Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 8, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 8, 1848 Page 2
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m NEW YORK HERALD, j 4?ttih*Wt(l Corner of KnJton and wmmk at*. ? JAJOUI UORUON bknxktt, proprietor. SFRt 111 MITICI TO TilR WORLD. DAILY HERAI.l*? Three editum. every day, two cent. per may?$7 s per annum. tv MORNING EDITION it di.tribated bctore brrak.f-i.1. the Ant El'E!hINU EDITION can bo had of the newsboy. at 1 o'clock; the .tcond EVENING EDI TRtS at 3 o'clock WEEKLY hkral.D-Erery Saturday, for circulation on Ul American Continent?diy rente for copy. (3 Vifrper onnum. Doer a .team packet day .for European circulatwn; .ubtcripteam per annum, to include the poetape. The European edition unit he printed in the French and Enplith lan/aapn. ALL. EDITIONS to contain newt received to the moment of '*?/ IkKtlsementn {renewed every morning, andto be pubRobed M the mornmp and evenino edition.,I at reasonable price*; to k* written xnaflain, lepible manner; the proprietor not rcopcmeible for trrort in manuscript. PIIINTINCI of all hutde executed beautifully end with de Mtek. Order! received at the Office, corner of Pulton aad Nassau itreeti. ALL LETTERS by mail, for subscriptions, or tenth adver*MMate, to be pott paid, or the postapc will be deducted from VOLV^TAR Y CORRESPONDENCE. containing import, mat sscses. solicited from any quarter of the world; if ueed will be Uberallypaid for. NO NOTKB taken of anonymous communseatvmo. Whatever if intended for insertion mutt be authenticated bf the name i and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, but as a guaranty oj hu pood faith. We cannot return rejected el I pa YMENTS to be made in advance. ami'^ementb this evening. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Nick or thb Woors? FOBTVItlO. KIRIO'E ASTOtt Fl.ACE.?Sun Stoom to ('oroim IjOtk Uvchi at Locksmith*. BURTON'S TBEATRB, Chambert street.?ItAijan Bri- I (.and?Lvcv cm Sham Amove?Le Diahle Kovok. CASTLE GARDEN, Battery.?Monsievr Jagubs?Double i Bevi ec Room?Post or Honor. SOCIETY I.IBRART, Broadway, corner of Leonard street? i Camtbell's Minbtreiui?Ethiopian Singing, Re. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Houston.?Bant arc's Panorama or the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or General Taylor's Mexican Campaign. PANORAMA ROOM, corner Broadway and Walker street? I Baninstom's Dioramas or the Creation or the World and Deluge. LYCEUM. Staten Island?ChribtVs Minstrels?Ethiopian Singing, Re. New Vorfc, Tnrsday, Anput 8,1848. Artasxl Circulation of Uie Herald. Asrnst 7, Monday 2tl,.1f>2 copies. The publication of the Morning Edition of the Herald commented yesterday at It minutes before 3 o'clock, and finished ut 10 minutes past 7 o'clock; tlie first Attention Edition commenced ktatl minutes post 1 o'clock, and finished at 20 minutes before 2 o'eloek; the se end at 3 o'clock, and finished at 15 minutes past 3 o'clock. The Irish Demonstration > The Irish meeting at Vauxhall Garden, last evening, was a tremendous affair. It was the largest demonstration of the kind ever held in this country. We give as full a report of its proceedings as circumstances permit. Amidst ihe crowd and confusion, it was almost impossible lor the speakers to make themselves heard, or for the reporters to take notes. Electioneering In Congress. The character of the debates that have taken place in Congress since the nominations at the Baltimore and Philadelphia Conventions were made, is derogatory to the members of that body, disgraceful to the country, and calculated to lower us in the estimation of the whole world. There can be no question that the moral influence exerted in Europe by our government and institutions, had a paramount influence in driving Louis Philip^ fr?m throne of France, and in establshing a re^ub'lc in ,bat country. The same mfh ice. no dotiu'. impelled his Holiness Pope Pius the Nin h, o embara on that career of reform and uerty, wh. ii has characteri8e(l him since his accession i> power; and there is t very reason to believe that it has been lelt in Italy Germany, t That it is achieving a wonderful work in Ireland at the present time, no one acquainted with the history and working ol parties in that country, for a few years past, will deny. Great, however, as has been the influence which the United States have exerted on the destinies of the Old World, i promises to be yet greater, and not to stop in its course until every government m Europe shall have modeled after ours,or until the |>eople of that quarter ?u~ ? 1J i f tt_:. ?i <ji luc kuilu ur ubiicc u.b wc aic ill uic uuuetl j Mates. We are informed that the National As- s sembly of France, while engaged in forming a new j constitution for that country, had the federal con- ^ stitution of this country before them, as a chart or a model, and that it was actually translated and r sold in great numbers, in the chambers, by ^ the news venders of the Capitol, in pamph- j( let form. In addition to this, our past history and experience, as a republic, have ^ been closely investigated : statistics concerning our growth and extension, our system of j schools, our finances, commerce, products? 0 agricultural and mechanical?in fine, everything M that could tend to throw light on the workings of n cur republican institutions, ha6 been carefully ?; studied. The proceedings of our legislative n bodies have been read with a degree of interest H( that they never before excited, and greater than j similar doings of any other country in the world. J The United States is, indeed, looked up to as A f guide by the revolutionary countries of Europe; the " expenses of our simple form of government are contrasted with those of monarchies ; and our ?l strength as a naval and military power is tri- V umphantly illustrated on the other side of the ' Atlantic by onr successes and brilliant exploits, by our army and navy, during the recent war wi?^ 0 Mexico. No country sine* 1 0 f cc,,r'"' eh. hns I a . ?a bo proud end honorable a position as the g United Prates hare held since eruptions in Europe 0 broke out in Paris by the revolution which sent e Louis Philippe a wanderer on the bosom of the j 1- nglish Channel. Nations as old almost in centunes as we are in years, have turned their attention to us, throwing to the four winds of heaven j their own long experience, and eagerly studying that of a repel iic but little more than hall a cen- , tury old. t Such being the proud position of theUniled States ,n this resjiecL what a lamentable spectacle do we j not present in another ' It would be supposed that, in vie* of those things, the members of our eueral Congress, the representatives of all the -lates composing this vast confederacy, would >el tnemeelves under an additional obligation to u&mtatn the honor and interests of the country, i.iid to tio nothing that would detract from its digi .ty, or that would lower us ia the estimation of the world. Yet what do we see at present, and what nave we seen since the nominations at Baltimore and Philadelphia! No sooner were those nominations made than the adherents of each i c.ndidate commenced an attack on their opponents: and in order to make it effective, resorted to means and measures disreputable to themselves ^ individuals, and doubly so as representatives ol the American people. Charges were made, involving morality and honesty, though not ??. l ressly put on that ground; and at the present time ths halls of Congress resound with them. General * as> has been directly accused of demanding and receiving more pRy than he was entitled to ; of having in fact fleeced the treasury out of money unlawfully. Motion after motion m?iU for the nrodnciinn of documents to substantiate those assertion* : and then, as if not to t>e outstripped in this vile business, the opponents of the whig candidate, without, in the same worda, charging similar abuses, call for similar documents on the other aide. It is not one day or one week that the tune of Congress has heen occupied in this; way but day after day and week alter week, those things are harped upon ; and every attempt that the ingenuity of jioliticians could dense, has been resorted to. for the purpose ot making out a ease that would, in the estimation oi ike country at large, be available for depreciating and lowering in public estimation, the respective i andidates Thus it has been with Congress ; thus it is with them at present. ,.ud thus no doubt it will continue to be until the termination of the session, which, we are happy to *e, is near at hand .'11 the meantime the real business of the nation?motions of the gravest importance and involving consequences of great moment, are passed by and entirely neglected, in order tiiat those electioneering members may carry out their purposes. We hope their constituents understand the game which they are playing. It is lull time that these gentlemen were made to uoder MdlJU Uiru j-vniui'u, m*u " t iivj?v ui^ia tviipinuents will give them some light on the subject when they return home. But the greatest evil attending those displays, is the bad effect which, at this particular crisis of the world, these disreputable scenes will have on the character and standing of this great republic. What will the people of France, ol Germany, Italy, and Ireland think oi us, when, after concluding a war, and on the eve of a Presidential election, they see our halls of legislation converted to a Billingsgate, in which charges, criminations, and recriminations, are the order of the day. And all this, too, done for the purpose of influencing the free and independent people of this country in the exercise of their rights at the ballot box. Let Congress adiourn as soon as possible, for the credit of the country; but, thank foriune, it must and will soon adjourn. Another Attempt at Compromise. ? We see indications of another attempt being soon made to make some compromise on the question ot the extension of slavery to the new territories, during the present session of Congress. We do not think that there is, at the present time, any probability of any such compromise being agreed upon, nor do we think it at all advisable to make another movement with that view. We are as much in favor of a just and legitimate compromise on this subject as any one can be; but it should be approached with calmness and deliberation. The proceedings of the House of Representatives, in summarily rejecting, by a large majority, the bill l>assed by the Senate, throwing the responsibility of deciding the question on the Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States, proves that the members of that body are not in a fit state to again touch it; and the utter and complete failure of the Senate committee to agree to any proper compromise, proves the same, as far as that body is concerned. The subject should, in our opinion, be allowed to go over for this session, and until after the Presidential election, when the men ot all parties, in the North, as well as in the South, will have reflected and cooled down. The ultras, of both parties, are in a state of high .excitement, and neither one set nor the other appear? disposed to recede an inch from the position which ..'t has respectively taken. By the way, that north-east storm which prevented Daniel Webster from speaking a sDort time Bince, appears to have subsided, and we are led to aelieve that thpflpl has condescended to shim."'out once more, for we perceive that that distinguish ed statesman has been prevailed upon to go to Wash - , ington, and speak on the newly proposed compromise on the slavery question. We are informed that he left his residence in Marshfield, so celebrated for clam chowders, to speak on the compromise, and ere this, no doubt, he has reached the capital. He has been written to by some of his Friends, who desired to hear the views of the exxtunder of the constitution on this vexed question; md in case the subject be again entered into, he will, no doubt, enlighten the nation on it. We are glad that the north-easter has stopped; md sincerely hope that the elements will con:inue propitious until Mr. Webstershall have given us his opinion on the merits of General Taylor as a candidate for the presidency, and on other matand things connected with the ensutng eiccion. State of England.?One would suf,008*' a^ter using from a perusal of the English papers, ,\.at heir country never was in a more powerful condiion, either to suppress domestic insurrection, or o resist foreign aggression. They affect to care ittle or nothing about the chartists in England and Scotland; and less, if possible, in regard to the rish repealers. They speak as if the government vas all-powerful?equal to any emergency that night arise, from within or without?and a sentinent of overweening confidence in England's staility and strength, pervades every line of their lurnals. It is a good tiling for nations, as well as indiviuals, to have confidence in themselves; for confi ence is strength, to a great extent; but it is sheer eception and madness to overrate such a feeling, r depend too much upon it. In our opinion?and re think facts will bear us out in it?England has ot been so weak in centuries, as she is at present. >he possesses, to be sure, a powerful standing ar. ly, which in former days has sustained her ; but oldiers are not now what they formerly were, litherto they have been mere machines?mere inruments to do the bidding of their officers, and re on irie'Ud." or foes, just as they were told. They ?v?.r ?a--, __ .1 ' ... ?oll "v? ??ivu iu iciicci on meir ?> ^?? lestion their propriety. Now, however, the case diflerent. We have had a long peace, during p e*'8tence of which mind has accomplished eai advances over ~ ,atter. The dissemination rvsort of 'Knowledge, through the medium ..cry son ?^ter than in former r the press, has orren '-"trie teleges; besides, we have had the e?vraph, improvements in locomotion, ocean i team navigation, and a general expansion i f the human mind on all subjects. Th* fleets of these changes are Been in Europe. Jvery man there is more or less a politician, and an give reasons for the doctrine which he enterains. The military of England have participated n this expansion of intellect, and cannot be lassed with the same description of persons hirty years ago. They too have become poliicians, and generally of the most liberal kind; ind have recently, on several occasions, shown [low they would act in the event of an insurrection in Ireland. Let them fail in their loyalty, and refuse to fight against either the chartists in England or the repealers in Ireland, and this, the greatest portion of England's strength, is withdrawn from her, or, possibly, may be directed against her. We may be right or wrong in this view ; at all events, there is every probability of the matter being decided in a short time, for, at the last accounts, aflairs in Ireland were nearing a crisis very rapidly. If an insurrection haa broken out there, and the Irish portion of the military have fraternized with the people, England will have received her severe, perhaps a death blow as a monarchy. The chartists of England will, no doubt, avail themselves of the circumstances to obtain their six points; and then will come a crash that limy lay in ruins the. whole tabric of that government. But, even, should such not have taken place, and even were the whole linluary to remain loyal, we doubt the capacity of the English government to sustain itself spainst a united movement oa the part of the Irish and the churtiKta, and suck an union apj-ears to have been formed **" - * * - ?? ? - ' - . r A J nc neir sreamsnip may wring us news 01 great importance lrom l.ngland. At all events, the news will be very interesting for some time to come. Mails ron Hcrock.?The steamship Kuropa, C?j>tain Lott. will leave Jloston to-uaorrow noon, for Halifax and Liverpool. Her letter bags will close in tins city at half-past 3 o'clock this afternoon. The Wetkhf Ih raid for Kurope will be ready for delivery at 12 o'clock to-day. TkKaTV OF ( K AND \ V IQATION Willi Mat ki.xmu kc-S< iihkiiin.?We give, jn another column, a copy of the treaty recently concluded between VfeckTenbnrg-S hewr;? and the I'niied vtatee Ji secitie- many advantages to us, and will, undoubtedly, t?c very berier' alto the various interests <f lk? v i-trv North Carolina Election.?The returns have been sent in from twenty-three counties in North Carolina, and show, thus tar, a democratic gain ol about 1300. As to the State Legislature, the lost and gain is about equal on both sides, ao that the political complexion of that body is not changed, by the returns made up to this time. The election is said to be carried on with considerable spirit: and North Carolina has suddenly become an object of irrent interest tn politicians hereabouts. The following table will give a view of the votes, majorities, and variations, from the result of the election of 1844:? 1848 1844. Ciunty. Whig. Dim. Whig. Dim. Wake 1030 1203 1044 1374 Cumberland 557 1023 703 1101 Franklin 200 038 330 70( Granville ? 76 m^j. 030 042 Moore 494 499 640 606 Sampson 530 092 683 87! faequotank 800 ? 003 232 Camden 207 ? 556 101 Edgecomb ? 1300 m^j. ? 1371 Wayne ? 833 " ? 067 New Hftnover.... ? 740 " ? 74C Lenoir ? 260 " ? 181 Johnson ? 101 " ? 65 Greene ? 108 " 30 ? Bladen ? 302 " ? 206 Halifax 93 ? 130 Northampton 11 ? 165 ? Craven 78 ? 26 ? Anson 400 ? 1073 606 Montgomery 696 ? 586 101 Richmond 528 ? 078 115 Guilford 1200 ? 1920 405 Total 5545 7914 9929 10225 6545 9921 Dem. maj 1869 304 304 Dem. gain 1065 The returns have also been received from Pitl county, but came to hand in such an evidently erroneous shape, that we have not included them in the table. Doubtless, other returns will be senl on by telegraph before the Herald goes to press ; il so, they will be found under the telegraphic head. A despatch has been received from Kayetteville, which announces that the whigs have elected theii candidate for Governor. The writers do not, however, enlighten us as to how they received the information, nor do they give any data, but simply announce the fact, when 58 counties had yet to be heard from. BisHor Hughes and the Irish Confederation. We published an article last week in reply to the leader in the organ of the Bishop of Saturday, the 29th of July, charging the chiefs of the Irish movement with infidelity and disobedience to the rules and discipline of the Roman Catholic Church, and justifying the charge by a vague reference to approved treatises on moral theology, without giving names, dates, tec. We called upon nini to give us in the next numbei nf flip nrnrnn enmp nlno wlioi-o tliAn? onn?A?a/l treatises are to be fottxd, with the names of then authors, Arc.; but he has dodged the question, lie, however, continues to publish extracts and articles front foreign journals, hostile to the Irish people, and to their demands tor justice. Amongst them are those of the London Tablet, with which seems to be particularly enamored, for he has pubJ'8^ed each ol the article 'of that paper in exttnso. This Is singular, because O'Connell, who was in politics ana' religion, the beau ideal of the bishop's fancy, declarej that the editor of the Tablet was the most accompi'.'^d political charlatan of the present age. We do not endorse that denunciation; we never endorsed anything that fell from O'Connell, because we knew' that at theftime he was loudest in his professions $ patriotism, and attachment to the Irish people, lie wjs truckling to the British government, and obtaining ^rom 11 places for his friends o^id retainers. Events ha ve since shown that our estimate of his sincerity at the time was correct; and we hazard nothing in saying, that a very Jarge majority of the Irish people are now cnnvin/?#>/t nf bid Oh, Be Thankful.?We are pleased to have it in our power to inform our readers that the Common Council of this dirty city of ours have adjourned theircaflvass-back duck supper, in the City Hall, to September wore than this, that they have actually gone on &. jollification spree to the sea shore, somewhere on the sands of Peconic Bay, we believe, where they are amusing themselves with snuffing in the sea breeze, in order to give them an appetite for more canvass-backs and iced champagne on their return; in trailing for weak tish cn the bosom of that beautiful bay; in digging for clams, with their breeches turned up; and in laving their aldermanic proportions, like so ma.iv porjioises, in the waters of the ocean. We do not k^OW what we have done to entitle us to this favor, ami1 our only regret is, that they are ever to come back. We believe that Greenport, at the termination of the J*oa8 Island Railroad, is their rendezvous, and from u*e bottom of our hearts we pity the inhabitants of that p.'*CC on account of the affliction. Let their ducks be ."fept out of the way?for there is danger sf decapitation ; and let those hungry officials be confined as much as possible to clams and other shell fish. This is the only method we can advise the ]*ople of Greenport to pursue in this the hour of their trial; but if they can prevail upon uiose aiueruien 10 stay an me wimer wiin them, in spite of the prospect of a dearth, if not actual famine, they would confer a favor of no mean kind, on the unfortunate people of New York, by doing so. The French Government.?The Fretich M'-P-!"* try, on the 21st ult., was composed of the following gentlemen Gen. Cavaignac,... .President of the Council. M Bastlde Minister of Foreign Affairs. M. Marie, Minister of Justice. M. Senard, Minister of Interior. Gen. Lamoriciere,. ..Minister of War< M. Vernenac,... , .Minister of Marine. M. GoudchatlX, Minister of Finance. M. Vaulabelle, Minister of Public Instruction. M. Tlecnrt Minister of Public Works. M. Tourret Minister of Commerce. M. M arras t. President of the Nat. Assembly. We give this list, to set those right who are now watching the progress of events in the French I republic; and because of the several individual changes in the ministry that have taken place since Cavaignac took the reins of government. We mention the name of M. Marrast in the list, merely to show the character of the government; he has no voice in the ministry. The German Kmpirk.?The great movement in Germany is now headed by : Arch Duke John Vicar General of the Kmpire M. Schmerling Minister of State. M. Ileckscber Minister of Justice M. Von Gagern President of the Assembly. These are the leaders of the liberal move^ ment in Germany. They are watched by the crowned heads around them. Although the Arcf Duke is one of the royal family, he sympathise! with the people. r? . A *U. Hl.s >11 V* DA. A V X I llliunu, VII IIIC AIBI Ull., mi WA1 quiet. Capt. Dunham, of the bark Clarissa Rich who left there on the above date, says that ssvera arresta were made, and the prisoners sent to Ha vana for confinement. Among those arrestei were the heads of the families of the Cnogars ant Sancheoe. Port at Prjuc e.?A letter received at Phila delphia, dated Port au Prince, July 2-4, says:? The press is not only muzzled here, but the publiea tlon of *11 papers tnd periodioal* completely supressed Affairs bare assumed a compar*tively|p*ciae appear anoe here, but the news from Jeremle. where the Preel dent is at present with the troops, is of a dreadfu character. Two men. of high standing in aooiet; there, were recently arrested for political offeneei tried by a Court Martial, and immediately shot. Man; thought that the prisoners would be rescued, and n doubt tbey would, but for the secrecy and promptnee r?t be mode of procedure. The President is expect* to return to this place about 1st proximo, which even seems to interest the colored population very muet as matters cannot remain muen longer in their pre sent attitude, and no position that mey be assume can hare a tendency to make tblnge worso. Dkryiuda.?We hav papers from this placo t< the let met. inclusive. They contain not ? won of nt/reft. From Ckntoai. America.?Capt .Tones, of the i brig Broome, arrived yesterday, says that a priF vate letter had been received at Sinvauilla from i Bogota, with the information that the port of 8ai vanilla wai expected to be open for importation , in Jnly, and the canai, irom Carthagena to the i nvcr Mngdalena, would also be delivered over by ; the engineer, Mr. Totteu. The steamer Magdalena, which had been blown up, is nearly ready, her boilers having arrived safe from New York. , The Broome haB on board a boa constrictor ten feet long, und a young panther. The coming Presidential election in New Granada now occupies the attention of all the journals there. The two candidates are Don Joaquin Jose Gori and Don Jose Hilario Lopez ; and the lew papers we have received are filled with the various merits and demerits of these candidates. The election will take place next November, and from all appearances, eve ry thing will go off quietly, whichever candidate gains the day. Mimical and Theatrical Dowt.av Thkathe.?The largest audience we have ever seen within the walls of a theatre, assembled here last evening. The pieces selected for the entertainment of the patrons of this large and beautiful theatre, are of the right character to suit the people of that location, and hence the irreat auccaaa of the nrnnrie. tor. " Nick of the Woods" was the first piece presented; the part of Bloody Nathan by Mr. T. Duff, and that of Koaring Ralph Stackpole by Mr. Winans, being the first appearance of these oelebratel actors. The entire piece was very ably sustained throughout by the excellent stock [company now engaged at the Bowery; and when the drama was concluded, Mr. T. Duff and Mr. Winans were called before the curtain, and receit ed the unanimous cheers of the audience. The amusements terminated with the grand fairy ex, travaganra of " Fortunio." We have before noticed the cleverness [of Miss Mary Taylor in the character ' of the Hon. Miss Myrtina: and have only to repeat ! that every part was well filled, and all passed off with great eclat. The same pieces will be played this even Fng, when, no doubt, another orowded house will bo [ the consequence. Mr. Stevens peemB to be a very active stage manager, as also a good actor; and with Burke, Winans, Duff. Tilton, Hall and Jordan, and a number of other excellent comedians, we arc^not sur[ prised in; seeing that this theatre moets with such great sucoess. Nihlo'i Thkanrk ? A most fashionable and numerous audience graced this elegant theatro last evening. The lower tier of boxes presented a really beautiful i appearance, filled as they were with most elegantly attired ladies, and the whole theatre presented a most brilliant appearanoe. The attraction of the evening was the performance of Shakspeare's comedy of the '* Merry Wives of Windsor," cast in a most admirable manner. This comedy, as all our readers probably know, was written by Snakspere to exhibit the effect of the gentle passion of love on tho fat Knight, the immortal Falstaff. The story goes, that he wrote it at the especial request of t^ueen Elizabeth, whe desired much to see how the Knight would deport himself under such circumstances. The plot of the piece is ilfiiihtUrq Vrnnwn fn ull?Vinm fV**? Vniivkf e,l.l?anooo the merry wives of Windsor, Mrs.lFord and Mrs. Page, with amorous letters; and how they, to revenge thitnselves, lead him on. through all kinds of mishaps?the famous smothering in the muck-basket?the thrashing of him, under the guise of the old fortune-teller?until the final denouement at the Hunter's Oak. in Windsor forest. The various scenes with the wives and the jealous husband Ford, or Master Brooks, as Falstaff thinks him. and all the delightful by-play of Shakspeare's inimitable humor, make |this part of Falstkff one of the most difficult of Shakspeare's characters. Mr. Hackett has made Falstalf's character an especial study, we believe, and he sertainly has a full 1 and clear conception of the author; and his performi ance of the part is generally admitted to be excellent. Some points in it might be altered, in our opinion, but certainly he is the best Falstaff we have seen on the stage for many a day. Mr. Vandenhoff played the part of Ford, the jealous husband, and very well he did it too. We regret to say that, when this gentleman made his appearance on the stage, some persons among the audience were so far forgetful of what is due to a public assembly, as to hiss nim The repeated and hearty rounds of applause whioh this elicited from the very great majority of those present, quickly silenced this trivial affair. This mixing up personal feelings with the publio opinion regarding an actor on the stage, is. to say the least, very injudicious. Chippendale made an excellent Slender, who, after all his aspirations after '' Sweet Ann Page,'' gets so wofully taken in by a " lubberly boy." Miss Telbin and Mrs. Maeder were most merry and bewitching Wives of Windsor, and we wiBh our limits would allow us to speak at length of the excellence ef their performances, as wall as of 1 the rest of the company, 'indeed, the comedy went off j^ort creditably and brilliantly. To-night, Mr. W. J. HamiTond' the eminent English comedian, will make his first to an American audience. His fame has - ded bltf1' and we bespeak for him a good recepfret^ wfii appear as Tony Lumpkin and Risk, in J ' "?uquer" ana " Lore Laughs at LockShe Stoops to - tarts Will all be well filled, smiths." The various* a ? v. c t ?nti/ul bouse was very Burton's Theatre. This bet. well attended last evening, and the Leu^ ? ,,, performances, and the new burlesque formed the u? 1 fare. The Lehman family are really most graceful and I j astonishing pantomimlsts, and are worthy successors | of the fhmous Ravels. Nothing can be more elegant I and at the same time surprising, than their various feats of strength; and yet the ease with which they are gone through is such, that at the moment of seeing them done, one does not imagine how extraordinary is the action. Marxettl. the successor of Gabriel, has as keen an appreciation of the ludicrous as that great favorite had, and is well able to fill all his parts. The new burlesque was performed last evening with great applause. It is a decided hit, more so than any burlesque that has been produced in New York for years, The hits at the times are capital, and the formidable assemblage of the various standards of the pills of the day, I in the last scene, is a capital take off en the stereotype manner of closing scenes of the romantic school of dramas. To-night an excellent bill is presented, for which we refer to our list of advertisements. Tiie Monflaisirs.?These wonderful dancers, who have acquired so much fame throughout the I' nited States, where they have met with a success equal, if not superior, to that which tbey obtained In Europe, and which jn'eeeeded them across the sea, took their departure yesterk>7 morning for the Canada, on their way to w , 1 <n thav >?u X*IVUUWi) W U% - "V VMB"BVVI w/ VMC UIAUA* ger of tho TbeatT' Royal. No doubt they will obtain in that Frenoh city, where for artistioal performances Is a natural taste, a reception similar to that which they had in every place where they performed. We hope to see the company of ballet of Mr. Bartholomin again, during the next month of September, when they will return from Canada, and wo do not hesitate to promise them another productive engagement, as well for fame as for interest. Castle Gabdf.!*.?This elegant and fashionable place of amusement, at which is engaged one of the best eompaniee of actors now present in our oity, is> in our opinion, the most cool and comfortable location io enjoy an agreeable evening, and inhale the pure air of the admirable bay of New York. The oomediettof the "Cabinet Question" was very well perfn- _ * by the actors who were cast in it, and Mr. He'"***** served, as usual, the most unbounded e- ^w-1 dedrew forth great laughter. Mr. n *n.d pretty and talented daughter were his elated. Miss Nicklnson. whoi* ^ rntoemUr iSSSm seen at her At hut at the Olyinpio Theatia, has muc? improved since that time. H"Jf figure is now very agreeable; her face expresslT#) witty, and her elocution natural. We thlr ? she will become a favorite actress in NewYor*. The entertainments concluded with the "Post of Honor," which was played with great by the same actors who appeared in the first vaudeville. The bill for this evening is very attractive, and, no doubt, it will reach its aim, and draw many persons to the place of Messrs. French and Heiser. Campsell'i MiNstskls, who have commenced a series of concerts nt the Society Library, in Broadway, are a most excellent band of singers. aa>l also excellent musicians. They have been lorife before the pubI lie. in various partaof the country,and also repeatedly in this city, and have always been very great favorites. They have determined to give extra flue concerts this present series; and as their list of songs is long, and comprises many new and original ones, we doubt not all who visit them will be delighted with them. They perform to-night and every night during the week. Christy'i Mlritrbli will play inn evening at Staten island, and to morrow evening at Williamsburg. Their immense reputation will secure them full houses wherever they go I<aw Intelligence. 1 Oawaaai. Skmio.vj, Aug. 7.?The Court eat late thia i day, in consequence of the illness of the Recorder, in whoae etcad Judge Daly, of the Common Pleaa. presided. with Aldermen Stephen* andCroliue. , John Baxter wa* called up for trial, when Mr. W 1 > Holme* applied for a postponement, on the ground of ? the absence of a material witness. Thia waa opposed I by the District Attorney, and the prisoner was ordered for trial on thia day. John Jackson, a colored man, waa then placed on i trial for gTand larceny. It appeared in evidence that i he waa caught in the workshop of Mr Lawrence, 418 Cherry street, and in hi* defence he teld n plausible story of hi* being drunk and brought in by a white man, who told him (the darkey) that he resided there; and that be bad only lied down to rest himself, when the officer took him. The jury found a verdict of petty larceny, and after It waa returned. Mr. McKeon i' told the jury that they were mistaken in their mercy, ' as the prisoner waa an old SingNing bird, out of which place be had only been a few months after serving hi* full term of seven years, but that as he (tin- prisoner) '1 bad not called evidence a* to character, it could not l>e y offered in evidence to the jury Sentenced to six months to the penitentiary. y , From River of Plate.?A letter from Montej video, dated June 13, states that the blockade, t which was officially announced to the Montsvii, dean government a short time before, would no) ' take eifect on the opposite, or Buenos Ayrean II aide of the river,?Botlon Advtrtittr. 0 A rorgery of $14)00 la reported on the farmers' Branch of tbo State Book at Nolem, Columbiana Co a The forger ia said to have eoma frrm Wellsville ? Cfsrdotd l/srald City Intelligence. Thi Fi'.hiil c? thi Late Ldmudd Simfso*.?The lMt tribute of respect was paid yesterday afternoon, t? the remains of that venerable veteran of the stage Ldmund Simpson, Ks<i At the appointed hour, Grace Church was crowded with those who joined In the solemn mourning. The bier was plaoed at the foot ol of the centre aisle, and when the coffin was opened, instead ol the decaying form, the features were as natural as in life, and what was most extraordinary, there was a flush upon the cheeks. Thousands crowded to take a last look at the veteran. The ceremonies were performed by the Rev. J)r. Taylor, after which the remains were removed to St. Mark's Church for interment. A large number of the members of the histrionic profession were present on the occasion. The Mayor and several of the most influential gentlemen ol the city, have determined to call a meeting at the Astor Hour*, at eight o'clock on Friday evening, to devise some measures for the relief of the widow and children of the deceased ; and it is unnecessary to say, that among the large circle of warm friends of Mr. Simpson, his widow and children will find that reliel so much needed in the hour of sorrow and affliction. The remains of Mr. Simpson were deposited in the rear of the tomb of the late Mr. Trice, and in the vicinity of the grave of Mr. John Barnes, in St. Mark's Church yard Mo6t Oaeikci Attempt ai Murder audRobbkrt.? One of the most daring and adroit attempts at murder and robbery was perpetrated at the corner of Adams and Johnson streets, Brooklyn, about 9 o'clock last night, by a German, named Lewis kraut, upon another German and wife, by the name of Behm. it appears that there was an intimacy of long standing between tbe families of Behm and Kraut, and there was a constant friendly communication kept up between them. They were together on Sunday afternoon, when Behm told Kraut of his success ia business, having laid up several hundred dollars from his grocery store, at the above named place. They separated on the most friendly terms, and Kr aut called at the house of Behm in the evening, and complained of being somewhat indisposed. He was then very kindly tendered a cup of tea. which he refused, saying he should like to have a drink of oold water. Behm im mediately started for the pump, about two blocks distant; und scarce had he left the house when Kraut, supposing the money might be in the drawer of a bureau, which was standing in the room, made an attempt to force one of the locks. Mrs. iJ. immediately interposed, and tried to prevent him, when he drew a sword cane, with a blade about twelve inohes long, and plunged It into her chest, the blade entering the lobe of the lelt lung. She held on to him, and struggled as best she could, until he inflicted two other wounds in the chest, ouo in the abdomen and one in the left leg. She then, from loss of blood, fell to the floor, and the villain robbed the till of the store of about $6 in chauge. but wan unable to find the place where the money, of which Beliin had spoken in the afternoon, was deposited. He was then about leav iDg the house, aud meeting Behm in the yard, gave him a violent blow on the right side of the head, with u seven pound iron weight, which felled him to the ground, after which he stabbed him several times in iheface and breast with the samu weapon be had so wantonly used in wounding the wife. Behm, as best he could, gave the alarm, and the assassin fled to this city. The most diligent search was made for him during the whole night, and yesterday morning, about six o'clock, officer Wiggins, of Brooklyn, found him at foot of Courtlandt street, just in the act of going on hoard one of the Albany boats. He again attempted escape, and. before his capture, severely cut the hand of the officer with a knife. He had with him a man. who, no doubt, was an accomplice, who also struck the officer a violent blow while he was arresting him. Kraut is a man of about thirty-flve years, of athletic proportions. He was in the employ of Lewis Tappau, of this city, as a porter, and resided in Trince street. Brooklyn. At 11 o'clock yesterday morning Mrs. B. was insensible, and not the slightest hope is entertained of her recovery Mr. B. is not so badly wounded, and will probably recover. This case of villainous atrocity fully equals the attempt made upon the life of Mr. liotchkiss; and it really seems the heretofore quiet '-City of Churches" is fust becoming the scene of more tragical outrages than anyof her sister cities. Kraut is confined in prison, and will no doubt suffer the utmost rigor of tne law. Since writing the above it is reported that Mrs. Behm died, at a quarter past 11 o'clock, from the effects of her wounds. Dastasdly and Brutal. Outrage.?The spirit of villainy seems to have crossed the river and gone to work in earnest in this city, too. A most brutal assault was made about six o'clook Sunday afternoon, on Fifth avenue, near Forty-fifth street, by a party of dastardly ruffians, upon the persons of two youths, named Peter Burgess and E. Vanderbeck. who have been, for some days past, on a visit to their old companions, at the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. They were quietly walking along the avenue, conversing in their language of signs, being deprived of the senses of speech and hearing, when they were attacked by these ruffians, without the slightest cause, and most inhumanly beaten. The life of young Vanderbeck is said to be without hope. The officers of the law should ever be on the a ? on these avenues, tor they are constantly, on tee Sabbath, filled with desperadoes of every character, and the attention of the police has been called to th?? outrages which are constantly practised. The Tilla'Jus escaped, and it is probable they will altogether ev?4e the pursuit of justice. The Omnibus Driver*?In consequence of the indignation meeting of the drivers of the omnibuses of the city, those of several lin,,g.were discharged yesterday morning. At this meet^?8 on Sunday, it was stated by several that thepropn'",tori' had ordered them to run other lines off. and they v'ould stand by them; and that may possibly be the reason1 why they were so suddenly dismissed from service, tL'8 employers not feeling disposed to have their faults. wh.'ch were thrown upon the drivers, thrown upon the pub/*?- 'n consequence of the want of knowledge, or car,*'?*81168? ?' some of the new drivers, yesterday, there we."8 scleral accidents, one of wbici resulted in the serious Injury "f a man who was driving a WwTon ,n Broadway. One :f ,h? *">W drivers rushed upon tn* wagon with su "B violence as to mutilate it very much, aw.4 *he driver violently upon the paving. If the pro,.."1810" are determined to have new drivers, it would be Ww! for them to look for competent and careful men, or they will surely lose more money than by the oiu ones, with all their supposed dealings. The drivers have heretofore had to bear thelrowns of the public for loafing in Broadway; but there was quite as much of that yesterday as ever, and if the proprietors were not aware that they were dilatory, ana that by consent or command tbese new men, many of whom were never on the box of a stage before, would not so soon have learnt the business. A large number of the drivers assembled in the Park yesterday morning, and after having consulted among themselves, determined most fully to carry out the resolutions adopted by them on Sunday. They express their willingness to do justice to the public, if their employers would allow them; but it was impossible to please both, when their desires were so directly opposite: and as their bread depended upon the pleasure of their employers, thev had to obey their orders. There is a probability of truth in this statement, be'^use, when a poor man has a family deEendcnt Upon him for *n4 >? dependent upon is daily labor for that' support, h? wouj4 fr^nrctly submit to things which his spirit would scorn. Serious or Life.?On Sunday ?..?,rnoon' John McCullogh and wife Mr lienren i Williams and Mr Joseph P. Wlaon sUrUd for Je?? City In a small sail boat, and whenYbolt across, the wind being strong, by some n>' ? !tl ment of the sail, the boat was capsized. - _ Hams, in conse<juonce of not know!' - ? Mr. >v" was drowned. Mr Wilson, beinr ho* , ' nier, caught Mrs. McCullogh - *n excellent wlmafter a hard effort, reaoh tv a* *he WM sinking, and life. He plunged into -*e shore, thereby earing hsv was safely landed, s- *fle rlrer as soon as the lady he found Mr. V ^4 swam again to the boat, when exhausted. " .eCtillogh dinging to the sides almost sistance rft held him tip as best he could, until as* situs' arrived fend rescued both from their perilous V ^vWW. K*oo much praise cannot be ^warded to .,t. Wilsrta for his undaunted energy in saving the ItTe of the lady, at the risk of bis own. The body of Mr. Williams has not yet been recovered Accidental Death.?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday, at the foot of 13th street, on the body of a boy 10 years of age, born in Ireland, by the name of John Hughes, who was playing around a derrick, a machine used for hoisting timber, at the foot of 16th street, when the timber slipped, and a heavy piece fell upon the deceased, injuring him so severely that he died In a few minutes. The jury rendered a verdict accordingly. Seriov* Accident.?A man named Timothy Haley, residing at No. 44 Hubert street, accidentally fell into the cellar of house No. 440 Hudson street, on Saturday night, by which one of his legs was broken. Kirk ?a fire broke out on Sunday, in a frame house in 61st street, near avenue A, which was entirely destroyed. Throw iao Vitriol Again.?Some rascals have began the work of throwing vitriol on people in thepublie streets. On Saturday evening as Martin Hare, the young man of the Miss Kox notoriety, was passing along Kim street, some mallelons scoundrel tnrew a quantity of oil of vitriol on his face and clothing, burning one side of his face In a very horrible manner. No trace as yet of the perpetrator of this most dastardly and cowardly aet, although strong suspicions rest npon certain persons who suppose themselves to be above suspicion. Revibw at Fort Hamilton.?The Tenth Regiment of United States Infantry, which recently returned from Mexico, will be reviewed at Fort Hamilton, at 11 o'clock this morning. Col. Crane, commandant of the station. d.ii4b/.i 1aa4?lllsmnjia. Wisconsin .^tatk Convention.?We learn that the convention assembled at Janeeville to send delegates to Buffalo, was well attended, and the best spirit prevailed. " The great West," says the writer, " will make herself felt in favor of free soil."?Albany Atlat. Ann- 4. New Jersey.?The independent Free .Soil State < 'onventton assembled at Trenton on Wednesday, and was organised by the choice of I). M. Wilson, of Essex, as President. There were from 75 to 100 delegates present. Michigan.?The Hon John Norvall, U. S. District Attorney and ex-U. S. Senstor, Hon, Eanztng B. Mizner,A. Wales, Em., Hon. Alexander Davidson. and Isaac B. Pmith. al! leading democrats, have, it is said, commenced the publication of a campaign paper in Detroit, devoted to the election of Taylor. Vermont Nomination*- ?The District Convention which assembled in liurlington, Vt., on the 3d inst. nominated Geo. P. Marsh, to represent the Third District in < 'ongress, and nominated Albert L. Catlin, Esq., oft irvilie, as District Elector. TaII.or and Ca*-s in Michigan.?At a Cass ratification meeting and pole ratsing, in Branch county, Michigan, lately, iherc proved to be more Taylor and Van Huren men than Cassitcs. When the " raising" commenced, the ex-editor of the Senti J ml called out at the top of his voice for three cheers for Cass, which was rescinded to with cheers lor Van Huren and Taylor. The rigging , gelling tangled, s man was sent up to adjust it. winch he did. and then culled for "three clicen tor old '/m k wt.icb were given with trememfom t fh < t. mi > " ' v v ! TELEfifMPHIf INTELUdEHrB. . Summitry of the latest New*. The Senate wae engageu on a variety of subjects ' yesterday. The mobt important, however, was 1 the Oregon bill, and the introduction of the Wili mot proviso among its provisions. In the House, the proceedings were of a miscellaneous character. The latest election returns from North Carolina indicate a continued gain for the democrats, i From Kentucky, but partial returns from one city have been received. These show a falling off in the whig vote since the Presidential election in 1844. Affairs In Washington* Washington, August 7,1848 The Senate had the Oregon bill under con-:deration for an hour or so to-day. The Missouri compromise, put in as a qualifier to the proviso, meets with very small favor. Mr. Niles, of Connecticut, and Mr. Mason, of Virginia, being equally opposed to iti At two o'clock the Senate went into executive session, to hear Colonel Benton on the fiftieth instalment, against General Kearney's promotion. We understand that the offer of the Hudson's Bay Company, of all their property in Oregon, south of 49, for a million dollars, has been laid hoTnro ?Vio AI7_ -1 II uviviv ?uw MViiuiv iwi mm auntc. vr c si I till keep you apprised of the Oregon bill, but the case looks dark to-day. Oregon, too, may be laid over till December. Later from Cuba. Philadelphia, August 7,1848. The brig Columbia arrived at Savannah on Wednesday, four days from Cuba, and reports all quiet. Kentucky Election. Louisville, Ky., Aug. 7?11 P. M. The vote for Governor in this city affords the following comparative result:? 18-18. 1844. Crittenden, (whig.) Clay. Louisville 303 maj. 773 mai. 398 Whig loss. ... 380 Nothing further had been gathered from the returns of trie first day's vote sufficiently definite to warrant another despatch, and the office was therefore olosed for the night. Nortli Carolina Election Baltimokb, Aug. 7, 1848. Counties. Governor. Whig. Democrat. Martin ? 260 maj. Beaufort 350 maj. Washington 170 " Tyrrell .' 220 ' In the Legislature, there is one democratic gain in Craven county, aad one whig gain in Chowan. The impression at Norfolk, yesterday, was, that Keid was elected. All whig members in Anson, Montgomery, and Richmond counties have been elected to the Lfi gi stature. The democratic majority for Governor in twentyeight counties heard from, amounts to 1,300. The democratic gain in the Legislature, in the same counties, amounts to 7, and whigs 4. Petersburg, Va., Aug. 7?11 P. M. The democratic gain in <13 counties, for Governor, compared with the election for Governor in 1S44, is 1,700. If the democrats gain three more members, they will secure the legislature, and the election of a United States Senator in the place of Mr. Badger, whose term expires in 1849. P. S.?This is the last despatch relative to the North Carolina election to-night, as the mail to Kaleigh has failed. Lieut. Rogers, of Uniontown, Pa., died at Vera. Cruz, of fever, on the 21st of July. TH1ATIKTH CONGHEN. FIRST SE8310N. Senate. Washirutor, August 7th, 1846. The Senate convened at 10 o'clock, A. M., and was called to order by the Vice President. Several petitions were presented, received, and took the usual course. RC.MOTA1. OF IRJV.RCTIO.V OF ItCHCCY OR PROCEEDIRO* OF COURT MARTIAL. Mr. Dr.NTon, Chairman of the Committee on Military AfTaifS) Save notice that he should, on the first ' day of Cb* next session, move to have the Injunction ?f teeter* r?<noTed from the members of the court martial in Co.' 1>c**>ont'8 ca*? prpoRj. rnovini r?* THr tV9L!' AT,?* DA,LT or ? '*" of coxnicii. tHi hoc. ?tcjsct Committee, made a reMr. Benton, from the <oation of the dally proceedport providing for the pubi. *n and National Intelliings of Congress in the I'm. ,g to printed. genctr; which was read and ordet. -mli treasury. report from thb secretary of i Senate a report BThe Vice President laid before the o acting the from the Secretary of the Treasury, res, , trotted quantity and value of sugar Imported into the .4 0IS States the past fiscal year; which was read,au dered to he printed. retort from committee 01 finance. Mr. Atherton, from the Committee on Finance, reported a hill from the House, requiring money received from duties to he paid directly Into tne United States Treasury, without deduction for salaries or other expenses. ^ r.rant of overflowed lards to arransas Mr. Borland, of Arkansas, reported a hill in f-? ;* granting overflowed lands to Arks"" . -TT-'c? west bank of the Missis-'. Ste. On this - " -oV *?d other rlvera i? I m uebate ensued. tme oreoon bill. On motieB, the Senate laid aside the morning busiI' ness, and proceeded to the consideration of the order of the day, whleh was the Oregon Bill, from the House. A debate arose on an amendment reported from the Committee on Territories, inserting the preamble of the Wilmot proviso. The debate was centinued, when the subject was Informally laid aside. executive session. Mr. Johnson moved that the Senate go into Kxecntive session. which was agreed to. House of Representatives Washington, Augcrt y 184(j The House assembled at the usual "flour, ?Dd WM called to order by the Speaker. the army r |tl After the transaction of Mme unimportant business, the Speaker annour^jj the first thing in order, on his table, to he tie motion of Mr. Thompson, of Indiana, (pe&uihg on Saturday) in favor of re-considering the vote on the passage of the army hill. The previous question was called for, and the motion lost, by yeas 91, nays 117. extra pay to cleres. messengers, kf. Mr. Darling moved a resolution in favor of paying the clerks, messengers and others the usual extra allowance, from the House contingent fund. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, moved to lay the motion on the table. On taking the question by yeas and nays, the motion was lost the army rill again. Mr. Thompson, of Indiana, rose, he said, to a privileged question, and moved to reconsider the vote passing the army bill, for the purpose of making a speech on the subject. He spoke ably in review of the eondact nf fkfl Fvanilfivo *t<l his nertw l? i Awivwane as? ?h* subject. He wm Interrupted, on leave, and Interrogated by Mr. Hunt, of New York Mr. Thompson baring concluded his motion was laid on the table. The resolution In favor of extra pay to the officers of the House, was then taken up and passed. hills from vmx se.vats. Sundry bills from the Senate were then taken up, read a first and second time, and appropriately referred. *rrri.Yi!?fi NCMita> with1 boors. Mr. Both, of Virginia, offered a resolution in favor of the clerk of the House furnishing members with the same amount of books received by members of the last two Congresses, which oost about (700 per set. On this resolution the yeas and nays were demanded, and resulted in the affirmative by the following vote:?Yeas 110. nays 67. I'SKSSVTSTIOfl OK CiSSOS TO THE JAC'XSO* HOVt'MSVT COMMITTEE. The House then took up the Senate resolution, in faTor of giving cannon, captured by Oeneral Jackson to the Jackson Monument Committee. Mr. Haskkli . of Tennessee, and Mr. Km?, of Georgia. opposed it. and moved to lay it on the table. The yeas and uays were demanded, and resulted in the negative, by the following vote:?Yeas, 63?nays, 1U1. The subject was then, on motion, informally laid rifide; but was subsequently resumed, and the resolution passed 1 ALLINO ON Till: FRR?IDKNT FOR INFORMATION. Mr. Johnson of Maryland, then moved to take up the resolution which he had previously offered, calling on the President for Information respecting the supposed project for revolutionising the Northern States of Mexico. The resolution was adopted. RtrtSISl F. OF Till rRKIIDEVT's I ATI mxstaoe. On motion, the House took up the President'* two late message*, one of which declined communicating the Instructions given to Messrs. Clifford and Sevier, as Commissioners to Mexico, he. Mr. VxwASLt, of North Carolina, obtained the floor and made a ret speech, and eulogised her delegation, lie as sailed the whig party, and In reply to Mr. Daniel, ofthisNtate. and also to Mr ?-, (not understood, probably Maren a) rpeecb. He oppoaed Oen. Taylor, with hla epaulettea. Mr. STr.PHBm, ot Georgia, followed, and jue tided hla rourxe thl* morning In moving to lay aaide the terrU I torlal lilll.or tolay the aompromla<- hill on the table. , He raid that the bill would hare operated Ioiurioualy. Mr. Bia. HAM, of Michigan, read a apeech on the ' Northern eid? of the queatlon ' Many motlona were then made a? to what to do with * the Treftident'a meerage* Mr SrrrHtat moved to lay them on the table. On

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