Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 31, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 31, 1846 Page 1
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1 ? Tfl] Vol. in, la. KM-WMa Mo. M7>. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 8QRD0N BENNETT PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Ersry day. Price I caatt par copr-?T K per annum?payable la advance. _ ' WEEKLY IIKKALD? fc'very Saturday?rnce ?X cents par copy?$3 1IJ4 rent I jhw annum?payable IB advance. HERALD TOR EUROPE?Kvery Steam Backet day. Priea 6% ctau per copy?$3 M per aaaam, payable ia advance. ADVERT1SEMEMTS at thelusual pricee?alwaya cash advance. HUNTING of all kinda ex oca ted with beaaty and de? j?atcn. All lettera or coramanicationa, by mail, addreaaed to tha a. tabliskuent, mast be post paid, or the postage will b? dadilated from the subscription money remitted. JAMES OORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the Nnt Tore Hmuld EiTAausriucirr, NmtK.W?r enra rnf Fnltnn and Natanb ilMMll OTH-AMBIIVI'S. AC. .MM ^ INDEPENDENT MORNING LINE AT bZKAt O'CLOCK.-KOR ALBANY front tiie 3B?3pQK?aleatnboat pier at the pier foot af Warren street. Pn???Ke $1 30. Touching at the foot of Hammond at. Breakfast and diuner provided on board. Tlie swift and magnificent steamer IRON WITCH, commanded by Tapt. Stephen R. Roe, leaves New Vork. Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday. Leavea Albany. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Landing at Van Courtlandts, Westpoint, Newburgh, Milton, Po'keepaie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Carakill, Hudaoo. auzbrc MORNING BOAT FOR ALBANY AND TROY" 4Mgl Mk PASSAGE ONE DOLLAR?Breakfast QpaJWfS^and dinner on board the boat. Passengers taking thia boat will arrive ia time to take the eveuiitii train of cars from Troy wast to Buffalo, and north te Saratoga and Lake George. The Steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. Wm. Ellsworth, Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock, A. M , from the ateamboat pier loft of Barclay street. Returning oa opposite days. For liaaaage or freignt, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the odiee on the wharf. an!9rc Ml DAILY LINE OK BOATS BETWEEN NE'W YORK AND STATEN ISLAND. SKmPBLi The UNaboia 8YLPH, Captain J. Brasted. and 8TATEN ISLANDER, Captain O. Van Felt. will leave u follows Leave Statcn Ialand dM, l,l,llud U A. M; at 1, S, t, 4.5, and 7, P. M. Leave New York at T, 1,M, and U, A. M. and 1.1, t, 4, S, 1,7 and past T f. M. All freight at the riak of of (he owner* thereof. A stage will leave Vuderbilt'a landing for the Telegrapbtt Station every hoar throughout the day. Fare 11% cents. jy *> TKOX MOKNLNG AND EVENING LINE. MOttNINO LINE AT SEVEN O'CLOCK. J0t FOR ALBANY AND TROY?From the ^LgjBMBpSteamboat Pier at the foot of Barclay street. SKaaSpEibLanding, at Peekskill, West Point. Newburgh.Rampton, Milton, Poughkeeptie, Hyde Park, Rhinefteck.U. Red Hook, Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, Coxsackie, Kiuderhook and Baltimore. Breakfast and dinner on board the boat. Hie steamboat NI AOARA, will leave oa Monday, Wednesday and Friday Mornings 7 A.M. The steamboat TROY, Captain Oorham, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday morninga, at 7 o'clock. Returaang on opposite dava. For passage or freight apply oa board, or at the office oa the t wharf. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT. From the pier at the foot of Courtlaadt street. The low-pressure steamboat EMPIRE, Captain R.B. Macy, leaves the foot ol Conrtlaudt street, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. Wm. H. Pack, will leave oa Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at 7 o'clock. Passengers taking these Boats will arrive in time to take the Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to Buffalo, and north to Saratoss, Whitehall and Lake Champlaia. For Paitage or Freight, apply oa board, or at the Office oa tho wharf. No freight taken after iK o'cloek. NOTICE?All goods, freight, bank bills, specie, or say Other kind of property, positively at the owner's risk, THE MOST DELIGHTFUL OF ALL EXCURSIONS. jMM S0L A HAIL across the Hudson river to Hobo flpjg2e@!p5v *leD' nni then a ^Alk to the Klysian Fields, !KSM?KJiloug the exceedingly picturesque shores of the place, will prove the moat easily accompliahed and attrae tive of all ranii! excursions that ein be made from the city. The grounds now present a charming aspect, the treee be ing in leaf, and the soil covered with a rich turf. T'he walks are in excellent order, having been considerably embellished the present spring. On ejjyv pleasant afternoon there will be in attendance at the (,'olKuuiide, Elysiau Fields, an excellent Band of Music, which will perform selections from the favorite Operas, popular airs, marches, waltzes, Itc. The ferry Boats from Barclay, Canal and Christopher sts., are completely fitted op with amines and seats. Night Boats ma from Hobokea to Barclay street until II o'clock. r?iriw 6Mce?t?. ml lm*r j/BL The Proprietors of Steamboata wishing ?SAQ)||XL8 HUNG, woald do well to pay a 3C3CX.Iisit on board the Steamboats Niagara, Mountaineer. O-teHor. Iron Witch, Thomai Powel, Excelsior, Rager Williams, lie., and examine Mr. Holer's im8 roved stylo of Bell Hanging, especially adapted for Steamoats, put up neatly aad strong, and warrauted for ono year.? II. H., No. I Ann street and No. IM Fulton street. an7 I meed "re B06TUN STEAMERS- FOR HALIFAX ANI) LIVERPOOL. eMa ?K ?? THE British and North American Royal Mail steamship CALEDONIA, E G. Lott, commander, will leave Boston for the sbove ^JjgSg5?B3b{"rts 00 Tuesday, the first of September, Passage (o Liverpool, SIM; passage to Halifax, $20. For freight, passage, or any other information, apply to D. BRIGHAM, jr.. A.ert, au285trc at HARNDEN it CO., 8 Wall ?t. NOTICE?TAPSCOTT'S GENERAL fygf EMIGRATION OFFICE, Removed from to H Sooth street.?Persons sending for their friends in any part of the old counuy ^^^^^^^^^ can make the necessary arrangements with the subscribers, on reasonable terms, to hare them brought ""^THE NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The Ships of this line are unsurpassed by any other, and their immense aire (all being 1066 tous, and upwards) renders them more comfortable and convenient than snipsof a smaller class ; and the greatest reliance may be placed in their punctuality in sailing. The subscribers are also ageuts for the 8t. George and Union Lines of Liverpool Packets, in any of whjch passage can be engaged on reasonable terms. Draffs for any amount, pnyaole without discount in all the principal towns of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, :an also be obtained. Vox lnrther particular*, apply to W kJ.T. TAP9COTT, tc77rc 16 South St.. Id door below Burling Slip, N. T. ~ t- - liRAtTW ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND?Persons wishing to rey^lB3*5fcJi^?mit money to their friends in any part ol (irtat Britain or Ireland,can procure drafts of the subscribers for any amount, Miom t\ and upwards, payable on demand, without discount, in all the principal towns throughout the United Kingdom. The roy?l mail steamer will leave Boston on the 16th instant, and ihe steamship " Ureat Western" will (ail from New York on the 20th. by either of which drafts can be forwarded. W. k J. f. TAPtHOTT, 16 South sneer, aUI3 nc 3 doors below Burling slip. k'UK LI VERPOOL? New Line?Kegnliir packxMWwst, to sail September 26th?The elegant, fast *ailjBHhfcing packet ship SHERIDAN, G. B. Cornish, mastar. ot lino taut, will sail as abova.her regular day. Kor freight or paaaage, having accommodations nueqnalled for splendor or comfort, apply oa board, at Orleana wharf, foot of Wall atraat, or to P K. COLLINS tr CO.. !W Son'V at Packet ahip OARRICK, B. J. H. Traak, master, will succeed the SHERIDAN, and aail October 26th, her rtgnlar day. an30 in packet ship ueneva, for new orM1IVLEANS--Pa??eiittcr? will please be oa board, at J^HHfaOrleans wharl, foot of Wall atreet. on Monday, Am- Hat, at 11 o'clock, at which time the ahip will tail, an30 FOR MARSEILLES?To be promptly deaMfy,Patr.|r.l ?The bark MISSOURI, Capt. Silvester. jHlBfaFor freight or paaaage, apply to CHAMBERLAIN Si PHELPS, or to _ _ BOYD It HINCKKN, Brokera. N OTIC E.?Debts that may be contracted by the crew of the French ahip COLOMBO, will uot be paid by the captain, nor by the consignees. ,au30 m Foil LIVERPOOL. ANITLONUONT^-ONLY" REGULAR PACKET SHIPS. FOR LIVERPOOL.?The elegant now packet kflfVahip COLUMBIA. Rath bone, maater, will poaitivaaaii on the lat of September. For LONDON.?The tnperior last sailing and favorite packet ahip NORTHUMBERLAND, R. H. Oriswoid, maater, will be deapatched on the 8th ol September For passigj b> either of the above ahipe, having unequalled areommod.itiuna in cabin and steerage, apply to naZtr JOHN HERD VI AN It CO , 61 Soath at. "mtat U>ION LINE OF PACKETS FOR L1VERPOOL.?Packet of the Jd September.?Thr iplenJUlUid and faat aailii jr packet ahip ST. OEOROE, 1000 too* burthen, Capt. W. O. FeTis, will aail on Thursday, September Id. her reualar day. The accommodations for cabin, aecoud cabin and steerage psaieugers, it ia well known ara equal to tboae of any other line of paeketa, and their great capacity renders them every way more comfor able and convenient. Thoae wishing to seenre bertha, ahould make early application on board, at pier No. 1 North river, or to _ _ _ . W, fc J. T .TAPSCOTT, snwr M Koath m. 2d door below Burling ?lip. POH NEW ORLEANS?Only regular packet of MjfSV'I'f 7of Septeraher.?The splendid fast toiling flftttfiship TALLEYRAND, Capt. Webb, will positively Mil lor the above port as sdveitiied. For pasatge, haying unsurpassed accommodations in cabin ami steerage, w ich will be at the lowest rate*, apply on board the veaael at pier No. 16 East river, Toot of Wall street, <*i? ? .. .JOHN HERDMAN k CO, ?l South at. .T^7AWKfS4.w,U '*. sncceeded by the superior packet a hip TttUM81.H,U) aail on the Ifth or September. ^ a?Hre KOR new ORLeANS-Loo iiiana and Mew jMfyVork l.^e^-Po-.tiTelr first regular packet?To ?ail JHHKkMoaday. Jlst mst ?The faat sailing packet ship OEiNKVA, < 'apt. Uoodhae, is now leading, and will positive|y tail at above, her regular day. For freight or paasagr, having haodaome furnished accommodation, apply on board, foot of Wall at., or to E. K. COLLINS fc CO., M Sonth at. 07* No goods received oa board after thia evening, 29th instant. r????ng*ri will please be on board, at Orleans wharf foot of Wall itreet, on Monday, at II o'clock, at wltieh tine the Agent in New Orleans. JAB. K. WOODRUFF, who will promptly forward all goods to his addreaa. The racket ship KARTELLS, Taylor, master, will sueceeii ili? Oeneva _ au2tr Stat- FOR ObEBEC, with despatch?1The A1 British aJWy. IWk ROBERT A. PARKES, Kinmng muter. ^m6ehiTtn| three-fonrths of her eargo engaged, will have despatch Tor the abor* port. . _ For freight, apply to J- MeMURRAY. inn r M Honth afreet. -Afg PACkfcT ?Hf.KIDAN from LIVKR. |Hfi FOOL, is discharging ander general order, at OrJyQ^lenns wharf, foot of Wall araet. Consignees will 'ni?gi<iTtUud to tit* rtMiut of thair coodl iiHr / E NE NE E . A . K U ? . MAWUrACTUm** AMD IMrOBTKI OF NAUTICAL It MATHKMATICAL INSTRUMENTS. W'? Wmttr itreet, corner of Burling Slip, S. ? OJJLD rripaclfallr inform hi* fri?tid? ud the public, thatht has coMUotlf o^ hand a rtncrtl u*ortMMt ?1 MeitaiJti, Qaadnmts, Couii#aM?s, 8py Glas*c?, TheodoliiM, Le veil lag lottramenu, Mrvtyon' Conuuif i, CktiM, 1 thtinatical Ioitraonea'f, Scales, fartlUI Hulrs, Thermos* I J "| iiyuiuiiiciuji, oicruiarirri, nun, wwwi Scale*, comj let* leu of ttaoging Instruments, suitable for \??'?? Home and City Gangers, Gauging ind WaateM : Hods, Itc.: together with i general astortmeot of English and Americas Charts of all parts of the World, both general i W P?tie?Ur. Bl*?t'? Cout Pilot. Bewditcli'a Navigator, , Blank Bosks, Bill* of Lading, Manifest*, Log Book*, jSentical Almanac*. Itc. Ail tba article* in th? above lint ara of the beat matarial* and workxaaaibip, and warranted correct. Sextants, Quadrant*, (ioiupaaaes. 8pf Glaaaea, and all tha articlee in tha above lina repaired in tha neatest sud most correct manner Good* te be repaired sent for and delivered. aull> ltawim?rc BV ORDKK ofU,e Heuoiafcla Anal. Umti, Sufrea.e Coart Commissi >ner, notice i* hereby given that an attachment has iaaued against the estate of Tiiomas D. Much, now or late of Ballstoa Spa, an abecouding or concealed debtor, on dae proof made to the aaid Supreme Court Commissioner persu nt to the dirrctions of the Statute concerning " Attachments against absconding, concealed or aon-reaident debtors." And that the same will be sold for the payment of his debts nnlees he, the said Th>ma* D. Fines, *ppe>r and discharge ' uch attachment according to law, witliin three n-ontiii 1'rou the first publication of this notice. And that the payment of anv debts and the delivery of any property belonging to aaid debtor to him or for his use, and | the transfer of ny property by him for any purpeie whatever, arr forbidden by law and are void. Dated Ballitoa Spa, Jalr U, 1(41 w. B. LITCI1, oT Ballaton Spa, jy2t ItawJmo rrc Atty. for attschiag Creditors. f TNff?D STATiB CIRCUIT COtfKTTTiTth^TTrinit <U and District of Louisiana, Saturday, 27th day of June, A D. IMS. Tha court met pursuant to adjournment, t'reaent the Hon. Theo. H. Mei'aleli. district Judge. Tha Hon. J. McKialey, presiding judge, absent. Josiah Barter et al va. Chaster Clark at al.?No. 1440? It apDaarinr rn tha mart that tha ^fM^anta la?.,kfi Ralia* Van NVyck ll Phillip*, Jolin Hunt Luke Dirii. W.kJ. Van Baskirk, Walter Jigger k Co., Mr*. Alice Mead, exec- I otrii; Win. C. Waddall. miipue: Mauoial htoul, Auatin ! Melville k Co., H. Boereum It Co . Pinknay fc Bertine, Way- 1 man, Clarka ic Co., and J, W Pinkney, have not baan *erved with procen of aubpaaa herein, and that aaid dafendtnta rend in the city of New York On motion of R.H.Wilde, aolicitnr Tor complainant*, (O. B. Duncan, E*q., (olieitor for the defendant* aarved, being preient in court and not objecting thereto. Itbat thi* rule bepubliahed in one of the gazette* ofNew York once a week for three month*, requiring them to plead, anawer or demur to the complainant*'Dill, not demurring alone, on 01 before the Biat Monday in November next eniuing, or the allegation* of *aid complainant'* bill will be taken for confeared by aaid defendaut*. Clerk'* Office, Circuit Court ot the United State*, e ait em diatriet of Loui*iana. I hereby eertifv the foregoing to be a true copy from the original of record in thi* office. vVitna** my hand and the aeal of *aid court, at the city of New Orleans thi* 6th day of July, IMS. jy 23 law 3m m EO. RANDOLPH, Clark. BEARING PILES ANb BROKEN STONE, FOR THE U. 8. DRY DOCK. AT BROOKLYN. NAVY AGENT'S OFFICE, > New York, Aogu*t4, 1?46. J CEALED PROPOSALS, endoraed " rropoaal* for MateO riala for the Dry Dock," will be received at thi* office until 3 o'clock, P.M., of W edneaday, the 2nd day of September ext. lor 40*0 Spruce Bearing Pile*, aound ana ttraight. The length* to ba hereafter determined between 25 and 40 feet ; the chief part will probably be required from 30 to 35 feet long. Thaiixe (exctoaive of the bark) to be not lea* than 10 inch?* diameter at the imall end, and from IS to 16 inchaiat the large end ; where the Pile* are required over 30feet in length, the diameter at tha amall end 1* to be not la** than 9 incnea. .Propoaal* will be received for any quantity exceeding 500 pile* ; one half of the above pile* are to be delivered at the Navy Yard at Brooklyn on or before the lit day of December next, and tha balance on or before the fint day of February neat. Propoaal* will alio be received at the *ama time and place, for 2000 cubic yard* of itone.broken.l'or concrete. The atone to be of a hard and durable quality,of granite or ...... Ul IIVV CAbtfUlUB 17| IHCIICi | in diameter, and entirely free from dirt: and must br delivered at the Nary Yard, at Brooklyn, at inch timet and in such quantities, and landed on such wharf, ae may be directed by the engineer. About one-third of (lie above (tone will probably be repaired to be delivered previous to the lit of November neit ; one-third previous tto the lit of February next, and the belance previoui to the lat of April, IM7. Proposals will be received for any quantity exceeding 300 cubic yards. The proposals for the piles will s-ate a price per lineal foot and those for broken stone per cubic yard. Persons proposing for the latter will be required to famish a sample of the stone, and to state the location of theii quarries. The proposals must be accompanied with the written assent of responsible persons, to become sureties on bom s for the faithful performance of the contract; and ten per cent, of the amoant delivered will in all caaes be retained, until the contract is fully complied with. Any furlbrr information can be obtained of the Engineer, William J. McAlinue, Esq., at the Dry Dock Office at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn. PROSPER M. WETMORE, Navy Agent. asi liwlv rre NATIONAL LOAN Fund Life Assuianre Socie'y, of London.?" A Saving Bank for the widow and the Orphan."?Capital ? MM,040 or $2,300,000.?(Empowered by act of Parliament)?I Vict. Royal as ent, 27ih July, 1838. UNITED STATES BOARD OK DIRECTORS. (Office 74 Wall street.) . New York. JACOB HARVEY, Esq., Chairman. JOHN J. PALMER., Esq. 8AM. 8. IIOWLAND, Erq. JONA'N GOODHUE, Esq. OOR'M. A. WORTH, Esq. JAMK8 BOORMAN. Esq. SAMUEL M. FOX, Esq. GEORGE BAKCLAV. c.?|. WM. VAN HOOK, Esq. Philadelphia. . C. BIDDLE. Esq. LOUIS A. GODEY. Esq. S. C. WA1 KER. Esq. GEO. H. GRAHAM, Esq J. Lit.tdii Stake, General Agent, and Edward T. Richardson, General Accountant, lor the United States sad British N. A. Colonies. Physicians.?ATeto Y?rk.?J Kearny Rodgers, M. D., No. 110 Bleeekerst. ; Alexander E. Hosack, M. D., 101 Franklin st.; 8. S. Keene. 290 Fourth it. Bankers.?The Merchants' Bank. New York. Stanoino Coi'iiiil.-ffm. Van Hook, Esq., 39 Wall st. Solicitor ?John Houe, Esq.. 11 Piue st. Chi-f Office for America, 71 Wall street. For prospect >s, tables of rales, blank forms of application, lists of sab agents and medical examiners, be., please apply as above. Oue hall of premium loaned for fire years if dosired Medical examiners sttend at the society's office daily at 3 P.M. Pamphlets on life assurance liven to app'icants free of charge. J. LEANDER 8TAKK, au26 ltaw 4w I Gene.Al Aeent. JEFFERSON INSURANCE COMPANY. . OJfict No. 50 IV,dl Strrct. Nod York. THIS Company being authorized by wiactof the I.egiilv tnr? of the State of New York, patted May 12th, 184#, i emitted " An act for the benefit of the Jrfferaon Insurance Company," to fill tip its capital stock, which was impaired iy losses occasioned Dy the fire of 19th July, 1115 ; and the Board of Directors of said Compwy having unanimously resolved that the said capital stock be tilled up accordin . to I he provisions ol said act. .Notict is hereby given in conformity with said act and with the appmiAl of the Vice Chancellor of the Fir<t all the present stockholders of the Company, th-.t thev are required to signify, on or before the h day of October next, to the President or Secretary sfsaii. Company, at their office, No. 60 Wall street, in the city of New York, whether they elect to fill up their stock, aud also in case they elect to fill up their stock, to pay the amount required at such times and such manner as the Board of Directors may hereafter de cide. And notice ia hereby further given that on the Mth day of October next, so much new stock shall be created and dispos a or, u win mu< ap me onfiul ctfiUI ol Mid corporation, and tor that purpose books ol subscription will be opened X tbe said office ou ijie 21st dsv nf October next, and continue open daily from 10 to 3o'clock, until the amount requisite ii subacribod?(the present stockholders to hare a prior right to inch new nock.) The agreement to fill i.p share* aa *Hnr* mentioned and the new subscriptions to take affect on the 2d dav of November next, on which day an instalment of five dollari par share ia required on new subscriptions. And notice ia hereby further given to such stockholders aa shall not elect to fill up their stock, or by neglect shall forfeit the right so to do, that they are required on the Id dsy of November next, to surrender to the said President or Secretary, it the said office, their original certificatea of stock, and in lien thereof to receive new certificates, for such number of ahare* aa they may respectively be entitled to, said Stockholders receiving pay for fractional parts of shares. T. W. THORNE, Prest. Geo. T. Hera, See'y. Dated New York. August 18th, III* au!2 2tawtN2r FAMILIES GOING TO AND ARRIVING FROM THE COUNTRY. LADIES OR GENTLEMEN having superfluous effects to diapose or, such as Wearing Apparel, Furniture, lie., can obtain a fnir cash price for the same, by vending lor the subscriber, through the Poat Office, or otherwise, who will attend at their residences. J. I.EVENsTYN, 4M Broadway-up stairs. Ladies ran be attended to by Mrs. J. LEVENSTYN. anl lm*rre MEEN FUN, THE CELEBRATED CHINESE SKIN POWDER, POR restoring, beautifying, and preserving the complex, ion. and rendering the skin delicately white, smo?th, and soft. The ladies of the higher classes of China, Japan and Persia, have for age*, hern noted for the exceeding delicaey of their skia, attributable t > the use from infancy of a cosmetic, anal recently preaervedaa a hereditary and inviolable ?"?l amongst a certain aet of Chinese priesthood, designated Teense, or ele?tial Doctors. The recent extended intercourse of Oreat Britain with that nation hiii elicited many important communications respect- j log their niui ma and In hut ; amongst the number the recipe of (hit loag hidden 8k in Powder, oiled by them Meen fnn, or Celestial 8km Powder. Thi? secret ?u disclosed by a oesrenduit of nn* ol the priests of the temple of T^en Tsn. or Tempi* of the Heaveni, to Char lea Malcolm, Ksq , M. H., for profettional aervicea. Meen Fun ia aitnply a preparation of Oriental herbs, and may be need with perfect safety for the care ol all cntaneoua disorder!. Amonpat the most prominent are Tan, Freckles, Insensible and Copions Perspiration, Blotchea, Pimples, Spots, Iri nation, < oarsenesa.and a variety of othera. To be had of V. CLlREHUOH, 299 Broadway ; C. H. Ring, corner of Jolm and Broadway; A. B. Hands It Co., 180 kuknn street; Rnshton ft Co., Broadway ; Henry Johnson, corner of Broadway and Chambera street ; and all other fespertable chemists and perfumer* throughout the United States : and of the sol* importers, HOBBH ft C*., 1 Wall street, in botes pnee Js., Js.. and 7s autl lm*nc tJHKAFKK THAN ?VKtt. A FULL SUIT of Superftne Cloth mad* to ord*r, ia the moat substantial and fashionable styl*. can be procured for $20. at MOFFATT'8 Fashionable ( ash Tailoring Eatablisnaent, No. M Catharine street. New York. Every arti"iJrT'tefe* '?W ' fo'H? MOKrATT. WALNUT OIL MILITARY SHAVING SOAP. Depot No. } Court lend t street, * few doors from Broadway ? The true and only tannine article as originally manufactured by ua, warranted to maintaia th* reputation it has obtained ? Toilet Soaps. French Extracts, Essences, and every variety of choice Perfumery at the lowest prices that a good article can be sold. _ ... Country Merchants, Drtrfgista. Pedlars, and dealers in general, are invited to eiamine and judge for themselves. JOHNSON. VROOM ft FOWLER. Oeaeral Agents for Dr. Foord'e celebrated Pectoral Syrup, on* of th* b**t remedies for coogha, eolds, and alt diseases ol th* lungs. a20 lm*r EDUCATION. REV. R. T. HUp DART'S School will r*-op*n after th* mmar Va*atioa, on Monday, t?ptttab*r Tth. Circulars containing full particulars and terms far day scholars, Taatly and day boarders, can b* obuined on application at the i Kjbo*), II Fourteenth atreet. between University Fine* aad : fifth *vmsu* ; orafMr. C. fl. Edward*, ? ?? OftU Al Imnce i C?., W Wall fOMt, iNla*? MMMflKMSMMMHHMMaea w to r , ( 4; ;w YORK. MONDAY MO AFFAIR8 IN MEXICO. Philosophy and Patriotism among the Honteznmas. [Krom the Vera Cruz Locomotar, July 28 ] The Text* question, which hat beau converted into an Anglo-American question, owing, if not to onr want of foiesight, at least to our indolence and inexperience, may also l>e convorted, and perhaps very soon, into a European question ; and lor this reason wear* inI duced to set forth some rontidanrtfcMM which may assist public opinion in correcting itself, and in coming to the conclusion most advantageous to tha nation. We bt-lieve that in Europe the Anglo-American ques1 lion is viewed differently by the people and by the government*. i The jHjople of Europe, no longer finding the territoj ries of their countries sutlicient to yield them what is essential to the comforts, or even noccsurie* of life, and ! finding the demand for their mnnud labor more aud ' more diminished by cach successive improvement in ma! ohinery resulUng from economy in expenses, are met every year by un excess of idle population, who, eager for employment, come to the New World in search of I what tliey can no longer find in the Old- Tins adventurers who compote this surplus population, And in the porta of their respective nations a multitude of merchant vessel* ready to sail for the United.State*? thanks to the oara with which that nation has protected it* foreign ooramerce. by freeing it from the obstruction*, rules and exactions which paralyze it in the Hpauiah American republics, and as these vessel* aro generally of large burden, as is requisito for the transportation of the cottoa which tho United State* send to Europe, a passage is of | lereu in mam at vim y monortie price*, una tney are pre | l'orrail, because the emigrants aro poor, and seek cheap| ne a in all that they need These ad vent u rert are aware, I moreover, that ou arriving with their fumilieeia the United State*, they are at liberty to live a* they pleaae, without meeting with restriction* of any kind, and that they may publicly practice their mode ot religioua nor hip, and even become citizens of the new Mtion, if they believo it advantageous to their interacts, by ainply desiring it. Their coming, then, increases the strength of the United States, and once established in that nation, they seek lands to cultivate, and will take the direction of Mexico, if they hear that this country Abounds in milk and honey, and if thoy believe that they oan easily introduce themselves into it under the proteedon of the government of the United States, for that of Mexico has redoubled the restrictions and trammels which impede their entrance. This new population identify their lot and existence with the lot and existence of their new country, for their personal interest and that of those in it This will happen more frequently now that Mexioo is invaded by the United States, and is in open war with their government. Hence it follows that Mexico will have to contend not only with the native Anglo-American population, but with adopted citizens, or what is the same thing, with a part of the population of Europe ; and a proof of this has been furnished us in the sort ol people who compose General Taylor's army, the greater part of thorn being Europeans ! ! We believe that, generally speaking, the sympathies of the people of Europe are not in our tavor, but in favor of the United States, even although they are aware oi the injustice of the latter in usurping our territory, for there are times when public opinion cares little about the means bv whirh a thine is dona, or a nrnlar.t ftw.iiiti) and look* only at thejreiults which spring from it. Mexico not only lack* the sympathies of Europe, but ii almost hated ; and thi* results from various causes and circumstances in which we ourselves have had no imall iharc : and however grievous the confession may be to ui, it li necessary to make it. Almost all the publications of the European press indicate the ill-will which exists towards us, and the works written by travellers who have visited us, with very few exceptions have contributed to increase this tendency against us. And if it be certain that no people hate another w ithoat a sufficient cause or motive, It is necessary for us to inquire into the cause of this ill disposition, since it must exist. It cannot be found in a rivalry of power in war, commerce, or industry, becauso we have msver been in a position sufficiently tdvantageons to provoke the jealousy of other natious. We must, then, seek elsewhere for the cause. In our opinion it is the restrictive system which we have practised, since our independence, against foreign comment, against emigrants, and against the establishment of foreigners in our country. When the people of Europe perceive that we impose trammels ana restrictions on the entrance of foreigner*; that we do not permit them to acquire landed property ; that we do not wish to tolerate the exercise of their mode of worship: that we shut the door to their acquisition of the rights or citizenship; that we prohibit the introduction of their manufactures, lie. lie., it is impossible that they should take the slightest interest in our fate, for, after all, our national independence or the integrity of our territory, does not benefit them in any manner. And when they see that the United States adopt a policy entirely different, that they seek their interest iu combination with the interests of other nations, it is natural that al' their sympathies should be directed to that country, which has better comprehended the objects of fraternity among all the nations of the earth. Under these circumstances, they |>erhap* even desire that the United States should occudv Mexico, for thev consider that in that event, our lands will be open not only to the citizen* of tho United State*, but al?o to those of all other nation* ; that all the richei of our aoil will be explored, and humanity and civilization will thu* gain more than by the potieaaion of theie reiource* by the Mexican*. It i* nece**ary, therefor*, if we deaire that tho people of Europe should feel any (ympathy for u*. and take any interest in our (ate, that we should endeavor wholly to reform ourselves, for the fault ha* been great; and we can accomplish it only by completely changing our policy, and adopting another, more frank and liberal than heretofore. The government* of Europe will entertain aympathie* in favor of Mexico, for it doe* not com pert with their intereat* that the United State* ahould be aggrandized.? They know that the experiment which thai nation ha* made of a democratic federative republic ha* great attraction* for the people whom they govern, o> account of it* happy results : and that ifitihould extend through North America, it will pais to South America, and, in Cui'rse of time, even to the continent of Europe, and realize, perhaps. the idea of Chateaubriand, that a republic will be the future condition of the world ; that then tlirone* would totter under the impuUc* of democracy, and dynasties would be eitinguuhed ov the abolition of the principle of inheritance of power. Kings perceive, moreover, that tho form* of government and social organization of the United Stat<* are drawing away the population of Kuropo ; that the emigration from Europe increases evary day ; that the debility caused bv depopulation may reach a tearful point ; and that, in fine, the Anglo-American nation will clothe and deck herself with the spoil* of Europe, a* ha* heretofore been the ca*e. It i* natural, therefore, that the ivmpathie* of king* ihould be in favor ol any enemy of the United State*, whether Mexico or nny other Spanish American nation ; for, in fact, it i* no more than having xympsthie* in favor of their own interest, and of their own *eli-pre*ervation and existence in time* to come. Mexico ought piomptljr to avail herself of this disposition, and reserve herself to cultivate the sympathise of the people afterward* ; but it behoove* her to proceed with circumspection, and not leek assistance on onerou* condition*. Nevertheless, we do not calculate in any caie upon being protected by force of arm* ; for the commercial interest* of Europe with the United State* are of too much importance to be sacrificed by king* in a war, when they could hardly expect to be compensated by any conce**ion? from Mexico on the re-e*tabli*hment of peace ; and consequently we ought not to expect any thing more than the aid of diplomacy, which, however, Unauch : for although physical force does not make part of, moral force doe*, and that, in these enlighteued time*, ha* become powerful. We have seen, in the discissions in the French Chambers, the difference between the opinions of the governments and people of F.urope. (iuizot, a man ofthe government, and representing the sentiment* of the king, used emphatic and almoat threatening expresiion* agaiuat the propagandiim of the United Htstea with reipect to Mexico, and declared that the interest* of France required the preierration of the American equilibrium. Thier*, an opposition man, representing popular opinions, addre**ea word* ofnraiae aid sympathy to the Anglo American nation; declare* that the American equiubrium is impracticable, and that France ha* aa intereit in preserving the friendship of the United Htate*, and In her always increasing prosperity. The opinion* of ihe*e two *tate*men ihould not be coniiderrd simply aa the opinions of two individuals, nut as tne opinions or (wo great political functionaries, or, even mora, aa the opinion! ofthe kin* and the people. The /Mario dr (a Manna, of Havana, itataa that the iteamer* Monte? nma and Guadeloupe, which lately belonged to the Mexican government, had been purcliaied i by the commander in chief of the naval pott oi Havana I for tha Spanish servicc, and now form a part of that i navy. IFrom the New Orleans Picayune, Aug. aa ] Dy our correspondent* at Pensacola, we learn that th e team Irigate Misiiaaippi, Capt. Kltihugh, arrived at that port on Wednesday, the 10th inst. She left the squadron off Vera Crux on the 13th initant, and made the run to Peniacola in four daya and a half. By thi* arrival the nawa which we recently received from Vera Crux via Havana, ia fully confirmed. All the troop* in the Caatle, the city and the neighborhood of the city, have declared for Santa Anna. An Kngliah iteamer arrived at Vera Crux before the Miaaiaaippi left for Havana, but Santa Anna waa not on board. Wo are sorry to have to report another abortivo attempt on the part of our squadron against some small Mexican vcasela lying on the river Alvarado. Tha reports are a little discordant. One version of them is that the Mississippi and Princeton, with three of our small achoonor*, were deapatehed to Alvarado to attempt to cut out fiv< or aix small Mexican vessels in that port The schooners anchored quite eloaa to a email Mexican battery on the ahore, and a fire waa soon opened on both sides, the | steamers than lying rather out of shot range. Subsequently they approached near enough to bring their long guna to bear npon the enemy .and speedily put tnemto tight ana auencert their guae. No damage whatever wea done to th? teamen or achooMri, bat th? aJTair bad no other favorable i?ue, for it wa? not thought advliable to land in the small boata on account of ui? heavy tea running and the tboal water on the bar. On the flth the whole tquadron returned to their tUUoni off Vara Crui. [Correipondence of the Picayune ] U. 8. Itiimh Miaiiartrri, ) Off Poiwt Airron Lixaano, Aug. IB, 1844. J OanTi.KMKi* The Commodore haa J oat made aignal that letter bag* will be aent to Peneacola, and aa I may not have a chance again, 1 write new. Day before yesterday wa a|| got under way and stood % RE I RNING, AUGUST 31, 1& down to Alvarado for the purpo?e of attacking that place. Wo took our position, ai (lid the Princeton alio, and commenced firing ; but the current running >o tronr that we were unable toiDrinir the ihio. we could only use our bow gun*. The other ships, with the exception of the (chooser, were not within gun-shot. We found it useless to scud the boat expedition, as we could not item the current. Night came on and we stopped firing. The Commodore said we would recommence the ne\t morning. When morning came, the signal was " come hero again," and so hero ends our first lire on the enemy. We shall not renew the attack until the arrival of the steamem Spitfire and Vixen. They drawing hut little water, will be used to tow the boats across the bar. The schooners Bonita, Pearl and Keefer were lying in shore during the attack and they received many dis- | charges of musketry, which fortunately did no harm; but ono of them let fly a shell and knocked a Mexican lancer oil' his horse. The shell bunt, and blew lancer, horse and all to the d?1 You will receive more parti- j rular accounts by some of tho newspapers, and from the officers of whatever vessel takes this letter to Pensacola ?for the Commodore will not tell us what vessel is go- | ing to Pensacola, but I think it is the Princeton. The Truxton joined the squadron yesterday. She is i last from Havana. The Klirt has not arrived, but is expected with the Relief daily. To the above we have only to odd the following extract from a letter dated Fkniicola, Aug. 10, It) 10 * Tho steamer Mississippi arrived here this morning from Vera Cruz, and brings newa that the castle and city, and several of the provinces had declared in favor of Santa Anna, and that he was looked for daily in the British steamer Hector. It is said to be Commodore Conner'! intention to make htm prisouer on his arrival in consequence of,his avowal that no should take part in the war against the United State*. He will, however, 1 think, have seuae enough to land in Mexico soma in small |K>rt where we have no vessels. This is substantially all tho news the brings, and if true, we may expect from Santa Anna's firmness and decision of character, that he may prolong the war, and give onr troops another chance of adding to their laurels. Houston, Texas, Aug. 8,1846. Agricultural Affairs?Cotton Crops?Badness oftht Season?Improbability oftht Continuance of War ?Mexican Matters?Prospects of Texas?Hcrrtsourccs?4*c., fyc. The limited correspondence you have this far down South, may slightly palliate the reception of a very common place specimen of a letter, noting crudely an item or two of interest. Texas, with the exception of the Rio Grande attraction, which, by the by, has been written about, lauded and celebrated in every possible shade and style of newspaper encomium,presents little worthy of attention just now. The time has arrived when, generally, the snowy staple is in a fit condition for picking.The season so lar,(from the day of planting,) has proved peculiarly unpropitious; a bleak, raw spring?rainy summer, and worse than all every appearance of continued rains during the picking season ; add to this the disastrous effects of the caterpillar, wliich, from accounts from the '1 rinity, Brassos and Colorado, have committed fearful ravages, and, at this present writing are still oontinuing their fell work, with the prospect now, not more than a third (if that) of the expected crop will be saved. Accounts from Mexico are anything but confirmatory of preparations being on foot to meet our army at Monterey or any other point, on u scale at all commensurate with the force Gen.Taylor hat under his command. That they will ever again muster iorce suincicnt to even raise a doubt ol the success of our arms, in any c.omi>g conflict, amounts to the highest degree of improbability. Monterey, if the desperate condition of the roads, from Matamoras to that point, will allow of our men ever getting there, will fall an easy prey, and doubtless without resistance. The proclamation of Gen. Tayl#r to the inhabitants of Mexico?its assurance hacked by the practice of the army, in respecting the property and persons of all who have not borne arms in the war, it is said, has had the happiest effect. When the whole affair blows over, the jieople of Mexico, ut Least those on this side of the mountains, will bear proof of the beneficial tendencies in their minds, of the principles of our government. The influences scattered among them will leave impressions of detestation for their own despotic rulers, and the highest admiration of a government, whose military officers have proved themselves powerful ana practical exponents of the principles upon which it is founded. It can hardly be doubted that the war on the Rio Grande will effect a political change in Mexico of a character not only beneficial, but strongly demanded and needed by the condition of a people who, of all the nations of the earth in our time, have been for twenty years past the butt and jest of the civilized world, and the slaves and tools of a systematic grinding tyrinny, that, for the accomplishment of its own time-serving and self-aggrandizing purposes, has CAtlUUCU I LIU CUIiKU^Ulllg IIJUUCIIUCO Ul HIUWIOU^C and restrained the liberty of the press?basing the continuance of abject submission, on the pnrt of the people, in a coercive ignorance and priestcraft superstition. Brought into a novel proximity with our country, it is to be hoped that there 's enough of intelligence in the masses, at least, to be favorably impressed with tho workings of republican principles free, and untrammelled; but by an enlightened public opinion, the dissemination of which principles will result in th? total discomfiture of men wnose idol ia ambition, and the public weal the last of their thoughts. A Chinese wall could not have been a more effectual barrier to communication with Mexico, than the desert that extends from the Gulf to her northern extremity, shutting us out from nil intercourse by land except with great nco. Many anticipate that with a cessation of hostilities and a renewal of amicable relations, and our boundary beim; the Kio Ixrande, the joint right to that river being secured, a freedom of intercourse will spring up, that will open a wide field for trade, making the Western section ol lexas exceedingly inviting to all those who arc ripe for adveriture{either of a novel, money making, or a money losing kind. Mexican trade, cheap lands, emigration, new towns, contemplated steam navigation, all will tend to five an impetus to events " out West," that doubUess will prove to many the importance of experience in wnat they undertake. Speaking of experience, the social relations of new countnes'present striking features of contrast to the general face of the same in old settled communities. In tho former none have, but come to retrieve fortunes; hence republican self styled aristocracy, wealth, is unknown. Pride and poverty, backed by talent, have not the struggle to attain the height of their aspirations?professional and social distinctions?that they have where the avenue leading to the goal ol their ambition is clogged with competitors. The lummum bonum of friendly associations can be quickly formed, although like everything of a mushroom growth, are of short duration. In communities of almost yesterday's formation, it cannot be expected that the discordant materials of which they arc composed will commingle and harmonize immediately. Individuals and families thrown <-ogether heterogeneously, require time to prove to each other who are the husk and who the kennel of the social nut; even then the associations are not of that character to warrant, on the part of some, a perfect intimacy ; hence our Southern towns present the community divided into small circles, too narrow to form, for want ol variety, very interesting coteries; at least a generation must grow up in a place before that degree of comparison, nbleness, that we all understand, is attainable. The more tender ties that bind persons together are wanting in a country iust settled; those endearing associations of childhood and youth, that are cherished in memory by every one, are needed to blend and unite in a commonality of feeling a population that congregate at one point from nearly all quarters of the globe. This State is now in its government, fairly under way. All the ol liters, great and small, are now in the exercise of their respective duties. The late republic, when transformed, transferred a neat little sum to her successor, enough to put her on her leirs. Ijomsliition. hovrnver. when KJ members ha*Ttaken tlieir per diem for four or five month?, absorbed nearly the amount. Fears are entertained that she will experience a back ebb in her finances this her first year The annual expenditure is estimated at #90,000, which her revenue list shows on'y some ?80,000 that can be collected, ,all by direct tax at that. The article of sugar?its cultivation here?is attracting a good deal of attention. Its production is rapidly increasing. In the opinion ol tnose who have examined .he su^ar region in Ix>ui?mnn, the lands in the Lower Hrassos, Carny, Bernard and Colorado, are superior, in many respects, to the best Louisiana sugar lands ; soil richer, and fuel more abundant. Facilities of transportation are not quite so convenient, but a few years I will remedy that. Farming, as a pursuit in Texas, Ciesses important advantages over any of the them Slates. Land is cheaper and more produo : the winters are short and mild, compartively, beginning in November and ending in March. Farma are easily opened. Independently of raising a bale of cotton to the acre, and 60 to 0U bushels of com to the aere,the auxiliary sources IERA 16. of gain to the farmer are enormous, while engaged in legitimate planting. His stock of cattle rove nt large and almost unheeded over widely extended prairies, ^wincu ui iucni?civcs wuuiu ue it mugliiiicent domain in some countries) increasing as regularly as they do when tended and fed at an expense the owner here knows nothing o!; herds , of sheep and droves of hogs fatten and increase at no expense and but tittle attention. The poultry \ yatd presents an enviable sight, of which good housewives are justly proud. The fecundity of domestic (owls in this climate is beyond calculation. The products of the diary are superabun- , dant, with far less than ordinary attention; J vegetables of all kinds, prow abundant- \ ly, and of an excellent quality; two or three years, and an orchard producing tigs, peaches, melons, plums and nectarine8, amply repay the attention and care bestowed upon it. The ele<ments of plenty abound in Texas?industry dovelopes them, and richly are tho-'e, who uee ordinary energy, repaid for the outlay of their Inbor.? Some privations arc experienced by those who come here unprovided, except with indomitable will and ready hands, (luring the first and perhaps the second year; but after that, if smiling plenty does not jneut the new coiner on every hand, then his time and labor have been grossly misapplied. But more of Texas. Affairs of La Plata. No. X. Buenos Aybes, May iaotb, 184<l. Sir?In my last I told you of ftivera's entrance into Montevideo. This was followed by the resignation of the so called ministry, who hud been managing the "Republic," under tlio guidance of the mediators since his exile. These resignations were accepted by Suarez, who signs himself President, ad inttrim, but is a mere puppet. The only man among them of distinction and cleverness, was Vasguez, the Miuister of Foreign Affairs, and the great negotiator with the mediators; he too resigned; friends of Rivera were substituted. Those of the retiring ministry, known to be opponents of Rivera, lied for safety ; Vasquez remained protected by the mediators. The first act of Rivera was to require that the "Argentine Legion," perhaps 100 in number, who had sought refuge in Montevideo, from the consequences of a revolt against Rosas, should retire. They are called here the "savage unitarians," but had fought for a long time on the side of Montevideo. This legion, with the retiring minister of war, and a number of Buenos Ayrean families, were sent in an English steamer to Corrientes, to aid the revolution there. This occurred before news of the reconciliation of Corrientes reached Montevideo. The poor fellows will not be received with the welcome they anticipated. Alter having accomplished this act ot ingratitude, he told the government, people and "mediators," that he needed, and must have immediately $200,000 to pay lus debts in ilio de Janeiro, on wiucn tie was paying an enormous interest, and tn enable him to carry on his operations against Oribe. This demand threw all parties into consternation. They told him of the difficulty of raising so large a sum ; remonstrated and chaffered, and finally the mediating ministers themselves agreed to raise $15,000 for him and to send him to Colonia, in an English vessel of war, with 400 black and 250 white soldiers to seek his for:une, and aid them in stopping the "effusion of human.blood." He embarked for Colonia on the 31st April, in H. H. M. frigate Resistance, with his 650soldiers, all well armed by English and French generosity. In consequence of the blockade, our intercourse with Colonia is very irregular; but we learn that after his arrival he made a sally from there and succeeded in capturing a number of cattle,?the English say 1000, and driving thein into the town ; this was a rich prize for the mediators and the besieged in Colonia and Montevideo. So soon as Oribe heard of the location of Rivera, he sent a sufficient fsrce to prevent another sully. Again the aid of an English vessel of war is given, and Rivera with his forces transported to Las Vacas, a village on the Uruguay, some distance above the moutb, and where Oribe had but a small force. The place was taken by surprise, and the inhabitants butchered. We heard the firing here on Sunday last and have.received this j account of the result from a whale-boat that ran the blockade, iuesaay nignt irom ^oionia. ui course I cannot give you particulars, but report says every bouse was burneu and every inhabitant put to the sword. The mediators will not fight on land themselves, because they are mediators, and because they take no side with either party; they only supply Rivera with money and munitions of war, take the place of his soldiers in guarding Montevideo, and carry him in their vessels to unguarded points on the coast, where he can disembark without being expected, and cut the throats of all he may chance to surprise. In this way they make a useful aeent of him in their great work of " humanity. Although, by this disposition of Rivera, they were relieved from his immediate and exorbitant demands for money. Still they found the war could not be carried on without funds. The public buildings, lands, revenues from customs, all had been sold, and the treasury was comnletelv emntv. What was to be done '! The mediating minister* again came forward. They subscribed $12,000 each per month for six months, towards paying the expenses of?the "mediation" ?of course. But this was entirely insufficient; win: ter was at hand?the troops must be clothed as as well as fed, to enable them to "mediate" in comfort. The loan jobbers, and other merchants, were called together at the office of the Engliwli Consul. The case M'as them plainly ; but they had advanced already all they could afford?the revenues they had bought, and could not consent to their being used by the government. The meeting broke up in a sort of row, without doing any thing. The wants of the government became more pressing, another meeting was called at the same place?a more urgent appeal made?the noble example of the ministers was cited, and, finally, they ware told, unless money was raised, the mediators must withdraw with all their forces. This Drought llio Doysup louie worn, Alley saw mm ill such an event, their bright visions would vanish?their ownership of Montevideo, and anticipated dominion over the Oriental Republic, would at once be taken from them. They subscribed $30,000 per month for six months, and thus oiled the wheels of "mediation" again more smoothly on. tpMessrs. Ouseley and Deifaudis, in all their dispatches, still claim, and their governments claim lor them, the character of mediators, pacificators and champions of the Independence of the Oriental Republic. Between whom are they mediating 1 Will they still have the effrontery to call the residue of the rump party in Montevideo, after the shipment to Corriente*, and the quasi expulsion of Rivera and his 600 "revolters, the Oriental Republic 1 Imagine if you cau, that it is the government. Have not Ouseley and Deffaudis entirely disaualifiod themselves for acting with any sort of fmpartiality by advancing the large sums they have advanced, as it is said, on their individual responsibility 1 Suppose thatto-mor- | row, Oribe and his friends would lay down their arms and recognize the government supported by England and France, where would be the independence of the country T A legislature might be elected and assemble. Where would they meet ? Messrs. Lafone it Co. could not afford to let them occupy the legislative hall for nothing, but the rent should be moderat-:. They meet; but money is necessary. Where is it to come from 1 They would say to Messrs. Lafone It Co., tin; country lias been %o long shut up, that very little has been exported, and it is bare of all foreign gooils; peace is established, people are Hocking in, and you are receiving at the custom house 810, perhaps SfflO, for one of the sums advanced us in our difficulties. Well, say the loan jobbers, so long as you behave yourselves properly, we '11 be liberal. Where, then, would the laws be made 1 In the counting-houses of these nabobs ; and if, as is not improbable, the English government is at the bottom of the whole loaninK scheme, they would bo submitted to her Majesty's a^ent, perhaps Mr. Ouseley. After he approved, they would be sent to the legislature for passage, ana to the President lor approval. If either proved refractory, their pay would be stopped, and they turned into the street. This would be the Independent Oriental Republic the mediators are striving to establish. A Citizen or tkx United &tatks. Kky Wkst, Aug. 14,1846. The Movtmtnli of Santa Anna. By the Moro Castle, from Havana, arrived last night, we Warn that Santa Anna left lor Vera Cruz, on Saturday last, in one of the British mail steamers. The amount ot passage, or charter, or what you will, is 98000, dependant upon a safe transit and no interruption from the blockade. 11 ''gssgggsgggi . mmn L. D. W* Wwm Utih Canadian {Intelligence. Our latest dates from Montreal are to the 25lh inst., anil from Toronto to the SRth. We extract such item? as may be interesting to our foreign readers. [From the Toronto Herald, Au*. 28 J We learn that tome aliarp-ihooting took place at the conference tielween (dew two Domes, ine unu ai i i?uo and the Agricultural Society, which wan held at the Rooms of the Board of Trade, in the afternoon of Thursday hut. The principal subject of discussion was the throwing open of the St. Lawrence to the vessels ol every nation. Mr. liamble went the full Ifura for repudiation, for which h? was taken to talk by the Vioe-Prwident, Mr. W. Woikman, who very properly denounced the unworthy idea. We are not able to give a report ol the proceedings. but we believe that the queation ?f throwing open tho St. Lawrence to all iiationa was favorably entertained. It will require a strong expression ef public opinion from this country, to gain the favorable attention of the home government to this subject. We And am allusion by Lord John Russell, in his speech In the British Parliament on the 17th of July, that doei not augur very well for the coniummation of the reaaonable pre ject of rendering the narigation of the 8t Lawrence free to all nations, tie said? " I propose to empower her Majesty to give her assent to any law or bill passe<! by the colonies, which would take away disoriminating duties on foreign produce. I do not propose that her majesty should give her assent to any alteration in the navigation laws which new exist." It is probable that Lord John intended this to refer to the Navigation Laws as a whole, which, of course, is a very difl'urent quostion from the repeal ofjp much of them as rolateN to the navigation ol the SI. Lawrence only and which the people of Canuda, under present cirrumstancen, ccitainiy have a right to expect The Ministry will, no doubt, be prepared to pay a proper respect to tho public opinion of Canada on this ouestion, on which there is an almost perfect unanimity. But it is necessary. in order to that Opinion having its due effect, that it should be made known to the home government. If Canada speak with ono voice, and if she only ask what in justice sne can claim, it will require a bold minister to rejcct her petition Wo confess that we do not expect uch rejection to proceod from the whig minialry. I no uovoruor'Vteiirm in uuuikii hub |r|n>iuiou uav following porn of entry to be port* for the forwarding of foreign wheat for exportation, under the provision* of the Act 9th Victoria, Chap. 1, viz:?Porta Dover, Bond Head, Cobourg, Amherftburg, Stanley, and Hope. The Toronto Board of Trade ha* petitioned the Quean for relief from the operation* of the ltwi requiring the carrying trade of Canadian produce to and from British poaiemoua, to be performed in Britiih ship*. The ratee of freight, they urge, are *o much higher through the 8t Lawrence tnan by way of New York, that they And it imposaible to suitain the competition. Large quantities of flour from the weitern province have been shipped during the postseason to Montreal?and the holder* finding it impouible to (end it to Europe upon terma of competition with flour that leave* New York, have beea reduced to the verge of bankruptcy. The memorial saya that the farmer* of Canada are convinced that, now that protection ha* been withdrawn from their product*, they will be forced into the new channel* of trade which their republican neighbor* are *o rapidly opening. Heavy debt ha* alao been incurred by the people of Canada in the construction of canal* ; and if the provincial trade i* to be forced out of theae channel*, thi* debt will become a heavy weight upon the reiouroe* of the oountry. The petitioner* further urge the Iota auttained by the Srotective dutie* impoied upon article* of British manuicture ; and they look with confidence to the peasant adminiatration lor their repeal. They ask, therefore, the repeal of the navigation laws,the repeal of these protective dutie*, and the relief of.the province from the burden of the public debt These are large demands, and yet it i* daily becoming OVIUBUl IU?I IUCy HIV IUKWUVU 17 lugv auu party in both sections of the province. The Montreal Courier, a ministerial paper, says " Wc say, without hesitation, that the insocurfty of lifo in thi? vicinity i* disgraceful to the authorities appointed to preserve the peace ; and itiJl more disgraceful to the Executive government who (it with folded handi contemplating these annual murders and constantly recurring brutal assaults, with the utmost complacency. The Montreal Pilot shows conclusively that the government have shown a disposition to foster Orangalan, bv appointing Mr. Benjamin, of Belleville, Registrar of Victoria District, immediately after that individual had been metamorphosed into Grand Master of the Orangemen. It is true the ministry are not quite dngraded enough openly to encourage Orangeism : for the sake of decency thev pietend not to favor this bane end opprublum of public pence ; but it is notorious that they do encourage it secretly ; and they ought, therefore, to be held responsible for the numberless violations of the law of which that fact'on is guilty. Montreal, Aug 17, 1848. Jhe Departure from Niagara.?Navigation of the St. Lawrence Rapids?Arrival at Montreal? Description of the City?The Cathedral?Orphan Asylum?Races, Sfc. I led Niagara Falls 011 tho morning of the 14th instant, and found waiting us at Lewistown the splendid steamer Rochester. At about 4 P. M. we got under way with a fair complement of passengers ; we were au struct wnn aamirauon on approaching Fort Erie, where there opened to our view the beautiful Lake Ontario, whose surface at the moment was as smooth as a mirror, with here and there a dot on its bosom?a vessel under easy *ail. We touched at Rochester, Oswego, ?>eg Iinrbor, and arrived at Ogdensburg at 9 I'. M., the 15th. Here we left the Rochester, had a comfortable uight's rest, and at 9 A. M. 16th, embarked on board of the British steamer Express, which is hardly a third class boat with us Nothing can be more exciting, sublime, and grand, than the navigation of the St. Lawrence: its innumerable rapids,) beautiful Inlands, and bold shores keeps the traveller in one constant state of agreeable excitement, Uf these r&j.uu the largest and most dangerous is that of Cearos, about twenty-five miles above this place: here the St. Lawrencu spreads out to a great width, forming a number of beautiful Iilands ; between these Islands in many places, the rapidity of the cur* rent is so great as to render navigation impossible, oven for the best steamers. The Queen, one of the regular packets betweenfthis and Ogdensburg, broke tier rudder in passing through these rapids the other day. Owing to the presence of mind of the Captain, the engine was stopped, and the boat, side to the current, drifted through in safety, which, considering the number of eddies, whirlpools, and boiling-pots, must be considered almost a miraculous escape. I have been informed that the Canadians are about petitioning the Crown, if not already done, for the free navigation of the St. Lawrence. I have just had a conversation with a person of respectable standing hern, and he assured me in these very words, that if the navigation of the St. Lawrence be opened to all nations, all the produce of the great west will flow through it, and we shall have Montreal soon filled with enterprising Americans. How far the expectations of this friend may be realized, remains (or the fatal* to be seen; but, in my.humble opinion, the rapids present an insurmountable barrier to the succeffcful navigation of the St. Lawrence, and it will be as expensive to transport through the canals around these rapids, as it will be to conveyproduce from Lake Erie per canal to Albany. Thus I do think, that although the free navigation of the St. Lawrence may be ultimately obtained, it cannot materially effect New York. I have been informed that General Cameron is one of the leading men in favor of the free navigation. General Cameron is a British Canadian, ana here, as with ns in the United States, there are two parties.'' The French Canadian force is by far the strongest, but it is noted for indolence and oppo niiiuu IU PU auvaiiuvuiriiis, auu, U1UOOU, ll mij be doubted whether the French and English can be so united in this measure to pull on the same rope; nny disunion among them must cause a defeat of the whole project. Montreal is certainly a handsome town; there is a solidity in the construction of the houses here I have not seen in any of our cities except only on a few occasions, and as regards cleanliness, 1 can w.tli safety f recommcnd the (Jity Council of New York to make a visit to this plnce and take one lesson. The streets are kept remarkably clean, and at night the city is well lighted with gas: so much so, that one can read a newspaper in the principal streets. The streets are paved with wood blocks; they appear to stand here remarkably well. The Catholic cathedral of Notre Dame is a noble edifice; the Orphans'Asylum is certainly one of the neatest establishments of the kind to be met with. It is remarkably well kept by some sisters of charity. I omitted to state in the proper place that I touched nt Kingston, and that the Government is making at that place most extensive fortifications npon the most modern and improved plans. P. S. The races commence over the Montreal course to-morrow; they are likely to be well attended, and the sport good. Perianal Intelligence. Kx-Senntor Haywood ha* arrived al Raleigh, N. C. Hon. Itdward A. llannegan, arrived at Vincennes, la, on Monday last John W. Davis of Indiana, had returned home. Hon Cave lohason, Postmaster General, is la Nashville, Kentucky. Hon. John J Crittenden, ami Mr. Ewing, M. C., were at Colaaibns, Ohio, on their way home the Wth inst. Gen. James Wilson, Speaker of the Mew Hampshire House of Representative*, arrived in MilwaukJe on the 9*d inst He was waited upon by a large body of aitiseas. Hon. John Young, of Oenesee, was at Syracuse on I Wednesday last

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