Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1847 Page 1
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F i r > r" TH1 ??, Kill ?o.4UWbt.U ?<*. IfiH HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. TEN DAY8 LATER. ARRIVAL OF THE j New Iron 8tOiimMp a a n a w - ? a ? OPENING OF PARLIAMENT. THE QUEEN'S SPEECH. ?n riosABU ofimiift FORTS FOR GRAIN, INCREASED RATE OP INTEREST. Panic in the Money Market. DECLINE IN THE COTTON MARKET. The Depression in the Mannffcetnrlag Districts. MEXICAN LETTERS OF MARQUE IN ENGLAND. Activity in the Corn and Provision Markets. STARVATION IN IRELAND. ADVANCED PRICES. Opening of the French Chambers. THE HMO'S SPEECH. THa War in Pnrtnp-al MARKET* &c At. The splendid new iron steamship Sarah Sands, Capt. Thompson, arrived yesterday from Liverpool, whenoe she sailed on the 20th ult. The intelligence brought by her is of the highest interest and importance. The Sarah Sands is of 1300 tons burthen, and has the auxiliary aid of the screw propeller. Sh<* encountered strong head winds, and very boisterous weather, and she has proved herself an excellent vessel. She left Liverpool on the 20th ult., and brings us the London papers of that date, for which we are indebted to Messrs. W. H. Smith A Son of London, who run a special engine to Liverpool, to convey the papers on board the steamer. In these papers we hud the Queen's speech on the opening of Parliament, the new government measures, and the whole oi the debates on the opening night. The awful coudition of Ireland? the Cracow question, and the Montpensier marriage, were the only topics discussed. Thft now mpnaiirpH nrnnoasd bv the ttOVern ment are of the utmost importance. The pons are t probably to be immediately opened for the free ad- | mission of loreign corn of every kind, by which t the duty of four shillings sterling will be abolished, J The navigation laws are to be suspended, by c which oorn will be admitted in vessels oi every * nation; and sugar is to be allowed in distilleries i These measures will be carried, as the protection- t ists have promised to give them their support.? ( They have been forced trona the government by ii tha awful condition of the people of Ireland. 1 The appalling accounts of the misery among ( the Irish will be rea 1 with the most painful inte- c test. A private subscription was recently opened t, in London lor the Irish,and fifty thousand pounds ^ were subscribed in ten days. The advices from Sootland are of a similar chsrtcter to the reports from oilier parts of the kingdom. Not only wheat, but all species of corn, s *' rapidly rising there ; and it is certain that no sup- i plies of oats (the staple article of shipment to ih*- 0 south) oan be expected, that article being worth l( quite as much, if not more, at Edinburgh, than in * the London market. tl Food of every kind is scarce and dear in ?ng tl land. Ireland, and Franco. notwithstanding tha 1 immense quantities shipped from the United State j. J The corn and provision markets in Ireland ? and England are exceedingly animated, and pri ^ oes are still kept up at the extreme rates quoted U by previous arrivals. " The European, Timet says, however, that m " The whole of the available British navy will be oc- jj eupisd in bringing food from every quarter of the world j" where it can be had, to arrest the starvation of which [V Ireland ia the scene. The promptitude with which :J the government is determined to act iu this mat " tor, is already making itself lelt on the food mar * kets. The prioe of grain has already experienced a slight chack, and it is believed by mauy prac " tical men that all the protision markets, from this * time forward, will assume a downward tendency. In * fact, it ia known that several experienced merchants , have agreed 10 fnrnith, in a month or two from the pre jr ent time, large quantities of corn at sixtean, and even " eighteen shillings per quarter under the current rates. Toe iaimets are alieady taking the alarm, and so tar from keeping back, are now engaged in forcing their 04 produce on the markets." The cotton maiket was rather dull before the ^ Cambria's arrival, but afterwards it Ueoame ac- * tive. c( The Bank of England has raised its rate of dis- H count to 8| per cent. Bullion is rapidly going out i. of the country, and a monetary panio was anti- P1 cipated. u The Bank of France has raised its rate of dis- I count to 5 per cent, and has borrowed 30,000,000 0J of francs from the Bank of England. A very se- t? rious monetary crisis had commenced at the Paris ? Bourse. <t< The steamer Cambria arrived at Liverpool on the 18th ult. Her news had no effect on the corn N markets, but the cotton market immediately be ^ came firmer. A In consequence ot the high price of malt, the London brewers have raised the price of malt ?c liquors; and gin, rum, and whiskey have also ad- *q vanoed considerably. Bread I as also advanced (h ?lid being charged for the 41b oaf. An ofiioe has been opened in London to grant Ci letters of marque and reprisal, dbcording tode orees ot the Mexican government against the J United States. Three privateers have, it is said, si already been despatched. The rates of insurance by American vessels have, in consequence, been st increased. * The Sirius steamer was lost on the Irish coast, on the 16th ult. Twelve of the crew and passe n- *' ger> were drowned in a tempting to get on shore. Pi H. M. steamship Sphynx, of 1,066 tons, and ? 600 horse power, was totally lost on the 16th ult., on a reef of rocks near the Isle of Wight. ]' Trade in the manufacturing district* of Eng- N land remain in a very dull state. Most of the ^ ndkls were working short time, on account of the b< *#y high price of option. . t 1 ? 3 NE1 NEW George Byng, Esq , M. P., died on the 10<h ult. < Hie wee celled the tether of the House of Commons, herring set as e member fifty-six years. On the 4th ultimo, Joseph Gurney, tho well- ! tnown banker of London, died. Malt haa moved upward* in value, quite & rapidly a* barley, and 90s per quarter has been naisted on for fine qualities. The accounts irom Ireland become, from day O day, mote distressing; and the temporary die- ! (line which a large arrival of Iadiau corn caused ' est week had again been recovered, the supply laving proved inadequate to the demand. W,th he people starving in many parts of the island, ihipments of provisions thence to Eng'and are, >1 course, out of the question. Very thin foreign barley has realised 461.; good [rinding qualities, 60s.; and for superior Englith Halting qualities very close upon 70s. per quaiter las been paid. Such prices are well calculated o draw supplies; but the Baltic pons are frozen jp, with little prospect of becoming free tii Vlarch. . The metal circulars for the month notice a irisk business in iron, with an advance of 8s. o 6s. per ton. A considerable decrease has aken place in the stock of Scotch pig at Glasrow. and a pood demand is exnenteii imm ih, ' :ontinent as well as America. Swedish iron l&s been in fair request at firm prices, owing o the high quotations now paid for English comnen bars. No great alteration has taken place n copper. English tin continues to support good ates, the demand having latterly exoeeded he supply Hanca has principally been purch**td for the United States. The civil war in Portugal is turning in favor of he Queen. Very large purchases of maize, or Indian corn, he produce of the Danube, having been made at VLalta, by the deputy commissary general to the broes, the same is being converted into meal at he naval mills, for shipment to Ireland. The tommissary has also bought, but in smaller quanities, beans and barley, likewise for shipment to Ireland. Mr Hottinguer, the eminent Paris banker, has trrived in the French capital, from London, vhere he had successfully treated with the Bank >f England for a supply of bullion for the Bank >f France. Another Risk in Baaae.?This morning the bakers it the west end of the metropolis made a tarther rise in be price of the four pound loaf. The best wheaten iread is now selling at 10){d, and "household" at #>?d he quartern. In Seven-dials and the locality of St. Siles' and Bloomsbury, the best wheaten bread has adrancedfrom 8>?d to #d, and seconds fiom 7Xd to 8>{d. The price of the best flour is lOd per quartern, but an inerior article can be purchased as low as London The Scarcity or Food in France.?A letter is in 1 own from Mr. Cobdeu, M. P., dated Marseilles, Dec. 39, 840, from which we are ooabled to give tho following nteresting extract:?" I find an immense movement in sorn here. The port is crowded with ships. Upwards if 1.200,000 quarters of wheat have been imported, and learly all of it is gone into the interior, chiefly In the dlection of Lyons, by carts. The roads are so cut up by he traffic, that they resemble rivers of mud. The French government has suspended the navigation laws, and corn s brought in free of duty, by ships of all nations, from my ports; a large portion of it is imported here from the Hack Sea, in Oreek ships. I hear there is still a vast lupply in Southern Russia?that the Russian harvest is nost abundant?Mmnchfter Emprtn. Si;car Trade ?Messrs. Carey and Brown fhrnith ineresting statistics brought an to the close of the year, rhe importation into the United Kingdom last year difered but little in the aggregate from those of 1845, tbe lefiiiency from the West Indies having been nearly comlensated by a proportionate increase from the Cast In* lies and the Mauritius. Prices in 1846 did not at any ime rule so low as in 1846. The imports are expected o be tolerably good in the early part of the present year, >ut any measure permitting the u?e of sugar in breweios, etc., would have an important efl'ect upon the conlumption. It is anticipated that the last reduction of the mgar duty will throw open to us the produce of tbe voriu, una renaer mm couutrv, nosnies, tne " greet md ruling mart of Europe" Ihus au enormous trade u thought to be before ui this year, though it i? iinpossi>Ie to foresee the Yesult ei to price* .viany predict a lecidediy iower range ?London Globe Jan. 7. Thb I*o. a Tkadk ?On the 30th ult, it wa* announced hat, notwithstanding the unprecedented demand for iron hat now prevails, no advance on present rates would fce imposed at the forthcoming quarterly mooting of ironaasters, at Birmingham. W? aie now able to state that he iron mastere of South Staffordshire, at a private meetng, held at Wolverhampton, yesteiday, unanimously onflrmed the ennouncemeat, having resolved that the erms agreed on at the last quarterly meeting should be iroposed at the meeting to be held here next week, and bete it no doubt but the resolution will be adopted.? Londan Chronicle. Jan. 7. Immioratio* or Irish Faunas?The number of per ons in the most utter destitution, arriving from Ireland u Liverpool, Glasgow, and other ports, still continues, t is clear, however, that this evil cannot be allowed to >roceed without the most ruinous consequences. II it is, he 18 000 Irish paupers now in this town, will soon inrease to 20,000 or even 80,000, and the parish rati a of ivarpool will soon rise irom 3s. to 3s., or evon 10s. in Ue pound.?Liverpool Journal ChsBffset In Bnglanil of Commercial New* from tile United Mtates?Tiie Uiaiu of Bsallloss. [From the London Times, Jan. 18 J The account* ai to the orders received uy the last learner Irom tha United States, nltnough not uusaus- ' lotory upon the whole, give no reason to anticipate a nmaud for good* likely to oh- ch the impending dr?in ol ullion from thi* country. At tfirmti-giiani, it is alleged ley do not exceed those of the corresponding pviiod ot tat year; but at Manchester the report is inure favourhie, a considerable number (mostly of snail amount, ewevsi) for a variety of particular articles suitable for le spring trade having been received At the same me it is mentioned that in many cases the goods rehired will not be procurable, owing to their net being i stock; while, as respects plain articles, auch as shirt igs to whioh the new tariff would give admission, onr cent advance in prices will prevent the orders from sing executed. The demand for s. ring goods is new, a doubt, mostly over; but, as far as can be ascertained, p to the present time it has been gieater than that of ist year. The total shipments to the United States ol nens, cottons, woollens, and worsted studs lor 1846 'as 66 000 packages, being a decrease of 66 packages as smpared with 1846 ; but a comparison of the last three iouika of these years gives a large excess in favor ol le quarter Just ended?the returns being 18,004 ickages against 17.044. During the first half of the resent month tiso, the shipments have been about one- b IIIU own luo UVOiagV. Wr illl IUCW UlUIUVliVIII, una u re accounts Just received of the sales of goods in the |> merican markets, the ultimate paospect is not dis- k >uraging but it lis clear that there is nothing to avert n te immediate pressure we are called upon to sustain, b Whatever may be tbe amount of the fall trade the orders ti ill not be forwarded before tbe month of March, and. p Dwever eager parties may be to remit while the ex- ?i trange is low, few are likely to have the ability before s| re usual period ; so that it is not until J una or July that ?< iy effect from that cause can lie anticipated 1] The insurance of gold at Lloyd's for export to America " >ntinues on a considerable seal*. A good deal of busi- t? pss was done? to-day in the underwriters'-room at 1 per c< sat for the next Halifax steamer, and 12s. tkl. and 16s. tl ?r oent for tb# tailing packets. ai ? tl The following observations on the prospects of the o Jtton market are from the circular of Messrs. George Ic oitfc to. of Liverpool, dated yesterday evening:? II " A lull examination ef the accounts by the Cambria, 1< itds to the conclusion that the crop cannot, at any rate, o: rove more than a moderate one; that the number ol n rties estimating the crop as high as twe millions is en b ie decrease, and the number of those rating it nndar fc 9 0,000 on the increase. Krom the various oorrespon- h ?nrA ura hav? Man qh.I takinar intn nrrniint tha inuinn rr ' the j%ai to which we have arrived, we think the 8 iblic may safsly conclude that the crop of the L'uited b :ates will not aiatenaiiy exceed two million! ol bales, c< i h a reasonable probability that it will fall short of that h tantlty. This important point being mainly settled in h tr minds, we look with no little anxiety to the state ol T lings at homa and abroad as affecting the consumption, ai 0 one cau doubt that the advanced rat?s from 4d to 7d tt -a calculated to contract tho consumption; that they ti tve already done so to soma extant is unquestionable, a nother paint furthering the same end in a strong degree w the advancing price of provisions throughout both p< ds eountry and the continent, with apprehensions in ai ins quarters of absolute lamlne, which will absorb h vast amount of the labor of Earope, leaving but little tl r any" one beyond the provision matcbant; perhaps li sturbiug the monetaty establishments and com- h ercial exchanges everywhere. Considerations of ci da kind may well give a more deliberate and w lutieua character to the speeulative movements in our c aple article; indeed, were it not for a matter of this e nd bearing upon us, it seems inevitable that the prices tt 1 raw cotton must advance to a point giving a more full it Kouragemeut to production, and a Tar more decided a teck than has yet been given to the rate of consump- tl an. This week prices are without change Before the si enmer's arrival, we were dull and flat; siDoe that time n Iditional confidence prevails, oud we close with our ft lotatiens the same as on k'liday last." *1 The leturr fiom the Bank of England for the week ti idinglheb.h of January, gives the following results p hen compared with the return of the previous weak:? h ibllo Deposits. .?6,860.631 Decrease ?4 1JH.V03 v; ther Deposits.. 9,78.t,7t>7 Increase 1,880,808 si est S 6:10.048 Increase....... DO,191 tc On tliq other aide of the account:? < oveinnient Securities.j,l'],7f>7,S-16 Dacraaae ? 09,OSS ii ther securities 14 484,948 Dacraaae SOS 879 ci otes unemployed,. . , S,7lS.iiS Deoiaaee 1,511 4*0 b 1 he amount ef notes in cirouietioo, he ?*) ess,744, if imp an incwMe of 41*04,070; and the stock mt bullion ia si ith da par imeSffa, ia ? f 4,SOeiOtW1 showing W YO YORK. THURSDAY MOB )p?nlnior Pu-lUmtnU/Tb*Rue'ni IpiMlt i ?Tlx*Condi lan at Urttt Britain. The British Peiliament vu opened on the 19th ult by 11 he Queen in perron, with the following rpeeeht? , TBS Quran's SPEECH. "MfLollllllJlllJkML'MIB, " It 1* with the deepest concern, that upon your again H tssemnung, i neve to call >our attantion to the dearth of ! ' lroviaions ?hich prevails iu Ireland, aad in parts of ' Scotland. " In Iraland, especially, the Iom of the usual food of I he people has been the csuse of severe sufleringa of li?ea?e,and of greatly increased mortality among the I ytorer ciasaea Ou'rugcs have become mora frequent, | :hie&y diiacted against property: sod the traosit 01 pro- , rlalons bas been rendered unsafe in soma parts of the { :ountry. " With a view to mitigate these evils, very large nnm < >ersof men have been employed and have received I 1 rages in puiStianca of an act passed in the last session >f Parliament borne deviations from that io'. which * tave been authorised by the Lord Lieutenant of Irelaud. n order te promote more useful employment, will, I ' rust, receive your sanction. Means have been taken to j 4 easan the pressure of want in districts srhloh are mast 4 remo te from the ordinary sources of supply. Outrages 1 tave bean repressed, as far as it was possible, oy the 4 Military and polios. "It it aatislactory to me to observe, that in many of the > nost distressed districts, the patience and resignation of 1 inv people have bean most exemplary. < The deficiency of the harvest in Franca and Oer- ' many, and other parts of Europe, has added to the dial- 1 :ulty ot obtaining adequate supplies of provision). I ' It will be your duly to consider what further measures I ire required to alleviate the existing distress. I re- < ;omrneud to you to take into your serious , consideration, ' ivhethei by increasing for a iimitod period the facilities 1 for importing corn from foieigh countries, and by the ad- ^ mission of sugar more freely into breweries and distil- > eries, the sutply of food may be beneficially augmented ! " I have likewise to direct your earnest consideration ' :o the permanent condition of Iroland. You will perceive, 1 n the absence of political excitement, an opportunity < "or taking a dispassionate survey ofthe social evils which < ilHict that part of the United Kingdom. Various measures < will be laid before you, which, if adopted by Parliament, \ ' nay tend to raise the great mass of the people'in com- ' fort, to promote agriculture, and to leiaen the pressure of 1 hat competition for the occupation of land which has ieen the fruitful source of crime and misery. " The marriage of the Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain ' to the Ouke of Montpenaier, has given rise to a corre- I ipondence between my Government and those of Franca 1 tnd Spain. " The extinction of the Free Stato of Cracew has up- < reared to be to be so manifest u violation of the Treaty 1 >f Vienna, that I have commanded that a protest sgainst < bat act mould Da delivered to tbe Court* of Vienna, i'atersburgh, and Berlin, which were parties to it. Co >iei ol these several papers will be laid before vou. " I entertain confident hopes that the hostilities in the [liver Plate, which have so long interrupted commerce, nay soon be terminated : and my elforts, in conjunction with those of the King of the french.-jrill be earnestly di-ected to that end. " My relations generally with ioreign powers inspire ne with the fullest confidence in the maintenance of peace. ' Gentlemen or the House or Commons/.? I " I have directed the estimates to be prepared, with a riew to provide for the efficiency of the public service, with a due regard for economy. 'Mr Loans and Gentlemen? " I have ordered every requisite preparation to be aide for putting into operation the act of the last sesfdon if Parliament, for the establishment of Local Courts for he Recovery of Small Debts. It is my hope that the enorcement ol civil rights in all parts of the country to which the act relates may, by this measure, be matoriilly facilitatrd. " I recommend to your attention, measures which will ie laid before you for improving the health of towns, an ibject the importance of which you will not fail to ap ireciate " Deeply sensible of the blessings which after ? sealon of calamity have been so often vouchsafed to this jation by a superintending Providence, I confide these mportant metiers to your care, in a full conviction that four discussions will be guided by an impartial spirit ; uid in the hope that the present sue'eriugs of my people nay be lightened, and that their future condition may be mproved t>y your deliberative wisdom." In the House of Lords, after the Lord Chancellor had read Her Majesty's speech, Lord Hutherion rose to move ;he address, and began by describing the pitiable condi .ion of the people ot Ireland owing Jto the failure of the potato crop, and the ill-success ot the measure which sad been resorted to for the purpose of alleviating that :alamity. The Labor Kate Act ol last session had been ilmost universally put in operation; and, though in his ipinion no blame was to be attributed to those who introluced it for its lailuie, yet it had signally failed. The question then arose whether Parliament ihould bo convened. or whether the government should invest the Lord Lieutenant with power to act at his discretion, ac lot ding to the nature ol the case i'lie latter course was idopted; the useless works of the labor rate act were ibaudoned, and the application ol the public money ixtended to private and reproductive wotks. But even he exertion ol this discretionary power had been tound inadequate to the emergency of the case, and ell were now uagerfora batter adaptation of the law. Other inea lures were therefore necessary; what those moesures mould he, it was not tor him to dictate Jwben there were 10 many iu that House better fitted then he to decide. He >nly deolared his own sentiments, and wished to Involve 1 :o one else in any responsibility which might attach to hem ; but As calltd on the people of England to make As eatt of Ireland their own. und to consider the dijfstnee between England ?rich in her landed proprietary, in \er oast monied interest, in her manvjaetuiere and merhams, and in her admirable pat ochis, organmation -and reland, where iich pioprieturs were exceptions, where f ibseuleelsm abounded, end where there was no orgauiistion, except lor political purposes. This wide ilitferince suggested one or two an.ilouiea. huomns tag of cuuon importod into Rnglan l were lufoated aod uiued by an iuaect. would it be r ght to lay to the ina- *' ia'acturery,>ou have congregated a mass,of population 11 u large towns lot your own benefit, and now you muat v tear the buideu 01 supporting ii.eml No doubt there * vould be much private liberality on such an emngaucy. >ut uoubtleie, eu apical would also be muda to me iiu- " -eiial legiilatuie. Or, auppoie the crop of wheat and ' tali had been blighted in EugianJ, woulu it be right foi * reland to any aoe would serin no belpl Whatever than ' night l>? the mult of the pr<aeut calamity, it woulo ' each ua to Jo our duty liberally by our lellow creu " urei; and it wai to be hoped that both England anu ' reland would ho bent fitted by the tiial. l'he nobl? ' ^oid then paaaed in review the prouosed suspension ol * ne coin lawa and the legalisation of tha uae ol sugar u. irewailea and distilleries, and augured wall aa to tha . iiobable reaulta of thoae meaaurea; and after hoping 1 oat e bill would be introduced for facihte'lng the traas ^ eroi real pr party, and denouncing the policy ol Aua v ria in the annexation of Cracow, concluded by moving r he draught of an eddreai, which waa, aa uaual, an echu " it the apeech. * a ? e a " Lord Starlet waa happy to oxpreas hi* belief that, aa 11 he government had abatained lrom introducing into Her uajeat) 'a apeech, any expression which muat neoeaaarily c Bad to diacuaaion, ao thure waa no wiah on the part ol ? hoie who had not repoaed their confidence in that go- ^ ernment, to embarraaa tnem by piematuie opposition laving attained power by no factious proceediugaol heir own, but by a combination of circumstances, Her " 1b jelly's advisers had peculiar claims to the for- ' earance of the lleuse, and they might real asured that, ao long aa they walked in the ,, a in 01 me constitution, and avoided raslt and dun- ' eroui innovation!, they would bo mot, not only by 0 faotioui oppoiition on that aide of the Home, but alao ' y a ready and iliaintereated support. In thia spirit and mper he would proceed to make a few observations, ? remising that, from the significant omission ot any allu- * Ion to the financial condition of the country in the ^ peach, it might be argued that that condition was not so ' itisfaotory as it appeared on the face of the last quai ter- * f returns; in fact, he sea* afraid Ittl in the count of ke next lix montht there thould he inch on incrtatt o/ " nporte over txporlt as ttrioutly to fnconvenienre Iht >untry by reducing the quantity of bullion. In passiiig " sen to Hie topics contained iu the speech, he was sure " II must rejoice in the prospect of continued pecce, '' sough bis confidence in that prospect was based rather * n the general conviction throughout Kuiope of the illy of war, than on the slate of our foreign relations. u Ie could not look with satisfaction on those relations so . >ng as we were not on terms, not merely oi amity, but " 1 cordisl co-operation, with France. It was impossible ot to see that the good understanding lately existing ? etween the twocouutries had been very much altered 1 irthe worse during the last few months; aiid though he . e should abstain from an opinion as to the compsi alive , ' icriu 01 tne statement* ou either ude respecting the .. punish marriAge until the whole coirespondouc* wan 1 tore the House, yet he thought the country bed re u rived a (tight in the maimer in which that marriage wai " rought (bout which would not have been pasied on It " d Lord Aberdeen been at the head of K^ieign Ail airs * hi* uufortunate coolnef* had been followed by * oother event, with which he coul t not help " linking it waa nearly connected?the annexa 11 on of Cracow; and, though on this point, too, he ?' mat reserve liia judgment until the neceaaary papers ere produced, he regarded the itep taken by the three 81 oarers in violation of a treaty entered into under the j1' aapicea of Kngland aa a diacourteay which could net ''' ave happened If Kngland and France had preserved N ieir former cordial understanding With regard to Iro- r< ind, there could be no queition that an awful visitation ad itllen on islaud, and he was convinced that the U1 ountry would make every saarifioe for its relief. He P| as not disposed to make captious observations on the ?? ourse hitherto pui sued lor that end, nut it was admitted in n ail hands that groat errors had been committed, that " le Labor Hate Act was a blunder, and tbat the plen tor 'J' a extension was so clogged and fettered as to become J*1 dead letter. In hit opinion, howiver,a greet trror of '<* K ganrumtnl had hern a loo strict ad her t net to the ahiraet doclrinee of political economy uiin thry molt ed at. to compete with private speculation in ihetupplyoj lod to Ireland. Thote doctrines mutl give w*y to great 81 ntrgonciet ; and though he did not mean to assert ihet to government should have undertaken to tup- i u ly the whole Irish people with food, they might w ave done much by establishing dspots of pto- " laions, and selling them at a lair maiket value, ut > aa to keep down famine prices. Huh respect * i the propoet d measures of rebel, he did not anti> Ul ipate eny serious opposition to the measure fei *" u reasirg the tonnage applicable to the importation ol smt but, bel eving as he did, that the scarcity ol corn, M <th at home and abroad, was vary much exaggerated, ' oufkt to he a fueeli on whether the temporary i us pen- hi ts Ml the At duty would answer the humane expectations f m^L?<rnimenl, and whether it would not put money *' oj foreigners at the saysusa #/ I As revtna t P< RK ] iNING, FEBRUARY 11, Lfter alluding to the injustice of allowing tho um of ugar in browing and distilling while the malt-tax iras rotainad, tha noble Lord promised the governaent support In their Irish moHturoa, provided hey did not yiald to exoibitant demands ; and fter depicting tho hampered position of tho Irish andlords. who he thouaht had been undeservedly bused. Imploed the government not to tehe any nth steps with regard to them, and te set to work at the ocial improvement of thai country in the confident as uiauce that, U' they honestly labored lor that end, no tarty considerations should defeat their endeavors. ** A flow rnmn AKaasualian. r L?-_. t?iu ??- - 11 <1111 r.nri r rz William, me binri|<ii? of VVes'tneath the Earl ol Ktden, the Karl of lutdwitke.and the Karl of Auckland, The Marquis of LtMoow^t, in reply to Lord Stanley, fated that Ue would( on Mund*y, lay before the Houae he m-aeuris which tue Government intended to pursue with regard to It eland Trie question was then put, and ngreed to n?m. can mil their lordships adjourned till Thursday. In the Houaeof Commons the Speolier took the chair or tho discharge of public business at a quarter balore I o'clock Several new member* were then sworn and raiioua noticea of impoitance were given by ditfarout nemheiaof her Majesty's Uoverinueiit, and alio by aereral Independent members. Mr C Hawass, lu moving the address in reply to Her Hnjeity's speech, enlarged upon most of (he topics conHiued in it. After dwelling lor some time on the famine, liaease. and mortality uow unhappily prevailing in IreMud, and on the patience with which those terrinle colalaanai been endured by its suflermg rreaaed upon the House tne necessity of discarding all jetty disputes, and of devoting itself energetically, but lispussiona'ely, to the consideration of nil measures taming to the improvement of that country, lie expressed lis satisfaction that tho government, with a view of alleviating the existing distress, and of augmenting 'he supilv of food, had determined to relax the navigation laws 'or a limited period, to take oil' the duties impeding the ntroduction of foreign corn, and to admit sugar iuto oui jreweries and distilleries. Much measures, however, :ould onlv he of a temporary nature; and the pcriu.irieut londition of the couutry, more especially of Ireland, :ouid not be lmprovod try such puliiatives. He, thereore, hoped that government would adopt such measures i* would prevent a temporary from becoming a permsrent evil. Mr. 8. O'Baix-v observed that, however reluctant he night be to disturb the unanimity of the House on the iiusent occaiion, he should feel himself (o b*"\v;intiug in in duty to hi* country if he were to remain silent with -eipect to tho sufferings of the people of Ireland, which :ould neither be detcribed or exBggeiated. The very ant pupei which ha had received iiotn Dublin, containid the report of eight inquest* held in the county oi tfayo, which had each returned verdict* of " Death by itarvation." If asked, he could not say that the govirnraent was entirely guiltless oi this state of things ; in the oontrary, be was of opionion that if the governnent had taken proper measures, not a single individual would have perished in Ireland from starveion. Why had not the government remitted the duies on corn three month* ago 7 Why bad it not called 'arliaraant together three months ago, and proposed to t then, aa it proposed now, to relax the navigation aws. aod to prohibit the use of grain in our breweries ind distilleries? He then proceeded at great length, and with great vehemence, to ttnd lault with tho goverumen! or the mode in which they had regulated the supply ol ood BDd of employment to the people ol Ireland. Hs :ondemned not only the Labour Kute Act, but also the leviations made from it under the sanction of tho Irish government, asserting that a minister who had taken iuch a course as Mr. l.abouchere,deserved impeachment, lis regulations had thrown the whole country into conunion, lie (dr. 8. O'Brien) wanted the labor oi the peo ile to be directed to works of a productive, not of an irinrndiiAtivA f'hamr.tAr. Thniiinmlfl nf mm?? w . imployed in destroying roads, while the Heidi remained mulled He, therefoie, roee lor the purpose ot Biking .ord J. Kuiiell what were tho meaiurei which he had n contemplation, first for the lupply of food, and next or the supply of reproductive labor for Ireland? He ilso wished to know whether his Lordship considered he calamity a local or a national calamity 7 Lord G. Beutick observed, that neither he nor his rieuda had any intention to make Ireland the battleield of party. They deeply sympathised with the misiries ot Ireland, and with her Majesty's concern for hem; and they would give their best and calmest ateniion to any remedies brought forward lor their relief, fbey must, however, deal frankly with ministers ? I'hough they did not censure ministers for not calling 'ariiament toget .er three months ago instead of superoding by their own authority vho legislature itself, hey could not say thiit the ecu of Ministers were such s they could agree to. They could not look at the iperution et the l'oor Employment Act and aay that t had worked well; lor its eflect had been to obtruct tbe public conveyances, and to leave he fields ot It eland unliilod. Nxithor xnnia liey agree in the wisdom of the ministerial ineaiure* fur lie supply of food to the people; for govoinmeut ought o have broken through the rules of political econom) md to have provided the people of Ireland with a supply it lood. Looking at what had occurred in the barony ol ikibbereen, where tho population had been decimated in he last lew weeks by lauuiie, could it be suld that the ;overiimrnt bad done its duty I There were three or our hundred thousand quarters ol wheat now in the hree ports of London, Liverpool, and Glasgow. What vas there to prevent the government from sending it at nee to Ireland to feed the population starving tners I tiluding to the piopositiou to remove the 4s duty m corn, he repudiated the idea that it had been uiposed in coueequeuce of any compact between he Parliament and the agricultural interest He nd his tilends wsre anxious to rslieve tne govrumeut from the supposition that they were bound o retain that duty in cunsequenca of a compact lade with the agricultural interest, and he thereloie in armed his noble tnend that it was not iheir intention to mow any obstacle in the way of ihe repeal of that uu y. it would he a loss to the Chancellor of the Lxche uer, and no beaelic to ihe consumer; fjrir wuulo go in a ife pockets ol the merchants and lorestalU-rs, of vhom the people Ol Ireland had atresdy too much lea on 10 complain kit did nat txytil much btnifir le ac IItt Iran the relaxation of Iht nuviguhotl law, Joi i( lias lou latt stw leSe sending JA? sAipt of ill nullum Ia in nice, /sr |u dwints nxyisuil |?,q fiey unsArd to nocurr Cum Hradvittd ohnntim to Ttlax tAtir rigid of v hticat icsnswi. and to ?,nd i/,? tiifiu uj ih* ufi? which tllev bud now t ca.iy tor sea al ?l c IU /or torn Thty might nia\c fiot vyagti a and /rum thai Contiiltnl btjoi r. iht mz( hoi o ft, and in hat tims ihnj would bring l>,.oh Hot) uOU ifuariert? no n'un >ii///.iy towards /Siding ths firo/ilr o\ lrtland so*** 0*0000 Lord John Ru?iell win nut surprised that Mr. 8 >'8ueu had condemned Uie government , for It was op losod to liiat wUicU tie bad lecommeiided hiaisell, ami nn.h Lord U Uenlinck Lad supported. The Lou mem ier Lad been of opiuiou that the government ought to lave ransacked the world to procure corn, ami tout it ugh: to have attempted to iocd tue people of Ireland vilh the pioduoe ao procured. But if iu? government iad adopted auy auch project, it would hare put au end o private enterpnae and to the application of pnvate apital, and would Lave led to other conaequeucea alill tore prejudicial. It would hare enhanced the price ol urn in biigland and Scotland, and would have induced lie laboiiug classes in Loth countries to Lavs hecoine pplicant* tor government relief. Having pointed out ow unwise and impracticable audi a scheme must have urned out, he proceeded to deleml the modo ot rebel dopted by the government by establishing depots in arious remote districts of Ireland without any disirbance to tho general markets. 11a deiended no principle ol the I'oor Kmployment Act as suud and justifiable, and pointed out the ol.tacles which hsd prevented It from working sue ?folly in lrelund. The employment ol 47(l,Utn) perona, reprsseutmg a population ol d.CUU.OuO souls, with a aymeu'. ot XiftS.two, in one woek, was not a circuin indiOuront in ilsslt, but was a pregnant proot that overnment was auaious, by the resources ot the em ire, lu Keep me peopio irom uiai destitution which ,-ould otherwise belall them. Ho admitted to Mr. 8 I'Biien that tha calamity ivai a national calamity, to Im i?t by the national resource*. He hod endeavored ao to leet it, ana lor any moaiuro which the government hail uggeUed, ho beggdd leave to iay that the government, uu the government alone, wat responsible Allusion bad een made to Mr. Trevelyan. That gentleman had actd with giout judgment and discretion; but with respect > the orders wlncn he had issued aDd earned into eliect, ie censure ought to tall upon the government and uot pun l,un. He then deleuded himself from the attack t Mr. 8. O'Brien for not having called Parliament igether thiee months ago, and proved that it would live been very injurious to have called at lat time, the Irish members from their estates, i attend in Parliament. He then adverted to Mr .oebuck's strictures on the Montpensier marriage, and tisei ved that Irom tna criticisms which that gentleman ad pasted upon the diplomatic papara, he must have iud them in a translation Irom tha Kretich documents, inch gave u very imperfect account of the British arumeiit. He could uot agrae with Mr. Hoabuck's docme that a quastiou of this kind was unworthy the attenou ot the british public. On the contrary, ha maintain1 that the recent transection was one of serious; and so it was considered by Lord Aberdeen and id the lute government. 11a thought that the expects, ous oi the I- rench government would in all probability ? disappointed; but the attempt* of Louis XIV. an 1 of dpoleou to obtain aupieinacy in Spun might be paated again, und the union of Kitnre and Spam i one policy would ho more likely to lead to noality in Kurope than If they continued aeparate aud indamdeut kingdoma. He then took a haaty view the diplomatic papeti recently pnbliahed, ar.d formed the llouae that the Britiih government had iver enteitained for a moment the intention ot supportg Print; Leopold, of Saxe Coburg, aa a candidate lot a handol the H'leen of Spain. There waa ao little difi-eiice of opinion in that Home and in Europe on the Ltioction ol Cracow, that he would only aay that that tal taint which belonged to the drat pertitiou of Poland, lached al>o to the annihilation of thin iU laat remnant, id had induced the three power* to lorget their retain*, not only with other powera, hut with juatire itaelf. ii the topica of the speech, he would not aay another ord He ahould bring lorward Ilia diriment measures in I w day a. On Monday next, he would give an outline the in They would lie embodied In different bills, and ould be aubmltted in that ahape to the Heuae If hia IM4 Iriend, Lord O Bi-ntinck, had a better plan, let in atate it, and let ua all endeavor to perfect thoae eaaurei wnicb will unite Ireland to Kugiand. end hlch m ill give her that Help in her n*ceeaity which aha entitled to demei J. He believed that much n Jury id been don* to '.lie leelmga ol English nen by the tenlage used in Ireland ot late yeeia, end that that Ian rage had IryHapeoed many Engliahmeu to exertion at :eeenh tie believed, however, that the majority ot our HERA 1847. ! population wit anxtotu to do all that wit nncenaarjr for tha improvement of Ireland. * * ? Sir R Pcxl did not rite to dlaturb tha unanimity of tha Home upon the addreie, but to ramark that there wat icarcaly one topic in it which miaht not be debated with greater advantage when the meaaurei relating to It | were roguUtly heforo the Hot:?e. With reipect to the I correup n lence on the Montpenaier man lege which had ; appeared in tha Krench papeia, he lUppoaed that it waa ; only a part of what had taken place He hoped that I the noble iotd would pubiuli tha reit ot it, and would ! aiva all of it which rela<ed to the conduct oi the late go verutneut Waiting tor that cot reipondence. he a ould abitam Irom (eying anything luilher upon it than thil ? ttiat w hile tha late government wa? in power it hud made no effort* to promote any alliance betwreu tha Queen of Spain and the Hou>* of I 'obuig Heli.dalwaia oven ol optuion that it would neither be for the intrreit of ilnuin nne foe ikelef P..wl._d >l..i L . - i u?i ? >? > VI b>u|ihiiu niaiiucu mi hiiihi ce tnouid take piece. He expressed liii deep regret that the extinction cf Cracow had talleu place It wu* not only an 1 act impolitic in ttaelf but it waa alio a virtual departure : from the engagementsinto whtch the thiee Power* had eutered He legretted that there waa no r. iereure to the state ol the revenue in the address, a* it would have been ol advantage to the country to know at one what j iteproipecte were. With teapect to Ireland, he waa diipoaed to make every allowauce lor the measures aiopted by Her Ma) at)'a Uovernmeut. He did uot hlatue thein lor uot having called the Pjiliumeut together at anearher period, tor nothing could lie done in Ireland without unremitting exertions on the part of the landlorda He thought that iftht At duty had htm removed earlier it would have been productive / greater advantage, at prettnt it would, in hii opinion, product bur little ? We ought not, however, to try tho Government by the inlormation which we have at thia moment, hut by the information which it possessed at the time. After the atateincnt of the noble loid, ua to the number of atulT officers and other wotktncn employt-d by the Board ot Wotkt, ho thought that onu of the first objecta of the Houie ought to be the reatoru tion of the natural relatione of labor between the em ploy era and the employed. He then expreaaed hii concut rence in the measure which would give admiaaiou to sugar in our breweries and distilleries, but said thut i here too, he mutt observe, that it would have been of greater advantage had it been eurlier. lu conclusion, he stated that he did not intend to object to any of tho temporary meuaures which were deemed necosaary by i those who directed the affairs of the country, and who i were responsible ler its security against starvation, i Lord PalmilIuton replied to the argument of Mr d'lsraeli, on the construction of the treaties of Utrecht mid Vienna. He showed that Mr. D'lsraeli wus completely mistaken as to the bearing of the treaty ol Vieuua on the free rity of Cracow, and contended, at some length, that the renunciations required by the treaty ot Utrecht prevented tho succession ol' any descendant of the Duke of Orleans to the throne of Spain. The address was then agreed to nemtne dittentiente. The House then adjourned. The Kerenuc of Great Britain. '(.From the London Chronicle, Jan. 6.) The returns for the year and tho quarter ending the Oth List., published last night, exhibit, in every lospvct, a most satisfactory comparison with the corresponding returns of last year. The following are the results ol that comparison for the year and the quarter ruspectlveiy ?? r Increate on Incrtatr on the year. the. quarter. 1 Customs i-*?0,619 Xli9,9J2 Kxcise 269,318 Taxes 48,066 33 148 Frepei ty tax 388,82 1 62 231 IVt'.-oilice 35,<HjO 14,1100 Crown laud* ? 5,000 Miscetlaneou*... 196,773 ? Total ?1,148,917 541.183 While the itemi on which a decrease has taken place are at follow* : ? For lhe For (A* year. 'juarter. Stamp* ?320,78(1 51,715 Miscellaneous ? 88,915 Chin* mouty 475.280 800,189 lu/Vreic and otner mouey* 13 > 397 2 7,800 Repayment of advance* 408,548 101.720 Total ?1,325.125 535,459 The increase and decrease ?o nearly meet each other, that the actual balance in favor or the year ia only ?13,033, and in favor of the quarter ?19,873. Tlic Financial Crlala In Frantsr?The Condition or the Bank of France?The Scarcity of Food. (.From the Paria Journal de* Debate, Jan. 16 ] The Bank of France has adopted two important determination* By one it nrocurta threuf h the mean* of o loan negotiated in London a certain quantity of specie; by the other it has raised it* rate of discount to A per ct , which had beensoloug fixed h 4 per cent. The English houses with which the bank negotiated thu afluir have agreed to advance 30 000 000 franc* tor three month*, Which 1* guaranteed by bills, the property of the bank.? 11 is known that the bank posseito* in government securities a capital producing a revenue ot 3,953,585 Irenes The Bank of England cooperates in this transaction, not by supplying the capital, the abundance of cash in the London market, rendering such an accommodation uonecussary, but by delivering to the Bank of France, in re turu for the bills of the English huuses, ingots of silver to the emouut of 30 000,000. Tho Bank 01 England de monstrated its friendly feeling on this occasion by the moderate terms on which the ingots were delivered We are happy to see the capital sts anil the financial establishments ul these two great countries lend oauli other mu tual assistance, according to oircumstauces At to the rise of the itte ol interest, the directors of the bank sup|>osed that it would have the tfiVct ol limiting the demand lor discounts, and, consequently, diminish the amouut of bank notes in circuln'ion The Bank of France hat been induced to adopt those two measures bv the further reduction of its resorva in specie. This reserve which it generally above 300,000 uOOf., nnd which ha 1 lalleo to loo 000,000f, six weeks since, had ugain declined to 73 00 l.uOiil, and, including the cash in the coll'-rt ol 'he branch banks, to 90 000 ooOf It is now considerably less, but the if snurcot derived from London maintain it above 100,000 0001. It may bo contideied at reduced to one bait ul the usual amount; but every one it aware tost one of the reproaches constantly addressed to the 0ank was on account ol the overabundant umuti.t of bullion iu its cellars, which equalled nvariv the value ol the bank notes in circulation Under vxis'ing en cum stances a reserve ol more than 100,noo OOU of api-cie against a circulation of banw note* amounting to 371) Ootl 0 >0. i? pal fectl) cdttioiatory, an t even u further ieducilen *hou 0 not create any alarm A considerable unceiain<y prevail* as to i.ur luture proa, ec *, inasmuch at uo per on Knows accurataly what emonot of specie rem uiAiaiAl man nmv rviiuir? Buiiuir ihu n/*i im a/ innmti* ? Tn* necessity under wluctl the great wetlorn states ot Europe find lueinselves tu impoil wheut iu Urge quantities renders e inoie than ordin-iryqilunttiy of specie useessary, tor two reasons. Kirst, the exports are nut equivalent to the imports ; and, secondly , the restrictive sys lem adopted by alino t all states limits the exchange ol produce between nations, and lerces them to axport me precious metals on almost every occasion ? If therefore the deficiency ot tne last crop be not supplied by the wheat already imported, we must expect to iiud the amount of the precious metals in the hurnla ol the bankers further diminished. The Bank 01 England will Da exposed to see its gold withdrawn in the same man ner as silver has been withdrawn from the Bar.k of Krance. Unfortunately, no person can tell, even appro* unatoly, whether Krance is sufficiently supplied with corn until next harvest. Any calculation on thu point is difficult, beceusa the quest! in is complicated It is not the wheat crop alone which has tailed. Wore that the tact, the supply already im|>orted would, perhaps, be sufficient; but we hava to replace other dosciiptioDs of grain, which have likewise tailed, by loreign wheat; and in this respect, wo cannot calculate the extent of our wants. If we found it necessary to import several millions of hectolitres ot wheat, independently ot the 4,IKjO,000 already received from abroad, we should find them without difficulty, as there is sufficient wheat in the world lor sale It is not, therefore, the scarcity ot wheat which is menacing, hut we must pay lor it with bullion because, through an uhfortunute insphation, tha different nations refuse to exchange their produce with each other. In thatcuse the Bank of Krance would be further embarrassed. We shall hasten to add that, by flannciel measures, analogous to those alreadv adopted hy the Bank of Krance, these difficulties may lie easily removed hy the assistance of the Government But we must accustom ourselves to this idea, and hold ourselvas raady lor every emergency, comprising that ol the Bank of England becoming shert ot the precious metsis. I'he government, by raising the interest on Treasury boons, might exercise an efficacious preventative sflect over the ciisis, should It become imminent; lor, by this measure, it would attract as much specie as it might require. On its part, the Bank of Krance, amongst the measures to be disoussed, might considor the suggestion 01 issuing bank notes ol the amount ol J.M) francs, and even ol iuO francs. Dank note* ot 100 Irancs would tie moit convenient medium of excluiogo. The result would he hd increased circulation of Imnk notei, with a much le?? quantity of spocie. Thin meaiuro miKht he tound effective for a future crisis. It u lingular that h'rance should at this moment experience u scarcity o( bullion, for it in certainly the country whore it is moat abundant. According to the most accredited calculation, the proportion of tilver coin cm rent in Prance i* three (old that which ia sufficient Icr ell commercial transactions In the united kingdom of tireat Britain and Ireland. It ii equal lo six time* what waa ionndnaceaaary in the U. Status of America t telve yean tinea, when the country was molt nourishing, that ia, bafora the attack of Uaneral Jackion on the banks.? Unfortunately, the habita with which the geniui of com marce haa inspired the Anglo-Saxon population ol tae two hemii|>haraa ara unknown amongst lis.? In Trance every one retains a certain quantity ol ailvat I coin lor his own private u>e. Moreover, a quantity of I ailver coin ia nulled in the earth, which ol nil I mode* of inveatment ia the moat ateril* It thua happen) that, with a real ol tilver coin, we bava Iho appoarance ol wanting it In Krifrlanrt and in the United Stated ovary one rida himaell ol bia apecie hy de- , ponilMK it in public or private commercial eetatiliih- : rnenta, who turn it to advantage, and ail aavinga are em- > ployed in a productive manner. The patting dittlonlliei which Kranee wni experience may peihopv*erve to au- | lighten in, aud to cauee us to contract hatiita mote conducive to the aggrandisement of public wealth and of piivata lortunev. The utility of benka conslata in aerv- I ing a* a receptacle lor all capital lor which immi diat* , employment cannot be louud. Let u?, at leaat, oudeaver I to derive ao much inatructi n from the emberraaaDient ! whlcn at preaent praveiU. Tim ia a tilting opportunity I to ramaik that the Uat law on the laving tiankecon tamed a <\rf?ct, which waa not perceived at the moment 1 when it wae voted Thia law wai Intended to prevent i the danger <N too groat en accumulation of iunda in iho I banda ol Oovetymant aobjeot to an immediate dameud I 10payment. mmm W? ?Wt duce J from SOOOi to 1600J, or, including 30)101. But axperience has developed an which was not foreseen. Under the the savings bonks, small savings, by form large cspltala. wert beginning hut themselves towards the Treasury, aod the where they rove to Industry. The new law tends to direction. There are la the country sever without cause tber do the reproductioi^^^^^^^^^^^^^H We could not encourage them toe much to leas*, the road totLe France, th J ravines banks Treaaur^^^^^^^^^^^^^^l wishing to do has place them the the the demands more thao Every one renders homage to the gence of the Bank The provide for eventueiitie^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H nuiuro may The meana are beforehand by practice, the ha as u.,I puipiue UTTTra events tor too advantega^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H the Journal dss Debate, uo meane endeavor to trial to the fortune of have as our readari^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H garde J passing aventa aucn been a? Inundations, penury have on it; in the midat of tboae complications, it is to perceive how fruitful the reaouroea are country tinda in itself. Were we even to bo taunti^^^^^^^^H witn irpiimirme, we ahall not hesitate to declare that basis ol our prosperity has not been affected so far as leave any durable or profound traces, sicca the progres^^^^^^^^| of affairs, the activity of commercial traniaeuona^^^^^^^^H and the public comforts, in place of diminishing, have creased in comparison with tho progress of praoedin^^^^^^^^B year The total amount of the customs and eaciss in year 1840 amounted to bit,'lit1,000f. being an Increase I!) 3sB,0(j0( over that of the year 1845. The Increase tho veur 1846 over that of the year 1844 was 16 oan.ooof, consequently the year 1840 was mora parous than ol 1846. A fact not lets remsrksble that the increase occurred principally during Um quarter, which it might have been considered have been most seriously affected by tho The tirat months produced an 13,IH3,000f.; the last three produced e aurplus^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H t'001. On analyzing the producing find, that lb branches of public revenue show a slight diminution?colonial sugar, salt, mail-coaches ; the others are progressing in a able degr >e, and the of affairs is. more satisfactory than might have been a just motive for trusting conlidantly^^^^^^^^^^^^^| sources of the country for the year 1847." tho Franeais, boen the a German bankers The latter, procure their to ba discounted avnAV^.l ?Vv? naftlff 8- fl a. . - s_ ?.e_ _ MIV vv UVIUIMU/ WU1CU their billa from the Franc*. rute than In Pari*, >nV H the 40,(100,000 of the Jan. H the loie no in the importation of grain)for every day"* the aituation and increase* the unenngTCrtE'peopl* A* we already stated,two month* ago, the price Yd grain, alter having reached a considerable elevation, miiinf awhile stationary, when fall of a sudden the riM *xperienced an extraordinary and truly appalling impulse A I- rum no part of France do we receive intelligence in dicative of a fall or evan steadine** in the market. The ire i* neutral and affect* all *oit* ol grain. The centre and west aro particularly vitited with the scourge, and this account* for the disturbance* which have manifeated themselves in thoie countries, where agitation sub ide* in one point to recommence on another. From the Sarthe to the Lower Loire, in Mayenne, I lie et J Vilaiue, and Maine et Loire, an unexpected dearth J ha* taken place, and exceaiive alarm prevail*. The A same may be said of the province of Barry, of the departments of Indre, Indie et Koire, and Loir* et tdier. From thence the movement extendi, on the one aide to the Bourbonnai*, and on the I other to the Orleannai*. Th* sack of ilour ha* ' ; already reached th* enormeu* price of lOOf. on different f V points, partieularly in the ' her, where the hectolitre of V B wheat sells for 301. and 37f At Orleans the price of flow \ 1 will shortly he as high, being quoted at from Ulf. to MC i At Pari* the price of flour augment* from If to St. A at every market, and nobody will part with hia grain. | m >- <.< ua> ugv iuu uigues< price was i?si.; ina,u-srr.lM sack of flour was not to be bed fer bat. On Friday than fl was a further increase of 4Ac., which raises the price of J| biead to 49c., per kilogramme, and no one can sajr that It w ill not reach anc befero the close of the mentis. The CotirWtr FVengel* states that during several days past the hospitals of farit hu\e been crowded to emcees with patients The distress privation, and additional labor imposed on the operetta classes, all combined, have pioauced this melancholy state of society [From the Paris Mouiteur, Jan. IT.] Serious disturbances have taken place in the department of the Indre. Several carta laden with grWln, which were traversing tho orrondissemsnt ol Chataureux, were stopped on the 13lh, between Leroux 'and Buzan caia. The riotera compelled tlia drivers to unload the corn at Diizancaia. where they sold it at n priCeoonaldee under that uf the maiket Imr ng the i^BMLthm s uii^H on the 14th the disturbance assumed Five or bouses who ottered was put the mob. The prefect of the Indre proceeded imme^^^H^H^^H lv to the scene uf disturbance, accompanied by tin King's Attorney Oeneral. but, finding the mtlitarv force ^ I under h.? orders insufficient to restore order, he de- I pitched en ottlrer lor a reinforcement, determine! to 1 muks e salutary example of the ringleader*. Correspondence from fiayonne, of ih* Uthjult, sutee that the of maize (Indian corn)which bad pravious- fl ly tieeu extremely moderate, had nseu in the course of a I few days more than 30 per cant The present pr.o* !* 40. a quarter, free on board Lsrge order* had been ra re,red train Ireland, end seven vessel* laden with Indian corn had already sailed for that destination The flh lurmi announces a lunher rise in the price of wheat, to the extent of from it to if the hectolitre, in the ir.srkata of Bayeux, Cette. Houden. Montlncon, Poictiers, He meis, Louviers Lucon. Lille. Mon'ivilhers, Itsvre. Or. leans, Cbateaudun, Vic-sui-Alane Parte (Jaucber/ and t oulummiwr* The Echo announces the atrl v..! at ltouenof several cargoes of wheat tiom Londor*. ^ 1 Hamburgh and Marseilles intended for the supply nt*I'aris and the neighborhood The Prefect ot the Seine Interieure had adopted the necessary imaanrea to faciU[ tata than avigation of the river seine, in order that the boats despatched to Paris should encoUuter no delay. Ireland. The accounts from naarly every part of Ireland differ but little in . escribing tU* real situation of til* people Wo seleot a few as a apeciman of the whole The Cck EramintT tum< up the elate of thlagl Id th<* neighborhood of Akibbeiuea? ' In the parieh of Kilrroe, 14 died on Sunday : tot Ihoee were buried in cofttna, 11 were buried without other covering than the rage they wote when alive One reritlrmnri a rood and ahnntabla man. enaakin* af this case, say I:?'The distrees ia ao appalling, that we must throw away all feclniK ol delicacy and enodiier aaya?' I would rather Rive la. to a starving man lid for a coffin' " 1*0 died in Skihlicreen w oi one month; M have died in one day ! At J Mr. thy UowninR atatea, that 'they rame the merely and aolely lor the purposeot Retting a coffin.' "The Reverend Mr. Claney visits a farm, and there one houae,' he administered the laat ritea of religion^^^^^^^^^J six |?eraona On a subsequent occaaion, he ' prepa^^^^^^^^^H for iieath a father aud a daughter 1) inR in the same " The Reverend Mr. Caulllald aeea IS members of family lying down in fever.' " The Rev Mr hit/,?atuck letirea at S o'cloc? H in the morniriR, and a couple of houra hea^^^^^^^^^H aleep. ia the aama with hia coadjutors. " Dr Donovan solemnly aaaurea a public meeting the peoplo are ' dropping in do/ ana about them ' "Sir Maimion aaya that work on the public even more destructive than fever; lor the unfed es have energy enough to keep their blood in lation, and they drop down Irom the unitedefiectt^H^PIV^^H cold and hunger?naver to rite again." The accounta from Mayo, given In the frermaeN Journal, are very painful. In the pariah et Cong, ST deaths occurred within a week; in a neighboring i-eiiah, a like number in three week*. The Rev. Patrick Pitt, gerald. Roman Catholic curate of Kilgeever, thna illustrateathe Intensity of the famine; ? " I shall never forget the impreeaion made on my mind a few duya ago by a moat heartrending case of starve tion. I have witnessed the poor mother of five in family sending her little children, almost lifeless from hunger, to tied; end. despairing ut ever again sooigg them olive, aha took hor leave of them In the act was to were some her children; that the By climax inav he added the relation Irom into the perce woman Utah hy take some a letid pool. aho ate getting outride the ihe then with the iiivagn ferocity the duguating reference wee bee been tlio diatrcaied people in the Ireland We ere heppy te large nnmlier of additional donation* are about reitiled. It cannot be too itrongly enforced ing m well money iarequired, mid that to a amount indeed, to relieve tne poignant diatrea* many of our lellow kubjecti are enlfeiing at the preii^^^^^^^^H moment. All the aid that can be rendeied to the tee for afloiding the required ahall be read'^^^^^^^^^f given by thia journal. Under the exertion* of Med, Rolhichild and other*, it may he rea*onahly anticipd that hondiedi upon bundled* ol* iter ling will oon tf.tdrd to the Keliel Kund Amougat the *nh?ciJp^^^^^^^^H tioiiN wa And the tallowing, turn* ol which we named the hurt account yeeUrdav:?1 he Imuran, X10 I'rince Albeit, ?..00 the Duciir** of Olouceiter, the Uukn , I'liOti; M*?*r* Biother*, la X ?!? tlveiend, A lOt Ko ine Jc . A'llWO, ?101*11 John have been i ft MdfMveiel other

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