Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 14, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 14, 1847 Page 1
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RlJKIilA'OTOX, FRIDAY aiOKIVIXti, .IB AY I I, 1817. Vol. XX. IVo. 'IS. Whole IVo. 1037 Burliiigioii Free Press. Published at Tlurlinglon, Vt., By I . W . C C ?. A It K 1- Editor iiad Propi ictor. T e r m si Vo ViU.?c subscribers who receive (he paper by the carrier 3,00 If paid in advance, . ",o0 Hail subscribers an J those who lake it at Hie (Jlnce. invariably, Advertisements, inserted on the customary terms, tainst-rcim ran lliroxi jjli tho garden ; ami at no great distance, where the. toad turned on its way to Iloloyiirt, stood a little chapel, in which ti lamp was always burning before a picture of the Virgin, a picture of groat antiquity, the Work of some Grccl: artist, Here she was dwelling, respected by all who knew her; when an event took place, which threw her into tho deepest affliction. It was at noon-dav in September three font-travellers i.'K' I armed, and, foaling themselves on a nencn un- CinuLOTTC, Arm. 15, IS 17. To the Editor oj the Free Press; Sin. Editor, 1 peiuscd, the other clay, in die Tree S'less.'thc Lecture on Jrclrr.d by Disliop lltraucs, mid was glad to find uch a man fearlessly espicssnif; his sentiments and fcclinss on the subject 1 do not sec The. North unit tlic South Xo. IV. To the Has. fScor.r,r. P. Maksii : Sin : Incidentally to the diversities winch, in my former cnnuniinicntiorH, have been men oil, it happens that the Smith have sovcrnhlcci ded advantages over tho North w Inch conspire to give them ascendency in the General Govern ment. It would seem that tho great advantage which icstiltstothc South, in point of securing popular favor in this Republic, from having made man ners a specific object ofcuHlvation through sue- ccsivo generation-1, would, of itself, he sufficient hoT7any one, at all conversant willilbebistoiy of Irish i lllrj,J,j pmm ler her vine-trellis, were supplied with a Il.igon of Alcatien bv n lnvnlv irirl. her onlv child, the image of her former rail'. The eldest spoke i to account for tho ascendency which exists. like a Venetian, and his ivard was short and i Hut in nildiiinn to ibis, il re-ison mmd Ninth pointed r.ftcr tho fashion of Venice. In his do-, ern authoritv, that they have also made politics ., I... ir...l ....i ,..,,. I,( ,I I.u.l, 'i ... .. :.. . i i ' rni...t. llll.MlUI 111" illlUk.ll. LI 1,1.111. 1.IUI II , i.t.t. in- inspired litlo confidence; for when ho smiled, which he did continually, it was witli his lips only, not with his eyes; and they wore always 'wrongs, can mistake tlic cause oi an ineir suuerings, It is cheering, too, to behold the general llow of Amer ican sympathy. It is a noble tvpc of Human Nature, and an earnest of the approach of that d.iy, w lien men 'shall brothers be for a' that"; et I tear llicie is a large amount of property, mid tome even in this town, not jet represented nt the gathering of Humanity in the 1'icM ot Olfrrm.;. We niny Hot, theiefoie, be unmindful " lo prov oke one another unlo love and to Rood w-oiks." If such might be the tendency of the following lines, they are at thy serice. Willi true respect, I am, A-c. W. IlemeinbiJ.IrcInml. A wail is heard in Erin, A l oice across the deep ; Her daughters die.of famine, Her childien pine and weep. Her sons arc sad, confounded, Tney know not what to do, Tale terror stalks among ihcm, Dread horror strikes theni through ; Tor they cannot feed the lov'd ones Who cry to them for bread ; No raiment have they for lliem, No coffin for their dead. And the father seeks his labor, Both wearisome and slow ; Tor the plague-spot of famine Is hiking on his brow. He may return at even, And reach his collage-door ; Then die to pay the penance, Pur die sin of being poor. The tyrant's arm is round ihcm, The feel Ins sword and chain, Tho" he met ihcm not in battle. Nor saved them 'mid the slain ; Put Ids wily arts have hound them, Villi many a tighten'd band, Till he Hole away their bir'htight And rubied them of their land ; f-'o they became his va-ais, To live by suiTl-rance, where Their fathers' bones lie buried, And lhey fust breathed the air. O hear llie wail of Erin! Her sun is sinking low, And her diadem of glory Is faded on Iit brow. Give to her famished thousand A morsel of liiy bread j Give to her weeping mothers A gaimi.U for ll.cir dead. So they miy iive and bles thee, AuJ l'rovideuce bestow Rich treasures for thy camels. Till they shall oveillow j And Erin's sun in bcuiity Onee more, peichance, Minli rise, To light her on to l'reedom, And win her v irtue s priic. rhailotle, Vt. W. tiii; n.ic or GOLD. I dine very often with the good oh! Cardinal and, I should add, with his cats ; for they always sit at his table, and are much the grav est oi the company. His beaming countenance makes us forget Ids age; nor did 1 ever see it clouded till ye-terdiy, when, as wo were con temp'afiug tliu sun-set t'rnm hi-, terrace, he hap-' pencil, in tho course of our conversation, to allude to an affecting ciicum-lance in his early life. He had jut left tho University of Palermo and was entering the army, v.'fien ho became acquainted with a young lady of great beauty ami merit, a Sicilian ol a family as illu-trious as Ids own. Living near each other, they were often together ; and, at an age like their," friend ship soon turns to love, lint his father, for what reaion I forget, refu-cd his consent to their union; till, alarmed at the declining health of his son, he promised to oppose it no longer, if, after a separation of three jours, they continued as much in love as ever, Relying on that proniic, lie said, 1 set out on a. long jouiney ; hut in my ab-encu tho iiMir.l arts were resorted to. Our letters were inter cepted ; and fal-o rumors vveie spread yours. "His conipmions wcro bluff rable. for the good of nny I !...... .1. !.. tt.n M....II ......,.-., , .. i. i ,i:i nil iniiu siciui in m. ijiiini ii particular olnect ol slimy uiu pursuit, . loir , So, , ,t, thi, su)ioct. pi mcip.u ,Hivauia"e nuwevuiis, in n mu i unuj; our minds. These are found In tho volume of nr.mcly, that there neither, is. nor ran bo any revealed truth. Since mind is so, non-intcrfe- question in tlic prime views of the Constitution, ronce is peremptorily commanded by Him who about tho abolition of slavery, which does not created mind, mid when it had erred, revealed to involvo t tic question of the continuance or disso it what it imperiously needed to know. iutionof the Union. Northern anti-slavery mo- Slavery in the United States has resulted, and rality so entitled to respect, would Ihrn have a is destined still mole and more to result, in tho ' w.iv thrown open for cxprcssingitsclf other than permanent good and advancement of tho Negro i through abolitionism, as is now the case. 11 Id Race, and human rleviro cannot mike it last ' den things, in the way of conscientious scruples longer th in the good of the slaves themselves re-1 could then bo brought to light, in a way in which quires, and human device cannot hasten its tor-'they could bo respectably met, and answered. miintion by any other means than by shedding sir. ills no small matter which is on tho tapl of blood. White population is supplanting co- of the civilized world in this our day, respecting lorcd population, whether tree or bond, by an t10 continent of Africa, and the iegro Kaco. irresistible law. J mis, ami inns only, is it ilesi or possible to hucli is our Tho freedom of speech, the Irccdotn oi the press, and the freedom ol siavenoiinng, are an imnreg. n ibly fortilied by law of the South is ill perfect accordance w the theory of the General Government. As a nation, we have adopted the theory that Gov ernment does not involve the matter ol Religion. On this theory our Constitution is based. Tho South, according to Northern sliowing. have mule almost all the Presidents, and have secured to themselves much the larger share of the oliicos o honor, emolument, and trust, tinder tho General Government, and consequently have I'm advan'ao vvnich the prir.ii -al conducting and handling of affairs gives, which is the mo-t perfect and complete of all advantages. The advantage of practice and experience are great over inexperience, however correct and consum mate In theoiy an individual may ho. The practical politicians and statesmen of this Gov ernment, are from the South. In point of fact, the North, all their wealth. education, intellectual and moral worth, have waned in relative inlluenco. On Iheso hints, I political abolitionism takes its rise. Ileru it germinates and feeds its existence. Real worth is unassuming is modest and re tiring. This, I believe, is admitted as a general mixim. Whether so admitted or not, it is law in New England, Though some local furw.ird ! ncss may exist among New I!nglandcr at home, yet there generally, and always abroad, they ex I poet that their worth will bo discoveied and brought to notice by some body other than them ' selves. Morality being the ascendant law in tho rs of Congress repro- iug and enterprising mo rality ; being local men themselves, and selec tions out of the homogeneous miss, it is hardly to bo supposed that they themselves fully com piehend tho cmbirrassments of their position, when called on to act as statesmen fur tlic count ry. New England ascendant morality, in a way unconscious tu themselves-, mingling with all their conception.-' of politics and Government, they are to act under :i constitution, which not only docs not affirm any particular moral faith, and frank in their manner, and on their tongues had many a soidier A oath. In their hats they wore a, such as in age was often distributed in war, and they were evidently subalterns in one of tlic so Tree Hands wnieli were always ready to serve in any quarre l, if a service it could be called, where a Initio v.'a-, llltlo more than a mockery , .inl the slam, as on an opera-stage, vveie up and fighting to-morrow. Overcome with the heat, they threw aside their cloaks ; and, with their gloves tucked under their belt", continued for some time in earnest conversation. At length thev rose to go, and the Venetian thus addressed their hostess: " Excellent lady, may wo leave minor your rooi, lor a day or two, this bag of gold.'" "Yon may,-' she replied gaily. " I nt. remember, we fasten only with a latch. Pars and bolts, wo have none in our vil- age; and, if we had, where would be vour se curity 1 " 11 In your word, lady.'" " Hut what if I dull to-night Where would it he then ?'' said she, laughing. "The money would go to tho Chinch; l-r none could claim it." " Perhaps rou will favor us with an acknowl edgment. " If yon will write it." An acknowledgment was written accordingly. and she signed it before Master Rirtolo, tlic fi- "0,al'l ucing the lage physician, who had jut called by chance iuu ' 1u,t", memV to loam the news of the day ; the gold to he de-' H?,'.1.t a paworfully swayu livered when applied lor, lint to be delivered (these were the vvuids) not to one nor to two but to the three; words wisely introduced bv those to whom it belonged, knowing what they knew of each other. The gold they had just released from a miser's chest in Perugia : and they were now on a scent that promised more, i 'j'liey and their shadows were no sooner dc- parted,' than the Venetian returned, saving, i ir; - 1. . , I l.t.. wive me leave lu sl-l in si-.u wn iik; ii.i-', ii- , , I i i .t . i ,, , the others have do,,-;" cud -ho placed it on a i '"' ""TO?,'? M tl,:.1 no"? "'.V" hV'!lP' the Constitution of our land. Tim nvitorinls for a nitre of hi-tory, which will Tho innovation-and progressive, morality of 1 1, rnirl si-ltl, ,Vrnnt interest bv coming nenera- the Notth requires that something should bo tjons, is being supplied by passing events. In done about slavery. This something, as far as ''Congressional hipli places men are writing me tho General Government is conccrueu,hcr states-1 mnirs of themselves, to ho inserted under the men in Congress are expected to do. They are ,, ' Causes which conspired to avert the expected to icprescnt, and act upon tho views of., j,nr or which threatened the Republic," or to their constituents. liguTe on the melancholy page, of " tho decline New-England statesmen admit and maintain, Lfjj f,,! 0f the American Union." Truly the that they have no constitution il right io do any-1 rrcodntn or speech, and I he freedom of the press, thing with, or about th sbvcry which exists in arefJeini' their destined work, the States ; bt t that th control of that matter I The sage of Ashland, for comprehending and belongs to tin.- soveie ,i Hutes severally ill t.rnciing too lunch of .'latf in'.nli!'? wisdom on which slavery exists. Still the sense of the this suliject of slavery, is peached high and dry, constituency, hacked by tho sense of tho chili-! ,10t tlic waves of the sea, but by that whHt Holv zed world, urges them on to try to do something vrjt ))llts sjj ,y Pi(le wjt, them," the maj to dNcomitcnmcc sjavcholdiiig, audio iiiduco i,0s ot'tlio people." the South to abandon it. I, a pro-slavery colonizationist, have learned A singular lact, and that by winch the diver- nti.j, ryom this, or any other statesman on who would imkc fierce res'Hanco tonn invasion. And If Invaders should force their way in, assas sinations, by tho bands of so many expert mur derers, teotild soon make fearful Inroads on their numbers. From llie American Eagle, nt Vera Cruz. General St-otlnt Church. Ulster Sitmlny. On Sunday morning last we entered tho church on the Plazi, nnd were rratilicd to see to full an attendance of our offi cers nnd men. In rather an obsunt! place, on the left baud sido of the aisle, sat Gen Scott and .i number of Ids fi lends. Tho General appeared devout and pious, nnd not like the nnr.y of u who go to such places to pas an idle hour. Tho entrance of the General, wo nro told, cieatod no little astonishment amon the na tive5, and he was readily known ami whispered about as tho Cominatitltr-hr-Cliicf of the Amer icans. T A list of tho subscribers' names was brought to the Pope by the Governor of Rome, Marini, who suggested that it tvouta be very desirable to keep it, as u future means offtsccrtainiii" who were tainted with sympathy 'for liberal opinions. The Pope said he thought it was highly desira ble to make that use of it, immediately wrole down hi own name, With a donation of n hun dred scudi, and engaged Mnn-ignor Marini to follow his example and record himelf as a friend of those (vho hud suffered 'for liberal onin- ions. There is a touch of birmor about thin anecdote that tmkes ft perfectly enchanting. Whilo archbishop ol linola, ho was already known to have exhibited hi syfApathy for those, suffering in the cause of political re fi inn, by fur nishing many exiled patriots iVith money. A beautiful anecdote is related of Ids merciful ani liumann disposition while he wa in this situa tion. Among the other duties of tho .irchbislmn is that of a periodical survey of the prisons, in the course oi winch, visits The doctrine has too long been proclaimed that "u " " ?- " r " "r . . . . e ., .r. . ... .' .. ., length lmv be paid bv Irun to ths cells ol each or any of the cnlninals. An unfortunate woman, whose hushat.d haA been confined tipvvaid of a jear, nnd w ho in vait. hail solicited permission to'-co Kim, at length, irt .1 1. 1! . I .1 1.1 I .. ...I .t .1! . . , ,. ,. I ! no-N.llt, i'.nnnuu IO I IL- II CIIU 11 op , w (MJ OUlCl nt pl ices o I worst p, n the hign n Com- , ' ,. ' " ,. r'.. ... , ? 1 , . ., .-" iiovvever, eave h in no pnft'er of fniui-hing hor ' T : V.'ith tho iequire.1 permission. .Much moved, I tUn fVnutnr nf tin? Universe, The scene in tne ciiurcu on easier cUniiay table before him. Rut in that moment she wa called away to receive a Cavalier, who bad ju.-t di-mountcd from his liorso ; and, when she came hick, it was gone. The temptation had proved irresistible; and the man and tho money had v,mihcd together. gless, on the subject of slavery, which brings its moral bearing into the account, is Irrelevant to the matter in hand. is whether perceived, or nnpeiccived. in cllect, proposing tlie moral opj. nior.s of somebody, to the acceptance of sombo- I K- pl-n i.i II nslntn-mnlllibn w nmli I tr:i si 11 rr " Wretched yoinin that I am !" she- cried, as t , ,lc individual in tho wav of national prefer in an agony of grief she fell on her daughter's mcnt) anj vel j, jmposed ou'hini bv the sense of neck, ' what will become of us ? Are wo again . his constituents to be ca-t mil into tho wide world . . Unhappy 1 a New England member cems to bo laid un do d, would that thou h-dst never been born!" dera uece.ssitv to act af.iinst slaverv. simnlv be lli day long she lamented ; but her tears , cause it is wrong, that is. morally wrong. And 1 lie o'hers wero not slow in tl,,jii nr..pi.U. ih-it il,l..n. ...,i,.l, in ihn l.,. nty in character between tho North una tho South is most strongly illu-tiated, is, that tho point of controversy on which, tit tho present time, the two communities grarple closest, is not the abolition of slavery, hut the question ol right to di-cuss the subject of slavery Tho South knew not their Northern friends as well as they might have been known, or they never would have insisted that their petitions to Congress for the abolition of slavery in the Dis trict of Columbia, should not bo received, A love of constitutional liberty, and a love of mo rality, with all tho fanatical abolitionism which adheres to it, wcro brought into harmonious combination. Tho-o who wero for the sacred right of petition, and those who wero for the sa cred right of nbolitioni-m, acted in perfect con cent, and it was useless and ill-judged, to re-ist. Tho right of petition being conceded, and yet the thing petitioned for being as far from being Ids subject: hut owe whslevcr I know and be lievc, to tho inlluences of observed truth. I have the honor to be, Vour friend and fellow patriot, A Northern Man with Soctiii.r.i CiTi?.i.xsmr. Itoutc from Vcrn Cruz to ?Ieiico. JtCXtCAX MEAVS 01' DK'SXCC. CITY OF rUEELA. we are the enemies of that religion held so sa cred by the Mexicans, but Wehoperoon to con. vinco them tint wo war against no man for hi' religious principles, and nothing is better cal ciliated to ik'inon-tratu this fact than tho pres ence, ut ol ices of worship, of the liigb in com mind among us, whesp- liberality in religious -JierailCC II M.'I us ....; lU ,.,.,. a. a,.j " ' however. In- tin. nnn ,rnll,,m' ml.nrv. Ihn bn. inane man remcinbrtrj her pclflion. and on the Ma was indeed one of interest and solemnity. iij wim u.v. ..-p J- ' "-'y i attended his rrogiess on 1he ocrtsions. Ar i occasion of his net official visit to the prison, sent her Word to join the train which Usually ri''?'. a'tU.o cell where her 'hirr.b.iiid was incar- 1 ccratcd, he hade the woman enter it, and sat tnoflher. communed with the same God. ' .. i ., . i. .... - ...j.t -i U 0 tlollCCO " v j . iu u, tlu, our General, amltha he was the hr-t one to , , r ,.,, 0 , :Jf itliSlr ' "enfi of being reuiiited. his liand. This was also pleasing to thecitizens and from all appearances they seemed to think at least we were not all the devil- they Imd had pictured to them. i'oim: pit's ix. This cilv is walled and fortified. It is built i If the reports of traveller sttfi of 'tone and the streets are well paved. Here are to be implicitly believed, the new Pope must water is abundant, but from the national bridge bo a very paragon, not among Popes only but r,n tvnlnr can tin o itallled l ie 1.1- anions mcrasii' i. il.l HI 111 I V.. IT ... , tive.s substituting imlijM as a beverage, i rom J.ilapa to l'uebl.i there are ore heights neir tho roid, which, if fortilied, might annoy invaders. In fact, from Vera Crnz to Puebhi ibis is t in rasnthe travel being allernateiy over unecdo'es ol Ids benevolence and justice, not iinmingled novs- ar.d then with a little practical Cvotuatiiin of Vcrn Cm. We Inve publi-hed numerous nnd ample nc; count- of the bombardment which brought on the surrender of Vera Cruz, but no very detail ed description of the actual surrender. The lol tavving letter which we find in the Auburn Ad-verti-er, supplies tire best account we have Mien : U. S. sr.oorcr war At.r.Asr, ) Antov I.iZAitwi.April I, lb47. ( Urt tlie iutnuiy ol Jlirc'i, is 17, tho cere- ' . . I MS s ranted as ever, an i remiming as ucsirjnie as i , nllilr..,c,,t xmiU and narrow passes ver, in Northern estimation, the same thing is ,'., i,-.,,, Tho road passe-through sought to bo accomplished by exercising the right of discussion. " There are certain propositions to argue which is treason agaiu-l nature." And such, l'u"bl.i. The Pueblanns have a particular euir acter; they are Cunning and courageous, Cnd ik. n'vnnH rntibnl- :lllil ass-isins tlirougll- ,',t Mnvirn. where there is no lack ot such. If described, liiimedis.lciv nller the amnesty, the have the Northern members of ' Congress f c " .'nder' is brouoht before an alcalde, anv men who had recovered their liberty llocltcd to sion to behove, is the opinion of tho South about I . pis .....i is known or ascertained to be a the churches anil received tho aciament, with- ubjectol slavery. Here llie po- . , .,i,) u sure. Puebla is out exception, with extreme uevouon. .uore- ::..:...i ,i. ..r,, verv nl.iin. over, he added that Heaven had rcriaini ap- Irollerv, are innumerable and give a mn-t cx-' mnny of the capitulation ol Vera Cruz and the alted opinion of his character. The following 6a-tle of Sin .u in d' Ulloi took place and by passages are extracted trom a new work by .Mrs. special good fortune I obtained an opportunity i'anny Kemble ilutler describing her residence of seeing the glorious pageant, of a v ear in Italy, winch will so-n i:e published; It was a bright, bcautilul morning', and tho by Wiley and Putnam. .V. Y. Hjicctnlnr. ; white dome, towers fnd fortresses of the city ' " Mon-ignor -.n-?, the entliusiasin nfiwere basking in the yellow sun beams, when the people for their new sovereign is not to be tho boat containing our partv put elf from tho li-ciissing tho sitiou ol the Northern members is still cmbanu sin am availed her little, my indillerence, then of my inconstancy, then oi my marriage vviin a ricn Heiress of Siesnaj and, 'when at length 1 returned to maku her my own, I found her in a convent of Pr-idiue Nuns. She had taken the veil ; and 1, nid he, with a sigh w hit else rem lined for me ! I went into the church. ! Yet m my, he continued, as if to turn tho con versation, very mmy have been happy, though wo were not ; and, if I am not abusing an old man's privilege, let mo tell you a story with a better catastrophe. It wa iold to mo when a Imy ; and you may not bo unwilling to hear it, for it bears some resemblance to that of tho Merchant of Venice. Wo were now arrived at a pavilion that com manded one of the noblest prospects iungina bio; the mountains, the sea, and the islands illuminated by the last beams of day ; and, sit ting down there, he proceeded with bis usual vivacity ; for the sadness, that bad come acioss him, was gone. There lived iu tho fourteenth century, near Bologna, a widow lady of the 1,-imbertini family, called Maoonxa I.uurczia, ho in a revolution of the State had known the bitterness of pov erty, and had even begged her bread; kneeling day after day liko a statue at thogitoof the Jtliedral ; her rosary in her lelt fund and her right held out (or charity; her long black veil roncealing a (ace that had once udorned a court, and had received the homage of as mmy son nets as Petrarch has written on Eauiu. But l'ortiiuo had at last rrln,,i,i . i from a distant relation had come to Ver relief nnil shn was now Ihn ml.,....--... ..t- ,, . ' .... . - . .... ul A snnl, linings i-i me imei ; lie nan uen aw-iy , his plunder. A pruci- " her wvs stantly begun in Rologia ; and what defence J could she make ; how r'elca.-e herself from the obligation ol the bond ? Wilfully or in neqli j gence she had parted witli tho gold ; she hid i parted with it to one, when she should have kept , it for all ; and inevitable rriin awaited her! " (io, Gianelt i," said she to Iter daughter, lake this veil which your mother ha- worn anil wept un der so often, and implore the Counsellor C.i'de ri no to plead for us on tho day of trial. He is generous, and will li-ten to the unlortuuile. lint, if he will not, go from door to door; Mo midi cinnot refuse us. Make In-te, my child; hut remember the chapel as you pass by it. Nothing prospers without a prayer." Alas, she went, but in vain. The-o were re tained against them; those demuidod more thin they hid to give; and all bide them de spair. What was to b-i done? No advocate, and tho cause to como on to-morrow ! Now Gianetta had a lover; and ho was a sin- dent of the law, a young man of great promise, Eur.r.Nzo MAinEt.i.t. He had studied long and diligently under that learned lawyer, Giovanni Andreas, who, though little of stature, was great iu renown, and by his contemporaries was called the Arch-D.ii'tor, lb" Rabbi of Doctors, the Eight of tho World. Under him be had studied, sit ting on the s.imo bench with Petrarch ; and al-o hinder hi- daughter Novella, who would often 1 lecture to tho scholars, when her father was otherwise engaged, placing her.-elf ks'iind a small curtain, lest bet beauty should divert their thoughts; a precaution in this in-taiice at least unnecessary, Lorenzo hiving lot his heart to another.'1' To him she flies iu her necessity ; but of whit assistance can be be? He has just liken his lir.-t of place at the bar, but he has never spoken ; and how stand up alone, unpracti-eil and unprepared ship. Wo had a delightlnl pas-age to the -horu where, after running through the breakers, we landed and found ourselves aimug as motley an aemblage a- ever were collected. Ollicers, soldiers, sutlers, reporters for the press, camp followers, hangers on, loafers, " gentlemen of leisure," dogs pit's ar.d fats, fll mingled pro- under the constitutional provi-ion that the nee-; lcl' - . ,' , ...pit'nivod -Uio houses, built of ing to its four.ditkms. If any thing can save rt, 1 inicnouly together oft the long level sand loin oi speech and the Ireedomot the press siiall . , j ,vit, terraces, and two and as a government, 1 supple Uns may ; inn u i- twacn, and an striving to be heard gabbling ........ -- - - - I.. Mt... , 1. n nrini'ir-lTMl-,' 111 n,-PH , It rt n I1.1I1I- .l.1 Irt ni-T.rt n II , I, I,. Irt ot ,li. TrlUI- lur more iir.eiv io im. ,- - .... ...t, u. ...w. .........uu,, mo w..- , ... . ... I .1.: .,., ir,.T li,1C iUHl III llll- IC-p'-i-s in"-, in".! fi ui wauvi. The North have no political power over M" ,lu "X. . t . , nointed this man to tiio exigency ol the time. slavery iu the Spates. This is conceded. Yet " ,n ' . ., ' ',-LL r n!ir:,lbd. nod for that the whole papal government was totter II ; very wide and well payed the houses, omit oi , stone and covered wit i terraces, aim imi miu not be abridged, they have the right to discuss 1 . . I :i. ,i-..t,i,. iio 'rim , - , ,,,, , . i mree stones ni"u, .no ii-iiminnui, ....... .. kl ,1-nrir m tlinti- iin-n ,nni-jl n-.i Ihu rurli! " ku.. n .' . . , , . r ,ice would bo admired in a . r . i..' i nuUiic Place woui . ."..s..-sU.. - .i,...nri,trormsatierlect square inn I iitii inofl I h-i f -a nvni iu fi rt rhr nvivi IrvMPilri . . . . 1 .. i . .. ,: 7 , ,.? r" stands the rat hedr.U ; on three oiner siues are AikI the tei v IniTitiinale wav ol ileal lie- 11 . . ' ,, .,.. return ng to claim ineir due; and mere were no tions imnn.,.,1 I, in, ., , r il. iv. s of the thief ; he uad fled far aw-iy with 1 ,,r,,ss of the United States. h has nnibinf tn .In " ,, ' o , !' II. The embarrassments vvincli Now E-'gland sta tesmen labor under, seem to be indicated by the physical conformation of the United States". Si tuated not exactly in tho North-east comer of the Union, but even mora North-east than that, on an absolute Noith-eastcrn projection from the otherwi-e naturally delineated Union, the infeli city of their lelative position in point of influence in the Government, is enh meed by tho lact that. in their latitude, an orator has not that control ling influence over his auditory, which pertains to tho orator in a more Southern clime. heading men easily lead the people at tho South, New England people nobody can lead ; they will lead themselves, and if possible their Repre-entatives in Congress : and that loo, in a line directly opposite to that in which their pro ferment in the State n itiirally lies. And strange as it may seem, these same people complain that j their statesmen are not prelerred in tho General Government. And upon this plea, agitation is now actually going forward at tho North, propo sing for its object an alteration in that particu lar of the C'on-titutioii which allows a represen tation of which the principle is population irres pective of siillrage, allowing that such rcpresen- lion is tho cause that dominion, under the Amer ican eagle, rests upon the shoulders of the South. Pardon me, Sir, while I again impose my po sitive, sincere, and mo-t deferential opinion that it was a wiso and patriote invitation, which you give to Southern politicians, to address in per son tho people of the North. They would ap preciate youiself, and your worthy compeer from tho North, the hetteraflerdjingso. Some cementing inlluenco to the Union would result therefrom. Doubtless there is lurking, unconsciously, iu tiio New Engl md mind, a di-position to thinli as he is, ngiinst an array that would alarm tho : for other peoplo in moral nutters. So abhor- most experienced? " Were 1 as mighty as 1 rent is the idea ol slavery to intelligent minds in am weak," said he, " my fears for von would nuke me as nothing, ll'it I will bo (here, Gianetta ; and may the Friend of the Friendless give me strength in that hour! Even now my heart fails mo ; hut, como what will, while 1 havu a loaf to share, you and your mother shall never want. 1 will beg through the woi Id for you," The day arrive, nnd the court assembles. The claim is rtated, and tho evidence given. And now the defence is called for but none is made ; not a syllable is uttered : and, after a piiiso and a consultation of somo minutes, the ! Northern climes, tint nothing but th m.ckos t snbmi-.-ion to tho whole ol God s revealed will, can save from error in this particular can s.uo " those who are without," from interfering be tween master and slave. "Tho meek will he guide in'.d the meek teach his way." And without this, they will teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words." Tho ten dencies of civilized mind ate all that way. To that lovo of liberty, and hatred of op pression, which characterizes Northern cli mes, the fallacy of supposing that slavery is , seems almost intin tive. lius maintained that a man h is a right even to shear a wolf. with a man who insists that lie will shear a woll, simply because ho Ins a right to do so, is to con cede that he has that right, but to try to convince In m tint it is inexpedient to exercise it. There is good moral authority for maintaining that all things which are lawful, are not all expedient. Congress has declared itst incompetency to discontinue Sabbath aails, the Constitution not having informed tint body, what day in the week that day is. It would bo' incongruous therefore in llicm, to attcmp tn inform the slaveholder res pecting his moral duties to his slaves, since it ins declared itself incapable of informing him which d ly in the seven that diy is, which his .Maker commands him to keep holy, in which l.e is not to wont nun-ell, nor to won; In-.-lave. It would be strange if tiie one matter could be foisted in, after the other ha-been excluded. The politics and politeness of she South are ever ready. Since the North affirms the sinful ness of slivery, the former with his courtesy ad mils the quc-Hon to be problematical, while with his politics lie allirms their right, under God, so to sin, if indeed it be a sin to hold slaves. The Constitution not including the power ol determining the moral character of action among the enumerated powers conferred b) that instrument, and as in their consciences they do not believe that it is for" the general welfare of the United States," that they should determine slavchi.lding either to be, or not to be a sin, they conclude th it the powers of sinning, in the mat ter of slavery, " are re-erved to the states respec tively, or to' tho people." it is difficult tn deal politically with such political ungodliness as this. And yet no le-s a task in imposed on the Northern members of Congress. The South think it bid policy, bad patriotism, and bid ininuers.on tho part of the North, to ask them to give up -liveholding, after llwy h ive, in the ino-t di-tinct, unoimocal, nnd solemn manner declared, tint tin- will terminite their slavehohling and their mortal existence simul-taneou-lv. They h illy take other at their word, and think llut it b.-lungslo good manners, so Io d,i. Feeling I doubt nil, tint Iho attempt to carry out Northern moral views on tho flour of Con-gie.-s, was but "lading one's-self witli thick clav." von. sir. hit noon llie devico of coiiliout- tiug tho Northern constituency w ith these South ern politicians. Ilut, sir, the object which is proposed to be g lined by Sjilthern addre-ses before Northern audience-requires some delinitiou, Itdoes lut clearly appear what end a Southern politician is to propose to himself, by going to the North, to iddrcss tne people. mnm-'tiirpnt na ices. There are many oilier edifices striking for their beauty. There are fuv churches in the world more richly ami mag nificently ornamented than the cathedral of this city. All the chandeliers and lamps, which are in great numbers, are of missive gold or silver; the dome i- in marble of the country, of great beiutv e 'd fino workmanship. There are ten clnpe'ls, richly decorated, and closed each of ...... ..r t'.vr nntire r.banfel and il . i'J;',,,, mav the nresent Pope be Con-idered Gild's mes-1 o had not been long on shore before 1 had , ........ . , , . , ., ,.,.r.i,rt,t,il,, nrn.;...r ,l.n .T.,ll.,f r..,l, t Seller, llllll lllU a I WUUeu Illi.i n s... ...w aui. .n,..,!, nvnu, in pointed time. Mon-ignor told us sev eral admirable anecdotes of hi- benevolence and &cy-. ... ...... .sc.. T ho dav ot tne proces-ion ui ui. .um inn Monterey notoriety. He came gilloiiincr down on his tine steed, accompanied by Ids talVof o9i cv, and when he had arrived oppoile the spot where our party were st.iiuiirg, I'.e halted w poor old beggar woman, stretched by the give some orders, and I had a line opportunity them with an iron grate door ot very treat , lecuy cuieiii...-.i.u mi. height and of the Imo-t linish. this cliiucli wa" finished in 1803, and is said to hive cost (i,000,OOD. There are also many other very line chinches. The Almeida, or public walk, is very well kept. It is composed of three alleys (of !W) to GOO feet eachl of poplars and other lino trees, and is surrounded by a wall, at tho foot of which runs a fine little stream of water. There are a good many fountains in different parti of the city, and a few jds d'eau, or water snolltS. rOW CHIOS 111 i.muiii; ,uu- line! .u.iil wayside, called out to Liirist s succc-sui npuu earth for help. The Pope sent her immediately a gold piece and passed on in the proce-siou. . ni.,l,t. in iWs of an abb.ite, having per- fectly'reineinhered the house indicated to linn as that where the woman lived, he went to seek her, and found her ab-nlutely lying upon straw, and in a state of miserable destitution. Ho im mediately proceeded to the house of the curate of the parish ; the latter, called up not without considerable demur and diiiicu.ty, (not knowing from whom the summons came,) hum his Com fortable bed, was lo-t in amizement and dismay at the sight of the Pope, who, repremanding him severclv'l'or his neglect of the poor under his charge, bade him send immediately money, lood i : ' . . ... ii i Pnnhh. ; but much cannot bo said for the popu- nen anu neuuiug io u.e poo. um ust;ja., I.ition. which, since the lato expulsion of the he had ju-t vi-ited piiise and a consultation of somo minutes, the otipies-ion, seems almost in-iiiimu. inis Judges are proceeding to give judgment, silence i p'-'ces it in a po-ition towards both master having been proclaimed in the court, when Eo- and slave. Sympathy for tho supposed oppres renzo rises and tliu, addresses them. ' Rover- -od, is as strong as for tho really oppressed. end Smnors: Youinr as 1 am. iniv I venture to Indeed the laws of tho sneak before von ? Imllnitin Wn-,ir f tint when u real bein, one who (ns none el-e to help her; and 1 will not keep ou long, Much has been said ; much on Iho sacred naturoof the obligation and wo acknovvledga it in it, full forcer het it ha ful filled, and to the last letter. It is whit we soli cit, what we require, llut to whom is tho big of gold to be delivered ? Wh it says the bond I mji io one not io two Put to tho tnrce. tho threo stand forth anil claim it." From that day, (fur who can doubt the issue 1) none were sought, none employed, but iho subtle, tho eloquent Eoiiezo, Wealth followed fame ; nor need 1 say how soon ho sat at his inirriage feast, or who bat beside him. lingers' Ituhj, .. . . ' o.ll ill 11111 11 L I the toot ol tho Appeumnes; vvliero sho enter-' Ce pounoit eire, s-iys Ilale, la nnliere d'un joli taincd as well as sho could, and whero those Pro'J''111" : on pourroit exnininer si ceite lille avannnt, only stopped who wero contented with a little uu f t"" re lor',"il l'rul" Jo ""diteurs, "i leur desstiS, Tho house was btill standing, when in mv in li 1 7cta"1 80,1 l'e'M I passed that way ; though tfc sigTof thyC , 'rC V " Cmr h Cross, the Cross of the Hospitallers, was mil i,...i,f in Iiii seen over thn dimr n i i , , ! However well the cdilois in-iyh" ronvlnecd that !..... , 1.,. ,nnn nvnr tlm iliu.r. .. .i' . ! However well the pi! .I, l,.l t-iki-n if wu mav beliu'vn lb,?,;, i l- r'c,1"-'rl Taylor does not call liiinell' a Whig, nor ho bad taken, It wo may 'Del uo the tradition , wish m l called io, llru satislied that within hilu here, in honor of a maternal uncle, a frm,,,! master of that Order, whoso achievements in Palestine khe would sometimes relate. A mouii. La Crocc liianca ... . ... v.. .it.. ni,nc ii u rsiiisiiru null iv III llll J'l iy ilavs, l.ciiend Taylor has said lo a gentleman about ...jruii: nun lor uie uiuled rilates," ."Sever tniiul whai then sav : I t.. 1 ,.... i ,i .i i 1 , - ' " - "uu .wu limy iiiciii , ,iu ' hZ'T- 1 Vn " .Wl,i8 i ""'l ' I they have any donbl mt fV"s"(r; f'".tHI Ihcm I am a Clay U'hi.-.- mum iiiind are such is known to suffer, or when a real neing is not Known, uui supposeu io suffer, and when an iinigiu.irv being is supposed to suil'er, the syspalhy lelt alike iu all cases, is felt not for either of these, but for another being, created by the sympilhiziug mind it-elf, and modeled in all respects after its own im iges. The synipithy thuiefore which is felt iu Vermont Let lor tiro slaves of the South, is not lelt lor what thu slaves actually sutler, hut lor tho er monlers severally suppose that themselves would suil'er, if, witli all their aspirations, their love and nppieciation of liberty, and capacity for using it to advantage, they wcro degraded from their high estate In the condition of slaves. lint tho fads in the case, aro glaringly, and notoriously otherwise. The slave of tho South , h is not, ns is supposed, been degraded ; for that ho could not be, but lias been constantly rising, ever sinco ho bee imo n slavo here. Whero so much supposed wrong exists, the -upposed wrong-doer mu-t noccssaiily como in for a correlative sharo of misapprehension -and consequent reproach. Since the laws of mind aro such as nbovo des cribed, and such results aro natural lesults, they must be admitted to ho correct results, if we cannot allege counteracting laws of at least epual authority lindencies ol F-uronoan Snaniards, who were by far the most intelligent and indii-trious portion of it. leaves a furious contrast between the present occupants if public and private edifices, indicating tho Highest state of civilization. The same may bo -iTd of the whole population bordering the road from Vera Cruz to the city. Time will no doubt correct this. CORDOVA. A smill walled and garrisoned town, through which the road passes, llevond l'uebl.i the roid is good till it reiches the mount tin of Cordova, about midway between the firmer and the city of Mexico, where Iho ascent is very rugged and steep, though without defiles. Near the roid, tit the foot of thi- mountain, pas-e.- the Rio 1-Vki, or Cold River, which In- its ri-e in the neighboring mountain of Popocatapetl, 17.0)0 feet above tho level of tho sea. A work on some of the heights of Popocatapci! wolild coin mind tlm i old. After leaving tiio mountain of C.irdjv.i, tho road is good and unobstructed, with nlenty of water to the city of Mexico. I or sev ' ., . . ,. .r.... 1.: ,1..., , miles before reaching that city tho road is delightful, passing between parallel canals and rows o 1,-iinhirdv poplars, tins pouu i- u m occupied by Gen. Worth, fur tl e purpose guarding the southern road from Puebla. TUi: LAKE OF TCZCt'lO. of 'cruiiuizinn his appearance. He was dress ed in full uintorm, and was one of the noble.-, looking men I had ever behold. There was a look ol decision, of firmness and bravery about iiirn, that at once proclaimed him no coinm.iil man. Seeing ua all attentively and rather curi ously regarding him, he politely raised Id chufirsu, and with a kind torted" good morning, gentlemen," galloped olf oward the city. A large party of us, enn-i-ting of a number Cf clerk- in the piyma-ter's and qti.irterm i-ter'.s departments, several naval officer-and citizens, st tried over the sand hill- lor tho spot whore thi capitulation wis to t ike pi.'cc. This was a tine level plain, extending from the southern gito of the city p.e.uly t-.'o miles, and was smooth and even as a howling alley. A- wo 'advanced towards the city, We fonnd'the ground His llidine-s, it seems, lias a box at the post almost covered with round shot, ot every size, office, of which he him-ell keeps the key; and that hid been tnrow n from th? enemy'- bitteries whereas no letter whatever was allowed to reach ' at oilr army, and ever an I nnnn we came to the late Gregory the Sixteenth, it is an under-' great holes, eight or ten feet in depth, when stood thing that this box, with every tiling put tne terrible -hells from tile castle had struck and into it, is delivered immediately into the l'upe'- alter exploding v.iUered about the plain. Now hinds. A certain sum of money having been i and th"ii hor-es and mule- that had Iven de charitiWv appropriated, I do nt prer'-ely re-1 1 roved by the -hot could be descried lying upon member by whom now, in dower-mnuey, i'ur a the gionti.1, with myri id-ft bird -if prey shriek certain number of poor young Rom in girl- in ing around them, and tenting the lle.-h from one id tho parishes in Rome, one among the . their white bone-. number, a poor ile'ormod girl, was defriiided Hiving arrived npoii the plain, we took a bv tho prie.-t in wim-e hands the monev vv a-, position when; We imagined we should have a lodged, and who retained her-'. The girl veil- lino lew of the wlmld -rene. but wu h;ul nut tured herself to add res- u letter to the IVpe.sti- hvn there more than twenty uiiniile- ere ouo of tin" how- her portion had been withheld Irom (I'm, Scott'- aid- can'o gilh' over the her" Without lo-s of lime the defiuller wa-' plain, ids lior-e covered vv it'i Him, and his -a-summoned -and condemned by 'ho l'upe to pay ' bro dingling in its -heath, with, the poor crippled girl liny sciuii onto! his own I Gentlemen, tin. g.-neral direct- tint this pockel, beside-the twenty-live which were the spot shall be kept i'I nr. The Mexican iroop portion due to her. ' I are to march out here, and you will be ublidged Some evenings after this, in his usual incog- to take up number pn-dilon." nitn dre-s of an abb.ite, lie knocked at the doon Away he galloped bark Hgiin In hi- Kist, and r nn ns.-tiim fur nocir children, the man iL'cment ' our nartv -.Mioraledv ilnd e.ich looked Out foi i if wide h was not sun ed to b? altogether con .-cicntiou'ly conducted. The porter refused to r open the door, alleging tint tho children wero at 1 siippT, and just going In bed, and tint nobody I could lie let in. At l.i-t, the magical 'Aprite ebe snnii il Pain.' threw the door wide, and the Some attitude of State tow-aids tho subject of, islands, and covered with myriads of wild dnei.s. slavery, Ncw-Eng'l.ind might reasonably b j ex- Tho depth or water vaile- w it i t he e.inn ; in neeiraf to nre-ent. What this attitude really is. 1 the rainy months the basin is tilled, and then it can only appropriately he learned from her. states- as,itues tho appearance Tl,l. t.,1.i .-nnimnnees on the rii'ht of the rmd. m irtnr. in nn oxtaev ol Irieht. was running to iir,tr tho city, into which its waters are c.iriied i ruu-e the whole establishment vith the new-, by a canal, tho latter serving also to drain the I which, however. In- Uohnc-s forbade; am.' "'utters, &c. into the lake. The so-called lake merely desiring tho di-iniyid superior to con fs a large, long, and veiy irregularly shaped hi-1 ,hict liim to the cbildten'.- eating room, lie pro sin, shalluw, and conta'ining numerous -null ceeded to ta-te the bread and wine set belore (hem lor their supper, no men imw i n' and said : 1 o-morrovv, -ir, ici me of and wine rut before these poor children argo lake. Ki such as It might lo be ! and remember th it I hive my eye upon you ;" with which salutary warning lie departed, little lack of clearness in the defining of political , city pis-es through it, fed by its waters, live or j T1Creis something rather llarmin .Mrasclil.. position Would not the good of tho Union be six miles iu a southeast direction to the small j tiK.?() nocturiiil expi'iuuou- oi u.s uunnu--Ll,.erv,d. if tho New-Eiiol.ind delemitioii wore fort of Ch ilco. at tho extremo margin of the ha- j () ih.-d days in the week, or a certain iiumoei asked why. iu the present well defined position'sm in Hut direction. Tun canil is u-ed in f h.mrs, he receives imh-cnniina elvaii persom men. lutlio mixliiro ol politics and morality , ueing me recepiacio ui uu mv iu.,....s . ....... in New-England, is there uotii thy city it is very liituy. tup cau-ai nou. me which comes from ', iu which llie South stand, the North continue to transporting produce into tho city, and for pleis moializu with her,' rtnu siiouiu not mis inter- lire excursions in gnmni..-, v.c. rogatory, why ? why ? why ? bo reiterated ; till citv ot Mexico, the moral view is made to subside, and the poli- ,iu a other Mexican cities, this lias walls tical view is in ide clearly to appear 1 I ani house- or stone, with 11 it roofs, &c. It is Will the New-England delegation, to a mm, vvell paved ; a gutter four feet wide passes thro' adontt holani'iiageot tho Hon. Daniel Web-ter ? ti, Pm,im ol'rach street, covered by broad llag- I recollect not the occasion, but from tiiu lack of bt,mes. remov.iblo at pleasure. All the gutters reiteration, 1 should suppose, that it was extorted Irom him on some pressing occasion, " Thy Constitution as it is.'' If they decline this, and prefer nn otherwise moral one, I scenothuvv it can ho defined with out amounting to something liko tin- : " Wo are drained into the canal or lake. Tho city has mmy largo and strong churches and other great buildings, easily converted into fortresses, if its walls were repaired add mounted with cannon, and wen gain-nnci, w.... - r,r, , i . ,i resistance 10 ue-ieiiei-. iiiiin moralists urge moral enn-iderations upon you, festival days, which aro very in im.iu.,s, . ,. . because wo yet confidently hope to persuade you 1 for twenty or thirty utiles ramt cni to abolish si ivery.-Should wo despair ofncconi- into the city not les- thin 10,000 mounted eas plishing this end, wo may possibly feel it our antrv of the k'lter class, mt MflPrt or men. diitv'tn separate from you, at all hazards, lest Thay nro courageous, m ...... ,.. : - the wrath if God fall upon the Nation, and upon the lane-, las-it and machete, w Inch s a 1 irgt us, for the sin of'' ' and heavy kt.ile. Nothing' more would be leces. .7" 'oherespec. sary . Inn for t -c ' ,frtl "nft ted. and one that nii.rbt he reached and ma., rind streets of tho principal cities, particularly 1 uebla with. Much light wo'ild then break In from tho and Mcmco, elevate their crosses, and appea in region where mist lungs. So.ithorn political, the bigotry ot ine pop ui.imui, . -view, would then be icndared domoiistrably true uiense force ol bold, active and desperate an ini. men, who wish to see and speaK Willi nun. i nev are admitted without uny ui-iinciion, one uv one, according to tlieir number and the Pope iierinittin" them to seat thein-elves, hears thei' 'ricvauce-, receives their petitions, and wartiitij. riiem that any attempt to impose upon him, m iu any way alter the truth, will bo detected am punished, lakes their name and address, and ha. their bii-iness inquired into and put to rights. As for tho women, said Moiisignor, they per fectiv udoro him, for nothing can exceed his gracmti-ncss mid kindness to them. Among many others told us two beaut.- ful anecilote.-'of hi- humanity and wisdom, While he was -archbishop of Si'olcto, a list ol persons suspected of political liberalism was to receive the swords of the vanquislltid. brought to liim, ami no was earnestly ricoin-, a grand sight. ineiideJ to forward it to Rome, as an exhibition , Some t ten' v thousand soldiers dr.iw-n, lip VvitH of zeal that would be highly serviceable to l.i.n- their bright amis ll.ishing in the sunbeams, and sell; ho said he would tiiKu cure ot it, and inline-, with the gay colors oi me r.ii.un-ui leginienis dialcly tore it up, and threw it into the liic. ! floating on the breeze, while every hill top, and Sinco tho proclamation cf his act of amnesty, u uthpr p t whero a view could be obtained, was subscription was set on f ait in Rome to raise crowded with unvioa- spectator-. Armut 11 money for fho poor men, whose long Helen ion o'clock, aloud wail of trUmp'ts told tint IhC iu the papal prison h id of course not sent Ihiin! Mexican mny wcreapprntcltuig, and iit a few hick Itilo the vvoild with very full pnekct.-. ' moments tlm, were sum to d. file front the siutll himself. One of the army uliieer- w ho was not on duty at the time. Hud uiy-elf, proceeded to a hill covered w ith n thick growth of chappar.ili which oveilui'kfd the whole liehl, ami whim the intense heat wa- inodilii d hv a cool, fresh breeze that c line sweepni!' nwr the waters of the Gulf nfAlev'ro, nnd pi ed witli a rustling J sound through llie tangled bough- of the almost ' miierviou ch.ipp.'.ral, li-iuMth who-e .-hade we ' r.ielinpil Slid mint! the m ivniliei.n. n-.n.,' ram i beneath us. There spread tho ritpm-ive plain on which the Mexicans were t" I iv down their arms; the cilyuf Very Cruy, witli it- old time worn vvalbj ramparts, steeples and fort re e-, battered down broken Into Iraguicnt- and defaeed by dwt md -hell.-: tho old grim ca-tle of Sail Juan d'UIhu, with tho half ma.-; flag of Mexico waving above it, a- if in di-tress ; and bevond, the great, I emu, sleeping sea, on which llie immense fleet of sbipsof war and transports were quietly ti ding, their masts, . arils uti wildenn's-of rig ging clearly deliiusl against the yellow, siudlt ky. Mv compinion had an ex. client ti-lccni. md it ailiirded u.i mo-t excellenl view of at! the urrounditif scenery, ttud of everything thai trail-piled. At 10 o'clock A. M. the American army marched up In two distinct Column', tho regular troops on the right, nnd the volunteers on 1 1 it left, and took up a position in such a tn inner at to bring a large portion of the lend plain belon' mentioned within a hollow square, with a slight opening at the end nearest to the city fur tin' Mexican troops lo enter. At the I irther end of ilii- hollulv square a white flag Was planted, and there the American General- took their station, It was

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