Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 19, 1848 Page 1
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a It h NO. 5221. Our Vienna Coireepoiideme VlBKNA, Alllf 12. 18-19. S.elttr from our Charge at Vienna ? The return of the Kmperor to Vienna?Knthutiatlic Reception ly the People?Civil War in Hungary. I enclore you the within letter, which our minister here. Mr. Stiles, baa furnished iuh with. It shows the atand be liua taken in regard to the interference of the United States government in the affairs of Europe, and it agrees so well with that stated in your own columns, that 1 am cure you will be willing to publish it. letter of hon. w. h., american minister, to thf. journal of vienna. upon the interference of the united states in foreign affairs. u Mr. Editor?By your paper of this morning I am advifed of a movement now progressing ill this city, so unfounded in itself, and so derogatory to tha chariioter of the country which I huve the honor to represent, that 1 feel that I should be wanting in official duty were I to suffer It to pu^s unnoticed and unexposed. " It appears that certain individuals, calling themselves Americans, hare arrived in this city, pretending to have brought from the United States a sum of muney lor tco I uiverslty or \ ienna. and assuming to tender arm* and pecuniary assistance, on the part of 1 that country, to the people of Germany. Now. neither of the** alienations. 1 am constrained to believe, can be tustalned. If tbcy are American citizens, the passports under which they travel will show it?if they have authority from the government of the United States to tinder arms and pecuniary assistance to the Germans, nothing can be easi-r than to produce it; and that they cTen are the agents of the Germans in the city of New Vorh, is susceptible of great doubt? " First. Because, at none of the several public ; meetings in that city- in the Tark, on the ad of April, at Delinonico'e, the 11th April, or at McCullough's sales rooms, on the 15th April, is any mention made 1 of sending money to Vienna ; nor do tho names of , these individuals appear in any of the proceedings. " Second Because, on beard of the steamer Ante- j flea, in which the only one of them, who has probably ever visited the United States, returned to Kurope, nothing was known of his quality as an agent or deputy. " Third, Because he landed in Liverpool on the 22(1 of May, and never reached Vienna for nearly two months thereafter. ' Fourth. Because ho arrived in Vienna on the 28th of June, and did not unburden himself of his money until the 8th of July. ' Fifth, Because be h^s studiously avoided making himself known to the accredited representative of the United States at this court. ''But these allegation* should have passed unno- j tlced, hud they not been derogatory to the character ' of my country, and \ iolative of its cherished princi- | pies and consti nt practice The government of the j United States professes to exist on terms ef amity and friendship with the Imperial government; but eonld she have been guilty of suoh a course as that in which these individuals would involve her, it would have been a violation of the law of nations, treacherous in the extreme, and unworthy of a respectable and honorable nation. "Independent of the reciprocal duties which one established government owes to another, it has been the policy of the United States, from its origin, never to interfere with the domestic concerns of other nations. The motto by which she ever has been guided is that of non-interference ; and while she takes the liberty of establishing such institutions as she may tiiiuk prep", fhe has alwijo u,oiJ, freely accorded the name privilege to others. The citizens, too. of the United States have never been propagandists; and though not indifferent to the extension of human liberty and free government throughout the world, they nave never sought the advancement of these objects by the employment of emissaries, tho contribution of money, or the force of arms. If the free enlightened principles by which our country is governed are ever to be disseminated, It is the opinion of every true American that this should be accomplished alone hi fotev ol peaceful eiamjile. If the example of a country, wkicb, from a dependent colony, has, in aeventy-two years, beeoze one of tho lirst nations of the globe?ftom a population of three millions, has increased to upwards of twenty millions?from a few scattered settlements along the shore of the Atlantic, now embraces almost the whole continent?from a state of oppression and servitude, has come to the enjoyment of a greater degree of civil and religious liberty than exists in any other country?if these ixaceUil triumphs are not sufficient to recommend *o?r principles to the adoption of other countries, then it is certain that neither emissaries, money.-nor arms will be able to effect it, the principles themselves will not be worthy of imitation, and the United States must be content to exist solitary and alone in their exercise and enjoyment. ' Respectfully. &o.. " WILLIAM H. STILUS, " Charge d'Affaires of the U. S. of America. " Vienna. Hth .Inly, 1848." August 13. The return of the Fmperor yesterday to Vienna, Was a circumstance forming a thrilling contrast to his departure, three months since. Then. driTen away by the people, it was compared to the flight of Louis XVI. What a striking contrast did his return yesterday, through the dense mass of thousands who lined the road from Newatadt, two miles from Vienna, where he landed from the Danube, to St. Stephen's Church, in the city, whither he repaired to attend a Te Deum. in honor of the victorious entrance of tbeAustrians into .Milan, offer to that of the return of the unfortunate French monarch. The people cried " Ft rat our loved F.mperor Ferdinand and Kmprcss Maria Ann;" the women and children strewed garlands in his carriage path, and arches of flowers, inscribed with their names, linked with the words ' love of the people," j show their fickleness. They attended him in equal enthusiasm to Schoanbrunn. his summer palace, where ho now is The Kmperor looks crusty, as if he meant to make the people pay for the trouble they have made hiin; but crustier looks his brother Kr&nz Carl, and his Wife, the Archduchess Sophie, the parents of the future Emperor Charles Joseph. She in detested here, and the papers this morning purposely omitted noticing bcr arrival. In Hungary, the civil war rages: and this rivll war is pregnant with great results for the unity of I Austria. The Ban,or Viceroy ot Croatia, has declared to the Anietry of Hungnry that if Austria unites with Germany, under a regent he. with the Schiavonic fitovinces. will unite with Hungary in maintaining her ndependenco against Austria; but if Austria preserves her government pure aDd separate, he will defend the Emperor with the last drop of his blood. Our Berlin Correspondence. Beri.iv, Aug. 14,1S48. Instances of German Political Indecision?Jlffairs of Prussia and Denmark?The .Austrian .Irmy in Italy? German Feeling against Prussia?The Xew Ministry. Of all people the Germans arethe most difficult in deciding upon any inntter, and when they have arrived at a decision, it does tbem no good, because they always believe they ought to have done otherwise, and consequently become distrustful of the whole case. It is for this reason, principally, that the German-" are such bad politicians. Instances to iilustrato this can be given from the history of our times. When the revolution had broken down the system of the old governments, the representatives of tho German nation, alerted hv the neonle. assembled at. Frankfort to settle a form of government and a constitution for the whole of Germany. The main end and object ot this wni to establish a unity of th? whole Gorman people. The public opinion in Germany was then divided on the question, whether all the kings and princes should resign, and the republic be established, or whether an mperor should be elected from the number of the /ornu r and the others abdicate in his favor ? One of these two courses in fact could only he followed for the purpose of obtaining the unity of Germany. A determined resolution from the part of the representntlvi a of the nation and the ptWipie. to follow either course, would at that time have decided the matter at once, and the unity of Germany would have been I established. A want of tlrmness. however, and a d?gr< e of scrupulousness with regard to minor considerations. when the moment of action had arrived, which, perhaps, at such an important epoch, were unparalleled in the history of any nation, have vow occasioned a state of things which gives dissatisfaction to nil parties, and by which constantly the nnfety and quiet of all the States of Germany are endangered Another instance can be given from the more recent events, exhibiting a contusion of ideas and a want of decision in tsking the right view and position with regard to political matters, which is characteristic of the Germans. The reaction which has taken place in favor of upholding the Independence of rrueeia. as a State, and the deinonptrations which have lately and during the past week l>ccn made liy the opposite party against it. will afford the proof of what has been said. Among the oonr.esDions made to the Prussian people from the part of the govornmoni since mo revolution, hip principal were , that the liberty from the oppression of the officers of State In Prusf-la was granted, anil that all the privilege* by which the Prussian military held a position apart ftom the people, and which were so offensive to the latter, have been abolished. Thus the principles of the old State Of Prussia, which had been founded on military institutions, and liad been maintained by the authority of the officer* ?f state, were abandoned and the Prussian State newly modelled, ba? no distinction left from any other Herman State. The dispute, then, which has lately been ?anied on about a special Prussian and a special Herman nationality. Is very absurd, If it is considered, moreover, that the Prussian people are as nearly related with other Herman people as tney are among themselves. The i|Uestton Is only Important with regard to the opinion, whether Prussia Is to unite with Hermany as one State, or to occupy a separate position This has, however, been decided by the great majority of the Prussian people ; but it is remarkable hew, since, the public opinion has ngain turned, and the party which has espoused the Herman cause is daily tnsTtasirg The demonstrations which were made In this city, la the past week, were meant to show that a patriotism for the Herman fatherland still exists. A gr?at procession, with display of the German aolora and flags was held, and a great parade of the Dorlin burgher gnard took place, for the purpose of doing hofmege to the Regent of Hermany. In thy sitting of the 8th Inst., of the Prussian N? E N E MOKP tional Assembly here, a motion by a member wan made and carried, whioh excited great intercut It wan, that tbe oftlcern of the Prussian army should be directed to pledge their word of honor, that they will ask for their dismission if they are dis atislied with the new order of things. The minister of war ba?. however, not yet given tbe order to tbe officer* and it iB stated, on good authority, that be doe* not intend to give it, but will bring the unhjecf again before the National Assembly. If be cannot succeed then to < ffoct a withdrawal of the order, it is r< ported he will give in his resignation. Mr. V. Dolour hna returned from Frankfort, and bis mission to negotiate an armistice between Prussiaand Denmark, has been successful, inasmuch that there ig now great probability that tlie Danish war will be soon ended, us all the German States are desirous for peace. As the conditionR of the armistice, which is to be concluded, it is etatid. that 4 OtiO men. German troops, will keep in possession the duchy of Schleswig-Holstein, and that a force of U WO Danes will occupy a position at A hen The question now is. if the intervention of France and F.ngland will succeed in settling the conditions of a peace between Austria and tbe Italian people, by which the Lcmbaidy will be given free. Only then a psare can be secured, and the danger of an alliance cf Franca with Italy avoided. A private intelligence received to day from Vienna, etatee. from what we consider the best authority, that the Austrian government has been asked by the government of France, in the most decided manner, what will be the course Austria will now follow with respect to Italy ? A messenger ha>. it is further stated been sent to Paris to inform the French government of the following terma of peace, agreed upon by Austria: ?Firstly, all the people of Italy, formerly subjects of Austria, will he given free,except those who desire to remain Austrian subjects. Secondly, the people of Italy take upon themselves a part of the state debt of Austria. Thirdly, a comm roial treaty to be concluded between Austria and Italy Several important questions will now shortly be brought before the Austrian Parliament. On the Uth instant, all the German troops, except the Prussians, did honor to the regent of the empire; and great dissatisfaction exists throughout Germany 4 V... 1 u 4 4 ? ? V.? *.4 .41-..4... I 41... .11 ? -r the German Minister of War The feeling against Prussia, in Germany, is growing stronger as the former, by degrees, takes a more separate position from the other German States. The ministry for Germany is new complete. As prime minister. Prince Luiningen Las leen appointed; for commerce. Duckwitz; for the finances. Beckeratb; for foreign alTairs, Heckscher; for the interior, Schmerling; for justice. Mohl. Only one appointment tor German embassies has been made yet. It is thatof Mr Anerewald. as minister to Russia. The discussions in the German National Assembly haTe lately been very agitated, and have led to the most violent scenes between the different parties of the Assembly in consequence of which feveral duels betw< en members have taken piare The excitement was causidou the question of granting a general pardon to all who had taken part in the attempt to establish the republic in Germany, and who were committed for political crime. One of the members spoke, as it was thought, in a disrespectful manner of the Prince of Prussia, against which the Prussian representatives remonstrated, and a storm was raised in the Assembly which, as it is stated had nearly blown down the church of St Paul, in which the members hold their deliberations. An Amerlean at the Coronation Festivities, at t>outhainptoii, Knglniul. [From the Hampshire (Kng.) Advertiser.] In no part of '.he country could it have been possible to celebrate the anniversary of Her Majesty's coronation with more zeal, liberality, and enjoyment than in Southampton The town bad resolved on making holldny. and most heartily was the resolution carried out. The terrific scenes enacted in another country, and the malignant, though impotent, attempts to foment disorders at hom? p'ade the of Southampton eagerly seize such an opportunity as that presented by the anniversary of Her Majesty's coronation of testifying their loyalty to Queen Victoria. and attachment to the throne and institutions of the country. All business was suspended?every shop was closed, and though The sky * us overcast. The ni oni i r g lew ereil, Anil heavily in clouds brought on the ilsy? the bells poured forth their melody, and thousands of people were to be seen at an early hour hastening to leave upon steam-boat excursions in the channel of the Solent, and railway trips to Winchester, Salisbury, Portsmouth, &c. In Southampton the ancient order of Foresters had a grand celebration, at the beautiful grounds of the Antelope, whence tfiey walked in procession Ihrniirh tho tirinninnl atrvt-fa r?f tVi? fnwti vttli Hairc banners, and music, the offlcera mounted, and attired in forest costume, and the whole of the members having insignia of their craft, and on the return of the pr-refsion to the grounds, they partook of a capital dinner. ?????#? We have spoken, in the above notioe of the celebration. of the nandsome appearance of the Foresters in full costume, and it may not be uninteresting to mary.of those who observed them, to give the authority for their dress, which we extract from ''Todd's Illustrations of (lower and Chaucer:"'? Tlie poet I as been sufficiently minute in the description of the vet man's habiliments. "I concluded." says he. "that ho was a forester, from hi* dress;' which was a coat and hood of green coloured cloth, Undat his belt appeared a shaft of peacock airt w?, that is, arrows plumed with |>eacocks' feathers, according to the practice both of a jircccding and later ago. For Mr. Wartcn has shown that, among tho stores at Farnham Castle belonging to tVyar.tiete, ltiahnp of Winchester, in 1471, wore Arcut cum rhorait, and Sumltir melon o", the latter of which is the title to the enumeration, " decxliv.satitfrs, magnis 6<ibtifis cum prion tint: and thst, in a computus of Qervays, bishop ot Winchester, in 18f6, are reckoned antong his stores at Taunton castle cavda pavonvm. which he supposes are used for feathering arrow s; arrow s with feathers of the peacock, ho adds, occur in Ljdgatc'a Chronicle of Troy. b. iii. cap. 22. edit. 1">S5: "In his hand he bare a mighty l ow." There is a patent. Mr. Tyrwhitt oleervee, in Kynter, H. 2. de urlt nioiriltc/idi per Valtttot Regis extrcenda: the Yc< man, and all other servants ot the royal household, of whatever state or office, under the degree ot Yeoman, are ordered to rsriy how s and arrow s with them, whenever they ride, be., in the King's train. On hi." arm was a gay bracer, the armour coma only used hy archers, and in the present instance prtd nbly ornamented. To his sword buckler on the ono side, and Itis dagger on the other, are added a silver Christopher on his breast, snd a bamlrick or sash of green, to which n horn was suspended. Sir Tywhitt cannot see the meaning of the silver ornament railed the " Criltofre," esp ecially as by the Stat. 87. E. 3.. Yeomen are forbidden to wear any <moments of gold sir silver bo otherexplanation is afforded by Mr. Wsrton than that St. i hristoplier was a saint who presided over the weather, and was the patron of held sports. Mr. Stratt supposed the ornament to have been ft clasp or huekle of silver, having the stvmrn of St. CMltsnr. with onr massed S-.vtnna nsian his shoulders, painted or engraved upon it, a subject exceedingly popular at the timo the first s|ieciinons if engravirg* wore pro. duccd, and probably not less su in the ilaya of Chancer. According to lliia iupf oiition, the inefficacy of the sumituary law above tnentior cd is certainly very glaring. The Mayor and a considerable number of the Corporation, magistrates of the town. Stc., dined together at the Audit House, the tickets being one guinea each. The council chamber was tastefully fitted up with flowers, evergreens, flags, and streamers Targett's quadrille hand played in the magistrates' room, and the following gentlemen sat down to dinner:?The Mayor in the chair; on his right, Ii. M. Willcox, Esq., M. F., J.M. Croskey. American Consul. O. Atherly, Esq.. and Captain Olynn; on his left, A. K. Cockburn, Esq , M. T , the liev T L. Shapcott, E II. Hulton, J. Bernard, U Saintsbury, and Dr. W. Builar. The Mavor next proposed the health of a gentleman on his right. J It. Creakey, Esq . Consul of the I'nited States, in connection with the Ocean Steam Navigation Company. That gentleman had been the means of bringing to this port a portion of the trade of America. and of making them more intimately acquainted with their transatlantic brethren. (Great applause.) Mr. Croskf.v, on rising, was received with great and repeated cheering, and begged to return his most sincere thanks for the high compliment they had paid to his country, to himself, and to the interesta he represented. In these days of progress it was no small complement to hare oneself associated in a toast with the giant power of steam?the mighty civllixer of the world?whether as applied to the weaving of fabrics fi r the comfort of mankind, or to the interweaving of the weh rf amity between nrtions? (cheers); but when their courtesy had chosen to wish success to the Ocean Steam Navigation Company?a company still In ,t. IK- -u? ?> powerful companies that hare exercised so Important an influence over the destinies of the port or Southampton he felt the compliment to be ao mnch enhanced that ho could And no worda adequate to expressible appreciation of their kindness It would be a work of supererogation to wlah success to the already successful c< mpanir* be had alluded to. They stood before the world among the greatest achievement! of the preaent age. and his moat sanguine wlahea would be realized were the Ocean Steam Navigation Company to attain an equal degree of perfection and prosperity Their company had many difficulties to encounter? difficulties always attendant upon anew enterprise ; hut he was happy to announce that these difficulties if net altogether overcome, are fast disappearing The kind wishes of their friends, as on the present ?cession, would cheer them In the prosecution of their enterprise to a successful Issue. lie would request permission to make a few rsmarka with reference to the object for which they had met that evening?the celebration of the coronation of the (^ueen; and let him assure them, that although amAmerican, nnd of consequence a republican, he could nevertheless appreciate and applaud the feeling which so unanimously pervaded that meeting-the feeling of loyalty to tlielr sevei elgn (fit pealed cheering.) In the United Statee. they bold that man to be the best citizen who Is most zealous In his obedience to the laws. Of the many thousand Kuropeans who annually take up their residence amongst them, they always find those to become the most worthy citizens who have been good and loyal_ suhjects under their own form of government From their earliest Infancy they had been taught to consider the feeling of loyalty to be essential to the character of a true American, as it Is held In this country to be essential to the character of a true V neliatin mi. (Cheera.) With Americana loyalty waa more of an abatractlon?It waa confined to an Implicit obedtenre to the will of the majority. With Kngli'hmen there waa a charm, a poetical halo, thrown around the feeling, hy Ita being Identified with aaenao of attaehment to the peraon of their aoverelgn. And thrlee happy were they for he'ng bleaaed with one, who unitea In her perron all the virtue* of divine weman, with the attributea of a Queen. (Repeated cheering ) They would believe him when he aald that he waa proud of being an Anieriean. America wae the land of liia birth, where flrat bla " carelea* childhood atrryad a atranger vet to pain;'' where flrat be learned to li?p the Kngltan langunge the language of hla country and of tbvlre. He loved her inetltutlone , be a W Y C tING EDITION?TUES felt pii HMirfl in contemplating the happiness of li?r people, and to road In her future deetiny the ina-vellous working* of the hand of Providence. Hut were he an Knglishman, be ebould equally well lore hi* country; he thould glory in her paft history, anil point exultingly to the mighty influence sha exercise*, happily for the good of mankind, amongst the nations of the earth ; and be would feel it hi* flint duty to uphold her glorious constitution, and thereby to prove himrelf a loyal subject to his Queen (Repeated cheering followed this admirable address ) Several other toasts followed, and the company bloke tip. highly delighted with the entertainment. The X itf(ilali 'Watering Places. [Frt m the London Post ] At Cardigan, on Friday, August 4ih, the following cause closed the assize! It was brought to recover damages against the llev. Percy Byrahe Harries, Rector of Corby, near Rockingham, and holding a similar living in the parish of I)ean<* in Northamptonshire, for a breach of promise" of inairiage. Damages were laid at ? 1,0(10 The Learned Serjeant, in stating the case, said the jilaintill was Mies Mary Saunders, daughter of the late Rev. John Saunders, a clergyman of the Church of England, of the highest respectability, formerly residing at Bettws Lodge, in ine county of Monmouth, and vicar of the parishes of Llantrissent and Llanhowell. He was no more; and his daughter was an unprotected I lady, since she had lost her parents and never had I any brothers or sisters. As they had heard, the defendant was a clergyman of the Church offing land, and he regretted that circumstances would compel him, in ihe exercise of his duty, to urge it in aggravation of the flagrancy of n is conduct. The Rev. defendant had for the last eight or ten yeurshad beenan inhabitant of Aberystwith,wither he repaired to recruit his shattered health. The plaintiff,being in delicate health,was directed by her medical adviser to repair to that fashionable resort, in the hone that she might derive strength from its salubrious air. She induced a young lady of the name of Jones to accompany her, and also a young lady named Smith. The latter left in the course of a month, but Miss Saunders extended her slay at Aberystwith. In October last she attracted the attention of the 11 ev. defendant, who frequently met her in the course of her walks. He, then, influenced by an attraction which he could not resist, having been impelled by that inexplicable problem?love at first sight, resolved to' visit her. lie accordingly sent her the following epistle :? "Madam?If pardon can bo conceded for intrusion may I venture to ask it of you ? There la a general principle among strangers at watering places of intioducirig and being introduced to each other. I shall plead this privilege in my behalf, and add to it the impossibility rf becoming introduced to you by participation in the public amusements, and that 1 havo no knowledge of a fit person to act aB a friend in the case. Having ('remised thus far. I beg to place in your band a carle blanche of introduction, and await your pleasure in moking use of it, and I trust that this mode of giving power to the lady cannot offend against delicacy, although it may appear at first sight to encroach rather too much upon the bounds of etiquette. " I beg to remain, Madam, your devoted servant, " P. B. HAItRlES "Alfred place, Aberystwith, Oct. 23,184*7." The learned serieant then remarked that this a Cf Wia8 tIellverc" on tlie Saturday, and the plain ?v uuuuc wi ii. ii nit- luuowing lues- | day the K?v. ueienuant presented himself at the your" lady's iodgings, and was admitted to an interview with her in the presence of Miss Jones. An intimacy then commenced between the parties, and he paid her daily visits ; and a few days afterwards he sent her the following letter, in which he tendered her his hand and fortune : "My dear Mies Saunders?In personal attractions, in rase and elefranc* and accomplishments? in kindness and cheerful temper, you have not an equal; and if there be any other social qualities requisite to constitute domestic happiness, 1 believe that you possess them in nn eminent degree. Let me now, in my own straightforward .way. place my situation before you, that you may at once see what prospect you may have of continuing that happiness you so well deserve. It has ever been my wish to keep a good establishment rather than an empty show. Comfort before elegance, and utility ralher than fashion. My income is church propei ty. and therefore departs with my life. Excuse me if I look on the da"Vk side of the future. I assure you that such anticipation is calculated rather to make the bright look brighter, and with God's blpssing there may be golden daya and much real unmingled bliss in a rich comp?tenry. It in Clod's providence he should call me hence, I should wish to leave you in no worse circumstances than I find you at present. I have noWdone with preaching, and Paul and Barnabas shall succtimb to Lady Mystery and the charities of domestic life : The produce of two livings, ?708 Curates, taxes, repairs, and general expenditure,. 334 Leaving an annual income for me,...?374 I have placed this so. that you may find it better than what now appears in figures. If it he worth your acceptance unencumbered, I say, with mother church, 'With all my worldly goods I thee endow.' (Laughter.) " I am, yours devotedly, "PERCY BYSSHE HARRIES. " Alfred-place, Oct. 27. 1847." He (Mr. Serjeant Jones) would here remark that during his frequent visits the plaintiff abstained from giving bun any encouragement as a suitor, and he read another warm epistle, written by the defendant to her, which tended to prove what he hud stated. Without wearying thejury. however, lie (the learned eerjeant) would briefly mention that the defendant, by his assiduity and incessant application, succeeded in persuading the plaintiff to nn enuneement. He tHen increased his attentions. Wnen it was fine thev walked out together. and when it was wet they played chess or read in company. The defendant occasionally indulged in poetry to induce the plaintitfto yield to nis solicitation. The following was a specimen : " Mary, plight thy love to me, 1 will pledge my faith to thee ; Good or ill. whatever betide. Let us never more divide." On another occasion, he sent her a long effusion, commencing? " Tell me, Mary, how to woo thee, Kind and gentle as thou art; How declare my lovo unto thee, Iiow bare the secret of my heart"' The learnc^-counsel proceeded. Tune waxed on, and the defendant becnme exceedingly anxious that the marriage should be celebrated forthwith ; but Misb Saunders, with great propriety, would not suffer it to take nlace until twelve months had elapsed from the death of his first wife. At length the wedding-day was fixed forthefith of April, and matters progressed hnrmonieusly till the 2<ith of February, when the tender swain became metamorphosed into a wretched brute. lie first evinced it by charging the plaintill with being head over heels in debt?with being drunken, old, and ugly, on the faith of anonymous letters. He then showed his tiue character, und snatched from her some presents he had given her?a gold watch and chain, and other things?and made his escape. He returned in the course of halt an hour, conducted himself very viol;ntly, and intimated his determination not to marry her. He (Serjeant Jones) considered there could not be a more cruel case, and he trusted that the jury would give a iust amount of damages for so unmanly a breach of promise. Miss Kt.iza Jones, and Beveral other witnesses wpre called, who proved the learned Serjeant's statement. Mr. Kvanb, Q. C., addressed the jury for the defendant. He said there was no doiiht the defendant had made an eneairoment nml bad broken it. and lie must take the consequence ; but the jury would put out of the question all injury to the affections, by reason of the plaintiff's loss of an old man who had .St. Vitus'a dance. (Laughter.) The learned judge then summed up, and the jury found for the plaintiff?damages, JtlOO. Yancouvis's Island and thk Hi'dion'i Bat ComrANt.?In the House of Lords, on tba 20th ult., Lord Monteagle, In moving for paper* relative to the cession of Vancouver's Island to the Hudson's Bay Company. took the opportunity to urge the Impolicy of that transaction. Karl Orey defended the grant, on the ground that it was the matt effectual mode of preventing ' squatting" from America, which in a short time, would place the practical pctteition of the island in the hands of the United States. He asserted that the Hudson's Bay Company were better prepared to colonise the island than other parties, and that the most ample security had been taken for the proper government of the colony, and Its resumption by the crown at the end of eleven years, on equitable terms, if deemed necessary Hetnllatorjr Postage. Mr Koitos Can you Inform a constant reader of your valuable journal, whether and when we may expect an alteration in the rate of postage between this cointry and (treat Britain, which the late retaliatory law ha> so materially Increased I I am no advocate for "John Bull" having all his own way in a matter which so materially aflerts the Interests of both oountries : hut how much soever we may condemn the griping and avaricious policy of the British government, is it desirable that our post office authorities, in their wisdem (?) should, byway of "returning the compliment." enact a measure whloh operates in fully as great, if not In a greater degree, against the interest* of our merchants, as against those of the "old oountry' " ' MKRCATOR." New Vork. 16th Sept 1P48. Richard H Blout of Kingston. N C . was waylaid on the Dth Inst . near Newbern. and rohbed of $4.WO He was attacked by four men who beat him unmercifully, and Isft him senseless, after taking his money from i him. i I H K 1 IDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 1 lie T(lrnrnpli Suit. MOUSE, KT AL., tIt. O RE1JAY, KT AT?. Aiotract or the Opinion or Junoc Miivroi, or the U. 8. Diwbii t Covet or Kentcokv. \f.1 ... /VIr..;li I ../l . \f.I. .~ /or on Injunction to F.njoin the Defendanti from an Infringement of Mnrie't Patent for the " Jl marie an Electro-Magnetic Telegraph The motion wa? made upon the bill of Morse, be., exhibit* d accompanied by copied of hid patents. original end re-issued and sundry affidavits. an well to dhow the period ol the invention as the infringement of hid patent right by the defendant**. Notice being given of the motion, the defendant. O'Reilly, appeared, by hid counrel, Hon. Henry I'i'tle, Wm Y. Gholaon, Esq., of (. incinnati, and Mr. C. Johndon. Eaq . Attorney General of Kentucky, and produced hi* anawer to the bill of complainants. accompanied by an additional affidavit, incorporating sundry documente. extractafrom scientific periodicala, newapapers. affiilavita, all which were r<ad and considered, without objection aa their com- j petency. The motion waa made on the 24th Auguat. and a deciaion thereon given on theDth Sept. The complainants were represented by IV S. Loughborough, Eiq., District Attorney, Hon. A. K. Woolley, and Hon. lien. MODree I he reading of the pleadings, and'exhlbifs. ami affidavits, fkc., occupied seven days, and the dirnoMOD eight days 'J be utmost range of objection was taken by the defendants' counsel. It waa conceded that Morae wua not the in venter of the telegraph; that Professor Steinhell. of Munich, in (ieruiany. had. prior to Moraa'a application for a patent, invented, and put in operation, an electric telegraph; that the combined circuits which appear in Morse'a first patent were not invented by him: that Ldward Davy, of London, had obtained a patent in England for an eloctric telegraph, operating by ocmbined circuits; and that Morae had obtained the idea from Davy, and on his return from Europe, in 1839, had interpolated, the principle of the combined circuit, in his specifications, made under his application, filed in the patent office in 1838, before he went to Kurope, and upon vhlch altered specification h<s first patent, was issued in June. 1840. Various objections were taken to the validity of Morse's first patent and to the re-Issues thereof in 1846 and 1848, as well as to bis patent for an improvement upon hia original invention, issued in April, 1846, and the re-issues theriofin June, 1848. Among the objections urged to the main patent wore: ? 1st. The alleged alteration of the specification, -d The effect of Morse's having obtained a patent in France, for tba name invention, in August, 1838. 3d. That 111* specifications claimed a monopoly of tbe use of tbe galvanie current for reeording at a distance by machinery, other than that specified In bia patent. 4tli. 1 hat Morse claimed, aa part of bia patented rights. a system of signs for au alphabet, net properly tlie subject matter ot a patent. In regard to the patents for the improvements, it was. among other things, objected, 1st That they covered a part of tbe subjects included In the first pati uts, being, in that vltw. an attempt to extend the pi rod of tbe monopoly. 2d. That the new patents did not siifllclently distinguish what was the improvement frtm what was embraced in tbe main patent. 3d. Tbat no patent could issue to a patentee for an improvement upon his own Invention. 4th. That some part of the improvement bad bees In public use prior to the application for a patent, with the consent of the patentee. Ma^y other objections were urged by tbe defendant*' counsel. In wfav i- it. . ... - - ._ . uce 10 me imringement, it was contenilPd "* >ne defendants, that the Columbian telegraph used by them, said to have been the invention of Barnes & Zook, was a distinct independent invention, and its ufp no violation of Morse's patented rights On the part of the complainants, it was insisted that the evidence showed that Morse invented the telegraph as early as 1832, and perfected and exhibited it in January. 183C ; that he invented and put in operation, early in 1837, the combined circuit ; that Steinbell'a telegraph invention was not published until September, 18118, and. tbat there was no evidence that it was invented prior to that of Morse, and whenever invented, it is not the telegraph whioh was patented to Mono ; that, as to the combined circuit, embraced in the patent of Davy, under which his specifications were enrolled on the 4th of January, 1831*, they were embraced in Morse's patent from the French government. granted in August, 1838, from which Davy might have obtained the idea. As to the validity of the patents it was insisted that none of the otyections taken by the defendants were | available. And as to the infringement, it was contended by complainants that the machine used by defendants was a violation both of the principle and process embraced in Morse's^atant. Tbe apparatus of Morre, and that claimed as the invention of Barnes & Zook, oalled the Columbian Tclegr?pb,were exhibited before tbe Judge, and folly examined, and tbe affidavits of scientific men read. Explanations were made by Mr. Barnes and Professor Morse. The Judge occupied several hours in delivering his opinion, in which he stated tbe different points made by counrel as well on behalf of the claim to an injunction as the ctyeclions of tbe defendant's counsel. Astotne invention, he decided tbat tbe evidence was satisfactory to his mind that Morse was the true and original inventor of the telegraph?that the only evidence in regard to Steinhell's invention, (without considering whether it was tbe same as Morse's or not,) was a publication upon bis authority in September,1838, in which be stated tbat be had built his line of telegraph from Munich to Bourgenbausen, a distance of six miles, which bud been in operation without repairs for more than one year. In regard to the principle of theoombined circuit, he was also satisfied that it was invented by him early in 1837. Davy's specifications of his invention not being enrolled earlier than January, 1839, after the Issue of Morse's French patent, in which the principle was dis closed. As to the alleged alteration in the specification Id Morse's first patent, though alleged by defendant in his answer, the evidence failed to establish It: and any question as to the effect of such alteration dia not therefore arise, and, if proved, he was not prepared to say that it would vitiate the patent. As to the supposed effect of the patent issued in France upon the patents subsequently issued in this country, none could be perceived, unless the position contended for by defendants'counsel, that the application for the patent in this country was altered, and that it should take the date of the alleged alterations, or. of the request of Morse to issue the patent on his return ftom Kurope, could be sustained But if these positions could be sustained, the question would then arise, what would be the effect upon tho patent issued for fourteen years, and whether its effect would not be only to limit tho operation of the patent to the period of fourteen years from the date of the French patent. As to the general claim in the main patent of Morse, he did not consider the objections of tho defendants well grounded ; and, even if it were too broad, it did not srem to him that tho effect upen the validity of the patent would be such as the counsel for defendants contended. Other objections taken *by defendants' counsel to the valldiiy of tho patents wero noticed, and each overruled L'pon Ihe question of infringement, tho judge expressed himself as fully satisfied that the Instruments exhibited by the defendants, in its struoture and mode of operation, violated the principle of Morse's patent, and the process and means described by Morse in bis spicificatlons; and, if the general claim of I Morse was invalid, still he was of opinion that infringement was made out. As to the alleged prior use of some things in Morse's second series of patents, he did not find in the evl donee anything to warrant the conclusion that it had been of such character as to effect the validity of the I patents. As to the propriety of granting the injunction, it 1 set mod to him upon the whole case that the complainants had shown such ground as required ; that it ! should be awarded, first, because they had shown a possession acquiesced irvfor a long time by the public at Isrge and for some time recognized and acquiesced in by the defendant, O'Reilly himself; and. that it would be as unjust to refuse an Injunction on a case clearly showing a right, as it would be to grant it in a case where no right was shown. The judge said that in some cases he had given to the defendants leave to continue the use of the machine, which was alleged to be used in violation of a patented | rirbt of complainant, upon giving bond and security to account for the profit of the use ; but that in this cause he did not deem it Droper to do so, and that an abso. lute Injunction would be awarded upon complainants' giving bond and security in the penalty of $6,000, with j condition to indemnify defendants against any injury that might accrue to them in case complainant should fail to have the iniunntinn rnriu>tn>t>il Ininnetlnn absolute awarded Common Council. Board or Assistant Aldermen.?Wilson Small, fciq.. in the chair. The minutes of the previous proceedings were read and approved. A report was then read by the President of the Finance Committee of the Board of Alderman, on the communication from the Comptroller, relative to the additional appropriations for the remainder of the present year, in which the Alms House asks for $100,000. I n this report the committee agreed to give them $26,000, as they were, it seems, in immediate want, and almost without bread The motion was to conour with the st her Board. At this motion, Assistant Alderman Hibbard.of the second, rose and opposed the concurrence in a long speech, at the conclusion of which, It appears his associates were about as much enlightened as they were before, but nearly two hours were spent in jumping up and down, under the Ave minute rule ; when a motion was made to pass the previous question, the other members becoming completely out of patience at the unnecessary delay, this motion was carried and the report concurred in, and in order to prevent any further delay in business, nnd long speeches from the Assistant Alderman of the second. Alderman .Sohutix niovsd to adjourn, which was readily seconded, and the Hi sid was at once adjourned? breaking up in a muss? having be en in eeeeion over two hours, and only passed one report. Borne of the Aldermen, we understand, were so savage at the adjournment, that they Immediately made irseks tor the tea-room, where tbey could be seen devouring the good things provided therein, whioh generally acts as a soother to the vexed feelings of the aorthy mi inhere. Thus the Board stood adjourned until .Monday evening next, at 6 o'clock, without doing any business, exoept meeting to adjourn and take supper ... Asvaisa in ( anada.- It Is said that the Hon. William HsintMoii Mirntt, has received the appointment President o! the Council in Canada. JERi I, 1848. City Intelligence Caution to Hookkkicpkb*.?W? would kindly a> vino you to bo Tory careful and particular before y.i place your steak In the pan, or your joint in the po brat to wash the meat very carefully We are cot vinced. from what we have seen. no meat sold an bought iu New Vork. in fit to be eaten uule**. previnu to the rooking. It bae first been carefully and thorougl ly waehed The reaeon of thi*, which we are now goin to explain, is singular enough, and though uotorlousl the fact, yet it i* hardly credible The necessity, how ever, of this our enution proceeda, we are aorry to aay from the great and lamentable acareity of pocket handkerchief in New Vork city, and the great preval enra of catarrhal alTectiona among our population A we were walking through one-of our principal atreeta, i few day* ago, we noticed, on the other aide of the way a mat. cleanly-looking, and well aupplled butcher' ( hop We haited a moment to^contemplute the rid display On the block wan laid au itumenae hind ijuar ter of fine fat beef, and around it atood a number n customers waiting for a portion each. The portly butcher himself atood there, knife in hand, and full o action, with u clean apron tied before him lie wa busily engaged cutting off steaks. anon throwing then into the scales, and then taking them down and care fully depositing them iu the baskets of the pretty maiden* who were waiting for their daily supply. Our ad mitalion of the scene was. however, suddenly convertet into horror uud disgust at what we saw The butoher while performing the operations above described, and while the rtoh meat was yet hanging in luscious dis ploy from the scales, suddenly turned his head on on< side, right facing us. and, Aoi etro rrferen$ .'?it all tool plnce in the twinkling of an eye?applied his two tin gers to the nasal organ What followed maybe iuia gined, for it cannot bo uttered. The effects upon hii fingers may be conceived, not expressed, (living hii now impure digits a hasty rub upon his white am. sanguine colored apron, the man of steel immediately seized upon the beef-steak, as he cut it olf. and witt hands thus impure from the thunder storm of hit frontal proboscis, ho coolly deposited the now well lubricated meat into the basket waiting for it I The instant wei got home, after this horrid sight, we implored the head manager of our culinary department, never, henceforward, to cook any more meat for us. without first having washed it throroughly from all such mucilaginous lufections. We believe there is s great destitu ion of pocket handkerchiefs among oui otherwise prosperous population, and that this dosti tution is very prevalent among all those classes wh< are engaged In handling our food and victuals befort they make their final appearance upon our tables The fuult, no doubt, lies entirely with the impo/.ters it Fearl street, and other parts of our city, who have lefl us in this lamentable state ot destitution, reduced t< the necessity of using our own flesh and blood as sub stitutes for pocket handkerchiefs. Shame upon tbeu for their great neglect. If they do not take pity upon our destitute condition, and provide a sufficient supply, we think it would be undoubtedly advisable t< get up a benevolent institution, to supply the dosti tute with pocket handkerchief*. It is a vulgar pro. veibwhicli says ''cleanliness is next to godliness," and from hence it would follow, as a legitimate corollary that such nn institution would be next In utiliry tc the Bible Sooiety. For our own part, we are inclined to think it would be far more useful, provided zealous colporteurs were engnged in the distribution. We Sropose to open books of subscription, shortly, and te uifd soon, with the money, a large fine edifice, for the riurposcs of the soclst v. Tin: Yxi.i.ow Fkvkr.?The great excitement about the yellow ft ver, at Staten Island, has subsided, and t ho hiialth 4?nm?iii ftuu kovn no Mm/I tn wuvvnwt unnn tV n t subject If somethii g else should not be got up Boon, there will probably be a dearth of news from that quarter, and the committee will not stop at the City Hall, about dinner time, go regularly gWhat a pleasant time they have had of it. t|uery-Do they get any other pay than the dinners for their services ? Accident.? A horse attached to one of the Fulton ferry line of stages, stumbled and fell yesterday after. noon,trom the effects of which ho died in live minutes after There were several persons in the stage at the time, but none were hurt. Suicide nv Starvation.? The coroner held an Inquest yesterday, in'the city prison, on the body o' John Slaigbt., the unfortunate ami wretched man who caused the death of bis wife, by shooting her with a pistol, eleTen days ago, since which time he refused all food or nourishment, and died on Sunday afternoon from exhaustion, lie was a native ofStaten Island and 45 years of age. The jury rendered a verdic. that the deceased. John Slaight, came to his deatt by debility and exhaustion, arising from voluntar; starvation. The body was removed from the prUoi in a coffin, by his relations for interment. Fires.?A Are broke out, about nine o'clock 01 Sunday night, in the store. No. 12 Coenties siip provision store, which was destroyed, together with tb< larger part of the stock. There ware in the building, a' the time about fifty barrels of tish, one hundred boxes o tobacco, a quantity of hams, teas, oranges, and severa hundred bushels of nuts, beans, and peas; all of whlot were almost entirely destroyed. The books were alsc destroyed. The loss is supposed to be about (36,000 upon wbioh there was insurance of (30,000, in the A1 bany Insurance Co., and two Philadelphia offices Thi building belongs to Mr. Samuel Coddington, and wa insured in the office of the Greenwich Insurance Co. for (4.000, which will probably cover the damage It i supposed to be the work of an incendiary, from the fac that there was no lire in the building during the day A fire broke out, about eleven o'olock, on Snnda occupied by Mr. Timothy H. Main, as a grocery an night, in the (tape of Mr. James Irviu, at the corner c Waverly Place wnd Sixth Avenue, which was put ou with trilling damage. Police Intelligence. Charge of Grand I.arceny.?Officer Coyle. of the firs ward, arrested, yesterday, a man by the name of Ni thaniel Wier. on a charge of stealing from the shi Northumberland, lying at the foot of Pine street, Kac river, a (50 bank bill, two half sovereigns, a dirk knil and a brass key?valued in all at (55?the property < Win. SmithJOn the officer's searching the house occt pied by the accused, he found the dirk knifo and brai key. together with (30 in gold, supposed to be a portio of the stolen money. The evidence being rather cot elusive against the accused, Justice Timpson locke him up for trial. Jlrretl of a hurgfer.?Officers Costlgan and Dufloi of the tenth ward, arrested, yesterday, a man by tb name of Augustus Nichols, on a charge of burglarious! entering the store occupied by Mr. J. H. Croney, Nc 7 -0 Broadway, and stealing therefrom a lot of read made cloting. valued at over (100. A portion of th property was recovered. Justioe Osborne coinmittei the accused for trial. Law Intelligence. Court oe- Ovf.k and Terminer, September 18.? Be fore Justice F.dmonds, Aldermen Hattield and Steven.?Thomat llaycs and Jacob Huffier? convicted at th III IOUI vnui VI va.w vvuik-uouuu iur tUt) IJlUrUtT C his wife, and the other of manslaughter, for the hom! cide of Patrick Coogan, were brought up this morninf fiureuunt to an order ?f the Court, made on Saturdu ast, to receive sentence. When the Court was abou to proceed, one of the counsel for Hattler elated, thi since the rendition of the verdict in hie case, circuit stances had occurred which were followed up by th arrest of an individual who is charged with being th murderer of Coogan, and requested the Court to hui pend the sentence for a short period. He believe that facts would transpire, in the course of the exami nation, which might induce the Court to modify th sentence, or perhaps make it necessary to take uuo ther course altogether in the cause. Counsel fo Hayes then moved to have his sentence post poned. on the ground that a bill of exceptions hu< been taken to Ihe verdict, which was served on th District Attorney, and noticed to l>e settled to-morroi morning. The prisoners were then ordered to b remanded, and brought up on Monday next. Th Court then adjourned. Cihcui i Court, September 18 ?Before Justice V.d monds ? Filk vs. Pendleton,*1 its?This was an actio on a bond, executed by the defendants, under an al tachment issuedagainst the steamboat Virginia, bstte known by the name of the Temple of the Muses. I appeared that she was purchased by an associatlo and fitted up as a floating theatre, but the speculatio did not succeed. Tho plaintiff claims to have fui wished various articles or ship stores, &o , while th speculation was going on ; and now seeks to recovt from the present owner. The suit is defended on tti ground that plaintiff was one of the company, an furnished the articles as a member of it. The caui was tried before and fully reported. Adjourned. Slisriok Coi rt, in Banco. .September 18.?Drcn sions.? Kdmond J Porter, ts. O. IP. Palentine?Nei trial granted by default.?In the matter of ascertain lng compensation to be made for certain lands r? quired by the Hudson Railroad Company, belongin to l.ewl* and Amede Ballemore and James Mot ail The following named gentlemen were appointed com mistioners, and ordered to hold their first meeting a the house of S Tompkins, In SingSing, on the 'JOtl Inst.: Nathaniel Jones, Orange county: IVn. V. Brady New Voikj i.eorgell. Purser, do.; Anthony Bleeokei do , and Henry K. Jones, Queens county. Kredtrirk Pent: Preiident, ads. Samuel A. IPii /utigAly ?Verdict confirmed by default. SlrjUrn K Mil man el. James Ihotrne, et al.?llepor of referees confirmed by defalut. Peter II Strang re. Harold Dollner, et. al ? Judgmen fcrleited by default. Knock It' Clark vs. It. Krhen. ?Judgment forfeits) by default. Jonh. Mead ads Peter McKuddeii.?Judgment fo defendant by default. Samuel Pan Henri holm vs. Kdu ard Husk, for new trial denisd by default of defendant. Common ITi as, September 18.- Before Judge Daly. Ma liael G hud SB l.aurence. Corey.?This wa- ai action for assault and battery It appeared the partle met in Aptil last, In Chatham street, and the defend ant. as plaintiff alleges, knocked him down, and other whe ill-treated him. without any provocation. 'I'h jury rendered a verdict for plaintiff of $100 damages .liidieir Heatty VS. John IMMfSS.?Tkil was al action of tresspass, for the alleged wrongful taking c c? rtain property owr.t d by one John Jones. It ap pearid that the defendant and were in partner ship In the boot and shoe business. Mulligau aftel wards sold out to Jones, and took from hlu two notei r ne payable in four months and the other in nine, at received a mortgage on the goods as collateral securit; It wss alleged, that the bill of sale contained a claui that Mulligan *aa not to negotiate the notes, but I i.i Id the m ovi r. and receive payment at the rate of $1 a month It was tv.rthi r sUeg. d, thst Mulligan passs lbe o< tes to flic Kobett Wilson who brought a SU against Jours on one ot the notes, and rccovsrel lLD. TWO CENTS. judgment, in conned'"'"'" of which lon.n h^<1 t<* 1. aaalgn the property to plaintiff in tru?t f ir hi* rreliu torn, and that, aubae.juent to the acHignment defendt, ant levied under the mortgage and took away the prol perty. The cauee in adjourned till to morrow morning <1 Before Judge I'labo'ffer ? Jinn FAixn h'trrit, fcy An, i* j urii f naiitl, vh Frtdcrick Schwartz.?Thia wan atao an i- action of treapaoH The defendant reelde* in Read? g itreet. and keep* a large dog It appeara that in May. y 1847. the plaintiff waa playing on the aidewalk. and waa bitt? n in the arm aeverely by the dog The jury gave a verdict againat defendant for $100 Com mow Tlkai, September 18.?Special Term.?Be fote Judge Ingrahnm ?l\uncii Hatch va Barbara * Somrn/tmt.?Referred to Juine.a K. Martin, to report ? the facta neceeeary to enable the Court to g vejudg'i ment. 14 yValktr va. 8'rfairi n al.?Motion for oommiaaion 1 to take teatimony granted Hartley, nrxt friend, vh Hi dtall?Motion granted, ' on payment of ooeta. $lo 47; judgment and levy to f Btand an Hceurlty. ' Saint va llnllock.? Same order uknkrai. Msuoss, September 17. ? Before the Re! cnrder, Aldermen Smith and Dodge Trial for Fallt j Prttrncei.? The trial of Alexander Cox and Kphraim Maitiand. which has occupied the court since Friday, wan reeiimi d and as Humm>'d up. when the Recorder charged, and the case wan given to the jury, about 4 I o'clock when the court adjourned to 7 o'clock, P. M.. at w hlch time the jury had not agio d His lienor sent them tack to their room, intimating that in the event of their agreeing up to 10 o'clock, they were at liberty to rent for him to his residence, at the same time allowing them refreahmenta Interfiling Medical Cate at Unitingi ?The proprietor of thin paper was summoned yesterday before Mr. Jasper S. Holding, one of the rteru administrate of justice on the banks of the Hudson, to answer th ? complaint of Doctor J Dobins. for refusing to pay him . forty dollars for attendance on one of the servants at Mr. Bennett's country residence, at Hastings. From the depositions of the plaintiff, it appeared that, some time ago, he attended the patient, who was laboring * under small | ox; but .from some cause or other, this ' worthy disciple of Ksculapius did not become aware of the fact for a period of several days lifter his first visit. After administering the best remedies that his skill could suggest, he found it to he a hopeless case, and the patient died. The hill furnished by the medical gentleman was a most original and unique specimen of medical practice. Not a single date?not a single item was given, and he fult considerable annoyance that it was not swallowed with the same unhesitating simplicity as one of his own prescriptions. He did net appear to be aware of the fact that -4 when would be well shaken.' and opened hid eye* k in utter uma/.enient when exception was taken to thia , summary process of treatmnet. ill) then promised to I give a Mil of particulars, and. after various proposals , aa to the place of was at length agreed that the care should be tried at lOo'olock on Tuesday week at Mr. Taylor'*, Dobbs' Ferry. As some strange [ and curious disclosures are expected to be made, respecting medical practice, anil medioal jurisprudence ! in this locality, it might be of advantage to the profession at large to be present on the occasion. In the course of the arrangement as to whe^tt the trial should take place, Mr. Bennett creuted sotp.o amusement by offering to ^72 Lis reaiaeuco as the Halt of Justice; ILii, as the trial might take somo tiuie, to supply ull parlies with biscuit and wine, and some beautiful snrinar water, to refresh them after their labors. Court Calendar ior Thia Dir.? Circuit Court.? 12, 24, 23, 23, 20, 457 , 29, 32, 30. 40, 47, 48. 49, ,50, 51, 52, 53. 54. Common I'leai ?First I'art?7, 05. 91, 107. 113, 115. 125. 127, 129, 183, 175, 27,107. Second I'Rrt?130. 04, 72, 98, 17, 80. 110, 134, 140, 141, 100, 108, 170, 172, 174. Mii-itarv Law ri. Civii. Law?Ssmetwoyearssince, while Colonel Humphrey Marshall's regiment of Ken, tucky cavalry, waa encamped below this city, Captain Csssiui M. Clay was ordered by the colonel to proceed j with a detail of men, and arrest some men who had , lrlt the camp without orders, and were supposed to be at a house of ijuestionable character, in the lower part ot the city, kept by a woman named K.liza Boler. < apt. C.j proceeded to the house, anil being refused admittance, ordered an entrance to be forced, which was done, although several shots were fired from It, | one of which took effect in the face of one of his ' men. During tne affair the bouts was considerably i damaged, and the furniture in it almost entirely de' mollshed. Mrs Boler instituted suit against Captain 1 Clay for the amount of damage she sustained, and 1 the case was brought up for trial yosterduy. After a f patient hearing of the case, the jury returned a vera diet of $601 damages against Captain Clay. We understand that her counsel claimed that all who pari ticipated in the affair were liubie. but suit was brought i, against Capt. C., be being in command, and regarded ? as fully responsible.?I.ouiivtlle Courier, Sept. 12. t | Political Intelligence. i VERMONT. The returns of the recent election, as fur as ' I from, foot up as follows, on tho vote for Oevernor, Tlx:? ' Whig .20 882 Whig ! . .. .21,150 . Free Soil 14,025 Democratic Democratic 12.190 Abolition, 6.737 j Senate.- Whig 21; . . , Loco 0; . . , Van Buren, 1 t House 110 .. . " 47 . . . " 57 Joint Ballot.... 137 .. . " 56... " 58 j Whig majority on joint ballot, 23. ,f So rajs the ferment Watchman, (whig ) The Green . Mountain freeman, (Van Iluren.) make* the House 102 Taylor, 80('a**, 82 Van Buron. giring the whig* 10 less than a majority in the House, and 9 less on joint ballot. The discrepancy arises through some t free soil whig* beleg counted as for Taylor by the one, and for Van Buren by the other. The Legislature meets on the second Thursday in October and the ? vote for ( iovernor will then show who is right. MAINE. ,f The vote of 208 towns gives the following aggregate i. for Oovernor:? ,g 1848. ? , 1847. . n Hamlin. Dana, Festcnden. Dromon. Dana Ftstenden 26,104 30 810 9 710 20.030 25,503 6,298 j Dana's plurality... .4,015 Dana's plurality,. .4.073 Maj againstliiiu. . .4,705 Maj. against him. .1,325 ,, Loco Foco loss 3,470 g Jlouse ? Taylor 66, Cass 01, Van Buren 10; to come y in 25. Cass now behind 4, but will havo a majority. NEW JEKSEV. y Some of the democratic papers assert that the free e soil movement in New Jersey will benefit the Cass and d Duller electoral ticket, on the ground that many more whlgs than democrats will vote for Van Buren. and that the whig Quakers will vote for the latter in preference to Taylor. On the contrary, a leading and active Jersey whig considers the free Boil movement decidedly favorable to the sucress of the Taylor ticket In that ' State. Alexander Wurtz, who ia ut the head of the Van Buren electoral ticket, has been one of the leadi ing democrats in .New Jersey, and went for Polk aud Dallas in 1844 lie is sustained by numerous other prominent men of the same party. The Kriends, or ? Quakers.who have heretofore voted with the whig party, , as far as heard from, generally prefer Taylor to the other candidates for the Presidency. " The Clay movement in New Jersey, so far as our '' inquiries have extended, does not amount to mush; ' our informant thinks not enough to affect the result in J the State. |_ ARKANSAS. J The returns of the vote lor Congress, in all but five . small counties, give the following aggregates r 1848 , , 1844. . Newton. Johnson. Clay. Polk. j 45 counties 8,WO 13,573 5,60 4 9.540 u Loco majority 4.627 Whole State 4.042 y Of the live counties to come In, only (Jreen existed ? in '44, and that gave Clay 37, Polk 206 We may fairly e presume that they have now given enough to swell Newton's vote to 10.000. Johnson s to 15.000 We think, that, although Hen Taylor, is popular in Arkansas. (Jen. Cass is sure enough of the vote of the State, p. PENNSYLVANIA. ,r The Ptnmylvanian, says " the democrats of the 11th It ! Cogressional district, composed of the flourishing and u populous democratic counties of Luzerne. Columbia and n Wyoming, have nominated two persons for Congress, so f. 1 that one federalist may misrepresent the district for two iu more years We are grieved at th's state of affairs. ,r #but have hopes that the disagreement may be settled ! beroro the election. The nominees are Samuel P. Colj lings, of Luzerne, by Luzerne, and Hendrick B Wright, of Luzerne, by Columbia and Wyoming. This dispute has nothing to do with the ' free soil' question.'' I)y the following, from the same paper, it appears 1 that the independent or Hough and Ready electoral w | ticket, which was nominated before the meeting of the | Whig National Convention, has been withdrawn, as '* I we were some time since informed would be the case. iijo ubacw wuuuniwa, uoweyer, wo unuersvuuu, n? j not nominated by any party exclusively. 7 Myitis iolslv Mimna, The Natlvist Taylor elec_ toral ticket baa been very quietly taken down , fri m the only natlvist paper now in existence in this city, the Daily Sun. It has been missing ' now for some weeks. It has gone, and made no sign. What has become of It? Has some foreigner carried it ell to parts unknown ' Or is it oonceaTed t among the letters of General Taylor?his private correspondence In the hands of his natlvist friends ? Will t not some good Christopher Columbus start out on a voyage to discover where this Important ticket is to be j found? The truth is. this fact is only another proof that the natirist leaders have already made the bargain with the whlgs. which they expect to oonsummate in October and November. The JVnmy/roni.ii says Pennsylvania is one of the States that intends adding " a few" to the Demo " cratic delegation in Congress We think there Is not a doubt that we will gain at least nine members of _ Congress in October, in this State atone. SEW YORK. j The six candidates for Governor and LieutenantCiovirnor all are, or have been, lawyers. B HENRY CI.AY ON TIIE PH1I.ADKITWA NOMINATION. >f The Povghktrpsit *lmeticun says, that a receu1 i- letter from Henry ( lay. dated and post marked from Ashland, is in posses-ion of a gentleman of that vilr lege In this letter Mr. ( lay says, that he yields a l, cheerful submission to the action of the Philadelphia d Contention The ?imrricau adds,?'- We hats seen f the document " w Got. Cain i-ross's 1na( cusation.?The inaugura10 tic 11 of J J Crittenden, as Governor of Kentuoky, '0 took place at Kranktort, on the tlth inst Orlando ^ 1 hri wu, as Se"'farj ol Slate, and James M Todd, ae ! s -istant secretaiy. have been appointed by Governot ? 1

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