Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 2, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 2, 1842 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. %r\w lork, .Monday, May 't, 1NI4. Rrmovnl of the Herald Batabllahiurnl. We remove this day front 21 Ann street to th>corner of Fulton and N atatau streets. Our new office, in a few days, will be arranged in every reject. It is the best and most central in New \ork?accessible in every direction to advertisers and newsmongers. We tueun, as soon as |x..*ible, to make it the niurt ot news from all parts of the world. In the corner we will establish, in a few days, the best bul j -e i..rn,,rL?u;.. letin in .New York?ana on "< IUV" which is erected on the highest ground on the island of Manhattan, we lueun to erect an Observatory, and bring the Telegraph to our very door. Our leaders may also observe, that we have put our journal in a new type throughout. On the 1st of July next, we are making preparations to enlarge our ehret, I'tii itlumn on each ]>asrt. making four columns jn all. This enlargement is forcing upon us, by the rapid increase of advertisements. Our pre sees, types, machinery, steam engine, Arc. being all entirely new, and costing us nearly (?20,000 in cash down?the most of it, however, paid in advance?their newness and complication may require a few days to beget smoothness and regularity. Our machine department is the most beautiful and unique ever erected in this country, and in a few days we shall give our friends an opportunity to see it in full operation. We have machinery enough to print 14,000 impressions of the daily Herald per hour, or 336,000 copies per day of 21 hours. Give us a week, or two to get every thing in trim, and then we will surpass all that the world has seen in the wayjof a newspaper establishment. Important from Mexico?English Loan to Santa Anna lnvaalon of Texas Certain. By the British until steamer, Medway, which arrived here from Havana on Friday last, and sailed for Halifax on Saturday, to connect with the Britannia, on her way to Liverpool, we have received highly important intelligence from Mexico by a private correspondence from that capital, and of the most authentic character. Santa Anna has, at length, positively procured a loan in London, to the amount of JE3,000,000sterling ? or $15,000,000?for a period of fourteen years without the payment of any annual interest, until the period of reimbursement, when the holders of the stock will receive $110 for $100, out and out. The agents for this loan in London are James Morrison 6c Co. of London. The British government becomes the guarantee for its repayment to the English stockholders, and in consideration thereof, all English manufactures are to be admitted into Vera Cruz and the other ports of Mexico, at a nominal duty, for the same period at which the loan is taken. Wp hiivt* snnw nartirnliana r?f th#? liisto. - V- ?... r? . - ? V ? ry of this loan, wliich we now give, and shall add more hereafter. At the close of last year, or the beginning of the present, an agent lroin Santa Anna proceeded to London, for the purpose of effecting a loan, on any terms or conditions. After a great deal of negotiation in London, an agent of the great banking house of Morrison Sc Co., of London, proceeded to Mexico, by one of the West India steamers. On reaching M exico. after some negotiation, the terms of the I loan were arranged, according to the statement we have given. On this being effected, Sunta Anna, being almost like to burst, wrote and published the recent letters to General Houston, President of Texas, and to < lencral Hamilton, the Texian envoy in Europe. It was the union of the English abolition and Mexican influence in London, that preven ted (fie success of the Texian lonn attemjited by <irnrral Humilton?and the same union that was successful in the Mexican, aided by the Mexicatuinesui.d trade. In the mean time, about six or eight w? ;-ks ago, the agent of the Morrisons, accompanied by an aid dt ramp of Santa Ana,whose name we behove isM. Escandon, leftJVera Cruz; reached Havana in time to take the steamer Medway, which touched at this port on Friday last. The names of both are in the list oi passengers. They we re also accompanied by M. A. Calderon dejla Barca,the Spanish minister at Mexico, on his return to Spain. By these persons, the intelligence was brought to this city, and several commercial letters were also received here, stating positively the facts a< we have related them. Wc further learn that it is the intention of the Mexican government, as soon a* they shall have received steamships, muskets, undo.her munitions of w ar from England, and brought to them under the English flag, the proceeds of their loan, that a terrible invus on of Texas w ill b? made both hy sea and land, and that a number of British navy and army officers will he engaged to lead their troops to battle. Th" loan will take no money from England, but simply ships, steamers, and munitions of war. In Mexico they have men, provisions, every thing except good officers and munitions of war. Santa Anna is furious for the invasion of Texas?and if be should succeed in driving the Texians into the it-;. i i j. , . : i. ? i <. uncu . m *. u'- niifim-< in niviiur i.ouisiuna ana Arkansas?b-xides threatening the whole valley of the Mississippi with his vengeance. Of the general accuracy of the importunt tacts we have detailed, there can be no mistake. The idea published in New Orleans, that to England had been ? led the California*, is without founda tion No douht England would like to get that country, but the vigilance and jealousy of Russia in the north west interposes insup; ruble obstacles to such a purpose. The lfritish policy is to bring Mexco and the United States into conflict, through Texas, and by keeping both in a state of war, so weaken them, so as to be able to govern and control the policy and interests of both. It is very evident that the fin< step towards the invasion of Texas by Mexico, a "tumultuous ariny" will rush from the valley of the Mississippi across the Sabine. This fact will furnish to Santa Ana, in the event of victory, a pretext to invade the United States, and to refuse to liquidate the indemnity agreed U|?on by hi* commissioners at Washington. It is,'however, not so very Certa.n that the Texians, assisted by the whole Anglo Saxon race of this continent, w ill not earrv the war into Mexico, and plant the standard of the " lone star" in the palace of the Montezuma*. At all rxents, a war?fierce and bloody?between rw*ico ar..i Texas, is now certain- L"t u.-? prepare for su.h event*. The Bs:ti?h Special Mi-mon?The BounpaRY Quim k-n ? We learn froin Washington, some important particulars of the progTea* of the negociation conducted by Lord Ashburton. The fir*: point touehed upon in this negociation was the North East Boundary Question. Waving, or partially admitting the right of the United States ander the treaty, to the whole territory, it is now proposed !? purchase the whole tract in dispute, and to pay lor according to an appraisement by competent Con rinseioners appointed for such a imwin? From #1,000.000 to #2,500,000 an- named, or some sum between these, as the probable sums. This proposition has been submitted by th~ Secretary of State to the riovernorsot Maine and Massachusetts, "and th" negotiators at Washington are only waiting for the aetion of the State authorities, to proceed to the other points in dispute, which are mere questions of indemnity and can be easily set- 1 led. 1' is supposed that there w ill be no difficulty I with Massachusetts, but it is feared that a party in | M aine w.'.l npjxxw the sale of any portion of the ter xitory, and create difficulty enough, through party politics, to defeat the ttliole ncgociation. W* will soon see i We have much information on the progrc-^ of this negotiation, but do not deem it politic to give more at ?h> time. The matter looks gloomy. Sesatokial IhscaiMiJtATios.?The United St i:es S?Oat# Uftnfirm^ tKp nnfnnnna I'"""" * - ? . vwm lu ur conxtli I At Rio, and rejected li. W. Tyson of Philadelphia, I t o ao office in that city. When Satan heard this I aew, be u jnoat shook his tail off with laughing Thr t'nltcU States Rank Affair, and Ibt Charges against Mr. Riddle, die. We mentioned on Saturday that Judge Barton had discharged Mr. Kiddle, Mr. Cowjierthwaite, and , .Mr. Andrews, and decided that there was not suf- ; ficient cause to require them to give bail. In the charge against Andrews and Cowperthwaite, for not paying certain loans, Judge Barton said that the ' loans were obtained in the usual way, and the security was good at the time it was given. The first charge against Mr. Biddle and Mr. Cowperthwaite was that they conspired to cheat and defraud the bank, by obtaining therefrom large j advances upon shipments of cotton to Euro|>e ; of the fortunate sales of which they retained the surplus proceeds or profits, while the losses were sustained by the bank. In relation to this, the Judge decided that the Hunk had no interest in this cotton ; that these advances were made to the |>artics as to j ordinary individuals : that the transaction was o|K*n, j known to the officers of the Hank, and within the ( reach of the knowledge of all the directors. That | these operations in cotton were rendered indispen- 1 sable by the liabilities of the Bank in Europe, and the failure of the directors to meet their foreign engagements; that these operations were not only lawful in themselves, but eminently useful to the bank, and originally profitable to it. The third and last charge was that all three conspired to ohcut the bank by taking large sums of money, und making an entry of it on the books. On this point the Judge decided that there was no evidence before the Court of the misapplication of these sums by any person. The only charge of fraud is that the application does not ap|iear on the hooks ; but this is shown to be in accordance with the routine of business and general usages of the Bank?always prescribed or sanctioned by the directors. The concluding re murks of the Judge'takes the same ground that we huve repeatedly taken in this matter in relation to the directors. Hear what he says:? " In till that has txien said, it has been assumed that the director* represented the corporation, and were authorized w> manage u? unuiis. mcir auiunruy lor mis purpose under the charter w as limited liy no express restriction; and the only implied one was, that they would not transcend the fundamental articles or conditions of the charter, or violate the declared w ill of the stockholders, convened ut general meetings, dnlv assembled. Within these limits the acts or omissions of tfie directors, as lietween them and the officers appointed or employed by them, had precisely the same effect and operation as the arts or omissions of a natural person in respect to agents employed in his private affairs. The powers of the directors being thus obvious and extensive, if, from the origin of these transactions, we trace their various proceeding* down to the correcting entry made on the 2f?th June, 1840, and can find no whereon the 1took*, during the long period of more than four years, any specific entry applicable to these very oxpeuses which they fthe directors) knew to have been incurred prior to the 1st of March, IS30; comparing this striking negative evidence asto the, at least, tar it acquiescence of omission, with the positive evidence of the entry made in 1840. ami with that as to the large expenditures intermediately in- i curred under the head of" permanent expenses,'' it would la- unjust in the extreme to seek to visit upon the bead <u ii soiuary su nominate oniccr 01 liic instuution the jx'ntil con?o(|ucnci'? (could such attach) ol errors, if there urrc any, in which the directors, and no inconsiderable portion of the stockholders, must have participated during the season of the *npi>osed prosperity of this unfortunate institution. That the otticers, who depended upon this prosperity for their support, should have combined with the intention of destroy ing it. it is difficult to credit. The counsel for the'prosecution have not undertaken to impute to the directors the guilt of a treacherous combination with the officers to plunder the stockholders, ol whom they were the representatives. Yet it would be next to impossible to sustain this prosecution, except upon grounds which would thus impute a common participation in the guilt of the relators to the directors, who were their superiors. Of such a fraudulent coalition between the directors and the officers, there i* nothing in the evidence to justify even a reasonable suspicion." On these grounds lie would not hold the jvtrtics to bail, and discharged them all. Now, wc trust, some one will go to work and do away with all those partial assignments. Advice Gratis.?Mr. A. C. Barry. 146 Broadway ?up stairs?had an advertisement in the Herald on Saturday last, of a character that wc should not have admitted, had it been seen before insertion.? We have no objection to insert advertisements for Mr. Barry, or Mr. Anybody, praising or puffing their own articles, hut we cannot consent that, under the shu|>e of an advertisement, they should meanly impose upon us, and libel their neighbors. The conduct of Mr Barry is as bud us it could be, and unless he Conies forward and makes a public apology, we shall try if there is not some law lo punish himTiie Prm.ic School System.?A State Convention of County Superintendents is to be held at Utiea on Wednesday next, with reference to the important subject of Common Schools. All interested in the subject are invited to attend. Addresses are to be delivered by Col. Voting, General Superintendent, a i ihi. j uini ui i iiiuii v uut-gc, .uc*r?. .Miinii and ^ Barnard, of the Massachusetts and Connecticut boards ot education, and others. fi Boston and Albany Rail Road.?We ask the attention of our capitalists to the following facts:? On Thursday morning, 29th inst., the morning train took for Boston, 1330 swine, 28 head of cattle, 340 barrels of flour. Also 100 barrels of flour and 60 bales of wool for Fittsfield, besides other goods for Boston and the towns on the line of the road. The receipts for the last week was #8,500, or $1400 per day And if we had a railroad hence to Albany, direct on the east side of the Hudson, all this produce and wealth w'ould have flowed into the city of New York. Mora us or the Wall Street Press?The " Kxpress" and the "Journal of Commerce," on I Saturday published a trial, in which one ot the most 1 disreputable and abandoned women of the city, 1 brought an action aguinst some one for breach of t promise of marriage. The w hole affair was most < disgusting; and. yet, these are the papers that cant ! about the morality of the press! 1 Famiionaiu.e Movements.?Dickens and his lady arrived at Buffalo on Thursday morning, took breakfast, and started for the Falls immediately. Gen, Scott and John C. Spencer are about to visit the mi- ' litary encampment near Baltimore. Mr. Vnn Huron when last heard from was at Natchez, receiving " all the honors," and eating a good dinner. Mr. Clay s by this time has reached the shades of Ashland. Ford Mor|>eth is on his way up the Mississippi' i ti^ll i?r AMHIIKK I\c?YAL i HIKE W THK UNITED | Si a ie*.?We learn from an Austrian officer, now j on a special mission to this country, that the Venus, f a very beautiful frigate, carrying 44gun*, will visit J us some time next August. She was appointed to f sail from Venice in June, and will be commanded * by Prince Frederic, son of the Arehduke Charles.? Her officers have been chosen from the rlitt of the Austriun navy. Latest from Pert.?According to an extract ( from "El Pia." which we tind in the "Veneiolano" ot March 29. the c? nstitution of 1S34 had been pro- jclaimed by Colonel Lrselles, w ith < leneral Orbegoso as President of the Peruvian Republic. Cbando had ;*>(nriiv.'r/passed through Napo, on his w ay to ' ltrazil, with only a few followers, in a state of the '' most abject destitution. a KiTERVESfuto.?'The root beer row in Rhode Island. All the gas is to be let olf there to-morrow. ^ The Crkat Rack.?Boston is in very fine condi- '' tion. but Fashion is not. She has received a hurt, and is decidedly lame. The "Spirit of the Times" b tries to throw a tluiiht mrr Ilii, >>..! "... I letters from her trainer which leave* no doubt that tl she is nt present very lame. N i r.itoke i itk.v wki'.k wantkd.?Twenty-two n hundred persons have joined the Methodist Church g in Texas. tl A CtutorsChamik.?The people out west not be- * i ic able to sell any more whiskey, have used their " corn for making spirit e ?s, and find the change a verv profitable one. v Navai. Cmavjk.?Com. Jacob J ones takes charge j( or the Baltimore Navy Yard to-day. Commodore j, B illard ir relieved on account of sickness. g To wr Hi:bi n.r.?The Hi. Charles theatre and the & Arcade Buildings, N.O., are to be rebuilt as soon a? r po-snble in precisely the same manner as before. p JKr>?m the Courier and Enquirer.] Th>: IyDKpE.NDE.vr.?We invite the attention ol every Whig to the following notice in relation to thin ably conducted paper. It richly merits the patroutine an well an the ordinary support of every true Whix who is enabled to contribute to its succe.v. Ry" patrowivt" we do not mean subacriplion for which the reader gets more than the value ol Jiin money but gratuitous contribution.?" Col. oj tht Rteular Army." iu 'I'm. www ri BLII . At the urgent solicitation of the M'big mstubers of forifrets, and in pursuance of invitations extended to ub from varion* sections of the Union, the undersigned have been induced to establish. ut the seat of the Federal Government, a new Whig Journal, called " THE INDEPENDENT." Of the necessity ef having, at the great centre of political information and movement, a spirited Press, devoted exclusively to the interests of the Whig party, it were needless for us to speak. It is a necessity w hich all must see. We believe that our twelve years' arduous struggle against misrule and arbitrary power hoi been all in vain : that John Tyler has been basely false to every cherished principal of the party that elevated him to power, and to every recorded pledge of his own ; and, impressed with this conviction, vs e sec no course left the Whig party but to fight the battle over. We shall advocate w ith earnestness, the one term principle, the retrenchment of expenditures, a reform of the abuses of the Uovernmtmt, a radical reduction of the power and patronage of the Government, as indispensable to American liberty, the dishibution of the proceeds of the Public Lands, and a National Hank, in connection with a polio in restraint of the excessive importations of foreign merchandize, as the only means of restoring a sound currency and good exchanges, and reviving the national prosperity. To one article in our creed we ask special attention. We believe Executive Pow er to be a great source of danger to our fri-e institutions, arid as requiring to be perpetually watched : nor can we fail to warn our country men, that the pnwent Executive Administration is by far the corruptest we have had since our Union's existence ; and so thinking, we engage to w atch the progress of this corruption, and fearlessly expose its w icked authors. And one other conviction is indeliblv impressed upon our minds?that it is the veriest of all folly, any longer to entrust the destinies of this great nation to third-rate men, and impotent hunglers. To extricate the country from the fearful difficulties into which shameful misrule and con itKiftiitm mil I* |>llinp;t'(l li, II'mr Maiicrij'ii' and mighty genius it required; and who that master-spirit and mighty genius in. every true Whig, at leant, in the country know*.?[Henry Clat.] With these principles and views, we appeal to the Whig public for support, assuring it that tee art entirely dependnnl upon subscriptions; and that, without a generous list of puurtuul subscribers,our euterprisc cannot succeed. The Editors are natives of Virginia, and in presenting their Prospectus, they look forward with much confidence to a change of opinion in that State upon some of the leading points of public policv above stated. John h. pi.easants. edward w. johnston. JOSEPH SEGAR. Washington, April 1st, 1S42. We cheerfully unite with " Col. Webb of the regular army," in recommending every friend of Henry Clay, and of " an old-faahioned United States' llank," to send subscriptions and donation* to Pleasants tc Co. They want money and must have it. They are almost reduced to skeletons already, hv phort commons. Unless the people shell out, they will burst up, and the Whig party will do the same?both taking the benefit of the bankrupt law, and following thus in the illustrious footsteps of Colonel Webb. We can recommend the " Independent" as the most remarkable paper in any country. In the way if abuse and malignity, it beats Prentice of I^ouisk'ille all to pieces?and almost rivals ltabelais'worst works in ol?scenity, falsehood, and a horrible moral lepravity. Not a paper is published by these " Vir;inians" that is not full of the biggest falsehoods igainst the President of the United States, the Setretary of State, and every one that wishes to see a epublican government treated with decency.? ' Traitor," " cheat," " scoundrel," " fool," " pettibgger," "third rate lawyer," "seducer," "forni:ator," '"adulterer," " thief," are some of the very hoice terms applied by these amiable and refined Virginians to those who eimyly differ with them in ipinion ubout the candidate fit to be next President if the United States. This is a rare smell of some of the dishes prepared >y these cooks. Their object is to make Henry luy the successor of John Tyler, and to procure a lew United States Rank ; and they certainly have aken a very original method to accomplish so big a oh. It is a highly curious experiment in politics, iterative and philosophy. Rut they can't get on without money. Those who want to aid this proect, will please to beg, borrow, steal, cheat, or plunler. in order to 'get them the cash. Donations of iny kind will be taken by these " natives of Virginia"?old kcoat? out at the elbows?old breeches jroken in the seat?old shoes?old boots?cold witals?any thing, every thing. Charitable persons will please to take notice?all donations of this kind will be thankfully received, and punctually forward d to Washington to the three starving "natives of .'irginia." fc\ll I In* friends of Mr. Clny arc requested o fork over the needful. We oursell'mean to send box of" old elo'," and #100 in a certain " old ashinncd 1'nited States Bank," to the poor men, by ray of gratitude for the choice epithets they have enerously heaped upon us. Such kindness ought lot to go unrewarded. SiNun.AR SucinE of Bork, the MrRntRER of its Wife.?This miserable man, it will be renembered, murdered his wife last Monday? ind on Thursday night last he hung himself in his <11. lie was found dead on Friday morning, hangng by the neck to the door of his cell. The act vas committed, it is supposed, in the following sin;ulur manner. He stretched himself as far as his hain would permit to an inner door of his cell, vliich was unlocked, and which he succeeded in ipening by thrusting his hand between the door and he tloor. Over the top of the door he fixed part of lis pillow-ease, holding on to the door to steady limself, and to the pillow-case attached his necklerehief tied in a slip-noose. It is supposed he then hrust his head through the noose, let go his hold if the door, and was thus suspended by his neck, 'o slightly was the neek-herchief attached to the illow-case that whilst the jury were holding the injuest over the body, it being then in the situation in which it was found by the jailor, Springstecd. the >lip-noose got unloosed and the body fell on the floor if the cell. Never Tai.k of Sffferixo from the Tixnn \< he after this.?The following account of the lickness and sufferings of the Rev. PaulConckof S'ewburyport, Massachusetts, who died last month, s true to the letter:? Il< hail been afflicted with a severe ehronir rheumatism or thirty-eight j t ars and totally unable to help himself, ind was obliged to use anodynes in large quantities to rroeurethe least relief from bin torture. In some instants me used *i\ tenspoons full per day. In October, 1815, retook tohis chamber, fifteen feet 'square, of which he ia? not in a solitars instance, erxusoil the threshold, till arriedtohis long homi V 'he time of hisdecease, it ?a? the ."toth year of hi' close confinement, and since lt*i3 ic has been totally Mind.* Who will complain of being nervous, having a iek head ache, being restless of nights, dyspetir, ulious, plethoric, having a bad nights rest, or any it her ol "the ills (hat flesh is heir to," after the ibovc instance the amount of suffering which one rail piece of humanity can endure ? How Far. a Lirn-E Cavm-e throws rrs ReaM?. 1 candle was upset on n bale of henip on the steamoat Auburn at Mavsville (Ky), and everything round w as destroyed, valued at $250,000. Qni k Work.?The steamboat Henry Clay ran oni Louisville to New Crlcans in four days and a all". Will Henry Clay himself run as well as that i 18442 SrCTcincs o* THE 1 joam Bill.?Wc return our lessings to the Hon. Levi Woodbury and Benj. G. hields of Alabama, for copiea of their speeches on fie Loan Bill. How much will each take? Par? Chatham Theatre ?This evening is for the beefit of that universal favorite, the charming ninnaeress of the all conquering Chatham. The bill for he occasion is one of rare attraction, combining a alaxv of talent. Mesdames Theme, Blake, Judah nd Herbert, and Miss Mestayer, with Messrs. 'cott, R ice, Moesop, Hield, Hall, Stevens, and Mesayer, appear in four admirable pieces, commencing vith Ruckstone's comedy of the Scholar?to be folnwed by three vaudevilles, the first of a series that ii\<- ant no in the iiuinf iiiallv and magnificent tyle, with eve ry appointment of erenery, rarpetinc fc \ c. Secure in the patronage of a generous >ublt?, Thornr fearlenoly embark* in every rntertlv calculated to add to their anviarment. Terrible Accident In BMleiUpTwinlfFow Llrti Lo?t. We find the following details in the "Boston Transcript," of a most melancholy accident that occurred in Boston harbor, ou Ft^day afternoon, by which twenty-four persons lost their lives:? Friday afternoon, at about four o'clock^ as the sloop bost belonging to the Farm School, on Thompson's Island, was returning trom a fishing excursion, undercharge ofMr. (.lakes, the boatman, with Mr. JVitbody, the teacher, and twenty-seven boys belonging to the school, she was unfortunately upset by a flaw of wind w hile tacking, and immediately sunk, and all on board, except four of the boys were drowned. On the day before, there had been a visitation of the school, by the directors and the parents ol the boys, when the school was found to be in excellent order, and the boys, forty-one in number, were all in line health ana condition, andthey gave the most | satisfactory evidence of good conduct. As a reward for their good behavior they were yesterday allowed I u holiday, and twenty-seven of the number were permitted to go below a fishing, undercharge of Mr. ('akes, an experienced boatman, in the regular em' ploy of the school, and Mr. Peabody, an excellent and highly esteemed voting man from Hoxford, lately employed us a teacher of the school. They had caught several fish, and were on their return to the island in line spirits, beating against a head wind, and passed so near u point of the island that they were cheered by the hoys who remained, and the hoys on hourd returned the cheer, liaviiig stood off toward Spectacle Island, the boat was in the act of [ tacking, for the purpose of making toward the landing place, when she suddenly upset and sunk. Three of the boys sustained themselves by clinging to a box which held the bait, and were picked up by the schooner II. B. Foster, and brought up to town, one o{ them, when taken up, being in a state of insensibility. Mr. Morrison, the Superintendent, on seeing the disaster proceeded to the soot in a small boat, as hinted by the two farmers, and succeeded in picking tip one Boy alive (Jeremiah Lynch,) and the body of one who was lifeless. All the rest, twenty-three in number, with the boatman and teacher, were buried in the deep. The boys who were saved by the II. B. Foster were Win. E. Wallace, F. S. Simonds and G. F. Gould. We understand that the boHt was a fine large sloop rigged boat, in perfect order. It is one of those events of an inscrutable Providence, which occuring suddenly to so many youthful spirits, in the moment of joyous exhiliraiion, and sending sorrow and mourning into so many families, oannot but excite in the breast of every one a sympathy for the bereavetl families, and a lively sense of the frail tenure of human existence. It is supposed that the boat may be raised, and it is hoped that some of the bodies may be recovered in it. The names of the persons drowned, are Stephen P. Vose, Hubert S. Walkerand Samuel F.Walker, (brothers) James Walker, ThomasDoland, Thomas ( F. Blake, James Tracy, Charles II. Austin, Ilenry A. Barnaul, James M. ('handler, Win. A. Clark, George W. Chase, Samuel Decastro, James F. Fillmore, John Hall, Ilenry C. McLean, Peter Pastroucho, Michael G. White, Abraham L. Spence, Isaac Major, John II. Johnson, Patrick Shean, (body found,) Thomas J. lVabody, teacher, (iu school) of Boxt'ord, Joshua G. Oakes, boatman. Saved?George F. Gould, Frederic S. Simonds, Wm. E. Wallace, Jeremiah Lynch. This most melancholy affair gives rise to serious reflections. What right had the superintendents of that school thus to jeopardise the lives of those : u i T. i :J ,I . ?. r> i nij'-cv vcu promising uujb ; xi may oc ?aiu uiai the boys wun'ed to go a Ashing. This is no answer. It was and is the duty uf all superintendents of schools to guard children against the consequences of their own folly, and what act could be more rash thnn crowding seven and twenty boys into one small sailboat"? Although the usual rigmarole story is told of " no blame can be attached to any body," yet there is very little doubt that the whole affair was the result of gross neglect and shocking carelessne? all round. And who is to recompense or even console the bereaved parentsof those unfortunate boysunder this terrible calamity I What security has a parent in trusting his children at any school at all, if just as his sons Iregin to get valuable to hint they are crammed into a sail boat and drowned by dozens at a time ; and just as his daughters enter their teens they are allowed to run off and get married to every passing adventurer 1 Providence. [Correspond*nee of the Herald.] inrreate of the Excitement?Ammunition ami Arm*? Reign of Terror in Providence?Old IVomtn and Plate /saving the City. , Providence, April 30,1842. James Gordon BrNNErr, Esq.:? Dear Sir:? Here's a go. We are in a ferment just at this moment, as violent as though every man was a beer bottle. The Quarter Master-General, of cow killing fame, called on the United States Artillery to surrender their cannon to the State, as the company were suspected of being unanimously in favor of the Constitution. The Governor has power by the resolution of the Assembly to recall uny portion of the State arms loaned to any company. The guns of this company, however, were the same thut the oompuny carried in "the lihodo Island regiment" in tl.u 1 r r. L ..... iimu ncic nm iruiu rrunce Dy Mr Deane, and furnished to the company by the Continental Congress. The mates of these guns, I believe, are at West Point,marked "Strasbourg." The company very coolly took legal advice and returned answer, that they had no property belonging to the folate. There were some threats that the gun9 should he taken by force, but the answer was prompt that the Quarter-Master had better recollect an expedition once made to Concord after arms. There would have l>een an outbreak at once had an attempt been made to take the guns. 1 have just learned that the arms of the "Independent Volunteer Company" have been called for by the State, and answer was returned that if the Coventor would find the arms and send men enough to take them he could have them. A company at Woonsoeket have returned a flat refusal to the demand for the anns in- their hands. We don't stand no nonsense in H bode Island. The party who turn out to be riirht mean to be able to show "they have shown pluck throughout. There is much trembling amongst the Charlesites and some of the Constitutionalists for the safety of their property?both are sending it out of town? plate is being sent away?old laoies are leaving the citv, and every body says what a lamentable state of things we have, and nobody tries to stop it. The Charterites have started a report that the small pox is in town, (can't Peach send some of his Doctors) but every body laughs at the hoax. Even the ladies, dear souls] grow belligerent. Two of the rlitt of society, Mrs. T. and Sirs. , had a scrimmage in the street, to the great disarrangement of millinary articles. Old swords that have been through the revolution, and pistols long in their dotage, are hawked about the streets like Hrandreth's Pills. The volunteer companies drill nightly, and take bullets and gunpowder, and Quarter-Master General A. folds bis arms over his breast and looks as much like Napoleon us a cheese curd fuee with red checks can be made to look. Young Coombs of Kentucky is said to be in the city, and if we can't have a small muss we shall petition Congress to be set ofT to Texas. The Charterites are bending nil their strength to i buy or frighten off enough of the members of the new government to ntyvent a quorum from being, present. They must bid high, for " votes is votes" now. The Charterites are endeavoring to persuade the auffrngcra not to haven military parade hut a civil procession, but the suflrngern fear thev are playing poflBum, and don't mean tone caught, if there should not be a quorum there will be an adjournment, and the town* that are not represented will hold newelections. \\ on't we go it here the side that beats?hurrah for the side that's tip. Yours, dec. SttAr. C'onrt of Common Picas. Before JiHge Ingraham. Aran. .10.? Was. F. Can .fmrinf* r?. Josrph Kmc Messrs. Bemnn and Barnard called at the wholesale grocery More of plaintiff in South street, tootitain $S00 worth "f goods on eredit. and referred to defendant, who hold* a situation in the Cuitom Mouse. Howe told him that one of tlu-m had f-JjOO; that they were perfectly good, and he would readily tiust them the amount. The goods were sold, and a note taken, but protested when it became due. The present action is brought against Howe to recover the amount of the note, alleging that he knew B. k B. to he poor and insolvent when he recommended them, that all the capital they ever possessed had been borrowed, and that he himsell lent them glOOf), which was still owing to him. The defendant, on the other hand, denies any improper motive, but avers that the transaction was disinterested on his part, and according to the rules of honorable trade. The jury found a verdict in favor of plauitilt for VJ4 rl omagra and A cents costs. for plaintiff Meswrs. P. A. V S. F. Cowdrey?for defendant Mr. J. Leveridge. lonn ?/aiend?r?Tlili limy. Court of Common ? r?rt 1?No?. 163, 167, 11,46. 61, 60. 01. 103. 161. Cart ??Noa. 90, 39. 36. 3C 40, 59, 70, 79, 00 06 114 116. 1W, 110 134, ! ??. 109, Washington. Congressional Proceedings? Mr. Pro>t-Thc Senate?Rejections?Removal. Washington, FRIDAY, 3 P. M. The routine business thin morning in the Senate was of little public interest. Mr. Bayard froin the Naval Committee, reported a bill regulating furloughs in the Navy. T he civil and diplomatic appropriation bill was taken up before one o'clock, and the Senate is now going on with the amendments proposed by the Finance Committee, without any other discussion than the nature of the amendments renders necessary. J he bill may be expected to become a law early next week. There was a breeze in the House this morning on the subject of the New York Custom House, which threatened, at one time, to swell into a storm. The whole matter of the commission seems to have been irregular, not to say disorderly, from beginning to end. Throughout the entire investigation, there was unceasing confusion among the members of the commission. The report of Gov. Poindexter is sent to the President, and while a call of Congrem is pending, and before he has had time to examine it a copy is sent to the committee on Public Expendil tures, and by them smuggled before the House as a report of their own. This morning, Mr. Roosevelt moved to reconsider the vote of yesterday, ordering the report to be printed. The speaker decided the motion to be out of older. An appeal was taken from the decision, and thereupon a debate sprung up which branched off into an attack and defence of the course of the President in relation to the commissioners and their report. The papers hostile to the administration are industrious in reviling the character of Mr. l'roffit; decrying hi9 efforts to promote the putriotic purposes of the President to introduce retorm into the various branches of the government. These pupera wilfully misunderstand and misrepresent the position and objects of Mr. Proffit. lie is a zealous and efficient supporter of the administration; but his duty to the country is paramount to all considerations of a personal nature. lie knows, however, that in striving to ferret out and correct malvorsation in office, he is serving the President more effectually than in any other way, and all attempts to thwurt or ridicule his exertions, only indicate an envious or captious spirit, that seeks to perpetrate abuses, rather than they should be detected and removed by the Executive or;his friends. Mr. Proffit has recently been engaged in developing the abuses of the Light House system, and his speech on the subject manifests an intimute knowledge of the matter, and exhibits many startling facts, Stone light houses built one year have to be rased with wood the next?hundreds of thousands of dollars spent annually in repairs. Beacons, Site. built one year tumble down the next?then are rebuilt and tiunble down a second time. One light house in Chesapeake Bay, wus removed by the government. A few nights afterwards, a heavy rain coming up, a call was made upon Captain (iedney, United States Navy, for the loan of the tarpaulins of his ship to cover the lantern, as the rain put out (he lights. One man complained to the Fifth Auditor, that the water was washing the basei.?.ent of the light house. "Sod it," was the auditors's reply: "but there is no turf in is a sand beach." " Well, I will send you some grass seed," and the seed was sent and sown, but has not yet come up, and the light house has fallen down. The Fifth Auditor's catalogue of lights professing to give their latitude and longitude, is rather an amusing document. On examination, it was found that according to the auditor's account, some light houses are located in the middle of Indiana, and on the extreme western border of Missouri. And yet this officer expends $200,000 a year without limit or check, and audits his own accounts, and whig members of Congress^ Messrs. Kennedy of Maryland, and Win uuui> ui iJDKiim, anti omers, cover up inese anuses and oppose every thinjf like investigation. But such a man ns Mr. Proffit, is not to be deterred or discouraged by opposition from any quarter. It seems to be understood that the "united factions" in the Senate have determined to reject every nomination of a friend of the President where the fact can be ascertained. One Senator has avowed, that already the list of to-be proscribed nominees numbers eighteen. No remark is so common in political circles here, as that "a nomination was today made of -, which will be rejected." At one period Senatorial disapprobation of an appointment by the Executive was regarded with some respect. But what can be the value of the opinion of a body which on one occasion can unanimously sanction an appointment, and a few months after reject a nomination of the same gentleman! Of what importance is the act of a body which con| firmed tne appointment of Powell, under the circumstances, to say nothing of the truth or falsehood of the imputations on his character, and rejected that of Mr. Tyson! In truth the Senate is fast stripMing itself of all power to inflict injury, and as rapidly impairing its claim to the respect of the nation. It is said that orders were lust night despatched to the collector at Philadelphia from the "treasury Department, to make a small sweep among the Clay nien in the Custom House, who have been neglecting their duties to oppose the administration. Some twenty or upwards are to be made an example of now, and the rest will follow in due time, unless the directions laid down in the circular of the Executive are complied with. W nstilnglon. [Correspondence ?f the Herald.] Washington, April 29,1842. Congress??vv Tariff?New York Cutom House Report. Time goes by rapidly in Washington?in so dull a season ns at nresent. the <lnvs seem to whirl nu?v in the most astonishing rapidity. Congress drives on from day to day in the same listless routine. The Senate meet every Monday nnd| adjourn on Friday, and the whole week is like a flash. This is the end of the fifth month of the season ; and but little has been done. The Civil Appropriation Bill, is before the Senate ; but the Army and the Navy, and the Indian budget, has not yet been touched. The currency question, the pivot on which the political state of the nation has been turning for so long, and the subject of an extra session, and for which the commercial community are waiting, has not been taken up, and will not be for two months perhaps. Too much legislation is no doubt injurious ; but an imperious necessity exists for a regulated tariff, and a safe currency. The English legislators get through their time by dining?the French in writing?and the Americans by talking. The Secretary of the Treasury is now preparing, and is about submitting to Congress the project of a new tariff, on the high pressure system. The rcvcnue.'to be derived front it is hypothecated on an annual amount of thirty-five millions. He proposes to levy a duty on tea, at from ten to fifteen cents per pound, and on coffee of three and a half cents and upwards. This question will no doubt take up aVor.siderable time in this Congress, and produce no little excitement among southern men, if the premises said to be taken by the Secretary of the Treasury are true. The Committee on Public Expenditures made a report this morning, which was ordered on motion to be printed?Mr. Stanley moved 20,000 additional copies. "What is it asked several voices" "Poindextcr's report on the New York Custom House. The motion was laid over. This much talked of report has at length mnde its appearance before the House, in an unusual way for Executive documents to he sent to Congress. Mr. Poindexter hnd a dnplicate copy made, it seems, of his report, one of which he sent to the President on the 20th of April only; and the other, to place the President in an equivocal light before the public, he causes to be asked for in a private way by the Committee on public expenditures. The report is very long; it is ^written with much skill and perspicuity,and proceeds to dissect the evidence in a-masterly manner; but it is evident that the conclusions are formed pretty much from exparte evidence. TV report takes up lloyt at great length and great severity; the corruptions of the custom house, makes some extravagant charges against Curtis?and gives il slap at Hoffman for some opinion uhnut stoniffe \*e. V o shall soon see it rnprinf.iuid a reconsiderslion. I hoar.will bo inovrd to-morrow on tho printing of tho Roport, whioh will no doubt raise a breeze. This P*av? omi.y !?Brietow, tho accomplished teacher of writing at 235 Broadway , h.isgreatly reduced his terms, from twelve to five dollars, for thin uanon only. Now, would it not be well for all who need their ehirography improved, to avail themselves of his liberal term* at once 1 The very groat improvement made by his pupils in twelve lessons, should induce every one to place themselves under his tuition. LATEST INTELLIGENCE BV THE SOMRN & WESTERN M AILS. Wuhlngton. [ConriponilriKt of the Her ild.] Washington, Saturday, 3 P. M. Congressional Prorredlngi. The new Senator from Vermont, Mr. Cox, ap?..r~A w-J ? * " ' ' " r?vU| noo^uiuiiiru, mm iuok ms wat this morning. Mr. Allen made another effort to get up tua Rhode Island resolutions, but without effect. Several petitions and memorials were presented? none of them of any particular public importance. The appropriation bill was then taken up, and considerable progress made in it. One amendment and the papers relating to it, created considerable merriment in the Senate. The House had very pro|>erly omitted the usual appropriation of two thousand dollars a year for the salary of the Consul at Paris, but it was restored by th? Committee of Finance of the Senate. The Consul, it will be recollected, is Mr. Draper, formerly of Sew York. Objections was made to the amendment, and in support of it, letters of the moat absurd and extraordinary eharacter were read from Gov. Cam, and the Consul at London, and T>raper himself. The letter from the Consul at London was so frivolous and ridiculous, that every body laughed. Mr. Buchanan madeaonic very instructive and appropriate remarks, and several other Senators made a drive pro and con, when the vote was taken by ayea and nays, and the amendment was rejected by a vote of 28 to 14. So Mr. l>raper, in spite of his whining lettrr, loses his two thousand dollars a year. The everlasting New York Custom House report was before the House for a couple of hours thia morning. Mr. Adams offered a memorial on the subject of the tariff, and by consent of the House, under ore text that he wanted to make an explanation personal to himself, ran ofl into an attack upon the President, and almost even' body else except the New England manufacture!-.. Mr. Cushing and Mr. Wise made some explnnatory remarks, und after a general fuss characteristic of the house, the whole matter wus laid on the table, and the House went into the consideration of Private Bills, upon which the remainder of the day was spent. Washington. [Correspondence of the Herald.] ' "Washington, Saturday, April 30,1842. The report of Poindexter on the New York Custorn House, brought intothe House by the Committee on Expenditures, has created quite a sensation in its inception, and on the motion to reconsider the printing. All the game of the House took a hand yesterday in debate, and it was somewhat continued to-day. Mr. Adams said that if it was time, as had been alleged, that the manufacturers of the east were implicated, or their characters attacked by the report, that he would take care the character of the commissioner making the charge, should also be investigated before he could believe it. A cull has been made for the other reports on the President, who will respond to it immediately and summarily. Mr. Adams Iwas very severe on Mr. Tyler for writing the letter (yesterday read in the House,) which was promulgated by Poindexter,who it is said, is now a bitter enemy of the President's. Look out for some fun soon. Baltimore. [Corropondriice of the Herald.] BALTIMORE, April 30, 1842. Naval Intelligence. Mr. Editor:? The lust case before tiie Naval Court Martial, that of Lieut. Adams, has been closed, and the sentence, whatever it may be, sent on to Washing for consideration there. The Court is still in session and will continue to be until the finding is returned for a final cunsideralion, when it will adjourn, tine (lint. You have, doubtless, already been apprized, officially, through the Washington papers, ot the fate of Cant. Latimer, he having been dismissed the service tor one year and ordered to be repremniided by the Secretary of the Navy. It is thought that Capt. Clack, who was finally dismissed, will be able to obtain a new trial. The "Court Journal" is rather favorable toward him. This is tantamount to his having a reasonable share of Captain Tvler's sympathy. One thing must be said for the honorable Court?it hus been by no means wanting in rigidness. It is stated that Commodore Jacob Jones," will take command of the Baltimore Naval station on the first of May, in the place of Commodore Ballard, who some time since asked to be relieved on account of the cont inued delicate state of his health. The ceremony of laying the cornerstone of a new and very large Catholic church, corner of Park and Saratoga streets, is to take place to-morrow. The building is sixty-eight feet wide, and one hundred fifty in depth. It is to be occupied by the German Catholics. On Monday the general resumption takes place. It will pass off'without the slightest excitement. I doubt whether the books will be called on for more specie than they have lor weeks past. Virginia money continues at 8 discount. Flour 5,68 a $5,62 1-2. There has been very little change in the markets. Green peas are plenty; also soft cral>?. The weather continues charming. Yours, Roderick. Philadelphia. [CorTr?|f>ndfiicr cf the Herald.] Philadelphia, April 30, 1842. We have rumors li-re that the President has interfered in person, and had several removals made in our Custom House. I am not positive of its truth, though such a matter has been expected for some weeks, as well because of some of the incumbents having been implicated in the "pipe-laying" frauds of your city, as because they are all warm and active friends of Henry Clay, and of course opposed to John Tyler. It is said that the alternative was offered to the collector of either removing the men designated, or of removing himself. This was rather a hard fix in which to be placed, and not being rich enough to accede to tne latter alternative, and die with his friends, rumor says he has, or will, walk his men out, and so stay himself. The rejection of Tyson has roused a spirit here that cannot fail to show itself to the prejudice of all office holders friendly to Mr. Clay?thus one proecriptive movement is tne father of many. Braht*n's sebond wncrrt on Friday euening, wa9 most respectably attended, though us I predicted, so soon as I huahearn the room lie had taken, not as numerously as he deserved lo be. He was in fine voice, though a little out of humor, by finding on commencing that the proprietor of the building had let another room in it for another concert, the applauding of which did not time well to that to which Mr- B.'s audience was listening. Both he and his son Charles were encored, and throughout, the audience appeared greatly delighted. Mr. B. announced his farewell concert in this city for Monday next The stork sales to-day were extremely light, without change in prices, except state fives, which fell O 40. Brazilla Flick, a resident of this place, was drowned yesterday morning al Five Mill Point, by leaping from a boat to recover the captain's hat. A Venetian blind factory, w ith a portion of it* contents, was destroyed yesterday morning by fire, at the corner of Ninth and Buttonwoodsta., the property of C. Taylor. The Evening Journal, a new two cent paper, has made its appearance. It looks very well. Wheat Chop.?The Ohio papers say the crop there is fine. Nashville.?Mr. Van Buren was expected here April 28th. That War.?Nine more persons hare been mur drred near the Ocilla by Tiger Tail's band. B Wolf Hi tters.?Six hundred of them have ar* I rived at Memphis bound for Texas. I The Differeni f..?They have caught a devil hah I in Charleston. We catch the devil himself here. B Si nk.?The steamboat Caddo. B Mrs. Stttojc and Naow..?Mr. Nagel's Concert, B last evening, was attended by a very full and faah- B ioaeMr audience, who were delighted with the ex B traordinarv performance of this gn at artist, and the B fine pinging of Mrs. Sutton. The Concert will be B repeated to-morrow evening, with variations?and B there is even prospect of another crowded house? B Mobile Chrvnirle, March 22 B Colored Caroo.?Seventy-one negroes reached B Richmond, Va., last Thursday, from Tennessee, B bound to Liberia. fl

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