Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 29, 1848 Page 1
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T H j WtUiU Ha. WSJ VffRY LATE FROM CHINA. Insurrections in the Celestial Empire* The Troubles between England and China. OPENING THE EMPIRE TO EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION. The Progress of Republicanism. Tin* pplrndid* e)ij?p- r whip Simur] Rtissrll, CaptiiiiN. B. P*lm<*r, arrived yr?t rdav morning from Canton, whence she sailed on thr 5ih of F-bruary thus p-rformiDg the pas-iige in eighty-three days. According to the extracts which we make from the Friend of China, there appears to be a possibility of th- trouble between England and C'lina lending to .ictual wnr. The condition of the Olestial Empire seems to b?* revolutionary; insurrect ons are breaking out in the int-rior of the country; the financial reb urcrs of the government are in the greatest dis order In this ctate of things, auother war with England will throw Chinaopen to Europeancivilization, and, perhapa, in the present rapid progress of liberalism throughout the world, to republicanism. We live in an age of progress. Who can ttli what a day may bring forth 1 Annexed are the extracts from the Friend of Chin* of the 21 of February :? T1IK TKOTJBt.B WITH ENGLAND. Much aostoty hiw beau ?nt?rtain*l aa to the steps Sir John ?ou!<l talc* ta th? at of Keying'* not complying with hi? 'Umaada, to da which ha had to tha jnth itiHt In Honi;kODCC the nsval and military foroaa wore orjvj, i to ba ready for service by the ISth Thu troopa ware drilVd and practiced with scaling laddara, Itz. The aaamrn ware trained to boat s<rvi and artillery ; and both armi war* in fall eip<otation of an attack upon Canton, or aoma other warlike damonatratlon Orders had been aent to the atralta for rainforaementa ; II M. steamer Medea was hurried on to China, the frigate H*larapua is daily expeotcd ; whil* the Soout and Ch lJara have baan reoallad from the ooaat. Mush r,*a! and anthuaiaam have bean evinced; bat it would apDfar thay have been thrown away. The Plenipotentiary1* hf art chiliad an the time for aotlon approaohed , On the Mb, th? following oircular was iuaad by H M. Consul in Canton rtiBLio NOTICE. SaiTitH Consulatc. cariten,) 6th January, 1818. > Toll B. M.'a Subjiscts. at Canton. II. B. M Consul at Canton hai rsotivtd a despatch from His Kx.vllency, II. M. Plenipotentiary, ki . &e . in T?hich His Exoell'ncy dsslrse that British subjects b? itif?rm?d that in the ev*nt of necessity arising for Her M j 'Sty's Consul and his establishment retiring from this city, the British msrohants, continuing to reside at Canton after his withdrawal, will be at their own risk. [Signed] FRANCI8 C. MACGRBOOR, H. B. M 'a Consul. This was looked upon as a premonitory hint to be prepared ; and in consequenee a large quantity of m*r cbaodse was removed at mueh expense Houses wera taken in Hongkong and at Macao; books and papers w?re shipped off. aud all tho requisite arrangements for rimoTii entered iuto. Alarmsd by the oircu'tr, the representative ot the United; States addressed Sir Jahn D%vis, and rcoelved an answer, which app?ars irreconcilable with the circular itself, or at leaat leads to the conviction that the circular was very uncalled far, only earning unnecessary alarm aud expense British subjeots are perfeotly awsre of the " rule the application of wbich is contingent upon a mere possibility," without having such a oostly intimation of it "Honusona. 8th January, 1848 ' Sir?i have the honor to aoknowledga your letter of (he lAth instant; in reply I beg to infarm you that the notice from the British Censul to which you allude, wae intended merely aa the intimation to British uu*j?cts of a rule, the application of which was contingent on a are possibility, and therefore the notice should not have had (osnsed) the alarm attributed to it Yon may rrst assured, that independent of those personal feelings of eourtaey and good will wbioh I snail be happy to I evlaos tewards the representative of the United States ia China, I shall consider it any public duty to give suoh notice may be required, by the usage* of natlona, concerning messures that may be foroed on the British governne?t or its representative in China. [Signal] "J. F. DAVIS." On the lS-h the fallowing notlfloatien appeared in the oBoial paper : " Hit Exeall?noy Her Majwty'a Plenipotentiary, lei. It). la piaaaad to direot that tha annaxad extract of b daapatoh from the Britlah Con*al at Canton, ba publie ad The propoaitione therein atated. (Ubjaot to additional eafe?uarda and farther modification*, appaar to ba unobjectionable. " By ordar. "A R JOHNSTON " Yictoru. Hongkong, 13th January, 194t " ** * On tha 20 :h January, another notification appaar ad. letrnduclng another axtrast from Mr McOr?gor'a deaj,H rho.? . 1; now Mmmi evident that negotiation had pgain beta frnltleaa, and that tha Britlah ?nvoy had no iniant'on of carrying hia thraata Into effaet Keying u ?>ot to ha bullied, and tha aoaliog laddara, ahovai? So It; , were caat aalde It-ring a legta that the ' a?lf pr< hibitioaa" of tha paopehave mora real power that, tha prohlbltloat ef the authorttlaa an<1, after sending run??rs through the villages admonishing th?m. and Iseni- g pr? olaaatlona to tha tamo fffaot. the whole affair la left with the sovereign people. The gantry of Canton have alao i*aue<l a proclamation " admonishing and cemmaadiog tha cauutry people that they mnat all practice pe^oe and aaaity with tha foreigners" The lat ror proclamation o?ars no aaie, ami in an iiK'iinona. it ?n? ooncooted In the commissioner'* c flier It I* ??id that the villages hsvo Iimi visited by a fore'g?ar versed In the Wngusga. and not a slagla proclamation w*s f mod, the villagers exhibiting their umal t?r?cl'v. Wi tnitx the notifloatlon aud extract whioh embvhes tbe tenor of Haying's despatch It will ba ob served that Keying taoltly acknowleges hie Inability t< control 'ba people, and foreigners are now at the tend-i mereiea or a mob only restrained by " self prohibitions" which are aa powerful aa a allk thread ia a horse's monrh It i? true, these ia the twenty polleemeo and * niodiftcatlona," and IB ruouers which K-ying pro mhes to tend to tha villagss occasionally to admonish them. "His Etoellescy H-r Majaaty'a Plenipotentiary. Stc Sec, ia pkased to dlreot that the rut joined Communication from the Britiati Consul at Canton ba published for general Information. "By Order, "A. R. JOHNSTON. " Viotoria, Hoigkong, 18th January, IMS ? Eahactof i ipatch frcm Mr. C?mul Mfgregor, dated l'Jth January, 1S49. " 1 beg to enclose la your Excell?noy a eopy, with trans lation, of the letter which the Imperial Commiaeioner baa addressed to me on this important subject, (of safe guards ) aad in whteh, after dilating tipen the measures already taken by him at different periods, ha praoeads to obsetve that self-prohibitions of the people, have at bottom more reality and power than the prohibitions of the authoritlos MUM the peopls; that in the present emergency. therefore, ho has sumraone I the great gentry and l.tiratl of the city, with whom he had held a public conimitation and they have drawn up a publlo address, admonlsbicg and commanding the country people that they mutt all practiee pe?oe and amity with the foreign ora. This address (of whioh I enoiose a copy, not having time te eubjola a translation,) will be printed and distributed in the couutry piaoes, that it may beoome fully known to ait. in the hope of proourlng permamant security in future. Besides this, the dlitriet magistrates ol Nan-baa and Pwaa-yu have also issued proclamatlans to the some effect, to be likewise printed and distributed among the villagers erjoining them in the mast Impreselva manner to livo in peace with our people V C JVUCOREOOR" Pu-ih Is the tsrmlnati n of Sir Joha Davis's diplomacy; let it hi judged by his o.ouatrymen. The measures which the British government will adopt lire of octree corj'ctural A war. however, appears uoa voidable, ia a* nmoh as the Canton province will be oc cut led by a British army -the treaty In all l'( integrity enforced the people cosroed- and Mourity taken for Mi* goo 1 faith ot the Chinese tor the future. Europeans lire disabused of old etroneous Ideas aa to the Fitotig'h of China It la a vast, Inanimate, dl-joint .1 empire ; - and Is at this present moment at the uirov of tbo weakest msratime power In Europe r> tit nuth the prrplr are all but in ?ptn revolt; find i hi pretence <ff a foreign at my would certainly be fall <wed by an ineumetian. We have seen that Keying knowledges the helpless oondltion of the oontrolling p->w?r by leaving a matter of tha most serious consequence to l!ie"self prohibitions'^ the people The whole western frontier ii inoouimotlOD,from Burmali almost to Siberls. ( 'amino desolates the flnsst central dlitrlots; and more t'uau all. the spirit of the oountry Is crushed by th> lata war. What ran she oppose to tha demands of any piwer ? The talk of a war party In China is a mere deiminn ! ur?r* In P.anftAn tr.morPAV. HO far from nvoilivg himtelf of the ipi'it of hostility agaimt ftrt'gneri which he laved to utile in d?yt rf yore, he wuld ad >pt htmitlf to th- nl errd tta'e oj circumttancn NotliUig, however. will be obtained from thin treaoherom loople but at thi point of lii* bayonet. Negotiation will only end in droeiittnn; etrong maaeurraare oalled Tor, nod nothing fhruM 1m left to the good filth of the Chineae liny if o iiot n vlrratand the term; troth In not in them, nn'ltu don I inn with iljem thin ? hoald never be overlooked Napier, K Hot, roHirg?r and Davit hare all been tri II-d wl'h by th'a oiwardly bat wily raoo Future diplomat late may take a lea?on from t lie hlPtory of I he peat, Hod treat wit^i the Chinese ae an honeat man rrquirea to tieat *1 hi eiiarper Six wi>nM# aftir a Bntnh forte It>ok pntnttitn of Carttn wi wn.l t have an .Aaitejtarfer ut tikivg, and the war, eo far ae we are ooaocrned, would sever extend beyond the Canton provlnne At it.I* present moment l 000 J lake are loading rlee at Mi-it gtw lo ruv'plv Iho rtnrvmg p >pulation In ma l,um< i i*'?i >lcluity of tee ctplUl. Not ?n ounce of it could I' *i iur IJ gun brig anchored la the rlrar were snob >a order given fw?iull tmhIj itetloned at Cbln-keaBg't E NK" NE f o and Mwa-shou, wruM nturyn the government into mbmWsion without sheddlpR a drop of blood. It war with China ia inevitable. no power ?v?r had a batter cause than England now has; and whatrer may be 'ha rtiuK the reepoaiibili'y rests ailely with Chiaa. THK COND'TION OK CHINAT? the Kdif of the ? tend of Chi a ? Sia -I |4nl \on a 'me nnfeaftf tba contents of tba lata Prktn dtett ? for the publication, if you think th?m worthy < t toom in your o 'ltimof. Yon will perceive some raUraaee* to the chief matteraof Importance at present appearing inthatrepoit of iha Chinese govern ro?n*. namely the rebellion (n Turkeeiaa, ftmina in |iionaa proriaca, and shipment of gri n bv sea from tbia p> rt o T?ati tain it will be seen thn' tha Chinese government has !n leaa than three months aupi r ?aae<J a formidable reb-1 lion os its moat distant frontiers, dirplariog an energy whiah while It ahowa the magoitade of tna danger which alarmed it, ia at tbeaame time Tory indicative that <.bat imbecile atate to be un?ble to con'rol ita subjects within any on* of the Ighteen province* of China proper. It ia undoubtedly true that the flnancei of the gov*rnm-nt are muoh embarrassed. ainoe of lute years It haa to frequently resorted to oontrlfeutlons from tan people in order to recruit ita fuada for oarrylog on public worka, ware on Ita frontiers a"d for relieving publlo distress. Thia which in the majority of onus amounts to a s?UI?g of public offices, betokens little good, and It would be vary interesting tn ascertain th. actual modut operandi of the Mandarie* in the provnoes when they areorileied to open contributions Were the Koman Cathollo Misaionariea of the Interior to write on inoh subjects th?y could doubtless throw light aa to hoar much coaiing, laviting, wheedling, and demanding haa to be performed by the district magistrates towa da the merchant*, pawnbroker*, ownara of bits of Und Un&?., aa well aa the metiven which induce mandarins to eoaae forwtrd with b?nefactloas. aa aoma individuals have don* to tbs extent of ten thouaand taels eaoh, for the relief of the diatreaa in Henan. In regard to th* upprertion of the rebellion in Turkeatan, Tib than haa doubtleaa r? sorted to Syoee bnllati aa uiual; but atlll a strung display of phyaioai force muat ha?e been neeeaaary to pnt down tb?ae Mahomedans, who are apparently resolved to regaiu their liberty. It ia, I think, apparent that the Tartar government ia not ao abaolutely powerless to control ita subjeets aa i* aapposed by those whe havn witneaaed ita toleration of the moat fltgraut violation* of the treaty by the people of Canton, or the oonnlvanoe. encouragement and sanation of an oSoer of auoh standing aa the Tuoutai of thia plaoe, at an attempt to eatabliah a menopoly of tea and allk, whiah, in the words ef tha Chinese who denounced it, would soon hava ' turned an open port into a olo?e portIt is not, aa it appear* to mo, tha abaenoa of power, but the indisposition to exert it, and a fawning upon the reepeotable part of the Chioeae papulation through tho dislike to provoke a feeling against government 1 Hence it seema, in my hntnbla opinion, that foreigners at Canton, or wherever a spirit of hoatiiity breaks out against them, will never be sate until soma suoh agreement is made as that of dismissal from office of any district magistrate whose people oan be proved to hava assaulted Kngliahnea without provoaation, and alao the imprtiomment of the alder and Tepaou of the neighbor hood we ere the assault occur*. With energy and determination there la nothing IrapostibU for * British envoy in China, with even a email (ore* at his command, for tha Tartar government lias at his feet, and is becoming aware of its prostratioa. Bat if an lafamoue and disgraceful butchery ot gagged wretobea is to greet the rising run on the tpot where the blood of Kagliskmea wss abed by murderous hands and fiendish cruelty-if such support as this is to be grassed at by a British envoy to support his drowning fame?and ii suoh degradation as this is to be oalted satisfaction and punishment, then farewsil to any hope of being regarded in China as men? barbarians we are, an 4 barbarians we shall remain. Synopsis of tub Teem Gsskttk ? December 20,1847 L?e-aing-yu?n, Vioeroy of Ktang-nang, memcrialtaes regarding the traasport by sea of the grain tuxrs ot the districts of Soochow foo, 8<tnkiang-foo, anl Tai-tsaugohow during the coming [Chinese] year, to whloh his Majesty assen's. The imperial assent was given to a memorial from Wong-ohau-chui, governor ot Shan-tee province rtspeot log the military Inspections aad changes of offleers. King-ga-poo, a Manchow military offloer, commanding in a district In Kiriu, leports the people to be in a atate of hardship owing t) a deficient harvest from an exoess of rain, and requaata the temporary remission of the taxes, to which his Msjetty assents. The Imperial assent was given to a memorial from Poo-yea-tai, Viceroy of Kan-sul and Shen-see, accusing h district magistrate of having, through niggardliness. delaysd and impeded the passage of the troops when lately marching to the west. Chun fang, minister in Himi. memorialises regarding a oommunicatioa from Pac-yen-tal "Oeneial for subjugating the West." on the provision of liupplirs for the tray (Rebellions have bean so frequent ot late years thai they are at no less fur * preced'm bow to act) The Vermillion Pencil replied, the Boardot Hevtnue knows it December 31.?The Imperial will was received assenting to a memorial from Twan selh-ngen for bestowing rewards apon a number of o floors in obaige of the repairs of part of the Yellow river The Imperial will was received asrenting to the memorial ot Lse sing yuen for allowing the dismissal of a sick military offloer, and al'0 to a military appointment The Imperial will was given to the memorial of a vancno* Uenerai tor Ms retirement, on account 01 tils relationship to one of hi* Colonels The Imperial will was given assenting to a memorial from Chung fang, minister in Harai, referring to aoommunloatlon reosived from Poo yen tat (who ?m personally leading troops forward to Casgar, for the extermination of the Mahommodan rebels) stating the necessity of making ampla supplies of bora}*, wblob was accordingly proceeded with by lilra. Deoember 53 Kee-poo Hat-kwan (Hoppo) af Canton ll ordered to remain another year in bio present offlo* Anew Mfcjor Gsnerul is appointed to Kaoc-show in Kwang tuug Wang-obih. Governor of Gac-whuy, memorialises, and the imperial assent is giren to the r?s'oration of ihe nuttona of certain district maflitatee, of which they bad been deprived on account ?f deficiencies in remitting the t?xe?, but hare subsrquemly shown tome dense of ahame by making up the account Marked. Castok Market Riport, Jan 28. 1843 ?Since last monthly report mnch anxiety has been entertained ae to the steps about 10 be tak?n by tbe British Plenlpoten dary A circular s. nt reun 1 on the fl'.h intimated the poseibility ot the fl*g being struck at no distant date In ovneequenco of this and previous uncertainty a large quantity of Britisb manufactures have heen shipptd to ma north No ofllclal intimation has bam Riven ot the Uot, but it i< now understood that matters will remain in their pre ent state until communications have been received from home ConQdenoe is in soma degree restored ; and tbe native merchants (bow a desire to purchase, though ?t low ratrs. After the ho idsys of next month, it is anticipated that most article* wilt improve in price, provided there are no poltic *1 causes for another derangement of the mukst Cotton Goods?The market is in an active ooadition, with an Improvement upon last quotations of from 10 to IA cents. The transactions of the month oom prise (10 000 pieces of unbleaebed, and 30 S00 pl*c?s of bleached cloth. Quotations?Bleanhed. 40 by 3d, $3 AO to $3 00 ; (JO* 3? by 39, $3 36 to $3 45 ; 64? to 66' $3 65 to $3 (59 Cetton Yarn? Kor the higher numbers there is a demand at improved rates; but the lower numbers ars not in request. Varns of inferior quality are not marketable. dales during the month aoout 600 bales Quotations?Nos 18 to34, ?34 per plcnl; 3( ti 33 $30 do; 3.-< to 4i, $3 J 60; superior, 18 to 33, 937 60 do. Matalsiron of all kind hae improved in price, with moderate stocks. Lead has also advanoed Tin plates dull. Banoa Tin we quote at $18, and plates at $7 60, with a drooping market Lead may be quo ed at $6 76, that being the present markst rata. Quotation* of Iron Nail rod, $t; Hoop, 4; fltt and rquare bars, $3 90 to * 80; round, 4; small round 8 30; wire. 8 Quotations uf other articles of import? Betel nut 93 20 to 3 36 per pi cul; rattans, 3 36 to 3; pepper $6 60 to 6 80; putchuck, S 80; sandal wood, $6 00 to 13 00; oloves, $34; ooehloeal, $176; stasi, nominal, $4 60 per tu!> upturn?[itw rjtna it offering rreety at out then re no buTere; we look for low ratee on the arrirnl of the -id aalta. $4S0, probably. Tea?The mirket fcaa been iuaetive from vttrioua oauaee. The roporta frrm Kurop* art dliaouraglng; and the politioal state of aff?lra In thl< quarter deter* prudent m*n from extending th?lr opera tlona Tha teaman, h"w?Ter, are tirm, though the few purchaien m*de?chiefly to All up *hip< on the berth? are a shade under Inst month's rates. B'ack Tata? lb? purchases embraoe about2? chcpn of Congou. at from K> * i1 taelt for common to strong clackith leaf kind The stock it M nhojii, and aiouc iO ohopt hare yet to strife. Tnere have been tome purchase* of eiented teat of fair to good quality, at 33 a -26 taela for Orange Pekoe, and 1ft 19 Male lor Caper In other deanrip tlona of Blaek feat there bare been no trantaotlon* (Jreen Teaa-Thn purohatea made are on American a<eount, and for oommon deaarlptiona, at prlaet a ahale loiter, but tha ratea are still auoh aa to cneok ahlpmenta to the Kngllah market. The finer deacriptiona atlll main tain thalr high rat*, and there are few In thn m?rket Quotatlnna?Congou, good and floe black leaf?none left; blaeklah leai atrong Ta. 18 to-Jl; fair to good oommon 10 to 18; mixed bluckiah l?af 14 to 15; loweatoUsa l'J. Souchong ? No trauanotlons; prices aa last month Klowery Peko* -Prioea nominal; 400 packagsa in etock Nin* Vong, plain oaper and plain orange pekoe; do tranaaotlona. Scented orange pekoe (fair to fine) Ta. fn nil dA nanae I * trx .11) U. .K ..I 10 000 package*, but no derira to purohaie, The Americana have been purchasing by*on kinda.? Hyson?Fina Ti 60 to 68; good 84 to 30; common 49 to 48 bat theM rata* are nearly nominal Young HyronKine, nona left; good Ta 30 to 40 ; ooamoa 44 to 46 Impart*! and Ouapowder?Twankay kind Ts 44 to 48 ; good 37 to AO; fina, few left and prion unfixed Silk? faattee (No 1) of an in'arior description, li hald at 9 is# and no hnyera. Sfook IftO bale*. Hugar-The ah if menta being made are old transaction*; noputcbare* re reported daring the month. The new arop will be in the market early In March. Kxnhange on Eng and Private bill* at nix months light 4* Ad to 4s HXd. 1* H.?J*is 4Stb.? A deotded Improvement ha* taken place In raw cotton ainoa yesterday, and an advance bus beau eatabliabed of 4 maoea pnr piotil on good One Bombay, and 4 to 3 macea on Madras and Bengal, at which a heavy bn?ln?a* ha* been done, mcatly on epeculation itrey Cotton piece good* alao *how aymptoma ot Improvament Pttm of Bullion?flyeae silver, 10 8 a 10 H pm ; Hpaatah dollar*, Ferdinand, par; do Carolm, 7 to B par cent pm; Republican do, at par. K*r)imgf -On Kngland, private bill*, 6 month*, 4a ?Kd to 4a ?d; on India, Campany'a accepted bllla oa Calcutta, 4lfl rupee* per 100 Bp dra; do nnaecapted. FrtitKit?Ta London, 44 10a tt>, to Aaoy, $? par taa or 40 tot; to porta Mrtfcaf Aa*y,t7. W I o W YORK, SATURDAY S STATU OF IKKLiND* Dissatisfaction towards the Government. AKMINO Or IBB P220FX.X7. Spirit of the Iristi Masses, &>r. &C. fltf. [From the D jVia Nation, April 8 J Th? oiv f?d?r?'.!? > m*t an WfUnfsJay availing l??t, ,t?h<Mn.UU,l A V.K - . Long belore th? uour of un-eiing, bath ?id?s of A'biy Ir et were IIae<l with spsotat ra, and the Joes of tbu h It of latflu were besieged by persona of both sexes aatious for adai'sion; but accord lug to > ul?, none were nil iftd t- ant t until the -.rriv .1 of the olubs. Tbe tire c ubs weie, in tb? wantime, formed in th?ir sever?l oIU'j rn.iins. iu tha iliff-trent. quarters of tno oily, from which tney left a!m >st simultaneously, *bout Wfu o'clock, nod proo?eded toward* Abb?y atriet. Tn?y Wf rn marshalled by tbalr respective offleara, and depu (i i a h Irom tie (Students' elui), . ppnloted to< ih?t pur p. 9? The latter appeared to be prima favorites witli the i>?nple. They ?rrlved at Abbey street, by tho h'rttman't report., In the fallowing order and numbers :? Tue tlrat body waich b<*^?n to Uetil* over Carlhlabndg", fiackvilin atre*t, and into Abbry street, was Tim l> CTOU U' Vi.t CLUB which hid assembled at the club rooms, D'Olier street. Tea oliib numbered a'?jut J50 p?r*tni, and wis h'h. ltd by Meftrs. Charles G*vun Duffy and Chailra O'Neii. Tba members msrebed two una two, and were loudly ohaercd by the people iu th* streets ST Patrick'S CLUB This olub, which ooutisted of about 300 members, assembled ut the club rooms Bride street. At the bead of tiis club oame Mr John Mitohai. an l the body wai received at tba hall witb the utmost eatUusin>a. THE BAT IS CLUB. The members of this body collected at New row, and mustered sbiut 300 In number They were hea led by Mr Thomas U. M'Uee, ths president, and Mr. P. J Stajtb. TKK OR ATT AN OI.UB was tha nest which arrived, Irom their roomn in North Cumberland street, beaded by Mosses P O'Donohoe, 1' J Barry, and Dr. West. The members of this body were uhnnt -200 the swift club. Ths members of this oluh were estima'ed at about 600. They otme from Queen street, and were lieadec! by Messis. X. D. Reilly and 1'hillpGray. TQe members of the clubs were entliuilastically cheered by the crowds about the Music Hall, and upon their ontering the building to take their places, they were aleo loudly cheared by those assembled there. * * * Mr. John O'Haoin read a letter Trcm Mr Dillon, (who in now laboring under sevore illness) with referenoa to the policy which the confederation should pursue uudei present circumstances, in which lie mil: ? "As to the question wbether the government or the teo pis should be ths lirst to strike, 1 consider it altogether immaterial; for it is plainly in the power of the united repeal party to plao* |the government in that position that it must strike or surrender." ***** Mr. O'HioAtf then proposed the following resolution: That we hereby repudiate as a grout calumny ih? imputation thrown out upon ns by Lord John Kui.'ill, that tbe objeot of this confederation is social dtionler huiI a violent separation irom Great Britain; and we nereoy ueciara mac our ouject is now, as it always was, the legislative independence of Ireland, and thereby thtltainmeut o< snciat order; acid we* desire that (such independence m?y be attained, if possible, without civil war. ? ? ? ? Mr Mitchil then read the followia? resolution : That the Council suggest to alt R'peslers, both in town and country, that In order to form the basis of a National Guard, they immediately form themselves into sections, eaah consisting of twenty men. living near each other, in one street or other limited district, and that each ??o tion eleot a master and warden in whom they have tui piioit continence ; that five of such ssotions (whlnh should also have their residences ailjaocnt) form a class numbered claes No. 1, No 'J. and so forth ; that the mutters and wardens of tbo five sections eleot a vioeprerident and secretary ; and that the several vicepresidents and eecre'.aries of the class's elect a jresident Mr. McGke came forward amid loud cheers to s'.couu U resolution ??***?? I tell tfce British minister from this plaoo- and a small trumpet may utter a great n'tise we spurn his tii. n a parliameat? we spit on hi* fsderaliata?we want no vititi. from the .sovereign of tha empire, and none from 'h? Irish sovereign, except she comes to summon her lilefc estates in the Irish capital. (Vehement cheers, waving of hats, handkerchiefs, Sec ) I appeal to you, ladies, citizens, and Confederates, to be firm and lull of osmn tation* courage in this orisis ot our f>ita L*t ?oglan?i oa quick?let her offer unconditional repeal; wo will take it. aoi! forgive her. (Repeated cheers ) Air. Joux Williams rose aud said:? ? ? ? ? Sir, the sovereignty of the people has b-en long pro cla'soted t>y the ai?Oi ties of liberty in this and other i?i>d? but suoh a direct and etllcut interference ot Oo l htm 'elf has within the last few weets, b?en giveo, as musi oonvince any man who regards tin Divine proceedit go. ihat He iiss empba'ioaily ret the ???i of his approval upon this holy dootiine The revolutions of Kurop* have proved this- th?l a' the power of the people is re?i*tles?. so the authoiity of the people is paramoun' anls.crei (Hear, hear, and cheers.) i am here tonight to own my atla^iaaoe to that authority, and to p erent earnestly, affectionately,to my fellow Protestants tne sia, the midaM't of r?si?ta.ics to that power, lis, sir, is the rebel?be. sir. is the auarohist?who impiously presumes to disobey the command of the oouutry In which God has plaoed him. (Cheers ) Let not the I'ro tesinnts fear any conspiracy against their oivil or tell Aioui r.DTly ; let me in noi ?(>pren>na any lnterlereoo* ?ith theii jant n<h'* as oitinus No thought 11 furthf r from the people'* mlude. tut I tctuld u>n>n th m mure oynily to 'to th'ir duty to their caunt'y, ant not tx/iuf htnucivtl by-and-byc to tht Hrriblt puniihmcnt oj trcaton ?? ??? I fe?r the heart cf this tyranny in hardsned litis th? h??r: of Pharoah, that theso men w.ll not see will not h?ar. the hand an>l the voioe of Mod, prcoUiming an 1 ;i"hi. rut freed< m io the nation*; but that with juJicla blin urn. they will still r?thlv hope to s<em th> io rrmof popular demand, until they work their own deatiuo ion. 1 i o, ? it may not be so. 1 wish for pea<e; but if in our Ksortua from bondage, this tyrant govtri roent merely seeks to hinder, and me>ts th* retribution wni'-h tne liod ut' right ami rl;;bteou<ne*s has ever intitoted upon the oppressor, on ltselt, and not on us, ba the responsibility. (Great nheering) ? ? ? _ ? ? Th* Irlah Revolution. [From the Du jliu Nation, April 8.] The war of words ha* terminated on both the side ol 'he people and the government. There art n > more proaeeutions : they ?re abandoned for some striking ;**gumtnt. Nslthsr ar? the people idle. The hours tbey us?d to pas* in attendance at uieotings, aro now spent in military exeroiMS, and learning the art of gnnnery. PREPARATIONS OF TUB FROPI.K The Limerick R'porttr, urging tto duty of every man 'o arm himself well an ) at oce, says-"Tfcere ran U little doubt that every peasant who has not n gun will soon provide himself with the cheaper and lar ra<irt effiatual -national ?>*D3ii.' Hut thai* is n lnrrn and important class of our fallow-oountrymen that are not at yet nrmrd, udIih they have done so reo?ntly. We w>n the middle and farming class We confess wj bivo gr -al aixlaty about them Kor their own sakes. and for tUo pake of t:e country. It la of the utmost iupcrtanee Ihey should have the mean* of salf defrnne " Limkrick Rifle Club.? fhis r.fl^ olub I rs been lully organised with 100 original member. It ia open to ail citizens. The Barsfleld Club have given one of th*lr connulttee rooms far the use of thin body of Irishman The club, we are happy to say, comprehend men of all relUioos creeds, of all classes, and of all the liue? ol poliilo*.?Limerick Examiner. Km* Arms ? In reply to a ' subscriber" as totheprla. of Are arms and tbe beat description of them, wa bi*g tf s?y that a tlrst rata single gun (tsriet barrel) can be ha 1 el Mer*'.< for about two guinens, an>I an oxoelleir d?scrip tlon cf a gun too, that wool! answer good purposes, lor about ?1 I An Kor a short distance, or fov general vu l>or?s. it would just answer as well as a ride that wonld coit i-'7 Ot ?1?Limerick Reporter. ARTILLERY FOR. TiiK teopi.K. Among the weapons Imported from Birmingham, tbe Impcrtant arm of artillery nas cot been neglected by th oonsplrators. Light brass guns, stated to range from four to six pounders, have arrivod in Dublin ?Event*/; Herald. In aldition to the pikes manufactured in Dublin, and the neighborhood, there have beeu enormcu* importations from Birmingham 'Til stated in two consign menU to tbe wholesale dealers in this town to no ie<s ?u amount than hO.Oiih. With respect to the home manufaoturs we r-fer the reader to Col. Broarn a alarming statement in Henry street Police otfl;#.? Dublin Herald. The Swift Clnti iHueen street) haTe | rend* I ai area amply sufficient for drilling. They were occupied throughout one night l\at week lu casting bullets. 1 ike heads?to be manufactured at 3s. 81 each? havo been exhibited at The A'ufio.i offlje Mae of the editors of T\e Nation-ot whoso name we are In poeeessim went ronnd to the draper's assistants, and collected them on Wednesday evening in D'Olier street. At th s m. etlog a tlfls was submitted for approval ant adoption by a guoemlth of this city, whom we lorhear to Indicate, and n piopcsal to supply similar weapons to any amount re<|ulr> e 1 at the rate ol 241 each, roe manufacture ol pIVs is extensively c irrled on b/ a person in Abh-y street A man naiasd Coogan,in the eounty of Meatb, baa made a tender for a coir <ct to snpply ash saplings. cash eleven Not long, f.r lOOixiOmen. One of the g-ntleinen r n certed with the United lufima > has, we are Informed exhibited a broad belt, eonveniently fashioned for hoi tIng pistols and daggers ?Evening Herald. TlfR SAVINUS HANKS. The people, alamed somewhat by the extensive pre paratlons making by government are, we understand, wlthdrawlog th?ir deposits from tbe saving's bank* rather rapidly in Iltn* notes, t*>, Hie sa-V lo bt on the d*ollna la pnaiio ?*timatloa (J ?11 is ot oouna, rrgardel as a far more valuabla oimmoli'y in tlMM ( OMUMtJon.?Pilot. ifrfti gMii um iim?1> ni ii rvmmmmwun> >! ! j 4 SC. U (ORNIN6, APRIL 29 18' DKOTHF.DA. "Vo'hio^ It Hiked about h?re but t^e b'-st mcani ot s*if d. f?*t co -uaiost any vl< lent uttscV or unoonetitutior. ia?s:>ult upon the j,?op!e.? Drt'gheda Jirtut. In the Uro,jh*da Salines Hmk no la<* has bsen givo'i li- t thrpe'b.iu* itid five huudrud pounds will bs wit ldr*^n to day. KOSCREA. Th?? wai a ar.-nf ev;Ueiaeut in thl? town, cauwd by tb* poM^f s*#rc^ii>* fir pi'ohforfcs A? a mutter of onuMe tbi'T succeeded 'J K?'t|r;* th? forks nuuh implrtain's ur? t . h? In'in ' 'n ?!ui ev?ry ho''i* uti 'otioaalfd l u' no' ?itij'led wli'i tak^n* thefoik* tU?y arreu'ed 'ho owner* h mi ooii hu'mI t'inui to prison, un'll they IIsemMed hii ex; itordnwty b'urli of ma* itrat'a In the poiiidu ? f ho .lay totry tin- s'.ite p'ison-is t'b* mtg itrvii-e, u? it m*t:~r of course, dismissed the psrties, dui reftt'cd to aivii toic . t,be torlie. Ofoo'ise they su*oeot*d lucre *m (o'i -.fuel used in tU?ir manufacture rhi mi n do net tnt* i 'o submit to thle rohbely, and will hrii-k the m iti-i li-iore the magistrates at pstty s?bh1ohb on Monday c x: KILKENNY. The stlpi n<'.liry mi^istrate called a meeting of t>io reildeot m?'j s'rnte.i to consider wh*th?r they would pulldown i-.r: n!dr-<sof tbe C moderation wbioh wns po?t?l ih. oug1' 'he town; hut tho maqistrutcB would n ' consent ICilk nt.y Itfihle ator Th* ?am? caper alio r?ye : -"One of the teachings of 'J'he .V lion already produo'd the di-eiri-d effect In Kitk uny, i.y i-au irg .1 ru'i on tbo local *a?lng> Bank." Ther-aie two or th e.-rill* fiiubi about', to b 1 formed in this city On Sunday about two hundred men ?ssi*mb edin 1 niiriii d in Upp-r Pstrick street, and practised r'fle thwtipg for sou* bonr* We understand there ?rvre kibh capital shots duriog tho day ?JC? fce/uiy JitumaL L*st l.nday evening the members of this body m?t at the Qu.trry, on the North St ran J. for practioe, and their sltonfins. which we had the pleasure of witnessing, vras admirer* e. Kvrn ?iLb "smooth bor??," roms ol them h:t the bull's eyo rcrernl limns at a distance ol eighty yurdri ?L.mtrt k. Kipoiter CORK Oa Sunday r*rersl p?rtiPB of young men In this city ant nelRSborhr.od were bnally eiigag?d in whut 1h cow oaltod r tii shooting A large Dumber ass-m''!fd at the Diamond Huirry, Ulaokrnok, ami tiivin; ch.iltfd ou the ro^k the word "8?o:>," let tlv bullet nfter bullet a* fie luted name, but though tbe distance was enly 100 >1011, Hot * pellst coul > be lent nearer thin the letter N Another oompany assomble 1 at San day's Well, along the bank) of the Lee, and were similarly en??ged. On* of our shopkeepers, an sctive member ofthe Vouni; Ireland party, he* sent t> Paris tor a pattern of tbo I'olytochnio cap, with a view of making up some hundreds f them in this city, for a tie to rile men?Cut k Constitution. Signal Kikh?On last Saturday evening, in the North Riding of Timntyi the hills on both sides of the Shannon blazed with lire*, and it was not a little oarlotia to observe the rapidity with whioh each station successively caught the signal, snd communicated it tolls neighbors.?Mail The I'di krt sajB 'Kids clubs, avowsJ'y to obtain dexterity in the use of flre-?rms, are-establishing, not only in tne province, but ia this o!fy, under the noso of thr Kxecutive FtN(rLA9. Oa Sunday upwards of three hundred members of a ritlo club assembled about two o'olook, in the vicinity cf Kinglnss, ?nd having erected fifteen targ?ts, formed into companies, and proceeded to perform r Qo rxercire in regular rotation, and with an order nod precision which might excite the admiration of any regiment of (.bo iine. Their practico continued for g'-veral hours, and exhibited au improvement which must have be n highly gratifying to those interested iu their military at'idits. Tho general proficiency was ab solutely edltytnv;, an 1 we regret th-.t our limited spues does not permit our doing justice to all the corps engaged, but soveral of the hits were !aad-> in first rate style. Lord Clarendon still oontlnues to occupy a most uner.viable position in connexion with the ''oull's eye;" and au exclamation uttored yesterday by one cf the most siic<**f>stul hot*. will illustrate tha readiness entertained on the part of his mortal enemioe to identify him with their m"st brilliant effort*. After on* of tt\o*e achievements, h bystander obgeiverf?"If Clarendon gottha- in the teeth the devil it much lie'd whistle !" With eomuiendabla industry the riflemen continued their effort* iu the cause of fraternity, undaunted by the torrents of rain whicn occasionally de.?oenJed, aotli at length, being unable to "herp their powder dry" any longer, t.bev r.volved to full iu and having :ortn<d three deep, mun hrd into town at seven o'clock, in mlllUry style. At Kort Crystal, operations commenced eo early an seven o'clock in the morning and a targit having been erectid at a dSHaaco of eighty or Dlnety yards, the tiring was oostiuued Utitil a late h.ur iu tiM evening. The weapors ptinclpnUy employed we e pistols, and the Lord L>eiit<-uan' wis here, too, reprraentedby a walking (tick, fcnruiou'itf d by a onp, whose dilapidated coudttioa at the el< " cf tho ex?rci?es tested tbe exportners and loyalty of those engaged-?Ibid. IIALWAV Our quirt town of Galway, it appears, ia not unexpeotant of a coming struggle Sunday evening last, about thirty rr*;>ecrabie ti asn-mbled at ball practice by the sen Aide, near Salt-hill. Their arms Wore of ail it'apdc and -la-e ?good, bad, an.l Indifferent. Some of (he nmrksiteu were expert hands: others only beginner* One of the party, when ssked the purport of their meeting, said it km ' to make preparation " Whim w.kej did he expect their services would be soon required!" "The sooner the better," was the prompt noitwer?O'Iwiy Vnulictlit. Th* Limtrick Examiner. speaking of the liile praelice of a olut?, eays?"Colonel l)oyl>j honored the scene with bin p-eseuce, on hmseback, aad s*etnrd very much gratified wr'nili* skill ?nd proficiency in the us* oftli?ir w apon exhibited by the young men of Limerick. But w-. cptne t'ie gull mt colonel is of a rather saltish disposition. for h very sternly ordered a poor private, who loo ins on. to march back to bis bartacis " The C"k Examiner, In an apposl to conservative*, saj* -''(Jcuservaitves! follow, as Christiau m?n and patriots the impulses of your hearts, the promptings of your rea*ou. tun voice of your oons.'ienoes ! Do so, and wo, on b-half of ihn people, will trust In ycu, confide in you, follow you. an J triumph with jon ! If you love peace, do ao to limn ; a little longer, an* It may be too lute." MUCEI.LANROUS. " Bamba " send* us a parody on a eong of a few weeks ?evllere'sa chorus, Irish slave, Cuy u rifle, buy n rifle; Precious free Join you may lave, For a trifle, for a trifle Tfci* m- y no* be poetry, but it is excellent tense; and w n ,<.i.]lv . ,v '<m>n "Inlt ' A Karmvr " ioi'liree whete hp may emigrate with tinat admntNR v We are indifferent where be go?*; if tie ims not spirit to bold by thesbip In the storm lie may go to the < iti.alAs. ' J. O." s.iye t ho people universally are taking their money out of tha s%?in*e hanks. It Ik wisely done But this Is not enough. (Jol<l Is tho only circulating medium to be trusted iu troubled times Bans notes are promises to pay, which circumstances may render the parties totally unnble to fulfil. The chorus of the old song stye:? ' I'd raiber hav? a guinea than a one-pound note." A v ry judicious preference, but it may oome ts bs better thin a ?10 note torn* day soon. Ti> IA? Editor of the Nation? Sir- I am tola it is a ftot that Trlnon <?.?orge, who is burning to bs at the Irisli, throatens if Dublin resist him, to fall b.iok on th<? Park and hum thn oity with bombshells. The conservatives and neutrals ought to know tho "au~? with which they are threatened Tell them :hi* tbat tbey miv bew.ire la time. Your*, P The conservatives nnd neutrals will not believe this story. With the no,>ercllieus Ignorance of doom"d ui?u 'hoy wilt shut th-ir eyrs till it is to lata But we tsll it to the Irish in Lor don, Birmingham, Manchester ?od Liverpool. If en Irinh city be so muoh as singed with a bombshell, we look to them But no aggresslon--Ir?ltnd decrees evil to no man or interest?she only stands upon her lights and defends tliftn. " A Protestant (englishman yet* Friend to H?pnal Our opinion of federalism has long been deolded Kor iin arrangement " we regard it as far mere rnmbrons th in the ?i,| one of Independent parliaments, and to substitute It for legislate Indepen lence, would be but e*changins the form cf "ut provincialism We scorn It as aoompromise. and tho Irish paoplo laugh at the verv sound of the word. Our K.nglish friend's "advlee" would, th?refi>re, He nulls throwu away on us and them V patrtotta constable, wbo?s name and address h*ve baen firwarded to us sends ths following interesting " police Intelligence:*'? During th? past t?n yoars, I h?Vo tedulousiy devoted ray time In eliciting Individusl opinion . mom; lay comrades, In Mnnster, Leinster. and Connmgbt. and I now f'?l satisfied In e!a'in;v that out of I J,000, 1# 0(H) would, and will 8* on bayonets and vinJIca'e the lieed^m of their orelared and suffering countrymen The m?n are from profession can I >u*.and I mn?t say even msanly so. In ronoeolmg a f?r)mg which (Jod h?s implanted In all their hearts At pre?en:, I could not And 30 among them t'.ia*. would noma to< -th <r nad stow their sentiments They are all determined enough, taking them sitgly. or Indlvldu lly, on crashing toe oppressors i f their crun'ry; but bring four or moto of tbom touetb-r. and u fe?ln? of detrust Is immediately peraeptihle among them - tb?y aro afraid of eaoh ot'aer, and I f?ar niil continue so, until one among thimselvrs will boldly harangue t hem, ore long, under arias, In tbe period, or at the ]>->rlud ot smoke and exsiteiueat 1 dun't oean bottles of smvka-but bullets with Are and smuke, under tbaprotea I nof Iki(M*t MIlMt and hy his dlvln? aid, I fervently hope to ba the first man In Ireland to tern down tha union jack, and plant or ereot the green tl?g of Irele.nd on the Ctrle. This Is no entbusltem?it li me o 01, uamiaraie reaoira mm yeirs una nvTir altered. nor nerer ahall. with Oo..'?appl?r*nco, be a'tered by me " KASY LKSSO.NS ON MILITARY MAtTIM, Hy a Veteran It haabeen a nubj-ot of di?pufo between military wri ter?. whether the introduction cf tho niuiket and bayonet wai ?n Improvement: or whether the old plan of arming eiseh man with a ningl.1 weapon ?l< , a musket (or rifle) cr n pi** w*? not the more effrotlre? The ncund and .ro?conM-ipl >n I t ike to be this - tDat wher* it la n'cr'SRry to uinfce thr raoat of a limited number of men. ai I ?U"re traitiing ao>l dieolpllnecall b carried tr> a i^*i ptato or iicrf c:!'u tha double weapon ihoBld be profited Rut *l<fr* thn numb*r of your n?o may lie ugm.'Ued at pieum: end whprathptr training le bp c.vaarlljr impetfcct, ip.-h rc^.n phould In that csaa hare but a Mtigii w?*po:i A rol l>t to flf bt *\ ?ll rnuet b? pprfeat mapt?r of hit wfgp.n and ip m cli more il'fllenlMO be ra??t*r of two tlxno'e'i* A evidipr. to Mi ul.l b? *ro ura,ce J to re d-iid bl* o*n w?aii?n witti itanTtot all'Ct;Ouat? ooeft dunce. II it a good and UMtiil 'bmg, at tha clo?e of a I bloody day, to hoar * good laihw boaat of tha an- I ??.n ? r irri ~st 2 I li L J& li A J 48. utinn liedil upon the r(Hi!erf, or a plknn&n d??oribe ? t!i* Kiil'aat obar^rn that twi'pt whole bjttnlr'in Irom the i field 1 Kor a force haitily r.iiaed to defend a country thn fiu I gl? wapou is undoubtedly th* beit There i" no oncaftii'n lor i oonomUIng your numeilcal iHreiigtb. nod >oo vlil eadly t rn' a rata raw troope by putti g the double we ip?o Into tbfir h?n !e I would propose, therefore, that thpra nh?uld be, u? nx.iilv ?? (.( Miiile. an q ial number of mcaketeera (or rifl.ui 'u; ati x of ptk"iu<*u, and I would combine th?m in Hie tallowing mauni-r: ? Of the tun oomptuiea cotnpoa iiir >l.u H..? haliullrtii I ... .L,u ?l? . ,.f ?!*? ui'n. ami I would pUan thrmontne light MMlltfl Hanks ihro? ou thn ri^bt. ami hs many on tri- left; the rnmtin ing four couipanle* bong muskitnrrs,u?><! occupv Irg thn o?utra In tb? seoond battalion I would b?v? kik o< u panins of muiikttners uud four ?.f |>:k?ru. n, tit iuusk*t- 1 eers on tho light acd In s tUnkn und tlie |>ik. in?n iu lb* c?nttn And so on lu altem?:e bat'allona Tim plkrmtiu (who, iu my plsa of ht !ge flghtlr g would form* around linn In thw o.d.-r of battle, and would, if ooursn, o'. upart irom thn u-.utkrt. ?i?) wauld by tb? above nrratignintht, b- dlvi l>-d In .>> mii<s?s otnTnnitntly a 11*11, aid separate 1 from out- another by inhtTlll, which would alio* thorn to net iud?p-n i*ut ly. or to ruppott ou* another, as uoctslon m 4h: rnquiro How the two anna nitty bi combined iu actual tl hum I W U ?X|iUlt), when I 0 >ui* to i?p-ak ?f " UattlwS " ' I would b<*r? fay a word or n?o about tun construction nt tr>e plha It should not bn unuenessarlly long or henry, (bat It may no: iuipedo thn mov in iotp of thb^arer, who will frequently havn to jump tiilcb's ?'d scramble through fences Ten feet I oviisidnr amply sufttcirnt for th? cutirnljog'b, mid of this I would all >w t-n inches tor thn binds The latter should be ubiut an Inch and a half broad, and prnf.ty thick whom it J )inn thn ban fie. with sharp odQ-s, and (apt-ring to thn point. V simple guard might bn ivjdnd to preynut it f'raui nn taring tco far. But the hooks and hatnhetsare an abomination To talk of pulling a Jrgoo'i from his liorsn, or of cutting Ilia bridle with a hook, in fully as absurd and pusiil* as to talk of oat.-hiog birds by putting salt on their tail* Thn aimplnat and most obvious operation is to put your pike into his body. The handle should bs of Rood tough ash. The blade f.rn e md well by two tongues cr utraps of iron, a retired with screws. For the oavalry I would rccommnud sables and pistole. Another Narrative of tlia ICacnjic uf Louts Philippe. The following was eciutnmu >au-d to the Hampihire fndfpendmt by oris who was on board ihn K<cpres? steamer, In which lb? ex-Kiug and liuten cf ih-3 French mAilm fh?!r iirtniis f'rpm k'rttnp.i The. South Western Company's atxa.ncr ftxpreis, Captiin Fuml, left Southr.mptou on Tuesday, theJ9!h ef February, at about half past eUht In the morning, and proceeded direct to Havre We took our station alongside the quay, opposite the custom hcu-e Tli?. South Western Company's new steamer the Dispatch. Captain Goodrldge, was also in the harbor, she havlug arrived from London. Wo remained in port two days an unusually long time for our vessel. This stoppage at HAvre, together with the silent and anslous manner of the captain, and his mysterious movements to and from the vessel, and tliu Rue de la Uafre, excited my suspioi u, and made me oorjeaturo that we woro waiting lor eomo rpeolal and important purpos*. Nothing partioular, however, ooeurrrd before Thnri!day, towards dusk, when I found the steuwi was get iw; up At about eight o'clook th it evening the sterna win blowing off as noiselessly as possible. The night, was rather dark, but not sufficiently so to prevent me from ceting (.'apt Uoodridge sauntering about the quay in tne neighborhood of our vessel While he was thu* employed I saw a stranger, well raufllad up, approach and sprak to him, and soon afterward* leave him to * peak to a gend'armes, who had approaohed near to tne spot where they had been talking. The stranger, while in conversation, appeared to ho peering about, and shifting bis position, till at length he could oomrnand a sight ?f any one who o?me to tho vessel round tne left hun>! oorner of the oustom house, while (he baok of th.i gend'armes was turned towards that spot. The conversation between the stranger and the gend'armes continued for a short time, when a party came round the left hand corner of the custom-house, and approached onr gangway. Without any hesitation one of the party, an old man, apparently lame, drtssed in a large travelling oloak, and his faco nearly covered with a shawl, a pair of green spectaeles, and a travelling o?p, came on board, assisted by the British oonsul and Cspt tioodridge. Whllo oomlng on board 1 heard the consul say to hitn : "Take care, uncle," as if he was spenklcg to a relative, and warning him to be careful how he stepped on the ladder. The passeegtr was immediately conducted to the engineer's room (a most unusual p'ao' tor a passenger to be shown into), but uwlog to its Hmall size and e fire burning in it, 1".* wes unable to remain there, aud was obliged to go into ths saloon The consul spoke tu lilm snd of hlui, as if he were his rclativa. As ?3on as the old gentleman was on board, Captain Goodridge escorted an elderly lady down the gangway I heard tisr say to him. " I am obilgud to yau/' and from bar pronuaciation I knew she was not nn English woman She was very plainly dressed, her hair was a, waite as silver, and I thought i never saw a countenance iu which anxiety, fatigue, and fear were so visibly depicted. As soon as aha was in the saloon i oould perceivu that she had been, and still was, weeping As soon as those two were on board, and the rest of the party had joined them, I saw the strauger to whom I have before alluded leave the gwnd'armes and approach our gangway, aod at the same time watch the gend'ariue* walking away from the vessel The strauger got on board rapidly, and immediately crouched down under the paddle box. as if to pr?veui the gend'armes from observing where he wa3. The only luggage brought on beaid was a small box, which woighed very heavy, a reticule and a bag which appeared to coulaiti rnoni-y, and two or three cloaks of a noli and costly description Tho instant tbe rartv were on lioart!. and Liie coueul end i Captain (ioodridge had gene 011 ?bor>>, preparation** were qui'ily made (or flipping from the quay. This was a very nnxi <u< moment The stum^n way in which our passenger* cam* on board?their having no lug^sge their silent mamer and anxious countenances -out leaving without the proper i(Saeis coming oa board to ciatniua p*8?poris- the respeo. paid to the gentleman and lady who first oame on boord? together with the oaptam giving his orders in subdued tone or voi.-e? eouvinced mu that our passecg'rs w?re persons of distinction. and that we were leaving Havre surreptitiously During the lime we had been at Havre, I had felt a dre?a ol goiog on shore Thn psopieof tho plaeenpprured to have left their usual occupations, and tied a mcoUy and aisounteiiteil look Groups ol the lower orders weie I to be seen lu different parts ol, some of them arraej with muskets and other weapons 1 confess, therefore, that just as we were leaving the quay, 1 fell rather nervous, and was every moment expecting acme alarm, and that our departure would be prevented. Joel s we were leaiing, oar progress was impeded by some French barges, and my fears, I suppose, got the better of my 'eases Dnt 1 could not help fancying that the men on b >*rd the barges wer? aesaiiing us m unusually loud language, and were most remarkably unwilling to get out of our way When we got oat of the harbor, all on hoard seemed to breathe more lreely; the oaptain spoke louder, and onr | passengers seemed in better spirits The person who first o?in? on board, hs* now takon off his cap, shawl, and speotaeles; and although he had no whiskers, and ' bad on a skull-cap, because his head had been shaved, I i was too well arqusinted with the heads on ! 'retch ooins : not to be convinced that we had on board no l?ss a personage than Louis Philippe, the proscribed and discrown ed King of the Frenoh; and trom the respect paid to the lady whom i hud seen weeping, I telt certain that sbe was the nged and unfortunate Marie Amslie, his dethroned Qaeen The gentleman whom I saw talking to Captain Ooodrldge, 1 lound out afterwards, was General Oumlgnv. The king now beoime talkative, and 1 heard him say that he always felt safe under the KnglWh tttg. It was the oaptaln'a intention. I believe, to prooeed to Southampton; but it was the wish of bis majesty to bo landed at New Haven, on the eoast nf Sussex He said be knew the coast wall, aid be bad oonfl!entUl friends in tbe neignuornood wnen *? gut ou'siae the narnor, tn* ee? was exceedingly rough, the wind blow bard, and th? ves* 1 toned ud heaved vloUe.tly, whieli innJn all th? parly in the saloon vary 111. Tb? kiD< htoims Terr unwell, and worse than any of the rut, and wan repeatedly hell by the sUw&rd on hi^ knee The '|U?' n wltn a lady attendant, entered the ladle*' cabin about 10 o'clock A bed *ii mad* on the loor of th* saloon for hi* majesty. Th* other K*ntl*ui*n and servant* were very ill, and wars louDgiug about lo different parts of the saloon. N >u* of til* party undressed, not even the q'leen. About midnight we wero neatly run down by a large | brig. No vesiel ever bad a moro narrow escape tkaa j ours We were within three or four yard? of tae br j; Ki rtuuntrly wr w?re going at about half speed. T'ji noise oud confusion cn deck ariMng from this disaster treused th* p??a*Rgi>rj Her Majesty rusbed out from b^r cabin iuio th? saloon, rxchtmliig, "Oh! where la . my dear gentleman! Ob! where It my dear gentleman!" Tn* king endeavored to console her. Sbo embraced him affectionately, crying hitter.y, and talked to him, lamenting that his dangers were uot y;t over, notwithstanding the many be hnd escaped Th* king wan much atf'cted and he wept and sobb*d violently. Her Mejeity waj implored to return to hor cabin, hut the declared that hhe would not an*ln leave the king, and shn Uy do*n by bis aid* on th* floor of the raloni during th; remainder cf the uiglit. I enoulj observe tbe.t th-< ex king and quren spoke principally English duriug the voy*{o 1 am convinced, trom their conversation, tliat they knew what had be?u going on In Peris since tbey had left It; and althoupU they did not say much ab.ut their family, they we;* *w ?i e that some of their children had arrived safely la England. HI* Majesty app* red particularly ar xlcui thai bis route iron Taris to Havre should not b* known, 4 that no ill should brfall thi kind and devote J frisud* ha had ltft behind in Kraaca, who bad sheltered biin, and facilitated his eseap* from that country. We arrived off the noast of Sussex about six o'clock in the morning. We had only been going at half speed, ar< d kept do>'giDg about until daylight. The Ulr g ta. y. and entored Into familiar conversation wild th* commander. called him bis good Irl'ud I'aul and also win tha chief mat* The captain joHiugly asked his Majai'y bow h* ahonl.l address him on ahnta, since hit issspcrs wni ruadi out In the nam* of " Staltta." "Oh. my got d friend, Paul," was the reply, " there ar* no passports n your country ' Tho king *rein#J greatly pleased to ihiak th t shortly both himself and th* queen would be relieve I froan all f**r and ai.xiaty about their parson*! *?f*ty Th*y both breakfasted a^out nine o'clock; th<y than gavo franca to l>*dlecributed aaai u?st the err*, j and made particular Inquiries respesting the ehli Jr*n of , thaoommandar, aid the name of th* chief ctB:fT, Mr. I (i.iodii'ge. Th* heavy box to which I have beKre alla l?d ?as ailed with nv*franc pie**#, which an?tar. d | q iiteanir, a* if they were direct f.-oat the n?i?t At | about el-Twti t?'clo*?, as near aa I can gueaa, twt. t n < ] <aer* lo*ero I, Into which bis Majesty, the )u e- , - i | Ik* attendant* vara a*at*t*d On* ot th* boat* We. j " A 1) . u , I ______ -. - . - ? ?? ? I'rtu fwi dMtti i . thiI I y C?? >la Paul, and the ctbet by the chief u*i? l b* puty wax thro rowrd to tbe store, and ebeutha b< ?'i> it turiiad, tbo Kifrrti wa* ! for 9<uth?m|itcu I'll? H?k< 'crikiimi of (iarinaiijr. fVrom the L-m kn ( broniol*, April? J Tbe ?aoi n l ati?uji>? to rafeperate liermany , bf reviving h?i uaMon-l unitv I# walo lu t.mee the innat orltlual and eventful that kiiropt m#r na-v It U n nder a ?ky t.lafk witti clou l< *od wind" ?ni auil.J * hooka that Rbak.? tie eaith unili i . b?t.- tiat, Ihtt the Uermaua ura e tli g to work *' di^'nt-r the huriel mtjeaty of tha c i'<l hanrih of ih.i natiounl pryt?n?uiu Hwaaplog poll lent olianit-'* ore going on ?non,;it i.ll amunl lh?m. Them are thnn?' lv?/? hu? U ? oruwar I mm lf-i?t*t'naa of th?* nr. ver aoc al * luton itr ugh th? o null of wbioh *i ar* puffting, i?u?l which ib* wiau n*#rii ot kranoft, who h?ve th<* advantage of lift' if In the Toou* ??f It namm ui will not nave r'c?iv(>il it3 naor.ip'inhwent 'ill t Kit Itvll'il a il g> ?<? "'i 11 11 i tt Ihr. hot- * f I he m.iling faerie af cimhz'd locitfi/. War :a nut merely prohtbl*, hut Iniminiti.l : ua-t. wmt, north a-nl aautti, all round tbe oirol* of th? hor z >l th'?ro am th? rim* thr?:i>nlag Bi^on Tfirre aro not two of thr Knrop-ati power* whinti <"ii. U? r^iioii U|io > to tlghtririn by ri le in tUe oomln* Mtrite. N iii'io i' *.?t oi{Htu-c nation, aud klnglom againat kingdom. N >t awi-tkot p hi,> oaa be oouiited on?not a (lav. uo'. an hour At aujb a time tha t#?k of reoitntiog the federal constitution, anil giving to I' the durability and compacts* aa wbloti it lack* In iloubly lUbln to (allure It would ba oui< of uo euotli 1.(11 ulty. It uod?rnk?n in the qiileUat daya. and nu i?<r ta? moat au?ploiouK cirouma'aoots. I ha al,.gle tuot ih ?t livuiviy, Irnai being what ahe wna, hm become what ?h? a prove* the axirt'.enca within b?T of aut.gon i If teodanotc* anil oauica ot dWunlon,which ic will not bo ii.ty to reconcile or aubdu*. The baft hope that they will un orercorav at laat, arii-n from the tfllwatlon that, altor the longpvtlod through whiob they bare operated undia'.urbed. (iaimany la Ojrmany a;tll. To ceme to our own day, there la the oanelitution of 1814. framed, ?a there la avary raaaon to bailer*, w)'h a hot,it jide luteutioa of piorlJioK a* olraa n tiuioo, as aolid andrtf^ctiva ?n orKanizttlon. aa waa 001 a n:ant with retalmui{ tha H^parata lu'lapfn'lanoa of tha IndiTiilual mcnbaiM of tba ?rrup; yrt how a gnal, how dnplorahls, thaOilura! Watob, loo, for i. niomnat, tha aiowi*r of ulv*ra< *n<l luu'ually conlllotirg vlawn and Hohamra, I thrown up like apitka fi:> n tha anvil, out of thi work- l aiop wherp th? pronaia o' oona'ltutliin-maklof( ia guing I cn Amoonat tni-rn you mo'iuutir ev*ry ranaty of I polHloalftttfc: dowarifht r>wbll>lain tfci aib^rc.>n- J R?rvatlam that lores conaUtu'.lonal govamniAut?woi- | shippeiH rational and Irrational, of ats>lot? monarchy. Thera the' two sabonli whioh appear and re-appear, la endlsss varilty of shape and drees on every fluid through which German thought ranges?(ha historical and rationalistic, Kirbtianti and anti-Kitohtians?combat foot U foot. As msny head* cs there ate at work upon the subject - and they are not a few?so many projects ara t hero for the compoidtln.i at the Upp?r norm cl tha embryo Parliament. Supple t'na P irll-uvjut completed, shall the body be * beadlers tiunlc? Shall it b? monocepbalois or p^lyoephalnus ? Hball each 8tat* in turn x( be prytouis or Vorort cf 111-" confederacy T Shall tha two prcat powers ?ij?y a joint sopremaor. or ihall a third be j Ine-i wiih 'hum, elected by the r> s ;, to keep the b-tlmoe trimmed ' Or shall the centre of the ijH'.en bit a Uug, elective, and hoidiog oJlus tor lif.5 or for a t?rm ol yeais-a mere prtsideni In ermine; or e!s?. to nvoid the plau whish erauked nnd ultimately broke up the anciei.t empire, hereditary ' And 11 tha crown and s leptro carry the day. whe shell his Majf sty b^?-a qU'Cien which lani'e the d eputarite at ouca In tha region of ttn^ible realities, and routes a h?*rai cf jenlounirtt, iuteHBts, and prejudices looal and peinmal, amidst which tha dlacunelon degenerate into something very like a geueral * inibM* Austria, I'rumia, Havaria, ?v urtemb-rg, Baden, lltex*, have each their claims and advocatea Toe presumptuous pretensions of Frederick William or bin ministers- It is the nation whioh bears the blame?er* demoii?h?d In a trior; and the chances of the hone* of Hap^hurg begin to revive, from the sheer Impossibility of pitohing upon a mora distinguished oompetltor. / All this, hDwevir, Is nothing like n quirral between / independent nationalities. Nationalities within, and / distinct from, the great German nationality, there ara I almost non? Such a term oeuid not bo appli'd to tha cauneotion. half personnl, half territorial, whioh existed between the princely and tleotoral h"ue-s of Jieperlal Uermauy and their subjects or dsptndents ; and ( even thoee ties are, by this time, either greatly attrnuited or wholly swept away, and raplaoed by new o,.es, which have not ye: groan strong enough toofler any very nuhbero resistance. Prussia Is, to use Prinoe j M .tteralch's convenient phrase, a geographical exprefsion. Sols Bavatia. Krancoeia. indeed, t* not so, nor Mwabls, U Jt the Palatinate Coutiohng interests, broad distinctions of eokraotsr, difforeaoes (still more obstinate) tf religious crsed?these are the real obstacles in tlio way of | !., .<iconsolidation. Out as these differences, or soms of thsrn, do aotutlly oo-*xlat, and In very ciese juitapo?iti'<;i. under UM existing territorial eirnngsmsnt, without being foand to interpose tamperable impediments to the action of a coamon government, there sesina to be no reasan why they ahould prevail against a scheme for eentraiiiing, within reasonable limits, of oourae, the whole administrative system of Germany. We shall therefore watoh hopefully, and with very grsat interest, the progress of theee endeavors towards the devclopeuisut of these endeavor* towarda tha development of national unity, and wa should be glad to aaa th-m More systematically and methodically condaoted. That Germany should be great, powerful, rick, and prosperous, aa the interest of ICurop* and ef tha wooin cmuzea worn, L.uguii'i noi excepira , man we wieh we could periuede the Uortnana that Kuglaud tbiaka to lUd we tl?a huudred p?i.a a.i?l <*b many hand*, we would willingly a-t tUam all motion, coald oar nuitlpljed powers of persuasion iuduee our German fiieuda to believe that tike buajr inlanders, whom ih?y auppoeo to paa. their li?ea in accumulating, amidst the clunk of machinery, Tiat piled ( f cotton and piece goodn for foreign markets, and whose encroacbirg industry haunts them with perpetual terrors, are not reaiiy so hoa.iU to their Interests aa they persistin imagining Aid we might perbape, take advantage of tbe favorable mnmeut to give them a bint not to aUfmer.t their own difficulties by helping the Freaoh to set tha world In a blase The Mine heroine who prevailed npou her a<lor?r to out oft' her bead and tall, and throw them into the Bra, reappeared, we believp, acoorllng to tba lrgeLd, in tbe suapo ?r a beautiful lady. Uut we oould uul cfttlwitin?ly r<oommend any of our irienda tj repeat the ezpeilmmt; nor can we tbink that ao Ticlent a process la requited to elTeot the metamorphosis by wblch Germany is to be trai>stoi nied from a ' geographical expression" Into a stately and thriving commonwealth. Let them recollect, if they prefer a classical allusion, the fate ot the over-oredulous granJaire who submitted. io the hope of a pret<riia'ur?l tajeunu$rment to be ent up and boiled in a cildron If U?rmanv once geta into the otildrou nbe aeema beat on preparieg for herself. it n.igbt puzi'.u tbe Dudoctetn Jupiter himself to say in wuai rhape rha will come out. 1 bus much, at any race. it rtquir?e do oracle in iru *? tnai ii me i*eriiikin want to make Frederick William'* boast a ttuib, an*i to turn Oerinany In o I'runela, or Prnsaia Into Germany, it does nut matter wbiob, tbey cannot taka a shorter way to effect their ohjcot tba.j by going to war witb aU their neighbor* at coee Th? Prince of Proa*la in Landon, [London Cor of Liverpool Albion, April 1.] It W all buitbtig about the Prince of Pi unit being bare on mission to tu? Queen. He ia here for tbe ?nf-ty oi hi* Ufa. from the wrath of hia brether, the King'a equivocal llegee of Berlin, by whom ha la abhorred tor hla family Tioea of p?r04y and cruelty. Every Prussian, every Oerinaa In London know* this to be the caae, detplta th- " balmy balderdash" tha Chevalier Banaen baa contrived to *inuggle into tha Kngli*h preaa. But tha Chevalier, with all hia met?|>byiioal nunolng. ha* over*not the mark Tha Prlnco, wiio came here on " a ?peeial mission to the Queen," had not a aeoond ooat whan he arrived, a la Liopnld, with carpet bag in No. 4,Cbarltoa hoiue-terraee. The that care of the Plenipotentiary wti to subniit him to the manipulation* of the tailor of thu aa ; then to waisk him off to Buoklagkn Palace, where be vas closeted with tha Prince Cauaort, ami than ta get hia reception at Court, into the usual vehicle* cf fuahionable small talk. But thl* waa not eaougb for Bunseu, who ia turely tbe original af Uunsby," In "Dombey," ho ia ro ccnlonndedly rlee Nothing would do the chevalier but the Court Circular, of Yvedaeadav. mu*t Buy tbe Prince had had no Interview with the Queen on i uesday. and *o it did. Here waa pretty management-tbe Queen only tigut day* oat of her confinement, and rata to be receiving iale itianger* - the bare tbongbt of which ia enough ogive Mr*. L lly areveu year*' uninterrupted fit of the herrora. Wh?-. waa to hedoce! Why td? statement on Thursday waa poatradieted aa emphatically a? it \? a? asserted uu Wedntwlay, txcept by Ihe Mining toil, which irgniflceiitly and cot*^icu"n*;y d rl.itrJ that though it asserted the contradiction " on authority," It abided by the truth cf the original version fiat the Pruaalan I'rtece had had tbe Interview with her Majesty. And who nhali *ay ahero ! the tru'b ' But here ocoui* auo'.,h(r question : Hsw wn it possible io fa!* fy (he Ceutf Ciri vtar, pr<p?r?4 by tbe accredited reporter to the palace, ?tmrie I by and under the special *u|>ervi?i n of be e nflJontiiil agent* of royalty ? 8u?h thing* have oacurred, howt ver, and the work already qu</i-4 from gives sevoral inst^noe* ono in net ttawiar aa to the el e?ej 0*tl?e (if tU* d'l?y in the rmal la thla osacitry at B?r"n B-andenuem wuh tba nftVB of the deaih or IVl/iee Albert"* father. tlU alter a letter of oeodolen<>' hi I b-ru r?o?iT?J a. Wnndaor from the Klug of th< French?the Aral Intimation of tba ttrnt -tne sat'J OakUrf* litiiif a enow atorm tait never cecarrad. I: i?unn*o?#aarjr :u ?ajr 'hit the Pruralao Prlneo eould d?f n iJ?r t.ny eircn i.atauca, h a gp-c.?l motion 'o tbc Haeen for any purpoia, an ha* b??u rtghtlr rnnarard, inure exalte 1 than 'ha miX'ure cf Ihs bar'.ey ( {ar f.r a chriatanlag oaka, or the out of * new cradle, or aome ftJdle feddla of thi aort. rhe puffery, an<l now iba e?p<*ara of tlie ntupi-Mty of tba puffery, about tta |.ret?;iJ? 1 lal', tail ita ownjuli la the very <( tarter where buree-i and tbn Prior* wished to ereaa a directly oppiait* iinj't'jfico; and certainly the facility with ? Liofi cur Prlneo was entrapped into promoting tba Stherae in not oiictilated to give us a very high n< tton of hia atratagatio alt 11, abould b? evar buva occael >u prac- 4 tically to favor ua witb a spaolmen ot bla ti Id mat bjlahip which Mr Meagher and Bellom f?>rt>ld ! , M/at.while, tlie Pinaaian'a pr???ence here ia a godaaad to the faabionahlc world aa he la the only forelga regality who pr*t-<n'* not to ba In dtatreae and l? i">tiee<|uautly, ib? lien of t-Hbar op'r i bouaa llatof no'.abiUtina. Msktinu at Richmond ro CoM&vr t.vnth* I'rkncii li i ri buica.^s ?A Urge weetiu||wa< if Id at llleb iru I V??(U tl>c 'J ith t , nO!i?r ituNte ibo K r*noU K-^.ibllo. a u, i>- Ike ti?uU wkloa Lava lately t.r?t. <pl<d In th?t. OUuUy 1'iri-vc < many ladiej at tb< iu?i .tug xL.vli >aec' I , t! w<tli #plt<.

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