Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 4, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 4, 1848 Page 2
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HEW YORK HERALD. ntt-W?MComcr mi Kmlton and RaMa Mfc JAJUCH GORDON BJCNNlOn, raonuBTOB. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVKN1NU PARK dim Uawaab. BOW EN Y THEATRE. Bowery.?Bohbmiawa of Pabia? Tnb Kiwo'f ca?m??. BROADWAY THEATRE, BroMwaj?Cladiatob?My Avft. national THEATRE, ChAihAm Sircrt.?Mtftebib* a?? Miabbim of Nbw Yobk?Widow a Victib-Wool DiAir.m. NIBLO S, ASTOR PIJlCE-l. Ei.iMn u Axonr. BURTONS THEATRE CU?abcr? StrftU-domabt awd Sow ?PAl.ACK OF PLBAAVWE. b-arti.k r. arofn?ml aicai. ewtrbraiiwwkwta. MCHTY LIBRARY?Cwm'1 Mn?arm*La. MINERVA ROOMS?Ta?A>b'? Campaigwb. PANORAMA hall?BantaBD's Pakobamaa SACRED DIORAMAS. 396 Broadway, MRLODCON?Magic Mysticism atd Vibgima Sbrbsa bbs. TABERNACLE?MOB atiab MI-vbtkei.*' Concbbt. Mew York, Monday, September 4, 1848, Aetna! Circulation of the Herald. 1SSU* IN AUGUST. Aupust. (octet. Auau't. Comet. 1. Tilt (day 211.832 17. Thursday 21,22! 2. Wedaesday 29,852 18. Friday 21,024 3. Thursday 21,312 19. Saturday 27,648 . Friday 25,050 Weekly 10.780 i. Saturday 2.1210 20. Sunday 19,MO Weekly..; 11,040 21. Monday 21,006 6. Sunday 16,128 22. Tuesday 22.ll>l 7. Monday 20,592 73. Wednesday 21,072 ?. Tuesday 21,648 24. Thursday 21,488 9. Wednesday 20,880 25. Friday 21,021 1#. Thursday 20,976 28. Saturday 27,264 11. Friday 21,504 Weekly 10 320 12. Saturday 21.408 27. Sunday 20,352 Weekly 10,560 28. Monday 21,504 13. Sunday 20.640 2!'. Tuesday 21,120 Id. Monday 22,980 30. Wednesday 22,032 15. Tuesday 21.408 31. Thursday 25,248 16. Wednesday 22,128 Total issue in Auuust 718,458 " July 576,600 * ??41 QKA3 increase 111 one luuiiui n,cw: issue -s4jh e rw f-1rst of september. September 1. Friday ... . ~*T 23,280 copies* i Saturday 22,392 ? Meekly 10,820 3. Sunday 16,800 ' This statement exhibits a bona fide increase in the circulation of the New York Herai.d of forty-one thousand copies in one motith. Nine months ago. our daily circulation was only sixteen thousand, while lately, in several instances, it has exceeded twentyseven thousand. This increase is unparalleled in the history of newspapers; and we now have the most comprehensive circulation of any news journal on this continent, and with, perhaps, one exception, in the whole world. Of all the cheap newspapers scattered over the Union, the Heralo Is unique in this respect. There are several cheap journals in this city, in Boston, PhiladelphiaBaltimore. he., that enjoy, what may be called, large circulations; but they are confined to the immediate vicinity of the office of publication; they are merely 1 local, and not spread throughout the length and Breadth of the land. The Herald goes everywhere. It is like the London Times ; if it does not go directly from the office of publication to the remote parts of the earth, it is first read here by subscribers' who forward it to their agents and correspondents to the different cities and towns of the world. This comprehensive circulation is valuable te us. It not only conveys American intelligence to all earners of the earth, but it brings back reputation and aubscTlbers to us. There is scarcely a civilised city In the universe to which at least one copy of the Herald is not sent. It is taken by one or more of the principal members of several of the European and South American governments, and we have several times received valuable information from abroad in consequence of this. The circulation of a newspaper, when merely looal. possesses very little vitality. It is only the comprehensive, wide spread circulation that gives a journal an importance and a value. It Indicates the independence of the paper ; it gives it character, and throws over its pages an influence of great power, when the paper is conducted fairly, truthfully, with energy and enterprise, and not controlled by the miserable political cliques that swarm in all large cities ; and no paper can obtain this great circulation and influence unless it be conducted with energy and a determine- j tion to tell the truth and give the news The London Time-has now been in existence over half a century ; it was managed by a gentleman of the greatest energy of character for orer forty years of that time, and in the midst of the great wars of Europe. Hence its great success. The New York Herald has been in existence not quite fourteen years, and yet its circulation is almost, if not equal, or superior, in its character, to that of the Times. According to a fair calculation each Herald has at least fire read, ere which gives if a daily circulation, except in a pecuniary point of rieu-. of one hundred and twenty thourand. and we do not believe that the London Times can surpass that. But this is only a beginning in the newspaper business on this side of the Atlantic. We are yet to see greater results. The recent events in Europe Indicate that this is to be the leading nation of the world America, in future, is to enjoy a controlling influence '1 -?4V. .1.1,1, will ... - OTW me KUftire ui iue (jivut. "?*vu nu> guv UB ? muv field for enterprise and action. IVe must increase and expand with those around us We can not atop because we hare reached a great point. We hare, in the last fourteen years kept pace with the progress of the United States, and we cannot now think of resisting the impulse of the age Mr. Weiistt r and lain Position. The speech of Mr. Webster, pronounced the other day in the midst of his venerable elms, at his own seat at Marshfield, within sight of the sea, where he qptches his fish with which to make chowder; this speech has created in this community, in all parties, a very odd and singular sensation. It is a queer speech, an odd speech, a sort of dish of milk and water, or rather a well prepared and cooked chowder, manufactured by Mr. Webster himself, who is said to have great ability in preparing that racy and fumous dish?although it has never yet been found to have great substance ?r animal nutriment. This speech of Mr. WpKhIPT Id fnullv u rl fmli' u cJiaiVt r\ i nr/\ncl /tliAur* der?a mere preparation for a good dinner and good wine, without which it amounts to little or nothing of sustenance or animal force. In former days, when Mr. Webster was called on by the New England manufacturers, he generally made a splendid and powerful speech 01 his side of Mason and Dixon's line. Whether the profits of the manufacturers in those days had some influence in producing those bursts of eloquence, is a question to be solved by future philosophers and fools. It is certain, however, that Mr. Webster's position and speech, in the present political crisis of the country, with regard to General Taylor, are the most wishy-washy and the weakest that ever came from that quarter. Krom beginning to end, he seems to be making an apology for supporting a inan so ignorant in public atlairs, as even he himself represents Gen. Taylor, lie damns fcis own candidate with faint praise. While the obscure friends of Mr. Clay still boldly and chivalrously neem lobe foremost in assailing Genetul Taylor to Ins face, Mr. Webster and his Iricnds seein to place themselves in a position of half and half assassins?smiling with one cheek, while there is a scorn on the other, and the dagger itself is about being directed to some place under the fifth rib. The folly of the whig journals in New York, which while professing to support General Taylor, ere, at the same lime disgusting and caluniniat inn * large class of our naturalized citizens, by ! taking the side of British tyranny against Irish freedom, was not more suicidal to the cause of General Taylor than appear to be the speeches, I the sentiments, the allusions, and the temper dis| played in the famous address delivered at Marshfield. Even the anti-masonic movement of Thur. low Weed & Co., at Albany, who endeavored to get up a premature indignation meeting against 1 the hero of Buena Vista, will not be able to injure the cause so much in this State, or in New England, as the faint, studied, and elaborate praise which was bestowed on General Taylor, frcm the hps of Mr. Webster, within sight and sound of ihc shores ot Massachusetts hay. The surest way to destroy a popular man is to become hisfriend, win hiscontidence, and then betray him. Such appears to be the policy of the New York and New England whigs, even that portion of thtm who still cling to the Philadelphia nomination. If General Cass should be elected next November, he will not have to bestow his thanks on those leading whigs ol New York and New England, who, while they aflect to support thenomnation made by their own convention in Philadelphia, yet pursue such a course as the whig journals of New Y ork have done all the summer, and adopt such insane measures as Thurlow Weed and the anti-masonic portion of the whig rartv have done in Albany, or make such a speech, and promulgate such sentiments, as came from the lips of Mr. Webster last week in Marshfield. The defeat of Mr. Clay's nomination in Philadelphia divided the whig party, and disgusted the old standing personal partisans of the Ashland statesman ; but the portion of the whig I>arty who stuck to the nomination, have, since June last, betrayed even more folly, more silliness, and more want of wisdom and discernment than the friends of Mr. Clay did in bolting outright, when the nomination was made. As matters now stund every day only seems to strengthen the confidence of the friends of General Cass?net in their own efforts, not in their wisdom, not in their discretion, but arising from the folly, the weakness, the imbecility of those wliigs who call themselves the supporters of General Taylor. We have conventions and mass meetings m New York and New England; but unless some new spirit springs up among the great body of the people, the lukewarmness produced by the Taylor whig party in New York, by the whig journals of this metropolis, and Mr. Webster's friends in Massachusetts, will produce their legitimate results in the defeat of the hero of Buena Vista. The Great Robbery of 1848.?The Newgate Calendar in England records many curious events, and some wonderful robberies perpetrated in that land of wealth and rascality. Similar records in France can rise into equal crime and equal grandeur in the art of appropriating the proj>erty of others by the chevaliers d' industne; but one of the most curious and original robberies that ever took place, is probably that which has been perpetrated in this country during the present year, by a band of the most ingenious poets, orators, and historians, that ever produced an impression on the human mind. Let us come to particulars. It is stated in the journals of the day, that the lamuuo iiiou ui mis ?.nv, yvihcii muiiuj'u. lized a large portion of the floating wisdom, patriotism, liberty, and sentiment of the age, have contrived to collect together about thirty-five thousand dollars from different parts of the country?a sum of money that has beenraised by statements the most false, and pretensions the most futile, that were ever presented to an intelligent people. In fact, it has been a complete public robbery on the vast masses ot the nation, under the pretence of creating a revolution in Ireland ; yet it seems, according to one of the leading spirits ol the Directory, they want two hundred thousand dollars more still. Jonathan Wild has been outstripped in his own principles, and his own practices. They have already received from the poor Irishmen of this country, thirty-five thousand dollars; and while the pretence of making such a levy is taken from under their feet, they yet want to increase it to two hundred thousand dollars. Will there never be an end to these successful attempts to rob, plunder, and cheat the poor and industrious Irish of this land T Mere is a Directory in New Vork, calling themselves respectable men, claiming to possess a high character for honor and principle, not content with procuring, by a species of false pretence, the dollar of the working man, but also the five hundred dollars of the holy bishop of the church. We think that Bishop Hughes should bring an action against the Directory, to refund the money he contributed to them, unless, perhaps, it should be considered a great achievement to have deceived and humbugged this worthy prelate and pious patriot, into such an act of folly, as to subscribe the sum of five hundred dollars for the revolution in Ireland, when the principal want of the Irish is bread and potatoes. We ask again, what is to be done with this money 1 Must they not disgorge it 1 We call on the Irish Directory to have another meeting, and let us know what they are going to do with the thirty-five thousand dollars that they have collected from all classes of the poor Irish in this country, by miserable false representations of ail kinds, and fabricated correspon" dence of all sorts. Would it not be well to appropriate this sum of thirty-five thousand dollars in the purchase of potatoes, to send to Ireland, instead of dealing in patriotism. Potatoes are at present more useful to the Irish people than patriotism, and not so rotten either. The Law Cot rts.?The calendars in the various civil courts will be extremely heavy during the present term, and the lawyers will have their hands full. The new code is loudly complained of by the old members of the bar, while the younger ones, and those who belong to the clans known as the seii ttudiorum, seem well pleased with its operations so far. The code is now the law, and there api>ear to be many conflicting opinions in relation to its provisions; some of the experienced members of the law profession inclining to the opinion that certain of its re<|uirernents are not framed with sufficient clearness to enforce compliance therewith. We shall be curious to ascertain the views of the higher Court of Apj>eals, upon any point of practice under the new code which may be disputed on the ground of irregularity; for it is by the ruling of the upper tribunals that we are to be guided in the operations of the new code. We have read Judge Kdmonds' address and exposition of the ,new code of practice, and we consider his interpretation sets very fully and clearly before ub the spirit of its framers, in a light which is calculated to do away with all mystification and subtle ingenuity, such as that which has characterized the former course of practice. It should, too, lie borne in'mind, that it was in consequence of this abuse that the Legislature were called upon, by the voice of the j?eople, to enact the new law, in order to simplify the course ot practice, and bring speedy und lair justice home to the doors ol parties engaged in litigation. This appears to have been the guiding principle in framing the entire code throughout, and in this spirit the law must We interpreted. The new law is now in force since the 1st of July ; and any cases that have been conducted under the old course of practice, since that date, lca'ie the litigants in rather an unpleasant fix. Wc advert to this, became it has been intimated that some of our sagacious lawyers have persisted in the old way of doing business. The whole, however, will soon lie in full blast. Tin SrBAMMiir Washjnoto.v.?This steamer is now over due. She is in her fifteenth day. The Hon. W. l. Mahcy, Secretary of War, arrived at the Astor House yesterday, from Wash- i ingfon, and proceeded in the evening to Albany, j The Health of the City?Clean Streets, <3cc. For some days past considerable excitement was created?not, however, throughout the city?by a report that yellow lever had broken out at Staten Island. It appears, however, that there are no just grounds for alarm, and that the panic is to be attributed to excessive timidity, rather than to any serious prevalence of this terrible malady. The facts of the case are simply those which occur e\ery summer at Staten Island. There is not n summer that rolls over our heads, but several vessels arrive at quarantiue from tropical climates, with aggravated bilious fever and yellow fever on boaid. During the summer before last a greater number of cases occurred there than on the present occasion; yet, there was no terror inspired with the community, nor were the ports of Staten Island put in a state of blockade. To such an extent has the panic terrified those , who hold property on the island, that they are desirous of having the quarantine property sold, and the hospitals removed farther away from the city?to Coney Island, Horseshoe, or some other place nearer the Narrows. We have no apprehension. hnwfvcr. for the health of the cltv. We confess we are not sorry that this unfounded alarm hns been given, if it be the means of directing the attention of the civic authorities, to our detective sanitary regulations. From the disgracelully filthy condition in which our streets have been permitted to remain for a long time pu6t, and the deficient sewerage of several localities, it was the general impression that the Town Council had ceased to consider duties of this nature as coming within their province. We shall be glad to find that they are, at length, aroused to a proper appreciation of what the community is entitled to expect at their hands. There is no use, however, in propagating unnecessary alarms, with regard to yellow fever or any other epidemic. They are, for the most part, of a sporadic nature, and if proper sanitary precautions be adopted, we have no reason to be dreadfully alarmed by the visitation of yellow fever, or even cholera. The city was never more healthy than at present, and with clean streets and improved sewerage, well ventilated houses and a temperate people, we need not dread these terrible scourges of the human race. It seems to us that the Board of Health have acted rather injudiciously on the present occasion, in helping to spread consternation among the people. The busy season, which lias just commenced, promises to be a brisk one, and unfounded panics, with respect to the prevalence of epidemies, may have an exceedingly injurious tendency on the trade of the city. More Disorganization in the Whig Party? Movement in Favor of Mr. Ci.ay, at last.? The recent singular meeting in Albany, under the auspices of Thurlow Weed, for the purpose of repudiating General Taylor, and bringing forward another free-soil candidate in opposition to Martin Van Buren?probably Mr. Clay?has resulted in a more important movement than the public are probably aware of. We do not speak without card. The following is the circular, which was issued last week, for the meeting of ward representatives, at Westchester House, in order to nominate Clay and Fillmore, rally the whig forces against General Taylor, and, if possible, cut the nrnnnrl frnm unrlor fKo Coot r\f U..UV. mv ivvl V/l 1UC IVUIUClllUUIl statesman:? no RIGHT AND TRUST TO PROVIDENCE FOR RESULTS. New York, August 30, 1848. Sir,?The determined friends of the whig cause, and whig principles, hare resolved to act as the emergency demands. If you can unite in the movement, which, so far as we are concerned, is fixed to nominate Henry (.'lay and Millard Fillmore. you will please attend the meeting of ward representatives, to be held at the Westchester House, corner of Bowery and Brosme street, on Friday evening, the first of September. at 8 o'clock. N. O. BRADFORD, Chairman. D. Webb. Secretary. "What the result of the convention of ward representatives has been, we are not yet able to state. The gentlemen who have now hoisted the Clay banner, have shown much more prudence in keeping their counsel, than has been exhibited on any previous occasion, but whatever maybe the issue, a regular explosion has taken place in the whig camp, and a strong feeling has been excited in favor of Mr. Clay in this city, and throughout I the State. | The wliigs, poor devils, are one and all of them, ! destined, it would appear, to kill oil" their great j ' men, if their great men do not spare them the | trouble, bv killing ofl'themselves?and to do every i thing that" in them lies, to secure the election of i j General Cass, and make over the spoils of office | to the present worthies, who have fattened on them for so many years past. Movements or Individuals. Ms. Tole's Cabinet.?The Hon. James Buchanan. Secretary of State : Hon. II. S. Walker. Secretary of the Treasury; anil Hon. William L. Marcy. Secretary efWar. arrived in the city on Saturday, and took lodgings at the Astor House. The latter gentleman, it is said, has nominated Major Graham, of the Topographical Kngineers, for the honorable Brevet of Lieut. Colonel. in the army. A just reward, for no man, during bis military life, and especially in the late war with Mexico, has rendered more brilliant or efficient . service than did Major Graham. | Gov. Young was at Buffalo on the 1st Inst. Gen. Peraifor K Smith, of Louisiana, arrived at Buffalo on the lit Inst., for the West, and left immediately t for the Kalis. Gen. Shields is now in Buffalo, and reviewed the troops at Camp ltilev on the 1st inst, | Cave Johnson and lady passed through Rochester on the 1st inst.. tn roulr to the Kails. The Hon. Daniel Webster will remain at Marahffsld | to reflect over his his last speech and eat chowder. j Lieut. Karrelyja gallant young officer of the 6th in- | fantry, is In Buffalo. Lieut. K. is still suffering from . severe wounds received in Mexico, and is travelling on I sick leave, for the benefit of his health Hon. John Wentworth passed through Buffalo on the 31st ult., on his way to Chicago. Movements of Traveller* and Tourists. The arrivals of travellers yesterday, however unusual, exceeded those of any week day. at the pnncii>al hotels. We found at the American, E. , Eastman, Boston: lb Stewart, Baltimore; Mr. i m?? r /! i>~_?. v ? ' i ? ' i miu iuio. .? . vr. xjciiucu, ;>t*w ) ork j UT. liOUfllOI). I ! Washington: J. Selden, Philadelphia; Mr. and I Mrs. Mofiat, Toronto; Hamilton Creighton.Provil dence; Mr. and Mrs. Jackson, Mr. and Mri. ' Thacher, Mobile : W. N. Nicolas, Richmond. At the Astor, 1'obt. S. Deane, J. \V. King, Cmcinuatr. Mr. and Mrs. Shiver, Baltimore ; Hon. W. L. Marcy, Washington; J. I), and C-Jackson, i Lancaster; A. Browne, Cincinnati; C. Hovey, Boston : Mr. and Mrs. Mather, Illinois; Geo. Collins, S>t. Louis. At the I'ranklin, M. Poole, G. W. Knanp, New Orleans ; C. Comstock, Bridgeport; T. Perkins, Ohio; W. H. Chandler, H. Kennedy, R. L. Hudson, Mr. Hunt, Boston; C. P. Noele, Vera Cruz. At the Howard, F. Rings, St. Louis: A. Vender, Missouri; A. f.ippincott, Philadelphia; 11. Gregory, North Carolina; Mr. Bnd Mrs. ltussell, New Bedford ; C. Lyle, Georgia; .T. Norns, Boston; C. Wendell. Washington. Omnibus Urlvem. Dm Sin?Will you inform me whether the drivers J of the Dry Dock stage* are engaged upon the plan of giving the proprietors a certain ?um and then the remainder of their daily profits to be their'a? It if only ; that idea that seems to account tor the barbarity. (I may call it.) i witnessed last evening, returning from a visit to a friend, residing in the east side, I was obliged to take a stage shortly after it filled, as I ! thought, properly twplve persons, It stopped, and when a passenger called to the driver and told him we were full, there were twelve .ha ro?u..i i? ?- - teen passenger coach, I bad never before heard of I such a thing; and. an I was near the lamp. I looked I t and raw It was marked for fourteen. The stage was only fit to hold twelre and to be comfortable; but, in- y credible as it may seem, sixteen were inside, two men t actually standing up inside, if standing up it can be t called, when your body and neck bare to be bent ! f somewhat in form of an 8. There were two beside the f driver, two packeges of cigar boxes, and a bundle out side?making in all nineteen persons for only two ' horres to drag Fortunately, the end window waa up, | * and allowed me to see the number. 207 I felt glad of I that, beeauae for years 1 hare rode in stages a great * deal, and neTer before met *?th so rough a driver, nor ? saw rjuite so cruel a load. I cannot think the proprietors are willing to hare their poor horses so unmerci- j fully dragged, nor their passengers so annoyed, par- 1 tlcularly the lady portion. It is no uncommon sight A to see a well dressed lady In a Dry Dock stage; and certalnlv no lady wishes to have her dress destroyed j and made unfit to wear by beary and soiled boots, and a person so close as to prevent even the movement of ; an arm. As. unfortunately, poor animals never ap- ( pear to be objects worthy or public care and thought, perhaps my sex and dress may prompt you to notice , this evil In your useful paper: and through your in- | lluence I may have the pleasure of ridingln comfort | to myself and looking at the horses with satisfaction, for they are animals greatly prlxed and oared for by your constant reader and old friend, KATK. Sept. lst; IMS. Theatrical and Musical. Pass Thsatre.?This evening the old Park opens' under the most auspicious circumstances. The whole of the theatre has been remodelled and embellished, and all that money and art could do to make it the most beautiful theatre in the Union, has been done. A new and beautiful drop, as also a curtain sceno, hare been painted by Mr Isherwood -subject, an American prsdrie. The dramatic company comprises some of the most popular artiste i of the day and all being under the arrangement of Mr. Hamblin, whose theatrical experience is well known to every citizen, we predict for the Park Theatre the utmost success The pieces selected are, Shakspeare's tragedy of " Hamlet," and the comediotta of " Ladies Beware." Between these pieces the beautiful danseuse, Signora Clocca, and Sig Neri. of whose fame report speaks in the highest terms of eulogy, will dance a ;-raud vas de deux No doubt, the favorites of the old Park will crowd every available pihcf, iu1b cveujug, b'to tlluuuvo ifi wiu uougul & i its re-opening. Bowery Theatre ?The autumn may now be eald to be fairly upon ua ; the excessive beat of summer baa pasaed away?our citiaena are returning to town for the season, our hotels are all filled wi*h visiters from the various parts of the Union?most of them being merchants who have come to replenish their stocks in this the great emporium of the United States, so that all our places of amusement may now be said to have a fair chance open to them for patronage. Among them all the Bowery Theatre stands preeminent for the pleasing character of the entertainments there given, as well as the unflagging manner in which it is supported. Drama, ballet, opera, farce?all are given in the most elegant manner, and Mr. Hamblin, who is undoubtedly tho most experienced and energetio manager in the country, knows too well the importance of having everything done well, to present anything in an inferior manner. Jle has selected a most efficient and talented company for the Bowery ; each member of it is not only a good performer but many of them are eminent in their line, and would be so pronounced en any stage. Though Mr. II. has another theatre under his management, the Bowery, the scene of so many of his former triumphs and successes, will never be allowed to lag behind ; bat the same llberalityjand enterprise which have always been evinced in his management of it will still be kept up. During the coming week a series of most interesting pieces will be produced. To-night the grand drama of ' The Bohemians in Paris" will be acted ; also the farce of " The King's Gardener," two most capital pieces. Messrs. N. B. Clarke, J. Duff, S. Smith, Jordan, Winans, Warwick, &c., and the talented ladies of the company, will all appear, and a very pleasant evening's amusement may be expected. Broadway Theatre.?If a continuation of the sue* cess which has attended this theatre last week, continues, we say the managers are doing well; for, from pit to dome, the house was crowded, during the last six nights, to see the great American tragedian, Edwin Forrest, whose great histrionio fame is always sure to attract a vastiassemblage. To-night, he appears in one of bis favorite characters, Spartacus, in the tragedy of the " Gladiator." Those who have seen Mr. Forrest personate this character, will be sure to patronise the Broadway, this evening, as he is every way suited to sustain it to the very life. The amusements will close with the farce of "My Aunt," in which Lester, Baker, and Hadaway, will appear. This, seemingly, is the age of competition, and the respective managers will have to strain every nerve, in order to a successful issue. Variety is charming, and we say to the proprietors, select every variety of talent. Niblo's, Astor Place.?The brilliant reputation which has distinguished the operatic career of Ma dame and Mons. Laborde, at the above popular and fashionable scene of amusement, is likely, this evening, to be further developed, by the representation of the comic opera of "L'Eliser D'Amour," in which they will be sustained by the talented assistance of Signors Benevautano and Sanquirico, too favorably known to require a eulogium en their professional merits, wherever their talents have been invoked. Noliitle interest has been entertained upon this attractive occasion, from the fact of this being the last engagement of the former on this continent, and the first appearance of the latter at this theatre. Muchjudgment has been displayed by the enterprising manager In these arrangements, as well as In his determination to present French and Itali.n operas during the week, and thereby encourage that predilection for this fashionable and fascinating style of amusement, that only requires a succession of operas, as amusing as they are improving, to foster the universal fur?r for such enjoyments among our citixens. National Theatre.?To-night will be quite a gala night at this heuse, as the new local piece, the " Mysteries and Miseries of New York," will be produced. The local a ram a has proved a most popular amusamcnt, ns the records of last season at the National show. " New York as it is," a mere sketch, in which some of tho peculiarities of the ''New York B'hoy" were so truthfully depicted by Mr. Chanfrau, drew crowded houses, night after night, for weeks in succession; if sucn a piece was so attractive, what will not a connected Btory of great interest, like the " Mysteries and Miseries," do? The scene is laid in this city, of course, and not only will Mose and his peculiarities be introduced to the audience, but also many other every day and well known characters peculiar to New York. The scenery is got up especially for the occasion, and many of our principal streets and public places will be faithfully represented on the stage. Chanfrau, the great originator of this style of acting, " the Mose," par excelltnce. will, of course, take a prominent part: Miss Mestayer and Mrs. McLean will likewise appear: and Burke, Pardey, and the rest of the company, will all have appropriate parts; so flhat this new drama is put on the stage with every advantage. We doubt not that it will prove a most successful hit. Trevious to the new piece, the farce of the " Widow's Victim" will be played. In this piece, Mr. Chanfrau will give his really admirable imitations of all the eminent actors of the day; and the farce of the " Wool Dealer," in which Mr. Burke plays the part cf Deuteronomy Dutiful so funnily, will conclude the entertainments. We expect the house will he filled to overflowing, and would recommend an early application for feats. Bcrtos'? TartTsr..?Burton has done wonders at thishouro since he haB taken hold of it. From the most unfortunate theatre in town, it has been changed into the most popular and profitable one, and it is now patronhed by the elite of society Captain Burton and bis first lieutenant. Brougham, indeed deserve much credit for their great tact, in thus establishing such a delightful place of amusement in a part of the city where it was so much needed. "'Dombey k Son" will be played this evening, for the last time, as they arc so lull of good things at Burton's, that they must withdraw it. in order to make room for several of them. This piece has had a most successfull run, and Burton, as Capt. Cuttle, has added much to his previous reputation as a comedian. To-night, a new extravaganza, full of laughable parodies and burlesque airs, will be produced after "Dombey k Son:'" it is called the " Palace of Tleasure.' and Burton and all the members of the company will appear in it We doubt not that it will he highly successful. To-morrow evening, MJt Brougham will take his benefit. k' Theatre. Chatham \he.?This chaste and elegant scene of amusement continues to at tract crowded and fashionable audiences, and from the nature of the entertainments announced for this week, the managers may expect a profitable compensation. Castle Garden.?These pleasant days and even, ings are just suited for a visit to this elegant place. Those who have returned from the watering places for the season, will find Castle Garden no bad substituto for the walks along the shores which they have enjoyed all summer; indeed, many who have patronised the garden all the season, think they have enjoyed the se.? as well there as they could any where. Moravian Minstrels.?So great has been the success of these singers, that they have been obliged to take the Tabernacle, in order to more fully accommodate the crowds that have attended their concerts during the past week. The various members of this troupe of ringers are all musicians of the most eminent talents, ind seldom has a finer singer than Mile. I.ovarny been heard; and Zorer, Stoepel. Kraus and Kain. the male ringers, have proved themselves worthy of the b'gh expectations which were formed by the announcement of their coming. To-night, the concert -will be ror the benefit of Mile. I.ovarny, and a capital programme is set forth, besides many of their most pleasing national songs, and the performances of Stoepel on the tilocordeon. Mile. I., will sing the beautiful ballad, ' On tbe Banka of the Gaudal'iulver,'' the " Swiss Birl,'" and other nieces Zorer will give his wonderful mitations of the krexch hornAc. This wilt, no doubt, je the best concert that they havo yet given. 1 Campbell's Minstrels,?These delightful singers ' ire now looked on as the very pinks of Ethiopian , ninetrslsy They alng. dance, joke, and play on their rarious instruments with such excellence and harmony. that the most refined musical amateurs hear them , vith pleasure. Their fashionable audiences, oomposed nore than half of ladies, show in what high repute 1 .hey are held by the ilitt of New \ ork. ' General Tav lor's M evican Camcaio.v, as exhibit ? m id? i'lnorimi ai .Minerva uooms. is visited every . ruing by great numbers of our cltlrena. The va- j ious fortune-, difficulties and danger" which that gal- , ant army of old Rough aud Ready surmounted, from ( .'orpus Christl to Monterey, are depictsd with toe ut- ' nost accuracy. The panorama is one of the most in- j cresting exhibitions in the city. BisutD't Pav of ?ma the mammoth picture of the ( lay, representing as it does '1 300 miles cf country, < ilong the course of the Missouri and Mississippi rlrers. s still being exhibited every evening at I'anorama fall. It will shortly be removed from New York; horrfore those who wish to see it had better go soon. Tin. Sac ai n Diofamas of the ( reation and Deluge. , inve proved most popnlar exhibitions, as they are at- ( ended by great numbers of our most respectable fa- j nilles eTery evening. The exhibition is over at an arlv hour, thus making it ijulte convenient for large < amiiy parties. , Mr.ionr.os ?The Virginia srrenaders. and other i .musing pviformanres. form the attractions at this 1 leasant house. Visiters to this establishment cannot ( ail to be pleased with the excellence of the entertain- I Dents, and the genteel manner in which the establish- < Dent is conducted. I Hurke. the violinist, is In I.ockport. Christy had an immense audlonoe at Rochester on Vednrsday last. I Miss Womjas is very successful at Detroit. , fSi irofiii Suicide.?Dr. John J3. Walker, aon ol ! [)r. W. J. Walker, has been missing since Thurs- . lay last. On that day he hired a boat (or an hour J rom Lone Wharf, and went down the harboralone. i Phe boat haa been found ; but n fifty-five pound veight and tome linen attached to it are miasms; , nd It in feared that Mr. W. han made way with umaelf by drowning. Dr. Walker waa a brilliant nd accomplished gentleman.?Botton Tranta ijit, . Xtft. 2. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Afftln In Phlladehihli. Philadeh'hI^ Sept. 3, 1848. An affray took place at Southwark, early this morning, during which Jno. Hoffman shot Jno. Dillon with a revolver, one ball passing thrt ugh, and another lodging in his leg. Hoflinan escaped, and Dillon was taken to the hospital and provided for. The steamer Herald arrived at this nnrt from Norfolk, to-day. She experienced, on the passage, a severe gale, and lost her masts. Two regiments of soldiers, from Brazos, also arrived. There is nothing of importance from the South. The Great Tclegiapn Patent Case. Fbankfort, (Ky.) Saturday, Sept. 2. Eight day6 have been consumed in reading depositions and examining various telegraphs in Ken" dall ik Co., brought in a Morse instrument. O'Keilly submitted a Steinhiel instrument, in addi" tion to the two Columbian instruments. These instruments were all worked and explained by Mr. Barnes, one of the inventors of the Columbian. Mr. Barnes requested Professor Morse to correct any errors, if errors had been made in the explanation. Judge Monroe made a similar request. Professor Morse replied, by stating that he had nothing to say. Messrs. Morse and Kendall, through their counsel, persist in claiming a monopoly of electro-mag. netiem for telegraphic purposes. O'Reilly's counsel resist this claim on several grounds?alleging the want of originality, and frauds connected with the patent?at the same time showing that the new telegraph used in the O'Reilly line, between Louisville and New Orleans, is not an infringement on anything invented by Prof. Morse. O'Reilly's counsel also assert, that the monopoly of a general principle cannot be maintained, as it is contrary to law and justice. The depositions and documents would already form a large volume. The whole field of electric discovery is brought in review; and patent laws onrl nnfpnt nncpfl nrp flfnfPtl nn Kntli owloa fn fKa fullest extent. The great question at issue, renders tins case one of the most important ever tried in the United States. Portland, Sept. 2. 1818. The steamboat Huntress, of the railroad line, in coming from Gardiner, thin piMung, burst her boiler. No one seriously hint, mk now lies at the wharf in Portland. City Intelligence. Thk Weather.?Yesterday was delightful; a pleasant breeze from the west having pawed through the city during the whole d iy. The evening waa pleasant, and for a short time the rays of the new moon added to its beauty. There was still no prospect for rain. The Citv on Sundav.?The city yesterday was generally very quiet. Though cooler than for many sabbaths past, a great number of persons, as usual, went into the country, and to the different places of resort in the vioinity. The churches were filled, and the regular routine of worship gone through with. A stroll through the great metropolis, however, was sufficient to satisfy any one that a blight had fallen upon the hitherto buoyant spirits of the friendsof Ireland. Ineverypart ofthe city they might be seen in small crowds, discussing the probability of the truth of the late news relative to their native country. A general feeling of indignation of the conduct of their countrymen was evident, and much was said about the money recently subscribed. and paid to aid them in their expected struggle for liberty; and while every hope was expressed for the final discharge of Smith O'Brien, their execrations were heaped upon those who faltered in the hour of need. They seemed really humiliated ; when they had hoped te hear of success, the chains, which have so long bound the green spot of their nativity, were only bound more closely around ber. Passing through Water street, the most revolting scenes were there witnessed. This place is the great resort of seamen, and yesterday there were a goodly number on shore, who sought this miserable spot of infamy. At almost every house, or rather cellar, the steps were filled with wretched females, whose continued course of debauchery, with bloated faces and glaring eyes, at once told the beholder that this is the vilest place or all Gotham. There were several whose appearance generally bespoke that they had not long been the inmates ofthe miserable brothels which are now their abiding places. One of these, a girl apparently about fifteen years of age, rather delicate in stature, and possessing considerable personal beauty, sat upon a stoop alone. Her hair was of a dark auburn color, neatly braided, and secured with a silver comb; her features were good, with a Grecian nose, and dark brown eyes, full and expressive. But, upon that oountennnce was a look of sadness, and as she supported her chin upon ber hand, seemed wrapt in deep meditation. She was accosted by severnl rough looking sailors, to net one (of whom she paid the slightest attention. She sat for some minutes, when she discovered a man, apparently about fifty years of age, approaching her. in an instant her countenance changed, and she looked as though she feared his very appearance. When he reached the spot where she was seated, he made use of some vulgar language, and ordered her at once to go out of the street. His countenance evidently bore the marks of intemperance, and it appf ared that through the wretched slavery ot that young woman, be is enabled to carry out his debauchery. l.'non inniilry th? li-~ -t> oleFed that the girl was his own daughter, and had in her youngar days, when prosperity gladdened the hearts of her family, been taught the rudiments of music, and was now hired by the base and heartless j father to the keeper of a miserable den. to entertain the gang which nightly assemble, upon the piano, and by singing songs which should make the vilest blush. She may haTe fallen into the rices which surround her. and thrown herself at the hands of the brute, whom she calls father, into a life of infamy. How many are thus forced from the paths of virtue by the designing ! and yet there seems no law by which the designer may be punished. About this section of Water street, almost every house is a den of infamy ; and, though conducted in open violation of the law. there is no care taken to put a stop to it, neither will there be. while in the executive department of the city, there are those who are accessory to. and assist in the vile practices. This is only one of the scenes of the hundreds, which might be almost daily witnessed. But passing from that, look upon another picture. The night draws on and the scene is varied. Step across the city, and stop for a few moments at the corner of Leonurd and Church streets. A crewd of eolored people are there assembled for the ostensible purpose of worship. Kver and anon one of the frail daughters of Kve. with painted face and flawing skirt, will pass along, sometimes reeling under the influenoe of the excossof wine, and stop in one of those dark caverns of shame, with which the street abounds. Hero is a picture which cannot be witnessed in any other part of the city. The unwary are here drawn in and robbed of every thing valuable upon their persons. Not long since, a man bearing the holy title of revercned. was found in C hurch street, minus about $400. which he calmly submitted to, rather than have his hypocritical villany exposed. There is not much doubt, but that, as he wended his way homeward on the Hudson, he resolved in his mind that the street bearing the name of Cburoh, like himself, was not altogether so pious as it might be. About twelve o'clock at night, the Sabbath scenes were closed, by two frail fair ones of Thomas street getting into a fight, whioh resulted in botli being locked up for the night. It is impossible to give more than a faint idea of the whole doings in this great city on Snnday, but it is only necessary for those who have a thirst for a knowledge of human nature, to walk through the sec- 1 tions above named, on that day, and more may be re- i alised than could be conceived of by the mere sketches of the day. Fisr..?A Are Iroke out about 9 o'clock on Saturday night, in the house No. 74 Carmine street, occupied by Capt. William C. Ncileen. The lire originated iruiu rvuio ciuming tailing nre irom a lamp carried into a clothes press, by one of his daughters. Nearly all the clothing belonging to the family was destroyed, rhe damage otherwise was trifling. .Another fire broke out on Saturday nigbt. in the I bouse No. 66 Greenwich street, whieb was put out , sltli trifling damage. A fire broke out also on Saturday afternoon, on tbe roof of house No. 174 r.llnton ( rest, supposed to have oceurred from a defect in the | thlmney. Tbe damage was Inconsiderable. A?? ide!*t.?Mr. John Munron, of the Sixth Ward e police, was very seriously injured on Saturday night, r fty falling Into an area in Centre street. He was eximlnlng tbe premises at the time, to seo if they were ccure. 1 Dead.?Tbe child of Mr. Thates, who fell from the : fourth story window of tbe bouse, at tbe corner of Ann and William streets, on Saturday, and who was t taken up apparently unhurt, died ot tbe injuries re- ? eived, yeattrday morning, a Brooklyn Intelligence I AarrtT or Bi i.n.r.\ Officer Jerry Higgins, one of a the active police of Brooklyn, succeeded in arresting, >n Sunday morning, Joseph Bulkley, tbe man who >bot Mrs. W'lnnctt In the bead with a pistol,on h'ri- H lay last, on tbe corner of Henry and Herpont streets, 1 Brooklyn. This desperate villain, it appears, after r1 committing tbe murderous act, fled from the city to- t sards 1'eters, on the old road, and took rufuge In a I bsnty, where he wae ascertained to be secreted, on Saturday night, armed with a brace ef pistols, heavily oaded. The officer watched the promisee, and early , m Sunday made a descent on the shsaty, took the -ufllan Into custody, secured the deadly weapons, and 11 ;onveyed the prisoner before the magistrate, who com- r Bitted him to jail toawalt his trial Naval Intelligence. The Tutted States bomb brig IIecla arrived at " his port on the Ud mst , in 14 days from Laguna, " /ia Norfork, where she remained during the east- . rlv gales. The ifecla has been stationed at Alvando during the greater part of her time in the Gulf ? )f Mexico. She was also employed in blockading iff Soto La Maiina. The following is a list of t ler officersN. W. Drake, Lieut. Commanding; V. F. Monroe, Acting Master: J. H. Harrison, . Voting Surgeon ; J, Stillwell. Midshipman ; L. II. , ,yne, Passed Midshipman; H. Duffield,Clerk,and ate Acting Collector at Alvarado. The Ilccla has " lot lost an officer or man during her entire cruise. ^ THE WATERING PLACES. The Autumn Migration of the PublontUn from the Springs and the Sen Shore to tho Cttles, die. die. &c. Atlantic House, Newport, > September 1, 1818. y Hit Day after the Carnival. Newport takes the premium. Never, perhaps, in this country, since the royal pageant of the revolution, bo vividly described by Major Andre, has there been a jubilee of enlarged, comprehensive, and lantastic elegance, comparable to the grand fancy ball at the Ocean House, on Wednesday night, the 30th ultimo. It was an illustration of history, embracing all the nations of the earth, and all its successive epochs, from the days of the patriarchs to the occupation of the imperial city of the Aztecs. It was a living pictorial representation of the present and bygone ages. It was the "Midsummer Night's Dream" enlarged. It was an txpcrinimlum cructt, a decisive thing. It did seem as if the king of the magicians hail down all over the earth, evoking the living and the dead at his discretion, and summoning them through a delegated power of one night's omnipotence, had called them into this universal convention?this captivating, fascinating, instructive, impressive, and ludicrous bagatelle. The Chinese Mandarin walked arm in arm with John Hancock; Madame dc Pompadour was amused with the " soft sawder" of Sana Slick; Cinderella was quite at home with the Earl of Rochester; the brilliant impersonation of " Nourmahal, his harem's pride," forgot the music of the Orient, under the amusing calculations ol Jonathan Swap; Benedick was smitten by the bright eyes of a nun from Baltimore; Robin Roughlieau was vis-a-vis with the Maid of Athens. " Maid of Athens, ere we part, Give, oh! give mo back my heart." A member of the French National Assembly and Diana, crowned with the new moon, stood side by side. The gay.Frenchman had on his leit, Titania of the fairies. " While, on the othor hand, meek Dlan's crest, Floats through the sultry air an image of the bleat." King Charles bowed submissively to a Swiss peasant girl, and Ophelia was taken from our presence by a Jack Tar. Bright, as in the days of her short-lived glory, Marv Queen of Scots was handed through the quadrille by Douglas. "My name is Norval, On the Grampian hills my father feeds his Hocks." And beautiful as the spirit of a dream, Aurora, goddess of the morning, guided, witb her twinkling feet, in the mazes of the wreathing dance, the Alcnlr)i> nf TVhnnntPiwo. A (Hunker. in hi4 seventh day costume, was "thee" and "thou;" and the friend alike of kings, pirates, Indian chiefs, and gondoliers. The Genius of America was taken captive by Cupid, and the Goddess of Liberty was all but persuaded to fall in love " With a fine old Knglish gentleman, All of the olden time." A new deity to the meek catalogue?Faustus, the God of the Press, was there, clad in newspapers from head to foot, and crowned with the electric telegraph. Kings and peasantry, patricians and plebeians, ancients and moderns, made way at his approach. He was the hero of the night, and all, with one accord, agreed with Hamlet, who was absent on account of a bad cold, caught by exposure to the night air, that it was " A bit?a palpable hit." Mr. Bennett and ladv were satisfied to represent the fashion and the reflex of the times we live in, and the few of the citizens' costumes that were present, threw into bolder relief the complex of the antique, and the pompous and grotesque of the histrionics. Whirling backward and forward the whole time, passing ana repassing, a throng of half a thousand, blended and ever-changing in the most inextricable confusion, monarclis and sailors, goddesses, firemen, fairies and balloons, the nations and the ages of the earth, present and gone by, passed in review before us. Such was the scene in the ball room,Ion the night of Wednesday last, at Newport. Such was a bird's eye view ot the grand fancy.b&ll in Tull consummation to the strains of the Steyermarkische band. But the pageant vanished by the next morning,. "And like the baseless fabric of a vision,"* .1 i?r. l..i .1 ?,?_ IIJCIILMU tlU" ICVV1ICCIIUII Ul 11IC BCCJIf. ?V C C&II scarcely realize, after the interposition oi' a day's reflection, whether the spectacle was a "mockery of the brain," or a positive fact?whether the indescribable complexities of this worldVconvention was a real lake in the prairies of the waters ot which we tasted with five hundred visitors iromthe lour quarters of the globe, or a mirage a Fata Morgana, an optical illusion, a fiction of the imagination, the mockery of a lake from the Bun's rejections upon the burning sands. We describe it as it appeared to us. with its fund of historical suggestions, pleasing and painful, with its imagery ot the past and the present; and if the real characters, the personal traits, history, and style of conversation of the persons represented had been studied, acted,, and spoken as faithfully as given in the costumes, the drama would have been enhanced in value ana entertainment a thousand per centum. The next morning, or the day alter the carnival, presented quite a different programme. Groups ol both sexes were gathered in the parlors and halls of the hotels, discussing the strange assemblage and the ruling individualities of the night, and wondering when the J\cw York Herald, with its full-length picture of the pageant and pageantry, would come to town. The king of the magicians had waved his magic rod, and all the mysterious deputies of ihe festival had sunk into the earth ; still it strikes us that we saw a number of the late queenp, fairies, and goddesses, transformed into good looking, every-day people, indulging in the vulgar necessity of their morning coflee ; and not a few of the kings, nirates, mandarin*, indians, and Highlanders at the bar of the OceHii House, as merchants and mechanics, your every-day customers, taking together a little hock and soda water. During the day, the porters were busv in the transportation of trunks, and the costumers ingathering up the " old clo," which the deities, lordhngs, and potentates of the night had left behind, in their unanimous transmogrification. Ihe jaw of reaction is inevitable. I.;ke the oscillations of a pendulution, the extremes of excitement and prostration follow each other. From the effect of tliis inexorable law, a number of the participants in the carnival, who would otherwise nave gone homeward with the first boat, have remained a day or two, to recuperate from their exhaustion ; and, like the illustrious Dogberry, we should ask to be written down, if we li. a not written enough herein to estnbhsh the applicability of his accusation. The weather is fine?the bathing in the surf is fine ; and we have taken full advantage of these incitements to revel with the revellers in the breakers. Bonjour. The Dm tor. Pavilion, Sharon Springs, > August 31, l?i$. y Almost the last visiter has now left this charming watering place, and when I look around me ind see the long array of empty chairs at the lining tables, and nnss familiar faces, I " feel aa one who treads alone Some banquet hall deserted, ' 'Whose lights are tted. And garlands dead, And all but me departed.'' No, no?let me see?not all but ine," < ither j or there are some half dozen families who prefer emainiog to enjoy the quiet comfort ami beauty >f the place undisturbed, and free from the tramnela nf ihe -f i'-.l. .?-..Wl? itiquette ; and yet, though, with all of the observances of refined society. there has been but little ibsence during llio season of those pleasing sociabilities without which the "upper ten"' would ndeed Irceze. The bouquet of beauty, however, hat so lately decked the halls, has become broken, md its components scattered North, South, llast, nd West, leaving to the rustic maidens ot Sliaroi*r heir own high claims to the distinctions ot bellen md beauties. Well, niter all, 1 like the company if a dear country girl i there is something so home ibout it?no cross look or frown if you ao happen o be awkward enough to squeeze her hand, or ay her a real honestly meant compliment. And hen their kisses, too! if you are not married.? ly the power ot lore, but there is a honied sweetiens in the kiss of a country lass! None of your a1/1 ultrl rinintnH nHnrinnn Knf o o/irf #>f omething left on your lipn that haunts you all light?not exactly a nightmare, but a deuced good naterial for a delicious dream. Hut halt; lam etting on too cute about the fair sweethearts ot Oinron, and 1 may get the mitten when I reach, lome. So adieu, dear ones; I hope to see yon lext summer. Most of the few remaining here now stay only or the beneiit of the waters (sulphur and magnetic prings), and, of a verity, their eflicacy is astonshing. Not an invnlid who has tried them but to sav the least) has wonderfully improved. The enterprising proprietors having purchased he properly, will, next season, enlarge the buildngs; and much is it needed, as their applications or rooms this season have been more than twice a many as they could accommodate, and from he right kind of visiters, so popular are the place nd its gentlemanly managers. Surely, if liberal

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