Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1846 Page 2
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-NEW YORK HERALD. ?w Vorh, Friday. Au?p*?t '41, 1H4?. THE EVENING EDITION or THK ITS-7T TC~.S HSP.ALD. Our subscribers in the country to whom wo have been in the habit of mailing the Evening Edition of the Herald, are requested to take notice that we are about to make such alterations and additions to tins edition of our journal, as will make it more interesting and valuable than it has ever been. We have, on all occasions previous to this time, endeavored to make the HtralH as interesting as possible for our country readers, by publish'iig in addition to the news in the morning edition, all the latest intelligence by the morning's mail?but we shall henceforth mak-i it emphatically an ovc-tiuiK nun .111/ntiiig I'apci <UUIII UIIJCU, uy 1I1MTIinif, not only the news contained in the Morning Her ild, and the news heretofore contained in the Evening Edition, but also lull accounts of any interesting and important incident that m ?y happen in this city up to the hour ot publication, an'l a lull account of Ship News, Co ton, Flour ami Grain Markets, and such other intelligence a* may b? of interest in places distant from the metropolis. This edition of the Hera'tf will be Exclusively for our subscribers in other cities and towns; it will not be circulated in thi? city. The Weekly Herald. Vur weekly Herald will, as usual, be ready to morrow morning at 8 o'clock. It will contain the news by the steamship Cale. donia,and all other news that maybe rece.ved up to the hour of publication, besides a copy of the ! warehouse instructions?a copy of the treaty be- j twfen the United States and the King of Bavaria; i Senator Haywood's address to the people of North ; Carolina; a review of the markets, commercial find monetary arti?les, &?. &c. It will be illustrated by three engravings, two of them representing the return of Indians from battle, and a panic among them produced by lightning; and the third representing one of our revolutionary heroes, who was found in our streets in a destitute condition. f rice, six cents, in wrappers. State Klectlon ?Prnpoitd Modification of the Slew Tariff. Political matters in this part of the world are at ! present rather quiet. Several State elections have | recen ly taken place, the res.:lt of which, in every ] instance, has been a whig gain. Tliey are, however, upon local questions, and are no ciiterion of the opinion of the people upon the most import- 1 *nt matters of the day. Congress having adjourned, and the members having separated and spread over tho country, we shall have no more agitation until December next, when, for the want of something better to do, we have no doubt both houses will go to work and alter, and if possible, improve, some of the bills passed the late session. It is generally understood that the new tariff will, soon after the next Congress convenes, undergo some mollifications. There will be some important alterations made in the duty upon coal and 1 iron, and those alterations will be in favor of an additional duty upon these articles. It is not altogether improbable but that a duty will also be |iut upon tea and coffee, for the purposa of increasing the revenue of the government. In relation to an addi'Jonal duty upon coal and iron, the Secretary of the Treasury will recoiniuend it to Congress; and there is very little doubt but that such alterations as he may propose upon this point will meet the views of both Houses, us it is generally admitted mat these articles require protoction more than any other two in the whole catalogue, and that the new taritr will opernte more injuriously upon 1 those interests than upon any others. There will be, without doubt, desperato efforts made by the iron manufacturers of Europe to get as large supplies in our markets as possible, so as to enter them as soon as the new tariff goes into operation, and before any alterations can be made, as Congress does not convene until after the new bill goes into effect. Thr California Expedition.?We received, a ; day or two since, a printed slip, addressed espe- ' oially to us, and signed by Thomas J Sutherland, referring to an article published in the Herald a day or two previous, in relation to the California ! expedition, under Col. Jonathan D. Stevenson. The communication also contained a number of I charges against Col Stevenson, which we could not believe for a moment. We read the commu- ' nication carefully, and could not see anything in it of ? '1. Ll' ? m mo |>uuiic uj warrant its i insertion, and we therefore declined to publish it. 1 It has since appeared, in part, in some of the j papers. The public may not be aware of the causes of the opposition which has attended the formation of the seventh regiment ofUnited States volunteers, under Col. Stevenson's command. It lies in the fact that a number of persons, instigated, some by jealousy, and some by disappointment in not obtaining appointments in Col Stevenson's regiment, have used their utmost endeavors to destroy the prospects of the expedition. Every thing, however, has gone on prosperously. The three ships, intended as transports to the expedition, have been chartered, at what even the opponents of the movement acknowledge to be reasonable prices. They are now loading, and by the first of September, in all probability, will have sailed lor their place of destination, with a body of as fine and cauable nipn and officers on board, as were ever raised in our government service. In this state of affairs, we. consider it rather small business for jealous or disappointed men to make attempts, in which there is no possibility of their succeeding, to destroy the prospects of an expedition, which, if it prospers as its commandant desires it ?honld, will he ol more importance to our coun.Ty than any similar one which ever tlemanded the sympathies and co-operation of our mterprising people. In fact, we consider that this expedition is of the utmost consequence, as California will undoubtedly form a part of a basis i nf* frAflfv urith Htbam S??r Okb* t Wmth*.?This popular ncean steamer left her pier at three o'clock | venter day afternoon, on her eighty-sixth passage across the Atlantic. According to her list she has about seventy passengers, among whom wet see the names of George A. Porter, Esq., our Consul tc Constantinople; Dr J. B. Davis, who goes to Turkey on the cotton mission ; and Mr. Dempster, the popular vocalist. Thw Exposition or th* Hoi* Me. Haywood. ?We give in another part of this paper the ?ddressof Mr. Haywood, of North Carolina, which explains that gentleman's reasons lor not voting | in favor of the Tariff Bill in the Sfnate, and for resigning his seat. We have l>een obliged ts condense it in order to make room for it. Latk miom Pone*, P. R -Capt Hatch, of the l>riu Cordelia, at this port, states that three large I fhips were loading lor Europe,, at Ponce, on tha , 9th inst., but there would be scarcely a sufticient I quantity of sugars of the present crop to fill them, i The last prices paid for Europe were 4 cts., while ! pln-i'ers were holding out for 44 for the balance ' oft'." crop. Molasses was held ?t #13 per 110 Prions, and vary ware* IL-.. . HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM HAVANA AND MEXICO. THE DEPARTURE OF SANTA ANNA FOR VERA ORUZ. ANOTHER REVOLUTION IN MEXICO. The Preparation to Carry on the WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES. Mexican Letters of Iff&rque Granted. *c., l-c.* 4-c. The packet ship Aielaide, Captain Adams, arrived li?r? yesterday from Havana, whence she sailed on the 9 h instant. i : 1 1- - I ill-- ?. .t n ?? e nave recmvBu uy ner iuii nies 01 tne taro Industrial, and tlie Dinriodt la Hubana to the 9th, ami El Republicann, ihe Vera Cruz Indicator, and El Monitor Rtpublicano of Mexico to the 1st instant. The news thus received is of an highly important character. The English Mail steamer had arrived at Ha- ! vana fiom Vera Cruz. She brought intelligence of a revolution in Mex- , j ico in favor of Santa Anna. Soon after the arrival of the steamer Gene- I rals Santa Anna, Almonte and Rejon left Ha- ' vana in the British steamer Arab, chartered for that purpose, to take them to Vera Cruz, and they are now probably at the latter place. It appears that the city of Mexico and the city j of V'ura Crnz had both declared for Santa Anna. The Indicator of VeraCruz, of 31 it July, states : that that city had pronounced in favor of the plan of Guadalajara, with some additions t that Gen- [ erals Landero and Pert-e led the movement; the i troops of the fortress of San Juan d'Ulloa, also : adhered to the plan. The likvness of General Santa Anna was carried through the streets, causing great enthusiasm and rejoicing. i ne /it nrpuwicano lias several columns ol indt" j vidual voluntary subscriptions, to aid im carrying ' on the war with the United States. General Paredes was to leave the city of Mexi- ' co on the 29th July, to take command ol the troops o* the frontier. It is ruinsred in the city of Mexico, that the different heads of the departments, especially that of the Minister of War, are changing the clerks or secretaries of their respective departments every two or three days. The renunciation of the present secretaries "of , the different departments are now admitted* and , they will leave their posts as soon as President ; Paredes delivers the views of Government to General Bravo. Deipalch to Gtnrral Torntl, Minister of War, from Par tie i. Mariano PaRkdes, (Jeneral of Division mad President of the Mexican Republic,to the inhabitant* t^reof: ? Be it known, that the national extraordinary congress has decreed, and the Executive sanctioned, the following articles Art. 1. The novernment is authorised to vary or change the organization 0f the army, according as they may j think most convenient. Art. 3. To bo able to name without any after approba- i tion superior officers as a reward for distinguished actions | in me preirui campaign. Art. S A* the e*timatei for the maintenance of the troom, at the name price, preference to be given to national production*. Art 4. That there be. formed and granted Letter! of Mar que, to act againtl the commerce of tke United Stmtet. Anaita?io Buatamknte, Preiident. Marvel Labbainsab, ) J K?AScuro ScKHiio, ^Secretaries. It it ordered that thi* decree be publiahed, circulated, and ohej od. . ?, , I'alace of the Mexican government, July 25, 1848. Mabia*a Pabkdei Y Abbilaoa. The antecedent decree was unanimously agreed to in the General Congress on the 20th July. The government throws itself in the arms ?f the people to save the republic, and to preserve the independence of the nation and republican principles from being sacrificed by their Northern in- I vaders. The government firmly believes the ef- i fort will be successful. The troubles of the citizens of Mexico on the Rio Grande, are alluded to in the presses of the ' country, and with much apparent bitterness , ; against the United States. The citizens of Mexico are called on, in gene ral lerms, to rise en maste, and repel their inva j | ders. The government are sending,with all despatch, extensive war-supplies ol all descriptions to Moa- I inry, iu ue m me msposaioi me vommanaer-inChief. Juan Nrpomuctno it la Oarxa, to all (At inhabitants of tht department Yiudo Lton :? >, It require* all thoie capable of bearing arms, from 18 to 60 yean of age. to unite in the defence of that department. and of the national territory, invaded by the enemy's forcei; for thii purpose a report of the mhabitanti of each town will he immediately ma 'e Thii force ii to he called (he local militia force of Nuevo Leon. It i* not only to defend the towns when invaded, but to march . wherever required againit the enemy. Ita object being to defend, at any and every coat, the integrity of the national territory, Invaded and occupied In part by tha troopa of the united State*. So far as we are able to discover, there appears to be a general relief from all internal commotion or expected revolution. Unanimity prevails among the citizens, in consequence of a general desire to repel the forces of the United States. A lettor was received from the Governor of Nuevo Leon, that 6000 Americans had appeared in that department, tinder their second in command, a d that he had informed the government he had ordered all the lorces of that department to be sent agninst them. UxcacE or Ptttnti, v*Dca date or thi 10th July.? Oranti a? porti of entry for foreign commerce, during the blockade of the Mexican nort* bv the nnw nf the United t*t?tes, Tuxpam Ooatzaconicos. Tobo I.amsrinii, ! nnd Tecoluta. in the Gull, and >1an?anillio. on the Pacific. In theie ports, provisional-}" officers are to bo est* blished for the benefit of merchants. Tne faro Induttrial, ol the 8th of August, says: Besides the intelligence published yesterday, dates from Monterey ol the 24th of June, state that the fortifications of that place progress rapidly ; that martial law prevailed, as well as great enthusiasm against their invaders. We learn from one of the passengers of the Adelaide, who had gathered from a gentle, man who came passenger in the English steamer from Vera Cruz to Havana, and who had been through the American fleet lying at Vera Cruz> that there was no sickness amongst the tleet; on the contrary, both ollicers and men were in perfect health. The United States ship Potomac, Commodore Connor, had been ashore on Green Island, near Vera Cruz, and all her guns had to be thrown overboard before she could be got off. It was thought that she had gone to Pensacola for repairs. The United States brigs Truxton and Perry were off the Moro at Havana some three or four ; days, hut were ntraid to eo in on account of the ' sickness at Havana, and sailed about the 5th instant for Vera Cruz, all well. The Perry went to i Kef West. Trkatt with IUvaria.?We give in our paper \ to day a copy of a treaty entered into between the United States and the King of Bavaria, which abolishes taxes on emigrants arriving in these countries. This is a most excellent treaty. In Chambers. , Before Judge L'UhocfTor. Apn. 'lO.? Habr? Corpui in rt Jmmn Csitidy ?A I young man named Jftmes Ca??idy, who hid enlisted about a weak ago at Worcester, Maseachuietts, wai yesterday brought before Judge Ulahoeffsr, by virtue ef a writ of habees corpus, issued at the instance of-his fa- 1 (her. The father claimed to have him dischsrged on the ground that h? was but seventeen yesrs of age The discharge was granted on condition that the father paid the bill for his clothing and subsistence,which amounted to >7 M. The money was paid, and young Hopeful waa allowed to depart with _ CoUgT FO* THK COURItCTION 07 F.gKoRS.?The next term is to be held at Albany on the Mb Sept. next, at which term wilts of error are to have U?a preference, except that the cases ol DeKay rs Irving, and k-J wards i vs. V artck, may bo brought on at the openln# of th? w j run Naval?The U. S. ?hip of the line -Columbus, I Commodore Biddle, sailed from Hong Kong on 19tli of May, for the north-east coast of China, in company with the sloop of war Vincennes, Capt i Paulding. She wilHeturn to Canton river, after taking the pilot from the Columbus. The following portion of a letter from on board, 1 dated the 18th, gives a few particulars as to the ; movements of the C.? " L'. 8. Stiir Coll'Mtvi. I Homo Ku'i, May Id, IMA. J We anil to-morrow, the Ylncenne* in company, for the north-seat coast of Chios, mopping in at the severs! ports 1 of Amoy, Chiman, Shanghie, and from thence, perhapx. to tho flotlt of Japan, but this last, will entirely depend i upon the strength of the currents and tides we meet; if, , I alter having visited the Chinese ports, we find that by these tides we are likely to be detained until th*t typhoon ! reason sets In, the Con'.rnodore will, without doubt, after j ! 'Saving ou. pilot and Dr Parker, whom I understand is I to go with us, ashore, square sway for the Sandwich I Islands. The Vincennes will return to Canton river, after taking our pilot slid Or. Parker " The U. S. brig Perry, Commander Blake, was ! at Key West on the 6ih inst., last from Havana. i Theatrical and Musical. Par*.?Mr Colliai' appeared last evening to a fVtll audience. In two parts-d'Hart, ill the "Irish Attorney," ' and Morgan Rattler, In "How to Pay tba Rent" A vary | discriminating audience testified their appreciation of his t tine cting, by reiterated plaudits throughout the piecos, and by calling him before the curtain at the cloae of tha { erformances The chief fault of those attempting the delineatio i of Irish character, consirU in using as brojd a brogue in playing an Irish gentleman as in playing the part of 11 hud currier. This fault Mr. Tollins happily nvoids He gives just enough of the brogue In such characters a? the Irish Attorney, to distinguish him from an englishman and ho more Mr Collins seems to have n tlioro igh kuowledge of stage business, possesses a fine voice, a good figure, and a good eye He is very well sustained, although a greater attention to a thorough rehearsal should be enjeined on those who sup port him VVe remarked last evening that he Was obliged to give the cue several times. This shouU not be We must not omit to warmly commend the orchestra. which played several of the heartstirring airs of old Iralan l in masterly style between the acts, and in the intervals of the performances. Nothing could be more appropriate, and the audience testified their watm approbation by applause, a thing which is not nsual. To-night " His la?t Legs," and " How to pay the Rent,"in both of wuiuu Air. i/uiuui appears. Bowmr TrteAT**,?Th# popular and gifted J. R. Scott appeared last evening as Damon, in the play of " Damon and Pythias," and it would be almost superfluous to offer a farther criticism on hii great and varied powers in this beautiful piece, having upon so many eccasions accorded to him the full meed of a just praise In this part in the j darker and more stormy passions-the bold conceptions, j that draw out tho great jiowers of the actor, few can ex- i eel Mr Scott. We have seen him " oft and again " in the j wl.ol* range of dramatic performances?we nave repeat- j cdly been carried along, in the current of popular admira- i tion in, the enthusiasm which his able delineations are calculated to inspire; and on the eve of his departure from , among us, to a strange land, where he will have to meet ; strange faces and make new friends, we augur most san- i guinely for his success. Mr. Scott will take his own ' benefit to-morrow evening, when he will take leave with , his Bowery friends and admirers, who have ao long been delighted with his performances. The fact neea only to be mentioned to insure him a ' Bumper at parting." Mr. NeaAe ably mstained him in the character of Pythias, I His acting was extremely natural, and his delineation ; correct. The rest of tho performers acquitted tlfemselves with much ability. "Hob?ken" was again pea ted, in , whicli Walcott was a host in himself His Beau F.rnest I was admirably sustained. Neafie's Frank Lennox. Clark's > Glendenning, and Wey mms' Capt. White, were also well sustained. The entire performance passed off with eclat. Greenwich Theatre.?This establishment was very well attended last evening, and the performances were enacted to the satisfaction of the audience. Tho excellent company acted their several parts in their usual ex. I rollout mnnnur Mr. ITrpor ia ilntnrminoil r?r?t in I behind hia brethren in the race for popularity and patronage. lie announce* for to-morrow evening a new national local and domestic drama, written by a talented young native author, underthe cognoman of " Simpkin," ' We arc glad to perceive that Miss Crauford ii again engaged for a short engagement. The bill for thi* evening ii3 The Young Scamp," " Artful Dodger," " Catharine and Petruchio"' and the " Cottage of Content" Surely enough to fill the house. Castle Gardk*.?L'st evening Castle Garden was 1 densely thronged, and the excellent band, under the direction of Meyrer, delighted the vast crowd* that were in attendance, having performed several select pieces with infinite taste and execution. The pieces .from Auber, Moiajt, Sltrwis^anil llessini, those favorite composers ' ?*ve'great and were much admired. This ; band is composed of several select and able musicians, j underthe leader, Mr Meyrer, and it has proved a source ! of leading attention since the opening of this place of po- ' pular recreation. The crowds who flock to the Garden | each evening is the best test of the high apprecia- ' tion in which these attractions are held. Tne enterprising management of this popular and long-established place of public resort, where the wholesome sea breeze can be inhaled, m ai to impart health and afford enjoyment. together with the many other lourcei of recreation connected with it?and the nominal coat for the whole, insure it a degree of public i?tronage eminently due from the vait crowdi who nightly frequent it Ma. Dimmtkr.?Thia popular and favorite linger left yeaterday for Europe in the Oreat Weitern, and returns home after an abaenc ef over two yeara from hia native country, the whole of which period he hai apent in the United 8tatei Since Mr. Deinpiter came among ui, he hai made hoata of friendi, endeared himaelt to thouiandi of our people, whoae heart* he hai often made beat in uniion with the melody of hia own muaic, and acquired an enviable fame ai a ainger In the North in the South, F.aat and Weit. wherever he haa viaited hia departure will lie regretted; and the hopei of thouiands for nil apeedy return will accompany him on hii pasuge over the Atlantic. Hii aucceaa in a pecuniary way hai been very flattering? fully equal to nil moit aanguine expectation! but not greater than hii meriti entitled him to. We expren a hope that Mr. Dempater will aoon return to ui, and that we may have an early opportunity of hearing again hii iweet pa- . thetic notei. Raymond ai?d Waiinu'i Mi.vAar.aic.?Thii company hai been very luccenful in the exhibition of their rare and extenaive collection of animala. Their laloon ia , rra?d?d ?varv whara thav ?n TKev will day at Medina, 33d at Locfiport, 34th at Lewiston, 35th Niagara Falls, 3#th Tonewonto, 37th, 38th and 39th at Buffalo. Sporting Intelligence. i Pacing Match on the Harlem Track Yeitkrdat. | ?There wai a numerous and respectable attendance at thii courie, to witness the following promised piece of iport. The weather was raoit pleasant, and the track in | good order. A pacing pnrse and take for $60?full mile j heati?best three in five in harness Mr. Boyd aimed r( Roanoke Mr. R hrrts " p b Arthur Mr. (.'rail* " bk k rial Jones Mr Donn " t Post Boy I The piebald wai the favorite previous to the Mart, tome five to four: but little or no betting took place. The piebald had the inside, the black gelding icc.ond. Roanoake third, and rostbey fourth Alter some four or tire attempt* they went pretty well off* together, the piebald in front, the roan in cloic attendance, the other two well up, but round the bottom the latter tailed off considerably. At the quarter thn roan want in front, and at the half wai near upon a distance in advance of the piebald, who waa second Round the was evident Roanoake would distance the lot if he kept on thus, which he did, and reached home in 3m 41s , piebald and the black some 1ft or 20 yards the wrong side of the distance po?t, the chestnut 4till further behind. Thus making short work of the whole affair, and sundry wry facea. United States Commlulonen' Office. Before Commissioner Morton. Aro 30 ?Attempt to Create a Revolt?Thii morning, B McKenny, second mute of the ship ({neon of the Went Woodhouse, master, was brought before Mr. CommisI iioner Morton on a charge of prercmptorily retiming to ! ilo duty on the 6th instant, about fivo day* belore the ves. sel arrived in thia port Captain Woodhouse stated in j hit examination that on the 3d or 4th of August, a comI plaint was made to him that some rudeness was used towards the female members of an Knglish family (that j had a separate cabin put up for them) by MrKinney and some of the sailors, while putting out the lights. Upon thia Captain Woodhouse remonstrate.t with him, and told him that he should he cautious, that there was a way of | doing his duty without giving offence. Kenny denied I that any offence was given, either by himself or any of | the sailors with his orders; and then struck off work, | and went below. The captain called upon him twice ; to return to hit duty, but he declined. The first mate | rave similar testimony. The defence was, that McI Kenny was innocent of the oharges preferred against him, and that the reaaon he struck off was to induce the captain to investigate them, and Bive him an opportunity of pioving hit innecence. Ono of the sailors named Francis Finnv was examined, and he swore that on the night of the 3d of August, he went down by McKenny't orders to see that the lights were put out; that in doing so. he raised a corner of one of the curtain* and ranuaat ed the p?ttou? inside to quench the candles; that he wm answered by female, who said to him, " you ihoald not raise the curtains." Finny replied, be intended no offence, begged pardon, and then went away; tliat thli wa* the circumstance which gave rise to the complaint made to the captain agmnst McKinny. After the examition of Finny the case for the defence cloaed, and McKinny held co bail in $300. Mysterious.?The coronor of this city wsis culled on Monday evening to hold an inau?*st over the body of William Durniog. The deceased had come to this city from New York on his way to the country, where he had engaged himaelf aa a laborer. He had been teen standing in the door of a (tore near one of the wharves during the severe rain of Monday afternoon, appurentlv intoxicated Boon after this, a bay, being on 'he wharf, saw something in the water, and on going to I " "w it was a man. The alarm was given, and some Persons threw a rope to him, which he caught, hut lost hold of it end sunk; on rising ngsin, he caught the rope an,] was drawn ashore. Three physicians were in atten, ' nee and used every means in their power to resuscitate him, hut without sffect. The dec?aed, having no money or friends, was buried by the coroner. It is understood he has friends in New York, to whom, on spplloation to Mr. ???o, H. Brui n, sny other particulars 1 Ifrn'rOi communloale-j -JVewatft tWhl ua__ urn j Nrw Havck, Any. 19,1846. Ya'e College?Bmutiet of New Haven Society? Eltction of President?Met ting nf the Alumni? 'Ideological Commencement?Muting of the Phi Beta Kappa. A glorious ran and cooling breeze ushered in the seoond day's continuation of the exercises preliminary to commencement; and as the magnificent elm* waved in their majesty and verdure responsive to the bracing air, while the song of the birds warbled through the branches, the city well seemed to deserve the appellation of the American Eden. There are meny features about New liavou which are attractive to the antiquarian, tlie scholar, and the lover of nature. Notwithstanding the sweet freshness that every <Vherts prevails, yet occasionally some oid building, or stone, or tree, or rock, Calls up associations mingled with an age none by, and of generations long since passed away; there is something in ttie appearance of the time worn college, the gigantic trees, and the frowning rocks near by, which always inspires veneration in the breast of a stranger. The college buildings, which now through nearly two centuries have been Tor a time the habitation of thousands, whose voices have sihCt) been heard in the halls of Congress, in the pulpit, ana m the bar, are strikingly imposing from this recollection of the greatness and genius emanated From their walls, but also from their solemn appearance so appropriate to the place where Alma Mater has nursvd her numerous young, and given th?in God speed on their entrance into lite. The churches, side by side on the spacious green, emblematic of the religion, which goes hand in hand tor die propagation of Christianity, are beautiful specimens ol simple architec-" hire, ond seem as though they hud spontaneously grown up under the overshadowing elms, choosing a dpot where nature's Uod could be Worshiped neur her noblest handiworks. In the rear of I the old Middle Chmch, two or three plain stones, almost hidden under the luxuriant grass, mark the resting place ot those,who in a day of trial and persecution led the king of a mighty nation to the s<atiokl: such is life and such is death; a crumbling fragment is the only token telling that beneath rest the ashes of Golphe and Walley, who once sat in solemn judgment on the destinies of thv K>ng of England. The aemetery at New Haven is well worth the visit of a stranger, not only from the intrinsic beauty of its situation, but from the recollection of the thousands who rest Within its Walls. Some bear the marks of the age, when puritanism ruled in its most bigoted character; and stern memorials ot departed worth speak in gloomy plainness of the habits of the nilgrim fathers; but as year after year has gone By, lightness and grace have crept into the adornment of the tombs of the dead, as we react me Figures commencing iu? and coming down to 1846, we can trace, step by step, the progress of improvement and the cultivation of taste, even ia a grave yard. A volume might be written from the inscriptions over these houses of the dead; but the most touching one in the whole ground is on a plain marble slab, sculptured with h withered rose, and the solitary word. "Mary." The virtues of the departed one, ana the grief of the living, were too holy, to be exposed to the eyes of a curious world. "A blessing wai her epitaph, Her onl> dirge, a scalding tear." Hundreds of these might be selected from the writings,noting the dccease and charactcr of many a patriot and christian, great and good?but the old college bell is ringing, to call the Alumni together, and on the way there a few thoughts arise on the private society ol thu "City of the Elms." One would naturally think that here, at least, all classes would unite in harmony but not in the city of Gotham do more fashionable distinctions. cliques, and coteries, exist, than among the goodly inhabitants of this "ru? in urbt "? Theie ar?j several minor divisions, but the grand boundary lines of social intercourse create five distinct classes. In the iirst, so called, are in eluded the professors of the college (not the tutors), the aristocracy of the students, professional men, and the transient om constant residents of the town, who are wealthv. and "soil not ther hands with Ealor's dust." This class is unapproached, and impregnably unapproachable. ? The second class comprises those, who, though rich in this world's goods, yet continue in vulgar traffic lor the accumulation ol more. Class number three embraces all who are shopkeepers of any sort, engaged in the retail trade. The fourth class are the industrious mechanics, among whom may ue found many of nature's noblemen. But the honest hand of him who is soiled with the dust from the forge, or blistered with the plane, must not contaminate the effeminate palm which folds up tape at a lady's order. The remaining division takes in all, who look to themselves for company and pleasure, each ai to himself seems fit?the poor student, the apprentice boy, and the thousand and one indescribable of every country town. That such paltry distinctions do exist, is as true as is the fact that if ever scandal cho?e one abiding place in preference to another, from the number of her votaries, New Haven II the one. A> 10 o'clock, A. M., the Alumni met in the new library in the rear of the college, and it was an interesting sight to observe the graduates of Old Yale, as they came in couples to the hall. Here an old .nan tottering to the grave, and by his side ihe youth of twenty just entering into the arena ol the world's strife Some we noticed who took their degrees in 1796, just one half century uko, and who hold a semi-centennial meeting this year. Of that class, numbering , 15 yet survive ?all men from 70 to 85year? old?of tiiein, tliir teen were present at New Haven, Professor Sil liman, Archibald Bas*ett, of Walton, Del. co. N. Y., and Timo'hy Bishop, ||ew Haven. Shubace HnrtiMtt nn nIH vct?r?n ni" SO. is on the srround. also graduated at the beginning of the present centuiy, in the year 1^00. The yearly meeting of the ulu. ini has for its object a re-union of all tue graduates of the College: and an account is read of those who have died during the past year from any of the classes, and any interesting tacts connected with the survivors. At there meetings, addresses are made by any one whom tKe spirit moves, and many a tear is shed at the grasping c>( 1 the hand between old or young who, for years, . have been long separated, and will never proha | bly meet again, except in eternity. This present year there are more than an u>ual number collected together. Representatives from almost I every graduating class of the last sixty years, assemble in the hall, and afterward" join around the board at dinner. Aii elegant pavilion was erected in the College grounds, and the liberal supply of condiments prepared, showed there was lood lor the body as well as the mind, provided by the trusteej of Alma Mater. The eldest surviving graduate of the College- was present at the meeting?Dr. Joseph Darling, of New Haven, who graduated in 1777, sixty-nino years ago; his head was silvered with the snow of nearly a hundred winters. Amongst others present we observed Ex-Gov. Baldwin, Gov. Toucev, Judge Daggett, Judge Rollins, of Illinois, who delivered one ot the most eloquent and touching addresses we ever had the pleasure of listening to It was indeed an atfeoting s'ght. the appearance of the ball where were clustered together, men of all ages and professions, paying nomage 10 1110 remem brance of their youth. On the plarform rat the venerable President Dav, surrounded by men, ! many nearly past the age allotted to man; but there was one form missing, which last year presided over the meeting, John Cotton Smith, who .now sleeps with his fathers. Resolutions were passed complimenting the Governors of the College on its prosperity; and one amongst them for the purchasing of a marble bust of.President Day, upon his retirement. It was stated rby Mr. Dutton, the Secre, tary of the meeting, that some twenty years [ago a Mr. Sheldon Clarke, bequeathed $4000,which,was to be left at interest till a sufli . cient sum was accumulated for the foundation ol a Professorship of Philosophy. The time has now arrived, and the place is to be filled. The law school which hitherto has been distinct, and not connected with the College, is now to be establish(do a permanent basis. The library of Judge Hitchcock lias been purchased, and large contrituitions made which promise well for the success of the undertaking. One of the most important occurrences to take i?lace at this commencement, is the election of a President in the place of President Day, who has I tendered his resignation. The nrincippl candii dates spoken of are Professors Silliman and Wolsey, and Dr. Bacon : either of them is well ouali| fled for the responsible chair, but the latter has n general unnopuiaiuy wnicn nugui noi urnem ?ne ' interests of the institution. Thioughout the whole of Wednesday the corporation have been in solemn conclave assembled, t ough, of course, their delibe rat ions have not been, and will not tor the present, be made public?but in our opinion, all agree with the editor of the New Haven Hrnild,'that on whomsoever's shoulders the mantle may fall * * * it can never be more honored than it haa been by him who now retires from the office." Rev. Jeremiah Day, D. I).. L LD has, during ihe time he has been presiding over Yale College, acquired the esteem and affection of all who have come under his influence; and* at his retirement from public life, the prayers and good wishes of thousands bid him farewell. In the afternoon of Wednesday the anniversary of the Theological Department of Yale College was held in the Centre Church, which was crowded by an interested auditory to its utmost capacity. The exercises commenced with sacred music, followed by mayor from the talentf d professor of theology, Nathaniel Taylo*, D- D-i whom, by th? bye, iliosa who havo been wilder his charge have tendered a very ooin|iliine?u?ry UtbuM o?rwptot, in lit* lb*!**.* tejp m<1 , ) i r gmtly engraved ste?l portrait. The addrsses from the more distinituiBh?d of the gradi ??ing class then followed. "The Myster}' of the by C. M. Cordley, of Ann Harbor, Michigan w.ti aa address very creditable to the heart anihmd of the speaker. " Lesson* from the Life of Jolin Kno*,''by Jonathan Edwarda, of Andover, Massachusetts, was a production that evinced a mind worthy of the name he bears?ecclesiastical learnin#, and beautiful composition, wera its great merits. "Webelieve and therefore speak, ' by Gordon Ilall, of New Hampshire, was one of the most appropriate addresses of the day, both in its tenor and adaptation to the situation of the p.oneers of the gospel. "The religious element in educa'ionj" was a sound treatis.-, well delivered by Wm. De Lo*s Love, Barrp, New York, and his remark*, connecting the subject with the interests of the State, were very happy. "The character of Henry Martyn," by Chas. ft McHarg of Albany, was a verv beautiful review of the life of that distinguished evangelist, and was well spoken. "Truth the foundation of eloquence," was acomposi ion with the same views as were taken by a gentleman at the last commencement of Columbia College?to secure the approbation of a people their confidence must be obtained. "The Hidden Life," by Henry M. Goodwin, of Hart lord, Conn , was a truly eloquent address, and abounding in rich metaphor. The remarks on Futurity were well delivered, well written, and listened to by the numerous audience with profound attention. "What American preaching ought to be," by J. Augustine Benton, of N Y., whs, in our opinion, a very narrow minded,bigotid vi?w ot the subject. "The Dutiex of the Minister, in respeet to Politics," was a highly original address by Wm. Hi Moore, of We?tbrook. Ct., and though we do not agree with the rpeaki-r in hiw view that church and state should ever mingle, yet we must commend the bold independence of hi* tone. "The Education^ Influences of the Pulpit," by Burdett Hart, New Hritan, Ct, was the gem ol the day's performances. A prediction that this gentleman will be heard from as one of America^ linest deliverers ol pulpit eloquence, will undoubtedly be realized. Taking the addregstr>cwtl?>r tIihv nvinrrd a (Treat decree of talent. and a strong promise ibr the future,Twt the steady strain of sectarian doctrines running through nil the speeches, gave not much pleasure to tiie auditors. The following are the members of the present graduating c'ass abcmt to enter upon the ministry:? fl|Wm w. Belden. Burdett Hart, M A. J.Auguitine Benton,M A. George B Hubhard, M.A. Richard C. Briatol. Jo?ian T. King, M.A. George Btuhnell, B.A. Jared O. Knapp, M.A. 8uml R. Davb, M.A. Mahlon Long, M.A. James H. Dill, M A. Wm. H. Long, M.A. Isaac M. Sly, B.A. George (>. Lucas, M.A. Mill* B. GelRton, M.A. Charie* K. McHai-g, M.A. Charles Gilla. M.A. William H. Moore, M.A. James B. Gills, M.A. Frederick Mnn'on, B A. Henry M. Goodwin, B.A. 8. Dwight Pitkin, M A. John E Orneff, M.A. John Wicks, M.Ai Many of these gentlf Men have been pursuing their classical and theological studies at New Haven, for the last seven or eight years, and we noticed many a fair bosom swell, and bright eye glisten, as a brother, or a friend, or a dearer one, still rose to take a public farewell of scenes which had so long been of near interest to them. Nowhere can the young ministry find mote suitable wives, than amongst the beautiful, industrious, and virtuous girls of the City of Elms.?(We love that title.) lu the afternoon, the Theological Commencement was held in the Centre Church. Uk; Daln V n nnn ftnniatv KlilM tllAir flnni vcrsary also on Wednesday evening, in the North Church, when an oration was delivered by the Hon. Daniel D. Barnard, of Albany; and a poem by the Rev. Daniel March, of Cheshire. It is not generally understood by those who .have not pursued a college course, the particular objects of this society. They aro solely literary. From the members of every graduating class, in almost every college of the Union, a certain number is selected for superior character and scholarship, as candidates lor the honor of admission to the society. The members elected,with the others, form a band, which comprises at present the greatest talent of our country, whether in the nulpit, at the bar, or in our seats of eminence. Of course, the honor of membership is highly appreciated; and many an old man mar be met with who would not exchange his flat, square gold key, the sign of the brotherhood, for the richest jewel in a royul coronet?(An invidious fr? sli man at my elbow, states that the initials of " Phi Beta Kappa" stand for " fine brass key," and the letters " S. P." on the other side of the badge lor " small potatoes.") Since writing the above, we are informed that Prof. Theodoie D. Wolsey has been clectrd President of the College, by a unanimous vote oi the Cor oration. He has beisn a long while connected with the Institution as Professur oi the Greek language and liurature; thoroughly identified with the interests and prosperity ol the Institution, a choice could not have been made more satisfactory to all who regard the advancing influence of old Yale. City Inteill gt nee. Wm M. Paicr, Kiq., a*d Hit Cukiiitoh.-The following in correct copy of the letter found on the per ion of William M. Price, directed to his creditor*, at the time of his death : ? To My Crrditart? Many of you having inquired of me how I had disposed of the largn patrimonial eitate to which I was entitled upon the death of my father and my brothers, I now consider my sen uuuuu hi >uid iu< >?ij u?u> m relation to It About the year 1918, I became an endorser of note* to a verv large amount ? * [| had] loaned to me about eight thouiand dollar*. 1 wa? released of a portion of my liability, and Mr. * * * * ob tained from me a conveyance of my own estate in fee and leasehold. ax security for bu advance He bai flnce that advance, given to me at different time* up to July last, (when he hauded me thirty dollars.) ultogcther not exceeding $3000. in addition to the original advance ot $8000, making in the whole about $11,000. He prevailed upon me from time to time prior to the death of my brother Stephen, to conrey to him not only the estate, which by the will of my father I would have upon hii death, but all the estate which might come to me upon the death of either ?f m> brother*. These conveyance* *o made to him are all on record ; they we re absolute on the face of them ; but he gave me in exchange lor them the most solemn pledge that h? would do what wa* rignt He still ha* the greater i>ortion of this large ettate?be did not acquire it by deal ing in rtock* He lua realized from it* possession, thus acquired, more thaa one hundred thousand dollars He absolutely refine* to give me another cent, and I fear has driven to fatal despair your unfortunate debtor, Willi*!* M Paicic. The name of the person alluded to in the above, we withhold from the public; it is probably already well known. S>ii two At tut riiriT Wrafrii ?.This nnnnlor "Fashion" of the wave, went to tea yester.tay, at her appointed hour, S o'clock, (carrying with her over 7j paatengers. Ai u>ual, a vsst crowd were collected, to take their leave, on her accustomed trip, and ahe akimmed along the river amid the cheering and huzzai of groujui ol her admiribg Mends. The incidanta that occurred at the wharve* on the occaaion of her departure, ahowed the deep and interne interest thatwa* manifested by the various factors, merchants, and speculators, who flooded to witness it, together with group* of newsboys and idle spectators At one end may be seen a well dressed female, with child in arms, standing absorbed in deep thought, and looking wistfully towards the forecabin deck?she is the wife of some sailor, and has gone to see her husband off?looking anxiously for his return again. The wild laugh and the rude jest assail the ears in another quarter, from some ragged boys and idle vagrants. A mock squabble next varies the scene. The ry of " The Herald Jot Europe," next rings through the crowd, from some newsboy, while considerable bustle prevails in the immediate vicinity of the hatchway, some shaking hands with parting friends, some shedding a patting tear, aome offering come parting admonition, and some kissing hands Iron the wharves to some friends or acquaintance on deck. Amid this busy scene of bustle and preparation, when all e) e* are intently Axed on the parting favorite, the well dressed pickpocket may be recognised looking cool and reserved, with the eye alternately gazing from the ship to the crowd, kept, however, at bay by the vipllance ol some " star " officer. The fIunal gun was fired at 3 o'clock precisely, whon she quickly and smoothly glided down the river, and roon cleaiod the Brooklyn Heights. She was saluted by occasional cheers from the wharves and the ships as she passed along ; and soon cleured Sandy Hook in gallant style. We wish her a happy and safe trip across the Atlantic, which the hu crot?eu so frequently with entire success The Wbathbb.?Lut evet ing we were visited with a light shower of rein, unaccompanied with lightning or thander atorm. The weather at present look* very Hke that of the Kail; and for the last few Jay* the mornings and evenings feel eool. A few days continuance ol it would bring us into the fall season, and altar the broiling heat of the last low months, it is hailed by all with universal delight. Accident.?A boy fell into the river some time after the sailing of the Great Western, in the vicinity of her dock, but was taken up by a sailor. Boys should be caretul. in lounging about thedocksiand parents should, if possible, prohibit them from the same. The Magnetic TaLr.oaArH ? The wires of the telaa. ... . as- n I TI.a i .. grapn are now neing repaired in Drowwi;. ma quent atte.npta latterly mad* to injure tail mode of communication, enow thit eome fiend i ah *pmt is at work, to check it* operationa It rannot be too often imprenaed U|>un the public mind, that any malicioua injury iuflicted upon the telegraph la a State Priaou otlence. Baooiok Cixra roa Maitce ?The new baggage carta ?about one hundred?that have beea conatructed for the uae of our army In Mexleo, arrived veaterday morning by the Philadelphia car*. In point of floiah, neatue?a anl compaetMM, they will prove of infinite aervice to the army, being Aniahed in every reaped ao aa to auit trie campaign. The Edith, with ateam propeller, which haa been conatructed on the rame principle m that rf the Maaeachueetta, ia chartered for ti.e purpoaa ot taking them to their deatina'ion. About aevHti hundred have alae been ordered at Newark. The K.iAh nxila in a few daya lor Brazoa Santiago, where ahe wiil depoiit her cargo. Fib*.?A fire occurred at No. I Aft Jane atreet, yea terday morning, and waa aoon extinguiahed, having originated in a atove-pipe Damage trilling. Accidhht.?A box nr-med Jamea Cleary.fell from a building Id T?ent>.third (treat, and waa Mvaraly hurt, Brooklyn city tew*. C*LTiOf?A man who calis hinnelf Whit*, wa? detected in Fulton ?trrot. on Wednesday night. in the act ? of pissing counterfeit money; he passe*) two $10 bills, purporting to lie of the < abotville Bank, Miaa. He wua gir?n in charge to the watch It ia strongly ?u?pected that he baa a number of accomplices engaged in the san e trade. Usasd Laacaffr?Michael Dunigan was arretted yesterday evening, on a charge of having stolen a watch worth f30. from the bakery of J. Ree<'. in Jackson street. Duniran was seen loitering about the bake house for some time before the watch was stolen ; the person in charge of the place stepped out for a pail el watei, when he returned Dunigan was off. and the watch was missed, lie was shortly alter arrested and brought to the Police court, and the matter inTestiratad, but there wa* no proof I against him?it au|?arsthat there were several other persons in and out of the bake-house duiing the time, aa wait as the prisoner?he was accordingly diacharged. Thi Citt Hsll Bill?The great bell intended for the City Hall,was yesterday pot up in the temporary belfrey, ut.iv n^naro,] r<>r It. where it will remain until the Citv Hali'i/finl*h#<l. A box for a look out bu been built on the (op of the be If re y Dkowmd-Yesterday evening a young lad*, whoa* name we did not learn (topping at the hotel in r'ar Bockaway, waa drowned while bathing in the turf at that place. Her body had net been found up to a late hour | yeaterday evening. Dr Coi'a Chuich?A new chnrch if now being put up in Henry street, intended for Doctor Cox's congregation? it ia 70 leot by 100, the principal front is on Henry treet, and in being built of brown cut atone, on which a tower 90 feet high U to ho raited,?the elevation of th? church ii to be about 43 feet. In the rear, on Hicka itivft n lecture renin, to b? attached to the ohurch, ia eing built, which will be 40 by 70 feet. Thii new edifice will be an additional ornament to thla part of thecity. State Constitutional Convention?Wednes ?lay. August 19.?The President presented a memorial and resolutions adopted at a meeting of citizen* of Oneida, Jelfer>on, and Lewis, on the subject oftho immediate reiumption and speedy completion ol the unfinUhed canals?relerred to the committee of the whole having in charge Mr. Hoffman's report A motion to print the memorial and resolutions waa debated by Messrs Kirkland. Stetson, Chatfield ami Angel, and laid on the table. *3 to 39. Mr. Crooker ort'ored a reaolutioa, which waa adopted? That committee No 18 be requested to enquire into the propriety of reporting a provision for discouraging the holding of land by incorporations, except when used for their necessary business | urpo'es The Convention then proceeded, in committee of the whoie, further to consider the reports in reference to the judiciary. The question before the committee was on ?>. 1,1 nf tii? muioritv rBDOrt: "Theie shall be a supreme court having general jurisdiction in law and equity," ai proposed to bn amended by Mr. O'Conor, by adding thereto: "And in each county, a county court, having original Jurisdiction" The amendment was debated oy Messrs. Patterson. Stetson, and O'Conor. Mr. O'Conor, without concluding, gave way to a motion to rise and report progress?which prevailed Mr. Crooker submitted several sections by way of amendment to the judiciary report, providing for the election of county judge in each county, and other details of a county court system. The sections were ordered to be printed, and referred to the committee of the whole. Aftkkwoos Srssio*.?The judiciary report was again taken up in committee, and Mr. O'Conor concluded his. remarks Mr. Jordan commenced a reply, but had not rone far when the committee rose, and the Covention. adjourned.?Albany At gut. Kail Kualilrtn .?Beebe and Cosier, Halters, 156 Broadway, will usos the Fall Kasdion for Gentlemen's Hals, ou Saturday. August 29t)i Also, new syles of UeuU, Youth and Children's Caps. '.They will also open on ton same day a Tew cases of Paris Tuade Castor Chapeaux?lor children, a new and beiutiful aricle. Fasmiom roa Actum*. ifM6. Crown?7 14 iuches high, 7 1-16 Yeoman, 1-8 bell at sides, 1-16 front and rear. 3-1 curve Tip?J-S oval, 1-4 cuiti, 1-16 convex. Brim?I inches wide, Iront and rear, 1 13 16 at sides. Small edge curl, slightly rolled at sides. Set?3 16 sinned. 1 1 16 inches carved. B indiug?13 16 wide, satin and satin striped. Uindiug?M i?i h wide. fine ribbed sarin edged. N B?The Bands, Bindings Tips and jides, of the precis* pattern used by us, can be obiainra in New York Thomas H. BlaSieley would Inform Ills frieuds a?d the public that he will serve op this day two suSe'inr green Turtles, iu soups and steaks, at his new resience opposite the Reserroir, on the Jth Avenue. corner or 40th street. Levy Powlett will be on hand with his heat of obliging Waiters. Ocular Demonstration.?-We yesterday had the opportnuit*, says the Morning Ntici, of wtne-siag an operation in dmtis'ry by Jolm Burriell, of No 2 Union Square, which foi beauty of execution excelled anything ol the kind we have ever seeu Home enemies of Mr B. hive been inditstriou ly circulating a story for some time, alleging tlut he was iuaane Itc Ike ; but i' insanity causes such workmanship, we might well wish tint all oar Denisrs we e touched with smill portion of the same insanitv We would cher fully recommend Mr. Bur<iell as an opentor, skilful in the highest degree, and one who manages some how to accomplish a vast dial more with less pain than any dentist we ever met with. Metallic Tablet Raior Xtrop?MertUants and others about purchasing w article of this kind, would do well to call and examine at the manufactory the various pay terns offered, each being m ide of the t>est materials. bat vuy ing only in on'kide finish. Cenift'ates, in proof of their utility, are in the possession of the iuveutor, from some of the most reien'ific geu'lemen in the country ; a liberal dis count made to wholesale purr.hasers. U. MAUNDKKS fc SON, 177 Broadway. lloriger'a Cutlery?('on latins ofFocKet ?nn Penknives. Srmtors. Nail Filet, fcr.t of the most beaatif?I finish sud unique patterns, cm he obtained of O. SAUNDERS It SON. 177 Broadway, A frw door* iHove ' oDltlaudt (treat. LwIIm will be clad to learn that the French Lunar PilU can be nad at III Cherry "treat. tai ?avif;wtuii of itai olai? tuv^r. Piaca. T.m- Stati of R?' incinnati, July 80. . . deep wa'iT?tailing. V heeling July 80 6 ft. 8 inn ha. ittaliunr, July *17 6 feet, fall otiiarill- Inly -Jft . 10 f??? 7 ! ebea MOM K V MAHKKT. 1'hureday, ingnat '4??B f>. M. The stock market coniinuei very heavy. Harlem, Reading, and Norwich closed at yesterday'! prices; Long Island fell off \ per cent. There appears to l>e very little disposiiion to operate in any of the fancies to any extent, and prices appear to be gradually but steadily settling down. It is possible that a revival may take place as seon as business generally commences, but every thing at present in the steck market looks blue enough. Tbere Lu been very little enquiry lor sterling exchange, and we quote prime bill* at 8 a per cent premium. The return* of the banki of thia State, for August, have been received by the comptroller and officially published. Compared with the return! for May la?t, there hai been a very material reduction in the mev? menu of tome of the principal departments, paiticularly in the line of discoun's, in the circulation, and in the deposits . The report from the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Ogdensburg, not being made in conformity with the facts as given in former reports, is omitted. No report was received from the Black River Bank; and the reperts of the Cuyier's Bank, Farmers' Bank of Hudson, Kingston Bank, and New York Stock Bank, were not received In for publication. Baku or the Statc or Nrw Yeas. Feb I. I8I?. May I. '46. . 1, '46 Loaas and discounts 71 S97.570 71. 91.431 6M62.4* Stock* 11.050.464 10,919 417 lfl.60l.IA2 Specie ,:ifil.3t3 R,171.6<t 8.673.309 <"*sh items S,370.302 J.819,700 4,941.221 Btiik notes 2,1(0,711 2.8'il 351 2,341.061 Due from banks 10 111.277 8.850,1M I,I9S.?>9 ? apital 42.9Vi.489 42.1129.014 42,160,458 < irculatioo 21,159.9(17 20,Sift.492 17,?*5,4?. Deposites... 29,654,401 30.8611,377 28.llS.i53 Due to banks 14,813,?59 11,123,704 11,4*3,962 Dre Canal Kund K96.818 354, >64 431.751 Due U 8. Treasury 2.5tJ,711 3,493 622 2.1li,6t0 It will be seen that since the laat quarterly statemeat, the loans and diicounta have decreased $8.93:4.946; that the specie has increased $4<il 685; the cash items de. creased $89S,479, the amount due from hanks $''63,447, circulation $3,931,006, the indivi4lual deposites $-2 768,844, and the United States gevornment deposites $1377,982; while the amount due to hanks is increased $1,640,17S, id to the canal fund $79,387. It thus appears that the banks of this State have b?e?, during the past quarter, very cautious in their movements ; that they have undergone a contraction, greater than we have witnasied in any preceding quarter for several years. This movement has been produced by the threatening appearance of our financial and commercial affaire, growing out of the position of our foreign rotations, the determination of the government to revo muoniia uu?uv " ? "iimiuiiui mv>v meaanrea aflecting the mod important and vital intereita of the country. We cai.not but commend the course puraued by the banking inatitutiona of thia State, aa it exhibita a degree of cantiouaneaa calculated to create a great deal of confidence in the public mind generally. The cotton aeaaon ia about cloaiug up. and we ahall aoon know the actual extent of the crop for IMA and IMA. It will fall below all the early eatimatea, an l be but a few thouiand bale* larger than that of IMJ fcnd 1841. The total receipta to the lit of September, IM4 will not vary mach froni two million* and aeventy-Avo thousand helea. Wo annex a atutement exhibiting the movement* in the ataple thia aeaaon, compared with the previous two. kcoeifti and EireKTa of cottoit?pobt? ofthk 17*it*p Statu. AMWT td tine' ToOriat lit SrptCltarti from Britain. Francr Total. Hi J. New Oflea ia, 1*4*. Aa? *. J4*.2?0 lil Ost Ili.KB 1.03?.W Mobile, Aug 1 20?,016 M JM W7.IJI 42l.?47 Florida, Aug 4. 41,33* J.*0* 47.Ill l? lit OrorgMl HTkDarJUi 14 63.2a* (,111 71*11 lltM S.<u:h Carolina, An* I).... 1IJ.M* JO,73* 177,7M J4?,l? Norrh? arnlina. Ana I*.. ? ? ? #.40] Virtmia July I ? *40 1.30* I*.'" N?* York. Ana I* ?.*> ?.?I4 190,1M ? Other Porta, All* 14 l.?4 7 7 36 ll.?7g ? Total bal?a to foreijn p?rta. 1*46 1,076.137 330.017 I,SI7.14* ?.? ?.?? Sam* 'ime 1*15 1.43> "7I 3H 410 2,p70.?l i4l?.?l 8*me time IBM Mil,* |7R.7? I.Mlil* ?,014,47* The (took of cotton In interior tuwoi, nut included la tke above reoeipta tl the Ut?*t tetot, DM* yotfi WM ?,

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