Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 29, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 29, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ?\?-w York, Moniluy, D?cciiibtr W,lSlj. Import mtt from St. Ooiiilnjio? l*ro nf ticn< rul AiilirXtttion. The ne>v ? which we have received here, during the ,-f two days, by two vessel* Irotn different ports of the Island ofS in Domiogoj or Hayti, in the West Iodien, and which will be found in thi^ day's paper, w of the highest importance to this country und to the world?nay, eveu to the course and pro gress of republican government in this hemisphere, for till time to come. Through the energy and industry of a special agent and correspondent, whom we sent to San Do mingo last autumn, we h*ve received, exclusively, copies of several documents and diplomatic correa pondence which have already passed between the government of the United St itea and that o! San Domingo, prepari ng ihe way for the great measure of i he recognition ol the latter republic by the former, according to the same policy or plan, which was pur sued toward*Texas, and which has, in a few years, terminated in the absorption or annexation of the lat ter into this ^rent republic of the North. These docu ment consist of a memorial presented to the United States i vernmnit ut Washington, by the agent ot Sin 1 )omingo, .ibout a yearago, together with copies of highly interesting letters, .vritteu by certain public functionaries of that island, and addressed, during the lust summer, to Mr. Hogan, th? agent of the United States, then in San Domingo, to which island !:e Wrt.-' ut bv Mr. Calhoun, then S-cretary of State, jr. crder to investigate the resources, and as certain trie disposition and capabilities of that new republic in th$ West ndi^s. Thus far, the movement has been highly prosper ous and successful. The war between San Domin go and Hayti, is rapidly coming to an end, and it is highly probable that the black and bloody republic will be overcome by the w lite and more civilized races of th ? other. .As soon as that point shall have been accomplished, there will come other move ment.-, loading to the natural termination of the ne gotiations already begun so auspicuously by the United States. It will be perceived that the diplomatic corres pondence which we give, only comes up to the i>en" >d tit which Mr. Hogan, the United States agent, eft Sin Domingo. The report which Mr. Hogan has already m i(% to; he Secretary of State at Wash ington, or the action of our government on that in 'ormation, we can only as yet conjecture. One pregnant lact ought to be noticed here?these diplo matic movements, of such mighty interest to the destiny of the West Indies, and to the cause o( ge neral annexation, were not alluded to in the slight est degree, in the recent message of Mr. Polk. How tar, therefore,' the present administration may be I carrying out this munificent policy, so auspiciously ! begun under Mr. Calhoun, we can only conjecture we h:tve no doubt, however, but Mr Polk will per form his duty to his country?to his age?to his des tiny?and to the great principles of republican pro gress, which he has so auspiciously begun in the annexation of Texas. Thus it will be seen, that the United States avored by < r0d and nature, is surely marching with a step as regular as the eternal laws of nature to accomplish that great destiny which is allotted to her to fulfil that is, the union and incorporation in one great and mighty republic, in one wonderful confederacy of regular democracies, the whole of t he continent of North America, with the islands (hereunto naturally belonging. In Cuba, in Mexico Sir,n Canad?. ^c spirit has been awakened that will, m the course of a f-wyears, lead to the re alization of great events and a mighty destiny. The ditL-rences between England and the United Sta'es respecting the 49th parallel in the Oregon Territory' is a mere bagatelle compared with movements eon' t cm plated and begun in reference to other portions of this northern hemisphere, not yet united to tins republic Our government might, to-morrow, frt e -e.t.e that question by giving England ah she aaks in Oregon-for u, less than a quarter of J. ceuutry, all Oregon will, like a ripe peach ' 11,t0 "he hp oftne u,l'ted States, along with ot.ier territories to which it may be attached - The deplorable want of all prosperity, peace and stable government in San Domingo, in Mexico and n. the contiguous territories, will only hasten the.e coming events that already cast their shadows over thf present and the future, and make the monar chies ol Europe look pale with fear The next new. from San Domingo will be hivblv mportant, and we are assured by our special agent and correspondent, now ,n that island, that ther'e is every probability of it* being decisive of great events ' .,0ti' 0ul>a Hud in Mexico, we have also de spatched social correspondents to both these coun tries, and we expect by every arrival despatches of great importance, even m advance of our own to vernment at Washington. f Police Rrfobm.?We have alluded to the mock justice brokers on the steps of the Tombs. Our in ke 'tH'Tn?a C?UnCiI hdVC thoueht Proper ,0 keep huddled together clerks and justices, which resemble a namber of old starved hens, flocked to getter under a barn door, pecking at each other for clacks.flS C?rn accidentally fall through the **?*** Place' Iheure are tow clerks, at a .alary ot tff ooft per year each, and three magistrate, It .?1,6(W |m r year each?making in all Sm Sfin ' i - is ?'?rk, .?Ji,k,care ol thf public imcnuf'"?",! You WlU Perceive, is retrenchment, with prooeT 1 corum and decency Why don't the r Council bre?k up,,,- ^ oo?noo.,o? ? ..lndi?du? ? W|1 1 ???. ?? ^me functionaries under his thumb, like -. All business of a money-making nature is handed over to this "individual," to be done you Uckl, ? tickle you Have we any Police and Pnf0n Committee 1 or, is it only a farce 1 We sincerely hope the Mayor will raake wrne move in this matter, for if we wait until the alder men move in city reform, (who have their ownin udgment a'ter) we may wai, unti, theTy Z Important Cbajtok in the f*w ? t Tho Conn of Error,, w," #r.M.c,.ioo,?l thcSuprorJclTm ,? "u'MWof Pounoooro Coop"' "J '' IT"" tho rol.ct of ,he Into Colonol ,?,| -,|,tor ' I h? precise |>oint of law reversed l, yet?but we take it to be pretty bro* I* a f "?W "0l ot ?w. xi, i :,e ti" of the complaint arose from the utter iffn 1 C*Ut"' <* l-tyr. who one ever got the better of us in a libel suit-.L have already used up two judges, and lour l?u, who attempted to annoy us, besides barh< r k y<?rB' makers, block-heads, and dT^rd,!" "' b?tt0n* ' " ,lumber One of these bringers on ISi*'"'' ' "! h'n^" 'dieted, and was driven ou^^.'T an Kno,her is now in the J8w8 ?f an ,L * tor perjury. 3 ?' an indictment Law ia a game that two oan play '. ?Vill probably fall nearly ~9toeke vioncy will be scarce?and ,h- J!! ?f ranuar>' Rogues, look out. mAy iacreate. Texas Eutcnon.?The etot^? ... T Governor, Lieut - . Texas for Htote Ee^slatiue, took p!ace onX^fn" "n next account, will gjv? Ui (hp weuj|> inM- The Thk LrtTRK WRITKR,"^Z7nTTl/ u writers, during a week past, have l""'r '?"'"hugif.ngfhe country on the orriff ' '"nocrntly J me Uregon negotiation. A-va War ?The bank war against the l? t " ' <""" <? ?" '""r tiem nZZlt f0C0" Highly Important from Hayti. The barque Hccla, Capt. Hoyt, from Port au Prince, and brig Clara, Capt. Lake, Irom Porto de Plata, with advices from each place to the 6th inst., have arrived in the last two days. The intelligence received by them from our cor respondents nt St. Dotaiugo C'ty and Port au Prince, is ol a very interesting.and important cha racter. It appears by what we learn from Capt. Lake, of the Clara, tiiat extensive preparations continued to be made by both Iliyttens and Dominicans for a final conflict.,..It was the opinion of the Captain tint u battle would soon be fought that would be decisive in its results. Either the black or white race must soon rule the island of Ilayti. It is impossible for both races to govern th* same place. This aspect of affairs assumes an additional im portance from the fict that there la likely to be some trouble between the Haytiens and the French, for an indignity offered to a commercial agent of the latter. Oi' all the intelligence, however, that we have re ceived by these arnvals, perhaps the most important and exc.uug is that relative te the Dominicans and the United States, which has reached us from our attentive correspondents. This intelligence is not only important as to whether or not the black or wh;te race shall rule over the destinies of Hayti, but as affecting our own relations with France, and perhaps with oilier powers in Europe Anions otWer documents which have been tor warded to us, are several containing a great many hi^h'y interesting f.icts connected with the mission ot Mr. Hogan to St. Domingo. We publish thr< e or four of these papers, because they bear the marks ot authenticity, and will therefore be read with inte rest. It will be recollected that about a year ago, or more, we mentioned the arrival here of two asrents from St. Domingo to our government, rela tive to the .acknowledgment, by the United Statea, of the independence of the Dominican Republic. The representations ol these agents to our govern ment, induced Mr. Calhoun to despatch Mr. Iiogan to St. Domingo, to examine into tne condition and rf.-ources of that part of Hayti. It is generally known that Mr. Ilogan has returned home from hie mission, and it is, therefore, likely that he has made his report to our government, and that the President and his Cabinet are deliberating in the matter, in order to ascertain the best course to pursue. We give three of the documents which we have received. The first is an abstract of a statement made by the Dominican agent to our government; the second is a sketch of "the Dominican Republic, written by a highly intelligent D minican to Mr. Hogan, alter his arrival at St. Domingo ; and the third is a brief history of Hayti, sent to Mr. Hogan by a member of the Haytien Legislature. Taken in all points of view, ihese papers open an important issue in our relations with Europe, and with ihe atlairs of the republics and nations on this continent. The island of Ilayti is the most fertile of any in the Atlantic, and its value is considered inestimable to France. Since the loss of lhat island to the French, they have been devising means for its recovery. It was a colony to them too valuable to lose ; and we are constantly hearing of its probable re-occupancy by France. Commer cial agents of that nation have, for some time, been residing in different parts of the island; and one has lately been severely flogged by the Haytiens for meddling in their affairs; and this may afford a pretext for France to strike a blow, which may at once be subversive of the llay tien Republic. Of this however, we shall see. It will, perhaps, be proper for the United States to be a sort of protector to one portion at least of lhat Island, in ord**r to preserve our own balance of power on this continent. The mission of Mr. Hogan may exhibit the resources of the Dominican Republic in such a strong and fa vorable light to our government, as to lead to its re cognition ol the independence ot Hayti; and if we be the tirst in this recognition, that Republic will, of course, apart from hfr republican Ieeling3 and im pulses, seek our protection in preference to that ot any other nation. This [fives the whole matter an im portance that it would not otherwise have. It is ex pected, too, that if the Dominic.ins succeed in their present war against the Haytiens, the whole island will pass into th* hands of the white races, and become one great Republic ? the Island Republic of the world. It is necessary, in this view of the news which we have received by lite above mentioned arrivals, for our government to act decisively in the matter It is necessary tor us to prevent any inter ference on the part ot France, or any European na tion, in the affairs of Ilayti, as in the case of the Argentine Republic. There is no time to lose. Jtn Jlbilract of a Mrmeir drlittred to the S-cretary of State of th' Unittd Slatet, by the political ^gent of the Spai' if A part of St. Domingo, called Ike Dominican Re public. \V*aihi!?>to.*, Jau. 8, H45. To THE Ho*. J0H* C. ClLHOl)!*, Secretary of State of the United State*? 1. A compliance with the wishes of the United States agent, for information respecting the Republic of Do minica ?i. The former Spanish part of ijt Domingo remained under the dominion oi Spain until l&JJ; through political change* and factions, was united to Hayti dr facto, which then o cupied the western part ol the inland. 3 After twenty years suffering in that connection, the Spanish pert took occasion on the 27th February, 1P44, when Boyer fell, to raise the standard at independence, and taking possession of the capital and fortified places, on the 28th eflecte the capitulation of the General com manning t>'e district Bnd the Haytien forces, who, a lew Javs afterwards, lulled for Port hu Piince 4. A new Dominican flag was raised, ?nd a provisional government w as formed in the capital, under the name of Central Junta of Government, composed of eleven persona from the various districts, whose authority was recognised by tha other cities. ft. The Dominican territory was then invaded through the west, by the Haytjun army of more than 10,000, under General Revre Herard who arrived at, where was posted the advanced guard of the Domini cans, under General Pedro Santar.a, consisting of 3 000 men and three cannona. The battle began on the lV'.li ol March, when the Dominicans gained the victory with only two killed and three wounded, while more than 1 0<i0 Haytien* lay dead on the Held tt. The Dominicans then took up thur head quarters ut the River Ocsa, end the valleys of Bain, where their cavalry and lnnc.ers operated to lestrain the marrh of the aggressors, who could not adv ance beyond Arica, ard having then attempted to open a way, were encoun tered and driven hack with great loss. 7. The other Haytian army iu thenoith, under Gene ral Pierrot, on the 3d of March, near the city of Santiago de los Cabelleroa, were also repulsed with loss as groat as at Ayna, while only one \* * wcindel on the Domi nican side. They left the field next day, and were liar rassed on their tetreal with additional loss The army at Azua retreated to Port nu Rico, and burned every house in their way, and all those atAjna. Since that time no fuither aggroason* have been committed. B The Haytien* having been driven t.lf, the liberty and independence of the Dominicans were considered as established dr facto, and the Central Junta of Go vernment then engaged in calling ori the people to elect deputies, and form a ? (institutional Congres* On the 8th of November last, fundamental laws wer<* decreed, which consecrated those social principles which secure liberty, property, equality, and the admia.sion of foieign er* to civil and political lights. 9. On the formation of the social compact, iu the same month ot November, Senor Bon Pedro Santano was in stalled President of the Republic, with four Secretaries ol State, vie: Don Thomas Bobudilla, foreign Relations and Justice; Don Manual Cabflal Rernnl, ol the Interior and Police: Don Ricardo Miura, oi Kinauoe and Com merce, an 1 General Don Manuel Gimenes, ol War and Marine. 10. The people then cleeted member* of the Senate aad House of Representatives. 11. All the public functionaries are electcd for a fixed period. 19. All person* who own property, or are licensed to carry on ?ome industrial puriuit or profession ol the art* and iclenoea, and the officer* of the army and navy, are entitled to vote. 13 The** per?on? have only a direct vote in their own periodical elector*, who constitute an electoral college ut the chief place* of each province, elect the executive power. In case of no majority, Congree* electa the executive power. 14. The Governor* of each province are appointed for four year* hy the Executive. 1ft. The Dominican tartitory comprehend* two-thirda of the island, extending from Lesabon, on Matsacre river on the north, to the river Pedernales on the south, both tailing into the *ea: the latter to the windward fwest)ol Beats island in. The country fertile in the production* of the Weal Indie*, and in copper, gold, iron, and coal. Two great bays, which formidable squadron* can enter, and anchor in security, vir.. : the Buy of Ocoa in the south, and the Bay of Peninsula of Samara on the northwest, the latter admitting the whale as well as pearl fishery. 17. The principal ports and places of trade are St. Do iniugo, Puerta de Plata, Azua, Samaria, and Monto Chruta. li A constant trade 1* kept up with the iiland* of St. Thomas and Ctiracoa, the United States, France, F.ngland and Germany, whither is transported ? large ' amount of mahogany, and nearly two-thirds of their tobacco. 11). A sulliciaut supply jf sugar is made tor the people, and an equal portion for transportation. 'JO. The principal articles of export aimahogany, lig j rumivitte, logwohd, tobacco in leaf, and cigars: rattle hites, yellow ami white wa\. gum guiacur.i, honey aij'l woo.! lor building. ?il. St. Domingo is surrounded hy walls and fortifies- ! I tions, with the requisite mtillery, as well as the city ol j Santiago. The cities ol Puerto Plata aro also fortified ? suill '<eutly. The cities of Atua ate in progress, an 1 . fortification* aro being made at other poiut? 011 the fri^n- I , tier, towards the enemy. Vt all passages between the twti countries, troops in sufficient force will be kept to j prevent aggression. 99. The Republic has plenty of cannon and ammuni- ' tion, and other articles of war, with an ar-enul well provided with materiel; 18,000 men are capable of bear- ! ing iirms, one-half of whom ate now on duty. It has ; aUu four armed vessels,vrz: one brig and three schooners, built at Caracas. U3 The revenue from imports, Jtc. is ?uiticient to cover | the expenses, which niu-t increase when the govern ment puts the mines in operation, and after the cessation of hostilities. U The population is over 900,000, half of which are | white, who hold the general administration, and two thirds of the other hall are inulattoes, a greet portion of whom are landed propiietors or old mechanics ; are well disposed and fond of order and subordination; the reniain dei are negioes, most of whom are free born. Slavery ! hus been for ever abolished in the Kepublic. 36. The government is anxious to encourage foreign j agriculturists, in order to increase the white population and sciie greater security, thus augmenting and attract 1 in; trade, commerce and to advance public instruction j C6 With this view, he government has re-Oslled all i the white Dominicans who emigrated in 18 Ji. Those | persons, also, who left property, uud which the Haytien government i:ad not confiscated: this| will be restored, ' without regard to the sequestration in favor of the State, to the injuiy ol the present heirs. 37. The Dominican government presents actual capa city to fulfil the obligations of an independent nation, 8s well as the powers to delcnd its sovereignty, and to enter into relations witn other nations that may grant it their sy mjiathy. 3d. Ii pieseuts to the world tin exemplary and interest- : ing cum lor contemplation Its cause it noble, just ant worthy of the friendship of civilized an I Christian na- | tions, especially those of the American continent. It Is ' a cane of humanit' in rescuing the opprossed from the j tyranny of the Haytiens Fears Hie now entertained ol tti* vengeance ol ttia Haytiens, who count halt' a million, and whose hatred of the whites is inn its and terrible ; consequently, from their superior numbers and force, if fortune do not continue to favor the Dominicans, terri ble massacres nrid confi "grations roust ensue, if not prevented by white anil civilized na ions. .9 I he fear ol another invasion, ought not to prevent , neighboring nations from interfering, to arrest aggres- | sion. aud protecting nations unjustly oppressed; ami hti- > manity dictate-ttie pieseivution of the Dominican State ' hy other nations, as an act sanctioned by philanthiopy ? and religion. 30 The above sketch being true and exact, g ves Do- ! minica a right to a place among the family ol nations, in j virtue of the recognition of its independence, which it ; solicits from magnanimous and Christain nations : from j the coiUeJerate States ol the American Union, to which | it hus addressed itself in preference, as the founder of real liberty in the new world. 81. Upon the recognition of her independence, the Republic of Dominica would be respected, and the vigor and force of its institutions increased. 3'i. This recognition may bo resolved aflirmatively, as - it involves no lesponsibility, like those of other States ! which have hitherto presented themselves for recogni tion in this hemisphere?because the political existence of the Haytien Republic has never been recognized by I the United States, as it never had legitimate dominion ! Over the Spanish portion of the island. 33. The Republic of Dnmiuica should not be left in worse condition than other Republics on the Southern 1 continent of America, whose independence has been recognized. (Signed) DOCTOR J. M. CARNIVERE8. I w3>i slhttravt of a Not* frntn Dr. Carniverea, the Political Jlgent of St. Domingo. WASHiNn 1 o*, Jan. 25, 1?45. To thk Hon. John C. Calhoun, Secrttary of Slate? 1. An addenda to hi* note of the 8th inst to Fhow that tho anion of the Spanish part, in 182*2, with Ilnyti, was not voluntarily, but forcibly produced. 2. The Spanish part of the Island romained under the government ot Spain until the 30th Nov. 1821, on the night of which Dr. Jose Nunez de Cu/.eus, Lieutenant tiovernor, raised the standard of independence in St. Domingo. 3. A tew days afterwards, Brigadier General Don Pan cttal Real, together with his officers, embarked for Spain, Potto Rico and Cuba. 4 The appellation of Spanish Hayti, coinciding with that of the Republic of Hayti, contributed to restrain and prevent tne co-operation o( a part of tho inhabitants oc cupying the French pprt. Tho political change had not i>een communicated to them precisely, fo that too popular mind was not made upon the question: ami in it few days after, different views and opposition manifested itsett in two or three places on the noitb side, which was fomented by European Spaniards. inimical to American liberty, hoisting the flag of the Republic of Hayti at Monti Cristi arwt Santiago, ond entering iuto relations with the chicfs of that Republic. 5. The President, Nunez,in December, communicated the declaration of independence to Boyer, and made over tures to him for a treaty of alliance, offensive and defen sive, and the appointment of commissioner* to settle the proper stipulations. Boyer refused to accede, but mere ly styled Nunez, in 1822, political chief of the Spanish portion of tho Huytien Republic, inviting him to hoist the Uaj tien fleg, with threats in case of refusal. (5. This answer demonstrated to Nunc/,, how far his hopes had been disappointed, and caused the utmost con sternation in the public mind. 7. ' u this state ot things all tlie civil and military autho rities were convened in council at St. Domingo, who, dreading Boyer'* vengeance, agreed against tueir con sent to submit'to tho uupropitious union, thus forced upon them. The Haytien flag was accordingly raised,and Bover mada his entrance into St. Domingo, on the 12th of February, 1822, at the head of more than ten thousand men. 8. On the folio ?ing day he caused his constitution to be proclaimed, which had existed since 1816, for the French | art only. He abolished slavery, and on liis de parture left Haj lien laws and institutions, entirely differ ent iu character and customs from those of the Spaniards, for which reason the two nations could never be united, as shown by posterior acts, Mid by the general spirit with which all classes have fought for the expulsion of the Haytieris lorever from the Dominican territory. 9. Tho mulatt' cs and samboes are ail natives ol same Spanish and Dominican soil, and not of th ? French part; that they have always been in contact with the whites; and in the observance of the principles of religion and morality, to which they are accustomed from their it* lascy, according to tho old laws of Spain-, and in th.? course of operation to throw off the yoke of the Ilaytiens, and in the ac'.ions and combats, they have always taken the mime resolution, end displayed the same spirit and intent to rept i them. All the republics of tho south con tain numbers of this class. St. Domingo, June IS, 1845. JOH?t Hpuaw, Esq., Commissioner of the United States, near this Republic. 5 a?I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 13th instant, requeuing information on the actual slate of ecclesiastical affairs, churches, prelates, the re l;gious education of our community, and other circum stances regarding the same, ol our Island; as .also to an swer the particular interest that tho Right Reverend Bishop of New Vork feels on our account, and because we ? ish to show tl>e people of the United states all cir ctimstances whereby they may form an opinion upon the state of our reliuion and morality in thin Island The arrangement ol this Diocese i? embodied in the office of a curate General, with immediate orders in his posses sion from his holiness the Pope of Rome, the functions of which office have devolved on mysoif, with all ita Ejwers; and in case of the absence ol the Archbishop, I ave the power of granting and giving tho sacrament of confirmation. The executive department of my country had the intention ot having conferred on me the honor of Archbishop of the Island, but for many reasons i resist ed tho receiving of it, principally because it was, in an ecclesiastical point ol view, a very responsible office to hold; and notwithstanding that our President wrote to his Holiness the Pope, requiring that favor to be confer, red on me ; 1 a second tune refuted tho offer, and pre sented in form to the Holy See the fact of my incapacity, connected with my age, that being now siity-oigiit > *ar?. The constitution establishes that in accordance with the With of the Diocese, the President can demand from the Holy See the favor of representation lor all the prebends throughout tho territory, and to negotiate and establish a concordat, leaving in the interim tho privilege to decide ecclesiastical questions to th* canons, and they to receive the ultimate decisions ol questions from the Holy See, under whose orders they act. 1 tie Spanish part of this Island, which now forms this new Republic was always under thn jurisdiction of an Arcbhiihoprick, because that the spiritual wants otour people needed but one, and viewing tho fact, us it at pre sent appears to me, that wo do not need any more new appointments of Bishops. Nevertheless, that the Consti tution leaves open the having ot more than one Bishop rick on the Island, in the same way as the canons and prebends of the ? athedial can be at any time re-elect ed, I-ut who at present do not exist, ** I am the only one out of fourteen who still holds the functions of office: and now so far as I huve writtm, I trust I have satisfied the demand of your esteemed letter. Annexed you m ill find a list of our Churches and their pastors :? I. The principal f hurch with two curates. 3. The adjuda parish I:hurch, named Ht. Michael's? without a priest. :t The adjuda parish < hurch, named Ht. Andrew ? without a priest or aaaiftint. ?i. The Dominican Church. b. The ' hurch of the 3 1 Order. 6. The Church of our Lady of Mercv. j 7. A 3d Order. 8. The Church of St. Francis, with the 3d order. 9 Destroyed by the Havtiens. 10. A Church with the Military Hospital, and succor I for the poor. II. The Chapel of our Lady of Orace. 12. The Hospital of St. Lazarus, with its Church. 13. Tlie Chin oh ol the Apostle St. Andrew. 14. Chapel of our L<dy of Help. lft Tlie ( (invent ol St ' lata, which has been destrn ad 16. The Convent ef the (^tiean of Angela, with a sp'an did church kept in order by a professed nun, aged 79 years, and one who did not profess because the Haytieris disturbed the place, after she had taken II month* in structions of tier novitiate, but I wrote to his Holiness ; the I ope, ai.d begged tout she with MX Chosen lemales, i might, as they were duly prepaied, profess, if his Holi ness would dispense them of the rest of their time 17. The Church ot^inr Lady ol ( armnl. | 18. At the herders of our cay, near the fountain of St. I Oil, thtro i? a church that wai the Provincial Church, destroyed by the earthquake. I#. Another parish church, called the Church of St Barbara. 90. Another church, with only its walls standing, occa sioned by the e uthquake, called the Church of St. An I tnony. | Citin, Tawn$ unit I'lttagu in the. Dominican Ilrputlic 1 In the city of Samnaur, there is a church without a flurate. 9. In Sebaas, naar the tea. another churoh without a Parish priest. Both of the** parish*! ar* without c<l ratcs, becttus* of th* scarcity of priests. i. 1 ho city of Bayagnana, with it* cunt* living in Ui* church. 4 In the city of Monto Plata, a church with its curate, an J a league from there ft. A church, very handsome, in the village of Boya, which Ins connexion with the order of our Lady of the Blessed Water. 0. The towii of Higney, with its church, vary hand- I some, much frequented by travellers, nu<ler the particu- I Ut protection of our Ludy of Grace, to whom ull unhap- ; pv persons run pray. 7. Tho city ot too Holy Cross of Saybo, with a splon- I did church and its curate. This town has lti.UUO souls i in it s'. A country sent with a church and a curate, dedica ted to the Lady of Vercede. 9. St. Joseph of Leai not, with it9 curato and church, an<l ti leagues is another. 10. Church belonging to the same parish 11. Outside of the wails ol St. Domingo, is the village : of 8t Charles, of Tonrriffi!, with a curate, who is, fir the pro>eut, piovincial,because his parish is now occu pied in repairing the d jmugo caused in that church, by the earthquake of 1842. 12. Halt a league from the capital, is another village, with a curate church, destroyed?no priest?called the Church of St. Lorenzo. | 13 St Chnstophe, with a splendid church, and a reg- j ular curat*. 14. Bani, with its church and its curate?a parson who j has been very badly treated 15. The town of Compoatella, of Agua, with its church I an I curate?put in order in the month of May last. Hi Nay ba, with its church and curate. 17. U. John's?a curate. is. Bauua. another small village, fronting a church, I newly repaired by the peoplo 19. The town of Cotuy, with its curat*?the church j that was injured by the earthquake now b*ing repaired. 20. St. Kiancis. of Mugous, with its church and ourate 21. The City of Conception, with its curate?out of ; repair, on account of damages received from the earth quake. A quarter ol a league from this place, is the fa- ; inoas mount, named the Vega, in which church is to bj s-en the apertui* wbero the admiral, Chiistopher Cc- I lumbus. flist planted tho Holy Cross. This chur h lis- j suffered inuuli from the eaithquako, but the people in | the neighborhood have ulways supplied foino means for its benefit and support. 22 Tho City of Santiago and itschurchea ure destroy ed?bu as there i.i a population of mor^ than 18,000 souls, sn.i where the people are great cultivators ot to bacco, and misers of cattle? consequently ricn they in tend to erect a parish church, behind the two convents that w*re known ai the large convent and the little con vent. 28. The city of St. Philip, of Porto Plata, with its cu rate, a very regular person?handsome church and rich Iv endowed , two league" from them a nunnery called Altainnra- lastly Dayahon, on the confines ol the Hay- I tien Government. 24. The city of Atta Cristi, with its curate. 26 In the woods of St. Jo leph, there is a station with a ! curate, and two leagues from that a hermitage. On account of our past troubles, some of our curates had to vacate their parishes, but in a few churches the clerical service has been continued as far as circumstan ces would admit)hut now our new situation gives us hipe i thatj our occlesiastical affairs will all he settled to our satisfaction ; from nil tho circumstances that havo taken . place, notwithstanding, it is necessary to takesuoh mea- 1 sures as not to expose the faithful to the want of spiritu- j d1 assistance, or at least, that they should enjoy the be nefits ol their religion in security. As regards the number of the assistants of the Church, it is ueedless for me to inform you, as you have been an eye witness to the solemnity of this day, for the Church has been three years repairing from the ravages of tho earthquake, and only now, have we been able to offer divine service in it. The religious demeanor and piety of the public has not diminished in the least on account of this, and the concou' se at church was so great that room was wanted for oven those who were in atten dance in the church during divine sorvice. Vet their zeal for religion was the same. Tho people ot the Island are generally religiously in clined; such is their general character, and I am con vinced that for the sake of their religion they would: i ?had their blood. And thus you see that our national liar has the symbol of the Holy Cross | on it as I being in accordance with tho wish of the people by order of government. Whatever is ne?de< , for the churches has boon, uutil now, funushe y j nations I'roin the people, and not paid for through * reg"" "ar salary As faV anr?.rd, the numbe.-of ichooU tor | onr youth, and tho established system of education, as well as the stimulus which the government olJerB' 1,cn i give you on idea of it by the law issued on thei 13 th ol May past, which ordains that ?n ev-rv projincf.there shall be two primary schools,ai d on* in e ich district, . a unary paid by the governntom, w no furmah I thing mcessary, booka, &c., for t:io use of ' ? teachers and scholars, without its being any delrime U | to the re-establishment of our University ; the rules ian anan^ementa of which schools are such as to promote the advance of literatuie ; being in the hands of c?"'P?- - ppteiit and trusty persons, they are, at the same time, particular in not neglecting their religious instniction , but it Rives me much pleasure to state, ueTert"?1?"; that even before the law passed, our youth { i lor instruction in tho pnvate^chools, as well a, those at the charge ol the government; aid now there al? a?i youths reading a course of philosophy, and_ ?ere.are , several schools supported by the ladies, where the chil idren receive tho most affectionate attention. .. . [ Under the Haytien government, the spirit of religion cannot be put down-notwithstanding, the system of inditleronce and opposition of the governmantha j nrevailed to a great extent, allowing religion u hold its sway, on account of political u?tl0??' j without giving it that fostering^ care it ne- , cessarily needed. The churches that might hare been repaired, were, during the revolution, com destroyed, that the Governors might make use of the re- , mains of those buildings for them selves; and , done to stop this outrage and forwaid the reestablish ment of divine worship; but on the co'^rur^t?,1"?^ doubts on the fact that all our orders emanated from the See of Rome. It appears that the intention w?8 ,0 ? the religion go to decay, and that the Spanwh par:? i ?.u* i island should see itseil in the mme embarrassed state as that of the Ilavtiea part, to have missionaries and other persons, incompetent and without regular oiders and who had no more right than the executive itself, to inter fere with the sacred functious ofour religion. i With this I trust I have given you info "J18*? ?' gard to tne Haytien peoide, who have ell fol- the wan of having religion in its purity, and its pastors to be ai,ai respectable Ontheothei part are the African pait ol the inhabitants, whose lcligion consists of no lung tut superstitious rites, with some exterior forms of our di vine worship. Such, at least, is the opinion that I hate been able to form from my knowledge ol all tbe*o.cir cumstances, which have, unfortunately, distressed us all (or twenty-two years. With this I trust [have satisfied your desire, in aniwering you a!l things that laid in my power to inform you on. And, with sentimonts of the highest and distinguished consideration, I remain, Your most ob't servant, DONTOMA3 DEPORTUS. Copy of a l.ttl'r from Vr. John H. Frttul. Memhtr of j/i? | Haytitn Lfgitlature, to John 1 logon. As./. St. Domihoo, June 26, 1845. Mv Dkak Sir I have received with pleasure your letter of the -JOth inst. 1 must first thank you lor your confidence and your repeated marasi of a"Ji courtesy, and congratulate you upon your sale arrival in St. Domingo, upon your noble and tJ5 o^eouiring all ncrs end vour dt sire, truly reciprocated,ol requiring an the informatian concerning the 'sland of H??ti, necea sary to give you an exact opinion concermng the two F'a|i" regard to'the ancient French part, now theHaytion Republic, you address me many questions which reduce t^5MWWtat??.llt?l?a ???? condition of that P al'wbaut 'the nature of its constitution, laws, and how are they administered ? 3d. What is the condition of the people, of the m?n. ners and customs, of religion, social conditioni, of tne riirhtx and privilege^ of oach class or race of people . To romiv with your wishes, I will endeavor to give as full details as will comport with a simple corrcspon msa were in a sUte of complete Helotism In seconu. in ho iVl possessing the thiul ol tho, frontier property of demanded equality of political rights Exposed to continued insult and humiliation, they were excluded from all public employs, nor could they any liberal profession. lJut some ol them having been edu cated in Europe, acquired with <lie idees of liberty, a perception of Uieir condition. Many ret'lrn?{! *'!?tj"i claimed from the proud co onUts equal it of political rights accorded byPthe decree ol the mother country - but they were the victims of their c urage. They never consented to this equality and l is this that has been the cause ol tho revolution in St Domingo. The whites of the French part were sojenlotis of their pre-eminence, so proud, so lull ol prejudices, that they were divided into two classes the great plant rs and the common people. A spirit of egotism, ot pride of vanity reigned in "II thpte clnssps of society in St. Do wintf" The groat planters contemned the common peo ple who exercised the mechanic arta, or ^efe pe'ty dealer*- these contemned the mulattoes, and these la't the 11 ivns These noiitnmolips, these prejudices, and the = e vexations led to that bloody strite. in whicb the unhippy colonists wei?the vi.; ims. The reulattoes, in broking tie chains ol the slaves, and Riving them li berty suddenly dn?T.led them. Iiisiistrons results could not but flow fiom this snd.len transition. Figure to your sell men habituated for centuries, under the iron rod ot cruel and wicked masters, who unexpectedly found themselves called upon to exercise in a State new em , nioyment* of high importance. These men having ne cessarily sucked in, it I may so speak, th- prejudices and vices of their masters, would, unfit as they were, ape these last, or avange themselves ol the vexatiens they hadsuffered; and'this was the re tilt, under the rsignof that bjrbariao, Dessalines, the black general, which the revolution of IH04 had placed at the head of public al- | fairs. Incited by the mulatoes, Dessalines and the other chiefs of his class ruthlessly murdered nearly all the whites found in Uayti Oessalmes wished at length to assuage his rage with mulHttoes.but ths mulato generals, (Jerin and Petion conspired against him in 18<lfl, and he was killed The black general, Christophe, supplied his place provisionally. The mulattoes, knowing the san guinary instincts of this general, convoked the elector 1 celleges, which named deputies to frame a republican constitution This was adopted at the en 1 of ISO?. Abo-, lition of slavery, personal liberty and freedom ol the | press, equality in the administration of justice, Inviolabi lity of property, *11 the rights of man and of citizens were guaranteed by it. The whiles were excluded from all i civil nnd political rights, except a very small number who hsd. notwiths'anTiiig 'Oessalines, escaped massacre j and e\erci?ed public employments. All blacks, either Irom Africa ot fri m Ihe colonies, all Indians, all mulat- | toes from foreign countries, unjoyail, upon their arrival I in the country, the same civil rights as native Hay tie na, I but could not become citixens until after a year's resi dence. The government, l>?s?d upon the principle et popular sovereignty, resided essentially in the Henete in such a manner that the President had scarcely *ny ""j I thonty. Uhristophe, against whom this constitution ha | been formed, organized an insurrection, and seperaw | tho north from the republic, and established a monarchy which existed fourteen years, and dmlng which time, he massacred pitilessly the mulattoos of the north, and ull who were opposed to his system. Notwithstanding, ho was a good administrator of the laws, the country prospered, the cultivators labored, and the treasury pos itive! immense sums of money. Potion, in the west, followed at ? 'ier by in Although extremely ambitious ; although he rid himself secretly of hll hit rivals, ha showed himself a republican, and printed to the blacks nud mulattoos luiu" concessions ol r?nd. Ha encouraged commerce with ull nations, favor ed industry, but authorized license and insubordination. I'll# nun her of his partisans augmented considerably ? he particularlvlavored commerce with theBritish islands, in reducing tlie rates of duty to a per cent in lavor of KxiRlisSi m I'Chandize, Whilst all other nations paid l'J pel cent, because the cabinet of St. James had in some sort acknowledged, in an implied manner, the independence ol Hayti, in permitting in 1S08 relations between English subjects an4 Hayti, and becauso at the time of the war of itidependenct! tho sous of nolilo Albion had uided the natives to expel the remains of Le Clerc's army. In th - noriii, confidence in the English was still great er, for Christopho was horn iu an English Island. He put himself in some measure under the protection of Great Brium, and he hud projected to change the lan guage, mauners and religion ol his country. All must t?e Engli-h. Goman, a partisan of Christophe, revolted at Jerumie, in the south of the Island, and ravished it 14 years. He retired with a goo.1 nuother ut blacks into the mountains of the Grand Aitre. In 1800 General Hijnud, u ho had emigrated to France at the time of tho civil war of 1800.wt- n the black Toussoin Louventure, aided by some discontented colonies of tho mother country, seized upon the reign* of government of St. Doming \ and cauied to perish under his sabre the mulatto popula tion fouudsprvad over the west, north and south. Gen. ltojaivl Isay, chief of the mulattos,returned to Huyti, pre sented himself to Petion. Bad demanded as his seuioi Chief, the Presidency ol the Roptiblic. Potion rofused. arid the secession of the south was formed. This secet smn coutinued two years. Rijaud died and Gen Uor/el la, who succeeded him, discovered tho organization of a pnrty iu favor of Potion, a party which was so augment * d by the intr.gues of the latter as to menace tho exist ence of the south and west; for if a new civil wur had broken out in con-tquon^e, Christophe would have marched to Port au Prince and become roaster ol Hayti Under these circumstances, and to arrest these uvils j from our poor Republic, Gen iiorzella united the south j to the west iu making his submission to the government , of Petion. You will remark, without doubt, under the five inds- { pendent governments which ruled this country, to wit : that of Petion, of tdirutopho, of Kijaud, of Gomun, and of old Spain in ttie East?for the East always kept aloof 1 from these eronts?tho condition of tho population has i been singularly varied From these different kinds of government the character of tha chiefs who directed ! them aud the education they gave to the govtrned, the j following has resulted 1st. In the north of the ancient French part, aristocra- j tic ideas,inclination for monaichical government,ideas of , order, ol labor, subordination of the inferior to the supe- j rior classes; ideas ot morals, respect for religion, reci- | procal hatred towards the mulattoos and whites, opposi- j tion to the French and sympathy for the English. 3d In tho west, pride, egotism, republican ideas, in- | c!inaticni for republican government, ideas of di order, of indolence, thoughtlessness, license, immorality, ex terior religion, hatred against the blacks and whites. 3d. In the south.aristocracy of the mulattoes,weakness of tho blrck class, good maimers, ideas of independence, distrust of the west, aud more still of the north. This was nearly the condition of the country when ! Doyer in 1818, took the rein* of State. But his bad admi nistration has ruined every thing. Ho wan the most for tuuate chief the country had possessed; under his go vernment the party of Go man was destroyed; the north submitted to the Republic; the east, which had still pre seived the ancient manners of Spain, was annexed" to the rest ol the country. But the moral and political condition of the ancient French pait grow worse; public morals were corrupted?there was no longer any public decency?tho government, representative in name, be came dictatorial, and the Haytiens shamelessly bowed the hi.ud before the all-powerful will of the President. They contemned religion and excited the h>itred of tho blacks towards the mulattoes. w hile the mulattos excited the first against the whites. All was lost. Then CBme the revolution of 1843, prepared for a long tinio for a social reform. But it was a deception, for it wu entrusted to : immoral and infamous men, wi hotit decency an.l with- j oi^t patrietism. The blacks felt their position and tlioir strength; they broke out, and tho mulattoes ore menaced 1 with being the victims of the rude and ignorant mass. , This is the history of the condition, moral and politi cal, of the inhabitants of Hayti. Ah to their constitution and laws, they have never ex- j isted but in name. At tirst arbitrary and demotic, they became ridiculous and exclusive. I will give vou an ilea. WhenDessaline was Governor Generator Hayti, their existed neither constitution nor laws; nil depended upon the will of the tyrant. As Emperor he had a vain Miow of an imperial constitution formed by twenty-three' (ienerals the 'JUth of May, 1805; all still dopended upon tho head of the government, tho lraming and promulga tion of laws, appointment and removal of public function aries. The ilaytiena generally called blaeks under this black government wore the very humble subjects of bis very barbarous majesty. Des?alines having disappeared, they made a new con stitution. First the primary assemblies elected deputies in the different patiihes of the ancient French part. Christopho intrigued in the north and Petion in the west, to procuro the election of their partisans. The consti tuent assembly met at Part au Prince, and on tho 27th of December, 1866, appeared tho constitution. After some articles, which declared the rights and duties of man and of citizen*-, it divided the territory into four depart ments; one in the north, two in the west and one in tho south. The east or Spanish part was not included. This ! hnd beea ceded to France by Spain the aid of July, ITMO. j This cession will be found in the treaty of Basle ot the 1 4th ol Thermidon, year 3. In 1796 the French commis sioner. Itoumo, arrived in the city of St. Domingo as ; agent of tho republican government. At the commence- | nieut ot 1799 he;was recalled by Toussoiut I-ouvertnre, ; then Governor General of French St. Domingo. This j Governor, urged hy the colonists of the ancient French ; part, sunt in April 1800, General Ag<- to take possession t of the Spanish part. This (ieneral did not succeed in this arduous enterprise. Toussoint then resolved to inarch against the oast with 10.000 men. A convention held between him and the Governor, Don Joaquin Gar cia, the 6th of January, 1801, permitted the black Goneral to enter St. Domingo 30 days after. This is how France became master of all the Island At the time of the war of independence the eastern part of the hl and took no part in it. The expedition of 1-e ? 'lerc had placed bol'oto the capital of Hispanola G*u. Kervuraeau, who was well received by General Paul Louverture, commandant cf the province and brother of Toussoiut. The French, expelled by Dessa lines from the French post, the inhabitants of the East al ways remained under the dominion of tho Fronch, and did not meddle in any way in the horrible inaisacres arid butcheries which took place in the North, West and South. But Goneral Keroerseau was succeedod by too brave General Ferrand, who opposed, With all liis > strength, the Haytien invasion. Dessalines attempted at the commencement of 1806, to seize upon St Domingo, ! but lie failed in this barbarous expedition, during which j his army devastated, pillaged and nurned the towna aad villages where they appeared, captured the Spaniards, and violated their wives and daughters. Thus the east ern part did not belong to tho II ay tie ns, and could not tie included in their constitution of 1806 By this constitu tion, mado liy thomulattoe* against Christophe.who pre tended to the supreme magistracy, the Senate was com posed of 34 me.nliers ?ti for the Vortu, 6 tor the Arti Boristo; 6 lor tho West, and 0 for tho South?nam d by elective colleges, chosen by tho primary assemblies. - The Senate was clothed with all power, legislative and governmental. Tho President of ilayti was but an in strument placed at the head of legislation, to which he was responsible for all his acts. He was olocted I rfour years , commanded the army, and nominated thejudgos. Pho Senators were appointed for niue years , they wore divided into three classes, renewed every tiireo years.? Courts of original and appelate jurisdiction dispensed justice. Their members were appointed by the Senate, wnich had the right of revising judgments rendered ? This constitution was a dead letter under Petion, who, mistrusting tho Senators, ended by adjourning the Se nate and secretly persecuting the members of that body. He became dictator ; but this stnto of things could not continue lung ; he was compelled to ronler his usurpa tions legal. It was necessary to givo them a shade of constitutionality, I'etion became latigued with the pre carious state in which he found him ell placed; be, the e fore, caused some Senators to re assemble at the com mencement of 1818, and uiade them decree the revision of the constitution ol 1800 An assembly of revision was convoked ; tbey met on the 3d ol June, 1816 Thi? as sembly, composed of eleven members, all devoted to Pe tion, formed trie constitution anew, according to the mo del submitted to them hy Sahourin, then one ol the inti mate counsellors of the government By this new chart, a House ot Commons was erected, which had the right of passing laws proposed to it by the President?laws, the execution ol which were peimitted after thn sanc tion of the Senate. The Chamber, compce <1 of 60, and upwards, deputies, although the constitutional number ought to be 81, had power that it never exercised It was purely anil simply a shadow of national depmation, composed of land holders of 2ft years of age at least; it ought to establish imposts, determine their duration, their nature, the amount and mode of reception enact concerning tie administration?raise undloim the army ?and make laws concerning the manner ol i'? own or ganization and govern neiit. Th? term of the Deputies continued five >ears, and they could be elocted indefi nitely. They were named by the commoiMl assemblies, there weio three for the capital, two for each cbiel place of the depaitraeut. and one for each commune. ? Each representa ivc had a substitute to leplaco him in case Ol d ath, dismission, or otherwise The t.liember met once a year." Tho session continued thioe months. Kuril legislature five years. The powers of the Senate were so restricted in the new constitution, that it hsd become, in some sort, the advanct d guunl of the Eaecu tive power. It had the right of el cting th ? President of the Republic ; the sanction of laws an I ot treaties and of declarations of war, which were made by the chief of the Stnte. The Pregideut had tho ri ht of pro posing laws?of in, king treaties- -of appointing to all employs, civil and military?of designating his successor?of proposing Senators to tho Chamber -in fine, he enjoyed an immense power. Every thir g depended upon his all-powerful will. A general secretary was charged with foreign relations?of reli girn with the orgam/.ation and disposition of the army ol the Interior?of public instruction?ail under the di rection of the President, who despathed the correspon dence. A Secretary of State was chorged with the of tho government, and a Supreme Judge with the administration of justice. A court of cassation, civil and criminal courts, whose numbers were earned by the President, rendered justice throughout tho Republic.? A I hunt tier of Accounts, composed ot five members, called the (Untrra of the State, who rendered account to the President ami the < hamber, which had high control upon the financial operations of the State ? The laws of ttie Republic, the administration of which was still built upon the ancient colonial system, weie noil when 'opposed to the will ol the dictstor, who inter preted. or caused thorn to be interpreted as ho wished All was illusion under the reign of Bo)ar, whose selltsh and Immoral conduct, and bail admlrustration, has mado the whole island a hideous skeleton. In vain the Cham ber of Commons had many times demanded, at first, ame lioration, and then the revision of the social compact, whioh did not in the least conform to the character and ha bits of the enlightened poition of the people. The ( ham ber was the vi -.tim of the patriotism of some of its mem bers. Boyer annihilate^ it. The Deputiee were pur *ued, thrown into prison, end denounced os conspirators. No; this constitution, formt.l ivM, (l&!?j /) no lomrer ? iiited; for tho North and the East wore united to the ile public, and it required another constitution uud other law*. In consequence, ell the patriots adhored in this belief to the revolution of 1S43, which oveithrew Jloyer airt md the constitution. General lliveri Ileum! was called lo the head ol the alfaira ot the country, hut he wus uica I puble of conducting them. He deranged them. Anew ! o.institutional .issombly framed a cew constitution; hast d I upon'lie promues of tho ievolution All riyliU were perpetuated by it. A National Congress, composed of | two (chambers and a President, elected sltW the Auier. can system, were to govern the country. Kiveri con spired against tho constituent assembly, de.troyed the constitution, and produced that stated anarchy in which the Haytiens are found The inhabitants ot the Em! se parated themselves from this government without shams an t with .ut public iaith Hiveri fell, and a monstrou* dictatorship, confided to the black chiefs, succeeded to bis ephenu-ral Presidency. I will analyze the constitution of 1-43. and then give you, frankly, my opinion upon the political rights which, a* a deputy of tho people, I have sustained in tho con xtituent tribunal. 1st. Division of the territory : six departnents?South, West, Arlebouste, North, (the aixisnt French part,) Ci has, ami Ozam.i (the ancient Spanish part). These de partments aie divided into arondissemniis ; these urron diisements into communes. The departments aio to liuve political administrations. Uut each ariondissemont shall have a Prefect, and each communt a blare ; each aided by a counsel, whoso powers shall be determined by law. JJ. The public rights ot tha Haytians, Africani, In dians, their descendants, and poisons born in foreign countries of a liny tit n father or mother, and those who, whatever may be their color, aro racoguiiad in this quality, are Haytiens. For the future, no white can ao quire this quality, nor tho right of posse ising roal estate ?n llayti. The oxercise of civil rights it regulated by law. Political rights lire acquired at the ufo oi il years, and by naturalized citizens after a year's residence.? They aie lost by naturalization in u luioigt country ; by abandonment of their couutry in a moment of imminent peril; by accepting, without uuthority, public duties or portions conferred by a foreign government; liy all ser vicok rendu, ed to the enemies oi the Republic., or by all transactions with them ; by condemnation peremptory and definite, to perpetual punishment, at ouce painful and infamous. They aro suspended by the state ot domestic servitude for wages ; by bankruptC), simple oi' lruudulent; by the state of juridical >u?i?eusioii of ac* cus.ition or contumacy; by a judicial oondeunation. im BljrJog tho suspension of civtt righto} by judgment of re fusal to serve in the national guards; equality in theeyo of the Uw; equal admission to all public employ; indivi dual liberty guaranteed; the right of locuaotion re strained. notwithstanding, in certain cases, to he deter mined by law; arrest, detention, and arbitrary exile, po sitively forbidden; inviolability of habitation, o. proper ty ; confiscation of goods abolished; the punishment of death restrained, in certain oases determined by law; liberty of the press, the abuse of which to be redressod by law; freedom of religion, instrur/ion free; foundation of schools gratuitous, common to all citizens; jury estab lished in criminal cases, and political offences of the" press; the right of assembling peaceably, and even occu pying themselves with political subjects; the right of association, -tn J the Hgbt of petition; inviolability of let ters; the right of iiulfcg the languages common in Hayti obtained; the establishment of houses of public sucoor and public penitentiaries. 3d. Form of Ooyernmuut. The ropublic of llayti ono and indivisible, free, independent and sovereign; its ter ritory inviolable, cannot be alionated by any treaty, the people are tho entire body of citizens, sovereign, and de legating this sovereignty to three elective and temporary powers, to wit: the legislative, executive, and tie judi ciary, which form tho govarnmont, essentially civil and representative, independent and responsible. 4th. Tho legislativo power is exercised by two cham bers -a House of Commons and n Seeate - which, in cer tain easis provided by the constitution, reunite,/* n na ti-rnal assembly. The lionse is coatpoied of member , the number ol which to be fixed by law, in the ratio of population, und for tho first time in the following propor tion: three for each of tha communes of tho Caves of Oounaives, of Capo Haytiru, of St Vague, and 8' Domin go; two tor Jacmel and Jeremie; four for Port an Prinee; and one for cacti of the other communes, elected by tho rimary assemblies for three yearn, and may be re-eliei Ic indefinitely. Tuis chamber has the exclusive nirnt of oi igiuatiiig laws concerning tho revenue and expendi tures ot the government, the allotment and organization of the land and naval forces, the national guard, the elec tions, the responsibilities of the Secretaries ol Statu and the other agents of the executive ;.ower. It has the right of accusing the I'resitlcut and Ao Secretaries of State, the first before the Senate, und the other* before the tribunal of Cassation, und of impeaching the members ef the last tribunal. The Senate is oomposed of thirty-six representatives, in the ratio of six for each department, in the following proportion: Four for the Cuyec, two (or Jeremie (south,) tour for Port an Prince, two for Jacmel (wait.) six for St Vague (Ciba*,) and six for St Domingo (O/.araa,) elected by the electoral assemblies, whose member* *liall be named by thu primary assemblies, the scats ot' which are to bo established in each of the ciiiei above named. Tho members of the Senate, who are elected for six years, must be renewed in series eveiy two years, with the right of re-election. The Senate oaniot assemble* at any other time than tbo lagislativo setiion, except in case* when it exercises judicial function* It has the right of trying tiio President and members of tho tribunal ot Cossution, mdiI ofpronouncitig their disnnstal and exclusion from ail public employment' fer a definite period; of naming the jsidges of toe tribunal of Cassation, upon the presentation of a list of candidates by each of tno (?lactornl assemblies Each (louse must meet by Iaw the first Monday of April; their sessions to continue three months, but iti cases of necessity the lagialutivu body < r the President can prolong it to lour. But in no cite c* i either House be dissolves or prorogued. During the in terval" of tho sessions, the President can convoke thorn extraordinarily. The ftesnous sf each chamber must bo public, but secret committees aru t emitted upon the de mand of livu mambers. The initiative of In ws belongs to the two Houses arid tho President, cxcepi thoso of wnlch I have spoken, which ought to originate with the Com mons. The constitutional majority of the two Houses consists in two-thirds oflhe voices. Ill resolu^ons must bo taken by an absolute majority. Tho prnjtt of a law n?jacied by either chamber ea not ba rnproduce! tha sumo session. The President has a negative upon 1<we ll e I ore the promulgation of which tho initiative does not belong exclusively to the two Houses The Represen tatives and Senators are inviolable luring tho period for which they arechosnn. They canDot bo pursMed nor ar rested in matter* criminal, correctional, nor of police, but by permission of the Chamber or of the Senate. If accused by either Chamber, they sball be tried by the criminal tribunal of their domic,il, with th assistance ot a jury. Tho National Assembly, or the union ot the two Chambers, shaU tako place at tho opening of each Hus sion. It baa tho right of proclaiming the President of tho Republic, of declaring war, upon the report ol tho exe cutive poworj regulating reprisal: and othor matters re lative to the war; of tanctioinng nil treatios or all inter national conventions agreed to by the President; ol authorising loans; of permitting or refusing eutr noe to foreign naval forces ia the ports of the Republic; of granting peace; pardoning anu commuting punishment*; of authorr ing tha establishment of a National Bank, and of revi?i ig the constitutioti The representatives, wt o?o rompeoantion is Axed at $260 a month, must be 3ft yoara? ol age at least, and domiciled in tuo commune. The senators, who are entitled to $800 a month, must be 80 years of age, and domiciled in the eleetoral nrrondisse ment, but they must all own real e?tate in Hayti, and en joy civil ana political rights. An additional dollar a league is allowed fer travelling expenses. 6th. The executivo power is delegated to a President, eioctoil for tour years, in the following manner; t ivo can didates are proposed by each electoral assembly; tho certificates of election are opened by tho National As sembly, who count the number of votes givan for each candidate, and proclaim him President who ha? an abso luto majority, or who, subject in contrary oases to the ballot, tho two or three candidates; who have the high est number of votes, ot who, subject to lot the two last candidates, when thero is an eqiulity of votes. The Pre sident promulgatea th t laws, acts and dectees of the Chambers and tho National Assembly; prepares tho or ders and decrees necessary for the executive, with ut the power of suspending or dispensing * itb their execu tion; appoints and removes the Secretaries of Stato; c<re fer* rank in the army; appoint* to tho employments e* tho general administration and foreign relations; make* treaties of peace, of alliance, and of neutrality, with the sauotion of the National Assembly; commands the land and naval forces, but cannot command them in person without permi sion of the Chambers All act* of tho President must be deliberated on in the council of tbo Secretaries of Stato. who share with bin in the responsi bility of them. Tho President, aged 30 at least receive* an annual compensation of $30 000; four Secretaries of State ate attached to the P/esidont, they have entrance into both Chambers, and receive a salary of $6000 fitb. The judicial powor i* exercisod by a tribune of Caseation; tribunal* of appeal and of original juii*dic tion. and tribunal* of the peace. The Judges are elecie !, to wit: Tho Justices ol the Peace by the primary n??em blie*. those of the tribunal of Cassation by the Senate, upon the presentation of the doctoral assemblies, and those of thu other tribunals by those lait assemblies ? The Justices of the Poa.-e lire elucted for three years, and those of tho otner trlbanals for nine vearr, and can not be dismissed nor suspended but by judgment. 7th Pittance*. ?No impost can be established but by law; they shall be voted each year; the budgst oi es pouse* and receipt* must be preeeuted to t e '.harabor* ouch year. Those < bamher* also sottla tho gtnerrau of the Republic. I ought to add to this paragraph the sta** O'our finan ces in 1843 4 Tho public revenue, available to 700, 000, consist* of import dutlef, right* of seignory and pa tent*, of registry, mortgage*, stamped riaper*, public (to rn ii'is, and d vers oth*r receipts But by the ?eoe*aion of the Ka*t these revenue* are reduced to $2 100.0*) The public expenses may he ost.imated at $3,900 000, and siuco tbo separation ol tim Kastat $3 000 000. J he army alone ha* absorbed two-third* .of the public revenue. Thi* army 1*30,000 mnn strong, but undUciplined, and in a great measure composed of blacks I Uav i analyzed the Hwytinn conatitutlon for you, and it but remsins for ma to speak of th* population, of the social condition of tbe country, and to give you my opin ion concerning itf tendency since tho revolution, auil ulso at the present time. Under the Colonial Government, and In 1703, the po pulaflon of the ancient French part wa* estimated at M0,000 soul*, divided in the following manner: ? White* 40 000 Mulattoea 'ifl.OOO Slave* or black* 4A3 000 P reportion - 11 black* to 1 white; 10 white* for 7 mu at toes; IS 3-10 blacks for 1 mulatto: whilst the Spanish co lony counted them 126,000 souls. Tho population is found diminished in con*?qtl#oco of tho wars which hnvo taken place in French St. Domingo; ? tho massacres and the emigration* they have occasioned. Notwithstanding the misfortunes which have afflicted this unhappy coun'ry, the population Hai not diminished much. You Will be convinced of thit truth by ttiofwl lowing table, which I huve prepared from authentic ?ources North SM 000 West 'J40 000 South HO 000 (130.000 Add for the Raatern part '210,000 ?*0,000

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