THE NEW YORK HERALD. Yol. XI., Ho. U50?WlMlc No. 41.11. NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1845. rrlM fw? Cwta. THE A8TOUND1NU DISCLOSURES OF NEW YORK PARTY P0LITI08. Mr. Benjamin P. Butler's Correspondence. No. I. Mr. Butler it tired to death of cooking. Come over the sea, " Blacktdaimrl," to me. Sandy Hill, March 17, 1(119. Dear Friend :? The stage to-day was looked for with great anxiety by all the member* of my household, as we entertained strong hope* the black damsel would make her appear ance ou the "Hill"?a* the citizens denominate this great metropolis. * * * * * I have been here a fort night, and have not received a line from you Pray write me, if it iaonly to say that you are in cue. ? Yours, truly, BENJAMIN F. BUTLEJt. The F. S. (iu a different hand,) is as follow* :?Mr. Hoyt do try to get Pender. 1 am tired to death of cooking. No. If. Mr. Butler, like a Pious habe, desires the sincere milk of the Word. I'arollej?Whom I serve above i* inv master. ImJcu? \Vho I God t Booties?Ay. sir. La/en?Tne devil it is, that's thy master! lull's Well that Ends Welt President Butler, "of tho Bank of W. and W., to Je?*e Hoyt, Student at Law, Albany. Sandy Hill, March 37th, 1819. Dear Friend? ? ? ? t * You have really a fino state of-poli tical confusion at Albany, i think the situation of the Governor [De Witt Clinton] is daily becoming more des perate. I am moro and more pleased with my duties. They require industry and attention, but they give me more leisure than 1 had while in Albany, and furnish me more easily with sufficient to provide for my household. The only difficulty here is THE WANT OF the stated PREACHING OF THE GOSPEL. Had we a faithful and respectable minister, and were the people mere anxious for and attentive to religion, I should have nothing to ask for, but the continuance of health, to make this place de lightful. The contrast between Albany and Sandy Hill in this particular is great. You do not at all estimate as you ought, the peculiar privileges you enjoy. They are remarkably great. * * ' * The Gospel is either a "savour of life unto lifo," or of "death unto death." And how can those "escape who neglect so great salvation^" What a bungling piece of work Mr. Loomis has made in printing my apeech. It lias mortified me excessively to see so many stupid blunders issued to tho world with my name prefixed. Pray tell my friends that 1 lay no claims to the bantling in its present dress Yours, truly, BENJAMIN F. BUTLER. No. 111. Mr. Buffer's devotion to his patron. . O Cromwell, Cromwell, Had I but served my God witli half the r.tul I served my Kieg ! Bandy Hill, May 4, 1819. Dear Frienm? * ? . t *f. * The election returns ure, so far, un favorable to the hopes of Mr. Clinton, and bis friends, and I presume his destiny is fixed. * * * * * 1 voted l'or Senators, and offered to vote for members of Assem bly, but after a long discussion of my and various argu ments and opinions from lawyers and electioneerers, the board very gravely decided that I was not yet natural ized?in which 1 think it probable they were right. The Chancellor has really assumed a great deal in deciding my cause against mo. Please obtain a copy of the de cretal order?not of his opinion, for I suppose that would take you a week to copy?and send by some person at your convenience. Upon what ground did he admit vou?as ot right, or ex gratia 7 1 am glad that he has done it, and hope you may find it the harbinger of good fortune What think you of the New insolvent Law ? Do you intend to proceed under it I Or have you not philoso phy enough to live poor all your life, with a millstone on your neck 7 How does tho business get along, and what is the state, generally, of your ejectment suits 7 Are any of tbcm to be tried at these Circuits or not .' 1 sometimes wished alter my removal, that I could take a peep for a moment iii the Registers, and engage again in the ser vice of the Sovereign People?and so long had I been accustomed to the management of the Attorney General [M. Van Buren's] affairs, public, private and domestic, that 1 often thought that no une could attend to them but myself My new avocations, however, have now become familiar and pleasant, and 1 can attend to them without troubling myself about the bonds, mortgages, or ejectments of tho State. e ? ? e ? There is but lit tle law business doing hare; if 1 was dependant on that, I should have had the horrors long ago. * ? ? B. F. BUTLER. No. IV. Mr. Butler in a playful mood indulges in pleasantry. My wife is in a wayward mood to-day, And will nut lightly trust the messenger. [ Comedy of Errors. "Wasminoton and Warren Bane, ) Sandy Hill, May 8th, 1819. ] Jesse Hoyt, Esq , Albany. Dear Sir,? 1 send by Mr. Skinner a package and letter for Mr. Barker, which send as usual. I hear that he has had a demonstration (as Packenham Si Co. would have said), made upon him this week, which was manfully repelled. My Secretary being otherwise engaged, deprives you of the pleasure of receiving this interesting epistlo, in her " own proper hand writing." Yours truly, B. F. BUTLER. No's. V St VI. Mr. Butler does not altogether forget the affaire of thii wicked world, despite of hit anxiety for " the stated preaching of the Ifospel." Hit tender tolicitude about the " Niagara Bank." " Ourfr.iaghtage, sir, I have conveyed aboard ; and I have bought The oil, the balsamum and aqua-vitae. The ship is in her trim : the merry wind lilows fair (rem laud : They stay Tor natuh But for their owner, master and yourself." lit at all, send TOttT rS ? Pleai previous active life, and to long was hit term of study, that I considered it absolutely impossible for him to con fine himself to so irksome an employment as a clerkship in a law ofHcu, without any pros(>ect of a speedy admis sion, either to the practice or the profits of the profession He was for nearly three years in my ofllce, and for fldel ity and attention, perseverance and application, the i try hrit clerk I evtr met with. I coniiiler him perfectly eompe '* "" bank at Jfi ~ Mr. President Butler to Mr. Jesseo Iloyt, Solicitor in | Chancery, Albany. SaWDY Hill, June 5th, 1819. Dun Sir, I have yours of the 31st ult., 1st inst., and also one i by Mr. Gilford 1 shall endeavor as soon as possible to send you some papers in these Chancery causes. I do ; ret that 1 did r.ot know that Mr. V. B. was about at Jng the Juno term of the Court of Chancery. I . ht nave had all my business in train for it. ? ? ? * 1 have not been in court but little, either Common Pleas, or Circuit--having had a great deal to do in the Bank, and in my Law Business. I want a clerk very much, and as soon as Charles' ? ? ? * * 1 hope you got my package by Hitchcock. 1 have now $30w in current notes, teceived since Wednesday, which I would send by Col. Pitcher, who conveys this, but he starts from hero on foot, nnd goes on a raft from Fort Miller, and though an honest man might be robbed or knocked over board. ? ? ? ? e I am unable ta toy anything note ABOUT THE NIA GARA BANK ? only that if Mr. H., [meaning Jacob Barker,J could be surt ?f lije, he could make it a profitable concern?but has, in my opinion, irons enough hi the fire, already, for one man. But then he's A HOST himself. If he gelt the etock, you must stand ready to interpose a claim for the management of the business?that is?if you would be willing to accept such n place. He would re quire some one that lie could repose confidence in to take charge of it. Though I have no idea that he will get it. " Double, double, toil and trouble,'' appears to e the order of the day in the Commercial and Ftnanci >e the order of the day in the Commercial and Financial world?where it will land us I am urahle to say. * * The Attorney General [Mr. Van Buren,] is never at home?and when he is, I am so tar from him, that 1 can not have that direct anil constant communication which the interests o! our rli-.nts demand. One thing 1 most earnestly desiro of y^u, and that is to forward ire all notices, papers, kg., tiat may be strrsd on Mr. I". H. [Van BurenJ us my agent. He would never think of it himself, and my clients might lie kicked out of court before I knew it. 1 shell inuke no more complaints about your bad writing, though your scrawls are most infamous, after the capers I have cut in this epistle. Yours truly, B. K. BUTLER. [Sent per Mr. Tburman, from Ssxnv Hill.] June 11, 1819. Jesse Iloyt, Esq., Albany, Dkar Bis, I have received a letter from Mr. Barker, mentioning the subject of the NIAGARA BANK, and requesting my opinion of a certain friend of mine, lor 'ashler, provided be should conclude to purchase the stock? to which I luvo replied as follows :? " 1 am happy to heur, by your letter, that in the event of your engaging in the Niagara Bank, you have thought of my friend Iloyt, for Cashier, I know of no person with in the circle of my acquaintance whom I could recommend with equal confidence tor that situation. His integrity, zeal, and industry would, I am confident, ensure him youi approbation and esteem. There can be no doubt ol his being amply qualified for tho task. His acquaintance with business is general and extensive, and for persever ance and activity, 1 know of no one who surpasses him. His experience In Mercantile business, would alono have qualified him for the place, but in addition to that, he has the advantage nf some considerable acquaintance with the holiness of banking,from Ins employment last year in the Mechanics' and farmers' Bank. I nave known him for sevetal yoars ; intimately, for about thiee. Jljter the unfortunate termination if his Mercantile concerns, in stead ol spending his time in idleness, or giving way to despair or dissipation, which is commonly the case in such circumstsnc.es, he resolved forthwith to enter into em ployment of some kind or other ; and, as nothing offered by w hich he could do better, he commenced the study ol tho law. All his friends, (and I amongst the rest,) thought this a very forlorn hope, for such had been his previous active life, m ' tent to examine (A) into the affairs of the Bank at Buffalo, and give yon an accurate and judicious account of every thing that relate* to it. It i* needles* for ma to say, that I feel a deep intereit in hi* prosperity, and that aothing would givo me greater pleaiure than to *ee him placed Id such a situation a* would give him a competent sup port; hut perhaps it may be necessary to satisfy yeu that my opinion of hi* merits is not over-rated. I acknow ledge that I am his friond, and 1 know that friends, like lovers, are a little blind to the faults of those they es teem, but I believe 1 may safely refer you to any person acquainted with Mr. Hoyt, for a confirmation of what I have said." (A) This is in reply to a suggestion about sending you up to investigate the business, preparatory to a de cision on the subject. (14 ) 1 have sent my brief in cause to New York last week by mail. Yours truly, B. F. BUTLER. June 14. I send you by J. L. Thurman, Esq., a pack age for Mr. Barker, containing. in current notes, $3,300. I nave received yours by Mr. Clark, with $1,800 in W. and W. notes. No. VII. Mr. Butler it a great tactician?" Cunning little haac." Sweet peice conduct his sweet soul to the bosom Of good old Abraham ! [ King Hic luii<1 II. ^Washington and Warren Bank, t Sandy Hill, June 31, 1819. ) Oka* Sin, My letter of yesterday informed you that 1 was engag ed in a running fight with a squadron from Commodore Wis wall's lleet. I send you by Mr. B. Wing $900 in Troy, Lansingburg, and Albany bills,esrhich I wish you, if possible, to convert into specie. I do not know that I shall need it, but it will be sutticient with what I have, to teaze the enemy for the whole week,if he should main tain his ground for so long a time. ' * ' ? ' I do not wish it lisped that I am in want of it to meet a de mand on the Bank. I with you t? say to the Bank that yeu want SMALL CHANGE, and for that you will give them cuirent bills. If you can obtain $600 it will answer the purpose, and ifsmall money is not to be had any thing else will answer. ? * ? ? * B. F. BUTLEIl. Sandy Hill, June 31st, 1819. Di:ab Sih, By the enclosed (which please read, and after that wafer and send by Wednesday's boat) you will learn the situation of affairs here. If Commodore W. reported any thing disadvantageous, please correct it? I did not offer, us before to Allen, to pay him oao lull at a time ; but on Saturday offered him a large amount of specie, which he declined waiting for me to count. If you think that you can get the specie for my notes, which will be chiefly Troy, &c., please so inform Mr. Barker. Mr. Bacon is tho person who person who brought the $706. Yours, truly, B. F. BUTLER. No. VIII. Mr. Butler is badly off for specie. What will litis come to ? He command* us to provide, and give Great gifts, and all out of an empty coffer! [ Titnon of Athens. Washington and Warren Jlunk, I Sa>?dv Hill, June 03, 1819. (Wednesday morning.) J Jacob Barker, Esq., New York. Dear Sir, have redeemed in the whole $780, during the two days past?all in large bills. 1 have now on naml, about $300 In small change, $000 in dollars and five francs, and $'200 in gold. With this force I can with certainty sustain myself until Sa turday morning, and by that time I have no doubt I shall have a further supply of specie from Mr. Hoyt. ? ? ? I enclose you a copy of Mr. Olcott's letter. This is a new proof of the wavering policy of that bank, and of the little reliance to be placed on Mr. Olcott's profes sions or engagements, for he offered of his own accord to me last spring, that 1 might at any time draw on you at a few days sight, if I chose so to do. * * * * * I have this morning bad two small sums of our notes pre sented?the one for $75?the other for $91?both from Albany ; and both enclosed to Mr. Baird, with a request that he woul^l present them immediately, and that the credit of the bank was completely down, which was the cause of their sending them up. I shall pay these, be cause the money will go down by the mail to-day and may quiet the apprehension of some persons who would otherwise send up : but I shall request Mr. B. to decline any further commission of the kind; and if any more such calls appear, I shall put them on the same ground with the others. As the calls this week have assumed the character of a run on the bank, you will undoubtedly see the neces sity of giving me a supply of specie as soon as possible. Yours truly, B. F. BUTLER. P. S.?Since writing the above, Wiswall has shown me his money ; he has now $4,800. Gilchrist has demanded his bills. 1 told him I was ready to pay in specie, but commenced paying Wiswall, he presenting his bills first. Gilchrist has resolved not to wait, and returns in the stage. B. F. B. The letter from Mr. Olcott, referred to above, was dated "Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, June 21, 1819," and informed President Butler, that they had sent for re demption, $5,300 of W. and W. bills, by Mr. Gilchrist, to whom they expected that every facility would be given Mr. Oltntt says- " You are probably aware of the deter mination of the banks in this city to take no drafts from country banks, on the city ol New York. ? ? ? ? * Our object is to prevent country banks from placing funds in N. Y. to speculate on their own depieciated paper. That they do operate in this wav, we have good reason to suspect, otherwise why do they place funds at so great a distance from the only spot where they pre tend to redeem, or give specie value, to their billet' No. IX. Mr. Butler manages the 'Young Patroon' a la Jonathan Williams. Clue/ Justice.?Well, heaven send the prince a better com panion ! ^ ' '< * FalstafT-?Heaven send the companion a better prince ! I cannot rid my hands of him. [King Henry IV. [Favored by Caleb Baker, Ksq.,] Sa.ndt Hill, June 29th, 1819. Jesse Hoyt, Esq., Ill State street, Albany. Dkar Hoyt,?The enclosed will show you how the "world wags." One of those persons that I told te wait until their turns came, was THE YOUNG PATROON, who had 4 or $500 taken for rents due his father, p If you know him?as I believe you do?I wish you would FALL IN WITH HIM, and ask his opinion?I know it will be favorable, although I did not pay him, because he sat within my counter, and read the papers, AND DRANK WINE WITH ME FOR TWO ORTHRF.E HOURS BE FORE THE BANK CLOSED, and saw every man who had come from a distance, or was poor and needy, paid in specie, without a moment's delay. Now, if his opinion is friendly, I dare say it will pass curront, and be a legal tender in your Dutch metropolis, and it would answer for circulation, &c. Let me hear how everything goes?and what is said and done at Al bany. Yours truly, 1. F. BUI B. F. BUTLER. Seal and send the enclosed after reading it. If the loaD with Baird was concluded, and you expect the specie on Thursday, you may perhaps ask Caleb Baker to stay for it. If not, tell him there will not be a load until next week. He and every body else thinks I have tons of it on the way. No. X. Mr. Butler discovers his appropriate place and fitting destiny?" the hands oj the brokers." I had thought to nave let noine iu, that go the primros" way to the everlasting bonfire [Macbeth. Sahdv Hill, July 3, 1819?11 A M. Dear Hoyt,- All goes on well. Caleb arrived last night with ths reinforcement. Your " extract" was well timed. 1 wish you would keep the Albany mer chants back. It's rather bad friendship to get our bills together, and post them up here, say thirty days sooner than they would otherwise come. At the worst they would go into brokers' hands, which is the best place in the world for me. I have received a very begging, coaxing letter from Mr. Olcott, but as Wiswall's money is nut half paid, I don't trouble myself about it. Yours, truly, B. F. BUTL F.R Nos XI and XII. Mr. Christian Butler's Financial Code of Morals?He pi ously touches the Mechanics' and Farmers Bank "to the i/nick," and with holy zeal "frets" the dear public. Wist msnnrr of fidlow wss hc.thst rebbed you ??[ Winter's Tale. At sscrrd feasts he sat amongst the saints.?Pollock. [Sent per Mr. Hand ] S.ixnr Hill, July 7, 1819. Privnto aod Secret. To Jesse Hoyt, Esq , Albany. Dear Hovt?I have paid sinco the run commenced, J90(H) and over. You know how much I had then. I have a great deal more now, and am iu every respect better oft". The reinforcement from Jacob Barker puts ine out of danger, llavc paid very liberally since it arriv ed, but shall now hold up. The public have been paid over $6000 ?the brokers $3001). Ought not the public to wait a while? We have crowed full enough for the pre sent, there lore had better write no more tor the papers. I shall add a note to "Equal Rights," which will gall the .Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank to the quick. Finished last Saturday night by trying the replevin, at Glen's Falls ?got home 1 o'clock, Sunday morning.? Jury equally divided, 0 and A?Sheriff in our favor.? .Skinner and me both summed up: suited myself and ev ery body else Noticed anew for Tuesday, 13?clear case; shall certainly succeed?want the lease from Van Kensselaer to Caldwell, as they gave parol evidence of it. Send it up in time. Paid Saturday, the 3d . . .901 " Monday 379 though the Bank was shut. " Tuesday 817 Yours truly, B.F.BUTLER. Saxdv Hill, July 10th, 1819. Jesse Hoyt, Esq.? Dear Bit?My present business is chancery. The en closed bill I drew in gieat haste last night and this morn ing. I want it presented on Monday, and the motion made and urged on the giound of the great injury to the Bank if those notes should be put in circulation ? Whether Barker's assignment to this bank is good or not, we are entitled to the injunction. Whether the bills are his or ours, the Fanners' Bank have no right to use them; and if they do, we sutler as well a? J. B. [Jacob llaiker] I want the hill copied, and a copy sent to Mr. Barker lor Mr. Wells' examination. If you get the Injunction, show it first to the State Bank, and tell they follow next then servo it on the Farmers'Bank?then show to Lansingbnrgh, and tell them thoy shall have the same, and had better keep the bills. That is, if you think it best to inform the othei* before I have mede out bills against them. The M business I have neglected, and never can attend to it. Serve the no, ition?give the notice fill up the proper dav?make the motion. You gad the Attor ney General | Mr. Van Buren| draw the interrogatories and examine the witnoases. I cannot, and must rely wholly on you. The bank Is safe, and ! maan to ktap it so 1 will ra tber sufler the public to fret a little, than hazard the safe ty of the institution by paying out too fait I have paid this week $690 of which was Walker. Yours, truly, B. K. BUTLER. P. S.?If Schuyler's note was payable here, I would (rladly} take Washington and Warren gladly; but by his own act he has made it payable in Albany. Now let him pay what they will take, except I will take it in 1 1'latts hurgh and ? current?J Burlington, } current. If he has our notes, let him present them. If not paid, write Baird that it must be done forthwith, or he will be sued. Baird will make him pay it. No. xni. Mr. Butler felicitates himself on his philanthropic labors as a financier. We are born to do benefits ; and what better or properer ran wo call our own than the riches of our friends -' O, what a precious comfort 'tis, to lisve so many like brothers, coin iiiandiiiK one another's fortunes '.? Timnn of .Athens. 5 a ha i on a Si'Rimis, Aug. 'lith, 1519. To Jesse Hoyt, Esq. New-York, Dear Sir, * * * * Your Brother [Lorenzo Hoyt.) has charge of the Bank during my ab sence?Mr. Barker left us this morning for the south. * * ' * * The Bank will go on paying daily, in a slow way, until Mr. B. [Barker] is able to give me some liberal assistance?and in the meantime I shall take it slow and easy for the future, without laboring as I have done for the two months past, which have been in ever respect the most laborious and perplexing of my life. 1 felicitate myself, however, with the reflection, that I have relieved many hundreds of persons who would have been almost ruined if we had stopt as Mr. Barker advised me? that I have kept up partially the credit ol the paper (/?}- in the vicinity of the Bank, which, in the event ol stopping,would have been at 80 or 00 per cent discount?and, that in all that I have done, I have been actuated by a sincere desire to promoto the interests of my employer and the weltare and preserva tion of the community. ? ? ? * In haste, your friend, B. K. BUTLER. No. XIV. Mr. Butler consoles himself under the assaults of calum ny and slander. He is virtuous and therefore happy. 1 in- '?r heard yet That auy of tha?r bolder vice* wanted Less impudence to Kainsay what they did Than to perform it first.?[ Winter's Tale. Saxiiv Hill, Nov. 10, 1819. Jesse Hoyt, Esq., Now York Mv Dkah Sin,? ??????! am certain that no poor wight ever labored more sin cerely for the public good, or received more of public censure and abuse. For the last seven ?r eight weeks, however, we have had comparatively quiet times, and 1 have had some leisure for law reading and law labor. You are right in supposing that the late catastrophe (for 1 consider it the end of that drama) in the Exchange Bank, is a common misfortune. To me especially it is a great one. I had cheerfully suffered the depreciation of our paper, that Mr. B. [Barker] might in the meantime bend all his efforts to the Exchange Bank, and ill the re sumption of payment there, hoped lor the most auspi cious results. The matter is past mending, and no doubt it is all for the best. We continue paying daily in a small way, more to relieve the sufferings of community than for any other purpose. The credit of the paper is very low in this country?hardly any one takes it ut par?and were it not for the small payments of whieh 1 spoke, no one of my neighbors would have any confi dence in the ultimate solvency of the institution. Some few, inferring from what has been done and what is now doing, that the intention is to preserve the bank, are rather disposed to think favorably of the concern. ? ? ? ? By the bye, my character is so depreciated at Albany (according to report) that but]few of my old acquain tances would acknowledge or receive me. Some of them, 1 hear, have the kindness and condescension to compassionate and pity me, while others consider me full as bad as Jacob Barker, which in these days is consider ed a pretty severe specimen of invective and reproach. So be it. They cannot rob me of free nature's grare, They cannot shut the windows of the sky, They cannot baamv constant leet to tram The woods and lawns, by living stream at eve. Of fancy, reason, virtue, naught can mebereave. I am sorry to observe that you are obliged to turn casuist in order to reconcile your Sunday labors to your own sense of duty. * * * * * No true consolation can ever be derived from any thing that requires the neglect of a religious duty. The ways of wisdom, and of wisdom only, " are ways of pleasuutness"?her paths and hers only, " are paths of peace." Mrs. Butler joins in affectionate remembrance. Truly yours, B. K. B. No. XV. Mr. llutler becomes a ' Bucktail," and aspires to still high er honors. Merchant.?*), 'tis a worthy Lord I Jeweller.?A most incomparable man 1?[Timotl of ?Athene. [Mailed Hudson, Feb. 9 ] Hudson, Feb. 7, 1820. Jkssk Hoyt, Esq. Attorney at Law, New York :? Itoar Friend?The release of Mr. Youle is enclosed.? Wc have no commissioner at our village, (the men lit for it being chiefly BUCktalls.) sail I therefore brought it with me. **??<??? y0u are the only per son to whom I ever write except on business topics, and perhaps I should write less frequently than i now do were it not lor the occasional necessity of the corres pondence. Not that I dislike the employment, or have forgotten the friend?neither is the aase. I have a tolerable prospect of getting a livelihood hy my profession at Sandy Hill, the appointment of Mr. Skinner and his consequent desertion of the bar, having left room for seme other person. 1 have taken his office, hut whether 1 shall fill his piaco remains to be seen. I have been urged to hold myself in reserve until spring and then remove to New York with an old friend of ours,* (.Vl.V. B.)but 1 prefer remaining whorf) am. "A rolling stone gathers no moss," and though I certainly would not have gone from Albany had I known what would have followed, I have too much pride to keep al ways on the move?and upon the whole do not regret the removal. Besides, 1 doubt whether it would he ad visable to locate mysell in New York, even with the aid of wealth and talents. The saying of Ciesar's, that he would rather be the first in u small village than the second at Rome, is a fair expression of the sentiments of most men. At New York 1 could never hope to be even the second?where 1 am (Sandy Hill) perhaps it may not be too presuriiptuous to aspire to higher honors. I be lieve Mr. Van Buren does not wish to have it known that heft-emoves to New York in the spring, therefore, if you have not already heard of it, you will please consid er what 1 say as inter nos. I am fearful that Mr. Barker's misfortunes will prevent you from realizing all the pros pects you indulged in when I last saw you. Since my resolution to get all the law business I could, and to present my self before the public in that capacity, I have thrown off the restraints I had before preserved with regard to an interference in county affairs, and have engaged with some warmth, but pure intentions (as I hope,) in the political warfare. Education, habit, inclination and principle, all con spire to make me a Bucktail. 1 have no sinister views to gratify?no resentments to satiate?no other object but the well-being of the State ?therefore, my endeavors shall be to cenflne myself within the golden rule, "of doing to others what I would have them do to me." I have received a letter from Mr. Barker, stating that the bank was unable to pay me the salary 1 have hither to received, any longer, which is what i have been com pelled to look tor lor some time past, and which will ren der my prospects rather gloomy. B. K. BUTLER. No. XVJ. Mr. Butler itnre not like the Jllhanians. Tim.?Why dost thou call them knaves ' thou knowst th?m not. ,1pcm ?Are they not Athenian* I [ Timon of ,1then5. Mr. Butler to Mr. lloyt. Ai.Ranv, July IB, 1820. Dear Frikxd, * * * * * Wo are boarding at .Mr. .lone*.' directly opposite our ofl'tce, ((Jilhort Stewart's house) where we have very pleasant lodgings. Our de parture from Sandy Hill was so sudden, that we lolt all our furniture in the house, and for the present shull con tinue to board out. As to business, I have onough to keep me very busy?chiefly in Chancery -old and new It would be well enough were it not so long before the rash wa? re alized. But it must come some day or other I think my expectations will not be disappointed. At all events, | as I told you before, I am for the law and nothing else? i and I regret now that Mr. Van Buren ever thought of ; leaving his protession, which you know was what put it | into my head to lenve him. I think I shull make iny do i but at August term in the argument of some motions and cases. Though as to tho last I am rather squeamish. Mr. V. B. is ccrtuinly very desirous to assist me lie has several heavy causes in which ho insists 011 my speak ing. 1 like Albany about as little as you do?and, with the exception of a few persons who are worthy of esteem, have very little to say to the goodly inhabitants of this renowned metropolis. ! think the eastern junto the most disagreeable part of them. They are generally bi gots in politics and very full of prejudice and envy. Lorenzo is a very tine youth. I have got him ut the Latin Orammar, in which he makes tolerable progress I shall pay particular attention to him. 1 have paid 1<l 34 for the order to the Kegistr r,*o that you owe mc "25 cents. My compliments to Mr. Barker, ike. Yours, truly, B. F. BUTLKR. No XVII. Mr. Butler ruts Banking and takes to Politics " Othello's occupation '* gone.*' Jesse Hoyt, Eaq., Counsellor at Law, 40 Wall Street, New York. Alhaxv, Jan'y '2!>, 1834. My Doar Friend?The Klectoral Law was to have been taken up in the Assembly to-day. * * There is no doubt whatever, that a majority think it inexpedient to pass the bill, and yet they are so hampered by pisma turc commitments, and many of them so goaded'by their constituents, a* to render it almost morally certain that they pass it in some shape or other. Our reliance is on the Senato, nnd we stilt entertain strong hopes that it will be rejected there in whatever form it may coine.? Still, this is by no means certain, and the greatest caution and prudence, as well as the greatest limine**, are re quired in presenting the subject to the Senators. We have not been, and are not, idle, on the contrary, if ever men labored incessantly, the ' ( onspiratois' and the ' He geney,'he., deserve that praise. ? ??*?* Make a suggestion to Mr. Noah, which 1 trust will not be im properly received by him It is simply to suggest that lor the present, the ?/Iduvcate should not press the claims nor descant on the meiits of Mr. Crawford. We have in the two branches of the Legislature about one bun dled and live members, who aro thorough-going Caucus en. Of these, a majority, beyond all doubt, w ould pre r the nomination of Mr. Crawford, the remainder are r Mr. Clay or Mr. Adams, tho smallest number being r the 1 atter While these men are willing to abide by a Congressional nomination, it ii useless to advocate tbe claims of Mr. Crawford to such u nomination, it being certain that if any is made it must fall on him. Besides, by preesing the claims of that gentleman you incur the risk of alarming the feelings and encountering the oppo sition of those firm and honest men who have gone with us nobly so far, and are willing to go with us to the end, but who are yet unuccountably wedded to Mr. Clay or Mr. Adams And though 1 do not believe they could be driven from the resolutions they have concurred in, in fa vor of a caucus at Washington, they may yet be induced to give 11 wurin support to the Electoral Law, if they be come satisfied, either that their candidates have no chance of a caucus nomination, or that we are determined to force the claims of .Mr. Crawford. Stick to principles; advo cate the necessity of adhering to the old forms and es tablished doctrines of the party?and express the utmost readiness to submit individual preferences to the deci sion of the caucus. It will be time enough after the no mination to defend and maintain the character and claims of the successful candidate ' ???<?[ should think it injudicious to call meetings on this ticklish sub ject, especially in the country, where the meetings from necessity weuld be more general than with you, and where our opponents would inevitably outmanage and | outnumber us. In your city, however, the line is so 1 distinctly drawn, and your forces are so well organized, that you have nothing of that sort to apprehend. If the meeting about to take place should not be more formidable than I think it will be, it will not bo misunder stood here. Its proceedings will be considered as the voice,not of the Republican party,but of the suppoiters of Mr. Wheaton and his colleagues, who aro now very well understood by the country members?and instead of in juring, I think it would render us a service if it should stand alone. still it seems to me that we havo nothing to gain, and much to hazard by giving to this subject any farther excitement ol a popular cha racter?but as Mi'. Bowne knows perfectly the state of things here, your Committee should confer with him fully before they adopt any course definitely. I omitted to make another suggestion for Mr. Noah. It is not very serviceable to talk much of Burrites, Lew isites, or the Ilighminded. Several of the two former classes are here amougst our best friends; and as to the latter, Sudam, Bronson, and Wheeler, are as true as steel, in the Senate -and Whiting, ilosmer, and several others in the Assembly are among our best and most hopeful supporters in that House. I have not written to Mr. Barker about his proposition as to voters for electors. It has been mentioned to se veral, but we doubt the power of the Legislature to pass it, and if they have it, we are still more apprehensive of its policy, for reasons which on roflection I think will occur to you. Yours truly, B. F. BUTLER. I opened this letter to show Judge S. Albany, Sept 28,1845. Candidate for Senator?Increase of Anti-renters? Col. Young's Nomination, and Probable Defeat? Gas? IVater? (lough, Sfc., ?-c. The agitating Bubject of the " Bridge " has thus early been introduced, and the fact that the wiley Trojans have so completely out-generuled us in the choice of a Senatorial candidate, hus awakened such an animated spirit amongst us, that the Albani ans, nearly to a man, will support any candidate against Van rtchoonhoven, who will advocate an in terest for abridge. Weed deprecates Van's nomi nation upon this ground, and alleges truly, that the Albanv candidate, Harris, was most shametully iockie'd out of the nomination. Van bchoonhoven being now on both the whig and anti-rent tickets, his election to the ollice ot Senator in the L inrd District, by six or eight thousand majori ty is 'conceded on aH sides. He is a young man of tolerable talents?belongs to one of the ancient, wealthy, low Dutch fa mi[ie-.?a thorough going whiff, and endowed with j a considerable zeal and industry. His opponent will be selected from Greene county, and be either Zadock Pratt, late in Congress?James I owers, a federal - conservative - safety - fund- bankite?John Adams, a man weaker than either, and of no po t licle calibre, or importance whatever. Pratt would poll more votes than any other man in the district, If the contest was conducted upon strict party pnn ciples. The anti-renters are very numerous and increas ing wonderfully every day. Their converts come mostly from the rough and ready fellows, who don t possess an inch of soil in the world, but cry " down with the rent," "down with every debt." It is a species of agrarianism, without system or method, and a thousand times more damnable and danger ous than the Reverend Horace Greeley's socialism. The dreadful elfects ot these unlawful transactions, are beginning to be severely felt by those miserable, deluded mortals, who already see the orison and the gallows so plainly before them in ivlnwaro and Columbia. Anti-Masonry was prescriptive, decep tive and intolerant; and as a taction, would have gladly ruled the country with its heretical and in quisitorial principles; but it only appealed by moral suasion to a revolution through the ballot box. An ti-reotism, not satisfied with the peaceable power ot the ballot, resorts to the wicked, deadly, treasons hie use of the bullet! That's the diflerenee. The nomination of Colonel Young for democratic Senator in the fourth district, was obtained by only one majority in convention; which fact demon strates the probability of his defeat. The whigs are us often successful in that district as the demo crats; and by a secret influence, which Cramer, and other old hunkers, will exercise, it may be con sidered doubtful whether old " Snarleyou will succeed. . Among the many improvements introduced into our city, there are none deserving of more encou ragement, than Mr. Webb's Gas Company. The apparatus and buildings are now nearly completed : the enormous gasometer, finished, and lowered to its destined depth; the main pipes and conductors mostly buried under the princqwl etreets ; churches, hotels, museum, printing offices, and the stores in the various business streets, are all being prepared for its reception and use?whilst our city council are gravely debating the question, whether the gas lamps shall be 400 orfiOO feet apart! or whether a cent, or a cent and a half an hour shall be paid tor its use. First, encourage Mr. Webb and the I hi ladelphians to locate gas works here at an enor mous expense, and then, Dutch fashion, quibble about the price of using it. There is not a person in the city but would prefer the gas to oil, tor corpo ration purposes, witfi, jierhajis, the excejition of the city marshal and the lumplighters. "We want more light,"as Alderman Haswell said. And water, too. During the intense heat and parching drought of the past summer, the City Council were choking for water. Committees were appointed to explore the surrounding country, for a source of supply. Our citizens were promised a report and plan to accomplish this all desirable ob ject, and everybody was crying water, water.? Well, the heavens have since opened over our heads, and halt n dozen showers of rain have graciously descended upon us. But the idea of being furnish ed with a constant and da'ly supply from theCohoes, or any other source, has utterly vanished from ,tie minds of our city lathers An aqueduct of eight or nine miles would furnish an inexhaustible quantity, rivaling in extent your far-tamed and deservedly cherished Croton. A smart, raging tire, destroying a considerable amount of property, might raise an agitation again. . . ,, The statement ot Gough, published in the llcraia i of Saturday, gives no better satisfaction than the ' spurious one published by Dixon. The 'mans hand over the glass" affords no satisfaction ; out perhaps it was the best rvte that poor t tough could resort to to establish a reason why he became intox icated. But there is 110 reason 111 it. What drug could Jonathan Williams so adroitly throw into a glass et soda, which would instantly dissolve . No kind of liquid could have been thrown in with his hand. No, 110 ; Mr. Gough might as well a|?ologise for being on one of Ins old fashioned sprees^-tlmt 1 lie got beastly drunk?harbored in a house of plea sure and prostitution?s|?ent his money freely for brandy and other appertaining luxuries?that he on ly fell one week from grace, a backslider lor a sea ' son, and that now he was restored, usk lorgiveness, and ready to resume his temperance lectures. U. S. Commissioner's Office. Before Commissioner Morton. SrrT. 3!>th.?Jt,hburton Treaty? Mr. Commissioner Morton pronounced judgment in the case of Brian O Don nell, who had been arrested 011 a charge or murder a - lrpred to have been committed in Ireland. The Court it - mated that after consulting with the Judgas ot the 1 . Courts, they had agreed that there was no legal tciU n ny tolfurther detain the prisoner O Ponnell was ac 1 cordingly discharged. Before Judge Daly. ! Si la, C. Smith vs. Lew,, P. Sogs.-Thi* was an action ol trespass upon the case to recover damages lo , leged fraudulent opening of letters belonging to j tiff, and also for personating the plaintift ? , business away by certain false representations, in fendsut's stating that he was "8. <'? Smith, , plaintiff) for the purpose of obtaining business whic longed to said Smith The defence set up I,ad opened no letters, and, also, that 1(j he was entitled to do so, as the business had been sold ma psity named G.'W. Smith by the plaintiff, the latter remaining in the store for some time subsequently 1 tangent of the said O. W. Smith. The lette.s were dh rented it was alleged, to No. 1" Kulton street, where the narties carried on the business of dealers in br?om'' rashes cordage, .Vc. Sic. The plaintiff having failed to ,reve tlie opemng of the letters by defendant, and, also, thnt said defendant had endeavored to procure plaintiff s business for hi* personal benefit, the jury rendered a verdict for defendant. Court Colentlor. This Day.?Common Pl?A'.?Part 1 ? No*. 39, 109,14ft, 1 3ft, 69, ?1, W, 117, J91, 137, 133, 181. Part 3. -104,78, 113,190, 199, 134, 19ft, 19S, 130, 164 Aiitl-llent Trials, tfcc?A Jury Empanelled In the raw of Van Steenburgh. DKi.Hi.Sept. 37, 1844. Delaware Oyer aud Terminer?lion. Ji. J. Parker, Preti ding Judge?J. Ji. Ilughiton, ??(/., District Attorney? Samuel Sherwood, ?<>/., couneel for the People. The court met thia morning at 9 o'clock. Arraigned. ? Darius Travis was arraigned upon an in dictment, charging him with murder. A plea ol guilty ol manslaughter in the tint degree was offered by his counsel, and accepted by the court. Plcae to Indictment!?John burch and Isauc L. Bur hons withdrew their plea of not guilty of murder, and pleaded guilty to manslaughter in the tirst degree. Ac cepted. Smith Sandford and James Clayton, one 18 and the other 'JO years old, withdrew their former plea of not guilty of murder, and entered a plea of guilty ot man slaughter in the fourth degree. Accepted. Barbour Stafford, aged JO, now withdrew his former plea of not guilty of murder, ami plead guilty to man slaughter in the fourth degree. Accepted. Kdwin Mason, 19 years of age, by advise of counsel, withdrew his foraier plea of not guilty of murder, and entered a plea of guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree. Accepted. Calvin Madison now withdrew a former nlea of not guilty of murder, and plead guilty of manslaughter jn the fourth degree. Accepted. Andrew Moscript, a pale, sickly boy, 17 years of age, by advice of counsel, withdrew a former plea of not guilty of murder, aud plead guilty to manslaughter in the fourth degree. The Corai suggested that on account of his extreme youth and sickness, the case not being a very strong one, a nolle proset/ui be entered. * The District Attornev accordingly entered a nolle proi , and tho prisoner was dischurged. Wm. Reside withdrew a plea of not guilty of murder, and plead guilty of manslaughter iu the tirst degree.? Accepted. Henry L. Russell, 19 years oi age, was now arraign- j ed on an indictment charging him witn murder. By ad- I vice of counsel, plead guilty of manslaughter in the 1 fourth degree. Accepted. Zadoc P. Northrop, 17 years of age, was arraigned ; for murder. I'leud guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree. Accepted. Trim, or John Van Steenburhii, iou Mcrukr.? Hon. Samuel Gordon, Hon. Mitchell Sandlord, Hon. 8. S. Bowne, counsel for prisoner.?Third Day. This trial was now resumed, and the dark proceeded I to call the names of the talesmen returned this morning, [ by the Deputy Sheriff. One of the most singular, extraordinary and curious things about this trial,is the tact of Stanley Grimes, Ksq., the celebrated lecturer on that sublime and interesting science called phrenology,at present delivering a course on the subject in this village, sits on the right hand of counsel for prisoner, and critically examines the faces, but more particularly the bumps on the crauiums of ju rors, while undergoing examination. His advice re garding their character has been taken in several instan- | ccs; and if the juror was declared com|>eteiit by the triors, the peremptory challenge has been used at his suggestion. This is certainly one of the most novel, romantic and funny proceedings we have yet heard of. It is the be ginning of a new era in modern criminal jurisprudence, for it successful in this instance, we have no doubt a phrenologist will hereafter become an indispensable ap pendage in a criminal suit. An animal magnetise r may shortly be found useful in putting an obnoxious juryman into a state of somnolency while the evidence is being heard. The counsel for prisoner (as will be seen) challenged almost every juror to the favor. A variety of questions are asked, such as, " Do you believe there were men disguised and armed at the fclarle sale V' " Do you be lieve a murder was committed on that occasion ?" or " do vou believe Steele was murdered 7" " Who mur dered him ?" " Do you think all the men disguised and armed were guilty of murder)" " Was the assemblage a felony or misdemeanor ?" " Have you said all the men at the sale ought to be shot, kc." (Some answered yes to this ) "Have you prejudices against the men at that sale 1" " If the prisoner was proved to be there would not your prejudices extend to him 1" " Could you set down to try this man with the same feelings as you would to try a neighbor )" " Do you belong to the pos se I" "Have you read the newspapers )" "Have you seen a list of those who shot!" &c. h.c. Levi Miles called?Challenged to the favor by coun sel for prisoner. Decided to be competent?challenged peremptorily. Set aside. Almon J. Gates culled?Challenged by defence. Set aside by consent?the Juror having expressed an opinion on the case The counsel for prisoner here remarked that it was very singular, but it was a fact, that the three tirst tales men called had been on the posse. He contended that any person having been on the posse wus unfit to serve as a juror in this case. Their feelings having been enlisted in a war spirit, and their prejudices anayed against the prisoners, who may have at some time resisted them. 'I'll* c?ubt remarked that the mere fact that a juror ; had served on the posse, and attended "indignation meet | ings," instead of being discreditable, was rather in his ! favor, and of itself would not disqualify a man from serv ' nig as a juror in this case. j II. 8. Trkauwell called?Challenged by defence. Set - aside by consent, having formed an opinion. Horace Mann called?Challenged by defence. Set aside by consent. Wm. Pomrov called?Challenged by delence. Chal lenge withdrawn. Sworn as a juror. Marvin S. Kellooo called?Challenged by defence. Set aside by consent. John J. Miller called?Challenged by defence. Set aside by consent. Klihu Howell called, Challenged by defence, decided to lie competent; challenge peremptorily set aside. Jahkd CiiArijcalled?Challenged by defence,decided to be competent Challenged peremptorily set aside. The Court here adjourned lor dinner. AFTERNOON SESSION. Bradford Kingslev called, Challenged by defence, de cided to be competent, challenged peremptorily, set usi<%. The counsel for the prisoner now gave notiwe to the court that they were willing to accept of Mr. Chace, 1 whom they had set aside before dinner as a juror, on condition the counsel for the people would allow them to withdraw the peremptory challenge anil reserve it for future use. The counsel lor the people acceded to this proposi tion, and Jared Chaco took his seat as a juror, making the seventh juror sworn. This leaves the counsel for prisoner eleven peremptory challenges. KBr.NERF.il Handford called?Challenged oy defence, challenge withdrawn. Kbene/er (landlord took his seai as a juror. Daniel. Nohtiim av called?Challenged by defence, set aside by triors. Asa Nelson called?Challenged by defence, challenged peremptorily, set aside. Jabez Fowler called?set aside by consent. Ahraiiam Hi)uirks called?Challenged by defence, de cided to be competent: challenged peremptorily. Homfr Bostwick called?Challenged by defence. Set , aside. Aaron Halsey called?Challenged by defence, chal lenge withdrawn. Aaron Halsey took his seat as a juror. Lyman McCall called?Challenged by defence, set aside. Wm. A. Stilson called?Challenged by Defence?set aside, having expressed an opinion that the men assem bled at Karl's sale, ought to be shot or hanged. a/, el B. Roberts sworn as a juror. Wm. Smith sworn as a juror. Daniel J. Roe called?Challenged by defence?de cided to be competent?Challenged peremptorily?Set aside. David Bcel called?challenged by defence?decided to be competent?challenged peremptorily?Set aside. Dwiic.ht Mitchell called?Challenged by defence set aside by consent. Alexander Searle called?Challenged by ilefenc ? alter examination, challenged peremptorily?Set asid Thomas Williams sworn as a juror. The names of the jury were now called, and the num ber found complete. The Counsel for the prisoner had six peremptory challenges left. The Court now adjourned until Monday morning at nine o'clock?previous to which, however, four consta bles were appointed to attend upon the jury, who were cautioned against speaking to any one, or allowing any one to speak to them on this subject. Common Plena. Before Judge Daley. See i. U9.? Snyder <$ Makbitt vs. Elmtlrad \ Faniung. | ?This was an action to recover the value of a quantity of eggs which were sold to defendants. I he case was tried once before. The eggs amounted to a larga quan tity (seven barrels.) The defence set up was that the eggs were had, and could not be used, and, that there was no consideration given to defendant to enable the plnintiffto sustain his action. The plaintiffs rejoin that defendants bought the eggs at their own risk, and if they proved unsound they (the plaintiffs) had to abide the con sequences, verifying the old adage that people have "no right to count their chickens before they are hatched."? Sealed verdict this forenoon. Court of Enquiry.?A Court composed of Com modore M. C. Perry, as President. Commanders Ogden and Stribling, ns members, and T. Barton Key, Ksq., as Judge Advocate, for the purpose of onquiring into the conduct of Lieutenant McLaughlin, while in command in Florida, was convened on Wednesday last, in the ante room of the Secretary of the Navy. Lt. McLaughlin being present, the court proceeded to ex amine such witnesses as wero present, and from day to day, until the present time it has met and proceeded with the duties assigned it. The Fourth Auditor, Mr. Dayton, Messrs. Ktheridge and Mechlin, clerks in his bureau, Lt. Rogers of the Navy, and f'has. II. Winder, Keq., have been examined. Nothing liae been elicited thus far, as we understand, more than was known prior to the examination. 'I he Court ii still in session.? fVasAington Journal, Sept. 27. Naval.?The frigate Potomac was to be taken over to .Santa Kosa, to apply the box which has been construced for her bow, with a view to stop her leaks. Some doubt exists as to the success of the attempt, but the mere sanguine hope yet to see the frigate rejoin the squadron without being compelled to repair to Norfolk City Intelligence. The Weather.?Yesterday and Sunday were two warm mild days, more Spring than Autumn like. The tic waa not warm, hut hadia bland, pleasant feeling,'that ilmost made u? believe we were hack in May. The la lies were brought out, and Broadway has heen throng id with the most beautiful creatures in the world, and lressed too in the newest fall lashions. Professor BriH.-On Sunday evening, in his Lecture in Angels.f'rofessor Bush asserted that Angels were net i separate order of beings, hut were the disembodied pints of our race. The easiest converts to this new loctrine are the ladies, who conceive that they will lave no great change to undergo after all, they have ieen so accustomed to being called Angels, that they all readilv in with all Professor Bush says. Park Fountain?The Common Council have at last ;ome to the conclusion to beautify the mud-pond in the 'ark. It is not a very seasonable time of year to com nence to be sure.butif it is not commenced immediately, ive fear the erratic gentlemen of the Council will revoke heir determination. Gentlemen, just please to throw in ' them seats." Anti-Rent.? It is said that many persons in this city have been infected by the doctrine of Anti-Rentism great ly to the discomfort of their landlords, on quarter day. Who Druccikb Gov.h 1?It is currently reported that "Williamson," the mau drugged Gough, is the same man that struck Billy I'aterson, and that his name is not Williamson, but Wilkins, surnamed Peter, the gentle man who was cast away and dwelt among the flying Islanders of Coney Island before the election of Gover nor Davis. Ma. Coulter.?In an article in Sunday's Herald head ed "A Chance lor Speculators," we stated that Mr. Coul ter, a commission merchant,in the Tombs, olfered a large sum for bail in fttOOO. We since learn that Mr. Coulter is not in the Tombs, but was bailed out by a responsible person several weeks since. We copied the article from mother paper, and are happy to make this correction. Militia Tkainin.,.?There was a drill of several regi ments of militia in the Park yesterday afternoon ; as we have already described one of them, we do not deem it necessary to go into particulars. A New Gajse.?As a gentleman irom the country was walking down Broadway yesterday and gazing about at the strange sights that met his eyes, he was accosted hy a veneiable looking man, when apposite Trinity churcn, with, "Fine building, sir, I shoula like to see the inside ; should'nt you 1" Our friend remarked that he should, when his companion, pointing to the red flag of a mock auction shop opposite, said "they sell tickets over there, we'll go over and get some." So over theywent,and stop ping the auctioneer in the midst of his "going, going gone," inquired for tickets. The old gentleman remark ed that he believed he would'nt take one ; but our green friend bought one, paying for it 26 cents. With it he went over to the gate, and very much astonished the kce|ier by pulling out a green card of some Broadway tailor, fie had a hearty laugh, and informed the gentle man that he had been "done for," and showed him the church without any extra charge. Census or Ni w York.?We have procured the district returns under the State census, and from them have com piled the following complete census of the city of New York. We have also compared each with the returns of the two previous censuses, those of 1836 and 1840 :? Census ok the Citv of New York. ll'ardi. 1835. 1840. 1845. 1st 10,380 10,629 11,889 2d 7,549 6,394 6,894 3d 10,884 11,581 11,800 4th 15,439 15,770 30,974 5th 18.495 19,159 20,362 6th 16,287 17,198 19.126 7th 21,481 22,982 25,335 Rih 28,570 29 073 30,353 9th 20,613 24,795 30,896 10th 20,926 29,026 20,998 11th 26,845 17,052 27,265 12th 24,437 11,653 13,373 13th 17,130 18,517 22,411 lath 17,306 20.235 21,103 15th 13,202 17,755 16,435 IGth 22,273 40,323 17th 18,619 27,257 Total 370,089 313,710 366,785 By the above it appears that there is an increase of in habitants at the last census of 54,076, which is an increase of 16 tier cent within the last Ave years. New York is now the lifth city in the world. Suicide at Flushing.?It was yesterday reportad, that Mr. Post committed suicide on Sunday by hanging himself in his stable. Democratic Senator.? Kdward Sandford, it is said, is to be the democratic candidate for Senator from this dis trict. Mr. Sandford was formerly a member oi the city delegation in the Assembly. Jackson Kirk Comta-xi.?The Jackson Fire Company, No. 11, of Brooklyn, passed through our streets yester day on their return from a target firing excursion. They presonted a very neat appeatance, and had their target and banner tastefully trimmed with green boughs. Coroner's Office,?Sept. 29.?Death hy Delirium Trt wens.?The Coroner was called this morning to hold an inquest at the Alms House in the Park, on the body of a female named Judith McLoud, who was taken to the 10th ward station house yesterday, in an apparent deranged state ol mind, and this morning was put on a spring cart for the purpose of being conveyed to the City Prison to be examined by the physicians. On arriving at the Tombs, it was discovered that she was dead. Yerdict, death by delirium tremens. Another rate.?The coroner was called also to hold an inquest at No. 31 First street, on the body of John Camp bell, a native of Scotland, aged 28 years, who came to his death by inflammation of the lungs, connected with delirium tremens. Mr. Owen's Address to the Inhabitants of the United States, and to the Population of the Western Hemisphere, however now divided by Language, and Opponent Inte rests: Men, Brethren, and Friends? .imericans of every District,from North to South :? You inhabit a continent, abounding in the means of ? very description to ensure the continued prosperity and happiness of yourselves and offspring through un numbered ages. You havo the capacity within your selves now to attain, speedily, extensive valuable know ledge, and high progressive excellence. Why, thsn, should you not now adopt measures to ensure this supe rior state of existence ? The barrier to the attainment of this superior state, is alone in the causes which have produced your sectional, and individual differences, and repulsive feelings. Were these causes removed, and replaced by others as necessarily productive of union, your progress to prosperity, wealth, health, ex cellence and happiness would be certain, rapid, and nn exclusive. The time is come, and row come, for the first time in the mysterious and wonderful progressive advance in the condition of humanity, when the causes of lis union may be removed, and replaced by those causes, which will introduce, and secure among all men, permanent enion, upon a base, so fixed and firm that it will remain immoveable through all future ?f?0'- . , . The sole causes, now, when wealth, through scienti fic ai rangements, can be so easily produced in super abundance for nil human wants and rational desires, are the misconceptions of our inexperienced ancestors, re specting human nature, and their consequent ignorance as to the right path to happiness, through a correct knowledge 01 the divine laws of humanity, and of a practice consistent with those divine laws. Union nmong mew can alone produce permanent prosperity, excellence, and happiness. Union can never be created under a system, based on the misconceptions of our an cestors respecting human nature-, it is only to be attain ?d by an accurate knowledge of the divine laws of hu manity, and a practice, at all times, emanating from, and consistent with, those laws. The right under standing of these errors, in principle and practice, and ol the divine laws of humanity, will open the eyes of all to a knowledge of their true interests, and of that which is necessary lor their permanent happiness. You will, through this knowledge, comprehend how decidedly it is for the interest of all upon this conti nent, that they should be members of the strongest go vernment upon it; that there should be no discord or weak governments ; that as soon as practicable, there should be but one general federative government, one language, one code of laws, one circulating medium, one system of commerce,and no restrictions between one : district and another, from north to south, and from east | to west, and thus, that there should be but one interest through its whole extent. That this government should he based on nature's unchanging laws, he federa tive in its outline, hut self-governing in its smallest fe derative division, and these divisions so formed as that each individual within them, shall he well cared ler, from birth to death, in order that no one shall he at any time overlooked ; but that all, young, middle aged, and old, shall have full justice done to them physically, mentally, morally and practically, according to their natural capacities .and as man has been, is,and ever most be, the creature of the good or evil circumstances under which he is formed, before his birth, and by which he is afterwards surrounded through'llfe, especial tare must be taken to first remove the existing inferior and evil circumstances which now, more or less, affect all previ ous to, and which surround ail from birth to death; and second, to replace those circumstances whose influence are of an inferior and evil character, by those decidedly superior and good. Ker as these are, whether superior or inferior, wise or foolish, so will men be. Hitherto, owing to fundamental errors, almost all external cir cumstances of human formation, have been made to have inferior influences upon the human race* To make this all important subject generally understood, for the permanent benefit of all, a convention to be called the ?'World's Convention,is hereby called in the city of New York, the chief city of the United States, now con stituting the most powerful government on the western hemisphere, and already an experienced organised federative government, therefore form ing the most advantageous nucleus (or the com mencement, in the new world, of an entirely new system for the benefit of all, upon tho principles of equal rights and of self-government ; the fundamental principles upon which the American (Government was based by its far-seeing founders. This Convention is now colled to create an opportunity to make the fact known to all, that the meant now exist in great superfluity to ef fect this glorious change for humanity over the world, but especially over the whole of this continent, and to conaider and diacuii, in ? friendly manner, the best mode by which, in the shortest time, and with the least evil to all, these means may be applied to accomplish this change in practice. All having these unexclusiv# and god-like objects in view, and more especially those who have had extensive experience, are invited, in the spirit of universal charity and kindness, to attend this, the World'a Convention, to commence at 10 o'clock, on Wednesday, 1st October. The place ef holding the Convention will be edvertised in a few dajr*^ owRN i New York, Sept '13, 1844.