Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 11, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 11, 1843 Page 2
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NKW yon k' 111 'I' \ 1.1) %?.?% !n> v. 11 1*43 f*ONtiijanil ihi I'oat Ortict Or part H < <l u< tlon of Hatrs. Nothing withi i th?* sphere of Ugit-lative action calls lou ei for reformation tlinn the regulation? of the Post Office Department?not so much in r? gard to the mere detail of trauf;>ortation and delilivery, as in relation to the r.ttes which are charged, lu ;? republican countr>', ol all others, the uimopt facility should be extended to ihe conveyance ot information, and the freedom of communication | between difiVrent sections. It is universally admitted that nothing conduces so much to the aituinn..n| nl |L? J. .:. 1 I I... 'I'KlO rntPB iiirui vfi line uceircu rnu 110 iun "*?v" ot postage iu the United States have not only been exorbitantly hi?h, but have been fixed to suit the worn out and depreciated Spanish fractions ot adulter floating among its, ratherthan the national decimal coinefie of the Ignited Siates. This in itself ha? not only led to great inconvenience and vexation to the people, but loes to the department. The , arbitrary division of distance, also, which had determined the postage, nre a source ot great injustice. A letter from this city to Albany is charged, lor instance, twelve and a half cents, while to Troy, six miles beyond, it pays eighteen and three quarter cents, and may be carried to New Orleans for twenty-five cents The law is ridiculous in itself, inasmuch as it can never be obeyed. A postage ot cents, 12fc cents, aud 18$ cents, can in neither eise be p-iid according to law. In each case the citizen must either pay four per cent more or less than the law orders. Why such an absurdity was enacted, or persisted in, no one can tt 11. These are some ot the vexations of the regulations?the real ( evil is the exorbitant rates charged. These charges, like all luavy taxes, operate either to promote smuggling or to stop the business. In the case ol correspond" lice. it operates both ways. Thote who are obliged to write frequently cannot pay the tdx, and therefore evade the law, and have more opportunities of doing so. In the city of New York tkere is a larger business correspondence than any where else, and probably far less proportionate postage is paid tht-re than ejsewhere. It has been calcula. ted by the department,that one half of the letters be. t ween this city and Bostoii are sent by private hands. Thi* is undoubtedly far short of the truth. It has for a Ions time been the practice among merchants engaged in the same business, to club their letters, and send them privately. For instance, A makes up a package for Boston to-day, and all the letters in bis neighborhood are forwarded by him. Tomorrow, B makes up a packuge, and ou the following day C attends to it, and so on. To all other cities the same operation extends. These facts, as wellaa numerous others, have long been known to the department, but cannot be stopped. The government rate for carrying letters is too high?the tax is too severe, and must be modified. The same difficulties were long contend?,] against in England, until the present system of .Rowland Hill, E-:q., was adopted, January, 1S40. It has been found to answer the most sanguine expectations. It is simply to charge, in advanct, one penny for a let- r ter weighing not more than half an ounce,to any part c of the kingdom. One penny additional is then b charged for every additional half ounce, until the p package weighs sixteen ounces, none heavier be- n ing eilowed. If the payment is not made in advance c the postage is double. This latter regulation has 0 greatly aimuiisnea tiie numoer 01 ueaa leuers. in s applying this admirable system to the United States, ? ii is simply requisite to charge, in advance, live E cents for every letter weighing not more than half an ounce, for any (distance less than five hundred miles?over that distance ten cent?, and the sam* rates, in addition, for every extra half ounce, to be-doubled unless paid in advance?the franking privilege to be entirely abolished, and newspapers sent free, with some limitation as to numbers and distance. The only argument heretofore used in opposition to a reduction of postage, has been that it would reduce the revenue?, and throw the pout office department into the hands of the Treasury, whereas it is now distinct and made to support itself. This argument is fallacious in itself, and at war with all experience, and low prices in everything are found to increase revenue. The reduction, so far from weakening the department, would give it the means of greatly extending its facilities. If we look back t tit the receipts and expenditures of the department, we shall observe how heavily the high rates have weighed upon the facility of communication. a Hi i i ipr* a*r' of Tin. Po>t Office Dk- r ! \KTMICM. WITH Mil IXTIWT OF POST KoaDP, a!? Li Population of the Umtkd State*. a Miles ixLCriji's. ExptuditlirtS. I'nsti'dt. Pnpi'lat'n SI 1T90, :J2,140 1,875 3,920,8*7 . IWMi, 213 2?..'I17 5,305,925 O mm. 551.684 405.969 34.CSS 7,239,8! I ? IWii, 1,111,'127 1,164,926 67,j8C,5% . I.ViP, 1> i,5P>3 1,032,707 115,170 12.H66.(?0 U HIM, I.Vf'L'tij 1,750,110 155.739 17,06:1,353 IM2 I 546,216 4,627,716 14a,7112 0 This gives progress of the depart- p mi*nt, being the figures on the year when the census w was taken, but like all other tiusiness, the post office " revenues havp been subjected to extraordinary flue- ? tuitions cftring the paet ten years. The annual re- ? eeipts and expenditures have been as follows:? ilr -ipts. F.ij'tnsn. Rrcipt*. Kxjirmes. b im, 1 2.930.411 1833. 4.235.1177 4.621.817 1RH, 2,t:.M,719 2,9in,6?5 1R3!>, <.177.611 *18 2,757,3.?" 1?10, 4,751,11(1 M UK, 3,408,38 MU.768 IBM, 4479,317 iMftS . l,l..v,M? 3,3C>J,12? IU12. 4,516,2 lo 4 ,<.27,716 It Tout 5 ~ * v.-,rj li.fW3.2M 11,743,603 22,172,519 23,36:i,67? j( I IteM rcc'u 1,199,681 gl Kiuns FH|Moae 1,190,157 The penny raie was adopted in England Jan '' 1810, and the results have been as follows: ? (irons Set Riurniie. Rtrcnxtc. tl 1R19 ?2,316,27R 1,0W,S09 1840 2.390,763 1,63.1,701 O lb 11 1,369,604 165,927 ^ The gross revnue, it appears, lell off from ^ S11,750,000 lo $6,750,000, but the number of letters ? passed through the post office has increased so last f itnU &o regularly that by the end ol 1844 the revenue will be restored. The annual number ol letters un- ( der the old system was, 183?', four penny rate, 82,470,596; under the new, 1841, penny rate, 193,516,660. ( The increase of business in the United States, ( under u reduction, would doubtless be m?ch larger than in England. The population of the United States is lurg?*r t han that of England, and the community much more of e reading disposition. They are, alf^o, much scattered. New England has jj "Bpread" itself over the whole Union, and if popt- p were less ol a tax than now, four letters would j be written where one now is sent, and instead of the mail being burdened with an old newspaier c weighing 2 <>z, for the purpose of concealing a letter, it would carry the letter, weighing | oz.and receive r ri cent* '.iiisteid of 1J cents. The weight of trans portation would decrease, and the remuneration ^ increase. Let us have a reduction. Th?: St fpouk Cot->Tir Mmkdkr ?In the Sunday * lier.tld we announced the conviction of G:esler, ' the youu? G rman, ol the crime ot murdering the lanuly ot the Smiths at Huntinaton, and also of the delay of the seatence until a distant day. This post- 11 punement is lor the purpose ol giving time to carry a tiie ease to the Supreme Court. The evidence of R the prisoner's guilt was exceedingly slight, and his *1 criminality is more a matter oi inter<.nce than ofcer- ' tainty. a Tin- Nkw Jkrskt MtmriEK Cask?This trial is I > '?ig a close, which should have bem ar- ' rived . ; tniie time since The evidence i.irthe priMioer h is been, and the rebutting testimony was x|wi '1 to be completed on .Saturday evening; and it so, ili' Minimum U1 W|il commence this morini.g. How different has been the management of the fuflolk County murder cas-e in this State, which was surrounded with as much mystery ! '\ij- Mr liobt. Greenhow. ttie Librarian of the | S n<?- f>< partment at Washington, has in the press a ( li.. . y ol California, Oregon, and the other coun- 1 fries on the uurth west coast oi North America i Theatrical Mattus and AIovkmfms?Tie theatrical campaign is now fairly opened, and the present week will be one of momentous importance to (he rival manager*, for the character of iheir management will now be determined. Success for the future depend* on the popular favor obtained at the present time, and if some managers allow their busine:a to become, as in other seasons, "disgraciousinfhe ci'y's eyes," the popular favor will be withdrawn, and disaster will close their doors. Niblo has done nobly, llis teason has been marked by enterprise, and the reward of enterprise and merit; but for the present week he defies competition. The French operatic company, the inimitable md never-tiring Ravels, and the Italian opera iroupe, are the attactions which he offers. The Chatham, under ltd new leasee, Duverna, had been euovated, and its company greatly strengthened; md with Burton as its chief attraction, and others " f great merit, it will be found a rival of no mean iretensions. Russell, the distinguished vocalist, too, will add to the theatrical and musical furor which will mark this week; and as the Park?emphatically old Drury?will also enter the lists, it wculd be vain to ask any long? r? "Is th^re no play To ease the anguish ?l a torturing hour?" 7V Wallack is the star of the opening night, and Macreadv. the best and most accomplished traee dian that the stage retains, who is now on the Atlantic, on his voyage hither, will follow. Of the stock company, we shall have opportunity t? speak hereafter; but a word is due to the entire renewal, of both interior and exterior, which this house has undergone. The evidence of abject poverty which the front has so long borne has been removed, and a brighter aspect has been given to this temple of the drama. The newly decorated front is painted marble color?it is of the composite order, and prominent in the centre niche stands a carved statue of Sliakti>eare, from the studio of Wagner?a most fitting J?coration. A hasty glance at the interior, with which we have been favored, has given us proof of ?reat industry in the preparations for the coming season. A more thorough change was never effected in old Drury since its erection. The 6tage has seen re-laid;1 the green-room has been renewed, re-painted, carpeted, and ornamented with a new mirror; the lobbies have been supplied with new oil ^i ?. i i tL. '.ii r i.?? . uiiu uic pmuia immicu in luiicy mtuuic ; :lie orchestra has been enlarged, and thejpil has been cushioned with crimson damask, and the orchestra boxes of Messrs. Astor and Beekman, have been jarpeteu and supplied with new easy chairs, with iamask cushions. The rails are painted crimson with gilt tops. All the tiers of boxes have undergone improvements as thorough as any other part of ;ke house. The back ground, which before was damask crimson, i3 now painted light pink color, which will pleasingly tinge the complexions 5f the ladies. The seats have been newly 3u?hioned with crimson damask, the color which prevails throughout the audience part of h? house, and scenes from Shakspeare's plays Jecorate the front of the second tier. The fronts ?f the private boxes are of a light violet color, with narble base; the upholstery consists of crimson urtams,j!ined with yellow, and each is surmounted y an eagle, with the cord and tassal gracefully i endant |from the beak Crimson cushions and ( ew carpets have also been introduced. The , eiling, as we mentioned on a former occasion, is j rnanunted with the muses and allegorical repre- 1 entations. The proscenium is also decorated with rreat taste. The pillars are of fancy marble, light ind varied, with enlarged caps, richly gilt, support- , ng the baBe of the arch, wThich is tastefully painted with cupids scattering flowers, in a light sky blue jround. The base of the pillar3 is of dark green 1 marble, with white veins, and beneath are painted 1 ippropriate scenes from various plays. The effect when lighted up, we doubt not, will be very leasing, and the house in every part will be found o have been made exceedingly comfortable But we have hitherto neglected to notice the frop curtain, which has been painted by J II. Smith, once a law student of General C. Sandford. le, however, abandoned the musty records of a aw office for a painter's pallet, and is rising rapidly 1 n the i rofession which he has adopted. This drop, I 1 >i which we now write, is a green curtain, grace- ! ally draped, exhibiting a splendid architectural j iall, in the front of which is a device, taken from le Macready testimonial. As Mr. Macready 1 antes so soon among us, it may not be uninterestig to state, that on his retirement from the man- i cement of Drury Lane Theatre, his services to the rama were acknowledged by the presentation of < costly " Testimonial," as it has been called, consting of |a splerdid piece of 'plate, subscribed for y the lovers fcf the drama. The presentation was i lade by his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge 1 1 the presence of many patrons of the drama and i f literature, and the members of the theatrical rofession. The compliment was well timed, and i rell deserved, for they were about to lose a gentlelan, for at least a time, wh? stands at the summit ] f hia profession as an actor, and who, as a manaer, has done more to -restore the text of Shaks- i eare, and to give the plays of the Bard of Avon a i efitting representation, than any man of the i Our artist has availed himself of one of the designs i rhich this testimonial contains, and has transferred I to canvass, where it will ttand as a record of the i ;orth of an actor for whose appearance much anx- 1 ;ty is beginning to be felt, it is rare, indeed, that i uch honors are paid to 'genius until its possessor has < assed away, and the singularity of the circumstance lust make it doubly precious to its object. This i esign represents Shakspeare standing on a pedesil, with a scroll in the one hand and a lyre in the ther. At the base Mr. Macready is seated,habited n the costume of the early stage, with an o|>en voume in his hand. He is attended by the muse of :omeay, 1 nana, ana the muse ot tragedy, Melponene, and a* connected with the subject on which he actor is supposed to be employed, the restoration >f the original text of the plays of Shakspeare, the Muse Clio is also introduced. This representation standa on a base, on which, within a metope, in the original design wus represented the senate ?cene in " OiheJlo," but for this the artist Jias substituted the lines He was not for a day, But for all time. At the visible angles of the base two boys, vastly ike winged cherubs, hold tablets on which are reresented the storm scene in " Lear," and the meetig oi the witches in "Macbeth." These are the principal designs. The decorations if the house we have hurriedly glanced at, and now ve wait for the ptage representations,which we shall lotice hereafter. That wkich.has been done, gives >romiee!of good for that which is to corne; and the iublic ex|*ctations has been raised as a natural couequence. We conclude with repeating that the preent week will be,;an eventful one in the annals of he atage. Rumoks op Moke Forgeries ? This is the age of nugnificent crimes?more particularly of murderu, >Ba8sinationH, enormous frauds, conspiracies, ioreries, seductions, raises, and adulteries. Cheatug and swindling paf;8 as petty liieanesses which leeerve no record. Perhaps, in our second ediion to-day, we may give particulars of another istounding torgery which came to our knowledge ?et night. The Navy Yurd and the Navy Departneni art particularly interested in this matter. llmr*n iir Jim Grow Rick.?The packet ship Wellington, from London, arrived yesterday, returned to u> our long established favorite actor, in Ins j.'culiar line, and e-i imable man, Thomas I). Hie, Lsq, with Iim wile and family, in excellent health and spiriis. Mr. Rice ha* been absent for ?ome time, "wheeling and turning about" to the de- 1 light of English audience* and we cordially wel j mine him back to the scenes of hii early triumphr. i We liehr he hta brought wuh him a rich treasure ol jovcliics lor the lovers ul the humoroua. Literary IVotlcc*. HOMEOPATHIC UoMBsflc Msdicink, by J Lawrie, M. D Edited, with addition*, by Gerald Hull, M. D. Published by William Itsdde, 322 iJroadway : 1843. Since the superior success of the homoeopathic system of practice has rendered it no extensively popular, a commensurate demand has arisen for a manual of domestic instruction concerning it, which thr present work most admirably supplies. It not only Rives the well established results of the many recondite works upon the system, but the clearest and most tpecific directions for the domestic treatment of a wide range of diseases; sc that |nny ordinarily intelligent and judicious member of a family may safely and confidently administer the remedies prescribed, without the aid of a physician. Exceedingly elaborate as is the entire study of honuijopathy, no practice of medicine hitherto ditcovered, is eo well adapted to private aud unprofessional administration, because there are but few instances iu which the remedies, if from misapplication they fail to cure, are liable to mischievous effects. The first part of this excellent little work treats of the regimen to be observed under treatment; of clothing and habits; end of the administration and repetition of medicines The second part is devoted to the peculiar affections of women and children, and of the treatment required. The editor, Dr. A. Gerald Hull, who, with his eminent associate Dr. John Grey, is or.e ol the most distinguished hom<i'i>atliicjphysicians in this city, lias rendered the American neonle an estimable service in aflording every family an accessible and sure Bourcc of relief for the maladies to which all tire constantly liable. He has also lately written a pretty little treatise, in about twenty pages, on the domestic treatment ol the convulsions of infints, which may be obtained of the same publisher. The Iynickkrbockkr for September.?Were the benevolent Saint Nicholas, encased in his ten pair of linsey-breeches, now lording it over the Gothamitee in the easy chair of Mayor Morris, we should wait upon Hia Honor this afternoon, and while he was inhaling the inspiration of his Meerschaum after dinner, read to hia entertainment (for we suspect the canonized patriarch had but a slim education) from the neatly printed pages of the Knickerbocker, as the highest testimonial of our loyalty and regardl?ut as the " old covey" is expatriated, we can only say to our readers that Mr. Clark's " bill of fare" c.?. 1 1.1.. iui ocpicxiiucr, is uiiijucsuuiinuiy Kiat?uic. dow Farm, a Tale of Association, and the popular Quod Correspondence, are continued, and among other well-known authors, "The Bulwer of France" has contributed a choice story, entitled " The Innocence of a Galley-Slave " As usual, the Editor's Table is garnished with the choicest joints of the pot. Thk Eclectic Museum of Foreign Literature, September?E. Little, 230 Broadway ?This is a heavy compilation from foreign literary magazines. Monthly, with an engraving. Nature and Revelation, showing rat present condition of the churches, anj) the chanuk now to come upon the world by the second advent, in Spirit, of the Messiah, with interpretations of Prophecies in Daniel and Revelation. By H. H. Van Aniringe. R. P. Bixby & Co., 3 Park Row: The book is well gotten up, and is evidently the production of a scholar. From the motto, " An end, 'he end, is come upon the four corners of the land," t is high time, taking into view the late "solemn warnings" of earthquakes and comets of the " liigh:st respectability," that the ungodly were " stirring heir stumps." To such we commend the book' A'ith our prayers that they may profit by its perusal. " Aliialla ; or the lord of Talladega?a Tale 3f the Creek War," and other poems, chiefly Indian. By Henry RoweColcraft, (late Schoolcraft ) Wiley & Putnam. The volume is printed in the centre-table ttyle. The poems are cleverly written, blended with as much interest aa could be expected from a series of descriptions based upon the monotonous barbarism of the forest tribes. By what authority the author has elevated " Alhnlla" to the peerage, |a little puzzles u?. An Indian Chief is a very rcnpcuiauic i unui luimi y in jus iiiic , i/ui tiu 111dian brave, arrayed for battle, with his face under a mask of yellow clay, his shoulders saturated with ?rease, and hie loins " girded about" with an old dorse-blanket, is an " ugly costume" for a lord.? We object to the title; it iBunwarranted in reason ind in fact; and is a violation of the constitution. "The President's Daughters"?By Miss Bremer, authoress of " Nina," " The Neighbours," tcc. Another of those favorite stories of domestic Life in Sweden. Harper ft Brothers. Tiik New Mirror ?Fuller and Co., New York. ?This weekly, for the 9th instant, is of the character of many of its predecessors, excellent; and, therefore, we may pass over its contents until we arrive at the pa^es which contain Mr. Nat Willis's National Intelligencer letters, which are regularly transferred to this hebdomadal. The history of nations teaches us that when they have vanquished their enemies, and compelled them to alliance or to peace?when they may command aft acknowledgment of their justice, while extorting lawless contributions from others?when their foes without are silenced into submission and respect, their inevitable tendency is to self-destruction. It is a deplorable truth, and the more deplorable, that at this crisis of their advancement the broad and inviting field is laid open for the moral and political amelioration of their people. Tne causes are natural, arising out of the prime cause that the members of the body politic are constitutionally diseased, or that its vanity has been too weak to withstand the efleminate temptations of its promotion. As with nations, so with individuals; for the history of the one is but the filling up the picture of the other. In this, however, the shorter allotment of years to the individual redounds to his advantage. Ere the Olympus of his ambition is achieved?ere he is free to indulge his natural inclination to mischief, death hands in his card, " nune nosi" laaes ma evening riae 10 ine" tomus," und he is numbered among the defunct. But in the history of men there have been examples to the contrary, and their almost unexceptionable suicidnl immolation is a moral against human pride and self (sufficiency. We are reading this homily, (one which he may perhaps have h^urd before, while his locks have been under the manipulations of the prolessor of ih>* curling tonus,) for the benefit of Mr. Willis, flit poetry has deteriorated into thoughtless rhymes ?his sentiment into insipidity?ana his style into mere twaddle. From the sublime height of St. Hernard, from communion with the eagle of the Al|?, he descends to the admeasurement of Tom Tnumb's boots at the American Museum?from the tomb ot Virgil, from midnight musings " 'nenth the OollUseum's wall," he turns to take an "inkling" of the upsetting of an old woman's apple stand by the wheel ol a root beer cart; f rom the awful sanctity, the sacred solitude ol the valley of Jeehophat, he is attracted by the cry of "hot corn." He returns from a bath in the Lake of Geneva, to the purchase of three bottles of lavender. He has left the spring of Helicon, preferring (in the teeth of the tee-totalerc) a julep and a rye straw, in th? stall of an oyster house* His occasional ldio^yncracy of foppery hasgrown into a chronic disorder He has dolled the manly costume of the hard laborer in the fields of literature, and goes flitting about the purlieus of the Astor? " A ?napper-up of uncomidered trifl(#," doling out these cold victuals to the National Intelligencer, as if they were sufficient lor the national appetite. His contributions to the "New Mirror" are of the *atne stale and excessively stupid rigmarole. As a specimen, we quote Iron a late number, page 352 s? Aiior Jloufc, Auguitl0,f&l3. My diar Widow ? For the Wflhr anil tear of your brirht eye* in writing itif a letter )ou are duly credited. That tor n real h:>l( hour, aa Ionk aa any ordinary liuil hour, Ruch well con tiirej illuminationii (hould hare concentrated thoir mortal tiling on me only, Ja e?|ual, I am well aware, to a pri. vate audience ol any two kiam in the firmament?eye laehe* and netticoat (if not thrown in) turning theewn}>ariion a little in your favor. Thauk??oleoune?piled high ai the porphyry pyramid of Paparitla! &And von want "a pattern for a chemisette." Let me tell you, my i!eur w Maw, you havu ha I a narrow eacape. Hid you unguardedly u ritteu to yoar milliner for an ar licle to nVvolcln?but I'll not harrow up your feeling" Hufficeit, that that once j.rivilcgud article has pa???d riTer, with decayed empire*, to history?an ariatocr??cy of muslin ton intoxicating to laft ! "Fitill" Th" truth is, shim* are tottering. Tlielinen cud, which win iliallow renvacntntion of the edge of a linen lime, nud the iiuon collar or embroidered chomiimtto, which ai faintly imaged forth thespotleas upper portion of the same ! >?lUlim, oro now continuation ol a garment ' though loit to light to mi'iuury deal!" The plait on the throat anil wrist is scrupulously ol the Kane fineness, and simply emerges Irom the neck and alnave of the dress without tHrninKovrr. Tbn hem of the skirt ii beyond my province of observation, but as the plaited edge would ne pretty, (spread aver the instep when sitting,) th? unity is probably preaerved"Now, in the name ol nil the Godi at once," and Shakspcre, too, what right has a mau of family to "lakeott" the ladies* pttiicoata?and what upon this rubiectcan he teach to any widow, grass or bont-fideT But we are in no humor lor jesting Such stufl'reminds us, as all of Mr. Willis's late writings do, of I he old market woman: "Here, .Jacob, go leed the horse?a good feed ol chop? and make it strong of straw, for he has had a Ions pull and a wmm road." I Stranqs Police Movements ? Among many of the evils of which we have complained, as connected with our police system, none ius presented more singular developments than the receut discharge of Wm. H. Thompson, the " oae-eyed" printer, from six separate indictments for larceny. A few days since, the following extract was inserted in this paper, under a supposition that the proper authorities would make euch disclosures as were necessary to explain the causes that produced the discharge from prison of the person alluded to:? "Strange Developments.? Some singular and astounding developments will be made in a few days relative to tin; participation of a notorious scoundrel, named William li. Thompeon, the "onepyed" printer, in the rrcent prosecution against Messrs. Hamilton and Bergen, on a charge ot attempting to defruud the Atlantic Insurance Company. Thompson was recently, by some extraordinary influence, unknown to the District Attorney, released from prison, where he had been confined on six indictments lor grand larceny, and finally, contrim' to the knowledge of the nliovt- named officer. nolle pi ostquis vrere entered on all the indictments lound against him. This, wi:h other strange movements connected with the arrest and present incarceration of Smtcn, will be efiectually probed to the bottom ere the week has passed." Since this publication, other questions have been put to the persons who were instrumental in the release of Thompson, but a studied silence and secrecy appears to be the only result. Believing, therefore, as wc do, that such discharge was never obtained for proper services rendered by this notorious rogu?, and that those who have been defrauded by his acts, and the public at large, are sufferers by his release, we sgain call upon the District Attorney to act in this matter as he has said he would, and inquire into the causes that prompted Mr Strang, in his absence, to eilow this rogue to be set at large. We have asked for light and information, and none has been tendered. Are the persons who were active in procuring the release of Thompson, afraid to re-arrest him, because he may exp:ee his participation in the procuring ?f the;affidavits made by Suttonl Why is it that the District Attorney was not consulted before the nolle protequit were entered in the Court of Sessions'! Why was it that the charge of arson, alleged against Thompson for setting fire to the printing office of Mr. Clayton, in Thames street, was so mysteriously spirited away about the time he was released 1 Why was it that Jonas B. Phillips, Esq , the present assistant of the District Attorney, refused longer to act as counsel for Thompson 1 And how was it that Mr. Warner, who ihen undertook his case, is also now so mysteriously engaged as counsel for Sutton 1 Why was it that this man Thompson, as soon as he was set at liberty from prison, went to Staten Island in search of Richard Sutton, a man whom he did not kaow, nor never saw ! wny aia ne iane Doara in uie same nouse with Sutton at Staten Island, and furnish him with means to pay hia expenses, and constantly keep in his company 1 Why did officer Stokeley visit the same house at Staten Island, and associate with thief Thompson, when lie knew his character'! Why did not officer Stokeley inform Mr. Butler, the keeper of the house, of the character of Thompson, in order to caution him and his boarders 1 Wait not his duly as a public officer to do so 1 What was tiie modus operandi of obtaining the affidavi' made by Sutton before Justice Matsell, wherein he s*'ear3 himself to be a thrice perjured man, and on which affidavit alone the charge of conspiracy asrainst Bergen and Hamilton was founded 1 If this affidavit was obtained by fair means, and in a voluntary manner, why was Sutton imprisoned as a witness as soon as it was obtained"? and why has he been kept imprisoned against hia will ever since1? With these questions we shall conclude for the present, but unless Thompson is re arrested on the numerous charges against him, we shall be compelled to ask others that will be ,more difficult to answer. The District Attorney owes it to the public, whom he represents, to move the Court, at once, to set aside the nolU prosctjuis endorsed on the indictments against Thompson, in his absence, and bring him to trial without delay. Will this community stand idle and see a man of his notorious character released on tix indictments for larceny, without cause or benefit to the police, as the District Attorney himself has expressly avowed 1 Has it ccme to this, that such a being can be used as a decoy duck to the police,on which to procure the arrest of citizens without strong, conclusive and overwhelming confirmation T If so, the sooner we establish an inquisition in the place of the police the better for the community, as ihey will then be prepared for such strange and exextraordinary proceedings. We say again, give us light on this subject. ftj. Captain John Nicholson, of the packet ship Ilarkaway, of James River, has been arrested at Norfolk, on a charge of having committed a rape on a passenger. It appears, says a Norfolk correspondent, that theHarkaway, while on her last voyage from Liverpool, May 29,1843, brought out as a passenger, a young and interesting girl, of highly respectable connections in that country; and while on the passage she became sea sick. Capt. Nicholson prescribed a dose of laudanum and some other ingredients, of which she has no knowledge, b?t she has now great reason to believe they were given her by him to effect his purpose, which he af terwards accomplished. A few moments succeeding the taking of this dose, she became stupefied, and while ia that state the ofl'ence was committed with which the captain now etands|charged. He has been examined and remanded to jail ro await his trial before Judge John Y. Mason, of the U. S. District Court. Siqnora Castellan,?This delightful vocalist has just returned from a highly successful tour through the Canadas. Wherever she went, the most fluttering reception awaited her. At Montreal and Quebec she was received by the most fashionable audi ences ever! congregated on any occasion before.? The most judicious critic?, speak of her in the same strains the press ol this city have given utterance to, and compare her to the most celebrated singers of this or any preceding ape. We hope she will give a a ries of concerts here before she favors any other place with her presence. The enthusiastic recr ption she met at her last concert in this city, is vividly recollected by thousands, and we promise another equally us great and profitable. There never was a songstress that ever appeared here, that drew so large and fashionable an audience, unassisted, depending entirely on her own matchless effort, at Signora Gastel'an. (fcj- A company of U. S. Flying Artillery, under command of Cupt. Duncan, passed through Bridgeport, Conn, on Friday. They are on their march from Newport, II I. to Fort Hamilton, N. Y. city. The officers are Lieut. Williams, Lieut. Luther, an f Lieut. Loser. <?ov. Cleveland reviewed the company at New Haven. As the trooiw make short marches, and halt to observe the Sabbath, they will pass through N. Y. city on Tuesday nltrrnoon or Wednesday morning. fkj-The Hon. W. C. Rives, of the U. S. Senate, I l. - ||.? T : *Jf - inn cuiiiriuircii iui me iopi liU' imy .m-mriiKer fl deserved tribute to the memory of the late Hugh S Insure. It is a testimonial to the great worth of one of the b#?at men of modern day*, and who, aa a scholar mid a gentleman. hud few cqualti. Sapndkks the'The Fi>omd Money.? The full and correct particulars ot ihe recovery of the #24, (KM) obtained by young Saunders, the forger, was published iu our vesterday'a edition. Since ihen we have learned from Mr. Wilmerding, who returned from Boston yesterday, that Saunders con ftssed the whole affair to htm.and.'disdosed the fact ot the possession of the money by Henry M. llagee, the West Indian, of 82 Canal street, who was arrested on Saturday, with his wife, by officers Cockefair and Frank Smith. He implicates Itng^e in the ( forgeries, and charges him with being the principal ( in the act. The money found was placed by lvagee | and his wife iu a small box, (not trunk, as many of ( the papers have it) of sufficient size to hold the bills, which were enveloped and sealed at both ends.? ( ttagee and his wife are confined in the city prison in one cell! This we understand was done by order ( of the magistrate who committed them, on account of the state cj excitement in which the tvas at the time i of impritonment. We advise all parties, in future, ' when implicated with crime of the high character of forgery, to get up an excitement, and threaten to i faint and die off, in order to be placed together in 1 one ceil, so mat wnen examined mey can leu me , same story, precisely ! This is carrying out the ends i of justice with a vengeance ! i Hagee is an excellent penman, and an accounttnt by profession, and from the fact that the boy was , not over proficientin his hand-writing, there is much reason to believe that Ragec has been the arch-devil in the whole businees. It is, therefore, very strange that the magistrate wh? committed them should allow them to be together before their examination on the charge alledged against him. Saunders will be brought to this city on Tuesday, and an examination will then take place ofllagee and his wife. Niblo's.?Farkwki.i, appearance of M' Calve?This exquisite i,rt!ess songstress waibl'S her valedictory notes to-night, when the Garden will be more crowded than the first two nights. The progressive advancement of this young lady in popular favor is really extraordinary. We question if there be a single female singer in America, who has gained bo upon her audience as M'selle Calve, and we regret that she leaves the stage after her Philadelphia engagement. She has selected Marie in Im Fille du Regiment as her leave-taking role. The present success of the French company is an additional corroboration of the determination of the lovers of music to support a New York " Opera." The new Vaudeville of" La Minsardt du Crime," precedes me v ver!l- "ions me J, ivicner, Bernard, Dessonville, Mesdames Mathieu'and Richer all appear?let those who wish to hear thrilling martial music, listen to night to " Salut a. la France."? Calv? could not have chofen a better character to create a lasting impression, than the Child of the Regiment. ___________ fo3- Eleven young men, members of the senior classof the Theological Seminary of Andover, are going out as Home Missionaries to Iowa Territory, under the patronage of the American Home Missionary Society. City Intelligence. That Amazon Braid ?Have the former employers of David Crowley, the forger, discovered the persons who held possession of a trunk of Amazon braid that probably has been stolen from their premises ? If not, they bad j better make immediate application at the lower police of- I See, as the persons having it in their pot-session will save exposure by giving notice during the morning. The last call. A Sunday Scene in New Tor*.?Yesterday afternoon, while passing up Hudson street, a'out 4 o'clock, we perceived a genteellv dressed, full bodied man, with a blackened rag in ono hand and a paper of lampblack in the other, passing down the street with considerable haste and stopping at sach lamp nnd awning post and besmear ing the small quack handbills placed thereon headed i " No cure no pat," with his daikened mixture. Wo were at a loss to decide ^ whether the motive that prompted such an act was toob. scurethe language of the bills for the cause of morality,or whether it emanated from selfish motives in his being n Quack opponent of the person advertising. Certaiu it is, however, that either object failed of either purpose, as the instant he blacked a bill all the stragglers and loulers in the vicinity immediately rushed towards it to bee what it was that had thus provoked hii indignation. Tbo consequenc was that each and every one became acquainted with the contents of the handbill, and we finally concluded that the man with the rag uud lampblack was Hither the auack himself v. ho kent the shou advertised. or had been employed by the principal thus to attract attention to his own advertisement. i'assing to the foot cf Canal street, we thereTuund a large concourse ot persons list<nrng to the (tentorial) and croaking notes oi a temperance lecturer, who had perched hinmli eu the warn boom ot a large sloop to disseminate tho djctrinrs of cold water, aud while listening to him,our ears were attracted by the cries of " A boat race," when sure enough, from the eDd of the wharf we espied two',row boats, manned with sturdy hoys, in the position of preparatisn for a race, and in an instant the boats were oft", at tho word " go,'' whilethe temperance preacher changed his teittode?cant against such a scene, and the boy s get tip such a shout that we camo away fully satisfied that New York is , uot only a city, but a world within itself, where people will do pretty much as they please en Sundays or any other day of the week. | Awothicr Shootirq Cask.?On Saturday evening, two , Italians named Francisco Canalletthand Antonio Gal'i, i bad an altercation at a French boarding house, No. au Spruce itroet, when the lormer struck the latter in the ' face, and clinching, the parties were separated by th? i bystanders. Ualli immediately left the room, aud returning in au instant, fired n pistol at Canalletti, the bull of which entered the flesh of the arm above the wrist, and i passed through without injuring the bone or any other part of the body. Galli was immediately arrested and lodged in the watchhouse. On examination yesterday afternoon, he (stated that he was about 19 years ef age, an 1 had recently arrived lrom Milan, Italy, and was tiavelling in this country: that he boarded at 99 Spruce street, where the difficulty took place, and that Cana!letti, who was a stranger to him, struck him in the face without provocation. Not being able to resent it byblows, on account of tho persons present separating them, and being excited from liquor, ho went to his room in tLe - amv house and took a pintol, that had bee n loaded by him in Milan, and fired it at Canalletti to frighten him, uot to hurt him. The magistrate thought that this plmihible (.tory was rather tootongh (or belief, and, therefore, full v committed Antonio Galli to answer the charge of assault and battery with intent to kill, and thus lcRm his tint lesson in the laws of this country. | RouhkryJoe Rockwell's Store.?This extensive rol ? I bery still remains enveloped in mystery, and we have i.o doubt will soon be followed by others of Mmilar character, uulefs some alteration i? made in the time of the watchmen leaving their posts in the morning. The city is entirely without a watch guard from day ' break until business hours, and it is that very nick of time that burglars seiae to removefgooi's from stores that they have entered during the night.* When will the Common Council make this change? Game or Chiceet?The Philadelphia Club, with two player* given?Ticknor and his brother?play eleven of the New York Club on the ground on the Blooraingdale road this morning at 10 o'clock. The match with the Tc- , ronto Club comes off next week. Thottiho Race?LaJv Suffolk and Confidence trot over the Deacon Course this afternoon at 3 o'clock, for a purse of >200. The Common Corwcn. ? Botli Boards ol Alderw a i meet this nfternoon at 6 o'clock, when much business if interest will be transacted. On Wcdnesduy they assem bjo iu joint n)r?tiug, to mako appointment* Tub Cor?T or Semiows resumes business this moraing at 11 o'clock. Qc$? Two youngsters, who have not yet arrived at years of discretion evidently, have been alarming their pa's and ma's, end their entire family connections, by pretending that they were about to fight a duel. They are, however, now reconciled, and ne danger is apprehended. The following details are no more minute than so momentous a case warrants Washinoton. Sept. (5 ?Our city has been thrown into rh unusual state of excitement to-day, relative 10 a contemplated duel b-tween Philip Barton Key, Esq. and Oapt. May, of the Navy?eon oi Dr. May, ol our city. The circums-tunces, related to me 1 by the Justice ol the l'eace charged with the bust* I ness, are as follows: ? On Monday last the two young gentlemen were at Barnum's hotel, in Halt-more, when, during a conversation, nu insult paused from the Captain to young Key. A significant reply, promptly made, left no doubt that another meeting would soon be sought somewhere else. They parted, and there is every reason to believe that the preliminaries were all arranged, when aa alarm was given, and the parties soon disappeared Young Key walked as far as the junction of the Annapolis road and reached here yesterday incog.? lie was puttied to this city by a particular frit nd, and the police were put on the nlert. This morning Mr. Key was found secreted in room No. 18 in Brown's hotel. He relused to be taktn, and threit ened violence to any one who should attempt to open his room door. . , . The deputy marshal, Mr. Woodward, and several i n I tl.o nim?'U i conaiaoiea, were Mauonea an ummu n.?? r. lltirniR ih<" morning Key attempted lorecaps out n| * window, but bring discovered, he retreated to hiri room. Three and a half P. M.?Key has eluded the vigilance ot the officers and neaped on horseback !? He leapt out ot his room mindenly and threw the 1 deputy marshal and Mr. Carlisle oyer on the floor, ran down gtuira, leaped on a horse, and cannot Inrc-takeu. i * - I BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. 1X9- No news received by last evening's mail. Nanvoo. fCorrtapondenCi; of U?e Heiftld-] Nauvoo, Aug. 1S-I3 Health of th* Ci}y?llw Cro/)*?Divine Servict in the Grove. James Gordon Bennett, Esq ? Dear Sir:?Our city is still improving very fast, and haa been very healthy thus fur, but at present there are some cases of lever. We yet retain the hope that tne mortality of the place will be light, as experience has shown it to be a healthy location. The summer crops in the adjacent country are good and promising. A number of fine farms on the Prairie near the city have been o;>enid this summer, and many n( ihem covered with rjh vegetation The almost boundless prairie east o! tor miles is dailv strewed with herds of cattle, driven from the city in the morning, which graze through the day until the orb of light begins to sink in the horizon, when the trumpet of the herdsman Hounds over the plain, and the lively flocks quit their rich pastures, and seek in the city their cv?*q. ing folds. Divine services nre now held in a beautitul grove in the centre of the city. On Sabbaths that are fair a coiiRregution ol about five thousand are entertained by the Prophet or some onr of ihn twelve, with all the zeal and vehemence of a Paul at Athens, or a Luther before a council of Cardinals. A Gentiijc. Homicide on board tiik Prebi-k.?Some days ogo we published! an extract from a'private letter giving some details of this efluir, but we are now enabled to supply the particulars as elicited in an investigation before a United States* Commissioner at Boston. The Times publishes the case as follows:? U. 8. Commu?icwer'? Cot'kt?Fbidat, SeDt. 8.?Man slauthitr on the High Stat?Before Commissioner George T. Curtis ? Micliael Colligan wiib put under examination for killing Thomas Smith on boaid United State* sloop Preble, on the 23d of July last, ift sea, oft Malaga, and in light of Gibraltar. Several of the ship's crew were examined as witnesses, and ail testified to the act of killing. The facts are in brief these?A quarrel first arose between Colligan and another of the crew, Charles Lawrence, about breakfast time, about the working of the ship, originating with Colligan, and in which they were rebuked by Smith. Colligan then commenced qnarrcling with Smith as to who was the best man. Colligan wanted Smith to fight liira, but ho declined, and said C. was not able to light him, Olid that he could whip just two like him. C.said Smita was a "good man untried," and said if he (C.) could not whip him one way, Iij could another. Tjiey then closed, aud Smith knocked Colligan dowa against the gun slide, lulling with him. Colligan raised himself partially from the gun ilide, and drew a sheath knife about a foot long?blade ten iuches long?and stubbed Smith in the body, once in the heart, and again in th? sumach. Smith rolled over, and said he was stabbed, and again that he was gone. This happened on the ipar deck, and waa between eight and cine o'clock in the niorningr Colligan was then put in irons,and the Commander proceeded to examine the chests cf the teamen, and . threw all the knives he could lind overboard. Thekni'e with which the act was oommittcd was saved. The testimony was decided ou the peint that Smith was challenged to light by Colligan, and was ordinarily a quiet and ,peaceable teaman. One of the witnesses testified that Colligan had entertained a dislike and enraityto Smith on account of some girl on shore whom Colligan wanted to go with.but whom Smith succeeded in keeping company with, anil likewise that Colligan had threat enenedtostob Smith with a knife on a former occasion in connection with thii alfair. Several of the crew, including the parties to the quarrel, had been, a short time previous to the affair, transferred l'rom the U. 8. ship Delaware to the Preble. The prisoner ii a small man in appearance, but exceedingly muscular,and Smith, who was stabbed, was considerably larger, and about 36 years old. The prisoner was ordered to be committed, and to answer the charge at the next District Court, which will be held on Tuesday next. The witnesses were recognized to nppoar is the sum of (300 each. Geo W. Phillips, Esq , lortho Government. Charies Mayo, Esq., for the prisoner. Otj- The body of Mr. J?seph F. Doming?, who i i W.L : A : ...L wat* uruwiiru on mr /in nisi., 111 {hihsiub uirouga Hell Gate in a small boat, was found on Saturday ast in Bowery Bay, near Flushing. The Coroner held an inquest>n the body and the verdict of the jury was, "Found drowned." Superior Court. Be!ore Chief Justice Jones. Sept. 11.?Trial causes will be lieartl this week. The following calender is set do wn (or to-day No*. 1,3, 3, 1, 5,71,73, 6,7,8,9. 10. Common Plea*. Before Judge Ingraham. Sfpt. 11.? Calendar, No*. 83, 61, (15, 67, 6rf, 69, 71,71, 73,27,6,8,26,120,45,60. ' Mil? ft?-|SHE HAS ARRIVED SHE'S HERE 1 THAT MKKVAID?that very creature, (we say creature, lor if nature did'nt make her, somebody did) is in ?ur very midst, ut the American Museum, where all the greatest wonders ever reen, heard of, or imagined, are made public, and the people can see lor themselves what slio is, and we have no hesitation ill laying that she is a great Siirionty. la conjanclion with her the best company of performers in America are engaged, embracing Mr. Cole, the Ethiopians, Dioramas. Miss Adair, Celestv, he. andtho most tuparb perloi manors are given every night. Ot?- LAST WEEK OK THE OIANT OIRL AT PEALE'd MUSEUM?She is thiiteen veara old, ami weighs 405 pound*. The mnnf?i?er has engaged the Ful'- . ;e Mermaid, as a rival to the Fe-gee, and nu)S astUeia are two, no longer doubt can be entertained as to their existence. Who wculd suppose that (an immaculate) manager of a Museum, would presume to i>aln> off a con- ] junction of a codfMi and a monkey on a discerning and " enlightened public, and pronounce it a Mermaid. Tlio j Choral Glee Club will introduce catches, trio's, duett'f, 8ic. Delarue will give an imitation of the celeb-ated Daniel O'Cod&sII. Cerito, Miss Adair, 8cc.?all lor ouo shilling. QQ- AUCTION SALE-A QUANTITY OF EXCELlent second han.ijfurniturc,nearly new;a quantity ef cabinet makers materials, hardware, set ot beer pumps, &c., will be sold, this day, at the store 38 Ann et., by Thomas Bell, to commence at 10$ o'clock. fty- ' TO MOTHERS WHO MAY BE SUFFER INO ' from that painful affection, sore nipples, and who find it exsremely difficult to nurse the child, we wouldreeommend Dr. Sherman'j Papillary Oil, a* sure and in fallible remedy, and which can be used without removing the child Irom the breast. It is thu only ?ertt>m remedy a lor the disease, and has never been known to tail. Mrs. i Keeler tnd Romsen, two old and experienced nurses. Drs. A. C nrwl Vnndprnnnl rp?nmmi?nd it in thfi hiffhrit term*; they have used and seen it used with great etf< ct. Dr. Shtrman's warehouse it 106 Nassau street. Agents? 110 Broadway; 10 Astor House; 3J7 Hudson struct; llrt Bowcry;77 East Broadway; and 88 William street {j!7* 8AR8ATARILLA.?Peoplo whe use this medicinal root, can do it bt a faying nlJust one half, by u?inp{ Comstock Sc Co'* Extract of Sartat>arilU, which i? made nf the twit Spanish jjarmparilla root.wi'h other veg<stal>ln ingredients, and is as good and at balf the price of all others. Suit yoursoives si! out using this medicine, as yon can save just half the expense, and still ase as purr an < x tract. Price fiO cent* per bottle ; $4 per do7,en. (From this time forth, this medicine will not tie sold lessthun lbs retail price, for any quantity less than ono dozen bottles.) !* be had genuine only at 31 Couitland strntt. OCT- VALUABLE MEDICINE9-Dr. Church'* Cough DiO|>s, a safe'and certain cure for cough*, celd*, a?tiimn, tightness in the chest, catarrh anil spitting of blond. Sold at an cent* per Milk Rheumatism, &c.?Church's Chemical Essence of Musi tard. The unexampled succosi which hat attainted the use of this remedy lias caused it to lie eagerly sought :or by thousands of individuals suffering under the tortures d1 rheumatic diseases, hold at ?n cents par bottle. A Clear Complexion?Church's Vegetable Lotion, a highly esteemed cosmetic, that effectually removes pim pies, blotches, ton, freckles, ringworm and nil other cutaneous eitiption*. The use of the Lotion for a short time win estaniihhia nriuiimt complexion. 79 centa per noiwu Itch?This loath'omc disease cured with a *iii?;1r ?|v plication of Church's Scotch Ointment. The above valuahle mudiM irold at wholesale or retail at Church's Dispensary, | S3 Bowery, corner of Spring street H QO- JACKASSES. LOVELY JACKASSES-Such ii I mankind, or ruther that portion to wliom nature has no' ?iven |" o'er mf>ny" charms. Men and women, do you net know that if you have not a good looking lac, j on M may hare for hOcents ? if you have not a good first rati head ol haii, j oil may hava it lor three shilling I A ihree shilling bottle of Jones' Coral Hair Restorative would make your hairsoft, dark, ami *ilky, evon if jecjj^H )T grey, and keep it ?o a long time ; it will force the hail :o grow. Mop itn Mling oil, clean it, and cure the icuritnlH landrutt, and for yuut face, one Mi cent cak? of thil^H Italian Chemical Soap, will change your dark, j eljow, m lunhnrut tkin, to a healthy clearness The wont casei 3^1 >f cutaneous eruption* nrn entirely cured by this wonder ill invention. Sold at the sign ot the American Eagle H tJ Chatham street; in Brooklyn, 1.19 Fulton street ; ii Newark, 347 Broad street j in Philadelphia, 3 Ledgei Buildings ; in nomira, n mme ?ircei. ft?-HAIR ERADICATOR?Thia celebrated nrticli| fait superceding all others for the lamp put pose, necaum 7 t< eftecti are no magical, that should we tell all it wouli I lo, you would hardly belioveit; and to show nil that then j I no " humbug" about thW article, wu will ha*o it applil *1 before any one before purchasing, a* we wnirnnt it (<1 Tiro?? hair from any part ofthe body, and not in the lea* nluring the moat delicate skin. To be had only at '2 I .'ourtlanilt at. ?7- PROFESSOR VKLPKAU'S CELEBRATE! i'illp, for the radical cure of Ronorrhopft, gleet, mid ul nonpurulent discharge* fi(im the urethra, are tinivcr iallv considered, by Hie medical faculty of the Unit; Hatea, the safest and most apt edy remedy for those dit' reading comprint* They indicate the disease in an in rediblv nhorttime, without tnintiug tho breath, diaagaee ng with the atomorh, or conflnsment from bntlnttM. Mold in boxes, containing one hundred pill*, $l tfch W. 8. HK HAIUJSON, Ag. nl. Office and coriiulting rooms oltlui College of Modicin iad I'harmncy, K7 Numuu it.

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