Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 16, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 16, 1855 Page 2
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lUccklu iTrcc Ipvcss, t'i-i - " I'or Council of Censors, David Fish, .lericUo. Ill RLING'TON. FRIDAY MARCH 1C. Ib53, The Oxtcntl Cinifoiciirc. " Three wlso men of (lotham wont to sc.v in a bowl, of the. bnwl hadbecll stronger, their voyoge bad been longer." Tho nations of tlio earth were moved last I year by tlio word tliat n great diplomatic conlercnco was coming utY in F.uropc. Nut that such things were unheard of there. Rm pcrors had met un rafts to talk ol peace. Crowned Heads had met to form tho Holy Alliance. lint hero was a new cuso alto pettier. 'iho Ministers to tho Cuiirts of Lnghirid, 1'ranco and Spain, A iz, Mr Dudinnan, Mr. Mason, and Mr. buttle, ivith the redouLtahlo Dan Sickles (tlio man ul j 1 rukc open tho llroadvvny Post Office boxes to get out the election tickets,) and all t. r.6t who composed their several tails, wtr having a meeting ; not in a quiet way in tl.L private olOco of either of theso func tionaries, hut with sound and circumstance - first at Ostcinl, and then at Aix 1.1 Ch.i p I), and events of unutterable moment weic liintcdat as to lie the result. ith open eyes and mouths all Lurnponnd A i km looked at this new sign in the poli tical heavens. Wliat its pretext was, might b.i 'loulitlul. With breathless gnzo they tched its movements. Oradually however, tli vision faded from their eyes and they bn allied muro easily. In timu Congress, M'!i, nutwithstanding its tins, retains . Ir mi more habit wo suppose) u slight feel in:' t'i it it is well for the representatives to ktn-vv a little something of what is going on under direction of tho Picsidcrit and his ('a- in t.eitherof Chamber or Kitchen, asked the President to let tlicm know what all this int With the greatest desire to oblige Congress in tlio mutter, the President to be laid on their table, on thu last day of 'bo Se-siun, n basket lull of manuscripts, Inch ho knew tliey could not even look at before breaking up. Of the letteis in that buue.-t. several nro n trendy in print. Too toliiinlnuiis fur our columns wo can only rpe.ik of some of their main points. Like a -r it portion of Ameiican diplumaticwriting, , It of the correspondence is wordy and rc- tithus-a bushel of cliall'toa kernel of corn, I k a pi a bcl'oro a jury I y a lawyer, who ' ' c it for granted that the jury know nig but w hat ho tells them, and that the il his argument is in rnportiun to tho "i jtli of bis speech. The burden of them is ( tM 'r Secretary Marcy evidently was aware ' Mr. Soule intended to do great things in -r ii' and thought it would bo well to put a i'i 1 his tongue, to begin with. Tims ill l n tier of Nov. Ihoo, alter saying that the I iLt .1 Slates ifovemmenl will lcist Iho ' ruskr of (,'uba to any European owcr,bul v I'M"! content with its vera lining as it is, ' icr Spain that in Mr. Polk's day they w re willing to buy it lor a fair price, " if ' "plr of thr inland Hire very generally r '"I to concur in thr tranftr, " ho stales c . j l.i itly that the President does not author. i Mm (Mr. Soule) to male any offer, Ic- ni-c tlt'rc was no hope of its being well rc r i I, anil it might be injurious Ho in im utes the possibility that Spain would let r l' i 'ct up for itself, under favoiablo eon- t. That would suit the Lnited Stales, il they wuuld bo willing to aid in such a ve, il it could bo dono fairly. Tlio depart- .-: w ould bo glad to learn quietly tlio views ,i .1.1 and other European powers on such a I 'ii. n, and if to get nt such knowledge i n r.ncy eltould be uccessniy, tlio depart- ' . nli! pllttw it. in l.itt ntpnntitft 'I'hrt ' - . of the dospitoh concerns tho commercial u. nines botwoon tho two nations, anl rr t l.o inipni lance ol their King placed 1 1 1. r looking. lui an ieuf Mr. Koulo in Spain, his deed." -,t Ins swaggering and pulSng, in the news , r ri and his despatches, showed plainly r i'i,jh Ids uufitnesb fur uny sort of diplunm . 'usimss. In process of time however, t with tho rumpus produced by the 1 k Warrior affair, and tho influences . !i attended tho breaking down the Mis n Compromise, there wus produced u tt t flurry nt avhington and aiming '' i rn politicians, ktt Spainshould make i e 1 angn in tlie condition of tlio nogio f -filiation of Cuba which i.houlil look to wn. tX a ccnimunity of free black men. 'Iho Mriranuation ol'Cubi was a liorriblo thing ul. k Torn Bid to. .Something mu-t be done 1. 1 done quickly. !y this time the Pierce ,n i-ty lmd become eager for its acquisition. 'Iim. no faith in Soule's prudence, Mr. XI in j intimates to him that a personal inter i v, of tho notables aforesaid might sao a r i dml of writing. In a quiet way they r it.! 1 lucet somewhere, at Pario he suggests, r,n tugether what they had "11 Ibund out, 1 lut upon tlio best way of earning on r rtb'r negotiation at Madrid about Cuba. The Ostend conference followed. Plainly ' . three worthies mw visions of tho Prcsi i. j ri-irg ii)i l.cfoio then). If Cuba could t tiirougl, their management, what a ttuus e.nd it would be. II all three could t play with it to win, each ono felt pretty fare he could. And thu eoplo must liavo ' icr fyeu turned towards them without iy 'J heir movements must le eliroui r" ' Kverv luovo they mado mutt bo tulked ' f ri high und in low places. To be ut Oi- ' itself, would lw an advertisement in un uuvcriisuiucni in , ,., ,' ir , U,a,,clh would looable. 'I hey must I . .t taller. To go to Ai ' i nether still more noticeable r -t" a sensation, and fur a time they did. i'.elruits ol llieir wisdom wo giv in ,,-part.y so at least, in these letteis. Ir jr,i. lo wiites to Mr. Marcy on tlio 2Jlh , Oct 1851, ae follows. "Thoissuos with re- f..Micj to which we wcro instructed to tx- ir "! f or judgment, weioof too niomcntoin I i. pmt not to tax all tho discernment and ' ntinn in our power, and it was with a lie p sense of solemn lcsponsibility that wo entered upon tho duties which had been us- igned to ui." What vvero tho solemn conclusions of these i or'has ' They amount simply to these. 1 Spain must bo oll'erod one hundred and v niillionsordollars Tor Cuba. Ileasons ; tvfcnv n iturally belongs to us. 1 . ngerous to havo Cuba owned by 2 It l - 'lies. We cannot bo easy r.ny body but ouio. till wo got it. ' foiocpt 3 Wo want to stop tho Slave traao, , b' twe.ii States) and Cuba wont do it. 4 'lhero is dangerof her freeing thu Slaves r it the Island, and that we will never allow Spain will probably be willing to take tho money Tor tho following reasons 1 She Is poor and cannot puiy her debts. 2. Cuba is a yearly hm tu her mw, mid never can bo made to be woith tuber, ono per rent on n hundred millions 3. With ono third of that moiiov Snain ,,, i tii r , , .., ., ' ould nay a eroat deal of debt and with tho i iiiuy oil.tiii , r st she could go into tho internal imj rovo mcnt system a grand thing lor her. Sho ejuU build a groat deal or railroad with ?KO.0GU,U.IO. I Spain must that ifshe does not take tho pay when it Is offered to her, sho will lose it altog. ther.liocauso, though there never was a fair r government in tho world than ours, . nd all the world knows that we aro seriipu 1 u, ..... ,,vtiit AuunB unit w v are situ nil. I-.,,. 1, ,....: . . -., 1 bus f 1 un extreme in not meddling with our ' I neighbors lands or rights, yet, it Spain is such n consummate fool as not to tako the monoy, alio ought to expect that wo wllltnko j tho island by foico, If we can't do without Cuba, (and wo say plainly wo can t, and of that wo nlono nro to bo the judges) why then man knows and God knows, that wo should bo justilied in taking it by force. Initio words of tho official despatch of tho three Ministers "I'ndcr such circumstances we ought nei ther to count tho cost nor regard the odds which Spain might enlist against us. Wo forbear to enter into the question whether the present condition of the Island would jus tify such a measure. Wo should however, bo recreant to our duty, bo unworthy of our gallant forefathers and commit base treason against our posterity, should wo permit Cuba to be Alrleanizcd and becomo n H.'cmd !jt. Domingo, with all its attendant lioirors to the w Into race, and sutler tlio Haines to ex tend to our neighboring shores, sciiousiy to endanger or actually to eousumu tho fair l'abiic of our L'nion. "Wo fear that the course and current ot events nro ranidlv tendinis towards bucIi catastrophe. Wu however, hope for tlio best, though wo ought certainly to bo prepared for tho worst in oilier worm, it the owner ol what wo want, will not sell it to us, we may properly, und will rob him of it by force, and kill Iiiiu if ho resists. Such piratical morality might bo expected from a duellist and lire eater liko Soulo j but from Mr. Jtucli.m.iii, a nun of good moral character, and ot il I'loo Slato, better things were looked for. It is surpris- ing that ho should havo allowed tho sanction of his name to so atrocious a proposition. Mr. Marcy seems to havo rubbed his oyes a little on tlio perusal of such a strung docu lueiit. Ho evidently snuflled soincthii'i: in tho wind. Alia, my hearties, said he, that's jour play, is it. o will see about till that Perhaps your voyage will come to an end be lore jou get to tho Into ltouso. llo writes rov. li, lSoi, in a very chillyttvlo to Mr. Soule. Tho (iovcinmcnt would of course bo glad tobuy Cubaat afair rate, was well understood, audit ho found in freo eonversa tion with und official men that tho Spanish Government would rather liko to hale an oiler, ho might talk Otherwise ho would do a wise thing to keep his proposals to himself. As to tho ilanuer to tho L'nited States from that little Island, thu President would sec to that when it might come along. And ugaiii tho Secretary goes oil to advise ubout commercial difficulties. His letter was a bucket of cold water on the head of Mr. Soulc, and on the 17th of Dee., I."l, he le plies Hiatus tho Secretary leaves l.'nn "no alternative but that of continuing to linger here in languid impotence, or of siirrendci log u trust which, with the impediments thrown in tho way ol its execution, 1 would strive in vain to discharge in a manner satisfactory to the government or creditable lo myselt," a sense of dignity compels him to re.-ign his commission as . Minister toSpain. His rosig nation was accepted, as every body knows, and tho gentleman is home again. Mr. I!u ehanan has nut resigned tho Ministry to land, but litis probably by this time resigncl all hopes of winning tho Presidency by tho j acquisition of Cuba. Soule and liuclianan I are both laiily on tho shelf. A for Mr. Ma- son, he is ofno consequence any way. "If their bow 1 had been stronger, their voyage had been longer." I'liiteelinn nf Home Industiy in Vermont. Within tho pist year tho H'ctcrn Vmnont Journal, tho Springfield Tclej;aplt, tho (Irccn Mountain Herald, the rgtnnts In dependent, the Swanton Ihrnld, mid tho WoodstocX Mercury, Vermont newspapers, have becomo extinct. They have not com mitted suicide, nor been executed for any ciimc, they have not died of old age or inani tion tinr llnve thejr nxliiroil n t.ilnfil ii.ttti ol any sort. Tliey have, with hardly an ex ception, been conducted with induttry,a good degrco of ability, and a desire to nnko as good a paper as posiblo with their uifanr., ritlicr than to mako more money out of a paur paper. Their conductors have not any of them retired on an independent fortune, nor will they he likely to try newspaper ubliehing again in Vermont, while there, is wood to saw, or honest occupations to bo filled. The causes which havo proved Iho death of theso papers seriously affect every paper in the State, and we know of no Ver iiiont newspaper, to firmly established that it can bid defiance to tho exhausting pioccss. Tho natural patrons and friends of the prers the newspaper readers of the State, aro responsible for this mortality among tho papus. They can, if they will, starve out thu Tow survivors. They liavo moreover, a perfict right to doit. Hut do they, when they really coma to think nf it, wish tho thing done ' Do they think it would be for th" credit of the State 1 Would the an- ! nouncement that the labt State novvspaper had stopped, add to tho reputation of Ver montcrs fur intelligence and cnterpriz". Will any number or tho best city papers, fill tin place of tho State papers ' Aro acouuts o f lights, and divorce trials, an l lengthy lucubra tion., on the War in llurope, of more value to our people than tho home news unj honest adioeaey of tin best interests ol Vermont, given by our own papers' If thcro nro any who would answer these questions in tho affirmative, tho following paragraphs will show them how tho consummation, so de voutly desired, may be brought about, how they aro now bringing it about. Tlio Kutlainl llirald hijs- " While Vermont pays one dollm fr news. n-j jit iiiieu in inu .-jiate, sue pays ten do. lars .,r Miners tainted out ol' it. W,. il, .11 be i, bit, to uivo a few morn fans ?iot ,,....1, .i,, m ,: . ,. J v" ".l;lt o to show-the disastrous no cv or . in crushing out home induiiry and enterprise, by patronizing tho ono dollar" e-uog literature ol tho "City." Tho ns of this State seem ditirmincd to --.'f; see one after another ol their joun- men try. ing to make a worthy newspaper,0 and then R'ufn" "!' in despair." 1 'f"'" promised above, wero as follows . Ii!i're"""s '''""i nil the post offices but ten in " ' ' "appears that or tho papers "takm Irom those offices 1021 ennie. .,r d... i oumy piperaro taken. to419l papcis print ed out of tho county and mot or them out ot the Slato. .'.'j)',1,1..'.'! "'0 Rljovo l5urt." ' tho I " l"'i'uro ,""u " mo K.iilroad ut.tu.tii mm ny news noys, and tho number ol papers and magazines takenin this County 'I'l'iiin"01','!"""11:1 c,."",ot 1,0 ll'"s t'1"" .1.0(10. Iho cost of these, including Dailies, Magazines, und postage, rannot bu less thin uiiaver igo of ,2 for each one, or l,n thou, sand dollars annually fur periodicals, not ... t,,u u.ttttjr mout tako.earo ol Rome .'."duMrJ'r' V"h tho way people put a stop to .J,rt,,o" in tluenco f Tho St. A I bin s Mtsitngtr snys ' Wupresumo this state of thingsciists in every County in tho Statu. Wo must eon- II less, that wo have been very often Burpmcd , ,. - , .. n , : to iinu inu jiionn tiieu uimi woman ol couij ,...i:.. :.. ,...:.. ...i...:i.!.. r .. .. uoliar, literature" of tho citv. tu tho neglect of llieir own county niner. Vimt the press of Vermont ask, and wo think they have a right to ask it, is, that tho people of this Stuto give their State papers a comfort itblo and decent support. " 'I ho Montjiclicr Freeman says As With Itutlnnd county so it Is, wo presume, Willi every county in Vermont And thus it is'that tho lieoiileof Vermont leave their own ' . . ... .... . 1 papers to languish middle hat a com- mentury this, on tho patriotism of the Slate ' I Allowing that each copy of the Herald navs the proprietor $1 51) and you havotho enor. 1 mm. "il? ' i , " "0I" 1 JI"'r ' '' I printer's ' : BURLINGTON FREE PllESS, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 16, 1855. Wo. for tho lust twentv vcars of our life, have almost incessantly labored to ralsa Ver mont into notice, to bring out her proud history, to doiclopo her rich resources, ami touch her sons to respect themselves nnd demand tier just rank among tho sister States; and for tho Inst six years wo havo tried to do this through tho channel of a newspaper, which wo bought under tho mistaken impres sion that our peoplo would nidus inouref forts for their irood, by mving us, with our contemporaries, in tho State, il preference over foreign papers in their patronage ; and inu result is, we uini uurseti, uiiei ri. jmno harder labor, and more self deprivation than ever marked any period of our life, poorer than when we began1 This is our reward! o have now hundreds on our list, owing u from two to ten dollars, who havo sent off doublo that amount every year for city papers. llns Is their honor anil patriotism ' Tho Vermont Patriot says : Thcro nro men in this State and every novvspaper can say tho same who wouiu never havo been heard of beyond their own chiiiinoy-corner, but for us, whom wo have elocteu to oiuce, wnoso pocKcis wo n.ivo iinou with money, whoso notoriety wo havo made, who never have been induced to look ut our paper a moment, unless at tho copy contain ing somo dictated puff, sent to theiii gratis ' They arc nlvvnys " taking so many payers, tliey can t auoru mo t airioi: Why wouldn't it bo a good plan for us ' printers in Vermont, to let tho class spoken J of, rely upon ,tho " Jloston " nnd the " Xcvv V'ork " for puffs, nnd when they happen to bo candidates, look to their city liiends for the insertion of their names and how would it work for us nil to refuse to advance the interests of any man who is too mean to patronize tho press upon which he relies for support ' Tho Kditor of tho Woodstock Mercury, announcing tlio stopping of his paper, lifter u laborious existence of eighteen years, says : Wo do not assumo tho right of becoming didaetie un thin oeeni-iuii or of volunteering any advice to patrons of newspapers. Wu cannot, however, relrain Irom saying that tho very general practico of patronizing a class ot city papers, which liuvo no honest pretension to tiny merit, but that of furnish ing the lightest und the most worthless kind ot literature, such ns makes no impression upon tho reader beyond tho time spent in its, is a very reprehensible practice and a growing evil in the country. A weekly country journal, can furnish btories enough i'or any healthy mind, and should tako tlio place of thobo daunting city shells, which couie to us with picturo heads unit columns mil oi iooso tales una twaddle. While everv country newspaper is losing subscribers on the plea that subscribers cannot ufl'ord to take so many papers, tho weekly drummers who couio clattering and eaiivassini' through the country, find no difficulty in picking up sub- sertoers, aim eutieeiing pay in uuvaucc lor papers, of whoso continuance or even exis tence wo have no guaranty. Tho dwellers in tho country must, in justice to themselves, patronize n country paper, one printed in their own county, and near their homes ; without llilo, th. v urn nut Itni.t lulvi...,! ..I local news, casualties, political movements, IU...I....U..:, .u, ...wuiii, purposes, iinu a thou sand incidents interesting to tho community, and in the vicinity where they dwell, and which will bo picked up and regibtereu, !r. editor is f'aithlul to his trust, anddocsnot put his whole trust in his scissors. County ('oniniissfuurr. The Temperance candidates lor tho office of County Commissioner, wore elected with out opposition in every County in tho State, so far as wo can learn. In nine towns in this County, which have mado returns to tho County Clerk, tho vote stood, I'or C. A. Sevjiovk. Hinesbiirgh, i'.i Charlotte, 7-1 I'ichmond, 34 Colchester, 49 Jericho, 37 Huntington, 37 Shelburn, 61 Milton, 125 Burlington, 121 Total for Mr. Seymour, 5S4 ; for all other candidates, 0. Tho vote is very light Tho Annual Spring elections of town and city officers which took jdaco on tho 5th and Cth in several States, attract more than usual notice, as bearing upon tho question whether tho Know Nothing movement is still gaining ground in the North, or is falling off under the inQuenco of recent developments. Prom tho scattered returns brought by mail and telegraph, it is evident that in Now Votk State, ul least, the Khow Nothings have not tho omnipotence which lias been claimed for them. In Troy, Syracuse, Lockport, Utica and Oswego, the anti-Khow Nothings carried tho day. In Auburn, Itochcttir, and many other smaller pluces,tho Know Nuthings were succcfsful, in somo cases by very largo majo rities. In Oswego tho election was exciting, from tho fact that Mr. I.ittlejohn, tho speaker of tho Assembly, who led tho attack upon tho Know Nothings in the great do bate, previous to tho election or Mr. Seward, was a candidate. Tho cntiro Know Nothing vote was thrown for Saml. .1. Holler, the Soft Shell candidate fur Mayor. Mr. hittle john was elected by nearly i(l() majority. It is reported that the Know Nothings spent $3000 on the election. In Chicago tho Know Nothing ticket wa generally elected. In Detroit, a Democratic Mnyor was chosen by COO majority. In Mas sachusetts tho Know Nothings were success ful in most of tho towns, but failed in some which they carried last year. lyS.w" mado his appearance nt inure than ono of the Town meetings on Tuesday, and in many towns, including Montpelicr, St. Albans, Windsor, Randolph and Ilradford, had everything hisown way. In other places, ho was soundly thrashed. In St. Johnsbury the Know Nothings had announced thatthev would assumo tho caro of the town, nnd even sent u committee toonoofthe town officers in viting him to join tho council or bo turned out or office. The more substantial portion or tho community, however, werodisiuelincd to sur render without a trial. A largo vote was thrown and tho Know Nothing nominees all defeated by majorities ranging from CD to 200 nnd more. In Chelsea also tho Know Nothings wcro beaten on candidate for Clerk by over 100 majority, nnd abandoned the contest forthwith. In Rockingham tho Anti Know Nothing majorities ranged from 80 to l.o, nnd so in somo other towns. In Williston, n Know Nothing ticket was run and elected. In Colchester, n trial ol strength took placo on two officers, and tho Know Nothing candidates wcro defeated by miijorilics of forty or fifty. Iiiunoillc Count) , Agreeably to previous notico tho I'reemen of Lamoille County assembled nt tho County IIouso, in Hydo Park, to select a candidate for a member of Council of Censors for Ibis ' County. Tho meeting was called to order hv Hon. John West. llov. John Wist, was ehosun Prsident. M. W., Secretary. Afier which tho Convention was addressed by W. (J. Pirriii, Ksq., Thos. (ileed, Unj., and II. II, Sawyer, Kmj. On .M'otion of J. A. Child, Ksq., tho con vention proceeded to ballot for a candidate, which resulted in thochoieouf'Tiionts Hu.i.n, Ksq., by a unanimous voto. Voted to have tho proceedings published in nil the papers ut Montpelicr, Jturlington, St. Albans nnd the Temperance Standard. Voted to adjourn. JOHN WKST, fin, dent M. W. Tmkill, Sfcritary. Hyiim'aiik, March 10, 13,1. UT The American Crusader characterizes the uholitiun iihrnsn of thn I-,,,,,.. ,,,.11.1.,,. : ..u...... movement as 11 mop 1 t c, hVb own, one-evtd cause Ithetoric has "rii 3 'I'lie Council nf Ccii'ins. Of tho gentlemen nominated on different tickets, liX-Uuv, Ilobinson, Mr. Ileyvvood, Judge Poland, J ml go Hall, Mr. Converse, Mr. Jlarrctt, Mr. It. C; Kellogg, Mr. llaxter and perhnpssomo others liavo declined to bo candidates. Others may follow, and on tlio whole wo havo concluded to wait till next week before wo select tho ticket which wo consider most worthy of support. ZiT S.NOW fell on Tuesday night to tho depth of four incites, nnd enough of it still remains to mako slim sleighing. Randall !c Jones' Corn-Planter. Wo liavo examined ltaudall A Jones' Doublo Hand Corn-planter, and belicvo thu following description of it and its nioiits to bo correct. " Its superiority consists in its dispatch, accuracy, and simplicity. One man can plant an acre in an hour with case, and by "crowding," two acres in an hour. Ten acres is an easy day's work for ono man . This machine has the only safe principle of depositing corn by machinery, and that is, by means of tho " tunguo and tube." No relianco can bo placed upon the simple tongue cither as 11 thruslcr or dropper. In this machine the tongue is sheathed to its end in 11 tube, and thus enters tho ground prssinf tho earth Tor a moist bed in which to placo tho corn i tho tonguo then draws up, while the tubo remains, keeping the earth out of tho hole, while it permits tho corn to drop into it ; tho tongue then returns und sets the corn into tho bed, und tho tonguo and tubo both leave the ground at the samo time, per. mitliug the earth tu fall in and cover the corn, which in mellow soil, is perfectly done. liut if tho eurtli is damp or hard, so that it ' packs," you have but to touch tho poini (the tunguo and tubo) by the side or th,e boll und covering is secured in tho worst of soils The doublo machine is capable of being con vened into two single ones, with perfec. ease. Let tho farmers look at this machine, before purchasing elsewhere. Tho price of a singlo machine is four dollars, tho double ono eight dollars." Call at Davev &. DooLti- tt.t.s, tn inu m.gioii, tir on vv . it rF.ver, Agent, in I "larlutte, and s. c on. 2TA Mvkim;, At I!uni.iNoro The National Intelligencer has published the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation Hill. It occupies eleven columns, und contains apprt- priations fur every branch of the Ouverc- nient. Among tlieiu, wo aro happy to say, we lind an item authorizing thu Secretary of tho Treasury to cause a Marine II '-pitnl to bo constructed ut lliirliugton, Vt., to cost not more than thirty live thousand dollars, with tho addition of ten per cent thereon to cover tno im... ,1.,,, , 1 .'. ..I rclnti etit, inner- tising, and contingent cxpcnsiF. The Administration und lis i'licnds. Tho worst enemy of the Pierce Adminis tration, can wish Tor it no worse hap than to bo left to the kind offices oT its friends. Doubtless tho Ccncral can already echo Irom his heart's bottom, the vvordsof we have for gotten who, who said ho could forgive his enemies, but wa thankful that tho Itiblecon tained no such difficult command as "forgive thy friends." In fact, the political oppo nents of.Mr. Pierce, have, with a very gene ral consent, censed to comment upon his short comings and obliquities. They do not arc to strike the man while ho is down. His friends, however, cannot let him alone. The last specimen of their tender mercies, is ex iiiuiieu in 1110 inmmany mill meeting ol .New Vork Democrats on Wcdncsd.iv eveniuulast It is supposed to havo been got up under or ucrs Irom aslnugton Time, and inonev and trouble, were abundantly spent in re paration for it. Llevcu distinguished demo crats, including Cass, Orr, Douglas, and Pornej,w-iro unconditionally announced n speakers. It was to bo 11 grand rally, like thoso ol loriuer diiv s, and its object was to endorse President Pierce, and, if possible, by sucn a wiiiii-nag to iionl linn a little longer near the surface, unit least retard hisdctcent to 1110 uoitom 01 tlio gull ot political unpopu larity and contempt, in which h is Uouiidcr ing if indeed it hn 11 bottom It was a pitiable failure. Tho dis tinguished speakers wcro simultaneously "indisposed," and absent. Their place was filled by Senator Stunrt of Michigan. 1 lie successful manner in which that gciitlemin distributed left-handed compliments on all bides, wus remarkable. It is difficult to say which camo off worst, tho New- Yorkers, the democracy generally, tho getters up of the meeting, or the Administration. We give the following amusing specimens of this Michigan orator's eloquence With the natural curiosity which belongs to 1111 inquisitive man who may bo found in strange parts, I was induced toeomo hero to night for tho solo purpose of looking un. ltr, me a great many men who ha,'c Leei taken in by the sharpers of Sew Voil., at though I cumu here merely as 11 spectator, I found myself put up as a spectacle to bu look ed at. (I.uu"htcr.l Now. e:enllenien. if these politicians fur they ai politicians w ho ....;...,. . . 11. ! ...-'I. .i.iiiui.ii ..11 1 11 u una pu-lttuil lO'lllglll, cheat you us successfully as they haiccluutcd me, wny 1001c to it that you put u eoilieil to .tun tuns, ttttiiiiiii vtiur iieus 10 oewaro ill ways of iiolitieiaus. " Why, I ask you, my fliends, this multitude, this sea of nun, who aro here to-night' Not because you have not had n President who, nt whatever hazard, was ready to bo just to 1.: ir 1 ! ,...r. ... -1 titiii-eit tiini curry nui uisuuiy 10 ino eoltstl union, but it has been because you. Sir, and j.anu you poiiiuians, have been eager to get this place lor this friend, und that plate for that friend, and wo havo been ready to a gnat argrce, ranter man Ijciuju the llimotiatic parly, to use whaticer influence u c might hare to udi ance our own particular fiiendt to oji cis of poucr and profit. ' ' ' I havo swallowed every administration niea suru 111 Contrrcss. from tlio Nebrak:i hill on. and that was a very easy matter tu swallow. The President is a high-toned, noble, gener- oiih ninii differed with liini in respect to this appoint iiint uuwever iiiucu you mavhavc nient or that n.iiintiiieut, at least gu-t the dctilhis (we-(laughter) and say that In has acted Irom 11 hi"h senso of ibnv , ;ory,anduf duty and obedience to tho con stitution. AJudgo Williams, of luvva, followed, who declared that tho timu had gone by when tho words "democracy" nnd "democrat" wcro understood and appreciated. "Wo find," Slid he. "tho L'lorions r,h, menial principles on which the government has been iidministeied up to this tinio utter ly ignored und abjured. It is true, nnd von, who know tho hislorv oftho nihniiiUir .liT,,. .,1 Jefferson nnd of tin other democratic nduiin. isirations uown to this day, even tu that which has ban atlimpttd by Prank Pieice. (laughter,) aro awaro that t'lio prosperity or the country nnd the glory oftho puny has been built upon thoso principles which we profess und support Hut ivhcro havo wu fallen now ' Mr. Williams question is easily no, vverod Tho democratic party, and tho adiniuUtra tion which professes to bo tl.o exponent ofils principles, has fallen through. 07Tiie Piiiiiiiiiirimv I.wv i tiik Niw York .Si.v.vit Tho Picsideut of the New York State Temperance Society, isuej ly,,,,, Albany, on the IL'th, tho following call to tho friends of Temperance throughout tho ,(( " Iho I'rohiMtory Liquor l.(w is in .1 . r Let all teni.riinee men wi.u ,nn in. s., (""n 1 1 v ! at tho Capitol. I.'t tlios- wl n cauiiut i-nntn I meet nt homo, and forward their resolution 1 immediately tu their rcpit ntativt in 1 1,1, ' S'euato. No timu should bo lost The c risis isuiuanii i no hill may ho shorn of its u;?o 1 .. 1 . H7 Tiih Mhhit'.vt, Col.l.ioK. Tho Introduo- j tory Leeturo of tho Course, in tho Medical Department or tho University of Vermont, was delivered in Concert Hull on the evening of tho8th,by Dr. Kksk, ortha Medical Faculty. His subject was "The great Kpochs orMedieal Science." Commencing at tho early times, bcniro tho days of Old I'.scuhipius, when charms nnd amulets wero tho principal arti cles of Materia Mediea, ho followed down the History of thu Science, touching hastily on tho ngo and times of Hippocrates, the father of Mcdicmo; the discovery of the circulation of the blood in IC20, by Harvey ; .lenners discovery of vaccination in 17'Jd; and tho mudcrii discoveries in auscultation, &u. Tho leeturo cuiitaiued much of interest and value, and waslistencd to with attention by n Rood-sized and most respectable audi enco ol ladies and gentlemen. New 1 1 11 111 psh ire. Tho Administration men held n mass meet ing at Manchester, somo days since, and were confident oT success. Tho Anli-Administra-tion and Anti-Nebraska men, held their Con vention nt Concord on Tuesday. Tho gath ering is said to have been tho largest in the Stato slnco tho old llarnson times, number-1 ing seven or eight thousand. The best of feeling existed among the opponents of Nc braskaism, and tho mo't confident anticipa tions of an Administration over-throw pio vailcd. Among the speeches made, was one by John P. Hale, of which wo find the following sketch in tho Huston Atlai : Mr. Halo spoke ot tho mighty gathering of tho peoplo, and said it was 1111 evidence that '.ho State of New Hampshire was beginning lo lind thu "old track, ' which in tho storms of false Democracy and Nebraska they had lost, liko benighted travellers in a snowy waste. IIo ren-ired to the cry that religious liberty was in danger, believing that it camo almost entirely from men who havo practi cally no religion at all, and who consider that due attainment in Christian glace cannot be made except from official stations. The Pies ident nnd heads of Depaitmeuts nt Washing ton, woulu hnruly liavo neen chosen ns tho -i.;r ..-!... t ..r..:..t.. ti. it 1! chief priests of piety, or thn Democratic mem hers of Congress for the principal expounders of religion. There wero somo things, however, that wero in danger. IIo was not certain but the Union was in danger not the Union of tho States, but the union between the old hunk er politicians of New Hampshire and the ptih lii'cri''. Cuming events cast their shadows b - f .r -, nn 1 the resignation of iiianv Demo cratic officeholders in tho State, wan ns signifi cant as the desertion of a sinking ship by the rats. Ho next referred to thu great anti-Nebraska movement at tho North. Not ono of the States had spoken inco the passage of tho Nebras ka bill, but had condemned it. In Ohio, es pecially, was the reult peculiarly gratifying, because the old hunkers met tho isuo (airly, without skulking, and they were totally rout e I. Cass's own Miehigiu and Douglas's own Illinois were also iincoiitroll ihle by the bunk er Nebraskaites, nnd so of every other North ern Stato w here the battle has been fought. Shall New Hampshire stand bravely with the other Northern States for freedom, or shall CMC Un...... .... .... ... utitna tit the iiinsieorchniking chains, and the sigh and groans of slaves ' That was the truo is sue. It had been said, we must "acquiesce." IIo would acquieseo in nothing wrong, so long as he could resist, or fieedom ol speech re-' 111. lined, by which ho could protest against tho wrong. Suppose in '7'1 men hid gono to 1 Huston and said they must acquiesce in the stain)i act and the tea tax, or the union with ' (Jreat llritain would be diss lived ' Our lath- ers would not acquiesce; tliey slid "let us 1 have Constitutional liberty, or 110 L'nitm at j all." Lyery body acknowledged the iniquity oT thn Nebraska measures, and ought the j majority to acquiesce in the decision of the 1 minority' Let acquiescence bo talked to slaves, not to freemen. Mr. Hale next alluded to the proceedings in ' the last Congress, and thu scandalous advice j given by tho New Hani shire Patriot to the . anti. Nebraska members of Congress, to vio late their pledges to their constituents A man in Statu Prison who should ho guilty of such advice, would ncei he ji..til..e.l lie t-j tot t.ttu , ut tcciiijitilenee with ;3it ti.ivil-ttr, of Mis-oui i, and the acknott-; lodgement, or rather claim, on the part of the , lending .Southerners, that thn ,ui.stwii of slavery is settled forever in Kansas ; yet. said i. ...... .... 1 , , , .; J . 1 ne, men win si. inu upanu iieeiare mere is no danger of slavery ever going into Kansas. lie contended that the introduction of slave ry into the teriitories was not constitutional, and quoted Washington, Jefferson, and other early statesmen to sustain this ground. Iho Constitu tion was not for plain men to rend. Thev think a man should bo as stupid us a citv Alderman, urns corrupt as a Member of Con gress, before ho can be priv i lege. I to read that instrument Washington and Jefferson, in the view of these men, were not much of pol iticians , but then, wo must remember, they hid no great privilege s. They never rcail the Baltimore Platform, and they died before tho Now Hampshire Patriut was printed. The spirits of these fathers of tho Republic would ho surprised to learn that tliey had written a Constitution which they did not understand, and that nobody knew what it meant until 1854, when Douglas and Pierce found it out. The cry of "popular Snercii-iitv" was next They never rcail adverted to. These were two "hie words." but they had very little meaning. Ikspite their "popular sovereignty," thu people of the territories wero not permitted to choose their own officers, their Covernors, Judges, and other territoriil oili -era being thrust up. on them in a Itody by franklin Pierce. The only popular sovereignty left them was the liberty to establish tyranny, by means of ruf fianism and tho bow ie-knil'e. The freemen of New Hampshire, ho said, would achieve a victory next I'uesday, unpar alleled in the political history of tho State. If they did thtiriluly they vviuild roll up at least 10.11 0 majority. Tlieold hunkers euuld not carry more than one-sixth of the thirty towns on Connecticut river, and would have nothing like ono third oftho House. The on ly question was how big their majority should I.e. In conclusion ho counselled unremitted exertions in favor of freedom, until New Hampshire should erect a moral monument as lofty us the snsw-cappod WhitoMnun tains. The President's Pocket Thu Vetoes The Collins Slt'iiuicis. Tho Washington Correspondent of the N. Y. Courier ij Hniuirrr, writes as follows un. dcr dato of March tith It isas'ei-taincd that tho President has sup. pressed tho bill for tho improvement of tho St. L Ian-Hats and the St. Mary's river in .Michigan, passed by a two third vote in both Houses. I'hiH bill originated in the Senate. and was passed by tho IIouso as iv counter- .oiM, 10 mo inn appropriating $1111,11011 lor tho improvement ut theSavannali river, which is appruveu ny tno rrcsnient under Iho pre text that tho ubstructioiisdesiL'ned In hn r,.. moved, vvcr.i placed in the river hv tho cov. eminent, pioiiu , , years ngo, tnat is to sav 13 years before thu government to for thu remedy had any existence. I bis pro- tenco was su lull'!, gratuitous and 11 n fun ml.., I that thu Senate insisted upon its beliii-struck out belbro they would pass tho bill, beeauso it was felt to bo a paltry misrepresentation unworthy to appear on tho face of their pro ceedings Yet this miserable prevarication is tho only ground alleged bv-tho 1 or his apologists for making this bill an ex. ceptinii to that class of measures which ho has chosen to place under Iho ban of his In centive proscription. 1. in m ii.tcKnuiiism run into 1 tie ground, It is nn example of oi II v and canm-inim t ccutive absolutism, founded upon no princi. pie, nnd regulated by no rule, It is theverv dregs of that man wuiship, mistaken for Ii system nf puliticulductiine, ,j c:l .j )0. mucracy." Jackson vetoed Iho .Mavsvill,, lto.ul, nnd tho I uited States Hank, 'Pierce vetoes tho granting lands for tho relief oftho insane, but signs thu bill giving uway sixty millions of ueics for tho relief nf old soldiers. IIo vetoes a general bill Tor necessary works ot River and Harbor improvements, but signs tho Capo Pear River Hill, nit obscure inlet in 11 L'lco-loeohmtc.vvlierotlm election ol' two Svnat.u.. was lending, und whoso htnuinsarc therefore -on-titini .nt.l IIo signs tho Ka. viniiuh liiver bill . ,, r tin-; vv itlmi 11 single Mite. Ml 1 V 1 . .it's l , !.,.., .,P ,,,. ti,,.. . p. iUiie iii, in ., ,!,., ,,,.( , iiiivigalioiuiMsiip,. the Hor. s o sev Xuit-s. ,,.,,, frenchs.,.!! ,,,., , ,1Mll, ,,,, .,,.,, ,u, lex ml 1.111,1.. ,1 ,b.. ii, u.,,0,,1,1 , UH tviithstaudiii.Mho lueasuie I thus null, Ntihvv, involves the ns. rj!1;'""':'1 lament or .Wkii ,,;;, ' ut OIUIU UIU18, 'Jlte pica urged by him I against the Prcnch Spoll.itiim Claims was that mey were lilty ycarsohl, tlio pretext on which ho pays tho Savannah river claim is that it is ovtr seventy years old. There nro two things to ho observed in ref erence) to thin proceeding. Tho first is, that tho ulh'gation on which ho signed tho Savan. nah bill is not true. Tho obstructions to bo removed vvero not placed there by this Cov. eminent, nor by any (iovcriiineni, but by na ture. There is no particle or proof, and nev er has been, that the navigation of the Sa vannah or Capo Pear rivers has been nll'ected by tho action of the (lovcrnnicnt, or will be Improved by tho removnl of the objects said to nave neen placed there, in securing thouo icneo 11 ine country against invasion. 11 , any relic of thoso works remain, no pnrt ol tho appropriation will bo expended in taking it away. In tho next place, the pocketed bill was passed by more than a two-third voto It was passed without dissent, and had it been returned vctosd, would have instantly received more than tho constitutional majori ty. So much then Tor the manliness of this last instanco of Presidential bravado. Tho President vetoed tho Collins Steamer Hill for tho single reason that Congress choso by its voluntary act, to surrender a privilege which it had reserved to itself. Ily the let ter of tho law, tho Kxeeutivo Departments had nothing to do with the coiitinuaiico or withdrawal of tho extra pay. Yet tho Prcsi dent, in tho plontitude of his paternal care ul' the Legislature, decides that it shall not renounce this power. Possessing a genius nbovu tho limited ephcro assigned him, ho must meddle with affairs with which ho has nothing to do. It is not a great Administra tion, but its deficiencies, in great nlT.ins, are compensated by its buzzing activity 111 little ones. Tho Democratic supporters of bis Lx cellency havo tho most right to complain. They stick by tho veto as tho bulwark of the constitution ; but hero wu have it brought in to regulate tho petty details of contracts. 1 unit it threat, engine 01 ciaie, it is ncini'icii into an instrument of petty uiinoyaneo to congress. 1 belicvoMr. Collins and bis associates will not permit themselves to bo diverted from their plans for tho advancement of tho Ameri can steam marine, by the opposition of.Mr. Pierce. Tho model of their now vessel, do signed to replace tho Arctic, and to meet tho opposition of the Persia, has been adopted. Her lines arc beautiful, even to nn unprofes sional eyo. Sho will bo 317 feet long, which is about 37 foot longer than the present ships, and tho capacity of her cylinders und the power of her machinery will ho 50 per cent, greater than thoso oT any American steam ship ntloit. It is expected that sho will the Atlantic from dock to dock in nine days. Mr. Collins ha only to appeal to tho country, to go on and build his vessel, and oid defiance to opposition. IcoaitEsrosDEscK or the tiieo rncsi.J Letters from tlnglum!. NO. NX. ifi. " Satan" Montgomery. Lonpov, fob, 0, laoo. Passing down Oxford Street not many days ago, I came to a stand, as I never can help doing, by an old-book stall. .My attention was soon drawn to a label covered with ex clamation points, advertising "Montgomery's Poems, 3 vols, only ono shilling ! "' Hero's ptm nlmnun I ,.l Thp vnlninrt were elegantly bound : I opened one, tho paper was " wire-wove and hot-presed :" tho typo was beautiful. I read ; "O Ilcith, tliou ilreaillcss vanguinlicr of ciuth, Tlio clement; idirank blateil nt thy birth, Carocrin ruund tlio wurl t liko tcnipot wind, Martyrs before, and victims strewed heliiinl ; Ages on ages cannot grapple tlice, lirngliig the wurl 1 intu eternity " " Hravo !"'! exclaimed : " the mystery of tho threo elegant volumes for a shilling is ex plained. It strikes mo that I have seen these verses bcl'oro, and in circumstances, too hardly tho most llattering to their Author. Indeed I think that personugo must be not James Montgomery, but tho " Rev. Satan Moiitgo gery, M. A." I turned to the first pngo nnd there sure enough ho was just as I bad read of him " doing his very best to look like a man nf genius and sensibility, though with less success than his strenuous exertion's dc servo." Ol., M. M.iiilhuim)pv, wlmt a full is this ' III the Journals of not many years ago, wo find your namo sugared over with tlirice-rclincd puffs, wc read of your careering gayly through twelvo und fifteen editions al most in as many mouths, ol' your reaching "a circulation beyond nil comparison greater than that or Carey's Dante or of the best works of Coleridge;" tradition says that highborn young ladies wiped their nceiiug eyes over your verses and copied them by pages into their albums, and hero you are now, lying on an old-book stand where none will do you rcverenco at four pence a volume. Tho only previous acquaintance I could j claim with Mr. Montgomery was through that most murderous criticism upon Ins " Satun" nnd " Omnipreseneo of the Deity" by Maeauluy a criticism which I havo heard of persons reading with most intenso satis, faction whenever they felt liko " blowing up everything and every body." Now every one knows that when Mncaulay becomes more than usually brilli int, and especially when ho assumes that super-eminent tone of assu rance, it is not quite safe to entrust him w ith our confidence. A capital illustration of this has lately come to my knowledge, and as this is a gossiping letter, I cannot help interpola ting it especially as it is gratify ing to seo a merciless prosecutor tripped up just at the point of crow ing. Who ha not laughed at Macaulay's Review of Crokcr's Kdition of Iloswell's Johnson! You will all remember the " passage orarius" respecting tho distich of Sir Win. Temple on the distribution nThis timo Inx hours to Ian, to southing sluiubt-is it-vtn. Ten to the wurld allut, and all to lltavrn." Poor Crokcr unfortunately but innocently remarked that Sir William's day seems to contain only 23 hours. Thereupon c.iineo .Mncaulay, fierce as Jeffries at the old Hailey . " Wo did not think it wns in human dulncss tu miss the meaning oftho lines so complete ly. Sir William distributes 23 hours among various employments. One hour is thus left for devotion. Tho reader expects that th" verso will end with "and one to Heaven." j Tho whole point of tho lino consists in the I unexpected substitution of all for one The I conceit is wretched enough, but it is perfect ly iutelligihlo and never, we will venture to say, perplexed man, woman, or child before. Poor Mr. Crokcr! tho laugh is against you ! " Go and be nn nss," and tako tho Rev. .Mr. Montgomery with you. Hut hold n moment. Stop .Mr. Sheiiff. Hero aro somo now documents. Hero is Lord Teignmouth's Life of Temple, from which tho verses nro quoted. In Iho list ol " Rrrata" I find 'Page line for jr read seien.' (Mr. Sheriff, keep order). And hero on u fly leaf nfa law-book is tho original copy- of tho linos in question, in Sir Wm. Temple's own hand writing. They rend thus . ' Sum hours to law. to soothinir iliiinhrrs cvi.n. Ten to lio worlJ allutTanil ull to Ilcaieu." (Prolonged cheers ) .Mr. .Mncaulay is voted a pair of whilo gloves. It is not safe, 1 say, (I nm quite Parlia- mcntary.Mr. ilditor, forJwhcnan.M. P.loses 1 himself and gets called to order, he iuvaria. bly rallies himself with nn "1 say") to lake ' ono's opinions from .Mr. Macuulay. So hnv-j ing read in Chambers' that .Mr. .Montgomery ' is an "ublound eloquent" preacher. I thought 1 would go and hear him. Tho occasion was j all that euuld havo been wished by a preacher I ambitious to display himself. Tho senium I was to bo in behalf or tho Royal Humane I .""uiioty 1111 lustiluiioii patronized by the Queen, Prince, it ml thief i.nbiiity. the object of which i to prevent dt.iih by- drowning, und in ii u. ciialc pel m.iis inn n.ito t,r su. pendi d nniiii iiiuii. Mr. Montgomery was lo prcue'i in the splendid church of "St. Mar tin's in tno I 11 Ids," l ie must famous strut- turo of liibbs- "hechnr. ' , us the poelSavuge said, "When lied delights tudsirll, nnd man tu prulse." I Tho text was : "A living dog is better than a dead lion;" tho theme, the value of human life. I hud n little doubt, when the speakir first rose, whether ho wus really Mr. Mont gomery. True, theru was tho plastered hair, tho dandy neek-tle, but wash possible that a man of Mr. Montgomery's later experience could havo that ulr of perfect self-silisfac-tion! I was not in doubt long. "Human life, my brethren," said the nblo ami elo quent preacher, "is not merely tho climax, the culmination of physical materialism, it is tho immediate insniration of personnl Dei- ty, the glorious elaboration of tho Almighty History itself may bu defined, life rcincmlnred tlio aggregate of each individual human trinity or body, soul, and spirit." Aa an Improvement 011 tho beautiful language of the Hiblc, "A sparrow shall not fall on tlio ground without your rather," ho gave us. "Tho quivering descent of a little bird is not disregarded in Heaven." After speaking of "the Instincts, of eternity throbbing in tho bo"oms of mortal'," and tho "joy which would make eternity sonorous with thanks- j givings," he informed us with deep pithus I that if ho could tako us into domestic circles, I ho felt confident that ho could "melt the whole congregation, ns i . were, into ono tear, ono sentiment, ono thrill nf pity." I must sny that I doubt whether Mr. Montgomery would have fused mo into that hugo tear, or into cither of tho other substances: I think I should have been n mere residuum after the process. I have been as near the fusing point under a harangiio of Dr. Cobb. Hut Mr. Montgomery's peroration was tragical and characteristic. Ho threw back his head, threw up bis arms, cleared his voice, and while wc were all "trembling In sublluio ills may," said something too grand to remember or even to understand, and then liko his own "creation," "In n hliulnK tempest whirled awnj." And this was tho "able and eloquent preach er" of a Magazine so generally reliablo as Chambers'. Mr. M. preaches regularly in a small chnp el connected with tho establishment. Not many years ago his reaching was as bom bastic and as popular as I113 poetry, but Int. tcily, having b'on pimmeled luto an observ ance of tho ordinary rulc of 1 ingunge, he has been quite lost sight of. Once in u great whilo ho makes an effort to recall his former greatness, and succeeds as ho did at St. Mar tin's. The moral of this man's life, as addressed to nstiring young quacks in literature, has been admirably put by a young lawyer of London : "Young men ! shave, livo cleanly, wear decent collars, stick to your shops, und you may yet become bles-ings to your fami lies, and ornaments of your aiish." Your Chronicler, (inirnnt. eoiUltsrostirACE 01 THE I HF.K I'M SS. A Letter fiom Terns. I'RAIItlE CuTl VGP, Tt-SHF, nit, 12, 1h55. And Texas too, echoes the call of your riorida Correspondent. "Ho ye Vcrmontcrs ! lloweanye linger lite up thcro amid tliehowllng wind, and tho e ing snow storm 1 How can yo remain longer tho subjects of the king of terrors, the eohl, the cold, the biting fust, the stinging cold V May (lod un. 1 man keep the poor, who arc suffering from Itssoul-cldlllng effect0. Thoso persons who were born and raised amidst tho snow storms of New Englnnl, aro hut poorly qualified to judge of the advantages anil real com forts, (to say nothing of n total exemption from sc. vero sudcring,) which Texas, this l.'l Xloratlo of tho Union, holds out to tho welcome immigrant. There arc thousands and tens of thousnnds of honest, tn. crgttic, men and wouun In Xtw L'ng land, who, after taking their utmost cflorts, fall al last of deriving from their labor" a coinfoititblo sup. port, wlnti un ittornious tax dots the sttrn rigor ol winter impose upon tlio Inhabitants ofcw Ln; land, l'sthuato ifou aro ablo the immense amount of Inbornnd espenso requisite to prepare for th reception of a .Northern winter. Tho farmer and stock raicr devote neatly six morths of the jear to making provision for tteir.ttck for tho next six inonltts. Our horses cattle, sheep and hogs ream tLo vast praiiie, and procure their own subsistence ; and where a peculiar Mndofgra'S (tho luuskcct) abound, they show themselves rolling fat tn the spilng. Thousands of begs are slaughtered here, which make very fair pork, that have never tatted corn, they deriving their subsistence from tho im mense quantities of ncorns and pecans, which here abound. Think of that yo stock raisers, and con trast tho advantages of thin climate over that of y urt. Then tho frozen up state of things, fur three cr four months of the jear, proves a great stopper to many kinds of business. During all this period, your mother earth is a sealed hook to you, while bore shoisever ready anl susceptible of tillage. In all Its varied features. Our garJens in mid winter, pretent almost tuc Ireshness of spring. Then there is tho Pecan crop, should all our legi timate crops fail frwm any unfuretn eautc, will frequently yield the poor man with a large family, fiom Ovo hundred to one thousand dollars for stino six weeks labor in tho gathering. And hero is an old saying littrally verified, that "children arc n poor man's blesiing;" in this business, they arc his stock in trade. And this Pecan jubilee is not con fined to those whom iHtielty ctraptls thus to labor j but all classes partake tuoro or less in this health ful pleasure seeking, money-making business. Iloth young and old, rich and poor, prepare for a month's campaign In Iho forest. Tents und bedding, and all necessary furniture nnd prov Isions, are scut out, the unerring rilllo neter forgotten, by which vcnl sou, the pinirie hen and partridge can be supplied in abundance, tft times affording a feast for a gour mand. A pecan grove is sought for, (not unlike lu uppearance the sugjr orchards of Vermont) and here several families from thu same neighborhood will encamp together, forming a sceial eonimunlty, un der the nide-spreadiug trees of the forest, forming a picture i.ffroiiticrlileiii miniature. Ourclltuato is su pure and bracing, thut onu docs not think ol cobls, ei.ughs,niid consumptions, from any exposure incident to a lifo la the camp. Tho very rcteiso of this is the fuet. .Many scores of persons, with con stitutions almost huiiclc-tly imiulrnl, have letn fully restoud to health by a ri shh-iioe here of fiom sis P, twelve months, mid that p.n, without Ihe .1.1 of medicine, Tho asihiuatlo person can htre 111! his lungs to their uttnosttlisleittioii, with an alinosphetu generated, nut .-xaetly "put up," but prepared, ir. prtiity Ijr Ai,, or hir u.,, In unlimited quautftics, and held ut the samo moderate price whieh liud In his benevolence puts upon all his eludco blessings. Tbercappears to rest upon the minds of many, a great dread if onr ".Vorthers," nl.Ich prevail du. ling our brief tt Inter season. True, st me of tlicm are haul lo sland up un.ler.isposially !,, aocom. panied with a heavy rain. Thee, however, are very unfrequent. We have had lint one of this de. seriptlon, so fur, this winter. The two last days of J Jan. wero "dry snorters," not so very eol.l, for we i had tut Ihln ice, hut a wind of the most searching character. Thus far, this present month has beeu ' delightful. Me havo enjoyid your balmy air of 1 .May. I Wo plant our Irish potatoes In Ilcecmber, and dig the proceeds the flrsl of April. .Many planters havo already put iu their corn crops ; the rule is, to plant deep, so that iho corn may become well rooted ! before it make. Its appearance abovo ground, and then, should It to nipped ty the frost. It will soon spring up again. Our prairies are now fast putting on their new livery of green, especially wbcio Iho grass was burnt off early In tho fall. Should you consider this article worthyof puhlica tion, liniysciul ymi another random sketch, which I r .1...1 1 . .. . ' f shall eiidiaror lu lender interesting, mure csitecl. ally tu tho agriculturist. Yuur,.W, p, We shall bo glad to hear again from P. Wo can hotter fStimatJ the advantages fur the farmer, of his cli'uitoand soil, over ours, ifho will tell ushuvv loudily tho ci-i s ami tuck, .t un iy raised, can l iu.rkttil, and at v bat prie s. 'i,, ZT A cov ii.innsl Wall us-. i,K,.,i ;j,.u,, doltb'i.ii 'j si, .t i i , ,,i ,.ri , "n,w, Mohawk t .ii t. . . ,,lt ,,,,, 'Iho lllll" I am i i ii nt 1 1 1 1 tl It , null r in t' prcs nee ii j is luollii'i-, wli i Man una le I prevent It ZVOvn reapers may remember tho ensonf nn insane man, found in our streets one morning in the earlier part of tho winter, wandering barefoot und ulmost naked over tlio frozen ground, und dragging a few links of a broken chain nttachod to his uncle, He was hall frozen, almost starved, and speech less, und for a number of weeks manifested no more Intelligence or signMiiimnnity timu any of the lower brutes IIo had probal !y been the victim ofabus -. At any rate, under tho kind and excellent treatment of Mr. and Mrs. .Miller, in tho Poor hou"0, ho began afttr a while to show signs of returning reason. He notices and is fond or children, makes bis own bed Ac, und of Into has im perfectly reeotcrefl tho gift of speech. IIo says ho is a frenchman, formerly from Que bec, and has been in an asylum somewhere Doubtless if he continues to improve, ho will in time bo nblo to tell more. The case is an uncommon nnd interesting ono. Our Over seer oftho Poor has reason to believe that l.o camo last from Sheldon, Vt., nnd was thrown upon this town, naked, and shelterless on a cold night, to sao tho troublo nnd cxpenso of keeping him elsewhere. (cy Tt'Esnsr forenoon, n man supposed to bo I,. II. Austin, of Montpelicr, Vt., wns run over by tho freight train near Lowell, Mass., and killed. IIo was in charge of two car loads of potatoes for Doston, ar.d vvas seen to climb upon the top of 11 car. It uras supposed ho tell upon tho track ; tho wheels took off tho top of his head, leaving nothi ng of tho face but tho chin. nr The Huston Traveller, one of our in dispensable exchanges, and ono of tho very bet papers in New, makes its ap pearance in a new and beautiful suit of tyro The Traveller deserves its prosperity, and long may it continue to prosper. 5?" The State Agrici'Ltcral Society. Wo learn that the Directors of tho Vermont Stato Agricultural Society, havo decided that tho next State Pair shall be held nt Ritland, on tho 11th, 12th and 13th days of September next. fjyCii.vtiLEs Dckkee, the recently elected Republican Senator from Wisconsin, was formerly fiom this place. JjPkosi C.vutoRMs. Tho Illinois arrived at New- York on Monday evening, with 81,101,2-18 in treasure, and California dates to Feb. 10th. Xo news of great interest. Tho fiftieth ballot in the California Lcgisla turo, had secured no t". S. Senator. Tho missing L. S. Sloop of War Decatur, had ar rived at Valparaiso. From the Sandwich islands, we learn that on January 2-lth, Mr. Gregg, V. S. Commis sioncr, received a dispatch from Mr. Wyllie, tho Minister of Foreign Relations, stating that tho latter had been ordered by the King to discontinue the negotiations for the An nexation of tho Island to tho United States, commenced and carried on by his late Majesty. TJTllie question of the removal of Judge I.oring of Massachusetts, from tho office which he disgraced when he acted as Slave Com missioner in the Hums caso, pending beforo tho Massachusetts Legislature, excites much discussion, in tho Roston Press. Thcro is some doubt whether tho State Constitution confers on tho Legislature tho right of ro moml. 37" a.nd Smi'iviacK. A great storm was experienced on Capo Cod and tho Massa chusetts coast, on Friday and Saturday last. Iho Ship Wm. A. Cooper was w recked Satur day at Scituatc, with tho loss of the Captain and two nun, who perished in tho breakers, in trying to leavo tho ship. On Saturday the rest of the crew wcro saved by a lifo boat from tho shore. Four ether vessels wero diiven on shore, with loss of another lifo. A heavy fall of snow accompanied the storm on tho Capo. IT11MS AT IIOMi: AM) AHltOAl). Jams Sweeny, an Irish youth of 17, was brought before Justice Hollcnbcck, Tues day, on a charge of assault and battcrv. The utlenee was committed in "Skinner's Lane" a day or two since, upon nn old French woman, who having interfered in a quarrel between a Fiencli lad and Sweeny, was knock ed down and her "visuul orb" infuscated by tho latter On trial ho denied nothing, and wns fined $20 and costs. Accident. A man named Spaulding, employed on tho Vt. Central road in the con. structiun of a temporary bridge, to replaco the one burnt in Williston last week, fell from one or tlio abutments on Sunday, break, ing ono of his arms twico nnd severely bruis ing his body. IIo was taken to Rouses Point, where his family lives, this morning. The temporary bridge will probably bo completed by Wednesday or Thursday so ns to allow the passage ot trains. The cost of the bridge burnt wns $15,000. It was insured for $10,000. 1. Hesmm.ion, on Tuesday night of last week, two clothes-lino robbers wcro caught in the net. One, named Malcomb, an Englishman, wus captured with his booty. The other escaped, after dropping a portion of the plunder, which consisted of eocks, towels, .tc, together with tho corpses of II choice blood hens, stolen from the barn of N Squires, Ksq., nnd ruthlessly slain. Mrs. llcif ii of Charlotte, Vt., who is over CO y ears of age, on the Oth Inst, spun ninety knots of stocking yarn. Thirty knots is considered n good day's work. The acorioate expenses of Congress for the year, consisting of pay, mileage, com liensatinn or officeis. contingent expenses and library, amount, according to tho Appropria tion bill, to $l,-)70,li'J'.l. The diplomatic ex penseit for the year amount to $733,300. Iv Ri.NMNf.TOs- they held their last town Meeting in a l.nery Stable and the horses were ashamed of their visitors. Tho lianncr says " Rum wns in abundance, and loud, boisterous, prof.ino and low vulgar Ian. guage mingled Willi abuse was heard from the polluted lips ot tho miserable 1 loats who hung around the polls." Where sleep the officers of tho law, in those parts I A. P. Woodwortii, of Tunbridgo Vt, recently butchered u pig, seven mouths and seven days old, weighing w lien dressed threo hundred und and forty ono pounds. Jostrii M. Arnoip, a native of Ver mont, was burnod to death in the fire which consumed Ferris A Hoy it's picturo framo man uf.ictory in Chicago, on Monday might of last week Ho leaves a wife nnd three children. The Lavioime Coimv Hank, at Hyde park has organised. Directors Lucius II, Noyes, Russell S. P.igc, John A. Child, Hvdc- l",rki f'luw Cady, Morristown i (ieorgo Wil linn s;. i i; L :.. f .t . kins, Stow ; G. (i. rerrin, Johnson ; Arad I Hitchcock, Troy. Lucius II, Xoyes, Prcsi. dent Carlos S. .Voyes, Cashier, I Ai'ciPt.NTs. A I orso run awny in Montpelicr last week, nnd got foul of Phi. lander Arluu-kle, who was knocked through a bulkhead into the cellar of Redlield's Store, breaking his arm and otherwise injuring 1 ini. .Mr. .lames ('aniph.- r Xowport, Or leans Co., I., w' il trussing a biidgc iu St Johnshurv, on t'..- iSh ult . was thrown out mid n-' .I' -t a it ' v the sheering of hi horse, and s- ' u I ll nt he died. The 1ki.1v f K idin y Ilult in, ug d u'mut 2:1 years, lata of St Albans, t, was found in a saw mill, iu Shirley, Mass., on the 2'.tli ult.,

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