Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 1, 1845, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 1, 1845 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. let* 1ork, .Monday, PeffBi**1" *t t><1' Onuti Tie Cambria will be duo at Boston to morrow or next day, ami if .lie arrive, at tf>* proper time, and nothing .Urming happeM, . -pecial expres. will be ?un to thl. oS -c with her new.. All are looking ?'*Yon.ljr Tor Ijtor intelligences that to come in the Cambria i* likely to be of the highe.t importance. The Hi^eriiia, which run a.hore at Capo Race and put into St John., N. F., left that port on the ?th ult. for Liverpool. The injury to the .hip i. .aid to have been "l?be BriUnnU will .ail from Boston to day. The special express which left thi. city at three-quarter. pa.t three n clock yesterday afternoon, over the Lorg Island Rail HoiiJ, with the mail, for the B? carried a largo number of passengers, including Lord Metcalfe and suite, from Canada. The Greatness, Prosperity and I>e?ttny of Sew Vork. New York is undoubtedly the most flourishing nty in the Union?or in the world?and is still rapidlv increasing in size and importance Nothing astonishes a stranger ho much as the continual bus tie and business-like activity everywhere apparent In almost every street, magnificent warehouses and splendid buildings are in progress of erection, at all seasons of the year. The population is enormous. According to the late census it amounted to nearly 400 000; hut with its suburbs, it cannot be less than hnl'fa mi lion?of these, 230,000 were probably born in the city aud State-30,000 in New England, 35,000 in the Southern, Western and Middle States, 173,000 in Europe and other foreign countries. A very curious and singular state of society is here presented?somewhat similar, however, to that ob served in Paris The representatives of New Eng land, or the " Yankees," ;unont: us?the natives ol New York?the comers from the great West?the Southerners, as well as the Scotch, Irish, Engli , French, Germans, Italians, etc., are formed into separate and distinct coteriet. Individuals com prised in these various divisions of humanity, natu rally find themselves attracted towards those whose birth, nature, and prejudices are like their own. Thus cIkjuen are necessarily formed, and sectional, or national feelings kept alive for the promotion of peculiar interests. Notwithstanaing this, however, the leading spirits ot all parties amalgamate, and nre united upon all questions of importance to the welfare of the city or the nation?although each clique claims the right to judge and act for itself. A great public opinion has been generated, grow ing out ol the state ot society which here ob tains, and controls the action of all parties. This povvertul conservative principle is the embodied wisdom of the coterie$, who are finally compelled to obey its dictates. This is the peculiar and distinctive feature of so ciety in New York. No other city in this country possesses such a population?celebrated alike for its wisdom and virtue?its folly and philosophy. The result of this state ol things is apparent New York has become the grand centre from which all light ladiates. If a man of genius wishes celebrity, he comes to New York. Here vocalists receive their diplomas, and artiite? ol all descrip tions must pass the ordeal of a New \ork audience before thev can claim a position in their respective professions Distinguished authors publish their works here, and relieious societies assemble every spring to celebrate their anniversaries. Politicians, diplomat!, and divines, look to this great popular voice for its approval. The President of the United States?the members ol the Cabinet, and the two houses ot Congress, court its favor. It is a well established truth, that in this country no one man can carry forward any great movement with out the aid of public opinion. It is the consoli dated wisdom of the whole which produces pros perity, and crowns the efforts of genius with suc cess. The prosperity of this great city is owing to its peculiar population, which, as before remarked, i hough divided into many classes, is united on all questions of vital importance. The population ot New York is in fact a great Congress of nations. There is, however, another important feature^in our society which exerts a vast influence. The newspaper press is highly conservative, and enters largely into the organization of the various clujMt. The press has always been celebrated for the ability with which it is conducted, and the extraordinary in fluence it everywhere exerts. The journals of other cities, though managed with skill, are of very little importance when compared with the journals of New York. Many newspapers here, however, are the organs of the minor cliques, and advocate their peculiar views. But, though the editors of these journals seldom meet, and in most cases are entirely unacquainted with each other?though they qnarrel and tijfht about trifles, aud insist upon the correct ness ot their own opinions?yet when a great move ment of importance to the welfare of the city or the nation is started by some leading spirits, they unite in pashing it forward in a spirit of harmony and good feeling. Occasionally, to be sure, one ot thew gentlemen will get pugnacious, and being tilled with conceit, will defy tor a time this great public Hentiment; but he soon learns good manners, and becoming docile, quietly submits to the popular will. This has been clearly illustrated within a few months by the course of the party press in relation to many proposed city reforms and new questions of national policy. New York is destined, at no distant |>eriod, to ri val in its commerce, splendor, magnificence, wealth, taste and refinement, the proudest and greatest .unong the cities of modern Europe Wonderful indeed has been its progress?gigantic its strides? and glorious will be its final destiny. It has not yet reached its culminating point, but is fast hastening towards it. The improvements which have taken place in the character and appearance of this great metropolis of the new world, within the last lew years, would astonish and amaze us, were time allowed for reflection; hut change follows change in such quick and rapid succession?every day bringing some new wonder?that we ceaite to think of what has been done, in the ?ver vary ing excitement incident to our progressive stale. We seldom |<ause to look backward?we never re trace our steps?but, with a firm reliance1) in Provi dence, and an assured conviction of success, we look into the dim tuture with confidence, and march onward to victory. There is a majesty in the silent progress of popular opinion, among a free people, that always merits admiration, and commands re ject. Everything about us is changing. But the spirit which lingers around the tombs of the fathers of the revolution, has been transfused into the bo urns of their sons ; and upon the foundations which they have laid, a magnificent temple is rising, devo ted to Liberty and Genius The morning is break ing in beauty and splendor. New York take* the lead in this glonons move "i .nt?her great thoroughfares teem with life and activity?the indomitable spirit and energy of a free , -ople is here manifested?Broadway, Nassau, Ful ton, Wall, Pine, and Pearl streets are thronged with r.iuntless multitudes, from the rising to the setting *f the sun?nor does business cease till midnight.? The hum of voices, engaged in trade and toil, is unceasing?the rattling car, transporting inerchan '[!?<? and wares of all descriptions, is heard at every h.Mir Magnificent and costly places? the abode of m- rchaut princes?the white sails of whose proud hrgosies glisten in every clime?have been, and arc in progress of erection, in the upper portion of the city. Temples dedicated to the worship of the Most High, are rising in justness and beauty of propor tion, to the heavens. All that luxury and wealth i 111 lend to adorn and beautify, is freely lavished on i : m The immense warehouses of our merchants .? stored with the products of American skill and iii/enuity, as well as the ooatly fabrics of other dunes Competition?the life of trade?is so great, n t lT'hhIs are sold at small profits, and thus mer r'hant*. from all quarters of the Union, prefer New York to other cities, for the purchase of their goods. ' It is a singular fact, too, that New York has flourish ed and grown great, without the aid of a municipal government. We have, it is true, a Corporation? but their object seems to be to legislate for the bene" fit of themselves, and not for the good of the city. The only government we have, is the voice of pub lic opinion, and the newspaper press. Let us try to have another next spring. Tqk UbCRY Laws.?As the people of this State have, by an unequivocal decision through the ballot box, determined to have a convention to revise the Constitution, we would urge upon the convention taking up, at the earliest opportunity, the subjcct of j the usury laws, as being one of the most important questions that they can have before them. The pass ing of laws regulating the amount of interest that a man shall reccive for the use of his capital, is an impertinent interference on the part of State, in the private atfairs of individuals, and is the fruitful source of a great amount of false swearing and ini quity, in our courts. If the State can interfere as a regulator between the lender and borrower of" money, and say that the lender shall receive seven per cent and no more in terest, it can on the same principle interfere between the merchant and the consumer, and say that the former shall not sell his goods jit a greater advance from cost than a certain percentage, which it should deem an equivalent. Besides, the present usury laws are manifestly unjust. As the law now stands, a note which is usurious on its incipiency is void, not only in the hands of the person in whose favor it is drawn, but also void in the hands of a third party, notwith standing he may have given the full face of it. The common law of this State, before the passage of the Revised Statutes, made an usurious note void only in the hands of the person in whose favor it was drawn?this principle was incorporated into the Re vised Statutes ot 1830, and was the law until the year 1839, when the legislature, in the winter of that year, altered it and made it void in the hands of any person who afterwards should get possessed of it. This certainly is law, but not equity. In a com mercial community like ours, the carrying out of this principle is attended with a great deal of incon venience, and interrupts the course of trade materi ally?it is customary in New York, for merchants to sell goods and receive negotiable notes in payment. As the law now is, the merchant, before parting with his property, must pursue the note through the different persons from whom it hr s come to him to the fountain head, the drawer, and ascertain whe ther it is tainted with usury; he must do this, or run the risk of losing his property ; for when he comes to collect the note, he may find that it was usurious at first, and although he .vas not a party to it, the note is void in his hands and he must loose his pro perty. This predeliction for the tinkering and med- ' dling with affairs of individuals should be put an end to, and capital, like every other species of pro perty, should be allowed to regulate itself according to its value. Sometimes money, as at present, is not worth more than five per cent; at other times it may be worth ten, twenty, or perhaps forty. An individual having an opportunity ol invest ing #10,000, or any other sum profitably, the loan of that sum is worth more to him than the common rale of interest; and it being worth more, ? he consequently is willing to pay more; but the sages of the legislature know his business better than he does himself, and direct that it is not worth * more than seven per cent, and in caw ot the lender i taking more, they threaten him with the loss of all. The usury laws, as they now stand on the statute book, are attended with no good effects; on the contrary, they merely impede the course of busi ness transactions, and are attended only with benefit to dishonest persons, who are glad of any pretence to avoid just and honorable debts; for no man of principle would object to paying a note, becuuse he agreed to pay more interest than the law allowed. We would, therefore, urge upon the convention, the propriety of taking up this subject at the earliest opportunity, and either alter the law as it now stands, or which would be the better way, abolish it altogether Common Council ?Both Boards of the Common Council meet this evening, when it is expected that the policy of taxing non-residents, and prohibiting the storage of saltpetre in this city will be discussed in the Board of Aldermen. There will doubtless be a long debate in the Bame Board on the subject of the new a day and roast beef city charter, the Board of Assistants at their last meeting having adopted some amendments to the bill, calculated to rob them of all their " honor and glory," besides the magisterial pickings, which at present fall to their lot. In the Board ot Assistants the report of the com mittee to whom was referred the petition of Bloom field, Bloodgood, and numerous property owners on the west side of the city, lor permission to lay down a railroad in Hudson street and the 8th ave nue, toj McCoomb's Dam, will, it is believed, be brought up for action. The movement in favor of dividing the 16th and some other wards, started at the last meeting, will | probably be carried in this Board. In the meantime, measures of real importance are passed over. Mr. Dickens of Washington, Secretary of the Senate.?A few days ago, one of our Washing ton correspondents made some remarks, reflecting, in uncomplimentary terms, as to the position and po litical history of Mr. Dickens, Secretary of the Se nate. Had we seen these remarks before publica tion, we would have excluded them from our co lumns. We have known Mr. Dickens lor many years, and a more upright, competent, and honorable man, in every relation of life, does not exist. No doubt there are plenty of persons less competent, and many equal, who would like to get his place as Secretary of the Senate; but this is no reason why any injus tice should be done to a gentleman like Mr Dick ens, who has always maintained the character of an honorable and upright man in all his|>ublic and pri vate duties. Court of General Sessions.?The December term of this Court will commence at 11 o'clock this forenoon. Several cases of interest are expected to be tried during the present term; amongst which may be enumerated those of Smith, alias Honeyman, Miller,alias Cupid, and Davis,alias Gollard, implead ed with Parkinson in robbing the barge Clinton of about *?34,000, in April last. There are also the trials of Madame Costello and Charles Mason for producing an abortion, and that of Mr. Trust for an alleged libel on L. C Comstoik; besides numerous others of less importance. Mail Arrangements.?The enterprise of the Post Office Department, in sending a special express to Boston with the mails for the Britannia, was a little unfortunate. It was contemplated to send the Anthem mail, due yesterday afternoon, by this express, and thus benefit the whole Southern ?om mercial community ; but neither the Southern mai1 of yesterday, or that of the day before, arrived in time, and thousands of letters, therefore, from New Orleans, Mobile, Charleston, Ate. Acc , will have to lay over till the next steamer, or go to-day in the packet ships. Election in New Hampshire.?Another attempt was made on Saturday to elect a member to Con gress There were three or four candidates, in cluding Hale, a democratic anti-annexationist. It is expected by some that he whs elected, because a great many whigs intended to vote for him, on the principle that " half a loaf is better than no bread." Meetings of Legislatures.?To-day is an im portant one, in a leiinslative point of view. Besides the meeting of Congress, the Legislatures of Vir ginia, Alabama, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illi nois convene All the States have a good deal of interesting business io transact. John Ross, of the Cherokee nation, has been elsotsd an hooornry membsr of ths Psnoaylvsnia Hi?to rical Socisty Important News from thk Pacific.?We have received, by the way ?>i Vera Cruz, intelligence from Oahu, Sandwich Wands, to the 5ih of ber, Honolulu to the list of September, and Tahiti the middle of August. The accounts from Tahiti state that ? ? ? ?hi,> Collingwood, Admiral Sir Geo. ^ymour nd arrived there and saluted the French-Protectorate This is rather singular, and s^ems to in dicate that .he English, in order to carry some point in the Pacific, have concluded to recog nise and tolerate the French aggressions in that sea^ It is to be borne in mind that Sir Ueo. Seymour h? command of <l? EojU.h S? ??'?? j on the North Pacific coast, and to operate on the scores ot Oregon, if need be. It is to watch this fleet tint Commodore Stockton has just been des patched, in the frigate Congress. The U S ship Portsmouth, Commander J. B. Montgomery, was at San Bias on the 18th ult to sail same day fur Mansanilla and Acapu'co- Stie lelt Oahu, Sandwich Islands, Sept. 5th, Monterey, California, Sept. 30th, and Mwatlan, Oct. 16th. She lost one man by his tailing irom the fore-yard to the deck Mr. Francis Johnson, bearer of despatches jrom U. S. Commission, Hawaii, was a passenger j onboard. The U S. S. Levant, Commander II. IV rage, was at Oahu on the 5th of September, to sail next day for California and West Coast ot Mexico. The U. S- S. Savannah, Commodore Sloat, was daily expected at Oahu. The U. S S. Warren, Commander Hull, sailed trom San Pedro, California, Sept. Uth, 1815, for Oahu, S.I. SSSgfSE! hull 8. Schenck, Wa.hington A. ^artlett, IBurgton, B. Watson; Act. Master, John Wilkins?n: %Uu?hipmeU; KJ Sunwil OMMvooKseph? VJrESi, Jame. C. Heron. Gunner, Andnlw A Randell; Carpenter, George Wi ner; Sail maker, David Bruce; Passenger, Master 8. .. W. '.Montgomery. I 1st or OrncE*. attachso to thk U. 8. Ship Lr?a"T -Commander, Hugh N. Page ; 1st Lieutenant Unh?rt Handv ? 2nd do., Joseph H. Adorns ; 3d Acting ?o Louf. CL?e" jr.; 4th do ! George W Hamer. ey ; kea"*Mid?hiprnen, Samuel K KraLldfnl^wanir,Gordo^ o'eorg. VV.Young Kd ward H acovell, Charles Woolley, A. B. Abercromhie Diffierdateer^Guuner?ms Vfth8;**Vrpenter, John Ore an'; Sailmaker, William Bennett; Pursers Clerk, James Wilder. Very LatK' from Mexico.?The packet barque liugenia, Captain Biscoe, arrived yesterday trom Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the 5th instant. She brings no news of importance. Our corres pondent gives all the intelligence from the intefior in his letter. .?,<?? .. .u. All was quiet at Monterey, in California, on the 30th of September. A new Governor, with troops, was expected from Mexico, but it is doubtful wheth er the Government will send the force at present. The U. S. ship J ohn Adams, Captain McOluney, was at Vera Cruz on the 5th, to sail on the 8th. Vera Cruz, Nov. 6, 1845. Moxiro at present is quiet, though there lias lately ssrr:. zits Ksft's? ?.'?& sa s sfikTbHtt gssa arstssrsr. '"lluch Jivertity ol opinioo IUp while the rreat number think the extreme penury o ?hp rountrv wUl act as a suflicient inducement to sub mit to anytcrms that will funds enough to meet the actual moit pressing exigencies. . th # The country is in a most anomalous position, tne k vernment is central, though all the members of .t are fail?rnlisU- and it is presumed, inJeed, fully expeciea, U,it?Kon is r-paring for the b.tfuing of he ? ear to upset the present system and establish federalism. 7 The now uri.r is a little more ^f^jsssstsssshsf&sss nificatlon of the manufacturers. oH.?tton from?. for Havana, where he waits instructions from hi. go TeTheepJess is beginning to call the attentionofthe country to the unequal advantages which Yucatan enio>Zover tho other department*, but at the Oment it is not likely that tho gov.n.nwnt from it. total absence of resource., will take any active step, in the matter, though no doubt there exists every tijn to put that department on an equal footing with Business is dull, the good, for th. Mn forward ; money is extremely scarce and no condluota exnci'ted for some time, consequently th. exchange on the capital may be expected to reach a ? those compelled to draw, fc.xchang.on NewYork no minal; nothing to remit and therefore no taker.. Religious Services at St. Peters?Our reT?rt* er has full notes ot the excellent sermon preached yesterday, at St. Peter's Church, in Barclay street, by the Very Rev. Dr. Power. We may give it to morrow. Theatricals. Paiiii.?Miss Dolcy having recovered from her late ?e" vere indisposition, appear* thia evening on Agatha, in Weber's grand and romantic opera of " Der Freischutz/ Mr. Gardner and Mr. Brough sustain the parts of Rudolph and Cooper. " Der Freischutz" ii one of the wildest and most thrilling operas upon the stage?It abounds with delicious and beautiful music, and interesting and roman tic situations. New scenery, decorations and costumes have been prepared, and t'ie choruses well drilled in their respective rolei. Mr. O. Barrett, a popular and somewhat celebrated light comedian, makes his first ap pearance as O' "His Last Legs." A fashion able and crowded house will, undoubtedly, assemble to night. Thcatkb.? Mrs. Shaw, the beautiful and high ly accomplished tragic actrcss, makes hor first appear ance this evening at this popular ettahlishment, in her great part of Margaret F.Uraore, in " Love's Sacrifice"? Mr. J. R. Scott playing Mathew Kllmore, and Mr. C. Hill St. Lo. The evening's performance concludes with the farce of " No Song, No Supper.'' This will be a rich dramatic treat. Ethiopia* Skbkkadkrb.?These very talented and no vel musicians remain in this city for five nights longert thus affording those who have not bail the opportunity ot seeing and hearing them, further time for so doing. It will in all probability be the last chance for several mouths to come. The crowd that has nightly witness ed their performances in this city, is the best guarantee of the excellence of their talents. There will be an en tire change of pieces during the present week. Aijumsi.-Palmo's Ethiopian Opera Company make their appearance this evening at this delightful placc of amusement, in the operatic burlesque entitled " Black Disbolo"-the music taken from the opera of " Fra Dio volo." Previous to the opera a grand vocal concert will be given. Bqwkrt Cibci s.?Gossin, the clown, commences an engagement at the Bowery Amphitheatre, this evening. Gossin has been for the last six or eight months with Rockwoll fc. Stone. He is said to be the only legitimate representative of Mr. Merriman now in the saw-dust line Miss Northai.1..?This charming and accomplished yonng lady, gives her Ant concert in this city, on Wed nesday evening, at the Apollo Saloon. She is a most excellent vocalist, and deserves support. Big. De Beg nis, Mrs. Loder, Mr. J. A. Kyis, Mr. II. .Marks, and Mr. Timm, render their valuable services on this occasion. Movements of Traveller* The arrivals of yesterday were more limited than any day during the past weok America*.?J. P. Brooks, Phila ; T. L. Rlngold, Wash, inston; Mr. Pearse, Phila.; L. C. Clarke, P. Richmond, J. Force, Wa*hington. Astor. Mad. Picot and daughter, Phila ; Dr. Alvery, Charles Schlattou, per I'tica, Chicago; F. Donga. Phila , Mr Gibbs, K. I.; Kd. Dickerson. N. J.j J. 8 Bates, N. Y.; J. H. Weed, Boston; George Kelham, do; J. Goodwin, Portsmouth; J. T. Hill, Boston; A W. Clapp, Portland; Dr. Ware. Boston: C. P. Ives, Lanslngburg, H. Taylor, Baltimore; P. White, Ithaca; W. Davies, Baltimore; Mr. Lynear, Boston; N. Mean., Michigan. City ?Philip Justice, Phila ; F. Johnson, Sandwich Is lands; Geo. Bird, N. Y , Jumes Armstrong, Detroit; Ma jor McLean, British Army. Kranrli*.? W. Stafford, N V ; C. Bale. Poughkeepsie; lames Clarke, Boston; J. C. Vandvrpool, Buffalo; C. Greene, Louisiana; 1 heo Bli's, J. White, Thila. t>L0BK -Chas Hulse, W Wolcott, P. McCall, C H. Kisher, Phila : J. Tucker, do. Howard ?James Robimon, AMlehoro; Capt. Pierre, Troy; H Green, Columbia; A S Green, Phila; Peter Kickard. Montreal, J. Patterson, do; Cept. Balfour, do; W. Collis, do: R. Hattercle, US A: W B Kendall Bos ton; W. G. HiiIsod, Baltimore; Vlajor Bradle), Mais; Messrs. Mitchell and Hill Montreal; W Vanuam, Alba ny; James Mason, Baltimoie, Thomas O doole, Boston 'I he exports Iroin Ohio, ot us various production*, are expected to reach 910,000 barrels flour and pork, cattle, wool, lie , amounting to tit,000,000 ; and this is regsried ts s low estimate Cltjr Intelligent*. Litters ion thi Brit.*mnu.-*-At half past 19 o'clock yeiterday, llvr thousand letter* had been received at the Post OtHoe in this city, intended for the itearaer Bri tannia, which sail* from Boiton to-day. The dispatch of the Poit Office clerk* i* highly creditable to them. Tiie First Show of tiii Season.?We woke up early yaatardav rooming, and, looking out of our window, satv the pavement! whitened with snow?not much mow, but enough to Rive evidence that it had been mowing. As our sentimental friend would aay, " The angels had ?pread a carpet thick enough to leave their footprints upon." How many glorious thoughts and hope* the first snow of the season bring with it! Dim vision* of clear, cold, star-lit liehts, a well trodden snow, prancing steeds, Mack eye 1 girls, buffalo robes, anJ the merry jingling of sleigh-bells, rise up betoreour mind's eye. Com* on, old Winter !?we will hug thee cloacly, and let thee know that we do no fear thee with thy biting air ; for thi* ever-changing variety of ceoson is our life. A dull monotony would make us seek our latter end. RoiiBi'RY of Mr. Pkch.?Mr. Peck, the arent of the celebrated magician Herr Alexander, left tni* city and arrived iu Philadelphia, on Thursday evening la*t, for the purpose of making arrangement* for an exhibition there. Oil arriving at the foot of Walnut street, Mr. Peck left his trunk oa the wharf, while he went in aearch ot a cab driver. Ou returning with one, he lound hi* trunk gone, coutaining considerable money, clothing, St3. The next morning Mr. Peck found the porter who had carried the trunk, and it wat traced to the U. 8. Ho tel. They here found that the pcrton who brought it there had left with the trunk. Thoy were followed to another hotel, where the trunk was found in notaeaiion of a man who goe* by the namo of Jack Cherry, for merly known os a notorious pannel thief in thi* city.? He was forthwith arreitod, an 1 the property, with the excoption of *ixty dollars, and i suit of clothing, reco vered. Blocking up thk Sidk-Wai x j.?It i* with great In convenience that a person can pus* through the mercan tile portions of our city, owing to the " beggarly account of empty boxes," which is arra> ed upon the side-walk. At tin* season of the year, when bnsines* is dull, wo do not see the necessity of theie obstruction*. And, what is more provoking, h large number, and, in fact, a ma jority of those which lie over from day to day, are en tirely empty, and are merely placed there for the pur peso ot making a show. This sensoless practice deserves the condemnation of all reipeotable merchant*, and we would call upon the police to enforce the law which has been enacted for the preservation of our citizen*' shins, toes and coat-tails. Siiamk : Shams ! Shamk !?There it a man, by the name of Michael Conner,now in the county prison, 33 Kid ridge street, placed there tor costs of court?amounting to twenty-one dollars. This man is a sailor, and perfectly destitute, as may be seen from the report of the last grand jury. And wont of all, he is very ill?ha* no medicine, aud no physician?the county physician ha* been applied to on more than one occasion, and refuse* to come, lay ing in reply to the meiaenger, " that the county will not pay him !" Doe* the community know thi* 7 Stealing Umbrellas.?Umbrellas in this city, and al most every whore else, ure regarded a* common proper ty. It is a common practice to steal them whenever their use would he beneficial. If a porson is green enough to set one down in a rainy day, tor a moment, in a hall, office, bar-room, or other place of resort, when he comes to look for it, it i* a little more likely to "come up missing" than any other way, and the owner is obliged either to purchase another umbrella, steal one, or run hi* chance of "dodging the drop*." This is a most rascally practice. A man's umbrella is as much hi* pro perty us his hat or coat, and one might as well be stolen us the other. A good plan fer the preservation ol um brellas, is to have the owner* namo written on the inside with white paint in large letters. A few suits for petit larceny might also prove beneficial to the umbrella stealing community. Ca mphine.?We are informed that this article has lately I risen some 50 per cent more in price than it ever was before; and-the shop-keepers are loud in their com plaints. Tbo only remedy they have is, if the manufac turers combine to keep up the price to an unreasonable amount, for them to establish a manufactory of it them selves, and drive the monopolists out of the market. A little competition would soon bring it from its present price of 6s. per gallon to 3s., at which sum, we are in formed, it can be made, and give a fair profit. Brooklyn City Iutelllgeuce. The Rev. Henry T. Cheever preached a doctrinal ser inon yesterday afternoon in the vestry room of the church of the Pilgrims, Brooklyn. His text may bo found in the Uth chapter of Job, Hth verse. This gen tleman advertised himrelf as a missionary returned from the Sandwich Islands, where he has been fur the pur pose of concerting the inhabitants of thoso regions to hi* faith It is very strange that these returned mission aries seldom seem willing to give the public an account of the success they have met with in making conver sions. We know many persons who went from this city yesterday to hear Mr. Cheever relate hi* missionary experience. They were disappointed, however, and obliged to listen to a dry doctrinal discourse. A Sabbath Pedlar, and a Supposed Tiiiei'.?Yes. terday afternoon, a tolerably well dressed and decent looking man, entered the bar-room of the Franklin House, and odVsred for sale a silver pencil case, which, oi course, on so sacred a day, wa<i not purchased by any ose in that establishment. The fellow took good care, however, to make a profitable speculation, as he took away from the premises two valuable umbrellas?one of them the property of the much esteemed proprietor and publisher of a Brooklyn newspaper. Officers Bird and Wright were?as soon as the theft became known ?de spatched in pursuit of the offender; but they did not suc ceed in finding him. An Imthisonki) Vessel.?It may be recollected that, a short time ago, the schooner ".Samuel P. Brown," of Virginia, camo into collision with a Brookhaven schoon er?tho consequence of which was very considerable in jury to both vessels. The Southern craft was alleged to be in error, and a unit was commenced to recover dama ges thei efor; which resulted in tho whole difficulty being submitted to the arbitration of referees mutually chosen by the parties litigant. The "Samuel P. Brown," being moored on the Brooklyn side of the river, was taken pos session of by the sheriff of King's county, who appointed Mr. Abrahaiii S. Wright as his deputy, until the claim was satisfactorily adjusted. This was in a very short time accomplished, by an award being made in favor ot the plaintiffs for the sum of one thousand and eighty dollars. Repeal Meetino.?After the interesting proceedings which will attend the laying of the corner stone of Freeman's Hall this afternoon, a Repeal Meeting will be held in one of the public rooms in that vicinity, at which it is expected a great number of persons will be present and many eloquent addresses delivered. Juay Duty.?The raauy gentlemen who will be sum moned as grand and petit jurors to attend tho Courts which will be opened, for the December session, this morning, in Kings countv, have a decided advantage over their neighbors in New York, who may be similar ly situated, as each individual upon whom such a requi sition may be made, and who are not exempt or excused fiom the duty, will receive a cortain per diem compen sation for the services and loss of time which he may de vote to the service of the State, in such capacity. It is a grievous wrong that residents of tho metropolis, who are compulsorily place.1 in a like predicament, are not equally well anJ liberally provided lor. Police Matters.?The city of Brooklyn was yester day unusually quiet, and we did not hear of any breach es of the peace which required the appoarance or inter position of police magistrates or officers. At a late hour on Saturday night, however, two vagrants were arrested for improper conduct in the streets ; one of them being a well clad and good looking femalo, who was taken In to custody by officer Piatt Powell; and the other a poor shirtless and forlorn looking wietch who was placed by some humane citizens in charge of Mr. Pclletrau, keeper of the public calls. Sudden Dealh.?Yesterday morning,Mr. Gideon Kim berly Waring, a son of Henry Waring, Esq., one of the oldest and most wealthy inhabitants of Brooklyn, and brother of the Corporation Dounsellor, died very sud denly at his father's mansion in Fulton street. His re mains will be iuterred to morrow afternoon. The New Citv Hall.?It is not generally known in Brooklyn that the new City Hall, (upon which workmen will this morning commence operations,) will be in the centre of a triangular park or enclosuie, the railings of which will take the place of the unsightly board lenca which has so long surrounded the foundation stones that are now to be removed. Darino Attempt at Murdrr.?Afew days ago, a daring attempt to murder 11 whole family was made near tho Shot Tower in Jefferson county. A Mr. Kennedy, who is purchasing slaves, put up some days previous at the house <>f an old man named Phillips He hired a horse from Phillips, and was looking over the country for slaves. One day when he came back to Phillips* house, a young man was there, who had some time before been employed by Mr Phillips to do some work. During the evening, Phillips asked Ken edy how he hid succeeded in getting slaves, kc , from which it is supposed that the young man heard that Kennedy was a, and suspected him to have money. When they went to bed, Kennedy and the yonng man wero put in ono bed, and Mr. Phillips and his vwlo occupied tho other bed?both beds being in tho tame room. About an hour after they had retired to bed, the young man got up, went out in the yard and got an axe, with which he struck Kennedy on the head, knocking him senseless. He then went and struck the old lady, Mis. Phillips, on the head also, and knocked her senseless. Raising the axe the third time to strike the old man, he accidentally awoke; seeing the raised nxe, he jumped up ami leceived the blow in his side. He, however, seized the young man, and aftar calling Kennedy eight or tan times to help him, Kennedy came to bi< senses, and leaped out of bed, and with the aid of a daughter uf the old people's, they succeeded in securing the scoundrel, and he is now lodged in Jail.? The old lady is still in a critical state, but, it is thought, will recover. The vlllian's name is unknown.? Miimu rian, Nov. 23. Dkstrttctivr Firb in Albany.?Op Friday even in/, about 10 o'clock, h tire was discovered in the building at the corner of Colonle street and Broadway, occupied as a grocery store by R. Wallace. It was ex tinguished?as was supposed?without any material damage being done. It was suggested that a watch he kept during the night for greater safety. About 13 o'clock, however, the person in charge becoming satis fied that all danger was passed, left the store ana went home. The fire broke oir. again at 3 o'clock, and made clean work. The building was entirely destroyed, as was the one adjoining in Broadway. Thla last was well filled with a stock of tobacco, owned by Mr. T. Htilwell. The entire stock was burnt. On Colonie street, the fire reached and destroyed a small frame building, also the dwelling house of Mr. Wallace. Several other hoases wero much endangered, but were saved. Unknown Man Found Frozen to Dkath.? On .Saturday morning an unknown man waa found frozen to dealh in the ice, on Young's wharf, near Warren Bridge, Boston He had on gray sati net dress coat, black broadcloth vest, double breast ed, dark colored striped pants, striped cotton shirt, red and white woellfn comforter on neck, thick boots, foxed?? bundle tied in u cotton handkerchief was found near the body?H contained a striped shirt, spotted silk hdkf, pair brown woollen socks, pair grey satinet pants, pair blue cotton overhauls. He is supposed to ba about 45 years old?about fl feet 3 inches in height-had light brown hair, very short grey whiskers, sandv complex ion No papers of any kind were found on ttise Acconnl of the Wenthfr. [Krom the Porla>?d Argus, Nor. 98.1 Th? weather moderate J yesterday morning, and a j great quantity of ruin fell in the forenoon. About noon 1 a strong gale commenced from South-eaat, which blew with great violence during the afternoon Awninga ? ere rent to shreds, and chimniaa blown ('own at a pult. A strong brick chimney, on the roof of the brick buik' ing in Exchange atreet, in which ia our counting room, win taken off even with the roof, and the brickt hurled into the itreet, to the imminent danger ol the pedestrians there. A chimney waa also blown from the root of Jones St Hammond'a atore, near the head of Long wharf. The chimney of Ilufna Cushraan's atore, toot of Exchange Ntreot, waa llown down, and tho balaatrade of Winship Sc Paiue'4 atore waa blown oil. It must have boen verv severe for vessels on our coaat, but we trust that each found a shelter in some one of our numerous harbors.? Many et them came to anchor in our harbor and the roads below. At 0 P. M., it was " calm aa a aummer'a morn." [From the Augusta (Me.) Age, Nov. 29 ] A South-oast storm set in yesterday morning with a heavy fall of rain. Towards noon the wind increaaed rapidly, and during the afternoon blew a perfect gale, the rain for the most part ol the time falling in torrents. We fear that serious diaasters will occur at sea to the nu merous vessels that have lately aailed for Southern porta. Thia large fall of rain will probably occaaion another riae in the Kennebec,very little leas than the recent great fre shet. Slating upon tho roofa of buildings, aad fences in everv direction were made to yield to the iury of the wind. fFrom the Albany Atlas, Nov. 20 ] We shall soon have a bridge of ice across the river, should the present weather continue. This morning the river was filled with floating ice, and the basin com pletely coated over. Flour in immense quantities ia yet afloat, notwithatanding the enormoua shipments to New York (during tho present week. What shall be done with It ? There is no room in the storehouaea?even the docks will soon be incapable of holding more. Our towing companies are making up for low prices, and active competition which workea hard against the in during a part of the summer. They now tow ileeta of ca nal boats at thirty-five dollars a boat, to New York. Never was the Albany Basin so literally crammed with boats. A peraon may walk over the bridge of boata from the dock to the pier; although the cargoea of dozens of them are daily discharged, still there appears to be no diminution. The great western channel keep* pouring in the produce. [From the Buffalo Advertiser, Nov. 29.] The weather duriDg the week has presented decidedly a winte'ish aspect. We have had the only snow storms of the season, and the gronnd has been irozon harder, much, than at any time during the fall. Navigation upon the lakea and upon the canal must soon be brought to u close. A vast amount of business has been transact ed during the last six weeka, which has swelled the re ceipts upon the public works of this State to an unpre cedented sum. We have almost sleighing now. The anow fell during yejterday to the depth of a few inches orinore, and many there were who were out with their cutters and bella, trying the experiment, at leas*. [From the Rocheater Democrat,Nov. 27.] About lour inches ol snow fell to day, and the weather this evening is freezing cold. Under the present tem perature, navigation cannot remain open longer than to morrow. The boats are all seeking their western quar ters, and no clearances for flour or produce, have been issued at the Collector's office to-day. Nashville, Nov.31, 1845. Travelling S?uthwrd-CUie$ tn Route-Naihvilh-Gov. Brown?Congrftional Election?Thftricalt, \c. Whilst a Philailelphian, 1 occasionally contributed to the column# of your journal now that 1 am a Tennes ?ean, (though only of a fortnight's re.idence, I claim that appellation) may I not now and then while away a soli tary evening in retailing, for the amusement of your rea ders, a portion of the news and gossip which forms a ?ta pie product of this city? I draw conclusions absolute from former favors shown me, and commence. A month since, I made my exit from the "cool, calcu lating, money-making" world of the East, and started out to go off to the highest bidder west of the mountains. 1 chose the route to Pittsburg by the way of Baltimore and Cumberland, and with no recordable adventures, ar rived at the great city of smoke, after a pleasant jour ney of two and a half days, including a stop in Baltimore of sixteen hours. This is a shorter, and cer is lKE ? numbers who travelled with me, is well patroui/.-d. h??e not viiiMd muWii o( ?ifnl contrast to the dingy appearance ot the remainder | ot tue cjty Where a short time ago smouldered a heap of ruins you now behold a splendid "ray of ware houses and private dwellings, which for regularity and houses ana pri ? wJiere gecI1 tUrpassed. Wh"l/in this city 1 put up at the National Hotel, a new and commodious, erected since the fire, and iewulatod on the plan ot Barnum's in Baltimore. It i saul to be the best in Pittsburg. I can answer for the ex cellence of the accommodations, and tho gentlemanly attention of the proprietors during my stay. to e?t clear of the suffocating atmosphere which always envelopes this city, I engaged passage, w early as no. '? &jL?t&X???i K5SJ8J ; and after . ;SKdS!?nSd !l?.."d !?.. ?d M UM lit this down M the most beautiful city in the worii The streets are well arranged and regular-th. pubUc buildlDgs magnificent, and many of the nrivate dwellings trulv felichtful, possessing the rural charms ot the zzssxr, <st ^cSKKES? v?j comDletinK the great Cathedral, a building only sur 2d"n beauty ol architectural structure, by that ?,r de of the east, the Philadelphia Custom House. The usual travelling period from Cincinnati to Louis ville is only twenty-four hours ; but owing to the low ?tntp'of the river, we lengthened the time to three days, equal at least to three weeks, to one ?the his destination. Louisville is "?"kabifh?n are number of its churches and negroes. Ihe latter a ? i.iah fat and well dressed, and are proviaeu wuu churches of three different denominations to I arrived at Louisville on Sunday morning, *nd it literally a spectacle worth seeing to meet such a nam ber of well dressed darkies gallanting ' dar iair seek, with all the airs of city beaux, to the churches. At least seven eighths of the negroes here are ?l?ves manv of whom, 1 have been told, are provided with the rudiments of an education, and all are perfectly con tented with their situations. They form a perfect con trast to the gangs of dirty, lazy loungers, who Infest tiio outtprn cities* and to an unprejudiced mind, form a conclusive argument against thVfanatical and disor. g'by .Uge through il. m(l,t tortile portions of Kentucky and Tennessee, over a tolerably good road of one hundred and ??*en'5r" 2." Nashville, and our journey is ended. Ar rived at Nashville, I engaged permanent board at anew and excellent hotel, called the " Sewanee House, and settled down to business. Nashville is situated on an elevation upon the southern hank of the Cumberland river, two hundred and fiftjTmiles from its mouth, and contains a population nf about twelve thousand. As this is the capital of the ! state andcon.eqn.nUy it. grand focu. of attraction, vou nued not be t-urprised when 1 tell you that Nash ville contains the greatest number of ?r?at meni of any nlace of its population in the Union. In this respect am safe in say ing it can "beat any thing of it. size.'~ A?d first in all tLis crowd of prodigies, let me drawyour Sp^a1rsDto?beha manTiibout forty' yea^of age, of the < an? balanced. Somebody ha. .aid that vanity i.excu.a bVe in ereat minds?let me then apologise (or Oo^ernor Brown On on. subject, however, it gives me ?ati.rac tion to attest the unwavering democracy of this great man, and that is, his adherence to the granprin.i,fo'J annexation. Since his elecUon, I should judge ne bbs ?narched the Scriptures to tome purpose ; for. profiting twed'nto'bottf.' connubial Md^taMd^oine rucces.'i'n'the 'gubernatorial* co^test-' the lady having only consented to annexation on these terms Kx-Oovemor Jones sUll remains in the citj. The locofoco party is in a f?1 niartinn nf Tnrnev to the Senate of the UnitM states. The rWal loco candidate, Mr. Nicholson, though defeat ed is hard to die. His groanings through I lio columns of the Nathville Union, (which he edit.,) serve to amu e the public, while no other excitement takes their ?tten. tion When you reflect on the expressed opinion of the defeated candidate, that the office should be tilled only; bv the most gilted of creation, you can hare an idea of tie netive modesty of tho editor. The whig, too, I con fess are too sanguine on account of his defeat. As far as I'can judge, "urnev is imbued with principles as much antagonistic to their own as Mr. Nioholsen, and the only g.odit can do the party, i. in the disaffection of ''An 'electionfor member of Congress, to fill a vacancy, comes off here in a short time. The prominent n?mesof the whig party are Edwin H Ewing and O W. Barrow. The former gentleman is one of the most prominent and eloquent members of th. her in this city, and the letter i. already known to the public in his capacity ol attache to a Kuropeon Court. Mr. Ewing will probably be nomi nated?in other words, appointed-for th. loco, make no opposition in the First District ? . In the way of social amusement., thl. city i. unequalled. Partiea Ad balls are given nighUy, au1 the people here seom to " live to laugh " The sat.le harmonist, and Ethi opian .erenader. are al.o here, and, as the bill, express it, " can't get away yet." They are all the tage ?mong the Hit*, and their performances are nightlv crowded. ! People buy tickets for the entire seaaon, In order to se Theatrical, are at a discount. Sorter hJ"** ligltl? an unprofitable sea.on, though he tried botk mate end noveltie.. The oniy night which brought out the fashionables, was for the benefit'olr ttrtCtjong. The then the Governor and his lady were the in the 0 Id Fellow, have pureed ^concert town, and intend to convert" ? ,,d t0 increu?B house, an arrangement which is l their finances considerablr tm] , ]ong for th. The weather here i thayNorth . j suppose, however, bracing atmosphere o (aason of Indian summer, an'd that **can?shortly look for a more congenial tem perature. Improvmiwts in Albany. The new dock ?outh ft? ?iii?n street. t? in a rapid state ol completion. ^H^i^wrs expect to finish It by the 10th of January. U^wU?besTg?e*t convenience to the merchants in th.t lection, end will reli.vethe pier ol much pr.ssure whlch has b..n experienced there heretofore. Sortie eight or ten feet ol water will bo found alongside the lew dook, which will be quite sufficient for .Ith.rthe eastern or Hudson river .teemboats, ^ * crowding the new whtrf the next seeeoa.?^W.ny^rfwt, 1 No* 2? Police Intelligence. Nov 30.? OramI Lmretny.?Stolen, on Saturday night, by a mulatto boy by the name -i Edward II. Marvin, $134, belonging to Stephen B. Nichols, of sloop Anu. Several of the bilU were $10, '?> and 3, of the bank of Hartford, Conn. Thin boy Han a mother living at New ark, where he possibly may be lound. Petit lATCtniet.? Wai. H Thompson, was caught (teni ioj poultry from Washington market, belonging to C. Stiingham?locked up. Auu Murray,was charged with dealing $& from James Carsou?committed. Harriot Martin " sloped" with $J, bolongi:ii( to Poter Grant ?" nabbed," anil entombed for trial. John Faucett, caught aguiu trying to soil two coats ; on* is a very good olive green cloth dress coat, with bright buttons ; tne other inada of Kentucky jean. An owner wanted; apply to the Chief of I'ulice. Kllen Ann Riley, detected in the act of stealing crock ery from Pater Cains, 394 Grand street. Jlrrtttofa Ctnviet.?Officer VVm.H Steveni, brought on from fniladelphia, yesterday afternoon, on a requisi tion, the notorious Jerry Spriggs, who was seuteuced some timo since for two year* to the Penitentiary, for several larcenies, but very soon escapod. The black rascal will be sent back to serve out his time, with the addition of a heavy chain and log attached to one of hit legs. Jl Devil Jlmong the Tailort.?A motley dres'ed little woman appeared in the Police Office yesterday after noon, in a terrible rage, her eyes twinkling like Dolls of fire, and her tongue darting in and out of her mouth like ? rattlesnake, followed by two other women, one of whom was the guilty party, in custody of policemau Far ley ; when at it they went, tooth and nail, tongue and tongue, until called to order by the magistrate. Justice Osbohnk.?Well, what's all this disturbance about ? Littlk Woman commenced, looking very fierce?I am the lawful wife of my husband, Robert laulkuer; my man's a tailor; we live at 229 William straet. Msoisthatic.?There, stop, stop, atop?what charge do you make against this woman ? f Littlk Woman?Well, your honor, if I must toll you, why I must?1 left the house this afternoon to go down town with some work; on returning to my room 1 found the door locked, when, upou putting my littlo finger in to the key-hole I tound the key inside, and on looking through tho hole I there saw this nasty siut (pointing to Mary Liddy) laying in bed and my husband giving hur brandy out of a "rum" bottle. Maoist.?Well, what of that? that's bo crime, my good woman, in this State. Little Woman?Ob! heavons! Mr. Judge, if thats no crime what"?tate" must I find her into have her punished ?a nasty, dirty beast, I could tear her eyes out, that I could. Marst.?Well, Liddy,what do you say to thi?charge! Liduv?I didn't do it:'whot she says is not true, and 111 make her sutler for it, for taking away my charaoter, in this way?I don't want her uinth part of a mail, any how. Maoist.?(Looking aroud the office)?Does any one know tbia woman, Mary Liddy, t o be a common prosti tute? When up stepped a motherly looking woman, a friend of Mrs. Faulkner's,who declared this Mary Liddy to be a bad ^woman, "for," to use her expression, "she was caught in the samo trick with another tailor in New Jer sey, some time ago." Whereupon this testimony mixed up with the present facts, tho Justice took her affidavit and sent Liddy up for six months repentance in the peni tentiary. Littlk Woman?If you please, Mr. Judge, I want to punish my husband. Maoist.?Oh! that cannot be done?but I think yon have strong grounds for a divorce. Littlk Woman?Yes, that I'll have if 1 die for iL And (he left the office in haste, evidently determined to give her husband a small piece of her mind, and no doubt this gollant knight of the shears is destlnod to receive many an interesting lecture, fully equal to any of Mrs. Caudle's. " A Singular Cate of Forgery."?Under this head, the Sunday report for the Herald, made, no doubt, from the best information in reach of your reporter, is inoorrect. The " forgery" is believed, by many of the best citizens of Chenango and Otsego counties, to be no forgery at all ; and this may account for the supposed violation of the law by Mr. Commissioner Southworth, in admitting Mr. Harris to bait, and the respectable merchants of hi* town, South New Berlin, not " New South Berling," bailing him without hesitation. Proceedings were ta ken at tho Police here, in this business, on the positive oath of the complainant, that the draft was a forgery. ? Measures are taking to bring out the facts, and to collect the draft. Justice. Ethiopian Scvenaclers. ? Palme's Opera House.?We have much pleasure in announcing to the public the re-eugagetnent of the Op>ra House, by German, St an wood Pelham, HarrinuUn and White, for a v*ry limited num ber of uigliti the present week. Thev will open this evening rich and melodious, and intend to devote each evening to new development* of their diversified powers Their reception last we?k exceeded their utmost expectations, and this re-engagem -n: is. it may be ssid, attheearnest solici tation of their numerous friends. Consumptives, Live I?Hastings' Compound 8YKUP OF NAPHTHA, for the core <f Consumption, and all Luug Complaints?for sale >t 173 Division it, op. Ludlow To tlie Public.?.Having seen a statement In the %fl lai, Mercury, and other Sunday papers, in which great injustice is done Mr. Isaac Ke in-sy, the geotli iaau who was in comptny with the ladies arrested by mistake on Saturday morning, they not being the p noas by wh in I was assaulted, and for whose arrest I had a warrant issued, I regret very much that such an accident occurred mid am extremely sorry ii has appeared before the public, as I uow discover that I nev er saw the ladies before the evening on which Ihe Kmpiie Bill took pi ice. I make this rtatnaieut, ai it is the only iepa ratiou 1 can make Mr. Keuuey aitdtke public r,D \VX RD KAOF.R. Tills Day Is published, price lift y cents. Die third edition id*the Apocrvplul New I\atanent? cout lining all the Goipels, Kimtl-k and otlter pieces not inelud-d in the New T<stumeiit. This work ha? hern suppressed in K-glt'id, and yariou? p trts of the Continent lor a number of yeari, as not be ing orthodox: such is irs scarcity and value, that it is only lo bj found in the libraries of Colleges and [Seminarist of the great est repute. In those countries, no person dire reprint this woi|<, although esgerly sought for. wirhrut tendering them selves liable to pons and penalties from the ecelesiasticil sn thorities Th s fact has cauted the demaud for the present edition. Published by VVm. Taylor, 2 Asior Honse, New York; Taylor, Wildest Co .Baltimore. Fine Green an I Black Tea ?Very superior Oolong 4s, extra fine do, 6i, ITouug Hyson, superb articles Is. is a> d S.i, at the wholesale sud retail stores of the Cant n Tea Comptny, 163 Ore?nwich street, near th>- corner of Court lanat street, aud 121 Chatha n street, bt tween rajarlsod Roose velt. This u the oldest and la-gest Tea <st i1 limneut'u Ame ica. Their r nutation for upright dealiag. and for the very 1th quility ? f theirifoods. i.tan ,s. sud douhil s? will forever 'tand unrivalled We eanieitly recommend f.unites coun try morch tuts and the whole public, to this very respectable establishment. Philadelphia Agent for the Ilerolit, Zleber & CO., 3 Ledger Building, Thiid street, who receive subscri bers, and have single copies for sale daily at I o'clock, nil lin Navigation vf tun Otilo Hlver. I Placet. Time. State, of Rivr Pittsburg. , .Not. 2fl. ?. 4 It. scaatkin the channel. Wheeling. ..Not. IS 6J feet mid rising. Louisville. ..Nov, 23 b leot'i inches in channel Cincinnati,. ..Nov. 24 ft I'eo' on flats and bars . ??^f"l ? II , Jlll-l.UH m\EV MARKET. Sunday, Sov, 30?0 P.M. The atock market, during tho woek just closed, has been comparatively quiet Notwithstanding the in), provement in quotations for some of the railroad stocks, transactions have been limited, and a disposition to wait the movements of Congress hat been very general ly exhibited. The public mind hits, within the past month, experienced a very decided improvement in re lation to the effect of the President's Message upon com mercial affairs generally, and upon stock operations in particular. A few weeks since, quite a panic was created in the stock market, by the impression that diffi" culties with Oreat Britain, in relation to the Oregon question, were sure of being produced by the tone of the Message and the action of Congreas. It is now sup posed that a very great change has been made in the complexion of the Message, by the recent advices from Kurope, in relatien to the tariff*, which will moderate th language of the Executive regarding Oregon, and perhaps bring about a very important im provement in tue commercial affairs of both nations. In anticipation of a more speedy settle ment of this boundary question by Congress, negotia tions between the Secretary of State and the British Mi nister, have been suspended. The return of the pre sent Minister has been reported within the past day or two, and it has undoubtedly had some ef fect in political and financial circles, where tho cir cumstances of his appointment were not known. Mr. Pakenhnm was sent to this country aa Minister at the commencement of the movement hero in relation to the annexation of Texas. He was selected for the office, on account of his intimate acquaintance with Mexican affairs, and it was so cousidered by him. Upon his arrival here, he did not think of remaining more than six months, and all his arrangements since, have been made far a departure at any moment. He antici pates a recall at any time, but has not, as yet, received ' an official summons to return. It is possible, that the action of Congresa upon the Oregon question, may re quire a resumption of negotiation; and in that ease, there . is very little doubt but that a special minister will bs 1 sent out for that purpose, and the present minister recall. ed. Should a resolution gmng the required notioe for the acessation of the ntir <ial occupancy ef the Oregon terrl ! tory pass hoth hou>es of Congress, and receive the sanc tion of the President, active negotiations must be imme> diately resumed and soae arrangements made, or boun dary agreed upon, within the year stipulated. Unleta some understanding is arrived at between tho two go vernments by or before the expiration of the necessary notioe, difficulties mutt grow out of the question If we pass a resolution that our claim to the A4 40. is indisputa' hie, and that we no longer agree to a mutual occupancy below that line, we must, as toon as wo can do to, consistent with existing treaties, take possession, unlets some mutual agreement is made lu the meantime be tweon the two governmenta. A movement of this nature in Congresa, would bring the matter to a crisis very soon, and that la what we anxiously look for; It Is ftill time, to long as the queation hss been agitated, for it to he settled; ar.d we are inclined to believe that a con' summation so devoutly to bo wished, will toon be real- , ited. Huhjectt of to much importance cannot, in thit age, be long agitated without reaching a crisis that soon

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