Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 2, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 2, 1855 Page 1
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Wxt wm VOL. XXV11 WHOLE NO. 1.435. lUccklji jrtcc Dress. Printed at iY. C Cofffjt .Vrp.f, ZJMr, i:o, iv. (j ."77. nr-:si KntTons and. I'i "i tont 1" Term of Siibcilpirron. Tor Village SuLscrltjcrs, Carrier. ttipplti-d'' i 'ifl If pahl ntnrtlyln ndraneo, ForMnil SuWrlbcr, and tho at tho Offlcp. . - 1 CO wvlio take It ,'. . 2 00 ) . . 1 AO If paid strictly In ndvnticc, Who pay not In ndvnnco tut before x ninitli. 1 After six mon the, - - f - 00 Interest chnrgrnblo nftcr tho ycnr end. Torino ol Siibvcriptlcm for Inllj Tree Pre. To Village subscribers, per unntim, - - - ? 00 Tothojewhoroceholt by ttII, fur sit month 2 00 Or per annum, 4 00 ALWAYS IS ADVAMC. Xo subscription i dipped until nil Arrearages are paid, ex'-opt nt tbo option of the publisher, or discontinued unices by positive orders. Vricr for dvrrl Muz In MYcMy, On square, 10 linca or les in minion eolid, three insertions, - - - - $1 00 Each Insert i n alter the third, 2 ctt. per line. Ignl notices ten cents n line, nioro or Ics, for three week?. Yearly ftdrertlscrs occupying four squires or mora with privilege of change, nt a fair discount, 5 The prl liege of yearly ni1ertlers Is limited to thelrovrn Immediate business, in their own name; and all advertisements for tho benefit of other per sons, ns well as legnl advertisements and advertle mcnts of auction pnles, and nd ortlcments with the name of other persnn", sent In by thcni, must bo paid for at tbo uual rates. No report, resolutions or proceedings of any cor poration, society, aociation or public nicctinjr, aud ne communication designed to call attention to nny matter of limited or individual interest can bo In serted, unless paid for a an advertisement. No advertisement can be Inserted grntuItottMy for charitable or other societies, public institutions or companies. Contracts for yearly advertising iwll not be dii continued, unless (tn order to that effect is left at the office, and when discontinued In W tlnn a ycar,ri yriet ff a whole yir mil If thnrzrtl,, C-Tho Fnre riiKSs may be obtained In California of CHAnLF.s I'. Kimball, ' Xoiy Carriers,' Francisco. 1' II R K l' II i; s BOOK & JOB PRINTING OFFICE No. 6 College St., Ilurllnt.-n Yt. BoiKS, I'A WI'HLETf), Ittmuii.w, I'noORA M II lli, ClKCl'LARI, IlLAXK, UlLLIIRAhS CaUHS, Al ., Executed in both Plain and Ornamental style, with netncs, accuracy and promptitude G, G- BENEDICT, COUMISSIOHtiK FOK TIP, STATE OF N E V YORK. Office Free ' fSifoora?, fiurlhtiftnn, l'rrmznt C.Lr BENEDICT. commission1!:!: run tim: statu or VERMONT. IN NEW YORK. OFFICE 70 Wall Street. Fire and Marine Insurance, ;KTiA iiSl!ArCBO or ii RTFoitn, cosx. capital 3 0 0,000; SURPLUS .5150,1100. Connecticut Insurance Co., or HiRTronu, cow. cwitw. t? 2 0 0,000 suiii'Lia $3.),000, NORTH WKSTKKN INSITKAXCK CO. OF OSWEGO, s. r. CAPITAL $-00,000 ; Roger William's Insurance Co., Or PKOTlllBNtm, . I. OAPITM, 109,000. I N S U It A N c n nmoantnot cxccains 50,()U0 JullnrH la ono ri;k,Ukcn by tlio salncriWr, as Acut of tho abovo UouipanlcK, at ulr ana a'le- quilc r.ltcd. LirE IXSUKAN'CK will bu cllt-'CtcJ In Joint Stock anJ .Mutual Iinuranco Oompanios of tho firtt eland- '"" s.wiiiks. Uuriinston, Vt., Scrtcmbcr. ltf JOHN B. WHEELER, H EA L ES TA Til A U EX T, 13 teck's UL'ILDINO, nUUI.INJTON Vr.KMONT. Particular attention g'nen to the ;.urchaso and nleof Ileal Estate, the Investigation of Land Titlcj, Leasing, ColloctlnB Uent, Insuring, raying Taxes, Ac., &e., Jlo. jdlwtf Life, Fire and Marine Insurance. L i DAVIIV, Af,int. Office, fnrlh-west corner of Uio new Town Hall UL'KLIXUTON, - - - Vt. May2W. . ""'J iMoriii'v ;inI Counsellor 1 I.iuv, OFFICE OVI'.li COMMF.11CUL BASK, HUKLINUTON, April S, 1855. Ull n. P. DAYEY. ATTOIIN'EV AND COU.N'SEI.LOH AT LAW AND xiii.inrmit .V CHAXVIHIY. 'Zir Office North-west Corner of new Town Hall. Hiiill.iston Vermont. May Sid. Jlly IK.V1 tub 1S53. Nntrn Diime Streut, M O N T II 13 A 1. J. H, DAI. Aprils?. i!iyl" New England Type AMI ST E It HOT Y I IS FOUNDRY, KUabli.Iie.l in lf2l. NO. CO C0N(lltL--.S STKIlirr., UOSTO.V, MA?-i, Ehctrotyping ( Type Co))nrfaecd. UBf nr II. iiodaiit. March ii, 1851. JDHKI'H W. IIOUIIINl. d.Uly C;ii-(-J:urav;iiir. OUDEHS ItlXIHVIll) VOW MAUKIAOi: AH ilre, Tarty, and l!uiue Copper-lilato En grarcd Cards. Those who already halo cnjraiod plate-or their Cards, can have them neatly printed at short notice. r?r Apply at the HDU I'HE-.S OllICL, wbcio Anrrimrm ouarwus lyln can be seen. May 30. diwtf SPRINGFIELD PltliVI'IXIl LR .HOJIIMXV, IIVNL'FACTUIIKIIS OF UOOIv AND NKWS INK, Of HIT. BEIT QUAUTV, AMI AT I.OWIMT IMtlCJ-S Onlera liinr Iio Atldrt'fn din i:. W. IHIMWUCT, .ijiii. nurllngton, Vt. Mlf HANOI.NU ! P. J. F ARIl, r ij a : n i: it r i a n i . Ituil.inil Vcrmoiil. IS prepared tn Turnish Daicb Musir, any num. bcrof in'nlclani to suit tho occasion. IIALL-UOOM dancing, till latest style, taught ,in all its branches. 0.t. C, 1854. "If EMtoirsoK v yoor. JKN!'.HAIiU()MM!SS10,N MKHCUANTS FOR Tilt HAI.fc III WOOL AND CIlUiSTUY FIIOOVCF., NO. 13CSTATi:STKF,l.T. m i. PRocror.. I ISOKTON 4 r wouii. THEY solicit consignment, of ull kinds of Cuuu try Produce, fur which cash advances will be made, and to the salo and returns of which prompt attention will be given. ltEFEltENCES. Messrs, Hitchcock, Cubb X Winslow, " II, 1'. Fletcher A Co., ' lllanchard,Couverbo t Co., V. A K. lti. ItoaroH (l,N..ScyiuuurASon,OgdenburK,N. V Cox llubbcll, Potsdam, N. V.! Meigs A Wead, Maloue, N. Y. ' lteovei A .Stevens, Cincinnati, Ohio, " Ilodgos Jt Owen, ltutland, Vt, II. II. Bowles, Esq., tit. Albans, Vt. ' Samuel Morgan, Est;., Vergenues, Vt. " I". V. Lankton, Agent, dlntf OJDE.UDUR0U,:,'. V ro 31,1651, dtf !' OETSir. Sic Vltiv Such 1 Life. At tho Hast end of this aisle church of Ft. Mnry Ihery, Ijondon stands a monument, n portion of whoso inscription consists of tho first verse of tho following beutiful poem, which la thought, and with runic ptubabillly, tu bo I ho production of Quarlcs. AnnaLi tf St Miry (hrry, l,y Taylor, p, tW. Like to tho damask rose you see, Or like tho blossom on tho tree, Or like tho dainty flower of .May, Or llko tho morning of the day. Or llko tho suu, or llko tho shade, Or liko tho gourd which Jonas had J liven so Is man, whose thread Is spun, Drawn out uud cut, and so is done 1 Tho rose withers, the blossom blastcth, Tho flower fades, the mornlg hastctb, Tho sun sets, tho shadow- flies, The gourd consumes, the man ho dies, J,tkc to tho grass that's newly sprung. Or like the tale thas's just begun, Or liko tho bird that hero to day, Or like tho pearled dew of Myt Or Hko un hour, or llko a span, Or llko tho sinking of n swan ; l"en such Is man, who Htes by breath ; Is here. Is there ; In life, in death 1 The grass decays, the talo doth end, The bird is flown, tho dews ascend, Vhe hour is short, the span not long, Till) ewuus lUnlli t matt' a lift, ltd ono Like to a bubble on a brook, Or in a mirror liko n look, Of Hko a shuttle in tho hand, Or Ilku a writing un the sand, Or liko a thought, or like a dream, Or liko tho gliding of a stream ; K'cn such is man, whose life is breath, Is here, is thorc : In life, in death ! The bubble's burst ; tho look's forgot, The shuttle's flung ; the writing's blot : Tho thought is passd j the dream is gono ; The water jrlidcs man's Ufo Is dono ! riiiunplnin Vnlley llorticiilliirnl Society. At its l.ito meeting, tlio following was tlic ltqiort on Kruits, iiiriIo liy Mr. ISattev, tho Cli:iinnan nf the Trir't Conuuittcc : To THE ('. V. lIoRTKVI.Tl RAI. f'oclETV . The Society not having liehl any exhibition!) du ring tho ji.tst year, tho uinlertigncd has liud hut little opportunity lor tho examination of 1'ruits grown in our uilley, except 6iieh ns c fruited in the Specimen firounds here ; nor has ho hail any opportunity for consulta tion with other members of tho l'ruit Com mittee, lie is therefore unable to present, at this time, a Iieport in behalf of tho Commit- le0 1 ""stead, hegi lcao to mlnuit the following notes on xurictics or recent introduction, du they hac uow,piu,,i hearing, for one or moro yu.irs, at this estab lishment. Tctofsli. This new Hussian variety ap pears like to prme aluab!e. l'ruit of medi um size, fair, handsome, and ofgood quality. Tree hard)", and an early and abundant hear er. Kipen-, at tho end of summer. Smninrr liosc. Handsome and good. Summer Sicitl Varailisc. Of largo size and lino quality, liipens here tho first month in autumn. Valuable. Snpmvinc. Size ahoe medium. Quality ery good. Tree hardy and cry prodlictio. Immediately succeeds early hanet. Valua ble ; bettor Iieiu llian fuilliei Uuutli. I'arhj ltctl Margarrt. Small, and not as good as Sopsawne, which ripens at tho same time. Dutchess of Ohlrnburgh. I-arge, fair and handsome, l'ino for cooking. Hardy and jirf.lnotivO. yorthi'rn Fieeet. Still maintain iti hich character, as best among the best of its class ami season. Mitnsou Sweeting. This variety , introduc ed by J. .Storm of Marathon, X. V., was onco pronounced by I'. Harry identical with the Northern Sweet ; and subsequently, in his l'ruit Garden, ho described tho two as being much attic. Tho Munson haB now milted here, and proves to bo a variety of good sizo, lino appearance, and lair quality ; hut quite ilKtinct from the Northern Sweet ; not bearing tho least reemblance to it in tho nppear.iueo or duality of tho fruit, or tho habit or growth nf the tree. Tho .Northern ijwect is uy lar tho better fruit. Jersey Sweet. Quality very -;ood. 1'ro duetie and valuable. Porter. Ono of the best. Tree a moderate grower. Ilaulharntlen. A lino cooking apple, i no treo is remarkable for its early and abundant bearing ; and for making naturally a lino low or dwarf standard, on tho free stock. William's Favorite. Has not yet succeed cd so well hero hr in Massac husctts. Hal Astrachan, llandsomo and good, Tree ery hardy and productie. llenaui. Medium size, beautiful, and of fine quality. Cole. llandsomo, but inferior in quality. Amer'uan Gulden Russet. Quality lino ; hut the fruit isajit to ho spotted. Jonathan. llandsomo and excellent. Donunc. Quality very good. Treo very vigorous and productive. Minister. In quality not moro than 'good.' Tree hardy and a great hearer. Pick's Pleasant. In quality ono of tho best. The Iruit is rather apt tu bo spotted. J.ihIici' Suciting. Excellent ; but it re quires hero a long and I'.norablo season to at t lin its highest statu of p"rfection. lT.AItS. Dearbnurn's Sreilling. Quito small, l'ro ductho and very good. Tested only on the (Quince. It.nlt'rrr Nearlv medium in siro ; and of tho lincst quality. On Quince. Andrews. Sizo largo. Quality very line. Tested only on tho Quinco stock. Enne Dumas. Productive and excellent, l'romises well. On Quinco. Outclass d'Orltani (of tho English). ilia, medium ; quality ury good. On Quince, I'redtrick of Wurlimburgh. Size, largo; nualitv cry lino' An early and abundant bearer. On tho 7'rar stock. Jalousie de Fonlenay, Hather large, qual. ity "cry good. On tho rear stock. Johonnot, Medium in size. In quality, best On I'ear stock, Loui'c Ilcurrr of Jersey. This fine variety succeeds well hero, uud is annually Improving un tho trees acquire ago. Iho treo is a rapid und handsome grower, mid an early uud abun dant bearer, both on tho I'ear and Quince. Tho fruit is of large sizo and very handsome In quality it is very good," and often best. With mo it succeeds finely on tho I'ear stock, though it has had tho reputation of doing much better on tho Quinco. 1 huvo obtained more uood fruit even on the I'ear stock, from trees of this variety, than from an equal number ol trees of the same ago, of nny oth er sort, For extensile orchard cultivation, on tho stuck, in this valley, I esteem this ono of tho best, if not the best variety I have tested. Misiisiuoi. As fruited on tho Quince, worthless. Onondaga. Ijirgo, hanilsonio,.nnd good, Tested only on tho Quinco, Piatt. This linr lutiio variety has not yet fruited in my collection Hut as fruited tho grounds or the originator, it maintains fully it, reputation .regard it a s one of - tfjTu m. ototb Tr ! tho very best sorts, for thu region, which has . tll(.ir vui01. UI,j lcrolo character, eier charao vet been nroved here ' teristlo of Auieric&n bravery." " j , Srektt. Of slow growth ; hut hardy, pro- ductile, und of tho highest excellence Does well hero, both on tho I'ear and Quinco. Summer Iloncrclicn. Often good, but la riablo. On (ho I'ear stock. Surpasse Virgalicu. Kully first ratoinull respects. On Quinco. Van Mens Lien Ic Clcrc. A magnificent pear, of superior quality, and high promise for this locality. Tested hero only on tho I'ear stock Verte Languc. A juicy and refreshing l'air of fair quality. Very productive on tho Quince. l'Ll'MS. Jefferson. Largo, handsoino and excellent. Ono of tho very best. lllcckcrs Gage. Excellent. Columbia. Largo, handsome and good. Doininc Dull, Good size, and (Inequality, Drop r' Or. Very good. Frost Gage. Hardly as good hero as far ther south. Golden Gage (of Ilivcrs). Medium or small sizo; quality, good. Imperial Ottoman. Very good. Lombard. Quality, good. Vigorous, har dy and productive. An excellent markot sort. Monroe. Has proicd worthless here. Purple Favorite. Excellent. lied Diaper. Very line. Heine Claude dc Decay, Largo size, hand some, and of excellent quality. Ono of tho best. CIIEItRIES. Digarjeau. Excellent. Kirtland's Mary. Very fine, Kentish. Productive and good. I.argv English Morcllo. Fine for cooking. Plumslanc Morcllo. Very line. Late Duke. Very good. I)u Aorrf Xoi vcllc. liathcracid. Late. May Duke. Excellent. Dctlc Magnifiiuc. Very fine. Carnation. Good. Holland Digarrcau. Ono of the best of the hard Jlcshed chcrrieH. UiJicrt's lied Heart. Very good. Jeffrey's Duke. Fine. HAItDY GUAI'ES. Isabella. Was succeeded finely' tho past season, wincn was unusually lavorauio 10 mo perfection of tho Grape crop. Diana. This is the finest flavored Ameri can Grape 1 have yet fruited. Itipeus here a fortnight earlier than Isabella. It is diffi cult of propagation, and not very productiie, yet it may bo regarded as a decided acquisi tion. Clinton. This variety was better in qual ity than I have before had it, though not yet equal to the .McNeil. Nor is it as productive, though it is less liablo to mildew. McStil. This variety maintains its char acter as tho best perfectly hardy and reliable Grapo I haio yet tested. eiteiman. This is a new larioty, and an other chance seedling from the Lyman : fully equal to the McNeil, and a fortnight earlier. I consider it an important acquisition for this vulloy. Cowan. This appears to bo nothing moro or less than tho Lyman, so long and well- known at llurlmgton and vicinity under tho latter name, which must be considered the correct one. Strawberry Grape. Inferior to tho Lyman or either of its seedlings above named. Coon. Ditto. Fitchburgh, Native White, (of Mass.) and Early Purple all distinctly Fox grapes, and unworthy of cultivation. Elsmhurgh. Early, and of fair quality ; but too small to find favor with most ol our cultivators. Uespectfully submitted, J. I1ATTEY, Chairman of the Sanimg Fruit Commit tee of the Champlain Valley Horticultu ral Society. Union Nt nsERiES, Keesevill, N.Y. ) February 20, 1855. J Duration or Emii.isii Ministries. Tho following account of tho names and the dura lion of the larioiiR Administrations which liaie governed England since tho passing of tho Reform Act of lt32 may, nt this moment, bo interesting to nil jartifB. The Ministry of tho late Earl Grey held offico from November, 130, to August, 1834, and was instrumental in carrying the bill fur the reform of the representative system. On tho resignation of Karl Grev. in August. 1834. the whig Ministry was modified, and Viscount Melburno was raised to tho office of First Lord of tho treasury. Tho Ministry was dissolved by Wil.iam IV , in November, 1834, when Sir Robert. Peel was summoned by tho King lrom noma to lorin a now uovernment uiodcrato Conservative principles. Sir Rrohert's tenure of offico, howcier, was brief, for. in tbo following April (135) tho right Hon. b 'iv t was defeated oil the famous " Appropriation Clause" of tho Irish Tithe hill, anil iiru .Mcinurne onco moro rcsumeu the reins ol Government, this, tho second Melbourne Ministry, endured from April 1835, to August, 1&4I, or upwards 11I six jcars, exclusive of tho week's inltrrrgnum 111 183'J, when LjpI Melbourne temporarily resigned, ami was reinstated un tho refusal of bir U. Peel to tako ollico under certain circumstances which need not now bo reverted to. In tho summer of 1 1 the Whigs wero defeated ill two Parliaments elected under their own nuitpicfs, und Sir R. Peel formed that Administration which carried tho prin ciplo of Free Trade, nnd was eventually upset in ir-iu ny tna secession ol its " rrotco' tninist suppolters. Lord John Russell's Administration, w hich succeeded, lasted from June, I4ii, to 1-ebruary 1852, when a defeat on tho Milita Hill induced his Lordship to resign office. Then camo tho brief Administration of tho Earl of Derby nnd tho " country party," which lasted uliout nine months, It was dssohed just be lore Christmas, 1852, und the Enrl of Aiierileeu succeeded as 1110 lieadol aLoalition Ministry. This Administration has lasted 11 littlo mure than two years. It will ho seen that tho second Ministry of Viscount Melbourne held office for upward of six years. that of Sir Robert Peel (tbo second Ministry) nearly lue years, and that ol lord ,Iolm Russell nearly six jcars. During tho period r- ibii ... ium i in question, viz.. from 1834 to 1854, three appeals were mado by existing ministries to tho l'ublio opinion uf tho nation by the usual constitutional course or a general election, Thus, Sir Robert Peel dissolved Parliament in December, 1834, nnd tho result wus a considerable, but not adequate, acces sion of Parliament support ; Lord Melbourne dissolved in 1841. but tbo countrv returned a majority of 1U0 against him ana the Earl of Derby's nppeul tu tbo people, in 1852, was, to judgo from the icsult, similarly, though not equally, unsuccessiui. i.onaon times. The Laie IIvtile in I'fru, Tho recent ar rival from tbo Isthmus gaio the particulars of a decisive battle fought in Peru lictwoen the revolutionary aud guicrnmcnt forces, in which the former were entirely successful. Accounts received in New York state that a number uf Americans, who hud como to Lima en route from Australia homo, took active part iu tho engagement, lighting, of course, on the side which proved victorious. A let. tor fmin Lima h:irt i The v leturv his been in ascribed tn tlio lilt v American soldiers, who. CiiBtilhi say iu his official 1 despatches, did 1 , 1 1,...!.. I.... ...!,,. 1 teristlo of American bruvtry. BURLINGTON, ArT., Tho IliiRllsh Ministry. Wo giio nnothcr letter from our London .... I'--!.-!. Ml..!--.. correspondent on the English Ministry. Our readers will find it moro interesting than to read tho broail sides of tedious parliamen tary talk mado on tho occasion, with which tho city blanket sheets are filled. We went over Lord Derby's explanatory speech in the II0U60 of Irds, (iio columns of solid minion. Yet tho sum und substance of it when put into short metre is neither more nor less than this : Thcro is nothing liko open nnd fair dealing among public men. I nm a frank man my scir und shall talk square out what 1 think and what I know. Those in Parliament who bclievo Ministers nro going wrong have al ways to rido on ono horn of a dilemma or on the other. If they condemn, they are asked; why don't you bring in a motion of disnp proial! If they do bring in ono, they nro charged with factious opposition when tho country needs a united support in its difficul ties. As for tho defeat ol tho Ministry on Roebuck's motion, there never was anything liko it! Thoy wcro heat moro than two to ono ! They had to go . I thought quite likely tho Queen would send for mo, and she did. Now its not a bad thing to liavo tho control of tho govern -mcnt when you aro sure of a stout majority in both Houses to hack you up ; but when all you can bo sureoTis a snubbing every day or two, it is another affair, and thatllouso of Commons just now is rather bharp bitten ! I could easily pick out somo men for a new cabinet that 1 should liko to work with, but to make up an entire batch was not so easy so I had my doubts how I should come out. Well, I talked with the Queen nearly an hour and a half. 1 told her sho needed a strong government and if on trial, 1 could not mako ono, it would bo as well for hor to try some body else. If nobody else could do any bettor, then I and my friends would du as well ns wo could. Sho should not bo left to go on with out any government at ull, As for the story that sho told 1110 what to do its mere bogus. She did nothing of the sort. I went straight to l'almerston, and ho talked like a gentleman. Ho said ho could UoteuiiRt uiiuei me, uiiiv.00 v. -i.u of bis could bo in the company too. 1 ex pected that, and told him 60. I named ono or two. He said ho would talk with them, and I thought it was all right. I waited till near bed titno for his answer, that I might send word to the Queen, and when it came, it only amounted to this, that Gladstone and Herbert would write to 1110 theunches. Well, what do you Gladstone wrote' Why that Paliiicrston told him that ho, l'almer ston could not bo of any sen ico tome! Of course it was no go, and I told tho Queen so and that I was sorry but could not help it. I told her again that sho ought to haic a strong goiernment, and if after trial all round, sho should find that sho couldn't do better, 1 would try again. Somo of you may think I ought to have tried somebody else then. I meant well at any rate. ouiqmau -- well when he refused to help me, though his being so ready to try his hand at making a goiernment with himself at tho head, looks a littlo as if ho cared more for himself than ho did for tho Country ! However ho has made ono, and he must hear whateier comes along with it. It ho makes peace too easy, or refuses to make it when is is 110 longer necessary, he must tuko the consequunces.' Letters from I'nglunil. NO. XVII. Ministerial Changes. London, February 'J, 1S55. To tht Free Prut : A very natural question for an American to ask at this juncture, is " Why did tho late Ministry resign '" Tho answer involies a principlo not recognized at Washington, but considered as binding nt Westminster: namely, that tho Ministers for the time being must have tho confidence of tho House of Commons. The motion for an inquiry into the conduct of tho war, was construed as a motion of confidence or no confidence in the Administration : it was carried hya majority of more than two to uno : tho Ministers, as a matter of course, nil resigned the very next morning. You may remember that when illiam Pitt was Prime Minister, ho persisted iu re taining his office, though ho was regularly defeated in every diiision of tho House. Hut of course, all this while, legislation was at ti perfect stand-still, and no one with less per. tinacity than Mr. Pitt could havo withstood tho clamors against his unprecedented con duct. In caso of a defeat in Parliament, thcro is only one other expedient open to tbo Minis try : that is to adiiso tho boiereigii to uis snlvo Parliament. This throws tho ministry moro immediately upon tho people who will express by their newly elected reprcsentatiies tlieir approbation or disapprobation ol the government. When tho Ministry or l-irl . .,,, . . , , ., r . 1 . urey, 111 1001, inirouuecu 1110 re.orm they wero defeated in the Houso of Commons; but by dissolving Parliament and appealing lircctly to the people, they received such an accession of supporters 11s enabled them to carry their measures. It is not improbablo that tho new Ministry may resort to this measure for support in carrying certain vigo rous reforms into the war departments. It is not for 1110 to decido which is moro republican or more consistent, tho entiro in difference to popular expression in tho Cabi net nt Wushington, or the extremo sensitive ness of tho Ilritish Cabinet to such expics- sions tho cases indeed aro 111 many respects not jarallel hut theru certainly is somo point in tho turn given to present occur- rences in both, by the Earl of Elgin, lato Governor ofCanadn, in a speech nt 11 public ' . dinner. ' Tho laipular will tells much moro directly and immediately on the Executive Government under our system, than tho po pular inico does in tho United States, You could not havo a moro curious exemplifica tion of tlio difference between theso two sys tems, than you havo at this moment. A short time ago wo had a government which, up to a recent period, had received certainty a large share or Parliamentary support, and which used to command tho confidence or Parlia. rncnt but wo find that when n motion was brought forward by which tho coulidenco or tho Puiliaineiit in tho Goiernment was tested, and when that motion was carried against. itheui, tho government retired, and tho government or tho country will now be committed to other hands. Hut what would have been' tho state or matters in America Why, thero neier was a President who was elected with a greater appearance or popular support than tho present Presidont of tho United States, and I venture to say that thcro never wus an Administration which seemed t? he more utterly discredited among FRIDAY, MA11CH nil parties than is tho present administration. Hut you will observe that they nro saddled .!.. . ..... . ... wmi mat gentleman lor lour years, and with his Ministers, if he chooses to keep them." It would not bo difficult to pick flaws in tho noblo Earl's argument, but it certainly has forco. Alter nn interregnum of ten days days of considerable anxiety and of many hopeless projects wo aro again proiided with a Min istry. Tho papers of tin's morning inform us, that nt a Privy Council held yesterday, Lords l'almerston, Granville nnd Panmuro, wero Bwom into their respective offices, nnd "kissed hands" with the Queen on being in icsted with tho seals. Many members of the old Cabinet remain ; only Lords Aberdeen, Nowcastlo nnd John Hussell retire. Palmers ton becomes Prime Minister, Sidney Herbert, formerly Secretary at War, takes tho Homo liepartmeut, incited by l'almerston, Lord Qraniille lieeotncH President of tho Council in room ol Lord John Russell, Lord Panmuro becomes Secretary for War an offico which ho lormerly held in Lord John Russell's Min istry. There is to bo no Secretary at War, hut Mr. Layard, "the .Member for Nineveh," as ho is called, will act as under-Secrctary. Irfird Crnnworth as Lord Chancellor, Mr. Gladstone as Chancellor of tho Exchequer, and two or three others in subordinate de partments, remain as before. Tho Cabinet is a Coalition Cabinet still ; indeed each party is represented in tho new Cabinet precisely as in tho old. Tho changes which havo been made, bring before us another principlo in tho Parlia mentary system, which descries notice. Lord l'almerston and Mr. Sidney Herbert tako new offices in tho present Cabinet, lly this step thoy vacate tlieir seats in the Houso of Commons, anil must appear before their con stituents for re-election. Here you see is another check ujfon the Ministry in tho pow er of the peojde. If a Cabinet Minister can not secure a seat in Parliament, ho throws up office; none nro considered available in tho organization of a Ministry but those who can rely on an election. When Lord John Rus sell contested tho representation of London with a liew toa seat it. ;"',"" prospects wcro atone tinio very doubtful, hut a man of standing in his party cannot afford to shrink from such a test of confidence, by pre-cnting himself before somu small body of partisans in somo close corporation. It is nut thought that l'almerston and Herbert will find any opposition to their re-election, but a week must clapso before they can bo returned. Parliament has accordingly ad journed till next Friday. Your Chronicler, GRirniii. The .Mission to Spain. Mr. llreckenridgo haling declined to tako -Mr. Smile's place nt tho Spanish Court, tho President has been enabled to fulfil a corrupt contract made in his name by tho Washing ton Union before the pass.igo of the Nebras ka bill. That print, it will bo remembered, promised, that if in consequence of support ing that it.ea.Hure, any member of Congress stitucnts, tho administration would p'roii'i?o for him. In other words, if be would proio unfaithful to his constituents, the President stood ready to reward him with an office. Augustus Ca'sar Dodge, of Iowa, a member of tho L'nited States benate, r formed the sen ice, and yesterday received his wages. Tho people ol low 1 disapproved strongly of the Nebraska fraud, I ut Augustus t';e-ar Dodgo had his eio upon something 111 iro sub stantial than the good w ill ol his constituents, lie helped tiie Nebraska bill through tho Senate, and immediately became a digr.iced man in Iowa. Thu other 1l.1v the Ic'rislature I of that state elected Mr. Harlan, a decided I adversary of tho Nebraska fraud, in his stead. Augustus Liusar Iiudgo was now ready lor tho reward of his perfidy, which has just been "iven in the shape ol that Spanish mi-.-ion. lie touches an outfit of nine thousnnddollars, and is to haie a salary of the same amount. As there is nothing for him to do at tho Spanish court, ho may ju.t go oicr, make his bow to tho Queen, tako 11 lew weeks to rest from the voyage, and return at Ids leisure to rcceiio his salary. Impudcuco is no stranger to high nlaees. and tlio President of tho L nited States may do as impudent a thing ns the man wlTo blacks his boots. It is an impudent thing for a President of tho L'uion to buy off from his duty a seiutur of one of tho states, it is an impudent thing for .Mr. I'iureo to say to tho State of Iowa, " You hive done jour woist to my friend and tool, Augustus C'icsar Dodge ; you haio dropped him ns a public man, and fancy that you haio sent him to private life. 1 shall let you know that you are mistaken, by gniug bun one of the most desirable oflieis 1 h.ue to confer." Thero has been some controversy ns to what is tho " height or impudence," hut this attempt on the part of our Chief Magistrate to outbid a Statu iu its claim 011 thu fidelity of one of its own senators iu Congress, deserves tu bo placed as near thu height of impudenceasuny thing wo havo heard of fur sometime past. Augustus Lo-ir Dodgo is fortunate in one respect, llo gets his pay, while others, who tool: the taiiio siile in opposition to the will of their constituents, uro languishing in tho misery of hopo ih'lerrcd. If thero was any thing" for him to do at tho Spanish coutt, Mr. Dodge ivnul'l ham no quulitications lor th i place. He could not bo depended upon upon ; a man who has proied lailiiless to his eonsti- i " i"u immess 1 to his country, if there was tho least tempta- .', tll 10 N1; lo adds another to tho list of unworthy diplomatic appointments .Mr. iireeKeuridge, uieanwiiiie, lias judged lisely iu not accepting tho place of minister u spam 110 enuni nave gaincu no eruii with tho people of this country by allowing bin 11.11110 to bo placed on u catalogue of dipomatie appointments which begins with tho name of Sonic and closes with that oT Docge. A'. V. I've. Post. T10 correspondent or the New York Even ing i'ost gossips thus ol' tho new Massachu setti Senator ' tin Siturd iv, tho credentials of General WiLon, the new Senator from Massachusetts, were presented, lie is a niun of portly and senatorial nnneurauce. nnd looks very well in his chair, (lormerly Atchison's,) which is diroitly behind Sumner's, and to tho lelt ol' Houston, in front of whom Senator Chao has his seat. Some uf Wilson's know-nothing and whig acquaintances importuned him to put himself on the whig sido of tho Senate, hut it would not do; ho had made up his mind to sit with tho democrats, whose 1110.1 sures, it is presumed, he will generally sup port. lie lias evidently taken tho know nothing infection very lightly; ns inlants take tho chicken-pox, lor tho sakenf variety,' A Witness in Covrt. Tho Worcester py relates the following amusing examination of a witness in a case of a man w ho was indicted for stealing booth . A brother uf tho defendant, who was a witness in the case, nnd who testified that he saw his brother purchaso the boots and some other things from Smith, created considerable amusement by the naive manner in which ho answered thu district uttomey's questions. llo testified that ho could not write, nnd shortly afterwards stated that ho wrote to his brother, from Springfield, to visit him, 'Didyouuot testify just now that ion could not writo I" said tho attorney. " Wul, neither I can : hut I ordered tin letter to bo wrote, and got it done by tho hand of another man." " Who waB tho other man ' " Wul, it was my iiuut," Tho bull created some merriment, which, however, did not disturb the equanimity of the witness, 2, 1855. Kntc nnd IHlcn. " What a differenco thcro is in children "' thought I. 1 was 011 lny way to llrooklyn, with my two littlo cousins, Kate and Ellen. Soon after wo wero seated in tho omnibus, a poor woman entered, first lifting in a littlo girl, and then leading a littlo hoy, whom wo soon discovered to ho blind. He was about four ycars old, with soft white curls and bluo eyes, into which, alas, tho glad light entered not, His sister, some ycais older, was a bright, merry looking g'irl. It was very pleasant to see her care for her littlo hlin'l brother. The woman seated herself with her little hoy in her lap, and tho littlo girl by her side, between herself and my littlo friend Kate. Now Kate was very nirlv dressed us sho very well knew. Tho poor little girl, as sho sat down could not easily moid sitting on Kate's cloak. My littlo lady drew herself up very haughtily, and snatched her clo.ik away, as if it wasqnito too nico to bo touched by 11 beggar," as sho called tho child. My attention was arrested by this 11101 ement, and I watched Kate closely. Not a look did she give the little group, after her first glance of curiosity. Sho had nothing to do with them 1 Sho was tho daughter of Mr. Emmons, and lived in a beautllul house, nnd had on a vel let cloak, and a white satin hat, and nice chincillas, at which she glanced with evident complacency. There aro somo littlo faces, which nre w rit tcn all oier with satin hats, and velvet cloaks, W hich makes ono forget all about such tilings. Kato moved away us far as possible from her littlo neighbor, aud what she thought about I cannot tell, but she looked as if she wero thinking. " 1 am altogether abovo hav ing anything to do with you !" Ellen was sitting next to her sister, so that I saw both. I was interested in watching tlio changes of her face. Her first glance nt t ho poor children settled into a look of tender in terest. Sho turned to me and whispered, " Cousin Mary, that littlo boy is blind !' It was not long beforo she was exchanging smiles with his sister, whoso bright bluo eyes shone with delight. Ellen had a beautiful bunch of roses from tho green-house, which she was carrying to her littlo cousin Jane. I noticed her repeat ed glances at it; at last with a sudden reso lution she whispered to me : " Cousin Mary, would'nt you give your ruses to that little lioy 1 yon kno- Jcmilo can have some any time." , " Certainly, dear, if you wish to. So Ellen slipped down from? her seat, and cirefu'll'- placed her beautiful and fragrant uovvcrs in tho hand of the little blind boy. Ills sister said to him : " A lady gives you tho flowers, Willy." I low pleased and happy ho iookeif ' and how sweetly he said, " thank you !" He could not sec their delicate colors, but he had not always been blind, as 1 learned from his mother, and their sweet fragrance brought back the memory of their beauty. And was not Ellen happy too' It was something Kate could not understand. If Ellen had received beautiful roses or kind lorilfrf they would not have made her half so happy as sho always was when sho thought of thoo poor children ' My little sunbeam," I called her, for like sumbeams her kind feelings went out, gladdening, brightening, beautifying ull around her, so that sho found gladness, brightness and beauty everywhere, not know ing how much of it camo from her own lov ing heart. Force or Gimowiier. " Somo of the ef fects of ignited gunpowder," s.ijs tho Liver pool Standard, ' are wonderful. When gun r 1.. he.ipi'd up in the open air and in flamed, thero is no report, and but little ef fect is proiltioo.). A hmimII tjnuntity nf.oti and ignited in a room, forces the air outwards so as to blow out the windows; but the am' quantity confined within a bomb, within the same room, and ignited, tears in pieces and sets on fire tho whole Imuse. Count Rum ford loaded a mortar with olio-twentieth of ounce of powder, and placed upon it a tvven-ty-four pound cannon ; he then closed up eicry upening as completely as possible, and fired the charge, which burst tho mortar with a tremendous explosion, and lilted up its enormous weight. In another experiment, Count Rumford confined twenty-eight grains of powder in u cylindrical space, which it just filled, and being fired it tore asunder a piece of iron which would have resisted a strain of four hundred thousand pounds." Slowness or Co-cErrio.. Our old friend T .descended t Irum a primitive colony that, leaving the " faderlant," planted themselves at Waldoboro', had the usual German slowness orcomprehension, as well as tho proverbial correctness of tho Teutonic race, when he once got fairly hold oTan idea. T kept a small store, and dealt in "all sorts." Ono day a very genteel man came in, professing the utmost haste, and wanted twenty dollars in small hills to break a double . where ho had made a trade hard bv. Vy. said T , ' I doesn't know ye. Vat for I let you have twenty dollarsh initio monish' Oh, don't bother,' said tho stranger; 'here give 1110 tho twenty, and I'll give you a dollar for the uso or it, and I'll lock you in till I get back : that will mako it pare.' T, cogitated a moment The chance of making a dollar was good he was somewhat con fused, and so ho said, Yaw, dat ish good,' and then passed out the money. After somo half hour, T began to conclude that the wrong man was locked in tho security had been given on tho wrong side. The stranger was gono with the cash. T - never lent any more money withou considering with rent deliberation the matter 01 security. Uelfast Republican. Pav Voir Hills An Incentive. Some years ago u farmer iu Frederick county Md., owed a neigiuior 01 111s jjou, auuas toon as no could realizo tho sum, ho promptly paid it over. Tho morning ho called to pay it, his friend appeared to be very thankful, remark ing that no was also iudebt to another person who needed the money, and ho would at onco tako it to him. This remark started a train of thought in tho mind or tho first person. who said to iiimsell -why Here, is $1UU paid with jJ50. I will at ohco toilou- m, this matter und see where it will end. Ho then followed un the payments ol debts hv tins ono nolo or S50. until he traced it to tho largo amount of 3,75U, when it got out 01 Ins reach. Vnw lii.rn is 11 moral : A owes II a bill which, if ho pays promptly, will bo paid by It to C, ando on through tho whole alpha bet ; aud, it'iull ho surprising tu ciery one, wlmt a small amount is necessary to pay oil' hundreds of thousands by keeping tho "eagles 011 tho wing.' Now, when the money market is so tight and thu banks aro unamo to ills count all tho paper offered, let persons liegiu to nav thier hills, and bv doing this, they, themselves, will bo paid luck iu turn. It is 11 luachino which feeds itself, und propels, by its own offal, the executiou ol great exploits llaltimorc Patriot. Eqi-AL Laws. In the Almanac of Benjamin llanneker, tho black ustrononier, published about tho year 1791, tho following story, now retraced by memory, is told ; A black man was arrested and taken be fore a magistrate, on suspicion that n knil'o and corkscrew which ho had in ins posso sion wero stolen, Onhiscxamination he usserted that he bought those articles ot Tom, a negro slaio, and (aid him honestly for them, Hut said tho magistrate, wherodid Tom get them I believe, said tho prisoner, Tom stole them Yon black rascal, exclaimed the magistrate you shall bo severely whipped for buying things which you believed to be stolen. Would a white rascal, asked the blackmail bo whinned for buying stoleu goods ! Yes said the magistrate all colors would bo treated alike. There, added the poor iinso nor, is Tom's master, catch him constable, ho bought Tom who was stolen lrom 111s lamer and mother Hut the knlie and mo corn 6erevv havo no lather and mother." Con tho holders of slaves, or tho purchas era uf tlio product of their labor, produce a more valid title tj the property thus held or purchased, than the black man did to tho knife and corkscrew I Friends' Rtvme NEW SERIES, Dulles 011 Wool, .Air. IMiiinnils' Letter. Soon after a vote on Houston's Tariff bill, Mr. Edmands of Iloston, Wfoto a letter to tho lloston Alias, of which wo glvo below so much as bears directly on tho subject of ta king off tho wool duties. Wasiiinotov, Feb. 12, 1855 Mi-ssns. Editors .I notice in tbo .! of tho lnth, a statement oTtlie vote or the Mis. siiehnsctts Delegation, on Mr. Houston'' tarifl' bill, which is not entirely correct I was not absent, nor did I fail to vote You will find my 11 ime recorded among the nves. and I regret tint it bad not moro support I'roin our side ur the House Dickenson and DuWitt wcro out of the city, but would have voted in tho affirm itivc, ha'l they I eon here l do not know of a singlo interest nf N'evv England which would havo been materially injured by tho bill, and nearly nil would have been greatly benefitted, w he"ther it bo called a free trade or n protectionist misure. Tim present extremo depression ,,f the woolen manur.icturo would lie ellectually relieved by tho proposed reduction of duty nn raw ma" terials dyestuffs being assessed at 4 per cent., and part or them, with nut and pilm oils, made free wool at 8 per cent. Tim broadcloth, carpet, nnd blinltet concerns wouii bo especi'illy benehtteii. tun uioi grower would ho better iiffwltn this than ho is likely tu bo under tho suspended opera tions ol so many woolen mills The broad cloth looms havo all been stopped, nnd that business surrendered ns hopeless under tho present tariff. Foreigners now supply tho entire consumption of this country, not mere ly because the price nf American wool is too high for foreign wools at the reduced duty cannot be laid down here now. lower than present prices of American wool but also on account of tho fluctuations in price, and maiiily becauso certain descriptions or foreign wool aro absolutely required to make cloths that aro saleable. Tho broadcloth manufac ture will bo resuscitated by the introduction of foreign wool nt a moderate duty, and an additional demand for American wool will bo created. A pound of native wool will bo taken with n pound of foreign, theono being necessary for filling, tho other desirable for warp. Every advanco m ido by foreigners in crowding out our own manufacture, is a movement against tho wool grower, and what ever is done towards supplying our market oitli American cloth, is just so much against the introduction of foreign wool in tho fabric. Tlio European manufacturers now send to this country, annually, twico as much wool as is grown here, as ifnncar.s hv the renorts of tho Secretary or the '1 reasury. The effect of such importations of wool in tho fabric, is now foil by the farmer, through the inability uf our manufacturers to purchase his wool, in the consequent low prices of wool. As the American wool is superior to that of any other country for its spinning properties, it will be preferred by the majority ol manufac turers, ami I doubt il theopi'iiing nfour ports to foreign wool, at percent duty would re duce American wool much below the average of our woul lor the pist 15 years, which may bo stated, as recoivid by the growers, ut 33 cents. It will prevent those fluctuation so disastrous to tho manufacturer, and which have not been beneficial to tho farmers. Wool which sold for 3D cents iu 14'J, brought 50 cents in lt53, and is now down again, with out demand at the sumo price, w ith another season's clip so soon to be in market. These fluctuations have continued under tho opera lion nf the high duties of the act or 1840 ; and have had an unfavorable effect on tho in crease of wool. While our population has in creased one-third, tho growth of wool has re mained nearly stationary, and the imports of woolen goods into tho country halo almost trebled. 1 ho market is to bo supplied h Ion ign manufacturer-,. or by our own The -"I'l'ly (Vnin the foreign oun-e bus hoon . tending greatly Irum ye ir to year, and will continue so lung as the present relation of duties on wool and woolens exists. 1 believe it tu be for the interest of tho wool grower that the relation should lie changed. 'ol. Thomas Slumlord, orthc 1'. S. A 1 my. Died, at Cambridge, Md , 011 the ,".d in-t., a ter a long and painful illness ol' four muiiths, aged sixty six years, Col. Thomas Stamford, colonel of tho third regiment of United States Infantry. Col. Stamford was a native of Vermont. and entered thcurmy as ensign of the eleventh iniantry in uctoher, la 1.', ami has ..nice that period, over forty jcars, been inconstant ind active military ilutv and on our Indian frontier. I e served on the Northern frontier during the war of 1M2 until its close ; and, on the reduction of the army in IMS, he was retained in tho sixth infantry, and accom panied that regiment as the adjutant in 1810 to the I'pperMissuiiii.whcie il'm, established the first military post in that then wild and distant region, lie thcro participated in the ull'erings, privations and disease that so Ireadfully aillieted that command during the Winter of 18PJ 20, and which proved so fatal to both officers and men. Fever und scurvy broke out, nrising from exposure and insufficiency of food and whole some provisions; and, remote from all succor or supplies, death silently decimated tho command, thnso who survived suffering lor years tho cflVcts of broken down or enfeebled constitutions. His natural health and strength of constitution enabled him to pass through thoso manifold scenes ol privatiun and suffering which proved fatal to so many of his felluvv officers and comerades. In the following lear he was promoted to a captaincy in the same regiment, from which ho was transferred in im. to the cigiilli in fantry, and srved with tho latter regiment in the Florida war. In 183'J he was promo ted to thu maioritr of the fourth infantry. and accompanied it'from Jell'erson barracks tu the lied tiiver 111 im t to lorm a uirt 01 tho army of annexation. It left the follow ing June, 1845, with tho third infantry, under Gen. luylor, lor Corpus Christi, and landed among tho troops which subsequently constituted, as it was styled, "our littlo army of occupation iu Texas." In October following no was traiisierrcu to 1110 nitu in fantry, and iu March, 1815, marched with his legiment to tho Rio Grande. He then participated 111 and distinguished hiuisell 111 . . ..n . . . ., 1 - . . . ' TT ,,,, . It I .111" I.I I'alina on the 8th and Vtli ot .May. In the latter action ho gallantly repelled with his eiriment a largo botlvol .Uexlein cavulrv and ranchcrns that were endeavoring to cut oil' the train and baggage ot our army and attack it in the rear. Tho steady and dee- tructiie (iro of tho fifth threw tliun into con fusion and put them to a total routs tor these seniccs ho received tho brevet oriieu tenant colonel. lie was promoted to tlio lieutenant-colonelcy iu the eight infantry in January, 1--10 ; and in September following was brevetted lonel lor gallant conduct 111 n names ne- I'uro Mont rev. He proceeded with his regi mcnt tho following Winter to form, part ol the army of General Scott to rendesvous at bibos Island. On his voyage thence he re ceived a severe iniurv. which compelled him tu return to the United States, From this injury ho neier entirely recoiered, and in ull probability it contributed in some measure to the fatal results of his disease, lie, how ever, was enabled to join bis regiment in Texas ufter tho Mexican war, although su( lering still at the same time 1'roui its cllccts, and continued with it up to tho tlmo of his promotion tn tho colonelcy of the third in iantry iu 1652. Col, S. was tall and erect in stature, of a commanding mien und dupurtnient, nnd a voice whoso tones of command could bo (lis. tinctly heard abovo the dm oif battle. He was tho truo renrcsentatiio or the soldier, both in person and touring- Under the ex terior ol tlio latter ho bore a kind and afl'eo tiouato disposition, a generous and forgivirg temper, and those ennobling qualities of Uad and heart which thoso who knew hiorcan justly appreciate while liiing and pourn that he Is now no more. A'. Y. Con- Adv. A tailor in I-ondon has inveuted waist coat on tho principle of Colt's rnolier a garment tci(i four fronts, uscW either to secure tho charm of iiiriuty, or to conceal shahhiness or grease-spots but jarticularly eonven'eiit. as lessening baggage by reducing four waistcoats to ono YOL. 9, NO. 35. A G l f (J U L T ITU A L . From the Country flenllcman. Small I'otntocs, Messrs Enuons It seems to mo ns yet, an undecided subject with many formers, wheth er small potatoes nro suitable for seed, or whether they are ns good ns large ones to plant ; some asserting that tlmy are, and oth ers ns strenuously denying the' Tict At the present liin. when potato-is h"nr so hish ,1 prie, nnd the prospect being that in omo "c inns It will be difficult tn obtain a nTi eient quantity of seed for the imxt crop, it nppenrs to me to he nf oimsidonhln impor tance that facts in relation the subject should Iio disseminated among the farmers who nreengiged in raising thiscrnp. I pro. pose therefore, to give the result oT my ex perience on tbs siihjrt Some eight, yeirs since, nt the time of planting mv potatoes, I name short of seed tn plant 1'ievious to this tim 1 had used large whole potatoes, or the seed ends cut off, for seed and snpiiosed that no others would answer; nnd now, ncenrding tn the old tlmo. ry. t must either go nnd buy more seed, which was scarce, nnd dear at that,) or put in some other crop nn iny land which was fitted for potatoes. T resolved to do neither; hut -.-- -neriment of tdantin" small potn. toes ; the largest heing about the size oT com mon plums, but tho most of them lieing smaller. I carried several buhels or these little things to the field, and commenced plant ing them, putting Troiii two to four in a hill. My father, who was at work with me at the time, laughed at mo somo, saying he "guessed if the crop wns as small as tho seed, that I should get sick of digging them;" nnd I thought so myself. Indeed it looked liko small business any way I could fix it How. ever I finished my planting with them, and waited for the result, The potatoes in the different parts of tho field camo tip at the samo time, but the vines from tho small pota toes were not ns large and thrifty as those from the largo ones. At tho first hoeing, there was somo difference in the tops, but nftcr that the tops from tho small potatoes looked as well as any of tho field, and con tinued to through the season. When 1 camo to dig them, I found the potatoes where tho small seed was planted, to be as good in eve ry respect, as those where the large potatoes were planted. There were as mnnv in a hill, nnd the potatoes wore as large, and with as few- small ones, ns thoso from tho large seed. At the time I commenced using small pota toes for seed, the Tanners around me said, perhaps you will get ono or two good crops, but then your potatoes will run out they will beall small ones, and they will not yield any, and you will have to go planting large potatoes" again Rut as yet I havo foundno occasion to return to my former method of planting. Since that time I havo used small potatoes for seed ; not so Fmall as some of thoe that 1 planted at first were, but such as are too small to cat, nnd which the dealers in potatoes will not buy for mark et. In going about among tho farmers who use largo potatoes for seed, I find no better looking, or better eating potatoes, than those which I raiso lrom small potatoes, nnd other tilings being equal, I get as large crops. One spring, soon after i commenced using small potatoes for seed, a former of this place came to my house to purchaso potatoes for seed. On going into my cellar, w hero my jwtntoes wcro'ho remarked. "What a fino lot of pota toes, those are nice, they are the best I have seen this spring." After wo had put up tho potatoes which he had bought, he turned to a pile of small ones which I had picked out for my own seed, nnd inquired what I was going to do with those potato. I replied, that 1 was going to plant them. Said he, Those are not g 1 for anything to plint, are they I" I told him th it the tatoes he had just bought wre raised from 11s small p"- tatoeH ns tlirnw littlu ones, and that I would give him sonieof these smallones if he would taku them home, and plant themnn tho samo kind ol soil and give them the same treat ment as lie did tho large potatoes This he agreed to do, and he being a carcfol, syste m itie farmer, I had no doubt but that ho would give them 1 fiir trial. In the fall af ter he had harvested his ciop, he to d'me that the small putatoes produced as many, as 1 irge. and as good ones, as the largo ones, that ho was unable to see nny difference in the potatoes produced from tho largo and small seed. Many of the farmers in this vicinity, after seeing the experiment foirly tried, are using small potatoes for seed. This winter I have had seieral applications from potato dealers for small potatoes for seed, who inform me that the tanners whom they purchase from, are generally adopting the way of using small potatoes fur seed. C. T. Alvord. Wilmington, Vt.,Jan., 1855. IlEErsTEAKS. Steaks should never be covered after they nro laid upon the dish a cover smothers them, nnd thus they loso their best flavor, lloefsteaks should bo eaten ns soon as they are cooked. 'l'he best pieces for steaks aro the sirloin and the rump. The top of the round next to the aitchbono is very juicy, and by pounding it with a mallet, may be made as tender as tho rump. The steaks should bo cut nearly an inch thick. It is not necessary to grease the gridiron before putting on the steak indeed, the flavor of tho meat is much impaired by so doing. Prepare a brisk fire or coals, put your gridiron over it, but do not let your gridiron get hot before you put on the steak As soon as tlio sinows become crisped ulittle, turn tho steak. Do not burn tho steak. Do not spill the gravy on the fire. Tako up the steak on a hot dish, turn tlio steak and replace it upon the gridiron. It will require twenty minutes to scald it through, and brown tho outside. When tho steak is cooked, put it upon a hot dish and serve. Ex Sump. Somo ingenious Yankee "down east" has invented a kind of" Love Letter Ink,' which is an effectual safeguard against actions for breach of promise, as it fades entirely from the paper in two months. Another ankee purchased a hundred boxes of the ink, for which ho cave his note, payable in 1)0 days The note attested the excellency of the ink, as at the end of three months it was found to bo only a piece of blank p-rcl- .....undo Wood, the Mayor of New York, iu arguing for tho separation of the New- York City Charter election from that for State or U. S. Officers, utters the following truths. They are worth thiukiug of in other pla-ssalso. Tin connection between lval politics and that if the States uJ ation. Is detrimental to the sitereits of the City. New York has a government and a municipality of its own of too gieat 1 magnitude to to jeopardized bv being mido secondary to tl, overshadows ing inlluencis centered ut the capital. i-i,-isivver deriiel Inm the patronage ol tho GenoralGoicrmniMil in this City, overwhelms all oilier considerations, and it is almost iniariahlj Hie fact, when the central power ut lliiBhingwn nas a uihths...----tbo results ol an cliction here, that our houl interests arc submlrged entirely. W President is to bo chosen, or n Longre onal majority to bo secu'cd. or any measifo to J o sustained or opposed, this power i imsis t blv exercised. i''d carries in nU the candi d ites as will AT municipal offievs as for thoso d'S req"red. The 'General Government I as nm-r en toaten in (Ms city, when it had u di"t ntako in the result At every l'resid.til election lur tvveuty years the the,, .xisting National Administrations haie bee- sustained in this city, and all the candi of tho party with which it was identi Z have been successful. There is 110 ar guing against these (acts. The conclusion is rneiitable.that other interests than our own influence, if not control, the selection of our own rulers, when elected at the general elec tion, K, under these circumstances, honest and capable men happen to be designated for us, we are indebted for it more to 1 accident. criminating action or tho voter. o- let there he a separation, irrevocable and'intire' ' let there li but one issue , when locnl officers are to bo chosen, and that rcier ring to tho welfare and prosperity oT Neit Tork ?"r .. ? YSll 1 T. V" r the Voter, thcmselv

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