it favored the rich man ! Now look at Ihe democratic tariff, proposed by Mr Walker. Diamonds and Precious Stones aro to come in at 10 per cent, under this Tariff, while near, ly all necessaries of life ( such as iho poor man buys ) arc charged three times as much. The Wiiio Finns Burning Bit cut. The Cities of Utica, Troy, Rochester, Buffalo and Poughkcei8ic, in New. York; have all elected Whig Mayors and largo majorities of other City officers. Tho people of tho free Slates don't seem to fancy Polkism very greatly. Detroit. Tho Whigs have elected a major ity of tho Common Council. The Loco Mayor has 5 majority. HinsM Powers. Senator Phelps has in Iroduccd a resolution into llio United Stairs Senato instructing the committee on tlm l.i. I brary lo report n bill providing for ihu crcc 'linn of an equestrian statue to Wali!noio lowers in do iiiu artist. Kin hi ,.i. II Un it,, -ir.:.. IS- I . . . ' ConEr'" appropriates money for such pur- ' l'e V " elr'"j''Iu 10 ,e? V"erican i""lis" re" membered. I housands havo been thrown aw4V hereoforo fore Watchman. NKW HAMP-SHIRK REVOLUTIONIZED! No Choice of Governor by Ihe People I The Tctuis IMoltcM In the Dust I Wo lay tho returns below before our readers with a satisfaction that can hardly vent itself in words, New Hampshire is redeemed, regenerat ed, ilidcnlhrallcd 1 Williams is beaten h . jority nearly, if not quite as large aa that by u.'t,ti.t. W,.rt(1Kiiru us. .Infnln.l I--. V- l . . ......... ..w,wuiu, iiuieroiieri In one of the largest votes ever thrown in tho State, if not tho very largest, prn-slavery Iwo Focoism is thrown Into a minority of two thou, sand votes I Iu 172 towns below, comprising live-sixths of the population of the State, tho majority against Williams is 2,809! The towns lhat remain to bo heard from may possibly reduce this to about two thousand. The House of Representatives is completely revolutionized. I lie i.ocns can naruly hare chosen more than tuo of the twelve Senators, & all the vacancies will be filled up with Whigs or Independents. Nobly have the Whigs and their allies fought this great battle in bebalf of freedom and the rights of man and their suc cess has been ns glorious as it was unexpected. In tho towns received, there has been an in. crease of 11,303 voles, as compared with No-, vcnibcr. The present Legislature will have to elect a U. S. Senator for an unexpired term of one year, and a full term of six years. XTi tuwns give (for Governor) Williams, 22,. 619; all others, 23,710. HOUSF. OF REPRESENTATIVES. 1910. 1815. Whirs. Independents. R. Locos. Whigs. R. Iweoe. 114 M B3 82 133 111 the above towns the Whigs anti Indepen dents together have M0 members. In Ihe last House tho whole number was 250. The pree. cnt House will not be much, if any larger; and tlure will, therelore, be a majority agajnat the I,i-oi of -it lent TinrtTV. Well done. Neve Hampshire ! lioslon Atlas. Communication. "'i primisqtw hnminisesl propria ten' inquiiUh alipie iniettigalvs." Cicero de Offic. Dit. Emerv, of Essex, Vt. -Sir I perceive by the last F ree PresB that you are dispensed and somewhat irritated, that I should presume to express my unbiased opinion of "Crane's" instrument, which you arc now trying to ps'rra off upon t'.ft publi; as a sure itm dy in Spinal Diseases; but pT nit to rerninl you of the fact, that when you called upoi mo at Bur lington lor my recnmrn-ndalinn of the same in strument as the " IW ittifhe,t Soinu-Aldominal Supporter nf Surgery " .' .' I declined at once, nol seeing any evidence of. its curing the above mentioned diseases. But instead of trying to cr nvince mo of Ihe truth of your position, by lacte anil arguments based upon true anatomi cal principles, you come out and accuse me of sc'fish and sinister motives, as if my' opinion, like your own.must be measured by dollars and cents. But, sir, be it known to you, and the public at large, that I havo no interest at a'l. Itrectly or indirectly, in Ihe sale of any instru ment vv hatevor ; hence your thrust on this point is wholly uncalled for, since your assertion im not true ; and here allow me to say and I say it truly and fearlessly that all the interest I Ii3ve taken in regard lo Ihis matter, is nonn oth er than every Smgcan in this country must feel constrained to lake whenever he is knowing lo tin fact, that Ihc ennhlislied principles. of hie prnli).-.s on are bpinj- violated and misrepresent ed, ( which I lament tn see so much ofaf this pre.-i-nt age ) by any man or boely nf men, for the sake of cnj iling ihe unfortunate out of their miner, under filso pretences of curing the Spin it Unease, by lashing upon their backs plates of steel. Sir, reilheryou nor the Empe ror of Russia, shall ever deprive this 'free country,' of the inalienable right eif opin on. D'dor! Hnwisthisl Only a tborl time since you were luud in the praises of Uanning's Lace, but sinco you have sold nut the right of the same to some gentleman in this town, you tell the public that hereafter " Crane's "instrument is to be the " KttabUshed Spino . Abdominal Supporter rf Surgery." It is true you have added ihe names of sever al medical gentlemen of high standing, who seem to speak well of your instrument aa being good in certain diseases but do lliey say that it will cure all the Siiinnf Diseases I er that it is the " Established Spino-Abdominal Sup porter of Surgeiy "1 No, sir j n,oe gentle men .have ton much regard for ihe'scienre of Surgery and loo much iiii ilesty,(whirh you have violated,) to come i,ut with such a bombast. I told you have threa'ened mo wilh a lug at la-., if "I dul not take bick what I have said in the paper." But, str.iv h le I repeat thai "Crane's" instrument as a remedy in tho Spinal Disease, is a perfect " Humbug ami Imposition," will just propose a moro speedy and effectual way of testing its merits, viz: You will please to call on me with one nf 'your instruments, and I will give you a chance of curing the Spinal Diseas es of some of our unfortunate fellow cilia-ens and when you do lhat, I will then confess my error to the public, and rejoice wilh yoe, tnd not ctiry your happiness; But if you fail lo do this, I hope you will have the magnanimity to refund the money you have taken for the in strument, and thus try to proinoie the happiness and icide-sprcading good you speak of. By so d 'r", yoti will be able to find out Ihe efficacy of your instrument, if your surgical knowledge should fail to do so. B. J. HEINEBERG, M. D. Wc.tho undersigned, certify that B.J. Hcin eberg has nn interest in the sale or profits ari sing from the sales of Thompson's Abdominal Supporter. HARRINGTON & BROTHERS. Railroad Ibon. The present high price of Kailruad Iron in England, 12 to ,13 per Ion, leave no doubt that the article may bo advantageously manufactured in this country. Several iron establishments have already commenced (he manufacture, and others aro making preparations for il. The demand for iron is likely to be large ihe ensuing season, and orders which would have been sent to England are withheld on account of tho lalo reports of continued and increasing high prices. Boston Adv. Silk. There wrro raised in the United Slate,, n, Jb44, 333.2G7 pounds of cocoons. Of this amount, 6,340 pounds were pro duced , New York. Connecticut is ihe heaviest producer, having raised 176,210 pounds in 1844. A Batch or M. D.'s. Tho annual com mencement of the Pennsylvania .College, Medical Department, look place on Wednes day, at uhicli the degree of AI. D. was con ferred on three dozen candidales, who were) duly licensed logo fotlh and kill, or cure. It is stated by iho Boston Mail thai sixty thousand pails and one hundred thousand chairs is the average number per month which go lo that city over the Filchburgh Railroad. A slander suit was Iried at Albion, N. Y. a few days since, which resulted in a verdict against tho defendant, Miss Marielte Ingram, for tbrco thousand dolldis.

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