Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 27, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 27, 1846 Page 2
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lnj the prc-cnt inipiiivina stale of aiiricnlliite. The niiiul ii tlma kinmlcdi'i' of llm ttiosl ine fill dimeter acquired! itn-l Ihe! nariciilliiiml inateiid of boon.' a mere laborer, n in addition to llua a pr.u li'al plnlna.iplicr, n nun of mind. Well wcro II for u, could wo linvu a icli fnatiiii .in nnwnii list o ml it if not In lie doubted I in nlici our fanners become zealo ialy oimauud in tin: llriet ptoceaa of improvement, the i't.ifililinu'nt of 1'icuni's, wviiiuy look forward illi hope to the li-n m lien ihey will itm'o in lilts iin patlanl tncaaiiru nla.i) nn I like lluir tind aimingst the forenmat, in ilio much of anrie'nllnra.1 e'dii T...r ta ill. ri i it v t liin 1 1 el r1 .l Jl ill1 III Sliall All HtlllC- ipu'un. If fitmi-ia w.inlj only employ llieir leisure limp, .if ulnvli llirv hive" mote llnll mv mlltr cluJ, in ici Imunndm sm ly, their 7-a.l w.mlil 0 .in nicri-ne in nl I'eliie.iiion. Iftlio intervals uf Imsnien 1I10 Interruptions of foul neither, nnd rtprmlly I m I mtf winiiT e'veninca were prnt with iMmfiiiv ninl rare in the nco, nnns ni knnwlt'iljr, Ihe benefi' In Individuals anil the public would healmnaiine-.-il'-nlnhle. inn" a inntler nn which inalint nilmii, nil lie lakrn J'V evcrv tntliviilitil who w-udica far improvement! nn.l 11 i one wlic r th.'re i are it room, nml un it nrci-fily for amen Imcnt, e-pcrolly uuoiin tin- vhiiiib. Hut i-t ni rtnpe'il "nn- more to prnctic il evidence- in relation to Ihe licmfiH "f ciluc.lll in. ). lin nru tlicje tnr-n lio hive l.-.t tin- van in lie march i.f improve menl. Arc ihcy tlio iunnrin'. ill" pn pnlirril, thebta nicil ? Wr hair never hcirel of these I'miis anything hut mi" huf liUhr eaii c, and nl thai they hive done rnonch, in nil cnncicnic. Our I1rn1f.1rlnra.arc of n vrrv ihll'.-rrnl ilaiT'tcr. They an the tdnmlal t such nirii na lllliot, Dnnr, Dexter I. owe II, l rten den. I .mi Ion, lluel, Oiylord. Pie'scott, men of lb'' lu.thAf.1 hthi.-,! nnunrs. nml ihe lest rilueali'Ml. And there are the IVli'ts, the Alien", ihc ColiiniiMiho Prentice-, Ihc Skinner, Ihr viewers ! turn of praen calkill,eomluiiiMl with rlrv.ilnl nml en'iivilrd inmd", who nrr now nttivitiy to better the con liiion ofAmcr. lean husbandry. 1 hue lhn fir rndravorrd (hoivcvrr ircblv) lo dia. tus llm utility of these ntolcrn inrun. for improving on aneicit prnfcaion, urnrra'ly. I r.imc now loinn mder tlio pnnir .lir application i.f ihe forcgoine. to ihe farmers of Chiiteiidi n C"imiy. Of the ner.l of mi prnyrmrnt in thia coun'v 1 qhnll say nolluns:, since inuiyof nnr farmers probably ihink thai 11 doi's not Hist. Mill if thev who I hi i'. thus, would visit thoae (.refnna of ihr hml wli-rr theao meiiis haicheen rinploynl, an I nolo lluir hcauiifiil I'HIIr. th-ir ariat crops, their su'istnntinl anil roincriient biid.hnc.a. I frar ihr rontrat would ho loo ireat, to otT'r niurh proiind for self coniratu!aiion. Moreover, 11 has hrdn tinivrraall v found trur. that 1I10 more men know, Ihe marc wi'line and riser they arc In learn j thai the less they know 1 lie li;s they care to knoiv. Now ns to Chittenden County, (in ay iiotlitun of asricullnrnl hooks, paper, nrrduealion, it liaaheen found no rev matter to find 200 prariieal fanners, out nf sonic '2000 vho form iia acrieu'tural population, to come fir ward and take Ihe finl slip, lowarda beltcrim! ilsconililion. I ropent it, it has hern hard work to 111 luee one lenili put of thoe men 10 join annericiillural aoricty, when all ho ild ruh lorward to claim ilii privi'r.'M with nil thr eauerneaa thry arr rainhlc of manifetine. I'rnm this fact, each may draw In own ronrlnniont as to ihe pi-t hi -lory of ojr knowledge and public spun in till Co inly. Rut aa in tin sarirtr. all aro prnhahlv aware lint at thr a-aaion nf our Ir'i-lilnrr in 1311, 1I10 aiini uf $2000 w.ia appropriated .iiimnlly for dinnbuiion 111 .n ihr several roiinli" in ihia mnir; iiroporiion- ally M Ihe ninnhcr nf ili ir inliali.lanl, to le spent in Ihe loinriiieiiiciil nl auriruUurc : on condiibn that ich county "h nil I f irm a so vy. and rii! a s 1111 rn,'i il In it shirr in ih' a iprrpi'mion. Tliia rouuly therefore waa rlllilleil to a' 8151 and ihmuah ill'" aelivc ill irta nt a tew Inillii.hiil. a aociety waa form rl, Iho minry raiaed, and tint from ihe trriaury rr reived. Thn'ilrai trar. 141 1 ill ' 1 1 ir w la rll nllend- rd: and nianv soei-iniLiia n stock nnd pio, hire then rthihjted. wrro huhly rredoahl.' to 1 10 pro hi crs Knvii thia hri'inninii we a rl - Il t 10 rTPfrl n irood roniinuinrr. and mrreaami; zeal in Iho um.1 rauart b 11 wIkii the utAt vr-ira f or ranie mun I, it npprarcd to iho dn ipnuntin.'iit of all 11 lunula, tint iheinlir rat in lla tnirrr' hldahahdj till' n ireliy w as the nnlv r!nrui w Inra had pro In. -el the iiirnirr rccppr lalilr lorn 0111 1 mid now lint hid deparlr I. armir new scheme mui he a lopttd. so-no new atlraeti'in ilia- riivrrcl, or ill attempt muai ii. nhanrUurd. Oh;o' liona he 'an 1. 1 ho urii"d aaainai it, moat ol w hieh arrru rd on th 11 in of ihe old 'rtor. any Iiiti2 hut lint ru- lmhtened lilirra'itv, which ws had a ruht Inexpert in i's behalf. Int nf thee wc B'nll paaa by ns n it requiring noiiee, but aa nouie of iheni frctm to r.irry Bourn wri'dil. and be of suinc ininorlaner, w 0 will en deavor to ausivtr euih aa avc have hiard, to tho best of our ah litv. One objection ia on aecounl of ihefairs bcinehidd at n irlinntun. instead of at s one in ire central tnsution. Tlio country farmers consider it too far to rome, with their entile nnJ produce, whereas were it nt Willistnn il would In) more convenient of access. Hut on the whole nre there not mnrraiid bfiier rrasins.fir bold fair, our cautious !;rntty have nailrd to sre whether lliey mijht by chance, have m.incllniic thai .would dtnw a premium and hivin Hun poaiponeo 11 ,iui about sutc nl inalniitf 500 per mil. on the capital tn vested, have been (rencroua enoirfili to join. Anil wlint has been lliu couaeq.ionee 7 Many of ihc preiniuins Invo hrcn awarded lo acciilenl, and noi loindiislry. I'armen hnvo hrouaht in '.in many cases) hatio;i mned to bo pretty fair, and to sue h aa these, inauy premiums hac been awarded. And so litllr spirit hai been luinir.sicil, thai a hrcc prop orlioii or ihe prcim 11111a, especi illy those for field erops, inechnnical pro duels, iiiauuhciiirrs, and poultry, hao not been com iietcd for nt all. Now what possible good can hate heendUeted by such a rouisoaa lliisl farmers have 110 pains 10 prepare for Ibis exhibition, otting their preoiiuma 10 accident, and lima, in encouraging chance, inuell Ol lis small ineana nave ui-eu Mpiiiin.f. - id. Hut iallns tlir. I.uill 01 lliu sonny 1 1 n. 1 s'nll nllend unmans sense of propriety when I say it is iiwing'tulclv lo Iho ul proper .ml and Indus iry, 1111 the pit! of ihote who j'lintn thia way. l or as I have s ml, the ohj.ct of Ihr society, ia to enrourngc hid iatry, skill, and ecicnliliis methud in agriculture and Iho iiieeh inic oris. Now how can these bo nl l.iincd.wlicuf.iiuicrsand nicchniiica contend nol in industry, skill, nml science, but in slriving In secure an accultiilal gam,bya rouiae nf conduct whuh in jitea inthcr lb 111 bcitefiia thu obj-ets nl ihc sociclvl I'lemaims may be nwanled furtver, but so long ns the competitors lor prizes tt fuse In employ industry, skill nn t a. iciirr in th.-ir ttrriiamtiou. ihc society i. nnd will bo. utterly unable to produce any good, nnd it is- wor-c man tiaeieBa 10 pu'pori u. t , . , Hut now the quiaiiou nriiea. What then ia the in per ci urse for iho tanners nf Chittenden county to m rrl ition 10 this soLictv? How nre wo to mnn- aire, in order lo make it more nifnl in future! '1 bia mui!.iurn. eai li man I nin confident, can answer for himself; 1 ut nrvrtlhclrsa n- there may be some who li no not drvoteil much 1110112111 10 inc. sin jeet, I wo ild throw out a few hints which may nol he rum,' V liae rss. In Ihc lirsl place, ercryjarmcr nnu mccionic anuuiu inin nn ft niiir.T nt cntirsc. i' or s nuosioi: in;ii in- irnift mat n i e u ra ec monev euoimn 10 eoiiiii our elnre of Iho legislatures bounty, we bad, what we would haio in thia case, ihe mini of $2000 to scatter 111 premiums among our productive population I what k, ndililional liiiwtr shduld wc bnc for the ... ' tr : - 1 ..r II..I- f pronioliun 01 ine cause 1 11 iieifmi un icluiu.., '00 member, our numbers should include all these 1 if the whole country should rio up and ctert them- aelica inaulully in Hiceauso 01 improvement, wnai n p iwciful reading influence would be fill in its every corner 1 wh it an universal hfo nnd igor would be infused into uur now cold nnd indtfTcrinl bosoms 1 If ins end of standing irrrsaolutcly at the door, "rnl' l.iiiim" bow much we are tn ert for our beloved dollnr. every man would walk right 111, puy his fees promptly, anil lakrlii'Hl Willi nuciiiiiu.iasm eouai ui uiciiui'or inner of thu woik to bo done, how rapidly would improicmenl spread throughout the county i how soon should we cease to hear of our neighbors leaving thrir wnrnout farms for the distant west : howquicuiy would agneulliiro n-c to its proper level, among uic other pr fes ion of the land I it, 11. riinii 11 nn,-. ererv mnn s to tmcoiiHiicr oiv o orjalnlnntkc mcitlij tisu peine ei'mi byhlmttlf that he irii7 10 nil m Ins poirrr tojuriner lis onjeus. Hundred- or prrn na air oiirnu ny it, to 01 ry ue- in r t men I in ngnciillure, horticulture, 111 inulactnte, :u:d llie turell line aria 1 why eannol cadi man srhel oncor two nf thce in ihe sptmj when the list is pub lished, nnd deiole hnnself through the seaaon lo the production of the nriu Ir for which ihcy arc otlcrcd 7 Iho lime ami labor would 'e ol litlle ron-rquriiri', roinpand with Iho ndianinge 10 I r demrd froni it i fjr even w ilhutlt ohtallllui! ihe nrize no man rail com pel bona If lo do ihc lust 111 his power, without bene fii j for it show a him whit he can do if hr chouse ; il be suereeds oil a sunll calc ho will allempt Ihc a-iuie thing more cxlcusivt Iv, nnd ilm.a ly degree impruvo hla who'e methud ; hr will seek for Ihe best iiivannfsnceese,anil itu n bydeiive additional knowl edge. An I be will hkewi c be iho gamer ill thr alur of iho thing produced, for no man can hive nn hand a heller crop a better animal, or a bitter article than common, wiihnut receiving the reward nf lint excel lence. And il he ha- hern induced lima In produce heller commodities., by having had a premium in view, surely be h.i.a received iniiiy dollars, by iiiiaus of ihe oncmiu-tid in Ihc society. And if thus the giiner without th? prize, bow much the more so with U 7 t.ct 0110 mm therefore resolve that thia year hr will tnko ex.irn puns with Ins wlient; another with Ins corn; 11 third with his eala. Let another select his best cows, ocn, or sheep from which he will make as much butter and cheese, beef md mutton as possi ble. Let another take pains with his hoT-ea, another with his poik, a 7th with luagirden or root crop T.ct our ladies eiert themselves in the prod iction of ihoae nrticle utiloinestic manufacture, lor vvjucli pre miums are olljrcd lo them. And su each individual in every viMngo may aim at excellence in a different line from hia neighbor and every town pour into ihiJ cel ebration a large nrray nl Iho nnst henutitui nmt voiu- oihrr profcsiona havo been permitird so fir lo out run agriculture1! in 1110 marrnonniprovrnicni 1 iny is H, Ihnt New Yntk, Massachiiclls, Conncrticul, I'ennsylvnnia, nnd even our tivnl New Hampshire, have gone nhend of Vermont in tho establishment of agricultural societies, nnd petiodicals7 Why is it, that Ihe sons uf Yirmonl elsewhere ore Ihc lenders in every enlerpri-.r. while the home Ihnt raise cj Ihrm is so fearful ofrmliatkiiiK in nnvlbing of the kind 7 Why i it, Ihal this sueitly, the fust established, is allow ed to droop, when similar end subsequent as-ocia-lions, arc flourishing in oilier counties of this stnto 7 Why ia it, thai by our conduct in this matter wo have proved lite charges so often Iniij against Ver mont! rs, na being penurinus.npposcd to improvement, always behind llm nee 7 Gentlemen! Why it nil Ai ? That il hem so. is matter for stitficient re gret, but in the name of our roi.ntry, iii(lhe name of our pruics-eoi, llie uniuu.'i nnicveria uenr ua 'el lis tesolvr thai l( he o no longer, t.ct farmers mouse to 0 sense of their own imporinnee anil dignity and ct cacti one here present, determine lhat no na nn individual, will take an tictivo pari, in promoting so great a gnod, nnd give us ns pledge for his doing so bis name suusci ibeu to the constitution or tins soei ety. CONGRESS. . 1 1, fnira nt II ri t-1 ', I nt Inin Kill tin chmt-ii in filor of any 'other town in'the rnnnty J 'lliiherto ahlo articles such ns will give il the highest interest there have been nt Ihirlington from 30 10 BO out of n "'"I rilled the hiahen credit upjn their individual " "UT"r. ,VA" Ltr.f. -Vo',s:ciet;p;nsea. than anv oilier town, nre snre'y mulled to a preiiy irong influence, in fixing its location, idly, There memhers likewise exhibit a greater number of articles, citllc perhans excepted, than any other town; why should not the fair he therefore thu most convenient 1 to the greatest number 1 3Jly, The roads from the several lowns lo Iliirlinzton, are in miny cases more direct, nnd belter travelled, than from one In mi to another through the country, so lint on the whole, the journey U'no grciler, though the distance may lr. Hut the strongest argument, perhaps lemiins behind. For it is plainly our interest 10 exhibit our produce where wo liny expect Ihe greatest number to come and aer it. II a back vi jt.e were cborn as the spot for the f lir, the population heint, comparativily sparse, we should hive but few comparatively lo inspect lh fnrts nf our labors whereas, at lluriiiigton, there arr many more inhibitania, many more lrangrr, and our exhibitions arr thronged by crowds, all aiuioua to S3" nnd a linire, whit is rxhihited fir llieir graufiei lion. .Uhly, lliirlington ia the nf the rouuty. Most of our firmer a go there n I sny rale several lime a veir; why nn ihev not therefore uukn thia a day of busineaa, ns well as ple-iaurr, and lima arrange thrir milters so aa to lose notiuie I Thesanre poinia of no a mil c ioseq-j',iiefl in tho regu' moa of thia mitirr, n id sureH in ea "h an I a'l of iheni, llurliagton hi the ndvintig'i. Ibit there ia nothing 111 the ronstiiuii m rrq iiruig that iho furs he brid al tint town. It baa been a initierni nniiu'il regulation irom ear to vrnrt nnd when it seeuia eKpedicnt 10 the managers, at their nunm! 11101111, lo tranfer the fair to nny other town in the Countv. thev are at psrfctt liberty to do an Another ohj-'clion which bia been n Ivmeed ia, 11 that the rich f irmera get all t'le prenuuuia, and so thi tendency of the society is 10 unke the rich richer, and ihe poor ttooter.' ' Now this i h.ettioii 14 reillv irry likcahsnrdiiy. I'or supoosmg it true, how inueli is nne nnn iinpovrrivhd liythelosnf adollim vein nnd how much ia nnnthei enriched by an occasion il award often dolhr. (ihrhighe-t prrininm oil". rid hv the .Society 7) Is lie- object in view the mthlni; of vioney, ate vvr iiivcsiiug our uieuui. 111 n riiuroao com pany, or banking iii-tiiulion, from whit!, we are to receive again our priucmit and inurest I Or are wo not ralher s-tktug for iin-iroremen in lius'nnilry 7 And if by this agency, we can secure tho imprnve inent. of what conseq lence is 11, who g,.(3 iho premi umi 7 Ami if a member has been at U by any means lo raiaennd present a good article, why should li s riches or hi-povetiy influence thecomniitieoin the award of its prcmiums7 ll unv indeed la true that men in gootl cinmnstinces have drawn the greater proportion of premiums t but ibis fact is not owing to the lomuiiitec. (who hnvo been in all cases disinter ested persons.) but to a der.ier, nnd mure fundamental cause. Whit keeps a firmer poor, except his want of management, his poor rrops, ami wori hie-Seattle I What mi', ei a farmer rich, unless it bo h,s good man agement, his good crops, mid ood cattle 7 And in-a-much as these last are the very things which tiiia society proiioi- to encnurago. ihe greater shire ot tho premiums has of course fallen to Iho share, of those who nre vvrll to do in the world. Another objection is "thai Ilia Mcirty insirad nf pivtng ou' their uni'ls in premium, Ins let ihein out at intorrst. thus rol leeiing money from the bird earn ings of tanners, for winch lliey get 1 o reiurn." Now the facta of ibis cue are j im tho e. Cvcrydollir in Ihe ireiaury Ins ben appropriated on prcminiiia, hut inasmuch ns iheie baa been no roinpriiiion, these pre mium bivet not (ten pail. What thrrcforo vv as lo be dour Willi thu 111 illev 7 Must ! he ret inird 10 Ihe donors It would nrgoo h'tle wisdom 10 think i.f throwing il nway in that manner. Thu onlv nliirni lives ihnl renninij'.lherefiie. were lo keep it idle in Ihe treasury, or lei it 11 u ni interest. And who will carpal iho Inner rourse7 Noun anrely but thoe who aro governed by thai strange ami uunvnuniahl.? spirit ofoppiaiiion, vvhich 1 mo nfim met wuh, in-lead of lhat generous and oppn hande.l asatalau'-e, w nch till such in-liiunoiis need so micli in 1 fir ir iufancy, Hut ilia great nhj''rtion mile n7iiui the snr-ete, and ihnn'ie vvllirll his hid the mist elV-ct. U "llnl rn 'Il mruibrr fifths soriely, ia rrquurd to ny one Hollar a vear. into Its " A l I this rii ifulOMs tax, imposition upon thr hetrttt of those wh 'o hriitaiin I n ickelh are nne nnd imlivj.lhlc. Ins Ind nil IT-et 111 hinde-nng tbeaoeirlv h suee . whirti everv man vv ho urges such nn sho'ibl loown, To I'uiilc of spi'iidm'; one ie'10e; iiillur un improvement Wlnl horrid exlravigancu ! What on uivvarraulal'U waslo of monev I Hut genlleturii wilboul ntte'iiptiug lo e-xenae iho pi I truly atrocious rundiiel nr tlieaireuv n tin miner, 1 am Inpjv announcing, llm irnrrlonii no man wPL be aski-il 1. elct anvlhin. for ils support, for br will rerrivo the full value of his money regularly nnd nuneinillv. 111 the form eif an narieuliural paper 1 nnd llua vve hope will be siini"i"nt remedy lor tlio grievance so lullcrly compmneii 01. Aaaiu I have hern asked M what good hi vour so rietr ilone, and what is it going to 1I0T To this I would answer that 11 haa nlready elono some consul erabia good among those farmers who have supported it in the manaer uiuallv neceimp'i.heil bv societire and which I have mention in nnnihrr phre. Hut that iliis is but little of whit it ought to do, ia inderd plain, vet easily accounted for. For in tho first place all Tidun'arv associations depend mainly on llm zeal nf ihe msnlrs, for the inierett excite d, and benefits conferred llirouah their agency. Hut iho course of very many who have jeuned this society, lias le-en anything hut zealous- for in fart many have joined n 't with any Intention or drsirr to promote improve ment. but onlv 10 se-cur.i a profitable invrstment for a dollar! An the laws allow any peraons lo loinpele or premium who nave joined itn uajs previous 10 mo In 'the Tlnn! n' when nn nrticle hns be-en prceu cd for n premi 1111. of which the owner Ins a good opinion, but which does n it draw such premium, by reas 11 of competition, let no man take offence nnd vWulrair from the socich. For although our feelinus I.e in'ire-tcj 111 nvor eu enir own, nitre are sevcrui things to be eonaidcred btforo taking a retrograde sien. In the first nlacctlns very prejudgment m fa vor of our own, ihepiahfies us to judge, ns is well known in law and the ordinary business of hfo. 2dly The committee. aieili-intercsli'd persons, and having no motive for partiality, are imiru apt to be just than l!io' whose feelings are concerned. 3 lly, I: cannot be exiii'c.led that ill should gnu prizes, un'css ihey are reduced lo one dollar c-nch ,ai) J then they would cense lo he worihv of cninpeiinon. r-onic therefore mut be disippoiuied. 4thly. Nothing is hereby lost, since every member is more than paid by his agiicultural piper, anu 1 11c cxira viuu' 01 inc nrucie piuouccu. Sthlv. If vve Invc ihird llua vear, it is no great mat icr 1 let us onty strive so much the more vigorously Ihe nrxt. I have thus, tndeavoiid to show the means by which agricultural improvements arc 10 tie aecoin nhabed : nnd the ndvaninye-s lo be secured to our og riculiurul prospetily by the firm cstihli9hmeut ef this .neietv. Though thefco topics might be descnntrd upon at much gre.rer leng h. nnJ certiuily wilh far more ability, vu I will not now ircpas by a piolong edehsiaiasion uiion your lime, but 111 conclusion 1 would siy i tew to tlioe fair wives asj daughters 01 till- village wno nave i.ivoreu us won eiico pr.Ecnie ihia rvetnn. l o the adies nf Chitlctiden Countv nre r.fidied a fair nronortiou of the nreiui'iins i.f llua Soei et : ihrough lluir ngeney nltuie is it possiblefor our fir uur . to i, ictce I in producing many ol those article-. for which priiuiiinis are ollercd lolhem; and 10 their nil! ir-nce and exertions, have been owing in a great pie.iMiro, iiu'e eoniniiHiiona te me two lairs already past, vv hieh have he ghtcuedll ear iulrresi 10 so great a elcirree. vv t therefore call uiion voir. Indue, not to re lax yo ir pra'sewortliy ell'ins in the ciusoof improve, uient. Vou p'isess tin intl lence, gentle it may be. but powerful, in eletermining the co mads of th e nnecleil wilh voo: we enlreal vo 1 to use this intlu ence. in exciting the nctivity, and prompting tho pub lie-spirit, nl those r-niinccnons. 11 has olicn bteu said th it the elest lines of America ate ruled bv her women and surely those destinies could not have been placed in hauila I etier iriahfied to lull icnco (hem in the right way. vo ask you (demure, u hitherto you have lent your ait 10 1111s cau-e, toapply your ellirls liencelor. ward, with redoubled vigor: if you h ive not vet nssis led us. begin at otte-c by taking an active interest in its we-lfarc. Fur arguments liny fail, reproaches may provoke, and a inis akcn senso of self-interest bold back nnnv. whom the mild reivie-t of a wife, a dough tcr. or a moerier. win at onceuciermino upon ino prop er course, le i ilierelore our ladi.'s take an ntiivo nan 011 tho side of improv enient. anil we mar res! as aured. that tin os well as every other enterprise in which their influence is cxcrlc.l, will bu conducted to a prosperou isa le, And to Ihe veiling men hero prrarnt. we we u'd like wis srnoeal, forlo von must we look for that uctivity and zeal, which (with reverenro bo it Miol.rn,1 nro not alwayi. the tlinraclorislies eif nioro a Iv auceit age. If ynur niinibers havo been uidt'cd diuiinis'icd by many, who, neglecting lluir duly lo Ihcir fatherland, have prif. rred tctting up nn opposition to il from the more slothful virsij so rn ich iho mnro falls upon your ahnulders, lhat you may perform thu office of all, Venir 111111 la aro yet iuq usilivi-, your teinprrainrnls ardent, the gre ater part of your lives before ) on. Vour .dimeters and eliapositi uu will in a few years, le liioir of our country, vve therefore piay you In spare no puns 111 nieir proper ciiiuvuuun. i.ei vour nine lo bo " Oiiietmt " l-ti paiienen nnd perseverance, zeil for knowledge, and 'eiro lor iiuprovrinenl.mark your rarrrr. .Sludy dilisenlly, inquire minutely, la bor indu innu-ly, in the acq .ireinriit and application of knowledgr in your prof ssion If jnu have erliica- lion, j un ran employ 11 in no 1 e-ner pursuii , 11 yon havo'tinit, mike use of such means ns are within your reach, tor ihe a'tainute 111 tf lli'tl most invniua bin uf (reisurca. S.i sinll vour ftlorls bo ellcclual, your lives useful, nud vour rire.fession elevaied and i npinvi'd. t'o-no forward nnd give us your earnest support in thi- lies! sirp in improvement, nnd be lea I rrs in an rnireprisr of which ) oil especially, will iitii-otir, ic.iii ,ii,. ueui'iiis. All I ns r, (hove who are now ihr bulwarks of so cle I y, thr he'aeta e.f families iboposse'iaorof ihe wealth ami power ni inr reiuniry wo tirg yon gentle-men, no longer lo hiug lurk from iho promotion ofan nb- icl. demanding imnicdmr end. present support. Wuh annuo 10 agriciiiiure ne k suit, lhat nnclinll, eit those vvhohivo hiiherlo joined 11, are mere nmateurs 111 husbandry! while those who ore 1110-1 interested, bang hick fiom promuting llieir own intere;sls, oa if Ihey avoided a plague! Wcask you lo give yonr voice, ill ti i.r ui 1,11 ill-Mild, ieii,,va nuke i.i.j.-. , o ,110 novneicr- menl nfvouroirn profession. Are lawyers and doc. lora, ministers nnd merclianls, lo be allowed lo main lain out of charity, what is intended for our benefit Though much indebted to ihem for their kindly as-Kitane-e, ran wo not show Clio woild.thit wo are able lo lake care oft ur own ronrrrns, without throwing Iho burden upon their sheuildrrsi and can seeour own interests, nnd promote our own good, without calling upon Ihem lo doit for 11-? Oris there nol enough of that once mighty piineipto of honor ot least, left in our bosoms to call u-omi lo a man in its elefencel If this institution is lo be continued, it d( nrnilaon eon for annnnrl. Il nocda vour helD new. now let lhat help be lenderuel t anil let a long lia of willing tiibocribcrs be this night the evidence 01 your ulnerilv in lla suriiinrl. One woiel more snd I have done. Why is il lhat Saturday. March M. Mr D iiialnsx, of Ilii tviis, who is (inn of the leaders nl Iho dominant nartv in the Ilnusr, pronounces that Iho stand aril nf nrlheieinv elemnr.r.acy ia embodied in the lcolulinns of Ihc Ilalliiiioro Ctininilicn of May, 1841. In the rc.nnnexntion of Texas and tho re-occupation nf Oreoon are the first principles nf this Democratic creed, and the subeirdinatc principles are to bo found in tho doctrines of rreo trade, or low eluticF, or nn initios, me res toration of the Snb-Treasurv, &r e&e. Mr Davis, of Ky., was tempted to ask Mr Doiiclass, as nne of the standard bearers nf the Hfio democratic erred, new because, as Air I). says, it was not always heterodox to defend a bank and advocate the protective policy : and now, also, because the creed was written out at the Baltimore Convention, what ho meant by the re-occupation of Oregon, and what tho Bal timore Convention meant by tlio same resolu tion ! Mr Douglas answered not with the frankness nfatnan, nor the intelligence ol a statesman, hut with all the art and caution of a hired poll tician. that " bv the reoccupation nf Oregon he meant the ramo thing as tho re-annexation of Tcxis!" Most craflv. indeed: and the mem hers could not but commend tho Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means for his an swer by a loud laugh March 15,-Tiie Caucus, the Uawcals, and the cinnoF.s against Ttin Senate. I tlei not learn much of what was done in tlio caucus, last night, held at tho Capitol. Some of theio who were present say that nothing was done of any interest ; and ns tlio adjournment was an early one, such was prntiahiy mo tact A inrrtiii'' of "iinrnmiiroiriwiiii'," "w hole of Or con," '." 1--10," "war vv ith I'nglmd" Loco I'n nn must liavi! bnnn as tamo as a meeting of wolves upon Iho mount lins, or nf a here! of huf. falnes upon the prairie.. There could bo no iiriety, and no ilillernure or strtlcs, 111 such an itsscmblagp, nothing like the discord of 'Vwccl bells jingled out of tunc and harsh." The "fifty. fnrtv" Whigs, it is slid, were in vited urn this meeting, perhaps to disturb the accustomed melody of the caucus room, but evropting one very worthy uontleimn from Illi nois, I know of nn ul-lll U lug in Congress. he VI112tnrtv are generally ready.cvrcy whore tn compromise this question, where a rompro mise has been fiv! limes nflerod, and by some f the most patriotic men of Iho nation. Of cntirse, there were no ul - in wntg to attend such a caucus. Such a ineeling will bo power less in all its atletnpted influences upon Con gress and Iho country. It is hut a congrega tion of ultra politicians to overawe Congress, the l',cr,utive, ami the country, ami 1 nave lull lailti that it will produce no cflbct whatever. Monday. Much 10. In tlio Senate, Mr Denton made a report from the Select Commit tee In itivestiijatc the truth ol tho charges made by tho Washington Times and declaring tho charges raise aim contcmnliuie. 1 lie report w.i unopieii. Mr Calhoun addressed the Senate for an hour and a half, in a most interesting manner, upon I ho Orenon question. Ilcilnus not no'.v consul. ertho notice a matter of importance ; fur it nn longer assumes that the question cannot tin sot tied by roniprnmise. lie considers the question as having undergone a change emeu Iho dis cusion of it was commenced, and the position of iho Senate and nf tho President was changed in regard to it. It was tin longer a quostiun nf peace or war, beraue it was no longer to be considered that there could bo tin compromise, He viewed tho remarks of Sir Robert l cc: as a proof that the British government was ready to meet us substantially upon our own proposition of 4!). It was tlio duty of this government to tako a step to meiM the overture. Ho presumed lhat it had been done. Moreover, the whole public of both countries cillrd for compromise, and the Senate was for compromise Mr Calhoun made an admirable speech against war for Oregon. Mr Berrien look the floor for to-morrow Die House wont into Commitec of iho Whole and took up the ltivcr and Harbor bill, Tuesday March 17. Senate, This is Tat- rick's D i)', and I leel (no much like celebrating it to be tied to a 1icu-l'oro House of Keprcscn latives, or chained to the gallery of 1111 Anti-I'olk Senate. And yet I must try and give you a sketch of what was done to day. I he henale was engaged during tho momms h mr with miscellaneous business, among which was the ordering ol .1,11110 extra copies of Ihc Report read by Mr lleiiton yesterday nn the I lines newspaper, lor general circulation. The special order of Ihe day was then taken up and .Ur Berrien addressed tho t'cuato at length on Oregon. Ho was very severe upon those who tried lo bring Party dictation into tho Senate. Ho hoped this ben ito would continue to bo a deliberative body 111 placo of one merely to register the edicts of a Party or an Execu tive. Tho talk abnutour title beingclcar and un miesiionblo was nonsonse neither Nation had a clear title, but n o Mad claims which il proper ly prosecuted might result in our occupying ; largo share of that Territory. If it was neces eary to tell these truths in tho ear of our eno mies he would not bo deterred from this course by popular clamor, He then proceeded to discuss two propositions; Committee, several amendments wore voted nn.l Mr Culver of N. V. moved to appropriate IJo,- 001) fur improvements 111 he Salt river, running through iNevv-llainpshire. ftlr f ries, ot Ohio oflitrcd an nmonumoni making an appropriation (or the construction nf a " llebb nnd Sc.htine.k Subterranean It.1ilr11.1d" through Ohm Inr the transport of their odorifer ous friotul through the Sialo. After Iliis had been actually entertained by tho House, Mr Schcnrk ret ton personal cxpla 1 H.i ...1 .t . irf .! .1 mn,..,( in ii.iiiuii. lie. tit-niu ,11 I nr euiuiv;!ii.iii .iiua.tfc vv. Insult him, Mr Frit's said he would answer thai question out of doors. Tlio vulgar amendment was pro nounccel out nf ordei by the Chair. Tho Committee then rose and reported the bill with amendments. Mr Schcuck rose ni.d said that he had tried to get an explanation from his colleague. Hav ing tailed 111 till", it was only lo ft for him tn say that no gentleman would bo guilty of such con duct tow aril. 1 culleaoue. Kflurts wcro made to procure to a settlement of tho r'ifiiruliy, but to nn purpose. 1 hardly sco now it can be settled without a tight, ana vet 1 trust that no bucIi folly will be perpetrated. Tho amendments were then taken un. Yeas and IN ays called on severalothers passed with .e.- V 1 ivt oui me leas auu nays. un the amendment Inr improving f rovidence nartior, the vole was loas U'J, Ways UU. On that for improving Newark litrbor Yeas 99, Nays 89. I'he arm ndment for improving the Tennessee River by constructing a canal round the Muscle Shoals, was lost Veal GO, Nays Vio. Had this passed the President would veto. &01110 ol Ihc lenncssec men, angry at this votcmoveu in reconsider the I'rnvidenco amend, rneut. Tins was lost Yeas 03, Nays 102. Friday, March 20. Senate not in session House. The Harbor and Hivor Bill was Ihc first business before the House. The following items were volcd : II. I. Channel, Charleston, H. C. (SSj.OOO.) Savannah harbor, (.SoO.OOO) Great Wood Hole Harbor. Masa.fSl.4oni Improvement of the Hudson Uiver ($7.i,(l00) improvement 01 ino uino river, above tails at lyiuisvillc, (,t30,tM)UJ Improvement nf the Ohio, below the falls, The bill as amended, was passed by a vote of 110 to 91. The yeas and nays were taken cloven times upon tlio items of the River and Harbor JJill, anil upon tho general provision". The House adjourned lo Monday. Sir Henry Ilnrdinge, nnd tlio Siklu a Hin doo nation of great power. Before entering upon the particulars, it i necessary to give Ihc following brief outline. Tlio country between tlio Sutler and the Indus, called the " I'unjatili, " or country of tlio Five Rivers, lakes its name from the five celebrated rivers which run through it. It is extremely populous and fertile, and is ut present possessed by a warlike nation of Hindoos called tho Sikhs, who are as distin guislird for tlicir bravery as lliey nro fur tlio singularity ol their manners. ror forty years they bad been tlio allies of tlio British, so much so, that they wcro permitted by tho latter to purchase in England that immense train ofarlillciy which coveted the plains of Fcrozcshah with British corpses. Upon the death of their ruler, the Maharajah Kunjeet Singh, tlioy began to cast their eyes upon ihe British Provinces, as an object of plun der. Their movements were so suspicious that tlio Anglo-Indian authorities sent an ar my to watch them last June. Until last Do comber lliey were quiet, but on the 14th of that month they crossed the River with an nrmy of 80,000 men, 20,000 of whom wero cavalry, in Ihc highest state of discipline,:ind loO pieces of artillery of the largest calibre that could ho procured five ypars ngo in Kng- l.inJ. The most advanced nftlin Brillsh pnls was Fi'rozepori', which was helel by Major Gen. Sir John Littler, wilh 500 men. They crossed lliu river within 15 miles of it and marched directly to atliiek il, hot nn 1 lie I81I1 they broko up, nnd 30,000 of tlicm marched nbniil 25 miles past Fnrnzcpore 10 pl.icis called Miiodkpi', where lhry wen; met towards evening by part of the British under Sir Hugh Goiigh and tho Governor General, Sir Henry Ilnrdinge, who was sec ond in command. A fierce combat took placa which was kept up for on hour and a half after dark, in which, tho Sikhs were mowed down with musketry and then swept Y,hmmaltjrt;' FRIDAY MORN1.NO, MARCH, 27, 1S16. Tho steamer IIiuernia, Capt. Harrison arrived at Boston on Thursday, the 10th insl at half past 9 o'clock in the morning. Tho peremptory refusal of Mr. Polk to submit lo arbitration has excited a great deal I tats troops, made nn attack upon the Sikhs IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE !! ARRIVAL OFlFilE HIBERNIA. Twciity.two Ias Later Intelligence. rnOM WASHINGTON. Washington, .March 2(1. Another of the fifty f'iur furly Seiialnis bolted yesterday ; thus reducing the actual slock in IraUc nr Ihal tiro eating concern to about Klovcn. If a treaty on tho 49th degree was submitted to-morrow, they would not number so many. Public opinion is rapidly sapping tho slender foundation upon which they stand ; and those who wero foremost in manufacturing tlio injurious excitement by 1 .1.- 1. 1 .1: 1.-.1 .....t,t vvnitii leie iiiuoery una ueji'ii uieiuiucu, iu.u now willingly recede if they had the chance. A minority is the most irksome of all associations to this class of politicians, who havo always backed and filled their sails to accommodate tho popular current, without reference to patriotism or principle. Mr Nllcs' speech, to which I re for, was replete wilh a great deal of sound sense and practical reflection ; and ho administered a castigation to Hannegan and Hrecsc. for intro ducing the resolution of tho Baltimore Conven tion into the discussion, which they ought long to remember. He said it was an insult to the grave importance of such a subject, to predicate any title of tho United States upon the declara tion of a party assemblajj o, at the cvo of a pop ular election, and designed for political cfiect. He was for sustaining tho true honor of the country ; and, therefore, in favor of a just com promise upon tho 49th parallel. Altogether, he was in direct conflict with tho war faction ; thus affording another example of that delectable "harmtmy" which the President's piper is wont to describe, from the inexhaustible regions of its iinioiiiation. Witlnii a f'".v d.iv plat, frnm the exceeding pre-sitre nude' " on 'he Executive, ami the threatened ilenuncialions of Hi" Western Wing, he Ins been inclined In abandon the position vvhirh he has maintained for a time past, nnd to f.ivnr the ultra division. Hence the change in the " Union," which is, of course.- bound to fol low every twist and tergiversation of ils master. But the Wcsl has no confidence in this momen tary affiliation. They know, by experience, that Mr Polk has already played a two-faced policy upon this question, from the beginning of the session ; and he is willing to continue it In the end, if his ambitious purposes are in any way to be benefitted. They do not trust him, and will forenoon, 011 tho days specified below. If in any casoa fhe town suncrinleiiilitnts shall prefer to hold their examination separate from mine, it ii to bo understeiod that initio will bo at tho school house in or nearest to tho principal village in the town, unless othervviso named. March 31. April 3. 4. 0. 7. " 8. ' 10. ' 11. 13. ' 14. l Colchester, Wilhston, llnrlirii'lou, Milton, (falls) Westford, Kssex, Underbill, (flats) Jericho, (corners) Shelbiirn, Charlotte, KS jatHinesburglt, Huntington, (lower village) Bolton, (Smith's tavern) Uiclilnnml. A punctual attendance of all candidates and of the town superintendent is urged, 8 of great importance. At the several places above nam ed, except Burlington, I intend to give on the aforesaid days, at 2 o'clock, P. M., a public "dis course at the place appointed for that purpose by the several town superintendents, on the topics which especially concern the community under the law already alluded to. GBO. W. BENEDICT, Co. Sup't. Burlington. March 2.". 10. 17. IS. e .t. f. .i .i .1 i. . irom me ncirj wuh me unyonei, witn great not he deceived. slaughter, and tlio loss of all the cannon lliey j Thcre j6 BOmo ,iuut ag l0 ,i,e passage of Mr hail with them 17 pieces. It is hero that. Colquitt's amendment, containing the sugges. Sir Robert Sale, so celebrated fur his con- lion of "compromise." It will probable, receive 1 on a delicate service, the Commanding General duct in tho diststrous expedition to Caubul, ten Tory votes, and lose nearly as many Whig 1 wishes it distinctly understood, that no person nui fjM'i.vii u,i.i,.ti';u I'J II, "IN pvitmucu l I accompany Ihc troops, or establish themselves Hifitti.v Important lNTEi.Ltor.Ncn from tub Armv or Occupation ! The steam ship Galveston, Capt.- Wright, arrived at Boston on tho 24th. She left the bay of Aransas on the 11th, and tho city of Galves ton ut noon, on tlio 12th inst. Her new is important. The main body of Gen. Taylor's army had marched towards Brazns St. Jngo, and) tho last regiment, with Gen. Taylor and lii staff, was lo leave an the 12th inst. There wcro rumors that a large force of Mexicans had been concentrated lo oppose the advance of Gen. Tajlor's force, nnd these produced considerable excitement. The United States troops were in the highest spirits, ii) expecta tion of a conflict with the enemy. The fol lowing orders have been issued by the Gen eral : Head Quahtes Ansiv of OccrrATfos, Corpus Christt, March 8, 1810, f As the army is about marchinstothe frontier tuan exists was slain. His thigh was shattered by a ! onC3 unless a better understanding ... .... . :.. i. M.f... cannon ball, sir John iilcLnskill, an old and valued officer, was also killed, and a number of other officers and soldiers. For two days both parlies were occupied j .Mr Jarnagin and Mr Wcodbridgc, are ascertain in burying their dead, but on thn 21st, the , cd to be against the irm proposed. The Res. n I. 1 1... CJ T-l... T I ...!.. -I-. I 1... l.n tl....n uriiisu ueingjoiueu uy air joiiii uniier hiiu Wc have of our own accord limited our claims to a certain portion of territory ; and 2. Tins limitation is concurred in hv all who have exam ined the diflbrcut lilies under which our claims are set up. Thceo points ho examined at length quoting Irom hlalo papers to sustain them. lie was opposed to inc iNotice. llm ho would cheerfully vote for the Proiim-iiinn of Mr Col quilt, as ainmiuiiiont, but whelhcr ho would Vute lor ihc resolution as then amended ho had nol undo up his mind. II.1V111L' concluded ins speech, .Mr Archer look the floor and moved that Iho Senate adjourn, which was carried on division by a vote ol SI to 13. SATnr.DAV. March 18. Senatk The morn. in,' hour was chiefly spent in i.'ie discussion of Ihe proposition to print extra numbers of ihe Report of I ho Commissioner uf patents. No vute was taken on it. The special order of tho day was then taken up and Mr Archer spoke in fvor of compro mise, lie was in favor of soino proposition like that of Mr Colquitt'. Mr INilcslonk the lloor when the Senate went into Executive Session, where they remained about half an hour, and then aeljourned. Mr Itogcrs collector at lloH'ilo, and Michael lliill'iiun, Naval otlicor at your City. I bolicve wcro confirmed in Secret Session. There wcro aUo some oilier ceinfiriiiatinns. House 'I'he bill for reilucinu the Mileage and regulating tho per diem of Members came up to day. Il proposed among other provisions that no pay should bo reccivtd except for the tuna of actual attendance. Mr Yell nf Ark. moved an amendment that the Capital be hcrealler removed lo Si. Ixiuia. Ur Jones of Tennessee) suggested that when the Capital is removed it should be transferred to Jeiroraonvillo Indiana. Among other reasons for this Mr Jonen said thu Capital kbould bo in a free Slate. The ltivcr and Harbor Bill then coining up in uf indignant feeling. The influential papers am loud in their expressions of contempt for tho folly of his conduct, and resentment at tho insolence of his language. Tho effect of tho news on the commercial world was lo advance cotton one-eighth, and to depress tho prico of Consols, from 96h to 95. The reasons offered fur refusing lo arbitrate nro considered equally silly and insulting. No thing can exceed the conteiiipluous bitterness with which Hid iihlt'M writers mention the name of Mr. Polk. The feeling of the na tion which lie is trying to provoke, may be seen by the following note of the Prime Min ister, to her Mnji'Sly, at the time it was sup posed that Lord John Russell wouM be his successor. " Sir Hobert Peel feels it to be his dutv to .ulei. thai, should your Majesty' future adviser?, after cnniileratieiii of the heavy demands made upon tho army of our country for colonial service, nf our relations tcilh. the United Stales, and of thn tioanno which steam navigation may have upon maritime warfare and t lie elefenco 6f the coun. try, deem it advisable to propose an addition to ino army ami increased naval ami military esti mates, Sir Robert Peel will support the prnpn. sil ; will doalllhat ho can to prevent it from being rnnsidereel indicative of Inutile or altered feeling towards Franc? : and will assume for the increase in question any deirreo of responsibility. prebPiit or prospective, which can fairly attach lo mrn. Tlio reading of this letter was interrupted and followed by loud cheers from all sides of tho House. Tho debate on the Corn Laws was com menced on the 9lh of February was con tinued through three tctcks and finally bro't to n closo on the morning of Saturday the 2Slh nil. Twelve nielils were consumed in tho debate, tho ablest and most strenuous that has occurred in the It r i I i sit Parliament these ton years. In snilo of tho determined on position on the part of the land-holders tin voto on the amendment to the ministerial proposition to go into Committee of the whole on tho Customs and Corn imporlniion acts, was Ayes 339, Nays 242 maj. 97. This result is hailed vviili rapture by the League, and tho business men of the king dom generally, upon whose interests it hns had tho best effect. The following analysis of iho voto is extracted from tho European Times : These, also greatly reinfoiced and number ing about 63,000, occupied nn entrenched camp, at a place called Fcrozcshah, 12 miles in retreat from Moodkee. This was a par allelogram, a mile long and half a mile broad, which they had strongly fortified and defunded with 100 pieces of artillery. The at prcfoni is nmaineu. .nr r.vant, .nr j. t.iay-1 !r) v,clm,.. ehcr un iho rnute or ,he ton, and Mr Berrien are opposed to the Notice U 0 Grande, on any pretence whatever. It may in any form ; and Mr Cnrwin, Mr Crittenden, save many individuals uaelcss expense and an Mr J. M. Clayton, Mr Simmons. Mr Morchead, ' nnyanca to be informed that rigid measures will deemed necessary fur tho interest of the public service. Bv direction of the General. W. W. S. Bliss, Ass't Adj't Gen. Head QtJAr.rr.r.s Ar.jiv of Occupation, Corpus Christi, Texas, March S, 184(5. J Orders, A'o.JiO.-Tho Army of Occupation be ing about tako p"sitinn on the left bank of the Kio Grat'de, under the orders of Ihe Executive of tho Unite."! State, the Comrimiding General deems it proper to express his hope that Ihe movement will provo bein-ti-ial to all rnnrcrncd. olutiou adopted by the House cannot pass ; and the consequence will finally be, that some ar rangement must be made, nn the ''Notice" must fail entirely. This necessity will bring about a compromiso of the different propositions, upo'n the biis of that offered by Mr Colquitt. My venerable friend, the presiding genius of ll.n ITninn. n.rrtlli nrntiitepa lint iho f!iiemniltpp of Ways ant Moann will "retnrt a rcicnue 1)111 nutlm may bo ttaniinjr on Ins part to r i .. ii it i i .1 .1 ,,,.. ' HiMire $n desir.iMo n rou r, he strirtty enjoins in few imi. Ho ilni He samo th in three ur i , ... . , J desperate fiht continued through two diiysy""'' P" auranco, as he then ( ,or lho riirlt!! f a prMllH inty bo found nnd ni"hts when ut last tho SiUhs were ,alcd. of tlie yet the limine of , in thu pcearmb'e piirutt nf their rerptTtite r- nt llinir itii oiilh Hcnivniluii . 1 lu i !VT. . , . i . il-layeel all this lime, far what, acinrdiii' lo the i "'"'. iw ie.-..-.n r ..o, v :ore. we,,. e-ver, win iinenere inanv manner eiiui ine civ u cevnpl slaughter, and the capture of nil their nrlille ry, biiggagi- und stores ! It was the greatest victory that tlio I!niili ever gained in Inili limn, . ne: i hum to 1 emiu no I'm rc.iuv in i .i i i -- o- r.i k... 'Jl hours." Why then tins vv.ikle mill Wllllll I ,!1 ,. . ntnm-t tei bulb. Wbatpvcr I . soul mill nn ' eif the. imp nmt mnnni' nf I lin r nn. I ,11:1V bp rrelinr,., fur I lip llp nf I be, armv will tin dim wis von uy mo uun-uog courage ol ll.c , r,lc i Qnfv lo prolo..- llm Ko.,n minecc-sari. Iirc In-eil by the pnVer elepirtinents European soldiers, over an enemy ivhuli : Iv, and to spin out two nr ihree mnrtth of addi- i hi.' hv the nnver ilt'putmentH at the hesl inirkiit price. Thf liiMieral command- out-nunibered themoir to one. I ho offi- Imnal pay to the majority. Tl.o Wing prri-s ;", ..jVn'e.nam I .online of the armv un. cial account of tile forces engaged and the bas called in vain for action upon tho public ' tier Ins coininiiid, and feela a.sured lhat Ins or- loss sustained is ns follow Mon killed, 909 ; wounded, 23SG Horses, 524 j wounded, 205. Troops en gaged, 20,000. Tlio gallantry of the officers and troops has received the highest commendation in England. At a very critical peiiod five of Sir Henry Ilirdinpe's nids-de-canip wcro killed and five wounded, and lie had to send his orders from point to point by his own son, a boy of sixteen, who never lint! seen a batllo before, but who pet formed his dulirs in such a manner as to draw forth the high est encomiums from everyone. His other son, who was deprived of the use of one foot. stuck by his father until forced by liim to go to the rear. In Fuance in the Chamber of Deputies, M. Guizot look tlio first opportunity to re peat his intention of pursuing a policy of perfect indifference with regard to the United States. Unless tho determination to pursue such a course was easily and clearly mani fested, ho said that he foresaw the Govern ment would havo lo Miuni'le- sliiiUL'ly against .i i . .-. iiiu iiiiuiHr ai'siro in iir.ig r i.inci' intu .my war which might nciur !) w e-e-ii tlio L'niti'el Stales and England. Thia, he ml, should not tic the case! if lie: could lii'lp it. Tin- of. feet of Ilia lemarks was, (hut vvhe'ii M. Kt'itl- usil preipoaeel a li'Siiliilinn, ('xpreaaivp ofpro leri'iico for, and sympathy with tin- measures. Uesolutions. inlroelucpil bv Whio ders. as above expressed, will be strictly ob- members, calling for Ihc Tarifi'policj-, have been j l!erv,'', liooicd down, by the reckless hosts that control j Congress; and every Whig, eflort, to expedite the bin-iin'ss of the country, Ins been trampled j V.. TAYLOR. Brigadier General, U. S. Army Commanding. GEOLOGY OF VERMONT. Under this head the New York Commer cial Advertiser, after complimenting tho Middlebury Gal.ixy for an arliclo on somo under foot by sheer party force. Now, in rela- tion to the Tariff Hill, which Mr Mt Kay, or the ' Union for hnn.says can bo prepared in 24 hours, 1 I have it directly from members of the Commit-' tee of Ways and Means, to whom I applied, per- Geological discoveries mado in this Stale, tho sonally, for information, that no measure of any sort ia before them that Mr Walter's Hill was withdrawn, by some fcocus pneus, immediately aflor ils presentation that no substitute has been offered, and no consultation upon a meas. ure been had. Mr McKay may speak for him self, but he does not certainly for several mem bers of the Committee but, I suppose it is suf. ficicnt fur the Chairman to suit himself, nnd vvhich npiii'arcu a week or two since in Galaxy, goes on lo say Tho Tribune of this city, which had quot ed some passage from a leading Vermont pa per ennsurine the Governor for his particular selection of State Geologist, has lately cor rected his first impressions in a handsome manner by saying, " Prof. A lams was appointed by the special advic then gag tho maj'orily w ith his schemes, vvhich 1 of President Hitchcock, uf Amherst 1'olleijr, whose, they will swallow with dutiful obedience- Now iH")"" "'.h '''- 18 cn"lld ' lno-i implicit i confidence. Wc regret eiving currency to any ttt'e- Mr Kitchie, I hold you to tho pledge, to see this ments calculated to produce ihc impre-sion thai he is Dill produced iti Congress In a "few days.' Vor. Atlas. The House consists of 05(5 members; of these 227 Liberals voted with the Minister, and 112 Tories total, 339; against him, 11 Liberals and 231 Tories total, 212, which makes tho ma jority of 07. There wore 3(1 Liberals ihtent. and 15 Tories ; 11 Liberal pairs, 13 Tory pairs ; ,) vacancies, and Iho speaker,!! ; iniKinr; up the lull compliment 050 Sir Itobert I'eel's up porters, it will thus be seen, only number about a sixth of tho representation, and in Ibis cellmate aro included 27 offu'ials. It is clear, then, that without iho aid of the Liberals lie would have been destroyed by those who made him. If the Houso of Lords should rejoct the Minister's measures after this decisive vote, ho has it in his power to dissolve the Parlia ment. It ii hoped Ihcy will not drive him te this extremity, but nothing can be known with certainty until further advices. Tho elebalo was resumed on the 3d insl. Tlio first resolution was as follows : "Resohed, That in lieu of the duties now pay. able ou tho importation of corn meal or flour, there shall be paid until the 1st of February, i oiii, ine loiiowing duller. There was some debate on this, but at the departuro of the steamer (lie Houso had ad journcu without lakine tho question, it is understood, however, that thero is no pros. poet of an immediato repeal of the Corn Laws. Important News rnott India. A tremendous battle lias been fought in the Noitli of India by the British troops un der tlio command of Sir Hugh Gough and CIRCUIAR NOTlCi: of t'.o County Svpcrinlcnden' if Common Schools for Chittenden County. By the hw now m force anv contract for ti'.iclimj, mil ' it 'be- Ir-t of March, between lhe pruel" ii,..i . ill:".' 0 r.t any hool dittrict and any cmi inmi n'heml teacher, vv ill be null incompetent to perform the task he has tiodettaUen." I'rot. Adams's first report exhibits much judicious and practical investigation, com pared with the fi action of a year which ho had for liis work. So far from being "incom petent," if tiiis gi'iillemaii i, as we suppose, the s i ino who, in his lain excursion to Jama ica, obtained somu hundreds of new species oft'xnviiv! cf land end marine animals, to einicli lliu cibiiit-'a ' ' at' nnd abroad, anil who, by occasional essavs of a rich and dUcrimiunting character, has adorned the journals of natural history, he must be es- and ion, if ihe siiel teacher shall fail lo obtain a cerliliraie of qualification of the superintendent teemed us liaviiio no unenviable cUiuis to- .. . . of the county or tow n in which such district shall elislinclioii. We regiel to perceive, by iho o sntiaieii. much cerlitn ates are to be "rant- uy 'in" in" urgmaiivn iruiruiioii lor win States, it was rejected by a majority of CS. 1 Ills debato shows us the obligations t! uro unuer to mr 1'oik. rrevious to l ie ..., .,.;r i.t... r i i i.. U"ll DUMDIell-ll'l J HIU1.IIIV 't n-i ItlUllll Vital message, Franco was our powerful and . acter and sufficient personal examination as to friendly ally. Wo had and in spile of Mr. their tiluess in other respects, and are to bo in I'olk, wo continue to havo many interests ! force one year, ( In conformity to the said regulations, ccrtifi- in common. In tlio event of a war with England, it was with no unreasonable expec tation that wo relied upon the encouragement if not tlio assistance of Franco. Hut Mr. 'oil; must go out of his way to insult tlio French Government in Ihe face of tlio world, and we loso in an instant, and by one flour ish of n gooscquill, the advantages of a fifty years alliance 1 Even if there had been the least necessity for this, it would be a loss worth lamenting, but il becomes intolerable when we sco that it has occurred tecause a tenth rata politician did not know enough to hold his tongue. ed bv the said suncriiitendents. aecordiner to the ' survey aro scanty. Tho entire Union is in- regulations issued by tho State superintendent, '""leu in ine ueveinpcmcnt ol ine resources oi e.icn nnnv luiui oiuie. v uriiioui people are intelligent to an uncommon degree, and apt to pursue their own inleres s when the way is clear beforn them. How is it in this case I Have ihey not colleges and scientific men enough to Uy open and spread tho cates of different grades, according lo tho char-' facts There is Middlebury College, almost acter and extent of qualification shown, will be ' every member of whose faculty is extensively given lor town or county, as ine case may jusii- ivuuvi n unci uy ulchuhcu iom oooKs or by ly, upon proper testimonials of character and an' numerous original productions in tho most examination which shall be satisfactory in tho jntercstiurj tranches of science. There is following branches: viz. Soelling, Heading, ""''"P10'1 University also, whoso oflicers Writing, Geography, Arithmetic, and Unglish , c")0y '" "je ,,ate H' public confidence, and Grammar-and in euch higher branches a! I tho V ,n.l "nkn:yn " luro and science, candidate shall choose. No certificate of any i "' '7 "' S,la,lsl!cs s.l,ow ' " grade will be given unlo-s a competent acquain-1 F? cade''1s f lug . .land- ,r .hull l, .! will, M Icna, fl. ,n. "ft " ,, 10 furiH.hcd, .nd ..... . w ..... Iwul ,V,1 sn frnn.,1 . nn,nil,ili.x., ,A I... I 1 . I I- ...wti, iu uaenvaiu ill MunDen in IUhtland Vt. Stephen Hog or, of Harllatid, was stabbed. on 1'riJsy last, by Andrew Hogs and iliad of tho wound on Bund man had been on a spreo for was just drunk enough to bo brutal. The affair they will givo proper notico to thai effect. One was occasional, wo uiiuer.iauc, uy an auanuon- given in the several places of public worship eel woman, whom tlio Irishman supposed In bo their rerpective towns, probablv wnnl.l i. . branches of learning named above. Uy the Ian' alio, ihe county and town super intendents aro lo give jueWc notice ot suitable' . . .. . . . i ..' "' limes anu places lor ino examination of teachers at tins distance, an anomaly. bofnro tho commencement of the Summer and Winter schools. Many "ood reasons mnkn ii Titos. F. Maksiiall Carina M. Clav. in apprehending the importanco of pressing its geological operations wilh vigor or of en- tuurnging meir own homo talent, seems to us, i in ins own nouse, uesirablo that the county superintendent null 1B 1381 nuiuor ol line irue American, says ;-- rs, an Irish i an. those of Iho several towns should ioin tlmir I, ,A '"I""1 ,ia.9 bcS.n 8'"-' ,l,e. 0U!,J" ' .y. Tho Irish borshuhe oxamina.ions as far L ' V VK ". c "-' ."A" ?evcrl nays, and bliuula tho luvvn tuficriii1c ndcuts airrpo m wliilsi wo nrn pvpr readv to elefcnil our local e at the house ; and Ihe wound was given during a struggle the Irishman having been ordered away and refusing In go. Ho haa been arret. cJ snd lodged in jail, Vermont Chronicle, 18th. rerpective towns, probably would be the mot sure. In such nolirn I wish them to spe cif) the priYiiC place and Uino of the cxamina. lion, advinn", h vevever, that vv ben equally con. venionl it m.iy like place at a private ilwelltng houso the time, in ill csees, to be 0 o' and natural riuhts by all the power that God has riven us, that vve havn abandoned lhat Itlotkly child of barbarism and Slatery, ihe duel We IruM that we are ss magnanimous ovor a fallen foe, ns wo aro ready lo resist a powerful one and Mr Marshall's enisfiirlunes have stripp ed us eif vvhal reseiiluieiit wc felt lhat wo had a riolil to indulge tutwrd linn, for Ins uhrel entinc persecution of us incur hour of prostration and weakness." a

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