Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 15, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 15, 1847 Page 1
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Vol. XXI. Whole No. 1.9. BlEtiLlliTfiIV, B'lSllDAY MI83i'BrV, C'E.'ISKK Iff, 18-! 7. jVew Serifs, Vol. SSo. f 0 Burlington Free Tress, Published at I!iirlin3tii,Vt., II II. 'v 11 lC I! ,irr mill rmpiUtar. Tcrmsi Tu VillnKO subscribers who receive the jiapcrliy the earlier S-,50 If paid in advance, SX) Mail subscribers and those who take it at the Oilier 2,10 Illi-iid m advance, . 1,50 AnrcnTiscE.xTs inserted on tlie customary term". rrom the Albany Cultivator, of .Ian. 181 1. Letter of Mr. Jlllsvvorth IttiitiuicUs Patent. Wo invite the attention of Ihc readert of the Cultivator to tho annexed letter of the lion. Air. i; hvvorlh, chief of Hie l'.Uent ollico at Wush ingion, on tlie suhioct of p ilentt, and the chihnt of Mr. llnmmer in There it lio subject in tho vvholo range of agriculture, of more interest to tho farmer, tlrin tlrit of ma nures; and any improvement in it manufac ture, bv which it nnutititv and ipiality may be :.....r.t ...ill l.n ..,.ivn,l In-tl i willi livor. That in inures mado in the way recommended liy Mr lloinnicr, or according In tlie patent claimed hv him. are of superior finality, no on ! acuuainteil with Hut inethu.1 cm dnubt. l!ut it, at Mr. r.lKvvorth soeint inclin-d tu siippo-e. it i ' "' '"o d a pninp. buckets, or other suitabhi 1 also behind bun the might of uppioaching wa it only tho French luelho,!, with some itniinpor-l i"'lie wo rai-e the lye from the vat and pourit ler-. His cries continued tu mingle with the tant ttildiliont, so far at the making of Hie ma-1 " '' '" heap, continuing so to do until the bht-t. mire or its finality it concerned, that method v. holo mast Is saturated ;, how-1 Our re.nlert havo hoard the loudest storm hnnld be irenerallv known, (hat all may avail ! 'ai--e tho heap to a height ol two, three or , sinking into a momentary lull. Thcv have li-t- theni-clvo-Tof its ailvantages, and we Ih.tnk Mr. ! Kllswoith fur cnnbling us tu give the sp-cilica- tiuns a nlace in thoCiiltivalnr. Wo hive civen flu; large pamphlet, just published by Mr. iSnm mer, and containing an ample account of hit method and its advantages, a copy of which ho has kindly placed in our hand--, an attentive pe rusal, and can safely say there are few if any pttUicationt on the subject thoie disciis.-ed, what ever miy bo their preten-ions, which combine such a mass of instruction on tho pre paration and ii-e nf in mines. Of llie legality tif tlie patent under which he is acting, wo do not c.xpre.-s an opinion; but we know Ihat the method used by him, and dc-cribed in the pam phlet, a copy of which is fiirni-hed every pur eha-crof a right, will make manure in any ijiian tity.and nf the best quality fur almost every kind of cultivated crop. Of llio French method as described in the s ecilic.itinns, we are not enm pelent tu judge, hiving never witi.e-sod its ef fects; we should, however, prefer parch ising Mr. IS.'s book, in which tho w-iiulo process is de tailed. i.vTTr.n ikih xt p..'t. H'ushhistr.n City, latent OJirc.Xov.a, IS If. Mr.ssits. t;,iYl.oi:n ii Ttckbi: I nuliced in your li-t nnuili-r id' I he Cultivator, ju-t nt bund, :i panirubir notice of H-mriier't process al o Ids advertisement announcing Hnmiiier's ma nure method, secured by letteis pileiit,'1 and re ferring to "ducuinents recuidi-d in the patent ullicr," In prove his rijhl-.. 'j'his ad-.i-rti-.-ni- nt hat greatly increased the burden of an v.erim' requests roplet of " Konnner's JMlenl," WlnNt I have sludiou-ly avoided e.vpiesiinr an u.dninu on ctses p -n ling or decided, vet as sp". c.ial reference is no.y midetnthe bureau lo-n tain the advertisement, and fearing thai the pub-1 lie. miybe misled hy my silence, I Ih-Ioii to state the f.icts as they appear on recoid. Mr. Ji.unuier, cm the lU-.h of May, lfit;i, presented an application for a patent for miking in mine. This application was duly examined, and react ed for want of novelty. iNnappeil wast. ikon. The applicilmn was vv ithJrivvn, and li-Jd, ihc ii-imI .-inn allowed on withdrawals, p-ml to Mr JiiiinuiL-r on tho lilh of July l,i-t, .So other ap plication his been nndu by Mr. Dimmer fur a patent fur simil ir purpo-e-i It m y not be iiu-jirop-r to state tint Me-srs. lln-rcc Co.dlart, in June, 18 13, obtained l pitent for tin alieg--d im provement on the method of unking i.nnuro, pilentcdin Franco by . I, uifri-t, which said iml'i od, bow-ever, lus uot'bu.-u patented in Hie l'iied States, and is therefire f'ee to-the puleic. I lw. far tb public are re-tii ted in the u.enl fr, i,. inventions, miy be a-ceitaiued by reh nimr to th claim if tho American patent, which, yn will perceive, is re-tricted to the prepiriliou nf tb h'up :iud the mod,! of, i;iing the lye lo the fam; tho i'n;,'r? Uf.iH m otiier wo-ds, the Ayr tl'lf, not lieing claimed. '1'Imt no inju-tico may uu uune iu in,! panics coireineil, 1 send von a copy of th American patent, nnd only ad'l that Mr. Ilommor has beeoni- vn as.jneo for tho fcevcial stat es, tin ler this last mentioned pMcut, Vutirs, &.c. 11, h. Ullswomii. tnrv or HAr.t ami locuaut's rATr.xT. To all whom it may concern : lie it known, lint wo Charles Iher and John Cmilhrt, of lie city of lliltimore, iu iho Suiu of'and, have invented ccitain new slid n-ffiil i,nirove tnents ill the m nmsr i.l ... .1 ... , ...,. t,,t.t..t. has been fur vears pracli-ed in l'r..i , nnd his b.-en 1'ieie secured by 1,-tt rs Patent under the , ', , L4cr-V -cr vvmie. r,ao i wuuid nut have spuhen in Iho earl's name of " l,i .Methude Jiuirnt," and wo dn , ",',,,, t t, , l,rJWC0 11 "or "'"J hid not been uu-nlioncd. hereby declare that Iho follovii,.' U a Ca a tV r ? r T ,,f ?"""";' "- ".e She knew her hu-hind's pride ol heart: she exact description thereof, " c.,,1 h.nise f and fonr dumostics will, dogs and k.u-v. how d ,!y ho lnd ci'.uso lu feel the con- In tho of .Mr. Jaufirel, a pit or re-er-1 .Ir" ,'' I , ",;,',l;"l'l",r" ,r; ""'''m , '1"0t C:"i'" "'"'iuls' I!l,tn"w tho -voir is prciured of sutiicient size toennta n He r '"i; 1,111 , ""'l W"rL ',:,n-'0,L T1"' l" ' Mg qua.itit - of prepared Ivo which may In reii .1 red ' , ,l"kr" ' i1"""",' '' ";1:)","'at l,v.ery 'top;, vvlnt tlm teacher had tn bestnvy. b'y the nature of the eAabli.biuen t.J Tl, s e'er-' 0 ", S , , " "J 'lr t 'r'tl'T"" ."P'!'i 1 r ' ,J,""t','"' "Yi ' lmu "" f"rRolle t,wt voir or vat i intended to boa receptacle of water " ... 'S..1 ",ljri' Jir l,mv theX hU""U I n.'"1 ".'"'J'ho human race t.igetherin IwnJs Fatnrated will, decomposed animil and ve-'eta- ble matters, and is lurlher to receive tho imrre. dients hetcinafter named; such water is to ho found on nearly every farm, and it may bo aug-! n.ente.1 by the draiinngs of stables, by water, suds, and other substances ol a like tu- Mr, Janmet, however, finally prepares his lye, tiy vviiicn llio lermontallon ol llio unices tu lu I converted into manure is to bo ptomnted, in tho 1 following manner, under various modifications, i l or tho conversion of from one to two thou- Mild of l-P.relael,. matter into manure, lle takes alwut - - - 200 lbs. of night soil, i!0.) calcined plaster in powder, 50 2U CO 1 1 150 " wood soot, " wood ashes, unlcached, " quick lime, " common salt, 1 " rough saltpetre, " lyo or ferment drainings from a Jiiutlret manure heap. Those, ingredients are in mmy cases to bo re placed by others ; this yo t ho preiiared 10 or ' 1.J days before u,o. The quantity of materials ,' . ,,,, ; 'orui(,e"nvcr,innof from 1 i!,uuu ius. ol straw or olh r dry ye-'etablo stalks 1 sj ! - luiaxoivi iiMli i I will answer for about duublo tint , ,. iK.V.r freen vegel iblu matter, ,,.ii,r ' ' -,1V 111 Usui, r this i n ,1m I- , . .. u to steep iu it the vegetable! tihres which iirnV,. i,i. 1 acted upon bv thruw-in.' the,.. i,,f ,i, I reservoir cuutainiiu. voir cuiiuiniiig it, uud reinovin-' it thence , .- ""ii,,. -iv null nil ll-lilliw lus own I V." : I1.' 'rJ,-c!ru'llr w? mJucc-d u,,,mu on nrrai,-.e. I ......i n... t. ...., " .7 1.7. . .-"i.-'iiuiize. i, nn in i , ..., I ," ,u"""' " . " Clllilll Wnsi'.lg UV. " '""'n.,u.,v.r.ia.e. at ffrrat labor so as In form a high Iicnp in the vicinity of the vat, into which llio draiiilngsaro allowed Id inn. Wo hive thm given a brief outline or the method of .Sir. Jaull'ret, Hie s-inic appearing ne cesstry In llie understanding of our improve ment", wliicli consist in our omitting altogether the excessive labor of steeping tlie materials In ho ncled upon in tlirs lye, ami elevating tlicm from thence to llio heap; ami also in tlie prepa ration of a Ivo, wliirli is equally clfcctlvo with that of JanllVet, at much le-s cost, anil which cm lie used immediately on its being mule, thereby saving llie delay of 10 or 15 diyswhich " lit inethode .lauiViot" requires. Wo pr.-pare a reservoir to mn'uitl llie lyc a nnal,anil in the iinmcdhte vicinity nf till-, we mil:e onr -ticks or hoipsnf vegetable nutter, which is to h'.' oonverteil into ni ininc. We give to tlie ground, when1 the hoipnr pile is to lie in nie, an inelin iliim towards Hie vat; If the urottii'I a firm clay, it may lie merely sloped, an.l hate -.hallow Iroiirhrs dug on IN surface lo conduct the druinings hick into llie vat; or it nny have a llooring of timber, brick or stone, at may ho preferred, whirh i.l iv bo so trenrheil as lo romliict llie whole towards a central ilr.iin. When onr platform or llooring is of clay, we cover the trenches anil whole surface of it with brushwood or rail?, so at In form a temporary grating that will support the weight of the heap, and thus iii-iiireadr.iinige,and the adinhicmof air to the heap from below. The niuteriaN to he converted into manure wo pile upon this prepjred platform immediate - ' at n it uoiivere.i nyino cart", inn nut we sometimes continue lo do until tho heap hat at-! allied tlio wludo height to be given tn u, when f'r feel, mure or less, and then pour on a por- ti"""' lyo, repeating thit as the height of the ' piiu i- louii-ii-eu i iuit pmccuurL- oini.uu', me necessity of lilting tho whole of tho he to the full height of tlie heap. " Tlie nnti rials wh'c'i we employ in making tiie lye, in-iy oo luinien lo me iniiowintr, namely: cow, horse or hog' dung, or night soil, the urine draining from stable-, and ipiick lime. The in gredients us-d to ho intimately mixed with a suliiciept rpi 'inlity id saturated v'vil-r. Two of tho kind- of animal ilung wo h ive found tu answer as wi II as u Luge numb. r. A perfectly "oud lye will bo undo bv taking one liirrel each nt two ul the species ol dune, twin nf the urinary draining, urn., of quick lime, and iiiout in) barrels saturated water winch is then tu b" u-ed as above explained What we claim as onr improvement on .lauf fret's method of forniiu m-iiin c l.y the rapid fermentation of vegetable l.bres, is, irt, the fnrining id" the said veeelable mailer into piles or heaps, without its first 4 cing u.,mer.-rd in the prepared he, and the siilisequciitly saturating the same by the pnuiing on Hie lyc in the man ner set forth.'ixs ll.vuit, H'llfs.-e?, Th. M. Ahbctt, J.U. Abbett. )('. Jons Uauuaut. itcntcd June 21, 1813.) A Sti: won Fi.dwi:!:. One day last week somo men wbowero working upon onr streets broke a stone in two in which was found a beau tiful puip'u flower, will) some green leaves, as f,e-h in up; -aranco su.d as soft to tho touch as though it been grown i-i a grecn-hou-e. How it euro lh"ie is a mystery to us. The stone had In on in enr stree'ls for twelve years. JJllt the liuwrr was evidently in lb., si. .,. it was ljU trried. I 'crimps it lad been theie from ' time v. here of tho memory of man runneth not , tu the ci n rary," aye, Ibr'au-'ht we know, it is in tiutf'dilttvian llnw.-r. Mr. ii. S. Voun-'s s.ivs 'the rlnvvr re-eniblcs the Ili!ji-cus spe.-ies; I hut tl.e icil is moro neatly the ruse, but i nut j exactly like any llowcr now- a native of this I country, ner indeed like any e.xnlie. cuhivited ibeic."' He adds; It must probably grew in j Hie whole of thu rock wheie it now i ; but the 'rock mu-t have been eaith when it grew. I'.ituu (Oiw) Hejistcr. I (ii:crit.vj, Itut.r.s nox'r .vrn.y tx- all c.v.r;s. j We once knew a man who wat so careful nut to give oll'ence that ill speaking ol general j Units, be would qu ilil'y his rem irks by i.yinq ' pro-cut cniiijunv excepted.' lie chin'-el iobo in company with some ladies and spoke of all - absent ono as the iiglie-t person ho over saw, pu-sent rompiny excepted. Nuw this was pothips worse thin tlwt undo bv the boy who. sne.ikioe of the M ,t!,er ; man no ever saw. was tod hv i s must iilvyavs excent their minister, i A few d iv s alter he ru-hed into the presence nf I on men cr, ami exclaimed, .Mother, I hive Eoen the g-eato-t hog down town that I ever s uv, exie, t our .Miui-iLr !' i own you noi'iiim;, sii:. IConcIiiilL-d J .''.,, .I. , T'KU I '"XZ , .,- " ' "p .! ' 'TV,"": ' ""u ?, . F'- 0Vn ,,m." - ' ' B It ,u.ver ('J(.cllrrC(, o , , , 00 ,,., ,)0Cn , () , f cm fith Vet F0 it;l, Vheu the b-I h ,, , ViaMVa fnrtlior i.t... , ,.,. .i?iiri ... i ... ,iv,,V..V i ! ' , T ," l. , 0s , r , tl r . i 1 . , S i.Z ZiVulTr !y '' i iilnP ,rsM,li..,?.. . ... i "l ..... .1 ', I - .r.l.... i ... i .i.. .. i.7.i i "----J , . ' ' . "a-e oi nun iiiigiu which nan taiien Him ihreo Iioursi I to climb frum tho castlo bay ii one uu si, .on, mt rye caiigm a snip in the distance, runnii.g before tho wind with all her rinvass set. .Suel was in raptures. All tho coiches ho had ever scon wero nothing compi red with this. Hailing-lmts of every slnpe W'l.II.. l. .1 1 l.! 1 . , , . wero morions in his eves, ne gazed, ne u nw. ..i .... r.i-i.. ini . i . ,. , , ,i, o l, ho f urly an. l o o-ain, lunging which led him to fle-cendtl a lull, iu p -lle-l him alter Iho sailing v s.-c . Along the shore he ran, until he , was thornier My lired. K-ee.iiinr us n,-.. llv...t .... .i i - r ' -. 1 r- . ,J , , hoshinas hmgasil reu.iined m sight. When , ll,i f,.,!.,,, , ,.. . , . ,n l i '-yi-'-" -;j ...... o..u m.i nm-ii, p'rK"S with and hunger, ho slow-1 IV re-liaced lus stepi. Jiln in the ullernonii ho in-iiaceu HissieiH. Jiln in llie ullernooii ho in nul l. IIIUIU It-ulllL-ll lllll 1-llirailCO 1(1 IllO iraCK. , 'o looked upvyards : the lull rose above him d irk . "." i-ainering sliadows ; lotus view- neatly .- V"1' '.l "ppe-'mi hi hi the morn- , io.-iiuui mu u.isuo winnows, uisiii iv-and vvea- i ' na. ui.nii nil ill, rc.t.and soon full asluen. his head re.l, Ho hat down on the llpOII 1111 lll, gr.IV StuilO. I 1'ho Wh o ho slept the lido begin to turn roiieu towards hia res-tin place, the vvavu broke within a few paces of hit feet ; a fierce wind came riding on their hack. lie wat sleeping within tido-tinrit, but had providentially lain dow n on a swell of s md. Tim waves girdling him more closely, hilt ho wat slill above their reach. Yet all tlie more terri ble did hit condition scorn when he nwokti and "aw III it hit conch of sand was surrounded by the watert. One cry of intense iignnv bnr't frnm hid lip, lie hoard the storm howling in the air. Ho felt the wavet d i"hing at his leet. lleliind. before, the pith watclned. ' r.ither ! f ither ! father !' he cried, and alter nately leaped and cowered down with fear. The nn had sunk, but there win still light rnnitsli to ilicern objectt on the hill. With a child's hope he continued to call upon bit father, al though no living thing was to be seen from top to Into. Suddenly a light glanced over the ridge. Another, mid atiiitlmr !' The hill lop seemed on lire Noel could discern finnrct within the light, and in-trnctivelv knew they were from the ca-tle. He redoubled hi eric. ' 1 am here ! I am here !. I am here !' n human voice could reach Bullish. The heavy beat f (he thiindnng se.i was heard oui 1 uiitly hy the e.ul and hit domestics on the l ."l"1,""": "I" " lr . ", '", " " lerrilorv ol the IJinteil Hi itet and shed Amcii-, ner at Vera Cr;:z th.-r if Mr. Smla tnn rinne ridao. all.nrs m the r-ii , (I Hunk somewhat of an I can blond upon the American soil. Nuvv.ininv (hat v.-av. he should let him in. llnwcamoit Thcv, however, resolved to descend. The 'imnmoiit one.) io which we have arrived. I judgment, thit it not tlie case. Tho l'le.-ld.iit Into Mr.' Pulls' head that Mr. Sinta Anna was earl wat bewildered, he know not what to think, f0"1,1 have de-ired, sir, some of my col- j f tho United Stales lnd ordered the army of the way? At about Hie same His mind ran on pit-fills, ami wild b,-its. and I leagues, of belter health and more ability, had United Stales at early as January. 1 H in, to time; if I remember ri-d,t, Mr. Alexander Sli cold, ami hunger, and everv po-jl,!0 evil, but I ch'J'en o ,recedo me n nhmtlling rem irks to I n,vc ,evond vv lnt Mexico acknowl'ed-red to he ' dell, tho brolber of our TMiui-ler to Mexico w is lint winch en-'iulled hit b-Ioved Nop . Willi 1 1 ho speed of huntsmen they descended, dirling miner anil tinnier into every nook, searching every bu-h and brake in their way. Noel bo- iieid their tnrche hVhing nearer. He felt I coed lo the nois- of the tempo-! feccdiii" to gather new; Miength. In such a lull tho voice i piercen upwards to hit lather s ears, Some dim imago nf the actual condition of bis hoy gliMiced into tho father's mind, lie and Ins dome-tics, hallooing for Noel's sake wuviii" , their torches, burned down Inwards theshor , i et iu vain In.I they hurried, if llio dolivorance I of lho boy had depended upon Ihem. The tide wat fiirlynpon him. 'J'he waves were already d ishing'over his feet. A few- mo ments more and he must have been swept iiw-iy. I Ic emild n i longer cry. Terror now in i-l red 'him and struck him dumb. He saw- the l.l.iek waves hurrying past hint on cither side : the howl of (he mighty wind sounded Ihroueh his Heart : tie was about to sin : llirniiMi fearund cxhaii-lion, and abandon himself the tide and and' vviien he felt limit .f Hfii fnnii the .' born" through the dtikucss an-l tho waters in the arms nf a bum in b -ing. Twice his deliverer was ove--tbrnw -n by the ru-li of the waves rolling lo t' shore. Willi linn clasp he was slill enabled tu hold the child and recover his hintim'. i At thai moment the earl and his people" from Iho s-hepherd'd track. " They ran about in all directions, Inllooing the hoy's name. Some of them leaned dow -n nnnn the beach. A u-om.m n,l il,,-... ,.i,;i.i... gazing into the sea w ith tho "re itest itirit-iliim c"nvlillllioi nll(l prnn.iunccd agiecahly to 'Help! help!- cried tho woman, ' he i; thero ! iU fornH' Ut"J",l""it 10 I1'1"' "r " ho "I'"11 ill save mv hiish.iud and the child " I i-,,vcnlll,"lil surrender ourselve- lo a state llefnro the 'men could -,nrebe,l Lr ,,,nn,,J"l' anarchy. 'J'he law nf majority, according tu ing, they beheld a man heariin- a child ! ft ' tilriirfeling lovvards the shore, ncniei and ne irer His burden is sale ! I e Ititn-elf sinks cxhau kd into tho arms of the woman. Noel rushed into his father's arms, and clasp, ed him again and again. A f. vy words sutliced loexpliin hi. danger and his unexpected deli verance. The rail tinned tn thank the brave being to whom he owed to much. Ho found him still loaning on the woman's brca-t, and in inife-ted the t. nlere-t symnilhy. 'Mv b-nefactor, my frit ml, my brother, how shall I ever repay yo'u ? Coins with us to tl.e castle. Accept this purse In what way can I u-sist you, or pay the debt you have tn geiieruus ly laid me under ?' ' lie wis going on in this somewhat incoherent style, when the man lifted lipids laco Irnni his wife's bo.oni and answered, in tones whicli the o.ul too well rrmcmhert J, ' .My lord, ymi owe nt; nothing. I have hut done my duly.' ll was onr (earlier. Tho screams of (he heir caught bis e trs too, in Hi it momentary lull of the storm. (Jiving the child to Itiehael, lie hid ven tured through the surge, and was enabled to do the deed v.e havo already described. Wo w ill ii t attempt Iu de-crihe llu miu-'led feelings of tho earl. Tho liveliest gr.ititud tlruggled piinfully within him b-ieath lue pres. sure if Duncan's proud n-lurl. To this in ,u lie had spo.;en rudely but a few hours b,.fr,.. Ik was humid to hlui eternally. Ouco an.laf.iin lw profi'ered his thanks, ', renewed his olrers of ho-pitahty and help. Tl.e pride ofthe tearh- cr stopped t.c-1-.vcen, and waved his lurddiin's Help awi.v ' 'I'his morning s-'id tho carl, ' you asliPd a fivnr at my h inds. .M.iv I llou nfHtr -!-it I tl,,,.. .My lord, yon n-vr ui' nntliin nothing, mv bird. I.' irtl.iil .. . 1 t .'' . ii,. iv i, n t ti- tut mr wav. '.V"""1' '." 1,1 "h eag Tne-s" all the ""itna .IlW .' JJacb one owe something lo I '' ''' """'f. and tu all, Wh ttever (iud h is ' IVCIl to Olio, which ho hat not nivell to be n. ! Iiirued tu the hrulherliood of eaith. Our gifts, our goods, our nll'.-ctinns, whatever wo have j which others have not, wetiiu.-t look u pop as due to them, hid you Hot look lit.on vuurself ........ . I , I " i ... ..,:..' . "" '"r " "oioveu . ' i"? U '" y"" "'.f",L" l" ilcli"n '"'!f it 1 TV , W, !",' 1 " iliis carl tk' ci-uicc . " " msn" um ni"it .f uesu vvorusvvcro uttered slowly to an un- w no ear. I.ut they hroko down tho oroml spirit. and accomplished their end. ' Unoil.rh. llachel. llllVO ai'tl-d sEllfllllv. Ate bird. be:ir lvith a man vexed and irritated hy tho unusual events of this day. 1 accent your kind oiler; and will gladly return with you to the castle, .111 renew my request tomorrow-.' I .. . ............ uv k-.iiioi it less,,,, tins day vvhic , I, ,d at onco humhled and ex ilt-d him, and w ith a truer feelin.. towards his brother man than hid ever stirred In his husum , .1.1...... l... illO cart was touched. Ho had learned a ' 1 1 ' ' Duncan, 1 will more ll.iu grant your re-1 provmeu mere wim u scuool worthy ol you. : l I .t .....i t i . . llu wis us good as his word. A hinihomo schuu school was hut fir I) mean within a mile fr.,,,. , tho ci-ile, Hotter day downed on him and his 1110 CI bravo II ichel. On looking hick ho felt tint ho lnd been truly led bv a way ho knew not. not merely to improved i-irciiin.taiices, hut to clearer ni.i.reliensiuiu ol th) i ntv which man every where mvus tu mm. 1 Ju novi r i-.i-aed to on his own children that ii puorinan in iv lio at proud as a wr, uud as iucousider- iitely vvitllhuld what ho owes lu his titled bruther. I m,'Vv'K ",0"' ""l ?""'-Iobo spur.cii or n.vxir.i. wuissTiut, Ct.tVFRCD AT TIIC .ifiismc'mxcUs Wliiir Male Convention. With others who hiv e the l.onnr of represent- ing tint i ommonwci.tii in ti e oi mo United Slates, I have roino hero to-iliv. solely nt Hie request of ihc W lug Stain Committo--. I 1 '""f'' hardly say, sir, that it give me great plea- n large anil repectabe a representation of the . ' . ... ..11 1.,,-, , Whigs of Masachii"etlt. In the mure e-pecial duty sitignnd to the Con vention of selecting rtmlidat.-t for the greit ollicet of the State, I had no orlginil duty-at-signed to mo. I may venture, however. ir. to e.vpre.t my gratificatinn at the unanimity which has marked the proceditigt of thit Con- L-imtinn 1,1 tirni.i'tili 11. In I in I.......1.. r.l r ' 1.- v - '" . rye- . riiii-cus again, per-;oui su well kiiovvij tor tneir principles, so well known fur their opinions, so n t r. i; t I-. ...i . .. i wen kiiuioi lur me iiui-ui wuii which iney an here to principle and opinion. I BitppKo, Mr. I'residnnt, that so fir at those fif lis who h"Iong In Cntigrett were expected tu rihu liny iriri in llie o oi mit a.em- j ll ."'j'" n.y lomeil If "i:.t we-it'!.t evpre't 'neeung ; nai as u is, Mr, upp iremi;- raiini upon, 1 am here, ready tn express my opinlnns, humble as they are, frankly oil any subject and every subject that is intere-ting in Hie people of thit Commonwealth. Theie it nothing I wish tn put Inrvvaitlj tltml: Uod, tliere is no thing I shrink from. e are, it; my opinion, in a mot unnecessary ' anil theielore mo-t iinu-tihablo war. I hope . .. . .. .. and anxiously lo everv rumor and everv breozo u n 'r I lie I'll-,. 1 .1 11. :i lie nil rn rei I iv that brings to us any report tint the effusion of blood, rinsed, in my judgment, by a rash and iinju-lih.,h,e proceeding on l ie put of the gov - vinmuui, ui.ii ti-.isu. in mis in piiium all.nrs, in Ibis state of excitement of public feeling, which wo know, tiou this subject of war, pervades all cl isse- and all ranks, I have lir-t In s.iy, sir, tint any conn .oiling from me, anil I am sure lint any counselling winch this body would receive from me, w ill not entrench upon the loyally which we owe to the Constitu tion of the country, and the obedience which wo are bound to pay to the laws. Wo aio bnund, sir, lo consider llio nature of the government under which we live. There must be in every government some supreme I P"-cr olo iiniinno win, trem w men mere is 1 1,0 Peaceable api al. In mixed mnnaichies, like :. iniuot iiiiei.uid, the sovereign w ill re-ides with the king and tlie parliament. In despotic guy. ernnienls it r.-poe in tho breast of tho rover eign, asin ltiissia, Austria, and el-ewheie. lint with its, under our fieo republican and repre sentative government, this public will, which wo all ugroo niiu-t in the end prevail, unless fioni peace wo resort to force, consists in the expressed opinion of tho majority, ascertained according to the principles and opinions of the on-titulion. Within tho limits preciibcd by i our form l"!r .'"rins, a majority ascertained in grcem-nt with the principles ot tho Constitution, is the , luv which uu and f nnd all u!' us aio buuud tu ,.,,,, Sir. 1 should hardly ndveit to this, if 1 did nr l see, alloat in tlie couimniety, si jus somewhat ol a il uigerons tendency. I agree that all powers miy be y nluised as lu require resi-tanre, whether it bo the power of an autocrat, of a king and paiii.imeut, or of a tmioiitv ; .fur all power in liumati nanus abu-i-d,i I..,,,..... 1 1 I ... ... r ..I i n,,j ,i,.u so u-LiiHa ca-u as ,o renuer u tie- ccssai v iu in-- iyeorfff oi cnnsciellce In resist its demands. Tint is not the exercise of a right mi ler the constitution of the country, but tho exercise ol a natural right ugnm-l the con stitulion. Now. sir, 1 suppo-e we are all hero lo-Jay, lu act here and elsewhere in our several capacili -s, iu tlie exercise of uur political lights under (he constitution ol our ruliutrv, mid not " ll"- in tho exercise of our tutitral rights ag.iin-t cnn-titiitiun. Sir, there is not one ot u. hero win has had the honor of hearing any ni'.ice, ' high or low, in the United Stales government r i- the State government, vvhu has tint sworn that ho will support llie constitution of (he United States. Thero it no in in 'uormt of Iho fact , hat the constitution if tho United States con-1 !' is on Congress the power of miking war, and snow that when that power has been exercised u-cording to the fun. - uf llie con-tituliun, the will .,1 expressed, i. the law uf the I ... I . ... i - :, i ;.. i... . ... ., ... Kin. i , .ii u iv n uii.iiiii ii .,.n mil iiiuii a i.u;i- scienee, iu my humble opinion. While in the course of ilelnte wc liny Iho action of Cotiffie-s, and I hope ( hue not leeu behind iu that respect; hut when thco councils assume the fonuof law vveuiivi.ot n-r-"-aril it. vve ine m l ctii-'i ui.-'il 10 supply my voluntary aid, siicroror .-uppoit ; oiirdulies :ts gooj citizens terminate in confurinity to tho law. I think, therefore, that the present cri-is calls at once not only for the most serious and ener getic, but fur iho most con-lilntiimil an I con siderate action ol all Whigs over Hie whole country. There am tlio-ewli i think tint vio lence is strength. That I hold to bo a " mi-tike. Violent coiin--e!,s aro weak counsels; violent conduct is weak conJuct, and violent laugii.go is a w.ivs we.n; language, uur lugli-; est nurno-e. 1 max- siv. onr boldest nnlv then, mo-t recommend th mseiyps inibe .n-rei.i. niira of ll.n rniniiiiimlr .vim,, ll.o,. I... ed, certainly with clearness and "force, but al o with d-curum and dignity, with a ju-t lespe.-t fur ourselves and a just respect for otheis. Tlie ereat dram l'i-t instructs ttm-n who u-nu Id eve,.l r. - - ... reauy in tear a pis-iuu in rags and tatters, i,ut 1" the turret nnd whi.lwind of their rmntious to fil.serv o a ju-t lemperane.that sobriety ol seiiliinent, that sobriety nf lapguago which troves men in earnest. Allow tne to say. il is not thn w.-:t -r. that urn nnneralli- H. deenrisl : onr has it always been fiiuml 111... tl. i. seiril telitel. Is must iiielionil tn ii'linn .1 1,,. ger and dUn-ler are at a distance, is the firmest iu Ire i.ting Hi -ill on their le-ir appro ich. Willi theso lemarkt, sir, on the tone and tern- per, which, in my opinion, beluegs to all ron,ti iiiuuini i, ing., iii-iij iu.o ni-iu, i suiu iiro- cccd to ui iko a few re... uks upon iho topics uf the day I have said, sir, tint vve are engiged in a war, . . . ' . r. w : ' tntlnieit hern and e'.evv.ii ro. I shall i,r, in my opinion unnecessary, mid ihcretoro titipH- tillable. I hold it to be a war uuroiHit-.i,,',,, ,l ..- oi. ,i.n i..., ..c , a.... e . . .. - tho .' sense of nnnkind, instruct eR'thal it.,. ,.,i;,-.,s r ,r m im.,d or viel,.s w Ihev are fnunded in a co iviclio i of n.-cessily.iu a solo ili-siro tu proinuto mo puunc gomi ami de the national interest, it is a rood unlive Whero they aro loundel in any ohliq io pur, oso or mu- mihi.t nur-mse. when war is w-.nil f,- coniuc - t. for aciiuUitinii, fur gain, fir renown. for Iho mirimso of L'ratifvii.L' I'rivato niiibitfuii.or for ptrly p'urNiot, tho mot ivo is vicious. And ir. thev eo farther, and maintain this distinc. lion, that there may ho causes for a war which would justify the war so fir at the opposite tn- things between nt and Mexico va. thus angry lion it concerned, and yet not f'lrtiMi a good and unsatisfactory. " motive for a war, became good motives for a Not to trouble yon, Fir, with many ihles, nl war. u-liile thcv rennire ntwnvs a "nod cause for !mv nm In ,.ot-!,..l ..r . war, rcrpiird something else. They require that the war slinnlil not bo wan-ed excepting from neccn-ilv, uml for its utility tu the interests .f tll0 country. Notv, sir, the law of natinnt !n'rttclt n that . iin're are mis 111 piuie-M. 1 111-iui v ui mu I world proves that Iheio h-ve been, and we are not without prnol there are, wart waged on jirete.t, lint i,on pretences where Iheranso, at-agneil it not the true can-e. That, 1 tielievej upon my conscience,! the true chancier of Ihc ,V!ir,inv,- u-aireil niraint Mpvirn. I hnlipvn it ! to he a war of pretext ; a war in which tlie ti no tnntive ii not ili-tiric1lv avowed, but in which . . r. .1 ,. I ..!... preiences, niierinongiiix, evaiuu. au.i inner ,ne!hnili are to iiil a ca-e belore the couininiiitv which it not the true case. I think, "sir, there tiro threo pretexts, all un founded, upon which this war has been juMiliod, in various modes and on various decision". The 1'iesiilent of the United States in hit war iness.iiM n IS f. mi s Mm war imnii t ie .ic tnt i,e .Mexican govermnenl have Invaded the, the hound.iry of Texas and pi ice ilsell upnn the tiio tirinile. M-rived (here, ulonit was shed Upon the left limk of the liio Or.m.le. Wat tint American soil? That was soil claimed; by tlie United States, hut which Congress bad never recognized. It wis territory claimed liy .Mexico as firmly at the city of Mexico it-ell, and was, at the time, in tlie actual po-sossion of . Mexico. Tho tnn-t fivorable pie.-ei imeni, I...... r, :.. .1.: . . .1... . i .. ..I . . iviciwie, is mis . in ii ,-, rauiij .1 1 1,1101 in 1 territory ,,f which the other ,,-,rtv , in i, - w,.iol m.,lc,e,, a armv in.,; it tot , he pn-' es - s;0, u not that war upon ore. side ? lam of , opinion, therefore, that the declaration in the mess ine ol the 1 fill ol .iliv, lllli. upon which i tb nri of Cmmress of the l.nh. u-.,s hised the ile-l irition t!, it war existed "by the act of M -x-! lo a untter well enough known, but which, ft ico," cannot he m ide out correctly by any ev i-' seems to me, Ins not received the weiaht, the dence in point of fid. If sn it was a pretext. sciutiny, which it deserve. I aL'ain repeat lint Then nirain, although this was the m tin p,,it the war ines-ago of the 1 lib of May. placed toe upon whicli Iho recognition of war was n! u-ed i war upon the ground of aelinl 'inva-ion In hy tin- President, no sooncrvvtu the war ileclar- Mexican troops, and the murder of American ed, thin other causes wero resurled to. Ono citii-.ens upon American 'round, ll.-foro tho 1st was tne retu-al ol the .Uoxiein government to receive our minister, but where was that ever, in ide u cause of war, nnd especially Uxecutive war .' Jlecaiiso the government chooes not to! have intercourse with us, is it lor tho President' lo sty th it tint is a ju-t can -oof war ? It is no just cause of war; and even were it ju-tni.d1 proper, it is no sudden emergency authorizing, the U.xecutive tn plunge the L'nveniment into uj war, and especially v, lien Longre-s is in session, to act upon them. 1 look upon it, therefore, that .... , , tn ,i.i, jiiini.-iii, iu il'vi ni; uiiiii-ts .inn this fro nnd is a nrete.vt. ,.7 ' ,,, . , i i i ',. , .. i i -.n-i, lnd declined tu pty the debt?, due tn U. Statei citizens from their citizens. I believe that is true, hut that was not put forth as the cause nf the war in the ines-rie of the President on the llth of May, lfiiri; it is not in Hie act of Con- gre of tho lllth May. It is not, therefore, the ...... .. ..... r..-,!. ..r . . , . s .... ....... i iii in. ..i-.u, iiii-iiiiMH-iii. nun inn-, i..iiii, Itlie loll: miller oi news and ei.i.nn in citiens United Slates upon Mexico is a matter of '""'-T stanaing. I lie comliti' n ot .Mexico I was n, reprehen-iiilo six innnths befnre, as , it was on that day; but thero was manifested 1 pn ditioition to mike it a cause of war. To K.iy, therefore, that this war was found, d upon the refusal of Mexico to pay her debts, ia 0 pic. text, oml nntliin.r nut r, nn,it ! ' f I""." I"- Well then, sir, what win the nicer t of this war ? So far as wo can now-M-rutinie the mo- lives of men. so f.,r as wo can look int.. the ol - ler -- and de-.-rnt ol our ru.ers, wh it was ,ne motive, the purp,.-e, Iho iinpul-e of be heait. which led tn the mci-iiren tint brought on thi vv ir .- vv i.y. Vr- ' 11 vtr.v Pcr opininn rr my ownsagicity. I dn not pretend to see so far into such in.ittert as nthei- men. hot tn me it is ' . . , . , ' , , as plain as a turn; ike, as visible a-rtho sun that now .shines upon us. Sir, an eminent p-mn belonging to the paitv in administration, most eminent certainly of all lint du belonj-to it, so eminent tint it strikes oue rainer otntiy that the administration -hnuUI uoi iieioui; iu mm, rimer linn ho tn it. 1 mean Mr. Calhnun, one of tho mo-t prarlicil shti- ci. in--inn ,iei)iti-r in Hi" country i yennem in tint is not apt tu loncule away ids ci.-. d.-el ir - , "' , " ' 1 ""'( , '.' T'' " ,,,,"M'"1,,J "' 1 7;.1"' h,w "'"!' ! , '7 V ho went turlher and - .id . 'hat tlie nnineH.tte eaii-n ot war w as the ord -r r.,-,1,,- -..1. ..r oin Corniis Chrisli , I ... . .......... to the' llio (irinde. Hut how did this war rrovv out of annexation ?) I his is a ca-e in which we mu-t adopt proper distinctions and follow thy light of ascertained fli ts. Mr. President, I -nn not now, nor at any tune, an nn,,li,i,ist r,.s Mr,, n,., I I. pmr pinion nflier government in all its states. nid at all tunes. J pity tlie people of .Mexico lioin my heirt, and I should pily them more if1 stitulion, and twenty millions of us, while wi th -v appealed tn mo tu hive sense euniigh tn i have a ju-t canto ot war against Mexico, can nnd -r-tund the mi-cry of their own position. 1 not gtt rid of tho diliicultv without allcmi.tip.' to heliey it to bo the very worst guvernment in the j world p-elenling t regird the rights of llie' p -nple. 1 his repu'ihc, which, by the way, is no republic at all, hut a military aiia'rchy, has been, Lf every mi-er.iiilo military uptart lint could tinJ money enough tusustiin a mi-erable army I hive no Kv-mpithy, therefore, with any form o! government, or any of the men conn -cted vvilh tho government of Mexico, for llie last twenty vears. And I go further; I su th it iu my! iu Iga-.-n', that alter the events nf 1 un I th Inttlenf .San Jacinto, .Mexico hid nu r. i-on tu regard Texas as niie of her provinces, She had no power in 'I'exH, hut it w-n entirely at the d.-po-ition orthoso who lived lit it. They undo a government fur themselves. This enuntry acknowledged th it government ; foreign Hi it-', iickunw lodged tint government ; and I think, In fairness and linue-ty, we mu-t admit that iu 1" I'l, 'II, 'C' an I 'fj, Texas wis in independ ent Statu among the .States uf the Union. I d--not admit,, tint it was any just ground of complaint on the pirt of Mexico, th it the U. ."!l ites amiexeil Tex' is to themselves. Hut then, sir. the fact was, tint Mexico JU1 like ollence at Hie annex ilionol lexis. f as 'I'exas had been iiidepend -iit, iiolorinus us ieaee, hu moved only low.uds war, and ennll.ct was the fict, lint tho governments uf Uurnpe, an I Initio. Whatever else may bo siid nf the is well us our own, hid admitted the nation llitv circii.nt inces, oruimry or t-xtraordiinry, thai of Tex is, Mexico persisted in saying it was her have atteii led the elev'ttioii of the f iriunes of province, and who would tut I ivo on terms of the President ol the United rinttes, it will hj ad iinily mill tho United Stales, although she ili, I J milted that at least io one lespect his case is nit go In war. Her mini-tor, Almonte, wenl soinuwlnt singular. He Ins seen armies of home; she would not receive our minister; she' vast numbers and amount, lighting vurlous hat-rein-lined nloniny and discontented; mil that ties in tented fields, and it so In.mens that bo was the condition of things iinuv-diately niter ' h the annexation of Texas, and at tho commence-1 meiit of Mr. Polk's administration, I I think that Ihe object of this war was simply , mis; mr. i.iiK necam-j rresiiieiu ui ine un.-, . S!i !.. Vl..P,.t. 1KII ...1...... Is- I r. SJ.... 1 mu uiuir. in.iiaiin, i"i... iiinni la Anna wis biuinlied from Mexico , ISIO, Han- tn Ciibi.ou o Invo been iscontoiileil with his am strnngly suspicious that his half pay" was never Through tho conduion of .'i.ui, ami I a It wat in January, lS1ultnt the armv of lin United Slate, which, in the suintn'-r precnl'in". had been ordered to lake its position at Corpus I ("lirlsti, wn now ordered to advance lo the llio (irande. The reason idven bv . Mr. Jlnchati in. among iinngt, vi, mat It miant lie al hand, In ca o Mr. Klidoll wat reicrled by Mr-si. en, In act at Congress should autbori.e. Now. there had been an opinion I believe verv fir hick, from the time of Santa Anna's rclea-e from imprisonment, tint he wat i.tther more fa- i-innlJn In Itm ..r '0.... ... :...! ' pendence thaii other minKter.t in Mexico. At jam- rale, after hit h-inishni-nt hv l'irciles. there - J .. . .1 . . J ' .. 1 came a sentiment, tnat no Was mom lavorablt lo peacu with the United States than the gov ernment then existing. Tho l're-ident of the United States sent his war rnptsa-.'o lo Congress o.i the llth iliyof May, 11310, placing the e.-istenro of tlie war upon the fact tint Mexico had invaded our Irr- r inn-nml s , 1. ..... .,r I i that nrw ( ho despatched ord--rs to Cnm.Con- de-patched to Coin, ll :m r frnm ib uniii'iirs re--pondenco lint the Ui.ited Slatet hid an aireni in t'tiln. ll is noionoiH that it was ji milter of public ' conversation In Cubi, that lien. Sinta Anna' I ! was In reluru tn Mexico upon the invitation of the President of the United Slates. Mill; the coincidence of time and purpose. Tho Pre.-i- ueni sun in mt communication at the opemiiL' . oi llie sessmn OI me list I 'nngre-s, t hit 10 i Ii ! ,,i ,., , ..... Of tlie Session l,f Mm 1'itl Cnnnln.. ,1..,, I.n .(.,1 'ditiiculHes while Paries v; , ,.f vw V were onr dilliculiies l chief di.licn'tv wis tint ...ovico would not assent to the annex itien of lexas. I V,,,,. str 1 ,lr.,. ,t. ,...t r.i.t ot June a proclamitinn was drawn up, which. on the 0th of June was despatched to General Taylor, to ho hy him di-tnbutcd Ihron-'h all Mexico, and that purported to set forth U tho people of .Mexico llio causes of tho war, 1 have II, and I hope (be gentlemen of the press will pnb!i-h it. Whit did that declaration siy to them? Any thing about inva-ion of American lerrilorv and murder of American (r,0H Not a word like it not er.e v oid. ,t "S . ' .r ' . I i-W , , i-- . .v. i-si ,u V""0".'." ' r ininistcr, and upon a suppoH-d u. . i.ii,uiii oi i-.u s, which I cannot Inn! any- where, tint war did actually exist. Hut tho fart alleged in thu war tnes,r2r. of M.iv 1 1th. and tho fict cnitted, if a fict"cin be "enacted bv legislative power, tint war e.xi-ted hv . Mexican inva-ion, is not alluded to, stated, of intimated in the proclamation tn the Mexican neonle O-i ' .i.- . . ., . .. i . .- . . i-. ...,,..,,, ii: pinri.imanon speii;in-r iruin mu luoniu oi ien. l av Kir. sues. ' e,,,e j ini-nds. v o hive "nsit n,,,. r hut we romo to relieve von from the tvr.mnv nf your own government. o come to put down I de-poti-m whicli lords itnvcr you." Well, vvlnt was that tyranny, that despolisni ? Why. it was P.iredes, a military chieftain, who had succeeded Sinta Anna, mother military chief- I mi, iir.ror.lmg to the order of Mexir.m -uorw- those tyrant uii inr me nsi iwentv vears. lid lo put down those vvhu would estiblish a monarchy over von 1 Where wis S n-.u Ann i -it this time Why, ,, u,u j,, ,-,, M ,w llja , j f ; eft (;ln aUl, ..,,. , j ,. and wat mere admitted tiy Com. Conner accord ; t ori,cr ,,f lW0 ,,0 rPac,l0i, Iexi. , ,d llt ilU W0(.l.n ttion tube di.triht,,l H.,r. nu u in, u ,i iruiiiirici.unenin, st t Inrin lus pur- pS(,. , pt ,j,m ,. tvr.lntJ anJ t nl tU! . p-tuiH mo ,t of a inni-a-div. I i her inti Aim i Ilo hid, by a prouunci.unento, st t forth bis pur borrowed f mil our I'x-ecutive, or th-v from him. or it was llie jumping judgment ot' two grent , geniuses, I don't know which; hut the seiui- , iiionts wero the same, th"y wore pronounced at tne same time, anil w hen den. Jiylnr was in- vadiug M-'xicu at ih iSoith.Sint.i Aim i's agents were pos-es-ed ol lus plan ol proiiiinci.iuieiito 1 tu the same ell'-cl, with llio same ideas, and in the samo. laugii ige. f his tetmiiiated in July or Ausust iu ih-iosing P.iredes. iSo-.y then, the President of tho United State acknowledges, and ho could not ib-ny it, iu his elaborate commentary on these transactions in tho message of la-t that he did wish tn overthrow the government of I'arede, and -iw I - no other way ol getting rid of our difficulty wi'li j Mexico than by bringinu- alvuita revolution in i Mexico. 1 confess sir, tint when 1 first read tint mes-aee. 1 wis struck with equal tu irlitica- lion and a-toni-hment. We, of tho United States, citizens livinir to?et-ier under this Cun- subvert the tempi r.iry exi-tiug government of ;- mat miser.iiiie nation ! Aside from the want of hgnity, which it appeared to me nliiu-t covered tue coiinlry with some ih-fjree ol disgrace, in foui-nting a revolution in the coun'ry of an e-ie- my. It anpe.irs to inn to have b-eu extreiiK'lv vvciK, ill pi i .,!, and nie eh":i'. .San a Aim i get to Con. Taj lor dis tributed bis proclamation. Tho President ad mits in the iii.-hiw of last It, c -mlier th it he Imped Inr coi ils mure peaceah'e tu the United .iuies irnm the aath uily ol di i'iAnoi, than from the authority of PaVedes. How far he has been disappointed the events will tell, How fir Ibis military chii-ltuiii eiituri-d into an acreo- mnt, 1 am n it lu say ,- Ihat theie was a gene ral understanding is' evident ; whether ho was unable or unwilling tu carry out that understand ing, or whether lie lonnd the sentiment ol he nut on too strung for him, 1 leave you to judge ; but the f ict is, we find him, soon after, at ihe head nf the urmv, mid iu and bloody con- Ib.-ts with the amy of the United .States', Ik hid cuiiie, either at the sugg isti,,n. er at leist by the porniissinn of the Pnsidont of the United S' iles. Un had put hiui-elf at the head of the Mexican armies ; but histoid of iinving towards is In I the selection of commanders on lull. aid. s ! The precis' object of this war is nrnved hv I'icts anJ circumstances. sniK.-ient. I iblnk sausty any reasonauie man. Mio nreciso ohiect ..r .1 - .. . ., ,, , ..' of tho war was lu ost.ih'hh a (lovuruuiout iu .Mexico, by tho restoration of .Suita Anna, which sliuul I yield llio question of I'exiu independence How" grievously that calcukitio as I Z. urMU cZ"L id !' vo us no mnr.i trnu h'n i , .. ' th"n is the real grnu-id nn I -g n ,,: i i. ,nr, and all lherel, so far n a up .n.stn me. - m -pretext : and I hope thne whose bu-iness it ,s 1 1 Sjircid mil upon IIu-sb linrortmt uh. j'-f-lt w II look at III i' pl'ncla'n itiou of the (Jl'i nf Mav, will comptre wlmt the (iovenuneiit ol llm Uin'ed Stales say. w iih what the President said in hit mess-tire of th" lllli of May, nnd wh it Congress enacte'l in confnnnily Willi that met. sag . tho liyj ot'ie-is th it war arose from iiiva. si:,n hy the .Mexican lorces of our soil, and the murder ef our citizens. Sir, I have alluded to the declaration of Mr. Calhoun tint if thero had been no annexation of Texas, there would hive l.o n no war. 1 now chono tu say, sir, that I agree in your sctiti nv n', e.xpro'sod in your own f ircili'e way in your place in (he I louse of llcproscntatives.'that tl.o direct consequence of tho act of iniipiily in the annexaliou of tho war In vvl'iiih wo are tinw engaged. I have endeavored to "lmw that it was lo avoid ibis consequence to pai i.v .Vo te i, or subdue the spirit of lesistanee by cbansing her government, that these opera, lions, military and diplomatic, were undertaken by tho present government of the United States. Xow, sir, tie pi -lo-itim is Inn p'tiln that thit vyir grow- mil of annexation. Mr. Calhoun It righf. If Ibi re had h -en no annexation, thero would havr been in Djet any ono sup pose that wo should have gono tu" war with .M-xice, ilepf p i a' d her, and exhausted hnr re sources, tn colli ct our ilebts ? Or that wo should have gone lo war with Mexico, because sh..' did Hot cli e lo leteivr, either as a Com-, wn an himij- U.xtraoidinary, Mr. Shdcll ? Woiil I Congro-s havedechred a war upon any such pretences I Never. It did grow out of annexation, and at you fcc was not an enn-equcurc: l ilo not say a neccs- stry enn-equence. nut vv lnt is rem irk ible, I sir. is Hi it the -rrievanc, is on the ,v,rt ,,r M.v. ! i" . t . 1 .. , i,-o a-d we m ile tlie -ir M I.. .II,.,,,: ! 11 a " 'P1- V11 ar. tst.e Ii s tl o promi ! ""'I":""1.'";'.1 '. f'"1""0 "r'1 b"J1V' -r'. ''!' " ' 'p ' '-'ory o'a persin, no more ""pr, "! ' C,,n of .sr.l'at Pc""" ipu-uce in mu great people, until is ot some Cnn-equriice In myself, and it is among my consolation-, that fio-n llie very lirst intimation of any de-ign or de.-iro to annex 'I'exas to this country. I hive opposed it with all my ability, in all places, and at all times. It is'no-.vtcit years, sir, since at a meeting of our political friends in New- Voik, where that question wat ono upon whicli the opinions of thoso friends wero a good deal divided, in which I receive I iniuy admonitions not to commit myelf, I did commit myself; nnd thero it stand-", and lam thankful for it. I wat then, end I hive been at all times since, dow n to tlie period when the hill had its -,i reading and my vote was ng.iln-t it, thoroughly, o-it mi 1 out,' under nil circum stances, agiiu-t it. And my onpo-ition wat fouiit'e I upon tho ground : that 1 never would and never should, and I say now I never will and never slMU vote for any" further annexatiun lU IT c.a"l,lr " 1,11 n. ",:.lV0 representation. vv e near a great ileal, now-.i-itays, .i-d.iv", about a now- panacei, called tho Wilmnt i'roviso a very jut sentiment, hut not a sentiment certain ly tofuim any now party or sect of a party upon. For, allow tne to say that there is not a mm iu this assembly who docs not hold to the sentiment of the Wilinot Proviso at firmly as myself, or any other man in this assembly.' It ... - i not an oi imon upon whicli .Massachusetts vv In-.'s ihller. Sir, I le soineting ofa political tho scntfffVenl of too ,a1.r..i ,. i xx-n, ,.,,, i. ., ...n. ... ,mv,iin .,r si..., J t." it..!.... I, ', not I commit myself nonn'th it in Iho year Kls fully, enierelv '? and hive I ever departed fm-ii il in the slightest degree .' I mu-t be peimitted. sir, to say 1 du nut now consent that more recent discoverers should take out a ptert t.,r the discovery. 1 do not quite cnncut tint" they should lim eiLl .e tn nmimnri ,le tn tlio,,.,!. u al the bone!':! and honor of it. I deny the priu- rity ol their intention. Is nut their thunder. Allow mo to say, sir, it Mr. Pn-ident, even if now acquired territory -bun Id bo free territory, I should deprecate any "real exieji-ion of our donininns. I think wc hive a very largo and ample doin tin. I ;!iink tint thus fitr, we hilv-'ii sort of identity or .simil aritv of character, tint holds us lo"ether nrettv . II iv..n. n i. ...... ... .1- ..'. .,, hi. I-U..I..I..H. in nu.. .inn ni .oexico. I uo not Know how far wo can pre-erve that I'-eli-ig ef Coniiuoit country, if vvoiMend it tu California, and fm aught I' know- tn the south I - I I ... .. ... .. I , . . . it. pun-, i iij-pit-iienn in it in -i ivepuiuican -'overn- nv-nt you inu-t havo a great similarity of char actor. Itiniy nut hj so with despotic foveriv m-nls. ' -in 'f'he UmpTorof Ihissianny govern hi Un ropean domi-iions by one code ot laws and his A-iatic dominions by another code. They havo no common ar piaiiitance, no common bond of assnci itinn. lint in a UopubHr. where tho laws inn-t all be similar, this cannot be. It does ap pear to me a very dangerout experiment to ex tend the tM-ritoryof tho United .States over .i n wv mil: ii lwn tract of I md, larger than the old Thirteen, and run the chance of amalgamation. More enterprising spirits mnv rmoso'to under take il, but 1 hesitite. Who docs not see tlu total derangement which it creates ? .Suppose ten State-, or even live States, tu be admitted; they w ill have one Iteprescntalive In each I i ml two Men, it rw ; and here cmno in ten new .Senalnrs. (shall 1 say Southern Senators?) witii only live Koprosent.itives. Does not every ono see that th it breaks up all the proportion, it'll tho regularity connected with the Covcrnment, and Mr, there aro those who think that it is an act of g ical lu-uevulencc to extend our free lustitu tiom. I hope that the principles nf libritv as vve have experienced them with so much advant age will spread over the world, but 1 am nut suro tnat it is best for every Jmily to receive our f..rnn. N-.r am 1 de-ire'.is to 'impose our forms by Inrce upon anv people. Whero thev are lit lor them iney will .eceivo them in some form ; and until they an- lit for them, depend upon it', you rami .1 ma'.-e freemen out of persons unar. c i- O ,ied o rl.' governiiieutanJ no! kiiowin-'iu what Hue l.eedum roniu. I had ll.o hunor for a short lime tn be numn.i. ed with the government of tho United States and cfnrged with the duty of protecting the com. merctal i.iterests of the country, J h-lt that it was nll-mipnrtiut tn the United Slates, if it s...m.u I.,,,.,,,, pniprieiv un.i wimoiitiiun'er, tu obtain troni Mexico, a port upon the P.iciTic to wit : tho port of St. Ur.mci.eo, either hv set. -ion of Hie port it-elf, or to obtain power to re sort there lis n United States p!co. I looked for nothing but co u.nerci il arrangements and com-ui-.i advantige. I thought it a in itier of some i. u o -unco, and think it n w a m itter of impor. lance, bat it m vor i-n'er.-d into my iniagiat, i, . n in ui v;uiiiiu-ii mat end, ii-elul so Jar as it went, I sh mid run the isk or att ichlnr. i( ) lPra extent of territory to the United Slates, to be eo.iie States, whether ill one or the other form in which .-ttitts are recognised under the Con- StltlltlOll, Now, sir, this is our position. I'cire miy come. 1 how to hear it before the dawn of ii. o ler inoriiiiim but tl,,n ,.,,, , , .. Irnm inj self (but j-ace itself may bring a er-U more tlun vvar,t ,,,,y ,ri.r wi,, it a seas,,,, of coiitmvvr-y, sliifeand diin-er. Heaviii knows what will be tho terms of fint he. , Intv otVL , 1 . . ', CT ,U wi" 1,0 ihall.'S.kc !u Vu x-. ee vvlnt course t will tw

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