Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 9, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 9, 1855 Page 2
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jvv County Convention. Cof.vcit or Cr-ssor.j Is to bo elect- 1 by I'ue freeinon of this .Slate on the last Whi nes day of March next. As no inodo of nom inating them has beau provided fur, under ny party organization whatever, tho under signed invite tho Fkkemf.n of Chittenden County to meet at tho Town Unit, In Uur llngton, on the 13lhelayof February inst , nt two o'clock, 1'. M. to nominate a inctnhr; nf ealJ Council, mul to talc such further action in the premises sis) miy Bcm to them t roper. S. 11. l'ARKHURST.I '. S. ADAMS. Coumv J. TUTTIjK, Committee. J, WORK, fob. 1, 1S55. County Commiscioncr. The Freemen- of Chittenden County nro requested to meet at the Town Hall, in Uur. lington, on the 13th day of February inst., at 10 o'clock, A. M. to nominate a Coi-nty CoMvnsstPMn, for the year enduing. SAM L'KL 1 1 1 NT IN ( il UN , Feb. 1, 135. Firr 1'rcsidcnt IV. .V. 7' i', BURLINGTON, FItlDAV, FKII. y, 1855. Senator Scwnr,!. The re-election of Hon, Wm. 11. Seward, 8 U. S. Senator from the State of New York for the next six yearn, is an event worthy of moro thon a casual mention nmong the incidents of a day. We look upon it as one of special importance, and Inning beneficial Searings on some of the greatest questions .liich can occupy tho uationil uilnd for years to come. For tint reason we rr joic at it in no small degree. Our sentiment, on tin Ui.ittcr nrenoMni influenced by any personal regards fur Mr. Seward himself Wo neur to our know, ledge saw the man ltut for many tours wo have observed his public nets und hnvo read his speeches, as we have those of other pub lie men ; not always indeed with full concur rence on our part. Wc should hue. to say at much of any man who has been os long and ns earnestly en gaged in public life j of eomo we should have to nay it with stronger emphasis even of those whom we, and thousands besides hive held in high rcpect. 1 1 would be idle for any one to e.iy that Mr. Seward has not for a long time occupied a placo of uncommon interest in the public view, however different may bo thereabout Assigned for his being in that position. 'J lie steady attachment of a multitude o!" Iriemls, in his own State, the unceasiug stream of Tiilgar and insane abuse which the New Vork lltrelJ, and other papers which echo its ravings, havo kept pouring upon him, the bitterness with which be has beeu a-iuiled, ot UK!, by t'.ie 'Silver gray' portion of the N. V Slato press, which, though confessing to nouffinity with the above named vociferous ad vocate of southern despotism, has shown equal "igerness to fasten uj.on every thing -aid or dune by Mr. Seward since he lirst came public life, on which they could (or ruppoi-d they could) round a charge to his injury, all go to show that iu tome way lie has heroine a man of more than ordinary mark in the trt ioii. It is well enough to inquire why. All the clamor about his demagogueiMu, and Frc-idency-seeking, with which th; air has been filled for year? past, we make flight account of. If ho lias wMind to hnvn his ."i j opinions adopted by his fellow citi'em., the same is true of all men of practical good j ejnsj, and his opponents must admit that he ; never has b-en backward to maV.o known his opinions on great public questions, whether palatable to others or not. Wo wish demit- g3gues generally would do sj It would ! essen their inlliuric? oer ihtir i.urLIIii.J ful- lawors to a wondeil'ul estent. Whether Mr. Seward hopes or wishes to bo l'resident o! the United States, we know not, and care not. We take it, that it cannot be put down as a 'ery grievous uflence in any man, if, from honeet and patriotic motive, ho wisln to attain to a position which every school boy, from Maine to California, is told lies in sight for him and all his fellows to aim al, if ih, y plit8. We -uppiiv1 mon-over, (hat just now, the nation contain- nt tho lovvc-t mul, twenty tr nmre oliiiei nib, wh have a.pirv ion, not to say expeetalioii.-, that way, without making account of the ceor.s w'im think of themselvc", whenever t!..'y t,y there is no knowing what mere iu ! m.iv hring iitoiit, since JVunk I'ieroo got the t b'o tion.' Mr. Sowaid ha a pel feet right i put his name down on cither list, if ho pleases. Mr. Seward's position among the -itijiit if hi"0wn State, with reference to questions of pdiey which affect them only, as such, v.e do not concern oarselves with It is unouitli to siy on that hiad, that a man who hnldc his ground in the minds of his fellow citucn a he has done, in spite of inctpsant opposition, not only from open foes but from many who as profrssed members of the IVhig party ought to liar been covintDd frieuis, a man too, who has advocated sumo moasurcH quite unacceptable to multitudes in tho State who had votes and influence to us.! against him, and has often used language Ul.ich misconception or ill will could eaily repeat to his preju lie. must have in him, same positive and icdvtr.i ing qualities of more than ordinary value in the estimation of those who know him bent. We look at him now in a national point ol view only. As matters stand, we think his ri turn to the U. S. Senate will do more than anyone thing to cheek the audacious at tempts to bring the wholo power of the gov ernment, as affecting both the fondgnand the domestio policy of the nation, under the olut; control of the mo-t unscrupulous and liberty-hating politician- of tho slaveholding States. Whether indeed, any tjjectuit! har rier to suuh attempts can bo set up in our generation, favored as thoy are by an admin istr'.tion having unbounded injuns of corruption at its comm. ml, and which has shown such a readiness to use them, is jet quite doubtful. The good influences to como from Mr. Seward's re-election must spring from two sources, One is this, that having khovvn such powers iu the Senate u ho has thus far, and especially in tho great contest of tho last session, tho State of AVw York against all sorts of opposing influencies, has chosen him for that place again, and by an emphatic voto in both Houses of tho Legislature. A State whoso population gives her nt tennih of all tho votes in the House of Kepresenta. lives and one eighth or the entire electoral vote for 1 'resident, is not likely to he forgotten at Washington. Tho wholo furii of the Administration and tho whoiu forco ol tho Slave power united tin ir efforts to bruuk him down iu the Senate, last year , but thev Tailed most contemptibly. Tim like roroe-', with the aid or all tho Swiss and (ireek auxiliaries which could bo ininti-rH, w-n-then put Airth to break Ii tin down in his own State. Agum they have fmitil, and mutt ton ItinplHI,. It is plain that tho Controlling masses of the people or the great .Mat,, of New York, have gut their eyes wide oj-'n to tho great national question of the time. Ml ths beat'ng of tin pans und shaking of rid rags will not mako them turn tlieireyes aside to btaro at mere local and temporary issu, The nmrs of hi ri-.elotion is "ailriadrnl nf tlioso w lio wero alre.idv d.Mressed at tho frichtrul a htfill a ! Its w hie' their can o had met with In tho rtpicscnl,iti,t election, in tho same State. Now York is against us," already rings through nil the chambers of their brains. Another source of good inauctiv: li.-s in the personal characteristics of Mr Seward bim-elf. Wo make -,3 conu atisoi,:' l.-Te b. ween him a,viSUc)lns,0eUly, , , . " r"1 lunar f tliemnrl..-., ,Z, "-wr ground with him, with.out; ivif..,ti.a an inch, in tho struggle on thc'S hr.v.f. ,,,,,1 vaiuas bill of last winter. Thev to., ,v..o the lasting gratitude nml rcspcbY'or lbo,V who love justice, law, order and liberty ( ' rtain it is, however, that either tfo-x his exper ience In legislation, from his-i,.,tiiml cool ness and balance of mind. rioi Oiu pr.i found, but practical approlici'isio'ti' a,,J, 10 showed of tho great que;tiono which were in voled in that iniquitous measure, -from t!,0 equanimity with which ho kept ui,.,,i J.j, work, disregarding alike impertinent intit. ruptions, uilgar sneers and gross nbuse, from tho rairtieas with which he was readv to treat every opponent, and the fearless g'ood temper with which ho maintained hi- own position?, or Irom all these combined, ho was more than any other, the one around whom the minority were found tor.ilh .-tll0 one whom most of all tho majority wi's.,,., to have out of their sight. Could ho havo been dclealed Tuesday though but by one vote a yell of delight would have been heard throughout all the ranks or those who would strengthen th. ir unrighteous power oer their fellow men, o cr their sUter States, over the nation at large. A howl of chagrin nt his mk-.s i now all that is in their power. Mnv pi j IVr ,s(., Inuiiu; tho last s,...(0n two verv mi,.-..,,,,,, ,n samples ot politieo-theologieal argument on tho ... cot of Slavery, have appoa.t) Lng and. One wa, Irom tho pen ol !!.- i,r N Adams, f Koston-a worthy clergv ,,,, bo .rut three months i n,. s Xn -la.e;, visiting sum., frit-n.!-, thr-r.. , i , M, great surprise, round most of t: whom he saw, Hit, lazy ami jolle, inM.n uf wan and woebegone, as he teems to l,,,,,, x. pectcd to find them all. ,jut,.j , whether to kill thcmselVM or their makers Moreover he did not see a single e,,v.. f at cruelty, and only one !,,, ;icti .n. wl re only a very little child inJcoJ .;,), ttnd that rorarV to law, and 0lle yog wul ..... wugon.y .e man vv horn shrvvi bed Ms I' is o ,h mvueu hy. tuch an t 1 i'liti in .-Jiitlirrn incnds told ,ii , moil, and they vtcrc sorrv it I. IU' eiiiue in , r rioui.-.' Having nls, nttnti i r.d;..; OH'Otit, ' ul.ffA tl.A 1. 1 1. . . . b, ,...v... 'Jiaeivs J.ldyetl ..t , Air themselves but far tho whites w ho w t'o present, h camo to tho conclusion thai th re was a south side view or.Slaverv " whi. was impoitant to have Northerners !.-,k N it at, " in n ne was the man to present n In the rrcsluiess oHns bencvoiei-e. i.a thought him that it would hel.. r.n .: or bringing Southerners ami North,' r.iers to rk . ii . unuerstamlmg of each otl :her, u ho couiu get the aid of som disiinguis'.ed -.-....u,w. .vccoruingly l; propounds sundry inquiries through the r,.,wspu,er-. to Hon Henry A. Wi, or irgi,,i,, ti.M ......j oeiieve'l tlmt a van'.ee.ler vy- man oi any education would shov nn- a iuiieiate.1 greenness) expecting. ,1 ,ubt. .s, that his really well meant purposes would receive kind reeei.tion and a eamli.l r-s-pojis... .Mr. Wise turn, round with a S-.,I, klts in his laco, and bid him mind hi, bu-iness and leave slaveholders lo take .-are ol theirs. Tho rebuff did not d-ter him f, , publishing his "South side view" Iiow.-vit. on which nine rather pungent reu.aik- lm.. been made by Northern editor-, an I i-uiv- ponding laudatory on,", hv t'lov in iho Smth. Tho other pamphlet was entitled of Inquiry to Ministers of the Go A I., i '. r p-d ,f ,-M denomination-, on Slavery, by a Northern Pr.',byhr.-' This pamphlet' is ,,,aiidv stiing of questions, ropid togahir.Mn.d! ',u,d gloat, much as Wcatheiidiold onion- -ue nod to u w-isj, of straw-, nwh one looking to u child's eye, a-if it grew nituralK from tho on.- next to it all making a verv' i-nM-ing show orcoherence, so long as the Firing nnd i-tr.i-v which hold them together are Upt it r'ight I he drift of all these .ju. -tioi. i, tovy.ird- tliis strange : that Mm . ryisa Dirim Inttilulion, partly punitn-. in itseharaet. r, and pirtly u'is.iplmaiy. ',. n beiaii-e it. Shirrry, was aiithori.ud ev presl,v by do.! as a puni-hmeiu fir the o-inlt ol t, mid ot Canaan, tin; b, 0f ,,,, who- son Ham, according to the author, having married one of Cain's deacon hints , i consider..! the progenitor or all the blauks and mubitloos who sim.c, n,,, ,.nrv ,lf the rac, h-ivo fallen uinb-r the sjie' which against Ham k.oii nfi.T tho Hood. Disciplinary, b.c.uim life., ibe family institution and that nf goiernm.-iit, it, Savi'j,, is put down by tho author a really an improving process for that 1jrtioii of the human nice win, nr" mbj, i-t to it. Cunscoiur.tly, although o.-easiona'lly iw lad things aro found in its company, S!,u , isrij must iw eoMiitmlly a vhul'sorm it ilt 1 1 . 1 ! t, aill do well I., take !.d to their ways. lest hfi.l- ,1,.,.- .n C I e ., . ' ......s, nun iiiosj wnomali'.' war uiin t Imply they ba round fi-hting against "I bis pampulot, written u-, it appears, by Ilev. Dr. Wd, President of Dartmouth Col lege, has led to an extended and interesting dlseue ioii in tho Vermont Chronicle. With ability the Editor pointed out the groundless assumptions, gro-.s interpreta tions, eonliised use of terms and absurd logic of tho niniior, who in Ids turn defended hi p.'siii i'ih ,.s ably, as a sida so fundamentally wrong would allow him to do. correspon dent. d'lhe Chronicle, signing himself ' M." well kiiMVii in this vicinity for his liaruinj and iieutenoss, soon roliuved tho editors from unj fiitlwr efforts, and in Mnvonsive comiiiu. nicatious, be !,as completely demolished nil Dr. L h i iiHeatlons, and fairly ground ilium to piwder. Tlio entire dijuiission has pro. coid-dwith a praiaoworthy display or can dor and go4d temper. Iu his last article Dr. 1,. evidently felt bimseir weakened, thuugh bo did not own, and probably did not realise, fully, that ho was " a used up man," though he said lio would write no more, fur it would do no good. His antagonist pro ceeds in tho last number uf tho Chronicle, to give him the coup de grate, hy a thrust iu a vital point, driving his weapon, home with Iho force and skill ol'.i master. Hotb Dr. Lord and Dr. Ad ims take tho I "South side view nf Shvcrv" in one iiui-ir- tant j articular. Slavery is found co-ixiitin" w ith diver-oaiid contrudielory acts ami statu ofinind, on tho surt iffliotb slaveholders und thcklivos themselves Forthwith, all the good mts and good intints k, mind uro treated as part and paieel or slavery, us I dieming iuiililus of its own nature but all the bud arts and eiul intents are oonsidered i as allngether eitraneaus ns abuses of it, I quite wrong indeed, but for which Shivery is not to be ln;M iiraoiihtabhi in m,y Httv, ' p. eriditi.ig blave-ry with all the good which i f mini in its company, (no matter how it counw there euui ing there in fact, imp,, ol" tliwry, und from tho iiillui-noe of j riiieij.I, s in utter repugnance to it) and not charging it wit', any of the tad, even Hough its nilurul fruit, it is made mit p, be a verv JJUllLLWl'OK KlUiE hirmlcsi sort of thi iat' r an In iiucent tn.iii c-l Let us then, says M nrip this iniio look tit It naked. Wo vvill'tako HXiy the aeadeniah on both sides, nnd c: whether its Jjjriu and Ilncain6ri(s'nr6 IMvfndV or dovlliith . t o must aoriii?e our "l.reis, o our 1-tgrct. but, let us del iniiio. if n ul..,i ; slavery per ie," pura and simple, without its abusts. t,ot us take n specimen of slavery and loo'j closely at II, ami, Tor m ro dtrmiteness, let it bo Christian and Negro slavery 1 A vmtfrman having tl sion ol some State, goce to Africa and s.dies by force a lie takes him out or the category of man, an 1 brim's him in, dm- th.. samo control, in kind, which is exercised ovci irrational creatures. 1 Iu callfini. him lo be come, in eo far as he la a sluvo, is, in rchtion lo bin maslir, n tueh, an animal, an instrument, a thing, lie treats him w itli all gentleness, does'nt go by tho "middle pat sagr," nrrives in South Carolina, and sells him to the highest bidder. Why did he this! lie intended lo mako money. Any atmc here, anything accidental, non-essential t Any "injustice'" nnd, ir so, dots it belong to -tho oiuje, or to tho " slaverv prrsci" '. A planter buys tho mn brought from Africa. Why d.n'S he buy him ' He intends to appropriate tn himself , without i'mra!cnl, (see dictionaries) ami he docs so, the products of this man's labor. Without equivalent ' docs ho not take care of him by furnishing him with food and raiment ' Not at all, Sir. lie provides uo- and shelter, as Tor other animals, which go back into tho labor to in crease tho gains or tho planter. Is not this pure slavery 1 any alvtr I any contamination ny foreign Ingredient 1 3, The planter gives tho man a woman, (not a wilel nnd if, on trial, she does'nt please him, ho may take another, or more il l:e likes. Why does the pi inter so ' the man may beget children to increau the property 0 hiif, 1 this slavery per sr, or is it lift" A-k southern law-makers, southern eluvc-ih'iilers, and sluve hreeders. Could it exist without this constitutive in gredirnt ' It ouuld nut. I. Finding his intere.4 or ids necessities torequiioit, the p'antcr sells tho man with out uie woman, tl,o woman without tho imiti. or the children without either or tho hiw- makes the same di-,o.-itioo f theui lor th ! henelit of hi-iied; o,rs, or of his heirs. hat O We S IV to tlllV 1- if .in cm,i,l .1 ..H essential ingredient iu slavery ' Hut could not the law- require families to lm 0I,1 j together' Oh! certainly, bet nr. suppose u I case. I'ompey Is to be sold at auction lor his master's debt of live hundred dollais Shall his woman nnd lire children he thrown into the bargain' ur will tho law compel theowner to sell tiiem all to whoever will buy them all together I When slaveholders enact laws to make their property 1,-ss saleable and lets valuable by one hall, thoy will also deprive themselves or the other hall' No abuse then here, nod this mut bo a pure specimen orth""gond Tor which (iod intend ed slavery." 5. Thesarety e,( the ph, liter. a he j.retends.tho s ifety of hi- property beyor.d doubt, requires that I,- forbid, ami he do"s forbid, the man toacquiro any knov ledge, or lo awaken nnv c...i .....ivitv beyond the demands of tin; labor nigncd him. ir igoornno,, i- ,,ot blis it is money in this cac. IntMlu ,, : , ing proi-rtyisnot a pruden''..V. I hi - is i av ery per sr boyond a doubt, easily knovrn by the " black mark of Cain" upm it ll'it what do we think of the Hivim, right of slavery to declare, make, and treat as an animal, a being whom Cod stamped with his own signet, and announced to be n man ' 0. An imperfect moral and spiritual cul ture Tor the slave is inevitable. Practically they may be slid to receive none. For the exceptions aro hardly mor than ennigh U prove the rule. The language uf all slave holding nations iin eg.ird to the moral char acter of slaves is uniform, and need not bo qunieu, Have we, unaware-, included any abuse, or iion-e-scntial, v.hieh is not " slavery per si' Let it bo shuwn what. Hero then wo have slavery, the whole of slaverv, and nothing , butslaveiy. ForiMIr I.. can, by his motho 1 I silt nnvthiiiir more out of it, is" it not just o.n puis in more than belongs t l.i,VJi v, vu some accidental accmpuiiiutiits, ,'or sjmo suppose overruling purpos.: of liod- jut as might be put in with idolatrv, or sin. 1 nr in, v r,,r,i, i.T ..I..I....I . . . . I or any loriu ol w icke.lness, nnd w hieh would I lo I JilSfc .1- 111 11 UL1 Ol IIIVIUO 11,... as to slavery ' .IHcvents are ot Divine riht t in relation to Him who has ' ordained w hut- iwur euuiM lu i.i." In relitioii to man nothing, except what he doe- with a sell". ' conscious purpose of obedience to jd, or of benevolence to his neighbor. fcucli is slavery of itself, iincontaminated by accidental ingredients free from abuses itself tho greatest abuse in the w orld. How contrary to the dictates of naturil conscience, 1 natural reason, and tho whole spiiit nf thu j word of Clod, i- forcibly urged by "M." on the attention of Ur. I..; but we must omit to quote, for vvnnt of room. As to Ur. Adam-, whose liook Dr. Lord refoired to with hih cu'iiincndation, ho asks ' Hut it' the authority ur naim s, and the 1 i,i,!irin,,l ..f ., ...u" I... ,1 1 ... . ..1 ..v ... ,,l.,,L-,t VPMJIjlltli III thin matter, will Dr I,, preror the Mrr months ' ' ' outside observation of earpetiind holiday slavery by his liiend Dr. Adams, to the recorded opinions nf no' fV. dtstimfuish " men, who point their lives in the ob.-erm- ( lion ol' all the ntjieetH of slavery, and were theinsclv es .slaveholders 1 Sueh,'for instunci), j as Patrick Henry, IMuiunJ I! indolj Ii, lieu. Mason, Jefl'eron, Madianii, Vahiugt n, ami tho unanimous voice ol the clergy of the Presbyterian Church Mouth, as well Sis North. nt n time when they spahr tpunlanronilii I ( l I what consequence, in this question, w Midi j touches the icholc humanity in men. is the physical comfort ol' the slave, mure or lei,s, or which Dr Adam- thinks so much ' Aro not horse- made comfortable ; and pet dog- feast- !ed' If the man is to liave only the rights I and relations oT an animal, what inn, fur himself, would enre, what Christian mini ought, for another, to cire, whether be bo an j a'?, sinking under his burden ; a monkey, to j inimire iisen in gewgaws ; or a -wine, b, j-.ifc in. mint .lit'! in- t ne me i Which seems to he, in tb opinion of tin- Hon ' nidi seems 10 ue, in m opinion ol the 1 Mr Wise, also, a high end of hiinianilv 'l-l.t., f , the since. This conception or humaintv in tho slave is natural at the South, an I come of always as-delating him with other ani mals, and is infinitely more degrading than the whin 'Virrc would slavery bo perfect, and reafiso its very idea, in the most hideous, damning, and damnable form ol' it, where the whole mass cif slaves should be a "contented and hajipy population" or human iiiiimali. Comfort fat meat ' line clothes 1 ves ; the hardest worked slavesat the south Tabor less, eat more, and have niro wives, than thu Vaudi.isof the Alps. Are they better off. Dr. Adams1 In the name of Christian ilo coney, let us hoar no moro from Northern men, of slave comforts. Ah! but thev nro, al the mmo time, so Chri-tianlv and pious 1 Is Christian teaching, or learning, of the o senlials of shivery1 Are thev "alaverv iter ser Undtr tho bcoreliinj sun of ChrUtiiiniiy slivery has constantly withsred its main branches aro dry and fallen it begins to bo conscious ofdiiiiger to in very life with lies penile effort it tries lo reich t 'lio coolin. shade iff soph it ry it pirtly ucceds it will linger there let thoso who choose dig about it; prune and dress it ; pour witer upon its thirsty roots ; or do their vain endeavor to shield il from the burning rays Pnlitieiil Intelligence. Iho Ilev. Mr. (ioodwin, the Know Nothing candidate, was elected last week, by a hrgo mijorlty, Stato Senator iu t! o NXIXtli District of Vnv V.,rb r...,,ri.. in-f:.- I l,, vi i..i.. . a Maine l.iw Hard Shell. Ho enjojs the distinction or being the first clergyman ever elected by tho popular vote to any civil office in the Stato nf New Voik l."p to IS 17 there wus n Constitutional provision which prevented niiuistcrs from attaining to any civil office. 'I he Know Nothings ur New Hiiiipshii. have rectified their mistake in the Governor nomination, by lecting lialph Meicalr, of Newjion, a llurke Democrat, as a candidate for the Chief Magistral))-. Mr. Jletoulf was Seorebiry of State under Iaoae Hill, und is tborniighly dyed In the rod democracy of that school. The nomination is said lo I e exceed ingly ilistustefril to the Whig and Fio Soilersvvho Inivo j lined the Order Fx Senator Willi uus of New Haui-hiri. vvlio vobd f.r the Nebraska iniquity, and l'UHKS, KUIDAY for so ibjiii" t. . i i tuonts, lies r II,, tho lV-id, ii' ui-iil i.t Muri It has been iind-rslo nl that M, s-rs, ass, .tl,n,, ,. f'.tlir . 1. , . ... v l ""inli. no, l.nnAtil llfrfp...o 'weffti ,., u u l.t.,1 . .--. ,(,ri.irJ (,nu iry io revivo ti f.'peets ol the auiiilnistntliin U-inon there j but n latn letter from Wnihing- ion ionic .ew lorn vriMincsays J'Oriii Cuss cb'clines the Now Hiimpshire tour. Mr. I.itham 0f Cnliromhi, also de cllnes"-luit lien. Ime will go. lie l pio'ni selected because or his biilll mt s'teees in Indiana and lllinoi-. The l'resident in vited (Joy. Seymour, but lio declined, having iM-en suffliieiitly boittcii in Now Yoik. Ine 1 leshlent fcty the democracy havo bad rather a dry time, but that hotter davs nre coining, and victory will .erch upon' their banners in New il.imp.shlro nnd Connecticut Hurry llibhard declares that national democrats in New Hampshire are sounder on niggers than tho southerners them-elves." lioth branches or the Missouri legislature have unanimously Instructed their senators and representatives iu Congross to oppose any chango in the naturallration laws. Sam' does not appear to bo around in IVn ton's state. Fouglas and Shields have been rebuked fur their treachery to Freedom by tho House of Iteprcsentatives or their own Stato. A resolu tion reprehending their eourao in adrocalirg the repeal orthc.Missouri Coinproiniscpasifd thollliiiois.llousu, Mondny, by u vote of Avea 37, Nays 27. Ncvv simper ('luniscs. The Burlington Sentinel has cxperienccil quite a change, in its old age ofiifty-fivo ears. Mr. Svxe leuvcsits proprietorship p.n l :ir. IV A. L'.l mouth, our eveellent Postmaster, takes his place a proprietor and re-potuible Fditor, Mr. S.vxe retaining a connection with the paper as associate b'ditor. A new niit ol typo gives a handsome appearance to the Mi-'ct .Mr. O.VMoitni has had expi rience iu nowsjiapcr maiiagcment, and will cuuduci the zinlinil witli industry and onersv. ilo iill '"v"r' " s,,-v"' ke''l' lolumus freo lro"1 the person ilitios and calumny, vvhici so u.i.;nu,sriurf mo piges ot partian jnurinils, ami Irom w hich, as w 0 take pleasure bi te-liU-ing, the Sentinel under Mr. Svvu's in mage. iii'-ut, ims oo.-ii rem irkahly free, i If ,.UUio the Htntin'h. continue to support I' Ad- mmi-,trutioo i ,. l'iT,,., ,, j tiusl, reeeiie the ! n i , h. i , t iMHrd wlnui, such unpleutiiiit and up-hill workd.'suu.-. 'I lie Virmonl Republican, tho ofi-piinj; ,, tlioeonsoli lation ol the llmtHOm-., Nulisman and llaittiboro l.'agti, h is made its appear ance under the proprigtor-hip and editorial conliol ol'.Mr. Pi.vtt, of tho Statesman. It is, in Tact, the .Stnlishuin under a n -vr urn,", end luMenoU somewhat iu sie. a ri'duction, by tho way, which leaves the Meekly Free Press much the largest sheet publish-! j ,,c State. The Virmunt Vhrmr, is the title ol anew ir - sMriod in iirattl 'horo.liv fiiAiu ti'niisi.s, lormerly nstociato euifor ot the lluglr. It is to be independent iu politico, and KUppoits the piineipb-s oi'llic American party." It is a good looking and e,l tilled sheet, and will doubtless be con luetod with ability und success. Post Ohice LnKKmar. The Post- master of Cliatcangay, N. Y., on e unured us tliat he had over seventy letter-, in hi, office, no two direction of which had the I name of tho town spelt alike, and ro one of wnicn wa spell ngnt. vi e have lie'ore us a list of somi thiity or forty different ways of spelling Winooski.aa found on the bucks of letter- iu tho post oflico at (lie Falls. Among a number of the more common and obiiou ' mis-pells," we lind the blowing, some of which would puxle even u ' Phil id -lphia . v 1'r " W tiennOnslft V.tht-i t qne full-, Mooni--, Wino-ook, -N"oo-Ue, Sin!iU3iis.,ie, 'Yinisouu, Wonosky, M.inoskay H'eno.-key, Wnoonsky, 'Voonooslua, W. Falls do Hiillaiiglon. The address of "Mr. Mooncy" as found on a litter in tl e Hurlirg lon office, rivals any thing in the nbov; list for its new and original way or spelling tho name ot the ol 1 lliy Mate It is li-dhim laansustusitcli-' ' KTTiie iOLiiL-r vei. Tlio thernicu-i tT on Tuesday and Wednesday moiniugt. Flood i.t I'centy-four digroos below- zero. During the day, Tuesday, the mercury did nut ri-e higher than lo1 below 7.ero. The wind bliw mi ring tbe night quile haul, something iiiui su il at such a low temperature, ami th night bus seldom, if ever, boon hii pa-".-1 in this, vicinity for severity. The l.ienury ha becn a low as 21 5 but twice iu the 17 venra, and has been lowei than that but one. in that time, when it win L'.1. Cyl'viiiuA D A. .Murray, .). I . (i,if. fin, Horatio Cliapin and Hiram Muiiiy. worthy citircu- ol' Wiliistun, 't , and Direc tors of Division No. liO- N ; p. Cinoi,, in form us, and for tho sake of emi turning utlu-i s dosiro us to inTorm the public, that one John lirown, H year- of age, is now at luge. having been recently di.-ehargo.! from their I ctti loy Tor ' using the good- and iu..o.-v .1 .' , . . - ,i the Division and lor various nets of fraud i and peculation." lie is. thev siv, le , dissolute, knave,', and, as is kiM of counterfeit hills, " well on leu hi tod to de ceive." Tho public aro cautioned against employing him, and paper- at the West and Smith, uro requested to the ejiutbii. Thero aio, we suppose, several John Hiowu iu this country to whom the above .b -, r i -tiun doe.i not apply. Congress, On .Monday, Senator Foot pre-.iiitt's i memorial from the citizens of Hiirlinglon, t .praying lor the erection of a Muii.ii Hospital at thia plate. 'Iho i.iemori.ii was referred to the Committee on commerce On Thursday, tho House passed a bill in I aid of a Telegraph to tho Pacific. It simply i emjiowcis Hiram O. Alden, and Juntos Eddy, their nssoci ilea and assigns. " to eonsliucl, ' at their own expense, u lineor telegraph from such joint on tho MUsissipri or Missomi river as they may hereafter select, thioiigli tho public lauds ; the right ol way, two hun dred Tect in width, Tur which purpeso is t'ure by granted, to San Francisco, in California . in as dirctt a line as practicable." On Tuesday, the French Spoliation Hill passed the Senate by a vote of SO to 17. The bill now awaits the signature of the President in order to become n law. 'Ihero are riimots (but the President will v eto the bill, but It is to be hojied that this will prove unfounded in fact. (ITSlvve Tiivue in New Voiik A lup wtl srlioqner, without a name, lying at a whurf in New York attracted the 'attention or tho nut' Grilles, and under suspicion that the was, a slurir, dinelions were issued t. have her examined. Hut the parties on beard got wind of the intention, and nu Tuesday the schooner suddenly disappeared without an.v clearance puwrs. Sluvotrade ispimcy luiii.linblo with doulli. bytlm laws of the I'nlted Slnt-n u, i, lawsof nations, and yet there ii no dou'4 that every y uur, aud parluips every moiilb, vessel, nru bttsxl out from New Voi-k foi Hii-bidi-nus ana most rs-vo'.ii g 'u-i, ,, , is now b-l'iie I ili-, i a,... . i . ,. ,.. Morton, in (hat nt), tlo c ol tholoiuow illaneo, elmrcH with bitiii ,.oi the barque Milkiu.'mi for t'u- !ae tiade in Is jit, and the case of Cnpluin L'rafl, lor sailing w ill, ship i'iuiue titled for the unn-business. MOHXIXO, TRUAItT 9 1856 'K ilottienl ruble. ii r t. i ,i hi l'"tl JjLNWrtv, Jk , i "l'"'"J'-"th'if3i, wit m't ),,.,. t.nkc OumpLxn aiid S30 Jul tiUu il Mran 25.18" 2 Tho mean, tcirprratitre uf Jannrjp,16S5, km 5.05- wurinor than the arcrssc for January of Iho I "preceding rears, and ".12s warrnor thon llnccni. Ur of tho present whiter. Tho wnnnct January In tlio period ahovc mentioned, was that of 1913, the tcmpornturo of which 28.02 j and only two otheri, Jan., 183s and lstl.were asrarm as Jan. of thin year. The coldost January In tho same period was that of 1311, tho moan of which wai tf.91 s , or 13.27 colder than January of thh year, ami 9, tit colJcr thon the avcrno of 17 years. Tho Ercr.lcttlicdt in Jan., PUS, nai O'.entho Till, and tho grcotesl coll 11 , on the 1th. Ihlngs 53 ' . Tho warmest day wa the 7th, averaging 43.3 s, and tho coldcet tho 1 lib. In ,nrn, two thirds ef a degree below fero. Tho rango of the barometer In Jan. was anuualty great, eitendlng from 2S. 71 In. on the 27lh, to 30.61 in on tho 3th, cpinl to 1 .B" in. Uurin tho first ten days of tho month it was remarkably high, Wing abnvo 30 inches each day. The mean height for tho month was a trifle above tho average for January. The fall of water Iu rain and snow, was 0.31 In. more than tho avcrago for Jan. of the preceding 17 3 cars Tho snows iu tho month, tr.e.suiod m accurot.dy as possible soon orier they fell, amounted to 13 In., hut with tho exception of two Saturday, Iwu Smi thy, noi one-and-odulf .Monday, ther wis no 4 oil -b-i?' ing in th n.i-nth. 3 ha broad laVc ra rfppaiiiitl ci Ti'inl will, i-o mi tho 2(11,, cut was open tho ni-xt day, and continued unclosed up to tlio olid of the month. Iu tho last 17 years, tho l.thu has continued iinclo&ed two winters, lsl'i und 1130; has clubcd In January, four winters, 163'J, lxin, lSll.nn.l 1h52,oiio in.Miireh, 1853, and the remaining ten winter? In February. For the 13 winters in which tin- lako closed, the arerag" thee was the 7th of February. ny' oi Si'kku. Ihoso interested in Pie improvement of our Vermont breeds of horses, will notice from advertisements in another column, that arrangements arc in progress for a trial of spocd. Mr. McN'asser of llurlington. has offued to trot his two year oiu edit ny rijmg .Morgan, against any two cars old, colt in theStite, and bis dial- lingo has been acc-pted by .Mr Thomas of Orwell, and Mr. -Myrick of Hridpoit. 'iho public will of course be notified when tho arrangement urn rvimoli.tiv Visits, Pmtiohms vsn Pvktik! Tho -Vew- ark Daily Aih criscr enters with consid-ra- hie animation into a discus-ion " About Pur ties and Party Names," in the course of which it makes some good suggestions. The leading idea is that the title) of Whig is ob loelid to by some members or the party to whom it is applied. The Advertiser there upon starts the following queries : Thero are other good names indeed, as lie publican bir example. Hut then that conveys no new idea it is siid. What tho meaiiinuor j of that assertion is, wo do not know-. Does ' Dimocrat convey a newer ideal 'lliere are tint how about the new ideas 1 " Vili the for i in cr be pal liable) to progress men, and all America that is good for anything, is suppo 1 sed to hn progies-ive' Will tlio name of Coruerculirr. or tlio thing meant bv conscr I ratism. -nit the fancy of such ' 'if not, it will not do, will it' "Will .Imrrirnn answer better 1 One objection to llipublicau is, that it is too comprehensive, not sufficiently dis 1 tinctive It is c "rtainlv so to a decree!' as many of in Americans as He-publicans' In fact "arc wo not alt of us American-;' Is thero not another remark to by inadeabout the title of American as the distinctive of a parly ' Does it not already belong, as well as Democrat, to other people'' Are we at liberty to ii,sume it without usur pation ' What i-niore, can we take it with out occasioning, not lusion merely, but con fusion .Shall we annex it a.- we' did Tir.i. witli the incumbrance of her debts ami without knowing theirnmoiiut exactly cither as we did in her case ' Shall American be ac cepted w ithout understanding for certiiutr wl at principles will be invepted along with ,, . , ,- the name' I here mavboabo more than one American partv in existence whicli will be embraced by tlio proposed adoption! i nrown nacic upon tne name ot wing, tbe Advertiser argues fur ndherenee to that title, 1 nu i lie lonow ing grounus III thi? dilemma we hear sini" one exclaim. " Why not take then tbe name of Whig1" Why.'man, we have got it now. " Then why not keep it'" llecause it is thought lo be worn out So many battles have spent their fury on its honored "creet, that, thou;h cover- cd all out with laurels, it i- now- past ser- ) U'"' n",, ""'-v '"-' I'l,lct"1 wltl' ",lr n al heroes, upon a retired list. tut It is really i,.,r,i ,,, ., i... ....i .,i,i -i : ' sometimes victorious too. It lias " had los ses;' but it has known triumphs also Tlieio is the noble frigateConstitution, hi; built aooui seven uuy years ago, long Deloro na tional conservatism born tho name of Whig This famous ship, equally celebrated for u oni ii nus oe.-ii ir. me iiaiiienmi toe breeze, (in outsailing (lie Hriti-h iu thewur or 1S12) I miner me commotio oi null ami Btewart, has suffered some, of course, in her Umbers. I 'line, and thu worm perhaps, had bill, exer- eis.d their jiw-upon I, cr. Sj she has been ' repaired, and repaired, time nml again, and I is still doing honorable duty on the element oi ner gioiy nui now muci, is lelt of her orijrinil oak, think vein' Not ennuirb to iiiiinon wiiaieooat out oi. ine olu origin, nkea whaleboat out of. The old t nitftifMfinn launched in 'OH. ns we. belieie at the .Vori I'.nd, lloston, was long ago prin cipally cut up into piiull'.hoxi's, canes,' boxes and willing-desks. et her renowno I name, which earned terror to the breasts of llritisb turs, still n munis ami coiulnuc-s tower of 1 strength. gib. She is tho same ship with which j iiodore Hull captured ths frigate fucr- 1 i '..,.,.,!....,. n .i..i,.;.i r, i , Comiii rierc, and Cuminudore Hainbiidse afterwards tho frigato Jaca. Docs any ono propose to alter it, becausa some planks and timbeit bare been added to her bull I jicvv I'lilillcniiiins. l'r.rc Tiuiu is- JIomv, or Noto-Shaving tho great causo of Fraud, Poverty and Huin Ac. Hoston, Dayton nnd Wentworth. This is an Svo pamphlet of 30 pages, and CJtitains tho able letter of Hon. John Whip ple, of llhode Islind.onthe subject of Usury laws, with nn introductory article on the same subject. Hotb tho articles are of great value, and wcare glad to sec a subject of so much importance presented in so condensed und clear a manner. Mr. Whipple demolishes the fallacious po,i. tionsuf Jeremy Hentlinin.w hosedoclrino that there ought lo be no Irgithitito rrstrit liuii on tlio rate of ilitucst at whiih money maybe lamed, has been adopted bvmaiiy tboii'uiids ; and just so far la it has ln-i ii brought into practice, has w rought great ini-ibief in o eiety. Many or its evil infliteniv- stare ujioti ns in osii ibiy.Iigbt, Many are at work in tlie dirk, but no In poiiiieioiihiv, The urguinei.t iii.lii.' tb..i '. .eiiiim is by no t I - huh i s''iiu',. in t e pioipidet Ihjforn u.. f !' i' ,-iMIM .,i,,l ..t,i ll Ion led ,i .. .ii w. ,11. ,o,ii I. 'llut th. I i.. said is vvei-.'l i v mid I ei fn I The piihiieiiiioii , l-.l iv und i-iweil'ol The pob;ii.ef ion ( line!) niH- We hoi, ii will have u wide j ., ...... v .. c i. ,.i .,.- .. ..1. ...... ii .. i .. .Ii i : i.. I I.sbers t'lul Pie prolits ..I Hie sab-s lire to l a pliid toit. distribution. They put single copiesat 1" eenls a hondrid cu- ' piesat 0. -live hundred eo bn at j'J.'i. I ,- ... ,t,., lllX .11 ,ll('l- , U. TlttiirtuMRiLnTtiTr..,rt.'Tw - -' M" a at 8t us .ii , I i ' J! "! " ", ".'"' ' i"ir. i e oi !l UII 1 38 , S9 " tl 1 . I ir 1 n U I 42 I 20 .18 S..N. I Ksln. 0.2) 15 1J 51 2V 1 .75 ' S. noudr. 0 s i 10 1 ' " ."9 M. I . u 1 2 at ... V ' n. Z i IS M I 3? , SO I e ii Kt, S. VZir i 19 23 2) -a " .aa i Svv..S, s,,r. O.L) 20 ) Si 21 ,al NVV..SW. I I iir. I 21 aj I at .-.o, .m 1 ti,, 21 20 25 II .JO nv, I (n.r, 21 U I 2-1 14 a.. 51. j ,f 25 -V, I 2! I '? " ": M...N. Kr. 2J Ifl 20 21 .20 T. NK, El.. H IT 28 . 2i 21.01 H..SW. ! Iftlr. ' 21 HI Al HI .25 ! N..S. "i; , 5',' SJ ?! " ,M s--s,v' ' ""r- o.ii "1 "1 81 15 " .73 SVV..NVV . 1.7! , i i ... Letters from I:i,kI,im,I. KO, XV. ' .1 ContcUed Khetion LoNbo.v, .Ion. 17, 155, Tlicro nre throe clakses tirileprfntnUvM In the Uou.e of Commons : Knights or Iln presentalivts nr Counlbs, Citizens nr cities, and lJurgo-sf,f,rboroiighs. There is however no distinction or privilege in tho diff. rent clnsses : otel as Tor the honor whi' h attuehes lo a seat in Parliament, if defend, entirely upon the number and chnraebr of the.on. fitituents Tho county member are suj posed lo represent the landed interest or the COUntrV. the n...l I ... ., ' ' I'uigrH'iuici'ijni. i.,er-.-iai anu manubictui Ing interests. n liko manner the interests or education may be considered as represented in the member's returned by tho Universities, viz ; two each by tho Universities of Oxmrd, Cambridge and Dublin, nnd tho interests uf the ehuich by tho Ilishops, who as lords spiritual have seats in tho Hou-o of Peers. A property qualification is required both of candidates Tor seats in Parliament and 0r electors. In Scotland, however, no property qualification is demanded ol" candidates, I,, other parts or the L'tiitcd Kingdom, a candi. date lor a county seat must possess an estate or Cm a year, a candidato Air a cilv or borough an elato ofjt.lOO a year. As soon as Lord Kbrington and Mr. Hell determined to contest the scat for Maryle bono, each sot about organizing committees, central and local, composed or the must in tlaentlal 12cn among (ho electors whoso ser vices could be secured. The worst leature of this committee system in England is that the local committees almost invariably sit at public houses, by which are meant dram shops. The campaign was formally opened by the publication of an Address to tho elec tors by each candidate, setting forth his views on tho great questions or the times, and promising the most implicit devotcdness to tho interests ot tho constituency ir ho should be elevated to the proud position ol their repfeycdtativc. rublie mcelings were then called in different parts under tho direc tion of tho committees, to be addressed by the candidates thi-mselvcs, or by other leading men. Minwhib; the different trad- and s Us w.M bury in eliciting from the candi dates pledge" ofattachment to their own pe culiar interests, and helping to swell the cry fur or against this one or that one according to his compliance or non-compliance with their wishes. The Publicans want to know if. Mr. Hell is in favor of the Sunday elosing act. Mr. Hell replica in elegant terms that he is not in favor of tint provision which de prives people of necessary refreshments on Sunday. Then all the Publicans cry, " Hurrah for Jacob Hell, the man or liberal sentiments '" Forthwith in the windows of all the beer shops, hiding for the time those " I 1 . 1.1 l. nn.,l.l. n stranger iu London, appear placards announ cing in huge letters to all who love these " necessary refreshments," who i- their friend. " Yoto Tor Jacob Hell, the liberal candidato." Hut step to the next shop. ' which mav be a Grocer's or a Hatchers, and you will see -otuething not so favorable to 1 .Mr. Hill's nonnkritv 11 Urn i, tl l',iL- t Ilobmstjleand is remarkably pointed. "Who protested against the Wat ' Jacob llell. v ho was unseated for bribery ' Jacob Hell. Who opposes tho ballot, though professing to be a liberal1 Jacob Hell." Ah, .T.ieoq Hell, tins is a bad time for you opposed to the war and election by ballot as you noto. riously nre. Hut hero is something positive for Viscount Ebrington. "Whois'Jn lavor of prosecuting the war' LordF.brington. Who advocates the ballot and purity of ' '-u,u r.orington. ho instructed l,tc t,trr.r.t ...11. A , ! ... . fcl"v si "iiimi.iiv nis namo n theru were any uttempts at bribery i bord Kbrington Von en,, 1,1 ,,rtt .. .11. .. ., . . uv iiitin ti oocn roil- III llnj- street without seeing hundreds or these placards. I saw one largo public bouse four stories high literally covered to the roof with them. They were affixed to the omniburcs they stared at you from every shop.window "iLU nought a pouna ot tea or a penn'orth lo7l;nKc;i 'u 'eru suro to find on the ' wraprer some sententious political advice. During ail this while the agents of the two candidates were going from house to house 1 solicitating the votes of the electors. Each ' or the candidates n-nt his curd to every elec- I bis vote and lidluenee in the coming election. 1 Whether any less fair means were used to 'influence voles I cannot say : I have not heard a whisper of anything to that effect. , I - viiiiiL. ,u html VliCl.1. I laws of England are now- very strin-ent I . , ., . , r flrln'-icnt off-1"" nrioery, and that they are executed a goou ueai oi vigor is shown by the case of Mr. Hell and the borough ol St. Ai bans of which I have before spoken. When you read of the expen-o incurred in an elec tion contest, you must not always conclude j that there has been bribery. Every candidate, I that is every one nominated by his own con. ' sent, must sharo ir. defraying the common ' expenses of tho election, such us the officers' fee- and the sum- necessary for erecting poll ing places, lie-ides these there is the privato I expenditure or each candidate, for publishing his address, printing and distributing ids cards, und many other things which are I almost unknown in your elections. It is at lean quito safe to say that compared with the practices of fifty years ago, bribery at elec tions is ol rare occurrence , ;. . , ,, . . ., , , Aswonling to tho prescriLed iodJo of p-a. feeding to election, tlio returning officer um. moncd a meeting of the electors nt the must central pulling place for the purpose of noni- :.,.,,:. . ,i:a.,,J i, ., , , ,- mating candidates. It is usual for tho mover j and seconder of the nomination as well as tho candidato himself to make speeches on Ibis ' occasion. There is no restriction as to tin number of persons who may be nominated, nur any obstacle In the way of unv elceior who mnv wish to brine TorwnrJ a candidato and it isnot requirtdofa member orpailiament , , r ., ' that no bo a resident uf the countv. citv. or birough which ha represents. After the nominations have all been made, tbe return ing officer calls for a show- of hands, an declares Hie vnte. This is a mere mutter of form preliminary to a poll being demanded by tho paiiy or parties declared in the mino. rity. Indeed in this caso the officer an nounced that Vo was unablo to decido in whose Tavor the slow of hands really was, but us it would make Uttlo matter, he should declare it in favor or Mr Hell. Orcourso Ford Ebrington's party deiuanled a poll, and it was ordered for tbe next dav. Il was enacted by a clauso in ,e HiTorm Hill that a convenient iiumUr if pdling lace should be ereelid indifferent )arts ol' the city, Horougb, or Cuiinty. vv'hcre un dee. ion is hold, in order to facilitate voting. Pievious to this it wus not uncommon to ex tend the time or j oiling through 111 days: the loiiseqiienccs ol' this praclico i.s affecting th puiity orelectois, it is not difficult t,, cimccivc. Hy recent enactments, the time of i holding the poll has been limited toon- day. j The polling (duces, or booths as they ar cul I "l. iro generally " ere "sliiintics" made of rough biiarib, and dn bind into sn-rul in pal ti ,i i,i In ,u h i ,r 1 1 , ennipiirtonoii s'iiiii'. a . I, r'. i m b ii w id an official 1'iyi-- '"r nf the elt i tor-. As eneh voter present '-'r nf' t h'n,if . . . nu ii. K. , hi in i iv astdi vv bat Is vour , . ." , .i . a,lsf" ine No further scrutiny is allowed to those who may challenge u voto than that whieh rofcrs to the identification of .... , ,'. l .. , I . . .......!, tbopersjii, and hi. qualilhuficns, with what arrears In the llogister. JVh party keopsa strict watch upon the proceedings 'nt ench voting place, nnd tl,.. i i,ar fI0111 tmo (o tlirlo reported to thi Cential Commiltoo, lloth Iird Kbrington and Mr. llell were on tho qui vivc during tho whole ,hy, running from o., polling p, re , a,wieri etlccrlnK their followers, a,,,! prying on ,,,0 contest with an ardor mid energy voHuT 0r ,croSi Atthe etidof every hour, Unl Kbringlon. ( ommittec published the result, i.r theSP ling, which were in hi, r,lVnr from thcSutsct. When the poll was closed, iApi r.bringtoi. was nearly 3000 in the majority Now In old times the parties Would havo been marching about the streets all day with flags and bands of music, making their throats hoarse with shouting Tor their leaders, and healing them with what .Mr. Hell would call "necessary refreshments." Hut all this is now made illegal Tlio election went off quite peaceably, and ir any 0r the successful party got drunk over their success in the evening, I don't think it was at Lord Kbring- 1011 s expense. On tho following day the electors wcro again assembled to henr the oIL'clal declaration or the poll. Iloth gentlemen addressed the as sembly. Mr, Hell very coolly told them that he was debated but not ashamed, and that ho should gather up all his remaining cards and keep his poll-books ready Tor the next vacan cy winch might occur. Lord Ebrington has sinco issued an address to tho electors, thank ing them for their support. I have given you the details of this contest that you may see something cf the mode of conducting elections in England, not because anything very important is involved in its re sult. Ixird Kbrington is considered a man of honor and principle, and to far as I itoiild learn tlio election was lair and open. That all elections are is honorably conducted, I can not undertake to assert. Vour Chronicler, GRtrntrt. (cof-nsrosDmcr or 73e rntx rnsn.) I'rom the Allrglianlesi NO. X. IlAnRisi.una, fVnn., Jan, 23, U55, To Tin. Uo'roe. L T1If Yvr.r. Parss : Youw'dl buservr ihut I dale ray liltrr the seat of Government, linvims makes It necessary to rpend my time ber, during the session of our Legislature, and initead of writlnz from tny borne in the Alleghanler, I nrlto from tho banks of the Susquehanna. Ilarrlsburg Is s beautiful toun, lying upon tho Eastern sido of that beautiful river. Its name is derired from its founder, John Harris, wbofirst set- tic J here among .ho red men about 17Itt. One of the Incidents of his life, Is the ."object of beauti ful picture which occupies a conspicuous place in our Senate Chamber. The Indians, aroused by the presence of the pale fac, and urged by that instinc tive terror which "tcracd to tell them th" man and the Indian couM "" W, but that tl.ri,ea .i Hunting ground' must giro wuy at the approa-h of tho former, seircd Mr. Harris and bound him to an elm tree nar the banks of tho stieam, piled the faggots around him, and ap plied the torch; but the friendly interference of some Influential Indians from tbe opposite side of tho river, saved him from torture and death. At this day the dry and gnarlo.l trunk of that tree stands, surrounded by an old, unpaluttd, weather-beaten, board fence, making a sort of uncouth looking pen, of some, sixteen or twenty feet square, Inside of which, and around tho old tree, are growing tlx old Lombardy poplars. These aro the only monuments that mark the spot. Tho Susquihanna at this point I' about three fourths of a mile wide, In the middle of uhlch is a beautiful Island of some thirty or forty acres, n a fine state of rultli ution. Across the river at thU I'oini, is a ocautiiui oreige, or ratner two bridges, tho abutments nl each resting on the Island, and stretching to the shore. One of these bridges is of peculiar structure, being composed of three spans eacn supported by the u-ual arch timbers, and the whole bridge forming one large arch. Thus when you enter the bridge you cannot see through it, un til you get near Ihc center or summit, then looking uown hill each iv e.. - tue wnoie Dnugc. ina bridge, however, on tbe Ilarritburg side of the river is of moro modern structure, being level from abutment to abutment. About two hundred yards below this tbcri- is another bridge, built for the Cumberland and Valley Ksilrcad, which reaches acres tho whole stream. A lattice bridge of light umoers, u loons pokmsh to cross it, and jet tho thunder of the cars, with their giant horse, is heard upon It every day. In this day, however, every thing says "WAi'i armil " Starting from this but bridge, two railroad, run oft" into tho Interior, one along the Cumberland Valley, westwardly to Chambcrsburg, and south west to Hagerstown, In .Maryland. The other, on tho right bank of tho river, descends atoDjr, its bank for ten or twclvo miles, and then turning to tbe south stops at Baltimore, llut lo return to our own Capitol. Upon the top of a round knoll rising some Cfty feet above tho lore! of the stream, staud the publio buildings. In tho center, facing tho river, tho Hall of Legi.latlon In the nubile; a hull ling for tbe Executive, Treasu. ry, and Auditing department, about one hundred f et to the west , another and similar building, at tho same dlstauco on the East, surrounJtd bv . J. Hghtful garden of youn forest and exotic shade trees, and now being enclosed by heavy iron fence. Standing upon Capitol Hill eery way lies spread oui i your iei a landscape or surpassing biauty. Enough, however, of description. A word or two as to what is the shapo and color of our Legislature now in session. Composed of new elements and new association. It Is hard to dl;ine its action, on some of the most Important Is sues before it. Two necks from to-morrow, a V, S. Senator is tu ho elected. There are many and earnest aspirants : some who aro most jealous and most confident, I think are destined to bo disap. pointed. Ex.liovernor Johnston, fien, Simon Cameron, formerly our Soator, A. 0, Curlin, pre sent Secretary of htatr, rw. Tiffany, J. II, Moordh'ad, rhadJ"i Ktcven, Judge Jleniot, and a host ot others are before the Hop!i. now. If as it is suppond, tbe nru- political organisation tales the .ubject into their hand., thoy run and will elect who they please, ibey have the lrs;l', ; fins' I am led lo the conclusion that they aro likely to s. Uct a man of Iiomocrallc antoc-ilcots, but it mar bo some one not now oonsidered prominent and I feel equally eonfidont that ho mu.t be AotUNebra. ka and Tariff in bis creed. Tbe Hum question is still unsettled in our State. X i.i.1 r .l. iwureii a seemlngexpreshiou 01 tne people again! a prohibitory law last fall while we havo elected a mijority of tho members, lavoraoie to sucl, a law. ibe cour.e wbli-h Is like ly to he la sen will be, tn pass a law prohibitory In Its character, stripped of some of its offensive de- tails, to go lute effei-t say on tho 1st of Ju . 1816. and then leave to Iho iople at an election, to say oy ineir voice, wnetaer thoy desire Ibe next As sembly to repeal It. Such a law would be sustained by our people, I Ulfeve ne nave scores or banks asling for charters, but i ininmncy r iii.many oi mem fall. The Legisla ture is not fairly at work yet. You sbs.ll bear from me utcaaiousuy, 1 Ours, ae., A V. t-"osRisrosrrce or the mis rarts.J Tplslles from St. l'aul. NO. I. Sr. Pact, Minnesota, Jan. 13, 1SSJ. To tux Uniroas or inr ric Pnrsi .1 . i vi.uaniw country, whether for business or p.easure, needs nothing so much at rr iiMt iniormaiun. Ills difficult for a Hranger, in a strange land, to uko even a Hep without seeking iniormallon Horn somibidy and glvlog it some de. tree uf credit. Hence ho is liable constantly lo be Uui. If he has money, enough will al. w'-bo ready to aid him In lis Investment, ly rep. ritenluion, mote sllivo than tiue. If he wishes lo buy bud, every man be meets has ibe Lest, chiapett, a,. therefore, most desirable. If he wish es u ctabll.hMinsilf In business, tho.e alnaJv lu the si.i.0 lld el bu.iues. will contrive todls.uade Uiuf.-onscf.iuuri. their ImiusdUie doleful .terio. ui LiU'i,,,,.,, m,rktl onrcrovde,!, A -., iulersptr-e.1 villi Jiy ,,,,,,, u rlfKitti fiiluie., and swuraue,. llHa ,ui1llllJ llmi, is a grand opining l,.r bi ve., bu.inen. If bo I e a credulous man he bel,-v es ete vihiug I. Id Mm and Isiuinid; If a iMUlimii. no p-rptisel and disboarlentid. Ileucc reliable Infoi-r,, ii-indispensable. It will therefire be my object ti glv, anoh stats meats be, died on, and bade tl,. t,,of eft emlgrtnl's ealeulallons. Of eourss there will b, some mattorl that cannot l precisely deferralosd Alto su'li, nothing bulsn opinion Can bo given, and nothing more will bo attempted. .Moreover it, a new country msny and g,.t ch,rr, , eofl. itantly going on, and what seems likely at on. Un. to be true with regard t a psilieular piste or thliif, In a brief p.flwl Is seen to bo wholly erroneous , while another pla'oo or thing, that hitherto tny have ntlrartcd little ir no attention, suddenly prlng. itiln Importiinss, and becomes famous In a night. In Mliiiiesotn, however, this Ii f frf. 'pienlly the e.e, thanln oth-r portions of the Wet, for the reason that comparatively alt placet and all kinds of business are continually going ahead and Increasing. Ji.m- place., to bo sure, adranee mere rtpldly than others, and some kinds of business prove moro profitable (ban others, but general prof, perlly attends them all. This Is dao primarily to the natural advantages nf the Territory, and lo tbe continual and rapid InOux of population and capi. tal. ('allures at the Eat do not affect us here, so disastrously as might beeupposed. In fact maby of them aro rather beneficial than otherwise. Ire. qucnlly those who ore unsuocessfal, East, gather np the wreck (notalways altogether a tcrtj of their fortune, and emigrate here, frequently "tlrbt times" East, are Influenced by the amount of ctpl. tal sent West. Then aguin, our Indian payments constitute a regular and substantial revenue exceed ingly refreshing to a community where otherwise most of the circulating medium wouldconslst of the poorest sort of thinplaslers. Put It imy be asked why, if capital Is so plenty and gold so common, art) the rati, of Interest so high, ranging as th.y do from two per cent, to foir a month 1 Tho explana Hon Is easy. It results In a great degree from the system of "Squatter Sovereignty." Many men come Into tho Territory and "svoat"upon the unsurveyed lands belonging to (lorernment. They live upon their "claim" until the land Is surveyed, when it becomes neeesary to "enter" tbe sams and nnv tnr II. Te flit, mnnp fins! h h.rf. If.,. they are ready to pay almeet any Interest to procure the cash, for they know that in ayear or two they e.o r.t.. .nongh from their land to repay the loan, besides supporting their family. Besides, these "squatters" always get the best land, and Iks value of It rises five-fold tbo moment a good title It se cured. So that if all other meant fall, ths land ets be readily sold for enough to pay the sum borrowed to "enter" It, and leave a balance luQiclent to pro care more. The "squatters, however, would t.l dom get their lands for $1.25 per acre, were It not for an exercise of their "sovereignty" somewbst novel and peculiar. At the time these lands are offered for tale, thti; value is much greater than tbe Government price, and as tho salo Is required to be publie, and to the highest biddor, speculators and capitalists would take sdrantageof the "sqaattera" and se cure the lands. To prevent this the settlers forta a combination, repair to the place ofsaledrest.d in red shirts, and armed with rerolvort and bowle knives, formaclrclo round the auctioneer, appoint tome one of tbelr number to bid offall the land aotaally settled upon, and it would be the death of any spec ulator to bid at all. Thl" proceeding Is not perhaje lav, but tho squatter, consider it gospel, snd the government winks a blind acquiescence. Such Is one pha so of tho practical working el Iho much Hi... i .-w.,M-...r Uvrvr-ignty. ' A more particular description of th climate, toil and productions of tho Territory, its chief cltiej and towns, will bo given hereafter. T. ITIUIS AT IIU.UK AM) A It It OA II. New SiORf.. Nicuou & Bovmov haro moved into their new store, one door north of their old stand, on Church street. The new store strikes us as tho handsomest and most convenient one in Burlington. It is ono hun dred feet long. I'rom tbo sales-room of Dry Goods, in front, you pass by half flights of broad stairs, to a spacious Carpet Koom above, and a sales-room for Crockery below all seeming to form but one room as it were, and so arranged that the view from tho centre commands all three rooms. Below in the basement are the Groceries. Tho rooms arc finely lighted by broad skylights and numer ous windows. The front is iu excellent taste and an ornament to the street, and tho whole seems well fitted for doing a "smashing busi. ness" in the sale or goods. Si. The loos to Messrs. Smith, or St. Albans, by the burning or their Machine a uiiop, last week, over and above their insurance, is estimated at $3,000. They will rebuild immediately, the Messenger says, ou a larger scale. A fire district has been surveyed in that enterpri sing village, and Taint hopes are expressed that in time a fire engine may be procured. Water pails havo constituted the ontiro firo apparatus or the place, from time immemo rial. Froh hie Standard wo learn that William lloyes, or Hyedpark, a tew days since, went to Lowell and got drunk ; return, ing, he took the road through Johnson, a number or miles out or bis way, and berors reaching home, he turned over, fell under his load, and was found dead, lie left a family. Fires. In Brattlcboro.on Friday night, n frame building owned by M. Willens was totally destroyed. Ineurunce $150. In Chelsea, the samo day, the dwelling house occupied by Mrs. Grow, was consumed by tire, with nearly r11 its contents. Mrs. Grow herself was with difficulty saved from tho flames. The property was partially covered by insurance. We dunned a subscriber lately to pay his arrearages. Ho said "My daughter says ir we must pay for a paper, we must take 'a city paper.' "Rutland Herald. Wm. Wvtermak, a scholar in the Pis- trict school at St. Jolinsbury Center, under. took last week to prevent the teacher, Mr Vaughn, from punishing another scholar, and a scuffle took place, in the course of which, aterman attempted to choke the teacher. ror this he was arraigned before Judge Kit tredge, who imposed a fine of 20, much to tlio chagrin of some of the boy's fellows, who, supposing that only a small fine would bo laid, had made up a purse or five dollars to pay it with. In debitor the cash, Water man went to jail. After a few days whole some confinement, his fru-nds paid the bill and took him out. Henrt Smillie and H, Wilcox, were fined $20 and costs, last Monday, in St. Johns- bury, lor un assault upon Andrew Craig, who was attacked hy Srailbe and Wilcox, knocked down, kicked and beaten, suflered toget up, again knocked down, kicked and left senseless. A person passing by, found bira unconscious, and took him homo. Amoci the patents, bearing dato Jan, 30th. , 1S55. is one to Henry Rogers, of Ferris burg, Vt for improved force pump, and ono to Klijah F. Parker, of TroctorsTille, Vt., for improvement in lantern frames. Iv Mendo.v, Rutland Co., on the road over the mountain, is a pIsco aptly .'caHsd "the bellows pipe of the Green Mountains.' As tho stage from Rutland was passing thro' there on the 28th ult, the body of the stag, carriage was blown of the wheels, and could only be kept upon the axlctrees by being chained down ; one woman was blown into the fields, and five men lost their hats in the rescue orthe woman and the coach. Ivcomo tion in any other way than by wind became impracticable, and the wayfarers had no ol. tentative but to u up for the night at tho nearest house, whieh, built to withstand the tempests, weathered the tornado without ds maeje. Tor this statement the UWifort Mercury is responsible, l.vnoim' Convention of the Free men of Lamoille County, is called to meet at Johnson, Feb. 15th, to nominatea candidate f ir Ciiumissioner under the Liquor Law, and a'so tor tho Council oT Censors. A I'll low named Paine, lately stole t boreo In Vnstiiii-U,n Vt, sild it iu llavcrhi'l N. II for jsJO, pushed on to Hoston, and committed a forgery, and got into Ivcrelt street jail before the owner of the horse could otvtcli him

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