Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 23, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 23, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Ulcckln JTrcc Jpvcs i'or Council of Ctnsors, David Fish, Jericho. BURLINGTON, Fill DAY MAltCII23. 1H55. Council of Censors. Vo havo seen for weeks, tbat tho omission I to hold a lull state Uonventioii without re gard to party lines, to nominato a Council of Censors, was likely to provo a fatal one. l'rom tho start wo saw no other nay to secure a discrcot and united action in favor of any ticket worthy of a hearty support. Without such an nctlon,thc voters generally wouldnot interest themselves In tho election. Luck or petty intriguo would bo left to decide it. It became soon cvidcnflhat there was to bo no such Convention, nnd though two or three nttcmpts wero inado to supply its place by the action of County Conventions, that plan proved substantially abortive. Tho natural consequences followed. Hero and there some individual was named, not for any apparent reason, but rather a it would seem, for the sako of saying something. At length full tickets began to show them selves and these wcro followed by others, so that wo havo about a score in all, tnado up without concert, and without knowing whether tho nominees would allow their names to bo used or not. From decli naturesnnd substitutions in all theso tickets, the whole thing is in as pretty a stato ofcon fusion and uncertainty ns any ono could wish to see. Yet tho election occurB on tho 26th inst., next week on Wodnosday, and it is quite timo for tho electors to know who they can voto for with any chunca of nidlng to elect a good set of men. Wo huvo tho wholu array of tickets before us so far as they havo been published. If thero is any ono unpub- lishcdflt determined upon any secret organiza- tion, wo know nothingof it, and caro nothing ! for it. Secret nominations wo havo no sort 1 of rcsticct for. We civo tho ticket which seems to us, as a whole, most worthy of'sup port ; nnd theso aro our reasons. Several of the candidates aro on nearly all of tho tickets which have appeared others nro on a major part of them. Two or threchough not on a majority of the tickets, wo believe will prove acceptablo to a very large number of tho voters throughout tbo Stato, Most of tbo persons on this ticket wo aro personally acquainted w ith, and bc lievo them to be men who understand tho principles of our frsc institutions, that they aro men who have a strong lovo for po pular rights men who, ifthcy venerate tho past, nnd respect the opinions of thoso who havo gone before us, do not believe that wis dom died with tho men of 1777, or of 17U3,or or 1S28, or of lb3G, or even of 1850 : but rather, that. improvement in the Constitution is jot a possible thing, and that it is well to 60ek for it fairly, and when found, to make it if possible. Most of them ore men w idely known in the State, and highly respected for J their character nnd their abilities, for such abilities as are needed for so important a work as that of a thorough scrutiny of the legislation oftho Stato, of .1 carcrul exam, ination of its fundamental law In the light of increased experience and a profound appre ciation of the free principles on which it rests. Two or thrco cf them wo do not know but wo placo thcni in the list, on tho recommenda tion of others. Able men who were Bret pro posed for those places, havo withdrawn their names, and we can do no better now. Here is the list : I'or Council of Censors. (.ILDjllAIUUNOTON, Grand Isle, County. WORTHINGTON SMITH, Franklin GEOJUJK I'. M.WtSIJ, CJiitieiidri. HOKACK EATON, Addison SILAS H. HODGES, Hutland JOHN vV. VAIL, Bennington " DANIEL KELLOGG, Windham ANDREW Til ACE Y, Windsor WM. IIEBARD. Orange LUCIUS Ii. PECK, Washington W. H. II. BINGHAM, Lamoille CHARLES b. DANA, Caledonia " SAMUEL A. AVILLARD, Orleans (X7"The following gentlemen have refused t3 be considered candidates for membership oftho Councilor Censors. John S. P.obinson, Wm. Heywood, Hiland Hall, Julius Converse, Erastus Tairbanks-, Royal Hatch, Portus Baxter, L. C. Kellogg, Luke P. Poland, James Birrttt. There may bo others whom wo have not noticed. Thero nro first rato men among them whose names we should havo been glad to retain. But wc see no use in voting for men who refuse to serve. Comity Commissioners. Tho following County Commissioners have been chosen. Addison County, Davis Rich, Rutland, Chester Spencer. C. A. Seymour. Nathan T. Churchill. A. II. Gilmorc. Dr. Skinner. A. E. Judevine W. H. Blake. George Fisher W. B. May. Alonzo Peareo Nathan Foster Chittenden ' Windsor " Orango " Orleans ' Caledonia " Tranklin " Windham " Essex " Washington" Lnmoillo " Tho above wero tho Temperance candidate and, with scarcely an exception, wereclected without any opposition. Wc concur w ith the Chronicle in tho hopo that tho timo isnot distant whcnmon will as soon bo foui.dorjios inga law against counterfeiting as an. Ilicient temperance law. fjyTwo weeks ago tho Middlcbury Win ter, nominated as an "eminently ablc ticket ," for COUNCIL OF CENSORS. Wm. C. Bradley, E. P. Walton, Luman Norton, Mordccai Hall, Titus Hutchinson, John Smith, John Conant, Nathan Smilie, Horatio Necdham, Elijah Cleveland, Daniel Colt. Samuel Adams. John Teck, This week it presents tho following ticket for COUNCIL OK C E N S O I! S . John JI. hlade, Addison. John W. Vuil, Bennington Charles S. Dana, Caledonia. David Fish, Chittenden. David llibbard, Essex. Wm. U. Wilson, Franklin. lhomao Glced, Lamoille. John B, Hutchinson, Oration. Nathaniel P. Nelson. Evelyn Pierpont, Rutland. Wm, W, Wells, Washington. LuFayelto Ward, Windham. Thomas F. Hammond, Windsor. All tho t'ukctK, so far us wo huvc sumi, havo equal uuthority. Irregularity has ruled through the whole business:. Every voter will make up his ti kct to suit hlm S'jir wo suppose. We hope a good tct of mm will bo elected, and if two or thrco ol them thall bo taken from ono county, 110 harm will bo done according to our doctrine. St.NAiK Joi'K.vvi.. We uro inHumed that Hie Journal of tho Senate for lb' 1 U now in tbe hands ur tho County Clerk for dlstri' u. tion to tl.Oie who ore by Jaw entitled t i copies. Tlic "Know Sitlilnu"l,ntl). 1 It Is about two years silicotic word "Knovv ' Nothing" began to figure prominently In the I rill-renl rumrita nl" 1il!.l nation The. 1 orgoiilintlon, thin curiously entitled, (corned nt first to bo n locnl affair, designed simply to nffeeUomo municipal election, mid to pre vent Patrick from mounting thu policeman's, star. In lime, however, it vvn found to ho something more than this. A year's growth added largely to its number? and liillucncc, and it was found In bo striking at higher game than New York Aldermen. It was giv en to bo understood that its aim was to coun teract evident nnd wide-spread evils in tho i operations of our political nflah. It was a secret Order, designed to act upon and purify ! tho old parties, to correct the loosen, iiftLo Naturalization Inns, to check the nirrnpt catering of the great parties for tho "foieign vote," and bo to inlluenco the primary meet ings and elections, that the nomine s of all parties for all offices, should bo men ofnatiie American birth, understanding our In stitution", and willing faithfully to carry out the purposes they were intended to serve. As such It attracted tbo favorably notice of mnny good men, as well as of politicians who saw in it only a new hobby on which to ride into oflico. It grew rapidly, threw out nu merous branches, nnd now it is s lid to exist in every State and Territory, and to number among its members over one million or men. In tbo course of this surprising growth, on essential chango lias apparently crept Into tho constitution and operation of tbe order, at least in Now York State, where the move, mant originated. There is, of Course, a lack of thorough knowlcdgo among outsiders, con ccrning tho general composition ofthUsecrct order. There havo nppcarcd,it Is true, from timo to time, many disclosures, of ono bort and another, some of them apparently authen tic, but nil lacking tho proper voucheis to mako them reliable sourd!of information. In ono Stato alone has tho veil been wholly torn away, and tho secret workings disclosed. Tho speeches of Messrs. Littlei ilin. Kicker sou nnd Leigh, in tho famous debtte in tho X, Y. Assembly, previous to tho flection of Mr. Seward, havo been published in full. They contain an exposure of the Constitu tion, oatln, ritual, &c, of tho order, for tho truth and correctness of which, tho high personal character of thoso gentlemen is pledged. Mr. Littlejohn gives the following description of the formation nnd machinery of tho order ; In July last a stato con-tilution was adopted. 1'ho grand lodgo was combined with some other organization, mid it Is now called tho grand council. Hind that it bus an officer called tbo gland president. Thu name of that officer is known, J.W. IUiiklh. This grand president wits and is empowered to appoint, upon his own motion, ami with out the knowledge, pcrniie-ion, sanction or counsel of uny other man, ono deputy for each county. Thcpo deputies arc urine I w ith power to create lodges, to uny number, in every town, city, village nnd hamlet in the several counties. How is this done' lie, the deputy, selects nine men as tho number nee csary to constituto a lodge or council, and ndininisters to thuso nine men thu necessary oaths, lnesonine men thu chosen instru ments of this deputy, and, through him, of the grand president select thice of them selves, who Ehall,7'or Mrec years, bo delegat ed to meet in tho grand council in the city of New York, the grand presideut presiding, to make nominations nnd to proposu oaths w hich aro to bind the members ol the organi zation, body und soul. The nine men who1 nro selected by tho deputy to roi stituto a council, or any fivo of tliem (even though tho council limy havo .10(1 imonhcrN) havo tho j right to blackball whoever is proposed, if ho is not tho sort of man they desire to have in j the council! They havo a right to rcicet any n...a:nnn T ,1.:.. ,1 ,:,.'., i ' .ijtll... .0 ui;ii!W..lil-jr liivi. I ... ing in a council of 50 or Still 1 Harker appoints the deputy the deputy selects thu nine to form a council these nine select .l.m ,l.n! r.,.',! ,.,i,.il...,. ,n tin, .1 . rt,tt.a lor three years to tho grand council and any I livu of the nino can reject any honest man who may apply for admission, and who they may believe might bo dangerous to the accom plishment of their dishonest designs. Tho scheme is perfect, Nor can its machinery 1 0 changed but hy tho will of thu grand pre sident' Tho 130,000 members ol thvonUr havo no voice in tho election of their ddo gatcs. It has been slid by somo luembeVHof tho order that tho councils can instruct their delegates, nnd thus counteract uny tvil design which may bo cherished by the gran 1 1 president. This is plausible, but it i, nut trutlilul. Iho constitution or liyl.iwsgivu the delegates tho right to appeal to the grand council. So that, if tho instructions do nut chiino with tho purposes of tho grand council or the grand president, us his creaturei con stitute tho tribunal to which tho appeal is undo, tlio'councils instructing theso delegates will ho overruled. But theso things aro not known to thu mass of tho older. They weru not known by mo until within thirty diys ; and I here, in my placo on tho floor of ibis House, vouch for tho correctness of everything I have stated. Tho Grand Council, as appears from the speeches referred to, claims the right to con trol in advanco tho individual vote of every member of tho order, and tho right to hold liiin to an account ns to how he has voted. A decreo of tho Grand Council, itued after tho last New York Stato election.was read by Mr. Littlejohn, directing tho local councils to re quire each member with up lifted right hand to say for whom he voted, and If ho did not vole for tho nominations of that Grand body, to expel him from the order. Thu oaths of the order wero also read in tho debate. They bind tbo member to keep secret tho names of I m.'ilibers, tbo secrets, and objects of the order to ob"y the laws and edicts of thu Grand I Council and of tho local council to vote in j all cases for American born citUens only, and to "seek the jiolitical advancement" of tho good und true membci s of tbo order j th'u under penalty of excommunication from tho order, ol' being posted throughout tho diffe rent councils ih a " traitor uud perjurer" and us a "being unCt lube employed, en trusted or supported innxy lusiness tiansac tian uhatcitr," These oaths aro not bare forms of initiation ; they weio intended P.r service, 11s wus illustrated in tho election of Mr Seward. Several Chapters, understand ing that ceitain members of tho order in tho Assembly woro proposing to voto lor Mr. Scv.aul, sent dictatorial letters to those mem ber, urging them to act against Mr. Seward. Accompanying tho letter of instructions, in at least ono case, was a letter from tho Presi dent ot tho Chapter, distinctly informing the gentleman written to (Mr Riekcrsou) that to voto for Mr. Seward was to tiolatc his oath, and threatening him with being burnt in effigy and with tho penalties attached to tho oath above mentioned, if ho did not voto agreeably to his instructions. Mr. Rickcrson, by tho way, voted for Mr. Suward, and icoj after ward burned in effigy in accordance with tho threat. J Moreover members were in open debate reminded of these oaths,and warned by Mr. lleadley, a prominent Know Nothing, that to voto fur Mr. Seward was to fasten the niuio of perjury upon their souls. The ulwvo extracts, without further going into tho mysteries oftho "second degree" and other developments, show sufficiently the construction ol thu organization. Theso statements, bo it remembered, uro made on the personal authority and knowlcdgo oftho speakers, who had been members of Ihe onhr iMJi'M,atid w ero corroborated by documen tary ovidencoai.dcxtract8 from the ritual of thu order. truth and coricct ncsn has nut been questioned. Know Nothings in tbo Assembly and Know Nothing pa pel in that Stutc, denounced tho gi ntlcmeii 11s traitois, lor revealing these secrets, but no one has d uied their essential tiuth Such then is tbo Kuow-Notliing order in New York Hero is 110 organization, acting BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, PRTDAY MORNING, MAftCH 23. 1855. upon nnd piiilfyliig tlio old parties. It Is ti political party In ItselT, bound together by tQOnt unl,IB controlled hy ono man, or by "'0 Craild Council, 1tltt!t!li forward 1 Is 110111- 0KS 1,1 Kmt iMag from tho inciuLoiH (ho r,a,a bo11' r selection and of conscience, proscribing good and truo mid native born AinerlcniiB, tlireatefiing with public scorn and injury In his privnto business tho man who obeys his own judgvuent in opposition to tho rcqiiiremcntsol' tho council, and throw ing its whole inlluenco and power, now when tho question ol slavery extension le thu great one before thu country, iigaiust tho return to our National Legislature of the neknaw ledged champion of Freedom and tho North. It wholo "trlicturo is nntl-democratic, Jesuitical and prescriptive ; and in practice it must inevitably provo corrupt. Now we nrj far from saying or believing that such la Know-Nothlnglsm everywhere. Wc believe there arc important dilTorcnces between tho Know-Nothings of Now York and those of New Lngland. Tho Know Nothings of Vermont are, wo aro sure, un willing that tho order should bo ns.-d to smother tho moused nnti-el.itcry sentiment of tho North. They opposo tbo extension of slavery, not less than tbo extension of foreign inlluenco nnd political lloman Catholicism in our midst, They rejoice, wo believe, in tho election of Mr. Seward. Especially would they, if wo know them, resist euch an en quiry Into and control over tho votct of indi vidual members, as is exorcised by the Coun- cils of New York. But what tho order is in New York it may hi time become in Ver. uiotit, if it retains In its constitution thuob jcctionablo features of thoorder us at present constituted. 'Iho tendiiicy or secret oath bound iolltical soeicth'N ix to become pro scriptivo and corrupt. The risk of being caught in .1 placo vv hero they must y ield the right of private judgment, and obey without question tho cdicta of a. secret council ol I scheming politicians, is too great for honest and judicious men totako. They cannot join, . or long remain connected with such n society, I and without the support of honest men, the order caunot be a permanency in Vermont. W'u desire to be understood in this matter. Wo aro not blind to tho danger connected with this enormous inllux of foreigners. We would prevent tho foreign population, both for its own sake and for our own, from be coming an clement of disturbance and dis--cord 111 our midst. Wo would by 110 means allow men born and bred under tho arbitrary governments or Europe, and ignorant of tho spirit and working oT our institutions, to warp tho policy or mar the prosperity of the bunt w hieh odcra to them protection uud a home, and in which their children will have tho same rights which nro enjoyed by tho de scendants of the men of '70. We would remedy the outrageous abuses oTou. ...... . lization laws ; we would extend the time re quisite for naturalization; wo would put a stop as Tar as possible to interference in or influence over our political nfl'airs, by Roman 1 Cdtholiu Priests, or uny religious teachers, as such; wo would forbid thu formation oT mill- 1 I tary companies exclusively of foreigners, and I discourago everything w hich tends to increase tho clannish tendencies oftho foreign clement j and prevent its assimilation with the native blood and bono; and wo would havo our country represented abroad, not by Soules and Belmonts, but by intelligent and honest . men or American birth. To attain these ends ! in a proper manner, nnd nt a suitable time, j ro would "a all right means. Secret Suclc- , ties wo do not consider right means. The movement of which wo havo been writing, can, in our opinion, result in no good, unless j its sccrit features urctlropptd. On these points wo shall havo more to say in future. .Mil. C'livri.Ns's Lr.tniiE. The Tov.11 Hull was filled with ono of Burlingtun's best audiences on Wednesday evening, March 20th, to hear Rev. R. II. Chapin. His subject was " Modern Chivalry " lie did not maintain tbat this is an Age of Chiv alry, but that tho present ago is lacking neither in the poetic conditions, spirit.or work of truo Chivalry. Tho great evils or our ngu he believed to be o prominent, not because they aro really greater than tho ovils oT former times, but because they nro heaved up against tho back ground of our clearer know ledge and 6een by more sensitive eyes. He described with humorous effect soma of the types or r.ilso Chivalry among us. Ho al luded to some instances or noblo and chival rio self-devotion in our own day ; and we hoped ho would touch on that ono which in nobility nnd ruraance und daring, riials tho rcost chivalrous exploits oT tho Ago ol Chivalry the search lor Sir John Franklin ; but he passed it over. Ho closed With a des cription of tho truo Knight-Errant of the present day, striding into tho field beforo the frowning battlements of wrong, nnd touching with 6trong lanco tho black shield of error and sin, which thrilled the wholo audience by its fervency and eloquence. Mr. Chapin was listened to in almost absoluto silenco and with intense nnd unabated interest to the end. It was a treat for which tho young gentlemen or the Donating Society deserve tho thanks oftho public. The Trot. Tho trotting match for n purso of $J(I between tho two year uld Morgan Colt owned by Mr McNasscr of Burlington, nnd tho two year old Black Hawk, of .Mr Myriek of Bridport, c.imo off as advertised on tho ico in tho bay on Wednesday nl'ternooii. A crowd oT over a thousand persons was j re sent. Tho first start was a bad one the Ulaok Hawk coming through alone. Tl.c first heat was taken with apparent case by tho Morgan Colt. Tho last two heats vvcie won by tho Black Hawk, tho Moigan break ing badly. Tho Black Hawk Colt showed much superior training. Time, 3.22, 3.15, 3d heat not taken. ;3TWo are indebted to Hon. II. J. of New York, for vnluablo Now York Stato documents. .Now Votli Stutn Prisons. Uistycar, tho Legislature of Now York up pointed a committco to look into tho pecu niary affiirs of tho Stato Prisons. Tho ro. suit of their investigation is a volumo ofonc thousand pages, rrom which tho people of that Stato can learn a good deal which most of them did not know before. Tho embezzlements, frauds, perjuies, to say nothing of other offences disgraceful or.ough, if not equally atrocious, which tho commit tee brought to light, especially in tho affiirs of Sing Sing Prison, aro astonishing. Guilty villains no doubt aro kept in duranco thero ; and the quicker such rascals as Lickwood, Storms, Clark, Stanton, and others liko thorn, take up n permanent residenco within thu prison walls, the better tho Stato will ho oh. Inspectors, agent, clerk, and many subordi 11 ito officers and guards, wero round to have been habitually intemperate, in addition to their guiltiness in tho abovo named offences. Holder and grosser peculations wo never saw unveiled. Highway robbery would bo no worse. (Cr New IIavii'siiiiii. In J S'.t towim, 1 Metculf's majority Is 2120, and the remaining 1 towns to l) heard from will probably increase 1 this majority. Of 2j.', Representatives In urd from, 101 aro elected by thooppusui 11, and 05 by tbo Democrats , leaving V) to be h aid from. The election of the thruo members of Congress is conceded to tho opposition, as well as four of tho live Couin lllnri, and ten oftho twelve Honat its. The ,1 (!. ray n " The now Legislature Is ono of the ablest bodies that ever assembled In tbo Stato. Instead of proscribing the talent nnd intellect nl'Now Hampshire, tho dominant r in ty hate invited tho ablest nun of tho ftio to places of honor und trust. Tho soundest, tttieat and most experienced men nro among thu members ol' tho new Legislature and II n tree Is known by its fruits, tho revolution which places in tho hands ol' such men thu destinies id' tho Stato is certainly not lo bo lcgardcil In tho light of n calamity." The Defeat iifMr. Marsh's Oaliii. Tho signal ability and industry shown by thr. lion. i). P. Marsh, the late L'.S. Minister to tho Ottoman I'orto, in tho performance of his official duties at Constantinople, nnd In his conduct of tbo famous ICoszla affair, nro well known to tho American people. Ihe latter cas0 particularly, in Its relation to tho governments ir Austria nnd Turkey ns well nstoouruwn, demanded for its successful adjustment, an nmount of knowledge, discre-l tion and firmncsH which nro not often found together. At home and abroad Mr. Marsh's management of it has received tho highest praise. Hut thero was ono other alfiir oncoflong standing, involving tho rights of an Amciican citizen, and thu power and will oT our (!ov crnount to protect not ono who tnttnieJ lo become acitizen. but ono who lent one by right nl" ,,!l'l,1 uKlist gross and long-contir.ucd , auuso ny too auinonties ol a loreign govern inent. Vv e reler to the caso or Rev. Jonas King, long resident us 11 missionary, and part ol the timo acting in a publiu capacity, at Athensin Orecco Thiseaso,on many accounts, was ono of groat difficulty and to investigato it thoroughly and to present it in u clear and tangible light, was what few men in our country wero competent to do. Wisely, as the result showed, our govern ment directed Mr. Maish to take upon him self this additional and extraordinary labor a work of siveral months duration and of so vcro and exhausting character. It required a thorough mastering of Modern Greek crimi nal jurisprudence and constitutional law, us well ns of the laws affecting civil rights, and tedious mil v pi'atcd ex iminatioiis of the entire ei idfm and judicial ri-i'i.i!s 111 Dr. King's case, in m.niu.-eiipi, mu-t ol it in tho worst possible, modern Gnvk chirog raph)1. Ill-sides tho toil, thero was de manded nn unl'iuehiiig perseverance which would lako nothing on trust Horn officials who wcro ready to resort to all manner or de ceptions and to most unblushing falsehoods to prevent him from getting at tho truth, and to defeat the ends of justice. His correspon dence 011 this c.iBijwith the department ut Washington, makes a volume, and tho servi ces which he rendered have been acknowledged l", ",."" ,,,.",''b;d milliner, 'fins service, be itnotcd, wusnotunu nmvn came within the proper scope of his dutiesat Constantino le. It was in every sensu an extraordinary one, subjecting him to labors and pecuniary losses, foreign to his proper duties there. Had a minister or commis sioner been specially appointed Tor tho busi ness, as would bo tho natural course ol things, tho extra expense In the national treasury would have been large Equity and usage m nlu it proper for him to receive re muneration for this service, us well as for tho performance orjuci'riifdutlcs (in distinc tion from diplomatic ones) which had de volved upon him while minister at the Porte. A plain and direct memorial to that effect was made by him to Congress under dato of Dec. I, 1SSI, and an extra allowance of t'JOUO I'or him was inserted in tl.u proper appropriation bill, extra allowances ol .luuMc 1110 amount, to Commodore l'eiry and Mr. feehenek for extra ministerial seiviees, being proposed at the samo time. To tho surprise of tho community, thu al lowance to Mr. Marsh, l.iadu byuu unanimous voto in thu Senate, was cut oil in thu House of Representatives during the last night of the session, wbilu the others wcro retained. In principle the cases wc re tho same, though it cannot be doubted that thu extra labor in Mr. Marsh's cusu was far greater than in tho others. Strange things are often done, ns all know, in tho huny and conTusion of the last hour of Congress ; but this was so strange aj to excitu no little curiosity. 'J he result was brought about, wo learn, from tho mischiev ous efforts uf an unprincipled Levantine at Washing ton, whose iniquities at thu East, Mr. Marsh had had occasion to expose to thuStaie Department. This fellow inadu interest with a Roman Catholic member from Pennsylva nia, Mr. Chandler, falsely representing that Mr. Marsh had been hostile to him becauso of his peculiar religious belief By h seiies of lies privately circulated, some members wcro led to believe that .Mr. Marsh's extra services were trivial and unimportant. Some members who understood the matter were out of tho way. .Mischief makers are always 011 hand. There was no opportunity to cxiose thu deccjtion, and the wrong was done. Another Congress, we doubt not, will icpair it. Wc are obliged to lion. Salomon l oot for important documents C3A correspondent, " Fair Play," ejm plains because wo do not publish "the 1 mire ticket of Council of Censors with which Mr. Fish isexpeeted to bo associated If elected " Wc reply tint wo have not done so fi r tho simple reason tbat we are not inToimed who the men arc ( they really exist. .Mr. Fish was nominated nt a convention of a lev- pei sons in this county, who did not nominate any body else. Wu bel'n vo two or thrco other individuals havo been nominated in other counties, pretty much in tho samo way, but there has been no general action throughout thu Statu to mako up a ticket by separate county nominations. 'Iho attempt to get a ticket in tbat way was an utt r failure. Divers full tickets have born propesed openly by responsible persons and wo bavo given what seemed to us tho best one, which judg ing from appears in the pipers, has uny chance o(bin cluteit. Rumor I as it that tho Know Nothing convention formed a ticket for tho wholo State. We seo no ticket put forth as thrirs in tho japers which sccin to bo specially interested in that organization. If they agreed upon a ticket and all of them vote for it, quite likely it will bo elected, simply becauso there bus been no mnml of action in favor of any other Our viows about seen! nominations ngreo with those of " Fair Play". Wo disregard them entirely. GTThu Wrgennes Independent, which has been conducted during the last eight months with cneigy, tact, niul industry, is likely to stop tor want or support. Wo regret tu see 11 Htper so worthy, obliged to surrender to .1. . !...l!ir.- I ..!:., ..I.I r ; .. . .i.i.. too iieum-i 1 lieu uiiu niuuu uiii iiiyisiii Ol lliu City of Vergenncs and its suburbs.' Vergennes should adopt tho language of John Randolph " 1 thank God, there is no newspaper priu- ted in my District '" L't all old logics and those who will not take 11 homo newspaper go to Vcrgcnnes, uud it will become 1 a great city. Send 111 cocked hats, kneo buckles, 1 and pillions to that sleepy placo Let tnl augers und high heeled shoes return within that solitary city where man carry their hands in their pockets. Let tho cars pass by ( it with miillled wheels, und let tho whistle b'e dumb. I. t the sun shine only sit hours ill a day, fir the eiti.eii need no 111. 11 , and b I lie owl hoot, day and night, li uu tbo top o1 the church spiiu, lor there i'.ni 11" new siper live i'i that City which sits on the hauUnl Otter Creek, liko a spinster queen diugged with opium l.ethefcoat ol arms be an owl, 11 shut oye, and a poppy Hutland , Jhrold The Dentil ntlho I'.mpcror Nicholas. l'robably tho death of no other man could havo produced the siii-atiou throughout tho civilized world, which has been caused by tho announcement or tho death or Nicholas urilussia. Tlio event of the sudden death u( Louis Napoleon, with the c.jii!(qucnccB which must follow it, might possibly equal this in importance ; It cotlld not surpass it. 1 1' tho Intelligence is truo, and, even with tho Saba s topol hoax in vivid remeinlir.nnc, there seems to bo no good reason to question it, tho old est, the ablest, the gr it 'n, an I tho mist iibuluto sovereign in Luropc, is no more. Ho has ruled with iron sway, for 2S years, an Um pire of 0:2,0011,000 of people, speaking moro than thirty languages and dialects, and scat tered over a territory more than four times greater than the settled portions of the tciri tory claimed by tho United States. Ho was a great man, and In eonio respects a good sovereign for tho poor lo ho ruled over. He encouraged art, science, and literature. Ho has constructed railroads, telegraphs, canals and ships, and has largely conliibuted to build up I'ussian power and inlluenco, to en hrgo tho military resources or tho country und to incrcaso its wealth. It was to his am bition to extend his dominion and to achieve the hereditary policy of his house, that thu present war in Luroio must bo attributed. With lovers ofllberty, ho will mainly bo remembered ns tho ciecutloncrofl'oland, tho destroyer of Hungarian independence, and the strong foo of Liberty nnd Protestantism in Europe Many of our exchanges intimate the possi bility orhis having perished liko his rather and grand-father, by assassination, Instead of dis case. The N. Y. Courier 1) V.nnvirer, is in clined to doubt tho fact of his death, basing its doubt on tho improbability that the Russian Government, contruling as it docs, the Russian cud ol' tho telegraph line, should permit a niislurtunc to it of such ex tremo gravity, to bo heralded all over Europe on tho day oT its occurrence. Tho groat question of course is, how will this event utlcct tho prospects ol Peace 111 Europe. The successor to the Imperial throno w ill decide that question, und it is of little 1130 to speculate upon it. The N. Y. ViiUvnt , w!.o-o articles upon European 11 lu.irs have be."i very able, a'suiues that Alexander, the late Czir's eldest son, will reign in his stead, and believes that ho will fully carry out his father's policy, and that the death of Nicholas will but add fuel to the tlime of war. It is said, however, tbat Con stantinc, the second son, claims tho succes sion, as eldest son of the reigning sovereign, his brother having been born before the acci's sion oT Nicholas. Thu next steamer, whicl will solvoalldoubts, will be waited for witl iinpiticuce. Wild Pronosltlon The tchemcs which aro got up in Brokers Hoards to keep things moving in tho Stock and Ilonil Market, lire an multifarious as tin pictures in 11 Kaleidoscope. One of the Into we cut from a Boston paper. Tho plan of getting tho Stato of Vermont to issue (11)0,000 in 5 lier cent Sterling Iionds, payable in London, in ,.U years, is new corn alto gcther. Tho dealers in Railroad paper will catelm great many weasels aleep before the, can trap Vermont in that way. We understand that an application i about to bo made to tbe Legislature of Ver' j inont, to lollow the example of Massachusetts ill helping the works ol internal improve ' nient. It is proposed that Vermont shall 1 issue $8,000,00(1 of j per cent, sterling bonds j payablu in Loudon in HI) years, and secured by tirst mortgages on the entire property ami franchise of thu Rutland and Central roads, in placo of their present mortgages. The ilebtol' tho Kutlmil is .il.MMI.bHO fir.t, $1, 200.00U second, and 1,2110,000 third mort gage ; and the debt of the Central is 2,(100, 000 first, and l.oOO.OOO fecund. Total XI, 200,000 lor thu Rutland, rnd $3,300,01)0, for tho Central, amounting altogether to $7, 700, 000, say eight millions in round numbers Tho annual interest at .1 per cent, wuuld be only $ 100,000, and the net earnings of these roads last year exceeded that amount, so that the security would ha perfectly safe. The-c roads are yet in their infancy, und will do much better as they grow older and develop their resources- As the State of Vermont is outofdebt, these 5 per cents wuuld probable bring par in Europe, where money is worth but 3per cent. A part of tho plan is to estab lish sinking funds, liko those oftho Western and Vermont and Mass. voids, which, by their own opeiation, will pay the debt at maturity. Tlieso railroads havo been of incalculable benefit to the State, and is prop er that tho State should now help the roads by loaning its credit for their advantage. II thu aid should be granted, it vrould free these eorporations from existing embarrassments, m ike their bonds worth par, und materially advance tho market valuu of their stock New Hampshire. A very severe Know Nothing and anti Nebraska tornado took the four corners of the Administration cob-house in New Ilainpshiic on Tuesday It was tottering last year This year it roll, and great was thu fill of it. It will be difficult to collect again, very soon, the scattered ruins nnd re-erect them into a structure which shall havo strength enough to stand alone. Mr. Pierce's own State his stronghold has turned agiinst him. Before tho passage of the Nebraska bill, nothing could have turned her from her allegiance to 1 1 1 111 . Now he has tried his best to hold her, and f tiled. The returns are not all published, but wo havo enough to mike it sure, that Mete ill', a bitter opponent of the Adminis tration, is elected governor. Tl.o thrco Ad ministration Congressmen, in tho lato Con gress, were all candidates fur ru-eleelion and are all defeated. In tho lt Congressional district. Pike, a strong anti-Nebraska man, nominated by the Know Nothings and sup ported by tho Whigs, succeeds Kittredge. In thu 2d district, Tippnn, tbo candidate or tbe Whigs, anti-Nebiaska men and Americans, succeeds Morrison. In the 3d,Cragin, Whig K. N., succeeds Harry llibbard, who was elected in 1853 by two thousand majority. Tho opposition hivo also both branches ol tbe Legislature, and will sec to it that two itnti-Admiuistration men uro elected to the U. S. Senato The runt is complete, and it has been brought iilnnit by tho Nebraska bill. The Nebraska-men, will perhaps rcTuso to ac knowledge tho Tict ; they will lay their de reat, doubtless, entirely toKnow Nothingisin; but it is nevertheless true, that the anti-No-braska feeling has mainly given to the N. II. "Aiiieiieans" their power. Probably nothing but tho Nebraska enormity could havo over throw 11 the dominant pirty.iu the State where they havo s lung had entire control. The Poweu. Dunngtho Presidential terms or tho elder Adams, Mr. Jell rson, .Mr. .uuiiroo, oiui punier .mains, 111111 ,ieiieritt Taylor, 1111 bill passed by Congress was vetoed All tho bills which cither Mr. Madison or li. .nnrtit .l.ii.L-c.ii m or ,,l u.,.. errliitlrrlit I - m..v.. v. v...k., ..... --....j, I "" Constitutional grounds. Washington I never vetoed but oij bill, nnd that was the ! Apjiointiiioiit Rill, about which there was a difference or opinion in regard to the con- struetion to he put upon ncluuso ul tlio Uern- 1 stitution, tloston I ranscr'pt. It bus remained Tor President Pierce tu veto claims against tho Guv'ciiiuient, which have been pl-.e. hy halTii dozen Congresses. IVAnnexvtion. The It iston Atlas aptly rem irks the magnificent annexation sehi iocs of the A. 1. Ministration havo finally dwindhd down tu nothing at all. " U u can not obtain Cuba, the nuw Klip, nl' tin Ii.-1, 1. 1,,,. I. inn,, in. hi. .11; nose at us, and wo ure left tu cousolu our- selves with that sweet, charming and fcrtilo ucquUitiou- -tho Mcsilli vulley "' tTrl'iioji Cai.iiornh.TIio Northern Light which arrived nt New York on tho l'Jth, brought word of the almost cnllro prostration or business, owing lo tho suspension of five banking-houses. The nevts of tho suspension of l'.igo ,t Il.icon of St. Louis, reached Sail rr.incisco on tho 17th, ciusingn great runon Missrs. I'ii go , Uncoil & Co., I'ranclrco. They met tho run, and paid out half a mil lion of dollars. A luieting ofnierclmits and haulers was held, uud declared the house solum, restoring commence, and matters vvoro j n better uspect. On thu i!Jd, however, I Messrs. I'ago, lbicon & Co., suspended pay- , . , ... ... incut, followed on the -3d by Messrs. Adams it Co., Wells, largo it Co., Itobinson A Co,, 1 end Wright's .Miners' Deposit. Tho excitement was Intense. Adams A- Co.i closed all their branches without paying a dollar, except at Sail Francisco, where on the ou, mcy stoou a run oi 500,000. vv ens, Fargo it Co., announced that they would re sume payment in Sin Francisco on tho 2ilth. It is (cared Adams i Co., could not resume payment under sixty days, if at all. Page, It icon .t Co., would probably resume pay incut In iv few d.ivs, depositors having granted timo on $'iOO,OUU. Their assets were large. The San Francisco Price Current, of the ovculng or ti e 21th, denies that there havo been any lailurcs ofptirely mercantile houses. Owing to tho scarcity of water, but little gold had been taken Irom tho mines, but heavy rains commenced tailing oil tho 2atb, and still continued when the steamer left. There has been no election oT a U. S. Sen ator, tho joint Convention having adjourned jihc die on the 20th, ny a voto ol ujtoll. tin tbo morning ol tho lath, tho at. Charles Hotel, and Williams' Hotel, in Sin Francis co, weio destroyed by lire. In Nevada, 10 houses were burned on the 16th, nnd in Stock ton, 2o houses were destroyed by lire on the 21st. Loss, $50,000. The Iteclproclty Trrnly in Force. nr iiir. rnEsmtNT or tue vnitep statfs or AMERICA A rROCLAMVTIO.V. Whereas, bv nn act of tho Coneress of the United States, arnroved the firth day or Aug, ono thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, entitled " nn act to curry into effect a treaty between the t nitcd Statcsnnd Great Britain, signed on the fifth day of June, eighteen hun dred and fifty-four," it is provided that, whenever the President or tho I. nitcd States shall receivo satisfactory evidenco that tho Imperial Parliament or Great Ilritain and tho provincial Parliaments nf Canada, New litunswiek, Nova Scotia, and Piince Edward Island have passed laws on their part to give rull effect to tho provisions or the aid treaty, lie is authorized to iseiio his proclamation that ho has such cvidenco , And whereas, satisfactory information has been received hy me that the Imperial Parli 1 inentof Great Ilritain, nn 1 the Provincial Parliaments of Canada.Nevv llriinsvvick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island have passed laws on their part to give full effect to the provisions of tbo treatv aforesaid. Now, therefore, I, Franklin Pierce, Pres dent of the United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim that, from this date, tbo rollowing articles, being the growth and produce of thu said provinces of i..,,.,. I., v... it-...,.....! .t. . v- s;nrl,;., ,nilt Prince Edward Island, to wit : grain, flour, and breadstuff's : animals of" it 1 1 kinds ; fresh, smoked and salted meats; cotton-wood; seeds an 1 vegetables ; tindried fruits ; dried fruits; fish or all kinds ; products of fish and all other creatures living in the water ; poul try ; eggs ; hides ; furs ; skins or tails un dressed ; stone or marble in its crude or un wrought statu; slate; butter; cheese; tal low; lard; horns ; manures ; ores of metals of ail kinds ; pitch ; tar ; turpentino ; ashes ; timber and lumlicr of all kinds, round, hewed and sawed, uniiianur.icturcd in whole or in part ; firewood : plants ; shrubs und trees ; pelts; wool ; fish oil ; rice ; broom corn and liark; gypsum, ground or unground ; hewn or wrought or unwrought burr or grind stones ; dyestuffs ; flax ; hemp and tow, un manufactured ; unmanufactured tobacco; rags shall be introduced into the United States free of duty, so long as the said treaty shall remain in force, subject, however, to be suspended in relation to tho trado with Canada, on condition mentioned in the fourth article of the said treaty; and that all tho other provisions of thu said treaty shall go into effect and bo observed on the part of I the I inteil states 1.. s.J Given under my hand, nt the city of Washington, the sixteenth day of March, in tho year or our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-fivo, and of tho indepen dence of the United States tho seventy-ninth, FRANKLIN PlEtiCK. By tho President ; W. L. M.vitcv, Secretary or State. l.uropc. J The new s brought by tho Pacific, though completely overshadowed in importance by tho momentous intelligence of thd death oT Nicholas, brought by the Africa, comprises much oT interest. From the Crimea we Icarn that tho French engineers had mined very close to tho walls ol Sobastopol, nnd that tho Russians continued to harass them with sjvero night sorties. Considcrablo reinforcements and supplies of provisions had been received by tho bseigcd, tho weather was becoming luuro mild, and tlio condition of tho English army was mate rially improved Gen. Liprandi, with forty thousand men, on tho 17th of February, sud denly attacked tho newly arrived Turks at Euputoria, under tho command of Oiner Pasha. After an action of somo hours tho Russians were compelled to retire with five hundred men hors du combat, whilst tho Turks lost one hundred and fifty men and Selim Pasha was killed. The British men-of-war lying in tho harbor protected the Turkish tlinks, and shelled I.iprandi's soldieis with disastrous effect. Orders had been received at Constantinople to prepare hospital beds for SO'000 men, from which it was inferred that an assault was to bo made upon Sebastopol. England and Franco wcru preparing i ut -mense lleets, intended to operate in the Bal tic during tho spring. England had resolved to soil out 0110 hundred ships and about two thousand three hundred guns; whilst Franco pledged herself to furnish ono hun dred and lilty steam war ships and army transports. In tbo me. ultimo tho Czar had issued a ukase, calling the entire male pnpu. lation oT his territories to arms, and from all pirts or his kingdom resounded tho din of naval and military preparation. It is said that ho had a force orthrco hundred thousand men in thu Crimea, and that a great battle was lookod Tor, provided tho pcaco ncgo. tiations did not proceed satisfactorily at Vien 111. Tho Czar had also declared war against Sardinia Of course, the death of tho Czar m ty, and probably will, change all this. Tho dissolution or tbo Paluierston Minis, try, ostensibly laid to tho passage or a mo tion of inquiry into tho management of the War, is said to bo in reality owing to private quarrels in tho Cabinet. Lord Palmerston wis encountering much trouhlo in recon structing tho his Cabinot. Rumot gives Lord Elgina seat in the new government. An interesting debate had occurred in Par. liaiuent. Mr. Laynrd called attention to tho present stato of tho war, and to the condi tion or tho country, which he said was stand ing on tho vergo of ruin, lie deprecated the manner in which the war had been conducted from the first, Lord Paluierston replied to Mr. laiyard, contending that tho sufferings of the army arose From physical causes, 111 tho power of no imtit to enntrol. This sufferim- was not confined to tho Ilritisb niniy. Thu Russians J had 35,000 sick and wounded. lie further I urged that the donates in rnrliaiiient nan created so much indignation on the Continent that the Government hadliecn prevented from putting tho Fureigu Enlistment Act into nit ration, lie announced that laird Liican bud been recalled, on account of his difference with laird Riglan Lord Paiiiiiuio mi that compulsory measures must unquestionably bu lesoitcu tu, 1 to fill 1111 the ranks ol' tho service Iii thu House ol Commons a discussion nrnmi in n-L'.trd to the commerce with Itussia since tbo commencement of 'be war. It wits stated in the debate that under tho present ybtcui of blockade, the interior trade of Russia had sulfercd no injury, nnd that I'll), 000,000 had gono from (rent Ilritain to that country. Tho right of search was urged nsa necessity, In order to prevent tho introduc tion of Russian goods into (irent Ilritain. Destitution in Kngland had almost reached Its height, from tho combined causes of an unusually severe winter, tho very high prices or all inscription or provisions, and a total stagnation of trade. The poor weroin a most dcplor.ihlo condition. Many thousands of , laborers nail lieen lor weeks without food, excepting tho supplies of eharity. A bread A bread of occurred in Liverpool, nml in London some distress hail occurred among tho unemployed? At tho time thu Pacific sailed, a chango for nu. ui Knw ii ,iui- um s uurauon mil the better had taken place. tu r. or the rnr.r rniss.J Letters liom Iliiglnnil. NO. NX I. London, Feb. 15, 1855. An Englishman likes to have something to laugh at after dinner. Ho would rather sac rifice n good deal than havo Punch nnd Dio genes rail. So to givo these kind old gentle men a Tuir chance, ho condescends to a great many absurd and farcical tilings. Indeed ns Punch is of himself a sort of National Insti tution, nt least a Head or Department, the National Council sometimes throws him n bait. A week ngo last Tuesday was tho an nivcrsaryof tbo death of Cu the Martyr. Parliamentary business was rather impor tant, to bo sure, but on that day the Lords could not sit oh no ' not if tho Czar was in tho Channel. "About two hundred years ngo," says Mr. Punch, "Oliver Cromwell cut off the head or Charles Stuart. This ren dered it quite impossible for tho Ilouso oT Lords to sit upon this luesday, and by a par i ty of reiinonliig, us an expluiuttion could not bo offered to the Lords, it was impossible for one to be given tho assembled Commons, who were therefore sent about their business by Lord Palmerston." M, Kossuth has for somo time been editing. or at least writing political leaders Tor, tbo Sunday Times, tbo journal or Bowstrcet lit erature nnd Newmarket morals. This step is a very ill-n vi-cel one ; by connecting himseir with such a Sunday paper, nnd especially with a paper he has alienated a largo number of his Christian Mends. Thus Tar, at least, Ins lucubrations havo not done him much credit ; they provoke no comment. There is a kind of pop-gun style about them, which English readers will hardly relish. In answer to a circular against war, sent him by the "Friends" charges them with falsely quoting tho Bible, and brings in Latin to prove that the angels' song was, "Peace on earth to good tailing men." I expected an critics, but no onu has come to the rcscuo. Indeed tho er ror is too trassparcnt to need refutation. I do not know where he got his b'"'". (homint bus bona volvni-'i') but not even those 1 ..1 ued cardinals who derive the Immaculate Conception from the Bible, could get such a reading from the Greek. When I wrute to you in October, of the dexterity with which the Times trimmed its sails to win fiivor Tor the leadersorthe Crim ean Expedition abroad; and the Ministry at home, I was not aware or its dexterity also in turning somer-saults. I have heard mar vellous stories or tho revolutions pcrrormed hy tho Drury Iino "Spirit" in tho Panto raimo, but Tor my entertainment, I should much rather have witnessed that remarkabla turning or the tables which took place in Printing. House Square on Christmas Eve. Previous to that time, tho aspect or tho Eist was glowing with hopo; Lord Raglan was the best or generals; he not only fought but wrote liko C.x'sar ; any man who dared to say .1 word against tho Ministry was de nounced ns a grumbler, and more than that, was compared to "a man without bowels." Well, sometime between 0 o clock on Satur day morning nnd fivo o'clock on Monday morning, everything was exactly reversed . Lord Raglan was now destitute ot brains ; his staff was composed of exquisites ; tho Ministry wore a lot ornld women, nnd "Eng land was tottering on the brink oTker great ness'" Ever since that timo, wo havo had an uninterrupted series o doleful and denuncia tory leaders, bitterly reflecting upon every ono concerned in the war. I havo read in an American paper that the attacks of the 7'im were scurrilous ; that is not true. With the exception of the letters of Junius and Mr. Hawthorne's introduction to tbo "Scarlet Letter," I know of nothing in tho way or personal invective in the English language, so bitter, and yet so dignified m tone, as some of theso leaders havo been. It is reported that Mr. Iaiyard, who has recently been to the East, and was, I believe, a spectator of the battle of the Alma, contributed some or those urticles. It is worth mentioning in this connection, that during tho short session beforo Christmas, Mr. L. gave utteranco to precisely tho same opinions in Parliament, und brought upon himself the unsparing wrath of the journal which ho now supports. A week ngo, 1jrd John Russell was described by the Times, us a selfish, unprincipled poli tician, whose mask had at last been torn off, und whoso sun must now hasten to its set ting. To-day, Lord John goes as Minister Plenipotentiary to the Conference at Vienna, and the Times thinks not only that the dis tinction thus conferred on tho ex-Minister is duo to his eminent political character, but that no man could curry more weight with him as England's Representative. The fallowing anecdote of tho O.uoen, 1 havo heard Trum good authority. Just le. Tore thu delivery oT the Gazette, containing ing thu details of tho killed und wounded at Inkerinaii, tho Queen desired that the de spatches should not bo brought into the usual room, if Lady Gainsborough, who has a brother in tho Crimea, wero present. Ladv j Gainsborough was with Her Majesty when the despatches wero received, and they were put into another room, in accordaiu-e with tho ijueen's wishes. Her Majesty hurried 1 away to the room 111 which tho despatches I were lclt, snatched them up, opened them. I and eagerly ran her eyo over the list of killed j and wounded officers in Lieutenant Jocelyn's I regiment. Finding that he had escaped, not I even being wounded, Her Majesty rushed in I to the apirtinent where Lady Gainsborough was, and setting the rules of Court etiquette nt naught, threw her arms around Lady G's neck, und exclaimed with an emphasis which cannot bo described, "He's svfo ' Ho's safe "' Your Chronicler, (mrriTii. coRnriroinsscs or the vree rstts. From the Alleghnuics. NO. XL IIarrissckgh, Tenn., March, 1855. Ttll .'bios of Ihe frit Priu . A ses.lon of a hundred days is now nearly three, fourths spent, and not one of the Important loea. sures of the season have been commenced. Tbe llouso of lleprcsrntatites, composed of one hundred members, was this )var filled with nttr men, the great majority of whom were inexperienced in the machinery of legislation; consequently progress has been slow, The election of a United States i Sen. ator has largely interfered with tho harmonious working ef that budy. Nevertheless, It will not dbT.T iiiio'h frmn all preceding Legislatures, for it has ever been tho practice to crowd all the luipor Unt bit,, uf the session Into the few lust das uf Its boll.g. IVrha this is Lt'gi.lathe hi.tory etcrv. wlure ; it is iTrlainly tiuu uf nut Nu1lui1.1l Cuuiiell Tin liupe-taiit buint s ul our prevent legislature is conceded by all, to culioi.t in sutue dlsisitillon uf 1 the prohibitory liquor qucstlon,--the sale of the main Una of our State Improvements the abolish. uicntef tho present tlatisl Hoard snd ti e Annual Appropriation bill the lost cf stlilch l still '1l' fag In committee. Of tho first of thciic, It Is hard to prophecy the result. With it laige majority of the friends if Prohibition In the legislature, still tbe nerve ! laeV ins to meet the difficulty fairly ; each bavins; emr. plan of his oiTii, which it ii atsuroed, I, Just tho p in to brgm to stop the evil, and nearly all treat the veto uf the people uf Inst fall as conclusive, lUt nu Prohibitory Ian should be passed. That d dz the whiskey bTwas eminently successful. Vreo out 1 and his organ seem to assume mat nat decision has been overruled by n different vote, the qusstk-n li settled. We have now a law under ili"CusIon, which Is Intended totake from tbo Treasury tlio prlco of b1oil, It abolishes license, and punishes with fine und imprisonment, Iho keep ing of houses to sell It as ft beverage ', thus compel. Iln all whowlsh to tipple, to carry a flask, or keep It In tbetr at homo, lam not so sangulro about tbo universal good results likely to flow from this law ns are somo others. Still I look uou it as positive good, for tbe reason that we get rbl of tho dlsgrnco of legalizing n tratTic thatcngenuers nearly all the crime of our hind. I am In hopes tbat It will pais. Tbo sale of our Mnln lane of Improvement', ami the abolishment of the Canal Hoard, aro demanded by tbe people. They hare petitioned for it for years pl, but the political sap-suckers, who hare always drawn all their sustenance from It, hate ever suc ceeded In defeating the measure by some cunning trick. It remains lo be seen how they will succeed this year. Tho citizens of other States know very little 01 the curse of our system of Internal Improvements. They hate become tbe veriest harbor for political rat'. Prom lock-keeper, to Canal Board, the pecu. lation ! apparent to all ; and all f ho retenues are annually exhausted tn repairs ; or In .enlarging their operations. And thero is no remedy K'lt a sale. My own impression is that the Main Lino Philadelphia to Pittsburgh will, within tbe coming yenr, pass Into tho hands of a Company ; and tbat our present Canal Hoard will bo abolished, I may ns vrcll add that thero is now a prnate bill, (as wo call a certain class of bills In contradistinc tion to public), of so general a character, tbat even you of tbo Orccn Mountain State may be interested In it. It Is a law growing out of thc'llrlo troubles." Thoso shameful riots wbich have disgraced our Stato for tho last twclvo months, and by which tha whole travelling community were hindered and an noyod, not only by tho delay, but tho Inconvenience) of tho chango of cars, Ac, have now settled down into a settled war upon tho Company. The Erie and North Kast ltallroad located their track through the streets of laic, some years since, at the request of the leen in authority, and peaceably enjoyed tbo right, until tbe law was repealed tbat regulated tbe gujgo of their road. And they undertook to relay their track, so as to atol l the "break of guage." Th'tx the wrong of their first location became ap parent, and tho citltens removed the track as a nuisance. Hence the riot between the friends cf tho road, nnd the friends of break of guage at Erir. A year of litigation has accomplished but little ; and from the Court, tbo enemies of the road apply to tbe Legislature, tu repeal tbe chnrter of the road, on tho ground that It has violated it. By this re pcallnK law liowever, lliey glio It a Dew life upon conditions, which is equal to a break of guage, and thus It reserves to Erlo, the applo-anl-ple traffic in cident upon a change of cars. And this repealing law Ij the law to which I allude. Whether It wilt pass or nut is doubtful. One word on our U. S. Senator question. It is likely that an cflert to bring our electing convon- thin togetner again will bo made ; but the result would be problematical, should they succeed. Gen. Cameron has, as bis friends claim, tho American nomination, and they will neither propose, nor ac cept, compromise which surrenders that right. Cameron's enemies are relentless In their hate. A shrewd, active, untiring, printer's boy has fought his way onco into the Senate against the convention al rules uf old paittes. An actite politician In hit own way, he made abiding friends, and unforgiving foes ; such elements rarely unite. 1 shall bo as tonished If Pennsylvania elects a IT. S. Senator this session. Tho continued and shameful abuso of Cam eron, I think is hating the effect to better his chances. Still, that ho must fall this session, seems to be certain ; and what may bo the issues of a year I cannot divine, Yours, Sc., A. W ITK.MS AT IIOMi: AND AIsItOAD. Trains have been running since Thurs day over tho trusslework which replaced tem porarily the Railroad bridge burnt in Aill Is ton. Tho Freeman says the woodwork of tho bridge destroyed cost $19,000. A now bridge can be built, wc understand, for 22, a foot, or $13,000. The Editor of the Rutland Herald says his most delinquent subscribers aro always men who hare had office, and his lawyer is now collecting bills against two cx-M. C.s. and four Ilon.s. lie nlso denies the paternity oTa "silly paragraph" credited to himbytbe Free Press. l( he didn't say it, the Herald did. The lltrald also says Wendell Phillips lectured in lturlington on the 13th. Mr. Phillips has not spoken in llurlington this season, nor eier to our knuwledgc. Death or a Distinguished Ladt Died very suddenly, last week, the fast and famous trotter, Lvnv Scholk, tho property of Mr. Hill of liridport. She was nn ungainly looking whito mare, of ugly form and gait, but for years was ranked among tbo fastest of tho fast horses in tho Country. She was old, as the ago of horses is reckonod, being long past her teens, though she was put upon tho course on tho ice in Burlington last winter, and in Mi ldlebury last fall. The Vergenncs paper sayR that her companion the noted Illack Hawk or about the same ago will probably also ero long sleep with bis fathers. Six Car i.ovds of Kanas emigrants from F.astcrn Massachusetts, pasted through Hutland fur tho West on Wednesday last, Tho rniM says. " About forty women wero in the company. Wo never sawamore quiet crowd. There were some who seemed to say, " Wo have railed in business." Some looked ' wo have kept school till we are discour aged." Some " Wo have done something nt lecturing." Itut most orthein were active, fine-louking young men, who seemed to say "give us room we want to do something, and wo 111 " May they find pleisant homes, and make a free State '" Mrs. C. II. Hint, of Danville, Vt., lias thrown Mis. Itcacb's days work of ninety knots of yarn, quite into the back ground. A few days since, she did a washing for her family of three persons, and the same day spun one hundred and icrce knots of yarn. The Christian Messenger vouches for the fact that it was all good honest yarn from nativo wool, and not a thread of street yarn, The Windsor Journal thinks that that awkward piece of machinery, the Council of Censors, must have been devised by the man who snuffed tho candle with his fingers, and remarked, as ho put tho burnt wick into tho snuffers " Theso snuffers arc handy things, ain't they '" Tiiirteiv ill matched couples were divorced at tbo recent sessiou of the Supreme Court at Woodstock. In nino oftho thirteen cases, it was tho woman who applied for tho dissolution of the Cuion. Letters from Meredith, N II., ths scene of the awful disaster on tho 13th, by tlio falling of the town hall floor, report tbat five men have died of their injuries. Others aro not expected to survive Over twenty bod bones badly broken, and over one hundred wero injured by the accident. The floor and thoso on it, fell 18 feet. KoBiiissA L.vw since, of Windsor, Vt , have contracted with a london Company for the manufacture or $400,000 worth of rainio rifles, In tho fulfillment or tho contract they will rcquiro a force of two or three hundred men, in addition to thou already employed in their armory. IIkistui. Hill ha not attempted to c. capo from tbo Stato Prison The story to that effect was a boas , ho says tbe Windsor Journal

Other pages from this issue: