Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 19, 1846 Page 1
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: ' - , - - , -WBr- .11 II ' BX l I I IB I I . . 1 I R . - I I I ' ' , ' -a. v" ' ' . ;V , , ; o t t b a o.t o a v.-o p o a 0 t t a a w b l p a k a b'r "a' w a 1 " - - V . . j r t tftr . ' & ' . : , . . ; . Wi'ji;: B. STACY. ;. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1840, VOL. XX No. 2; : c V THE FARM. Its ' From the Farmers' Cnliini't. ' " P H I L'A D E LP i! t A BUTTER: i fM'ltlCII'LAVOR, AND TUB SOtinCB FROM ' WHICH IT IS-UgMVED. To tht ICtltlor vflke Farmer J library) MsMr Drar Sir During one of your Into visits. tit Philadelphia Ave had some conver sation rul.itive to tho rare qualities of Phila delphia butter, which, ' though g'ond at all limes, !, al one season distinguished by a pe culiarly high and delightful (1 ivor not to be found in. the same degree, so far as I can . learn, in butter undo in any other part of the Union. I told vou that I thought 1 had dis- . . covered the source of this peculiarly grateful I flavor, and now undertake to redeem a promise made to you to write you on the sub ject. i ' Invilie first place, I wish you to bear' in wind (hat jhe original settlors ii: tlio old . counties adjacent to Philadelphia, were chief ' ly ffo'm Wales, and'hence may claim legiti mate "right to excel in the procrsses'of the ' dairy. They look up their abodes among ' the hills, and as indispensiblu appendages ol. their, farm houses, built what they called iie. it ii .1... I -.,, UIJIIIIIZ I1UU31.9, III" lui.l - rain,lluln,m.tofthehill.S1des. These are ' shaded by wide-spreading tress tending to preserve the coolness imparted by the wa- -ter surrounding, the vessels containing the milk, cream and other dairy products. A , temperaturo is thus secured lot the cream es . .tablished by experiments as the must favor able lo tho "'fuci operation of 'rimming, 'namely, tho ranee from 53 lo (ij be &rttiiiimr. iv ill, ihu cream al or near lbc first lUiiiod degree, and terminating the process . .with tin; temperature iiHm . It i only al ter the butter lias "come," tint the warm water is lo be add"d so as to niUe the warmth to 70 s or 75 s . 'Phis' is to facilitate the sep aralion uf tlio butler fiom the milk. No one who has ever visited Penus) Ivani.t. spring houses and oIimtvimI (lie cuolni'ss anil clean liness tlley usually ilxpl iv, cau'diiubt the preal advantages aflordod by (hem fur dairy purpnses. But, ibo' these ciiriiinsjanres may serve ju improve the geuenl qualities of Pliihidul pliia hiilter, still they aro by no means run-cenrt-d in producing that delightful llavor,lho immediate cause nfwliieh U the main point tu which ( now wMi lo call your alienlion. As befiiro hiliuiated, it is only in one sea son that dm 1 ivnr is in greati'St perfectiuu, A, lience our li'itisi-keeprrs call it "May but ler, ami sometimes "glass nutter. 11 llinits nf the season of highest It ivor m iv bo nl from about the middle of April lo the I middle uf June. New il is piecisely duiiiit; I this nine that the old. unpluughed meadows . and pisture fluids in the vicinity of I'hiladel pliia ali'iiiiul with a species ol grass so high ly oderiferuus as lo lnvo obtained the name of Sieret scented Vernal (irnss. Botanists call il Ant'tnzdathutii nrdoratum, Tho scent resembles thai of vanilla. Itgions about a foot oi eighteen inches high, risini? above the snurr'oundiug grass. Ils stem is i disavowed all cause ; but no one would be verv small and round, with a few hi 'ir and i 'iuvi) ' i '"V two friends had affirmed the slender leaves. Its odor will alono bo suffi- cicnt lo distinguish it from other grasses " ul 11 .."in "i'ii i gi.iiisi d in our pastures. When in blossom, tho i often highly charged with Us scent, and I ....I. I. .m .til., t.iin il... i.. luund nir is al this lime I seldom nile into the country without gathering a hadful of die grass to en joy ils ricli perfumes at leisure, and peihaps "store il away in a drawer. And il is so veiy forward in ils growth, so does it show the earliest signs of decay. About (he middle of June the fields and meadows where it a bound assume a vellowisli appearance. from the dying of the Mems1 of the fiist growth. The cat(e press these aside lo get a greener mllu " nasieu io nno me : sucn was tue grea, lvej,,, lierbagc, and now the high tlivor of our but- ponally I paid for (ho foolish pleasantry of i if rvgrt,S said M. Bcrgerct, 'that you mis tor declines. " my friends. trusted tlie Spanish loan', for tho stock has a- Tlv Sweet-scented Vernal Grass is a na- 'Good day, Monsieur Miitlhieu,' said I j,;,jn gon'e ,,, No matter, howur ; you havo 'live of Europe, w lieocoil has doubtless, been itli some embarrassment asliu entered, 'you ,som ,.ft,' introduced into the vicinity of Philadelphia, have come for fifty francsT I Will vo'u have tho goodness, monsieur,' blended pjob'ably .with other grass seeds. It1, 'Does Monsieur 'imagino that I am think-!s1i, ij .", tell mo precisely how much all .lias,)ng since bccmiu naturali.ed, and now ing of such a tritlol No jit was for the j ihese'fundsare worth which you huo bought 'disputing tho' l ight pf'syil. wjili tlio common occurs.., anjong (oiuiu: . spontaneous neroago i green grass, and ueycr yielding possession xiili turned under .fuut by tho plow, after vwliieh il clings lo ,,lhe unbroken fence and headrows, Thpugii seldo'm if uver regularly tsown.lii;rc. it constitutes a part of din growth o'f most English paslures, thriving in nearly .every kind of soil!., The sweet odor, for ' wliiciEnglish nieaduyv hay is so noted.comes , I 1oni the admixture o tins grass. 11 is, liotv cver, eldoni if ever sown by itself, but usu ally mixes whit tlio seeds, of othe( grasses a- Tdapled lo the fortiiJtion of permanent pas tures. I t ranks rather low on account of nu tritious properties, but .is principally .esteem .ed.for ils early growth, and continuing to jilirow up fresh shoot till tlio end of autumn. 'Indeed, the aftermath, or second growth, is particularly pried,for grazing purposes. A chemical examination of the, Sweat scented Vernal Grass, shows that while its 1 u If it u s r , j ro p ur t tcs are less (ban thosu of most other grasses, il is distinguished from -these by, containing bfnzuin acid, or Jluiccrs ri . I.. rt jlwrjy.igreeablayirouiatic odor. An esseu tial oil in which' this resides, can bo distilled ;fron lliesgrnss, affording a pleasapt perfprne. !ltt.,is iindo'uuledly ,this aroiuaic jngredient that imparts to tho milky secretion of the cow. tiiell ayor so iloastntly in anifesled in riiiladelph'i springrgf ass butter. When we a find milk, so readily ,imbued with tho pecu r liar tl4orof,garlic, turnips, and other sub taiiceij upo'g jvhich cows often feudj there "can bo. nofroomjo. doubt tlia a fragrant gass ffeely-oaten by cows,hould Ijkewi'se riipwjt its iMrlicuUr,llJVorlohu milky se ,creioi). ,(i , ... 1 If this ypry,simp!e;souijoi! of the cause t of iliu,higliflayor!ofl,!lii!iidlelpha spring gut ter bo triaij jni)I Jiavo notjliujuast duubt, tjpn"o dm suijiicl -pp,'f an. at onco percvive pastorv Bfats.piay, bqintioduced. ul !9l pverylprp('rvjiicli. fljlf, ;oU'u"icati tlq sjtqu'is'ue flavor to, butter.. , ,. , , t sjgln.Uqndon, Eppiug and Ciiinbriilo buter ,ore;bolh greatly ex'lolled, fo'fjbuir , higlF anil . delicate flavor. Tho cows producing tho former, which is most esteemed, graze dur- J ing llio summer in tho. wild pastures of Ep pine Forest, and tlio ltih flavor oftlieir bul ler lias been commonly ascribed to tlio wild shrubs,' plants, mid leaves of trees, which they feed upon. The Cambridge butler is also produced front cows that graze upon natural pastures, one part of tho jear on up lands, and, the other in rich, meadows. As the Sweet-scented Vernal, Grass is common to clio natural pastures of England, I doubt not it may bu found most abundant In those of Epping, Cambridge, and'othcr places most celebrated for high flavored butter. So far as I can find by inquiry land research in English hooks, tho particular- grass uhich contributes the greater part,if not all the fine high flavor to the best and most costly but ter, lias never, as yet, been indentified. Without such exact knowledge, this flavor ot butler must necessarily remain beyond the agriculturalist, wherover naluro or accident has, not provided tho pastures with tlio aro matic agent. I remain very respectfully yours, &.c, G. EMERSON. THE FREAKS OF FORTUNE. rnoM Tim ituncii. 'Nothing can be done without money,' said Georgo, pelishly; 'I had a splendid pro- t ill. il 'd' "I head, but nobody, w listen lo sucn ,i pour lettpw as i. i . i j 1 1 ii u were uiree menus mei luguium, wailing the rigors of foilune: our lament.!- j lions, however, look the liirti they usually lake among companions whose agu docs not 1 exceed twenty, years. 'And I, 'said Albert, 'liavo finished a work wlilrii would create my reputation, could a puhliiher only he met" willing lu unduit.ike .the expenxi of printing.' I have asked our principal,1 added I, Mo increase my salary, after four yeais of assid uous service; and he answered, lliat of such clerks liu co 1 1 Id find as many us I hi wished for six hundred fiancs a year.' '.Mi dear fellow,' interrupted George, 'al though we Ii i vis neither tho ouu nor the other, any hope of miking a fortune, could wu nut get the credit of being liclil' ' I o e,ood J asked i. It gives one a position in tl.ewoil.!; n large inheritance augments the consideration in which we aro held ; over) thing becomes L',,SJ' , ! 'I lemenihor, was my answri, 'having hsaid in my childhood of a cousin who went to Jamaica or M.ntinique, and never return oil." tTliat is just what we want ; wo will kill him. Yes; J.inues Meran died at Marliui- que, leaving a sugar plantation, filly slaves, short, a fortopu valued at two millions of fr.mcs, all to his dear cousin Louis Meran, Tom utiaciiment lo tlio name. Wu laughed heartily at (he joke, of which I th night no mote ; but my iwo reckless friends, Georgo and Albert, spiead abroad the talo when wo broke up with all tho seri ousness imaginable. Tlio next day people came lo compliment me. It will of course be understood that I lrillh of the report. In vam Hut I assert that 11 Wi)s 11 J"Ke j , , ii psipiiuuis i oomu oeuevoieui lauies wroiu cousin Jaques ;lsonie had actually seen him ,0 recommend lo my notice the institution embaik al iJiintcs in 1789. yuiong lliejL,r ,,ujr guardianship. I was mined in number of lllesn visits was nne nnl thn most . r... .i. . i . - i mauy n-mt- lui-u-u my number of tdiesu visits was one not thu must agreeable. With the whim ol a young man, I liaU some time previously ordered a Irock Fortunately, from the moment I was held to co-it in tho new fashion, without having the Uo rjCUi nu ollu ,vlH1j j ,.,ku ., S() from niu means ol payment ; llio garmcnt-wak wori.)al,j ,,,.,. courted tho honor of giving out, and 1 yet owed half of it. There had ,u crt J it. been for some time a coolness between my I ai last I oVr-hlnd nn nnlun m P.irU creditor and myself, whoso importunities I wished to avoid, tho rumor ot llio legacy mum mug. - mourning i- ,'ihe niourning focyour cousin, Monsieur I no niuiiining ol an heir-at-law ! Without uuum you nam a complete suit I 'At this lime,-Monsieur Matthiou. it would bo impossible.' 'L hopu inonsiuor uoes not lliin)i of with-, drawing Ins favors from met Coat, vest and pantaloons black ; froc(i' nf dark lir'otizc'fbr the nionrnin .' " ' I tell you again I have not yet roceived' "T. . if' ft, lllllll IIIUIDIUUI IIU1 IU SJiUlin Ul HIUIIUJ , it will come soon enough,' added the tailor who had already taken out his scissors and passed his measure round my waist. I was in truth in great want nf clothes, and permitted him to continue.- No sooner was ho.gono than another individual entered, who immediately bcgati, 'My dear monsieur, you must do me n great service. Buy my house. s mi urn nrli vprv nrli t nn n.un, i-n.l l. You are rich, very rich vou want real es late. Fifty thousand francs aro nothing for you : only the half of your income; and at present I am in great want of money. I expected Monsieur relix to buy it; Out Ho docs nol neciue. anu i nave some pressing engagements to settle. 'I buy your house 1 what folly !' 'Il is no fully. It is a safe" investment. Alter some repairs, in two years it will bo , present ram thu gain will he six. I can easily I "ottiinff arrived from Martinique; well advied worth double. -I have your word ;' and he, understand dial all these little mailers worry .I"0!'10 s,,".",k "ieir 'i0? wl'.u" f!,ealii,"5 " ma left without giving mo lime lo.milv. Solvou. You will soon havo lo deal i,h morl, 1 h? edlUF quickly raited tumbled down well did he propagate n report of my pur-f chase, that in two hours afterwards Mon- stoiir relix came to mo In n greal,llllrry,ap., paienily out or humor. "You havo cut ihel grass from under my feel, monsieur,' said lie' on unteipig; il cannot do without that house,, eighty makes eighteen thousand francs. Say and thought it ivas already iijiue, us had, twenty thousand, lo inako a round sum.' made nnofler-of ibrtynjno. tbousapd francs, 'Ah, twenty thousiud francs of Income,' believing ihat'lhe owner would surely come J said I, 'when could I receive it.' to my terms! - Bui there Is no hope of starv-l 'Oh, to-morrow, ifyou confide tho trans inp vou intoun aeruemenlt'so. without fur-' nclion to bur house.' ilier tprHinUIi'Coaio (o ofier you fifteen! thoiisanu Iratics upon your bargain.' other could inspire mo wahsogrcat a degroo Fifteen' 'ihoiisand francs coming, f knevr.of confidouco IV 1T. I ,...1 I. . l.,-Il nol now, io me, wnu nau so mucii iruuuiu in, cutning tny cigiil hundred francs of salary us clerk to tho registry of thu courts of law. Although but little acquainted with business. I saw tho advantage lo be derived from my position and replied, 'it is impossible, mon sieur, for mo to give you an answer at this moment ; return at fivo o'clock ; meantime will consider.tlio matter.' At a quarter before tho appointed hour Monsieur Felix was again at my door. 'Monsieur,' said , ' had no wisli for that house, ami did not even think about it, when the proprietor came to beg mo to purchase it; and it appears the house is now mine. As it suits you, and any other will do as well for mo, iacccpl your offer.' 'You shall be paid in a fortnight, in paper on Palis,' exclaimed tho purchaser, delight ed with my promptitude in business. Panerl on Paris ! was so 1 II lo accus tomed to that currency, as to imagino that it would bu necessary to send il to the capitol for payment, and therefore wrote to n com mercial house, tho only one whose address knew, as from that I received regularly an annuity of five hundred francs left me by onoofmy uncles, and which formed a wel come portion of my income. With what impntienco I waited (ho expi ration of the lime, when wrote to Messieurs Ungues and Bergeret that having certain lunus io invesi, l neggeu uieir novice as to i the safest mode. It appeared that the words certain funds have very different accepta-: ." !. ! . 1. ,.l ! .1 I tions in commerce, according lo tlio name and position of hint who uses them. The )(nvs 0e ,v i,,1(.ritnncn must havo reached, Lnrls. Certain funds, situated as J was a modest manner of specifying a considerable sum ; ul least supposed so on receiving an ber with more satisfaction than those of my answer from the firm that my letter had been leaving M. Bergerel's house. 1 began to bo received just before the close of tho Corles lieve in the reality of my fortunc,and a thou loan, in which they had purchased to the 1 sand francs in my pocket a pleasure- which amount of twenty thousand dollars ; dial if l had never beforo happened lo me. Tho thougta it loo niiirli, a largo profit might bo i fifty golden Napoleons gave mo an extraor immediately realized, as the Mock bad gone ! dinary impulse; in fact I stood in greal need up. A postscript, in the hand of tho princi-1 unn.l me :,.,. ,l,li !.., nn rnnili inr... .in., nn I ii.m I .ctu .mil ninnl It... ' I h iving been received from Martinique, ns I iiii-y Mijrjjusuu, i vtti5 uuiiuiu iu aiuisiy uiuir .1 ...I I 1.1. . ..!.!.. c,ils. T10 nswpr ciln,0 dy or (.0) Matinp ,l;lti aj jjj nol ,,,,e;l. ,0 have confidence in the Corles loan, tliey had sold out my slrk m prfit nf eighn thousand fiancs; j anj i,,,,,,,,., , nU to leel uneasy, as remit- lances were always slow in coming from the di-tanl plantations ; in the interim my sig nature would furnish mo with all the money I could want. The prospectus of a German bank was enclosed, In which fifty shares bad been secured for nie. Eighty thousand francs! Either I under stood nothing of commercial matters, or the clerk had written one or two noughts too many. My situation became embarrassing. I was overwhelmed with congiatulatinns, es pecially whun I put on my new suit of black. Tho editor of (lie newspaper thought him selfobliged to give a biography of my cousin Jaqurs, and asked me fur additional particu- lars. 1 was bcscigeu w II Ii annowng ques tions. In what way would I furnish my j ,OUso? what would I do for public eslab- hstimcnts f Soiuu uuncvuleut ladies wrote postages ; lor, in thu midst ol all my riches, whether real or imaginary, I had no money. Ininiedi.iielv nn mv arrival l" ueni in mv bankers, whu received mo us tlio inheritor of former 'The calculation is easy. Twenty thou- slll)(i dollars, at'so much dm dollar and the , w aready paid. Ifyou sell lo-day, y Iready paid. Ifyou sell lo-day, you will put about (wo hundred and twenty thousand liancs into your pocket. I opened both my ears. 'You say, sieurj iwo hundred and twenty thousand 1 ,Aio, yoatpiite certain V .'As ceilaiu as any one can be wilhin a few hundred francs.' I did nut u ish lo appear ton much tlin nov- ' lceinm' replied, 'That is well; you spoke al- q , UiIDH I Yes;' llio establishment of this bank has met with some difficulties ; but die affair is not less good ; wo uru on tho ove of toruiin iitiog il, and the scrip is well op.' 'Could dial scrip also be sold' 1 inquired. 'You hold fifty shares, ' replied the banker. 'which have advanced four hundred and fifty I florinSi nlakin,r altogether neatly sixty1 thou" I i r . . - sand francs,1 'Although as yell have paid nothing!' 'Without u doubt,' was the ausw er. 'That is singular; but since you say so, I i s)mjt, sloud like to make a safe invest . Illen, nf the whole .,. , ... will you be SO kind as ...i i i .......... nfr! - r i.r. i : fo.tnne. ' Paris, to leave my trunk al the office of (he om ,,,u u' ' " buildings ... . ..... m. . ... .... . . - tlin Olio 111 IV 1 1 1 f 1 1 nil. fnii.wl mil niiit.inl.iil twenty IliousaniJ dollars ! I lie letter tell Uiligence, not having tho means ol paying 1 ,. . , X " I fr..,,. ... I,:,.t. . ,l. ,.. r. ,.n,l m ' e. l I , ,,i ... ' , '". "d m which ho informed me the Lodge I wrote instantly to mv correspondents, in-' j and afterwards took a coach to tho first hotel" ". Ppear.-d to mo an antique st.ncture, specify one ?' vthZ will print your manuscript.' 'Our fivo per cents, niuiisieiir our five Truth, however, always comes out. Some tier cents : I know nolhinir safer. Al iha'whu were on the watch, were nurnrUcd that larger sums.' 'By placing all that I hold in the fivo per cenls., 1 should havo an iucomo of 'Thai is soon reckoned. Three hundred thousand or thereabouts: llio quotation m 'Tiial of course,' was my rejofnder'.'Whal fill . t I 1 1 niu uauiser uuweu. Will it bo believed I In tlio midst ol all theso treasures, 1 felt n certain embarrass ment in asking for a small sum, of which I stood in the greatest need ; for, after paying the expenses of my jcurncy, 1 had but five francs left. Such, however, was the force ot habit, thai I could scarcely believe myself legitimately possessed of moro than my little annuity, which was not yet due. "Dare I ask,' I inquired, with a blush al' most ofsharr.eon my cheeks, 'can I, without indiscretion, bog you lo advance lor the mo ment a small sum, which 1 want on arrival in ii strangu city V 'Eh, my dear monsieur, my chest is en tirely al your disposal. How much do you want three, (our ten thousand francs 1' 'I do not ask so much J a thousand will bo sufficient.' 'Will you in gold or notes 1 Call the cashier. May I brg you,' said tlio bank er,, leadidg tho way as I roso to depart, 'may I beg you to continuo your good will loour house V Certainly, monsieur; you well deserve it,' I replied with a confidence which the cer tainty of possessing aif income of twenty thousand francs began to give inc. 'There is yet one favor which 1 wish to ask,' said M. Bergeret; 'you are not ac quainted with Paris ; you have perhaps but i. ... . I.. very lew relatives here; come anu take a family dinner with us to-day ; my wife will bo delighted lo make your acquaintance.' 'With (he greatest pleasure. wo oine at six i it vou liavo no cngago- men! for llio evening, wo shall have a few friends, and liopo vou will stay.' There aro few moments which I rcniom- of them. Possessor of twenty thousand francs .w.;..lA.I n..f ... n... I .l..l. . .... ..... ...If ;,,,,,. .,.r,,ni .l ,.i ,. my suit of mourning 1 III I I, CU Itll 9U llllll.ll t I!... Ill .1.. .1.... I. l.n.l puiitiuniuy ui ivj. uergurui s, nidi nu uiu tinlu (6-finish telling my history to his wife, Slic, however, had heard enough to cause mo to bo received as a fiiend of the house. Every ono did the amiable tome; met boaul'iful women ; and overheard whispered remarks made upon me mudttt bearing ; great skill; splendid business talents. Thus, when M.Bergeret entreat, d mo 10 regard his '-""''tor, w iiicn could only no seen hy the house as mv own, promised willingly, al- ,Ilm "j1" uf ltnv lVi's Inch were burning though co'uld profit but little by thu liivila- f''ly at a considerable distance apart. At lion. Madame Hugues would havo me lo,'1"1 head ol the slairs was a long dark pas dine, when met with other introductions ',ln extreme end of which could be and invitations. was taken to thu theatre J' decerned the feeble glimmerings of a and to parlies. Now dial was rich, , s,,,il.11 ul" hghu All se I calculated to could almost have confined my expens.s lo "'"or; and iiolwithslandiug I had often some few pr.'senls and fees. "I my courage, yet I began lo trem- Meantime my two friends, George and ''l" 1,1 ;l,lu t'loughl of proceeding failher. My Albert, had heard with alarm of the success !rl,!n,i now ,"l)k "; b.V h" arm and hid me of their report, the truth of which thev dared' 1,1 !l '""' "hisper not lobe alarmed. At tho no longer deny. They had been frightened '-'""'"'Co ol tho passage a broad sword hung by m v departuio for Palis, which all ile. 1 suspended Irom the ceiling, and as wo ad world attributed to difficulties in tho liquiJa-, vancod I road inscribed upon the wall, op linn nfiiiv iIhIiU; :ind feared iluit I had suf- 1'Urcnlly 111 letters ol firo ' Smir.rv OR r..rn.l tn III. llV wli:il VV.'I ft ! concerletl belween us merely as a joke 1 brte days after my return Irom I'arts, mv servant announced their names. Let them come in. was mv reply for I did not receive all the world. On seeing my hand somo timepieco and gill candrlebras, and Ihu new furniture willi which I had decorated my apartment, they opened their oyes in con sternation . ' There is much difficulty in gaining od mission here,' said Albert. Ye; I am besieged by persons with all sorts of solicitations and projects ; but you, my dear friende you will always bo welcome. You are come just in timo to accornpiny mo to an estate which I havo soma thoughts of purchasing. Il is not a large affair one hundred thousand franc;.' 'I take jt lo bo some distance ofT,' said George with a significant jerk of the head. 'Two leagues only ; but I will take you in my carriage.' 'Your carriago !' '.My carriage.' 'You have a carriago V 'Yes, and two dapple gray horses, which I broughl from Paris; as yet I have no saddle hurse that being more difficult to find.' My two friends retired to one ol the windows, where they whispered to one another,' looking all the lime very lugubrious. 'Dear-Louii-',' they said, 'you know that your cousin is nut dead V 'I don'l know if he bo dead, for I anvr.o( very certain that bo ever lived,' t 'You know that this story about your inherit ance Is all a joke 1' 'I am persuaded 'that only you and I believe so,' was my answer. 'Wo have done great wrong,' rejoined my frirnds'great wrong, in what was inlcnded on ly as fun. It causes us much sorrow.' 'On llje contrary, I thank you for it.' It is our duty tu disavow u ; we arc going in public to declare ourselven guilty. '1 entreat you to leave things pjst a? they are; A few diya more of credit will prevent the nc. co.-siiy of displacing my funds. Oeergo and Albert regarded mo as complete, ly deranged. Uoine,' ssi ul , Met us loso no nine ; me car 4IIUUIJ l IC4UJ , I nil! ivn iv. n ' .... fcw to' In..,, I ln.,b.n in a bookseller. Albert. ... .....I.. . I ....II .nil -.H .id un .... a said some, 'ho has ended hy f4,,, j,,,,, H 8,iare winch ho laid for others. For my part I never believed In it.' I comprehended that the storm had broken nut, on finding ono day dozen notes on my la. hie. Thay were all nearly In the style of the lirsl opened. ' M. (irignon nrcxents his respectful (omnli ineuts to M. Meran, and having an urgent need of jnunoy, begs that bo will be so good an to pay,-! mine course ni uic oay, mo nine accouui wmcn no nas the honor lo enclose.' ' My answers worn ill alike 'M. Msf an thanks M." (Srlgnon' for Ihe'blll whiclrha buao luug anou (or, and sends Iho amount. ,j , - One leller'onlycontaiuod no request far monitor Jong. .oJ'Ofl'y, (ho upr.tlirough whicliUliji iirdvr,ynu ,ull rocowa tlio oilier pass- cy; but was from a fucuu whom 1 liad almobmy jnonq. passed opeiiyg.ann tgur uiep.witu forgotten. Fearing tint 1 h'd been dupoil, he wrote, offering to lund me COO france, should I wish lo remove from a place whero so in my rumors were circulating prejudicial to my char acter. My reply gate the necessary explana tion, which I concluded, 'I am rinh, not by an Inheritance ,in which I never believed, but' be catle it was determined, In spite nf my protcs latioii.", that should bo rich ; and I have in re ality been made very rich, I scarcely know how.1 This is what 1 would wish you tu say' to those who talk of ine.' I owe more than fortune to tny singular situ ation, fiuco it has assured mo of a friend upon whom I miv count in advcn-ily, should it ever visit me. 'dr another -wcel, I was the milijeri jnf conversation, 'lie ha been furlunatc,' miiI some; others reMied, 'Fortunate if you will; but I say he is a clever fellow, who has known how to take advantage of circumstances; it is not everybody who could inarccuvro In this wav.' For my part, I was for a moment tempted to applaud my own cciiios ; hut a little redaction convinced mo that talent had nothing to do with it. I quietly look my placo in society as tho possessor of twenty thousand francs of income, and still keep it. Moralizing on my sudden chango of position, I can only look upon It one of those strango freaks nf fortune winch all the world allows to be so unaccountable. From the Independent Odd Fellow. AN ODD FELLOES INITIATION. BY AtlEL rMlTCIIER. Having been previously proposed and elected, I started ono evening in company Willi a friend to go lo thu lodge for the pur pose of being initiated. My fiiend, who was already a member of the Order, look me through many narrow streets mid dark alleys turned scvoial corners, and finally brought me lo a strange looking building, at thu ex treme end of a lung narrow and crooked alley in a remote part of the tiiy, where I could not recollect ol' h.ivion been before. From tho dim lights which were lellecting ""d Egyptian orders. At any rate, it was iillair, and seemed to bu u fit place for tho assembling together of a suciely of Odd Fellows. I followed my fiiend up a long winding staircase, through several narrow passages, and then up another flight of stairs. Every thing as I advanced appeared peculiarly odd and gloomy. The walls were rotered uiih hireoglyphics, and drawings of a singular " K STII. ' Struck with lenor. I now deter mined to return and proceed no failher. I accordingly wheeled suddenly around and le su,viil1 10 11 " fr "y ''f''- But lu ! the en trance to Iho passage was closed a strong iron door had been suddenly shut and lucked by some invisible hand, and to escapo was impossible. My friend again grasped my arm and assured me that if I would follow him and make no icsistance, I should not be harmed. Finding dial to turn back was im possible, and to proceed was my only chance, I summoned all my courage and determined to go forward, lei the consequences bu what thoy might. Wo proceeded together until we arrived at tho extreme end of llio pas sage. Here 1 discovered, by the hhio light ofllio taper, a small iron door nn which was portrayed a human skeleton. Over die door was inscribed theso words: ' Should you procc treacherous remember thy end! Again I almost involuntarily started back but a low whisper resounded in my ear iicmemucr l.itis wire.' fllv Irientl now r. f r.. . ... . rapped at the door, which was answeied by a hollow sepulchral voice from within, which demanded, 'who art thou that knockesl J' ' A brother of thy mystic Order, with a fiiend who wishes to bo initialed into its mysteries,' said my companion. A small slidu on the door was now pushed aside, which made an one i ing, at which my fiend placed his mouth and whispered some thing lo thu person within. I bu door was then opened, upon which my friend entered, pulling mo ufler him. Instantly the door was closed and bolted after me. I now louu'd myself in a small room, whoso walls, furniture, floor, and every thing was painted black. A singular odor filled the room. In the centre stood a small allar on which was burning a llamo of paculiur cast. I now turned to soo tho person who had opened ihu door for our entrance. His body was envel oped in a white gown or surplice that nearly reached thu lloor; on his head ho worn a whlto turban ; a lung silver beard flowed from his chin to his waist, and on his facu was die paleness of death. In his hand liu grasped a spear, upon which he leaned as upon a stall'. Never shall I forget the emotions which passed through by breast at that mo monl ! Trembling willi fear, ' turned lo my friend, when lo ! there s,at lipon his counte nance ll0 ghastly paleness as.upon the coun tenance of him who gu.udud thu door, 1 looked upon my hands, they also woru lh samo dujihly hue. Every thing around inn was fiightfully odd, and'l was- now fully convinced tho society well deserved its mime. My friend now bid mo to ho sealed ; thpn clothing himself in a while apron find collar, hq ndv.iicod lo uiiolhordqor and rapped. After passing the samo ceiomotiy as Ml tlin first,-ho was permitted lo enter. 1 was now left alone wild iho' guardian fo ima'girio'fwhat other scones I should bu called to pass dim'. t Ilul 1 was not1 lull lojnodilalu upoq tlio mat 1 - ' M.L.I.H. .I.- J' .1 'tl ' l!-Il drawn swords in their hands entered from within, followed by a fifih holding a burning' torch in his right hand, and in his left (he Holy Biblo wlih a cross stretched upon it. They wcru dollied in uprons and collars, and their countenances wore die same pale and death-like hue as did (hut of the Guar dian. The Biblo was placed upon the hilar in front ol, tlio flame. 1 was commanded lo kneel down-liefoio il, and lo place my hand upon ijie biblo cross, and my right hand up on my left breast. Ono of tho men now placed his sword against my breast, another against my right side, thu (bird against my left, and the Ibiiilh against my back. In ibis awful aliunde, I was lord by the man with the torch that I must take a solemn oath nev er to divtdge any nf dm seciets of the Order lha( might be revealed to me. Thu oath was administered, but I tremble 10 repeat il. I will not shock the render with 11 rcpedlion, nr the blasphemous penalties attached to ils violation.. .. . I was now stripped of all my clothing nnd then lilindfof Jed. A bailer was next placed around my neck, and in this defenceless and obscene condition, 1 was led with some cere mony into die lodge room. On entering the brethren commenced a' song doting the singing of which I was inarched around the room for them to gaze at. When llio song was finished, I was plared astride of a rail, which I was told was llio Odd Fellows' (Joal, and that 1 never could become an Odd Fellow until I had first loarned (o ride (lie Goal. In this barbarous manner, I was carried three limes uround die room, and finally stopped in front of the Warden's chair. Here my blinder was rais ed sufficiently for me In see, when one of the lirethieu having on a mask resembling a goal's bead, butted mo smack off die rain on lo the floor. Enraged at sucli cruel ticat monl, I bawled outmost lustily, when instan tly a cap was pulled over my head and drawn mound my neck so tight thai my nuiso was at once slopped. After I had become silent, the strings were loosened sufficient lu allow mo to breathe. I was then cunducted to another part of die room, when' I was suddenly knocked down upon tliu Hour, and on allempling (0 gel up. I I I'.iiiiiiI n,. ... .1.....1.. .......i.,.i :.. , 1 .ml., ii.-.i'i iv in, .1.1 . , a . "i.., 1 . I was helped tip, and asked what I most do-: "Y ,c'v'n 1m,J ' n, vur llc',,,r,1l "j .ni,m0 of' sired. 1 was told to say 'clothing,' upon ' OJd. 0' '"J8' C,,r6"' ",,,.rh 1 rB- "ot. which I was dressed in a kind of gown re- : ?l,0"k' f,,l"d W mo1",,'.'1 ,a"tl f "g''t '' t sembling a shirt. I was next conducted to ! ''""Pod -ipon the head ol him, who, under the tho Noblo Gm.uI's chair, when 1 was asked ar, . rr'0"d8l"l'. ad broughl me lo thai); what 1 must desired ; 1 was'this lime lold to I " . , ', ,'C''' , ,., , , ,. . . ' T l 111 I ill.. .mill I III..., 1 I.II.I..H In ll. say 'light.' Suddenly Hie cap was lifted olf! mv hoad. a bright light was burnin" before my exes, that for a time almost blinded nie. As innn lie I r..rnv..r..rl I .1 !... ..n..- ed before me an yllar from winch a dense smoke arose that perfumed iho hall. On each side of the altar was burning,! Inilliaul red liehi iliai ..avi, irann,. .., ", . . - i r - everything uround me. t,ven tho very smoke seemed tinged with the scarlet hue, when suddenly, I saw a human figure pierced through wu!) a dart, and with his head suv-. ered from his body and from the altar there , camea voice, s iving : ' Si:b this tatb or, niu who vioLvriss this vow of an Oui Fei.i.ow.' I . I I I t .ii i...1" Illl.ll lllll'lll ll'S. illlUIIIlllt,, & If IIICU Suddenly the visinn vamshed; dm lights j , ,,, .J,, , .nic vv).1,rr0rtllr0J ',. were extinguished, and a peal or thunder shook die building. A loud demonical laugh now rang through the room, and lo add lo die hoiror ofdio daikncss, words of terrible and awful import were seen written in letters of lim upon the walls around niu. Figures of unearthly shapes weie seen moving thro' iho room with tapers in their hands that bare ly emitted light to discern die beings who held ihem. Clanking of chains and low sep ulchral groans were heard as if coming up from bene alh the lloor on which I stood. A voice, was lioaid, saying': 'listen tu the ago nizing groins of ihosu who violate the vow of an Odd Fellow.' Thu groans grow louder, and died away in a low murmur. Anolher peal of thunder jarred die building lo its very foundation, and suddenly darkness vanished and light was restored. Tim smokn from the allar ce'iised lo ascend. Behind it three figures clothed in the scarlet ni'oes with veils drawn over tljeir faces, and with mines nn their heads. Tho outer ones leaned upon ' fl,e:,rs vl'i:h lliey held in their hands. The inner one held in his hand a book Irom which ho read, the following : 'Stranger, at your solicitation and request, you havp been idec ted a piembiir of Ibis Order, and have been so far initiated into ils imsreries. The scenes IhnUigh wliUi-yon havo passed aro lull 'ot instruction and pro designed to make a deep anil lasting impres'u)n upon yutir mind, The" pale visige which you first'saw upon entering, should remind you dial you were mortal, -and must soon quit the bu scenes of life, and join the pale nations ofthe dead. As you were stripped nfyoor cloth ing, blindfolded, and in ibis munition led hbont nl our will, but' was finally clothed and restored lo light lit your request, so you should remember lliat when jour broiher is stripped of his properly, oppressed by his creditors, and persecuted by his foes,' and calls upon yor for assistance, it is your duly lo clothe his nakedness, feed his hungry wife, and children, anil lo nid him oven to half of , . I . , your property. oor being required to our gnat suouiii teacn you in rem icam-suy across tho stormy sea of life, lo endure with fortitude llio troubles and difficulties with which vou may bo called lo uncounter in yolir pilgrimage through Ihu world. Tho, other scenes which you have passed aro all designed lo impress your mini! willi tho vari rious'dtilies of life, and what you may expeel should you daro lo divulge the secrets of die Order. Il now remains for nie lo instruct you in (he pass word, grip nrd sign. The pass word ofthe current quarter Is ' Fl'N ;' llio rYplumniuti is" Dkvu.tkv,' 'which will admit you'inlo any lodge of Odd Kdlows in thn ainivprin. " -''' 1 - tlio univcrio The grip is given by hoQkTng the little fin gers together, , , . Tiq countersign, is g'lveii by ponly closing l. . 'i' ?.i -1 ' .i I ..r-.i... . i. I. ilitrhand and,p acing illm end o Iho I i.uiiiu T 4.r .'" .1 . :. w . - against Ihe lip of dm nose. As yoH adyanco.inio ilie highcr degrees of. words auatigusiiUliuaiuitucietuUiiiitoi'.upuu ",v"" of the. signs you have (his night witnessed. I will'bow invest you with an apron and col lar, the badges rif this Order. Previously, however, to vour taking your seat as a mem ber of this Lodge, it becomes my duly to d niiuister Jo'you anolher sotem niid binding; obligation. You will respond '1 do,' lo eachv sentence ns I read it. ' ' 'You solemnly promise and swear that you , will never divulge the secrets of (his order to liny pOtson or persons, nor for any ''pur pose or pretext whatever, except ,lo one'lc ' gallv qualified To receive diem.' To this I respond 'I do.' ' , You solemnly promise.' and swear that you . will vole for an Odd Fellow who may be a candidate for any office, in preference lo ahv ' oilier man, without any regard lo what po--j lllli'al parly be may bu attached. Id,,.' " 'You solemnly promise and swear, that : should.ymi ever bu called upon lo testify HI " couit against an 'Odd Fellow who may bo arraigned for any crime, or any purpose whatever, that oo will studiously conceal anyotidunce may have a tendency lo criminate him, and swear to any lie that may bo deemed calculated tu clear him.' 'I do.' 'You solemnly promise and swear, that should'it be deemed advisable by this Order at any lime to substitute a monarchul for a republican form of government in die United States, or to change any set of measures or officers, that you will give your vote nnd in lluence tor that purpose, and studiously con ceal the matter from the public' 'I do.' 'You solemnly promise and swear, that should il he required of you at any time to take dm life of an Odd Fellow who may havo divulged die secrets of this Order, (hat you will punctually perform lbc samo to tho best of your ability.' 'No, wretches!' cried I. 'Have you not already extorted oaths and blasphemies enough fiom me, your miserable viciitn,with ont requiring rnc lo murder my I'ullo'w crea tures ?' Instantly twenty daggers were pointed at my body, ami I was told it was now to late lo decline, nnd that I most take the oath or die! Defenceless, and surrounded by instru ments of death on all sides, iheie was no possible chance nf escape. Worlds would I ,. ' ,"l,o" ; ""' " enircaii.-s 01 my friends that 'warned me to beware of secret societies! Now I am ruined forever ! I mirst either dio . 4 ' ' ,n this accursed don, iinheard of by (he world , "' ,,",e"' '" t,B',r n,,',rk ol C-""' anJ be: , c"",e " V','1'!1 '"carnate ! O ! wretch that I '" UI"" 1 never nau ueun Uorn f As these thoughts were llitting across my mind, I was interrupted by the presiding of- ' ;.'"' renu.ked live minutes only would be given me to decide whether I would take the oath or die. Enraged at (he treat ment which I had received, shuddering at the thoughts of the awful oaths I had already taken, I detei mined to participate no farther :.. .1...:- : i:.,..i.. i i:..j pleased ; but is for me, I would nnl consent In shed thu blood of .1 fellow creature, when dictated by them, or any man, or set of men on earth. Il was finally agreed that I should bo thrown into die dungeon until next meeting night, and then if I did not consent to tako tho oath, I should be put lo death. , A trap dour in die middle of thu floor was now taken up. A most horrid stench arofeo from tho space below, which seemed filled with die blackness of d irkness. I' was now taken by two persons dressed in black gowns tud masks, iind thrown headlong down among skulls, and loads', and hissing serpents. ' I stunned hy the fall, and twoke, finding myself at the foul of the bed fiom which I had fallen dining the horrible uuisam ! , ; SAt.TrF.TnE' Von Meat. ("has. Hahcock, of Guilford, Ci, writes in reference. to' a commu nication o i curing meal,.liy N. Darling, in our Jan. number : "l-iind by ronsiilimg incdcal writers that saltpetre is a deadly poison." In nuppoitof this ho cite the lullowmg. '-This powerful salt, when iiiadveiiaujly' taken in too large dotcs, is one of the most fatal pojbon?."- (Tiuieher's 1) pen.ilury.) "In. large dosee, 'such as an ounce taken al one tune, it produces the' most dreadlul symptoms vomiting purging, (llio discharge inisijd with blood) con viiinious and death." ((.'a' Die peusatory, p. I ) "1 have found by a nenes ol usperimentt fur many years, that nahpretre has the monl cer tain '.tud deadly clil-ct iiiti the human system of any llilnj dial w ued In medicine." (Dr. riiuiiipsou's New Guide tu Health.) An unfajtxiy.ii Tiif.asuke. Mr John Ham ilton, residing in Park ttreet, Hegcnl's Park, London, purchased a packet of book al a stall at llolborn. Amongst them was a work enti tled "Observations upon llic United Provinces of the Netherlands," by Sir William Teiuplt, llirt., of Hcheiie. in the county of Surrey, Am bassador to tho Hague and at Aix-la-Chapelle, hi the year UStW. On Inspecting ihe volume he iOISlUiUIVl, IUUIIVVII LUI'1'..Bl VI mv iv.fii. w, ' awrj,a , as ttt. as ha eUer, w Inch, however. liscutcrci. fourteen guineas, ol tne reign i lid nol refer lo Ihe money, nor the reason for placing it in ils cret hiding place." sewed up in one of the rovers. No man live so happy he who "mind hit own business ," no man prof pera so well as Ibo man who "minds his own busines.", Il is the way lolne repecled, happily, prosperous')-, to he' most ueml and successful, and lo promote the peace and qulot of the world. Yet there sro multitudes in every community who arp never al iet, oveept when engaged in the affairs of their neighbors and neglocting their own. Pete Gumbo, I wishes to propound an inter- jccliun loybu; and raxes, iuggar,-R cat-ana. dngicAl iuv"i in 1""""" , ni-gar, di. cluM am coucenlenttp do intellect. ua"l quahficashums ob lucrilal corporuity.' 1 W All 111 11 IIT n's ' .,,, ,, rr;u,lcs'ob de Texum annr ob occu- Well lletl W'liy am a I aviur njipnnvu ,u vwi- Vsbuuif 'Gib him up nldoufa ttruggle. 'Shaw, niggar ! It i to btrengll-en,ue seal on war, loinase ui Yah, yan, go 'way uaniPrtst

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