Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 24, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 24, 1848 Page 1
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I" ~ TH PW'*" NO. 5195. Our European Correspondence. Paris, AugU9t 3, 1S48. Italian Nrwt? Important. The mail is closed to-day, and I will furnish you with the latest news in France and Europe generally, up to this moment?or to the time when my letters shull be deposited. I referred, yesterday, lo the news from the battle-ground of Italy and Austria, and to the fact that the reported victory of the Italians had rather been a defeat; indeed, each piece of intelligence reaching Paris had tend* ed to confirm this view of the case. I have fre. quently referred you to the dilatory or treacherous conduct of Charles Albert, after the battle oi Gioto, and to the fact of his attempts at diplomacy in the meantime, and his allowing the Venetian country to be overrun by the Austrians, for the purpose of driving them into his kingdom, and that this delay was affording the Austriaus so much time for reinforcements and to prepare, and giving them so much ot the courage that grows up from success, that it might prove to be f atal to the golden dreams of the Sardinian monarch ; and that he might, in fact, lose all that lie had gained. This view of the case seems quite likely to be realized After th ; IVrtPfi:?ns vntprl In mm SurHinia after Inuinir some five or six of their principal cities, Charles Albeit set himself to prepare to attack Verona, having been in a condition to have done so more than three weeks before that time. He had his army extended nearly twenty miles alongthe Mincio; and the Austrians having supplied themselves from the cities which they had captured, and received the necessary reinforcements, sallied ou from Verona and Mantua, and joining their forces, attacked the centre and left wicgof the Italian army,and have forced them back upon Gioto and Pescbiera. and have probably invested it. There have been five days pretty hard fighting,in which a large numberof prisoners have been made on both sides; and the Austrian loss is represented, by the Italian bulletins, as being 2000 to 3000 killed and wounded, ard as many prisoners; yet the Austrians are forcing the Italians from all their positions, and making preparations for attacks upon Verona and Mantua ; and although the Piedmontese troops are reported as having performed prodigies of valor, the Tu.'Cans and Lombardians appear to have behaved badly, and a regiment of those of Modedena, actually to have deserted to the enemy. Tu nn and Milan were 111 consternation?their ministries have been changed, and it is said that they are making new levies of troops. Courier after courier is on his way to France and Paris. Some have arrived and delivered their despatches?but what is the precise character of these despatches has not been developed, much less the decision of the French government upon them, if any has been made?winch latter is not probable. Italy is in consternation at this moment, and her internal disputes?the treachery to one another?and the duplicity or rnconijetence of the King of Sardinia ?the rec ent conduct of the Pope, in resisting the w ar, and creuting a divided council therebv in the Italian States?all these matters, have brought about the present disasters, to say nothing of the cowardice of a portion of tlie troops upon the field, and the treachery of another portion. Observer, Paris, August 2, 1848. JLcovsation against I.cuii. Blanc, Caussidiire, and JLtdru Roll in ? Lamartine Attainted?Twelve Representatives Involved?Other News?The National. The news of the battle and retreat of the Italian army has produced a vivid impression at Milan and Turin?at the former a committee of safety lmftiiphn fnrmorl nf fKo lotfue o okonna of ' ??' 9 ?** a cuaugt sji ministry has taken place. It is said that the troops of .Loriibardy and Tuscany fled, and those of Modena, some 500 of them, went over to the enemy?yet the Italian army is 60,000 strong, and a greater part o it composed of good troops; and should the Pope of Rome give his influence to unite the Italian States, and to push forward the war, impelled by fhe new danger, the Italians may cease to quarrel among themselves, and unite to force back the I enemy ; but afl'airs are coming to an issue in Italy, ' for Hungary, by a vote of 2311 to 30, of the Assem- j hly at Pesth, has Hgreed to send forward 50,000 ! troops into Italy, and unless peace follows soon. | this state of things cannot tail to compel Italy to j appeal to France, and when that is done, France will respond to the call. In addition to many other 1 sources of information, the National of this morn- j ing speaks direct to the point, upon the subject: i anil, as it were, semi-officially. It appeals to Italy | and lo Germany to settle their diflerentes, ana turn their attention to Russia and her aggressions: I that Italy, in this adjustment, wilj have the aid of France to weith in the scale. If the parties fail France will offer her mediation to settle the terms, i .11 /liquid icjcci nun, riaiitc win iiit'u eruu hci ^battalions into Italy. The National remarks, upon j "the frankness of this unwnctmeilt, tnat the position of France may be understood. An envoy extraordinary, arrived this morning at Paris from Turin, brings the news ot the formation of a committee ot public safety at Turin, and the result of the great battle between the two armies. Indeed, it appears; not improbable that the battle continued to rage after the latest dates, for there does not appear to have been any such decided advantage as to prevent a further contest, should , the Austrians attempt to push further their success. | What a commentary this result is upon the delays of Charles Albert and the Italian division! Possibly they may profit by it. The Irish insurrection and insurgents, lead you where the chartists did?into nonentity. The Debuts says that the vote of the Assembly, approving the decree of the government upon the press, was almost unanimous; and if they are not mistaken, several of those who spoke against the measures of the government, voted to approbate it. Several of the socialists refused to vote upon the proposition of Proudlion?even the socialist press say the cause was wounded by one of its Jriends, which,means, lhat the disciples them- ' selves did not comprehend the extent of the tni- | quit) of their doctrines, until they were exposed ; in solemn debate, when they were pressed forward hi all their deformity, by a champion bold enough to avow them in the National Assembly. The report ot the committee, and the evidence, will graaely compromit Louis Wane and Caussri- , diere. Learu Kollin will be equally compromitted; : but in a measure leas grave. Lamartine will suffer a political attaint, and about ten or twelve more mcn.beis of the Assembly will he strongly compromitted. The committee deliberated yesterday, whether they would propose to put Louis Blanc and < V.ussidiure and L* dru 11 olhn, in accusation; but the majority decided to indicate the charges whft It weighed against each, and leave the AsBemt'ly to take the initiative. The report will he deli vet* d to the Assembly to-day or to-morrow, and read and published. This is a grave matter, and Ihewisdomot sustaining the state of siege until thes. rotating questions are disposed of, is now most manifest to the public. Twelve representative." air compromitted. There are more to be put in immediate accusation. Lamartine attainted! Awlnl weakness. Okskrvkr. Paris, July 31, 18 W. Coveii-mmt t.oan all Taken?Credit of the Govern. tntnl?A AW Clvh?Socialisti Reduced to Ten or Tu fire in the Assembly, In a former letter, 1 gave you the then existing state ot tiie parties in the Assembly, at Pans, and on fbe.t of i.he principles upon which they were baaed, as well us the numbers belonging to each. These divisions are very important, as indicating the progress of public opinion, and the ground occupied by the government. Since that time, an import! nt change lias taken place; and, besides the incieave and diminution, here and there, a new club has just sprung into existence, which now leaves i routlhon and Coins Wane in n minority ot only ten to twelve votes in the whole Assembly. All the lest have broken loose from them entirely, and formed a new club, upon the following principles, to wit:?" llespect for religion ; protection of property; love of family; general fraternity; gratuitous'education, primary and superior; and the triumph of radically democratic ideas." This new cluli already counts more than one hundred members; the Club of the Palais National, 150; that of the Institute, now 200; and that of the Thiers party, the balance, which would not now leave it more than ItOO. The two extreme clubs may be called the opposition to the government; the one tending to re-action, as is alleged; the other, to anarchy and insurrection. But 1 do not believe that there ar really fifty members, in the club which I have railed the Thiers Club, who would follow in opposition to the government;? E NE MORNING I I indeed, there is no opposition to the government { declared. Thiers himself declares himself its : supporter; yet this club, which meets in the Hue j Poitien, carries its own candidate for the Presidency of the Assembly, and the Constttutionef demands tor its members more places in the ministry. But the members of this club have supported the measures of General Cavaignac. as fully as those of any other, I think; and, thus far, they have done much in giving strength to (he government and confidence to tne country. The Club of the Institute more directly represents the administration, at this moment, than any other. The President of the Assembly belongs to this; and I think it embraces the views of MM. Senard and Goudchaux. The Club de Poitien has adopted the resolution of that of the Institute, touching the measures of finunce, and the restriction of drafts unon the treasury; and the credit of the government nas increased beyond all hope?even more rapidly than it fell; so much so, that the loan offered has been lmmeflinfill/ twkpn nnri thpro uma ? orrpnt nuh fnr I ita thing which, on?, month since, would have J been adjudged incredible. I There seems to be a strong union of feeling in ; the Assembly, upon the nrincipal measures of the | government: and 1 think the 6*29 to 100 expresses pretty fairly the majority by which the administration is supported. There will be other very different divisions, upon particular measures, without doubt; but the general features of the measures of the government will have this strong support. should France engage in no war, the prosoect now is, that in a few months her credit will be higher than that of any government in Europe, England and Russia excepted, and not second to theirs. General Ctivaignac has impressed upon the republic the necessity for greater energy and promptitude in its measures antf engagements; and there exists unlimited confidence in the capacity and integrity of himself and his ministers, under all circumstances ; and this has inspired a new tone of public feeling, which lias regenerated the country. Observer. Paris, July 31, 1843. Jlffr.irs of Turkey?77i?QSWtan?Ibrahim Pacha, of Egypt?Greece?Danubian Provinces. The aflairs of the principalities about Vallachia occupy strongly the attention of the Divan at Constantinople. A new commissary has been sent to Bucharest, Soliman Pacha, who was once ambassador to Paris. The main purpose of this mission is to give a peaceable solution to the difficulties now existing in these provinces; and it is hoped with success, unless the Russian infhi ence shall prevent it. The Porte is represented as not hostile to reforms, and would be glad to have the Princes of Moldavia and Vallachia receive with favor most of the demands which the people make upon them. But these princes are represented to be under the influence of Russia, and to have resisted all the demands which have been made upon them. The Porte desires to reconcile these differences, but insists upon a recognition of his right of sovereignty, and upon a refusal, he is in preparation to send :tO,(XK) troops to enforce it. Russia is pressing the Porte to this point, and to make some material alterations in these Provinces.? Upon being informed of the entry of the R ussian troops, the Porte sent Borne more troops into Bulgaria, with the order to unite with those that might be found there, and, if necessary, to advance into Vallachia, which forces would amount to 25,000 men. Upon the news of the passage of the Pruth by the Russian troops, General Aupeck addressed a protest to the Porte, against this entry of strangle upon the soil ol the Ottoman; but the Porte, although disposed, is not in a condition to dispute the question with his powerful antagonist. The French minister is not yet recognized by the Porte, and thus leaves the enHre ground to the j-mgiisii una rsussian ministers, uanning ana 11tow. The French will make ail effort to make themselves heard at the Court of Constantinople, as soon as their affairs are so arranged at home, as to enable them to take a position which will compete with Russia and England in the Fast. The relations of the Turks and Greeks are not friendly?the latter accuse the former of fermenting insurrections, which the Forte denies ; and the Greeks have refused to deliver up the Turks who were the assassins of M. Mussanes; pnd the Turks have notified the Greek consul, that, hereafter, Greeks will be subjected to the Turkish tribunals in their dominions. Egypt, also, inspires the Forte with inquietudes. Ibrahim Pacha is sus|?ected of designs t? comproniit thesovereignty'of the Sultan; he lias already refused to send forward the ordinary tribute, under the pretence that the afluirs of Europe require him to be prepared to meet contingences. Ibrahim is making large military preparations; and, as is said, has proposed to the fsynans to pronounce in favor of Egypt, and of his dominion. Mostoum Bey, the representative at Constantinople, has returned to Alexandria, charged with some presents to Ibrahim Pacha and some representations. Servia and Bosnia, about which there is so much agitation and so many disturbing elements, are objects of great anxiety to the Divan. In addition to these troubles, the cholera is spreading more and more into the interior of ihe country. i have thus given your readers an imperfect sketch of affairs in the East, which is now likely to become the theatre of great events. The great l.ollL l,l.ur?. r?, c.,. . ? I... ??..w0r of the world. Observer. Paris, July 16, IS 18. ProudJiom and his Seizure of One-third of the Rents?The Property of the Family of Louis Philippe?Thins and the Great Debate. M. Proudhom, the author of the proposition through the press, to seize upon one-tliird of the rents and income of all individuals, or capital, in France, has, in the form of taxing their income to that extent?one part to go to the $tate, the other to the poor?that is, one-sixth to each?laid the same proposition before the Assembly, and is now discussing it before the committee to whom it was referred. He was the editor of a paper suppressed?has a good deal of talent and address; and the leading men in the Assembly are giving him their attention, with a view to answering him fully. For this purpose Thiers, among others,is drawing him out, and forcing him to develops his system; and Thiers is preparing to come down upon him and his system with all his strength, which is a good deal. M. Jules Favre has also reported in favor of selling the property which belonged to Louis Philippe before he became kins, and which that cautious monarch convoyed to his children before he accepted the crown?as Thiers ssys, against his advice?for he could not then think that, under any circumstances, France would scire upon the property which he possessed before he became king. Thiers ' has denounced the measure proposed in terrible terms, but as Jules H avre is an ahla man, this matter is probably to be debated with consummate talent, and much warmth of feeling. I do not precisely understand the whole ground upon which the committee have based the right of the State, and the propriety in ' the execution of that right, to scire upon this propert); and at first blush it appears to me as if Thiers was right, and that the property which the family had before Louis Philippe was crowned, fairly belongs to them. There may b? something In the origin of that property; its manner of coming into the hands of Louis Philippe, or in the amount squandered or sequestrated by tlie monarch and his family, that may ohange ' the first nspect of the question?but, if not, I do not think it would be consistent witht lie dignity, honor aud 1 purity of a republic to seize this property or consistent I with the rights of individuals That this family has ; been vastly expensive for France is undoubtedly true: but. If they chose to have a monarch, perhaps they oiignt not to complain in paying for this gewgaw. Louis Philippe had seven oreiglit children to maintain, each one of whom did not. cost the State much short of >600.000 a year. To-morrow the riding establishment of the widow of the oldest son is to be sold I have examined it it now consists of forty-six horses tweuty-six carriages, very elegant and expensive? numerous saddles, bridles, he.. fee , to correspond There arc ncorty as many servant- to take charge of this cHtaUishiuenl as there are horses, They and tlicir families are provided with houses and furniture at the expense of the State; und, among other articles of furniture from the servants'apartment* to be sold, are l<i6 piece of linen sheets. This is tlie present state o( the establishment of one worn a u, five ywars after ; tlie death ol her husband, and four months after the birth of the repnblio, deducting alt the ' piokiug and I stealings" during that time. The state of Louis ' M.,I,I. II H..V.I? .. . . ... ..... .1 ta.vitiiliiiif ir. aooiu .nt.wjjtnil J,<1,00<?.000-principally for family ?uppliefi Whit A blWftng I* ? monarchy ' I'ho London Titan oouid bo rioqwnt f>n tbu benefit to tbc [ioo? ot ouch item* Only think how wail the ?errania llred-a* well an their master* and iniKtri'saoa What a blowing to the peoplehow jnat arid d]ual'-and what an injury a republic bring* to them' Why the I roriMon u (<yTtrnnn nt allowed thl* caponxo to bo rontinuod to tlio Mid* till Ocnerai Cavaiguae too* tha control of affair', otin wonid think needed ogfianation. The truth i?, that the I*rovielonal Uororament had nark to do? a good many IVara, and not a very itrong dinpoaitioft I tociwta'l They kooftbt thftr peace-pechaM it wai I ntwmmry. OBSERVW WTO CDITION?NEW YORK, Paris, July 16, 1W8. The Italian and the Russian Question?United States Appealed to by France. France is beginning seriously to discuss before die committee, the position which she shall assume m the Italian question; and Famartine, among others, has addressed two eloquent speeches to that body. Charles Albert is believed to have invited Marshal Bugeuud to take the command of his army ; but the Marshal has informed him, that though personally Induced to do so, the President has denied him. Soon the government will assume a position upon this question which will be known. There is another question whioh is attracting lively attention, and that is, the effects of the republican effort in Wallachia and Moldavia; and the efforts of Russia to suppress it, and to subject the country to its rule. The French press, and the National leading off upon the question, insist that this country, which appears to be republican, and which numbers about eight millions of people, aDd are the descendants of the Romans, is looking to France for assistance, and is punning rorwara lor ireeaom. following nor examplo ; nil that it la the duty, aa it in the interest of France, to prevent her from falling under the blows of the Autocrat?that if Russia ia permitted to follow out her plana here, she and England will coalesce for Constantinople, Kgypt, Syria, and the atrong porta in the Ited sea. across thelsthmus of Suez, and on the highway ta India. That these two powers are acting in concert upon the subject?that Franoe. Austria, Prussia, Italy, the (iermau States, and the United States, are all interested in preventing Kngland from lodging herself upon evety strong point on this road?that we want the coffee of Mocha, and other cargoes, and do not want to pay tribute to the Kuglish?and that all the rest of hurope is aliKe interested in preventing the success of the plans now set on foot by these two nations. I call the attention of our people to the subject and the discussion. I think France is preparing to act ; and she wants, at least, our good will. She knows that no other nation but the United States can meet England upon the ocean ; and Kngland knows the same. Why are we not interested ill all these great questions, which so much affects even America ; and ! in the establishment of governments, sympathising with our repuhlic, rather than with monarohies ? And what have we done, that we should not be permitted to look ahead, and see how other nations are affecting our interests, by their aggressions ? We are now of age?a maritime people; have a strong navy, and large shipping interests?and we can venture to look Europe in the face?and not creep or stand in a humble attitude, OBSERVER. Fnankfort-on-tiie-Maink, July 31, 1818, The English Tories?The JLondon l*rcss?Denmark ?Sweden?Germany, $-c., fyc. At the request of a number of Deputies in the National Assembly, I commence my communication, to-day, with a solemn protest against the manner in which the liberal movements in Gernia' ny are treated by the English journals, and warn you to make liberal allowance, in the news taken from their columns, for infamous misstatements, and the overflowing spleen of their petty jealousy. 1 Since the commencement of the war with Den- [ mark, the Times has adopted a regular system of i falsifying news, and treats its readers daily to a j dish of information richly savored with chagrin < at the idea that the Germans are now about to become a commercial nation, and use their own vessels f for the transport of their produce instead of those of ' John Bull; and what is more, that they intend to , have a navy to protect their commeroe. The idea that i any nation in Kurope. except the British, should dare a tolaycN^i to a share of the pounds, shillings and v pence in circulation, is revolting, and meets with well-' i merited contempt and chastisement, in politics, their I information lrom the continent is always favorable to a the side of tyranny?if it even requires falsehood to t make it so. The news of the reception of the Prince of e Prussia, as given by the Times, and his present position , f in Prussia, are destitute of every particle of truth ; j1 many of its com spondt-nts are perfectly ignorant of a the lauguage, and come merely to lick the hand that t feeds them, and to report things as they would wisli to h have them. The most conservative party in Germany a despise the doctrines of the English tories. and the n much-vaunted Knglish liberty is here considered as a '? farce, fit to be played after the Russian autocrat has f played the tragedy. , a The question with Denmark is no easy one to settle, c and the sympathies on which it is sure she can reckon k in Sweden and Norway, make it one of great impor- v tance to Germany?sympathies, I tay, for the national r hatred of centuries between Denmark and Sweden n seemed to have vanished before the prospects of a Scan- a dinarian union ; for this party has so powerful a sup- t< port in all three countries, that it wili. very probably, f succeed. This results, in part, from the present condi- e tion 01 the throne ut Denmark, whichis without a na- f< tional heir ; and at the demise of the present King, the a right of succession passes through the female line to the t< reigning elector of liesse Casset, lie is very unpopu- a lar in bis owu dominions, and will never ascend the pi Danish throne, if for no other reason than that he is tl a German. Denmark may. therefore, now be consider- tl ed as an elective monarchy, and, under this banner, a the three united kirgdoms may rise to tlieir former t< splendor aud greatness. King Oscar, of Sweden, is tl already spoken of tor the triple crown. The battle in the duchies of Schleswig- Holsteln was begun as one ol . f nationality, against Danish oppression , but it is not i io ue uemeu uiai a guouiy uumoer or lue luiiaouaniof Schleswig ate Danish, and wish t? remain so , but (] Holstein belongs to theOernians. without a doubt, and | they justly claim Schleswig. on the basis of old treaties, as inseparably belonging to Holstein Here they > I' are. incontestibly, in the right, notwithstanding the ! r abuse and falsehoods of the London press, which the , " green sye of jealousy has heaped upon them. But old a treaties, made by crowned heads, scores of years ago, |j should hare no weight at the present day.when the ques- j. tion should not be one of diplomacy, but of the will of j, the people to maintain and develope their national character. In Schleswig. two-thirds of the population ' are German, and the other third Danish : the latter , " are in the North and North-West.bordering on Jutland, a and retain ail their feeling of Danish nationality? > P Common sense would dictate an easy settlement of this i: matter, namely : the province* that border on Jutlaud j a and are Danish in their feelings, should separate from , a the otter provinces of Schleswig. and join Jutland. The |, remaining provinces ot Schleswig and Holstein should ,< then be annexed in full to the Germanic confedvra- . tion, and both partiesattend to their own affairs instead 1 of cutting each other's throats in virtue of old trea- , n ties. If diplomacy can be kept aloof, I am convinced f that this question will be finally settled in this way.? li The friendly intervention of l'.ngl^id is merely the t, endeavor, on ber part, to cripple Germany as much as possible in the developement of her navy and commer- y cial importance ; as erery step that Germany goes up j the ladder, will put Kngland one step down. We have | < received private Information that all negotiation , have failed, and hostilities recommenced on the 25lh lu-daut, ri General Wranget having refused to sign the treaty, on account of ordeas from 1 rankfort. The Minister of I War lias just enquired of Wraugel what forces will be ( required to finish the war at one decisive blow, aud the o Central Lxeeutive here seems determined to act with ^ energy. Archduke John?the National Adminlstrn- ! v tor?is daily expected here from Vieuna, and we will soon see how his call for additional troops will here sponded to by the individual States. The Archduko ' has been received with groat enthusiasm on his jour- f Dry, and bis election eeeros to respond to the > wishes of the groat majontj of tho people ? ; The extreme radicals oppose hint, and with a hit- q ternes* that overstep* the bound* of party opposi- j, tion. They profess th? pure principles of deinocrucy ; ,, declare the National Assembly sovereign in its power, but are still unwilling to submit to thu vt ill of the majority. Were tho Assembly the representatives of ta- ' vored classes, the question would be different ; but I repeat it that the right of suffrage Is here less tram- i melled than in many of the .States of our I'nion. As a a general rule all have the privilege of voting who have |< lived in their district for the last six months, and bare ,, not been convicted of crime, aud are in sane mind.? j. Again, the rights conferred on the Governors General, are merely provisional, until the formation of the new constitution ; a new election will then take place, and the people can express their sovereign J will; no new burden Is heaped on the people. ? as the Archduke has refused a rivil list, and will, there- , (> fore, receive no compensation for hi* services?they s are given to his country. Tho extreme radicals make >, a bu.-lnos* of' opposition The crime, with thorn. ! , is not how the ministry governs, but that it governs The people carry a did into office on thole thfir ahouldors one day, and the next, treat hiui to a , ? chart-an for Jiavitj stjjard a proclamation in tho per- ' iormanee of LLs official duties Such politicians are r capital at breaking down, but their capacity for creat- f| ing is questionable ; they demand success fur their ii proposition*, or tliroaten, in care of contrary decision, p to withdraw, and point to the storm that their appeal to the people will conjure up. This is not republican- . ism, alien exorcised by thirty deputies against five ? hundred, all provided with e<|ual mandates from the people. If democracy in this country is to be la-ting, the people muat h.? trained very differently from what * they have been if they are only to learn in the school " of experience, the latter may be so bitter and soul de- u ?t eying, as to even annihilate hope. The very hours, , in hurope, as they pass into oblivion, record some new 0 fully, in the name of the people; and the infant liberty * of the t rench republic, half crushed in its very cradle, J1' is an omen of the tate of liberty in Germany, unlcsa misfortunes theie produce moderation hen- Berlin and Vienna eoeme<i d 't.ornhnc>I to follow th" example (' of Pari* Women fpi m part of the democratic clnb? >v of the revolution, xno in thix quality inarch about the e: *tr? eta with the flag < i the red republic ; a*?r elation* ii exirt alike hoetlle tor narchy. republic and the pre- ni m ut aooial condition t eooiety declaring property a theft, and virtue a ?'imc If like canto* produce w effect*. theee capital* ui > ellll be obliged too ml their -airatlon In the hande 11 a f'araignac Still, nil in- j yterandt m i? the motto A republic in thrmany ie a> I" eure m Ihe progreaa of time The patriotic and the vv moderate, merely aak for the period reqtilrwd for the ta cultivation of the political virtue* indiapenaahle to the gi eaieteaoe and well being of a republic The new mialx- ot try have rvocgnieed the Krench republic, and an aa- w baaoadarw'll eery ahortly be tent to Franco, to com RK ] THURSDAY, AUGU! uience diplomatic intercourse between that goveri ment and the new Germanic confederation. It is e ported that the diplomatic relations of German/ I other countries will be material!/ changed, in oons quence of the new organization; if German unity complete, but one representative will be required, a though it is said that Prussia will make it a conditio of hi r joining the union, that she be allowed to con tinue independent diplomatic relations as buretefor The hmperor of Austria will probably do the same, bu in his rapacity as King of Hungary; and under that circumstances, representative' of foreign government will leave Vienna and remove to Teeth, where it is nc improbable that the emperor will remain a portion c the year. Kngland proposes a complete reorguni/atio of her diplomatic connections with Germany, seoin the important position whioh this country in now abou to assume?a compact and highly ?iviliied nation c 45,000,000, extending from the Baltic to the Adriatii and from the confines of Kussia to the borders c France I'nion la strength, and this will make Get many the most formidable nation in the world Ou ambassador at tbe court of Berlin, Major Donelson. ha been in Frankfort several days, and bis interview wit tbe Minister of F'oreigu Affairs and the 1'resident t tbe National Assembly, has been highly Battering aw satisfactory. The United States stand number on in the friendship of the German nation, and its grea test pride will be to follow the example which we liav given. The necessity, at the present moment, of pay ing great attention to our oommercial relations wit Germany, cannot be too much impressed on the gc veinment as a duty. Kngland is awake, and he agents are here now ; but tbe Germans have no syis path) with them, and all tbe chances are for ut Nearly the greatest changes which Germany has t make are those of her commercial system. The presen customs-union will probably be modified and extend ed to all. with an incliration to free trade; but ii making tfiet-e changes, it is indispem-lbly requisite t be well acquainted with tile condition of things ii nations with which she forms commercial leagues; and therelore, the advantage of our having well informs oomrnt rcial agents on the spot, l'russia has just an nounced to the various State* forming the customs union, that the present taritl svstem will remain ii full force until the definite tariff system for all til States (-hall be decided on in Frankfort. On the ar rival of the Archduke, the final nominations for th ministry of the central executive will be made, an the new federal system will go into full operation. 1 ai sorry to say that symptoms of nullification are begin ning to show themselves very strongly in Prussia. Th election of the National Administrator was not ver warmly received in lferlln. and the ret usal of Oeneri Wrangcl to conclude a treaty with the Danes, withou first laying it before him and the National Assembly i Frankfort hss given this feeling a new impulse. Th Prussians feel that their soldiers have fought th battles, and that they should have the power to settl the afluir. The announcement of the Minister of Wn tothe Assembly here, to day, that the 7th, 8th and ft corps tie ar nice have just been ordered to march int Denmark, takes it entirely out of the hands of th Prussians, and makes It a ustional afTair. This give the Prussian party an opportunity to appeal to th soldiery, and the result is a probability of a militar revolution in Prussia The Central Minister of Wa has issued orders that all the troops of the entire cod federation) shall set aside Sunday, the Oth of August, a a day of celebration for the election of the lioverno (ieneral; and, turning out in grand parade, shall so lemnly recoguise him as their coininander-in-chiei and vow obedience to his orders and fidelity to th constitution of the confederation. The military ofii sera of the Prussian army, stirring up the old jealousy against Austria, refut e to vow fidelity to the Archduke and the order of the day for next Sunday in Prussia has been so far altered, that the military ineroly turr 3ut and listen to the reading of I he older to the troops that the Archduke is hereafter to he considered as the head of thttOeriuan nation, and that as such they are o greet him by three hurrahs. Some of the battalions lave even refused to do this and all look with anxiety owards next Sunday, as one of great importance to be nation. The re-uctionary and sectional party in Russia is doing all that lies in its power to produce counter revolution, and the refusal of the army tc ow obedience will be a fatal blow to (ieruiau unity, ivery effort is now being made to work on the masses, iy appealing to their Prussian pride and patriotism, nd Prussian history, to induce them to move again-t he new central power. This party may succeed in xciting another civil war. for the radical party is eleirmincd to sacrifice the separate interests or the preudices of Prussia, for the good of the tiermau nation s a whole, and is as ready to fight for it now, as it was ci mount the barricades in the memorable days ol larch Should this sectional cart v succeed, or narti. lly so. in PruaAa. it is very probable that tbegovern[lent of Hanover would follow suit in protesting gainst tbe sovereignty of the central power in Frankort as the King has alreudy threatened to nullify, on ccouut of the formation of this power without the onsent cl his government, as the National Assembly iHS not even allowed the governments a consulting oice. There are many spirits in llavaria that are eady to follow suit, and the patriotic dream of <lerian unity will vanish like a shadow, as these powers re the hone aud sinew ot the nation. These syinpam* are so much tbe more to be regretted at the preent moment, when unity is equivalent to national xieteuce. U,ih? first family quarrel would be u signal >r the nations of the Fast and the South to atep in nd divide tbe spoils, aud the provinces of the Ithine ) go over to France. The ciouds are rising blacker ud blacker in the hori.'on. and the political atmosbere bodes a coming storm It is generally believed rat the King of Prussians now willing to yield all that re nation demands, should it even be to abdicate, nd this movement is evideutly gotten up by the arisscracy aud higher officers of the Prussian ariuy. as lie last hope of retaining their ill-gotten power. f.nHllsl* Politics In a tier man Point of View. [Iromtbe Allgemeine Zeituug of Augsburg I The present season is one of the most brilliant bat London lia3 witnessed for many years. Tiie 'aiiianientaij session will, in all probability, be retracted until the end of August, as much curent business yet remains to be despatched. The 'massacre of the innocents," however, as the bandonnient of doomed bills is jestingly called, as already commenced. The budgei expendiare, which in ordinary years is generally laid heme tin House of Commons in March or April, is till unvoted, Hnd only those items which are of he most urgent and immediate importance, such s tlie army and navy estimates, have been deposed of. Kile of the chief grounds of this delay ?, that the government had good reason to expect very favorable half-yearly account of the receipts tid expenditure, ana it hus turned out even more tvorabie than could have been anticipated.? titer the heavy commercial crisis with which England was visited last October and November, HQ the swiftly following recoil <>t the glorious evolution of February, the most acute financiers lad hardly ventured to hope for sttch a result, so bat the most sanguine expectations were surpassed Although the harvest of this year is, gencrliy speaking, less prolific than on this continent, nd there is accordingly every probability that arge importations of corn will be necessary, we ieed feel no anxiety resorting the financial tale ot llngiand, as with the enexampled over!ow ot ready money, which continues to oour into he country, even a retlux of several millions in old and silver cannot create any embnrrassiients. As a criterion of the su|*rrtuity of money, ve may adduce the fact that the discount brokers rill not at present accept the largest sums "at all," even without interest?a sure sign that the age for speculation which has prevailed of late ears has given place to a more healthy tendency. T he most competent observers, and the beat ualifi d nidges oi the comimrcial affairs of languid, coincide in the opinion that the experiences >f the last few yeais have r*-ad a lesson which is ,ct likely soon to he forgotten, liven with the resent stagnation of the exooit trade to Germany, lance, and Italy, the development of the manual turing industry of the country is more active, nd without having teuson to apprehend any vio 111 convulsions. Hold speculations are certainly ow tlie exception; men are content to realize mailer profit.- and speculut with greater caution. 11- certain that the Russell ministry will yet re :i;iiii in ?,ini r n I 'li^mrraoi'" tune, aiinougn misellisinore desirous than ever c<! retiring from iouning street, 111 consequence ot Ins weak state I health. There is no one, however, just at preent, who would have either the de-ire 01 the ower to uceed him, and lie must therefore >acitice himself to the service of his countty. IVel riil not "ii any account resinne the helm ot affair.-., nd lor the .-amc reason?on the ground of illealtfi?lie will only consent lo take otl'u in jtio' vent r>f the welfare of the ?tate iruiierai ivel) r<uirtng hi5 assistance. Thus has lie expressed iinselt not only to his friends, hut even in the re re nee of the Queen ? ' Ttebunien of public affairs." reoent j remarks J tie rlj lit linn, baronet, "the burden nt puln affairs tiled i'ltt inth-> very strength of hie activity the -annurnbu.* deprived the 1 arl uf Liverpool Ct hn r .t*oo. Dd sank * annintfto the tomb in the flower o: his t? 1 feel that my health is shattered and that I am nable to hear the hurueu of < fllcia. II e tor any length f tin.. I must therefore, conline m y s? ft" a support f the gov? ruu.out by nieaiia of my influence actons' < It pur-ues a path of whioh I ran approve I cannot on-er.t to retake the hula until it is proved to me i?t the country demands ?ueb a eacnllce from n " In wril-mfoinied circles, however, i apcedi ^unification of die present cabinet i? talked of,which Ui assuredly not take place vvithotit Pee. a acttn-<ence. It is more then pn?t??l?!'* that ."^ir Janien . (t. Graham, tin(|uretiomtb!y th?* most talented mi practical herd i:t the tory udminiatra'ion, (.- t the same t;nie the .-.taa.ii heat friend cf IV-., ill enter the government before the cmomonce. lent of another notion. If thi- measure take ace, it mav he confidently estimated that Hum ill be wupjibrtivi by a compact rnojority, ami ohan the support ot Peed and his 12u votes on all rest measures, througnout toe next session [ Parliament. Amon?at such measures, uiat hioa claims precedence ta a comprenensive SERA ST 24, 1848. n- | schemcofcoloni/ation.fortlie 8tat?9inrn | ties are sensible of the necessity ol makin" grea' to suciitices to divert the poverty and cxr < (.? o? i?opu " latum with which the country is now atHieted, an? I? r at the same time rendering the emigration advanta a geous to the country. Experience has aullicientl] t. shown that emigration, through the free impulse o s. 1 private individuals, has only been a matter ot specu it Iation, and whatever good results they may hiih ie erto have produced, the unfortunate Irish and tin paupers of the over-populated manufacturing dis * tricts of England require the powerful support of tin j* Government; with a majority in Parliament, tin Government may reckon on every readiness to re " ceive with favor its measures for the anielioratioi >f of the material condition of the Irish agricultura laborers. No less alacrity will be displayed to ap >f prove all extraordinary plenary powers which mai appear necessary for the government of Ireland r Although Parliament has still several week: I? before if, the Ministry has resolved to throv ,f over the most important of all measures o a Iree trade?we mean the bill for the inoditi ? ration ot the out-of-date Navigation Laws i- The reason that induced the government to do so ? is the certainty that this measure, which has en ' countered the most violent and factious oppoaitior 11 on the part of those interested in maintaining th? old Navigation Laws, which was only supported * by the ofd rree-traders, and whiofi would onl> , have passed the Lower House by a slender major o itv ( !) would certainly be thrown out in the House t of Lords. Nothing is lost by this resolution, as the I- measure must, at all events, have begun de novo in n the next session. Whether, however, the govern0 ment will then make any more vehement ellbrts to carry through the measure than it has done this j year, is very problematical. The present ministry is only so far in favor of free trade as its interest requires?that is to say, it leurs to estrange the 80 a or W) free-traders in the House of Commons who e lend a general support to its liberal measures As regards foreign politics, Pahnerston seems J less urged by spontaneous impulse than compelled uy ma coueiiguee, ana mi' puouc opinion oi tnc L country, to await the political developments of e the continent, in an attitude of passive expecty ancy. Palmerston has recently advised his agents il in Vienna and Turin, to forbear from all direct it intervention. It may be, therefore, that both n powers have offered the part of mediatrix to e England The conviction that it is the interest * M Austria to make up her mind to the separation ? of Venice gains ground with him more and more, h inasmuch as a peace, on the basis of the trontier 0 line of the Adige, would only avail as a provie | sionary truce, which must sooner or later lead to is | fresh conflict. A treaty for the equitable accepte : ance of a corresponding portion of the Austrian y i state debt, appears to him the most worthy of snpr I port. No apprehension is felt respecting the 1 march of the Russians into the principalities of r ; the Hanube, because it is foreseen that I'almerston i. lias stipulated conditions for the contingency of r, | this occupation, which leave Russia not a step e nearer the conquest of Constantinople. England ! neither can nor will allow that power to transform f her protectorate into a permanent occupation of the 1 principalities, and to judge from the good understanding which has recently prevailed between the 1 Court of St. James's and the cabinet of St. l'eters| burgh, it is difficult to assume that Czar Nic holas willdisdain the friendship of England and call up i all Europe in arms against him in conjunction with that great empire. Although Russia possesses ' richer pecuniary resources than any other continental State, and although her Siberian mines 1 yield a continually increasing profit, the bent in' formed financiers do not believe that she would succeed, in the event of a war, in raising a loan either in Holland or in England. Russia's hanorI able behaviour during {the last few months lias i gained the approbation of all political parties, and j there is, therefore, no room for the hypothesis | that she will suddenly strike into an offensive path ! of policy, and so expose herself to the risk of uos 1 tiltties with England. ' The liDlctt tenglUh View or the Mexican (litest ion. IKrom the London Times. Aug. 1.] i ! The President of the United .States, in laying the tieaty of Queretaro before the Senate and House ot Representatives, accompanied thiscelei brated document with a retrospective view of the i origin and conduct ot the whole Mexican w ar, I ana with a conjectural estimate of the- advantages I w hich had accrued to America from this national j transaction. AH our readers but those oi the very I shortest memories, will be able to appreciate, ul! most as accurately as Mr. Polk himself, the value ! and correctness of the items which appear on his j gigantic balance-sheet hi very step of the war, I and every negotiation for peace, have been already chronicled 111 these columns, with a running comj mentary upon those transatlantic forms of speech | and action which required interpretation into Ktiro pea n expressions: but we cannot dismiss the subject without a passing notice of the authentic epilogue which thus concludes the drama Of course the warwas "reluctantly undertaken," and only adventured upon "for the vindication of nutional honor," and so forth ; but upon the partij cular casus btUi possessed by the States, Mr. Polk veiy wisely made no loim tarrying, and prudently nassed at once to the undeniable bravery displayed by his fellow-citizens during the conflict, and to the teims and bearing of the treaty which has at ' length rewarded their efforts. It used to be said | that war was the only game from which I both patties losers. Mr. Polk's war, however, has been such an exception to the rule, ! that, according to his own representations, both Mexico and the iStates have whereupon to congratulate themselves?the former republic having 1 obtained terms so " liberal and magnanimous" that her position is decidedly unproved by the bargain, and the latter having stepped into such a glorious inheritance that jt is scarcely possible to \ depicture her future destinies in too favorable a [ light. What is more, all other nations are gam ers likewise, ana " tne generui interests ot mankind" art* to beneficially influenced by the trans! fer of California that the debtors to Mr. Polk's administration will include almost the entire human race. We shall not be suspected of any blind partiality lor the President's policy, but we are prepared to admit that, if the motives and means of the transaction be momentarily put out ot sight, and this description of its purport be translated into the ordinary terms of moderation employed on this side the Atlantic, there is really a great deal of truth in the allegations and some | torndation for the vaunts. In the first place, it is perfectly true, as Mr. Polk asserts, that the ceded territories were ut tetly useless to Mexico. They had remained un- j occupied, uocolonized, anil even unexplored, nor was there anv prospect whatever, from the condi- 1 I tion ot the Mexican population, that they would ever be tinned to better account Nothing, in fact, but the mon exalted interpretation of the j rights of national property could have secured Mexico in her title to this imnnn.-e wilder| ness of territory, which few of her citizens had ever seen, and which not one dared to tra1 verse.r.To them the interior of I'pper California was an object ot about as much importance, and of far less interest, than is the interior of the unci iecovercd Australian continent to the. British settlors in New Zealand. If these vast tracts were j ever to be made tributary to the common wants of civilization, it was clearly indispensable that they should pass into other hands than thi>r.e in which they had so long laid usele9-and neglected. Kven as it is, the boundary line between the American and Mexican possessions will be almost int ccessibly distant from the central power ot fiie ; hi'vr country, and, indeed, the whole population arkpowledging that government wlueh is enthroned in the llalls ct Montezuma might be I easily located hi the three or four provinces con- ; tiguous lo the capital. There .ire four times as j . n any mouths wiihui the r.atrow limits of thi- , ' single island asaie to be found--Spanish, Indians, ! I . , . II - . . w.... . .. I.. I l?l n.!.\rn win .11:? n ?i o , ? ??m m9 urivir j *he late i cation *, bout live timer the s;,:e of I FiirCftan .Spain ! The two pro* rc*n i< ore. tvhtch have been thus n< mired bv the I'nitcdstnte*, ;m i w ncli certainly i n ill tit ver i.e mim-ed b* Mexico, embrace nearly i tea i. 'p, k hi- J v. tend from th? Pat ire Ocean to I the I!it> P.ivjide?a mean distance of near a I the M.-and irii -a. As Mr Polk truly boasts, thei ' conatitute of thnn^elvee, a country large enougn , for a great empire," and Amotion* industry will, j dopbtlrM1, aoori develop* those mineralanaayij cultural re - cmtrees winch the former ov ner? tv re never cmui eu-nt to ascertain. Th<? forts on tin- j l coa wil. ii" of great value to the comnicrr of the Pi-crtic, a-.d cvpec ialh to iha? whaling 'rafhc in , v ilie li the capital and labor of the ^tatc i> > e.idy I I so largtlv invested. The Islands or the Pacific , . *? ' roujht into mc-h immediate pro*in ity. ti at it ti." ( ..hi net of Washington should choc- rotake i up any abandoned protectorate of t?ceani?, it tan ii'> hi with pre af plausibility; and if a lire of steamers ahould be entftid'ahed, Hi* communication bet wt? n cvan Pranciwo and Canton will be eflet ted <n about the time- row ordinarily occupied by the nailing packet? between N-w York and Liverpool. Pi rltape, ew 11 Japan may be introduced tato the commercial community of natioos, by thein^uiai LD. TWO CENTS. - , live and sc jiooners ot tnw n*wJ^n porta. ! In all the?e poiuts of view we fully admit the fidelity of the picture ao complacently sketched by ' tiie President. But then there is a reverse to it ? In the tilHt place, the ad vunta?ea have been purchased at a nrice exceeding even that which wu ! apprehended by the pacific economists of Congress. Thirty millions of dollars were expected by Mr. Calhoun to be absorbed by this drain upon the treaI enry, but even Mr. Polk's own figures show that fifty millioiisisnearerthe mark,exclusive oftw+rr. millions w hich are further to lie paid down to Mexico for this cheap stroke of herpen. The public debt lias been as nearly as possible quadrupled by t he costs of the war, and, though the acquisitions are geographically great, yet it must be remembered that California was only valued at fifteen milItons by its appraisers in the Senate. Then there comes the effect producible upon the Union by the addition of this " great empire" to territories already far beyond the wants of their inhabitants. It is clear that misgivings have already occurred to the , President respecting the possible influence, of this , great consummation upon tiie indivisibility of the republic ; but, such as il may be, it must now i work its waj. and will not be neutralized, as Mr. Polk may assure himself, b> any monitory moral I which a President's message may convey. Next ' there is the operation ol this military " triumph' tit ion the temper and spirit of the people, for Mr Polk has kindled n flame which will not be s , quenched easily by declamations against a standi ing army, or innuendoes against ambitious generals. Lastly, there is the inevitable result of the injustice which commenced the war, and the bad faith which conducted it. It is true that California was worth nothing to Mexico, and maybe worth much to America ; but it considerations ot this sort should be held to justify a compulsory transfer of property, there will soon be an end, ; both among nations and individuals, to the rights of all propert) whatever. Mr. Polk's peroration is ' s)>ecioiia and Ins gains are brilliant, but the one is so hollow, and the other so ill-gotten, that we know not how to place any reliance upon the exclusions oflered, or the prospects displayed. Tlie Agitation In Canada. [From the Montreal Herald. Aug. 21 ] \V> arc glad to see, from the ministerial organ, that the government have under their consideration the means of putting a atop to any trouble which may urise to our peaceful community trom the insane violence ol a few desperate men. We cannot for a moment believe that the bombastic menaces whicli have been lately uttered, can lead to any result. At the same time, a little present preparation may save much future difficulty. Besides, it is monstrous that people perfectly satisfied with their own political condition?a condition w hich even the turbulent profess to admire?should be subjected even to disquiet, to serve the interested views of a few individuals without character, or the smallest stake in the country. We have hitherto refrained from pressing thtse considerations on the authorities ; partlylu-cause we agTee with the views expressed hy the Pilot, as to the propriety ol allowing these noisy persons to give proof of their own insignificance and folly ; but j still more, because we judged it proper to show ne I want ot confidence in those to whom the conserI vat ion of the jieace is entrusted. That any armr ol Irish invaders from New York can ever reaon I Canada, except in the condition of a prey to the ; peonle whom they propose to rob, is what yre shall not believe till we see it. We are equally ' confident ol the ability ol our citizens to maintain their inte]nul good order, w henever it shall be availed. I nder these circumstances, we rely j witli perfect security on the dispositions, which government shall deem it proper to make. Whenever those at the head of alt.tin shall think 1 it necessary to add any portion ot the militia t<? the regular military force of the country, or t? call lor volunteers, we are perfectly well assured that their call w ill be promptly responded to. We are n< t yet quite so weak or so foolish that Mr O'Connor cun become our Cortez, or Messrs. Mooney and Devlin our ilengist and Horsa. It is far more easy lo possess the lerocity of Attila and tiis rupucity of Alurie, than to exercise the influence and force by which thin ferocity and | rapacity can alone be satisfied. [From the Montreal Pilot.1 We have hiiherto looked with ridicule and indillerence nj>oti (lie attempts lately made by some ! individuals to excite in tins city feelings hostile to have distinguished the |>ri>vince in the present" crisis of European revolt and agitation. It would have been too much to expert that this country should esca;>e altogether front some exhibitions of a like turbulent character, however little pretence may exist for agitation of any kind. The absence | of all oiien attempt to excite a portion ot the peo, pie to disorder, could scarcely have been so satiaI factory as the failures that have attended the iniserable eflorts which have been made in j direction. We have concurred in the general I opinion that if was better, on the whole, to permi' i the foolish exhibitions that have taken place, and to allow parties who have rendered themselves : obnoxious to punishment to remain unmolested, ( than to give a consequence to what was really not important, by dignifying such men as O'Connor, 1 l'eaeock, and Devlin with the honors of a prison, | or the (date of a State prosecution. We have understood, however, that a certain degree of alarm is felt on the part of peaceable and loyal citizens, because ot the insane threats of ib1 diViduals here, and the absurd lies uttered*Dn the 1 other side of the boundary. That the Irish ernij grants inhabiting the neighboring republic and this province should look with painful interest on the disoidered state of Ireland, it jot surprising; that I this interest should in the I nitrd States be artfully I excited in the direction of hostility to England, might jierhnps have been expected: hut that any one should be hardy enough to endeavor to excite a like feeling in Canada, where Irishmen enyoy freedom, respect, and influence, superior to any possessed by thein in th?* neighboring republic, or indeed in any other country, shows a degree of unreasoning folly and w ickedness, which cannot he too much held up to the condemnation of the 1 eople of Canada, and particularly of those of that people who are of Irish origin. I lie Plunder unci murder ol the loyal and peace. able inhabitants of this province, are object# held out by Mr. O'Connor and hi# associates in the United Ma tee. With gangs ol poor and iguoraat i men, the riches which they might have for the taking in Canada, Iorm an exciting topic. Harangues such as we have seen in American new*t papers, arc r? ady means ot procuring money com- I tnbutions, to be reimbursed by the confiscation of | Canadian property. A very little of the moneys# procured would serve to bribe Mr. Devlin and his & , friends to make lnllammatory speeches, and to mislead men into punishment and ruin. lint, after j all, the movement is contemptible. It needs but a ? remote apprehension of real danger, to bring down deserved penalty upon those who desire to disturb Ihe public peace. In a cause like this, we are ot no party. The government is ol no party, and we know of no party in Canada. In this cause, ail true im n unite in one determination, to crush is the bud all efforts to produce insubordination or disorder. The know ledge of this tact has enabled the government to look calmly but watchfully oa the movements of Mr. Devlin and his associates. Justice to feelings of the loyal citizens, should the attempts of loolisli men he persevered in, will not allow this quiescent course ot the government to continue long. This is a country in which too many are uiter-f d iii the preservation ol peace and property to permit of any really popular movement which w ould place them in jeopardy It is provoking to have to think seriously on such a subject, in the midst of a j>eople so circumstanced. It would !? -till more irritating w*re the government and people of C anada obliged seriously to think ot H. We havt ob.-eived w ith surprise the conduct ot some of our tellow-cttiza-ns, from whom we expected betterthings.nnd whom we would have been | the first to defend agu nst the imputation ot mo| five? sucli a# they have openly avowed; but still, 1 w e teel confident tlia', for the sake ot some toofi i:h vanity, they have made themselves, appear ! mor guilty than they 1 ai.y are, in the hope ot ?;.# - t.v , iv ..mi lax it- important. W*t cannot I yet believe that they intend as badly asthey pro! fe.-*, cr that they in it all prepared to commit an ! oflfiK'', in the perpetration ol winch they would find no sympathy, and m the puniohment attentive hi they could meet r.o commiseration Th? oth nee imputed to them is conspiraey I aninst their sovereign, and atpunat their tehow acts, with whom to-day they are living ta p. ace. They have r,o dHtreaa to drive them to dec '-ration?no ra^ or imn^naiy wrong to eii o criminality; and hence, if they should 'in happily become guilty, and provoke punishment, that wi not be th-'m-re Lui'try ladie'-ed upon an open en rny, but the fate which -waits on wanton ami unproved -d crime, d*-rv*d, onpitiedi, and un respect.-d. njtltny OiOTrmchu. Ma orCnM, V. 3 A , unl B. W (f 3. ToitosrapJiicaJ Iliunn^ar, har? arriv?J at Howard's Hot.'J.fron M~*i

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