Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 10 Eylül 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 10 Eylül 1847 Page 1
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4i i Vol. XXI. Whale No. lO.Tl IUJItIfI. TOA, FRIDAY MORXIXft, sm'TIHI'K 10, 1817. New .ScricK, Vol. a---;o. 1 1. Burlington Free Press, PaWU'u 1 nt tlirlin;ton, Vl., n r i) . w . c . c 1, v it k n , Editor iinil Proprietor. Tcrmsi Tu Villi?? siWribers who receive the paper by the eirricr, 200 IfpiiJ in advance Mill si':i'iers ami those who take It at the O.Th'.imrhMy 2,00 II pud in advance, . 1,50 Advcktisemen'TS inserted on the customary terms. triom the Cleveland (0.) Herald. Sixty Years Aso. Ha! never, never to ictum, The pwd old times hue sped : Anil now thi- wit lorn which we learn, Turn giddy every lieail ! And et 'in uniiin, I think, to spurn Our old ancestral ilcnJ My crniirlsire wore a cocked-up hat, A buckle gemmed each knee j The old arm-chair in which lie eat, It cheers me still to see ; With wis and queue, specs and all that, None looked si grave as lie ! He traced descent from royal blood, Timuah doubts en-hioucl Ins case i lie -aid he nlnnjs understand Tne crown was woin with grace, r.ither bfloie or since llie Hood, liy some one of his lace ! Howbeit, 'tis 'true, ihat brave at heart, He aviun:; a brawny ami, And alwiys bore a hero's part '.Miil dinner anil nlanu j An I though a tear sometimes would start, Twjs Iragrant sl.ll w t'.i UjIhi. He loved to tell Iii3 hilory o'er, lliii'ullis.iin iih ihyiues Tin- i.ilianl deeds he did,ol yore, Which beat all modern tini'-s ! An I wii -n he died, he left in store, Neither doubloons, nor dimes. Though poor, lie was a pitiiot true, (111 lo i .lit ii fieeiloin's c nisi-; W.i it s in ire, Ii- pud his d.-bts when due, A 1 1 rewrenre I the I iws ; Tli- lutiiie hie lie krpt in new. Hi was lice tioni tlaws! My (Trail Illinium, she wore a cap, An I hoop to sw II lier skirt ; O.i ln i-h -ele I shi"-, v,ih iinnv a chap, Wneii you s le played llie lint ! She would be e,.-iy, wliate'er mit;ht hap, Quite girlish, piuu, and pelt. And yet, they ny, he ued to read Her llible with delight, An 1 deeply felt tint mortals need God's grace to keep them right ; Always with he irt that seemed to bleed, nihe said her prayers at night. The good old lady has been dead i;oine ihree-scoie years at least ; Tb- ione tint leans still o'er her head May tell when she deceased; Her ii.iuie,iiioss.rrown, can scarce be read, The wonu has had its least! When modern times have crown as old, lVrbaps some grandchild dear, Will laugh to linnr my loihles told, And think my garments queer ; Nor think me, though I leave him gold, Ten thousand pouujs a year.' August, 191. R. ifarm. Nl'tmment i- Din'nr.r.NT SunsTANcns. Dr. Warwick, an II'iglih lecturer, gives an inter- .... ' ? - . . . estin" cunpiri-on ot llie amount oi nutriment '",'. , , , , "j "- """ contained in.litrerentcgetaV.Ie and animal sub- winch they should themselves arrive nt their Mances, and the time "for their digestion, Of post, ami the ci.u.scs of the winds and waves Mvreul. es, be con-iders that beans contain most which were to bear them. h.le we calculate nutriment. A- to anim il substances, ho remar- with absolute certainty the movements ., the l ed that mutton contained 20 per cent, of nulri- d.-tant spheres of our uni verse, wo are in di.iib, k'of 2G,cl,ickou25,pork2l,codandsole as to t ho movemonts under our own eyes no "1 haddock 18, &c. As to digestion, boiled only of spontaneous nature, but of the action of rice occupied an hour and forty-fivo minutes,,"'" human mind, and tho condition of public tapioca and barlv two hours, stale bread ttt0 1 nt.mont til other ages or in tins. Although , '.' . i -i ,i., i,,lri i,;i,i .ni.i,,,,,, i Champolhon has been able to reproduce for us f.,r l,",. nvstors two and a h'llf hours, salmon four hours. " Veni-nn chops one and a , ,lf- the lapse of l'J centuries can contradict success mutton three-beef three-roast pork live and rally the statements of I.ivy, win o vvo call Mate , .,, ,,f, i,iloit mms with accuricv tho po-tlion and urivements ol oigit hir.l ditto, three- and a half. Ot't.vniUT'.- ov Manurs. A writer in the Ft n -r an I .Mechanic stitestlut Ii" Ins no-tiiU-d Me bol'o nof coal-pits, h, Iween G5.ind70 yeirs iffr tin h irnitig, a'i f -rtibi lb it they in viri.iblv bore heavy c rops of gris or griiu This is known, roii-ists of burnt earth, a-h"s, ch ireo il, &c. (.'nininon bun in i nur; lico'iv's ii irly or wholly exhausted in a coiiiinriiivelv short iieriod, From th lio-ton Daily Advertiser. l'bi lloin Ktippn. ,n,. ,1.,.. ,-nIlr.h,l ... ..f ll.n TTfirt-nr.1 All.n 1 in- lliriii" --.v.. .j s 1 , r il... Phi 1! .t l Uati'.ia Society was an unusual v full one, more nn-inbeis buing pre.-ent than we I of nature results in a series of instances, in vil li ive seen nt any previous m 'cling. One of the riety instead of uniformity. The trtio student lecture rooms in Hirvard Hill, which mu-t strive to ri-o above nature, and enunciate ' s . .,..,.1. . . .......I l,. AI....I l ri l.t... was appropriate!! lor mo uu-iuess meeu ug in uie Society, was closely filled during tho early part of the day. The Hon. Theophilus Parsons was chosen Pre-ident of tho Society at this meeting, in place of lion. Charles Warren, who has resigned. About noon the Society, with ils guests moved in procession, around the College yard to the Fir-t Church. Tho church was densely filled with the members of the Society and other audi tors. Among the members present, we noticed Hon. Henry Wheaton, absent so long in Prus sia, Mr. Charles C. h.a of Alexandria, and oth er gentlemen who for.a long time have not been nrivpiit at tho Cainbtidge an livcrsaries. Among tho rriiests were Dr. Iticbo of tho Coa't Survey, Mr."Spalditi'r of Virginia, and other gentlemen Whoso presence auoeu imeresi iu uiu ucc;isinii, A or.iver was olfered by Mr. II lie, of Wor coster, after which Hon. Gcokoe P.. Marsh, of Darlington, Vt., delivered an oration. The oration was of the highest character. lis general object iva to give a review of tho ex tent and eenre of existing knowledge. This very comprehensive subject was liiudled In a misterly manner, and the broad and clear po-i-tions of the speaker were stated in the mo-t ac curate nnd elegitit language. I'very sentence was an essiy, and if any lieiperlid not enjoy the adJress, it was liciuo he was not accus. tnin"d to hiving valuable truths presented to him In such ran! siicce-sioii. so tersely and se verely ex.iressed. S ich an addres miller par ticularly in an anilys'is, but we attempt a bricf tltelch. Mr. Mirsb comm"nced by saying that in our rn'i dry there is no appropri ito place for merely literary men; that hero tho culture of letters ,1 as uiu tin. in il h,iai lih.-, un, ti. ivnn- ally either tho task of yoiilh or tho recreation of declining age. In tl I mo lives ol those who ever devoted themselves to letters, there vvero three marked epochs : the day when leaving College Hir.v si, in, lit for the truo coiirsn iii wlnrl. in di.l reel tbefr future advance, tho day when they' vert golden fruits to stubbie, or repeat notes liko wit, a huge family depending on him for sup left their professional studies to miii'do with the1 a sinirlnr bird, without knowing their musical IH)rt. ho commenced, and learned 1iliu stud busy world, and thoso d lys in which after a bu einoss career, they como back lo tho Alma Ma- tor, to take a new lesson with regard to the past und future 'The orator was addressing mon of n II of these classes, und might address them all, as disciples of a common cause, self teaching1 pupils, who woulil give up the common theme forgotten Individual cases lie remembered great of the progress of the age whether In science principle. It Is so of every educated man. A or territory the progress of national crimes unci sing'c f.ict may lead him into error. Who can glories In consider the extent and t lie essence calculate its relations with others in the vast of th" knowledge of our own time. range of hum m knowledge, ft is one operated He then proceeded to give a rapid but pointed upon by a hundred forces, acting in different dl anilvs'is of the nat'ire and character of tins , rcctlons and with different intentions, subject to knowledge, pointing out bow much ground tho 'the. action of time, winch will so control them, student his now before him, inlangniges; the tint before the philosopher has decided upon general dynamic, laws of creation, which give 'rie to our astronomy, chemi-lry, geology nnd the general cosmogony, miking worlds, as he , well said, of "the lA-iiviic of Micrn-cnpic liplie-' mera the recorded history of hundreds of lift' lions; the history of Natural Science; that of political and municipal law or whatever tinder tint name hid been in successive periods the substitutes for physical force in keeping order in communities poetry; metapnysics ; super stitions; and thoe really religious views which sixty centuries have furnMicd. If the philosophers of Greece and Rome found life too short to attain nil tho accumulated infor mation of their day, hr-iv coeld tho scholar of our time collect me varied and increased stores ; bow could be appropriate to bis own use the movements of the ever increasing circles of the sea of learning; nnd bow coulduo find leisure and heart, and where a teacher for the acquisi tion of that knowledge, sometimes considered the noblest object of the life of man ? To re solve this question many had set forth the word "py-tern," and had advanced systems of "sci ence' which were only forms of "mnemonics." The idea that new sciences are created by new subdivisions of facts and theories heretofore known is a popular error. It increases tho nuin-1 . . ..' ' ... . ... - . her of studies without saving the labor of tho student. In fact, since all science is truth, there can bo no new science except from a new arrangement of received material. To show the manner in which sciences might be nominally increased in number, while the facts were the sime, the orotor adduced the science of phi lolopy. From this review, Mr. Marsh urged it was evident that tho "disciple" was to mako bis choice of some special study, according to his M-itnnl ! .tt, ..n. t nni .... ...ln-t..i-rt 7.. l...... all things. Knowledge Ind, to he sure, bv.nine a marketable comuinditv, which might ho quoted in prices current like "others. Its bnvers and , sellers even styled Ihetn-elvcs "the trade," to the derogation of other business, and had adop- ted tho tirincinlc of "lari?c sales and small nrn- :iple of "large sales and small pro-1 it that was the "letter book" of i nst copies were sold, whatever the 1 thoughts. There was a striking Itts," so that which tho mil' value of its difference between literary and mechanical pro'- ducts in this regard. 1'or a miclrnc, it was , ron-idered that, other things being equal, that I which had cost tho most labor in its mauiifac I lure was mo-t valuable; the book which bad ; been most carefully made was not judged by ih's tost. Consequently literary labors were vul-1 garised miner tne name ot popularization, al-1 though good motives and good results even hero b id ju-tilK d tho promise that they who watered , tne tree oi Ktiowieugo siiouiu reap golden trull. The orator then proceeded to consider what ! was the character of human knowledge, and the J nature of its highest uses, pointing out that our i most certain and absolute cognizance of fircl' was that of laws regarding matters without tho 1 immediate reach of our sen-es. Our Astronomy 1 is more certain than our .Meteorology, our his- tory more accurate than our election returns. I up ueiecieu. i lie deviation nore is uio cxpres The astronomers who left England for the South i jum of a true conception. The highest power Seas to take observations of the transit of Ve. nus in 17G!), went with perfect confidence that the celestial phenomenon would occur within a few minutes of a predicted time, but they went : .i..i i : :.i. - -.1 ... .i. . . ;n .ti.i.f i ....viit., . -.1 f.. ,i... ,i l!10 J'Morv of the Pharaohs, and Niebuhr after bodies at tho extreme limits of spire, and whib in our nitiiril bi-tnrv we can develono th whole anim il from a s'mgl.-pirt, we aro to out selves the m ist inv'sterioiis of eniginis. To physic il coalition of mm and the ivlttion liodv to sp rit are am nig the -nbjei't-s u wlii we know least. To it which is u-'are-t to u euiet o-c.ipes our gr.i-p. We e innot nccu rat.'lv in asiire a yard, although wo calculate the distinct ol Saturn. Our kmm ledge seem to be universally proportioned to our moans o direct apprehension. From this view the orator inferred, and argued wilh eloquent illustrations, that the intellectual ficulty was to he ciiu-idered as higher and moio worthy ol cultivation than tho son, mil appro- I. ' 1 hen-ions Nature never generalise; all study t. .iu.iniiwj L.uikaioiji m nnun iuuc is impos-ible, except in the puro mithomalics; approimte certainty can only be reached with regard to those relations of niitter in which its substance is not involved, in chemistry and our Knowledge ol quiescent bodies. tth regard to moving bodies and forces noniinaand phenoin- cm tho pure law of their action is all that is knnwablo; that is the highest ol human attain ments. Theory is really suggested by phenom ena not dependent upon it, and general laws are fmflllv rwtttt.ti J,r,l Kir t.rr.r, n.I.L fri,n r.zi,rv:t- lion. If the sun does not rise as predicted, if Orion should bo stayed In bis courses, we should not doubt tho law but tho chronometer, Mr. Marsh proceeded to spak of tho mistake of characteri-iug sciences as practical, when all science is practical. After a good education tho student starts with results, tho results of centuries of study ; on tho principlo of " self made" and " practical" men all start alike, witli a small stock of common instincts and ideas. On tho " practical " theory tho teacher oosmes for tho pupil, while on tho other he teaches him to generalize; on that theory knowledge can only bo tho result of accumulation, while on the latter it grows from developeincnt ; and yet tho former appeals to tho vanity of men by con vincing them that they are constantly receiving inform ition. while that which founds knowledge laws, repels in my by proving their acipii-itinns ungitory, and tempts mem uy no, piomi-i- ol easy success. Doiihlless education begins with the acqutsi - tion of fids, but it has more important duties and bearings. Much of what tho student ac- tuires from lsooks is a mere nomenclature ; ' . ..r I. !...:..- 1j n l.rrAl. .ltl.. much of descriptive learning is a barren rati- l.nriin f n iioos and dates. It is a mistake to, i"B , . . . t ,1 su iposo that mental acquisition implies mental culture. rau uuy iu h"""" ........... ......, nii.l in soinn iiistanres leave the intliil moro in out than they futind it. There tire, indeed, minds which fiv a sort of nerverso alchemy con- - . value, or servo for the conduits of information whoso csoterical import they could not com- prebend. ! It has been said of a celebrated lawyer, that his learning had passed out of his memory into, bis judgment; meaning, that although ho had their resulting inlluence, not ono litlio ol tliem will remain. And for this reason, those who have been educated liy the experience ot others are ireqneniiy iviuiuiorcs lomporisacii, wone reformers forget tliat antiquity had also its plian toms and illusions. The impression obtains a bold sometimes that the great thinkers of different past generations were as conspicuous, to the men of their own times, as to ns, as wo look back upon them from ours. This impression is only the hasty thought which no study of pat literature will confirm. Of the literati of tho lGlh and 17th centuries, those whom we most respect and venerate, had no such measure of esteem among their con temporaries. Any of the old libraries, gathered in that day, has upon its shelves thousands of books which are as dead to us as is the litera ture of Carthago. What then if our age be marked as an age in which there is poured out a deluge of worthless literature. That deluge must bo accounted for by the extraordinary lite rary activity of the age; by this system which lias thrown literature into the market ; the sys tern in which it happens that publishers arc called pre-eminently " tho trade." The literary activity is greater the miss of publication doubtless is much greater, and so its usefulness '!. . rm. ... .1 .,.1 is greater. The question to bo decided is, whether it is greater in tho same proportion. When the literature of our ago shall have been put to tho test which will disclose its great men and great authors. we have good reason to hope that the test will show, that, bo the un sound portion what it may, the average standard of literature has constantly risen and has been well sustained in its advances ever since tho re vival of learning. And as to the unsound por tion, its influence will prove as Insignificant as its merits. .is linworlcss for evil as fur onod. --''re t-r- M"-"'' wasted to siiy u word or two, exquisitely cbo-en and hopeful in -pirit, on the rici1 p.omi-cj of the literature of America for tho investigation of tho highest of speculation, That investigation, and the method in v. Inch it mti-t bo pur.-ued, brings us at once to that 't 'l u pur.-ueu, nriiigs us at once lo mat tixmm of Ilacon, which U.icon perhaps did not '"liy develope, even in his own mind, that "Knowledge is Power. Of this axiom, the . l,rc s not felt by any one who does not analyze ins meaning in ui-ing uie wnru pow-, or. ' Tho axiom dem mils more than the ordi-1 nry signification ol that word, more than the Idea of force excited objectively. I-or, to the student, the means by which he is to attain that force, the mental growth with which he seizes "t "-iiim i"i " ." '" J 1119 effort. And although sellish men pervert "'C'r, mental acquisition to tho mere pur-uit of "-" i". r-i"- -ri there is to tlu m in it none of that power over fif which subdues tho passions to the will, and controls the will by reason. In the Greek, the very word which expresses power, is derived 1"'1" roots which convey to it the idea of a state r;"ber than an action, anil even in the more gross l.utin, the same delicate distinction may is tne being that which man s highest naiuro may become. And yet, it is of course, this conception of power does not exclude the idea of action. The higher the inward state, tho more vigorous and Ireiineut its outward ollorl. He who knnweth nil things is the Creator of all things And it is from tho stale that the action comes. The Christian does not obey mainly in lira hope ot a Inturo reward, and wo cannot think ol thj soldier as lighting ; merely in a sin- oieu i-wpeciuiioii oi renown. wniri; im.-n are is lbe"origin of what they do. The one wor ships, the other defends. Ono may trace the s.uiiu law in morals, in the arts, or in religion. And here .Mr. Marsh closed the train of close thought, which we have so inadequately follow- cd, by the suggestion, mat, to men in mo po - i - turn of our men of letters, it any one study pe- unar y recommends itsei., mai siuny uie iiirsint of science .S'.-e;r?, as tho knowledge j I causative law ; not uie mere knowledge ot icts, but the high speculative science which .'.luces a probible theory from a few known ' icts, and I- also ready to divine facts yet u.iob- rved as necc-sarily resulting from theoretical iw. riiu pursiui 01 such science is a most ut- ing occupation for men, who find themselves, a here our men of letters so often are, only at leisure for careful study when then retire from he business which has consumed the youth and ,1 rh ips p irt of the maturity of his life. At that iino one finds his physical powers failing him ; and, has bis mind only been occupied by tl.e cares of outward life, it begins to prev upon it sill'. Hut ho, who has kept alive his interest in letters or in a true science, finds, at th it period ol lus leisure, that tie i ready to extend and continue that interest. It has kept olf the ritst nln ..'until liiivrt ,r. mi ln r.mitli.. - . v. ........ ...... s, .......... and thus the love of let ers is tho fountain of perpetual youth. Ho who is ever learning is over young. Indeed it seems as if nature re- served for the sober eye of ago her choicest gifts; the nicest preception, tho most full ap- preciat.on ot tne oeaiites o. naiure, aim oi ait, seem to he its peculiar treasure :; so that the evening of the scholar is gilded with he noblest glow which lights up the horizon of his life. With such a picture of the delights of tho rip - cned years of tl.o true scholar s hie, Mr. Marsh concise like every part of it.vvu ! "f"1 ' conception and expre. v-l.t.uu. UU .W-U ... Mil- ,.UU,b.-s, ,,V,,.M.,T I ii 1 1 a . i y Willi. xpresston. As ho clo- sed, tho audience sign, ted their great pleasure by repeated bursts ol the applause which had frequently interrupted liiin. ho .. ..." .......... u..i.h.,u tin., miil ,lu mil, .Id ,n.r.ioii ,,, nr.....- uvin nuvv uwr, inirciied ill proces- sion to Goro Hill. After a few minutes tho, procession was formed once more, and tho So ciety went to the College Hall to dine. I Wo understand that the dinner pissed off with spirit and general hilarity ; but, according to the rnto uy which wo nave a Ways limited ourselves, we attempt no report ot us wit or eloquence. W!13 prctcnijn!, t0 read, though in truth sho "' I had been a listener to all that had been said, Pursuit or Knowledge u.ndeu Difficulties. ' i"l trial it was to lier to prcsorvo Iter gravity The following U A most remarkable and praise-, during the very animated and interesting discus worthy in-t.mco of wh it perseverance and in- sion I",.' ri,.i,ilu .Urn i..,t ,.t.t,. n-. " Win-." s.ibl Mr. Georfro Kinnstnti. ' I have a..,,,,,,, t , L,riduat nLr class at the eonimeiire- mcnt u-t ween, at Williams College, was one j ,y t10 .,, , CimA'H, friiiu New Jersey. This gentleman is a shoouiikcr, is married, and bis a f,unjy f fuur children. Six years tirrn, be- coming sensible of tho blessings ol an education, . . . ., I i ., i . . ue coimueiiceu learning 1110 simple urauches, such as arn taught in our primary schools. One by one, as ho sat on his shoemaker's bench, he mistered grammar, arithmetic, geography, &c., with some occasional assistance from bis fellow workmen. At ibis tune ho cetenniued tu obtain ., r.ulleiriale ediicalion. Without means, and i:reek in tho evenings, alter his day's labor was UVer, under the direction of a friend; and uller tho lapse of a year and a half, prepared himself, an, entered the 6opbomoro class of Williams Collero. 1 jj0 brought his bench and tools a well as his books with him. The students supplied him with work; the faculty assisted him; nnd to gether witli the fund for indigent students and some occasional assistance from other sources, ho was enabled to go through the college course, and at tho same time support Ids family. He graduated last week, on his birth-day, aged Z'2. Ho stood high in Ids class, and received a put at commencement, but declined. At the fare well meeting of the class. jn consideration of his perseverance, talents nnd Christian character, they presented bis wife with an elegant set of silver spoons, lea and table, each handsomely engraved with an appropriate inscription. Air. Cotuiit will now enter tho theological seminary at Now York, and will, no doubt, mako a faithful and popular minister. What young man in Ibis country will ever, after such an example as tin-, despair of obtain ing an education ? Springfield Republican. I From the Baltimore Monument. MISS B UFOIt'C.TECNS. DV OII.ES H'dCIMtN. Mama, will you please to spread A little sujar on my bread, And inainn, dearcsi, if you please, To cut n little bit of cheese, Just a very little bit j I'm grown too large now to be carried. To morrow, ma, inayn 't I be married I " Conic Helen," said .Mrs. Henderson to her ft.l iwrhlnr ii.rrxl rleien. " nllt U) VOIir bonds II nil trinkef, mid prepare for bed it "'s almost eight o'clock." " Indeed, tm, I cannot alTord to do any such thing as to go to bed so soon," replied the young lady, "I'm entirely too old to be talked to in such childish language, and besides, Mr. Kingston is to bo hern at half past eight, there 's bis card in the rack now," Mrs. Henderson was dumb in astonishment for a few moments after her womanish daughter had done speaking, and prompted by curiosity, sho examined the card rack, and sure enough tho " compliments of Mr. George Kingston" were there in old English letters on a beautiful einhosscil card. Mr. George Kingston h id just turned his 13tb year be wore a stock, and tlnti-ri-hed a silver-headed cane. Mrs. Henderson amu-ed herself a short titno with tho little em blem of the children'- precocity, when replacing it in the rack, nnd seating herself near Miss Helen, she resumed the conversation by saying : AnJ f0 (;cr half past ciht, is h ,. yCS) wilc, morni,fr. the tnc--s:i " And so ticorgo Kingston is lo be here at lie ?" hen be sent bn rard up Ibis morning, the message accompanying it was mat iJC wmlj (j0 ,t.rL. ,vt that hot.r." "And for wliat purpose?" ',y ,.,, m talk about every thine, like ol)pr ..p, ,;. Vr,t sort of every thinrr ?" Why the balls, and the theatre, Ilanniii'r- t0).s ) al tlp nM.ct an, roll, child, hu-ii. an I bustle oil to bed you are ., ,)rrt,,. minx to tilk of entertaiuim'a beau wUl al)(, IU)Ilsen ,r " " Minx, ma, what do you mean by that ? Do you remember that I have been to boarding school ?" ' Yes, child, I remember that you 'vo been to uanctng scuooi, mere s where you mo; with ur. iieorgo Kingston, I suppose. "Yes, ma, you know there 's always a few moments' leisure between the setts, and then tho ladies and gentlemen promenade and talk about the weallierund a thousand pretty things." " And what sort of pretty things do you und Georgo Kingston talk about ?" "Geor-e Kingston! Ma, it 's Mr. Kingston, he's as imirh riylit to bo called Mr. as anybody, lie r.Utaned Henry Cuthlwrt for slighting me in the waltz and I don 't liko to bear him spoken of disrespectlully." " llighty lighty, Jlis Henderson: ami so i 61e w nv . ,,x t a courtship soon ,. Cou rt-lii , indeed ! we are not so fuoli-h ns to vva-le tnno in courtship, I can tell you madam and if jou mii-t Know it, wo have been en gaged these two months." 'This was a secret worth knowing, and Mrs. Hunderson, as soon as she received the informa tion, prompted by curiosity, determined to await , , (lf M cieorw Kitwtnn. to see how lbp v,,m,f l)Vers would bemcan themselves , )(, r presence. In duo time the little hero was announced, and after a fotv h md-nine Hon- rishM of uu iiver ,0,pcj calle, ' iii i,,:m , ,,1.,.' 1,., ,, hu seated him- ,Inw ,, , ike ,he mlnn in wIiTc1 Miss 1 F.ti(111 i,ei,ac, ,l0 ol,er evening, .Miss llel-. 1 m r a.kei ,he itlf.lnt HOO0r ! " At tho ball O horrible, she's the most ill- behaved young 1 idv in the world, and she's to he . i f . r.TL ...',..t.. .p. i : i. married in four weeks, did you know it, Mr. Kingston 1" " I heard it at llie theatre last night you should have been there Mi-s Helen the play was excellent, and Miss I'ustico fainted. You , cannot conceive bow intere-ting she looked." "Fainted! O my gracious! t. ..r.:..i m- i.-:....-... undo i.u Mill., ..u. i She was so allected at irirmi.i s sfibh-d by her fither Miss Helen " '.. y f . ,)o -t wo",;t.r .,, it thing at the . . . . ... ... tieatrelookssonaliiral, and she s a C ir(cJ crCiltlirei 1)ia ..0 Cvcr see one so i fli ,ltone, , 10 wa, t tho diorama 1" j " sh( very mllch fri,,,tened, Miss Helen, and tore some of the buttoirs off Mr. Wi-e's coat ' , cjn,rin , ,;m fr spprt. She is to bo mlrrieJ to Mr. Wiso in the spring." Tl, Ue , irrie,i j (10 ,rn, and sn young, Mr Kin,rfl0 , Why, nu says I sbiu't these i four years" ' u'a .8" a frtUnc, thev sav, Mi-s Helen, and nnrv iIowc'a mother gays ho must strike ,,. . II,.. -.,,, U l.ltt ' ,. T , j courted vears arro. Mr. k-i,r ' ,i i,,,; ,ir, i,., ,n 'i i,,,-, i, melancholy ever since, and some say she's in a jlcli)0 'wmcr if it is truo ?" " Do n't know, indeed-biit the It ivcN, the Ktvels,. Mi-s Helen, they're going away next . ' . ' . .. " . ... ,. . ,. .,, ,in ,fr .,j i... us ; when cm you go ?" " I can't tell exactly, Mr. Kingston, may 'be Monday night, I'll ask ma, may 'he she 'II go with us. Will vou go with us, m i ?" What arn you talking about, child V asked 10 motMcr jfin lor eyes from a book which inytled .Miss Helen to go ami see tho nave and she requests tint you will accompany us, 111 Id III! Will yoll 110 sohlllU j () ves in 1. do. it will be so line, von on ono side of Mr. Kingston, and I on the other; I guess .Miss Fustian and Miss r.ustace would feel very flit; both their mothers forbid their beans comiiiL' to their house any more, and thev aro obliged to meet away from home do, ma, go with us, will you Z Mrs. Henderson had been exceedingly nmus. ed at their chit-chat, and sho could hirdly sup press a sinilo when she remembered that "they Ind been engaged theso two months " truly, IhoiiLrht she. thev will mako a lovely couple, ho thirteen and sho eleven, and they conversing with us much interest and treediuii as II they vvero twenty ; sho laid her book aside for a mo ment, and soberly exclaimed "Well, I wonder what this world is coming to r mi HUB VVUIIU lo w.i.i.i,; m Tho littlo lovers were completely thrown tho track of their tete-a-tete, for it was evident that the surprisj of Helen's mother had arisen from their conversation, and her movement hud too much meaning in It for them to be mistaken Miss Helen looked nt her mother with a fearful frown, and Mr. Georgo Kingston shrugged up his shoulders and looked towards bis hat. l)is. cretion on bis part was doubtless the better par' of valor : For he that loves any runs away, iuny live 10 love anoiueruay. And after bo had flourished bis. silver mounted cano and pulled his watch from his pocket, am' adjusted his slocl: and collar, ho arose to take bis departure. From that time forth, Miss Helen was forced to retire lo bed at eight o clock. Gen. Houstov on Ansesatiov. The letter I nun tho Texan cx-President, to which wo re ferred ye-terday, is so decidedly rich that wo made room lor it at once. Thouirh our ennti. deuce in the general veracity of tho cx-President is noiquiie so strong as it might be under oilier circuinsi.inces, mere seems no reason to doubt th it in this letter he tells the trulh ; and what preciously humiliating truth it is for the people of lhee United Stales! Willi whit a slv chuckle Mr. Houston tells us tint the whole process ol annexing Texas wis achieved hi mm'ing by a rrguhr course of lnmhoozling in which the Texas negotiitors tickled nnd toT no aioiig uiu iiijmmiK oi mis republic, as a skillnl iiugler ininioes a trout I Oh. lnr.. 'Tyler, Upshur, DoneNnn and the rest, what (lata you are allmide to appear by this rove aliiiu iroin mo ot tne blanket coat ! A. 1 . Cummercial. Ren. Houston's Letter. Huntsvillc. 'Texas, .Inly 18, 1317. To Col. F. I.. Hitch, IMitor nl the Texas Ilanner. My Dear Sir Within a few days I have seen a letter in tho " Weekly Union'' of the I'Jth ul timo, over the signature of ex-President Tvler. If it were not for soinj facts slated in the letter. ! assuming a iu-t and responsibility, was demanding, as 1 conceive, some notice from me, such as should characterize tho head of a great I would not trouble you wilh this communica' nation. lion. Or if the facts stated were not in iterial I Accusations have been so frequently made tothotrnthofhistorvMindthecharactcroftl.ose'arninsttlio authorities of Texas indirectly, and who, at the time, were tho chief functionaries ' against the represent itives of foreign govern- r.i ,i, . .t " .. t. if . ... oi uio lexis iiov eminent, s ion d ee t is incumbent on myself to solicit some explanation tively called upon to avow to all who feel an in of the fads alleged. The statements emaua- terest in learning or embracing the truth in re ling from so high and respectable a source arc gardto this nutter, that there never was any in well calculated to erforce them upon tho minds Trig'te eonnectid with T xis an 1 other powers, of readers as aulhen.ic. and not as m ltters ari- sing from tho misapprehension of truth. Mr. Tyler says- ior was it until 1 received authentic infer- tmtion that other nations were exeitiiur nil il.rlr elf irts to induce a course of action on" the part cation of mysdf ami Irieiuls who were actors Many features of more than nrdiniry interest of 'Texas, at war, as I firmly le hvc.l, vvi h lie with me, anil who sustained me through the pe- in connection with tho agriculture of ihi-coun-perm tiient interests of the C'n ted States, 1 1 it I nod alluded to, as well as the representatives try b ivc presented theui-elves to tiie special no give directions to my lamented friend, Alel P. of other governments who rendered us kind- lice of all of society ; y-t we regard Upshur, then Secretary of Slate, to break up nesses, without ever proposing aught which the pat as one of the mo-t imnortant months and scatter to the winds tho web of their in- could embirrass or degrade Texas in the day of we have b id to record for a series of years past, trigues, by a direct proposition for annex ition." her verie-t tribulation. In making these rem irks it becomes ncces-ary It seems from this po-ition assumed liy Mr. ' So much h is been said in relation to annex- that wo -hould enter into a few details in con Tyler tint he either imagined the authorities of ation the policy of the measure the causes nection with the features above alluded to, and, Texas were favorable to thoao intrigues, and which produced it tho-e who brought it about further, to illustrate tho importance of the month were willing to compromit her rights and in- and those who effected the great result that just brought to a close. It ij, we presume, a terests m a nation, or that Ihey could not per- I shall indulge in but one reflection, as I hope it generally acknowledged fact that the produce of ccive tho force and effect of the tceli irhiclt nus may not bo necessary for mo ever to say more la-t year's wheat crop wa- by no means tibiin tcftiu'ig around her destiny. Now, either infer- on the subject.'and that the ield of all kinds of spritv' ence would do injustice to'her ch irarter. Tahiti" into view the genius of tho Te.vans com was unusually small. The position of the 1 no iiiiiiioutir.s ni J exun had rolled lor vcars unoil a lilaio und frank orooositif.,, f,,r ,.r...v... tion, and had hoped to he met by a cordial and manly acceptance. They vvero disappointed. Texas was treated with coldness, reserve, or palpable discouragement. In Ibis Pntl.litint, nf allairs, common sen-e, without nnciuninon sa.r.i- city, i ... ,, ,t. i.. r ., , , . ",l tllC Oil V foaslli til n l.i l. the , , ,. . , , - ucsireu iinject, anil that was, to excite jea- loit-y and alarm on tho pirt of tna politicians and tho people of the United States, in relation to tho future commercial and political cotmex- ions or lexas with huropean nations. 'This was easily accomplished, by treating with si- lence all tho charges which were mule by edi- tors of various newspapers in the United States. Tho chief magistrate of 'Texas was charged with " treason" sninr 'Texas to Uii'rland subsidizing her to Fr wree-and in a short time istoiiniling ili-closiires of all tbe-e trunsac- tions would take place ! All theso rharue- tn lined uncontradicted by the juurnals of Texas, ' and tho effect was all "that could be desired. Jealousy toward Fngland and France was awakened. This begat excitement, which ori ginated fanta-ies and conjured no notions of in-. trigues, which had existence only in imagiiu- turn. Tho facts, as well as the dinlomitic corres pondence of 'Texas, in all the-e nutters, will vindicate those engiged in tho administration of the government, as well as the representatives ol foreign nations. .Mr. 'Tyler farther says, in reference to the ' nie.iure of annexation ; "Nay, I in iv go even initiative was farther, nnd declare, before the i,l ,! !,, I, ,,...11...: -s". were nearly . an arranged, their completion being alone pre ''' th? death nf Mr. Upshur, and the ap I, m.tiiirtnt .-if nn ..ntum!-,.. M p lintment of an adjunct commissioner to Mr. Nan jiitdt, by iexa-, ivc, From Ibis it might bo readily inferred tint obstacles had been interposed to a conclusion of the preliminaries, by tho appointment of an adjunct commissioner, by Texas. No s(.pj vvero authorized to ho taken by any agent on tho subject of tho proposition. Previous lo the proposition by Mr. Up-hur through Mr. .Murphy, U. h. clurgo d'.illnres, .Mr. Van unit had been in-tructe I to mike known to tho govern mcnt of tho U.S. tint the proposition ',.r an nexation wis no longer open for discussion ! This, no doubt, in connection with tho pro. clam ition of an armi-tico between 'Tex is and Mexico, corroborated the authentic inform ition referred to by Mr. Tyler, and caused tho direct proposition to bo mule for annex ition, In December, 1811, tho l'cculivo of Tevas found the country siirround.-d by and involved in the tuo-t intricate and perilous dill'mullies. To redeem the nation it was necessary to ac complish one of three obj -cts, and ho designed his plans accordingly. I lis first object was to obtain annexation. If in that be did not suc ceed his next was to s.-curo the independence of Texas by tho recognition of Mexico, and if be bhould fiil in these his third was to form u trea ty with some power defensive against .Mexico. In advancing his policy his first movement was to send a minister (Mr. lteilv) to tho U. S. wilh instructions lo present lo the government at Washington tho subject of annexation, which had lain dormant for three years immediately preceding that period. Those instructions were carried out in tho bet maimer bv Mr. Iteily, but met by discouragement on tho part of .1. . !'-..:... I T.. to... II- i , , uiu ifiuiuu .Plait's, jn iou ,ir. neiiy re-igneu, and Mr. Van Zindtwas tout in his stead, wh -n the proposition for annexation was renewed. 'The renewal of tho proposition was beard, and met with habitual apathy. About this lime the causes which 1 have alluded to began to ope rate, while there vvero means used which infu sed into them now life. Tho success of tho measure, of aunex.ilion depended upon the inter nal political condition of tho United Mates, and .. . ..s r . .... . r uoi upon any uiingues oi loreigu towers or oi Texas 'The Executive- of Texas was not moved by tlio " direct proimsilion for annexation," but by I . i , , .. i if if L off l,,e I'h'dgo- B'vcn to nun bj .Mr. .Murphy, charge d'nffuirosof the United Stites. Ilefotetbe aljunct commissioner was nppointed by the rreidcnt, pledges were demanded by linn nl Mr. Murphy, hised upon Mr, Upshur's letter, that a military and naval force of the United States,sull'icicnt for tho defence of Texas, slnuld be placed at tho disposition of tho President, and held subject lo his orders. This was ns far a Mr. Murphy felt authorised logo in the matter Upon this, the llxecutive of 'Texas waived other demands, which were, that in tho event ol a failure on tho part of the Government of the United Slates to consummit3 annexation, after negotiations were once) opened between the two Governments, she should be bound lo guaranty tho independence of Texas, or enter into a trea ty defensive against Mexico. Theso demands were Waived lor tho presenl.wilh tho assurance tint, previous to oponing negotiations at Wash ington city, theso pledges should bo given to Texas through her commission -rs, or the nutter was to rest, as nothing less than a perfect gua rantee for the security of Texas would be satis. laUorv to the Prcident. In 'Xovnb-T, 13 tJ, the United Slat-s. Hog land and France bad nil been invoked by Vex as, nnd reiuesled to act jointly, or severally, in producing peice bet.veen Tex is and Mexico. Tex is found these powers all c pially well dis posed to leave her to her f He, rather th in ri-k anvt ingin her bub ilf. On the put of Texas, this looked like fair dealing, thr.ugh she were not dealt fairly with by others. This certainly left no well if intriut In scalier to the wimh. The oboct ol all men should ue to repreiicnn in ntlt"rs wh it is wmn'r in itself 1 nr. ill truth, to imrmi,. wlninvor ,! rnhnke ; hut. to char-re either nations or individuals with faults or cd to erect school hou-es and churches, and pre crimes which do not exist, because it is palala-, l"re for competition with the mother country in hie to a morbid taste which may prevail for a all that was calculated to promote the pro-perity time, is not suited to the intelligence of the age. of mankind by the advance of religion, and tho It affords mo pleasure (so far as I was con- cultivation of science and art. (Hear, hear.) nected with the transactions of the davj to as- In the name or every American be responded lo sort that I was delighted when Mr. Tyler took peace might forever prevail be- the o'licial "initiative" in the me i-uro of annex- 'ween the two countries. (Uiccrs.) Let it ntion. I lhnii.r,this hold and iii.inlv course, ill '' ""P that the relations of commerce, and munis direct v. that 1 have leu mv-eu imperii- nor was there ever anv foundation lor such a charge, (though often reiterated.) only in the fe- vcii-h excitement of heated fancy, or the mis- chievous designs of the wick"d. I feel constrained to sav thus much in vindi- ami the neoole of tho I'nite.l States tlieir iden- titvnf character, und the proximity of tho two tent of the potato disease, the consequent mi-e-nations it was mo-t natural that'thev should ry and distre- in Ireland, and the absolute nc becomo united. For years, neither "political ces.ity of evporting largely to that country in party of tho United States was willing to relv "rJ?r o pieveot ab-olutc starvation there. 1 ho 'upon the inea-nre for political capital. Texas alhimporlai.t qm-tion then aro-e lo..kni-to tho 1....1 . , ' ' .-. r,.i ti,.i ,...1 ...i 1 1 .1 ,,,M .1.10 or.Mi iirguill III lier HUP inunmes .or unmw- , ... .7... .. .. I .1 . .1. .tiiiiii, uiu iiiev were illsreg inieu. uen. j.ick- . lottors 'br..u.r'ii th.. siilneci bpl'.or. ilm American people. 'They took it up as a poo.ile's me isure, not presented to them by politicians, for it was of too great in ignitude "lo he wiehh d hv any thing less than the m i--es of th-two na- .;.,, In action, the people gave a happy illustration of tho genius of our institutions anil ( the omnipotence of their voice ill important m.ittprs toucbiii" the public weal. i n i i "". i ,1 r - 1,en- fson s iul uence. tins ng from lit i ,.' " . ' 1 ", . nuin.- .. mo., uiu ..ii.. w .imeric.iu iceuiig man an oilier men. iviucrs followed whore ho led. lr,, ... e The subject was of such grand import to the United Mates that. , jn crllinclnding, of cour-e, the spect.h like Aaron s rod, it swallowed the rods ..fall ,nrfilvoi,, llmlcr the influence of fice trade, pohtica sorcerers ; and vvlnlo it advanced the aj 10 8llipen.lorl 0f ,1,B Navigation-laws, prospects of many able men on one hand, who m.0 , ,e (.eiciencics here. Hut bow has supported ,t, on the o her, like a destroying an- ,hi, b r(.com IM0(J ? w,mt )m, ,)ro ,,t u, gel it carrte, destruction on its wings. It nn-! , ,. , w high value; made and made tho great men ol America it . ? ;, : . , , , , " ,ul fixed tho great seal lo Jack-on's achievement 1 am, tiuly, vour fellow citizens and friend, SAM. HOUSTON. Torcign Kxtinctv Tun Roval Anr.ici'LTUR.vL Socir.TV. The annual meeting of the Agricultural So ciety of I'ngland was held" on the '.'I'd in-tint, at North miplon. The annual dinner, at which the earl of figment presided, was attende over uuu per-ons. 'The eari ol Chichester in proposing tho health of the f ireign ministers, the only one of whom ire-enl was Mr., tho 'minister of the United States, said he n.'od not reni'iul the agri culturists of this country to the advantage of in linl.iiuing a constant intercourse wilh the ag riculturists, of other countries. The value ol u 'h intercourse wis sh nvn by the ininv im provements which h id been introduced from oth er countries ol'l.ite veirs. It wa- m ist gratify ing in drinking the loi-t a-sociited with the leilth of the American Mint-tor, tint he could ol Iho-eliws ol niiiii inity iu.1 good feeling which stood us in good in our late dilhcullies and lor which ho Imped every Englishman would bo grateful. (Hear, ir ) It would always be the object ol the so ciety to communicate to foreigners who would couie among ineui vvuu sum iinunii uioo ... they hid, as well as to receive information from them. The to.i't was drank with much upplaiie. .Mr. Ilio.'.rolt. tho American minister, ro-e amid-t tniich applause. Ho said that be could hardly liud words to express ins grauiuue ior un kind manner in which his country hid ueen at- liid.-d to. Although the minister of a foreign country, ho wa. not altogether a stranger in tint uieolin'r, for inturo had established bonds of mi- i in b tween the tanner- uievey uauou o not-1 in of lh earth. 'The sunosiin shone on them all; the s iino sea-ons as they returned, furnished the .s,....l.iiino nnd riot-tied the harvest. I ho celes tial inlinences to which he mu-t look to for a on his exertions, might will blend in thebreistof the spirit of brotVr!. tJ which Ind ti:u tillers ol llie soil esjuvially Iho-e of Anglo-Saxon origin the guardians ol freedom and tho conservator of peace. Wherever tho councils of tho culti vators of the sou prevailed, mere u was certain that nations would dwell in peace. Nor was tint tho only iint on which foreign n ition- - , l.' . t... ... I ; :...!. . .1 : Miiuil luem-uives miciesieti in soueucs oi un kind. Wherever he turned his eye, ho beheld evidence ol llie spirit ol enterprise, and improve ineui which distinguished tho people of thi country. They tilled every clime oi fruit and llowers to enhance tho value of their own. Ev erywhere jou Ind evidence of tho combinations i .j ..iinv j . ..... ... .- ... ...v.. 0f inlstel which connected together the nallwit of the earth. Since bo had been In F.nglanl, ho had seen American plants to which 1'nglisli skill and culture had been applied, and they had iltaincd a degreo of beauty nnd perfection which they never possessed in their native toil. (Cheers.) It bad afforded him tho highest gratification to witness tho beauty of tho horses and slock exhibited that d ly. Agriculture in his country differed very much from that in England. In England the farmers went through a coursa of woik which had been continued from century to century, and bad nnlvto perfect what their fore fathers had handed down to thctn ; tho Ameri cans, on the other b md, had to grapple with tho dilliculties of nature to tame, siihduo and ren der useful the natural exuberance of their ex- Irinstless soil. Nothing had struck htm moro since he had been in 1'ngbitid than tho m inner in which the fields were cultivated and weeded by the hoe and hand. In America the trees were older than the roads older than tho towns and, where spared, were the olde-t monuments exi-tlng in the country. In l'tigland not an an imal was suffered to' live, unless it could pro duce its pissjH-irt and prove its right to b f itten cd an I fed. (Cheers and laughter.) The far mers of l!ngland cultivated the soil benealh Ihn-c hilnvcd churches fchcers) which stood amiil-t the graves of their fathers, that seemed to shed a sacred influence on their toil. (Cheers) With the American-, benealh whoso blows the forests fell witli tint moving and active population those wlin now lived upon the soil were more numerous than all who slept beneath it. There tho agriculturists, with tho imple- tncnts of husbandry in their b inds, were nbli the interchange of lute hgence between the cu - livators of the soil m the two countries, would knittlieui m such bonds of amity that apprehension of a rupture need be enterta n- cd. With these sentiments, uttered from hu heart and soul, lie responded to svmpathy shown I..i- li, rMtintrv. iilnl U'nlllil rntirlnrln l.v Mrti'inri - .. .. . - for the prosperity of tiro farmers of I'ngl.iud.- (l.oud cheering.; AonieCLTL'tHL ItKrOttTS IS EtGLASD. Wa copy from the Fanner-' .l igizine the following J,c Fditor'sspectil itions m relit 0 ttnro; ''l lis remarks are rjC(iral Report" fur July " ' account nt the crops oi L. igl ind, together HU relation lo prices for ba-eU upon tho con-umer became perilous, trom the great ex- nm.i ............... .....I-..-:.... I- l. .r... . ..r --1 ,lJ "'"'nimi; nuin too .'ini-is ,H -,-,it.i whore were we to obtain ml.-nuafn sonolies of grain and Hour to meet our pre.--ing want--, and m ike gol the deficiency in our nvv n produce 1 M'111)' vvero the mi-givin'gs nnd doubts on this head ; and not a fnw per-ons, rven including mniy of those intimately connected with tho home and foreign corn trade, contended that it would ! utterly impossible to procure such sup. ' lllio" n would prevent the long continuance of famine p-ice-, and all llie evils consequent tier0o. ' jlt the view we have all along taken 0f the threatened pre-snre has been a correct nn,, iV ...vo MKiint.iioei that, i.otw il, . '"i ." uiiiiMuiivi vii .,.,.- Ill i -i-iiivu ,i,.0i,.. ,i, ,,r r .t, ,i...,i !.... !.... oil ,i. .!:iu,,l,;,,.. I.,,., .. ..,.,,,,! c mntrv that -uch valuo was obtained in the car- ly part of the year; for had it not been, tha abundant importations wo have had occasion to notice from time to time would never have reached us. At the period wheat was selling at a very high price, thai circum-lunce vva regar ded its a i-nive ev il ; but bow much better to exj'eiience a temporary than a continuous ililll eulty ! Wo have now, happily, pis-ed a must trying sea-on ; and we nte looking forward to i... ! the rapidly appro idling h.irve-t : i . i ... ;,. i a means of once agun placing us in a po-ittuti above want. And here we sh ill endeavor to show why tho past month In. been a really important one. During nearly the whole of It a great variety of rumors hive been alloit respecting the appear ance and prospects of the growing crop- ; not withstanding which, price-, under the pres-nri) of immense imp.. nations of corn and llour and the incre i-ed -npplies of potato.'- of excellent .pi ility on oiler in our v.iriou- markets, have had a iloiv iuva-d tendency. It-importance has been enhanced by the s weather experienced for nearly "ill kind- of vegetable productions; and we heitate not to -iy that upon it ha, in a great iir'.i-nre, depended the actual yield of the present vear's cmps. So far, we have progress ed quite as favorably as the mo-t -.itiguine in siicn matters could by pw-ibilitv have de-ircd ; the population has been fed, anil the actual dis tress felt by the laboring cla.-e- Ins not equal led in intensity th it pretty generally predicted at the commencement ofllie vear. Hut vvohavo now to consider the condition in which we find the crops at this moment a point, by the way, of the iitmo-t possible iuisirtance in the country gMierally, a- re-pects tho future and. in doing . i, wo shall goufrul'-c tho nqnirls which have been transmitted tons by our numerous corres pondents in our large agricultural districts, and give tho public the b'nefit of our pet-opal ob servation, Although we cannot admit that tho wheat generally i di-eased, wo hive every rea son to know that blight exists in very luiinv qiiarlers, and which will tend lo reduce the val uo and quality of the crop. The pioduce may amount to a f lir average ; but wo arc not sail- inn enough lo expect iit.vlhing bevond it. As to barley, there appears every pnirt of a good vteld. IScan- will un piestionably be very deficient, as the liy ha- committed sernut. rava ge- in neatly eveiy di-trict. Again the potato disease has m sou e in-tances appeared, though not to the same extent il did al the roriosuul nig period of last year; and judging fiuuirttho ex.erienco of the pa-l two )cars, there is con siderable doubt whether that portion of it to bo raised in September will prove a good keeping root. Should our anticipations prove correct, it would, we conceive, bo idlo on our puts to as. nine that th price- of grain, even though tl.e

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