Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 19, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 19, 1846 Page 1
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r T II ] Tot. XII. No. 30a.Wholt n?. HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM CALIFORNIA. SPBCZAL DESPATCHES TO TH* NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. CturoMio, May, 1846. Lift in California. Unless the supreme government lend California apfompt and helping hand, a* all believe aha will not, th ey wil jook for other auccor an 1 assistance; aome look to Kng jand, a few to Krauco, having a "range nnd vague ideaol "natural protection." i. e. cash their dnifta?no more ii wanted. Vuny lock to the United States, and almoat all iu i ?l?lorn a aro convinced that they are to belong to the latter nation in a font years. Many are, thorvloie, quietly w aiting tor the accomplishment of even's sure to happen The internal distr-.iu'ed state of California ta caused by the Governor and t ommandant General, living two partial, each wishing to be at tue head of attain, or, rather, have full sway ol 'lie custom-house, irom whence arises all troubles. Break up that establishment, and atop it- ?80 not) a year of revenue, and all revolutions would cease, ami patriotism would sink so deep in the heat tt of its possessors, that we should hear no more ol it. \dd to the distentions of these two chiefs, the wild Indians aided by those formerly baptised and belonging to the missions, are carrying ofl' tee ranchern's norses, leaving them se very destitute, that they begin to break in mares lor the saddle, a thing unknown of in former day*, although they had been told that loieigaers were accustomed to it; while the Governor and General are pending all their time and resources in their own petty affairs, tue wild Indians are stealing from both of tkem; then an arrival brings us information that a Mexican General and troopa are fitting out at Acapulcc; another arrival brings no'ic-e that the whole of the Mormons are leaving Xauvou for California. The natives -re divided in ofiinittn r?fln?r.tinv th? virtual nnd rlisae ?f race*, therefore krow not winch to chooae. In the mean tine are growing jealous of the" emigration" now in the country .shrug up their shoulders e la mode Erpagnnlmoi nay," Nt Aai rjcmrdin, valga mt Din," strike a light, and smoke another pai>er sugar; then talk about horses or cattle. On the other hand, the foreigners living here are some trading, some farming, others working at trades, or some dully employ, looking about them, eyas open, pockets closed, picking out good tracts of land, buying \ oung cows, at two or three dollars each, mares *4 or $S, leaving them with their original owners until they may call for them; building houses for themselves or the native farmers, payable in hirers for want of dollars, all for a consideration, and with a consideration and anticipation of the times that are to be. when they will rise in t teir might, and show what they leng have aimed at. Be it for lame, profit, or sport, the Anglo-Saxon is ever the same; born in Maine er Missouri, he is ever going ahead, seeking and grasping something he has not. The fair housekeepers of California have a novel way to distinguish him from any other foreigners; they say their own primes (cousins) will take a seat iu the morning, and remain uutil the night. Any foreigner but a Yankee will sit a reasonable time on the chair which is handed to him, and depart; but a Yankee; oh '. los, Yankees, he will move from chair to chair all round the room, spending the intervals in looking at the pictures, out of the door and window; talk away, whether understood or not, telling how this or that article in the house could be improved, and how his pniianoi do in his country; anything but sit still; and away he goes, so green so kind, and se condescending, soft in appearance, hard in reality, as he is described. (Thus the ladies find him in the house, so will their lords and chieftain* find him in the field or council chamber, ready for anything, be it only a change, leaving the consequences to future circumstances, net troubling: himself about the result, oi present opinion of the lookers on. PAISANO. MoiiTincv, June 24, 1840. Capture of Sonoma? Mr. lit?Proclamation!. The four accompanying proclamations hava been issued at the towns of Yerba, Bueaa, Sonoma, and ths Pueblo (town) of San Jose. Thu first of this month, a party of twelve foreigners met an equal number of soldiers nsar New Helvetia and took from them, without any resistance, about 17( horses and mares, the majority of the former belonging te the government of California. On the 17th instant tb.'y or other ioreignera took possession of the town o: Sonoma, on the Bay of San Francisco, carried off Dot M. G. VaUejo, l>ou Salvador Vallejo, Don Victor Pru dona, native of Franco, citizen and officer of Mexico and Mr. Lull Leese. Honor M. U. VaUejo wae military eommandant of Sonoma ; Prudon, captain and eeoretary Those four persons aro now on Feather River, a branch of the Sacramento ; held, as supposed, as hostages, tc enable their captors to further their designs. Som< thirty of their party remain in charge of Sonoma, having. to this time, respected the property in the place with the exception of taking the commandant's horses In the meantime, Commandant General Castro, with two hundred or more soldiors and citizens, under hii command, remain st Santa Clara, two days' ride, or less from Mr. Ida's party. The town of Monterey has sen bnt a few citizens to 8enor Castro, and the most of them have stopped at the mission of Sao Juan, (teas than half way. I understand that Mr. William B Ide, who signed the proclamation, is a man of about forty-five years o age. born in one of the Western States?an active, energetic, and wall-informsd sum He came to Californis with a wife and five children, in September or October, IMA. They now reside on the Sacrament river. From our last advices from the north, his party had not increased, but they ware expecting a largo party in July from the Oregon, and, m September, several parties from the States. Mr. ide and party hare a white flag, red border, with one star and a bear. In all probability, Oeneral?aatru will not go north to moet the other party rlu has, ho*, ever, isaned two proclamations on the rising of tht foreigners. The general and governer hail each a party againat each other, although both held their commiMiop of Mexico, each denying the authority of the other. Perhaps thair actual difference may consist in tbe laws of President Herrera, appropriating two-thirdi of tbe custom-house duties to the governor, while the decrees of President Paredes place the whole at the disposal ef the general. 1 presume they wiU now join their influence and parties together. Copy of an order sent by D.Manuel Castro, the pre fact of Monterey, to his sub-prefect in Stn Francisco : by tbe latter sent to the Unitea States vice consul of that port, and thence forwarded to this consulate : ? Boa PacrccTOia or thr Srcohd Distsict. At this time I have received from the Prefect, a com munioation, which I copy verbatim: ? 'Being informed that a multitude of stranger*, abusing our local circumiUnca* without having come with the requisite* provided by law, are rotidiog in this district, and that many of them that ought not to be admitted into this country, have made themselves owners of ilaed pro nerty, a right only belonging to naturalized citizens.? ^ 1 have concluded to order all the Jueces of towna under their charga, that they cannot under the strongest responsibility permit nor authorize sale or cession what ever of lands or of said class of property, without regulstionby right, and iaiavor of Mexican citizens, advist g those foreigners that are not naturalized and legally introducad, that whatever purchase or acquisition they make will %e null and void, and that they will be sub ject, Ufthev do not retire voluntarily Irom the country ) to be expelled from it whenever the government inds il convenient." (Signed,) FRANCISCO GUERRERO. William A. LcmaxDorp, Esq , U. 8. Vice Consul, Yerba Buena, San Francisco, April 30th, 1846. God and Liberty. QA proclamation to allperfeni and citizens of Sonoma requesting them to remain at peace and follow tbaii righta and occupations without tha fear of molestation: The Cemmander-in-Chief the troops assembled al the iortresi of Sonoma, give* his inviolable pledge to all parsons la Cnliftrnia, not found under arms, that they shall not be disturbed in their peraona, their ptoperty nor social relations one with another, by men under my command. He also selemnly declares his object to be. first, to de fend himself and compenions in arms, wbowhon invited ta this country by a promise of lands on which to settle tbsniielves and families, who wert also promised a republican government, when having arrived in Callfor. nia, were denied tiie privilege of buying or renting irndi I their Irienda, who instead of being allowed to partiripale in or being protected by a republican government were oppressed by a military force of despotism, who were even threatened by proclamation by the chief offi^ cera of tbo aforesaid despotism. with extermination il they should, not depart out of tho country, leering all Mrproj-eity, amis and beastaof burthen, and ihua de prived of the meaoa of flight or defence, we were to be driven through doaerta inhabited by hoitile Indiana, to certain destruction. To overthrow a government which has seized upon the property of tho missions for Individual aggrandise ment, which has ruined and shamalully oppressed the tailoring people of California by their enormous enactions on goods imported into this oountry, is the determined purpose of tho bravo man who are associated uinlar tiM command. lie also solemnly declares his ohjsct, in the secoixl place, to be, to invite all peaceable and good citizens ol tsliiornia, who are friends to tho maintenance of good order and equal rights; and he does hereby invite them to repair to bis camp, at Sonoma, without delay, to asaisi us Id establishing, and perpetuating a republican go vemment, which shall secure to as all civil and raluri ous liberty, which shall encourage virtue and literature which leaves unshackled by fetters, agriculture, com meres and mechanism. lie further declares, that he reliei upon the rectitude of hi# intentions, thafavor of heaven, and the bravery 01 (hose who are bound to, and associated with, him, by the prii ciples of self preservation, by the love of truth, and the hatted of tyranny, for hia hopes of success. Us fin thermore declares, that he believes that a go. earrment, to be prosperous and happy, must originate Vlth the people, who are friends to its existence, tba the citizens ate its guardians, the officers Its servants nud its glory their reward. (Signed.) WILLIAM B. IDE. Hiad Qi artkb# Sonoma, > ? June 10, 1340 j 1 he citizen, Jose Castro, Lieutenant-Colonel of Horse in the Mexican Army, and acting (Jeneral Commandant of the Department of California. . i-allow citixeni?The low policy of tho agents of the V- Btates of.the Horth^la thirds par taaoat, have got up E NE1 NEW portion of adventurer*, that boldly, end without respectirg the right* of men. have began to invade it, having taken (>o**a*iioo of tbe town oi Sonoma, surprising the military commander of that frontier, Colonel Don Mariano Guadalupe Villejo, Lieutenant Colonel Don Victor I'mdena, Captain Don Salvador Vallejo, and Mr. Jacob Lee-e. Fellow countrymen, the defence of our liberty, the ' true religion prole?aed by our father*, and our independence. oblige u* to sacrifice ourielvea ra her than lose tlie-e ineitiiuable blessings; banish fr?m your heart* all low idea* of rebutment; turn you< face*, opeu your eye*, and behold these familie*, ami innocent children, which have, unfortunately, f..lieu iuto the Land* of our enemies, snatched from the boiom* ot their father*, w ho , aio now prisoner* amongst the foreigners, and calling < loudly on u* for assistance D it yet time for us to forin i I one solid mass, which shall be mprrgnable, and full of , justice. Doubt not but that Div e FroviJence wi.. oictrite to us (he way to glory: and, 'the same time, you 1 ought not, fur one moment, o. douot that in this general | quaiters. notwithstanding the scallness of the garrison i ol which it is composed, that tin very first who saciices hnnselt will be j our fellow citizen ami friend. (Sigtieu.) JOSK CASTRO. | lilAO (It'lHllSI. tilSTt Cus ) June 17th, lb4ti. ) And that this may reach the notice of all persona, 1 1 command that it be published and circulated, and fixed in the customary conspicuous places. 1 (Signed.) J. S. ESC AM ILLO, Alcalde. Mo.iTkHiit, June fttd, 1848. Tbe citizen Jo?e Castro, Lieutenant Colonel of Horse in tbe Mexican Army. and acting Oeneral Commandant of the department of Upper California All tba foreigner* 'pacifically residing nmongit u*, occupied in tbeir business, may roxt assured of the protec lion of all tba autlioritlai of the department; alway x admitting tbat tbey mix in no revolutionary movements The Uenaral Commandaucia under my charge will never lightly proceed againat any peraon whatever, neither will it oe carried away hy mere word* wan'ing proof to support them; there shall proper declarations be taken, proofs exacted, and the liberties and rights of the laborious, whioh is always commendable, shall be protected. Let the fortune of war take it* chance with those ungrateful person* who, with arms in their hinds, havo attacked tlia country, without remembering: that at some former time thay wer* treated by him who subscrih-s with all that indulgenc* which 1* charactaristic of him. The impartial inhabitants of the Department are witnesses to tbe truth of this; I have nothing to fear,my duty must conduct me to death or viotory; I am a Mexican soldier, and 1 will he free and independent, or die with pleasure for these inestimable blessings. (Signed ) JOSE CASTRO. Head Quart ess, Santa Clars, June 17th, 184*. And that this may reach the notice of all. I command that it be published and circulated, and posted up in the customary conspicuous parts." (Signed,) J. S. ESCAMILLO, Alcalde. Moixtibkv, June 3d, 184(1. PROCLAMATION. All "person* residing in California who will remain peaceable, shall in no wise be molested or injured. The Commander of the company of soldiers now in no*, session of the town of Sanoma, promises on his word of t honor to all the Califormans wno do not take up arms agaiast him, peace and security, and in case any of the said Commander's people should in any wise injure any person not concerned, on application being made to the above mentioned authority, the offender or offenders shall be punished, the party injured not having taken up arms. The Commander wishes to establish a good govern' ment for the prompt administration of justice, and with at strict attention to individual right* anl liberties, and nowith the intention of molesting, or permitting to bo mo lasted,any persons od account of thair religious opinions' The Dew government will work indelatigably to the end o! acquiring every thing that may be beneficial to the country. Thi* government will reduce the marine duties three or four parte in a thousand. It will defend ite rightful intention* with the favor of Ood and the valor of it* adherents. The government of thi* oenntry ha* ordered u* to retire the same way we came, and a* thi* is imi possible, on account of our poverty, we have determined to make this country independent, and to establish a syitom of government that will be mere favorable to u* i than such a long and dangerous load back. I order thi* to be published, with a translation, like ! wise that of the 16th of the present month, in English ' and Spanish. WILLIAM B. IDE, ' June 18th, 1816. Commander in Ssnoma. The 14th day of the present month the present Comr mandant took possession of the town of Sonoma, and up to this date there has not been the least disorder, there liavlDg boon taken nothing but arms, ammunition, and horses, and for whatever else they may have required. , they have solicited it of individuals under a promise ol , payment in full value the moment the government is properly installed in the Republic of Callforais, which they sey they are determined to do. I JOSE 8. BERREYESA, [Former date.] Alcalde 1st in Sonoma ' The above proclamation was found posted up on the morning of the 37th of June, 1846, in the port of Monterey. GXNBRAI, ORDER. . Flag Shit Savaxnah, } , July 7, 1(46. ] We are how about to land on the territory of Mexico, I with whom the United States is at war. To strike their , flag and hoist our ow n in place of it, is our duty. It is not enly our duty to take California, but to preserve it afterwards ee a part of the United States, at all hazards i To acsomplish this it is of the first importance to cultivate the good opinions of the inhabitants and reconcil* , them te the ohenge. We know how to take care of those who oppose us, but it is the peaceful and unoffending inhabitants whom we must reconcile. I scarcely consider it necessary for me to caution American seamen and marines against the detestable vice of plundering and maltreating unoffending inhabitants That no one mav misunderstand his duty, the following regulations must he strictly adhered to. as no viola tion can hope to escape the severest punishment , 1st?On landing, no man is to leave the shore until the , commanding officer gives the order to march. 3d- No gun is to be fired,or other act of hostility committed, without express orders from the officers commanding the party. , Ed?The officers aDd boat keepers will keep their res (motive hosts as close to the shore as they will safely lloat, taking care thsy do not lay aground, and remain in them, prepared to defend themselves against attack, and attentively watch ior signals irom the ships, a* well as from the party ashore. . 4th?No man is to quit the ranks, or to enter any house | for any pretence whatever, without express orders from an omcer. Let every man avoid insult or offence to an) unoA'unding inhabitant, and especially avoid that eternal disgrace which would he attached to our name* and our country's name, by indignity offered to a tingle fe male, even let her standing be however low it may. 6th ?Plunder of every kind) it atrictly forbidden, not only doea the plundering of the smallest article from a prixe foifeit all claim to prize money, but the oflendei ' muat aspect to be aeverely punished. 0th-Finally, let me entreat you, one and all, not to tarnish our nope of bright success by any act that we shall be ashamed to acknowledge before God and our country. (Signed) JOHN D. SLOAT. Commander-in-Chief of the U. 8. Naval Foroe in the Pacific Ocean. Moktsibv, July 30th, 1340. Occupation of Sonoma?Skiimithing it tie ten the Foreigner! and Soldier$?Hoieting of the Bear FlagCommodore Sloat. In the flrat week of Jane, 1040, Lieutenant Francisco Arce, with eleven men, having by order of General Castro, crossed the river Sacramento, near New Helvetia, for the purpose of bringing to the general head quarters at Santa Clara about a hundred horses am) mares, was visited while in camp by twelve English : and Americans, who ordered him to give up his arms I ' and animals, which was done without resistance The foreigners having taken the horses out of the corral, returned the lieutenant and soldiers their arms, the horses under the saddle, and a fresh horse each ; they were then told if they thought any advantage bad been takeii oi m?ra 10 tat* any distance, and thay (the foreigners) would again take ihairhoriea , which proportion being declined, they leparated, the foreigner* proceeding up the rirer, and the aoldiera returning to Santa < lam Oa the 14th Jane at tunriie, thirty-lour foreignet* 1 moat of tbem American*, took possession o( the town of Sonoma, made priioner* of four of the principal men ol the place, anJ under an eicort aent them to New Hel ' vetia; then took charge of the barrack*, containing eight piece* of cannon, three hundred itand of arm*, 1 and a large quantity of other munition* of war, and took likewise man? of the home* belonging to the command ant, 0. Guadeloupe Valley, and forming themselrei into a company, under the command uf William B. Ide, oi the United State*, fortifed the town. On the following day Commander Ide isalled a proclamation to the people' i and hoiated a new flag, having a white field with a red ( border, and a bear and alar in the middle. They continued in poaieuion until the 10th July (never baring | more than fifty or aixty nun) when they lowered their ; ? ?. and Lieut, ftevere, U. 8. Navy, having read the I I Commodore'* proclamation, houted the L'niteg State* 1 . flag. under a salute, in preaence of a large condMNe ot I , I people. 1 A few day* after Sonoma wa* taken by the foreign- . I er?, General Jo*e Castro auembled at Santa Clara, a , distance of two day*1 journey from Sonoma, four hum 1 dred soldiers and citizens, and ordered three parties of fifty to serentv men each, under the command ol Capt. , Jouquinde la^Toore,Major General Jose Antonio Carrili lo, and volunteer Francisco Itico, to cross at different , * place* the bay of San Francisco, and meet another |>arty , of Californiam, near Sonoma, for the purpose of attack- | ' ing Commander Ide. The party of Do la Toore onlv , ' crossed over. Between San Rafael and Sonoma hii . advanced guard rode hark and informed him that the ) Americana were on the road, and by the time the Call- . lorniana ware prepared, the foreigner* camo on them at | a gallop, but etarted back in aurpriae at the aight of ao many men, of whose vicinity they were not aware, and , entered s atiek corral cloee by to defend themaelvea. | De La Toore immediately retreated with his whole party, excepting two er three killed or wounded, and did not atop until he reeched Seuaalito, a distance of 30 to 'J6 mile* ; taking a launch he ^reached Yeba Buena, and proceeded to Santa Clara, e distance of eighteen league* i move The American*, fourteen or fifteen in number, returned to Sonoma, end with I reinforcement, gave chase to 1 HVS: B wM-'I'y landing two haur* toe , into. Oa the arrival ef Da la TeereT OmmmI Cmui W TO YORK, THURSDAY MOR proceeded to Sen Publo, with the intention of crossing do over to Sonoma, with upward* of three hundred men, fa but on hearing of the iuereaso of Ida's party, he return- dr ed to hie own quarters, end despatched Colonel Alvare- of do with a hundred men to the mieeion of San Juan, near g| Monterey. On the 7th July, he prepared to evacuate ce Santa Clara with hie party, to join Senor Alvarado, and on that night received a communication from the Cemmo- St dore, that the United Statee squadron had possession of Monterey. so Stopping a few hours at San Juan, he informed the on commodore that lie must bold a convention with the Go- thi vernor and Legislature of California before he could make any arrangement ; at the same time he informed sr tbe commodore by letter that CapL J. C. Fremont had xa seized on Sonoma, assassinated the people, s ?len proper- Ui ty, and committed many excesses, requesting Commo- of dore Sloat to inform him who this party was, or if it had vi anv connexion with the rquadron. adding that he and W <l.u lul I alifnriiian lunnM that he woi'eii the commodore's answer to know how to to act against Fremont Ut All this gasconade waa mml? at the very time that uj three huiid.ed nirn wore tunning awny from an unknown ?e number of American:, (aud when he waa especting to he ttj joined hy two t" uudre I more who were supposed to be on the road ) who up to that date had never been able to ed gather more than a hundred at a time, and Capt. Kre- ?e mont was not actually known aa one of the party.? di During the thirty days' skirmishing between the par- m liea of Castro and Ida, two or three men on each aide Br were killed in the act of carrying difpatcbea. d< Commodore John D. Stoat leit Marat Ian about the 8th a of June, where it waa underatood by all that .Ylatamoras \ bad been taken by lien. Taylor on the laat of May. On m the 8th and 9th of aaid month, the Mexican troopa, to the an amount of aevan thousand, had been completely routed m hy aome two thouaand and odd Americana under the aaid w General. m The commodore arrived hare on the 1st of July, (and le found the Cyane and Levant at aocher, the Portsmouth th being at San Francisco,) and for aaveral day* beard fl| nothing but distracting reports of foreigners and Califor- ei nians collecting |i?ople and preparing a fight. In this state at oi affairs, and with the knowledge of the Bear flag hav- so ing been hoiited, fearing, perhaps, that some other foieigu officer might do it, he hoisted the United States at flag in this town on the 7th July, and Captain Montgom- ct ery did the same in San Francisco on the morning of the A ninth. a On the 7th, at seven o'clock in the moraing, the com-r-c< modore sent to jDon Marino Silva, captain of artillery, gi the highest military commandant in Monterey at the tr time, Captain Marvtne of the Cyane, with two or three u| otliaers, demanding the surrender of the town and coun- hi try hy eight o'clock; Captain Siiva answered that he tii had no orders, nor any thing to give up, neither proper- di ty , soldiers, nor flsg, (the coiamandancia of this |>ort ol has had no flag this two months past.) At ten o'clock the m forces were landed, and the American flag hoisted. s? Captain Fremont and Lieut. Gillespie hava arrived to from the Sacramento, with two hundred hardy sons of le the West, and are now encamped in Monterey. This is the company who were driving Gen. Castro and Gov. ol Pica, with six hundred men, out of the country, Castro, C witn lour nunured men, naving una every opjwrtumty of L trying to retake Sonoma. The Oovoruor and all those pi among the six hundred, who will be influenced by 0I Pico, will seek their wheat, not the battle field; and ni alter this year will learn that he that sows is sure a to reap, that he that has horses can ride them, A which satisfaction was not theirs heretofore; for w when the Mexican generals snared their property, the ? Californlan colonels did not, only giving them for the loss c of a lew score of horses and mares a certificate that they ci should be paid with preference. The feelings of the Ca- 0| lifornians are sore, which is natural, but better times are n before them, when $4 will purchase a piece of calico that (j they before paid $16 for, and other articles in proportion. \ Their eyes will open to the fair and true side of things, g They know their own interest, but are neglectful in era- o bracing it. For the upholders of the Mexican flag in California. there is no hope. tl Should the United States flag be lowered through gov- ? ernment policy, (and ruinous policy it would be,) the h English may take its place ; and if not the English, why ? then the Bear 7 tl If the Bear and Lone Star, with two hundred firm m backers, could overrun California in June, 1848, what ? will be done in 1847, with two thousand 7 From every c vessel, every road and bye-path, the sons of the Union j will flock into California. \ Mexico may fulminate har proclamations- England j, may frown?Fiance may ruminate on the aubject; but the whole world will find their anticipations realized ; p and man by men, nation by nation, will in this, like other 8 affairs that have gone before us, quietly submit to the p universal decree of fate. PA1SANO. jj Tewi* or the Axgelks, Aug. 23, 1846. j Seizure of the Government Houee, tj-c. b I left Monterey some twenty or twenty-five days ago in the Congress, by request of Commodore 8tockton ^ We entered this place on the 13th, with about 840 men from the Congreas, and about 150 mounted riflemen, uniUr fAi tflin nn? Mainr Vrnmnnt Han r o sf nv Im.l 4m. . gether, previous to our taking thii town, about 600 man, v besides the whole population and their property, at hie J command. The day before tko Commodore entered? u rather two night* before?Oen. Castro and several effl- c cers, each with a lew men, fled by different routes?some s intending to goto Mexico, others to their homes. After i remaining hid a few week*, by degrees they come in, t and I take from them a parole, witnessed by Lieut. Gray and myself. On the morning of the 12th I leit Comma- * dore Stockton and his forces encamped fifteen or eighteen e miles from here; San Pedro, where lies the Congress, is ( twenty-seven. With one passed midshipman and a ser- t vant, 1 entered) this town on that afternoon, found out tl where the key of the governmenthouse, (formerly used >iy Oov. Pix Pico,) demanded and obtained it, (although i three persons said the building was theirs by mortgage.) 0 obtained some carpenters glaziers workmen and Indians, 0 and commenced putting the house and premises in order. a In the meantime the Commodore and his officers spare r no time or patience in contenting all and forming a new a government. t| 1 suppose the Congress will sail for Monterey in fif- d teen or twenty days, and I shall then return home. It is c impossible forme to send other letters than this, as the ? Warren sails for Mazatlan. Yours, he. T. f< Mazatlaiv, Mexico, Sept. 7, 1840. /, The Expedition of Colonel Fremont?The Pursuit oj General Castro, \e. Dear Sir I regret my Ignorance of these matters, (being so lit- < tie time on the coast,) as I know it would be as welcome a themo to you a* one could possibly touch upon; how (. ever, at his request, you shall have the benefit of all the hear-say knowledge I possess, as also sdl of importance .hat I have gleaned from the "bird's eye view" which has been permitted me, or rather which I have permitted myself. On the 1st day of July the U. 8. frigate, bearing the ' road pendant of Commodore John D. sloat, anchored in (he bay of Monterey; at that time the Commodore found 31 he country in a most disordered state, and its own citizens, at well as foreigners, imploring him to take the country from a band of lawless rebels, who had kept < alifornia in a constant state of revolution and blood for some wo or three months previous to the arrival of the Commodore. General Castro, who declared himself commander-in-chief of the military forces of California, had aken upon himself authority to drive all Americans from the country. Among these were a party under the I ?i i '.?i i.v.nnni /it a .?i acroe* the Rocky Mountain* on a aurveying tour. They ri arrived at Monterey aome time in April last, in want of ?i both reit and rrfreahment alter their long and arduoua M trip. < a?tro aucceeded in annoying them by atealing pi their horaee gad committing other depredatione, until the le arrival of the "Cyan*,'' Captain Mervine. He brought ti< intelligence that Commodore HlOat would eoon follow nim; and ai 'astro, no doubt, heard of thii, fearod the nonaequenre* of a continuance in hie conrae, and fled to w Sonoma. Here a raoit horrid and brutal affair happened; lie reized three inoffensive Americana, reaidenta of the p. country, and without allowing them a hearing, or aatia- 1 tying hunaelf whether they bad taken up arma againat J' him, murdered them in a moat ahocking and brutal man- !n ner They were found three daya after, tied to a tree, 1 with the akin entire pulled off* their bodie*. Capt. Fremont waa not himeelf autfaoriaed, nor did he Tt nave aurflcient force provided he had been, to take the Hi country Irom them. Ita citizen*, both foreignera and tit i aliforniaaa, begged him to take aoroe (tepe, that their live* and property might be aafe; accordingly, when the or Savannah anchored, Uapt.Fremont,aa well aa all foreignera, urged upon Commodore Sloat the Deceaaity oi immediately landing and taking the country, the whole population of Calilorniani alao, under hia protection. On the nth of July aome preparation* were made, and on the de 1th Capt. Mervin, with a large guard of marine*, landed a i and demanded possession ol the town. The authentic* fal that were left aaked until the neat morning to consider ce the matter, which wea granted; the neat morning, how- ho aver, lound the town deaerted by them, and nothing to Jti top their landing and taking poaeaaaion at once. On wl the 7th they hoiated the American flag at the Presidio; euetom home, and government houae, and from day to tj, lay went on fortifying the plate, in caae of an attack from ho Llaatro or hia party. Bi Aa aoon after the landing in Monterey aa waa practica- he Dla, the "Portsmouth," Captain .Montgomery, waa delpatched to Sen Kranciaco. Capt. M. than landed and took , ,ioieeaaion of the town of Yarbe Buena, and holatad the F American flag. No reaiatance waa made whatever, and no if wa may judge from the peace that prevailed, the Callforaiana hailed K a* a day of Joy when they might for- on tver after live under a government where ita law* and or ita law givera would give protection to both lire* and property alike to all. q, Mexico, although ahe may not hava taken a part in Cj; heae proceeding* of late, ia equally aa much at fault aa j?i the government ttaelfol California. For the laat eight or he ten yeara, California ha* been aubject to thoae revolu- co tiona, attired up by aome deaperedu, who had eacaped ai, [rem juatice, and although Mexico ha* bran well aware Wl if the tact, haa never cared, or would not interfera to tb put a atop to them, when ehe well knew they were ooceironed by her own citixene. It le for tin* roaaon (and t,, thi* i* not the only one) aa we know full well, Cell- nii lbrnia i* rapidly increasing in population and wealth fol every year, 1* now peopled by nearly 3000 of our own he citueni, who have their own live*, the Uvea of their fe- ha mihes.and their property,in jeopardy, by thore not being ini mutable law* to govern the country, and thua arreat and gr bring to juatica thoae ofl'endera, that it become* necea- olj ary for our own government, if no other will, to put theae thing* down, and th* moat effectual way to do it ia, , to take the country from them, and place auch rulara at I ita head, and auch law* to govern them, a* will giva pre- 40 teoticn and aocurity to all. On th* 17th, Co mm odor# Itookton anchored with tb* I ss RK E NING, NOVEMBER 19, re Hloat: now it was that Commodore 8 , suffering 1 >m ill health, and worn out with the cares of the aquaon, and in the increasing duties, which the occupation California would necessarily impose upon him, was ad to cede his functions to one duly authorised to reive them ; he made a speech to his officers and crow i releasing the command, as also did Commodore nekton on assuming the command. I The Levant was now ordered to get ready for sea as [ on as possible, and the Commodore took passage in her > the 3d August, intending to touch at Panama, and ance across the isthmus to the United States. On the 13th of August, the United States ship Warren rived at Monterey, alter a passage of 37 days from Matlan, with the intelligence that the Congress of the a aited Status had declared the country to be in a state war with Mexico ; this information reached Mazatlan , a Durnngo, on the afternoon of the 4th July, and the 'arren sailed on the aftei noon of the 3th, to convey the me to the Commodore ; this news produced (contrary 1 the eructation* ot all on board the Wart en) hut very T tie excitpmeut, for excitement was all over ; we found t ion our arrival that the country was already in pos- i j asion of the United States, and the American itag was j s ring from San Krancisco to Ssn Diego t tfter Commodore Sloat left. CoflMMdtte Stockton saili with the Congreas and Cyana for the leeward porta,in arch of Caatro, who. it was said, h id fiad to the Ciu- 1 id da lea Angelos, and was making strong reinforce- * enta, with intention of inarching for Monterey ; at St r irbara the Commodore landed a party of marinea tin- r ir the eommand of an officer, and hoisted the flag ; on L riving at San Pedro, the seaport of the Ciudad de los | ugelos.a correspondence took place between the Com- i odore and General Castro, in which the latter got imewhil disnleased bv the lajisruaare used bv the for- ! cr, and answtred the Commodore by saying, " he ' ounded the feelings of brave Mexican, and could not, ' :>r would not lUten to auch terms as he proposed in his i tter to him ; it was said that the Commodore really ought he had come across a fellow who would show , {lit, but, at the last moment, when they could see the , aemy approaching, it was too much for" brave Castro," id he and his party fled, burying their cannon under the id before they started. ' On the 13th Commodore Stockton and officers, with 1 >out 3ft<) men, und 140 mounted riflemen, under the i immand of Capt. Fremont, entered the Ciudad de los i ngelos, and found the place deserted by them, and not , vestige of Castro or his party could be seen; and the ommodore, his officers and troops took possession of the avernment house for their quarters. Several of Caso's party had returned to town and given themselves f>, but were set at liberty again on parole, and I appre;nd no fears but that their futnre conduct will give sa faction, for seme of them were frightened almost to sath. Capt. Fremont, with a large party, were in search f Castre, anl a party of mounted men, under the comand of Lieut. Maddox, (U. 8. M. corps) were also in tarch of Castro. The whole, it was supposed, had gone i the northward. Thus matters stool when the Warren ft the coast. Among the changes in the squadron are?Capt. Mervin. f the Cyane, has taken command of the Savannah, and ap*. DuPent taken command ef the Cyane. This leaves ieut. Livingston as Lieut. Commanding the Congress.? urser Kaunberry, of the Savannah, with Lieut. McLean, r the Levant, and Lieut. Quim, (M. corps) of the Savanah, were out with a large body of men and marines at t. Johns, a mission about '16 or 30 miles from Monterey, mong the officers of the Congress who were stationed ith the troops at the city of Angels were Lieutenant chenck, Quartermaster General; Lieut. Gray, Lieut, ommanding; and Lieut. Tilghman. Lieut. Zeibin (M. srps) had command of the marines. There were other Ittcers, but I did not hear their names. Capt. Montgolery had command of the forces at San Francisco, and apt. Mervin, with Capt. Marston and Lieut. Miner at lonterey. Surgeon Gilchrist, of the Levant, was 8?reon of Capt. Fremont's company of riflemen, and a part f them had charge of San Diego. Caliiornia has not suffered so much from want ef rain (lis last year as she has for some years previous. The ountry looks in good condition, and the crops ought to ave turned out well. This grand movement has somei hat checked business, but toey look forward to its reirn, when the country shall be more in a settled state, rith great hopes of its being brisk. The collections mong the vessels on the coast have bean small, but this aa be easily aeoounted for. The cattle were in fine orer, and if nothing had occurred more than usual, the latanin would have been larsrer this veer than formanv revious. Among the vessels on the coast were the Tasso, Liby, and Sterling, Vincent, both at St. Francisco. The . A. bark Lion Quixotte Pa*y, was at Santa Barbara, lit from Acapulco and Mazatlan. The (hips Barnstable, [all, and Vandalia, Kverett, and bark Moscow, Phelps, rere at San Pedro, all bonnd down the coast The Vanalia was expected to load this winter, and woull probaly be ready for sailing by the 1st of January. The U. 8 sloop Warren sailod en the 37th, and arrived ere last evening, alter a passage of 13 days; officers all rell. Yours truly, PAISANO. Sfkcie for tux Army in Santa Fk.?Captain flurphy,whose arrival in this city.lrom Santa Fe, vo noticed in our paper of Monday, has, we learn, boon lespatched here to got specie funds for the troops, Occ., inder (Jen. Kearney's command. Upon his arrival spoliation was made to the Bank of Missouri, and, we undertand, arrangements have been made by the bank to lot lim have $1-30,000 in gold, which he will immediately ransport to 8anta Fe. Some months ago we atated that the government had upplied Major Walker, and the other paymasters attach d to the command, with treasury drafts (war warrants ire ought to have called them) of a small denomination, o be passed to the trader* in Santa Fe, under the beliaf hat the traders would readily exchange specie for them, s they would be more convenient for remittance to the Jnited States. The paymasters, we believe, also took ut about $30,000 in gold and a small amount in the notes f the Bank of Missouri. The Mexicans will not tell nytiiing whatever for Treasury drafts, or fur Missouri iotas. Kverytning they have to sell must be paid for in k'eciv, vr uirjr win uvi i?u ?i ui. x 110 kcuqihi irnue 01 tie country hu been 10 broken up by the war and the elay of trader* on the route, that they have not the speie to exchange for these draft* ; consequently the govrnment officer* can do nothing with then, except, in a !w inttancei, when the autler, or *omo American trader, heoses to take them at a large (have ? St. Louie Rtpubican, Jfov. 11. The Constitutional Vote In UUa State. AMKNhri) C'OKITITVTIOIS. CONVENTION. Countiee. Yrt No. Yet. No. 5 before siren ..165.861 67,821 184,808 28,826 'ourtlandt 2,Hi 8)1 3 677 177 iisutsuque 5,361 678 3,37i 146 rauklin 1,440 .. 1,798 40 :iioton 2.149 467 2,133 249 Total 177,786 69,590 197.V71 30,511 69,590 30,541 Majorities... 108,196 167,250 Vote on Rtgro Suffrage. Mo. Voto Counlui. Tot. No. in '44 I before siren 41.307 160.306 10,278 nurtlaimt 1,770 1.604 543 ruklin 147 93 linloii 1,744 651 410 Total 45,168 162,641 11 124 45,168 Majority against 117,473 Pereonal Intelligence. The following member* of Congress have already arved at Washington Senators?Mr. Johnson, of Louiana; Mr. Benton, of Missouri; Mr. Bagby, of Alabama; r. Dix, of New York; Mr. Westcott, of Florida. He-esentatives?Mr. Speaker Davis, of Indiana; Mr. Milr, of New York; Mr. Roberts, of Mississippi.?Noanal Intelligencer Hon. Wm. Findlay, formerly Governor of Pennsylvaa, died at Harrisburg on Sunday, in his 79th year. He at the father-in-law of Shunk. The Hon. Geo. P Marsh, of Vermont, passed through liladelphia, yesterday, on his way to Washington. He one of the most accomplished linguists living. While this cily, at the request of the Norwegian officers, who id heard of his talents, he had an interview with them. We notice among the deaths at San Augustin city , axaa. that of Mr. Samuel Benton, onlv brother of the on. Thomas H. Benton, eyed 64 years. He wai at one ne a member of the Tasea Congress. Mr. Chipman, member of Congress from Michigan ia i hia way to Washington. Vnrletles. Goon ?The Rupreme Judicial Court, in Boaton, ran- i red a verdict of $83 againat one Kraamua D. Hudaon in | luit brought by Catharine Linda, a French slave, for i ae impriaonment. The defendant had obtained a hahtai i rpus in her behall, aud caused her to be detained a few i ura at Northampton, when aha waa brought before dge Dewey, with a view of procuring her freedom, Ithout her content being previously obtained. Mra. ( aton, daughter of Charlea Carroll, one of the 1 [nera ot the Declaration of Independence, died at the use of her son-in-law in Baltimore, (Mr. McTarish, itiek Consul,) on Sunday, at a ripe old age. AmoDg r children ia the Marchioness of Wellesley The Boaton CKronttypt aaya, there is a newspaper carir in that city, who, a few years since, graduated with nor at Harvard. The Legislature of Mieeouri State met at Jefferson City Monday, the 16th instant. In the Senate the Demoata have 18 majority, and in the House A4 majority. St a a ii WooLi.ti* Factost.?We learn from the Ulica tiseiit that the Steam Woollen Factory erected in that ly during the last summer, is now nearly ready to go lo operation. Some 40 000 lbs of wool have already en purchased, and the process of cleaning he., will be mmenced in a week or two. The engine used will do out SO horse power work, and the whole factory ia irmed irom the escaped steam, which ia carried through a building by means of pipes. In the seooed stery are are 44 looms, and in the third, 11 mulee, etch con ming about JOO spindles The fourth story contains ne sett of carding machines. The attic will he used r picking and other purpoeet The entire factory ia to lighted with gas, the necessary apparatus and fixtures ring bean conatructed for Tib lights This ia a great provement, as it secures a good light, and ia safe from a, while at the seme time it is said to be as chaap as any liar moda. The health of the city ia such, that wa are informad by ; e Secretary of the Board or Health that that body #1 not doom it nocassafy to make any report on the bjoct before the end of the month ? Dslte listens States out of the 39, and the District of Colsa* t,td*9ePul> [ERA 1846. attaim i iv mntn. Z ????? veo IN VELLIUE9ICE will BY THIC 4fjj Steamship Acadia, at Boston. IxtracU flrom Papers Received at the New '1|1 York Herald Office. 1 Tl lrelnail. i up, Oar advices from this country are not more con- kav olin? than those reeoived for some time past. 1 r*p The members of the deputation appointed at '^>? he late uu-etinx a'. Formoy, in the county of Cork, 'j"? tsseinbled on the 30th tilt., at half-past 12 o'clock, n the Imperial Hotel, Lower Sackville s-reet, and VjOI iroceeded to the Viceregul Lodge, to present to No' he Lord Lieutenant the * emonul adopted at it, tn< iruytng that immediate employment and food mil honld be given to the people residing in that dts- ' riot. U'Lonnell accompanied the deputation, ' md opened shortly the objects in the memo- 1 r*J ial, which he read, and afterwards address- on rd his fcxcellenay, ur tug the propriety of i,a< nuking arrangements tor payment of wages, &c , gin it least once a week, the establishment of local sn?l lopots, and the purchase of grain from those who <l0" leld it in the country, to supply those depots. Ttie I"*" U>rd Lieutenant agreed as 10 the propriety of the ^ luggestiou respecting the payment ol wages once i week, but was not disposed to act upon the lat- fro er. He at the same time assured the deputation, qui that s* far as he was concerned, not a moment ot\ should be lost in affording immediate employ- cel ment wherever it was wunting, and paying lor it !r" mmediately. b* Tipperary has been the scene of another dread- t0) ful murder, which is thus briefly narrated in a let- f?r ter dated Thurles, Oct. 30:?"I regret to have to dut inform you that our county has been the scene of I c mother awful murder. Last night B J.Cooke, i W1' of Galbooly, near this town, was shot dead, while "cl proceeding from his stable to his dwelling-house. Deceased, who was married, was not more than ^at twenty-three years of age, and was much esteem- the ed in his neighborhood. He was respectably con- pri nected, being a cousin of one of our county mem- 1 bers. It is reported that he was to have ejected ,U1 three or four families this day for non-payment of rent." ^ Private letters state that there were further at- uJ, tacks made on the Ml ult. upon Hour carts by ,,ri peasantry at Parson's-town, in the King's coun- tor ty. '1 he military were called out, and five of the oth ringleaders arrested. on A portion of Archbishop McIIale's clergy have 1 entered the list as denouncers of the policy of ? ' the government as regards the measures for the -j-j, relief of the poor. These gentlemen have passed js, a series ol resolutions, which, to say the least of ou: them, are exceedingly intemperate in language, no' and calculated to do more harm than good. pai The usual weekly meeting of the Repeal Asso- ,t0 ciation was held oh Monday the 2d. O'Connell T' was present, which caused the attendance to ex- ad ceed the average number ot late. The speech ot be the day was delivered by the Liberator, chielly pr on topics relating to the eilbrts of the government of to devise means lor the distress now existing in ob Ireland. He also alluded to Smith O'Brien's let- a 1 ter to Duffy, but his answer was not of a very 9 crushing or remarkable character. The rent was announced as ?S7. qu Smith O'Brien has at length put forth a mani- k? feato declaratory o( his views with respect to the pa Repeal question, as affected by the quarrel be- 3s tween the champions of moral aud physical T1 force. From his letter, addressed to C. G. Duffy, it appears that Young >reland is about to setup ^ in business for itself, and it is not tao much to pe anticipate that such a resolve will materially al- un feet the interests of the rival establishment on th< Bargh Quay. At all events, as the publio cannot in) support both, one or the oilier must speedily be- Ir| come insolvent. 11 The lirst division of the 6th dragoon guards (the caribineer*) disembarked from Liverpool, at the m, North Wall Dublin, on the 31st ult., and marched m, into the Royal barracks, where they are to be it stationed, making the third regiment of cavalry tsi doing duty in this city. The garrison now con- 1u sists of the 4th and 13th light dragoons, the caribi- I" neers, the 3d bulls, the 2bth, 68ih, and 83d regi- ?? mentsol'iniantry; the depot of the 48th, a troop th of horse artillery, and three companies of foot do. Wl M wltzerlaml. gC The new government has entered upon and At continued the exercise of its functions, without hi any attempt being made by its adversaries to op- wl n/wff if \Vith th* pxppntir?n_nf the Iwn hridi/t*a hi that were burned, the town contains no traces whatever of having been m recently the scene of as a revolution. Between the citizens of different tr parties not the slightest ill will appears to exist.? pi All, or nearly all, the functionaries of the deposed n? Government have been maintained in their *> places, and the very same militia that the present ov Government fought against with arms in their hands, has been reinstated. The elections of ^ members of the Grand Council have given an ex overwhelming majority to the Radical party, i. e , ne to that now in power. From this we are bound Di to assume that the late revolution has obtained tei the sanc'ion ol the great mass ol the people, and is not the work of a turbulent minority, as some " people and some journals may have led you to ag expect. rg, There have been no disturbances in other can- h* tons, with the exception of Bale, where some dis- 40i turba nee took place in consequence of the dear- w? ness of bread. The Catholic cantons are under- Pu stood to be prepared to aet together; but nothing thus far has occurred to put them in hostility to ? Geneva. The Grand Council met to-day, 28th. Its first ( care will naturally be to establish a definite gov- of ernment. M. Fazy, who is at the head of the ,?i present Government, is a Frenchman by birth, 0f and took an active part in the Fans revolution of 01 1830. m Turkey. " Letters from Constantinople speak of a victory North American diplomacy has obtained in that city. Dr. Schmitt, an American missionary at mi brzeroum, was lately treated in a very improper ?f manner. Mr. Carr, Charge d' Affaires of the Lru- mi led States at the Porte, a Jdresseil a very energetic cy note to the Divan, and demanded, very categorically, and with a threat of North American cannon, immediate indemnification and satisfaction J*J (or this American citizen. The Porte seemed to |D ner with the American men-of-war, anil ordered at the pacha of Erzeroum immediately to pay to Dr. Schmitt the required indemnity of ?200 ?ter- it ling, and to put in prison twelve of the rioters who t0, had so ill-treated the missionary. Brother Jona- fjf than has learned from his elder brother, John iBj Bull, how such matters are most easily settled. IU| Miscellaneous. J Lairifc Fata.?It would appear by the accounts from * Leipsie, dated last week, that the fair there had been _ brought virtually to a conclusion. For many aorta of i Russian produce the demand hap been rather indifferent. . Some further purcnaaes of English goods were anticipn- ( ted, because one or two large buyers had but lust arrired, but it was yet doubtful whether they woufd proceed ' to England, or purchase from the supplies at Leipsic. In y the stocking trade there had b?en large purchases made ^ lor exportation to America. f0U Emigration to Amcbica.?On Sunday morning the ^ New Voik packet shin Northumberland, R. S.Oriswold, commander, lelt the London Dock with ISO passengers j in board, and a cargo of zinc, quicksilver, and tin. The emigrants, who intend to settle in the United States, are principally farmers and mechanics from Kent and tha v0 metropolis. The ship was taken in tow by a steamer, and was enabled to reaoh Oravesend before the fog commenced. ' . Fashions for HoTember. (j (From London and Paris Ladies'Magazine of Faihion ] f ,, Black continues to be the favorite color for walking > Iresaei in velvet, silks, or woollen materials. Damas , sill be fashionable for toiriri as wall as the promenade, reps brochi's. Plaids and stripe*, particularly the car- .a, raau royal, reps bluet, taffetas d'ltalia, Icc., rank among Ju( he principal materials for wioter toilettes. Double Bad -If' riple skirts are not so much used, but the trimmings on L" -obes de soirees are very deep in gauze, tulle, or ribbon, M ' -endering the skirt bouffante, increasing rather than les- if" lenlng the width. Many of the rieher materials are Zl nade with train* for full dreas a little raised in front; ind the corsages, with points both bofora and behind.? I?' i'be caracos, basques, and waistcoat ooraages, all that las been attempted to recall the costumes of by-gono if' lays, are now to giro place to the Diana style, a kind ,.. if tight body confined at tha waist, and widening on he hlpa. Embroidery in soutache is superseded by he new gimp* of ovary width mixed with beads and t,ti< henille; the zaphyrine is executed in silver, gold, jut ilk, or worsted, and i* equally applicable for dresses, t toiflurea, bonnets. cape, cordelicrea, he. Ribbon is ?,ut dso very generally uaed this season , long broad leintures are much worn, called echarpes; tha new ribions are very elegant, aither brocaded or with edges reem til nig blond, termed guipure ribbon. For morning vear, tha finest cachemires and cloth drassos are worn, 'aft, he latter with gimp trimmings, the former with flounces 011 y aatonnes, and embroidered; some are with so deep a tuck ??j> is to have the effect of a double skirt. Mantes of tallo- """ as <P It alio, lined with sarcenet, the smell sleeves lightly Hu vadded. re;>l?ce the visites of summer: the form is pret- ac? y, reaching low behind, with on# and sometimes three I ctoa W-iorines. Marquise* of s .tin form short mantelets In 'rent; the sleeves are formeo in the material; these are > rimmed with a very deep ffounoe; toe m.nteau Infanta balk s in the Spanish style, of black velvet, wito Urge collar ??! rimmed with rich lscesi besides toe.e we have the Rou. ng LD. Frio# Two Coals* 11, and lace tiimming* much in favor, bavoleta *rn ad to the winter bonnet: velvet one* ere much enli ud by colore! lin'nge; ceriee ii a favorite mixture i (hole; the faah.ouable color* fer velvet, or velour* igle, ere myrtle green, violet, blue jacinthe, and :k, ornamented with velvet tlowera, freouently ofthe ie color. For children, the ifipey form In beavara it re r red, e Corn Trade of Europe?What are Uao Proa pee ta of Pood ? fKrom tlio Mark-lane Lxpre**, Nov. 9 ] ie arrival* of whoat coaatwiae into London were (mall o Kriday, but ainco then a large number of cargo#* e come to hand Irom the eait coaet. The quantity orted up to thi* (Saturdays evening, amount* to only >03 qr*. The thow of aumple* by land carriage from home countie* ha* been quite trifling aince Monday ; few run* exhibited on thu L**ex and Kent itenda on idneulay were principally parcel* left over from prein arrival* nor wa* there much fre*h up on Friday, [withstanding the moderate nature of the supply the Ie has not been by an> mean* lively, but though the ler* havo acted with the utmovt caution, end law or purchase* have been made for ibipment coaatwiae je the commencement of the week, still former price* o been about supported and it wa* imi>o**Jble to buy lly good wheat cheaper at any |>erii>d ofthe week than Monday. The inquiry for duty paid foreign wheat ih Mark-lane ha* been v jnite-l by com merchants I milieu from Liverpool ami other parti of the kingn. evidently looking (or foreign wheat, but they apire<l diiappointed at the pricei aiked ; and very few gain* have. consequently, been cloied The rer deicriptiona, such as Polish, Odessa. Danube, , have met with more attention than the finer sorts m the Baltic, and we should not be surprised if an aniry for the first named kinds were to spring up, prices these being at present very little higher than those reltlv obtained for Indian corn. Nothing of interest has nsjiired in bonded wheat; the idea ol the duty being en off, which some entertained last week, appears to given up: at all events no inclination has been shown iuy bended wheat in preference to free, and tha difeure in valuo between the two ia the existing rate of :y (4s. per qr) Imitations of/lour have remained perfectly stationary, h but a moderate extant ol business passing in tba arie. The metropolitan bakers have still sufficient stock hsnd to carry tnem on for a few weeks, and seam demined not to buy more till this shall have been existed. Ik American flour, whether free or under lock. > operations have also been on a restricted scale; and ces have remained precisely as they were last week, rbe arrivals of Knglish batloy have been scant; and no iplies of this grain have yet reached us lrom abroad, e malt-ters seem to be completely out of stocks; in ich position of affairs tney have no alternative but to nply with the demands of fuctors. Not only has the ranee of Monday been supported, but in some cases ces not then obtainable have been realized, say Ms. prime malting samples, and corresponding rates for ter sorts; there was, however, less inclination to buy Friday than in the beginning of the week. ["he rise in the value of malt has kept pace with tha ranee in the prices ef barley, tod the demand for the mer has been fully as active as that oi the latter article, otigh 9,63'i qra. of oats have arrived from Ireland, and 979 qrs. from abroad, the smallness of the reoeipts from r own coast and Scotland, and the belief that there la w very little on passage from the sister isle, have im-ted a very firm character to the trade. Tha dealers' cks have recently been diminished materially, tha mkly supply having (or some time past fallen short of i consumption. Under these circumstances, end with vices from Ireland of rapidly rising prices, it is not to wondered at that holdars here should have deemed it udeatto ask higher rates. On Wednesday an advance fid per quarter was insisted on, and in partial instanoea tained; but the subsequent arrivals from abroad gave nore subdued tone to the trade on Friday, and the curncy of Monday could not then be exceeded. So few iglish beans have appeared as to render extensive ope* lions impossible, and, in the absence of sales of conaeence, quotations have remained nominally unvaried, jy ptian beans have been rather in lively request^od for rcen on me spot, as wen ai ior cargoes 10 arrive, is u? per quarter more bai in partial inatance* been obtained, te cold weather experienced in the early part of the sek led to an improved demand for boiling peae, but on iday there wa* leaf diapoaition to buv, and the extreme tea of Monday were paid with aome reluctance. In hog aa there haa not been much passing, and price* have idergone no change requiring notice. Indian corn on a a pot baa moved oft' in retail at very full price*. Vloati cargoes have been much inquired for by buyar* on ah account, and the contract* closed have been at ratea to 3s per quarter above those at which sale* were mad* it week. From the northern part* of Europe the acunt* describe the wheat trade as having become rather ore subdued than it had been in the beginning of the Duth. The principal cause of the want of activity had, teems, been the difficulty of procuring vessels Loirs 1'rdfe Danzig, of the 34th ult, informs Ua that 6s per arter freight had been paid for London,, and for Liverol 6s 6il to 7s per quarter had been asked. Since the evioua poet day about 6,000 quarters of wheet had anged hands at prices nearly Is per quarter below ose previously current. Fine high-mixed qualities ere then quoted 67s to 66s, high mixed 64e to 66s, and tod to fine-mixed Ala to 63s per quarter Ire* on board. I the Lower Baltic ports hardly anything seams to ?o uocu uvuo iu nuc?i, ?uvk> ui wiu uviug ? ? holly wanting, and but amall auppliea of now iving been brought forward by the growers.? t Koatock, on the 20th, the nominal prico for fine old heat win 66? to 56a |>erquarter, and eimilar terma were ked at Stettin, on the 34th ult. for the beat Uckennark id Pomeianian. At the laat named place a few email ircela of new had come to hand, ler which Ala to Ada ir quarter bad been paid, for local conaumption, by the ikera. Barley had been a good deal inquired for, but ring to the trifling nature of the auppliea, compare rely few bargains had been closed; for new Oderbruck uai to 32a 6d to 33a, and for Pomeranian 31a 6d to Ida r quarter had been paid. Barley aeema alao to hare cited cooaiderabla attention at Hamburg. The buai a done there haa been principally free on board at iniah i>orta, at pricee varying from 98a to 99a par quarr. kor oata to be shipped from outporta, weighing 38J? i ,91a Od to 39a 3d per quarter waa aaked at Hamburg Tuesday laat. In the Dutch marketa the wheat trad# a lately been quiet. A letter Irom Rotterdam, of the th ult., atatea that the buainaaa had been of a local cha:ter during the preceding week, and that no change d occurred in pricea. Rye waa then quoted at 47a to per quarter, free on board krom the Mediterranean s have no newa of interest, excepting that noma further rcheaea oi Indian corn had boon raaoa there en Britiah count At Trieate, thia article waa on tho 21at quoted 39a to 34a por quarter, free on board, whilat wheat was irth 46a por quartor for home conaumption. [Krom the London Timet, Nov. 3.] Loaa-Ku HtKi.r, Morsnar. Nov J?In the latter part iaat week a conaiderable number of voeaela arrived o the port of London grain laden, and the total aupply the week, including all deacriptiona, wheat, barley, ta. peaa, he , exceeded in quantity any arrival for ny weeka paat; atill it muat not be thought that tho pply waa any thing extraordinary, or exceeded tho ."-iraiiio rxf aoninno tmtoa pnmnorflH with lata irri. Ja, a material augmentation of ell descriptions. The narquence of thia arrival had the effect on the laet irltet day of checking, and even, aa on barley and oata, depressing rate*, and purchaaea were very easily id* in anticipation of the aupply and a general tendanof the trade to day. The market opened thia morning with a good anpply wheat trom the home countiea generally, and rather a -gt ahow (particularly of barley from Kent) of apring rn. Little progreaa waa made in aalee of wheat early the day, and at reductiona of from a* te Sa per quarter >m Monday laat, with aome quantity left over unaold the close Barley met a moderate aele, to effect which, howover, waa neceaaary to givo way in price to the extent ef 3a 3a per quarter, aa quoted on Monday laat. rhe business done in oeta baa been very limited from :tora holding Arm for laat week's rates, and where ea have been made (id under these quotations has been Emitted to. Soana and whito peas are each a shade cheeper, bet ty and bine peas well support last weok's currency, rhere has not been much done in barreled flour, or in r variety of feeding articles. n seeds of any sort there is nothing fresh, save, perpa, rather leas inouiry for canary seed, the aupply ef ich is larger, end carraway; bat ether sorts well sup1 late rates. CuaatriT Paicas or Gaaiv. Floub. ano Bkcd in aa-Laat ?British Grain?Wheat?Easox and Root, it* 68 to 7ft (hillings per quoiter; do rod 68 x 71s; 8uf( and Norfolk, red ftfla a A8s, white >6 a 07: Licolnshire I Yorkshire, red ft8 a ASa.white SO e 87a: Noithumber d and .Scotch MiMi. Rye 40 a44?. Barley?Malt . new 43 a 47a, eatra 60a; Diatilling, new 40 a 43a; inding 33 a Ma. Oata?Ltcolnaklra and Yorkahtre, d, 27a a 39a; potato or abort 30a a 32a; Poland ?8a a 34; rthnmberland and Scotch, Angtt* 37a to SI a; potato 2*r U; lriah feed 20a to 38a; block 36a a 20a; potato 39a a ; Oil way 24a a 38a. Beana?Ticka 36a a 42a; Harrow, ill, 43a a 49a. Peaa?White 43aa60a; Boilera aoa a Ma; ay and hog 80a a 49a Klour-Norfolk and int. i 48a a 62; Town made (par aack of 200 lb ) 63 a 40a ifa'aA 8ted$?Red clover, per cwt, 43a. to 40a.; white ver, per cwt., 44a to 66a ; rope aeed. new, per laat, 9 to ?21; mustard aeed, brown, per bnakel, 10a. Od. to H white, 6a. to 7a. Ftrnf Crate-Wheat, per qr., :y paid?-Dantzic and IConigsberg, high|mixed, 61a. a dodo, low do, 64i. a 6rie ; Pomeranian, Meoklenrg, Marka, Anhalt, 64a a 62a.; DanJah, Holatein, lie., a 68a.; Ruaaian, hard,48a a 62a.; aoft, 48a. a 64a.; Spall, hard, 60a a 64a.; aoft. 68a. a 60a.; Italian, Toaoan, , tod 61a. a 68a.; white, 66a a 68a ; Odeaaa and Tagant hard, 46a-a 63a.; aoft, 60a. a 66a.; Canadian, 6le. a ; flne, 64a a 60a Barley, per nr., doty paid, grinding i. a 46a ; dietilling, 36a. a 44a. Oata. par quarter, duty d?Dutch, feed, 38a. a Sla ; brew and thick, 39a. a 33a ; aaian, 36a. a 2rie.; Daniah, Mecklenburg, lie., 96e. a Beana, per nr., duty paid?Ticka, 17a. a 40a ; amall, a 46a.: Kg) ptun, 33a. a 38a. Peaa. per quarter, duty 1?Wheat, 40a. a 66a ; gray, 37a a 40a. Flour, par qr., y paid? Daotzic and Hamburgh, par barrel, One, 38a. a.; superflna, 3la a 36a. Canada, 30a. a 36a.; United ae, 33a a 37a; Indian earn, 44a. a 8de. State of Trade In the Hauiufkttartag LHstrlcta. nee the departure of the Ureat W eat am on Saturday , our Yorkahire correapoadont, in kia communication eaterday, November 8, say a?" That, with the azcap of blanket a. the demand (or woollan fabrica atill oen at very dull; and the marketa, both at Leeds and derafteld, have manifested anything but their ordinary rity Twaeda, I'cMrshams, ooatioga, shawls and kinga are principally in demand, chiefly at t e pricea ch have lately been obtained. At Leeds, on the Slat there waa a good attendance of merchante in the l, and rather more bueineae wee done. There ie a supply of wool, but the demand, etpecially for coaab woelt. la vary alack The pricea are AflSly main id The yarn trade la dull, m tka amport houses are lofef to me oh buslneee."

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