Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 12, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 11?Whole No. 3913. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1845. Price Two CenU, THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To Uin Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?Daily Newipiprr?Dab lUhfd every day ol the year eieept New Yeur'a Day and Fourth of Jaly. Price X cento per copy?or $7 36 per annua?postage* paid?caih in advancn THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Batardiy morning?price 6)4 cento per copy, or $1 II per annua?poop age* paid, caah in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation of the Herald i? over THIRTY-F 1VE THOUSAND, and increasing faat It fiat the laigett circulation of any paper in this city, or the worldK and, it, t hero fore, 'he but channel for butintti wen in the city or country. Pneee moderate?caali in advance. PRINTING of all kinds axecntod at the moat moderate price, tad in live moel elegant atyle. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PaePBlBTOH OP THE HtRai.D ElTaBLIIHMKRT, Northweat corner of Fnlton and Nassau atreets. LONG ISLAND KAIL-ROAD COMPANY. whs 1 hR, ARRANGE vle.N . Traiua run aa follows, commencing Dec. lath, 1814 Leave Brooklyn, at !ia!f-,aat 7 A. M , (New Y?rk aide 7 A. M.) Boaton Train for Op enport, daily, Sun days sveeo'ed.*topping at Farmingdale and Sc *G urge's Manor. ?? " at b)4 A M to' H'ckiville aud intermediate pla-ra, daily; and on Tuearlayn. 1 huradavs and Satuida.a, through to Grteuporl and in teranediate pi tcea " " at 314 P M f?r Hirltaeille a>-d inteime.'iate Jilacer, daily, Su daya excepted. or Brooklyn. Boaton Train,?11 P. M., or on the of t es.eamer.* d'ily. Sundayi ex cepted, stopping at St. George's Manor aud Fan. ingdaie. . ?' " at 9 A M., Aecomrrgidation Train, for Brooklyn and intermediate places, ou Mon day;, Wednesdays and Fridays. From Hicksville for Brooklyn and intermediate places daily, Sunday*excepted, at 7 A. M. and 1 P. M. (IN SUNDAYS. Leave Brooklyn for Hicluville and intermediate places, at 9X 1 " " at 4)4 P. M for Jamaica. Leave Hickxvillnal IS P. M. lor Brooklyn. Leave Jamaica at 8 A. M for Brooklyn, at 3)4 P. M Mondays, ) Tueatlays, ) Wedue.days, > Via Norwich. Thursdays, > Via Stou'gton Fridays, ) Saturdays, ) d it I in* m jMBfc-flflteF Un and Jt. r u.e 1st of October the can wili lean ? F** uefot. I New Yonw. t o i.ocg A. M. I 9 o'clock A. M. 1U? " " 1 13>4 " P.M. 3 ?? P. M. t , ?? ?? on Sri* DAYS, t o clock A. M. | 9 o'clock A. M. * " a.M. | 4 " P.M. ill tl ? NEW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD COMPANY Leaving City H*ll for fiarlem, (126th st,) Morsi.imia, Ford ham. William's Bridge, Hunt's Bridge, Underbill's Road. Inckahoe, Hart's Corner* aud White Plains, 7.30 A. M., >0.30 A. M., I P M. and 3.30 P. M. Leaves Williams' Bridec for City Hxllt.45 A. M.. 11.46 A. M., 2 40 P. M.,4.45 P. M. Leave* Tnckahut for City Hall 8 26 A. M, 11.26 A. M , 1 66 P.M., 4 26 P M Leases Whit* Plains for City Hall 8 A. M., 11 A. M., 1.30 P. M., 4 P. M. Freight trains will leave City li&llat .12 46 M, Leive White Plains 2t 8 A. M. The Westchtator Train will stop only, after leaving the City Hall, at the corner of Broome it. and toe Bowery. Vauxhall Gar den and 27th street. An Extra Car, will preceriaeaeh Train ton minutes before the time of starling from the City Hall, and will take np passengers alougthe liue. Extra Harlem and Mnrisiania Trains, for Morriaiania and in termediate pi ices, Leave City Hnli for Harlem and Morriaiania,7 A. M., 9 A. M , 2 P. M-, 4.30 P. VI. Leave Morriaiania for City Hall, 8 A. M., 10 A M., 3 P. M., 5.30 P. M. By order of the Board, nl8 3m*rrc W. S. CARMAN. Secretory " CHANGE OF LuCaTIwis. UNITED STATES MAIL LINE BETWEEN NEW YORK AND ALBANY. Via BKID<?EP??KT?HOU JIFgt 0* SATONIC AND WESTERN .. TT?J^U*RAlLltOADS?The steamboats ?LwMmHL EUREKA, Capt., and ZSUEZ lit jD, C-pt Brook*, will leave tne pier at the foot ut ssose ?treet, daily. Sundays excepted, at 0)4 A. M. Rem ruing, i.iue leaves Albauy at 7 A. M. bauy passengers, ou arriving at Bridgeport, proceed imme -* dialely ou the Railroad; aud, without change of Baggage or Cars, arrive in Albauy (he same evening. A Freight Train daily at 6)4 A. M. For further information, both as to freight and baggage, apply / to O. M. PERRY, Agent, at the office, Ro.svrlt street, or Livingston, Wells and Pom troy's Express office 2 Wall street R. B. MASON, Superintend*!!', did !m*m 172 South street. FOR~BATH, GARDINER AND JIALLOWELL. The new steamer PENOBSCOT, Captain IN. Kimball, leave* the end of T wharf, Boaton. -every Tuesday and Friday even inn, at 5 ?'clock. Stages will be in readiness on her arrival at the al-ore plc-?a. to convey passenger* to the neighboring towns. JTP-NilTICE.?Ui STATEN ISLAND FERRY. On aud nfter Sunday, Dec. lat, tlie Boats will leave as fol lows, until farther notice:? LEAVE STATEN ISLAND: 8)4, and 18, A. M.; 2 and 4>4. P M. LEAVE NEW YORK : . * and 12, A. M.; 3)4. and 5)4 P. M On Sunilayi the Boat will leave at U, A. M., in pkee of 13. n38rc FALL AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK jtND NEW YORK FARE ONLY 1SH CENTS. THE NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW, CAPTaIN JOHN OAFFY. ON and after September I8(h will run daily, sas follows (Mondays included) Leave Nrw ?ark, foot of Centre street, 8 o'clock A. M.? fork, foot of Barclay street, 3 o'clock P. M. ai>4 trc the new Line of Liverpool packets. To sail from New York on the 21il, and from Lirerpool ot the (tk of each mouth ;? From New York L'paol. New Ship LI VERPOOL. 1160 tons, j ? J. Eldridge. Au. it Oct. 6 N. Ship QUEEN OF THE WEST, i \\ ? 1250 tons P. Woodhotue. New Ship ROCHESTER, 860 tons, j^ \\ ft?1 8 John Bntlon. i0cfr 21 Dee r ? Ship HOTTINOUER, 1068 l?m,|fechi' fif1** J Ira Bnrsley. .;$&?} \ These substantial, faat sailing, first claaa Ships, *11 bnilt in the city of New York, are commanded by men of exp,-i nee aud ability, aud will be desputclied punctually on the 21*1 ol each mouth. Their Cabina are elegant and commodious, and are furnished with wliatever can conduce to the ease and comfort of passen ''Frice ol Passage, f 100. Neither the Captains or owners of these Ships will be respon sible for any parcels or packers avnt by them, unless regular 1 1 eiefor. bills of lading are signed iheie For freight or ptun L k MINTURN8, 87 Hoaih street, New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS. Ik CO JI4 ee Livmioo) SAMUEL THOMPSON'S OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE, No. 273 Pearl street. Int. subscribers in luuionnelng to l <g. l.irtidsanc ... I lie their couliiineil ?ud extended -rrangeuf lite for bringu.g out Emmr tut* from Great Britain and lieland, would merely say, that for 'lie year 1846 considerable eX|*iiit have already been in enr ed, and no pains will he spared to enable ihem to retain that preference, which i'OT more than twenty year* hare been extend ed to this Liue .... The ships em ployed are only of th- fir?t clasv, commanded by eoiniiet. ut andeffi. iriit men, wrll known fortheir kind and con siaiu attention to the comfort and convenience ol |?mengerm, and as a ship of llw Liue sail* from Liverpool every si' days ; dnt'-n tionatthat port is entirely avoided. When iho?e settled for, decliue eoiuine ont. th? p?<sage in >uey is returned to tho.e from whom it was rec-ived, with at any dednclion. A fie* inevte, twr s:eamer, tr<on the Various poit* in belaud and Scotlaiid, can be secured, il d a,ied. For fur.her pxrticu Ins e. auire of 8 \ V1UKL 'J'HOMP-iON, rri Penrl street, or C. GKIM.tllA W k CO., 10 O. .ee Piazxas, Liverpool. Draft* ami Exchange at ai^ht for anv ?mount, c?n tie lur n sha.l ou the Nat oual 11 -uk ol Ireland, ilie Nurtlieru Bark ng Cominuir, tot National Bank of Scotland, payable al the nn moron* Branches throughout the country: on C. Grimsliaw at Co., Merchants, Liverpool; and It- C. Glyn k Co , Bankers. l^ndon. n23 lui*ut FOR NEW (lltl.EANS. LOUISIANA AND NEW YORK LINE OF PACKETS. iittv jft. A m. F"r t e miter acconiiiio.l .lion <^111101^ il i^hCe^l to despa'ch a rhip f.rm this port on 1 he 1st. tth, 10 h, 15th, 2uSi,and 25tu of e ch month c .mmrnciim the IO'Ii of Oct.ber, and r. n li.oiing ..uiil May, when reoular days will be appointed f t .he reniauidar of the yto, whereby gre.t deliys and tlis PP .>..1 menti will he prevented during ill ago mrr months. Tun fol lowing ship, will romm cr ini? irrtn, e . enl :? B rk GENESEE, Cap. Viinolt. Mb p V A ZOO, Capt. Wih-ay. Ship .1 \ A, Capt. ''erry. bhi,. LOUISVILLE, Capt Hnnt. Sj ip iH,yh> E ;lle., C?pt Miner, ?hip 04WEUO Capt. W ood Shi. Ml-sn-IPd. Capt. Hill*vd. Thes-ship n reill bull 1 1 f Nrw York, rxpressli for pack't*, .01 aluhtdran h' ol water, hive rec ntiy lue newly-c p ere' a id pn in splendid od.r, wiili accoinm<d.i lions for pi**-.^^,, m^nudlrd f.W Comtorl 'Ihry are c..m ma tied by experienced matters, wh ? * ill .oak* every , te. iio to give a tiafaetion. '1 hey w ill at all timet lie toe cd ii| and d.iwu the tliisissiopi b.- are ...hosts Neither the capiat., or own r? ol thrue ship* wilt* responsible for jewelry, bullion precious tt >uea. silver, or p -.ted w .re. or lor any letter*, parcel* or i?cka*p?, sent 6y or pat on board of .Item, unlnss rrgula; bills of lading am taken fur lli< aamr, at ill* value I he in 11 ex pre**e<l. . E. K. CDLI.lNH tk CO , 66 South at, or HULLIN It WOODRUrF, Agents ill, who will pmmytly f.-rward all go .da to their nddress. tr?" 'the an ps of this hue tie warranted to tail pnactnallyas advertised, and grrat cart will bn taken to have the goods cor rKlly nieaanrrd. dXJ 16 16 ?ARRANGEMENTS FOR 1844 OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE M2- Mrr*1""'eorner ^^^)ubb1?rli^^^^Tfnt0,hsl'^^^ti0D of 1864 for <L 'ilcSTSSrSllZ "?is Lo^dou Pa. lL.i r? ? I r" auA *4?f ???ry month. By SSW^r^P1"^^^ conivivd I'astlm ,1 ?u; ? J clsV *w *?.rl1 built> Coppered and aatSivru P " to "ll P?n?ually every week through 0JthiirfLnnf??.n?^?'lilt,?a Jf Ker,on? *'?hint| to remit money ^ foilo^B^' r'!^ "" P*yaWe at '$*< o? < iWincial Bauk of Ireland, payable at ?r ? Lrpenck, Clomnel, Loadondcnr SXne Y?*& Wrl< Waterfbrd, Uulway, Armagh, Athloue, Oolerein. Ballica TrJee,, Youghal, EuuhSil'leB Monaghan, Baiubndge, B.tllyinena, Paraonstow. Downpatnek, ttvu, L organ, Omagh, Dmiguuuoii, Bamlon, Emus, flilhrahsiMina ?Stnibaue. Bk.bbereea, Mallow. MouVvmore ^tSJotlsuiIl?The City"liauk ofGuSgiw. Sk'bbrmm. every town in Great Britain. swyauie in "mh" iiSwsiiiswsswii-sitei' - .stss- r w. -- LlV*rp?Wll _ LINK OK LIVERHOOL PACKKTS To tail from New York on the 26ili au?l Liverpool ou die lit' ?a*rtat of each UAUilth. m. m.m. m Kh Knnin imWLal,tf,u.u-, 2Gth Fsb. ' ROaclUB, Caiju.n A.a Kldndpe, 26lh March, m ? quvi)m i M r^ LIVERPOOL. Shin ii t iiui?^ A1>^1".'.A- 1 laii Nov. Shm ROSiMlVn V- TalnAB 'iT??k. Uth Dee. Sh n KiniVriMo' 9-a,,ulu AaaLldndie, tlth Jan. Tihilf .k . . 1 QfPfynL. B. Uqbb, 11th Keb. KrUf^ ^ ^ kj i? C*a,'i upwardi of 1100 tone bcUt m the cily of New York, with such improvements ai combine great.|*ed] comfort for p^glr. if.very care ha. beeu taken in the arrangement of their arcom SI? rtomwiiT'^nro".idX* T^e heuke 11 ,100, for whicil 1,m pie .tore, will be provided. There .hip. are commanded hi sarxtssr-w wi"mat- ??r?wi? **'j5f^OE FROMlJRtAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND Ml ?& , T? KxS! "11^ 1 er.oniwi.hinx to rend for their friend., ran recure iheir du Vkri kil r"i'1 gT*h 1 W "* ?.f t!,e the ttlaca Ball or Old Line ,->| L rerpool Packeti, w iich i ul The RuTt ?k,I|,|nCtUi?l^j 1" the r'f N'd 16th of every month, h^lfeg t^iS.1'"* '..vepool I'ackeiai compnw TheoaSSbrSV.SS:(new} The?oKDZUMA (new) 0OLU$B& Europe!** Notue-lhe Pun ic are respectfully noticed, by desire of Pfckere ? .h.i n( ths aUove ""'d " J Line of m i?i n m a ? lU b" .t!lf ,ub criber. h. ve pu, HlaJk BlaeT Ar,'lM ert!5'', , ri"* Pasrenters by (he i i or Old Lmeol Liverpool !'ack*ts and that the said Lim^iu*hi? cUy'. "'Kn!ar ttntl,ori"d P"^ agents of Apply or add-ess (if by let'-r post raid) KOUtifc, BROTHERS A CO. Ji Fulton street. New York, p o to . ? . next door to the Fulton Bauk. B??A ?f irTi il 5 t"P,e* u"*,e ?' aight on the Royal h?,aL?. f1^ ' audO0Lvl? ?.P e.cott Grote, Am . A c? . Baukers. Loudon, which a<e pai.l free of disconut in every town above h"u*l*ud' 1"'lluid. Sc >lUnd and Wales. Apgly as ^ (>ED LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS^ m M. Mk 'DUE Old hiue of Packets for Liveriiooi will hereane^We ?patched in (tie following order, excepting that when the aailing day rails on Sunday, the ships will sail on the succeeding day The CAMBRIDGE, **" 850 t??V _ ] Oct. 1 Nov. lb T?-leiwiar awn C Bar,t0W,Vb.'k- 1 Mar. it Tlw ENGLAND, (June lg Dec. 1 7M tons, f Oct. 16 Dec. 1 The OXFORD. " 5^ l\ W ,1 800 tons, .. ) Nor. 1 Dec"' lb The MONTEZUMA^ April ,b 1000 tons, 4 Nov. 16 J,m. j The EUROPE, A/B L0Wber'a?gCh,l# HZ 11 ?iito?. \p: i ??? g Th? NEW YORK, (ui?w") t Aug. ti ^ 940 'en's. i ?ec-.. l? Feb. Tl,- rrvi iTMnnu Cropper, t April ? June The COLUMBL9, \Se|*t. 1 Oct iV 700 tons, J?. 1 Feb.' 16 tw. vnnrouiDv / A. C1ole.f May 1 June lb The YORKSHIRE, (new,) I Sept. 16 Nov 1 1050 ton., I Jan. is March 1 ?n an- Bmley. (May 16 July J ? sf'P* ,re ,lot ?yiwsred in point of elegance or comfort in tliair cabin accommouHtious, or in their fast sailing Qualities by aily vessel, in the trade. 1 he commander, are well known as men of character and experience, and tlie strictest attention will always be paid to promote the couifoit and convenience of passengers. Punctuality, u r "girds th.. day of sailing, will be obrerewl a. beretofsrv. n1!!" '"?" of passage outward t i,v* fixed,. One Hundred Dollars, for winch ample stores of every description, will be provided, with the exception of wines and liquors, which wiH be furnished by the Steward., if reutiired. Neither Die captain or owner, of there Ship, will be respou JfrT"!' P*?U'.or l*ckagei rent by Uiem uulere regular bill* of lading are signed therefor. Fe.r freight or pai sage, apply to JTdtf andoffrSffigll^ M M M M FEW kURK A HAvSTTaHcETS. Second Line-i he Ship, of this Line will hereafter leave N?? low. ""i* ? oa Uie 16th of r*?h month, as fol v.- n via.n a AfP" f""*- , Havre New Ship ONMDA, t 1st March, lGth Auril Captain 4 1st July, 16th August, Ohi., ha i tivim?v|,Bnck,/,Ul ^ovrmbar> 1 16th Decembei, ?nib BALTIMORE, t 1st April, 16th May Captain _ 4 1st August, | 16th Septe'inbei. Hhin UTir A ,'unck>/ }?' ikec?!n?b?. I 1Kb January, Ship UT1CA, I I.t May, 4 16th June, Captain, 4 lit September, 4 Kth (Jctober, v ai dSfI9,.!'?.? * Ut January ( 16th February, Nmv Ship St. NICHOLAS t 1st June, t 16th July Capta'ni u u >, ) {" ^c,lob". J I6D. Noveinbei J. B. Bell,/ 1st Februnry, ( 16th March. T he aceoinmodatious of ships are not surpassed, com tuning all that may be required for comfort. The price ofcubii. passage is SIOO. Passengau will be supplied with every reqni Mf, with the excepliou of wiue. and liquors. Goods intended for tlirre vessels will lie forwardee by tie sub seriners, free from any othe.r than the ex|ieures actually iucurm' m them, tor freight or passage, agply to BOYD i HlNCKFiN. Agent., jeil ?c No b Tontine Buildiags. cor Wall auJ Water .it ?Ly^BTABLI8HED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICF m m. m. ? ,r, JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South street. New York. 1subscriber cuntiuues to make arraiigemenls to bring oni passengers from Great Britain and Ireland, (via Livermiol) who may be engaged at this othce, or with any of his agents ii. the United States, on board the packet ships sailing from Liver pool eveiy five days?and in order to afford every facility, lie will have ileapatclied superior American ships in New York and Vil0"' "?>: week, during th. year. Those sending for their Iri.uds may rely that the same due am' diligent attention will be shown thein as heretofore, and should ?uy or those sent for not embark, the money will lie refunded *? customary; and ilmse remitting inon.y to their friends, can hav. Uralts and Bills of Exchange for sums to suit, payable ou di ?nauil at the billowing hanks, (without discount or any ollw cliarge), vix;? EN< )LAND? J. Bult, Son A (io.. Bankers. London {,? Darned * Co., Liverpool; ilie National Provincial Bank of'aud reid Branches, throughout England and Wale.; York ihire District Biuk and Branches; Birmingham Banking (Jo. Lancaster Banking Co. IKELAND?National Bank of Ireland and Branches, and Provincial Bank of In-.aiid and Branches, iu all the principal towns throughout the Kingdom. SCOl'LAND?Eastern Bauk of Scotland and Branch. Greenock Bai.kmg Co. m Glasgow and Greenock. . ? arsons residing in the country and wishing to send moiey tr neir Irirnds, may insure lis kriug dune satisfactorily, ou ton remitting the amount 'hrv wish sent, with the name andaddres .ill fiCTTUi'Vr?'whom it i.v luteiulrd; a draft for the Aoioun will thru be forwarded p.-r lirst ,-arkrt or steamer, .and a receip ior tne tame rBinntfd by mail. Fot further particulars, apply (if by lettri. post paid) to 'J?? lOHN HERdMA.N, til a^utn ?t. <"-D K^TAELISHED PACKET OFHCK^I jjAJTyr"?1" .'"" 'r1 asaage to and from Great Britain end VHIMBalrelariiJ, via Livripool. Pnsuue cau at all liiurs bv ?ngage.T it tlie loayest rate, to and fromLiverpool, by the regu ar inokri ships sailing uiiueT the new arrangemrut every lew lays, and dralu can us usual be furnished for any amount, payn 71* ????>? National rod Provincial Biuk, Iriland, and tlwii iranches, and throughout tlie United Kingdom, aa well asal all he principal hoiking lustituunns in England, Scotland and Wale., without discount ov any other chargaa. Kot further par iculars, if by letter, post paol, apply to lie innv US'It DSt A v, .1 si K PASSAGE FROM GREAT BitlTAIN AND IRELAN L?Via LIVKHPOOL-The retiilarpack. t .hip. ? ow leive Livrr.mol evny liie d.a.s through .... Ire .ear, by w hich the siu scriber is prepared r .eim.age |.,s age at tie1 lowest roes. I h >sc semloit for ihrir frieuds rely tha' th*v w li lave eiery s'tautionih wo ihem. and ilia hey will b- d'apatched fro.n Livvp . I without delay D.aiu I'oin oi.e pound steniog to ?i,v on unit, c.n, as o?u I, h u uia'ied, payable at all tli ? prinnpil 11 uk-tlir okIioui. ihe .??' <>,M W'ugdom. A, , Iy at the old l-? ?bl. he lacke JOHN HErfD AN. * 61 Souih street. iijk p.AV.'s. ^I^I-RfOUbL?The New Line? Regulai 23?g> r*c.?? l'?.' Jannsty ?The splend.d New Vork Onii PBatsPacbet QUEEN <?F THE WKal, Capto. tgnlar lt'v 10", l,ur,Jl"u. w'l Mil a. above, he, .at^i^nreJlS^K.' ,l^Mt ?nd ?uperior accommo m'LXi: ^ zzn- ay",v ,o u"Capu" WOODHULL A MINTURN8. Price of Passage 61 no 17 Boutb Tlie fine pack't slop Rochester, John Briitm. m..s., an, tons hnrthen. will sucked the ^uren of the W?.' m.A^il ret regular day, list February lh^ W*"' ou .o?ra-i=: w ?J'" N.. M ami |7 ? REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR. (conclusion.) Pursuing this interesting sul.j.ct of the pet martent de fence of the commerce ami jioH.eisioni oi our soutbarn fjllow citizens upon the gulf, it cannot escape us that Dauphin Island, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, has hereto f ne attracted the attention ol CoDgress, and has always been recoguized by engiueers as uece aary and lit for the erection of a fsrtilicati in. Whilst fort Morgan defends the main channel of entrance, it leaves without the means cf resistance, a tree pessaga to any ane ray's stcamsliirs, through the ample depth of water under Dauph<n Island. The introduction of armed ateatneis into naval expeditions will expose this b >y and all our shoal er channels and entrances to the most serious attacks?a modern and novel mode of warfare rends) log tho appeal fur national protection to those southern waters the more serious and inipera'ive. This remark procetds from the conviction that, it we shall ever be obliged by high national considerations to depart from that wise policy which Isuds ua to maintain peace with all the worid,ihe chii iforce oi hostile aggression would be directed and made upon oar southern ftoutier, where armed steam vessels would not be employed merely as auxiliary, but would constitute the piuicipal power ot attack and an noy ancf. I would invite attention to the propriety of organizing a smull force of ei giueer trocpt, one company < f sappers and miners; and lor that put pose can <.'o nothing better then rt for to corn sponding r. porta from this Dt p irtment andtheCbiei Engineer, hiretifoie made and coir,muni cated to Congress They are a g|>ecies oi troops esaential to sitges and other miii'ary operutions during warare necc a try in time if pe ice lor lliu piesei vaiion of the woiksoi foriidoation ,and their employment in rtpiirs of the woikt and copstructun of engineers would be the mu ans of much economy la public expenditure. The ordunnce corps, which not only prepares the arms f>r the regular sen ice of the United States, but also those for arming the mili ia, is usefully and efficiently organ ized and conducted. A periect kno w ledge ol metallurgy connected wok great caie aid skill io th ir manufactuie, will alone turui-h ad.quate secnii y for the saiety ol cannon. Men must have full confidence in their wuap ons, to u<e them efficiently. A national ioundry, if established, would aft'ord means for tryiug and testing all he materids-auoh as iron ores, coming Com different -ieciions ol the country end entering in o thu fuorication of cannon?anil for mak rig model guns,and furihtr ex peiimenton the itrength and durability, as well as the oest foims and dimeniuons of ordnance f ,r both land and ?r-a service. I do not propose iu establishment with the view of breskiug off'be connection betwrrn the govern urcnt and private workshops, but of regulating and per 'tcting'hat economical system of performing the public work in these ?heps, where competition bring* ?he price lothe lowest limit, and carii a mechanical skill to the highest It mav be observed, too, that a nutioni.i f iundry, by establish in g a standard of quality, cost and proof, in the manufacture of cunnon, would exeicise a beut filial control in these rerp?c!?over all private contractors, ss is now done in the manu'acture of snioll arms by means nl the national eim"rias. The priyate workers in gun me'als wou'd likewise derive important collateral rtdvun tagesfrom the national establishment, because the results u'. all its uials and improvements would be thrown open tothepublic. A national fourdij is as necessary to'It. military service as a national armory ; and its use am, advan-uges aietquailydt manic J \ y.and are ssappl.'c b1 to, the si rvice of the navy as of the army. Every day's experience rendeis tho expediency of the establishment tlio more obvious. A recent resort by '? the J ordnance bure&u to private f lUndries in Boston, under an order ol my predecessor, issued ter the purpose of making necessary experiments ?nd trials of the nature, strength and combination cf dill'.rent metals, and of ullegid im nrovtm.nts in the proportions and the art of fsbricaiiog cannon, has been attended with much expense, but vith such practical and useful results, ua to > fl'jrd additional rastoo fir my concurring iu opinion with the numerous reports upon this subject, and expressing the hope thai an appropriation my be mads of the lutids n quisite for 'he purchase of a site and the erection of the necessary nun.lings, limited in the first instance to a simple model nundry, but capable of the extension of the establishment fu acsse ef tmrrgency. Th* enlisted men in the ordnance corps, limiUd to 250, hould be placed on the same looting with other enli.-i.-d m 11 ol the army, with regard to pensions allowed for disability occurring iu public service. These men are -mp oyed as artifneis. mechanics and lsbarera, but ore enlisted, arc governidby the rules of war, and are drilled snd exercised as soldiers. 1 cannot perceive the justice of the discrimination which excludes them f;cm the bentfl a of the pension laws. On tho 17th of Junelast at the close of the seisiin of Congress, un act passed to continue lor four yeaiathe pensions ofcertbin widows of the revolutionary officers and soldiers, without making the necessary appropriation to tit', ct the benevolent purpose if the law. The pensions due on the 4<h ol September last could not, therefore, be paid. It is on'y necessary to reler to tbii acci t ratalomu uon to insure a provision by Congress to enable the pen sion bureau promptly to meet the dem iuds upon it. Keeping in view the provisions ot the act of Congress of the al of March, 1937, which impose certain measures on thia rtepiuimeiit in ref-rcnce to the selection of sites or marine hospitals upon the western waters, it becomes my duty to remark and invite the attention of Congress to the subject, that in r<ran>ylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky, the proper local positions have been chosen, and the land purchased and paid lor ty the general' government. In each of these cases it only requires en authorized dls bursement ot abeut $15,000 lor each to give effect, by the erection of the buildings, to the humane purposes of the Legislature. My own impressions upon the effect of the law of the 13th April, 1819, which created the officeofacommfs-ary general of subsidence,and mekes it the duty of that officer to supply the army by contracts, "unless in particular ? nd urgent caa. s, the Secretary if War should otherwise direct," would be entitled to but littla weight, were they not sustained by ih? long experience of the pres. nt com. miliary g.nersl, whsse zeal lor the publio interest inducts him to press upon my attention the expediency ol so mod.f/ii.g that act of Congress,as tointioducea system of suluisting the troo; s either by purchases iu op au mirket, or by the present mode, hy contracts, as may oe deemed most conducive to public economy and the in terests if the service- Ii it shall be the pleasure of Con gress to m.ka the alteration, sad oonfileike trust to the uamli of the appropriate cfloJkj feel well assured that ne purchases ol supulius would be made at less cost, si.d our citizens having the articles to sell wouid always re ceive its prompt psy raent,from the government. There would be no habiley of t>u excess of supplies, roroi isiiuie of delivery, which often occurs when the prices ol he- articles uusxpectedly increase alter the execution ol the contract; and the soldier would raroiy, ii ever, be em posed to the necessity ot using rations deteiiorat.d by iiaving been kept, uuder contracts which provide for iheir delivery in anticipation of tho time when they may ne required lor use. It i.tqu.ntiy happens that troops are removed, and >Ccaaioiiuliy posts are abandoned ; end in all such esses losses and expenses are thrown upon the government; and sometimes the necessity to mho doub.e purchases .to forced upon it. All the articles of a soldier's ration being peii.h-.ble, it is a great object that the supply, as to quantity anofume i f use, should approximate to thede. uiaud as nearly us p aciioable, and thus save expense to ,ue guvernm.nt The period which elapses bet ween the giving out ot a contract and its fuiU.mei.t, which some nines is protracted in aixtcen or eighuen months, is an other leason .or my urglcg the purcnase of supplies at such times as they m.iy be require''. Tin ao views ate jtistilladaud lolly sutUincd by the ex penance gained in me South dunng the Into Seminole wir, whin purchases were made iu open matket, ? partuuiai and urgent cases," at a cheaper rale, and ol a better quality, than if (hey bud besn obtaiusd by cei. i met. 1 nepiopos.d charge would require no additional .Hi era or clerks in the officer of the commissary genual oi'-ubs.stence. S.iould n be the pleasure ol Congress to ruler into (he ?obliteration < f Hie policy which p.educed the law ol 14 h ii May, ISitt limiting tho duration of tho Commit ii.ius ol certain uliicns of the goven.m.nt to the psiiod ol f.ut y> ai?, legaKl may well be paid to tbe ?is w It ken ol tins subject iii tiie reps It of he paymaster general cf tbn mi my. 1 ibull meitly remv.k that pay muster- aie iho Ji.lj iriiitsiy officers whose appoiutnieiits sre limit) d by law to teim uf y i *rs, and so amp.y aie the interests ol .in- gov eminent oi her wise protected that in no instance -ince the par. -ago ? f the set of May 10, 1920. has it uuud necess >ry to Most So its piovislous In ri fusing a . newo 1 tf the comniiisiou, f>r the purpose . f iclnjving that branch vf'he scrvice of an incompetent er unfaithful officer. 1 be mlnerul lands of ?he nation are every day cming more into public notice?disclosing theirgrexl extent and their importai t and valuable treasure. [ would recom uendth- rvmnval rfail specisl rtstric ,ion from tho sal. ftlio elands it aviogthem ui Jer the s,.me regulatio s with oihir | ublic lands; being sa t fit d that the true oh jrctol thi policy nt the Oovuntn.i.l willba best . .com by tbe individual enterprise and energy which so distinctly mark the American character, and the fruitful sad happy influence* Of whMh are manifested every where oionnd the region of ores. Should this course be adopted, Congress would take care to guard the interests ol thosn who h ivv ma4o locations, or received Isases, .grei-ably to the eitsbUshed rules oi the bureau to w uich the superintendence oi those lands has been In rusted. Wou'd not the fair acquisition and distribution it those lands by purchase, amongst individuals, be tbe meant of carry log into this new country, capital, popnla 'ion, and improv.-m. nta, calculated rea.iilt to bring intn narketthe r oh product* ot the Ulliiev- highly valuable .iJvsntng. ?, notiikt iy io lie gained by vt.grattirg upin ne Uovt rnmeut a great and u. profitable monopoly eutal in its charscter, and at variance With sit oui egi.laii'ntnd institutions f i'he i tiUial repotr susmitied hy tho ehlci of the corp. ftopogiapbicalengineers press nts aolenr and full detail ?i the state ol the oil il and military wotks failing within lie control of this depirimrnt. H s attention to his duties ? d him to mako a pn -onol inspi-cdaU oi tbe greater psrt f neso works during the past -aasoti ; and u knowledge .1 then pteo ni wains aod conditions can only be tuti? (kctorily n q nre.l by turning to his report. The impruvemeuu ol ncatern tivataand lake harbors have b. i n proaecuti'dwith vigor during the present year L'-siening the may perils of navigation, they will arid to ,he wealth and strength of the country. These works ?hould no*. ?o sxtended at one time; but, when once com mei.ccd, ihould never boabsndomd until Completed? A stisputislon cf an incomplete wirk of the kind not only leads to a vs?t saorifl^e in boats and inaehhiery, but dtir- , ing the incompleteness of the scheme of imim>vemmit> j embarrasses the navigation, and may eud (a tho entire wsa&rffSiKssjwsrsS an?f>erce'"^11 ?e?m 10 admit; end it ii trusted that time oftheX' ionHlay leMtnthe coute?t "P?* ?b? question ?J!'.!.ReiR'T iaft- whiI,t " ? r'mark able Tor iti ^'on^Vet c e '}a mo,t inflexible obi ruction to Th?fahJ? nrfi. an Upon auy ot otlr 8rest river* The labor of the private contractor and the skill of the engineer seem to exhaust themselves in their endeavor? I" ?!,"co"e tbe IwtMHty ol this obstacle to annual refor malion. It can only be overcome by Congrt-sr persever ing and placing in tue hands of the T.roper bureau reasonable sums, to b ? expended annually, aS lhe wo'k proceeds and may be found to be?lHci. nt .T"? remarks in the report oi the chief of the topogra phical bureau in reUion to the l.ght-house structures |?e ' Weil deserve attention. Tne extremities of the harbor piers, or separate structure contiguous to i?e?V?ar?u f ,'tM' and in many cases arc ut. d as such for the erection of light-houses The end of ihe pier, therefore, has to be constructed with a view to be come the foundation of the principal light house ; or, if it should be placed upon the fast land, it is then essential i?J?.*.u Z c tho Dl,T'8ator that a secondary or beacon light should be eracted on the e d of tho pier. Thus the JSSfiiu rtn,cture? become bknriH, and both safety and durability, as well as economy, require that they stiould tnTnJ^iVd OJ'K'11*1 dMI30, and be subjected to, and conducted by, the same auperintendeuce. The plana and modes of construction ol light houses, rrouirinr nianv scientific considerations, should, in my judgment be placed under the direction oi a corps, whose studies and continual employment in those very occupations peculiarly ht them lor ihetmst. Witnout.thereloie, go in* into the question of a transfer ol the whole light house system to the direction of the corps of topes rsidil k transfer which might very properly"e ' *. ,al,"fied 't the ays em upon our lakes should be under the bureauTf that corps, it is confidently recommended that it should be so transferred by authoiity of a law, together with ths necessary clerks. 6 ?"* If ab'f> Pri?r to the adjournment of Con gress, to have the pleasure of laying baforu you lobe transmitted to that body, the report ot the mode* and gallout jonngcifluer, Lieutenant Fremont, who has lu?t returned f otn exploring our territory west of the Ro. kv mountains. His exp-ditiun was peculiarly arduous and dangerous. The inclement season of the year at which e?gferro,it/" performed?the wildrruess ot snow?the barren deserts.-the lofty aed tugged moun. tarns, aloiort completely u known to geography?tribes of savages, entire strange. ? t?? tbu face of "white m n '?v<"l,ur?u. party in situs,ion, end perils the most cr.t.c.l, and requiring^X?o? fortitude to enccunter and overcome. hen??eVheblm?.?!?!^ "'1 9**'' flrrt "P^itlon to IL. M ?-7" ?,.,a vyi?.* ? urm expedition to the better known portion ot that countr, to the present day, many travellers have crossed the Hocxy Mountains win*"a*t*e"l,'flraut1? trail to the rich valley of tho Wallamette. is now traversed by every kind ol convey ance. funtire families with their household furniture and home* cb> croM these mountains in search oi anew In consequence of the conflicting claims of a forriirn }? 'he territory WMt ot the Rocky Mountains u"i i" exhibited a reluctance to org mime It under I , r.r tor'H'8OVe,n,neut- F.nteitaining, my soil, no dout t The immediate valieys ol the head streams of the At Ir .isas, the Platte and'the Yellow Stone " vers h*v, much and valuable land. The P.?tic o' Nebraska beius ",r"am in!? or from the great South whbliT, Very ProP8'b furnish a name to the territory which I propose suggesting to be erected into a territorial government, in connection with, and preliminary [ extension, in tnat dir.etiuo, of our military i>osts. I would confine the Nebraska Territory to our undisputed I possesions on ihis side ot the Rocky Mountain..!,? boundary line wtu d commence at the month of toe Kan _ _ - WW...WSMIVO us tuo IIIUUIU Oi IQc A. 8II zai. and mo up tbe Missouri river to the mouth ol the cunning-water river, nod would purrue that stream to the head ofit. northern hrsnch, anj .hence due we." whrrr?Kd.nrerCb-in,J From ,hi? P?'ut, turning sou h ward, the fine wcu'd continue along the Wiod nvei range, and the main cnaio of the Rocky Mountains, to th. momh rf.t o ?8,"v?n? followifl8 tnat stream to th. mou h if tbe Pawnee Folk, would pass by the heads el Kan? * Origo rivers, again to the mouth tf th. Tho eastern section of the region embraced by thes ^eH?e,'. r?m!therM,MOmi riv,r we*'ward /or two hundred mites, is of great agricultural beauty sua facilities, thickly timbered on the numerous tributaries o. the Karizai, Osage and Neo-ha rivers, and frrtili.y rnual to the best land in Missouri. From th- limit ol this futile portion, westward, for a apace of 4U0 miles, .he country h m,sn?& ??vtcrBdtw,lh i-teh grasses, which improve in Vt v ?. ?>P '? the snow ol the mountains. nnT.wJ! V u ,? t!rrl,ory 'nciudotlie extieme heod ol navigation of the Arkansas, all thi good lines of com munfeation with Cal fjraia, the road irom onr frontier to the Mexican boundary and Santa Fe, and also an excel ?n.i r,rlllrec.1 w'5, '? Oregon, discovered by ie ?.?d"p?l^ FZZ.'"*"' ",""7""" tb" number of inhabitants engaged in agriculture and other pursuits within those limits do not .J ?" ttmo1Uut Papulation at all ad. quale, at present, to the formaiion of a full and complete territorial irovern. ment, yat such au iu:hoate aDd preliminary oiganizatiou might be now adopted as would be n.cessary to extend the control and authority of the general government and to ||irow l.s protection around our emigiants to Orexcn in their pasiuge through this country. A ttrritorial cganustion ofthe country, and a military . force placed on the ytry summit from whence flow ati the great streams af the Noith American Continent, eithei nto the Guif ol Mexico or the Pacifio Ocean, would no longer leave our title to the Oregon Ten itory a barren oi untenable claim Its possesion and occupancy would thenceforth not drpen.l upou the naval superiority on the I acifie, O-ean. 1 roups and supplies from the projected Nebraska Territory would be able to contend fur its possession with any force coming from the sea. Natural obstruction in the navigation. f tne Columbia liver would enable settlements gradually to approach the coast, in de fiance (it Itahould come to that) ot any navy in the woild 1 he time, indeed, might net be distant, when these veiv settlement would supply all the elements which might De needed, ol naval si.eng.h, to give us our natural and proper position on the Pacific Ocean, in carrying on. i. 1 would rtcouimena an appiopriation ol $.00 oOu for erecting the mil tary poa.sfrom the Missouri river to the Rocky Mountains. The discharge ot that power over all our Indian atfaiia which has been conluired upon the War Department, i becoming every day more interesting, involving great question* cf humanity, tbe means of cducatiou, and the advancement ol tbe Chiistian religion au.ongst an Uu fortunate and wronged people, with the great and benevolent design to save them irom total extinction ? The comprehensive duties thus thiown upon us acquis deeper cencern, and awaken more anxious topics ol I speculation, by a knowledge of the (act that the govern- 1 merit ot the I'uited Slates, in the accomplishment of its own laws, and ol tresty stipulations, has transferred to ihe country west ol tbe JMutiss.ppi river eighty-nine hcusand two hu. dred and eighty -eigot Indians since the adop'ion ot emigration?a jmiiey wnich must v?ry soon exhaust itself lathe c..tire removal ol all tbe remaining uibeswnhiu ibe limits ot any of the states Thai number (without embracing, say seven thousand Cboctawa uno -vliamies,lor whose emigration cantracisare made,) added le those tribes n.digeuous lo (he west side 01 Ihe .Vliasissippi and embracing those only of whom rttuina have been made to me oflice u( Indian affairs, amounting to on. hundred and ixiy-rlght thousand six bundled and nin? teen, will show au Indian population oltwo hundr.d ano fifiy-lour thousand and ninety -two, know n to ibe Uniien dtat.s, contiguous to our tx.iders, and entnely ind. |Hiid entol the va?t and numerous tribes that toam ihiuugh ihr morudi.tautfoteiii.oi our o?n teriuoiy, and whoa, wandeiing habits and propensities ret.dei it imiai.sible to aiakoev.n a remote caicuiuliou o< then iuicu sue.i like lie, aieour in i.nule connection and ft.csl Cdoe cms w itli these nib, a under immediute piolection .hat, by tbe - sdiiisi. s ul the Indian bureau for the cunni g y. ar, a demand will be made upon tnegovai nmentflor th. ? stnna ed suuual appiopi uiion ol one milncn one bnq.ii eo I and ninety-iniee tiiuosniid .IX hUudr.J und twenij.j i^^ dulla; s and luurt.en c. nls. A pvit.ou ui tins aum, unfaiiu: I ing in seventy atveu ih..UsT,i,u one huu. red and ti ty 11 ? dulla a, .xc.uaive . f piiv.t.i cuuinliutu Us made by vh | nous religious den. anuaU.L? impelled by the putt .p distur.ed ivr the purp ses.f e.iu cation uiiioi g Ihu aeveiui iudian tribes, agreuubiv in I 'reaiy supula'ions. trilies under tbe benign protect on a. d ( fruits of ihe general government, ai. rapidly changing ineir coodmop, and a.suuiii.g a charact.i wnich | tlitm to Lighar c .u.idetulion, an,, must ?pea.;i y press up OU , OigicsS the htc.ssily ol U?. idiug the. ques'lop j whethoi our p.ii yrnu.t uoi unuaigo an essen.iaiouange and, i lslewd ul a sys.em of gu nuisii.uip, adopt ihst ? f incorjior.tiegai.d extenciug ,.vcr he" t.,a bicssinga oi ur own lnsn utiaus, as lb. u u.vra. ?. o ieieliectusi mi r.ovrment advances, end encotirsires u. dn so, without cxpo.irg their pres. ut rights tu innxwition and piuuder. In Ihe couise of the progiess undei ourxioial enterptit* lar their civilization, thoy n.ust eventually attaiu the sagacity to look ?u. lor individual and social rights, sud that,degree el general intelligence io entitle then, lo ths fuii|exteusion of all the pm it. gestf Ameiic.n citizens.? Whenthat lime shall arrive,tl.eie Will lie lo obwacie to political association by reason ol any natural or acquired rep to lha bl. od ? f tbe original Am. ncan. Amongst the various schemes and tbeoii-s suggested hy pui.aiitbropio men for tboeievaiion of the condeiou o. the abuiijine., educaiion is . mphaiicaiiy the i. di-pen ?abeauaouly m-au. b> whicu that ol j. ct o. hu uianily can be attained. It veiy ol.viouethat thai emca Ion must badiffused ss.qu.lly ihirugh toe m o. ibe liinu as capacity aud S|.ti(nbe ? i l ailow, by the t, -binhmrutn. common soh iol? w Mhi.i >beir own i.mns ? Tne < ducatiou mi d .ntellec.Ual sdvauc. m.nt of a lew in div.du .is of a coui.nei.ity, m u college ur ?ch. ol, at '.stance from their tube, do not pi. mote tne Just an. l.heiai design ol the goveti in. nt. It is upri. h-i.u. d that i nesupM tor acquit, menis ol tuo.e Uw, p.aci g tt . m so m jcb in a.ivauoe o. ibe m .as of theii tribe, aie apt to h. . uiploy.d in mo .pity and se.fl h arquisiiion, if not ii ne opp etaiun ol .heir ineie Ignoiam and Unittloiei. hi oil, ien. Attn, present day there is tvary ehcouragemeiit ti inuti ge the hope thai the indi p. nuhle and only m ana 1 navM lutimi.te,I .f civilization, will be gradusny .ml vaiuntaiiiy ad. p'.d Slid eincieii ]y earn, d lulo practic. by the red men ih?mselvcs. This gralilying enc tirage m. nt reals upon the .act that even tne uncomplete returns transmitted lo the Indian l.uireu, furnish evict nee of the ? stsblishm ut ei sixty five schools sntungst the emigistrd tribes immediately along cur Western border. May we not also hope that those schools, under the guidance of moral and Christian inatiuctora, will speedily expel from among the tribes the vile spirit house of the reckless Indian trader, whoae evil profl's depend upon the des truction of every human being with whom he deals 1 I have so far proceedt d in execution of your earnest instructions that this department should meet and saiitiy the wishes of the people of the States of Mississippi and Indiana, in reference to the Choctaws and the Miamies, as to have made contracts forth# removal and subsistence of those tribes. The emigration of tho former to their new and chosen home is to commenee within the present year; and toy information enables me to say that the Miamies will be removed from Indians in the early part of the next season. When these contracts and tho instructions to which I .have already adverted la relation to the Seminole* of Florida shall be lu filled, there will then remain,certainly not an enemy, but merely a few and very inconsiderable remnants ot the vast and powerful nations which ence were the sole and warlike possessors of the entire region east cf the Mississippi. 1 r?g et to be obliged to refer to the continuance of the serious dissensions unfortuuately existing in one of the most enlightened Indian tribes?the Cnerokees. 1 had hoped that the return to their homes of the several delega tions who were in attendance in this city during the last session of Congreaa, representing the different parties which distract the nation, would be attended by a disposi tion to sit down in harmony and haal their unnatural leuds; that a juat and liberal spirit would animate those In power, and that all would be permitted to exercise and enjay those persoual and political privileges which should he the great objects of a people striving to imitate the form and the institutions of that goveri went under the protection of which they exist as a nation. My expecta tions not having beea real 17 -d, I could not feel myself re lieved from the execution < f a measure bald out bv me in my communications with those delegations, as likely 10 become necessary and just to all parties, livery pledge of honor and ef public laitb demands ot this government to sustain the Cherokee authorities in the execution of their legitimate powers, and, at the same time, to save the minority from the barbiritv of the " Indian. Law," and to prevent any future outbrea'lt of tyrannical po* er. Thai ?nly can we discharge a duty we have incurred by a clause in the treaty of 1886, wherein" the Uuiteil States agree to protect tho Cherokee nation from domestic stride " The intelligence received from the Cherokee country in October last,determined me at once to appoint anu 1 ivu authoiity to three commissioners of high end impartial characters, to proceed to the nation, ana inquire on the spot into theconfl cting allegations and charges made by the several parties, to examine into the extent and the cauats of the discontent, and to ascertain the intensity ol he spirit of hostility alleged to prevail between the difierent bands of the'trihe. By their report the truth will be ascertained from a disinterested source; and if recon ciliation shall prove to he impracticable, the execu'ivr aad the legislature will be enabled to devise and apply the proper remedy, and to grant the suitable redress foi any real wroug or oppression- - When presenting to 'he executive the views of this de partment a pun its variou- concerns, it is not practicable to> quent recurrence to subjects which had pre viously attracted thenoiice ot many >f my distinguished predecessors. I cannot conclude my report without an other instsxoe ef the kind, by earnestly repeating the re commendation to the Government to provide, by addition al buildings, for'he s?f-ty cf the records of this Depart mem, as well as lor the ready an 1 convenient despatch ol ita public h'irlneis. Toe present occupation of the scattered private houses > y-t he hends and the officers ri " iifh-l)' 'he various branches if h Department, whilst it does not promote tiue icnnmr< , 1 v ? ?si the highly valuable archives in coi-timm, and gives great persoual in ell 1 convenience to the public officers, as well as to our citi z?ns having intercourse and business with the several bureaus. This is not one of those exigencies from which we can escape by |iostponement; for every hour the mis t hief advances, and the necessity tf reform urges upon us with the mori f iree. I hive the honor to b>, air, with high respect, your obedient and humble servant WM. WILKIN*, Secretary of War I To the PazsiDtisT of the Uuittd State*. [For the New York Herald ] The President's Levee. ? Washimqto.vum, Jamcahii-s raiMO, A. D. 184A Our tributi to the day we bring? Ctme pass t ie t >a>t around? Bravo o the lien, Id 1 enterprise? Peace and roan bet f abound Christ save the ladies, all!?amen ! (Souice of our joy and tears ) Drain, General, drain your best champaigns, In a blessing on the dears. We love them as wc love the sun After a cloudy spell ; The young? the old?ave, every one, The spiiitt-r and tUe belle. Bet, your guitar, my p-1 sweet Bet, Run o'er your syciphonee, And (trike the string, while wc shall sing The President's let ce. The New Year comes, with the genial light And warmth of opening spring ; And the girls, like April butterflies, Are all upon the wing ; The avenue is tbrong'd all through, As far as ycu can see, the grave and guy, all on their way To the President's levee. We've walked up f om the Capitol, A straight and measured mile? But wheir's good Martin Rannahan, With his accustom'd smile J Aud, by St. Paul! the people all Are mix'd in the melee, To find old John, and the goings-on Athoneet John's levee. I beg your pardan. General O , For tramping on your t ws ; And, Lady T , 1 did not see My bet against your nose ; And ?? Jrsus ! now they squeeze us," now, To that small room, where he. Old John, attends to greet bis triunda, This New-Year's Day levee. Ah ! here at last; and this is call'd The " Klliptioal Saloon"? Come, friend*, don't jam us quite so fast, You'll haul up just as soon. A plain old chap is hontst John, As we aud all agree, Plain as a herring, and as thin But whert's the greet levee I " Good morning, Mr President, A happy New-Year, sir, And to the bonny White House bride, The same in full to ner. And to her loir friends, ranged in line, All conquering as we see, A lucky fling of the silken string, This New Year's Day lovee." Till. Thus pask'd we, neighbor Brown and I, Into the fam'd Kast Room, With itl old and dingy carpeting, And general air of glocm Long John, or long, abnve tbe gang, " S'ood like a towi r," while we Weie sque? zir.g in. through thick and thin, To huut up the levee. And jolly rum old CoiiiOiodoriS, And Mini>tirs in lace, And Meidn s stumbling o'er their swords, Were clint-nd in the place ; Calhoun t".,ve Johnson, W. H Polk, All sociable or d tree. Were 'ocking round, w th cir profound, Like us, fur the le ee. Anl lound and round, wc wound and wound, Among t ue radiant belles. And h and In 1 snhcriiins'cs, Ai d plain and bincy swells. And rvcrv sool did sei m perplex'd, And v< xM a* n.urh as wc, That the mnsic olth ? red-coat bnnd, And a si'g.o grl .-fTyler's hind, And a i|-? 7. I-. the cniwd, and a plnceto etanc'. And the tie.' am that you could commano', For the. ladles' sn ur* so warm and hlund. And sstarr st th* u ?>uld be grrat and grand, And a sigh end ?> ? "it lor the land, Made up old J. h i's .- Tee. Not even a bite of bread aud cheese Tbe thing was hardly fair, Not e?eu a taste ol ran de rit, Although the < meli u as there ; Nothing to e..t nor 10 imbibe, But every thing 10 see? A day '4 subscript on, one wouid think. Had raised roaae trims, and cskes and drink, For the President's levee. XII. Well done. Old Veto, alter nil, And to his ? insnmo wile ; Bui f f rr i/iontihiliti-1, And n i na amt Iovii g life. G"'i M'S- our land?land ol th* brave. The h? an ilul and li ? e ; But If n< xt in w \ 1 ar Uncle Ham, D u t tre?t hi- f'ir-nds to aomi thing jam, A bite 10 ear, at d a get-led We would rot give a Tape t'od clam. Or a ting!' cr nil' entnl d?m, For the President's levee. Bog. rircrsal prom ureiation here, to wil:? i ll ,t French let-r?y. Fsctotiy FraNBb ?This mornuTiR. nbnut four 'clock, (hn "F.ogie" cotton factory, on the Astinpli k f"rcn?, at Trenton, N. J , belonging to, Wain fc Learning, of this city, was destroyed D> fire It was a handsome six story brick luiildicg, the whole it iterior of which was consumed. We did no: learn how jf took fire, kpt the extent of the loss - Phil. Oat. Jan 19. Common Plena. Belore J udge Daly Jm. ll^Dlcilimi - Clitii ?. Jumel vs. Jamea Mun roe? In this case, already noi.rtd, ihe Jury rendered a verdict in lavor ol plaiiititf of $607 10. Before a full Bench John Gray VI John Hook ? lu thu cauie the plaintiff ie? k> to recover from the delenJant one half ot the coun ?el tee* paid by hi n in defending hi* right to the ?itice of flour Inspector. The defend mt liad been appointed depu. ty under hint in pursuance of an agreement mud* be inn* plaintiff's appoin'ment, and that he should withdraw Iil. application and divide the fee* of the cilice A note wan given by plaintiff tj defendant for a balance (ettlen ent of *uch faei, which the plaint iff reiuied to pay, but after ward* agreed to pay, provided the plaintiff would pay half of the expenses 01 auch legal proceeding* It i* objected that the notice i* not iutlicient to entitle the delendant to give the matter* c ntained therein in evidence. Objec tion overruled, hut the Coui t i* of opinion that the ma' ters staled in the notice loim no deience to the action; although a contract to indeniDtly against an til> gal act to be done at a future time i* void, anil a party muy indemnify him self against the ennsi queue* s ot an illegal act after it i* done. Verdic* cor tinned with costs. Stephen S. Chamberlain ad*. Martin Welland ? In thil cau?e I'.irker held u lean d note 01 unri ornn alt loi $99d 1, piyabl-t to the order ot the defendant, dated August ?J*, 1837. It we* payable one day altsr date,und was en dorsed to Parker in 1640, aa security lor a debt of the de fendant, on a note for about $600 due to Paiker. If col lected, Parker was to pay the bulunce of the sealed r ?te to the defendant. On or about the 1st June, 1642 Taiker endorsed the sealed note to the pleintiif Wetland, iortha consideration of about $60; ui;d the i Uiiil.ff.ut* the de fendant in the Common Courts, and seeks to recover the amount from the defendant which he owed to Parker w hen he endoised or guaranteed the note. Various ipies tion* of law have been raised and argued ou this cause, in whlth the plaintiff obtained the verdict, and which ver dict the dtfeudant endeavor* to set aside. 1st It being a sealed note, it cannot be ntgAiated, and an action cannot be maintained upon it. 2j. This note, although not uc goiiable, is still valid as a promissory note. The only difficulty iu this caiu is, thai the p pet being under seal, the defendant may bo considered metely as an assignment ol the sealed note, and no- as loiming any contract ot gua ranty between the paiti. s. But the Court ate of opinion that it is still a promissory note, and all the respocmhili ties in connection therewith in iuil iotce, except such aa are dependent on and connected with its ni gotiaoility. The objection that the hand-writing of the maker was not proven at the trial, ia not available in this uio.ionNew trial granted ; costs to abide the event. . fTl'lium Weslhorp t>i. Stephen C. Smith.?Thia is a mo tion, made to sei aside ttie r. pon ol ifie sole referee in <his i auee, on thi ground A s , that the referee erred in this cause in r poitii g egainst the delendant* ; second, the re eree err* d in charging the grand patent for necia sarins tor his grand child; tlnid the vetbal promise to pay the debt ol a thud person is void ; fourth, theie is no testimony in 'his csuse fixing a promise to pay upon the defendant. Tha Court found that (here was no evidence 'o establish the defendant's it gal liability,and considering 'he case iu all its parts, they find that the objection cm - nut be sustained Report set aside and case releried back to the referee. H'm. H. Pinkary ads I I'm. B. Weeks?In this cause the Court decided mat the d> lendant, under the evidence, ought t.ot to have been charged more than tbe balance alter deducting pay mints made by him If the plaintiff will temit that, say $90. the ieport may be con fl-med II not so done, tn writing, within ten days, the repmt is to h- leierred be k to 'he rifetees with p?imis sion to t ithe pmtyto pi ace other testimony ftom what ha* been aire di rece. d, and to tecord their dtcmon on th? amoun' ol daring * The referees to report ape dally as to tb* ma le in w inch the report Is made up. if hey find for the plaintiff. The costs iu such case to abide the event. William C. Rhinelander and athirt. ads Samuel Jlcker in. Iu t is case motion w,is made lora new trial, on the yiound tin t .he jury, in acting up to the Judge's charge, gave an erroneous verdict The Ccui t decided that the 8 jpr> me Court held contrary to tie general principle aa laid down by 11 Judge. and therefore that a new trial ba granted, ou pay meat of coats by defendant. V 8 Clicult Court. B lore Judge Belts Jam. IX.? A/off vs. Wood ?lu this case already noticed, the Jury will render a sealed verdict on Monday lore uoun. Destructive Fikk ?We learn ihat the large tannery of William H. Deforest, at Woodstock, in this county, was ei.titely dm t oy ed by fire on the night ot the 2d ot January Tbe fire hioke out shout 10 o'clock, supposed la have been caused by thb heater, and could not be atayed uuti the building and its contents were to tally consumed We nndetsuiud that stveial thousand sides ot leather, I Onions giound bstk, and a quantity ol corded bark, wtre dtstioyed or greatly injured. The loss is very heavy, but we are not informed of thu amount There was no insurance on tbe buildings, the policy having been suffered ty run out without renewal. The stock ol leather was insured in pail.? Ulster Rrpuh. Message of the Governor of Delaware ?The message of Govtiuor Cooper, oi iMttware, is brief and 11 the purpose. It opens with a reierence to the pros perous condition ai tlie mate, and expresses iu giattfica tion at the good which has resulted from tbe operation of the tanif of 1842. It then glances rapidly at iherangeef general politics, and lament* ihe incrtasing disposition to lawleScne**, disorder, riot, rrpudisticn, and other kindred vices, which seem to ba springing up in different sections of the country, but from which Delaware has as yet kept herself free. The 8tate is out of debt, and there is a sur plus in the treasury. Various excellent suggestions are made NOllCE. I'UI IV. 11. Tk WILLIAM DEAN, O. S? who left the Nsvsl Hospits. A Brooklyn, New York, in ltll, will call on th- underlined atlhe Navy Vard, Brooklyn he will receive a sum ? I" money' which was left iu his hands for him. Or should said Deau hare drcriued, the money will be paid to hia legal representative, on proper proof theieof. 8. KAI'ALJI, d'P 2taw lw*rc Biirgrou, y. 3. N. EXCHANGE HOI EL & EATING SALOON No. 77 DOCK STREET, PHILADELPHIA 'T'HE Subscribers respectfully inform their friends and the A public, that they have re-fitted and o|*'Dfd th* above est-v bliihment, where they are prepared a' all limes to furnish Din ners, Suppers and Breakfast, at the shortest notice. They will keep an Ordinary from 12 o'clock A.M., nutil 4 P.M., when per sons can dine ou all the delicacies of the season. The Bar will be amply supplied ; and from their long eioeriencs in the bosi ness, they hope to give general satisfaction. They have alio fitted up a number of airy and well ventilated i sleeping rooms, affording persons arriving by the different rail roads and steamboats, an opportunity to obtain lodging at all hours of the night. Attached to 'he establishment, it an extensive stabling for horses. The public may rest assured every attention will be paid all who favor them with a coll. 0~ The location is iu the immediate vicinity of the princi pal Banks, Railroad and Steamboat landings, and opposite the rhiladelohia Exchange. RICHARD B. JONES, tl? 2taw tl x DANIEL CWPPKLL SMOKEY CHIMNEYS . GOODWIN'S ROMAN CEMENT CHIMNEY POTS A?a .... Ol.- In.*-. ,1 ?... ,us M K V t.'HtMVtV* . Slate ad lii I'o-l? i-purvd <ml wsrrantel tin bit. Gothic and O'uaine .1*1 Chimney rots msde from Diswiugs, he. 'Lrlt IVasi Br. idwa , near Co-inters street. nl 2' IKON RAl-Es?It is no louver ? luesi-oii mIisi win ,s the Ireat protection rgsiusl r re, as all admit WILDER 9 8*ls m- ider t- la ihe ouly re-Ill lire defter?>1 mi in ss is e e lily obje-tror. ever r?K?u agsin-l hem which has now been en My ate run e wd the uhscnberchsl ei-ves any on. in i vr A. iufta. ce when -nil s !? in -le t< In s (having h s i air B| I a gill plate I ihat has ?ver ii.jur d bo ks. papers ilvinp'ies-. lie 11 ages him-etf 10 ihe public thai sM safes made by him shall be oret roof, tlnef and <lam,> Proof. well kn wing th?t sh- oin rn-e fail It eillo r r*s|e et that Ins loss iu mutation w ould l-e greater th u p e owner,,f*?/ ?af. that should siu" '*" unpcrfei t All <>(her l-al n uile Sales are an m nation sud an sn'ri? geiri-i I n;>ou Wilder'* Fsievit, he having pnrchaaed the eic'nsive right (forth- of >*? Yoik) to manufacture and furnish tlie genuine 9 Jensnioer Orders iec iveu at his Iron SJewtrehruse aid fuel v, No ltd Wsier strret 811.AS C HKJtRING, V. B ?See ? ?? 1-hand ha! s for sal- at leas chsn halt price, dll I m fllh MV !.'? OOL? New Line? Regular Pactet to sai' 're 2b". of Jan.?Tlie regular last sailing fa**xe*e. ip SHERIDAN, Cantata A. F. DePuysier, tons, will sail aa above, her regular day. ? For freight or passage, hiving accommodations unequalled for splendor or Co nfort, apply on board at Orleans wharf, fool si wall street, or to K. K. COLLINS It CO, M South street. Price of Passage. $|M The pecker shin Uvrrick, Capisin B J. H. Trash, will succeed the Sheiidau, and sail 2Slh Kehraary, her regular day. d2Tec hOH LIVERPOOL-Tnaa.I posi ivelvonthe l?ih ,of January? the splendid fa.t sa line Packer Ship ammOKK 9111Up, ('apt i'. I! s"ev will sail as six ve i lie nu wrior Pirgei Jship -HKKIDAV ( aptun DePeys ier, will ..sin* I nil mt the M ?> J?? ry rw rasssa*. ha'ing splendid secommiNigtioi.s iu Csoin trd Suersge, sp (dv ou board; or to JOHN HKRDMAN ?: Sou h St. N B ?''asssgei to and from i iresi Hi Main snd Itel nd, can at u n I be st III re.l h- au nf lie ngular I lie ol P kets soling e e y ' ve day- ; an1 Drs is io *? > am am can elways he fi.r ii sned, ' aysi It I si' tire p inftp-l h uti g u-t luuona ih oush ou th Ui.itcu Kniydom on s piiegiion aa above j b ? T~MfO PATEN r BOXE8 HE PROPRlETORts OK TIMh' PATENT CAR ? BOX KM. would reapec lulls evil the an-nto-u of Hail l<r*d Co i - i e , nil II o lien IU freshd wi'll 'he bu Id ng of llgil Road ' srs ih I thi i h re apiviuied C. OR x h I II * HANOI IsE'.. i f Je seyCI V ihei lor the nisi of-e nrmg Of tai I holes Als , aa kl lor trans all I U-ir .as C"gu wOd Alls itiniiiiuc-t i>ns directed t him at Jcisey City Iri.u Kviiudry. wil triuiciu II siiem ed m. TIM.M?, HiLL it IK'1 DY, 1'ropr c ore. Jersey City, Jai.usry 7th. II4S. )? Im' c POTATOES ?1,00? hnshels verv superior English Potato**, * in prius* coqditiou, just isevii-d per ship "I iberty,*' from Literpool.audfor sal# in lota lo^air? hawer^,|b|^ 7? South street, comer Maides Lane. 1

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