Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 18, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 18, 1847 Page 1
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TP I IJ IMPORTANT INTELLIQENOE rtoM NEW MEXICO. r One Week in Advance of Mfall MEXICAN INSUKRECTIUN AT TAOS. HORRIBLE MA88ACRE. BQVEI NOK OF NEW MEXICO MURDEREI Assassination of Americans. THE PROBABLE RE-CAPTURE OF SANTJ FE BY THE MEXICANS Trap net to lure Colonel Doniphan. Movements Towards Vera Cruz AFFAIR8 AT TAMPICO. (Sic. die. AOf Tug Philadelphia North American of yesterday received by telegraph intelligence from St. Louie six clays in advanco ot mail, with dates fcor Sante fe, covering important news. There ha been an extensive Mexican insurrection at Taot All the Spaniards who evinced any sympalh with the American cause had neen compelled t escape. Governor Bent, Stephen Lee, Acting Sharif] General Elliot Lee, Henry Seal, and twent Americans wore killed, and their families det poile I. The Ciiief Alcalde was also killed Thii ah occurred on the 17th January. The insur roc ion had made formidable head, and the disaf lection was rapidly spreading. The insurrec tionists wore sending expresses out all over th coun'ry to raise assistance. The number en gaged in the outbreak at Taos was about 600.Thay were using every argument to incite the I? dians to hostilities, and were making preparation to take possession of Santa Fe. The Americans at Santa Fe had only about 50 effective men there, the rest were on the sick lis or had lull to join Col. Doniphan. Such beini their situation they cannot send succor out, a tJn-y art hardly able to defend themselves. It i thought bantu Fe must be captured, as neithe the lort nor block-houses arc completed. It is announced as the intention of the iusurrec tiomsts who captured Taos, to take possessior ot the government wagon trains, which are car rying to. ward our supplies, and thus cut eff al communication. Tno representations made to Col Doniphan tha Cbiauahua would be an tasy conquest, were evi dbiiUy intended as a lure to entrap him, beget a spirit of security, and lead him far oil' into the in tenor, where he might be easily cut ell. it is ih? utuveisal opinion 111 Santa Fe that i General Wool hud gone direct to Chihuahua there would have been uo (rouble 111 New Nlex loo. Col. Doniphan had possession of El P&sst del is or 10 oil the 2Sc.i December, belters hat been received from the Governor of Chihualiua statmg that Gen. Wool was within three dayi march ol the capital. This, too, was doubtless another ruse 10 lute Col. Doniphan on in c?t(1deuce, and cut him cfl" from ad chances of es cape, or failing back upon Santa Fe, to relieve i in lie emergency. Toe Mexicans are bold in llieir tone, und con fident ol capium.g Col. Doniphan and his com in aim, wintii (.'uiisiMs 01 uncut ouu men, 600 o tiit in oemg of'tint own (roops, the first regimen of luoun d Missouri volunteers, and a detach incut cl 100 inen from Santa re, under com' maud of Lieut Col. Mitchell, st the 2d regi ineni -cousisung ol HO men Trom Clark's b&ua lionet light artillery, under command ol" Capt Hudson und Lieut. Kriblien, and 70 lrom Col Price's regiment und Col. Willock's battalion They tuon assert that they will matsacie ever) Amertcauiu New Mexico, and confiscate all then g^ois A let or from Lieut Abert, U. 5>. Topographs cal Eugiiitor, of later date, confirms all tne above intelligence 'lhe details of the battle of Braoilc are atoo torili fine... The massacre, beyond doubt, has been a ho>rtble one, ol which we nave as yei heaid but the beginning; and the insurrcotiou was k pt so quiet until ail was ready for the outbreak, that our hanuiu. ol no -ps there must be demolished, bclore any effort can be made te relieve thein from the most advanced ol oor Western militaiy posis. lAeut A berts' men suffered very severely coining to Masouri. The calls upon government lor prompt assistance and large reinforcements are strenuous; and the situation of our gallant men, iar awuy from succor, in the heart of an enemy's country, shows iho rashness which has characterized the whole advance into New Mexico. Eight of the leading men engaged in the oonep racy have arrived, (tne despatch does not sa) wne-e,) wno nave made a full confession of the wnole plot. Lstiers received, also state that Col. Cook and the Moi"tuon battalion were 8oU miles beyond Sa.ita Fe. They were generally ji gord health, aud progressing slowly. THE MOVEMENT TOWASDS VEEA C*CZ. [From the N O. Units, March 6.] IJbaxos February 92, 1647. The magnitude and importance of the expedition against Vera Orux l-icre?>i??, apparently, daily. Within the [i ot week I courted, at one time, 24 large ship* and bark i-''ichotad ouuido the har beside* several brigs end ?ch?>oner??numbering altogether 63 sail?independent cl' thOM) anchored outside. There were at the seme time upward* ol SO sail in the bay, off the inland, loading or discharging ; the greater pert or the whole of which have Fin-a >. il,d for <4en. Hcott's head quarters The greatest ac'ivity prevails in every department, from the quarter-master to the laborer* and tailor*, although tiulr movements have been much retarded during the pa.t week hy odverse wind* The operations in every qauiter indicate that " Uncle Ham" is about to make an immediate ? rthrt to crush, with one fell iwoop, the d< f> icfl and eelt important Mexion nation; and toao fellow up the victories and advantage* gained, a* to prevent them Irani Indulging even in their gasconade after deteat. Tha phii i of the campaign is pretended to he krpt entirrh wi'hru the know ledge of the commanding gKoeral*. but I co out think it requires any extraordinary wisdom or ju 'gn:#nt to tell what the operations will be for the O'liiiiug two or toree month*. By the Utter pert ol March, or the tlrat of Aptil, the army will be concen tinted on hoard ol vessel* in the vicinity of Anton Li iirui, wusu, Kim >uo uu??, wuica nave already arrived, they wilt debark at that place and forthwitn niovt ; i column on Vera Crux Tbry liava 140 barges, e <iTv-lo i f cirrying Kit) meneeclt ; by thia mean* (Ifn Mull v? ill I nt>le to land, under cover ?I ttie guns ot the r-i-i i TOu, 11001 tioopiln the course oi' a few houra.aud cro'-ubly in two or t ice day*, bis entire armament, diuni'iona. ran p equipage, baggage tteina, lie. bJiutttlai Kou* with Oen Scott's movements, Oen. Taylor will movo Willihia column on Hun Luis Potoai. In a Miti'ui o lu> pivent force, he will bavo witb him the Ninth Carolina, South Caroline, Virginia, and Massachusetts regiments. 1 understand that Oen. Taylor la tnuki' i* * II a* rtwg omenta and taking every precaution to render the much rcroas die deceit, from Ague Nueve f> the valley of S.n Luia IYiosi, as little arduous and fatiguing to the 11'io|i.o ua possible Hia command ia composed p incipully of volunteers, but if they exhibit the inmo couruge und torn mle as tbo-e did who were at ?;o -teroy, the old hero will achieve a victory that will ti I >rA l-onor upon the country and himself, and rival In brilliancy any ol hie former conquests. < npt lien l!c(. ulloch, ol the Texan Rangeta, baa ar ilvt d at PhIUIIo, r.nd lepcrted to Geo. Taylor. Den will V i gr it requisition to the Ocnersl'a forces No men ku a better Knowledge ol (be Mexican character then htuieelf; besides he is well acquainted witb their mods ef warfare. witb the coui.iiy, and with their language be knows how to nroid thcii snare a, and to thwart Uieii Lcat la d scheme*. and ut the asmo lima, will acquire I thorough knowleiigo of the em my'a iorces, an I ibeir pc?i iou i u sbott, he ia "u host within himself." Then Tie'. ? -r Las been a time ainoe the coDimencemenl ot th? vai that the Texan Rang re were ao much needed as a the present. The country it lull of banditti, commit i im d t y ti p Mexican government, who ore murdering rr t rol ' ii:;; otir people at uveiy opportunity. It aeemi to Pa t "if red minion that wo hero no iotce but the T? x .n 11 i r;tr* whocun kcap these fellows quiet. Thi buys" are light dr.-light, and move with unequalled altcrpy linn point to yxatnt ; not carrying with than any ty b iggnge, they have nothing to irapedr ?n r 'T and one thing is very certain, tnej v ill n v i be taken by the enemy sleeping, or drinking ut a isHiiango, lettlic weather be clear and foggy, rain l.ig ot sinning 'llit-ro seems to tebnt one opinion here i ih m t'' "i Mieamiy, in lefcteiice tohrirgug ti . n in o t e f?rric< , which i ? that the Ojtenimeiii II uu d LI h t then, at any expense, and upon their ewt tsrmr, though 1> be but icr m months, er tor one er t#< E NE NE year*. Why should the Government hesitate upon term* in bringing troop* ?o efficient a* they are into the field 7 It it wee known among the Mexican* that Jack, Hay*, Walker, Chevalie, Acklanit, Tom Oreea. Rhins Mustang Orey. Oilleapie, McCown. Chandler and Hallow, bad arrived on the Rio Grande with a force of Ranger*, there would not be a Mexican Comminivnaro this aide of the Sierra Madreln two weekstime. I very much , doubt if they would stop before they arrive at S tn Lui* Potest I From the N. O Picayune, March 8 ] We copy from the Tampico Sentiml the organization of the third brigade (first division) of the Army of Occupation skcovd aao third rcoimbvt* or nr. Ptconi Infantry.?Brevet Co'. B Riley, commanding 3d brigade) Major G W. Alien, commanding regiment; i JCapt. C. A. Waite, acting major; Capt T. Morris, commanding company A: Capt J. J. B. Kingsbury. commanding company K; Capt. J R Smith, commanding comp'y B; Cnpt H.Day,lick in Tampio.o;Capt G W. Pat- ; ton, commanding company K; 1st Lieut H W. Weasels, commanding company G; 1st Lieut. amPB re vet Captain J. W. Anderson, commanding com;.nny U; 1st Lieut and I Brevet Capt W. Alburti*. assistant commissary end act ing quartermaster 'J 1 Infantry; 1st Lieut J. M'Klnstry, : acung commissary 8 division; 1st Lieut. D. Davidson, commanding company F; 1st Lieut. J. liayden, command- I ing company H: lit Li?ut. L U.S. Cauby, adjutant 31' infantry and acting art a ant adj general 3d brigade; 3d Lieut B. P TilJen;3d Lieut. N Lyon, commanding company 1; 3d Lieut. A. Bully; 3d Liiut. K. Muiray; -id Lt. J. VV Schureman; 3d Lieut. C. K. Jarrii;3d Lieut. D H t Jonea, acting adjutant 3d infantry; Surgeon C. 8 l'ripler; Aa?t Surgeou t . O- Keeney Third Infantry.? Capt.- H. Bainbridge, commanding regiment; Capt. fc B. Alexander, acting major; Capt. W. S. Heniy, commanding company Kl Cant., L. 8. Craig, eommandiug company D; Capt J. M. Smith, commanding company C; Capt. D. P. 1. Chandler, commanding company i; 1st Lieut 8. O. Dobbin*, com' mending company II; lit Lieut. B. R Johmou; lit Lieut. I, D. C. Buell, adjutant; lat Lieut J. B. Richardson, commanding company K; \V H. Brooks, acting assistant ad- j lutant general lit division; lit Lieut. A W. Bowman; ,S lit Lieut O Sykri, acting assistant quartermaster 3d In . lahtry; 3d Lieut B K Bee; 3d Lieut. H. R.ClUst Brevet ' ( 3d Lieut. N. H. Davis; Bicvet 3d Lieut. T. R. MrCounell; y Surgeon H. S. Hawklnr. 0 Timfico, February 30, 1847. i The veaael by which I wrote ou the I8th and 19ih ia P still hare and sails this day, so 1 give you another hasty '? scrawl, informing you, as far as I farther know, of movey menu in this quarter. Gen. Twigg^s division is first under marohing orders, and leaves to-day. Who is to go next I do not know, 1 nor do 1 know what is the force to be left to gerrisou this post It should not be lass, however, thou UtO men All is bustle, and very soon we shall not have more - troops here than are barely sufficient to uke oere of the town. I think mw wind ( J- ? ? . M/ whm * I'????/ noil Uliur up to K9 long and mo the Vera Crux fandango. 1 was unlucky B enough to min the eport at Monterey, and 1 do not feel . willing to be absent whan the " ball" opens at Vera Crux To giro you some idea of what Is expected to be done, i I will show you a portion of what is going down In the way of munitions i-First. there are some 100,100 rounds s of henry ammunition, rookets, shells, and an enormous supply of all sorts of combustibles, with 40 mortais and columbists?some of them ten Inches calibre; from 10 to 0 ' 20 3#f>ouoders; 3 field batteries, consisting of six and t twelve pounders, snd twelve and twenty-four pound j howitzers. With all these go the sappers and miners ami 1 the pontoon train. If we den't knock 'em Into fits with these a and get up a nice "tea party," 1 am very much mistaken Yesterday we had the following arrivals U. States 8 steamer Massachusetts, from Brazos Santiago, with Msj. r Gen. Soott and suite: U. 8. steamer Virginia, Captain Tucker, from New Orleans via Brazos Santiago, with government stores; baik|Appia Maria, Captain Billings, . lour days from the Bio Grande with 63,000 feet of lumber for the government; schr Creole, Capt. Allen, 29 1 days Irom Baltimore, with subsistence stores; brig Will, . Capt Decker, 6 days from New Orleans, with hay, oats | ana tarpaulin; schr. Ticonio, Capt. Daly, 7 days from New Oileans, with ooal. The U. S schooner Tampioo, Acting Master, M. C. 1 Terry, Jr., sails this morning for Lobos Island, snd An" ten Lizardo, with despatches from Gen. Scott, i P. 8 ?Keb. 2Jd.?The vessel by which 1 intend id to send the above, tailed before 1 could place it on board.? 1 have not muoh to said?in fact it is almost impossible to f gather any thing here in the way of what ia culled army nawa?ao secret every thiog is kept. There is net a Mm' ican in the whole country who doea not know that our troopa are going to Vera Cruz, while in the United j States, and even here,our own people are all in the dark. i Santa Anna manages to keep himselt well advised of our , aiovemeuts. 1 almost venture to say that he now knows s as much of our plans and intantions, and of our strength j and numbeia in the field as any of thoae who are at head quarter*, in Washington city. Despatches of the greattat moment are sent through the enemy's country, al* most totally unguarded, and, like weak snl snuggling 1 foraging partiea, and mulea and wagons with good and stroDg escorts, they fall into tba bands of our toes. Gen. Scott sailed with his staff from this place day be fore yesterday. The troops are preparing to follow him, f and olttcera are momentarily expecting marching order*. t All the force* now here, except the Louisiana volunteers, the Baltimore battalion and out company of artillery will be on the way to Vera Cruz in a short time. Those that ' 1 have named will be lelt here, under the command ol Col. Gates, to garrison the city. Vox will no doubt regrot to hear that the Louimna trodps are not to go to | Vera Cruz, and you will doubtless think as I <lo. nnd ? any person might, that of all the soldiers in the army, they art the very onaa who should go theie -being bet\ ter able and suited to stand tho climate than most ol th> others. Betides this, your volunteers who were the first u respond last year to the call of (Jen. Taylor for aid when he needed aid, and who after enduring much hardship and pi i ration in coming to Mexico, were sunimai il> i disbanded and sent home, should not now be prohibited i tiom snaring in the foitune of war in the amicipeteo battle, whatever that lortune may be?-whether for weal or ! tvoe. Louisiana stood up promptly, without hesitation or wavering, not only in sending mon first to tbe aid ol our country's cause, but also in the "sinews" of war, and it would seem to be but right and proper that her ' last regiment, now here,should have a chance to rhsre i some little glory, if there la to be any glory achieved > at all. O lean* Bulletin, March 8.J The Abby Morton a 'ived yesterday from Tampico, , which place (lie left on 34th February. Qan. Scott and suite left Tampico on the 31st, in tbe steamer Massachusetts. Two thousand troops had already sailed for ; Lobos, leaving eight to nine thousand still at Tampico, i who were about beiug embarked also?all the shipping i in port bad bean engaged for account of the Government, to carry troopa and stores. [From the Tampico Sentinel, Feb. 90th ) On last Wednesday, according to previous arrauga menta, iha 1st division, under Gen Twiggs, moved liom their eamp, soma two and a half miles irom tbe eity, in una adjacent to that of the command under Gen. Fiiiow where they were reviewed by Gen Twiggs. We ob soivad Generals Patterson, Pillow, Shields an I Quitman present in the field, to witness the evolutions of this fine body of the regular troopa, but tbe day was so exceedingly warm, and so many of tho men yielded to its p proaaive influence, that a great part of the review wss suspended until yesterday, when we are informed they iri?<i it again Maj. Gen. Scott arrived off the city on Thursday evening, but did not come ashore until Friday morning, pre ' vious to which, be received a "thundering welcome " ' Ha seams to ba in fine health and apirua. After te 1 reiving the congratulations of a grest number ol our oitixens, ha proceeded to Gen Patterson's head quarters, where ha now remains, although wo learn that he cottemplates leaving again some time during the day. But we do not feel at liberty to give hit destination. Wo are informed that the embarkation of four bri 1 gades, under Generals Twiggs,# Pillow, Shields, and | Quitman, will commence this day. The destination of tnese iroopi i* very prcparly left to the fruitful imaginetioo ot the public; for, what ia the valuo of a secret it it 1 la in the possession of every odd; anil, beaidea. if we let the "cat out of the bag," it might be a materiel injury to thoie who are driving a large trade in tbo market of peculation. !f?\V8 PROM WIN. TAYbOg'S DIVISION. [From the New Orleana Jelf>r?onian, March H ] | We derive the following particular* from ihe Oalve? , ion Qottlit. Although the date i? no later then we f have had before, yet tome matters are mentioned which were not before reported. The account* from tho Rio flrande reach to the til at . ult. Colonel Duncan's artillery were to aall on the '.'lit on hoard tho ship Louisville, for Loboa 1 sland, and Captaiu Taylor'* en board the ahip Arkanaa*, lor the same point General Taylor bad arrived at Haltillo, and had marched seventeen mile* in advance on the road to Han Luis I Potoai, and taken up a poallion atJAgua Nueva, retrying ' with him the Miaaiaaippi Regiment,Col. May'* dragoon*, I and a couple of battalion*. i The Mexican* are hovering around our force* above, and frequent rifmora are afloat of battle* loat and won. We beef from the aame aource a rumor that the eighty i priaonera who were captured recently by the Mexican*, nave bt en maaaacred lor attempting to make their escape. Also, a very large force of Camanche* have arrived at General Taylor'* headquarter*, on a commercial visit. They are a peaceably di*po*ed community, Heeking only ; the privilege of furulthing all the heraea and mulaa the army may require for the remainder ol the war. They ! oiler to furnian big horaea and mulra cheap, and will bring in .Mexicans to break them to boot. , SThe business at Santiago ia becoming immenae, and no I conception it ia said cm be termed of tba operation* , growing out of the | reaeut war, except by those who , have witnessed the arrival and departure of (he various , | auppliaa. ; | [From the Montgomery ( Via) Journal, March 13.1 r : Col. Haya oftha Texas Rangers arrived on the Helma i last night, on hi* way Cast. He leaves on the cars this morning lie i* a spare sinewy formed man, and much i ' younger looking than hi* experience and long standing > reputation would lead one to think. i ?r uiigmiianu lum uis i lions 10 raise a lore* of TcXM I mounted man, have not been successful. Tbo Tensas I [ , are willing to enlist for la months, but notfortlie war, : or any indefinite period. i Col. Ha) uvea* bearer of deipatchea from the State i | Authorities ot Teas* to our (ioreniiaent, asking that un I | adequate force may be stationed upon the Texan frontier, : > . in comequence of spprehensions of aery serious Indian | > difficulties. ' | Col. Hays was not known for lomo hour* after he [ I come on board the Helrna, for tin* place, and the clerk 1 then fore received hi* fare- On becoming awera of the , : fact, by an inspection of the registor, one of ourcitiaen*, ; 1 known for hi* hotpitaiity, instantty paid the amount to t ; the cieik, much against the wi he* of the gallant i Hanger The passenger*, including the ladies?who are I always " ready in every good work"?insisted oo sub* W XT i ) T J. VJ T?-?-c a =. ~ .r~ :w YORK, THURSDAY scribing, each, to rotund to the gentleman who had ad* vaneed in the tint instance. Bassos St Jaoo, Feb. 73, 1817. The ecv ooner on the bar laet night hoe aince got off, but I could not ascertain her mme. The Alabama id to continue down the coast, touching at Tampico. and I will stick to her as long as I can. She is decidedly one of the best boats on the waters, and Capt. Wiudle is a sailor aud a gentleman, every Inch of him We made the tun over in 64 hours home of the officers of the Virginia regiment ere on shore, six companies of which have arrived outside, and will debark ut the mouth of the Rio Grande to-lay, and move forthwith up the river in steamboats The companies arrived ore under the command of Col. Randolph, on 1 are as follows:?Captains Scott, Harp-r, R mkheitd, Cors.i, Archer, aud Cariiugton. The remaining sit companies am looked for daily. The volunteen who are stationed between this and Monterey, will not move any further in that direction. As their term is about to oxptre, thev will be sent back in de'ach.nents, in charge ot trains, to. [From the Louisville Journal. March 10.] Major General Butler, whose a; in Louisville is noticed in another place, returns on a short leave, with the view el obtaining surgical advice. His leg stall pnins tiitu very esik and ho is compelled to use the cruic.h The wound has been healed for two mouths. Tho galimit General thinks the American force ton weak to udvjnce on Sau Luis Totosi. The castle cfVt,ra' rux uni t ft st be reduced by Genetal 8eott, a very difficult task; and by thut time tho term ef General Tuyioi's volunteers will be on the point of expiring; and thus Tavlot must he Unuhle In march unni, (San t.nia to co-opuiata with Scott. The reader must not suppose that, in eVdCuoting Vera Cruz, t!ie Mexican! have evacuated the castle. A thousand men are sufficient to man that, and provisions might bo lift there to sustain hem six months PROft.AMATION OK SANTA ANNA. Countrym-u! h uihiul to the solemn promises which 1 made on my return to this country in August lsat, snd determined m respect the nstional will, whatever it should be i bsve directed all my attention to the defence ot tiio country, to the sustaining oi her threatened liberties, to rostore to our arras their old brilliancy (which had been tarnished in the late conflicts,) snd to rout tho enemy who attempts to blot out Mexico from the catalogue of nations Kully satisfied with the honor ot exposing my life lor the good of my oountry, (and, perhaps, not without hope* of acquiring an immortal nume, by se?nrjPf bar glory forever, by placiog her in that pre eminent position which she ought to occupy amongst tne civilised nations of this part of the globe,) I came to tske command of the army. I Knew very wi-li how dangerous the enterprise was ; I know the risks and compromises I would have to incur ; I knew that tha army was vary small, and disorganised in somequenos of the late discords, and that there were few of the corps who retained relics of instruction nnd discipline ; 1 knew that the exchequer of tho nation was exhausted ; that public spirit was broken down, and that all were tired of the repeated revolutions which have been taking place constantly, during the long period of mors than twenty -five years, but 1 was determined to sacriQce myself lor my country, and without hesitation 1 instantly took the immense responsibility on rqf shoulders. Surrounded by difficultios, snd thousands of obstacles, which I had foreseen without being able to surmount, and to do all which, as a Mexican and as atianersl who loves his country eud his honor, 1 might think expedient and necessary, 1 felt very much afflicted, considering my sell as the great centre of all hopes, and I trembled contemplatiug how closely leagued are my dostinias with tnose ot this country, whion is so beloved by mo. A single fault on my part could have submerge 1 her forever iu an at>y as of ignominy; and that it was easy to do, but difficult to mend The Supreme government knew all my afflictions and fears, as I took care of sd vising it ot ail, placing constantly before it tne doleiul picture of the sufferings which the army was enduring. And 1 continually re quested them to send resources to cover tho great and nrgont necessities with which 1 was surrounded ; but 1 did not wisli to publish my frequent and nearly daily communication*, fearing that iny letters might be badly i interpreted, and also that the enemy would he made acquainted by them et our painful and difficult aituatien, and would have recovered more courage, and probably have undertaken larger enterprise*. I thought ol deserving, by auch noble conduct, the e.> teem of >11 my fellow citizen* who, certainly being i a warn of the lacts, could not do lets than appn nt* i it ail that should be considered noble uud gi. But 1 uuloituiiately, I see ibat I was mistaken, ami that lni .loin gianliug to me tU-ir a) mpathy, if nut prai * they ! neap u(>on me BOiouts uu.l vituperation. 1 am ?' <* >. i pathy uud inaction. It ia supposed that 1 see .?lih ^-ooj iudtflVrence, the ilia ol the country, and some ol ' 4?m nave gone so lur as to present me, in the eyes ol the world, as a traitor Why then this detention in San Luis/ say* the hostile party ol'ho press. Why, whou the tieneral ol tlio eoo my lively, and with a small body ottroops, explores the States ol Cotihuila, Nnevo Leon, and i'aiuaulspas, do Utey not go out and meet him / Why does not thu Comiiiauiler-in-Ch ef advauco into the country / Why docs lie not II*tit hini and drive him out of the country.' Fellow cituons, hear me, and believe that no one wishes aiota than my sell, that the day of glory tor the country, the day ol confusion and horror to the unjust enemy should shiue; but, untoituuately, holy as my wishes are, the difficulties are great with which I am reset. On my arrivul at the capitol, the artny wag not what it is to-day, as you will easily sec by my narration. Since that time it has been nicieaied threo-fouiihs ol its oiigiual force. 1 did not find here, nor was there any, in other places, a deposit of men, horses, or equipments. 1 was compelled first, to send lor the men to all the States I to fill up the regiments. A soldier cannot bo made at once, and tue whole world kuows that tho ordnance requires four muuths at least of instruction, lor the puipose of being able to do duty in time ot pwacs. Would u have been prudeut, then, wishing to escape from the uote of inaction, to Uko thu initiative, and to present myself to thu field with an army of novices, composed of men taken up in the moment from their domestic occupations' Would the people not accuse mo, then, and with more reason, of having exposed to an eviueut dan g?r, the honor ol our aruia, and the liberty of our couu try, having committed tho imprudence of operating with ova and not with soldiers? was it cot my duty to prepare ammunition? to collect and Improve the arm* ?to biiug trom all poinu the artillery, and at lait to gathet all the war materials? Think about thi* with impartiality, sad alterwardi Judge if I deserve to be lepnmauded. But it ii not sufficient, if we desire to secure a victoiy to our arm*, that the army waich 1 have the honor to command, should be numerous and disciplined it is not sufficient if this army is possessed of the most eminent enthusiasm to avenge the outrages mat have been done to the nation; this is a graal deal, oertaiuiy, but it is by no meant all that is required. Pull of fire, and desirous of glory, the gallant Republicans ol ibeaiiny oi the Alp* would not have been able to do utfiat they did,U instead of finding the beautiiul and fertile flslda ol Italy, they had met with barren deserts, obliged to cross in the horrid nudity in which they were. No help could be given to them lor the moment, but their young general, irom tho snowy top of tha Alps, pointed out to tuem the relic cities which would beoome a prize 10 their army. They saw with wonder the magm' palaces to which victory led them, ilea the Mr soldier the same perspection? He baa to march throu, nis own country, and ne is obliged to lespect the uu . sod pioparty ol bis couutrymen, who expect from in protection. All oearly deserted, it dees not niter a shelte. against the elements, nor a sufficient quantity of water tor ti e men and homes; if we advance, it is necessary to put Ircm distance to distance depot* ol provision* where me soldier will be able to And alter being worn down by latigue and hunger, the necessary resources to live on. ' Vitnout (his it seems impossible for the army to make any movement. Has anything been doue concerning this important matter, although I nave made thousands of representation*' It i? very painful to tell it, Mexicans, but I cannot keep it secret any longer; nothing hes been done, and wnat is worie, I dont sea that there is any prospect of doing it. The army is kopt in a state of great uakedoess, ao.t in tha most dreaful misery, so much so, ibat far twenty.five daya 1 have not been able to pay their ratioos, w inch hava been tberefore taken on credit. Tho heroin defenders of Monterey, wounded by the balls of the enemies, aro lying here, quite abaudoned, without any other assistance than that which the charity and tha patriotism ol a few inhabitants gives them There is not in thisf llow citizen, any exaggeration I appeal to tne testimony of the authorities of sua Luis; since the 'IS h ol December it baa been scarcely possible to assist the troop* with two days' pay, which has served more to pay olfold debts than to attend to present nrces sities. Ol tbe $400 ooo appropriated for the expenses of the army, only $174,000 have come to hand, which was received in December last, end nothing this present month; end in onler to help tho great wants I was compelled to engago my personal ciedit for tho amount of fiiu imiii, wiiicu wuio lent me on pledge ol' my privat < propelty, and winch were aent to the division in onser ration at Tula Could the army under auch ndseratde circumstances, ro.ike 11 movement 7 Far, vory far, ain 1 I row insinuating that the Mexican soldier depend* upou the promptneaa with which hi* country pay a him, but there are difficulties which it is impossible lor ua to overcome. It i* impoMible to Rive ration* to the troop* when there i* uo radon*, or to pay them when there I* 10 money. T!d*i*. as described,the situation of the army, asocuiay us, and a* lull of patriotism a* any other in the woiT hich will sacrilir* itself with it* chief* for the nation I honor; it i* it* wlab.anil if it* . *h* lor at iitance, only to satiety its iloe* it so as to he able te approach the enemy, to suataiu its good namo, and the glory end liberty ot the nition to which it belong t. I, sales* have been till to day. a I the endeavor* I hove used, all the step* that I have taken, hiving in vk w die receipt* of the uecenary land*. Notes ov?r note* wc n almost daily repeated, showing the hotrid ata?e p. < . n the troop* v.ore placed. The answer* to al " o promise* and remote hopes, which I feat " vt o lealized.'or if so, thsy will come perhaps t< la I think diet I have fulfilled, by thi*. my dot.- >. ? erause it ii not lor m? to ptepoae the w ay of |iro' " tb ceseary tund), and I have only to aay that i. iv u wishes, as I think, to carry on the war, it mu-i . *n thit those suiall sum* that have bean fromtn- 'odme remitted are cot of (t eat htlp, because they will do only to cover the wants of a day;they are not luiticiant to make permanent imprasaton, n?rlo base further op-radon* upon. If those who ate able to do it ere not willing whelp the nmy, the only protection which th" c< ui.iry h?* will be exposed, ami they may lose all, with thoir inde|iendunce, and they will be oblige 1 to transmit to posterity a name full of ignominy. Conntrymen ! I would nave omitted to present to you ffiich s pictures* that given to you now, and which I know will till up your beaita with bittainasa ; but I timl myself coin,.ailed to give you notice ol all tbet occur*. It would be a crime wore It not brought to your 1 don't accuse aay one, nor do 1 direct rnjssli to any body, but | cannot consent that the bettor ol the army, -II I 111 ' 1 II.. " UU! > R K 1 MORNING, MARCH 18, 1 Mil i niiiic, alio, should suffer, when, iu no period oi our history, has the army desarvad more credit an 1 more esteem Irony the whole country. Concerning rnycelf, i shall repeat Ior the last time, I Mokic.uis, that I anil iecollect that the nation callod me I te defend her in the present contest, and to restore to her 1 I her libeity, honor, aud glory, orto perish with bar. This ; J is iny only desire, and fount want, nor do 1 pretend any. thing else. But if, unfortunaUly. credit should not te | given to my words-ifagainatallliopo*, somebody should ' ' think mo not capable of keeping faith with them, I shall ; j prove it with deeds. Tell me, if it is desired to deliver , ; the couiniaud of the artuy, and 1 will do it, although 1 would lose by that the last opportunity to acquire an immoital name i because, when it concerns my country? I her fAelingi end glory, there is nothing, nothing in the i { v orld, dilH .-uli to mo 1 will retire if it is thought useful, | j not to take the power which was conierred upon me a : few days og" ; becuuse 1 have already said more than I once, that I do not wish any more employment nor other | honor than that of saying my country in the present war ! with the United State* ; and a* soon as it has been done, I shall retire to my domestic hearth, tod no human power will tie able to take me from thence to public life And if still my ssli denial is not judged suttiaieut?if my presence is thought dangerous on the soil on which I was born, I shall seek in a foreign count'y an asylumn for my last days, in which 1 shall pray constantly for the pi osparity and increase of my country. Far, very lar am 1 from having on umhition less nonl* or praiseworthy; because, undeceived of the value of power and distinction, there ouly rouuius to ma euo true pleasure, which is, to deserve Ud enjoy the applause and esltem of my fellow citizens. ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. Hkad tfi'sHTias, Hsn Luis PoTosi, / Januaiy t/?ih, 1847. ) MILITARY. | From the Boston Journal, March 10 ] The hark Smyrna, with thu two remaining companies OI th A \1 fl ?iJJpHlia?tfu rneimont U iiue dui.iftii pa vao tcrdsy afternoon Siio ha* ou board companies U, Lapt Nichols, ami 1, Cap:. Walsh. Major Abbot goes out in the Jt:ujT:ia. [From tho Louisville Journal, March 9.] Col. Camming, one of the now major generals, ap pointed by the President, is perhaps as g. od a selection as cotil l have been mode. He solved in the hat war with Great Britain, and was the moat prominent hero in the battle of WiHiamihurg He resigned his commission iu 1*16. Several j eira afterwards he fought n .'oeple of duels with Mr. McDuiAe, in both ot which Mr. Mold, waswouudel. lol.C is not generally known throughout the country, bat all who do know him speau with enthusiasm of his cluvulry, his genius, and his accomplishments. NATAL [From tho Boston Post, March 18 ] We learn that Commander Van Brunt who sailed from h?re on 8 .tunlay in the bomb vessel .E'na, came to anchor in the harbor below, and tried his big gun before going to s?a ; aud he reports tnat it woiked admirably. The shock to the vessel was much lea* than ho anticipated, and the recoil,with a moderate use of the compressor, only four to live leet. lie Ared three times, the gun he ing loaded each time with a shell and the usual service charge of powder, twenty pounds. [From tbe N. O Bulletin, March 8.] The U. H. steamers General Jessup and Col. Hunt, left last evening for the Brasoe?these ere two smell light draft boots, drawing about four leet water,end will he vory serviceable iu shoal water. They went up the rivet for the purpose of descending the Bayou Lafourche end proceeding by that route. [From the N. O. Picayune, March 8 ] The ship Charlotte Reed, Captain Houghton, has been tip to Baton Kougo, loading with munition! of war from the arsenal. She returned on Thursday evening, and will shortly sail lor the Gulf. She is laden with 10,000 bombshells. 700 barrels of powder, hW boxes ol' cartridges, each box containing 1000, and a variety of accoutrements and nthnr milifsrv iinrai Sporting Intelligence. Alkiubiu (Louisiana) Racks?The Arm day there was a radille horse race lor a purse of $00, which wai tun lor by J. H. Dawson's (iilt, and L. A. Stafford's Dick Chinn, and won by the former, in a well contested race, in l:&7. 1 rtacono Dat.?The seoond day's race was for purse of $100. The following is the summary J. H. Dawson's ch f Gilt, by Dick Chinn, out of Milch Cow, 6 yearsold 1 1 A H. Cornel's g. g. H?nry Ry ami, by (Jlrncoe, * out of Fandaugo, 3 years old 'J 2 Time, 1:11?3:30. Titian Dat?The raoe ou the third duy was for a purse of $300, two mile nests, which terminated as lolio ws :? A. II Curnai'e oh. f. Matilda Brnum, dam by imported Delight, 3 years old 1 1 J. H. Dsw suu's Mike Kyan, by imported Aindei>>y, dam by tiiles gcroggipe, 4 years old 3 3 Time, 3:48-3:04. i'ai'stm Da*.?The tvurtft day Alike Ryan, nothing daunted by hia defeat ou the previous day, agiin appeared, triumphantly walked over the course, and took ilia money. Savannah Races?March 13.?The raoe wee for a purse, mile hosts, best three in Are, aud resulted as iollows i? Mr. Singleton's b.f. Mary Stiles 113 3 1 Mr. Huirison's s. m. Henrietta 3 3 113 Dr. II K. burrough'e John Watson. ... 3 3 3 3 3 Time, 1:33-1:61?1:64-1:53-1:34. Crseksrs anil Cheese. About $30,000 have beeu raised in Nsw Orisons, to be devoted to the lelief ef Ireland; $19,000 have actually beon paid over to the Mayor, who has remitted $13,000. The beautiful residence erected by Joseph Bonaparte, at Bordeutown, New Jersey, is to he sold at auction in juqo next. The New Brunswick House of Assembly, have passed a bill, for granting to the St. Andrews end Woodstock Railway Company, a provincial guarantee of Ave per cent, interest on ?100,000, for a period of ten years, alter ! the completion of tbe railway, end 30,000 acres of land I tu be granted for settlement lor the beneAt ot said road. The nucleus ol the new comet, may now be seen of e clear evening. It bears N. W. at an elevation ef about 30 degrees. On Monday night it wee 10 degrees south of the star " Sigma Andromida " The tall ot the comet ie out yet visible. The steamboat Swifteurn, bound from St. Louis to Cinsinnati, struck a snag on tbe 4th instant, when near 1 ntHer, Illinois, and soon after sunk in twelve feet water. Boat and cargo a total losa.J The mail between Hteubenville end Wellsville, Ohio, was lost in tne Ohio river on Wednesday of last weak. The trial of Brown, Morton and Bell, charged with the robbery of Me.srs Currier fc. Trott's jewelry ttore, in Bjaton, ha* been postponed lor a tortnigut, on account o! the absence ol a material witness lor the State. The lowu legislature has adjourned, without electing United States 8 natori. Isaiah Hopkins, aged 34 years, a nativi ol Wclfleet, viasseohusotts, a seaman belongiug to the schooner urnpoiium, Captain Hawse Atwood, was killed at Noifoik. Va., on Satarday night last, in consequenoe ol the aociilental discharge ot a gun in the hands of Captain A , I who, together with the deceased and some liiends, were i-t starting in a boat to shoot duoks and sea gulls. The number of deaths in Lowell in 1840, was 090,being I to every .18 persons. Mechanic* and laborers of erery kind are moving In large numbers into the town of Lawreuoe, where good workmen obtain employment at good wages. It is proposed to annex Lafayette, a suburb of New Orleans, to the Cre.cent city, makiog it municipality number lour. The second municipality ol New Orleans, at the division oi the city in 183d, contained about 10 UOO souls?in the United btatescensua tor 1840, the returns gave a poll nation of *41,000, and it ia now 41819, divided ai billows: whites 86,003; free colored 1,010; slaves 0,360 ? total 43.010; voters 6,000. The rumor* of sn unfriendly disposition evincing itself ou the part of the Florida Indians are said to ba without Inundation. A private letter from i'am|>a eays : " They (the Indians) ere quiet end friendly." Themss Turner, e conveyancer, in Newark, New Jersey, has been arrested and held to bail to answer to charge* of forgery in having made out spurious daed* to himself for piecas of land in the vicinity of Newark, including lorgad crruflante* oi their execution. The date ol one certificate, purporting to havo been made by tho late David D. Crane, Lsq , but being dated on a day subsequent to his death. Another deed?a printed blank tilled up?bearing the stamp of the stationer of whom the blank was bought, is dated a long time before the seller entered into business. In onsoase a comparatively poor man purchased e small lot of Turner under one ol liese spinious title*, paid him $68 on acoouut, and has lni-1 out about as much more in making preparation lor building. Political and Personal. The Kentucky Legislature adjourned on the let inat ! John K. Mill* ha* been re-elected Mayor of Montreal. 1 Hon. Lewi* Cass arrived in Boston on Monday evening, ami took lodging* at the Tremont House. Mi/bdkk ik Canada.?An old man named Noali ; Heaton, who formerly lived near Toronto, Canada, waxfounJ in his house dead, on the'J 1st of Pabulary, -'overal horrible wouuda, apparently inflicted with an axe, were tound upon the dead body. He hadloreioily i owned a piece of land which ho sold to one iiobert Hamilton of Toronto. The pi ice he received was an I annuity of i 10, with the right to occupy the bouse so I long as he lived , and Hamilton waa also under stipulations to make ceitain improvement* on ten acre* of the land, which ten acres Heaton had the right to cultivate 1 for hi* own profit. R-.bert Hamilton died in 1A34, having all Ua property to hi* brother James Jaincs tlain iiton did not pay the XlO regularly to Hea'on, or fulfil the stipulation concerning the improvement of the leu , acre* ; for which rceaon Heaton had commenced * l-bencerv suit ?v?iint ium, to regain possession of the I <aaid. This suit had troubled Hamilton much, anJ he had , been heard to say that it be lo?t the land he should he reduced to poverty. On the SOih of Pobtusry Hamilton went to visit Heaton, in company with a Air. Brown. Alter passing ball an hour in conversation with Heaton, Hamilton and Brown went aw.iy, but when at some distance troni the house, a* Brown says, Hamilton left him and went buck, remaining some Ave minutes ; (Iter 1 ' which Hamilton rejoined Brown, and tba two rede away together. On the next day the body of Hsaton we* found in his cottage, having on it several mortal wound*. Hamilton ha* baen arrested and committed for trial as ' the murJtrwr. Ileatun had ium of money in hi* house, | a watch, and other valuable*} but nothing was taken I away by tha murderer, wheever be waa. 1 .. J,... EIERA 847. Sa\v York and Krte Railroad, rirract* riOM tHi mieoaiTV arroxT. The ui.designed respectfully submit their report, in obedience to the following resolution : Ktatb or New Yobb, } i If Assembly, January, 14th, 1S17. I "R=solve,l, That Frederick Whittlesey, Oreille W. Childs, and Job Pierson, the minority of the commission- ' era named in the act passed May lltb, 1840, to aineud an act io i elation to the I'onstruction of the New York and Erie Rui'mat, panned May I4ih, lt4->, and for ether purposes, bo requested to lepoit to tnis Housj as speedily as practicable, the results of their surveys unJ examine- ' floss, and the reasons for their decision in disagreeing 1 with tho toport and couclusiona of the insjerity of said 1 1 commissioners. "By order. i "I B. PRINULE, Clerk " ' By the fifth and sixth sec'iuns of the act, it Is made the duty of tho commissioners to adjudge aud deluituiue, whether, in their opinion, a practicable line or routs bttween BUawangunk ridge and Deposit through the interior of Sullivan county in the one case, and between Deposit and Oiughumpton by the Nineveh route in the other case, exists, on which the company can construct their railroad without great prejudice to the public iuterest of tins Stat-i, aad the iutoreots of the citizens of this State collectively considered, who, la tbe judgment of the commissioners, will be elfected by tbe constiuclion and location of euch railroad. The objects of the original charter to tbe company, clearly were, to provide lor the citizens of tbe southern tier of counties, such facilities for communicating with the commercial metropolis ol the State, as would, to some extent, place tnem on an equal looting with their lellow cititens in those poitions ol the State traversed by canals. It bus evidently been a fivorito idea with the Legislature. to provide for tbe construction of a railroad through tbe southern tier of counties, end that such railroad buould be constructed through each of the counties in tbe southern tier, if such a structure should he found to be in any manner feasible or pructicablo. The project ol confiniug the route ol such toad wholly and stiictly to the southern ti-r of counties was not to he abandoned or departed trom, unless lor strong and controlling reasons ; hence, the oiiginal charter required tbe route of such railroad to tie couflnod to the souinern tier of counties, an 1 forbid the company at any iioiut to connect with any railroad of 1'enmylvunia, or New Jersey, or any railroad leading to rimer of thoso States, upon pain of forfeiture of their charier. Hence, the company have constructed a pottion of their railroad through the mountainous district of Rockland and Orange counties, encountering difficult gridss and surmounting obstacles and obitrucuous which might, to s great degree, have been avoided by diveigiug through a portion of the State of New Jersey. To old in the structure of a work of this character, through suoha difficult section of the country, the Legislature provided funds for making auiWeys, afterwards loaned its credit to the company to the amount ol three millions of dollars, and finally to encourage the advancement of the project, made provision for relinquishing the debt upon the completion of the work. The citizens of our State resi ling in the vicinity of the ex'erior routes, end more especially the inhabitants ot Sullivan county, were originally zealous in the prosecution ol this great enterprise. To their unweared exertions may be attributed, in a great degree, the original act of incorporation. The successful construction of the 1 trie and Champlain Canals, and the various State in* iisnuamsnfa nnnnnMiiil hnranritli Kn.f weantlw I the value of real estate bordering on those improvements, while the lands in the southern tier ol' counties, had thereby been depreciated iu value. It is believed that a majority of our citizens deemed it but just that the in habitants of these counties, who had been taxed for our Mute improvements, without deriving any immediate benefit therefrom, should be in some measure remunerate! bV the construction of the New York and Erie Kailroud. The aid ef the Legislature was liberally granted, not as we believe, with the expectation or desire that any portion of the road would be constructed in the (State of Pennsylvania. * When, therefore, the State of New York directed the commissioners to tuke into consideration the above tacts, vis : the objects of the original charters ; the several acts granting aid to the company ; and the conditions oi tho act of tna Pennsylvania Legislature, it is evident that they intended to call the attention ol the commitsionera to facts and circumstances, indicating an original continued and continuing desire on the part of the Lsgts lalure of this otute, to confine the structure ol their i ailroad strictly to tho southern tier of counties, if by auy means it was reasonably possitde su to do. The Legislature of this Stele, have in this way clearly said to ihe commissioners under this act, that they would not have them depart from the original intention of constructing the road entirely through tho southern tier ot counties, to promote whicn pecuniary aid has been so ofteu granted ; that they would not have them submit to the exactions ot the act of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, unless in their examiuatious and surveys they should discover such strong and stubborn lucts, as to make a departure from lue original object ot the charter, and lrom ma territory of this State, a matter of absolute necessity. . s s a The surveys made under the direction of the commissioners, show a more favorable state of tacts in sums iaspects upon ftll the routes, than those presented in the petition of the company asking lor legislative permission to go into the (Stale ol Pennsylvania. In the aullivan county route tno maximum grade going east was by the petition slated to be sixty feet to the mile, aud the maximum grade on tho Delaware river route was by the same document stated at fltty-two loot to the mile. In the surveys made uuder the direction ot the commissioners, the maximum grade going east is ; lound to be only toay-five leet to the inile, and the like | grade on the Delaware river route, titty feet to the i mile. On the Nineveh route the maximum grade was, uy tne petition, slatod ut eighty- two lout to t:,e rn.le.and 1 on the Ureal Bend route at sevonty f?et. id the suiveys ! made by the com in.ssi oners, the maximum grade on tho Niueveh route i? iound to he sixty tlvo lent, and uti the Ureat Boud route to on mat) -eight toet to the mile. Tho surveys made under Uio direction ol the commie aionera, mo# very clearly that there exists a practicable line lor the conaii uctlon ol a railroad thtounh the into nor of Sullivan county, between Sbawaiiguim ridge aud Deposit; and alio that there exists a liae practicable 1 line lor the comtruatiou ot a railroad between Deposit I and Binghauipton by the Nineveh route. ...... 'i'hia difference in annual coat, divided by the ettimuted ditference per ton, ovor the interior routea, $69 3064d divided by 40 b76 cents will give 146,090 tons, as tbo amount that may be transported each year on the interior routea, una leave the economy ol the adoption ot the two loutea, ao far at it may be affected by the coat ol couatruction, ka., and the transportation ol freight, the same. fromi (As tutvcyt made under tAa direction of the com mieeionert, and the facte appearing in prooj before then, it ie now telahliehtd that there will be Keuvier gradee in the track of the railroad in counttee both east and weet of bullioun county, tAan will be encountered on the line of the railroad through the inlei lor of dullivan county, dcsignaled by the recent suroryt. The seventh section ol the act, in directing the commissioners to mske a comparison of the grades or elevations and dapraisions and curvatures, in the line or track of the railroad in other counties east und west ol Builiven county, does not, indeed, in express words, declsre, that if it should be lound, that there existed on tbe line through tiie iuteiior ot that county, easier grades an-i more lavorabie curvsa, than was lound to exist on the track of the toad in counties east and west of Sullivan, that tho route through thu interior ol that county should be established; but it very cliatly m lunatee that if tuck ehoutd be found to be the facte, the totahliihment of the interior line war expirted to be the t e tuIt. Ttte company in their application to the Legislaieture, represented the maximum grade through the interior of Koihvau county, at sixty Jeet to the mile ! The commissioners have ascertained timt a line cun be Icund with a grade of but forty-live fact to the mile, which is leas than the maximum grade on the Delaware route through Pennsylvania. There ere, it i* conceded, grade* in the tiack ol tbe road, in tbe counties both east and west ol Sullivan, of greater elevation than forty-five last Take all these tacts togeth-r, coupled with the directions of the seventh section ol the set as to this portion of the toad, and the conclusion is almost irresistible, that if the Legislature had the same facts before them which were bafore the commissioners, they would have eetahliehed the lines through the interior of the county of ffulhvan, without any reference to commissioner* It does not indeed lollow, ihat because the grade* in tbe counties east and west of Sullivan are heavier than those on the line through that couDty, (he trstfl - ou tun road would not be relieved by a moie level and f.ivortble grade between SUawangunk ridge anl Deposit. Hut when we see that the Legislature have, with some per tinacity, insisted ou the construction of th? road through each county in the Sullivan line, and have cumpc'l'd Its construction through ail ibe obstacles of Dockland and Orange counties, wdun the turtle of the road would have been much relieved by a divergence into (ha State of New Jersey, w? think it doe* follow that they do not intend to authorize a divergence into any other State to secure a more favorable grade, unless the grade* upon the line within tbia Slate dlared greater obstacles to the traffic ol the road, than the grades upon the line ol the road in other counties in this State Or, stating tho argument in other words ?one of the objects ol the original charter Was to favor the local traffic and business of each of tha counties in the southern tier. 1'hii ohjoct be* been kept atnctly in view > n<l punned without wavering. The construction of the mail though Ror.kl.tiul county, where hoavy grade* an 1 I considerable obstacles were encountered, he?, in pur.u eDceoftni* object, been compelled, though a much nimu j favorable grade woe presented by divergence into New Jeracy. It i* repreicnted that the trsffio of the rood will | bo relieved by a divergence into Pennsylvania , ei<d the company wish the Legislature to waive one oi the gn at I objects of the original charter ** to Sullivan county, by huuiiiiig that county niut disregarding its local traffic sail business. Thn legislature, by this eel authority upon the commissioners, experts th-msclvr* unwilling to do this, it the inhabitant* of Nullivan county can have the advantages ol the road for tbeir local bust- I neas, with no greater cloga upon it* general traffic then those which burdon it in Itorkland countv It th- ntuU- j ale* are much giruter, pet mission may ba given to diverge intoth<> ftateof l'< nnsylvuiii.i ; hut the inleulion is implied to place the inhabitants of Rockland, Orango, and rtuliiven ii|K>n au equal footing, and compel the company to give the inba an 4 Hullivan the advantages ot tke road, ii it can be secured to them at no greater burden upon its* general traffic, than It now imposed upon it for the benefit of the Inhabitant* of Rockland and Orange. A divergence into New Jeraey wee not to b? allowed to the injury of the inhabitant# of EeeUaad and Orange, though such diverging lino offered Mora favorable grade, *o a divergence lute Pennsylvania was net to be allowed to the Injury of the inhabitants of Sullivan, an* Use the eemjeny made a etrongar oeeo let ?b diver 1 - ... . 3? M LD. PiUI fw? grnee than the facts would make u, the ca. ^ of lUcklan J county. It inch are tho fair inieien~es to t)? drstvulron the several acts of the Legislature, as the true eapoattious of legislative intent, tho conclusion is irn-swttble, that froui the tacts before the commissioners, no authority for lite construction of the road on thn Delewata route should be given but (hut under the directum ol tho "t)i secuc 11 of the act, tho line of tho road should be establish ed through tho interior of Sullivan county II ia apparent to ua, that the Legislature, at Ihe time of our nppiiutment, kept steadlK in view tho intaraau of our citi/.rns t raiding in the vicinity of the interior routes If the interests of the company wore to be principally regarded, the appointment of commissioners was a us iess e"?c mont. Tho campany, without our in'erfarenc ;ould, and probably would hava located tho road oMuer in or out ot Ik- State, so as to derive the greefast paasi lie advantages from the construction. But the Legisla ;ure muoe n impcmuve upmi ui, 11 [ rucucauie iiimi ur routes existed through lhi* State ou which the said com>any could construct their road without great prejudice, ice , to dexignate and specify such line*; and in regard tu ho Sullivan county roit'e, 03 if apprehensive that a practicable line might uot exist confined to that county aioua, inthority was given, if necessary, to go through a part >t Ulster county, and if that was impracticable, the oo<n>any had the privilege of leaving their contemplated oute of the completed road at any point west of Goshen, n Orange county, and locate said road threngh Ulster rouuty. Thus clearly indicating an espreaa desire to mnflne the roed within this State. In view of all our legislation in relation to thie rood, tad the Legislature at the time of our appointment boon i ware that the maximum grade of the route through Suiivan county waa only 44 feet to the mile, aacendlog teat, while en the Delaware route it le 40 lest, that the naxiroum grade on the Nineveh route ia only 04 foot to be mile, ascending east, and on the Husquehsnna route is feet; that the csts of construction ol the rood on the ?n routes through Pennsylvania would be mars than ia If a million of dollar! beyond the coil of conelmetion n thie State; nay more, that the expenie of keeping the oad in repair ss far as located in frnmytiamo. will be mnually a charge upon the company of git 000 beyond he annual expenit of repairi on the two rouiasinthlo Stats, wo are constrained to believe that the Legieletore >i our own State would have settled the location without he iutervention ot commiisiooors, and we believe wo aserd nothing in saying, that if at the time of oar aplointment it had bean munilest that tha maximum grades in both the interior routes were so noarly equal with tha trades both east and waat of their terminationa, our Le ciilature would have located tbo road wholly in thie Irate event! the expenses of its construction on the inerior and exterior route* had been equal. We believe moreover, that there ie a sariaus objection 0 the construction of any part of the roed in the State of 'ennaylvania, inasmuch as that State, although confoasidly hecetitled by the oonetruction, exacts a tribute from he company of $10,000 per annum, btsidea subjecting ha iioclt of the company (to the amount expended in hat State) to tha same taxation it imposes upon its owe works ; rcqu ring also, that the company should permit 1 co nectlon with it* road of any railroad company then 'bartered or thereafter to bo chartered by the State of rannsylvaola at any point tn that Stale ; requiring tha :ompany so to regulate its tolls and charges that they itioiild ha at no time irreater Dor uaasongar or Dor ton On the road in thin ritato west of Eimira than on an equal distance east of Eimira ; requiring that the charge for transportation of coal should be limited to one and a half cents s ton per mile ; requiring the said company under oath, annually to make a statemeut to the Legislature M that State of its affairs and bu duets done ti|>on said read, nud au account of the number of passengeis, produce. Ua , transported on the whole lina of said road, and finally referring the right to repeal this act for violation of any of the privileges purported to be granted to the com pony. It will be seen, therefore, that after this great work is completed, the Legislature of I'euusy Ivania can elany Am? interrupt aud prevent ill operation. We do not suppose that a sister State, deriving so great advantages irom u work constructed by the liberal donations of our statu and the capital of our citiseus, will ever prevent its use by capricious legislation : the objection is, that she bus the power to determine whether our citieens shaft or shall not enjoy the benefits of this road alter it is constructed. t ho uudeiaigueJ have thus, in compliance with the resolution ot tno Assembly, submitted at some longth tha reasons which induced them to differ with the majority of tha commissioners hs to the proper determination to be made uuder the act couieriing the power to adjudieatn. The substance ci such reasou is, that the functions o 1' the commissioners uuder the act are judicisl rather than legislative1 that their discretion and judgment weia controlled by the dit actions ol the act, eud tnat upon the tacts presented lor their consideration, the provisions cr the ant required them to adjudicate the establishment 01 the inteiior lines, and not permit the company to conitiuct any portion of their road without tho limits ol this State. 'l'hu umlei signed regrot the delay which has occurred in iiUlimitting uie repoit in obedieuce to tne resolution ? The discharge of other iodispnnsablr public duties is the only a|iolog> thoy have to ort>r .all of which is respectfully submitted. K WHITTLESEY, ORV1LLE W CHILLS, job T1EKBOK. February dth, 1847. Affairs in VmztTKLA.?The Faro Industrial dt la Habana, ?f the 4tta itisL, publishes intelligence from Coraccas to the 30th Jau On tha doth ai sasd month, the 17th Co, grass was installed. Tha massage of the P esklent, Soublett, who hud left the Trasidcnc j ot the Republic on that day, iqwttke exclusively of the disturbances which Utterly had caused great consternation in the country, and congratulated himself that ponce prevailed He expressed his indignation against the feenous, and asked the representatives ai the nation for efli c.ous means in ?nler to prevent trie repetition ui toe trine excesses as those ol 1843 As oue of these measures the Tiesidcnt designates s Division of the lew on the LbCfty of the press, to put an ena to tha abuses in its use On the 'Aid, both Houses ol Congress assembled, appointed Osn D. Jose Tsdto .Moiiagos, as President of tho P . ,,l* l.ll? ,n.,l,nl,ii.l .. ,, -? ... ,1. . I....,.,. ?t ||,. ..... VV..UU J1U v"WH" ? ,W'L^U ciecturui. oU. g. ii On the '."11 h, Dr. Varrss *r*? electe 1 by both Cbttr.bum ss Ur?t (ouuwllor, nod Ui.sljop oi Tricsla m ?ecotul. i'hcse election* prove tbo party which it dominating lu the IrgifUitue ot 1647, a* that "of the or<l?r," as it u called.? L'hai leitan Courier, March 14 Nitw Orleans, Sunday, March 7. March, Music and Mirih in yew Orleans. Wt ll here we are in March?pleasant March mild March ! agreeable month! No wind ! Oh no, not at all. Fair weather ! certainly ! It hat only rained pretty much all the (irna since the month t ame, the sun coming out just long enough to allow you to snut up your umbrella und take oil' your wotcr proof Iroots But iu spite of wiati and weather we arc ripe tor l'tlu and enjoyment, and mean to be as lively as we can during the residue of the season. Lover is here, Collins m here, Placidn Is here, the Rasels are uere ; Trabattim, the danswris, and Mou*. Fmart have returned from Havana, and are hero. Hent and Sivori ate here, and every body else is hero. Collins, who uppeuiH to be "a broih of a boy," commences his engagement to moriow at the St. Chaile* Theatre. l ucre is a great desire to see him, arid he will play, mark iny word, a splendid engagement. Placi us begins t ?-night unite American Theatre, and Lover gives his llrst entertainment on Tuesday night Mrs. Mowatt and Davenoort concluded a brief" and Htiee> a?lul ninnt of four night*. They go from hrre to Lnui?ville and Cincinnati. I i H M k I'ICHMOMtt IN rti I LAttttLJ*HiA, UK vm I" J\w\r th?elti'?nd8tiifolN?* York eta tratily to the wonderful elflcacy ol that powrrftiI rtmrdr. thomphon'h comtovno HYMitr or tar ani> WOOD PfAPHTHA. Kor Coneompuon, lipngha, Colda, Aathroa, Breeehitia, Hpatlinj of Blond, tr. be. RKAD ' KKAI) !! Aitoniihino cl'kK or CjiaoWc Bmoncihiti* Pniladelphia, May A. IM Mr. H. P ThoinpaOn?Dear Hirj?Kor mora than lonryeara paa' I had bean d'tadfnlly afflicted with in iftri? . ? ol U.c tliront, which my phyaictau piouonucrd hth oa<e Brei, chitit." canard by rt|waied Had iirylrMrd oolda. The dia treaa tnffeied la imUirribable. Mv throat waa literally raw with violent epaamodie coughing ao that blood would come from it; alao great r ppreaaion, prm rod tigh'nraa at tka cheat and ler?r?in alo>rt ad the n?ml pulmonary aymptoma ahow ed'.hennelvra, canaina entire loan of ueeeaaary repoj>? at th'oat waa leeehed ami btiitcrcd Orer aud or?r ara'" I made trio' of nvety known remedy, and at different penmll h id the adnca of an Jihyaieiar.i, and all of no arnil Abor.t rwa uioutha aiuce I made trial of your Ionipom.d "ymp of Tat aud Wood Naphtha, and before I had tan*" t'i? f. at bottle I frit relief. I continued until I had taken atTen hot ilea, which a completely removed the Jo-rane-nd ret ired me to paiftel health; ana I ftnnl ; heltere I ahonld aot now he lirinir, hud it not beau forvoui nivaiu blu medicine. JANK I'ICHRV, m Hrrare ,t The nndertigncd be?t? to iho truth 01 the fere going, having .malrigc ol all the laetaof the eaae M. HARRIHOH, , T Almond atrcetPrire a O'.hT" per hoiile; f> jrer doarc, '""'antINKVVf)IUKHON. n k. eoruer "nh aud Spruee ala., Phila. Hold wholeaale iu<1 rei ,il by WYATT A KKTUHAM. Ill Knlti.n at.; rt retail by H. lohntow, *71 Broadway; Hiae in Bro-dwav. W. V. _ in It lm?r Rti ? y a", a j i sm. i* a i n rt \ >u bt i k kn ichh ok th c IOINTH, M/lOFt'LA. DIBfcABRS OK THt BK1N kc. kc ? Km.'a t.oairov .an MvKtr of Uy driedatf of Petaaaa HarMparilla, aud Yellow Doek.?Thia medieiaal remedy i publiahed for the aole benefit ot th-ac aufferiug Rom rheumt turn, name and atiffoeta ol the ; iiuia. (welling ef the muaca laraubaiaucca nea* then' ernptiona of the (kin, and dneaaa* anting fiom un impure Mate of the blood, lie. From eena Adr eaporiinet.ia, ttri'?- the direction and auperriaion of the moat eminent of the k cuirv. it haa received their ua^nimcua rrrorinne.. JatiuQ. o?i in-a . litre pronouueed It the beat pot Bible combination of remrdiaa for the chore named diaeaae.. It ib prepared fiom the pnreat articlee, and la warranted ti lire aauafuctie i. It thioa, pnrniea aud qairketa the eircula tiou ; alley a irritation, anal learea nvery pert ol the animal economy in a peifert atate of health. The great and increasing demand for an article of thie bled hit imlurrd the proprietor to bring it before the imblid. far til rn?v hiv* the Oeeent of It.ena mow u.ui mere i? """TV for tl?e?e anal dtetreaeiaa MMpiaiaM. It it reooaroen lea In full cmMMct,udjlt(Ji hnt? tiMl io fouiuHlln moet ? N. B. Be rare to oheerre the written ?i*?e?ar? el Jt. H Itw eeer the eo'V of eaah beetle. i "? toee lebabee Ow? peue'i eerto. the heel e*e? importe4 le coulter, faejNUe I. lea a M *

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