Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 2, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 2, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol.XXImaO?Wb?U Ho. M73. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1846. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES CORDON BBNNBTT, Proprietor. Circulation...Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Pnce I ONU per copy? in advance. Every Seturlay?rrice BM ml Mr copy?I1.1JM cents per uinnm-parable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at ike usual pricee?alwaye prI^tIng of all kind* azeented wtt beaaty and dee letters or commonicationa, by mail, addressed u the establishment, moat oe jpoat paid, or the pontage will bi ?..?d from the 7^-o^ Proprietor of the Nnw Yonn Hnaat.0 Ear-ant i.hmxitt rnmif ftf Kvl'n. and Naaeao ' MAIL. LINK FOE BOSTON. DAIlV OVER TIIE LONG ISiiAi ROAD, VIA NEW LONDON, NORWICH f WORCESTER. At 7 o'clock in die Morning, from tbe Foot of Whitehall ?I.ct, South Kerry?Sundays excepted. Way Crate, nre in readineea to rev London, Norwich and Woroeater. Baggage tor Bostonm through under lock. jult tfri L.UNU ISLAND RAULKOAD COM FAN \. IMUWftSteSteiS """ fiiJs'GFoZtiol'lzr TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS, Commencing on Monday, September 15th, IMS. Leave New Yoak?At 7 o'clock, A. M., Boaton Train foi Oracnport, daily, Sunday. excepted, aiopptni at Farmingdale and St. George'a Manor. Leave Brooklyn?At ?M A. M .for Farmingdale and intermedi ate placee, daily Sundays excepted, and ox Tuesday a, Thursdays and Saturdays, through to Greeuportand intermediate places. H at 4 P.M., for Farmingdale ana intermedials places, daily, 8uadaya excepted. Leave Orecnport? Boston Train, at 4 o'clock, P.M., or oi the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, daily, Snndaye excepted, stopping at St. George'a Manor and Farmingdale. M " at?o'clock, A.M.; Accommodation Train, on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. LeavaFarmingdale?For Brooklyn,at?M o'clock, AM.,and . ofclyn i 1 P. M., daily, 8ondays excepted. Leave Jamaica?For Brooklyn, at ? o'clock, A. M. and Sid P. M.. daily. Sunday* excepted. Fare to East New York 1?> ~ Bedford ? cants: East New York IBM; Race Course ltV Trotrug Course IBMh'amaica S3; Brnsnville SIM: Hyde Park 17 m ,?a JTM: Cloweville, (during seeaion Con*,) S7H; Hempstead 17M; Branch S7M: Carle Place 41; Weetbory 44; Hiekarille 44; Banning dale OH; Dear Perk M; Thompson SB; Suffolk Station 1 M: Lake Road Station 1 IBM; Medford SB; Suffolk Station 1 00; Lake Road Station 1 IBM; Medford Station 1 IBM; Millvflle 1 50;' St. George*! Manor 1 62M; River head 1 6SM; Jam e. port 1 SSM; Matte tuck 1 6SM; Cut ehogme 1SSM; Sou t ho Id 1 UK: Greenport, Ace'n. train, 1 75; Qreeuport by Boston Train 1 it. Stages are in readiness on the arrival of Train* at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all part* of the Baggage Crate* will be in readineea at the foot of Whitehall ?tract, to receive Baggage for tne several Trains, St minutes be fore the hour of etaning from the Brooklyn side. The Steamer Statesman leaves Greenport for Sag Harbor twice each day on the arrival of the Trains from Brooklyn. H AVEN^H ARTkOEli AND EMBLSPRINOKIELD-Dailr. (8wA_JUBi nSS^S'tStt^he'ti't'en^ commodious stesmon NEW YOfuT^HAMriON, and arrive at Albany the same even- . ^^mnscmeou hare been made to make the lino row, and paaaoniyfi can depond on arriving a? adverttted. Jal lmrc ?MAIL LINE at 7| O'CLOCK, A. M. p TO ALBANY, . , AND intermediate landings. or as far M the ice wiU permit. There is good wheeling from point on tho Hndioo to Albany, and lltuw eill t>e m readiness to carry passengers to tneir dew oatfon. Pae tare li? through to Albany-passage to New batchSIJO.Bruakfaat on boardUH-boat. _ ? The eelebrated ice steamboat UTICA, Captain T. N Hul?e, leaves the pier between Courtlandt and liberty its, "aiI packngea'and'iparcels will be landed at any of th? tef?!*' landings, provided they are paid for at the Agent s Office, and entered ou the freight list. , v r - . For passage or freight, apply on board, or to P. C. Sennit*, at the office on the wharf ' ?? L_ NOTICE?STATU? ISLAND FERRY tf5ftfli-Oa Wednesday, Jan. ?th, the trips on this aE?5BLEnrry will be asfollows.? Leave ?*?tao UIm^IX, 1* A-_M, J, M. Leave New York?b, U A. M.j Wi 5 ,1, P. 8? On 8 an days the boat will leave at 11 o clock, Instead cf 1?A M. __ 1L. BOB 1 ON STEAMERS. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The BrUishand North Amarjem Royal arffiX' Commander, will leave 4os MHamton for the aWve ports as follows, vi< : CAMBRIA, C. H. E. Judkins, Commander, on Sunday, 1st day of March, 1W? gios Passage to Liverpool *'2 Passage to Halifa*...... ? ? For frSC or P-saga. M^y g?R,OHAM j Agent. At HARNDEN k CO.'S. ? Wall st No Beeth aecured until paid for. 14 m DRAFTS ON WHEAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND?Persons. wishing to re mit mosey to their friend* in any part o . Britain or Ireland, can be supplied drafts bv npplying to the subscribers, for any amount, payable ? sight, on dl ??""? throughout England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Applies iiSn by hSter. fjost paid,) willme^t prompt att^t.on^. ftl rh TS South at. cor. Maiden Lane FOR NEW ORLEANS. - Louisiana suaNew sMfy York Liae.?Regular packet, to aaU Monday,March JS?a??th. ? The elegant, fast tailing packet sh.pSAK fThLK, Taylor, naaster, will positively sail as sl?ye, her rs gular d sy. For freight or passage, having handsome furnuhed accommodations, apply on board, at Orleans whart, foot of Wall street, or to ? r oqLLI NSItCO.M South stre-et. Ky- Positively no goods received on boyd after Saturdsy evenias 7th March Agent in New Orleans. J AS K. WUUD RUFhf'who wilt rromplly forward all gooiia to his a<ld"?? Packet bark GENE8EE, Minott, matter, will soeceedthe Sartelle. and tall Monday, Mlb March, her regular day. W FOR LIVEKmoL-The FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Linn?Regular JUL Packet of ?l?t March?The superior fast sailing fiBtpacket ship HOTT1NGUER. 1100 tons earthen, trto r South sueeg. Liverpool, 1*0 tons, Capt. John Eldridge, ill sueeeed the Hottingaer, and tail oa the list of April. ?\iH UhASUOtV.?Regular Packet?The well known, fast sailing British nark ADAM C A RR, 450 Unnk Mek'wsn mUBtfT. hiVlllf hill Ol Will f!3 r ^moni, 'Hugh MetCwen, mailer. haying half -- her cargoeagaged will meet with quick despatch. For irt ight or passaga, having excellent acc-mmodationt, apply to the captain on hoard, east side of Pock slilf or to capuun WOODHULL It MINTU RN, IT Roith st The A 1 British bark Ann Harley, Capt. Robt. Scott, will neei^H th? Aduw C?rr. PACKET FOR MAHBEILLE8. ? TTie packet ship NEBRASKA, Capt. Brown, will sail on the 1st ,,f &,??. f-asgBaaaih-rtaL?. 103 Front sueet. or to ? T?n?U jBndd^ngs,(NoK?'Wsll street. vnTteEST?^ ? AND IRELAND OLD ESTABLISHED EMI nili VT iiFFICK.?The subscribers are prepaied ? _ p aaengers to come out by the early Spring ships, st * Di2(ts"cra"as furnished, payable throughout the LWd Kingdom. For |t, PASSAGE FROM NEWRYJKELAND-The iHKllns, Cast sailing coppered ship BROTHERS, Capt S&bValpey 700 tons bmthan, will sail from the above fSfffH^he 10th March nest, affording a good opportunity for pasaengnri who wish to oome diraelto New York. Kot teruu ol !*??**?. which are mod'rata, apply to ' w. It J. T TAP8COTT. 75 JkiqDi st. JaJ7 rh cornar Maiden lane Packet FOR HAVRE-Beeoad Linn.-The .picket ship ONEIDA, Cnjt. James kuncfc, will sail ,on the 1st ol March. Fought or I2|r I Tontine Buildings. No * Wall st. W ANTED-A ship to find for s tontherupori.? to E. K. COLLINS k CO., jyjg, V?i >_ * Month st. rgf UNION LINE OK PACKETS FOR LIVER iBfci?rc?p; 1^37 s^o, 1 Thin*splendid1 Pneket'Bhfp has very superiov ^^?s^rS^teT4 ?HonId make naily application cm bojr^ loo^ nMJover.treet, prtp t 7* South sueet. corner Maiden fane. ' Ff)R BALE?To eloae a concern?The Lina o Jrfiniuru in this city, by Brown It Boll, withunnsualIcare; for model, material (a very large proportiou of ths^r frama SSj.'Sr.ttiiffrtirSt; W^asnsfi'lS r.nce Theiraic^modstiony for im^ngav. are very ?ten ?v. and ha-tdsomely fo t'.^Bk CO , % Bonth st FOR GLASGOW.?REGULAR PAC5STw iv well known faataailine P eket barqua ADAM MflV Thv well known ia?i tauins i ^?r| #t, > JmUULcaKK, 450 tona, Capt Hugh McEwan, deity a* WOut.HULI.SMimi.BN., fidffi- TAPSCOTT'S GENERAL EMIGRATION aT%VK OFFICES, 75 South street, coruer of Maiden Lane, jtifilCsNew York, and ? Waterloo R<md, Liverpool persons wislunc to secure pessage for their fnends from Jhi sevrixil-sin ring the eominn s?asrn. ia th? New Line ot Cir*1' pool peek eta. are resrectrnlly informed by the snhoenbors 11sit the undarineutioiied msguifiesnt and favorite packet snips miIIbkiI from Liverpool positively as advertises!; in any ol wiskh |?wss*e can be enraged on tho most reasonable terms, end svary necesssrv measure will be used to have those whose irnsrge mat bo engaged on thin aide of the Allan ic. despatch ed i" us oomfortsb'e a manner as passiMa. Ship Rochester, on the 4th April; ahipOnrnck, on the 111* do; ship ttottisgner, no the 4th May. Tire wall known nailing qnalitim of tbeae lavonte psrketa, render any remarks unnecssary, and their ac rsmmodalioiis for cabin, second cabin and ateemte pataeiiprs. sarpasn those of any ether liae. To secure passage, and.for fnrthnr particulars, apply O ^ fc y ^ r ^ ?at, comer of Maiden lane. N B ? W k J.JT. T , v Drafts, si usast. for any a^mat, payablethro?ghout(? BAtaia tad Irelag i. CHRISTIE'S GALVANIC RINGS MAGNETIC FLUID. THIS remarkable discovery comprise* an entirely safe ani noYel application of the mysterious power of Galvanism as a remedial agent The Otinnc Rrios 10 conuectioi with the Maowiic Fltid, have been uied with entire ?uc eese ra all caaee ol RHEUMATISM. acute or chronic, apply iue to the head, face or limbe; Ooat. Tie Doloreui, Tooth at he. Bronchitis, Vertigo nervon* or aiek Headache, lndiges fll,y' Epilepsy. Fits, Cramp, palpitatiou o the Heart, Apoplexy, stiffness of Joint*. Spinal complainu Lumbago, Neuralgia, nervous Tremors, dixtiness of the Head pain? m the Chest and 8ide, general Debility, deficiency o nervous sad physical energy, and all nervous disorders, li cases of Dyspepsia, which is simply a nervous derangemeu ot >ne digestive organs, they have been louad equally i ful. The Rings are of different prices, being made of a 'success , ?, , , fall sixes i and of various ornamental patterns, and cao be woru by tin ; most delicate female without the slightest inconvenience. THE GALVANIC BELTS, BANDS, BRACELETS, lie 1 Are modifications of the invention, and are recommended ii more chronic eases of disease, wnere the Rings do not pos sess sufficient intensity or power. They are adapted to thi waist, arms, wrists, ancles, chest, or any part of the body witl Crfect ease. Any Galvanic power that is required may thu obtained, and no complaint which the mysterious agent o Galvanism can affect, will fail to be permanently relieved. CHRISTIE'S MAGNETIC FLUID is used in connection with the Rings and their modifications This composition has been pronouueed by the French Che mists, to be one of the most valuable discoveries of moderi science. It is believed to possess the remarkable power o rendering the nerves srnaitivo to Galvauic action, by thi: means causing a ooncemration of the influence at the seat o disease, and thus giving rapid and permanent relief. criRlSTIE'9 GALVANIC STRENGTHENING PLASTERS These articles form an important addition to the Oalvanii Riugs, acting upon the same principle, but having the advan cage of more local application As su effectual maans to Strengthening the system when debilitated by disease orothe causes ; as a certain aid in constitutional weakness ; as a pre veutive for colds, and in all affections of ths chest generally the Gai.vsisic SragtsciTHK.Vijio Plasters will be found o great and pcimsnent advent ue We refer our readers to the nnmerona E7-HOME CERT'FICATE8. Published by the Doctor, in the Sun, Times,Mirror, Tribune and oilier papers. These testimonials, all of which are from the most respect able sources, have been selected from several hundred of i similar character, which have been procured during the shor time the discovery has been before the American pnblic D. C. MOORHEAD. General Agent for the United Btatea, and only Agent for thi City of New York, 134 Fnlton street, Bun Buildings. STONE FOR DRY DOCK. NAVY AGENT'S OFFICE, New Tom, ) 14th January, 1S4I. $ SEALED PROPOSALS, endorsed " Proposal, for Stone for Dry Dock," will be received at this officeuntil Mou day, the 16th day of March next. for famishing and delivering at the Navy Yard, New York, Granite or Sienits of the tol lowing dimeniions and quantities nearly:? RougA Stont. Mitre Sills. Rough Hammered ^ r ? 1 3 5r r - - " * f | g. ?< t \ I 7 : : P * i * A 106 6.0 2.1 i. 17.0 0.0x2 6 SO 1 14S 2.0 2 6 U 66 5 0 2 4 1. 17.0 4 6x2 8 3 0 J 116 2.0 23 C 41 4 8 22 2. 17 0 4.6x4 0 SO K 33 2 0 2.0 D 42 3.8 2 2 2 15.6 4.6x4 0 3.0 L 91 2.0 01 E 143 3.6 2 0 2. 14 0 4.6x4.0 20 M 403 2 0 1 6 F 44 3.0 3.3 2 13.0 4 6x4 0 3 0 N 75 2 0 1.0 O 4 30 2.1 2. 10.0 4 6x4.0 3.0 O 563 yds froa H 12 3 0 1A 0. 7 0 42x4 .0 3 0 1 ft to 3. J thick 2 5.0 5 0 3 0 Pattern Stone. Cubic Yards. Width. Thickness. P 291 44 33 Q 25 36 28 K 176 3 6 2 6 B 30 36 24 T 162 3 6 2J U ?0 3 6 2 0 V. 296 3 6 2 6 W 80 30 23 , X t07 3.0 2 0 V 31 3 0 1.0 2 13 3.0 16 a 20 26 18 The above stones from A to H inclusive, end also those marked Mitre Sill", amounting in all to about 567 cubic yards, are to be delivered rough. Those marked from I to O inclu sive, amounting to about 14n cubic yards, are to be delivered rough hammered ou all sides. Thoie marked from r to a, in clusive, amounting to about 2209 cubic yards, are to be deliv ered, hammered on all sides, one of which will be fine faced The contractors will be furnished with plans and putterns for the above stones, and they must be quarried in such man ner as to admit of being worked full to the patterns. This ?tone must be of the best quality of granite or sienite, rree from sap seams or cracks, and in blocks from three to eight feet long, to average five feet. ?? I All pattern or dimension stones will be received as they will ? measure when hammered, and no allowance will be made ror any excess of sice. The stones mast be delivered in the order directed by the engineer of the dock. _ Proposers will state the price per cubic vaid for the Rough Stone, the price per cubic yard for the Rough Hammered Stone, the price per eubic yard for the Hammered Pattern Stone, the P ice per superficial foot far the bine Hammering, and tne price per superficial foot for the Rough Hammering. The Rubble Stoue will be required ofike foUowiugde scriptiea:?3,366cubic yard-, in blocks weighing from 486 to 8UO pounds, to average 600 ; 3,500 cubic Tarda, in hloeks of from 80s to 1,280 pounds, to average 1,000 pounds ; 2 500 cnbicyanls, io blocks or from 1,100 to 1.608 pounds, to average 1.400 pounds This stone must must be of the best quality ot Granite, Bie ait*, or Goeiat, ?plit io rectangular blocks, with good b?o?. Proposers for the Rabble 8toue will state the price per cuo>c The above stone ie to be delivered ini vessels alongside of such wherf et tbe Nevy Yard. New York, aa the engineer ol the dock may direct, and to be landed on the wharf at the ei* pcuse of the government, the crews of the vessels assisting in the operation. The delivery oj the stoue mnst necessarily be governed by die appropriatfoni made by (^ingress. All tbe ebove stone will pre oebiy be required prior to the 30th June, The contract mnst be eubject to suspension in esse of failure on the part of Congress to make appropriations fer this worl. or at the option of the Navy Department ; and it is to be iJis tiuctly understood ji hat the Department reserves the t ignt to increase or diminish the above quantities of stone, and whether increased or diminished, the prices shall remain aa first con tracted fjr. And it is farther to be understood that the expen diture lor contracts under these proposals will not exceed the sun of one hundred thousand dollars. Persons posals are requested to send samples of their stone to the ivavy Yard, and to state the locatioo of their qoames. Bonds and security will be required, and to secure the faun ful execution of the contract, 10 per cent, of thu amount deli vered will io all cases be retained, and not paid until the eon tract i? fully complied with. . All farther jal* law3mrrc Navy Agent. 2 N PURSUANCE of an order of the Surrogate of the Coun 1 ty of New York?Notice is hereby given to all pereons having claims agaiost John Conway, late ol the City of New York, grocer, deceated, to present the same with the vouchers thereof, to the Subscribers, at the residence .f Richard Con way tfo. 66 Pitt street, in the City of New York, on or before the fifteenth day ol August next. OWKN McCABKi ' Kfpraton rich ard con way, \ ??caW)r?' Deted New York, the 10th day ol February, 1846. fll ltaw6ra?r FREIGHT FOR FENSAOOLA. % Navv Aokut's Orrick, 1 Nxw Yoax, February 5. 1646 J CE ALED PROPO8AL8 will be received at this office until O Thursday, the 5th of March next, at 3 o clock. P.M.. for the Transportatioai ol about 1500 Barrels in bulk, torn the Navy Yard, at Brooklyn, to the Navv Yard, at Pensacola, p la Five and one half cubit feet of mes.uren.rnt goods, and thirty gallon* to the guage of ail casks not usually called bar relt will be considered ai barrels, whether wet or No primage will be allowed. Bidden will please state their price **(6 Mw'w r PROSPER M WETMORE. NFMwt ORPORATION NOTICE ofssleof property-for unpaid Assessment*.?Publie notice is hereby given that a.rale of property for unpaid assessments, will take plaeeatpublie auc tion, at the City Hall of the city of New York, ou Monday,the second day of March next, at twelva o'clock, at noon, and be eon tinned from day to day until th* whole of said property shall be sold, and that tbe derailed statement of th# property to be sold for un|*aid assessments, is published in the Evening Post,a utwspapcr priutsd sod pabliihsd in the city of Nsw York. Street Commiitiooer'a Ofice, \ November 10th, 1245. ^LlAS L. SMITH. n19 lewUtm Street Commissioner. CUSTOM HOUSE, NEW YORK, t Cou-gcTou's Orrice, Kebrnsry 13. -844 J NOTICE.?Proposals will be received st this Office until 18 o'clock, A M. on Tuesday, loth March next, for Tor niahing the following supplies of Oil for the consumption of the Light Hons-a, Beacons and Light Boeta in this district, under tlie soperintendence of the underlined, vix . 4.936 gallon. Spring Spermaceti strained Oil 2 462 do wfmter pressed Oil from head matter. The oil is to be of the very best quality?to be *u*g?<l by * United States guager, at th# time of delivery-and to be de livered as required, in iron-bound cas'S, not exceeding 38 gal Iwseach- The oi'l is >o be thoroughly tested by .he o.lome ler, and by bnrning, before payment it made therefor. tiids from persons not 'ngsfttd in ihe business to which this Advertisement refers, will not be eniertsinea. . . Tersons proposing are requested to mark iheir propossls on theouuide, " Proposal* for Oil. ^ w LAWRENCE. fi9 2awM sndThtlOr Simd t of Lights, if - NOTICE IS HEREBY UlVEN.thatan application wall b- made to the Legislature of thi for an act to incorporate a Society called the Jackson f*N?w York. January 16. 1246 ja!3 2aw?w ?re FOUNTAIN HOTEL. LIOHT STREET, BALTIMORE. Ty the public for th# liberal patronage bemowed since it has been nailer their care, and bvg leave W_ determined, if poseible, to enaura fu-ere sueeeae?they have just added to their former spacious building a awr.bMUtijul and airy thre# story wiog. containing about thirty lodgieg rooms. Thi? addition randan the Ladies OaDiaaav mech more eommodioua, end given the House one hundred end lm> rooms. The whole structure hee undergone a thorough revi sion io paiuting, papering, furnishing. Ac. The Bathiivo Dr rmTMKMT is ample, both lor Ladies and Gentlemen, end will be conducted on the European plan, the most superior for com fort and despatch. Tbe extensive improvements thus made, enable the prop'ietora te offer for the accommodation and pa tronage of the poblie an establishment replete with every thing calculated to render it attractive end comfortable, including the most untiring and assiduous altertion to viaitets, on tbe part of ell connected with it- , _ . Terme?Gentlemen's Ordinary fl 15 pay day. Ladies Ordi nary $1 50 per d.y- DI* A >000. , f is liw 4w rropei-tore. SOA1TL ESSENCES AND PLR|USdERY,ofsll kiuOa. epR, No. 3 CouitTendt .tract- The Sebseribers orurmal inventors end menufactnrere of the geneme Walnut Oil Mill tar* Shaving Soap, which we warrant to serpens all other pre SKtioue. having enle^ our^lRm. Sd'^iS?.eTi"e^ed'.nd put ujp w'rh lh^graatwt cara^^m 0? celebrated Crystallra. ?tilSl Aouth Aire* Urcccrt, Drui "jioMH eted Crystalline iranuiw,~ ^ Wmt, YROOM A FOWIJUL New York, and Albany Railroad.? The annexed statement of facts, made by the Chief Engineer of the Harlem Railroad Company, in reply to assertions made that the company have for many years enjoyed the privilege of extending their road to Albany, and that they have disappointed public hopes and expectations, shows that the company have not been idle, but have determined to finish the road through as soon as possible. This charter, authoriz ing the extension to Albany, was only received ut t le last session of the.Legislature. A company, un* dit the name of the New York and Albany Railroad Company, chartered in 1832, had actually com menced work on the interior route, and may by iome be confounded with the Harlem Company. Such should not be the case, as they are in no way con nected. " The original charter of the Harlem Riilroad Compa ny, authorized the construction of a road to Harlem ; subsequently the privilege of crossing the tlarlem river, and extending their road through Westchester county was granted, but it was not until the 14th of May, IMA, that the obarter under which they are now acting was obtained. No time was lost in taking the necessary steps to carry out it' provisions and obligations. Surveys were commenced two weeks after the p>>usage of the act, and -16 miles of the road put under contract, as soon as it could be loccted. " The sum actually expended by the company on ac count of the extension ol the rood, for surveys, right of way, grading, masonry, See., is $117,000; and according to the late piiuted report ol the Engineer, the liabilities ot the company, under existing contracts, are $48-1,000 This includes 9600 tons of heavy railroad iron, (weighing I 60 lbs. per yard,) which has been ordered from Kngland, I through the hcuie of Davis, Brooks St Co., of New York, to be delivered according to the terms of the contmctby the first of April next. Assurances nre now giveu that it may be expected even at an earlier day. This itjm alone ia estimated at $1-10,000, or $88 per ton ; the com piny having been forced io pay this large price for iron, in order to comply with one of|the obligations of their charter, requiring the expenditure of half a million dol lars within one year. "It ie well known ty all who are familiar with the censtruction of public works, that In their incipient sta ges, the expenditure is necessaiity limited to a small amount, in consequence of the requisite preliminary ar rangements, such as surveys, negotiation for right of way, lee., during which time only the engineers and other agents of the company can be employed. "Thia has been the case in the present instance. A considerable portion of the time which has elapsed since the passage of the charter,has been consumed in surveys ?tbe work of grading, so far, has been carried on princi pally through the winter months, when the progress is necessarily alow, and yet more than one half of the 36 miles is now graded. The season between the 1st March and the 4th June, (the expiration of the year) will be more favorable, and a large amount of work may bo done. Within that time the iron will be received, and timber for tbo superstructure delivered. "Arrangements are now nearly closed, by w hich an additionafild miles will probably bo put under contract, and work commenced thereon within the next month.? This will bring us to a point 83 miles from the city of New York, and leave but 67 miles to be constructed, if an independent road ia made to Albany, and but 30 mile* to unite with the Albany end West Stockbridge road." Virginia Pilot*. j Memorial of the Licensed Pilots of the State of Pir- i gtnia, Prayine for the Repeal of the Act of Con- \ gress Concerning Pilots, Passed March 2,1837. | Feb. IT, HI*? Rs.d and referred to Committee on Commerce. To THE SrWATC A!?0 HolSX Or RKrSE.ENTATIYES or the United 8tate? : The undersigned, lieemed pilots ot the State of Vir ginia, respectfully, but earnestly, pray of your honora ble bodios the repeal of Uie act of Congress concerning pilots, passed March 3,1837. And for this, their petition, they assign (he following reasons The States, as independent sovereignties, have, from the very foundation of the government up to the year 1837, exercised the privilege of enacting the pilot laws of the country. The withdrawal new, without the jus tification of seme voiy v. eighty necessity, of this privi lege, thus long enjoyed by the States, and for more than half a century acquiesced in by the federal government, may, and most probably regarded as being want ing in deference to the rights of the States, and tend to irritation and dissension. But a still more serious evil of the act of 1837 is found in the almost certain collision which it invites between the several States affected by iU operation. It constantly provokes conllict of jurisdiction between the States bounded by common waters. Your memorialists need offer no better proof of this objection than the irri tation and excitement already existing between the neighboring States of New York and New Jersey, end Louisiana and Mississippi; and all growing out oi the law of 1837. As the means, therefore, of preserving harmony be tween the federal and State authorities, and between State and State, your memorialists recommend the repeal of the act complained of. On other high grounds of expediency the law ot 1837 ought, as your memorialists think, to be repealed. There is, surely, no vocation more important than that of the pilot?no service more requlriog the fostering care of government, and the support of judicious legis lation. T# his hands is confided the whole commeroe of the country, at the points of reacbiog and leaving its ports. It is his skill and guardianship that give safety to the incoming and outgoing ship. Millions of property and hundreds and thousands ot lives are necessarily placed in his keeping. Now, the interests and character of the pilot service, with all it* kindred connexions, it strikes your memo rialists, are iar safer in >he hands of the separate States, than of any other depository. In the nature of things, the State legislatures must be far better fitted to devise e good system of pilot regulations than Congress can be, for the manliest reason ihat the former have within their immediate reach *11 that minute local information which is indispensable to the formation of any good pilot code. Under State legislation, by the application of the com mon principle of the " division of labor," and by means of that minute information of the wants of the service, which is not attainable except by proximity, each State ( will have, as it has hitherto uniformly had, ? complete pilot code or system of its own, approximating a* near perfection, as perhaps it could possibly reach. But your memorialist* need not argue this point to your honorable bodies. Congress has, itself, admitted the correctness of the positiou your memoiialists are I enforcing. By the act of August 7,1769. the whole suh j ject of the pilot laws was turned over to the "tates, the fittest depository of legislation on the subject. There | is no exception to be found but the act ot March 3,1837, which, as your memorialists will presently show, was hastily enacted under a fallacy which has been long since dissipated. . ? . . Again, when, in 1843, Congress was memorialiisd for the adoption of a pilot code for the Mississippi river, the Committee on Commerce of the House ot Representa tives, to whom the subject was referred, declining to take Jurisdiction on the subject, made the following re port, which was concurred in by Congress " The subject (pilot laws) should be left, as it always has been, to the legislature* of the States, whose powers, in relation to it are ample, and who have convenient ac cess to that local information which ia indispensable to enlightened legislation upon a matter involving the rights and interests of several classes of citiiens." To say nothing, therefore, of the position, apparent to all, that a divided jurisdiction is unfriendly to all sound and perfect legislation, your memorialists have the sane tion of Congress for saying that to the States most pro perly belong* the enactment of pilot rules and regula tions for the country. , . But the law of 1837 Is highly deleterious to the pilot service. It invites, not a sound and salutary, but ruinous competition. States having little or no commerce, but adjoining those that have an extensive one, are tempted, for the mere sake of the emolument to be derived to their citixens, to license large numbers of pilots to operate in neighboring jurisdictions. Emloument for a class, not the general safety of commerce, becomes the motive of their pilot legislation. The consequences are, short ap- , prenticeahipj, the licensing of the unskilful, injustice to the well-qualified and veteran pilot, depreciation of the ( service, and insecurity ol life and property embarked j upon the ocean For the truth of this reasoning, your memorialists refer to the unusual number of pilots com- 1 missioned by the SUte of New Jersey, and to the fact that the SUte of Mississippi, Uking advantage of the act | of 1837, actually commissioned, in 1840, a batch of forty pilot* to act at the mouths and passes ot the Mississippi- . The law of 1887, your memorialist* therefor* believe, will be fraught with consequence* the most disastrous to the pilot service of the oountry. Nor was there any just occasion, your memorialists think, for the law of 1837. It is said to have grown out of the loss of the ships Bristol and Mexico, in the harbor of Plow York, in the latter pert ot the year 1836 or oarly In 1837 But a grand Jury orth* city of New York, and the officers of those .hips, exonerating the New York pilots from ?""'J?, | sibility or blame in the loss of those ships, have long since shown that Congress, in enacting the law of Iw, acted upon mistaken and fallacious grounds. For these reasons.and other* which they might snume I raU.yoer memorialists ask that the law of Msrah 3,1837, concerning pilots, be repealed, and that the whole sub ject be left where it was placed by the act of August 7, 17a9?to the legislatures ol the several States. And your memorialists, as in doty bound, will ever pray, ?c , k'o*orge Thossenburg James Cunningham David Wriaht Robert Wood S. W Wood Thomas Cunningham Samuel Drummond John Cunningham Jams* Bennett James Latimer Edward A. Latimer Ldward Rudd Nathaniel Osmmel Mmua?f?!L?*h Robert Montgomery S ffeor** Wright Kicntrd Hicki Holism.1 WillismAnderson John P. Fitbeiloy Jam" Mlneon James Hicks Thomas Watts. Richard Bulley _________ Oa Thursday last, a number olboya were around the passenger house, at the Dm* the carscam* , and en* of them attempted to tun across the tracks just ee the engine we* backing down into the yard; he slipped and fall directly across tEe rail. Tha spectators turned with horror from tho tee no, not dMirtng to ??? him crushed ) but en* near him caught him up just as the wheel ot the fender wee within e loot of ale heed, end thus save* hie life. On the next day another boy. while playing about the yard, had an #q?*lly narrow ?cape- Mlwy ten OomeUt Submerged Propellers, die. Tojht Editor of Iht Union, H'a?Ain|fe>? City. ~ Sir:-In Dkar Sir : -In your paper ol last January, 35th. ap Ceared a communication over the signature of" Wait y South," which i* wall calculated to mislead our Rep resentative! and the public in general. Will you per mit me, through the medium of your column*, to pre sent the following facta The revenue cutter "Spen cer," built atWeat Point, ou Hunter's plan of propulaion, waa condemned utter repeated triads end improvement*; ah* waa taken to Philadelphia end altered by the *ub*tl tuiion of Loper'* Propeller. Thit ve**el ha* co*t one hundred andfive thouaand and thirteen dollar*. The ateamer attached to the United State* eorpa of Topographical Engineers, called the " Surveyor," and now on Lake Erie, waa built on Hunter'* plan, and i* now a tide-wheel ateamer. The U 8. revenue cutter "Bibb," built at Pittaburg, at a coat of one hundred and forty five thouaand six han dled dollar*, pronounced complete in everv reaped, ran uuder ateam but a abort di-tanco down the river, when thepackiog iaher wheel caiei gave out,'and ah* waa run on abore and filled; by applying a number of pump*, ahe waa lived sufficiently to bo enabled to tow to Cin cinnati, when she waa baulod out and a contract mad* for her alteration to the eide-wheel plan. The U H. reve nue cutter "McLean," built at Boston on Hunter'* plan, hat been altered to a aide-paddle boat, ghe hat coat eighty-three thouaand three huudred dollar*. The U. 8. revenue cutter "Dallat," built on Hunter'* plan at Buffa lo. haa been altered to the aide-paddle plan. The U. 8. steamer "Water witch," built at Washing ton, waa condemned Rt Noi folk by a committee appoint ed to teat her qualities. She was obliged to be towed from Norfolk to Philadelphia, in order to effect the alter ation which waa mad* in her by R. F. Loper, the paten tee of the propeller the ia now propelled by. ining to the The only vessels now remaining to the Government which have not been condemued by their own officer* and eogineera, are the new frigate building at Pitts burgh, and the "Union'' at Washington : which two vesaela, it ia preaumi-d, will be carefully preserved as moaumeut* of tha scientific and valuable invention of Lieut. Hunter. As regards the statements made by " Weit by South," about the "Water Witch," they aie essentially incor rect. In May last, Messrs. Farron, Copeland, and several other officer* of the U. 9. Navy, were ordered to Nor folk to test the qualities of the "Water Witch," then propelled by Huotei's wheel*. The tiiel waa made from the Hospital 1 Dock to the nearest buoy down the bay, a distance of five mile*. In December last, she was tried on the same ground with the Loper Propeller attached. She made the run in one-third less time with the Loper, than she did on the trial with Hunter'a wheels. It must be recollected that this was performed with engines of little more than one thiid of the power of those used with the Hunter wheels. In October last, Lieut. Bispham, Chief Engineer Farron, and others, were ordered by the Navy Depart ment to inspect and report on the "Water Witch," as regarded her speed and the quality of the woik on the alteration*, tic. She waa tun on the Delaware river from the Navy Yard to Greenwich Point, eeveral trip* against and with the tide. At the time of this trial, the Witer Witch had fifty toni kof coal, ten tons of kent ledge, and water for a short oruiao on board. The re port ot Lieut. Bispham to the Department shewed that the apeed of this vessel was ten and on* third mile* per hour, making every allowance for tide, lie. This, it appears, was too much for Mr. Hunter or hie friends, and an order cam# from Com. Morris, Chief of Bureau of Conatruction and Equipments, to load the vesael down with pig iron and coal, and triad again. Accordingly, about seventy ton* of iron and eighty tons of coal, *" )ld an beside* water, were placed in the hold and on deck.? The official leport on this trial was, that tha speed of the " Water Witch" waa niua and two-thirda mile* per kour. I reter to document* now at the Navy Depart ment in proof of this statement.* A few days alter the first tiiel, the Hon. O. Bancroft, Secretary of the Navy, took a trip on board of the " W W." and the log thrown in his presence, showed her speed, under low steam, to be over ten statute miles per hour. Again: a few days before the W. W. left Philadelphia for,Norkfolk, Vice President Dallas and a larga party of his friends, made an exouraion to Fort Mifflin in the W. W., and thet Hon. gentleman and others on board can testify to the beautiful performance of the*W. W : and also on that occasion she made over ton miles per nour, as their observations, made with their own watches, &id show. Ai for the " Spencer," I will lUte a few incontroverti ble facts. This vessel failed as often as tried with the Hunter wheels. She was taken on the dock twice, and some thousands spent on the steps of hor shafts, and in spite of every opportunity afforded Mr. Hunter of rc his invention in this trieving his invention in this vessel, and in spite ol ru ining the boiler with an unsafe pressure of steam carried on these, as on every occasion, where Mr. Hunter's ves sels have bean tried, sue was. condemnod by the Trea sury department, and ordered to Philadelphia. Loper's Propellers were substituted. The result of this change can be found in Capt. kraser's reports to the Secretary of the Treasury, of October I, isai, and May 30, 1840. In the first mentioned report he says : The Spencer left J?ew York est the 2-Uh of September, in company with the Lagare. The Spencer's speed on this trial was | found to be fl 28-187 miles per hour, with a pressuro ol steam of 77j lbs. to the square inch. The speed of the Legare was 8 .'9-110 miles. No pressure mentioned. In.Captsin kraser's reports of date May SO, 1845, page 9, on the Spenoer, with Loper's Propeller*, is shown that ?b* averaged nine miles twenty-nine hundredths per hour, with an averagt pressure of steam of 49 9-100 per square inch, running a distance of 07 miles, from New castle to the Delaware breakwater. It must he remembered io this instance that the ma chinery of tho 8pencer was not disturbed, further than taking out the Hunter wheels, which war* nearly in the middle of the vessel; it became necessary, therefore, to introduce very long shaft* with Loper's.,wheels, besides cog-wheel gearing?all of which gives Mr. Hunter an advantage in the power used. 1 would call attention to one more instance of the Spencer's superiority, which w* And in the report of May to, 1844. On tha trip iroin Henlopen to Sandy Hook, a distance of 143 miles, the Spencer encounters heavy gales and head sea nearly th* whole distance, and yet make* a speed of 8 19-100 miles per hour in spite of these serious obstacles: and on the same page we find that she attained a speed of 8 70-100 miles per hour agoinst a strong gal* of wind, in making the passag* from Sandy Hook to New York. Cao Mr. " Wast by South" deny these facts 1 Can the famous Atlantic side whoel steamers do better than this, or even as wall? I am credibly informed, also, that not one dollar's worth of repairs has been expended on the Lope r pro of the work do pollers now on the Spencer, nor on any of the work done to that vessel at tho time of the alt iration from Hunter's wheel, and that she has been in active service nearly all tha time since that alteration, being a spaco cf nine months. But Mr. " West by South" will prohably tell us that an important improvement has been made to Hunter's wheel. If it is by working th* buckets on binges, the veriest tyro in such matter* will condemn such improve ment as worse than the old plan. The " Bibb," I be lieve, was so improved, and she proved a greater fhilure than tha others; the jar caused by th* opening and shutting of the buckets would have racked the vassal in a very short time. Fiat Jcstiti a. * V. S. Navv Yabd, I Philadelphia, Oct. 9, 1845. j Kit rati from Writ Ilepart at tkt Trial Trip! af th* JVat ft Witch Sir?In conformity with your order of th* 5th Sept. and of the 4th Oct. 1845, a trial has been made od the 7th and 8th inst. being tha earliest period that Mr. Loper had beenabl# to propose. By the enclosed letter from Lieut. Humphreys, in th* Department of the Coast Survey, the distance from th* Navy Yard to th* Powder Wharf is given as twe miles, and the trial of speed ha* been made with reference to that distance, which can at any time be verified. In th* first trial, on the 7th inst. th* draft of water of tho vessel was about 6 feet 8 in. and forward I feet 11 inches; end the distance was run in 14 55 minates against tide, or at th# rate of 8 18 milea per hour, end in 10 47 minutes with the tide, or at the rate of 11.46 miles per hour. There was some wind at the time, which was rather unfavorable to the vessel, krom the above rates, the force ef the tide was 1 64 miles per hour. In the second trial, on the 8th inst. the draft of water of the vessel was brought to 5 8^ aft ard 4.0$ forward, and th* same distance, run against tha tide, in 13 min utes, or at th* rat* of 9.23 miles per hour; and with the tide, in 10.6 minutes, or at tha rate of 10 9 miles per hour, which it will be seen gives an average beyond that required by the contract,or 10.13 milea through still water. On this occasion there was no wind and but little tide; the speed given shews it to be II per hour. Th* sails were bent in both trials. About 60 tons of coal end 800 gall*, of water ware on boerd the vessel. [Signed] Joriv E. BisphaM, U. S. N. To Com. Morris, Bureau ef Construction Lyxchburg, (Va.) Feb. 20, lfM6. Tht Progrtu of Lynchburg?Churrhtt?Improva mtnti, 4*c , Lynchburg is a flourishing town, situated on the south aide ol James River, one hundred and fifty miles east of Richmond, and at the head of canal navigation. It ooutain* a population of upwards of six thousand, and it th* second tobaeco market in Virginia j in quantity inspected, end Aist in point of quality end i quantity manufactured; and whether you ere a cbewer of the weed or not, if you could get e test* of some of j our favorite brands-say the " Four Acas"?" Harry of th* West," or " Chapman's Cock," it would make your i mouth water for more. I We have here regular houses of worship. So you see we do not lack for the oxpouudiog of the Scriptures. 1 Our legislature has, this winter, chartered e Mac a demised road from this place to the Tenneose* line, from whence th* Tennessee Legislature have granted ' a charter to continue it through their Stat*, krom this wo expect en enhancomeat in our trade. Our state has been agitated for several years, for a sail of a convention , by th* people; but as the western pert of th* Stat* want it only upon the whit* besis?the East 1 only upon th* whit* besis?the East having a majority in th* Legislature, refuse a call for this only. We go here for the whole of Oregon?54 40 ; but would take as low down a* 49, rather than te be thought too particular with our friends and relations. The creditor* of Jamee H. Read, of U oaton, have Eresented him with e service ef plate, In testimony of his onorebl* conduct in discharging th* be lance of hie debts, amounting to |30,000, after n* had received a dim charge in bankruptcy Varieties. i The workmen engaged in tearing down the old house at the corner of Bulfinch street end Bowdoin ?quern, Boston, here discovered e complete fall elzed humaD skeleton, between the floor end ceiling, in one of the room* in the upper story. Tbi* is the eecond in ?tance in which g skeleton has been found concealed in old building* in this city during a abort time. The late storm on Cape Cod was very severe.? The anow fell in immenae quantities, and blocked the road* in every direction. Gerrit Smith, the abolitionist, advertises for sale something like three-fourths of a million of acres ot land, all lying in New York State. A good portion of it is to be sold at auction. In Hartford, Conn., on the morning of the 27th inat., the thermometer at 74 o'clock stoeid at 6? below I zero. On the 28th instant, at the same hour, it was 8? above, and it was at the same point at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. The duties received at the sustotn house, Boston, | on the cargo of the Cambria, umounts to >116,000 On the cargo of tho Hibernia 130,000 Total >278,000 Of thia sum Harnden k Co., paid by the Cambria.>30,000 By the Hibernia 44,000 Total >94,000 The thermometer at four o'clock, on the morning of the 27th instant, in Albany, stood at six degrees be low zero. The steamer Little Dove and Odd-Fellows came ia contact near Peoria, Illinois, on tba Illinois river. The former, with a valuable cargo, came near being swamp ed. The steamer Billow, from St. Louis for N.OrleanB, was suuk at Back Bone, in ten feet water. Two hundred and sixty German emigrants have reached St. Louis from New Orleans,per Highlander and Hanuibal. There are said to be 500000 bushels of wheat in store, between Peru and tho mouth of the Illinois river, ready to be forwarded. The steamboat Cumberland, on her passage to N. Orleans, struck a snag and sunk ou the loth inst. Benj. Jones, oi Lyndeborough on Friday night last last, bad been to this place with a load of wood, and arri ved within a few rods of his house, when hi* team got in to a snow drift, from which they could not be extricated. Mr. Jonos was found frozen to death.?Sashua Gazette. On the 27th inst., a general convention will be held in Rochester of those in favor of the proposed railroad from Rochester to Lockport. Three more bodies have been recovered from the Carboudale mines. Six yet remain to be found. They propose establishing factories in Tuskaloo sa, (Ala.) Stock to the amount of >40,000 has been sub scribed by citizens, and the company will soon organ ize under the charter, and order machinery from the North.| Two gentlemen have agreed to erect all the ne cessary buildings, and take their pay in stock?aay >30, 000, which, added to the other subscription, will max o it >80,000 for a beginning. From the spirit which seems to prevail in favor of manufacturing, there is no doubt that a capital of >100,000, 11 necessary, will be invested in a cotton mill, and that so soon as the necessary mechani cal labor can be completed, a fine establishment will he in operation in the vicinity. Savannah, Feb. 20, 1846. Savannah?Cotton Trade?Neu> England Men? Invalids?Pretty Belles?Promenades?Manners ?Theatricals, fyc. This is a sweet little city?built upon a high and healthy bluff, commanding a delightful prospect for many miles around. It is 18 miles from the city to tho sea, and the beautiful Savannah river, after washiDg 400 miles of the rich interior, winds its romanlio way in graceful Wends to the Atlantic, dotted, here and there' all the way, with ships of all sizes and of ail nations, re' f ha rial. Thorns, in i?, Innrnorr Iran, I nr. minding one of the rich Thames in its journey from Lon' don to the ocean. This is tho commercial capita) of Georgia. Along the river fide is a series oi sawmills, cotton presses, and well-filled wnrehouaes. The hum of business is heard along this pleasant water from early dawn to sundown Cotton ! cotton ! cotton '. if to be seen on every .aide.? It is brought in hy steamboats, skiff* and wagons', and is bought by the dealers and commission men every day, as provisions are bought in the Fulton market. The Srice varies continually. F.very rumor in the papers in uences the rate and value. Thia, of couiae, enables the dealers to realize on tbeir purchase!?lor were the price as settled as the ounce of gold, there would be liltle to reward those pains-taking men who evince such inter eat in the success of the cotton trade. There are many New England men here, who are not, ?ike the natives, above their business, but who undertake to open and divide the oysters for the Georgians, giving the proud natives the shells to lick, and realizing the fat fi*h for themselvea. Many fortunes have been made here br New England men, and, indeed, their enterprise and industry entitle them to it. Thus are the manufac turing and commercial men of the Union destined to raise their copending country beyond the opulence and influence of old Tyre, old Venice, or old England. Thia is the healthiest city of tho South. There are no stagnant swamps, emitting a poisonous exhalation,in the neighborhood. The waters arouud are running cur rents, and deep. The swelling ocean tide mixes its sa line freahness with the inland currents, and theaa being deep around the city, no tcephitic deposit is generated. The city runs along a high and beautiful bank, which overlooks the river and tne stiaggliug fleet oi ships that are moored along, ior nearly a mils, beneath the bluff Above, upon the high ridge, is a delightful promenade, shaded with overhanging rows of trees, which give the long walk the appearance of an interminable summer house. The city is handsomely laid out in squaroa and convenient streets. Ia the principal square stand* a granite obeliak to the memory oi the brave Pulaski, who fell near this spot in the glorious battle for the freedom of man. The enclosed square ia taatafully arranged and appropriately named after the valorous Pole. There are several other squares, situate beck towards the country. There are two piincipal hotels here, namely, the City Hotel and the Pula*kiHouse. Both are full just now. Many invalids from the North are here, enjoying tho benefit of a mild winter and a healthy location, and a few beau- j tiful belles also, who art taking care ot their aathmatic | papas, who aid mightily to the spirit and brightness of I the city. Savannah has two newspapers, a whig snd a democrat ?Brutus and Cassius?to carry on the political drama. There is nothing of angry stri.e observable among them. The people are hearty and sincere in their friendship* and hospitalities. Without the elaborate fluish of the Charlestonians, they are every whit e* polite and kind. They have here a handsome theatre, which is closed at present. The Keans will not play in Savannah this season. They go right through from < harleston to New Orleans, stopping only four or five nights in Mobile. Forbes, the lessee of the Charleston Theatre, is to bring en his company here next week. He may realise a month's business, but hardly more,without the assistance of strange and far-efT stars. The white inhabitants of this place number about eight thousand; the colored about five thousand; tb* latter era never seen in any place of public amusement,although they are not without money, for they work as mechanics as well as laborers. On the whole, I must applaud Savannah for its com mercial life, ita health, its hospitality, and its happiness. Wji.miwgton, Del, Feb. 22,18F5. The City of IVUmington?Iti Population and In? create?Futhion and Amuaement?Foreign Newt ?Itt Effectt, 4~c., jrc. I have often wondered, after reading your commu nications from other cities, why our little, but enter prising place is seldom heard of. In no place of its size is your paper more sought after, and no place, that I am aware of, would afford a greater variety of newi to amuse, iutereat and instruct the thousands of parsons who daily read its columns. In fact, we have grown so rapidly, and to such an extent ot late, that we feel oar selves slighted, if net frequently mentioned in the few journals which notice other places than those in which their presses are established. You must know that Wilmington now numbers about t* elve thousand souls, and willincrease, during the pre sent year, in every probability, from Ave to ten per cent. The citizens of 1'mludelphia and Baltimore are just be coming acquainted with the many advantages of the place, and Brandy wine bids (air to become as great a ma nufacturing district, for the manufacture of cotton and woollen goods, as in former days it was distinguished for Its flour and corn meal. If any el your enterprising ci tizsns. who have a "few thonsanda" in hand, wish to speculate, send them on. Building lots may yet be had i i most parts of the city, at a reasonable price. Notwith standing many have lately been eold, hundreds may yet be bad in beautiful and healthy positions. In amusements, Wilmington is distressingly dull. I hare been residing here about six months, and, with the exception oi the Virginia Minstrels, Congo Melodists, Swiss Bell Iliogers, llarmoneons, ko., have seen veiy little " fun." Nothing takes better with our "good peo Sis" then a temperance lecture, or a political harangue, ear, the Buckeye Blacksmith, who has been "dauguer rnotyping" the people of late, has now taking to lectur ing on the abuse of intoxicating drinks, end last night abused the "pop, spruce beer and mineral water drink are,'' as much as the dealers in "the ardent." In our fashionable circles, hut little has transpired of late. Mince "the Barney affair," evsiy thing has been very quiet. A few parties, to very select companies, and several terrapin suppers, on a more extensive scale, have constituted the sum and substance of the winter's gaiety and dissipation. The recent thaw completely inundated us with the shell flih tribe. Terrapins at a dozen, and the best of oysters are to be had in abundance. I should not be surprised, it this would lead to something extravagant next week. In fact, I learn that besides the public balls on the evening of the Md, several large par ties are on the tapis, and will take place soon. If so, you shall hear from me again. The news by the Cambria, of course, created some sensation among our speculators. Home think wheat and corn must go np?others dont know how to act. AU appear afraid that the administration will barter away the tariff for Oregon. foolish thought! Oregon is already ours, and (irsat Britain knows it. If the re duction of the duties on our goods imported by Great Britain leads to any thing, it will be a commercial treaty, which, every sensible man mnst admit, wonld be a great blessing to our oountry. We would then knew what we could depend upon, end not be subjected to the vaccillating policy of politicians in Congress, who will always make ana keep the tariff question one of local Internet The sooner the whole subject it disposed of by Congroos, the better Charleston, Feb. 15, 1848. Thingi in the South?A Wttk in Charlatan?Reoo tutionary Remi ninenctt?Kean? Church*!?Saint* ?Sinner*?RaUroadi?The Herald. The longer I linger here, the more I find matter to interest me. Every new day continue my im pressions of the elegance ot the Carolinian*, and informs me of their patriotism end enterprise. It ie a curious fact, tbat the first railroad established and opened in the United States, wee that opened here on the 17th March, in the year 1833, which run* from Charles ton to Augusta, 13d miles ; when completed,'In '33, It was then the longest railroad in the world. The projeo tor was Major Alexander Black, of this city, a native or Ireland. Again, their revolutionary reminlsoences, are In the highest degree honorable and interesting. 1 had the pleasure, being a curious Aesae, to look over a most valued reoord the other day?the minute book of the second Regiment of South Carolina, of date June, 1778. Many curious'items are there recorded; but Ramsey, in pis History of the Southern War, compresses a great deal of them in the following powt rfhl paragraph :? " When the British appeared off the coast, there was so scanty a stock ot lead, that in order to supply tho musketry with bullets, it became necessary to strip the windows of the dwelling houses of Charleston of their weights. Powder was also very scarce. The propor ticn allotted for the defence of the fort, was bat barely sufficient for slow firing. This was expended with great deliberatien. The officers, in their turn, pointed the gune with such exactness that most of their shot took effect on the shipping. In tho heginnitg of the action the flagstaff was shot away. Sergeant Jasper, of the (Irene diers, immediately jumped on the beach, took up the flag, and fastened it on a sponge stall. With it in his band, he mounted the merlon, ana though the ship* tvero directing their incessant broadsides at the spot, he da* liberately fixed it, giving three cheers." This extraordinary act of valiant daring communicated its impulse to the American party. They were victo rioue ! The following laconic memorandum of this ac tion appears in the .\linute Book :? " Tow*, 28th Juno, 1770 " Parole Hancock, countersign Viigiuia. Lieut. Roberts officer of the day to morrow. "N. B?This day, from half after 10 A. M. to half after 9 P. M., a strong cannonade re-opened between the Eng lish and Americans at builivan's Island (Lausflieo.) The enemy retreated with loss of ships and men." So they did, and appeared not near this coast for thno years thereafter. The Keans made an extraordinary impression hero the other night, as Beverley and Mrs. Beverley, in " The Gamester." There was never any thing like it experienced here before. The play, wiitten by Moore, is the best condemnation of gaming that ever appeared in language. The theatre was crowded from the tup to the bottom, to witness this touching drams. Judges, jurists, ladies, children, merchants, backers, all classes, wars brought under the one roof to see and hear this best sermon on the dreadful viee, that ever wee wr,tteu. Kean exceeded himself. There was so much reality infused into the last scene, that the whole house was in tears. Some ladies swooned?many sobbed aloud ; and Mrs. Kean, herself, was so thoroughly affected, that as the curtain was falling, she shrieked wildly, end was carried off in a state of utter insensibility. This per formance was the triumph ot the dramatic art. There are many of the church people here who wont patronize theatricals. I am glad to find tbat there is no religious disputations. On this vital point thai* is a remarkable peace, which is an evidence of,great good sense. There are altogether some twenty.eight churches, of which eix?tho largest number?are Epis copalian. The Catholics have three, and are about to build a cathedral, which is estimated to cost 30,000 dol ' lars, of which 13,000 is already subscribed. The Scotch have four ohurches. They are principally Presbyte I rian. They have also a splendid mutle ana assembly hall, dedicated to St. Andrew. In it is a copy of Silly's picture of Queen Victoria, executed by the talented artist himself. Sully, with his lovely daughter, happens to be here at present on e visit. Philadelphia is his head quarters. Sully, though a long time In this country, Is on Englishman?one of refined manners, and of exalted taste. , The Irish have here e magnificent music hall, dedica ted to " liiberuia." It was in this that Templeton and Moonsy gave their musical entertainments. It Is the best music room in the United Statea, and cost $00,000? the deposits and contributions of various individuals ami societies, of Irish birth. The profits of this establish ment are appropriated to relieve and sustain emigrant* from Ireland who happen to come into Charleston, and who wish to go into the interior. A most laudable ob> J#ct* There is hsrs a splendid medical college, having two hundred students : and one of the best mineral muse ums I ever saw. They have five daily papers in Re city, with an average cfrculation of about 000 eaok. Two only of these, the Mercury and JCvemng N*tee. show any signs of genius. The Herald sella here In scores, at six cents a copy? rather a good profit, that, for the retailers I was struok here, as 1 bavo been in other places, at tho anxiety fait by individuals around the Herald, In the reading room, to get their.turn at the paper. It is curions that It is the only paper, to see which there appears to be sny ep penance of a struggle, or a " wait-y oar-turn" anxiety. The circumstance reminds me of the same anxiety which is felt in the English reading rooms far the Tisies; and, perhaps, you will, as the proprietors of the English Thunderer, present the world with an engraving or an anxious politioian, merchant and performer, ell waiting for the Herald. The expression of each countenance might be vividly portrayed by a skilful artist of the Mo ri me school, and would no doubt have an immense sale. The weather is fine. A beautiful month is February here. More anon. A Tbavsllkb. P. S. I hava had tha honor to sit in Oan. Washington's chair, just brought herefrom Philadelphia, by George Gates, the eminent book and music seller, of thia city, whose store is quite a curiosity shop ; the rendeavoue 9 f all tbat is original and antique in mind, and refined and reherrhe in taste. Richmond, Va., Feb. 23,1846. Iht Women of Mexico, 8fc. $c. I Cher Napoleon ;? | 1 shall not mention the number of team (of ink) 1 ' have shed aince my first letter to you, nor of the high admiration that 1 entertain for your supporting with indefatigable zeal, talent, and industry, that mighty engine of power in this country?a neutral nress?anas ample to error?a blessing to truth?tie champion of vir tue?and the dissaayer of vice ; and in your hands it has become the ballast of the ship of state, that the storm o parties is reeling and tossing upon the waves el time. Yet I could not lose this last opportunity, even in a let ter, upon the interesting subject of the women of Mexico, to pay the above tribute of honest admiration to you and yours. The ladies of the Republic, those belonging to the up per class, are, as a general thing, educated in convents, and do not go into society much till after marriage. The main characteristic of their beauty is the brightness of I their eyes, and the many pleasant wars they make them ; gleam out from behind an ornamented fan, wbie . is the 1 eternal accompaniment of beauty in that glorious laud . i and then the transparent complexion realizes Lord Byron's admirable description of Zoloe?" She was as dark as India, and as warm." In devotedness and con stancy, Hpanish women have become the proverb ol the world: and in the hour of danger, they are ever found by ihe side of their husbands and fathers, bearing the bruut of conflict with a devotion that no persuasion can influ ence, and no fear destroy ; yet it is only at home - that quiet heaven on earth?where we enjoy the hind of *p( nlutle Joy that the brau mondt cannot give nor take away?, that the character of the Mexican wile shines loith hi igna ly as a star at eve. There is alweye in ? ore some pleasant little surprises-some newly invented ?move ment for bim she loves?end the same tweet smile wel ? comet the husband and la'.ber, that euone upon the lover and the bridegroom. How engaging ia the attitude, the study ef dress, the melodious accent of the flowing Cat tilian at their homes: How many a pleasant hour have I to think them for! When dreaming ef those far away, they made me almost forget the lend ef my birth end early Associations ; and yet, if yon wish to see splendor, e grand Mexican ball is tbe piece where shine datrling eyes end dazslitig Jewels, that seem to rival each other In sending forth tneir brilliant light There is ? sparkle in their gay wit j end spirited repartee, preserving at the seme lla.e rum digmtovi, that bearing that peculiarly belongs to Spanish character. At church, they are ell dev n ion end p-ety?end a celebrated painter remarked io me, " that black eyes looks J to heaven more purely then any others." And one would aurelv believe it, to see a Mexican lady before tbe altar of her petror. ra ai ? During the Ituibideein revolution, the Mete had under gone many changes, end the old aristocracy, with their worthless titles, have become poor, and ere more civil to tbe wealthy petromws then heretofore. But, women of Mexico, adieu?the heart of a stranger blesses you Your, valor has been shown. Hpenish ladies, by the way, your breve South American sisters tell by the sidn of their husbands and lather* in preventing that patriot and hero, Rotea, from yielding to tbe flsonsicbial alliance of Kugland and France. This, noble Napoleon, it the last letter that you will ever leceive from vour resigned Minister of Interior. Foocwz. P 8?1 break open this letter to giro you joy at the grand Waterloo defeat that you have gained over your arch enemies, the Holy Alliance?'twill live in the hearts of grateful people, like the laurels ef Auaterllti, Marengo end Jane, ami is that kind of triumph by which mind masters mind. With distinguished consideration, 1 again subscribe myself ycure, k?. '? New and large steamer ? We are informed that a number ol young and enterprising men in this : city contemplate building a new steembort the coming ' season, to be called the "Brooklyn," which they say shall surpass any thing of the kind that ever floated, both noiiU of spied emfbeeuty The Brooklyn is to be Vvlf't lonalsnd is calculated to coat MOO,000, *100,000 of which is already subscribed. This boat will be built entirely by our own mechanics, engine, machinery and sll, end is intended to ran oa the North Rivor.? front lyn Afar. _____________ At tbe last aemion ol the Legislature oi lad , a law passed farming a company for the continuation ol n o Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, from the latter pi?? to Leiayetta, en the Wabash end Indiana Canal

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