r H E NEW YORK HERALD. ? V NEW YORK. THURSDAY MORNING. APRIL 24, 1845. /? ?: ? ? f MEW YORK HERALD. I^S GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. [^ILY H KRALD?Every day. Price 3 cent* per copy ?to per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 6J ceuti Icopy ? >1 I)} c?H per annum?pij able in advance, li) VERTI8EMENTS at the usual pricei?alway? caih Icivauo-. [HINTING of all kindi executed wltli beauty and k>BtCll. All letters or communication*, by moil, addressed j'"' est .;b>ii foment, must l e port paid, or the pottage . be deluded from th-? subscription money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, IrRiEToa or thk New Yon* Herald Est<im.i?iimkfit Northw>!ft oeratwr of Fulton end Na??t,u strets Freight to Baltimore 5 crnti per 100 lbs. [NO Til AN SHIPMENT AND NO SEA RISK. 1LADELPHIA, WILMINGTON AND BAL TIMORE KAILIIOAD COMPANY. lie i hiUi'elphia, Wilminutou and Baltimore Railroad Com ly hive mailt- extensive ud immanent arrangements to trana I' V ri ijiht b?*i wren ihil.ilt-'u hia and Baltimore. Iivi J.t tor Baltimore, Wheeliujj, Va.; Pitubanth.Fa ; Rich T.'l I tier.burF, Ya.,ora?y point sooth or west, will m ro ll"! at 11 Depot, corner of Eleventh uid Maikft s;n-ers,daily, fc?H Sunday) until 4 o'rlock, P. M .and delivered at an ear hour in Baltimore than by any other line ' ('* destined lor any point South or West, will be forward [immediately cn arival in Baltimore, and frea from com |'ion. |lnppers will bear in mind that there is no sea risk by this Jieitiht only five cots per 100 lbs. ? or l'uiti er lart.calm arp'v to I QUO. P. FISHER, Ag-nt, No. 7 Wall itrret or 6 West str?e?. UNITED STATES MAIL LINES WW PHILADELPHIA TO BALTIMORE, ?nI Jtm MORNING LINE?By steamer ROBT. MORRIS, which leaves Dock street wharf -siin.Jf ? '?iily (cuud~ys excepted) at 6 A. M. for anil thence by railroad to Frenchtown. and steamer iTUTI' ?N to Baltimore, im above is the only line It eoiin;cts with the lines fur the S?uth ana West the s?me ftm on. Faie $2 (0. AFTERNOON ANL) NIGHT LINES. Through bu Riiil Roal in Six I lour t. Faie $3 00. I'he cars )e tve the depjt, corner cf 1th atd Market streets, lly, at 1 o'clock, P. M., and daily (except Sunday I at W>4 P. 1. or on the tmv .l of til-train from [vew York. Passengers King >e\v York at 4*4 I'.M., for Philadelphia, cin reach Cal lien' next morning m ample time fur auy lias leaving lor the luih or West. Ticketi ciu be procured at the Depot, or on krd the Hnnt ar Dock street wharf, Philadelphia. Fare to ttirelii <13 ; to Pittsborg, $12. A Passenger Car will he attached to the Freio-ht Train, which |vec t!ie Depot daily (except Sundays) at 1)4 o'clock, P.M. 1 ?rriv?a -n Baltimore early next morning, r are 50 cents. For further particulars apply to OEO. P. F18HER. Agent, No. 7 Wall, or# West streets. J. B.?Freight taVen at 5 cents per 100 lbs. m21 lin?ic ALBaN 1 AND tf UFFALO ttAlLKOAD OFFICE, No. 50 CourtlanHt Streets (T NOTICE TO IMMIGRANTS. T - t The Subscribers, Sole Agents in New^HH^K York, for forwarding passengers bv se-jHBKB. coud class cars from AlbauT to BuffUo,_JEjK_. jenabled to send them per People's Line. Steamboats to Al Jny, unrt thence, pat railroad, to Utica, for S2.06 ; byr?cu ie, [,9i; Auburn, $3,36; Wochester, S4 61; Buffalo, $5,50. Chil L'li it '.mi 2 to 12 rears old, at halfpricj; under 2 yean free;and ? th - ' ?th instant, all baggage oa the Railroad is entirely [ < mation as to different rout's given gmis, and paa warded to ( very port on Lake Ontario and upper tw lowest ratss. The subscribers wnald call parti lion to tlie fact that THEIR TICKETS ONLY zed at the office at Albany. W<>L.F<k RICKERS, Sole Agts Albany Sc Buffalo Railroad, 2d class cars. No. ?9 Courtlaudt street. rork, 8th April, 1H5. s9 lm'ee FARE $' 50.?Regular Opposition Line ? hetwee.i Philadelphia and Baltimore, from the .lower tide of Cheanut st"*et Wharf, every t*u days exepted, at 7 o'clock, tbroagh in 9 hours, ;x eake and Dflawaie Canal, and connect with all nuth nnd west from Baltimore. n :he U^lawure, On Chesapeake Bay. er PORTSMOUTH, Steamer THUS JK'FFER Capt. J. Devoe. HON, Capt. Phillips, oush th? Canal, a distance of 13 mil.s only, are first ?t boats :li" accommodation by this line, both for sreed and >s e<iaal to any other line between the two citits. Iphi.i, April 17, 1S45 MORRIS BUCKMAN, Agent, 'm OlHce No. 30 South Wharves. 0* MORNING LINE, AT 7 O'CLOCK. L Mali"'"" ALBANY, l'AOY, and immediate .w mr i^?q;_|T. i rie low-i'ressnrr steamboat TROT, Captain A Gotham, kill leavo New York from the pier at the foot of Barclay Itr et at 7 o'c'ock, A. M., everv Tuesday, Thursday and tilurdav. Returning, wi'l leave Troy at six o'clock, A. M. fid Albany, fit sewn o'clock, A. M.,every Monday," Wedces |iv. and Kriday. J'h" low pre-sare steamboat ALBANY, leaves New York at e o'clock, A. M. Monday. Wednesday and Fridav; at Troy at 6 J clock, A. M. Albany at 7 o'clock, A M. 'iuesday, Thursday lu'l Saturday Tf'or P w.or freight, apply on board the boats, or to F. 3. Hall, at the office on the wharf. a*2 NEW VOKK, ALBANY AND THUX LINK. At 7 o'clock, P. M. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, from the tier, foot of Couftlandt itwH.-The Steam Boat KM PI UK, Captain R. B. Macy, t ill ted** (lie loot of CourtlauUt stmt, every Monday, ed esday i'-rf f riday evenings, at 7 o'clock. hMife'i by the above boat will arrive at Albany and Troy 11 i ?; > ti:uc to take the cart going eait or west. Krein'it uU<-a it low ratee. For 1'iuiife or Freight, apply on board Che boat or to C. JLA.IlK.at the office on the wharf. apl6tfrc "PEOPLE'S LINK STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY?Daily, Sunday acxcrptid,through , direct. at 7 o'clock, P. M?From the Pier he wtcB(^ouitli<iiiitnnii Lifceny streets The steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A. Houghtou, rill li'.'v? on Monday, Wednesday aud Friday evenings, L 7 o'clock. The Si. amboat R0CHK8TER, Captaia R. O. Cruttendea, rill leave ou Taesday, Thursday aart Saturday evenings at 7 At 5"o'clock. P. M ?Landing at intermediate places :?from h* foot of Barclay strtet. The Steamboat COLUMBIA* Captain Wm. H. Perk, will leave ou Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday alternoom, 'iWeaiiiboat SOUTH AMERICA, Certain M. H. Trues jll, will leave oil Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday alternoom, & pJi'jeugerj taking the above lines will, arrive in Albany in ample time to take the morning tram of Can for the ??? or West. Freight tika at moderate rate's. Ail |IHMU are forbid trusruift any of the boata of this line, without a .viitieu order from the Captama or Agents. r or passaae or freight, apply on board the beau, or to P. C. Schul /. at the office on the Wharf. >2Ire KOR BAL ZK, Uondnraa, to aail with detpatch? The barbue JOHN U. OARDNER, James Pedersea i atr .... 'ueouly, having superior accommodations, apply to thi Captain ou ?oa:d. Pier 11W *20 lw*rh itH 3 uih aueet. ? PACKETS FOR HAVKlCr-Seccnd Line -The ahip UT1CA, F. Hewitt, Muter, will aail on the lat 'f >Ur' BOYD It HINCKEN, Agents, al rc No. 9. Tontine Buildings. ff 'it i ACKK/A' FOK MARSEILLES?Of the lat of *V.Msy? i lie packet barque MISSOURI. Capt Sylvea H'l'iir ii " be despatched lor the above port on tne lat i.juiiu.o. For lieigl.tor I'Wiiie, apply lo BOVD It HlNCKKN, Agents, 9 1 online Buildings, or to CHAMBERLAIN It PHKLPS, alOtoMlec IUJ Kront street F.?K tiLAbOOW?The tine fast sailing coppered , Biniue ALABAMA, C E. Ranlett, master, ?80 tons i .inli-n will sail in a few daya, having moat of her eiuoe gaged Kor freight, of bulk of t!W bal-s cotton, spply tu luasur on board, west side of Brvlinrr Slip, or to WOODHULL tt M1NTITBN8. a'4 ec 87 South st. KOR LIVERPOOL?To aail in a few dan?The ,super!-r, fast sailing, copt?ired and copper fattened .New York built ship SOUTHERNER, T. D. Pal in r, m^ter, nil! sa.l ai above. For freight of M9 bales cotton or the bolk thereof, or i"ssage, liaviugencell'iit accomniod-rjons, spflvto the Ceptain on board lit writ side Burling dip. or to s!9.e WOODHVLL ?i M1NTURNB, CT South'st. FOR NEW ORLEANS.? Louisiana and New ^York Line?Positively first Regular racket, to sail MFIfia"'"1' Inst?The el*gant fast tailing packet barque jULN A UK, Capt. Btiratow, will positively -ail as above, her Foi freight or passage, htvini; handanme furnished sccom moduiious, apply on board, at Orl ana wharf, foot of Wail tlreet, or to E. K. COLLI NS It ICO..M South si. Ag. u's in New Orleans Messis. HULLIN It WOODKUFF, who will promptly forward all ^ooda hi their address. a2Irc LIVERPOOL LINE OF PACKETB.?Kegnlai .Picket of the Sth ot May?The new apUudid, and <l^?mt Pack iShip Hfc NRY CLAY, KugeneNve, 5wer, burtheu 1400 tona, will poaitivrly aail as above, her rwnlardiy. rlavni4 superior actomnodations for cabin, second cabin, and steerage p%tMtagert, persons about embarking by this su prrir.raud splendid Packet, should make early applicatioa on board, loot of Maiden Lane, or to the subteriber, JOSEPH MeMUkRAY, 100 1'iik street, corner of 4onth. The favorite and well known pa. ket Ship Patrick Heury, J. C Dt-'ano, master, will suoteedtne Henry Clay, and sail on the ?th of June, her regular day. allec LONDON LINK OF PACKETS-'lTie favorite ,and fast tailing packot ship ST. JAMES, Captain i.Ylyers, will positively aail ou the lat of May, her regular day. ... . Having superior accommodations for sbin, second eabm and ice- ire oassengera, Pertoui about to embark, ahonld make e.<ii>' application on board, foo. rf Maiden Lane, or to the au ncriber, JOSKPH McMUKR \ V, 100 l'ine street, comer of South. |? H ?Tl'" above will be sureeeded by the splendid packet ship Nertllimberland, R 11 Oriswolil, master, and will poti lu-ly nil' .,11 the mill of May, her regular day. a?lrc WANTLD?A Ship to load for a Southern Port. Apply to E. K. COLLINS k CO., M South st. 14 ec TO CARPET MANUFACTURERS, Sec &c T KAD WIRK, of various sides, suitable for weaver's ? weights, oonsteutly o^dAo/ &>' Mktl lJi'iN SCOTT'S BAZAAR. 37 Dey street. between Broadway and (iwnwich' SANDS bCOT'i'returns his most sincere thanks to his friends and the ptblic at large, for ilie liberal support received since he opened thj above houte, aud hopes, by the uoe strict attrut.'on, to m-nt a continuance tliereof. The qualities of his Ales, Wines, Liquor*, and Hegars, an tea well known to need comment Tlie beet Oytters the market can afford ?erred up in ever/style; likewise a Unre assortment of refrethmeuts ?o be had at all hours, until 13 at night, such as . _ IWI's'eaks, Welsh Rarebits, Mutton < hops, Sardinee, Fried Kidneys, Cold Cuts, lidtn and Kgits, Buckwheat Cakes, Poached Egss, 'l'ea (k Coffee, kc. A good dinner of roast and boiled meals for one shilling, every d*v lroin i II to 4 o'elock. Dublin Brown Stout Lahva\ s on draught. Families "nmijit'U with the best Scotch and lnsh VVun No^Sf^eS^ppHed with Ergli.h, and citr p'.pert? ilways thu lafit news by the ra. Good Rooms for Pruate l'prties, at all times ready tree gra lii for nothing a4 lm eC iJUARDIN?. HR8. O. FISH, 135, 137 and 139 Broadway, Th? Public andSthan.ikrs visiting ly informed that the above premises have teen fitted up m n su rerior manner, for the eutertaiument or , Permanent and IVanrtint Boarders. The location ia pleasant aud central to bnsn esa?the apart niniti light and ^^ih%2?S?r xrtlt throughout with new furniture, beds, bedduiK. fee. Theuble will h- abundantly supplied with the best u?e marter affords. Traanient Board ?l P" mac lm*re E. HPPOLD& CO (No. 103 William Street, near John,) AFF?tl FOU SALU^the following Uoodi, of their own lm V-/ uortatious, by rne or in^oU to ReXl GERMAN Best manufacture and mo.itest-nsive assortment. Cotton, Linen, Silk, Worsted, OoM aud Silver, of all widths and niz*s. embroidehy patterns, Of all Make ? and Numbers. CHENILLE, . , . . . . , For working and Ornrunental Trimming, plain ana shaded. Flower Chenille, Sic. SILKS. . , . ? , h, . Plain and ihatiedi and Chinee, Sticks and ^poolij Xwiit? Floss, do. FRINGES. , . Silk, Wonted and Cotton, of the latest style*. GIMPS, Aud Gimp Cord*, in great variety. GOLD AND Bl^VER CokDB, AND BRAIDS, TAS ?&LS, &c. STKKL.OILT, aND SILVER BEADS, Parse Trimmings, Hreol and Jet Buttons, Hair rins, ac. OILED SI I KS, Assorted Colors. PERFORATED PAPER. CORDS AND TASSELS, Braids, Tepes, Bindings, Galloons, ke. a< lm?m WILLIAM A. SMETS "liril-L open his New Stow, 727 Broadway, (under the New VV York Hotel, corner of Waverly PlW) w THU^DAY the 17th instant, with an entirel y NEWSJ.OCK of GUUD8, received by the late arrivals Irem hianee? A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF EMBROIDERIES Rich Embroidered Shiwl? and Mann lies. " " Pelerines a la reine. ? ? ?? " Dnch -tf d Oileans. ?? '? " Roche'le. EMB'D COLLARS, CANEZOUS, '? .Mary Vtnart, ' a Kaehel " Colonna Point ??'* v*'"f ?' fr.Deml F.spafnole " ^'ordl'?'11* " en'Tulle ? grun Cape " aValencienne EMB'D 8CAHF?.che EM? FICHHSkOMJ*. " Kt^KicU1"' ;; Jo?phSe " Plain Bordure v.iVIL H r.tr. Vpur 11 valiere RICH EMBROIDERED LINEN CAMBRIC HDK'FS. Very rich a^.Barguette ^fi^TSSkde WEDDING DRNE?SU8e" ^LADIES' CAPS. ExtraemVdM?U?J^r Emb'd PUk da Tulle Lace ?M?,n "Thulic k Tharlatine Bohbinet. do with curettes LADIES' ^TRAW HATS,YOUNG LADIEH'CAPOTTES Ladies'Rich Straw . "BiEtlil Cousu Diven , " a Drntelle " Boi? blanc k Cordon T. osc^nrs ? a Agrement " Grain D'orge BOYS' STRAW C08QUETTES. . Ccsquett-s peeriles . Straw Ci^ie Tyrolu? " Berrets Cnn Toscaue 1 RICH SILK PATREN DRESSES. Silks Pekin Cninois Silks Pekw "rocke :: ? ^0?ud;dBoie ? TaffJw " P'kin Broche PARASOLS. Ombrellas with ivory handles Umbrellas Marquise " with fringes riain with rich go.dpaEnd^mounuB^oiLETTE Of a rery anpeiior qa&lity. imported to order. Pondre d'Amondes d^Ni^e r!Sd Cream Otto of Roses Perfumed Sachets To.lette fowder PERFUMES FOR HANDKERCHIEFS. RoSelSlonsMe"11 SiSweceMawechdle I'aris Kid Gloves, Bijouterres, Buckles, and a large as .ortnilent of Fancy Articles, which wilfbeo?erec .:awy reasonable price. FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS. AND MATERIALS FOR KLORI8T8. 1IRUN LAROSIEUEfc COURT, 11S William ?trrft, have just received by the I ait Havr? packets, a Urn* assortment of fashionable Spring Flower*, of tne most eleRant ami latest itylei, and will continue? ceiving ihrm by every auccreding packet. all lui'rc FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS. LOW1TZ <fc BECKER, No. H John Street. LTAVE Received by the laat Havre packet*, Utica and Argo, XI aa elegant assorimrnt of the latest ai>u most fashionable style* af French Artificial Flower*, which they offer for aa 1 at moderate price! mhM Im*m FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS, tec. HENRY & KAHN, 73 Liberty *trcct, up staira, hare juitie ceiveil Bad offer fo.' sale a complete, assortment of FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS, in bunches, sprigs and single. Miterials for do do, and all kmdt of WATER COLORS. for flower manufacturer!' uie; among which ii a liquid rink color of very superior quality. Alio nu invoice of PARIS CAPS, for Ladies nnd Children, of very rich embroidery; Hair Pirn, of lateitstyle*; and a lot of ipleodid Kngravirus, plain and colored. inhll am*!* OPENING OF SPRING FASHIONS, AT THE MAOAS1N DE MODE, DO Canal Strert MAD'ME U. BEHHMAN beg* leave to inform her friend* ivA and the public, that he will open for the aeaion on Mon day next, the 31*t March, instant,; when *he will exhibit a splendid asiortment of ladies1 Par'* Silk Hat', just received from Pans in every variety, and in a *tyle uopre' edenred. Also will be exhibited, au entire new *tyle of Ladie*' Hat*, cal'ed "AKTOIS HATS," which from tleir pecnlia and lady like style may rank at pic-eminent. Also, a variety of pure white fancy Straws, fine double Dun ?tables, Tuscan and split Straws Pari* Ribbon* and 1> lower*, of the choicest itvlee, and in great varieties. mU2* lm*ec MARTELLE te HOLDERMANN, No. 37 Maiden Lane, N. Y. jlfANUMCTURRKS and importer* of Ornamental Hair ?"?*? Work, Wigs, Toupees, Band*, ( url*, Seams. Bandeau Hair, and a new styla of hverlastiag Curl*, and all kind* of Hair Work, wholeiale and retail. N. B.?The trade *uppliedoii reasonable term*. >13 Im'ec STRAW OOOUST^c. FLORENCE, BRITISH STRAW, AND LACE BRAIDS AND BONNETS. A LL of the above of the best fabric* and of th* newest and <1*- moat fashionable description* are conitan-Jy importing,and offering for *ale on the moat desirable t-rma, by THOMAS REYNOLDS, mh!8 Im'm 167 Pearl street TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS. ALMOND, Windsor, Ron, Variegated, and rvrry de*erip lion of Fancy Hoepe. Colegne Water, in the mo*t beautiful Stylo of fancy bottles. Handkerchief and Toilette Essence! in very grcit variety. Hair Oil* and Pomatum* of the flur*t quality, with e7ery de scription of Perfumery and Cosmctic*. Walnut Oil; Military Shaving f'oep, the moat erqilsite Soap ever invented. It make* a petit-el ctenm lathi r, wni< h doe* net dry on the face. Also, Family Washing Soap, of excellent anility; Tat-nt Crystalline Candles, Ike. manufactured hy n*d lor sale at the depotof JOHNSON, VROOM & frOWLER. No. 3 Conrtlaudcst., next door to tne apl7 lm*m new National Hotel. ARCHITECTURE. FRKI). SCHMIDT beg* leave to inform hi* friend* and the public, that he has removed hi* office from 192 Broadway to U Wall itrert, where person* desirous of building are invited to examine a selection oT original and tasteful desmus, from the Cottage upwards to the extensive Villa or Mannon, in all the variou* style* of architecture; and where he i* prepared to fur mah Ileus, Drawings, S|iecilications, Eitiuiate* and Contract* for Building* of every de*cription,and superintends the erection ??? ?? ? mt3 lm*ec PATENTS, SPECIFICATIONS AND DRAWINGS. THE Drawings may be lithographed without additional ex ii 1 *"??*? '?v'?.t?>f* would find if much to their advantage to sail on the mbaeriber, and obtain hundred* of copie* of their in vention-, at tne price* usually paid for duplicates .. , . EDWARD JONES, ap!6 lw'm 1? Fnlton street, N. V., Sun Building*. PORTER. ALE AND CIDER. JOHN J. STAFF'S BOTTLING ESTABLISHMENT, NIO. I ANN STREET, next door to the American Mnaenm, 1^1 returns his sii cere thank* to his friends and the public generally, for the very liberal share of patronaga already receiv ed, and hope* by strict attention to buaine** to merit a continn FIRST QUALITY? Philadelphia Porter, Newark Cider, Croton Ale, Loudon Browu Stout, and Scotch Ale. Order* for ahipping attended to with deipateh mhftec 'PU JlUATMSN, AND OTHKR1?Paring atone of fir New York, April 21,1845. Hr, undersigned announce to the public and partieul irly 'o the watch merchants, that from thin day they have formed an association under the nnuie ol Delachaux It Maire, t r the trade of importation of watclus, and that from this aaid day they have on lund aud shall receive from theif corres. ondrnt manufacturer* every descrip'ion of Watches and Movement*. DELACHAUX Hi MAI 1(K, No. 127 Fulton itreer, N. Y. A. Delachaux?H. Maire. ap22 lm*m AoTOR HOUSE BATHS Entrance No. 1 Vesiv it . (Phivati. Door Aitor House.) '"PHIS elegant Bi thing Kstablishment. >o convenient from its A central position both to citizens and strangers, has recently b#eu filled np with new bathi, furniture, he., and now equals not only in couunodiousnest but in ihe oeatuen and lioish of its decorations, any similar establishment in the country. The only fluid used is tl.n juiie Cro'.on, and the supply of hot ard cold waier ia to arranged thtt any degree ol tempeia'uie may be enjoyed by the billter, without ire tighten trouile. Tn? at tendanc* ia prompt and reijiectful. T he \V..rm Sea Baths at llie foot of Deal rases Mrtet, North Hirer, nre open, a* u>u J, from sumise nntil 11 o'clock, P. M. ap22 'w*rc Hfaulty C RAU1NKAU. Proprietor. ORIGINAL publications. HKLKN HOWARD: or. The Baukrupt and Broker,liyProf. Ashby?Price 12)4 cents. The Knights of eeven Lands, by .1. H. Ingrali'm?Price 12Xc. ttlrt reath?r; or The Ycuug Chief of the Abeuagriei, 12Hc. 1 he Nun <-f St. Ursula, by luirv Hi/.?!,. ? ? ? 12H?* J tie Midshipman 12V?-. The Swinish Galleon.. .K'>ic. The Dell of Boston 12>?c Edith Vernon 12^?c. Louise Kirnptoii lJKc. Abeit Simmons 12>c. Protege of the Grand Duke I2>f . Also, a var'ety of other publications, that will b; sold low to the trade. All orders will meetwith prompt attention. C. M&Kltl/lliXU, PublMier, ??p21 2w*ec 293 II road way. INSTRUCTION ON THE FIAiNO. MINWRIOHT, Professor of Music, informs his friend* ? ".nd the public in general, tint he h:ts made arrangements for giving instructions on the Piano forte. His style of im porting instruction is perfectly simple and easy, ami is not sur passed, if equalled, by any other style at present taught, com bining all the grace and elegance ol eieeution capable of being imparted on that instrument. He has already turned out several very proficient scholars, and the public will be satisfied as to his abilities on giving him a trial. His terms are reasonable, and we advise all those in want of a teacher to embrace the op portunity now oifered. Terms, and sll other information, made known on application at 172 Grand, corner of Mulberry street. mh23 Im*irc .dSOLIAN PIANOFORTES. VfUNNS b CLARK having purchased the patent rightfor " Coleman's JEolian Attachment to the Pianoforte,"Tor the eutire United Htatrs, (excepting Massachusetts.) announce to the public, that 'hey jre now prepared to supply Pianul'ortes with this improvement attached, or to attach the same to any modern made hoi izoutal Pianofortes, lu regard to the durabili. ty of ill ia invention, N. U C. are prepared to satisfy the most prejudiced mind, their own critical examination and experi ment* wuirant them in the assertion, that the " ./Eoliiu" will remain in time in auy climate, and it will not be alfrctsd by transitions of atmosphere. The most satisfactory warrantee is (iv*u with each instrument. The public are invited to exam inn the " vEolian Pianofortes" (t their ware-room, No. 240 Brucdway, opposite the Park, where also may be fouud an assortment of o, 4,'i aud 7 octave Piano fortes, both iu rosewood and mahogany casas. ni2S 6m* re FOR SALE. A GRAND PIANO FORTE known as one of the most per fect if the celebrated manufacture of Krard ii Paris.which has already been tried in America during the winter season. The price is 8700, instead of $1100, which it would cost if it was imported d.reetly from Paris. With the Piano, will be given music by the Iwitaiicie-t and modem composers.valued at upwards of one hundred dollars. Apply at MADAME PILLET, 400 Broadway. alt lm'rrc TO BROOKLYN BILLIARD PLAXEK6, pROSSINO iUli'lON FERRY?A very neat Saloon has ^ just been lined up at the United Slates llotel (entrnnce ol Wxter street, joining the. bar ef the Hotel,) with three first rate Tubles, irou Eagle tramej and marble beds- better Tables than any in this country, except Ba-sforu ? idd ro-.mi in Ann street, entrance H9 Fulton. Players near Fulton Market, and down ti.wn, oa the east side, will find the U o. Hotel Ttlloon well calculated for their accommodation. The propiietor pledges hiuuelf to have it kept resectable. Forexerciss only. ui29 Iin-ui LAFAYETTE BAZAAR. 140 and 151 Broadway, l orner of Liberty at. rpHlS ESTABLISHMENT, founded il.e !st of December, J- 1813, as a public store for the sale of every de?erii>li?n of Staple and Fancy Goods, will b? enlurged the 1st of May next. The subscriber having rented the upper pan of tli- building, 151 Broadway, will put in comp'ete repair and fit up in a magni ficent manner, two large galleries, where the traders, iniuufac turers and importers, will hejable to ouuiin at & cheap rent, a liue and convenient store; and the lamer and gentlemen a splendid place of r-sort and a public and ftahiona. le pometade. MU8. H. 8HANKL.AND, Dagu-rrieu Ariist, has already rented the front pan of the two raiieriee as a Daguerreotype Sa loon, where she will continue as before, to give the most perfect likeness for ONE DOLLAR. including (he best kind of Morocco Case or Frame. Several Counters to let, with glass cisea?enquire in the Bazaar. T. A. ARTAULT. mhl7 lm*m OAUGUERREOTlfPE PORTRAITS. F. TDACY has taken Rooms at No. 2i3 Broadway, np stairs, second lloor, w.iere he is executing some oi the most beiutiful specimens of the Daguerrian Art in this city. The prices are according to the style of finish, from ONE TO THREE DOLLARS. Those in want ol perlect Pictures are requested to call and ex amine his speciirens. Mr. T. is happy to announce that he has. engaged ihe pr< lessional services of N. G. tiurgeis, for a short time, and lho e who wish Pictures in hi* peculiar beautiful style would do well to call soon. Plates, Cases. Chemicals, &c., always on hand, and instruc tions given in the Art on moderate terms. aM Imec LADIES' AND FAMILIES' DAGUERREOTYPE INSTITUTE, MRS. H. SHANKLAND, DAGUERRIAN AIITIST. rVAGUERRKOTYPE PORTRAITS, including the best L/ j[yle of Morocco Case or Frame, for ONE DOLLAR. Apply at the Lafayette Bazaar, H9 Broadway, or J?35 BROADWAY, THIRD STORY, FRONT ROOM, No. 1?opposite the Park FouiSain. mh 17 lm*m J PLUMBR DAGUERRIAN GALLERY AND PHOTO GRAPHIC DEPOT, JS1 Bro.vlway, corner of Murray si (over 'l'enney's Jewelry Sir re,) awarded the Medal, four first rremiuais, and two highest honors," at the Exhibition at Bol ton, New York and Philadelphia, respectively, lor the best pic tures ai.d apparatus ever exhibited. Superb likenesses, ol all sites, taken in any weather, on satis factory terms. m27 lm?rc VOiGTLAENDK R'S DAG UERREOTY PE APPARATUS. ARRANGEMENTS recently made with their brctlier-iu law, Mr. Voigtlaender, Vienna, enable the subscribers to sell those Apparatus at rei'need prices, viz Largest s.ze Apparatus, with three iuch lenses for full site plates, at $H'j. Medium ?iza Apparatus, with two inch lenses for half size plares, at $78. Small size Arparatns, with one-and-a-half inch lenses for quarter size plates, at $51). Uenlleinen sending remittances in accordance with the above prices, may depend upon receiving the genuine Vcig'l tender Apparatus, anil uot a worthless imitated article, they having procured the sol; agency for the Uuitnd Staler. Plates and Chemicals, of their own importation, as well as all other articles connected with their ?rt, for sal* at lowest market prices. Philadelphia Exchange. W. A. K. LANGENHEIM. Kelerrinsr to the above advertisement. the subscribers inform the Dagnerrem ArtiiU in geueral (hit the above Apparatus>nd other ma'erials can be procuted to thi stated prices, at.their Da guerrean AtteUer, No. 201 Broadwav. New Vork. a7 lin'm LANOENHK1M tt BECKERS. LIFK PRESERVERS, Of Goody tar'i Patent Gum Elastic Composition XXTARRAN'f'ED to withstand the greatest extremes of he-.t " and Cold, and not to melt or soften in the s.-atns, (the great d'fect in P.eservers made of thecummoii rubber preparation.) ? Alio, a general assortment of goods manufactured under the above patent. For sale, wholesale aid retail, by GEORGE BEECHER. Sin lm*rc loo Hf- " between Pine aiid Wall sts TO PUBLIC SOCIETIES, MEMBERS OK i'HE]BAR MERCHANTS, AND OTHERS. THE Proprietor of WILSON'S HOTEL. DINING 1 ROOMS, and CHOP HOUSE, No 5 Gold street. near Maiden lane, begs to slate that he has comforcah'e <-nd well furnished Private Rooms, suitible for Committee IV eetings, Arbitrations, Referees, &c., which may be procured for such purposes, st a short notice, on extremely liberal terms a in ?>"' *?* *uNHV WILSON. rpHE SOJIAL IN8TITUTK, now completed, ready for f ihe icce itioi of pupils, is situated in Shrewsbury, th-ee miles from lie celebrated watering place, lour miles from Red Benk, where stermecsp'y daily from the foot of Fulton street It i? calculated to give a s-urd, piattical education, qualify the stude.it to pursue any business, or enter anv class in college ? Terms, per annum, Situ, including all incidentals, exc-pt Beds and stationery. W.sriTKn?A classic-si teacher, native of France. Also, s femMo Circulars and interview with the teacher mnv be had at 131 Nassan vreet. ap 1* lm*m BRONZE POWDERS. rPHK very best and ehenj-*t Bronze, in all shades *nd quali ?I ri^? are comt'nftv i< >p"rtcddire. t f'oin (Jem.iny, and of fered 'brsnlo by LEOPOLD KUH & Co., rrliUt hn're Hi Wall street, New York. AGENCY IOR THE SALE OF PltONZK POWDERS. THE snhseriber has b-en appointed Wholrsale Ar"nt for a lions- in Error"!, who pguseea the moat extraordinary facib tie* for the mamfactnre <<f BroiixeTcvrders, by which they are enaV'd to oirer t! - m^at bointifbl end spier did Dronzrs at SO per cent lower t'la'i former prices, and to 4e(y all competition in this article. Their D-onres hare been used by the largest eonsnmers in this cot try for apwards of two years, who c.-u err in recommending Uicm as superior to any other for brillian cy ami durability. The snhscri;?er has arrangements te hara a Hrqe assorteernt always on hand, ,u;d is prepar-d to sup ply importers and dealers wftli the article, in any quantity, at th? nunWaetnrer's pri-ee, thus ssvirg them the trouble and ex pense of importation. J. K JUCKETT. Wholesale Agent, ?91 lm"ee [late Rozelt ft 'To.] 11 W?i?r street. soda biscuit and sugar""(Trackers. rPHK SUBSCRIBER wishes to mike known to the public, a- that the Bsc uit inade at his l]i??rv are t n irely difterent from the SODA BISCUIT AND SUU \K diACKERS made in imitation of his; thev have Wu used by invalid i for more than twenty years, with the l> st ietuu?. 1 h? above BISUjjiT. also BUTTER A>H> WATE* CRACKERS, WINE. BUTTER A!>D MIlK BIS. UI P, PILOT AND NAV If BREAD, all of the first quoluy, areco:. tantly for sale at the well known establishment, J7J WASHINGTON 8THERT, Corner of VVarren street, apl9 Im'rc EPHRAIM TRitADWELL'S IS^N. CARPET^U. 45* Pearl Attract. rPHE Subscribers have just opeu.-d the Urge and snacirns A CARPET WARJK ROOMS, No. 4M Peixl strtet.forrrw r ly occupicd by Smith, Hewitt U Co.. and are now ready to of fer the public sn entire new stock of Carpeting, h'unht express ly fot tnn spring trade, some of which arr exceedingly rich, of new desi.ns and colors. Among ihem my b?' f:>una? to new Setts kidmInster Brussels, Kutirely New. It P8. K1DMINB PER THREE PLY, iKick Shading, BUPERV1NE FINE AND COMMON INGRAIN CARPETING. Of every variety and description. Rngs, Druggets, Table and Piano Covers* Worstel, 'j ufted and Jate >lats; Oil Cloths, very heavy and in great vanities, from I to 24 feet wide: together with all other articles usually found in the trade. The public are rsqueeted to call and exam S HUMrBKIV, Mta*a wMimt The Factory System of YankeedootHedum. Report of tha Committee on the Ten Hoar System. Commonwealth or Massachusetts. House or Representatives, ) March 13,191S } The Special Committee, to which was relerred sundry petitions relating to the hours of labor, have considered the same, and submit the following Report. The first petition, which was referred to your Commit tee, Cfcmo from the city of Lowell, and was signed by Mr. John Quincy Adams Thayer, and eight hundred and fifty others, "peaceable, industrious, hard working men and women of Lowell." The petitioners declare that they aie confined " from thirteen to fourteen hours per day in un healthy opaitm<'ni8,''andarethereby "hisiening, through pain, diseere, and pnvaiicn, down to a premature grave." They therefore ask the Legislature '? to pass a law pro viding that ten hours shall constitute a day's woik," and that uo corporation or private cit;zen " shall be allowed, except in cases of emergency, to employ one set ot hands more than tea hours per day." The second petition came from the town of Kail River, and is signed by John Gregory aud lour hundred and eighty-eight others. There |.etitioners in k lor the passage of a law to constitute '-ten hours a day's work in all corporations created by thu Legislature " The third petition signed by Hnmuel W. Clark and five hundred other*, citizens of Andover, is in precucly the Sime words as the one from Fall River. Tiie fourth petition is trom Lowell, and is signed by Janes Carle and three hundred others The pet tioneis atli for the enactment of a law miking ten hours a day's work,where no specific agreement is entered into between the parties." Tnc whole number of names on the several petitions is 'J 139, of which 1,161 are from Lowell Avery large proportion of the Lowell petitioner! are females ? Nearly one half ot the Andover petitioners are lemaler. The petition from FallHiver is signed exclusively by mules in view of the number and respectability of the peti tioners who had brought their grievances before the Le gislature, the Committee asked lor and obtained leave of the House to send for "persons and papers," in order that they might enter into ?n examination rf the matter, and report the reiult ot their examination to the Legislature as a basis lor legislative action, Ehould any be deemed necessary Ua the 13th of February the Sommitten held a session to iiear the petitioners frum the city of Lowell. Six of the female and three of the male petitioueis were present, und gave in their testimony. .The firat petitioner who testified was Kliia R. Hem mingway. She had worked two years and nine months in the Lowell Factories; two years in the Middlesex, and nine months in the Hamilton Corporations. Her em ployment is weaving?works by the piece. The Hamil ton Mill manufactures cotton fabrics. The Middlesex woolen fabrics. She is now at work in the Middlesex Mills, and attends one loom. Her wages average from $1(5 to $-2 J a month, exclusive of beard* She complain ed of the hours for labor being too many, and the time for meals too limited In tbe summer season, the work is commenced at 6 o'clock, A. M. and continued till 7 o'clock t* M., with half an hour f.?rbreakfast and three quartet ? of an honr for dinner. During the eight months of the year but h>ilf an hour is allowed for dinner. The air in the room the considered not to be wholesome. There were *93 sxill lamps ond 61 large lamps lighted in the room in which she worked, when evening work is re quired. Tteae (lamps are alio lighted sometimes in the morning. About 130 females, 11 men, ond 12children (between the ugos of 11 and 14) work in the room with her She (thought tbe children enjoyed about as good health ts cnildren generally do Tbe children work out 9 months out of 13. The ocher 3 months they must attend school. Think- that there is no day wh'n there nro less than six of the females out of Ihe mill from sick ness. Has known as many as thirty. She, herself, is out quite often on account of sickness. There was more shkness in the summer than in the winter months ; though in the summer lamps ere not lightod She thought tliere was a generul desiie among the females to work hut ten hours, regardless of pay. Most of th<; girls are from the country who work in the Lowell Milla. The average time which they remain there is about three year*. She knew one girl who h?d worked there 14 years. Her health was poor when she left. Mies Heiumingway said her health was better where she now worked than it-was when she woilt?d on tbe Hamilton Corporation. She knewof one girl who last winter we ,t into the mill at half past 4 o'clock, A. M., and worked till ha'l pa?t 7 o'clock, P M. Sue did so to make more aoney. She earned from $Jft to $30 per month. There is always t largo number of girN at the gate w.shine; to get in before the bell rings. On tho Middlesex Corporation one fourth part of the f- males go into the mill before they r re obliged to. They do thia to make more wages. A large number come to Lowell to make money to aid their parents who art- poor. Sbo knew of many cases where married women came to Lowell and worked in the milla to assist their busbandi to pay for their farms. The moral character of the operatives ia good. There was only ene American female ia the reem with her who could not write her name. MUs Sarah G. Baglit laid she had worked id the Lo well Mills oight years and a hall?six years and a hall on the Hamilton Corporation, and t s o v ears on the Middle sex. She is n weaver, and woiks by the piece She work ed in the mill* three jreirs before her health began to fail. She is a native oi New-Hampshire,anrjwent home 6 weeks during tho summer. Last year she wks out of the mill a third of the time. She thinks the health of the operatives is not so good as the health of females who do honsowork or milliuxry business. The chief evil, so far ni health is concerned, is the shortness of time allowed for meal*.? Tha next evil is the length of time employed?not giving them tint* to cultivate their minds She spoke of the high moral and intellectual character of the girls. That many were engaged asteashersin the Sunday schools. That manv attended the lecture* of the Lowell Institutn, and she thought, if more time was allowed, that more lectures would be given and more girls attend. She thought that the girls generally were favorable to the ten hour ays tem. She had presented a petition, same as the one be fore the committee, to 131 girls, most of whom (aid that they would prefer tJ work but ten hours. In a pecuniary point of view it would be better, as their health would be improved. They wou'd I ave more time for sowing. Thrir intellectual, moral, and religious habiti would also be be nefitted by the change. Miss Ballet said, in addition to he* labor in the mills, she had kept evening school during the winter mrnths, or four j ears, a d thought tliit extra labor mutt have in jured her health. M as Judith Pavhk testified that the came to Lowell 1> years ago, and werked a year nnd a half in the Merrimac cotton mills; lelt there on account of ill health, and re. inained out over seven year*. She was sick most of tha time she was out. Sevan years ogo she went to work in the Boott mills,and has rem lined there aver since?works hythepieco. She has lost during the last seven years, a out one year from ill health. She it a weaver, and at tends three looms. Last pay-day she drew $14 6tf for five weeks work?this was exclusive of beard: she was ab sent duriog the five weeks but half n day. shoHiys there is a very general f elmg in favor of the ten hour system among the operative*. She attributes her ill health to the long hour j of labor, tha shortness of time for imals, and the bad air ol tha mills. She had never spoken to Mr, French, the agent, or to the overseer of her room, in relation to these matters. She could not say that more operatives died in Lowell than other people. Misa Oi.ivk J. Clark?She is employed on the Law rcnce Corporation ; he* been there five years ; makes about $1 62J per week, exclusive of board; she has been home to Now Hampshire to school; her health never was good. The work is not laborious; can ait down about a quarter of the time. About fifty girls work ia the spin ni jg room with her, three of whom signed tho petition. She isinfavorof the ten hour system and thinks that the long hours had an effect upon her health. She ia kindly treated by her employers. There is hardly a week in which there is not some one out on) account of sicknrss; thinks tha air is bad, on a- count of the small par.iclen of cotton which fly about She has never spoken with the ?gent or overseer about working only te* hours. Miss Ct.LiciA Thilliu, has worked four years in Lowell. Her testimony was simitar to that given by Miss Clark Mis j F.lixabatm Rows, has worked in Lowall 16 months, all the tima on the Lawrence Corparation; came from Maine; she ia a weaver; works by the p:ece;runs four looms. "My herlth," she *ny*, "has been very good iudeaJ since I woikcd there; averaged three dollars a week since 1 hare been there besides my board : have heurd very liitio about tho hours of Inbor being too long." She consented to have her name put on the petition be cause Miss Thillips asked her to She would prefer to woikonlvt^n hours. Petween V) and PO work in the rorrn with bar. Her room Is better rer tilated andmiro healthy th*n most others Oirls who w!sh to attend lec ture* car r:? out beiore the bell rings; tny overset r lett them go; *I?o Saturdays they go out before the bell rings. It was Iwr wish to attend four looms. She hai agister who has workid in tha mill seven years. Ilor health ia very good Pon't knew that she has ever been out on ?cceuntof sicknosa. Tho general health of tho opera tives is good. Ilavo nc*. erspohen to my employers ahon*. the work being too hard, or the hottra too long. Don't know ony on* who hes been haitennd to a premature grave by factory le'tor. I never attended any of the lec turea in Lownll on thn t?n hour system. Nearly all the female operatives la Lowell work by thn piece; and of the petitioner* who appeared before the Committee, Mi?s Hemmitigwey, Miss Dagley, Miss Pa?ne and Miss Kowe work by the piece, and Mis* Clark and Mis* Phillips by the week. Mr Oilman Oals, n member of tho City Council, aud who keeps a provision store, testified that the short time allowed lor meals he thought the greatest evil. He spoke highly of the character of the operative* and of the agents | alto of tho boarding house* and the public schools. He hid two children in the milla who enjoyed good health l'he mills are kept a* clean and a* w?U ventiled as it ii poasible.for them to be. Mr. Herman Abbott had worked on tha Lawrence Corporation IS year*?never heard much complaint among the girls about the long hour*; never heard the subject spoken of in the mill*- doca not think it would ba satisfactory to the girl* to work only ten hours, if the r wages were to be reduced in proportion. Forty-two girls wo.k in the room with him. The girls often get back to the giite before thn bell ringt. Mr. John t^uivcv Adash Thaver hts lived in Lowell four yeuis, "work*at physical labor iniho stimtrersen ?on, nml mental labor in <hn winter." Has worked in the big m.ichine short 34 months, off aid on ; never worked in n cotton or woollen mill; think* that the mechanic* in the machine shop are not so lieahhy as in other shop?, ?or so intelligent aa the other classe* in Lowell. He ?Thi* i* *aid to have been a mitt ike It should h'.ve read Inclusive of board. It resd exclusive on the min ute* of the Committee, tad was N undei*too< by svery member-[?rf. Cevrfcr. drafted the petition; has heard many complain of the long hours. Mr. 8. P. Adams, a member of the House from Lowell, laid he worked in the machine shop, and the nea were as intelligent aa any other class, and enjoyed as goo J health as uny persons who work in-dcors ; the air in the shop is as go(/d as in any shop ; about 350 hands work there, about half a dozen of whom nie what it culled ten hour men ; they all would be ten hour men if they could ge' as good pay. The only witnesses whom the committee examined, whose names were net en the petitioa, were Mr. Adams and Mr. Isaac Cooper, a member ot the House irom Lo well, and who has worked as on overseer in the Lawrence cotton mills for nine years ; his evidence was very lull; he gave it as his opinion that the girli in the mills enjoy thenest health, for tin reason that they rise early, goto bed early, and have their fmeals regular. In his room there are 00 girls, and since IS37, has known ol only nue Sri who wool home IromLowell anil died He does net find at those who stay the longest ia the mill grow sickly and weak. The roams are heated by ateam pipes, and the tempera ure of tha looms is regulated by a thermometer. It is so, he believes, in all the mills. The Leat ot the room varies from 62 to 63 degrees. During our short stay in Lowell, wo gathered many facts, which we deem of sutlicient importance to state in this report; and llat, in relation to the Hours or Lilian. From Mr. Clark, the agent of the Merrimack Corpora tion, we obtained thu following table of the time which the mill* run during the year Benin fVoik ?Frrm 1st M?y to 31?t August, 8t6 o'clock. From let September to 30.h April, as soon as they can see. Breakfast ?From 1st November to '28th February, before goi.ig te work. From lit March to 31st March, at 7 j o'clock. Fiom 1st April to 10th September, at seven o'clock. From JOth September to 31st October, at 7} o'clock. Return in hall an hour. Dinner?Through the yt ar at 12} o'clock. From 1st May to 31st August, return in 45 minute*. From 1st September to J0:n April, return in 30 minutes. Quit iVtrk?Frem 1st May to 31st August, at 7 o'clock. From 1st September to 19th September, at daik. From ' 20th St'pte-nber to 19tii March, at 7} o'clock. Frem 20'h March to 80th April, at dark. Lamps are never lighted on Saturday evenings. The above it the time which is kept in all the mills in Lewrll, with a slight difference in the machine shep; and it make? t ie average daily time, throughout the year, of running the mills, to be twelve hours and tea minuter. There are four days in the year which arc observed as hoiiduys, and cn which the mills are never put in mo tion. These are Fast Day, Fourth of July, Thanks giving Day, and Christmas Day. Tiieae mikooneday more than is usually devoted to pastime in any othrr place in New England. The following tablo shows the average honis of work per day, throughout the year, in tkc Lowell Mills Hours. Min. ' Hours. Min. January II 21 July 45 February 12 ? August 1? 45 M&.cli* II 51 September 12 23 April 13 31 October 12 10 May 12 45 November U 56 June 12 45 December 11 24 In Great Britain, the hours of labor per week are limit ed by act of Parliament to 69, or 11} kours per day, but the ^general regulation in all the factories is 9 hours on Saturday and 12 hours on each el the other five working days. It is also cnacted that there shall be six holidays ia the ceurso ol' the year. It is hardly possible to draw a comparison between the operatives.in Great Btitain and those in Lowell. The one is a manufacturing population, in the strict ccnse ol the word, the other is not. There, the whole family go into the mills as soon as they have sufficient bodily strength to earn a penny. They never come out until they die. Very litcle attention is paid to their moral or physioal culture, and, as hns been proved by facts ascer tained by commissioners appointed by Parliament, few caureador write, and unless they have attended Sabbath schools, few obtain any knowledge of the Bible or ot the Christian religian. In Lowell, but very few (in some mills none at all) enter into the factories under the age of fifteen. None under that age can be admitted, unless they bring a certificate from the school teacher, that he orshobas attended school at leost three months during the pre ceding twelve; Nine tenths of the factory population in Lowell come from the country. They are farmers' daughters. Many of them come over a hundred miles to enter tho mills. Their education has been attended to in the district schools, which are dotted like diamonds over every square mile of New England. Their moral and religious characters have been formed by pious parents, under the paternal roof. Their bodies havo been developed and their constitutions made strong by the pure air, wholesome lood, and youthful exorcise-. After un absence of a few years, having laid by a few hundred dollars, they depart for their homes, get married, settle down in life, and become the head8 ot fsmilie*.? Such, we believe, in truth, to be a correct statement of the Lowell operatives, and of the hours el' labor. Gilnkral Hkai.th or the Oferativis. In regard to the health of the operatives employed in the mills,your Committee believe it to be good. Thetes timony ot the female petitioners does not controvert this pouiticn, in general, though it does in particular instan ces The population of the) city of Lowell is now rising 20,000, of which number about 7.600 are females employ ed in the mills. It is the opinion of Dr. Kimball, an emi nent physician of Lowell, with whom the Committee had an interview, that there Is less sickness among the per sons at work in the mills, than there is amort? those who do not work in the mills; and that there is less sickness now than there was several years ago, when the number was much less than at present. This we unite: stood to be also the opinion of the city physician, Dr. Wells, from whose published report for the present yetr, we learn that tho whole number of deaths in Lowell, during the year 1844, was 3d, of which number 200 wero children under ten yeara of age. The following table shows tho comparative mortality in Lewrll during the past five years, enumerating some of the principal disease* Diaeastl. 1840 1111 IMS 1813 18 H Consumption 40 44 70 7.1 77 Inflammation of Luugi.... 17 20 38 16 21 Cholera Infantum 12 30 34 27 31 Scarlet Fever 7 43 32 t! 3 Mea*.le? n 4 12 0 10 Dysentery 47 18 17 II 2 lull vnnmion oflJ rain... . 7 11 6 8 4 Cionp 7 10 12 6 11 Total mortality each year. 426 456 473 363 3#2 Tha pop' 1 it on of Lowell, in Miy, 1340, was 7,341 rra'es and la,740 females?total, 21,Oil. The population in May, 1844, was 7,43-2 msles, 16,637 lemalei?total, 25,163 inc. oaie cf population in f*ur years,4,182. Notwithstanfi ingthis increase of population, lha number of deaths has decreased. There being f?wer the p^st year than in cry of the lour preceding yean, and #4 less in 1844 than iu 1940. Vet, during the past yvur, the mills have been in more active operation than during either of the four years preceding. The decrease in the mortality of Lou - ell, Dr. Wells attribute*, in part, to " the enlightened policy ol the city government, in directing the construe, tioncf common ceweti, and the enterprise of individuals, in multiplying comfoitable hibitjtions, the establish ment of a hospital, supported by the liberality of the cor parationa. for tha accommodation of the tick in their em ploy. The more gpi.eral diffusion of a knowledge of the laws of health, is also conducive to the samo end. The petitioners thought that the statements made by our city physician, as to the number of deaths, were de lusive, inasmuch as many of the females when taken sick in Lowell, do not stay th<-re, but rtlurn to their homes in the country and die. Dr. Kimball thought thar the num ber who rpturn homn when seized with sickness was small. Mr. Cooper whose tuctimcny we have given, and who is a gentleman cf great experience says that he hps known but one girl who, during the last eight years, went homi from Lowell and died. We hive no doub', however, that many of the operatives do leave Lowell and return to their homes when their health is feeble, but the proportion is not large. Certainly it has created no alaim, for the listers atid acquaintances cf those who have gone home return 'o Lowell to supply the vccanclcs which their absence had create 1. In the year 1941, Mr. French, the agent of the Boott mills, adopted a mode of ascertaining from the female? employed in th?it mill tho efJYet which factory labor bad upon their health. The questions which he put were "What is yotir age V' "Hew long have you woiked in o cotton mill T" " Is your health as gocH as before 7" These questions were addressed to every female In "No. '2, Boott Mill '' The committee have the names of the females interrogated, and the answers which they return ed, and the result is cs follows Ltsr op Giri s i* Boott MifcL, Ni. 2? Miv 1. 1811. IThcn em- IVItotr *1vc- jivtiaf'. EfftCt htalth. pl iiirii. i No of ragr tin tripVAr? l Girls. Jige. in a Mill. Imp' ! govi Not a Socd. v. n. r. n. Cardiac roomi?0 2130 J 2* 3 12 5 Spinning " 47 i'8 38 4 10 11 23 4 Dressing " 2S MM 7IJ 2 1G 7 Weaving " 111 22 98 3 84 19 62 39 Whole No. 203 22 85 4 29 29 119 To these questions, serernl of tha girl* appended re marks. One girl, S. Mildleton, fcrtd worked in i mill nine y ears. She says, " health quitn as good; hns not been sick in the time." Miss Proctor says, " hare work ad fourteen ynnrs; health a great deal belter; sick wli"n out ol the mill" Miss Lawrence says, "have been live year* in a mill; health quite as good; not a day's sickn*** IB the time." Miss Clsrk ?aya, " have been seventeen years in the mill; health quite a* good; hasn't hurt her a mite." The Boott Mill employs nine hundred girla, not half a dozen of whom are under fifteen years of age. In addition to which we have been permitted to copy the following memoranda, kept by John Clark, Esq., agent of the Merrimack Mills May Oth, 1941- "I havoascertained, by inquiries this day, that 1 -24 of the iemales now at work in the Merri mack Mills have heretofore taught school; and that in addition 3ft or 30 have left within tho last 30 daya to en gage their schcols lor the summer, making in oil 160 or more. I also find,J by inquiries at our boaiding houses, that 290 of our gin* attended school during the evenings ol the last winter." January 1st. 1942 ?"We have this day in oor five mills 40 females, including sweepers, and other day hands, who cannot write their names; of this number, 30 aro Irish. 1'he average wageaof 90 job hands of the above, as com pured with the same number of th? *c?.t writers in fhe name rooms, is over 18 per cent below them. All our weavers sign their names, except lour, in No. 4,tipper room' Kebruaiy -26, 1843 ?"Wo have 'his day in our five mills, 60 loreigners, 37 are Irish, (including lssweepeta,) 'The hours of labor on the 1st of March are less than iu February, even though the days are a lit'!e longer, be causa W minute* arc allowed for braakiaat from the Ut of March to tha 1M of Mptanbar 10 English and 3 Scotch, and not one hand in ail our wotki, under 16 yearn oi uge, either male or female.? Usual number of hands'emplo) ed by the Merrimack Com l.any in their lira mill* ia about ldUO females and 300 m?le?." There are many interesting facta connected with thia inqui*n which your Committee have not included in the foregone remarks, ar.d which we could not include without making our repoit ef too Tolumincus a cha racter. We win mate, however, in thia connection, that the ev'Jenc ? which we obtained from gentlemen connected with the .a weil Mills all goes to prove that the more in telligent and moral the operatives are, the more valuable they are to the employers, and the greater will be the amount oi their earnings. Your Committee hsive not been able to give the peti tioners from tlie other towns in this 8tate a hearing. We believed that the wholo case was covered by the petition from Lowell, and to that petition we have given our un divided attention, and we have come to the conclusion unanimously, that legislation is not necessary at the pre sent time, and for the following reasons :? 1st. That a law limiting the hour* of labor, if enacted at a;l, f houll tie of a general nature. That it should ap ply to indivi luals or copartnerships as well as to corpora tions Because, it it in wioni? to labor more than ten ho:irsin n corporation, it is also wrong when appliedte individual employers, and your committee are not aware that more complaint can justly be made against incorpo rated companies in regard to the hours of labor, than can b3 against individuals or co-partnerships. But it will be ?afd in reply to this, that corporations are the creaturea of the Legislature ; and, therefore, the Legialature can centrol them in thia, as in othi r matter. Thia to a certain extent it true, but your committee go farth' r than thia. and say, that not only are corpora tions subject to the control oi the Legislature but individ uals are also, and if it a! ouid ever appear that the puhlio ir.orals, the physical condition, or the social well being of Bociety were endangered, from thia cause or from any muse, then it would be in the power and it would be the duty of the Legislature to interpose ita prerogative to avert the evil. 3d. Your committee believe that the factory system, aa it is called, is not more injurious to health than other kindi oi indoor labor. That a law which would compel all of the factories in Massachusetts to run their machine ry but 10 hours out of the 34, while those in Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and other States in the Unien, wet e not restricted at all, the eHect would be to cloae the gateofeveiy mill in the State. It would be the same aa closing our mills ore day in every week, and although Msst achua.'tts cnpital, enterprise and industry are willing to compete on fair terms with the aame oi other Statea, and, if needs be, with European nationa, yet it is easy to perceive that we could not compete with our sister States, much less with foreign countriea, if a restriction ol thia niture was put upon our manufactories. 3d It would be impossible to legislate to reatrict the hours of labor, without oil'ecting very materially the ques tion of wages ; and that is a matter which experience haa taught us can bo much better regulated by the partiea theiiiselvt s than by the Legislature. Labor in Massaehu setts ia a very different commodity from what it is in for eign countries. Here labor is on an equality with capital, and indeed controls it, and ao it ever will be while free education and free institutions exist. And although we may And fault, and say that labor worka too many hours, and labor is too severely tasked, yet if we attempt by le gislation to enter within its orbit, and interfere with ita plans ,we will be told to keep clear and mind our own buai ness. Laber is intelligent enough to make its own bar gains, and look out tor its own interests without any in terference from us : and your Committee want no better prooi to convince them that Massachusetts men and Mas sachusetts women, are equal to this, and will take care of themselves better than we can take care of them, than we had from the intelligent and virtuous men and women who appeared in support of this petition, before the Com mittee. 4th. The Committee do not wishto be understood aa conveying the impression, that there are no abuses in the present system of labor; we think there are abuaea; we think that many improvements may be aoade, and we be lieve will be made, by which labor will not be severely tasked as it now is. We think that it would be better If the hours for labor were less?if more time was allowed for meals, if more attention waa paid to ventilation and pnre air in our manufactories and work shops, and many other matters. We acknowledge all thii, bet we say the remedy is not with us. We leok for it in the progressive improvement in art and science, in e higher appreciation of man's destiny, in a less love for money, and a more ar dent love for social happiness and intellectual superiori ty. Your Committee, thcreioie, while they agree with the petitioners in their desire to lessen the burthens im posed upon labor, differ only as to the means by which these burthens are sought to be removed WILLIAM 8CHAULER, Chairman. Personal Movements. Mr. John Tyler, the Ex-rresident, is amusing himself, with his young wife, fishing in James river. J. C. Calhoun haa adjourned to Fort Hill, South Caro lina, to take a review ot the revolutions in the political as well as the planetary world. Qen. Jackson was so unwoll on the 11th Inst he could not ait lor a daguerreotype likeness. Daniel Webster has gone to Marshfield to make a dish of chowder. Martin Van Bttren ia at Lindenwold raising cabbages. Wm. S. Archer has retired to Virginia to contemplate the ruins ol the native party. Oeorge M. Dallas is practising the law in Philadelphia. Henry Clay is ruralising at Ashland, improving the Durham breed. O'd Cui is in Michigan, looking forward to hia chance for the next Presidency. Colonel Benton ia in Missouri, endeavoring to form a ne n plan of annexation. James O. Birney, the abolitionist, ia in Michigan, prof testing against his n?me being made useot at the present time, as a candidate lor the Preaidency at the next elce lion. The St. ^ugutlint Keu i, heretofore conducted by T. 8. Russell, Kecj, as a wh g journal, has passed into the hbnJs of Albert A. Nunee, Esq ; who riotifies its reader* th&t the paper will in future advocate the cause of demo cracy. The ir.ouiaville Journal rays that" Mr. Wickliffe, late Postmaster General, passed through that city on tbe 16th iiist., on his way to Texas. He protest* that he goes on his own hook, and net on the Government'*. Major Brittain. of Ft. Josephs, Michigan, ha* been ap pointed to superintend the construction of the harbor at that place. $1:2,0()0 of the amount appropriated for that purpose last >>.ar is yet unexpended. Hon. Samuel Williston, of EasthamptonJMas*., ha* ?e cured to 'be titistees of Amherst College the sum of twenty thousand dollars, to be vetted in a permanent fund to be applied to the endowment ot the Professorship of Rhetoric and Oratory in acid College; and the trustee* have dote:mined that the style of the Professorship shall henceforth be the "V/illistoa Professorship of Rhetoric and Oratory " Amos Kendall has rf turret! to Washington, having tailed to make any satisfactory contract for extending the line of Telegruph from Bultimoreto New York. Varieties. Wc lura that the collection in aid of the Pittsburg sufferers at the church of the Kpiphany, in Philadelphia, on Sunday last, amounted to $400 Snow, five feet deep, is still lying in the vicinity of the Moosehead Lake. There are one hundred and twenty town* in Massachu setts without a single grog shop. The Br.ston Stock and Exchange Board on Monday, voted $-260 to the sufferer* at Pittsburg. The valuation of the propetty transferred by Messrs Blair It Hives to their successor*, it is said, will probably amount to seme sixty.five or aeventy thousand dollars. A letter from Havsna state* that notwithstanding the Governor's proclamation, several slavers have tecently landed cargoes of ilave* on the island. They are showing the Great Britain steamer at London at holt a crown (58 cents) a head, and realizing a very handsome sum by the measure. They have abolished all imprisonment for debt In Iowa, by the new constitution. Legislative Synopsis.?In Senate, last after noon, the committee of the whole took up and went through the hill in relation to Kerrie* between New York and Long Island, when, on motion ot Mr. Jone*, the quae ticn on ..groeinij with the committee in their report waa laid on the table. The same committee reported prorreea on a few ether bills. The report of the committee ot the whole on the bill relatir-; to tbe New York and Brooklyn Ferries was then sgrcsd to and the bill ordered engrossed for a third reeding. In the Assembly, yrcterday afternoon, the convention hill was taken up "*nd discussed, when at about 9 o'clock, the H.mse took a recen until ?J o'clock. The discussiou was then resumed and continued until near 13 o'clock, P. M.. when the House adjourned. This raorniog, in pursuance to a previous order, imme diately after th? reception of petitions, and the repert of committee*, the queation was taken on tbe teveral amend ment* proposed to the bill of Mr. Crain, and they were rejecte'l. The bill then, substantially the same as wa* in troduced by that gentleman, was ordered to a third read ing. The New York and Erie Railroad hill bail its third reading and was passed, as was the bill in relation to the I.ong Island Railroad, when the House took a recess till 3^ e clock, P. M.?Jllbany Jltlas, dpril M. Wrath mi ani> Rivihs at the West ?The wea ther has been warm and truly delightful for r few day * pa*t. The Wapello from the Missouri river, reporta it falling at Glasgow, with about 6 feet water in the chan nel. Thelfncle Toby, from Galena, report* the Upper MiasUaippi rising and 4J feet water large on the Lower Rapids The Panama, from Peru, reports the Illinoiariv er falling with four f< et water en Beardstown Bar. At thi* point, the river fell about an inch yesterday, but it we* nearly at a stand last evening. There ta about 0 feet water on the hir* ,ielow. The Missouri river I* again failing rapidly; hut will be navigable for a few daya, and perhaps during the season. Information received at Fort Leavenworth, represents that there was now to the depth ot four feet on the plains, and a* soon aa this melts there will be an abundance of water ?Bt. Louis Rtj>ul>li\ ran, Jlpril 14. ? Sitddrn Death.?Thomas Pollard, of Boston, vny t stimable gentleman,staying temporarily here for hi* health, suddenly ruptured a bloed veasel about 9 o'clock yesterday morning, while ascending the stair rasn at the Powhattan House, and immediately breathe 1 his last from excessive hemorrhage He waa about Aft or 00 years of age, and by bis mild, gentlemanly deportment had endeared himtrli to all who had the nleuure ef his aeqmaintanoe ? Rithmtnd Timw, April SB.