Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1845, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1845 Page 3
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episcopate," Insert, " or the inability, dilability, or abunee from tht iioceet of the BieKop," and said that if not carried by a two-thirdi vote, it ihould go over to next Conven tion. The question was then put, with the following result. The natnes of the Clergy were called, and I IS of them voted, of which hi were In the affirmative; and 33 in the negative. The Laity voted in paristies ?there were 113 votes east, two-thirds oi which would be 78?but 87 only voting in the affirmative, the question was therefore lost,and must go over to next Convention. The tallowing clergymen votod in the affirmative? Kcv. Mersre. Aherc.rombie, Adams, Andrews, Beach, Berrian. Brown, Burchan, Corder, Carter, Clapp, Clarke, Creighton, Curtis, Davis. S Davis, Diller, D iwdney, Ed ward, Evans, H. Evans, Forbes, Fowler, (iibson, Hack ley, Hatgbt, Hdlsey, llarriman, Haskins, Huwley, Hen ry, Hiribee, Hughes, Hunter, Jackson, D V. \l. Johnson, E. M. Johnson, \V, L. Johnson, C. Jones, Livermote, Lyull, Mallaby, Marcus, McVickar, Mead, Mutcalf, Mel lidolor, Morris, Munroe, Nichols, Noble, i'adu, Tark, i'eters, Price, Richmond, Sayres, Seahury, Selkirk. She ton, Sherwood, Dr. Sherwood, J. C. Smith, O. li. Smith, Southard, Hpooner, Stewart, Theyer, Thomas, Traver, Tattle, Twiug, Van Kleeck, Van Renssalier, Vinton, Waiu'vrjght, Waller, Ward, Washburn, VVheaton, Wins low, Watson. Ayes?bt. Nevus.? Rev. Messrs. Aldis, Anthon, Baker, Balch, Barlow, Beare, Bedell, Brown, Burcher, Chauncey, Cushing. Fairbairu, Oarfleld, Harris, Hart, Harwood, L. Jones, Lewis, Messenger, Dr. Moore, Newman, Page, Paitiage, Poned, Powell, Shiineall, Dr. Smith, Mr. Stars, Dr. Turner, Tyng, VVhitehouse, Williamson, Uoddard. Nayes?8b. The Convention then adjourned to ti o'clock. At six o'clock the House was called to order, and the Secretary read the second proposed amendment to the 10th canon, in tha following words "But in all cases where, in the opinion of the standing committee, acts of the Episcopal office ure necessary, for or within this diocese, during a vacancy in the Epis. copate, or during the inability, disability or absence from the diocese, of the Bishop, tho standing committee ? hall iDvite a Bishop of this Church to perlorm such acts, the expense ot which will be provided lor by the Con vention of the diocese." Jrno. C. Mrknckk proposed to lay this amendment on the tnMe. on the giounu that it is the same in substanos to the 3rd resolution. A Mkmbsi would like to know if Mr. Spencer acts un der the advice of the committee. Mr. Spkxckh said lie did. The question of la) ing the amendment on the table was then put and carried. The bKCUEiaav than read the fourth Vimoudment, pro posed to be made to the same eeiioa. "This C onvention being deeply s ausiblo of 'ho hazard ous cor.di ion of the dioce.-o, and ox the absolute necessi ty of some effectual aud permanent provision being ma le for the performance of Episcopal icts therein, "ltesolvod, That tho delegates from this diocese, in the Ooneisl < onvenlion 1 & desired to use all proper ert'o. ts to obtain the enac/nient of such canons by the (Jeneral Convention as are adapted to the case of a ins pam'su Bishop in an) d'niiese, and will allow the elec tion of another, witf"^ lull Episcopal authority in himself, and in no way dependent on the Bishop during his sua pet s en." JunuK Osbl^v enquired of the chairman if the com mittee prop<,lej to addiess the convention, as he (Judge u 8 xOutto propose no amendment. It is evident. rrntinii' .a . < > .t, > _ . ? . i -ludge (J., that the gentleman who proposed a Xeodment are looking to the restoration of the Bi ?)>0,p to tlie exercise of his episcopal functions; he infers .aat it is the object ot the committee so to amend the ca Aatiu as to make it apply to the case of a suspended Bi shop, and the election of an assistant Bishop, to take charge of the diocese during such suspension, and ate evidently looking forward to the action of the general convention, when thut convention would re stoie hiin. I say, therefore, that their line of action is clearly that of looking to tho restoration of the Bishop as a practicable event. I do not hesitate to say that our object is to sever the connexion of the Bishop with tho diocese. The amendment which I propose is to add at the end of the resolution the following:? "But in the judgment of this Convention, no modifica tion of the said canon shall be mado which in uny con tingency, would lead to tiie restoration of the lit. llev H i . O. to his former episcopal and ministerial func tions in this dioceBe. It being the solemn belief of this < .(invention that such a restoration can never take place with any prospect of usefulness to the church of Ood." It will r bo conceded on all hands that if the facts on tfhich the late Bishop was tried aud conviated, are true, no man in this body can sny that he ought to be restored to jurisdiction in this diocese. At the outset, many in dividuals thought that if the charges were true, they were not of that serious magnitude as would lead to his suspension, but those feelings have subsided. I do not, of couise, mean to consider the question whether there is any ground of doubting tho trutli of those charges; it is sufficient for mo that they have been disposed of by the proper authority, but a large number do believe them, and think that the Biahop cannot lie restored alter hoing eonvicted on them. About the sentence, a great many differ, but of the propriety of the conviction, they have no doubt, and consider whether he is a Bishop or not; still he ought not to be the Bishop of this dio cese, and that portion who believe the conviction was proper, cannot ever acquiesce in any course which has the restoration of the Bishop in view, and the committee ought never to look for the restoration of the Bishop. J. C. Spknckr thinks tiie amendment offered a substi tute for tho proposition of the majority, The one is ad dressud to tne Bishop and the other to this Convention, and only a change ot tactics, and is in effect the proposi tion submitted by Christ Church, Jamaica, and tho Church ot the Ascension, and tbey all come to the same end, having in view tho resignation of the Bishop. This steers clear of some of the objections in the report, but it has lur. spirit ot the main objection?it addresses its opin ions hi a manner to tlie conscience of \he Bishop, and is theieioiu subject to the objection already made. The phraseology ol the amendment is thatsno modification in the sai J canon ought to be mudo*wkiini in any contingency, ire. Now, what is meant by any contingency 1 The Rec tor of Bt. Thomas has put ll upon tho ground that there is a want of confidence in the Bishop, and there is such a state of tilings as would render the duties of tlie Bit-hop iiulruilful in the diocese; but, lor myself, i i'o not possess intelligence or foresight sufficient to say that no contingency can ever happen as would justify the restoiatiou of the Bishop. .Suppose by possibility that it might turn out that a conviction was procurbd upon misstatements, upon testimony wholly mistaken? w e know that our civil courts are lull of such cases, of persons bring exueuted upon testimony which turned out to lie laiso would not such a contingency justify Ins restoration? 1 cannot go heyond the present moment, I cannot assume the prerogative ot judging ot the future, tiiat i.i no contingency whatever could such a state of things arise as would justify the lestoration ot the Bishop. Have we not hoard of cases being tried on the most conclusive evidence which afterwards turned out ?o lie false! Vour blood would run cold to read the many i .iscs thine are in the books ol men being executed upon testimony, w inch at the time did not admit of a shadow of doubt, ami upon which juries convicted without leav ing their box. and which afterwards proved to be false, and aio we to say I y our votes that nothing of the kind can occur in this case to change the uspect of this casef Tins amendment ventures further than 1 can go, and 1 cannot see how it is possible to vary it as it goes on the principle, that ?<> contingency can arise in all time to cotne to justify tiie restoration ol the bishop. I dare not say. that even admitting the truth of tlie eharges, the pure and blameless life which he has spent and which received the commendation of people in evory sphere of hie, and alter sutfeiing the utmost extent el excruciat ing psin end suriow, I dare not say that such a man may i?r lOMoreu. Judge (Uilft desire* to make the amendment as ac ceptable an possible to the gentleman, although ho door not see mui li lorce in his argument; he will strike out the w orils ehalt be made, Rtid insert that no modification ought to be made, which, in any contingency, 4 c. johs (J. tjeKhcKK submits that this modification does not at all alter the prtuc ple of tbo amendment. 1 put it to tlia gentleman's irankness to s.iy, if he does not mean that the Bishop can never tie restoied? Kev. VV. Bvlch, of St. Barliiiiieuiews, luslncn for seven yeais connected with this diocese, and n. v\ r con sidered it iiia duty to occupy me time of tue ? o..volition, and does not now intend to niRke o large dr It upou their time; hut there rtc sonie pmuts upon which he is con strained to?peak I have ?y uipatbr/.e i w itli the < hair in the ai'oaous duty impo.-cd upon it. mid heat witness to the aeai with which Unit duty s discharged- I allude to the latitude with which he u?.s allowed tlie debate to bt. rained on ; lor it. tiy Hi let udtierence to the rules of omer an impre-sion nn? gone abroad in the community, IID thai the irutu was vuppiessed, is there many to say what extent of ?' jary the Church would have received. I ieci, therelate, that the Couventiou owes tlie Chair thanks mi ibo lstitndo he has allowed in the debate.? Agiin, we all regiet tne s'.ate of excitement to which the ( 'invention proceeded 011 Saturday last, but when the intrust ly inciting uuturoofthe subject is recollect ed, I ask wba bar Under tne en I'.uinstancns the Conven tion ought to fes censured. The gentleman from St Thomas hss said that the principle involved in the amendment is thut which aliovo all others he sought to get <111 espies ion ot opinion upon; we do not expect that a majon.y of the Convention agreo with us on this inipoitaut point; this point is the cidudel where we are content to lull or gain tiie victory; the other points are but the outworks; we tned to get an expression that this diocese is vacant, ami that it was impossible in the na ture of things Innt the late Bishop could he restored, and hail they been ('erinittiid to come to a vote on that ques tins in the first instance, they would have been satisfied Ail I wanted was to have my vote recorded. J. C. SrKNctH called the gentleman to order, as he must confine himself to the subject of debate, and not travel again over the same ground; he is anxious to hear the gentleman, but he is clearly out of order; for admit ting the Bishop is not Bishop, it docs not affect this amendment. (Criesof" order.") Mr. Burn proceeds. Tho resolution proposes an amendment which tvill mi et our difficulty, by having an anil-lard Bishop; but does not that recognise a senior Bishop? it has been contended by the Hector of the l .tiiHimeli buich, that oi necessity Bishop Ondcidonk is the II1 shop of this diocese, and that we must elect an as xaktntil Bishop. If w e look at the sentence which was iisssed upon the Bishop of Pennsylvania, we find the luuguage used was, " that the Bishop be suspended from exercising, publicly, all functions and offices of the min istry," and the court did accordingly suspend him from the exercise ol all public functions ami offices of the ministry; the sentence is suspension from the public ex ercise ol nil Iiinctioiis, ike. The sentence on the Bishop oi .New York, is suspension from the functions and offi ces of the sacred ministry. In Pennsylvania, the Bishop lesigned his office; but in New York, the Bishop did not resign, and therefore he was suspended from the office; and I affirm that you have the opinion of the Court of Bishops on the subject, in the wording of the sentence: and on this ground it is not competent for this house to appoint an assistant Bishop. l'he 1'nrsuim 1 callod tlio gentleman to ordor, as only the amendment is under discussion. Mr. Bsn m continued. As respects the appointment ot an assistant Bishop, we Hre called upon to say that there exists a Bishop, if we proceed to the appointment ol mi assistant Bishop, to assist him in his functions But members say, wtfy can't the Bishop be restored?? II the r.isbup ware sin ponded for heresy, or lor some p iitn 0I111 act ot vice, on tecanting or on contrition, I do see the possibility ot restoration; nut in this case it is dilterent; and I submit w hethera Bishop of the church, once convicted can be restored? From the relative re lation ol pastor and flock, the clots Into peculiar situations with the females of their flock, requiring the greatest confidence; and you must of ne cessity ilestroy that confldenoe, if the supposition is en tertained that the Bishop ran he restored. Why otu'? he 1 be restored? Because of the nature of his offence. Show me that that tender plant, public confidence, can be vio lated und outraged with impunity. Bishop Ouderdonk cannot bo restored?and 1 speak it not in anger, but I put it to the heart of eveiy member of this Convention, not here in the excitement of debate, but when this church shall be silent?when he shall have entered his private closet?when he shall have gone home, and looked upon the innocent faces ot his wile and children?has he, by his vote for the restoration of the Bishop, elevated the moral standard of the church? Illustration is often bet ter than argument; and in speaking of the injury which ? - 1, I will " would occur to the piety of the church, f will relate what happened within my own knowledge. I was sum moned to attend the dying bed ol one of my parishion ers?n female?and as her life grew shorter?when she was about to appear before her Maker?at that awful aioineut when her breath grew fainter and fainter, aud the lust grain of sand had almost run, 1 observed that she was trying to say something; and at this most awful moment, what was the language of that dying Christian' ?' Oh," said she. " how sorry 1 am to think of the state of the church. Will such a man us Bishop Onderdonk be ever again Bishop of this diocese?" Dr. Two now rose and said, that he is not accustomed to tremble when lie sees the face oi any mortal man, and theie are few circumstances in life which makes his hoi vous system grieved, but he must acknowledge that the present question does. He has considered this ques tion over and over, in order to arrive at a self approving result. The individual meutioned in the proposed amend il respect meat, was always an object of personaf respect to him, ami has separated from his friends when he thought they were wrong in sustaiuing the individual, and could he rai e that man to the position he formerly held, he daie not do it. As au individual, he was willing to throw the whole subject into the hands of the Convention; hut the amendment lorhids silence in reference to its doctrines, ami he it compelled to say aye or nay in reference to its dm. trines. The question we have to consider is, can he be restored to his position? We may receive the penitent but repentance never restores, and cannot resture public confidence? as well might you try to restore the crystal va-o which has been broken in pieces. You may load y our tal le with resolutions, but they will not*turn the frown into a smile in those who would meet him in the hou-.e of'iod. It is not iu the power of canons or acts, bow ever declared, to make up tho breach which crime makes bet weon public confidence and the individual Could I approach him with affection, and place my arms mound him, I could not procure tor him u greats.i faint thau bis peaceful retirement can this gentleman ever minister ag-tiu with bench; to the Chur.U ! That depends upon -a-bother | u'dic conn l-nca can be restored. Can the Church ret ei*e him into their domestic circle again 1? Would a not be that his first visit would be tiis last '\ o are a smell body in the laud and have been gaining for years, from our character, men have looked up to our bishops, as lights and guides. If the Bishop he res toied, ho will be restored as my diocesan, ana I must quit the diocese, or submit to his authority. The extremely full state of our columns prevents our giving, to-day, the full details of the debate that iollowed on this question, ami of which we took full notes; we must at present content ou selves with saying that it was continued till a very late hour, viz, near eleven o' clock, and that the lollowing gentlemen spoke in favor of passing tho resolution, viz?Mr. James Fennkmoke Cooper, Dr. Cutler, Hev. Mr. Haliev?while the fol lowing gentlemen urged its rejection, viz?Rev. Mr. Park of West Point, Mr. Floyd Smith, Rev. Mr. Van Klerk, Mr. Haight, Mr. Foiibes, Dr. Wainwright, Rev Mr. Vinton. The grounds on which the latter gentlemen urged the rejection of this resolution and amendment were several. Mr. Pahk thought the passing of it would be an act which was induced by public clamor and opinion, and altogether, his speech, which we shall give to-morrow, was a very curious one. Mr. Floyd Smith was profuse iu his thanks to him for having thus manfully come out against tho resolution Mr. Forres had no objection as an individual to state that Bishop Onderdonk would act wisely in resigning ; he denied that the wish of those who opposed the passage of it wished at any future time to effect a restoration of Bishop O. to the Diocese,though he would say that scripture furnished examples ol repen tance being followed by restoration to high places, but he wished the opinions to be pressed in the resolution and amendment to be left to the action of the General Con vention of 18-17, and Mr. Vinton expressed somewhat the same views. Mr. IIaiuiit said he should vote ugainst it on many grounds, and if it was lost he intended offering tho following resolution : "Resolved, That this Convention, without expressing anyopinion on the legal and canonical questions growing out of the sentence pronounced by the Court of BishopB on Bishop Onderdonk (which sentence they hold to be valid until declared otherwise by some competent tri bunal) look with confidence to the General Convention at its next session for the adoption of measures which shall effectually relieve tho diocese of New York in its present emergency." Dr. Wainwright did not vote for it, becauso it was an extromo measure which he was opposed to, and he should support Mr. Haight's motion, a similar one to which he had prepured, but should not now present. Mr. J. F. Cooper spoke in favor of it, and in answer to "M r. l'ark, in a most logical and excellent speech. Dr. Cutler also spoke iu reply to Mr. Park, and urged its passage on the scoro et morality, as also Rev. Mr. Halsey. The question was finally put, and the result was as follows, viz.:?Clerical votes?ayes 40, noes 78. Lay votes?ayes 55, noes 54, and one divided, which was thrown out. Thus it was carried by a majority of one on the part of the laity, aud lost by a majority of 36 on the part of the clergy; so the resolution was lost. The house then adjourned till nine o'clock this morning. -, It will bo thus seen that th* Bishop has gained some more ground, there being an evident unwillingness to adopt any resolution which would tor ever cut him oil fiom any hope of restoration to the diocese, that fate, if it be indeed reserved fer him, being left in the hands ol the General Convention, that is, if ,4r. Haight's reso lution passes to-day, as it is anticipated it will. Very Latf. from Chjli awd Peru.?The old packet ship Orpheus, Captain Hill, arrived yester day front Valparaiso and along shore. We have thus received advices froin Lima to the 17th of June, Valparaiso to the 29th of June, and Coquim bo to the 7th of July. Every thing remained quiet in Chili; the finances were in a nourishing state, with a large balance in the treasury. Our Minister, Mr. Crump, was at Valjiaraiso, not having yet presented himself to ihe government. Business was dull, copper scarce,and not to be had. The Congress in Peru was in session, and have declared themselves an ordinary congress, much against the will of the Executive, they having been convoked extraordinarily, and as such, could only discuss matters that the Executive might submit to them. Tliey will endeavor to put down the milita ry, who have so long ruled in Peru, in having revo lutions, instead ot good beefsteaks. This nourish ing country ought to be j>eopled by a tew Anglo Americans. The demand of the English government tor the cashiering ol Gen. lguui, Prelect ot Moquegua, and absolute inability to hold any oliice, civil or mi litary, in Peru; the removal ot Col. Arancivia, Go vernor of the .Literal ot Anca, and the apology to be written by some subaltern, to the commander 01 an English corvette, had been tully compiled with, but not until a strong English torce had asse mbled in Cullao, and the merchants had, by order ot then Minister, taken an inventory ot their prope rty, hiki he had sent an ultimatum allowing trie c.xecuiivt only twenty-tour hours tor a positive and uncondi tional compliance or return?uie orders being post t ve lioui ma government, on these points, and must decompiled witli tielore he could treat upon any othei Biibjecto. The Kveoutive nad been etiuHling lor u v.ceKortwu, ah igu*u woe a favorite of theirs. IgU'U, 011 receiving tne news lrom Ins successor, Col. Meiidiburiii wiio was immediately sent to take command of the Prefecture, refused to give up, but on linding hiut he. would not be supported by uity one, as lie has no friend except the Executive, and would be compelled to yield to force, surrendered the command, tguin is an inveterate enemy ot all toreigners, and has done more to establish the pre sent uiqaipulur Executive, Gen. Castella, than any other man. nless the United States lake some decisive mea sures with tins Republic, all her demands will be laughed at. The lieuty tor the settlement of some claims, and the payment $1300,0U0, ratified by some two or three Executives, and reiuaed to be rati tied by the present authorities ot Petu, lias been sub mitted to the present Congress, bui 110 payment will be made until lorce is used by our government. One ot lite Peruvian ineii-ol-war which had been notified tlic English Admiral not to leave the port ot lslay, at the time the diiltculty occurred with lguui, and alter said iiotilication, all were abandon ed by their officers and crew, Has sunk, and the re maining four vessels will soon toliow. The Peru vians ciaimot ttie English, payment tor the squad ron, although they never set toot on board ol them. Interesting from Hayti.?By the Velasco, Capt. Seeley, arttved yesterday, in twenty-one days from St. Domingo City, we have received letters from that place to the latest date. All was quiet in St. Domingo City, nnd on the Irontiers. It was confidently expected that the re volution would soon be terminated, much to the gratification ot the Dominicans. But how long will the Iluytiens keep the peace 1 American produce was low and plenty. Mahoga ny was scarce, and that in market was going to Europe. Our correspondent in St. Domingo has sent us the following interesting letter :? CiTY of Sr. Domingo, Sept. 6, ISIo. In reading some of the New York papers which came to hand through Capt Selby, ot the Velasco, i noticed an article in the Arte York Juui iialnf Com ment ot the 30th ol July, stating that they had re ceived a file of newspapers from Port Republican, up to the 13ih ultimo. Ut. Representing the success of the lluylien troops against the Dominicans in glowing colors. lid.?The lormer lowing taken la Javon, and were marching towards Santiago and Port nil Piatt. 3d.?That they had triumphed ovsr the (lower of the east - the soldiers who conquered the French at Palo,If in cado, Nov. 7, Ihoh. In regard to the obove false statement, allow me to in form you of the truth concerning thi? matter, obliging me much by inserting thu name in the columns of your creditable lltrald. 1st. It appears that the Divine providence protects the true and just Dominican cause, for since our indepen dence, February 37, 1844, we have always triumphed over the Hsytiens, whenever they htve attempted to in vade our territory, to stve the ancient Spanish pert of the island. Our troop* have been alweys victerioue at the (outhern and northern frontier*, at the former at the bat tle of Azua, and teveral skirmishes at la* Matai, San Juan, Encomendador, and finally the Haytiena were ob liged to retreat to a mountain called Caohiment, near Las Caobui, on the aoutheru frontier trenches, nnd forti fying themselves there, as it was an advanti.,; n* posi tion for thcrn, but to no purpose, for a* n aa t - news camo from this capital to tho commanding general, in forming tho government of the great number of Haytien troops which occupied said mountain of Cachiment, measures were taken, and a large reinforcement was sent in order to attack said fort, which took place on the 31st of June, and the lloytiena were com pletely routed ? their number of killed and wounded being great; fourteen prisoners taken, which were brought to this capitol and still remain in our pos session. The next day our victorious troops took pos session of our last village on the southern frontier, Las Caobas, and remained quiet possessors of it until the 30th of July, when a council of war was held and decided to retreat to Las Matas, as it was sickly at La* Caobas. Our troops are anxious to cross the line, hut the Dominican government will not allow it, as we are acting in the do fensive. 3d.?At the frontiers of the north, our troops victorious again at the battle of Santiago on the 30th of March, 1041, where upwards of one thousand Haytiens perished?the only battle that has taken place since the independence, and not allay tion has been seen this side of the line siuce the above date. La Javon is our last village at the north ern froutier, and we have over 10,000 men at said frontier. The last news from La Javon up to the 30th of August ; proves that all wus in the greatest state of tranquility and not a Hay tien to be seen. The Port Htfiulilican editor cer tuinly must have dreamed of the takiiig of La Javon and the marching of the Hiyt'.en troops to Santiago and Port an Piatt, for p. is fully two months since the publication nl?said aiticle by s?i l editor, eud they have not yet arri ved ?cert' inly sufilcioi t time to go to China. 5 General Mora, two ofti tars, and six more, were tried <>n the 33 t of August, far plotting a conspiracy against the U..v?rrmant, end were found guilty. The General ail one olllcer were sentenced to imprisonment for life, and die rest to hard labor in prison, some for ten years and others tor three. On the 31st ultimo, the Secretary of State of the inte rior, Manual Cahtei, died at the age of SO. Government Iihj exhibited u deep grief at tho sad event of this active and elhcient officer, he having left a large circle of rela tives and iimuds to mourn the loss of a dutiful husband, a lather, and a warm hearted friend. No news from the frontier since the 38th ultimo. The city is in a perfect state of tranquillity, and for a hurri cane season, much more business is doing than last year. Very Latk prom Brazil.?The line baraue Bra ziliero,Captain Williams, arrived yesterday morning ! from 1* to de Janeiro, whence she sailed on the ! 20th ot August. There is no later intelligence from the River Plate. The Americano-East Indian squadron, the Co lumbus and Vincennes, sailed from Rio on the 17th I for Canton. The Hon. Alexander II. Everett, the American J Commissioner to the Celestial Empire, who went out in the Columbus, remained at Ilio, and will re turn to the United States' m the Courier, in conse" quence of ill-health. The American frigate.Raritan, Commodore Tur ner, was at liio; also the|brig-of-war Bainbridge, Captain Pennington, from Bahia and a cruise. We append the latest commercial information :? Ilio de Janeiro, August 19, 1845. Tho arrivals from the United States this month are, Courier, New York, with 1893 barrels flour, 393 packa 5es domestics, 18H do tea, and sundries ; and Baltimore, altimOie, with 3180 barrels flour, 385 packages ol do mestics, 6700 lbs wax. From Trieste 1350 barrels Klour 1 also have arrived. Flock?The sales of Flour have been chiefly confined j to export for Montovideo a 13 |000 on board, and 14||600 ' delivered there for about 60Q0 barrels Baltimore. Tho i Bakers supplied themselves so well last month, they | have showed no disposition to buy- their stocks, how ever, do not exceed 3600 barrels, and we think they must shortly come into market, when about the prices of last month may be obtainod, say 18]|500al9||000 tor Rich mond, 17j|000al7j|500 Columbia Mills; 16||500 Richmond Country, uud 15;,300al6||000 for Baltimore, should arri vals keep ofl". The Trieste Flour has proved very good, and will interfere with the Richmond. Stock in first hands about 5000 barrels Richmond, 1350 do Trieste,1500 Columbia Mills, 1800 Richmond Country, and 5000 do Baltimore?total 14,650 barrels. Domestics are excessively dull, the few sales making are at 330 reis for Brown Drills, 170 for 30 inch Shirtings, 360a3G5 for Shetucket Stripes, 300 reis Blue Drills and others in proportion, being a deduction of Is to 15s upon pieces of 1st July. Sales of Hyson Tea a 1||630 a 3||100. Sevoral parcels remain unsold. Thc|market generally is overstocked with every description of imports. Sales are very diffi cult. Coffee?The arrivals of Coffee have been more mo derate than expected, and prices have been fully sus tained; for superiors even higher prices have been paid. The demand for Sweden and Germany being greater than usual, new superiors may be quoted 3!|350 a 3||500, 6) a 6j! cents; good firsts, 3I|3U0 u 3 300, 6 1-5 a 6jj cents. The stock does not exceed 100,(Mil) bags of all descrip tions. The exports to the United States this month are? New York .7,606 Baltimore 7,877 Boston 11,603 Total 20,am: bags. Hides?All the lots that have arrived from Rio Grande have been disposed of at once at rather higher prices, say 305 reis for large, and small averaging 35 lbs., each costing 111 cents on board. Exchange closed by tho packet ol 30th ultimo for 25jd bills, but no money; it has siuce been done at 35?d., and no more money is to be had under 25jd. It is influenced by the great quantity of diamonds that have lately been received from Bahia. Specie is lower; Patriot doubloons 31||500; Patriot dol lars, 1| 960. Freights are very dull; the little going to the United States is at 75 a 80 cents per bag. P.S. Another cargo of 3,580 brls. flour, sss brand, has just arrived from Trieste. Common Conncll. Board of Aldkrmkn.?This Board held a special meet ing last evening, the President, Oliver Charlick, Ksq., in the chair. The reading of the minutes was dispensed with. Petitions were received and referred? From owners of the Howard House, asking permis sion to lay a pipe at their private ex]>ense, to carry ofT the waste water, and to sewer in an adjoining street.? Rcfeired. Communication from Street Commissioner, in relation to assignment of continct in favor of Kdward Ferris, for certain wo kin6:h avenue Rtporlt? In f-ivor ol building sewer in Beaver street, from Broadway to Broad st. Adopted. In tavur of building sewer in 6th street, from avenue B to avenue C. Adopted. Communication from the Comptroller, in relation to appropiution for the pay of the watch in the new watch district?$'J,700. Adopted. Grand Jury? rieseiitment of the Grand Jury for the September term, referred to the committee on poliee. Report from Board of Assistants in relation to a dis pute between the contractors and commissioners on charity and alms. Ueferrsd. Jtppointment s?John K. Simpson, weigher of anthracite coal; Maurice Crean, inspector of firewood; Kdward Coats, inspector of marble. The Great American Sea Serpent?Invitation to the Board to visit this great curiosity in Broadwny. Alderman Bisios opposed the acceptance of the invi tation- it was a humbug, made up of bones. Aldermnn Mf.sskroi.k assured the gentleman it was no humbug, made up of bones, as tbe very jawbone was capable of swallowi g both himself and the Alderman from the Third (Benson.) Roars of luughter. Ac cented. Tho Board ad journed. The Mayor for IH46?It has been intimated nt the Re porters''1 able by some leading members ol the Young bemocracy that they intend to nominate Kmanuel B. Hart,|. for Mayor at the approaching Spring election. Mr. Hart is Alderman of the 6th ward. It was also intimated that the Whigs and Natives in tend to join in the nomination of Justice Taylor for Mayor. Board or Assistant evening.? Tho President in the chair, and a quorum of members present. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. Petitions.?Of inhabitants of St. Marks place, to have that street lighted with gas?referred to committee on fhmps and gas. Of Policeman Ritter for relief on ac count of injuries sustained while in the discharge of his duties. Of Messrs. Townsend & Brooks, occupants of building No. 113 Broadway, to have lease of said proper ty extended or the building sold, the same being out of j repair and untenantable?referred. Reports of Committees.?The committee to whom was - referred the petion of Cornelius Allison for compensation lor ervices rendered as constable to Stephen Salomons, j while acting in the capacity of Corporation Attorney, reported In favor of granting the prayer of petitioner, ac- ; cepted, and resolution adopted. The committee on streets, to whom was referred the petition of sundry persons to have 16th street between *>th avenue and Union Place paved, reported in favor of the same. Report ol committee accepted, and action of he Board of Aldermen concurred in. The committee to whom was referred the petition of perions employed in paving streets, kc., for an advance of wages, they receiving only seven shillings per day, reported in favor of directing the petitioners to make their application to the Street Commissioner, at the same time to recommend to the Street Commissioner to raise their wages to *1 per day, the sumo being llie amount ol pay to street sweepers, whose labor is not more arduous. The committee to whom was referred the petition of lames Klynn and others, to have the macadamized portion of the Third avenue repaired, reported in lavor of the same, and an appropriation ol MOtH) for that purpose. Adopted The Joint Committee on Fire and Water, to whom was referred the petition of sundry persons, to have Hook and Ladder Co., No. 3, located in Ainity street. Reported in favor of renting premises No. 153 Amity street, for the accommodation of the before-named Hook and Ladder Company. Adopted Tho Report of Commitltoe in relation to the organiza tion ol an executive Department of the City Govern ment was presented, laid upon the table, and ordered to he printed. Resolutions.?In favor of holding the Second District Poll of the Kith Ward, at the south-wost corner of Broome and Forsyth streets. Adopted. In favor of referring to the Committoe on Police,Watch and Prison, the expediency of petitioning the Legisla ture to amend the Police Laws of this city, so as to in crease the number of policemen in the several wards , also to increase the pay of tho Chief of Police, the Cap tains, Assistant Captains, and Policemen. Adopted. In favor of having all the awning iiosts, now standing in Nassau street, between Beekman and Pines street, re moved, in order to give room for foot passengers in that crowded thoroughfsra Rdferrad to Committee on Btraots. i In favor of it being referred to the Committee on Police, Watch and Prison, to inquire how many Magis tratei, Clerk* and Officer* are not in attendance on Bun day*, and the name*, if any, with their reaiona for *uch omiiiiou* of duty. Adopted In favor of appointing Archibald Hall an Impoctor of Election* in the 4th Ward, in place of Thoma* Carroll, resigned. Communication! from tki Department!.?Communica tions from the Council to the Corporation, in favor ol re quiring bulk head* to be built along the East River, at the expense, of the owner* of property along laid pier*. Adopted. Communication from the Alma Houie Commissioner, in relation to the removal of children from the Farm Schools on Long Iiland, the building*, according to term* of lale, being about to be surrendered to the pur chaser* ofthe same. Referred. Resignation.?Mr. Thoma* Wallia, Tru?tee of Common Schools, in the 4th ward, tendered hi* resignation. Ac cepted. Appointment.?Mr. Joseph Ilo?e was appointed a Tru* tee of Common Schools in the 4th ward, in the place of Thomas Walli*, resigned. Adopted. Surrogate Office?A communication was received from the Surrogato, asking for additional paper cases, for the preservation of public document*, lite. Refer red to the Committee on Public Office* and Report*. l'opcri from the Hoard.?Report of Finance Committee and resolution in favor of appropriating the amount in curred by the trial ef Polly Ilodine. Referred to Finance Committee. Report of Special Committee and resolution in favor of granting to Major Oeneral Sandford and other milita ry officers, the use of Madison Square, for military pur poses Concurred in. Resolution in favor of re-numbering East Sixteenth street. Concurred in. Report of Committee and resolution in favorof remo ving a building erected within the wall* of the City Prison lor the use of the Municipal Police. Concurred in. Report and resolutions in favor of purchasing 1,000 feet of 3 inch hose, to be used for the purpose ot w ashing the public markets. Concurred in. Resolution in favor of authorising the Committee on Public Offices, and Repairs, to purchase fuel, stovos, See., for public offices, station houses he., and the appropria tion of $3 000 for the purpose of carrying the resolution into olfuct ; concurred in. Resolution in favor of allowing the Chief Engineer the sum of $01, being the amount expended by him in addi tion to an appropriation made for removing ruins of late fire in search of the bodies of those who lost their lives on that occasion. Concurred in. Invitation.?An invitation was received to attend a f;rand celebration of the Independent Order of Odd Fel ows, to be held in the Tabernacle. Accepted. Report of Committee on Police, Watch and Prison, in favor of erecting a suitable prison or place of detention for the use of the Third District Police Court, Est ex Market. Concurred in. After acting upon some papers in relation to assess ments, adjourned until Monday evening, October 12th. Brooklyn Intelligence. Common Council.?The Common Council of Brooklyn met last evening, and continued in session until a very late hour. Among the petitions presented, was one praying for the removal oi Marloy's distillery, which was described as a nuisance of the most intoleiable cha racter. His Honor, tho Mayor, read a message vetoing certain appropriations made at a former meeting of the Board, for beautifying the city park, on the ground that the expenses charged exceeded the legitimate taxation, and were, therefore, unconstitutional. An invitation was received from the manager of the American Insti tute, Mr. Soole, lor the members of the lloard to attend its next annual celebration at Niblo's; but it was couched in such vague terms, that the intended courtesy was almost voted down. It was, however, ultimately received. Mr. (leorge Storm, pound master of Brooklyn, re signed his ottice, in consequence of not being properly sustained in the discharge of its unpleasant duties. The Board was in " full swing" when we left. Temperance Mass Meeting.?A great meeting of the "Sons of Temperance" took place last evening at the junction of Court and Fulton streets. Many eloquent and some stirring speeches were made?a great number of songB sung?several popular airs played by a band of music in attendance from the Navy Yard?and divers at tempts mude by some light Angered gentry upon the pockets of divers ol the faithful. Caution to Hotel Keepers.?A half llashy, half gen teel looking man, about thirty-live years of age, having with him a young and handsome female, in the capacity of wife, and who represents himself to be a shipmaster waiting for a commission from the port of New York,has recently been living at the expense ol various unsuspec ting hotel and boarding-house keepers in Brooklyn and New York. His companion is said to he a woman of very amiable deportment and excellent character, and it is teared that she has became the victim of a vile seducer and a despicable swindler. Alleged Bigamy.?A complaint will be presented be fore tho I'olico Magistrates of Brooklyn during the pre sent week, incidentally involving in allfprobability, the fair fame and reputation of a very prominent and very estimable Priest of one of the Catholic churches of the city. It is stated that he, a short time ago, united in wedlock two persons, one of whom he well knew to have been previously married to another woman (then, and still living) by a Justice of the Peace ; and that he assigned as a reason for his sanctioning and solemnizing such second mairiage, his belief that the obligation pre viously contracted was morally, legally, and religiously void, if such allegations should be fully sustained, the investigation will undoubtedly cause considerable ex citement. Compensation to Census Marshals.?At a meeting of the Board of .Supervisors of Kings County, on the 'J6th inst, it was resolved that the Marshals appointed to take the late census should be allowed two cents for each in habitant of the county, also half a cent a head for cattle, horses and swine, in the lirst seven wards ol the city of Brooklyn, and the 1st and ad districts of Williamshunch. and that ttiey he allowed three quarters of a cent a head for cattle, horses and swine in the remaining parts of the county. Militia Training.?The high militia officers of Brook lyn have appointed this day Tor one of training and ser vie, and a grand turn out is expected to take place among the hundreds of unfortunate young men who are, hy virtue ol a most absurd enactment, compelled to " shoulder arms," in the shape of broom sticks, pump handles, and other equally deadly weapons. Meeting of ahi: Court or Supervisors.?The com mittee to whom wps referred the completion of the front of the county jail, reported that they had advertised for proposals, but only one had been handed in, the price charged in which was beyond their anticipations. It was, therefore, Hesolved, That the committee be authorized to ascertain for what price they can piucure ttie erection of tho areu wall, according to the present plan, the cost if lowered one course of stones, and the cost of the Aag ing and painting, and that they report to the next meet ing of the Board. A presentment was received from the Orand Jury, urging upon the Board the procuring ol some kind of labor for the prisoners confined in the county jail, and recommending' their being employed in grading and ornamenting tho newly designed Washing ton Park, or in the erection of a City Hospital. The Board adjourned to meet at the County Court Room in the City of Brooklyn on the first Tuesday of October next, at 2 o'clock. Flection for Officers.?At an election for militia officers, held at Sweeney's tavern in York street, on Fri day evening last, Andrew D. F. Tombs, Ksq., was unani mously chosen captain of a "crack company" in the 64th regiment of New York State Infantry. It any popularity could, by even the most remote possibility, lie attached to the militia service, then would the election of Mr. Tombs have been exceedingly popular ; but, under ex isting circumstances, it is very doubtful whether he will accept of the somewhat equivocal distinction which has been offered to him. South Brooklyn.?A part of South Brooklyn adjoin ing Buttermilk Channel, which was formerly Cornell's Mill Pond, is now so tar Ailed up, ttiat Columbia street is graded from Atlantic street to Hamilton avenue, leading 10 Atlantic dock. On Columtiia street, at the foot of Union street, some eight or ten buildings are now in course of erection on the spot, where there was the wa ter ot the null pond one year ago. Forty brick buildings are under contract, to be erected at this spot, with all convenient despatch. Target Kkcl rsion.?Fire company number F.leven of Brooklyn, appearing in military uniform as Jackson Ouatds, went on a target excursion yesterday, under the command of Mr. Wm. H. Sharp, accompanied hy the Brooklyn Brass Band. Franklin Literary Society.?Tho subjoined ques tion will he the theme for discussion at the meeting of the Franklin Society this evening, at the Brooklyn Insti tute?"Is the proposed Convention in the Stste of New York, necessary to the best interests of the citizens Culpable Carelessness.?A day or two since, whilst the Hon. Henry C. Murphy was standing in Henry street in conversation with Mr. Wm. Uaird, the extensive con tractor, some persons in the building near which they wore, threw a quantity of very Althy water so closely in the vicinity of the Honorable ex M. C.'s person, that neither himself nor friend escaped entirely umoiled. Telegraph on Long Island.?An electro magnetic telegraph is in process ot establishment through the Island, for the purpose principally of reporting ship news, and will be in operation by the 1st November. I'oliue Items.?A man named James Cassidv was ar rested hy officer Haynes, charged with assaulting and beating his wife in a brutal manner. In consideration of its being his Arst oAeuce, Justice Church, alter very severely lecturing him, discharged him ou the payment of a tine of Ave dollars. Michael and James Smith, two brothers, had a Maternal pass at arms bolween them selves ou Sunday, in fork street, ami were yesterday morning Aned >2 60 and discharged, tleorge Thomas, a vugiant, was turned over to the merciful caie of the Superinteiidants of the poor. Ann Dorrimer was picked up in the streo , drunk and disorderly, on Saturday night Ann hails from Philadelphia, ami was discharged with a ; reprimand. A complaint was made against a man tor having passed a counterfeit $3 hill at Thomas' tavern, | corner ot Prospect and Jay stieels. Officer Met ormick was deputed to attend to the business, but it turned out i that the affair originated in mistake. Accident.?A gentleman connected with this office was injurod on Sunday night hy getting one of his legs into a grating on the sidewalk of a bouse in Washington street, near Nassau, which had been loll carelessly open. | Police Intelligence. Sept. 20?Charge of Higamy?A complaint was pre ferred last evening against James Kauevan, a policeman of the 1th ward, for bigamy, having been married on the 2!)thJuly, 1841, hy the llev. Mr. Chase, at his residence in Cherry at. to Kmma Matilda Oallon.and again married (i? is Urged) about fifteen months ago to a female with when he lias since resided at No. 3ft Cherry st, and that at the tune of his marriage to his second wile he was fully awurp that his Arst wife was living, and keeping house in this city. The secend wife having refused t* testify against the accused, she was committed to prison. I'aninga Fain Tnkrn?Officer J. 11 Lowe, attached to the Chiefs office, this afternoon arrested a person named Joseph Sturges, a resident of Jersey City, on a charge of passing to Mr. James T. Bache, of No. 174 Broadway, on the loth December, 1843, a check tor fio, on the Tradesmen*' Bunk, purporting to he signed hy '' y McKlr L. B. Andrews, and endorsed by MeKlroy Si Hturges.and representing the same to be genuine. Robbing ?n F.mvloytr.?A man numed Patrick Carr, last week, in the employ of Joseph P. Ler.vitt, after receiving payment for his work on Saturday night, carried off some harness worth eight dollars, the property of his em ployer. Ceunierftil Htnry.?A young man named Cohen was arrsslesl yesterday on a eharge of haying attempted to pua a $10 counterfeit or spurious bill at No. 487 Pearl street in payment for some shirts It appeared, bow ever, that he had boen sent by another person to make the purchase, and was ignorant of the money being worthless, whereupon he was discharged from custody. Etcape of a Ctmict.?Information was imparted this evening to the National Police Gazelle, that a notorious hotel thief, named Alfred Morgan, who was sentenced in the Court of Special Sessions on the 10th Inst to six month imprisonment in the Penitentiary lor robbing a gentleman at the Branch Hotel in the Bowery of pro perty of the value of about $20, made his escape .rom Biackwell's Island by swimming across tho river at ebb tide. At the time of his arrest he was also charged w ith having stolen about $150 worth of clothing irom the trunk of Dr. Conning at the North American Hotel, and other offences alleged to have been committed in Con necticut, of which State he is said to bo a native. Movements of Traveller** There was a tolerably numerous accession of travel lers yesterday to the principal hotels, a circumstance unusual upon a Monday. There are amongst others at the American?J. Styles, Savannah; J. W Hammond, Apaluchicola; John Rockwell, Norwich; Cant. 11. Wil son, < harlaton; J. Athon, Providence; Mr. W. Lamb, Norfolk; W Ness, I'hila ; G. M. Scott, do.; J. Willan, Louisville; Fred. Cox, do.; Major Gen. W Scott, 11. I,. Scott, J. Williams, U. S. A.; D. L. Gibbon, Ky; W. Nell. Philadelphia. AvroK?J. McCream, I'hila.; Charles Walsh, Michigan; H. Tuchman and Thaxter, Boston; J. Waener, Troy; J. M. Pondell, Lexington; 11. Burke, Springfield; T. Taylor, Troy; It. C. Smith, Alexandria; C. A. Lyman, Phlla.; C. '1'. Piatt, do; Col. Thorne, iamily and suite, I'aris; M. Buchanan, Canada; Joseph Billings, Mass.; Frederick Halliday, Worcester; Mr. Uinwood, Boston; 11. Parsons, Geo.; Edward McGachey, Island of Jamaica, ........ ? -- "(i Virgil J. M. Scottard, do.; C. Sharpells, Virgil McNight, Ca nada; H. Van Buren, Texas; J. B Allen, Philadelphia. Citv?J. Mcltae, I'hila; Capt. Johnson, Packet Ship Zurich; J. Leeds, N O.;CoLTravers, N. J., A. Penrose, do.; It. H. Harrison, Peterborough; A. H. Barney, I'hila.; Klias Baker, do.; W. W. Bechamp, Mobile; Wm. Aubry, Corpus Christi; Gerge Parmeli, I'hila.; A. White, N. C. Khanklin?Geo. Clenughan, S. C.; L>. V. Belden, N.O.; 11. P. Reeve, Montreal; F.. Blossom, Rochester; J. Day, do.; Barney McDerrnot, Boston; L. Htugg, Conn.; W. L. Adley, Albany; J. 11. Hoyt, Danbury; K F. Ferry, Ga.; P. C. Calhoun, Ezra Sterling, Bi idgeport; J. ives, Savan nah; C. Allen, Mass.; S. Aldr-'r^ ''"ila.; Capt. Critten don, steam vessel Henrick Huds 'U. Globe.?Mr. Glass, Ciun ; W. Drayton, Philadelphia; Jacintii Seals, Madeira; J. A. Kingby, Kast Hampton; Mr. Graham, . Howard.?H. It. Sage. Rochester; J. Urocklebank, Li verpool; J. Bradley, Middleton; W. C. Head, J. Carter, Baltimore ; E. Kedser, Wilmington ; C. L. Richards, Troy, P. Watson, Philadelphia; J. L. Squire, Lansing burg; 11. Reeves, Columbus, S. C.; J. W. Smith, Toron to; H. ' " ... Stephens, Montreal; J. Van Nostrand, Canada; W. D. McDonnell, Toronto; W. F,.McCulloch, ditto; W. P. McLaren, ditto; T. E. Corby,Peterborough; J. R. Mc Kinnon, Savannah; C. Cobb, N. O. Navigation of the OhloKlvcr. Placet. Time. Stale of River. Pittsburg,. , .Sept 2.1, 4 feet full. Wheeling,. ..Sept. 23, 3U in. id channel ; rising slowly. Louisville,. ..Sept. 23 3 I'eet8 inches in canai. Cincinnati,. ..Sept. 25 feet on flats and bars. Ethiopian Screnader*.?? Pftlmo'i Opera Hou?r..?Thi? company with it* amuiing and uutiring ?tniin? of Ethiopa&u harmony, still coutinue iiikiiC after night to pro duce their apparently inexhaustible fund of entertainment. Last night they performed in all their strength and charming simple city to the most fashionable audience we ever witnessed, and this evening they promise an equally abuudaut harvest ol lasci natioii. [ADVERTIIiBMBNT.] THE WORLD'S CONVENTION will be held in Ctiutoii Hall, and commence its proceedings at 10 o clock on Wednesday morning, 1st October, when al| who are interested in the improvement of the condition ol society, irrespective ol any of the existing divisions, which prevent 1 nion, and de stroy the germs ol charity, are invited to attend to assist in fne adoption of measures that will enable the public, iu a short time, to apply its abundant materials and powers to ensure permanent prosperity and progressive happiness to the entire population of these ?late*. It is full time that the inhabitants of America should be no longer deceived and held tu mental bondage by mere words, forms and ceremonies.meaning noth ing that is substantial or that c;ui ever improve the condition of tlie millions, or even of those who are trained louse the words, and practice the forms and ceremonies. To secure permanent progressive prosperity and happiness for all, will now, by one bold and (iodlike effort, be speedily effected. To accomplish this object, a full supply of wealth and a superior character for all, are alone required. The means to attain both universally, have been discovered through the late progress ol inventions and improvements in the arts and sciences, and these, means in?y be united into one grand practical science, as fixed and cer tain in its operations as any 01 the fixed sciences. Ol this statement let none doubt, until they have honestly applied their mi lids to the investigation of the principle and plans to be pro posed?and as such result will be most advantageous lor all, let no one intrude his more ignorant local prejudices as an obsta cle to the attainment of this great permanent good lor all ; but let every one endeavor to repress on this occasion his own pre judices of locality and the prejudices of others ; lor it is these early imbibed prejudice aloue, that now stand between mm and a high degree of physical and mental excellence, and hai> piness in proportion as tliis excellence shall be attained. But let pone suppose that they are not prejudiced. The people o! all nations over the world are locally prejudiced, in their sec tarian dis;eusions, in their government and customs, in their classifications and partizan notions. The Jews, the Chinese, the Hindoos, the Mahomedans, the Pagans and the Christians, through their endless sectarian divisions, are one and all strong* ly locally prejudiced. Each nation is locally' prejudiced ngaiiist all other nations, each race against all other races, each class agaiiist every other class, aud, to some extent, each one against every other, even iu the same locality. These local prejudices prevent union and destroy charity, aud without union aud charity there can be no permanent prosperi ty, excellence or hqipiuess. All local prejudices emanate alone from ignorance ; to remove this ignorance there must be ail entire change ill the circumstances by which it is hourly per petuated. The causes of all local prejudices arc known, and under the guidance of this spirit of charity and kindness may now he removed, and all of them, without violence or ill-will, abandoned. Those, therefore, who attend the W orld s Con vention," will he ol little use to it unless they come prepared to abandon nil that can there be proved to be injurious local pre judices, and now formidable obstacles to the introduction of universal charity, mental liberty and kindness. And without these virtues, it will he forever useless and vain to expect pros perity, excellence and happiuess in society, iu this or in any other part of the world. . These virtues can be attained and secured in practice only* by* 1st, absence of local prejudices ; 2d, a universal good practical education freed from local prejudices?to ensure a superior character ; 3d, regular systematic beneficial employment to en sure a surplus of wealth for all ; 4 th, a scientific arrangement of external circumstances to compose societies which shall ex clude 1 cal prejudices, au^ include superior education and em ployment ; 5th, local government without force or fraud, which shall be so constructed that each one under its direction shall be cared for and justly treated. All this may now be accom plished by the World s Convention. Education, employment, no local prejudices, and a government that will care for all. *nd act justly to each on the principle of universal chanty aud k'nduess ; with these the future happiness of the World will be permanently .ecured. A Friend to Al^ qw 3t No. 11 Fifth Avenue, New York. The Plumbe Nntlonnl Daguerrean Gallery, on the upper corner ol" Broadway nnd Murray street, is well deserving of the patronage that it receives. It is daily crowd ed with trie beauty and fashion of the city, who have Foresight to preserve the " l<?c simile" ere it fadetj and transmit it to posterity in all its bloom and origiiial perfections. Hill's Infallible Onguent will positively itay the Hair from falling off, grow the hair on bald heads, re move d mdruff, change the color ol red or grey hair, keep the hair moist longer, ana make it solter, than any other prepara tion which can be produced. If you do not believe it, try a few boxes, and it will convince you. See advertisement in another column. Metallic Tablet Razor Strop?-Merchants and others ab rot purchasing an article of this kind would do well to call and examine at the manufactory, the various pat terns offered, each being made of the best materia*, but vary ing only in outside finish. . Certificates, iu proof of their utility, are in the possession ol the inventor, from some of the most scientific gentlemen in the country. A liberal discount made to wholesale purchasers. O tiAUNDER> & SON, 177 Broadway opiwisite Howard s Hotel. Mr*. Mowatt?Ju?t Published, " Evelyn, Or, A Heart Unmasked.'' A tale of domestic life, by Anna Cora Mowatt, author of " Fashion," a comedy ; * I ke rortuue Hunter," Ate., a new edition, in 2\ols., each 25 cts. ror sale by Bur. ess, Stringer At < o , 222 Broadway, corner ol Ann st., and by booksellers and periodical agents generally in this city. " Mrs. Mowatt is well known as the author of the Lomeuy ol " Fashion," and as a prominent contributor to the various pe riodicals of the day. The present novel is in every way worthy of her reputation. The style is flowing and sparkling, well adapted lor narration, and lull of spirit aud grace. 1 he Plot is deeply interesting, and is developed wi h great skill and bold ness. The passions are represented with much power. Ihe characters are well drawn, some of them displaying an insight into the heart at ouce keen and comprehensive. " Evelyn, the heroine, is delineated with most graphic skill. The whole novel evinces more mental resources than usually characterize works of the kind. Nome scenes are wrought up with tragic force, and there are passages ol exquisite pathos. It is a work which will outlive the ephemeral romances of the day, for it is grounded deep in human passion and affection. ? MONEY MARKET. Monday, Sept. '414?6 P# M. Quotat for sevoral fancy stocks improved a little to-day, and the tendency is toward, a iurther advance. Norwich & Worcester improved j per ct; Heading Rail" road, h Indiana, U; Pennsylvania ft'., Ohio 6 s and Uni ted States Dank closed firm e.t Saturday's price.; Sto nington fell oft 1; Krie Ryilroad, J; Morri. Canal, 1; bar mcr.' Loan, j; Canton, ]j Long Island, ?. Counterfeit ono dollur hills on the old Mohawk Bank at Schenectady, arc in circulation in ?ho interior of the State. It is rumored that the suit against the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Michigan, ha. been settled, and tha1 the bank will resume business in a few days. It is also rumored that the old State Bank is preparing to resume business with a new capital, stock all paid in. We annex a comparative tuhle, showing the quotations for foreign exchange for each month during the past year : Qi-otatioxs or Foanox ExcHaxok tx this Mahkft.^ /-on ibm. Hiiris. Jlmtln'm I hi me IWnn Sept. 30.. 944*10 5.22>,*5,23 40 *? 34', 78*4 Oct. 14. .10 a 105,2I,**5,22'% ? *40 34*, 78S " 31. . 10'**? 4,20 *5.2140 A? .IV1. 78^ Nov. 14. ,10 V? 5-2? S4.2IU ? *40 *>1, I?>1, " 20.. 9&II0 5,2144*4,28.', ? *10 34'., 7JS Dec. 13.. 9\al0 4,221,a ? ? *40 34'? '81* " 30.. 10 *10'* 4.22,',*4,21 *4 ? *40 3544 78'% 1045. Jan. 30.. 944*10 4,23**4,22' j 40'*?40? 3544 ^8* Feb. 27. . 944*10 4,24 *4,23'i 40 *40 4 3V% -9 Mar. 16.. 9\al0 4,24 *4,23* ? *40* J4S '9 " 29. . 9li* 9\ 4.24 ,?0,23.* J944*4# P ? ? April. 23.. 'J1** 9* 4,26'.,*.'.24 ? M?y 14.0**9.* 4,26**4 tt 39^*40 34 W 79 May 30. . 0**10 4,24 .'5,2339\-<- *\? June U..9MalO 4,24 *4,2JX - ?-9J? 34/, 78? " 28 04,* 9V 4,27 l,.i5.25 39H*~.. 34"* 784b July 14. . 94.* 10 5,31'**5,30 39f**39S 34S. 78 , ?' 30.. 948*10 4,28(J?4.27S ?4<.39S, 14', 78 I Auk. 14.. 10 *lO'a 4,24 '?i-234? v'i 11 Auk. 29. . 10 *10', 5.24 *5,22^ WVa-Wi 3044 78 Sept. 15. .10 *10'., 5,24 *4,234% 7B, '' 30, . 944*1(1 4,24 .15,23'* 394**3944 3j'* 78 4 The deman.l for sterling exchange by this packet has not been very extensive, but the rates nave neen nrm at the highest points. Some of the prime bill drawer* have come down afraction,but the preraiumyet range, too near 4ipacit point to afford any relief to those fearing an ex porUtionof specie. In the face of tb? exchange mar' ket, the bank* are compelled to move very cautiously to prevent large ahipmenti ol' the precious metele and eo long aa the demand for sterling bills continuea at iu present heighth, and the supply of tint rate bills so limited, the premium must range at the present quotn tiona. The demand for prime bills for remittance has been much larger than the actual purchases, as only those compelled to remit, will submit to the current pre mium. The average rates of premium for sterling ex change in this market has this year ranged nearly one percent higher than lor either of the previous six. The rates for bills on London for the past seven years have been a fellows: Bills on London, May 1839, 8J per ct premium. Bills on London, May 1840, 8 per ct. premium. Bills on London, May 1841, 7 j per ct. premium. Bills on London, May 1849, 7f per ct. premium. Bills on Loudon, May 1843, ttj a 7 per ct. premium. Bills on London, May 1844, bj a 9 per ct premium. Bills on London, May 1843, 9 j a 9i per ct. premium. In 1839 and 1841 our imports exceeded our exports and the rate of sterling exchange ruled low, while in 1840 '43, '43, and '44, the value of our exports exceeded the imports, giving what is called a balance of trade in our favor, notwithstanding which, exchange for the last two years ranged higher than in 1839 and '41. Our toreign exchanges are not entirely regulated by our foreign trade in merchandise Quotations for sterling exchange particularly, are regulated by other causes. The stock opeiations between this country and Great Britain are every year becoming larger and larger, and while the importation of merchandise may be limited and exchan ges in our favor from that source, the operations in stocks may change the whole thing and show a balance against us. We annex a comparative table, giving the quotations for the principal State Stocks, and other securities used in this market for investment. Thicks of Stocks ix the Nf.w York Maxkct. Redeem- 1815. 1845. 1845. Rate. ahte. July 30. ?1ug. 29. Sept. 29. United,StatesG 1862 ? all5 111) altOK lltKs ? " 5 1853 ? *105 103 ?103V 103H*103'i | New York, 7 1818-19 105'4*ll>5>4 105 *105)4 ? ? ? " 6 1850-54-60 107 *? ? * ? ? a ? " ? 1861-62-07 ? *108 107 *107)4 UP a ? Hi 1860-61-65 102>,*102 102 *102V? 100)aal0l ?* ?? 5 1815 ? *100)* ? a ? ? a ? " 5 1816-7-8-9 ? a? ? a? ? a ? " 5 1850-1-3 ? *100'* ? a 100'* 99)4*100 " 5 1855-58 ? a ? ? alOOV 99X?100 " 5 1859-60-61 101 a ? ? alOO* ? alOO " 4 H 1819-58 ? a- -a- ? * - Ohio, 6 1850 - " 6 1856-60 96 a 96>* 95,Hfa ? 97 a 87h " 5 1850-56 86 a 89 85 a 87 ? a ? " 7 1856 lOlXs ? 101X? ? ? a ? Kentucky, 6 100 alOOX 100 a? ? a ? " !5 ? a? ? a?X 85 a ? Illinois, 6 1870 37X? 37* 36 a 36 J7X* 37X Indiana, 5 25 years 33a? 33 a 33 35 a 35X Arkansas, 6 ? a ? 40 a ? ? s Alabama, 6 ? ? a ? ? a? * ? a 5 70 a 80 ? a-H ? a ? Tennsylrania,5 75 a ? 74l*a 74 76)4* J] Tennessee, 6 - a - 100 alOOK 98>isl00 N York City, 7 1857 - a? I08X*109X ? a ? 7 1852 ? a ? I08Hal09X ? a ? " 5 1850 ? a? ? a 97 ? a ? " 5 1858-70 99 a 99)* ? a ? ? ? ? BkCom'eN. Y-, full 95 a ? 94 a-X 95X* 95X " scrip 95 a 96 94 a 94 95)6* ? N. Y. Life I n?. St Trust Co. ? a? ? a? 112 a ? Fanners' Loan & Trust Co. 34)** 35 32Qa ? 34)4* <JJ Ohio Life Ins. St Trust Co. 95 a? ? a 95 95 a 96X Bank of U. S. in Penn'a, 53*a 6 ? a 5)* 5X* J Boston St Providence It*iI'd, 114 a!15 116 >116 116Xal'7/4 N. Jersey K R. StTrans. Co 93 a 95 94 a - 95 a ? Mohawk St Ilud'u Railroad, 57Xa 58 57 a? 58 a 58)4 Utica St Schenectady Rail'd, 130)*a? 127 *129)* ? a Syracuse St Utica Railroad,, 116 a? ? a? ? * ~~ Auburn StSyracuse Railr'd 117 all8 117X*'18 ~ Auburn St Rochester R. R. 110 a ? 105 al05 103X*106 There has been a slight improvement in most of the State stocks, both dividend paying and delinquent. This advance can in a great measure be attributed to the favorable advices received from the seat of war and lrom Mexico, in relation to the anticipated difficulties grow ing out of the annexation of Texas. The advance hai also iu a measure been caused by the speculative move, inent made in the fancy stocks and the improvement in prices for these securities. The dividend pey" ing state stocks, usually advance in price a* the interest on them accumulates. The abundance of capital seeking investment is another cause of the rise in quotations for these stocks, as such stocks as U. 8. G's, New Y ork fl's and 71, Ohio 61, Kentucky 6'?, and New York City stocks are among the best invest ments in the market. The holders of Pennsylvania State stock in Oreat Bri tain complain very much of the conduct of the Legisla ture of that State in paying only four and a half per cent interest to those who convert their dividend certificates into stock. The Legislature of Pennsylvania has made every effort to restore the finance* of the State to a sound condition, and to raise revenue sufficient to meet the cur" rent expenditures and the interest on the public debt, for which the members deserve great credit, under all the circumstances; but the leservation of one half of one ' per cent in the conversion of dividend certificates into stock, and the reservation of one quarter per cent from the annual interest paid on its own debt, may justly be characterized, as being altogether unworthy of such a State as Pennsylvania. By the laws of Pennsylvania, there is a tax of one quarter per cent on the income from all stock investments in the State,and this law is enforced upon its own debt. The State agrees to pay an inleres on its stock of five per cent per annum, but the stock holders only receive four and three quarters per cent, or two and three-eighth per cent semi-annually. It is net surprising that stockholder! complain of these trilling exactions, when they bear upon their face an intention to reduce the dividends due the stockholder* in every possible way. It is possibl* the Legislature of Pennsyl vania may, when its revenues become more ample, be more liberal in its financial operations, as public as well as private bodies very often commit acta in their poverty that they would repudiate nnder other circumstances The financial condition of Pennsylvania is rapidly im' proving, and we trust the numerous causes of complaint will be removed as the State becomes able to be more just to its creditors. The amount of tolls received on the Pennsylvania ca nals and railroads up to the first of September this year, was $907,192, being an increase of $4,750 over the cor responding period of last year, and $136,680 over that of 1843. The amount of tolls received on the Delaware division of the Pennsylvania Canal for this season to Sep tember 1st, was $83,996 against $67,893 to a correspond ing date last year, showing an increase of $18,103, or nearly twenty per cent. The financial condition of Maryland is rapidly improv* 'ng, and we have not the slightest doubt but that the le gislature will, at its next session, agree upon some day on which to resume payment. Collectors of State taxes have been procured in all the counties, and so far they have been very successful in their collections. Pay ments in the first three quarters of the year, on account of the interest on the public debt, have exceeded the in terest which accrued in those quarters,and it is anticipa ted that ttie collections for the last quarter will be at tended with corresponding results. The efforts of the present executive of the State, to redeem its credit, have been untiring, and during his administration we expect to see Maryland take rank with PennsylvAia as a sol vent State. There is very little change to note in the progres? made by the other delinquent States of the Union to wards a redemption of their credit, and very little can be said in relation to their financial condition, until the meeting of the legislatures. The prosperity of every olass of citizens, in every section of the country, is so great, and there has been'such a rapid increase in the re sources of the States generally, that we feel very confi dent that something more will be done this year towards extricating some of the States from their financial diffi culties, than in any previous single soason. We cannot look for an immediate resumption by Indiana, Illinois, or Arkansas, but we expect to see a more favorable report of their finances than has yet been given* and some statements from their legislatures, giving more encou" ragement to their bondholders than have yet been given Old Stock Kxchansre. S500 Ohio 6'i, 1W0 97% | ,000 do 97 V 1000 Indiana Stg, 75 ys 3'V 2000 Indiana Sterling 35\ liiiuii I disnaBonds ?* 2000 Illinois Special 97 ,8000 Peun'a 5's J6,, 5000 do ?6? ?? .',000 do b,s 5000 do '"2 20 slu Bank State NY 02 5 US Bunk V* 50 Firmeri' Tnst 34 ,00 do , too M% 275 Morris Canal 24>a 25 Ho 2*% 50 do b30 25 75 do 50 do alO 100 do iso Harlem RK 12ms 70 Sacond Board. 100 shsCanton Co 43% 100 Nork Wor RR ?3fl 74 V 25 do 43 25 do 74 V 25 Erie RR s3 35V 50 do 50 do 15V 25 do 74V 25 do b30 15 50 do i>3# 74 V 15 do 15V 50 do blO 74H 5 Long Island 69V 25 do 74V lOfl Morris Canal b#0 25V 'w HR 33 * 50 do 25V "10 Reading RR 50 New Stock Kxchsnga. 50.he Vickstnirir Bk .i ttiahaMorrie Canel 24V 50 Farmers' Trust b i n 125 do *3 Mi do b? 14V ? do b3 24V 100 On 14 25 do S3 11', 25 Canton Co t?w ? WflorkWorRR jiV M> do cash 41)$ 5^? 225 Canton Co 42 50 do b30|42V 100 do 1)60 42V 100 do 42 200 Heading RR b30 50 25 do 50 V 50 do 49V 100 do tSO 49V 34V 25 Erie RR 35 do 35 200 Nor k Wor RR 25 do 73% 73V 100 do 73% 50 do t30 73% 25 do bl5 74 100 do 74 . 100 do ?6m? 71 ion do b30 74V 50 do 1,30 74 V 50 Long Island RR 69 300 do ?V 50 Harlem RK ?>r 62V 75 do 50 do styr 62V 75 do 71/j 15 do cash 63 25 do 9?W 71% r, do b3 63V 21 d" bl jo d< cash 63V

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