Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 27, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 27, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD Nrw tork, Sunday, July 47. !"+?? Ill n*n Pro frts*m In til* \l'??t enth Crnlut }? .'tMin-THf KilNoatl? rhf KI> ? trie Ttl* yrnp'i? Krer 6urcrnmriil> i l.-t the dust t n k an) su'ociting ii I' ? hi y!v i n i ave .hi ,.nd the Unim a -s ift's u u.i'iiu- me ! honor til it ir him not a iwrticle i I i. itcrest in Texas lands; whilst ilie posterity of pet st* i ve ring t reen grocer* and meritorious washei women dispute delicate questions of precedence ti sultry und swarming iSaratogi, whilst proscribe! an I disappointed in -a growl their threats of ven geance against Mr. Polk, and Cabinet minister form crafiy schemes of furtir* triumph and success I'ul nmhirion; whil-t learned savans discuss witi truly scientific obHeuity and blunder the explosiv q i dines of saltpetre; let us for a tew moments tur a-i lefroni the toiling, squabbling, and noisy crowd dismiss for an hour the questions of the day, and re view some of the evidences, wiiich on all hand crowd ui?on us, ?f the progress of mankind in th> present c-iiiury. The journuh-t who understand; liis duty, and the true friend of his race in ever 8 >h*r ^ will often deluht to reveit to this nubject taking fresh courage as ih'-y behold how braveh th ? work progress goes on. Wh-a w ' look hick fifty years, and contrast the present condition of the civilized world with tha which it th-n exhibited, we ran hardly recogniz in both eras the existence ot the same race. Even w ieie ?ve see the marks of u mighty and universal r -V.-1 ition. In government? laws? social life? con - mere ? manufactures ? in every department of hu nt in life Wi' are p esented with the tokens of a great a id beneficial ch mge. A new life appears to havt been breathed into the masses of mankind A tie* po v^r has grown up in the civilized world, before wnich the haughti. at and most des|?otic dynasties hive been made to yield? that power is an iritelli gent public opinion operating through a free prep? Tne criminal codes of the most important nations o' Christendom have been greatly ameliorated Hu manity and common sense temjier in greater an<! legs degrees letal enactments, and btrbarian cruel ty no lunger reiqns supreme in the temple of justice In snci 'I lite the revolution has been immense. Tin coinf >rts and conveniences of life have been mulii pli^d to a vast extent, and the luxuries and refine, me i'B of a high st ite of civilization, no longer tnono p ill Zed by the few, are daily disused more and more amongst the many. Commerce has increased to such an extent ? has allied to itself so many and in H 'vTu!nT,S' ,haJt 11 h>,S Chan^d whoIe po l y of kingdoms and empire.*, banished war, and rapidly uniting all the nations of the earth into h brotherhood of peace and mutual interest. .nH M !T bS7 thC Ch'd a^nC'" in ^is great *' muT r?n * F?rem0St ?????? Sen, w- mu.-t mm. thit wonderful of and labour-steam. The Mean, ?. u r " the?reilt "former of the century Uf'p,(J,h" of hum tn efbrt to an indefinite extent. It has annihilated space. Jt ha* 1 overstepped the hitherto insuperable boundaries " I na t ons, and brought far-separated portions of the ' - irih into immediate juxtaposition. It has opened innumerable new avenues to the enterprise and ,2,' " hM c ir,i'J "?? J f " m h T7' 'r I Ur' ",ei<""' Sh'" <?"' fr m th ? light of day. Spreading out like a vast net work over the whole mrf.ce of Christendom, rail I r<n is are a,comp!i>hing in one year results which would h .V- Keen well deem*d the h,rve.t of a cen I tury ln the ynnnzerdays of the world. To a y?ling. energetic, and wide spread country like this? so fertile in undeveloped resources and comparatively n y populated, this great ag-ncv of steam ln b **n of inestimable value, merely in its implication !. mo,,"s of '"'"communication on I md and w?rer i r tn ano.her. p-rhap< still more important fHd of l ibor, this instrumentality of steam is destined to produce ,n this I . nd remits of a magnitude which emnoteven be imagined The United States will one day b- the great workshop and manufactory ot n*rW?l "f mm,'r',, 1,M our soil. Millions and million, of acres are capable of producing the most important staples of clothing The time is approaching when within our borders w - s-.all elabo-ate all ,ho?e f.bncs which we now import from Europe. Th-n w,|| all m.n spe,d|I behold the ,rdn,fer from the -isles of the se?? Ih,. hem,.,,h.r.. ?f lh, w <|my ^ |hJ - irth. The cotton b de and the spinning jenny wi'l successfully fight th ? b .ttV8 Gf America. B it a new el-mem of m various power his re ce .tly b*en called forth to facil.tate an f render st, ] more glorious this work of human progress. Thar I the subtle and wondrous agency of electricity _ u \ Pubdued fo th? service of man. and daily, obedient to our will, works before our wolWh? S 8,7h'Ch ,he mrn of derations would have stood aghast in superstitious horror _ San ft as the winged messengers of heaven it con veys intelligence from place t? place-outrunning the winds, and startling even the philosopher bv the sub limity of its unerring operations. To a republic like ors: not like the petty principalities of ancient tim-f. C infined to a small isUnd in the ?? watery waMe ? o- ? paltry province, but embracing within itsextend eJ arms one of the great divisions of the earth ? such ?n agency as the electric telegrat>h will ulti th? mokPtr7whfT ?^'he 8UrMt sa^?u ?rds ? one of the most faithful and serviceable of allies. It will consolidate the whole people into as compact a mas as the population of the crowded city. A promptitude and unity of action will be by this means infallibly secured-heaven thus contributing fresh and power Jl influences for the perpetuity and spread of our glorious republican institutions. In viewing the progress of mankind during the I p-esent century, lt 19 mipos-ible to overlook the won derful advance that has been made in the science of Th" French Re,?Iuu??, |,ke <l?kn?,?| midnight. t ie mind of Europe, and the masses awoke from the ?lumber of ages. That brief but memorable era crowded with great events, passed away with all it, fior.or, anarchy, tumult and blood, but the ?eH Men sown have been ever since germinating in the ?oil of the olJ world, and stimulated by the influen ce. shed upon rhem by the Western republic they are now fast ripening to a glorious harvest of deliv e ranee and freedom. All over the civil, zed woild he gladdening omens of the approach of the ?? latter day o universal liberty, meet the ey,.. Vast re g tons of the earth, too, which had been effectually barred ag?n<t all approaches of Christian civil, i*. ion have now |,ee? thri,wn op,n, and , he close of the century w. H .,how th, myri ?, po at, on o Chi. delivered from ancent moral and physical bond a:-,shmng w,th their fellow men the blessings of I ibeny and knowledge. Such .s a hurrted glance a, the progress of our race The prospect ,s indeed full of hope. And hR l?.en the work not ol your v,?onary reformer-not ?f your idle theor,et-not of your assoC,a,,?? 0f f n*tlc?l philanthropists? but of the stead, |y ,dvanc ng l it-lligence and wisdom ot mmkind Tne|M. trmt who in any I tad struck ai tyranny? the sag i CM.u, legislator Who rep.., led a b?d law and enacted ?ne-the Tch^nt whose enterprise ? n,ht out some nPW shore-the patient ,?an of lenee t ie fdithful and fearless public joumali-t? t ie I itelligent freeman > a,..A ^ , Juurnunt'? the m tsses? all have' unued* and 'eadPr of progress. We of this land ? gr*ut wor'< ?Jvuncingirmy. <"*??*? .. o.?.h?dt,on-i? ' J; arts? in commerce? above all in free 1^" we ..ersevere in niaintauHng.hat po,, cThZor"'' " Staro. ts the Man "'-The JVationnl ,ntflli r*r? has a mortal column and a half, or thereabouts demonstrating from ? reference to that useful com m ,dity. starch, that the present prosperity 0f th . country to the whig policy Sothen the msy exclsi-n, m the memorable words o1 Beau Brummel, revealing the ?cret 0f h? iDCOm r able cram-" surch ,s the man f 1 - Canada ? Poucy or the Gotehnmcjct ? Co.iri rio.K or tub People. ? We not unfrequently heai ? sual allusions made to the annexation of Canad. o this country, in the clever offhand manner ii vhieh that of Texas has been accomplished. Thos? f 10 do so, intend to be factious, in many cases ,,,f We believe the practicability of annexing Canad i^ very often spoken of with great sincerity bv tt' c t zens. n the event of u war of long duration i w uld be, n mu>t appear to any rational observer t pe lecily natural result to see Canada possessed' b\ his country. But those who admit the feasib. it! ' <,Uf'|, amine Hri,isli authority there, must not re cessanlv regard it as a work of great facility T, pronounce a correct opinion upon the project, it ie quires the possession of a knowledge of the physica features of that province, of the character, the ton, and temper of the inhabitant., the influences, lot* Hid general, that operate U|K?n them. Annexing i i'lr^e section of the earth, such hs Canada, is not don in a day, nor without encountering deUy,'nnd dill ties c.? various and unexpected kinds. Eve. , *aS no e*ception. U,,w many years Inn ilowii since that countrv first was put on "the track it* destiny the bosom of this r- public. Ilow slow! it moved, what obstacles it art, and how uncertsi. betimes seemed its ultimate arrival at the final de ttnation. A'l this took place in a c-<se in which hot' iwties were willing to bring about the movement were disposed to o.oerate and pull together; and >. ? at the present moment it is not universally acknc wl edited that Texas is a part of this Union. I)ouf u certainly upon technicalities do sudsiest themselves to some minds as to the real position of Texas at present, and they are not few who even now wouh | 8 iv that she is still a di>riuct and independent re public. One thing at least is apparent from all this ; th< annexation of one country to another is a trouVle *ome undertaking, even under the most favorabh circumstances. How much more so then must it be, when circumstances are adverse, when at least one of the parties to the project is unwilling. Such an illustration applies to Canada. Its inhabitants are not in the condition the (>eople of Texas were, when tliey came in collision with Mexico. A few year u-'o jierhaps there was a vt.-ib'e analogy betweei th.-m, when at least the half of ihe population of Ca nada felt a s:ncere hostility to their rulers, and wou!< have been el id to change its connection for an) other without being vary particular about the term ?"ince then, however, there has been a reaction ) Owing to a variety of causes, there is a remarkabU . r .'-action among our northern neighbors. The dis. i putps that kept bad blood alive between the French rice in the House of Assembly and the British mi. j nority, came to a crisis in 1837, and expended their force in an impotent iusurrection Leaving the right and wrong of the question out of sight, it must be ad , muted that the cau?e ofthe majority was badly mana g d, and that of the government with energy and i skiII. A partial appeal to arms was disastrous for the ho|iesof the people, and they were left but one alter j native to endure defeat in sullen silence. j It is notorious to all who have been among th, French people in Canada, thut for three or four years I atter the events of which we have been speaking ^ they were highly exasperated against the British gov e ntnent. and it is also true that thisfeeling was great | ly aggravated by prejudices founded in adiffcrence or | rare and language. The habitants not only hated Bri tish policy, but they hated it doubly because adminis t 'red by those who wer-British in blood, language and re'igion. Xolre rtligiqn, nntre lung at, rt nos hi* w IS the cherished watchword of the French, and is' t > this day. It Was the power of the sentiment coi. t.iued therein that kept and has continued alive theii ptrtizanship, and it will be the greatest difficulty to be overcome by whatever government is in future to rule them. Those who talk of annexing Canada seen, to overlook this greatly. While there was a' strong tendency in the mind to look abroad for help and sympathy, the confidence re posed by them in the people of the United States was never strong, their hopes of succor never sanguine simply because of the existence of these differences in laws, language and religion. A large portion? by l ar the majority of the Canadians never forgot even ?n their wrath, that a sacrifice of their dear national ity would follow a political union with this republic and have made up their minds that it is !-etter to bear the ills they have, than fly to others that would b ? equally hateful to them. All this was quite ap parent to the government, and it- policy has been adapted thereto success. Since the death o: Lord Sydenham, who came out a* Governor-Gen eral With extensive powers, and who made grea> mi-takes in its applic.tion, the policy ofthe provin. cial administrat on has beenjnodified gradually, but ste dily, so as to conciliate the French. Sir Charl-* M-tcalf assumed the direction of affairs by several a -ts of marked liberality: indeed to such a leneth ? id tie go that those who were denominated ultra-loyali.- ts b "ke forth in clamors and violent denunciation ol the authorities, and persevered in the most unscrupu lous opposition that has ever been seen there. Upon his death, which was greatly deplored by the people of the lower province, [he present Governor arrived His previous public career Was in his favour, and he was received by all classes with a hearty wel come, but with a degree of repressed siii-picion He had a hard task before him, to please both par ties. A short time showed that his policy was not fully approved by either, but latterly he has suc ceeded to'soften asperities.jand give a better tone to public feeling in general. At the present moment < anada is. in a political point of view, more quiet than at any period within the last twenty years, and those who would calculate on the co-operation of its people to elfect a union with this country, would find themselves mistaken. Without any reference to the; admitted i-if-nority of monarchical instil* tions, no other subjects of a crowned head enjoy more liberty and protection than the Canadians Religious freedom prevails, there are almo.-t no taxes, direct or indirect ; they enjoy a speCie? ol monopoly of commerce with the mother country ; a great annual expenditure of money takes place in th* payment of the army and the construction ?.f military and public works ; their cities are protected by an efficient police ; their wharves are covered with merchandize which i? purchased by the con sumer Jtl per cent cheaper th to here ; the credit of its merchants and commercial classes is un bounded and stable ; and in fact, the Canadians are participators in all the advantages derivable from a connection with a rich and powerful country, and exempt from nearly all the evils that affect the'ir fel .low subjects on the other side of the Atlantic. To talk of an annexation of Canada with the consent of its p'-ople, at present, seems to betray an ignor ance of these facts; for, to assume a disposition on the part of those who possess those advantages to j forego them, and in doing so to do violence to well j known and deep grounded predilections for a mo n trchical form ol government, would not be even plausible. We pre?ume that none are so fooli-h a to advocate a forcible annexation. Were the coun trv r-n times as valuable, it h a question whether it w ul I not be dear at the cost a war for its possession would surely entail Military ?The Hertford Light Guard*, Captan |T II. Seymour, left here yeMerday morning foi I Hartford. The New Hnven Greys, Captain Toilet, had n I parade at 11 o'clock yesterday morning; they went j to the Exchange, and thence to the Ilittery. Thit in a fine-looking and well-drilled company, and in ; composed of very gentlemanly menibera., Their ap I pearance was very much in their favor. They left la*t evening to return to New Haven, and were escorted to the boat by the Lafayette Fu ifiiera of thia city. Manioc* ? We regret to hear that among the property consumed by th<- fire in thit citjr, w> n I '.he plate* tit the aplendid work of Audubon the i>r .nthologiRt It 11 Muppofd hid Iota will exceed *15,000. It 11 ihe more to be regretted, an the edi aon i??ued wa? very limned. They ware the re sult of year* of patent labor Theatrical*. Park Theatre ? ' To-morrow night will be repre sent<'d for the fourth and last time the splendid oper fM Juice. W* would recommend to those wh? lave not yet heard this opera, to go and hear it a once, as the music and singing are such as to renin terute them for their trouble, as has been well prove ?y the appl.tusesand bravii of three numerous an t i.?hionul>le audiences. To the arruy of talen ?rouiiht forth in this opera, we would mention a i:tot!ier inducement, the beauty of the sceneries an 'he pplendor ol the dresses. Castle Gabdem ? Few places oiler greater in h'cements to the lovers of music and lun than tin leli^litful Garden. The entertainments nightly draw very large homes. Ilerr Cltne, and' Messrs. C. T I'ar&ioe, and Dennison, with Miss Pray, witl h? i ldt d to the overtures to Le Domino Noir, Li Preiuede Chypre, Fra Diavolo, Jcc. <fcc , offer 'o> o-morrow night a very line bill, and will be attendei gain, no doubt, by a numerous audience. Vauxhall Garden ? To-morrow night, the I me of the season, Mr. De L i liee, the popular sirg ?r, will take a complimentary benefit, on which i c Vision he will be assisted by several very popular trusts. A series of entertainments in the way o> Imcing, singing, &c , See., will contribute to th? on i.-einents of the evening, which will he conclu led by the astonishing feats of young Francisco, the Fakir of Angelina. Palmo's Theatre. ? Next Wednesday night Mr C iamplin will take a complimentary benefit at this line house, iu which a great variety of entertainment* will be offered to the amateurs of the itricnl pet for* unices. Among the artists engaged tor that even* in/, we m y mention Miss Mary Walton, who wit appear for the first time as Pauline, in the Ijidy oj Lyons. By referring to the card in another column, Hie reader may satisfy himsell that the bill is such as to call upon.his iwtronage, and we doubt not that tht performances will be very well attended. The Shakspeare Society at London, have been put in possession of n highly interesting poetical tract y Robert tireeue the dramatic cotemporary of Shalt peare, and the author who charged liini, in 1 19-J with ? inj; a plagiary, which, until now, has nererbeen heari of. It wa? written on the death ol Sir Christopher Hat on, in 1 exactly a year before (iieene himself en i red It Consists only ol about twenty page*, and it will e included in the volume of The Shakspere Society's 'apers," now iu the press. " llenslowe's Diary," con timing of me uoranda of that eld manager'* theatrical trai sai tions belu eeu K>90 and KilO (a 1110-t interesting ,-eriod in connection with ihe hi>tory of Shakspeme and hit works,) u oa the point of being issued to tne mem bers. Judge Conrad, who is now rusticating on th* At lantic sea-board, it is said, is engaged on anew diamalic work ? a comedy, we believe. Mr. Maywood still continues to be successful in Woutieal and other parts of Canada. His new pieces il lustrative of Scottish character aie highly extolled. The Buffalo theatre is in a full tide of success There has recently been produced at this house Knowle* excellent diama ol the " Hunchback," with Mr. Jamison as Sir Thomas Clifford, Mr. Mason as Master Writer, and Mrs. Hunt as Julia. Mr. Mossop's Teddy O'Rouike i; highly spoken of. Mr. Potter's equestrian company are exhibiting at Detroit. Important to the Crows ? A most affecting dis cussion in the New Hampshire legislature, the othei day, ielative to the passage of a bill for the whole sale extermination of crows, terminated by the casting vote of the Speaker, in favor of the black Native American republicans. It was stated in the ourse of the debate, that the crows actually " picked out young lambs' eyes." Webb and Bacon had better then keep out of New Hampshire. By the by, how stun Is the interesting quarrel between these innocent lambs ! Milan i.y In ruuuGSMCit. ? The Richmond En qmrer tel?s us t iat "premature old age is coming over the State of Virginia." We father think that (h ? awful calamity is settling on the Enquirer. The ?* Old Dominion" is sound, healthy, and hearty as ever. These lackadaisical lamentations about the decay of States ? the awful wickedness of the times? and the unutterable horrors which are fast approaching, are worthy only of old woman and Rev. Mr. Cantwells. Rochester, July 24, 1845. Steeple Chase for the Rochester Post Office ? 'IV f - mentions Exentement?lndi% nation at the Con duct of the Jockcys and Backers? Fires, fyc. The week past has been one of intense excitement among the democracy of Rochester. In it, has been decided one o! the severest contests which it has ever been the tortune of our citizens to witness ? The steeple chase for the Tost Office, which com menced immediately after the Presidential election, last fall, hasjust been decided in favor of a spirited race. His b ickers having the fullest confidence in his speed and mettle, entered him for the purse at a late day, although he had been privately fitting for -ome time. His competitors had been in full train ing for several months. Gen. L , Capt. S , and A K A , were early entered and in good trim, and until the ' field" reached the winning post, it was supi?osed that one of these would take the ;>urse, but in this, as in all contests of this character, v-*ry many were surprised and not a lew disap|K>int ed I am but little conversant with matters of the '? urf ;" and might commit some errors in the use ol terms, Arc , so I will leave a technical description ol the race toothers better able to do it justice, and ?'ive you a brief account of it in my own way. The first heat occupied nearly the whole of the winter. Five were entered, of whom two be came faint by the way and "gave out." This stale ol tilings encouraged two others to offer, viz: ? the spirited one, and J. W. F. The "field" still consist ed of five, and the contest began to awaken consid erable interest. That the patrons of the ''turf" tbroad may know something more of these noble coursers, 1 will give a short description of each: ? lien. L , a fine animal, 15$ hands high ? dapple ^rey, lean in flesh, but being of Southernbreed.was thought good 'or a scrub match, but rather too old ind inlirrn lor a long race. His backers were prin oipally Virginians; but few bets taken in this viciui Ity. Capt. 5 , 15 hands high ? color chestnut ?old hunker breed? quite lean, and in rather pool condition from an injury received between the first ? rid second heats, which put even betting on him out of the question. A. K. A , 15 hands high ? ,ioney breed ? ccJ.>r, bright sorrel ? in yood flesh ind condition, and will be a formidable antagonist when a little older. His backers were the young democracy, and as his first keeper is an experienced VI. L> , it was thought, by dint ol training, he might bear ort'the prize ? tree belting w ith odds in his fa vor. J. M. F , a noble animal, the handsomest in the group? full 16 hands high? Color, brown ? lull, flowing black inane, and in tine condition, with i more thorough training, would have been good igunstthe "field." Considerable betting. In his legpiir at the loss of the race, he immediately com mitted matrimony. Last of all, the luvorite "one of (tie day ? the successful one, 15 hands big" ? licht bay color ? Bunker Hill breed? in good condition. !>ut thought of too great girth to run well tie was rode by Jockey Wain, of Ohio; weight pounds, ind upwards. The onlv bet taken was a half pint of Wolcott's best to a penny grab of hegars. To the urprise ot all, and the dismay of his competitors, he /allied the second heat by half a head. His frt> nils ?>aw that such a tremendous backer as Sam would ose the final h-at ? so he was posted off "home where he belonged," and Recorder G , took he saddle on the last heat ? gallantly distanced ?very thing on the course, and the judge*, (Cave Johnson, of Tennessee, und Medill, of Ohio,) i m tied lately dec ared in his favor. Seriously.? There has been a desperate struggle hereforihe 1'ost office among the democracy, ?no it was supposed that when the question was settled and an appointment made, the politic d cauldron would settle down and be quiet .Not so. Ifenr* Campbell, K-q , an ext-nsive liquor dealer, ha* re ?eived the appointment, and when the w?s re ce:ved here, there was one of th>- most tremendous com notions in the demo rnti ; r*mp - ver witnessed, fne ciMternation ot me fhilistim-s ol old, whei. Sampson sent the foxes and fire brands among the standing com, could have borne no com|Ktrison to it. The whigs "say nothing, but laugh." Anything that creates dissension in the loco ranks, "bring /rist to their mill " Some good jokes have alrearly >een Jierpetrated St the expense r, t the appointee. Rochester is determined to be n grr?i pUce, and iave h name abroad. Scarce a week pisse? but the ,>aiiers of the country are called upon to record the particulars of a "disastrous fire" here, and scarce a djy pas-e- hut we have a tire, or at least a tain darm, and a little smoke. The fire in Front street ast week, was one of the severest wlrch lias visited is for yeitrh, destroying much valuable pro|>erty,aii() 'a me laying Waste the lies! part of die lowii. ause, incendiarism. I'esides incendiaries, wi iave pick-pockets and burglars in abundance Th? odgersat ihe Ivigle Hotel had the "liylu w?ight"of neir wallets taken by some pet*on unknown, one 'i<jht lust week One individual was arte?ted, but lor want of sufficient proof h? was discharged Allintown, N. J. July 26, 1849. Exeitrmnt in t*e Village? Odd FtUowt Meeting. Allen to wn i*?n ancient town, situated near Bor lentown, a few mile* distant, containing 800 ini)ab tanta, two churches, two blacksmith shops, and tw I odors; fortunately, no lawyers. Most of the pe< <le are farmers, and at this dry season are deeplv (reeled lest the drought will destroy not only thei .ibors, but their anticipations. Yesterday was a great day for the people, such u Vllentown has never before seen. The Odd Fellow ?f this place, wishing to dedicate their new Lodg loom, just finished, invited tlieir brethren from th? urroiinding country to meet them on the occasion Accordingly, great preparations were made to mak? the affair us good as jK?s?ible. The day came ut lat< i ? nd the old and young, male and female, ull coloi iud classes, came rushing into town, from great di auces in the country ? more wagons were in to\\' him on any previous occasion. At 11 o'clock tli ?roccsaion moved lrom the lodge room, preceded h\ t baud of music lrom Trenton. The arrangemen' i. id been such an to reflect great credit on the Coin 1 1 1 1 tee ot Arrangements, a certain M. D. being chin n tn thereof. After pissing up and down the mat oad, so that all might behold them, they proceeded o the front ol llendiickson's hot'* I, where a stund laving been erected and seats prepared, the assetn ?led concourse was addressed by Stacy ft. Potts Ksq , ot Trenton, and P. M'G I'erry, of Pennsy! *atua, in exposition of the principles ol the order V ot having seen Mr. Potts before, I was most agree . bly disappointed in his appeurauce. Ills addres v?s a beautifully written piece of composit ion, grace ully delivered, containing rather more of the ornu ileitis and poetry than are UsU tl in such uddresaet I'he subject was the tendency of the pruici iles of the order to universal benevolence and char1 y. lie wan followed by Mr. Perry, in a clear, con cise exi<osition of odd-fellowship, its duties and atl vuntiges. lie took occasion to rep'y to the lions usually advanced against the Order, and tovin licaie it trom the "malicious attacks of ignorant nen " The town is divided into two parti**, those in fa vor and those against the Ord*r. The battle often wages warm, and much feeling is created. Whether the ail'uir of yesterday will have a tendency to liai uionize the parties, remains to b* seen. The towi was crowded with ladies, whose smiles threw ovei ihe assemblage a most agreeable feeling of pleasure A young lady presented the Lodge with a wreath ol roses. One thing, Mr. Editor, must be mentioned, as re acting great credit on the morals of this place.? Notwithstanding it was a ureal holiday, and wo mam liersons were present, not a single act of disord< occurred, uor was a glass of liquor sold at any place ?^o much for teni|ierance. A Jew i?edlar, in town lid rather a driving business during the day in tlx H.tle of his goods. He thought* it was a good spec The weather has become quite cool; and now (hose who a tew days since sought the coolest pb-c* to be found, now seek for the warmest. Thcrmoin eter, ut noon, 79 degrees. Saratoga, July 25, 1845. Fashionable Affair ? at Saratoga ? Petp into Para dise. I see your excellent paper every day ? but in vait look for your Saratoga correspondence. What's th? matter 1 Eli ^ Don't you think there is life ami gaiety enough lor you to have a correspondent sta tioned here 1 If not, you are mistaken. Saratoga it the same place it always has been, and a devlish sight better. This watering place was never more attractive than at present. Hundreds are daily arriving, ami the different houses are fast filling up. The Unitec S'ates is all alive with mirth, gaiety und revelry - IIerc ull goes lively as a "marriage bell." In trigue at this house is the order of the season ? in trigue commercial? intrigue gambling ? and intrigui Adam and Eve, are worked admirably ? the wheel ot fortune whizzes round und round, and he is th< luckiest fellow that gets the highest prize, or taster the sweetest sugar plumb. The U S. is the fash tollable house, or in other words the house of fash ion. Here may be seen the millionaire with a love ly daughter hanging on his arm, promenading the piazza in lorcly strides, assuming the airs thai wealth is always supposed to give a man. If tin wealth is honestly acquired it is all well enough; i obtained oi-honestly the assumption g?es for nought I'he sting of h guilty conscience sears the boson tnd harrows the soul, and leaves no peace of mind One may retire from the busy hum of a city anc ?i-ek |>eace of mind amid the beautiful groves ot Saratoga ? but alas ! even there no content is to b? lound. The summer wind, as it sends its whisi er i ngs through the forest trees, speaks in a voice of thunder to a guilty conscience; the bubbling water proclaim it to him, and the enchanting music of Ole Mull's violm bills him into monv-ntaiy forgetfulnees. only to awaken him again in increased misery o! thought. Here may be jeen the fortune hunters. X miblers, musicians, barbers, steamboat Captains. l?ody servants, hotel kee(>ers, milliners, cooks, and lottery ticket pedd I.- rs, all in a conglomerate mass, 'onstitutiiig to the eve of an observer the most "mctb y crew" the tje ever beheld, or the human mind can eontempUte. Ole Hull, the violinist of the age, gave a concert 'ast evening at the U. S. which was well attended. \mom* the distiriguisneij persons present we re marked his I ft nor Chancellor Reuben H. Wal worth. The weather here is quit* cold. The Eiplutiou Again, May it hi" asked of your correspondent "CI." how many different "explosions," or "iu.-tanf an^o"" combustions" he supposes an individual mass of iunpowder would make when ignited] J)oes lie ??upi>os?* it would make two or three 1 II lie does, lie shou'.d have stated such suppos ition to complete his hyiK)thei-is ol yesterday as to the explosion ut Crock er vV Warren's store. It must be apparent that if an undivided mass of gunpowder would make but one explosion, an undivided mass of saltpetie converted intogunpowder, in the manner he argues, (which I very plausilbe) would m ike but one explosion. Let ii also be inquired ol "C." il the presence of saltpetre n 'hat store proves conclusively to his mind the ab seence of gunpowder, manufactured otherwisetnan b\ the process he supposes] One mLht bf led to believe it did, from his article ol yesterday To my mind, it brings no such conviction, for I do believe it |hjbsi ble that both might have been there at one and th< same tifne. The facts, as stated by eye witnesses, and others, are sufficient to satisfy any one that not only saltpetre and the other articles contended for b\ "C." were there, but gunpowder also was there. It is admitted on all hands, that there were two or three different explosions. Ab I have asked above, would "C.V' beautiful theory account for mort than one ! Not as he has stated it, at all events ? Add to the tact of the several explosions, the thsti mony of (I think) the foreman of No. 22 fire engine If 1 recollect rightly the language of the card t? which I refer, "the air (previous to the explosion) seemed filled with burning balls of saltpetre, which were being constantly thrown out of th> burning building like the constant firing of n ship't broadside." This appearance was while the sail petre was burning, and we may suppose caused M it; and lam inclined to believe that ih? facts of it being burning in that way, lends to discredit of ii self the supponition that it w is the saltpetre cans' ( the exp'o-ion With th"*e facts, let us 9'i,>pose i case while this burning ("C." would call it explo sion by particles, I suppo-e) of the saltpetre is goin on, (and presenting the appearance* described), tl ? fire!* readies n keg of gunpowder, which we wil -oppose to have been there, and it explodes, and b> means of tine explosion some thirty er forty oil* kegs, which we will also suppose to he stored then anil thev very n itttrally on being opened and findinr themselves in such company, go off too, and take the whole street with them, scattering the burning salt(ietre, and spreading the conflagration in ?-ver\ ilirt-ction, Hsdid the explosion ?t the late fire.? There, you have mv tlieo.y? compare it with "C.s' whose is the best ? " C." evulences a good mind, and a bett'-r heart but he should wrttr caieliilly liveryuodv's judg ment is not led astray by th'*ir feelings of pity for any one. If he wirhes to arrive at a just conclu sion, instead of considering all that saltpetre might do, under every supinations concatenation of cir cumsUnces. lie should satisfy himself as to whether or not it cou'd, in all liuman probability, be a credi ble story, th it saltjietre was the cause of the explo gion (or explosions) at the late fire. He should cm - sider his theory in connection with the f.icta of th Cist-, and observe its application No theorizing however ? indeed, nothing will ever silence th> complaints of any reflecting man in the community, uril'.-is Crocker and W.irn-n bring forward living witnesses, who knew tfie contents of their store, ind who will swear that there was no gunpowde there ; and till they do so, m ny will notice th omission, and each draw his own conclasion. C. S. Nrw Mexico ? The Irulrpenrlenft Erpnntor ha> a letter liom Taos, New Mexico, of May lOtb; the w riier ?ay? : ? since I la*t wrote to you, Martinet , the late Oovemoi *ent by Santa Ann* to plunder New Mexico, Iih* bee removed from ottirc by the new < entrnl Arimiriiatration, in I him dep :irted with one hundred thousand dollar* in his porketa, the proceed* of a single year of e\toition lone' harvea, ? citizen ut New Mexico, h clever mm. |d?u>ihla umn. i* hi* aiic.cns?or. f'diaive* i? liimocK I'i iend of annexation to thn tinted Stales, mid ?u< h i now the general Icebnir anions*' Hie wellltliy hiiiI inlln en'iel ?Itr/eim a? na* hem'.olore bien the i a*e with tin ^??n ral population The writer *ay? tliat the rattle M-o'e h*> hern entirel* ? .ooyed b? the Indian*, thai a few "Intell ((?? t Amen' an*" would aonn ron?e tl.o inhabitant* >uid that tna I, 'old dlgjiiiK thia aeaion in the ne>ghtierliood of Hants l-e lias yielded I 4),<X>0el fralna, 10m* lump* of pure me tal having equalled ISO V to value Novrmfnt* of TrtTellcn. The travailing wu not quit* so brisk y esterdar as her* ofora. There wm, neve theleii, sufficient to AH the bo elt, although not ai usual. to overflowing. We (bum !ie following on the registries of the Am ebican ? R. C. Stockton, N. O.; A. A. Bessy, do; C V.. Lawlard, Geo.; O. H. Lord, Bolton; J. A. Rockwell Norwich: G. J. Townseud, N. H.; H. L. Lansing, Vtica it B WaldroD, U. 8. A.; H. Newcomb, Louisville; Tho* logg, N C. Auron ? C. Gale, NT. O. ; C. J. Battell, Indiana; W. L. ?Vebli, Charleston; R. J. French, N. O.; Joseph Myers i'hiladelphia; Mr. Bush, Ohio; W. B. Miller, Memphis *lr. I)oi' kery, Dr. Wallis. Miss ; Smith. F.llier, ami Peters ? altimore; K. Michle, Chili; J. G. Gardner. Salem; H.H liddle, Cuba; Gansevoort Melville, Newport; T. D -tewart, Mobile; H O Andrews, Boston; Caleb Jones tichmond; Mr. Moorhead, Ohio. Franklin.? 8. S. Beers, Augusta: W. Rutledge, 8. C. I. W. Wheeler, Kast Cambridge, L)r. Carey, Alabama; A Johnson, Buffalo; S. Sanders, Charleston, P. Hamrson. Citv.? Gen. Van Ness, Washington, D. C.; R. P. Camp ell, Florida; Major ttusgell, J. 11 Blake, Boston; Ilirai' ?IcBebee, Albany; P. K. Castady, Chicago; Jumes anu ieoi^e Wright, Cuba; L. Bryan, Arkansas; J B. Be) ird, 1'ittsbuigh; H. Kgliston, Richmond; N. Stusevant ? oston; Mr. Cuger, Albany, Globe.? Jno Phillips, N. O.; W. A. Hill, Pittsburg! Mills; Mr. Drake. Howard ? Aloyson Newtoa, Washington; Mr. Hamil '.on, Baltimore; Mr Arnold. Cumberland, H. Matthews )swcgo; Benj. Meyrich, PlnUd ; R. Bull, do; Thomas Miller. Hudson; It. Bull, Philad.; S. Wintlow, Pittsfielc. Lou.s Sturgeon, Mobile; Rev. Dr. Boyle, Boston. Clly lnlt-lllgtnce. Fire? Yesterday morning, about4 o'clck, the cliemirn works of Mr Bowing, Thirty Second stieet, Tenth are uue, were discovered to be on tire. The building had > Itmntity of phosphorus and other combustibles of a 1 ik ? osture, for the manulacture ol' matches iu it, which in a short time enveloped the whole range iu flames. Then waa also a quantity ol vessels, worth about each, des ro) ed, together with all the materials belonging to th< istablishment. Fortunately no other buildings were at ached to the premises, or they would have most assur edly been destroyed. The loss sustained by Mr. Bow nig v ill be about $1, MO; and that of his foreman, who *'.ad some articles in the building, about $'2flO. We un derstand the premises were not insured. State or tiik Bomnt District. ? The work ofclearinr iway the rubbish, and digging out the goods whici lave been covered over, still proceeds with vigor. Vas< luantities of damaged articles, carpeting, flannel, St. xc., were yestenday sold at auction both on the ruiu> tnd in William Jtid Tine streets. Several of the wharves ilong Front street wero covered with damaged sacking Spread out to dry, which we understand will be convei edinto brown paper. Notwithstanding the vast quautitie jf water which have been, and still continues to be let n oh the smouldering ruins, the heat continues so great n some parts, that the steam asceuding from the aiiei '.uies of the cellars in Broadway, will scald the na&ec ?and. The bodies of Peter Meehan and hia wKe, who pei ??died at Ne. 48 Broad street, have not yet been found .ltliough the gieatei part of the ruinsof 48 have been re moved ; the ill-fated old couple weie coming down stairs t the time of the explosion. They were both natives o: he North of lieland. No other bodies have been found ip to this time. Caution to the Public.? Large quantities of coffee which have becu damaged at the fate fire, have been put i p in bags and barrels, and are sold all over the city I'he public should be on their guard, least any of tins burned stuff should be imposed upon them mixed with he good article. Markets There was yesterday an unusually large show of beeves lor sale along the North River wharves ?i any of them were in prime condition. Thb Streets.? We are sorry to be obliged again to all the attention of the authorities to the iilthy state o; ? oine of the streets. Hamilton street for instance, is strewed with heaps of ashes, cinders, aud garbage. Jersey City Intelligence. Fibe. ? At 3 o'clock yesterday morning a destructive Are broke out in the Iron Foundry of Mr. Savory, Har ximus, Jersey City, which burned with ?uch rapidity that before the engines could arrive the whole build ing, together with a stable and dwelling house, were in dames. The Foundry contained a quantity of material tor casting, together with a large stock of pattern* and tools, which wero all destroyed. The stable had some valuable horses in it, which were let at liberty the mo ment the Are was discovered, but a quantity ol hay and <traw and other feed was consumed. The dwelling house also shared the samo fate, with most ol its furniture. The loss will not he less than $0,000, of which a small por 'ion is insured. It is believed to be the work of an incen diary. Horoekn Rohberv.? Fridaynight about 11 o'clock as a man of the name of Christopher Davis was proceeding nome to Wehawken, he was induced to accompany two legroes to the Klysian Fields, who. taking advantage ol Davis' incapability of defence, robbed him of some tea, sugar, and a $5 note. He says he knows one ot them, and that he resides with a man ef the nome of Bergen, ihoutone mile from Weehawken. against whom he has lodged information. The other lellow was unknown to him. Police Intelligence. Police Office, Saturday, July -26 ? Efficiency ?f the Sew Poliet. ? The new and able corps aie daily growing in public favor. They are making the most cxtiaordiiit>. ry, novel, curious, and important arrests ever heard of I'hey will not follow the advice of Dogberry, as pro posed, and steal out of the company ol a thief ? recol lecting that " they who touch pitch will be defiled"? but tilled with the importance of their ottlce, must go out ol their way and arrest harmless citizens, for the purpose of showing their authority and activity. The last case we heard of is the following : As Officer Mount, of the old police, was quietly pur suing his way through Walker street, one evening last week, he was accosted by a couple of the new police men. and the following dialogue took place ; Policemen. ? Whe e are you going? what are you doing I Mopmt. ? Talking a walk. Policemen ? (in a very dignified manner.) ? Who Sre you ? Mount. ? I'm a police officer. Policemen? (looking very suspicious )? Whatare ym doing with thai club (pointing to a small stick which po lice officers generally carry.) Mount? (in a quiet tone.)? That's my business. PoLicr.witN? (alter consultation.) ? Well, you must come with us. Come along? no lesistance? to the Sta tion house. And so they rudely forced poor Mount to accompanv tbem to the Station House in the Tombs. When they got there they seized him and attempted to drag him in .ide the bar. (apt. McGrnth, however, immediately mlercd them to desist and let their prisoner go. Policemen? (somewhat excited.)? But he's got a club Caft. ? VV ell, what of that 1 Policemen. ? Why, its as tuning our privilege, and ought to be looked into. Caft Go about your business. Anil so Messrs John Gilligan and Charles Gardner, somen hat crestfallen left the office Officer Mount made a complaint before Judge Ingra liam, who issued a warrant lor their arrest ? ordeiing '.hem to be held to bail inf20<)0 Burglary,? The bouse, 136 Liberty street, was entered yesteiday, and four silver watches, $39 in bills, and a $'> .{old piece taken. .'Itmult with a Bayonet. ? John Connorly was arrested -liaiged with inflicting serious wounds with a bnjonct on Frank Hughes, 361 Cherry stieet, which weie pro nounced by a physician of a character to endanger bis life. Petit larceny. ? Hannah Williams was arrested charged with stealing a wrapper, value $1,60, from Hester Lev) , ->0 Orange stieet. Orand Larceny. ? Thomas Smith was arrested charged with stealing silver spoons and a silver lever watch lioin Charles J. Hopkins, U5 Allen street. An owner is wanted for the property, enquire of ( apt. McGrath. Stealing a Hat. ? Heury J. West was ariesti-d charged with steal, ng a bat, value $l,from Minord S. Thrasher, ihake*[>eare Hotel. Stealmi! Handkerchief t. ? Wm. Pomeroy was arrested 'harged w ith stealing handkerchiefs, valued at $7,76, from William I'. Hall, 69 Nassau street. Court liitelllitriKe. 8irrcRifla Court ? In Chamber*. ? July 26. ? Before lu<'g? Oukloy -Ilulirai ( orpin. ? John VI iso vn 'i ought up on a wiit ot hnbca* corpus, under the follow ..g ciicuitiKtance* Prisoner it appeared wa* standing u> the stc|in ol the f.xfnrtt o flirt;, wlieu an attempt ?a lle^rd to have hern mace t>y a party named Jackson to summit h larceny, by cutting with a pair of acHiors, the ?ocket of a man ? ho vn standing by. Air. .NUjoh ( it counsel lor prisonei) contended thnr the alleged charge against v.i-e win that ol meiel) landitig l>y ; ami. tliereloie lie coul I not he implicated ia h parlittpi criminit , and thai t> e a II laviu did not Nt-l ? i'1'th an) tiling farther than an '?attiiiript" to Meal, mi ol ??nee nut embiaced in the statute unlet* some oveit a> i be proved. Hit Honor Jl'DOE Oakley after hearing Jones B. Phil lips, K?q , Acting Lii?triot Attorney, in reply, discharge., the prisoner, ( ommon Pleas, July 20 ? Before Ju'gei I'lshoelli i ind liigrulium. ? Dtcmitnt. ? At at hew Mm shall aiti. >? ?. hi line l.yunt, nrcutrix, ? Now trial granted, cost to abide event, ike Rcuhtn Oarntll ait Fitdtriek ttr.Cann.? Judgment for' on demurrer, With liberty to defeuJaot to 4 : i > e r i ? J , 4u:. 5>. H Heel adt. ? Alexander II. lyallii. ? New trial de nied, witu costs. J. P. It'ake ml*. XV. fVtili. ? Report of Referee* set aside, coots the event , and either paity allow*, within ten days to charge releree* in default, ' cause ti. ha referred back to former reiprees. Supreme Came, July 24.? Pr?ent? The Chiei Ju.-tice, and JustiCfS lit-ardr-ley ami Jewrtt. No. %1. Morgan ts. Thomas at al. Decision poil psned. No 3A3. The People ti. Nugent, alia* Dyer. New trial lemed by daUult. and pioipe<iiiigs remitted to t i Uhauy General nesMons, with dner.tion* to proi red to judgment. No 8-J6. Curti?? ti. The Peoplo. Conviction brio* ov^rsed No h (A reserved came.) Coonley vs. Coonley. New 1 1 1 a l denied. No. ?. (A reserved cause) Veedervs. Wilkin*. Deci - ion postponed. No 33J ( I renerved cause.) Wilbur v?. Brown. New 'rial denied by delimit. No. 6fl. ( V reiervud cause ) The People e?. rel. flod win, vs. The Mechanics' Institute of the oily ol New i ork. Argued by Mr. Livingston lor the relator, and b< ?Ir Ulirnt lor the defendant* Mr. Livingston will hi leard in reply to-rum mw Adjourned ? uiica Gasrttt. Tintfii r.* Squadron.? On the 14ih instant, therr we if lyini{ in the Irailinr ol I'enMCoU rignl vetMnln, o.npo?ini( 'be aquadron recently stationed in the Oull f ? / : the lngM<?> Potomac, the *loop--of-w?r Saratoga ?rilniiiuth ai>4 St. Mary's, the fcng* Homers, Lswitm ? md I'orpoUe, and the Meaner t*en Tajflor. T .? 'hi I ce Will lie *pee til > added three aloop*ol-war and t>?i ? (earner*, vi* t the ateniiiera Princeton and All**!* sippl. i d the sloops-ul-war John Adam*. < jane and Menon. A poition ot thi* Meet will he at the Balne to coavo> tlie troops, which are about itartirig hence to Teias , the re mainder will proceed dowu and cruisa in tha (Julf until the relations between Mesiae and this eouutry a.suiae a more poaooful aspeet The Mutual Insurance Companies. Mb. Editor : ? In your < paper of yesterday you state that eeve -til persons have refused to pay their notes given to the Companies, in order to entitle them to I C'in bu siness. The reason they give ? you sax? ii that hey are uninsured. It will not answer. Ttiey gave '.heir notes in the mual manner ? for value received. they can get clear of paying their no ten, will hat save them from bearing their proportion of the iinses which tne Company will not be able :o pa\ rum iheir available assets 1 In fact, can any word ug of a charter eecure theni from their liabilities as ;eneral partners of each Mutual Insurance Compa iv in which ihey hive insured1? This question will low probably have to be tested. In connection with this subject, it will be well to i>ok at the little security furnished to the assured, if lie above should not be the tact. The several Mutual Insurance Companies that ?ave sutrered by the late tire have now left from *75.000 to #450, (XXJ each, which, in many cases, in ludes a large amount of notes t>uch as the uolcs in lue.'tion. Not one of said Companies have less than $*2,000, !l)0 at risk ? most of tlinn much more ? probably veral have trorn 10 to 15 millions. Lxcept in on* Company, (the Atlantic,) the amount at risk in corn ?arison with their capital, is us 30 or 40 to 1 That x they have nominal assets of one dollar for cv -ry !0 or 40 insurance, If in addition, the notes are to >e repudiated, what security have the assured, if it ?e not a general partnership concern. r LATH OIL*. A Safety gainst a Uu Explosion. I would suggest th" following aa u preventive om the explosion of gas, in gaa houaes or ga*o ueters : ? By having a chimney built in the yard of gas louse of gasometer, or convenient thereto, with a large pi|>e lea tins; th?refiom to the chimiey, with a ock or valve on the same to connect with a Wrought ron pine ol same caliber, to be conveyed to the top of s.'ia chimney. Should building* in the neighbor hood, or even the gas house take lire, by opening ;he valve or cock on the pi|>e leading from the gas unise to chimney, would allow th>i gistoescipe ml prevent any explosion. The chimney should be nigh enough, that in case oi the gas taking tire at the ? ?p of the chimney, that the surrounding property would not be endangered therefrom. Yours respectlully, A StrnscRimcR. The White Mountains. ? The number of visitors o this delightful summer resort is said to be mut ually largo the present season. Tha A Tew Ifainpihirt Slatrtinmn says Tile up train of cars are now very full, and the northern stage* crowded to the utmost capacity ivith passengers ? a Targe portion of whom are for ha. uountain regions of New Hampshire. People who in tend visiting and ascending the mountain*, should n t tfluy their journey until mi late a period when the at nosphere becomes smoky from fire in the woods. July is a better month than August. The Camden Race Course. ? Mr. who was seriously injured by the falling of trie *ian<l at Camden race-course, and the widow of Vr. Mein, wlioia naid to have died in consequence of the wounds ho the: a received, have brought actions for damages against Hie proprietor, in the Circuit Court of tho County of Cam len. The trials will probably take placo in November 'iaxt, and will be looked D with a good deal of interest, is involving a question in which our whole community ia concerned. ? Philadelphia Inquirer. Naval Despatch. ? The United States brig Por poise, Lieutenant Commanding, William E. Hunt, which arrived at Norfolk last Wednesday morning, the 16th, at half past nine o'clock, sailed at four o'clock In the afternoon of the sainn day far Pensacola. During t .is time she was provisioned and watered, and received on board sundry stores. When the Porpoise arrived she was out of water and breRd, aud undar positive order* to proceed to sea immediately. Maine Products ?More tlian a thousand sheep and lambf, together with several beautiful horses, passed up State stiect yesterday morning, and attracted a good ileal of attention from our city. They were brought to the city by tho Kennebec steamers. The \lnine people say tliey cannot k?ep their good horses in the State, as they are immediately bought up and "trot ted off" to Boston. ? Boittn Timet. CoROrsaa's Offick, July U6.? EpUepty.? The I'oroner held an inquest on the body o! Sarah Sharkey, 40 Cherry ilrtet Vurdict came to her death by a tit o t epilepsy. Jlimplery and Drowning. ? The Coroner held au inquest on the body of an unknown man at the Park dead-home. Verdict, came to his denth by drowning in the North ri ver while laboring under apoplexy. He was found at pier No. 6. More Fire in the West Jkrset Woods.? A fire has been raging in the pine wood-, near Uurr's mills in Burlingtou county, some days. The loss in money by tno destruction of timber in trie forest Ares this sprinr, has been immense, particularly iu that section of the State. Oregon ? The hultptnritnct Kxpotilor announce that another par y of thiity wagons and one hundred ansa were to leave that place lor Oregon, on the 19th ult. ,E(nn Insnrnnsr Company of fl arttord.? I'he I) i lectors of this Company have always ncod ti| on the pri eiple ? f scattering thei risk* ?o th t in ru? of a Mveepi g a. e, their ability to pay would not be impaired ; hence, by her ns t> (hi* in ? baainess >>f ov r i ye-rs, wl ile mtay other Companies have heen unalle to pay their I leseaaad nmiud up, this Company h.u go ? ou prosperously. Its I ?sse . the great tire in 1836, 10 this city, warn i*id iu fall Mid be fore t iey were due, smi the Company have resin the pleasare if stating 'O those who have honored it with their pMrueaae nd confidence, that il ii ntw pr tared re pa all Hi loiitiin f ill niii enntimit buginttt tu key >? I of ore. New York, July ?d, ltia. A O HAZARD. A/-nt, Iw Office f Wall at., curuer el Waaer. United States Circuit Court.? The Clerk's Oihce of this Coort has been removed this 4iv from the rnoas occupied by the Clerk of the U S. Dutrict Court, to \ r irtinn I'the apaitments ofrhe United St lies Marsh il, on ike Mine iloor, where the docket, records, and IMes of the Court, will ie hereafter kept. !! f~ Persons desiring "earch-s forjndgmear?, instead efmv nig a reueral notice for searches in the United (bases Ceait a- it I please send distinct uotices. ' Tuesday, Jaly I, ISO All IMillartelplsIa KiilM-rlptlani to tha ihioui mast be paid t? the ?si,r *i miopia*!) Aof.^ts, Zie 'ikCii., 3 Ceoaer Building. Third street, lie, ir I Imtunt ? i'srtna ? 75 cents a month, iucludin* the Sunday pnper; or 66 ?enu withont it; delivered f'ee of i-h-irgi- in xny |is.rt of Phda i-lphi> Single copiea for miens above, diily. at. I o'rlock? ?"rice 3eents. The llnaALD is also for ssle every 8 uerdav mom ng? Price 6.1* cents, or S3 |?r auuum. deliveied in nay part of 'Inlaiiell hia, free of postage. All the uew and cheap Punlicstions lor ssle at thei' ee sMailimem, as so'in ns issued, wholennle and retail ~f With the eiceptiou of e;ie (iiuier, the " Herald" it r-ad * much, iwrhaps, in Plol adelphia, ns auv paper pul>lishe<' in hat :ity, anording a valuable m dinni to advertisers AJ<er ise leuts hnided to the agents at Ivslf pant I o'clock, will ai pe if in ".lie Herild nest day. ffleillral Kotleee-Thf Advert.lcementa of the \tw York College of Medicine and Pharmacy . Mtsblohed fo* lie Suppression of (jnaekerv. in the cure of all disenres, will ?eieaftei appeu on the f'oartn l>e/e, ind l.ut eolumu of thif mper. W 8. KICHARDSON, M.D A*?ut (llfier and <'on?nltir.g Wnsrrs of fhe r.iill?ffe. 06 Vaassn st AlONKY NARKKT. Sut iirtlay, July 20?6 I*. M. There *?i quit* to improvement to-day in the stock narket. Etonington went up ] per cent ; Norwich ead Worcester, $ ; Heading Railroad, j , Morria Canal, j ; eunaylvania 4'*, J ; Long Iaiand, J ; Canton, J. The ?ale* were to a limited extent. The completion of the Mad River aad Lake Erie Rail road, connecting with the Little Miami road, extending oward* the Ohio river, will open a communication be. ween Lake trie and tlx Ohio river, which promise* te >o of very (*reat convenience to the producer* of the i iterior of that Stute. The termination on Loke rie will be Rt Sanduaky, anil on the Ohio iver at (inciunati. The Little Miami road ex. enda from Cincinnati to Xenia, a dittanceof aixty. ive miles, which will be open by the lat of Am . Ult ; the work i* in a atiite of com pie tea fiona Xenia to ?pringlleld, nineteen milea lurther , at that point the iad river road commence * and run* to Lake Erie. The ml river rottd haa been in operation two or thiee year*, nid the receipt* each year ahow a very fair increme. ! he receipt* from December, 1 S4S, to July, I *<44, amoun '.iid to *8,7lM ; and Irom December, 1044, to July, 184.V to J 7,tjC>j. being an inereaae of $9,8<?7. We annex a atate. neutthowing the amount of produce, kc. trarifported ju this road for the paat three jeara : - Mad Rivra and Lake Kuir Raimoad. 1842 till. 1144. VTie^f, boaheli l)R,4iO ffiW 941, 310 Corn S, 15 21, >25 :<il 'erciumlue, tuu?, . . . l,lt>5 736 1,371 li.ter 24 27 123 i' rk, b-rrel* 3.057 7,817 3.241 ? I 1,6*0 1,170 92 7 .Vhiakey 92 180 M*t vilt 7,'M? 5,044 ?"i*h 2ii2 an m rail 2,015 1.IKM 2, 'hi \?h. ?, Ci?k< 9(2 Mi \ l.:?1 Pork, in I ulk, pounds 14. Wu SO, 950 tl.fXIS 'Vera, 4,460 5,342 0,774 The receipts of the road in II4J mere fSi.OW), and in l -*44 f 33,000, an increase of $8,030, or about thirty-three jar cent. The expenaea of the road in 1844, were only ,114, 000, leaving a *n rplun of $19,000 a* the nett profit*. Vhen a communication between Lake Erie and the Ohio river i* opened by thia road, the distance will be covered n about twelve hour*, and the tract of country through vhieh the road pa**e* i* the, rirheat in the Htate, and ,iii at give a very Urge amount of bu*inea*. The above utile give* *ome idea of the extent of budnea* a few ears will produce in thi* dutrict, both in the amount of -right and number ef paaaenger*. To give *ome idea of the immenie apecniation* going n in Oieat Britain in all work* of public improvement, ve annex a 1 at of all Mie private lull* appl ed lor during ?e preaent ee*?inil ot iri nn< < t, for whih a suhacrip ion contrai l, ? " 'i'rt?? i, / , , j , ()f ? m ham-lotion ?intrant, haa I e^i ie .it it ,i n t private bill office, stating the amount of ih? c .timet* for etch work, of tb* capital atock to b* railed In ??< b oait, and the nn a\fc ihorlxed to be borrowed ever tad above auek a* pita I

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