Newspaper of The New York Herald, 9 Mayıs 1845, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 9 Mayıs 1845 Page 7
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Twenty-Ninth Anniversary of the American Bible Society, Large as id always the attendance at the anniver f *1'??* important Society, an increased au i!m of former years, attended the annual " i ? i .terday. This took place at 10 o'clock, . . r, ? 'abernacle,which became entirely full i i .'lutes previous to the time of com a short time after the business began, the plutform and ev?ry commodious use, became inconveniently thronged, 'if uorable position of the reporter'# table, t ... .. i, ia on the platform, in the rear of the 1 i ? Jered what wua said frequently inaudi ble. The services began in the usual form with sing ing,|>rayer and reading the scriptures, by the Kev. Mr.Mt. nnA*. The President's address was not heard at the reporters' table, owing as well to the low voicc in which he addressed the assembly as to the bad l>onition of the table. The re|>ort, in taking a review of the past pro teed ings of the Society, alluded in feeling terms to the lamented demise of the Kev. Dr. Mihior, and John Pintard, L.L. D., both of whom had acted in the capacity of Secretaries of the Society. Seventy new auxiliary societies have been added, the majori ty of which are county societies; four hundred and seventy-five new life directors and members hud been added also. In the couree of the year, there have been issued 120,002 bibles and testaments from the dejiository, not including those printed at the cx )M>nse of the Society abroad, being an increase of 111.510 over the issue of the year preceding, and making an aggregate, since the beginning of the So ciety's labors,Jof 4,013,352 copies of the word. These books have gone into every State and territory of the Union and Canada, Texas, West India Islands, Mexico. Brazil, Buenos Ayres and Greece. Fifteen hundred modern Greek new testaments, and #500 worth of other books have been granted to the Bap tist mission there. A new bourgeoise bible, a new French and a Spanish Testament have been pub lished, and a Bible in raised letters for the blind is going to press, to which the Massachusetts Bible Society has contributed live hundred dollars, and George Douglass, Esq., of Long Island, a like sum. This edition is undertaken to supply the wants of if blind at a large expense, being in five quarto volumes and printed only on one side. Seventeen Bgents have been employed by the so ety, of which nine have been in that ca|>acity for le whole, and eight for part of the year. The present number is fourteen, and are only sent where their services are indispensible. The Kev. S. H. Calhoun has closed his agency in the Levant and sturted as a missionary on Mount Lebanon. During the period of the labors of this gentleman in those countries where the word of Goa was first given? 00.000 Bibles and Testaments have been circulated. The total receipts from all sources are $l(>6,f>52 ; bi ing an increase of $12,212 over the preceding year. All this has been expended, and a debt of $11,00# for |W|>er8 and other liabilities has been con structed. Among the various items of expenditure ,?s one of $13,792 87 for publishing the Scriptures abroad?in France, Turkey. Switzerland. Syria, Persia, Northern India, and the Sandwich Islands. The Kev. Dr. Bi-ack of Pennsylvania, rose to otter the first resolution,, which reads i Resolved, That the reiiort, an abstract of which has now been read, l>e adopted. He observed that God had provided means by which sinners are to be saved ; had revealed how < Jod can be juet and the justifier of those who be lieve in him. Under the auspices of the society this news had been conveyed to distant lands ; the -ople who sat in darkness had seen a great light, ?id to those dwelling in the region of the Bhadow of death, life is sprung up. The Bible is of God, and the time is coming when it will travel to the utmost ends of the earth ; and when the whole of the East and of the West will feel its influence and be blessed with its perusal. The Rev. Mr. Shkldon, one of the Society Agent*, ?seconded the resolution. One point in the report was of paramount importance, and that was the efforts making in the West to promote the circulation of the Biblo?ana, to their brethren in the West, that all their thoughts and struggles should be directed to sustaining of religion by tho propagation of Bible Societies. Vet thero was some ground lor snying that this was not done. There was yet a great lack of the Holy Scriptures in the West; iu one county nlone, containing forty thousand inhabi tants, lie knew it to l>o a fact, that there were one hun dred protcstant parishes where, during the past year of the prcacliing of the word of God, only one sermon hos been preached in favor of tho Biblo cause, and only one dollar contributed?whilst in that county no less than five hundred fumiles wero without a Bible, and many who could not read them. He had been engaged in the work for years, and so onerous was tho burthen.tnat he was almost crushod by the various duties devolving upon him in that relation, lie wished to acknowledge his gratitude on behalf of his brethren in tho valley of the Mississippi, and of the West in general, for the aid lent them by this So ciety, and he knew that that example of liberality would not be lost, for already they had begun to raise means and they could go on, and notwithstanding the efforts of the Home Missionary Society to preach tne word, there was much to be done, lie had labored in the missionary field end knew that to face the foes of religion without being armed with the word of (lod, was like the act of hosts who should march to the field against the enemy without arms or ammunition. Tho word of Ood is the only am munition for the West. Argument might do at the Kast perhaps?argument such as a philosophic mind and clear intellect could produce?but in the West, Gou's word alone is fit to accomplish what was so happily alluded to last night by a venerable friend?the evangelization of the people. Ho knew one township of six milos square, where the preacher had been laboring for seven vears, and did so all the time without a copy of the 6ible ; and when asked what he did for a text, he said he took it from the New Tnstiment, unless he could re member ono from the Old. How could tho word of (iod bo prcachod in such circumstances ? The ad versary of souls was abroad turning these things to account. A great deal of tho preaching in the West was lost, on account of the people not being able to go home and read the Scriptures. For the sum of $20,000 granted to the cause of Ohio, for which they had not yot mode any acknowledgment, he thanked them, and ven tured a prayer that they would not remove their assist ance ; for whatever was done for tho West, was done in the cause of society as well as religion, and pledge that 11 future the Kast had no fear of their iron hand. Before tuking his seat, he begged to state they wished at the West 30,000 more Bibles ; they wanted in Ohio 600,000 moro Testaments, in order to give ench reader one. W'hcn he heard them talk of enemies and obstacles, that mighty Babel, Rome, of which they heard so much talk in their city, was but one of the platoons they had to oj> pose on the lield of struggle. Tne devil is not yet dead in the West: lie is as much alive and rampant as in the days of the Apostle I'aul, who said he went about like a touring lion, seeking whom he might devour. The Popes, with all their Bit !iops, and Cardinals, and subordi nates, were not half, were nothing, in comparison to the other foes which w/sre to be vanquished. Human nature was there?Satan was there?and there was a strong ne cessity for a union of all the friends of Jesus Christ in the spreading of his word. Ilev. Mr. De Witt proposed the second resolution as follows:? Itesolved, That experience has shown tho feasibility, as well as practical importance, of united effort among Christians of d liferent names in circulating the Sac red Scriptures. In supjiort of the resolution, Dr. B. observed, that he took the placo of tho Rev. Mr. Todd, of Mass.. who could not attend. Theps was a perfect christian union in heaven, where were gathered all the redeemed from among men of tribos, kindreds, nations, tongues, and jtcople?from the different forms of religious association mid ecclesiastical organization, dwelling in pure light and eternal lifo, and serving their divine author in lull holiness. They had passed throughjkhe wilderness? they hail gone out from the different departments of Israel, unu there they were gathered not into tents, but into the temple not mado with hands, eternal in tho heaven*. But, the elements of christian union perfected in heaven, uru the elements of christian character here on enrth ; it developes the character of the possossor, and shines more anu more unto the ]ierfect day. Israel may have troubles mid perplexities, iu travelling onward through the wilderness ; but where oould they find so much security an moving on with tho Biblo before them us their only rule of faith, the spring of hope and conso lation, acknowledging that word as a basis of salvation: ;t wns sufficiently intelligible to all without noto oi comment, or the additions of man. If there were any christians who did not adhere to that Bible?the law and tho testimony, it is because the truth is not in them. They ha l sometimes heard of families, long separated, gathering around the lainily hearth, and recollecting that they were nil born from one common father and mo ther. That was the family gathering of the christian de nominations, who, when abroad held different positions, but who,when collected together wero united in the good work of their master. Mr. De Witt ended his discourse in m handsome eulogy of the lifo ond character of the late Rev. Dr. Milnor. The l!cv. J. W. Coon, of Bristol, seconded the resolu tion, which, he observed, contemplates the feasibility and importance ol Christian union, flow could that remain a question requiring an answer 1 With the Word of Ood was tent forth a spirit of inspiration that would make it the source of health and salvation to the distant dwellers of the earth. If there cannot be union in such a canst', there cannot be union any where. Accordingly there is perfect unanimity. I moon not to say that there US not points on which differing Christians may unite ; for the most determined and rigid adherence to matters oi conscientious belief is quite compatible with Christian unity of purpose. My motto is, the minimum of differ ence, and the maximum of concord?to be catholic in fa vor of the good, and Protestant against every error of man. No human institution can be without defect, but as little belongs to the American Bible Society a* any other. This speaker also closed hi* address by some remarks on Dr. Milnor, during the delivery of which several of the audience were much affected. Tho Rev. Mr. Todd, of Massachusetts, proposed the third resolution, as follows : " Resolved, That while portions of the Bible are so profound as to tax the energies of the highest intellect, it is matter of gratitude that other and larger portions nre as i nil) comprehended by the ordinary household cir cle'' lie oli. erved, that whatever imperfection existed in other means of doing good, there was none in the Bi ble cau?e. In other undertakings, thev might plant, and the tree would wither,?they might sow without reap :ng; but tho word of God would prosper and abide for ever. The reason they felt such a Joy in coming to gethci nt the American Biblo Society colebrations, was, that they Cnmo to render homage to pur* truth. Thev might as well praise the son, as Ttne Bible. The speaker continued to address the assemblage on the ltible, show ing that it wa* God's best gift In man; that it wns essen tial to n proper notion of Ood, who never could be known properly through his works, Ho doprecated the view* of those who magnify the importance of tho study of tlia latter, to attach too 'much force to human discov ery kud investigation, which, titer ail, were tho move t menu of men (roping in the dirk; whereas, one page of the lacieil volume would enlighten the dark miiiil, more tte* ? life* atudv of Uo4'a wvrkj. l'hu Kev. Mr. Scion*". of Albany, next addressed the meqting, uiul proposed th* Allowing resolution, vii : HesoIvedrThaf the beat interest* of the State, an well as the Church, are promoted by a free and wide circula tion of the Scriptures among all classes. In commenting on thin revolution, the gentleman ob served thut there wore two proposition! involve.I iu it, and one of which, viz.: that the interests of the State were best promoted by a free dill'usion of the Bible, though not Brhaps so universully received us the latter clausc of e resolution, yet, that to him it was as plain and palpa ble as the Writ. That it w as doubted, however, he was pained to say, wn? notorious. Why, he hail heard it as serted in the legislative halls of this State, that if the Bi ble was introduced there, so might the works of Tom Paine be also introduced to advocate any particular prin ciple. Those who doubt the im|>ortancc of the circula tion of the Bible to the State, do not discriminate between the Bible and ecclesiastical authority, and think the Bible is intended solely for theChurch; but whilo it is ii\jurious to the State that any sect should dictato to it, the Bible should dictate to both. He felt embarrassed at speaking before those who were so much more able than himself; he disliked talking of war before Hannibal. The topics advocating the distribution of the Bible freoly throughout the whole population, wore so nu merous, thut he felt at a loss how to begin. Ho would ask, what is the first interest of the State, to which we always look, when doubt or danger threaten or assail us ! Was it not our civil liberty,which, next to the salvation of our souls,was most highly prized, and was it not that we most zealously guarded, ana in de fence of which we made the most streuuous efforts. Our first element in civil life was the proper vindication of our individual rights, which were so dear. Next to civil liberty followed tho command of "Do unto others as you would be done by." And the Bible declares we are all brethren, which was another element demanding pro tection and support of the community. Tho Bible was the emblem of civil liberty. Legislators and Judges huve studied it most deeply, and also tho Kxecutive pow er, and in its pagerthey had learnt and practised fidelity i without compromise, and justice tempered with mercy. He would refer them back to Greece, which presented the finest model iu the history of the world of a govern ment, and which had prospered for a while. At least it had in it the elements (of prosperity, which, if they had been rightly oemented, would have gone on increasing. Had hor oracles been the sure record of the word of Mod, instead of the worthless aspirations of their juggling idols, she would have been preserved froe, but tho want of it proved hor overthrow. There was another period he would refer to as illustrative of the immense power of tho Bible to the State at large, viz.: during what have been called the dark ages,and where lu the history of the world could they find a period so fraught with tyranny, as these dark ages. Their situation was to be attributed entirely to their want of knowledge of the Bible, as was proved by tho immediate action and spread of intelli gence consequent on the Reformation, and tho doc trines promulgated by Luther, which he had learnt from his Bible. No sooner did the people receive the word of God than they became free and obtained their civil liberty as a privilege, We ourselvos are a monument of the power of the Bible to promote liberty. Our pilgrim fathers had they not been posseraed of this treasure, would never havo come out here and roarod our temple of liberty. He would refer to two oc currences, viz: our own revolution in 1778, and that which followed in France, at alaterporiod. Our revolution of'76 originated in principles taught from the Bible. Our leaders perused that book and it gave them confidence in going out into battle, and God had manifested his pre sence with tho leaders of our hosts, by conducting them to victory. The Bible to us in that struggle was llko the ark of tho covenant Contrast our struggle with that of the French in their revolution; they took what they call od the Book of Reafton for their guide, in lieu of the Bible, and it led them bliuded by its influence, to a point where victory was in their grasp, but then it involved both them and their victims in ono common ruin. Go abroad wherever it has gone, whether it be tho Sand wich islands or tho shores of Africa, wherever it may be, there you may bo sure freedom has been extended. This is a time when we hear much of the importance of educa tion, and how many efforts are making to educate people, but if we give the power, wo must also rightly direct it, and we need the Bible to educato the head. Ho under stood that within the last five days two thousand five hundred emigrants had landed here from foreign lands? he would ask how were these people prepared, coming here as they did, fresh from the prejudices of despotism; how, lie would ask, wore they to be fitted to be a blessing to the community .instead of a curse, but by the Bible's be ing distributed among them. We hear much said, now-a days, about the danger of loreign interference, but if that was ovor accomplished, Protestants must bear the blame. God has given tho weapon into their hand; if the Biblo falls, Protestantism will fall; but all machinations of fo reign power will be useless. We have the weapons, we trust we have tho heart to use them; we believe we have the ability and wo doubt not of success. The Bible is the substratum of all institutions, social, domestic, literary or religious. In its moral effects it operates on the comma nit, and saues men from immorality. He would not detain them in showing sueh a manifest truth as that prosperity depended on virtue. That book is our moral defence, and while wo are consistent in advocating its principles, God will prosper us. The Rov. J. BrAVLBion, of New York, then moved the following resolution :?Resolved, That whilo furnishing the blessed Biblo to all the destitute on land, we must not forget the destitute on the sea," aud followed with some eloquent remarks, aud many interesting anecdotes in its support. No one appreciates moro than 1 do, lie said, the nocessity of supplying the wants of the desti tute heathen, and of the great valley of the west. I have travelled in that region, and know by personal observa tion tlio extreme ignorance and destitution of a large majority of the inhabitants of that country, on those mat ters which pertain to their salvation, and the great ne cessity which exists of something being speedily and energetically done ; yet, at the same time, we must not forget the destitute on tho sea?the men who keep their nightly watch on the heaving waters?who brave the storms and perils of tho deep?who carry the Bible and the missionary to other land*?who, as tho agents of commerce, have made many of our merchants like the Medici merchant princes, aud who hold, as it were, the keys of the deep. Such men wo must not forget. When the sabre was raised to strike our gallant Decatur, it was a tailor who iutorposed, and whose head received the blow intended to destroy his commauder's life?lie peiiled his life for another ; him, and suck men, wo must not forget; and yet, this is put one of many instances of a sailor's generosity and heroism, on record. The sailor, though he has a rough exterior, has a soul like our own, capable of infinite pain and pleasure. It becomes us, then, not to neglect him, but to discharge the duty which Uod has imposed upon us, and rich will Ins our reward. You must not supposo that sailor's are indifferent to these things. Oh, no ! Only put the Bible in their hands, they have nearts open to receive the truth, and they will pri/.e it beyond the treasures of Ormus and of Ind. A shin hound to New Orleans was overtaken by a tempest, and niter combatting for some time with the storm, went ashore on the rocky coast of Kngland. The wind soon abated, and they were enabled, by fixing a spar from the ship to the rocks, to reach the shore; the men were weak from excessive labor, and it was a* much as they could do to crnwl along the spar to the shore. One of them had a bundle tied around his waist: he was asked on reaching tho shore what it was. " O," said he, " I have been wrecked a numner of times, hut thanks lie to God 1 have always managed to save this?I am afraid they are wet." The bundle contained a bible and prayer book and hymn book. An old sailor went into a store one day, and asked for a chart. " What kind?" said the clerk. " 1 want a chart to guide me to heaven,"was the reply ;"now do you understand me? I have lost the chart by which I have steered, and I want another." Put the Bible into the hands of the sailor, and it will prove to him the moans of salvation. Tho word of Uod docs not always need to be explained by a minister to convert the sinner; many a sailor, whilo reading his Bible in his lonely watch, has been struck with conviction by a single text, which was sent home to hi* conscience by the power of the spirit. Not long a(jo, a son of the ocean wandered into the Sai lor's Home in Cherry street. In the evening, the sailors assembled, as was customary, for family worship. Cant. Richardson read from the lHth chapter of Kzekiol?" The soul that sinneth, it shall die." His attention was arrest ed. and he began to inquire what is soul, and how will it die r He conversed with the Captain till midnight upon the subjcct, and in a short time ne was happy in believ ing on the deep. A sailor lay in the forecastle dying; tho officers and his comrades were gathered around him to hoar his last words; he held his Biblo with trembling hands abovo his,hrnd. find exclaimed, "let me loavo my solomn tostimony of tho truth of Uod's holy book} it has led mc to repentance? to discharge my duty, and now this beloved book poiuts me to Heaven, and reveals its glories to my soul." I trust when the question is put, it will meet with a sailor's response?an hearty avef The question was then put by the Chair, and carriea. Dr. McCabtv, of Goshen,then addressed the meeting?I will not, he said, present foliage and (lowers, but inter' csting facts. I believe that where man is found, there the Bible should be also, for it is peculiarly adapted to the wants of man?the creature of Uod?it will lead him up to tho living waters, where sorrow never enters, and the wenrv are at rest. Wherever lost and ruined man is found, the word of Uod is to be carried. It is in accor dance with the genius of the Bible that the heralds of the cross carry it to evory human habitation, and thus fulfill its dosign. What is the duty imposed upon chris tians ? It is te send the Biblo to the benighted, that they who live in darkness may be brought to Know and love the only living and true Ood. We may a* well talk of stopping the course of the sun through the heavens, as to speak of limiting christian enterprise. Tho character of the truth of Ood is progressive?the sun of righteous ness will roll on till all nations are brought to know one Lord and one master. There are antagomstical principles in the world: truth and error are continually warring: the power* of darkness are striving to turn us aside from pursuing the course which the son of Uod has command ed: yet Believe mc, we will more than maintain our own. It is our happy privilege to realire that it is far more bleared to give thnn to recci*e, ami that from our labor*, and the labors of those we send, the desert and solitary place will he glad, and the wilderness blossom liko a rose. But let me select one field of labor, which i* many thousand miles from here, as the subjcct of a few re marks. I cannot leach it with my hand, but I can with my heart, which yearn* towards it, for there my best be loved son is a missionary, ou I I would esteem it a high privilege to be permitted to Iny my gray hair* there. Wo call ourselves a great people, and we are, but China has more than 300 millions of inlinbitans, while we have only twenty. The province of Keon Shu alono contains thlrtj -seven millions eight hundred thousand people Can the mind of man imagine a more magnificent held of labor than this ? It is emphatically tiuo that they ate without Uod in the world; the lower classcs are degraded beyond the vilest in our own laud?their moral degradation and social depravity are absolutoly beyond conception I saw a short time ago, in the So ciety 's rooms, a beloved brother, a missionary from Chi na, und a j oung Chinese he had brought with him from that country. I went with him to the Museum, where there were a number of Chluoro images, and a-ked liiin to show mo his father'sgod. Ife pointed to a little ugly image, and said that wa* it. I then asked him to show me hi* own god. He said, " I have not chosen iny god yet." What an illustration of the condition of the pooiHe ! And yet I have heard it said, "The field is too large-we cannot answer the demand." 1 Theltcv. gentleman, alter taking n oursory glance at the uncivilized state of China, Africa, and tho great field that was open in these parts of the universa for the introduction of the Horiptures tho improving condi tion of New Zealand, through tho influence of the Uos pol, passed a high eulogy on the American missionaries. After winch ho proposed the following resolution : Re*olred, That whilo furnishing the Bible to our detti tute counti ymen on tit* [and and on the tea, we nm*t not forget (he mora destitute and benighted in foreign coun tries. ^I'he Haverwul Mr.>, of Oauada, followed ia a very elegant address, during which he took a fling at Poperr, < atholicity, |>oiii?h influence in Montrs al, Canada, ami the Virgin Mary, and went ou to *af? If fhe Bible wan generally diffused, it were a glo rious thing. Thin it a subject in which I foci a groat ileal of interest. It deserves the attention of every high minded uiaiL Out I must conclude. 1 feel I am in the midst of Anglo-Saxondom. I believe all that ia great, good and glorious is in that book ; and I cannot better express the aspirations of my own heart, than in the lan guage of one, who. though an Englishman, is Lho poet of all who spoak the language. (Cowper): "Come, thou, and to thy many crowns, Add yet this one?the crown of all the earth, Thou who alone art worthy. * Anniversary or the American Society for Me liorating the Condition of the Jews?A<1 dreMof. Ir. Slllledoler. Xlus society celebrated its rninivenmry lust even ing, May 8th, at the Reformed Dutch Church, in Broome street. The exercises of the evening were commenced with an appropriate prayer by Dr. Mc Ciirty of Goshen. Dr. Mii.uldoler then delivered in a very impres siive manner, the following address, which was lis tened to with deep interest by the congregation. MODKRM JUDAISM. thBt * ?u1"?mar7 view of Modem JudaUro wilt not be unacceptable on this occasion, I venture to present a brief outline of the tenets and views of that singular and interesting people who profess it. Judaism derive* its name from Judah, which on the separation of the tribes, included that of Benjamin, and after the capti vity of Babylon, was indiscriminately applied to the whole house of Israel?they were also called Hebrews, i 0I,?, of t,lc progenitors of Abraham. The rise of this people must be dated from the call of God to tha Father of the faithful. It was not however, till the giving ol the law at Sinai, that that formal dispensation was committed to his posterity, whiofa was thereafter to distinguish them from all other nations of the earth.? 4by their ancient history, which is recorded in the Ola 1 estament, and in the writings of Josephus I will only observe, that from the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in the year 70, they have been without a common country without temple?without prophet, or any com mon leader, or protector?and that the terrible predic tion* concerning them in Oeut. 7, 28, have for ages been literallvand fearfully fulfilled. Hence the language of Bos suet, "What have ye done, O ungrateful men," exclaims he, slaves in every couutry, and under every prince still ye serve not strange gods. Why, then, has God who chose you forgotten you T Where are his ancient mer cies 1 What crime--what attrocity more heinous than idolatry, has brought on you a punishment that even your repeated idolatries did not bring upon you 1 Ye , !!l' Yo see no' wh,t mal<es your Ood so inexorn ?? . i , l n reco"ect the words of your Fathers?'Let his blood be on us and on our children, wo will have no hi v^U^n?an C?.-ar'' ?eitso- The Messiah shall not be your klng?continuo slave* of Caesar?slaves of the ?,,0f,t1lle ef.rth- ti? the church shall be filled with the Gentiles?then only shall Israel be saved .? Whilst wo reverence the prophecies which predict these calamitous events, and silently adore in their fulfilment the inscrutible Providence of God, yet it is but due to them to state, that they have suffered more at the hands of man, from insatiate rapacity and false zeal, than for any crimes by them committed against the welfare of society A confession of faith was drawn up by Maimonides, one of their most distinguished Rabhies, in the 11th century in thirteen articles. The twelfth of these article* is ex' 1M ,'e.r0.r:L" foJiowi.n(J. viz " 1 believe with a M >'et t0 come, andal hl" fominK' yet 1 wait for him till ,e come. The modern Israelite cannot consistently with his creed explain that mother promise?"the seed of tho woman shall bruiso the sen?ent's head," nor that pro phecy of Jacob, which predicts tho departure of the h 8 < "8,VBr from Judah, and fixes the time of th? nf.?JTi !"!Tn0r ? symbolical signification of the pascal lamb?nor the transfer of guilt from a ?inner, to a victim substituted in his place, the shedding and sprinkling of its blood, and the burning of it* flesh upon the altar. Nor that minute prediction of the rejection and suffering, death and resurrection of the Son oi God found in tho S3rd of Isaiah. Nor that equally wonderful prediction in 12th Daniel. Nor that prophecy of Hagai, relating to the suporior glory of the Second Temple. Nor can they consistently with that creed, even account for their own singular, most bitter and long protracted sufferings since the crucifixion of the Lord of Olorv. Having lost the key of knowlodge ?f their own Scriptures, and denied the divinity of Christ and his atonement, they cannot consistently explain the Scriptures which refer to them, nor answer the great question how a sinner condemned by the law, ifGod true'J ?an possibly by justified at his dread tribunal. I ressed by the prophecies, especially of Isaiah, descnbing the humiliation and subsequent triumph of the Son of God some suppose there will he two Mes siahs. The one they look for is to be not a divine per?on in OJr nature, making satisfaction for sin, but a temporal princo?an illustrious warrior, who shall subdue his and then enemies, and reinstate them in their own beloved ? tI 'e 5ln?F ',Ince of appearance they declare not. They believe that the lost Ten Tribes will then be recovered and re-annexod to those of Judah and Benja min?Jeruialem rebuilt?Palestine blest with incompar able fertility?their ancient rites restored with the spirit of prophecy?and all nations turned from their idol* to the worship of the living God. A complete system of pure Judaism is found in the Old Testament, and espe cially in the Pcntetuch. Moses, the acknowledged --trior of that work, is universally allowed to be th< most ancient historian ; and it is a remarkable fact that almost two-third* of the world believe him to have been Divinely inspired. Besides tho written, tho Jow* have also an oral law, communicated, say they, by Ood to Moses?by him to Aaron, Kleazar. and JosVua and by them to the seventy elders. That oral law, handed down by tradition to tho Christian era was at the close of the seoond or beginning of the third century, committed to writing by Kabbi Judah , n%?desh or the Holy, President of the Sanhedrim at nberias-aud is to this day, with exception of the sect of the *ptes, considered as of equal authority 'he HolyJBeripturos. Tho book in which it is written is called MUshna, or repetition. Their Gcmaras, which are two in number, are exposition* of the .Mishna, and are so called as containing the whole traditionary doctrine of their law. Their Talmuds are the Mishna connected with one or other of these Jicmaras; and their Targum* are translation* of all tho Hebrew parts of the Old Testament into Chaldee, made particularly for the uneducated part of the nation ?i lr ThoZ 'J'1! h#ve liturgies, contain ing the prescribed form* of their synagogue worship? eiTe their- Sabl>aths?prohibit intermarriage with other nations?circumcise on the 8th day?and re deem their first born. Their males at the age of thir teen, pass through a ceremony somewhat similar to con firmation, being then declared sons of tho precept, and from that time wear Philacteries in prayer, ana cover themselves with a veil in their synagogues. The mo dern sects found amongst them, are the Samaritan, who continuo to inhabit their native land, are the only sect now offering sacrifice, and are rejected by other Jews ; the Saduccos, holding their primitive tenets; Rabbinists or ralmudists Inheriting the ancient spirit of tho Phari sees ; and the Rairites, who reject all tradition that is unsustained by 8cripture. On account of their sea Iter ed situation, it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to obtain an accurate knowledge of their number. In / i* thc>' are ',e'icv?d to exceed 3,000 000 of souls, and tin* remnant ha* been preserved irt a ire of persecution and suffering, sufficient, reason would say to have destroyed them, root and branch. f his fact a one furnishes a most powerful argument in fa vor of our holy religion, even in the view of it* boldest ad vcrsnries. Lord Chesterfield, in a beautiful discourse on the evidence* of Christianity, observed that there was one which he thought to be invincible, and not to be rot over by the wit of man, viz: the present state of Uie Jews -a fact to be accounted for on no human principle Jones Life ol Bishop Home, p. 332. All Jews sav the authors of the Universal History, feel the dignity of their origin, recollect their former pre-eminence with con scious elevation of charactor, and boar with indignation their present state of political subterviency; but com fort themselves with the ho|>e that their hour of triumph is at hand. Whilst they suppose they will over con tinue m their present views, Christians arc looking for ward with confidence to their conversion. Most Chris tian divines believe that they will, at no distant peri.d, reiuliahit their own land. Or. Priestly has announced their restoration in 1800, and Tabor on the rrophocies supposes that Daniel'* grand period of "time, times and a hair or I'JfiO years, will expire in 18?6; that the fol lowing thirtyyear* will be occupied in tho restoration of Judah, and other forty-five years in that of Israel ; I after which, i. c. in 1941, will commence the reign of the millennium, when Palestine will again bo occupied by the Jews. (Sco Faher on Prophecies, vol. 2, p. 258 2(il 304.) In contemplating the present state of' this wonderful people, wo shall easily porccivo that they have very strong claims upon our interest in their welfare. They are the descendants of tho Father of the 1 I faithful. Among their ancestors are found somo of the noblest character* that ever lived. I cannot forget that salvation is of the Jews. That "to them pertain the adoption, and tho glory, and tho covenants, and the givinir of the law; and the service of Ood, and the promises; whose are the Fathers, and of whom as concerning the i fl#*b L hrist came, who is over all, God blessed forever." ?see Roman* ix., 4, t>, A Jow moreover is a (tan. Hi* neing is derived from the same omnipotent flgsver, and his lile dependent on the same bountiful Proviaince with breathes the air I breathe, and treads the earth 1 tread; i* endowed with like intellect, am^subject to like passions of joy and sorrow, hope and fear; as such, he u my brother; he is my neighbor also, and as ?uch, I am charged to lovo him a* myself. If an hun gcrod, to give him meat; if a thirst, drink; if *ick, woun ded or oppressed, to relieve him; if a wanderer from (?od, to use my best efforts to restore him; not by rebuke and scorn; not by the terrors of an inquisition?robbing him ol his property-breaking hi* bones upon a rark-or burning hi* flesh with fire; but by my reasoning, my in reaties and my tears with him, and with God for him. F i n? . * also a conservator of tho scriptures of the Old Testament, and a living witness of their truth. He has faithfully watched over, and effectually guarded th* priceless treasure. He hold* up tho Old Testament, ?? u-miTi K i?n.Ci?j!e h,M rocoivo<'- and why he guards ? 1 ',eh?l<I^.,m in that attitude, and fix my eye work of which he speak*, I see lines of [ivihg it" glowing page*, converging, and ron oentrnting in the person, life, death, and resurrection of the ^onof <k>tl. If this people, as wo firmly believe an? destined hereafter to be foremost in building up the God Will be "a ^Isr-Y 'n'1 if their to ood will be a slrnai of emancipation to the Gentile world, we cannot but feel a most lively interest in their cause. Although tho restoraUenof this people, a* a peo ple, will, we apprehend, be so rapid a* to an.wer the descnption, that a nation shall h0Wn as in a day, and although we are unable to fix the precise time, or to de^ tail the pecubar circumstances of their glorious chanre yet we do know, that the apostles were charged to preach the gospel to every creature, beginaing at Jerusa lem that from the davof Pentecost many sons of Israel have been added to the church and to the Lord -that the slims ol tho timos both in Britain and on the Continent are lavorable that growing disposition is manifested In ninny places of removing their civil disabilities and in various other ways of doing them good?so that instead of relaxing in our efforts, we are certainly called to more vigorous exertions in their behalf. It i* matter I of congratulation that our (ountry ha* never joined in the tierce cry of their oppressor). This iiuit should be?for it i* infinitely more desirable to be the dispensers of GeU's mercies, than the executioners of his vengeance. Let us then present to them Christianity in its unveiled and incomparable loveliness?refer tlium to their own pro phecies?lay before them the overwhelming proofs that Messiah has already come, and that he has made that atonement for sin which i* contemplated in their sacri fice*. Let us show them in our whole deuortineut. the power ot ti e Gospel upon our hearts, and like the Good Samaritan, pour oil ami wine into their wounded bosoms. Having done these things, let us await with prayerful, yet confident affiance in the Word of God, the long d?. bired and glorious result of their ipiritual resurrection from the dead An anthem was then sune by the choir, alter which the Rev. Mr. Lili.y, lXmiestic Secretary ot the Society, read letters from the following gentle men : Dr. Pitman, Dr. J. P. Durbin of Carlisle, Rev. Willis Lord of Philadelphia, Dr. Skinner, Rev. Mr. Andrews of Troy, and Rev. Mr. Read of Salisbury, Connecticut; expressing their hearty ap proval or the object of the Socicty, and their regret at not being able, from a variety of circumstances to attend the anniversary. Mr. Lii.i.v then read an abstract of the annual report of the Society, by which it appeared that the Society for the past year has been steadily increasing in means and usefulness. That they have now a missionary perman ently stationed in Baltimore, whose labors have been abundantly blessed ; and that they have invited a dis tinguished gentleman, well known in Kuropo and this country for his labors of love, to assist the Society in its endeavors to bring the children of Israel into tho fold of Christ. The Rev. Mr. Di: Witt then moved, that the abstract be acccptcd and printed. It ii important, he said, that in formation bo circulated among the community, in order to interest all in the eft'orts of the society. We have reason to bo thankful for the progress we have made; not only in this country but in Kurope, is public attention be ing directed to tho condition of tho Jewish people. The Scottish and English Churchos have done much to pro mote the advancement of the Saviour's kingdom among the descendants of Israel ;and he rejoiced to say, that in a political point of view, also, their condition was much improved. In Turkey, Palestine, and other countries, they are gradually assuming a position whieh will re lievo them from the persecutions to which they have been subjected ; and ho believed the time was not far dis tant when the prophecies will be fulfilled, in the restora tion of tho Jews to the promised land, where they will worship in tho beautiful Church which they shall build to the true Messiah. The Rev. Sr. Johns then submitted the following reso lution :? Resolved, That the word and the Providence of God concur to enforce tho claims of Israel on the tenderest sympathies of the Church, and especially calls for the renewed and united efforts of American christians in this great and good cause. He said in support of the resolution that the time had come when the sympathy of the American people was deeply enlisted in behalf of the op pressed children of Israel. He then went on to enquire into the best means of carrying out the objects of the society. He believed that tho best means was the simple preaching of Christ, and kim crucified ? He had found this in tho courae of his ministerial experience the most etlectual method of converting souls to God, and he had no doubt, that with the divine blessing, it would produce the same result with the Jew as with the Gentile. There was a simple energy in the story of tho babe of Bethlehem, and in the doctrine of 5;raco through faith, which would enforce conviction ? le also believed that the publication of judiciously se lected tracts by the Society, would be a powerful means, with the blessing of Uod, in bringing the descendants of Israel to acknowledge the Saviour all sufficient? Now, he said, was the accepted time, and now was tho day of salvation?throughout tho whole world it was a clearly ascertained fact, that the mind of the Jews is being more and more directed to the subject?the sympathies of all denominations are en listed?the best men of the churches in F.ngland, in Kuropo, are preaching and praying for the speedy conversion of the Jowish people, and the time was ra pidly approaching when Kings and Queens will be nurs ing fathers and mothers in the kingdom of God. It was said by some that the Jewish mind was judicially blinded, and it was not right to interfere with the decrees of Pro vidence. The same arguments might have been raised when Paul felt such deep anxiety for his Jewish breth ren, and when, on the day of Peuticost, 3000 were brought to a knowledge of the truth. The resolution was the put by the Rev. Dr. Milledoler, and carried. The Rev. Dr. McCartv then offered tho following ro. solution;? Resolved, That the converiion of tho Jews is the chief means appointed of God, of consummating the conver sion of the world. After some forcible remarks by Dr. McCarty, in sun Sort of the resolution, a strange divine arose to speak, ut was requested by tho President to give way to Dr. Horschol from London, who had been invited to address the meeting. Mr. Lilly then read, as the cruiiential of Dr. Herachel, a letter uddressed to him by 60 converted Jews in London, who spoko of the Doctor in the most ele vated torms. Dr. Hkksckkl then arose and said, that as it was late, he Would detain them for only a few moments. This was a work which would prove not only a blessing to Jews, but to all nations, tongues, and kindreds in the world. There were some, however, who raised objec tions to it; it was his desire briefly to answer litem. The first objection raised is that of judicial blind ness. To answer thnt, he would cite one fact, eleven years before the destruction of Jerusalem, there was not a single Gentile convert, while thousands upon thousands ot Jews believed the Gosp&l. 'id. The great moral depravity of the Jews?that I most emphati cally deny. 1 have travelled far and wide, and have seen every phase of Jewish society, and I here assert as an un deniable fact, that the Jews as a body of people are more moral than any of the nations of Christendom. [Great applause. 1 Dr. Johns then rose to explain, and said that he wished to have his remarks understood as having re ference to a too prevalent idea, and that so far from en tertaining such an idea himself, he was constantly engaged in rebutting it.. 3d. Disappointment in the Jewish converts. He would only say to this, that the s*me objection would apply to Gentile converts, and that the greatest difficulty and stumbling block in the way ofa converted Jew, was the coldness, hardness and strife among Christians. He then narrated a deeply interesting account of an adventure in Smyrna, illustrating his position, that Jewish converts are true to their prolessioas of Christianity. The doxology was then sung, and after the benedic tion, which was pronounced by Dr. Johns, the congrega tion retired. The following are the names of the officers for the en suing year:? President?Rev. Phii.ip Mii.lkdolkk, D. D., and eleven Vice-Presidents. Foreign Secretary?Rev. John Proudfit, D. D., of New Brunswick. Domestic Secretary?Rev. John Lillie. Recording Recretary? Alexander M. Burrill. Treasurer?Thomas Bussing, and 30 Directors. American Home Missionary Society?Nine teenth Anniversary. On Wednesday night the assemblage in the Ta bernacle was as great as has been seen on any occa sion during the past year; it was the celebralion of the 19th anniversary of the American Home Mis sionary Society, whose efforts to evangelize the West have been carried on with much energy and success, according to the Report. The choir was full of singers; the platform crowded with clergy men, and the large area of the body of the house was crammed with eager listeners. The services commenced with a voluntary on the organ, after which a devout prayer was onered up suitable to the occasion. The Treasurer's report was read by the Treasur er, Jasper Corning, Esq., from which it appears that there was a balance in the Treasury of $217 54 on the 15th April, 1844; the receipts during the ensuing year were $121,946 28, making the sum at the dis Salof the Society for the year just ended, $122, 82. The total* liabilities amounted to $180,524 76, of which sum $118,361) 12, have been paid; the debts contracted and obligations incurred amount to $51,(MO, to meet which there is only the sum of $3,803 70 in the treasury. The increase of receipts for this, over the previous year, is $20,041 29 j of which over $13,000 were donations, and over $6000 bequests. This sum supplied the $12,000 necessaries to enable them to carry on, as during last year, with a surplus of $8000 towards enlarging its 6|>erations An abstract of the re|>ort ol the Executive Commit tee was read bv the Rev. Milton Badger, one of the secretaries. The report was, upon the whole, en couraging, and the openings for the efforts of the society had augmented. Nine hundred and forty three ministers were employed in the work during the present year, of which 209 are additions, within the same period. The field of their (labor extend* over twenty-three State* and territories of the Union, and Canada anil Texan alio, and the aggregate number of congregation* i? 1,285. Thirty-six missionaries more are employed this year than last. The exemplary manner in which the missionaries had performed their duties, de served the warmest support and sympathy of tho churches; their industry, their endurance of srivation, their devotion anil adlieronce to sound principles, were montioned favorably, and teitimony borne to the fruit* which are produced by their miniitry. The extension of Sunday school instruction in the missionary churches had been promoted; the number of pupils amounts to 60,000, nnd the cause of temperance had been so well fos tered. that 107,000 persons were pledged to abstinence principles throughout their congregations. Rev Joseph S. Clark, of Boston, proposed the first resolution " That the report now read be adopted." He had watched the society from its begiulng, and read all its annual reports, each of which were more interesting titan the preceiliug, and the presont as a testimonial of Christianlbenevolence was more so than all. I told them of an increase of 40,000 over last year, but better still of an increase of 38 in the Ministers of the Oospel, preach ing salvation. Mr. C. continued at length to describe the excellent efforts of the ministry in the West, ami made a striding contrast between what the society found it, and what it is now. The Rev. Josnrii P. Thompson, of New York, followed in support of the following resolution : " Resolved, That tho influence which the Protestant Missionary exerts over the organization and general welfare of society in the West, entitles him to the confidence and support of not only tho Christian but the patriot" A very long address followed, of the genuine anti-ropery, prescriptive charac acter; the energetic effort*; tnc sums of money; the systematic endeavor* of the Church of Rome to bring the whole continent under their tyranni cal rule, were enlarged upon in very strong language, and that creed designated as degrading, corrupt ing, and Inimical to civil nnd social liberty ; its clergymen inferior in moral* and in education to those of tho Evangelical sects; and as the students of Den's The ology, demoralized in mind, and every thing that should deter from an interview with them at the Confessional. The address was received with warm applause. Another hymn having been performed by the choir, addressess were made by the Rev. Asa T. llopkins, of Bitff'alo, and the Rev. Lvman Reecher, of Lane Seminary, Ohio, w hen the proceedings closed with a chaunt, ''go teach all nations," and the benedicUoq Klevcntli Anulversay of tht American Fe male Moral Reform Moclrty. Titta society iHfl on Wednesday evening to eele liwte tlie anniversary of the eleventh year of their existence. A large number of amiable, pious look ing ladies and enerable, vworthy men were in at tendance. Th^ meeting was opened with prayer by the Kev. N. Hangs, D. D. After the sinking of un ode, composed for the occasion by the choir, the treasurer's re|K>rt was read?by which it appeared the society was in a flourishing condition. The amount of cash received for the Anaucial year ending April 30th, 1845, was $6?90 06 Amount expeuded for publishing, editor* and lecturers' salary, Itc., was 6325 01 Leaving a balance on hand of $496 06 The annual report of the Board of Managers was now read by Captain Eaton, of which we give an abstract. The labors of the i?ust year have been attended with increased prosperity and encouragement; and the Board would ascribe praise, to God, to whom alone it belongs. The Board lias not as heretofore been straitened in their efforts. Once the press scarce noticed the society, only to vilify; now many secular and religious journals exert an exten. sive influence in behalf of purity. The Advocate of Moral Reform has been sustained as usual?has had an average circulation of some twelve thousand copics Cer number. Seventy-three thousand pages of tracts ave been published during the year. Nine editions of the " tVa/ks of Utefulncu" have been published. The Board regard it as highly imi>ortant to the ele vation of female character that the energiesof woman should be fully developed, and think that thousands of the sex might be saved, if some of the avenues of business now closed tothem, suchasclerkships in re tail dry goods stores,&c., be opened to them. Over a thousand dollars have been received from book sales, and a balance remains in the treasury. Early in the summer the city authorities were petitioned to place matrons in the city prison and on Blackwell's Island, which was done, and a great improvement in the in mates has taken place in consequencc. The Bethel missionary has been continued, and from their re port it ap|iears that fifteen hundred and fifty-two ves sels have been visited?eleven thousand eight hun dred and eighty-nine jmpers?also, seventy-seven thousand two hundred and fifty-six pages of tracts distributed. The Rot. Mr. J. PETTiao-sr, from Oneida conntr, said : That eminent divine and faithful servant of God, How land Hill, said, that three ingredients constituted u good speech?that it should be pithy, sweet, and short?and that as he often failed in ihe two former, he was careful to observe the latter. 1 shall imitato his example. He then offered a resolution, asking the co-operation of all "friends of moral purity," and expressed thanks and gra titude to Ood for the success of the Society. The report assures us that the cause is gaining in the public favor? rauchoftho opposition against us, we believe in charity, has beon owing to a misconception of our plans. It states that the press has become more favorable. Wo have been held up by the press as subjects of malediction-, but the Lord has answered our prayer, and its fulfilment now comes as a sweet odour to us. The ministry are becom ing more enlisted in the cause, and here we find ground for encouragement The civil law is also beginning to take heed to us ; and we will not cease petitioning wnile our hands have power to write our signatures. But the resolution requests the aid of the Pulpit?and, oh, what a request. It is not enough for us to let these devoted fe males go on unmolested?it is with pain and mortification that I say we have not done our duty. Rev. Mr. Bangs (groaned audibly)?God forgive us. Mr. Pkttibonk?I must believe tnat the apathy of many of our clergymeu is owing to their misconception. I Here a lady fainted, and was carried out.] I could wisli that the pulpit wero found earnestly engaged in the prosecu tion of this great cause. Let us be warned by the past, and endeavor to gain the approbation of our Savior. Go to Blackwell's Island. It was my privilege to stand there to-day amid the wrecks of humanity, and the lnrger por tion have been carried thore in consequence of tlio very vice against which we contend. And when I told them that tno Lamb of God died to save the chief of sinners, the tear of sorrow would steal down their checks. My friends, strive to create an interest in the subject of vir tue. Rev. Mr. Van Loo*, of Poughkeepsie?The law of love is the soul of every true reform. The moral reform enterprise is the application of this law to the rizuis of God, aud the crime and suffering of man as involved in the violation of tho 7th commandment. The greatness of the crime, and the extent of the sorrow and shame aud suffering contemplated by this enterprise, is the measure of its greatness. 1 had a dream, which was not all a dream?a dark and malignant spirit was suffered to spread its wings over this city, and children forgot their parents, ami parents spurned their children, and all social order was destroyed. I asked what does this mean?what is this spirit?this spirit is licentiousness. Unrestrained, it would produce this effect. Let us pray God that this foul spirit may be restrained. It is easy to see the con nection between vices. See that young man as he filches from the money drawer of his employer?watch him as he pursues his way through the streets?and as he nears the places where he should turn to the home where love and purity dwell, he turns through dark avenues until he comes to the house of her whose way leads down to hell. Nearly all the crimes committed are closely allied with the crime of licentiousness. Let me entreat you to per severe in your work till it is accomplished, and the earth no longer polluted by infamy and crime. Rev. Mr. Dowlima?I think it time ladies connected with a Moral Reform Society should be at home. I will mot, therefore, make a speech. I am rather of the opinion you would prefer having me say Amen to what has been said already, than to hear me make a speech. I can heartily say, Amen. rar.siDr.isT?Amen. Mr. Dowi.ino?I will close with a verse which was composed by a Sandwich Islander, and I recommend it to your earnest attention, and hope you will not forget it. It ia :? (jo on, go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on. And the meeting adjourned, after a benediction. Grand National Reform Convention. Speakers : Godwin? Owen, &c. Third Day, May 7th. The Committee met at 2 P. M., pursuant to ad journment, Mr. Hyckman in the chair. Alter some discussion, the call of the Convention was with drawn. Mr. Godwin then moved a resolution calling a Convention, and recommended Albany as the place of meeting. A Committee was appointed to corres pond with all Associations of Progress, to induce delegates to attend. Adjourned to o'clock in the evening, when they met and were addressed by the Rev. W. H. Channing, in an earnest and eloquent manner. Mr. Channino adverted to the present degraded condition of the working classes. He considered it indicative of a radical defeet in the order of things. Here, said he, in this land where we boast of free in stitutions?of our democratic principles we ure the > veriest slaves. Kven the poor slave of the South, down-trodden and degraded a* he is, is better off than we of the North. Mr. Channing then went on I to say, that he considered it the privilege and the duly of man, with all his energy of usefulness to ac quire wealth?that is to acquire what is renllygood and useful; anrl that, as lie accumulates wealth,Tie is healthy, morally and physically. In the increase of wealth is the increase of health. As a man obtains wealth he also improves his mind. The man who works?who chisels and drives the plane?who,stand ing over the blazingforge, wields the mighty hammer that moulds the implements of human industry? comes in contact with hard facts?solid, substantial, everlasting facts; and he foams to understand them ?to learn the laws of cause and effect; and just as he accumulates wealth, does he unfold and develops his higher nature. Man, from the perception that he is increasing matter,awakenshis social faculties; and as he strikes, lifts, and digs, he calls out his social affections. As he develones wealth, he has also a strong sense of dignity: ne feels that he is come into the world for some end and purpose, ac cording to the will of God; and as he accumulates, laboring and producing, so is he free, good, and tit for eternity. In thia city there are men, women, and children, who have no chance of getting wealth?no chance of being happy. If they do produce, they aee it flying away from them?the drones of society take from them the result of their labor?they hare neither honor nor profit. They know that they labored and toiled ; ?nd when they *eek the product* of their industry, it eludes their grasp, vanishing like a dream away. As society ii constituted, working men are but woapons, mechanized automotons, in the hands of others. There is perhaps one-third part of the inhabitants of our city who are able to live without labor. They conceive that the dignity of man lies in not producing wealth. This is , a most mistaken idea, as deleterious in its effects on them selves, as it is injurious on you. When labor is made no i notonous, as it is under the present system, the mini! is led I off from a knowledge of cause and effect?a man who is i thus prevented from (developing his mind, is robbed. : When a man is bound down by excessive labor, his so i cial feelings are destroyed, and he pours his sweat sul I lenly upon an ungrateful soil ; ami, as I said before, seeing the disappearance of the products of one'* indus try, is the very totalization of human life ; to be an in strument infthe hand? >f others, i* the deprivation of hap piness. Is any thing ? <ne f Every thing is done. Truth, [ justice, and humanity, are now marshalling their forces to conquer feudalism. In the first place, the democracy v Inch fills Kuropc ami America, i* tne assurance for man ?o tie what he is. This is the spirit ot democracy?tlie spirit of reform, which is every where working out the same remit. The causes of crime are not to be attribu ted to th? oriminal aloue. He is surrounded by circum stances? he oftentimes drinks in from his earliest years fhe lessons of evil?he ha* been deprived of education, ignorance and crime are hi* companions , and. therefore, it is no wonder that he fall* a vietim to the temptations which beset his path. And from the fact, that crime late ly has b??n directed more to property than person, may bo seen that property i* neither rightly produced nor rightly shared ; in a word, it is by cutting off the chances of wealth that crime is produced, and society soon will own it. The reason why some are, and some are not wealthy, is owing entirely to the chances not being equal. Take for instances man nurtured in poverty, and he must almost necessarily from the nature of things be poor. He thinks he never can accumulate, and he never will, there is no use to struggle; ho it bound down to the earth by all the circumstance* of hi* situation. Go to one of our capitalists, and tell hini that the |>ossessiou of wealth nil lento* the jiuKsotiuu. ol ? virtue and intelligence, and that poverty is the badga of vice and ignorance, and he will think you are mooting mm?he don*t4 Believe it, for he kuows better? pauperism is one of our social institution! and the only way to eradicate it is to give man the soil and the imple ments of industry,and then he will work out a great aalva tion. There are some who cry education?education;,' it i? a mocking cry. A man cannot carry his spiritual exist ence along with his material , he cannot educate while he has to toil long days and nights for a bare subsistence. The spirit of God moving among men, is creating a spirit of brotherly kindness. We see it in the various anniver saries and conventions which meet this week in our city, all having, according to the light they possess, the promo tion of the well being of theirTellow men. Mr. (banning then proceeded to state that he went with the association heart and hand, in the distribution of the public lands among the people, and gave his views of what a town ship should be, if the association should succeed in ef fecting their object. In the first place, every tiling should be in common, that ia to say, belong to the town ship. The township should partition off the lands, direct how they should be used in regard to the rotation of crops, Sic., and who should occupy them. The products of the common industry to be divided, and given to each person as they were useful, and according to their intel ligence, lee. be. All to have an equal chance of obtaining a sound moral and intellectual educa tion. Every man to have a right to claim and hia claim granted to the position in society which he deserves, and for which he is fitted?the township to make all transfers, be. when necessary with other town ships?in short, to be the merchant But the question arises, what shall we do here, now? Mr. ('banning then promised his allegiance to the Industrial Congresa when formed, but stated that a National Congress w ould not suffice ; we must have State, County anu Township Industrial Councils, in addition, wherein every trade should be fully and faithfully represented. He advised the trades to organize, and combine their influence, and also have such an arrangement as to knew the position which every man, woman and child oonnected with the trades, occupied. He proceeded to suggest a plan for a lahor exchange, and advised a system of mutual assur ance and life insurance, which were received very fa vorably by the audience. Mr. Channing then said, that there had been, in most of the radical movements, too much of the bitter poison from the tooth of the old ser pent. All this must be eradicated, for it did no good , it was a truth that every one would recognize, that no man erer benefitted his brother without reaping his re ward : and the reverse was equally true?and the spirit that should actuate the members of the association in their movement, should be that of universal brotherhood and love, orsonship to Almighty God. (Great applause.) Mr. Timms then suggested that Mr. Owen, who was present, bo invited to address the Convention. He said that the Reformers, and the Kouriorites, and othera, had been represented, and their doctrines to some extent ex plained, and be thought it was but fair that they should now have a chance. Mr. Evans stated that lie would very gladly listen to Mr. Owen, but .Vlr. Collins, of Skeneatelas, who was pre sent, had been invited to address the meeting. Mr. Bkisbani: lemarked in reply to the language of Mr. Timms, that he was no Fourlerite; he repudiated the name, he was an advocate of universal unity, and came to the convention as a man, earnestly desirous of advan cing the oause of humanity, and not as the representa tive and exponent of any particular doctrine or princi ple. Mr. Timm? laid he did'nt want to givo offence to any man, and he would have used the word Phalanxarian,only he did'nt iuppoac he would be understood. Mr. Collins was then called for by the meeting, and in the course of his remarks, which were general in their nature, and related but seldom to the business of the Convention?said that he had been a christian, and had to thisjday many of the prejudices of the christians about him, but it was now his intention to follow the precepta of Jesus of Nazareth. He had read a number of books? (applause)?and had made some calculations which re sulted as follows :?If the public lands were distributed among families of five persons in the United States, it would give each family a snug farm of 347 acres. He said he Knew men of great hearts?wealthy and philan thropic men, who arc willing to spend, and be spent in this great work?this he said was common ground where all philanthropists could meet. lie said the principles of the association would rapidly spread; ill his town he could obtain in a fortnight 100 votes, and in one month they would hold the balance of power. The spirit of the age'is philanthropic?virtue, honor, truth and justice is the motto?even the politicians think they must he good men now, and he has heard clergymen talk about virtue. Oh, the world was getting on bravely, and every oounty doing much to advance the cause of the lugeneration of the masses. Mr. Oweir, amid vociferous eh' 'Hn^, then t <-k the stand.?He said he didnt 3; v p.'ieli about the i ?ill ;n views of this asFor'iti.i,. It Keopiol to him, however, to be this?that wb ! >st I ? iret some\ an . those who have some want more He i svi ! een accujton ed, from the age of 10, tn look ->? t?, r. in n practical 1 ght, and he hardly thought ihr , lrrn a : niible one. Its foun dation was sand, a;;.', tb> i! 'iiijr v. aid fall. He believ ed 35 years ago, that rt no rnau luj.le the land, no man could give a just title li? it. There was no great difference between Socialists, Fouri"ritc?. &c.?they all had one common object in view, the melioration ? { the condition of the oppressed of all classes. (Cheers.) Mr. Etans then said?Mr. Owen teems to think that we are building upon a sandy foundation, and can do no good. Mr. Owen.?O, I beg your pardon ; I dont think *o. I want the society tc ro on, for I think it of great use. Mr. Evans then mado some further remarks, when the Convention, on motion, adjourned tine die. Lsoislative Summary?In tiii Senate.?A remon strance was presented from the Long Island Railroad Company, against the bill requiring them to fence their road. Mr. Denniston reported against the several peti tions for the reduction or discrimination in canal tolls ; which, on motion if Mr. Hard, was laid on the table.? Mr. Talcott, in reporting complete a bill to renew the charter of the New Hartford Manufacturing Association, introduced a new proposition in relation to the liability of the stockholders and officers, which was laid on the table and ordered printed. The Senate then proceeded to the third reading of hills for one hour. Among those passed, was that in relation to Thirty-third street, in the city of New Vork ; to re[>eal the several act in relation to the state Hospital, in the city of New Vork, (transfer ring the appropriation of $8,000 to the Colored Home ;) to prohibit the throwing of offensive substances into the Crotou aqueduct. The bill to incorporate the Prison Association, in the city of New York, was lost for the want ot a Constitutional vote?ayes 17, noes 13. The bill for the protection and improvement of the Seneca Indisuis residing on the Allegany and Cattaraugus reservations, was also passed. The hour having expired, the special order was announced ; and the Convention Bill was taken up?Mr. Wright in the chair, and debated between Messrs. Bockce,, Sherman, and Johnson, during the morning session. The afternoon was spent in Execu tive sesssion. ?? In the Hoi'sc, leave was asked by Mr. Young, to lay on the tithlo a resolution of enquiry into the expediency of providing by law for the repair and superintendence of the canals by contract, in tne manner of contracts made by the P. O. department for carrying the mails?the canals to be divided into convenient sections for that pur pose ; but objections were made, and it could not be re ceived. Mr. M. Brooks called up his motion to suspend the SOth rule for the purpose of admitting a motion to re consider the Rochester Bank Bill. The rule was sus pended, the vote reconsidered, and the bill passed?ayes 93, noes 7. During the morning session, Mr. Harris made another effort to suspend the third reading of bills in order to enable him to move to a select committee, to re port complete the bridge bill ; but after some opposition from Mr. Van Schoonhoven, the House, by ayes 44, noes 53, refused to suspend. So the motion could not be made. The residue of the morning was spent in the third reading of bills, and many local and private bills were disposed of. The afternoon was spent on bills re lating to the city of New York.?Albany Argus. Court Calendar?This Day. CeMMON Pleas?Noa- .">8, #9, 17, 93, 39, 30, Mi, 60, M. 53. CiacniT Cep*T?Nos. 31, 39, 40, 41, 43, 4tf, 48, 47, 49. Amusements. Ethiopia* Skrenaderr at I'almo's.?L#at.t night confirmed the opinion the public has upon all occa sions expressed of tho competency of Germon, Stan wood, llannington. Sic. to sustain the reputation they have acquired, and justly acquired, and to-night they present a bill, which is a "caution," to all not to neglect the passing moment. New York Bowery Amphitheatre Company ?t the Brooklyn Garden.?Friday *nd Saturday. May 9th slid 10th. In addinou to th* very Talented Company, the Manager takes plevuiri! in announrinK to the Indies and Gentlemen of Brooklyn that he has effected *n engagement with the celebrated MAN MONKEV, H KRVIO NANO, who will make hi* second ao pes ranee on Friday Kveniag, and go through with hit unequal led Act of Horsemanship, which has created the greatest astonish ment in all the principal cities in Europe. Notice to Persons from the Country?In yes terday's Herald, the attention of the public was called to the Opthalmic Dispensary of Dr. Wheeler, at No. 29 Greenwich street, where more cures of (of #uppoted incwbamle coses) hase been effected, within a few years past, than by any other Oculist on this continent. The object of that notice was for persons residing in the ooiintry, who may he unacquainted with the fact that there are few, it any, diseases ro which the human eye is suhject, that msy not be enred hy the timely attendance, skill, and care of an experienced Practitioner, whose sole time is devoted to Op thalmic disorders. Card?Proftssor Rodger* begs respectfully to tender his most cordial thanks to the citizens of New Vork, for the attention with which immense audiences hare listened to his defence of the new Scieuce of Animal Magnetism Aware, when he embarked in the advocacy of those rerent dis coveries, that the must expect to meet with opposition end vi tuperation, from the ign.iranl and piejndiie.l, he lias not been either surprised or disconcerted if the conduct of certain indi viduals, whose names it is unnecessary to mention. As tha cause of truth, immortal truth, is now triumphant, while the mouths of its traducers are in the dust. Professor Rodger* will deliver his last Lecture, for the present, in the Lecture Room of the Society Library, on Friday vning. the 'Kh in stant, on which occssinii he is to be assisted by Mr. Uiibm, together with his children. Mis* Martha "i.l Master Ok.-* eiperimeuts will be the most iute, - ? the series, a !'? feasor Rodgers is determine'' roily shall hi trovertihle. dinner*'* of *Veal and t .tehlng fold When, from siidilen ch" r the iwrspiration In come, checked, those i j escape by the akni Kill be thrown inwardlj, t uisea and sickness,wa tery and inflamed eyes, eness, coughs, con sumption, pains in vario. sol tne body rheumatism, and many other unpleasant symi 'oms.are sure to follow. Wright's Indian Vegetable Pill a are . most delightful medi cine for carrying off a cold, becaii .hey "Pel from the sy .tern all morbid slid comipt humors, (the cause of every kind of dia ease.) in so easy and natural a manner, that the body is relieved of all its sufferings as if by magic. Y our or five of said Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every night on going to lied, will in a short time remove the moat violent case ol cold, and if used occasion, allv afterwards, will keep the system so completely free from all had humors, that disease in any form will be completely impos sible. Hrwnrr of Count*iftit$.?The public are cautioned against an imitation article, boiled in sugar, and called Improved Indian \ eeetable Pills Tne only certainty of getting the rifht medicine, is to pnrchsse at then**' place, No. JWMJn-etiwich street. New York, and, in a^ rssei, h? particular to ask for WRIGHT'S bidian Vegetable Pills N B ? Btn ai' of *U -coated counterfeit Pilie

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